Balancing Student Privacy and School Safety: A Guide to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act for

Colleges and Universities
October 2007 PDF (279 KB)

Postsecondary officials are regularly asked to balance the interests of safety and privacy for individual students. While the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) generally requires institutions to ask for written consent before disclosing a student's personally identifiable information, it also allows colleges and universities to take key steps to maintain campus safety. Understanding the law empowers school officials to act decisively and quickly when issues arise. Health or Safety Emergency In an emergency, FERPA permits school officials to disclose without student consent education records, including personally identifiable information from those records, to protect the health or safety of students or other individuals. At such times, records and information may be released to appropriate parties such as law enforcement officials, public health officials, and trained medical personnel. See 34 CFR § 99.31(a)(10) and § 99.36. This exception to FERPA's general consent rule is limited to the period of the emergency and generally does not allow for a blanket release of personally identifiable information from a student's education records. In addition, the Department interprets FERPA to permit institutions to disclose information from education records to parents if a health or safety emergency involves their son or daughter. Disciplinary Records While student disciplinary records are protected as education records under FERPA, there are certain circumstances in which disciplinary records may be disclosed without the student's consent. A postsecondary institution may disclose to an alleged victim of any crime of violence or non-forcible sex offense the final results of a disciplinary proceeding conducted by the institution against the alleged perpetrator of that crime, regardless of whether the institution concluded a violation was committed. An institution may disclose to anyone—not just the victim—the final results of a disciplinary proceeding, if it determines that the student is an alleged perpetrator of a crime of violence or nonforcible sex offense, and with respect to the allegation made against him or her, the student has committed a violation of the institution's rules or policies. See 34 CFR §§ 99.31(a)(13) and (14). The Clery Act The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act requires postsecondary institutions to provide timely warnings of crimes that represent a threat to the safety of students or employees and to make public their campus security policies. It also requires that crime data be collected, reported, and disseminated to the campus community and to the Department annually. The Clery Act is intended to provide students and their families with accurate, complete, and timely information about safety on campuses so that they can make informed decisions. Such disclosures are permitted under FERPA. The following Web site provides more information about these and other provisions about campus safety: http://www.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/campus. html. Law Enforcement Unit Records Many colleges and universities have their own law enforcement units to monitor safety and security in and around campus. Institutions that do not have specific law enforcement units may designate a particular office or school official to be responsible for referring potential or alleged violations of law to local police authorities. Investigative reports and other records created and maintained by these law enforcement units are not considered education records subject to FERPA. Accordingly, institutions

FERPA permits school officials to disclose any and all education records. the HIPAA Privacy Rule excludes student medical treatment records and other records protected by FERPA. Department of Education's Family Policy Compliance Office.ed. including disciplinary records. For example:     Schools may disclose education records to parents if the student is a dependent for income tax purposes." (The institution's notification to students of their rights under FERPA can include this designation. See 34 CFR § 99. While an institution has flexibility in deciding how to carry out safety functions. A school official may generally share with a parent information that is based on that official's personal knowledge or observation of the student. to another institution at which the student seeks or intends to enroll. However. it is advisable that law enforcement unit records be maintained separately from education records. without student consent. Schools may inform parents if the student who is under age 21 has violated any law or its policy concerning the use or possession of alcohol or a controlled substance. Transfer of Education Records Finally. Disclosure to Parents When a student turns 18 years old or enters a postsecondary institution at any age. the Department has posted a model notification on its Web site at http://www.gov/policy/gen/guid /fpco/ferpa/ps-officials.html. While these records may otherwise be governed by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). The Department plans to issue further guidance on the interplay between FERPA and HIPAA. including outside law enforcement authorities.may disclose information from law enforcement unit records to anyone.8. While student consent is not required for transferring education records. The institution's law enforcement unit officials must protect the privacy of education records it receives and may disclose them only in compliance with FERPA. FERPA and Student Health Information Postsecondary institutions that provide health or medical services to students may share student medical treatment records with parents under the circumstances described above. they may be given access to personally identifiable information from students' education records. FERPA also provides ways in which schools may share information with parents without the student's consent." As such. all rights afforded to parents under FERPA transfer to the student. Officials who have specific questions about this and other matters involving international students should contact the U. Schools may disclose education records to parents if a health or safety emergency involves their son or daughter. it must also indicate in its policy or in information provided to students which office or school official serves as the college or university's "law enforcement unit. the institution's annual FERPA notification should indicate that such disclosures are made. In the absence of information about disclosures in the annual FERPA notification.S. As an example. school officials must make a reasonable attempt to notify the student about the . For that reason.) Law enforcement unit officials who are employed by the college or university should be designated in the institution's FERPA notification as "school officials" with a "legitimate educational interest. FERPA and Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) FERPA permits institutions to comply with information requests from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its Immigration and Customs Enforcement Bureau (ICE) in order to comply with the requirements of SEVIS.

For inquiries about FERPA compliance training.Client@ED. S. Additionally.W. See 34 CFR § 99. Additional information and guidance may be found at FPCO's Web site at: http://www. .Customer@ED. Family Policy Compliance Office U. please contact the Family Policy Compliance Office or visit its Web site.Gov.31(a)(2) and § 99. parents may also e-mail the Family Policy Compliance Office at FERPA. Washington.html. DC 20202-5920 202-260-3887 For quick.34(a).Gov. Department of Education 400 Maryland Ave. informal responses to routine questions about FERPA. e-mail FERPA. unless the student initiates the disclosure.gov/policy/gen/guid/fpco/index. upon request. the institution must provide a copy of the information disclosed and an opportunity for a hearing. Contact Information For further information about FERPA. ed.S.disclosure.

and these students are called "eligible students" under the law.ed.gov/offices/OM/fpco/ferpa). which enumerates legal guidelines regarding the privacy of student records. ERIC Digest. FAMILY EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS AND PRIVACY ACT (FERPA) FERPA established specific rights to parents regarding their children's education records. The rights established by FERPA are posted on the U. forces colleges to reexamine how they can protect student records. However. the US Patriot Act. FERPA applies to educational institutions that receive federal funding. Privacy. Department of Education website: (http://www. many colleges are struggling with the technical and legal complexities of protecting the privacy of student data. As the practice of entering student records online has become more widespread.) Parents or eligible students have the right to . which amends some provisions of FERPA. and Security Concerns. tamper with grades or other information. These rights transfer to the student when he or she turns 18 years of age. This digest will briefly discuss the provisions of FERPA and the US Patriot Act. Many colleges have established policies to comply with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974. also known as the Buckley Amendment.S. and the measures some colleges are implementing to comply with these laws and improve the security of electronic student records. There have been a number of reports in the news of hackers breaking into college websites to steal student identifies.College Student Records: Legal Issues. The basis tenants of the law state the following: 1. and illegally view student records. changing technologies and the new law.

the school still denies the request. 3. in 2002. If the school denies the request. without consent. heard two cases based on FERPA.inspect and review the student's education records maintained by the school. responds to all complaints or alleged violations under FERPA. address. 01-679).) Generally. that the practice of peer grading and students calling out each other's grades to the teacher. FERPA allows school to disclose educational records without consent to particular parties such as school officials with a legitimate educational interest. schools must have written permission from the parent or eligible student to release information from a student's educational record. the U. and given them sufficient time to opt out of the disclosure. 2002). However.) Schools may disclose.) Parents or eligible students have the right to request that a school correct records which they believe to be inaccurate or misleading. that individuals do not . the parent or eligible student is entitled to a hearing. Department of Education. Finally. If after the hearing. and schools are to comply with these requests. Falvo (No.S. 2. and date of birth. 2002a). directory information such as name. In February 2002. The Family Policy Compliance Office. with the U. However. did not violate the provisions of FERPA (McCarthy.S. Supreme Court.S. schools must notify parents and students annually of their rights under FERPA. 00-1073). and gives advise to colleges and schools on how to comply with the law (Walsh. the court unanimously decided in Owasso Independent School District v. Doe (No. For the first time. the parent or eligible student has the right to place a statement in their education records about contested information. the U. schools must notify parents and students about directory information. In Gonzaga University v. Supreme Court rules 7-2. 4.

S. Attorney General to apply for a court order to access student records maintained by educational institutions for the purpose of an investigation or prosecution relating to terrorism (American Council on Education. The Gonzaga ruling reaffirms the process by which the U. Department of Education enforces FERPA.have a right to sue over alleged violations under FERPA. 2002). address. but also by the college . THE US PATRIOT ACT As a result of the US Patriot Act. Patriot Act. Librarians are concerned about privacy rights of readers since patrons' book loan records could be investigated under the U.S.S.S. The US Patriot Act allows the U. password protection. The law exempts both SEVIS and information obtained from student records by a court order from the disclosure clause required by FERPA. A number of colleges are worried that responses to an invalid request will prompt lawsuits under the Fourth Amendment (Carlson & Foster. in particular their obligations and role. and that individuals cannot seek compensation under that law (Walsh. educational institutions must comply with aspects of the law that require the monitoring of foreign students and the disclosure of student records to track suspected terrorists. and visa classification which is maintained by educational institutions through the Student Exchange and Visitor Information System (SEVIS). such as name. Attorney General to access student records and collect information on foreign students. The law also permits the U. 2002b). some colleges are drafting compliance checklists for staff use to more effectively respond to law enforcement requests to search confidential university records. ELECTRONIC SECURITY ISSUES AND COLLEGE POLICIES Electronic information is protected not only by technology such as firewalls. 2001). and other measures. In response to the requirements of the law. Many colleges and universities are grappling with the complexities of the law.

a nonprofit association which promotes the advancement of higher education through information technology. like the University of Illinois. and inform students about how their records will be used (Foster. Also.employees who safeguard and manage the information. Another complex issue is under what circumstances college officials have the right to view student emails or other electronic files. U. the widespread use of Social Security numbers has come under fire by those concerned with security issues. The form must be approved by the computer-systems manager of the registrar's office (Foster. Some colleges have created electronic communications procedures to educate staff on how to protect student information. For computer records maintained by centers other than the registrar. Los Angeles has a policy that restricts the level of access to student information based upon what the particular staff member needs to know. 2002b). Many colleges reserve the right to view student emails under certain conditions.L. One college official states that the use of Social Security numbers is problematic on many campuses because many colleges do not have a disclosure policy which states how and why the college will use the information (Foster. 2001).C. Under FERPA.A. are phasing out the use of Social Security numbers as student identification numbers. academic counselors have a different level of access compared to financial aid officials. Also. have policies stating how online activity is monitored. EDUCAUSE. colleges must inform students whether or not the . before any faculty or staff member can access information. 2001). they must fill out a form detailing what they want to view and why. recommends that colleges notify students about their privacy rights. gives departmental discretion to other campus managers on whether or not to retain files of websites that students visit. The University of California. Some colleges. For instance.

2001).000 students and employees ("Hackers Breach Student Database at the University of Texas. many college administrators are reluctant to alter their practices. hackers broke into a University of Texas database and stole the names.100 students (Foster. The widespread use of Social Security numbers to tract student records has made many student records vulnerable to identity theft by computer hackers or other criminals. In 2002. Maryland. California. In 2002. Social Security numbers. Laws have been passed in Arizona. Occurrences of security breaches have prompted students and some lawmakers to pressure college officials to curtail the use of Social Security numbers. CONCLUSION The complexities of the digital age. and even organized crime rings (Foster. monitor . arguing that changing their procedures is too costly and time consuming and ultimately ineffective (Foster. 2002a). New York." 2003). and Wisconsin which restrict a college's use of student Social Security numbers. Incidences like these often occur because software glitches or errors by university staff leave the electronic system vulnerable to attack. a Swedish hacker broke into an Indiana University database and downloaded the names and Social Security numbers of 3. 2002). and email addresses of over 55. combined with new laws designed to protect national security have altered the ways in which educational institutions provide access to. a University of Delaware student allegedly changed her grades online after successfully impersonating a professor by finding his Social Security number online and guessing the password to the professor's computer account (Read. the lack of safeguards in protecting student information. In February 2003. Although some colleges have limited the use of students' Social Security numbers to identification purposes.disclosure is voluntary. 2002a).

L. (2002a.L. A. REFERENCES American Council on Education (2001.L. Hackers Breach Student Database at the University of Texas (2003.acenet.L.act. Retrieved on June 24. The Chronicle of Higher Education. The Chronicle of Higher Education. A29.S.and safeguard student records. Colleges and universities have created policies tailored to the needs of their institution both to protect student records from unwanted intrusions and to comply effectively with new and complex legal and law enforcement requirements. Colleges Fear Anti-terrorism Law Could Turn Them into Big Brother. Read. August 2). May 11). A37. (2002b. . 2003 from http://www.. E05. March 7). 81.M. November 5). Foster. S. Delaware Student . A. The Supreme Court Addresses Student Records: Peer Grading Passes the Test. Patriot Act includes provisions on student records. Foster. McCarthy.edu/hena/issues/2001/11-0501/patriot. (2003. (2001. and Foster. B.cfm. March 1). Vol. (2002. Foster. Active debate surrounding these issues continues as educational institutions try to accommodate and balance the sometimes conflicting pressures of privacy concerns versus legal directives. August 2(. The Struggle to Preserve Privacy. ID Theft Turns Students into Privacy Advocates. The Chronicle of Higher Education. M. Carlson. Associated Press. 13-15. U. A. A28. A27. Educational Horizons. (2002). of Illinois may be a model in protecting privacy. august 2). The Chronicle of Higher Education A31. Number 1. A.

Court To Decide If Pupil Privacy a Federal Case. View blog posts relating to campus video surveillance. A video surveillance system must be carefully planned out in order to keep watch over the diverse assortment of facilities that comprise a typical campus community. Government. .43. and facilities on campus. This is NOT a government sponsored or government sanctioned site. 2003 from http://www.S. Government. faculty. A29. Department of Education (2002).S.ed. ERIC is a Service Mark of the U. U. From dormitories and libraries to sports complexes and sprawling student grounds. Retrieved March 17. M. 35. there's a lot to look after. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Education Week. No new content will ever appear here that would in any way challenge the ERIC Service Mark of the U. Library Reference Search Web Directory This site is (c) 2003-2005. Walsh. CCTV CAMERA IN COLLEGE CAMPUSE College campuses pose many unique challenges when it comes to security. Please note that this site is privately owned and is in no way related to any Federal agency or ERIC unit. The proper surveillance setup will go a long way in ensuring the safety of students.27. M. April 17). this site is using a privately owned and located server. 25. Further. Walsh.allegedly Changed Her Grades Online. (2002a.gov/offices/OM/fpco/ferpa. Privacy Law Not a Courtroom Matter. All rights reserved.S. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Education Week. (2002b. July 10). Justices Decide. This site exists to provide the text of the public domain ERIC Documents previously produced by ERIC.

the threat of vandalism to school property is lessened. Unlike analog CCTV cameras. Easy installation – IP cameras are easy to install and set up. Footage from cameras throughout the campus can be viewed online from any computer with an internet connection and access to the network. Assist in application of university policies – Surveillance cameras can monitor campus activity. Deter crime – Security cameras can serve as a visual deterrent to crime such as theft and break-ins. Protect students – Students have to cover a lot of ground when navigating their way through campus. watching for suspicious behavior and unauthorized access.  Privacy – Cameras should only record in public areas throughout the campus grounds and facilities. Remote Access – A video surveillance system operating with IP network technology enables video streams to be sent over the internet for remote monitoring. Risks and Potential Problems for College CCTV Systems Vandalism – Visible security cameras can be targets for vandalism and tampering. and sometimes the journey takes place late at night. working to ensure that school policies are properly followed. Private areas such as bathrooms. No coaxial cable or power tools necessary.What best describes your Campus Surveillance surveillance needs? outdoor security indoor monitoring both          Benefits of University Surveillance Equipment Maintain secure facilities – College campuses feature a variety of buildings. all you need to do is mount your cameras and hook up your recorder. Help in investigations – Archived surveillance footage can be used to identify individuals who have committed crimes or breached school policies. each with their own security needs. Video surveillance helps to secure these facilities.  . faculty break rooms. Monitor parking lots – Security cameras can prevent and deter criminal activity and theft in parking lots throughout a campus community. Video surveillance is an invaluable tool. and dorm rooms are considered inappropriate for video surveillance installation. This often involves traveling by foot. Prevent vandalism – With proper video surveillance. allowing students to wander the campus under safe watch. Damaged cameras can cause lapses in your recording.

                 . and school property at stake. lobbies Install security cameras for enhanced security at residence halls. False sense of security – While video surveillance is effective in heightening campus safety. Configuration Considerations for Security Cameras on Campus Providing proper video surveillance over an entire campus community is almost like monitoring a small city. faculty. it's important to also have the necessary security staff and law enforcement patrolling the grounds. The following factors should be considered when setting up a campus surveillance system: Have there been instances of violence on campus? Is vandalism a strong concern? Is there a history of damage to school property? Is the campus properly lit at night? Are there trouble areas on campus that require special attention? What is the frequency of burglaries on campus? Have there been instances of crime and theft in campus parking lots? What types of security systems are in place currently? Is the campus well-staffed with security personnel? What type of security is employed when school is out of session? Best Practices for Video Surveillance on College and University Campuses Places cameras near entrances and exits to school buildings. with the safety of students. Have proper video surveillance for sports facilities. and other areas where money is exchanged. There are so many different types of facilities and settings that require continuous monitoring. cashier offices. Mount cameras in at-risk areas such as poorly lit walking paths and locations where students and faculty might find themselves alone and defenseless. Monitor common areas such as stairways. Position cameras in campus stores. Install surveillance for campus parking lots.

Writ mandamus on cctv cameras in college? http://w w w .law y Experts Name Email Subject Message Verify Submit Reset Category : Constitutional Law | This query is : resolved .

By installing the CC Tv wont solve the problem. there is nothing for her to get depressed about. In any case. Her education should have made her strong to stand up and face such things in life.installs CCTV cameras in campus. A girl student was scolded by her parents. I agree with opinions of both experts. Expert : Shailesh Kr. Her parents may be from traditional family they may not like chatting with boys.class rooms.& connect to internet. The CCTVs have not been installed in any of the private premises belonging to the students. I will be thankful. There is no privacy issue involved here. Expert : adv. as rightly opined by Mr. Rajeev. Shah Posted On 01 October 2011 .) based on a report of educationist. rajeev ( rajoo ) Posted On 01 October 2011 Expert : R.author : Anonymous Posted On 30 September 2011 Dear Sir. seeking Writ Mandamus to direct Govrning council of college to remove. A college Governing Council(deemed Univ. It is the duty of the girl to convince her parents.Please guide.. Students' forum Association wants to file writ in HC. there exists no ground for obtaining writ of mandamus. Can it be possible & on what grounds students forum be successful? Can writ stand & under what article they can take shelter or college can restrict privacy of students? Experts. if the parents scold the girl it is for the girl to take up with her parents and tell them that she is not doing anything wrong. Therefore. to have "academic exllence & discipline. In my opinion it is not a ground for filing a writ in the high court.". It is not clear how does the parents come to know whether the girl was chatting with boys or not through the CCTV? While it is not a crime or wrong on the part of the girl to chat with the boys in the college.Ramachandran Posted On 01 October 2011 The installation of the CCTV is within the premises of the College Campus. for chatting with boys & she is depressed.

I do go with my seniors. There is no merit in the proposed idea of filing in writ. . against which you want to lodge complaint. Expert : S. U may file a suit for mandatory injunction for removal of CCTVs. Expert : raj kumar makkad Posted On 01 October 2011 writ cannot be filed against individual or private institutions.GANESAN.LAWYER Posted On 01 October 2011 If it is a private college. But i think merely CCTV connected to net with purpose aforesaid.Ramachandran! parents of girls came to know only because the CCTVs are connected with internet also so that educationalist independent valuers may have an opportunity to watch the college campus and class rooms for their evaluation and recommendations. CCTVs are being installed in each and every office and institution to check such things. However. writ petition will not be maintainable. Expert : prabhakar give birth to any change in circumstances so far as right to writ of students singh are concerned. Expert : arvind Posted On 01 October 2011 Mr.can NOT Posted On 01 October 2011 I do agree with the views of both experts. HENCE I STILL SUBSCRIBE YOUR VIEW AS CORRECT.

Please guide. Thanks for your valuable replies. Arunagiri Posted On 01 October 2011 Expert Advocate. If discipline/security (getting compromised) is beyond control then college should not have connected CCTV cams to net & kept a watch themselves than on net.. Is any individual's privacy infringed? May be the students may think only of this ground. & the college has connected these CCTVs to internet.. That girl students' parents( not trasditional) are beaurocrats. here on facts given... Expert : Advocate. Arunagiri! will you kindly explore if fundamental rights are..while approaching the courts..Expert : Chanchal Nag Chowdhury Posted On 01 October 2011 Writ can be filed against private institutions if the fundamental rights are violated. violated???????? Expert : prabhakar singh Posted On 01 October 2011 author : Anonymous Posted On 02 October 2011 Dear Sirs. There are no privacies much less individual privacies violated by installation .

Dowload Guide 2 MAs in Criminology www.ac. Scholarships upto 100% SMS Marketing in Retail www. no one can stop any one from seeking writ remedy against any perceived violation of ones fundamental right. This Festive Season . Expert : R.Ramachandran Posted On 02 October 2011 Benefits of Security Cameras in College Campuses By Laura Wattenberg Ads by Google School of Engineering AIT www.of CCTVs in the instant case.clickatell. These cameras offer 24/7 surveillance which further provides a safe and peaceful . schools and college campuses as well. Installation of security cameras in college campuses is helpful in providing security to the college property and protection to the students.com Learn how to Stand Out with SMS. old age homes. This footage acts as evidence whenever required to nab the intruders or mischievous elements in the college campus.um.set. there is hardly any case for seeking writ remedy. museums.edu. The use of these cameras is not restricted to homes or business place only as they are being widely used in laboratories. Therefore.mt/imp University of Malta & Western Michigan University Security Cameras have gradually gained popularity because of the incorporation of unique features in them.th Top Engineering School in Research Thailand. These cameras monitor the subjects moving around and record their video footage. In any case.ait.

While some institutes already have the cameras in place. Laura Wattenberg have written many articles on various topics. For further information.campus to students and helps in creating a healthy environment which is free from any kind of criminal activity. as per the instructions of the police in the backdrop of the blast in German Bakery in the city on February 13 this year.com Article Source: http://EzineArticles. bullet cameras. security cameras are an effective and efficient way to maintain peace in college campuses. The vandal-proof cameras can withstand any kind of attempt of destruction by anti-social elements in college. auditorium. it is highly important for the college community members to remain active in the security provision and monitoring the unscrupulous elements prevalent in campus.closeoutcctv.com. These cameras can be installed at the entrance. others are in the process of . Besides being vandal proof. accountant's office and many other places. visit us at http://www. We offer free ground shipping as well as free lifetime technical support on all the items purchased from us. library.com is an online store which is popular for offering high quality surveillance products including security cameras. ground. dome cameras. these cameras are also tamper resistant and puncture-proof which assures the users of their sound working. CloseOutCCTV. CCTV accessories and many more.com/?expert=Laura_Wattenberg CITY COLLEGES INSTALL CCTV CAMERA Times of India: City colleges are in the process of setting up CCTV cameras on their campuses. vandal proof cameras and many more. For more details about security cameras.closeoutcctv. in the parking area. exit of the college building. Though. These cameras are equipped with some unique features like remote surveillance which makes it possible to view live footage of the area monitored through internet while sitting in any part of the world. The security cameras come in a wide variety like indoor and outdoor cameras. These cameras closely observe these areas and are advantageous to investigate any type of past criminal and violent act to deter the criminal activities. digital video recorders. hidden cameras. please visit http://www.

principal. Ravindrasinh Pardeshi. affirmed that an inhouse meeting had already approved the CCTV cameras. “Our campus is huge. with multiple entry points. J R Pathare. The minimum cost of a CCTV camera is upwards of Rs 10. “The monitoring is done in the principal’s and the viceprincipal’s cabins. Symbiosis society. and everyone realises how important it is. said that as many as 12 cameras have been installed to keep vigil on the campus. Similarly. “We installed the CCTV cameras after a detailed study of our security requirements. principal of Nowrosjee Wadia College. said the cameras were in place on various campuses in the city. therefore. there is no doubt that the cameras act as a deterrent against any untoward activity. adding.” he said. HR and administrative head. and they have been completely cooperative. principal. and the investment required for the same depends on the make and number of machines set up within a particular campus . “Of course. The changing face of security in the city has deemed these cameras a necessity. Fergusson College. The objective of the exercise has been spelt out clearly to the students. and the equipment would be installed soon. It is.” she said. principal.” Vaijanti Joshi.” For his part.000. Rajendra Zunjarao. Bhagwan Thakur. But we have covered important areas mainly the academic buildings. Modern College. imperative to closely examine which spots and areas need maximum vigilance. and that’s the best way to keep out trespassers. Though it is a heavy investment. “We have explained to the students the necessity for doing so.working out the details. ILS Law College. told TOI that 21 of the approved 32 cameras have been installed and the rest will be set up in the second phase. it is very difficult to have them everywhere. and not even a hundred cameras would be enough. said the authorities were in the process of a feasibility check before setting up the cameras.

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