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S.No Date Name of the Experiment Page No Date of Submissio n Signature
Ex.No: 1 Date :
Design of (Single)IC Power Supply
Aim: To design and test the Ic power supply. Apparatus required:
S.No Components IC7805 1 2 3 4 5 6 7.
Diode BY127 Capacitors Digital multimeter Transformer Bread board Connecting wires
Range (100µ F,25V)
Quantity 1 2 2 1 1 1 -
Theory: 78XX series are 3 terminal, positive fixed voltage regulators. There are 7 output voltage options available such as 5,6,8,12,15, 16, 24 V. The last 2 nos indicate the o/p voltage. The 79XX series are fixed o/p negative voltage regulators. A capacitor is usually connected between i/p terminal and ground to cancel the inductive effects due to long distribution leads. The o/p capacitor improves the transient response. The unregulated o/p voltage must be at least 2V more than the regulated o/p voltage. Procedure: 1.Give the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2.Measure the regulated dc output voltage. 3.Using the digital multimeter measure the output voltage. 4.Tabulate the readings.
VIN IC 7805
230V,50Hz 1 2
Pin Details: 7805 1=Input 2=Gnd 3=Output
1 2 3 In Gnd Out
TABULATION: THEORETICAL VALUE(V) PRACTICAL VALUE(V)
Using the digital multimeter measure the output voltage.IC 7905 1 2 3 Diode 1N4007 Capacitors Range (100µ F.Tabulate the readings.negative supplies. Procedure: 1. 3.The pin configuration for both regulators are different.No: 2 Date : Dual Power Supply Aim: Design and construct a dual power supply.IC 7905 is –5v regulator.63V) Quantity 1 (each) 4 2 2 1 1 1 - 4 5 6 7.This can be done with 2 or 3 terminal regulators.Ex. Digital multimeter Transformer(9-0-9V) Bread board Connecting wires (9-0-9V) - Theory: Many discrete IC circuits require bipolar ie. 4.25 V) (10µ F. . Apparatus required: S.No Components IC7805.Give the connections as per the circuit diagram.IC 7805 is a +5v regulator. dual or positive.Measure the regulated dc output voltage. 2.The supply from the mains 230V ac single phase is stepped down to a lower value using the transformer.The bridge rectifier produces dc rectified o/p voltage that is limited to +5 v using both regulators.
63V 100uf.50Hz 9-0-9V D3 1N4007 2 100uf.25V D4 1N4007 1 2 VIN 7905 VOUT 3 3 10uf.63V -5V DIGITAL MULTIMETER + 2 Pin Details: 7805 1=Input 2=Gnd 3=Output IC 7805 Pin Details: 7905 1= Gnd 2= Input 3=Output IC 7905 1 2 3 In Gnd Out 1 1 2 3 Gnd In Out TABULATION: THEORETICAL VALUE(V) PRACTICAL VALUE(V) RESULT: .CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: 2 1 1 D2 1N4007 VIN 7805 10uf.25V 2 +5V VOUT 3 + D1 1N4007 1 2 DIGITAL MULTIMETER - 1 230V AC.
Measure the regulated dc output voltage. The block diagram has 2 sections. The reference voltage is typically 7V. Theory: Range 2.Hence it is a low voltage regulator.680 Ω (100µ F. a constant current source and reference amplifier produce a fixed voltage of about 7V. Since Q1 operates as emitter follower.Using the digital multimeter measure the output voltage. V0=7. a series pass transistor Q1 and a current limit transistor Q2The difference is fed back to the inverting terminal which is amplified by the error amplifier. 7. The output of the error amplifier drives the pass transistor Q1 so as to minimize the difference.No: 3 Date : Ic Voltage Regulator Low Voltage Type Aim: Design and construct a low voltage type regulator using Ic 723. 3.15V. .No Components IC 723 1 2 3 4 5 6. Apparatus required: S. Procedure: 1. 8.Give the connections as per the circuit diagram. 2. V0=Vref[R2/R1+R2)] The drop or rise of voltage is compensated by the 2 sections selective operation.The other section has an error amplifier.5A) - By using IC 723.2kΩ .Ex. we can obtain a wide range of both positive and negative regulated voltage. One section has a zener diode.1.15[R2/(R1+R2)] Which is always lesser than 7.1kΩ .25V) Quantity 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 - Resistor Capacitors Digital multimeter RPS Rheostat Bread board Connecting wires (0-30)V (0-350Ω .
Tabulate the readings.4. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: PIN details: 1.8.14-NC 2-current limit 3-Current sense 4-Inverting input 5-non-inverting input 6-Vref 9=Vz 10=Vout 11=Vc 12=V+ 13=Frequency compensation 7=V- .
R2=1k.Tabulation: LOAD REGULATION: Input voltage: Load resistance(Ω ) Output voltage(V) LINE REGULATION: Load resistance(Ω ) : Input voltage Output voltage(V) Model Graph: Load Regulation: Line Regulation: Output Voltage (V) Load resistance(Ω ) output Voltage Input voltage(v) Formula: Vref=7V. R3=R1 *R2 V0=Vref[R2/(R1+R2)] . R1=2.2k.
Manual Calculation : RESULT: .
The error amplifier operates as a non-inverting amplifier with a voltage gain of Av=1+ (R1/R2).Ex. 4.1 2 1 1 1 1 - (0-30)V (0-350Ω .2kΩ .Tabulate the readings.1kΩ (100µ F.So the voltage at the non-inverting terminal is Vref.So the voltage for the circuit is V0=7. Apparatus required: S. Line regulation: It is the change in o/p voltage for the change in the i/p voltage.Using the digital multimeter measure the output voltage.1. Load regulation: It is the change in i/p voltage for the change in load circuit. Usually expressed in mv or % of o/p voltage.5A) - Theory: A simple high voltage regulator can be made using IC 723 by constructing a circuit such that the non-inverting terminal is connected to Vref through R3.Measure the regulated dc output voltage. Resistor Capacitors Digital multimeter RPS Rheostat Bread board Connecting wires Range 2. Procedure: 1. 7.No: 4 Date : IC Voltage Regulator High Voltage Type Aim: Design and construct a high voltage type Ic regulator using Ic 723. 2. 3. 8. .15[1+(R1/R2)]. Usually expressed in mv or % of o/p voltage.25V) Quantity 1 2.No Components IC 723 1 2 3 4 5 6.Give the connections as per the circuit diagram.
14-NC 2-current limit 3-Current sense 4-Inverting input 5-non-inverting input 6-Vref 7=V- 9=Vz 10=Vout 11=Vc 12=V+ 13=Frequency compensation .CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: PIN details: 1.8.
R2=1k R3=R1*R2 .2k.Tabulation: LOAD REGULATION: Input voltage: Load resistance(Ω ) Output voltage(V) LINE REGULATION: Load resistance(Ω ): Input voltage Output voltage(V) Model Graph: Load Regulation: Line Regulation: Output Voltage (V) Load resistance(Ω ) output Voltage Input voltage(v) Formula: R1=2.
Manual Calculation : RESULT: .
Ex. common-mode gain is caused by mismatches in the values of the equally numbered resistors and by the non-zero common mode gains of the two input op-amps. The gain of the circuit is The ideal common-mode gain of an instrumentation amplifier is zero. Obtaining very closely matched resistors is a significant difficulty in fabricating these circuits. . In the circuit shown. They are used where great accuracy and stability of the circuit both short.No: 5 Date : Design of Instrumentation Amplifier with Digital Indication Aim: Design of Instrumentation Amplifier with Digital Indication and to study its working. low drift. low noise. The most commonly used instrumentation amplifier circuit is shown in the figure.No Components Instrumentation 1 Amplifier Kit Range - Quantity 1 1 1 2 3 Digital multimeter Connecting wires Theory: An instrumentation amplifier is a type of differential amplifier that has been specifically designed to have characteristics suitable for use in measurement and test equipment. as is optimizing the common mode performance of the input op-amps.and long-term are required. and very high input impedances. very high common-mode rejection ratio. very high open-loop gain. Apparatus required: S. These characteristics include very low DC offset.
The difference in Vin2.DESIGN & CALCULATIONS IF ANY: Let R1= R2 = R3 = Rgain = 10 KΩ then Vout = (1+2) (V2-V1) Vout = 3 (V2-V1) Procedure: 1.10. Check the theoretical value with the experimental value. 5. Patch the connections and connect the design resistance Rg extending to have the desired gain. 2. . 3. Measure the input voltage at Vin1 and Vin2 using digital multimeter.Vin1 is amplified and indicated in LCD display. Find the practical value of gain for 1. 4.100.
R1 +12V 7 2 LM741 + R5 6 VIN 1 3 R3 2 +12V 4 7 + R7 R2 -12V LM741 6 Output R4 3 4 -12V +12V R6 6 DMM 2 VIN 2 3 4 -12V TABULATION: S.CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIER USING 741 IC.NO THEORTICAL VALUE GAIN SETTING VIN1 (mv) VIN2 (mv) VIN 1-VIN 2 VOUT (mv) 7 LM741 + PRACTICAL VALUE GAIN=VOUT/VIN 2-VIN 1 .
Manual Calculation : RESULT: Ex.No: 6 .
2. Procedure: 1. 3. Also the modem has been split up into transmitter and receiver sections. Apparatus required: S. Wireless modem convert digital data into radio signals and back. The sending modem modulates the data into a signal that is compatible with the phone lines and the receiving modem demodulates the signal to get back the data. Simplex transmission(300 baud) has been incorporated in this trainer.Date : Wireless Data Modem Aim: To construct and test the data output through a wireless data modem.Set the input through CRO.Give the connections as per the circuit diagram.No Components Wireless data 1 2 3 modem kit CRO Connecting probes Range (0-30)MHz - Quantity 1 1 2 Theory: The word ‘MODEM’ is a contraction of words modulator-demodulator.Get the output through CRO. .Tabulate the readings of both input and output waveforms. It is typically used to send serial data over telephone lines. in order to reduce the complexity of the model and for case understanding of circuitry. 4.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: TRANSMITTER: RECEVIER: .
MODEL GRAPH: Transmitted Signal: Vin 0 time(msec) Received Signal: Vout 0 time(msec) Tabulation: Type of data Transmitted data Received data RESULT: Voltage(V) Time(msec) Ex.No: 7 .
change the program from EPROM location to 8085 RAM location 4100 2.door wait open close with time delay.execute the program. 4. PROGRAM: RESULT: .now set password at 8085 at location 4500 3. 5.Date : Microprocessor based System Design (Home Security System) Aim: To study the automatic home security system using 8085 microprocessor ALGORITHM: 1.when ever password match with set password.
Ex. 4.For voice storing and retrieval program initially user has to copy voice storing program in 1541601 universal debugger. 2.Start the program.No: 8 Date : Dsp Based System Design Aim: To study (i) The PCM based stereo audio code (16 bit loop back) (ii) The PCM based stereo audio code store (16 bit loop back) (iii) The PCM based stereo audio code retrieval(16 bit loop back) ALGORITHM: 1.For voice loop program user download same program to c5416 kit. RESULT: . 3.Select menu bar –debug –run-ok.speaker producer output while user is speaking.
The process till on state upto off time after that process goes to off state buzzer gives this beep sound which indicate process goes to off state.Ex.-)terminalof relay1 and relay 2 2. PROCEDURE: 1.when the real time reach the set time lamp will glow to indicate process on state. PROGRAM: RESULT: Ex. 3.execute the program 4.No: 9 Date : PROCESS CONTROL TIMER Aim: To Generate the real time clock to the control system.No: 10 .enter on and off time.Connect 12v(+ .-) terminal to (+. 5.
This is a 28/40 pin. 256 x 8 bytes of EEPROM data memory. Power Consumption: +5V and 600 mA. Memory: 8K x 14 words of flash program memory. Architecture of PLC: Input-Output Section: It consists of individual I/O module which accepts signal from the machines of process device(120V Ac and converts them into signal of 5V Dc that can be used by the control o/p) The most common type of I/O interface module is the discrete type. I/O module and power supply are housed in a single compact unit. CPU: The processor solid state memory.No Components PLC trainer kit 1 PC 2 Connecting probes 3 Theory: Range - Quantity 1 1 2 PLC are solid state devices which perform some specific action. Processor: The processor used in PLC is 1678X microcontroller. This interface connects i/p devices of the ON/OFF nature such as selector switches and push buttons. Apparatus required: S. Pheripheral Feature: . The processor clock frequency is 20MHZ.OR gate logic. 368 x 8 bytes of data memory(RAM).NOT gate logic using PLC. The highly parallel architecture and efficient instruction set provide speed and flexibility capable of executing 35 single word instructions.Date : Programmable Logic Controller Aim: To implement AND gate logic.8-bit CMOS flash controller.
Procedure: 1. BLOCK DIAGRAM: CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: . 9 pin D-male RS 232 connector to communicate.2 channel PWM o/p. 4.Load the respective figure in the PC.10 bit . 10 bit. 3.8 channel ADC terminated at screw type converter. 2.Using logic 1 and 0 execute the circuit that has been drawn in the PC.Verify the truth table.Give the connections as per the circuit diagram in the kit.
e. Make AC regulator by means of connecting connector R4 and R5 Connect load between R4 and R5 Connect 24AC input at AC input socket. comparator input connector B3 Make switch SW2 as internal mode of operator connect to comparator output connector B1 to control logic input connector B5 Connect control logic output to connector (B10 .No: 11 Date : AC/DC VOLTAGE CONTROLLER USING SCR Aim: To verify the design AC Regulator with R load using VPET-109 Apparatus required: S. f. α = Firing Angle Connection Procedure: a. c. d.No Components Trainer VPET-109 1 2 Step down transformer Rheostat 3 4.Ex. . Connect CRO and Ramp generator output connector B2 to b. B11) to pulse isolation pulse input connector(B6.B8) Pulse isolation pulse output to power circuit pulse input using connect RS232 cable. Formula to be Used: CRO Range (0-30)MHz Quantity 1 1 1 1 Where Vm = Maximum value of input AC voltage. g.
For each step note down the output voltage firing angle(α) and tabulated. Circuit diagram: Model Graph: Result: . 5. Vary the input voltage and keep 24AC input 3.Procedure: 1. Vary the voltage adjustment knob minimum to maximum step by step 4. Then find out the circulated output voltage using the formula given as above and check whether measure ohms. Switch on the power switch 2.
Create the netlist (.tch) or template file(. It is generally used for providing performance of electrical and electronic circuit. 3.mn)file.1u Q1 R6 20k Q2N2222 0V V1 R3 5k R5 2k C2 10u C3 . 5.Draw the circuit using Orcad capture program. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: R2 47k R4 10k 15v V2 R1 500 C1 .Create the technology file(. Procedure: 1. Orcad PSPICE A/D is the stimulation program that models the behavior of a circuit containing only mix of analog and digital devices. Theory: PSPICE is stimulation Program Integrated Circuit Emphasis.Ex.1u 0 .tpl) using Orcad layout plus. 2. 4.Using both these files the PCB layout for CE amplifier is drawn. PSPICE A/D can be thought of as a software based breadboard of a circuit that can be used to test and refine the design before touching the piece of breadboard. Because analog and digital simulation algorithm are built into the same program.No: 12 Date : Study of designing electronic circuit using Pspice(ORCAD) Aim: To design the PCB layout for CE amplifier using Pspice software.simulate the circuit and verify the results. PSPICE A/D stimulates mixed signal circuits with no performance degradation because of tightly coupled feedback loops between the analog and digital sections.
PROGRAM: RESULT: .
This modulating signal is passed through a buffer and filter stage to diminish the effects of power supply noise and high frequency noises.AM receiver trainer kit 3. The amplitude modulator is a base modulator which itself generates the carrier signal. The AM detector is an envelope detector which modulates the AM signal and reconstruct the modulating as its output. FM Transmitter: The RF amplifier stage has a tank circuit which can be tuned to desired frequency range of reception. The induced RF signal is amplified and fed to the AM detector.AM transmitter trainer kit 2. 4. The filtered signal is amplified by the audio amplifier stage to the required stage . Get the o/p through CRO.CRO Theory: AM Transmitter: The modulating signal source can be either an on-board sinewave generator or a MIC with a pre-amplifier. Apparatus Required: 1. 2. Tabulation: Signal Input signal AM signal Demodulated signal Amplitude(v) Time period(msec) .No: Date : AM TRANSCEIVER Aim: To study the characteristics of AM transmitter and receiver.Ex. This carrier signal is amplitude modulated by the message signal and it is radiated using an antenna. PROCEDURE: 1. Give the connections as per the block diagram.Connecting plugs 4. The modulating signal is amplified using an audio amplifier and fed to the amplitude modulator. 3. Set the input through CRO. Tabulate the readings of both i/p and o/p waveform.
BLOCK DIAGRAM: Transmitter Sine wave generato r Amplitude Modulator In out Receiver AM demodulat or In out Buffer & GND filter In out Audio power amplifier In out GND CRO GND In MODEL GRAPH: RESULT: .
Tabulate the readings of both i/p and o/p waveform. 2. the RF amplifier establishes SNR. the mixer converts RF to IF. Give the connections as per the block diagram. Get the o/p through CRO> 4. The generation of carrier wave and the modulation process is carried out in the same block.CRO Theory: FM Transmitter: The audio oscillator supplies the information signal. The preselector rejects the image frequency.FM transmitter trainer kit 2. 3. PROCEDURE: 1.No: Date : FM TRANSCEIVER Aim: To study the characteristics of FM transmitter and receiver. FM Receiver: FM receivers are superheyterodyne receivers. The output amplifier increases the power in the signal before it is applied to the for transmission. Set the input through CRO. BLOCK DIAGRAM: Transmitter Receiver antenna Sine wave generato r Freq. Apparatus Required: 1. the IF amplifier provides most of the gain and selectivity of the rx and the detector removes the information from the modulated wave. GND Modulat or In out Fm demodulat or In out Buffer & GND filter In out Audio power amplifier In out CRO GND In .FM receiver trainer kit 3. The FM modulator is used to combine the carrier wave and the information signal.Connecting plugs 4.Ex.
MODEL GRAPH: Vin RESULT: .
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