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11:

A truck starts from rest and accelerates uniformly at 2.0 m s . At t = 10 s, a stone is dropped by a person standing on the top of the truck (6 m high from the ground). What are the (a) velocity, and (b) acceleration of the stone at t = 11 s? (Neglect air resistance.)

2

Answer: (a) 22.36 m/s, at an angle of 26.57 with the motion of the truck (b) 10 m/s

2

(a) Initial velocity of the truck, u = 0 Acceleration, a = 2 m/s Time, t = 10 s As per the first equation of motion, final velocity is given as: v = u + at = 0 + 2 10 = 20 m/s The final velocity of the truck and hence, of the stone is 20 m/s. At t = 11 s, the horizontal component (v ) of velocity, in the absence of air resistance, remains unchanged, i.e.,

x 2

v = 20 m/s

x

The vertical component (v ) of velocity of the stone is given by the first equation of motion as:

y

v = u + a t

y y

y

v = 0 + 10 1 = 10 m/s

y

Let be the angle made by the resultant velocity with the horizontal component of velocity, v

x

= 26.57 (b) When the stone is dropped from the truck, the horizontal force acting on it becomes zero. However, the stone continues to move under the influence of gravity. Hence, the acceleration of the stone is 10 m/s and it acts vertically downward.

2

Question 5.12:

A bob of mass 0.1 kg hung from the ceiling of a room by a string 2 m long is set into oscillation. The speed of the bob at its mean position is 1 m s . What is the

1

trajectory of the bob if the string is cut when the bob is (a) at one of its extreme positions, (b) at its mean position.

Answer Discussion Share

Answer: (a) Vertically downward (b) Parabolic path (a) At the extreme position, the velocity of the bob becomes zero. If the string is cut at this moment, then the bob will fall vertically on the ground. (b)At the mean position, the velocity of the bob is 1 m/s. The direction of this velocity is tangential to the arc formed by the oscillating bob. If the bob is cut at the mean position, then it will trace a projectile path having the horizontal component of velocity only. Hence, it will follow a parabolic path.

Question 5.14:

Figure 5.16 shows the position-time graph of a particle of mass 4 kg. What is the (a) force on the particle for t < 0, t > 4 s, 0 < t < 4 s? (b) impulse at t = 0 and t = 4 s? (Consider one-dimensional motion only).

Figure 5.16

Answer Discussion Share

It can be observed from the given graph that the position of the particle is coincident with the time axis. It indicates that the displacement of the particle in this time interval is zero. Hence, the force acting on the particle is zero. For t > 4 s It can be observed from the given graph that the position of the particle is parallel to the time axis. It indicates that the particle is at rest at a distance of 3 m from the origin. Hence, no force is acting on the particle. For 0 < t < 4 It can be observed that the given position-time graph has a constant slope. Hence, the acceleration produced in the particle is zero. Therefore, the force acting on the particle is zero. (b) At t = 0 Impulse = Change in momentum = mv mu Mass of the particle, m = 4 kg Initial velocity of the particle, u = 0

Impulse At t = 4 s

Impulse

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