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# Averages

1. using the following figure calculate the arithmetic mean of sales. store Monthly sales in Rs. A 14,709 B 11,987 C 5,747 D 2,16,336 E 21,360 F 44,021 (Answer 51,700,

2. Six types of workers are employed in each of two workshops, but at different rates of wages as follows: Type of workers Worker A Rates of wages no. Of workers per worker 2.5 2 3.5 14 4.0 20 3.0 7 3.0 6 2.0 1 Worker B Rates of wages per worker 3.0 3.0 4.25 3.50 3.50 5.0 no.of workers 18 50 8 12 10 2

## Mechanic Fitter Electrician Carpenter Smith clerk

In which of the two workshops is the average rate of wages per worker higher and by how much? (Ans A-3.50, B-3.25) 3. A garment factory makes both mens and womens shirts. The average profit of the factory is 8% of sales. Average profit on mens shirt is 10%. Womens shirt forms 60% of total sales. What is the average profit on sales of womens shirt? (Ans 6.67%) 4. The average monthly salary of a group of 20 workers in a small factory is Rs.2020. there are 5 skilled workers, 88 semiskilled workers and the remaining unskilled workers. The average salary of skilled workers is Rs. 2500 and that of semiskilled workers is Rs.2000.what is the average salary of unskilled workers in that factory? (Ans1, 700)

5. The frequency distributions of income in Rs of the employees of a big industrial concern in two different periods are given below: Income in Rs. 0-50 50-100 100-150 150-200 200-250 Over-250 Period 1 90 150 100 80 70 10 frequency period 2 200 100 120 100 150 30

The total income of 10 employees in the frequency class over 250 in period 1 is Rs. 3000/- and that of 30 employees in period 2 is Rs.18, 000/(a) Compute the mean and median income of the two periods. (b) Every employee belonging to the top 25% of the earners is required to pay one percent of his income to the workers relief fund. Estimate the increase in contribution to the fund from period1 to period 2. (Ans.117.5, 138.21, 105,120.83, 236.27) 6. Find the arithmetic mean and median from the following data giving the speed of 60 typists: Speed(w.p.m) No. of typists

40-44 5 45-49 8 50-54 15 55-59 12 60-64 8 65-69 8 70-74 3 75-79 1 Also find the number of typist having speed between 57 and 62 words. (Ans. 56, 25, 55.33, 10). 7. For the following data find the age limits within which central 40%5 of LIC policy holders, i.e. Age(in years) 20-25 No .of policy 6 holders (Ans. 30.83,38.75) 25-30 12 30-35 24 35-40 16 40-45 15 45-50 5

8. the following data give the weight of fish caught on a fishing boat on a particular day. What is the median weight? Also find the arithmetic average Weight in grams 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 No. of fish 5 10 25 11 4 (Ans.63.62.05) 9. A survey conducted for the prices of bears showed the following prices per kg. in different localities in Mumbai. Price in 18 16 20 18.5 17 Rs. Find the arithmetic mean and median price of data. 16 18 22 20 (Ans. 18.39, 18)

10. Calculate the modal size of shoes from the following data: Size of 4 shoes No. of 10 pairs sold 5 15 6 30 7 30 8 50 9 45 10 30 (Ans. 8) 11.The following data give the time spent in travelling to work and back by 75 employees of a firm in Mumbai. Find the mode of distribution. Time in hours 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 (Ans. 3.75) No. of employees 15 30 25 5 11 30

12. The accounts receivable from retailers have been outstanding for the following period with a wholesaler. Find arithmetic mean median and mode for above data. (Ans. 110.77, 110.67, 112.5) No. of days 60-80 80-100 100-120 120-140 140-160 160-180 No. of retailers 40 50 75 60 25 10

13. The median age of the following distribution is 44 years. The modal age is 43 years. Two of the frequencies however are missing. Find those frequencies given in the following data: Age in years 25-30 30-35 35-40 40-45 45-50 50-55 55-60 (Ans. 20, 18). No. of persons 8 _ 24 30 _ 20 14

14. Following data give the distribution quotient of 200 students. Find arithmetic mean, median and mode of distribution I.Q. 80-85 85-90 90-95 95-100 100-105 105-110 110-115 112-120 (Ans. 101.5, 102.27, 103.13). No. of stud 5 20 20 30 55 40 20 10

15. The population of a country increased by 20% in the first decade,23%in the second decade and 31% in the third decade. What is the average rate of increase per decade in the population? (Ans. 24.25%) 16. A machine is assumed to depreciate in value 25% in the first year.15% in the second and 10% in the third year. Each depreciation is calculated as compared to the previous year. Calculate average percent depreciation. (Ans. 16.5%) 17. Following table gives the increase in net worth of a textile factory for 5 years. What is the average % increase in net worth over this period? 1996 5.0% (Ans.7.6%) 1997 10.5% 1998 9.0% 1999 6.0% 2000 7.5%

18. An aero plane flies around a square, the sides of which measures 100kms each. The aero plane covers the first side at 100kmph, the second at 200kmph, third at 300kmph and 4th at 150kmph. Find the average speed over the whole journey? (Ans. 160kmph) 19.A cyclist covers the first two kms at a speed of 8kmph,another twokms at 3 kmph and last two at 2 kmph.what is the average speed for the entire journey? (Ans. ) 20.five candidates selected for final interview had the following scores in written test,GD & final interview. If there are two posts to be filledin, who should be appointed? candidate written GD Final interview Ashok 75 70 60 Bindu 75 90 65 Gautam 90 80 60 Hai 80 70 60 jayant 85 65 50 Use weighted average given that the weights for written test,GD,final interview are 3,2,1 respectively.(Ans. Gautam, Bindu) 21.abhay video taping services ordered 8 cases of high standard,6 cases of standard and 2 cases of low standard. Each case contains 24 tapes. Suppose the cost per case of each type is Rs. 1200, Rs. 800, Rs. 600 respectively. (a) What is the average cost per case? (b) What is the average cost per tape? (c) If the tapes of three types are sold for Rs.650,Rs. 40,Rs 30 respectivly,what is the average selling price per tape? (d) How much profit will be made if all taps are sold? (Ans. Rs.975, Rs.40.63, Rs. 48.75, Rs. 3120)

22. ABC distribution company, distributor of kitchen appliances is forecasting regional sales for the next year. It has three branches. Branch 1 with current sales of Rs. 20 lakhs is Expected to achieve a growth of 7.25 percent, branch 2 with current sales of 30 lakhs is expected to have growth rate of 8.20% & branch 3, with current sales of 50 lakhs is expected to show growth rate of 7.15%.what is the average growth rate forecasted for next year? ( Ans. 7.48%)

23.the average weight of 5 children is 40 kgs. The weights of 4 of them are 37,42,38,39. What is the weight of 5th child?(Ans.44) 24. The mean monthly salaries paid to 100 employees was found to be 2500.salarirs of two employees were taken as Rs. 3,400 and Rs. 2,00 which were found to be wrong. The correct figures were Rs. 4,300 and 2,200.Find the correct mean. (Ans.28.5) 25. In a post office 1500 post cards,1000 inland letters and 800 postal envelops were sold in a fortnight. A post card is sold for Rs.0.50p, inland for Rs.2.50 and envelop for Rs. 5.00. What was the average revenue per piece of postal stationery? (Ans. Rs 2.20)

Dispersion
1. Following are the temperature readings in may 2001 for two cities in Maharashtra: City A 30 29.5 34 31 33 32 City B 31 36 37 35 36 34 Find range and coefficient of range for both the cities. (Ans. 7, 0.106, 6, 0.088) 2. Calculate the quartile deviation for sales of 50 shops. Sales ( in 100 Rs.) 100-110 110-120 120-130 130-140 140-150 150-160 (Ans. 8.24) No. of shops 4 7 20 9 6 4 36.5 33

3. Find the mean deviation from arithmetic mean and median for the following two sets of data: (a)10,15,18,25,32. (b) 20,23,33,44,46,50,50. Which mean deviation is smaller for each set? What general priniciple does it illustrate? (Ans. 6.8, 6.4, 10.86, 10.71)

4. Frequency distribution given below shows time taken by cashiers to serve customers in store. Time in seconds 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80 80-90 90-100 100-110 110-120 Find the mean deviation from mode. No. of customers 6 26 30 24 17 15 8 4 (Ans. 15.35)

5. The following data gives the income distribution of workers in two factories.Whivh distribution shows more variability? Use coefficient of variation. Income (in 100Rs) 10-12 12-14 14-16 16-18 18-20 20-22 22-24 (Ans. 15.29%, 19.16 %,). Factory 1 10 15 65 73 70 17 10 Factory 2 25 35 40 50 30 30 10

6. For a group of 50 observations the sum of squares is 1700 and their standard deviation is 3. Find their arithmetic mean. (Ans. 5) 7. For a group of 50 observations arithmetic mean & standard deviation of weight were found to be 60 kgs and 4 kgs respectively. It was later found that weight of one of the children was wrongly noted as 59kg instead of 64 kgs. Find the correct values of mean and standard deviation. (Ans.60.1, 4.04) 8.In a factory equal number of workers work in day shift and night shift. The average number of units produced per worker for two shifts taken together is 45, while the average for day shift is 50.the standard deviation for night shift is 5 and standard deviation for the two shifts together is square root of 43.625. Find the average for the night shift and standard deviation for day shift. (Ans. 40, 3.5).

9. The wholesaler was contemplating whether to become supplier to three retailers, but inventory storages have forced the wholesaler to select only one. The credit manager is evaluating the credit record of three retailers. Over the past 5 years,these retailers, accounts receivable have been outstanding for the following average number of days. The credit manager feels that consistency in addition to lowest average is important. Which retailer would make the best customer? Number of days Retailer1 Retailer2 Retailer3 32.0 32.4 31.8 31.7 31.8 31.8 33.1 32.7 32.8 32.8 31.6 32.9 30.6 33.6 31.4 ( Ans. C.V.S 1.87%,2.58%,2.50%)

10. The following data gives the income distribution of hutment dwellers on the basis of a sample survey carried out in the city of Mumbai. Income group (Rs. 1000 per month) Number of families No. of persons in all the families in given income group

earning non-earning 0-100 22 25 40 100-150 59 75 143 150-200 70 91 179 200-300 25 57 136 300-500 15 42 85 500-700 9 30 17 (a) Calculate the average monthly income (i)per family (ii)per earning member (iii)per capita. (b) Find the average family size (c) Estimate the income range for the middle 50% of the families (d) Calculate the coefficient of distribution for the income distribution of the families (Ans. 191.88, 236.25, 222.83, 4.6=5,123.73, 199.2963.45%) 11. The arithmetic mean & standard deviation of the values of 100 items in a group are 80 and 5 respectively. In a second group of 25 items, each item has a value equal to 60. Find the arithmetic mean & standard deviation of the values of 125 items of two groups taken together. (Ans. 76, 9.2)

12. In an investigation of electronic equipment reliability, a record of the time between equipment malfunctions was kept for two years. Forty pieces of equipment were involved and gave rise to sample of 800 observations on time between malfunctions. Find arithmetic mean & standard deviation. (Ans. 11.2, 2.22). 13. A purchasing agent obtained samples of incandescent bulbs from two suppliers. He had the samples tested himself for the length of life with the following results: Length of life (in hours) Company A Company B 700-900 10 3 900-1100 16 42 1100-1300 26 12 1300-1500 8 3 Find arithmetic mean & standard deviation for both. Which company gives more uniform quality of bulbs? (Ans. 1106.67, 1050, 184, 124, 16.62%, 11.81%)

14. A psychologist wanted to compare two methods A and B of teaching. The marks obtained by 11 students after teaching by the two methods are given below: A 24 29 19 14 30 21 27 30 20 28 11 B 30 35 16 24 23 27 19 20 16 11 21 Find arithmetic mean & standard deviation for both the methods. Which method shows more variation? (Ans. 23, 22, 6.25, 6.54, 27.17%, 29.73%, B). 15. The following data gives the amount collected by 20 vegetable vendors in a certain market. Find arithmetic mean & standard deviation 4000 4700 3700 4700 4200 4700 3500 4800 5000 4800 3900 4900 4300 4100 5100 5000 4800 5200 3800 4800 (Ans. 4500, 486)

16.students ages in the regular daytime M.B.A programme and evening programme of central university are described by these samples: regular 23 29 27 22 24 21 25 26 27 24 evening 27 34 30 29 28 30 34 35 28 29 If the homogeneity of the class is a positive factor in learning, use a measure of relative variability to suggest which of the two groups will be easier to teach? (Ans. 8.04%, 6.15%, evening) 17. Company T.B.C is considering acquiring one of the two companies AMAR and AKSHAY. They want to study the inclination of risk of two companies. The return on investment of AMAR had an average of 28% during the past 5 years with the standard deviation of 5.3%. the corresponding figures for AKSHAY are 37.8% and 4.8%. If we consider risk to be associated with greater variability, which of the two companies pursued a riskier strategy? (Ans. 18.93%, 12.70%, AMAR) 18. The chef in Hotel Annapurna received a basket of 40 apples he wants them to be of uniform weight. He will accept the basket only if the standard deviation of weights is less than 15 gms. The weights of apples are as follows: Wgt in gms 150-175 175-200 200-225 225-250 Will the chef accept the basket? No. of apples 3 18 14 5 (Ans.20.125, no)

Probability
1. Write the sets corresponding to the event in the following experiment: (a) Three coins are tossed. The event is (i) At least one is a tail. (ii) Exactly one is a tail. (b) Two dice are thrown. . The event is (i) the sum of numbers on upper most faces is greater than 9.(ii) the sum is 7. (c) Fro\m a pack of 52 cards,2 cards are drawn simultaneously.(i)both the cards are kings. (ii)both the cards are higher than ace[ace is treated as the highest card]. (Ans. (a) {HHT,HTH,HTT,THH,THT,TTH,THH} (ii){HHT,HTH,THH} (b) {(4,6),(5,5),(5,6),(6,4),(6,5),(6,6)} (ii){(1,6),(2,5),(3,4),(4,3),(5,2),(6,1)} (c) (i) {Ks,Kd),(Ks,Kh)(Ks,Kc)(Kd,Kh),(Kd,Kc)(Kh,Kc)} (ii).

2. Two dice are thrown simultaneously. What is the probability that the sum of numbers is (i) less than 2 (ii) 9 (iii) Even (Ans. 0, 1/9, 1/2). 3. In a group of 20 students 13 have passed in statistics. If a student is selected at random, What is the probability that the students has passed in statistics? (Ans. 13/20) 4. In a class there are 60 girls and 40 boys. 25% of girls know sewing. If a student is selected at random. Find the probability that it is a girl who knows sewing. (Ans.15/100) 5 . From a pack of 52 cards,2 cards are drawn simultaneously. . Find the probability that they both are from different suits? (Ans. 39/51). 6. Fro\m a pack of 52 cards,3 cards are drawn simultaneously. Find the probability that all the three are red? (Ans. 6/51). 7. Find the probability that a leap year contains 53 Sundays. (Ans. 2/7). 8. From a pack of 52 cards,5 cards are drawn Find the probability that(i)4 are aces (ii)4 are aces and 1 is a king (iii)3 are tens and 2 are jacks (iv)at least 1 face card is obtained. (Ans. 1/54145,1/649740,1/108290,18472/54145)