BEAM DETAILING This chapter provides a step-by-step tutorial for the design, detailing, estimate and bar bending of beams in one floor of a multi-storied building

1.1 Description of the problem 1.2 Steps involved in Staad 1.3 Steps involved in aadspro 1.4 Bar Bending Sequencing 1.5 Results

1.1 Description of the problem
The structure for this problem is a double storied building; in which the first floor beam is to be designed (fig .1.1.1). A Staad file BEAM exists for this problem.


mdb) a) Staad model & Staad output file • • In STAAD.1) Change units to Meter-Metric Tonne.2. (Note: If pile or footing or column is required. the programme takes the mid span moment.2 Steps involved in Staad Use staad file in two ways for designing beams. From this.Default in Staad is Millimeter-Newton. select the corresponding in the Staad file.2. Save report and Enter Id say BEAM (fig. • • Go to Post Processing Mode from Mode in main menu.1. in a floor.2.1. open the file BEAM. Enter TRACK and DESIGN BEAM commands for the selected beams to create an .2) . Fig. a) Using Staad model (.) • Select Set Current Input Units from Tools in main menu (fig.1 • • Select Report from main menu and Beam End Forces from the drop down menu. 1.std) & Staad outputs (.anl) b) Using Staad database (. Enter Title. In Report.aadspro 1. Select the beams to be designed.Anl file.

2.aadspro Fig. 1.3) Fig .e.1.2.4) .2.3 • • Select File from main menu and Export report from the drop down menu. Enter filename say OUTPUT and Save. Select Id i. Select Text File.1. BEAM from the available items (fig .(fig.1.2.2 • • Select File from main menu and Report Setup from the drop down menu.

aadspro Fig . Select Tools>Advanced Query for Staad.5) or Select Tools>SQL Query>Advanced Query for Staad.1.4 b) Creating Staad Database • • In STAAD.pro2006 & higher (fig.2.2. open the file BEAM. .1.2.1.pro2004 & lower (fig.6).

aadspro Fig .1.2.5 Fig .1.6 .2.

i. Depth 400 mm and clear cover 30 mm. • Input the dimensions of the section.1. Fig .1 .1. either by typing new values in the boxes provided or by clicking on the up and down buttons near the boxes • • • Provisions are given for selecting characteristic values of concrete and steel. Enter the diameter of stirrups say 8 mm dia.e. fck = 25 Mpa and fy = 415 Mpa. Effective depth of the section is automatically calculated in the plate.3.3 Steps involved in aadspro Open aadspro.aadspro 1. 1) In Beam Section Design plate (fig .3. (AutoCAD will be opened automatically when we open aadspro) Select Beam from main menu and Beam Design from drop down menu. It consists of two plates Beam Section Design plate and Design plate.1). Width 220 mm.

• ‘Full Stirrups’ draws full stirrups for all the beams in the drawing. Mark ‘Left Support’ and ‘Right Support’ for showing slab as a continuous one in the cross section. • Mark ‘Bar nos (section)’ if bar number is required in section.is calculated by the programme. gives the number of spans in each case. • Mark ‘Bar Continue’ for top and bottom bars to be taken through out its length. This shows slab along with beam in the cross section. • Mark ‘IS 13920’. • L Sup width – Left support width is automatically taken by the programme.aadspro 2) In Design plate. • top bar length coefficient. • Mark ‘Bar Numbers’ if bar bending schedule is required. moment at the face of column or moment at node can be scale in which the beam section is to be drawn.3. • • gives the user an option for scaling the drawing.for seismic detailing in beams • Mark ‘Left slab’ and ‘Right slab’ to indicate level of beam. Programme automatically fill this. • 1:50) • selected. • Ld – development length. • The start bar mark number and the section num for BBS can be specified in this plate.2) • Mark ‘Reallocate’ for showing reinforcement in different layers. • Mark ‘Fins (Sn)’ for all floor beams except for plinth.2-Scale can . (fig 19. a) In TABLE plate(fig 1. also be entered. • ‘Single BBS’ provides the same Bar numbers if repeated anywhere in drawing. • Mark ‘Left/Right jog’ as per requirement.

(Eg: 1-#16). #.(Eg: 1-T16) • • • • • to select from L bars or U bars at the supports.2 b) In MST plate (fig .e. moment redistribution at support. to save beams along with printing.3) .1. T.i.3.3. Unmarking this shows the specification in Tor .aadspro • Mark of reinforcement as phi.1. Shear correction factor. Fig . for showing column as continuous one in the detail.

unmark Change depth. Mark Reinft. Choice and enter required bar diameter for top and bottom main bars through out the beam (eg: 2-16mm top &bottom). • • If constant depth is required.aadspro • If different depths are required. so that if ideal steel % increases the entered value. Fig . Enter the ‘increment’=100mm. depth is incremented by 100 mm. mark Change depth and enter a starting depth = 400mm.1.3. 1%.3 3) In Beams from main menu . enter a constant depth (eg: 400).

3.3.aadspro Select Beam Detailing (fig 1. inputs. for importing floor details of beams from Staad to import the inputs from staad file. viz. joint coordinates and member property/Beta angle etc (fig .6 • All the staad inputs will be automatically transferred to the aadspro which includes member incidences.4). This is to import the input data. forces and design loads from the Staad file. . design load.1.3.3. 3.7).1. forces.1. Select ‘Beam’ Select BEAM.1) Importing Staad model file and staad outputs a) In Inputs plate• • • Select Input Type as ‘Staad file’. • It consists of seven plates. Reports Continue and Envelope Data. Select the staad file Fig . (Fig .6). Col Details.

7 b) In Design Load plateSelect BEAM (fig .3.3.8 . Fig . Select the Staad Anl file.3.1.aadspro Fig .1. to import the inputs from Staad file.8).1.

(Fig .txt.Select to import the forces from Staad files which are saved to text file OUTPUT. length etc. corresponding Moment.10). .1. shear.aadspro • All the Staad design loads will be automatically transferred to the aadspro which includes Beam No.1.This process takes a little bit of your time as a lot of data is to be transferred.txt. Select the file OUTPUT.9) Fig .3.1.3.(fig .9 c) In Forces plate• .3.

aadspro Fig .10 • All the Staad outputs will be automatically transferred to the aadspro which includes span. . load condition.1.1. Moment in Y and Z direction(M-Y and M-Z) in kNm.11) • ‘Col Details’ are also automatically filled up. Torsion(T) in kNm.3.(fig.3. Axial force in Ton(Axi).Shear force in Y and Z direction(SY and S-Z) in Ton. node.

aadspro Fig . d) In Continue plate (fig . .11 • Enter to go to the next step.1.

3.3.14) .1. e) In Reports plate (fig .13 • Enter to sort continuous beam in an order separated by lines.aadspro Fig .1.

aadspro Fig .3.2) Importing Staad Database a) In Inputs plate- . select the beam in table (in column BmNa) and enter • Enter results. say X . for the aadspro to connect to AutoCAD to draw the full 3. Enter joggling in required direction.1.Break to get a single beam design at a pick and next beam section is obtained only by specifying next position. ‘exit’ helps to exit halfway during the AutoCAD printing process. • • • transfers the above table to Excel. If a single beam detail is to be obtained in MSTplate.14 • • Enter Full to get all selected beam design in a stretch .

Select the database ‘BEAM’ (fig .3.1. to import the inputs from staad file and a ‘Staad db Convertor’ plate will be opened (fig . Fig (1. . to open the database file.3. Select ‘Beam’ Select for importing floor details of beams from Staad. Fig (1.aadspro • • • Select input Type as ‘Staad Database’.3.16) .15) • • Select Select if staad.3.15).16).1.pro version is above 2004.

18) Fig (1.1. b) In Report plate-(fig .17) Fig (1.aadspro • Select the ‘Y value’ corresponds to the floor to be designed in the‘Staad db Convertor’plate (fig .18) . • Enter for loading data for beams.

For e.1. ‘exit’ helps to exit halfway during the AutoCAD printing process.3) Single beam detail To view the individual process. Select B1 and enter details of the beam selected. • • • transfers the above table to Excel.1.3. say X . If a single beam detail is to be obtained in MSTplate.3. Enter joggling in required direction. select the beam in table (in column BmNa) and enter • Enter results. It is explained with an example below. select a single beam.g.19 • clears the grid. .aadspro • • Enter Full to get all selected beam design in a stretch .Break to get a single beam design at a pick and next beam section is obtained only by specifying next position. (fig .19) from ‘Report’ plate. In MST we get the Fig . for the aadspro to connect to AutoCAD to draw the full 3.

The various columns in the table above (fig.3.20) are explained in the fig below.3.1.20) Fig .1.3.3. Fig 1.3. computes the reinforcement in ‘Table’ plate. (Fig . (Fig .1.1.aadspro • • An option is also provided here for importing from Excel.1.20 • draws the selected beam in AutoCAD. compare with Fig 1.6.21 . To understand more clearly.21).

.1) T = Type of steel.4. Total Bars = Mem No x Bar No/ Mem . User gets the combinations for cutting the reinforcement form the programme. In BBS plate.e.5. Brmk = Bark mark given in Result (178.(Fig 1.1 • ‘BBS’ gives the bar bending schedule for the problem. enter • Here. Size = Bar dia size Mem No = No of repetitions of the member. It aims at maximum utilization of a full length bar.1) (Note: If Tot: Bars/Len (Bar) mm column is blank.174 etc as shown in fig 1. beam name. • • • • • • • MemID = <member ID i. Bar No/Mem = No of bars of same length and dia. while cutting.4.) . Fig 1.aadspro 1.4 Bar Bending Sequencing ‘Bar Bending Sequencing’ helps to minimize the wastage of reinforcement at site.

3).4.fig .1.2) A. .4.aadspro • • • • Len(Bar)mm = Length of bar in mm ShpCode = Shape code (Each shape is represented by a number .2 • • in BBS plate. we get a confirmation . to load the values to ‘Result BBS’ plate. Here data is automatically imported from BBS to ‘Import BBS’ plate (fig .4.4. leads to the ‘Bar bending Sequencing’ plate(fig. Data can also be imported from Excel by message. B etc = Representations in shape code. On successful entry.1.1. option saves the schedule to Excel.3). ‘Save Excel’ SHAPE CODES Fig . In ‘Import BBS’ plate enters .1.

1. .4. In ‘Result BBS’ plate. 1.4 • Margin represents the limit for wastage.aadspro Fig.1.4.4).e.4.3 • • In ‘Result BBS’ plate (Fig 1. select the required bar size say 16mm. Fig . if required.1. Bar length represents length of a bar i.4. Details of 16 mm bars will be transferred to right side table in ‘Result BBS’ plate (fig. Program automatically takes the minimum length of bar used in BBS for this.4.12000 (in mm) (Fig .4).5). User can enter a different value.

5 • • icon.4.1. the process stops and the result can be transferred to Excel. with wastage for individual bar less than the given margin.starts the process.exports the result to Excel.6 . After searching for all combinations. Later process can be resumed by start .pause the program at present stage.ends the process. .4. . Fig .1.aadspro Fig . • • • .

1.4.7) Total wastage = Wastage for 840000 mm =sum of wastage of individual bars. And.4.7) The last two columns represents sum of the lengths in the previous columns and the corresponding wastage in each bar.4.8).00 = 70 x 12000.1.aadspro Total length = 840000. the right side table will be empty (fig .4.1. Enter .7 • • • • • In the above table. Now.1. gives the total length of 12 m bars.Again the process repeats for the remaining data.70 is the number of bars used (Marked in Fig 1. • When all the above data is completely processed.4. Fig . the result displayed will be for this data. .(fig . enter a higher value for Margin.7). first few columns gives different length combination used for the cutting a 12m bar with minimum wastage. The remaining bars are shown in the right side table now (fig.

8 Note: An important point to note is that every grid. 1. But. and fig 1.2. 4-#8-151-230 means 4numbers of 8 mm stirrups @ 230 mm spacing and 151 represents bar number for BBS. fig 1.5. • • • • Pick a point as per the AutoCAD Command.4) & detailed design of the beam (fig 1. Mouse click restores the original value.1. Fig. in the tables in aadspro.1.3) is obtained.5.5 Results In AutoCAD. Here 2-#16-178 means 2 number 16 mm dia bar and 178 represents bar no for BBS. . can be modified. sometimes the modification will be accepted only by entering the text and moving with arrow keys in keyboard. Right clicking on the tables in the programme gives the option for saving the data into an excel file. Excel sheets can be created and later added for total steel for the project and total wastage.5.4. Beam layout (fig.1.aadspro • For each process.5. Similarly data can also be an excel file by this option.

3 . the numbers (160.aadspro • In sectional details.1.) represent bar numbers corresponding to BBS.5.161etc.5.1.2 Fig . Fig .

aadspro Fig .4 .1.5.