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NERVOUS SYSTEM (IB-DP BIOLOGY)- Multiple Choice Type Questions 1.

Which process decreases when the human body temperature decreases? A. B. C. D. 2. Blood flow to the internal organs Secretion of sweat Secretion of insulin Shivering
(Total 1 mark)

In thermoregulation, what would happen over a short period of time in each of these areas, if a person was placed in water at 15C ? Skeletal muscle Decreased shivering Increased shivering Increased shivering Increased shivering
(Total 1 mark)

Peripheral circulation Sweat glands Liver A Increased blood flow Increased secretion Decreased temperature B Decreased blood flow C Decreased blood flow D Decreased blood flow Decreased secretion Decreased temperature Increased secretion No change in temperature Decreased secretion No change in temperature

3.

The diagram shows how the body regulates glucose levels in the blood. G l u c o s e i n c r eX ar e s le e a s e d

l u

c o

s e

r m

a l

Y r e l e a s e d What is Y? A. B. C. D. Amylase Insulin Glucagon Glycogen

l u

c o

s e

e c r e a s e

(Total 1 mark)

4.

Which structure is responsible for passing messages directly to effector organs?

(Total 1 mark)

5.

The movement of which ion initiates an action potential? A. B. C. D. Calcium Magnesium Sodium Potassium
(Total 1 mark)

6.

Which best describes the role of the kidney in homeostasis? A. B. C. D. Storage of urine Producing urine at a constant rate Removing urea from the blood Maintaining the water content of the blood between narrow limits
(Total 1 mark)

7.

What is the role of active transport in the transmission of nerve impulses by neurones? A. B. C. D. Propagates an action potential by pumping sodium ions across the membrane out of the neurone. Propagates an action potential by pumping sodium ions across the membrane into the neurone. Initiates the action potential needed for the transmission of an impulse by pumping calcium ions out of the endoplasmic reticulum. Establishes the resting potential needed for the transmission of an impulse by pumping sodium and potassium ions across the membrane.
(Total 1 mark)

8.

Which cells secrete insulin? A. B. C.

-cells of the pancreas


Cells of the liver -cells of the pancreas

D.

Epithelial cells of the intestine


(1)

9.

Which of the following is closely associated with lowering of high body temperature? A. B. C. D. Constriction of blood vessels in the skin Vasodilation of blood vessels in the skin Increased shivering Decreased sweat production
(1)

10.

Arterioles in the skin contain muscle fibres which contract. What is the function of these fibres? A. B. C. D. To move capillaries further from the skin when the body is too cold To reduce blood flow to the skin when the body is too cold To move capillaries closer to the skin when the body is too warm To increase blood flow to the skin when the body is too warm
(Total 1 mark)

11.

What substance enters the presynaptic neuron during synaptic transmission and what substance leaves it? A. B. C. D. Substance entering presynaptic neuron Neurotransmitter Neurotransmitter Sodium ions (Na ) Calcium ions (Ca )
2+ +

Substance leaving presynaptic neuron 2+ Calcium ions (Ca ) + Sodium ions (Na ) Neurotransmitter Neurotransmitter
(Total 1 mark)

12.

Under what conditions is glucagon secretion increased? A. B. C. D. After fasting for a long period While resting After a meal rich in carbohydrates When the temperature falls
(Total 1 mark)

13.

Membrane proteins are critical components of nerve function. Which process in nerves does not require a membrane protein? A. B. C. Diffusion of neurotransmitter Active transport of sodium Propagation of an action potential

D. 14.

Binding of neurotransmitter
(Total 1 mark)

Which division describes the central nervous system? A. B. C. D. Peripheral and central Voluntary and involuntary nerves Brain and spinal cord Sensory and motor nerves
(Total 1 mark)

15.

How do endocrine glands function when they are involved in homeostasis? A. B. C. D. They release hormones directly into the blood system. They release hormones through ducts to where they are used. They release digestive enzymes from the pancreas. They cause positive feedback in the bodys structures.
(Total 1 mark)

16.

Which play a role in controlling body temperature? I. II. III. A. B. C. D. I and II only I and III only II and III only I, II and III
(Total 1 mark)

Blood Skin arterioles Body hair

17.

What substance is released into the blood by the pancreas when blood glucose levels are low? A. B. C. D. Glucose Glucagon Glycogen Insulin
(Total 1 mark)

18.

After depolorization what happens to restore the resting potential? A. B. C. D. Sodium channels open and sodium ions diffuse out of the neuron Potassium channels open and potassium ions diffuse into the neuron Potassium channels open and potassium ions diffuse out of the neuron Sodium channels open and sodium ions diffuse into the neuron
(Total 1 mark)

19.

Which ion is pumped into the axon of a neuron to help maintain the resting potential? A. Calcium (Ca )
2+

B. C. D. 20.

Hydrogen (H ) Potassium (K ) Sodium (Na )


(Total 1 mark)
+ +

What causes a resting potential to develop in a neuron? A. B. C. D. Diffusion of sodium and potassium ions Active transport of sodium and potassium ions Active transport of sodium and diffusion of chloride ions Active transport of potassium and diffusion of chloride ions
(Total 1 mark)