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VARIABLE FILL FLUID COUPLINGS
Accurate speed variation: By operating either manually. power and speed • driven machinery type. or by remote signal. for the reduction of the tension to a minimum level or the possibility of running at an inspection speed. where it is finally ‘drained-off’ through a series of orifice plugs. speed and inertia • output speed range • environmental conditions • cooling water/air characteristics • assembly configuration (on page 6) • drive and driven shaft dimensions and tolerances • available voltage for motors and instruments Variable fill fluid couplings . Such behaviour provides an extremely soft controlled start up. or pump machinery. fan. because the working circuit volume is controlled at the fullest possible level to maintain a very small slip rate. The KSL variable oil feed system is controlled by a hydraulic variator during the ramp up. producing ideal soft starting. Auxiliary Start up drive: In the case of an electric motor drive. crushers. CHARACTERISTICS Soft starter The KSL working circuit is gradually filled by oil from an empty condition to a fully filled one. • position of the driven machine for loading. In summary.0310 1 . Shaft Labyrinth Sealing: This type of seal helps the KSL series to be a low maintenance machine. pumps. compressors. is pumped from a sump to the hydrodynamic coupling circuit. Ease of Maintenance: Thanks to its split casing design. allowing the main motor to be accelerated to full speed before supplying voltage. conveyors. it is possible to remove the complete fluid coupling impeller assembly without having to move either the motor/engine or driven machinery. by hand-wheel. changes occur inside the coupling’s working circuit which alter the coupling’s slip characteristics dramatically softening the ‘start up’. High Efficency The KSL is an extremely efficient device compared to the constant filled type fluid coupling. • obtain sequential starting for more than one drive motor. • adjust or limit the torque • disconnect the load even with the motor running • use for conveyors. Torque limiting function: Having all the same advantages of fluid couplings. as required by the operator or control system. especially with high inertia machinery. up to several minutes. it is possible to connect an auxiliary electric motor to the KSL input shaft through a belt transmission. This disconnect can be accelerated by using the quick release valves. limiting any prolonged overload completely. centrifuges. Even more protection can be achieved by installing “quick release valves” which discharge oil from the working circuit in a few seconds. protecting both the driven gear box. WORKING OPERATION Extremely efficient performance is achieved utilizing the KSL’s very simple and effective principle. Overload Protection: This is a fluid coupling advantage and a big benefit to users. as the power medium. the KSL always guarantees output speed accuracy. instead of using a traditional system like a star-delta starting device. blowers. Transfluid needs to know the following data: • motor/engine type. power. The variable fill principle: By controlling the coupling’s feed pump oil flow to the working circuit by an hydraulic speed variator. back into the sump. driven by electric motors or internal combustion engines. Disconnect Interrupting the oil flow into the coupling empties the working circuit and disconnects the input from the output. marine propulsion drives. for high inertia machines. as well as the motor or engine. unloading and maintenance. APPLICATIONS Mills. Vibration Dampening: One of the most important characteristics of KSL fluid coupling is its torsional vibration dampening effect. • vary the speed within a 5:1 range for centrifugal machines. mixers. Oil. it is possibile to: • have a long start up acceleration.INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION Transfluid designed the KSL series variable fill fluid coupling to overcome difficulties experienced during ‘start up’ and ‘speed variation’ operation for medium or high powered machines. saving the need for realignment and costly down time. variable fill-drain type fluid couplings build up torque gradually. SELECTION To correctly select the KSL. generators. this avoids any undesired current peaks. fans.
pressure switch 6 .feed oil pump 2 . oil temperature. pump speed. oil pressure.0310 2 .vacuum switch 14 .heat exchanger 12 6 7 9 .pressure gauge 5 .bleeding orifices 7 . filter clogging.lub.oil level 10 .quick release valves 8 . oil filter 13 .heat exchanger oil pump 4 . heat exchanger pump thermostatic control display and display e tastiera keyboard speed regolazione setting velocita' 4-20 mA 4-20 mA display (rpm) display (giri/min) three ways valve valvola a tre vie or SEMIAUTOMATIC / MANUAL or MANUAL CONTROL BOARD QUADRO DI COMANDO handwheel control or 4-20 mA signal or 0.lubrication oil pump 3 . motors overload.temperature switch 11 .WORKING SCHEME AUTOMATIC All parameters under control such as: output speed. start up modulation.2-1 bar signal (air) PLC PLC sump serbatoio output speed oil pressure oil temperature filter clogging pompa scambiatore di calore heat exchanger pump KSL KSL main drive motor motore principale gear box riduttore feed oil pump pompa alimento w/ hydraulic speed variator con variatore idraulico driven machine macchina condotta 1 .temperature gauge INPUT AS VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE INPUT AS START UP DRIVE 14 15 1 4 5 2 10 13 9 8 11 3 heat exchanger pump thermostatic control (only with control board) Variable fill fluid couplings .pressure gauge 15 .feed oil filter 12 .
Efficency of electric motor is NOT affected by KSL application.8 OUTPUT SPEED % 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 75 input 14. Value of electric motor efficency can be found in manufacturer’s catalogue.10 12.2 average value = 9.8 14. Slip can vary ±10% according to driven machine characteristics.PERFORMANCES MOTOR POWER .6 output 25 (14.n2) n2 2 Variable fill fluid couplings .7) 0 3 input = K n2 + K (n1 .6 % power 6.5 9.kW Size / rpm Slip % 21 1000 1200 1500 150 1800 250 1000 1200 55 110 90 150 110 180 24 1500 200 1800 330 1000 1200 110 180 150 260 200 360 27 1500 360 1800 630 1000 1200 200 330 280 480 360 630 29 1500 650 1800 1150 1000 430 34 1200 700 1500 1350 1000 650 D34 1200 1100 1500 2200 2 3 4 45 75 55 110 75 132 280 360 280 500 520 900 930 1600 600 1100 2000 1050 2000 3300 260 460 360 630 700 1200 1250 – 750 1300 – 1300 2300 – NOTE:Standard squirrel cage motors should NOT be derated.3 50 3.0310 3 .8) losses 100 3 2 50 % slip (66.4 12.n2) n2 3 output = K n2 K = max input power / n1 n1 = input speed n2 = output speed losses = K (n1 . CENTRIFUGAL APPLICATION 100 LOSSES % 0 8.
CITY FEED WATER PUMPS. PIPE LINE PUMPS. WOOD CHIPPERS main drive motor KSL reduction gear mill ELECTRICITY CONTINUITY GROUPS Diesel / gas engine KSL flywheel generator GAS TURBINE STARTING DRIVES Diesel / gas engine KSL step-up gear freewheel electric motor gas turbine BELT CONVEYORS main drive motor KSL reduction gear conveyor Variable fill fluid couplings . BALL MILLS. STONE CRUSHERS. ALL FANS AND BLOWERS fan and blower main drive motor KSL centrifugal pump compressor HAMMER MILLS.0310 4 . RECYCLING PUMPS. SCRAP IRON SHREDDERS.APPLICATIONS BOILER FEED WATER PUMPS. CENTRIFUGAL GAS COMPRESSORS.
0310 5 .DIMENSIONS MOTOR SIDE Size Dimensions (mm) Weight Kg (without oil) Oil lt A 21 / 24 27 / 29 34 D34 840 B 950 C 620 D 100 120 140 E 150 150 F 700 850 G 490 H 850 900 / 1000 180 300 450 850 900 1100 700 1050 1300 830 575 1000 1200 / 1300 2100 3000 200 1000 670 1050 230 1100 670 1050 1400 1300 1080 160 WEIGHT ACCORDING TO STANDARD VERSIONS DIMENSIONS ARE SUBJECT TO ALTERATION WITHOUT NOTICE 9 7 6 5 10 2 8 4 3 1 11 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 - Feed pump Lubrication pump Filter (feed) Filter (lub.) Feed pressure gauge Lub. pressure gauge Temperature gauge Filter by-pass valve Speed controller Temperature switch Drain tap Electric wiring box Breather Level gauge Feed control valve Cooler pipe unions Lifting ears 12 17 13 15 14 16 Variable fill fluid couplings .
2x34 KSL. ceramic mill (Italy) 34 KSL.1200 rpm.1000 rpm. fan (Brasil) Variable fill fluid couplings . variable speed drive 700 kW . 630 kW .0310 6 .
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