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Divergent

minds
GROSS ANATOMY Pulses in
unison
5th Long Quiz Sec. D Close as a

1. The foramen ovale is an opening of the
A. Septum primum C. Septum spurium
B. Septum secundum D. Endocardial cushion

2. Oblique vein of the left atrium is a derivative of
A. Left sinus horn C. Primitive pulmonary vein
B. Right sinus horn D. Ductus arteriosus

3. A derivative of the vitelline artery that supplies the hindgut
A. Celiac artery C. Inferior mesenteric artery
B. Superior mesenteric artery D. Common iliac artery

4. Which among the following is the fate of the fifth aortic arch?
A. Hyoid artery C. Ductus arteriosus
B. Maxillary artery D. Complete regression

5. Derivative of the arch of aorta between the left common carotid and left subclavian artery
A. First aortic arch C. Third aortic arch
B. Second aortic arch D. Fourth aortic arch

6. Ventricular septal defect is most commonly associated with
A. Atrial septal defect C. Patent ductus arteriosus
B. Patent foramen ovale D. Persistent ductus arteriosus

7. Which among the following is a component of Tetralogy of Fallot?
A. Coarctation of Aorta (Pre-ductal) C. Patent ductus arteriosus
B. Coarctation of Aorta (Post-ductal) D. Pulmonary infundibular stenosis

8. The vascular system of the embryo appears during
A. Middle of second week C. First week
B. Middle of third week D. Second week

9. The right and left venous valves of the sinoatrial orifice forms a ridge dorsally as
A. Septum spurium C. Septum primum
B. Septum secundum D. Valve of the foramen ovale

10. Formation of the endocardial cushion to form the septa of the heart are seen in
A. Atria and ventricles C. Atria and atrioventricular
B. Atrioventricular and conotruncal D. Ventricle and conotruncal

11. Which of the following vertebra is the posterior boundary of the thoracic inlet?
A. T1 C. T3
B. T2 D. T4

12. What subdivision of the mediastinum is the space in front of the pericardium?
A. Anterior C. Posterior
B. Middle D. Superior

13. The reference line that runs vertically downward from the midpoint of the clavicle:
A. Lateral sternal line C. Midsternal line
B. Mammary line D. Parasternal line

14. Which of the following respiratory muscle is innervated by the phrenic nerve?
A. Diaphragm C. Levatores costarum
B. External intercostals muscles D. Serratus posterior inferior

15. The following structures are found in the superior mediastinum EXCEPT:
A. Descending aorta B. Esophagus

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Trachea C. Both D. 5th rib C. What rib/s articulate/s with the body of the 6th thoracic vertebra posteriorly? A. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the internal intercostals muscle? A. It increases anteroposterior diameter 18. T3 and T4 vertebrae B. T1 and T2 vertebrae C. 6th rib -karla Page 2 of 2 . Thymus D. Brachiocephalic artery C. Arises from inferior border of rib B. Esophagus D. T2 and T3 vertebrae D. The sternal angle lies opposite the intervertebral disc between: A. Neither B. Azygos veins D.C. Trachea 16. Which of the following structure is transmitted through thoracic inlet on the right side? A. T4 and T5 vertebrae 17. Innervated by the intercostal nerves C. Thymus B. The following structures lie posteriorly to the esophagus EXCEPT: A. Trachea 20. Thoracic duct B. Descending thoracic aorta 19. Fibers pass downward and forward D.