What is your CV?

Your CV should:
O be neat, typed iI possible and to the best standard you can achieve in content and layout
O be short, two sides oI a sheet oI A4 paper is normally enough
O be positive, it should emphasise your achievements, strengths, successes and how you have
contributed to your employers making a proIit (add Iigures to support Iacts whenever you can
and use positive action words, Ior example: consulting`, negotiating`, managing` and so on)
O make a good impression, this means presenting the Iacts about yourselI in a clear and positive
How to use your CV
To apply to companies to see if they have any jobs available
You can send your CV with a covering letter or email asking iI they have any current or Iuture
vacancies in your trade. You can Iind names and addresses oI companies in newspapers or in trade or
telephone directories.
To remind you what you`ve done
You can use your CV to help you remember all the dates and inIormation each time you have to Iill in
a diIIerent application Iorm.
To help with applications by phone
Having your CV handy when applying Ior jobs by phone can help iI you are asked to give more
inIormation about previous jobs. II you have hearing or speech diIIiculties and use textphone or
Typetalk, having a copy oI your CV can cut down the length oI time you spend making a call.
At interviews
Having your CV with you while you`re waiting to be called in can help you reIresh your memory. It is
also handy to leave a copy with the interviewer iI they do not already have one.
Registering with recruitment agencies
Agencies may sometimes ask to see your CV beIore you can register with them.
What to include
There is no set Iormat. How you present your CV is up to you. However, you should include at least
the Iollowing:
O your name
O your address
O your phone number
O your email address (iI you have one)
O your career history
!ut your most recent job Iirst and include dates. Employers will be more interested in what you have
done recently. Don`t leave gaps between dates, because employers will want to know what you did
during those periods.
II you don`t have much work experience, you could include temporary, holiday, part-time or
voluntary jobs too. II you`ve had many diIIerent jobs, emphasise the skills and experience you have
gained across those jobs (Ior example, skills in dealing with customers or communication skills).
ou don't need to include your date of birth
New laws on age discrimination mean that you do not need to put your date oI birth, or your age, on
your CV.
Here are some examples you may want to include:
A personal profile
This is a short statement at the beginning oI your CV to sell yourselI, to show your skills, experience
and personal qualities. You could include positive words such as competent`, adaptable`, and
conscientious`. Tailor the statement to the requirements oI each job that you apply Ior, so that you
make it clear to the employer that you`re the right person Ior the job.
Mention things you did well in your past jobs which could be relevant to the job you`re applying Ior.
Qualifications and training
Include any qualiIications and training Irom previous jobs (Ior example, training in health and saIety
or a certiIicate in Iood hygiene), put the most recent Iirst, include qualiIications you got Irom school
or college.
These can support your application iI your hobbies and leisure activities highlight responsibilities and
skills that are relevant to the job you`re applying Ior, perhaps you belong to a club or society which
you organise activities Ior, or you use leadership skills or teamwork as part oI the activity.
Other information
It is up to you whether to include this, but it can be helpIul iI there are gaps in your CV. II you had a
career break because you were caring Ior children or elderly relatives, make this a positive thing and
think about the skills you used doing this. II the job you are applying Ior is diIIerent Irom what you
have done in the past, explain why you are interested in the new type oI work.
You may not want to include these details on your CV but it`s good to have two or more people who
can provide a work or personal reIerence. Ideally, one should be your most recent employer but iI you
haven`t worked Ior a while it could be someone who has known you Ior a long time who can
comment on your qualities in relation to the job. You should ask the person to agree to this

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