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Honeywell Economizer Notes

W859D (Electromechanical)

1) Diagrams are shown with H205A control sensing “good”

enthalpy. ex. Unit is in “free cooling” mode
2) Minimum potentiometer is installed in “W” leg of Modutrol
motor. ARWOBC (Adding Resistance to W to Open, B to Close)
3) Compressor “Lockout” relay (2K) disables second stage
4) Outside air “changeover” relay is 1K
5) Mixed air controller is a series 90, 135 ohm controller.
6) Modutrol motor is also a series 90 actuator with a 135 ohm
“Feedback” potentiometer and either a balancing relay and
Wheatstone bridge circuit if the actuator is older, or an
“Electronic” relay and two triac switches, if the actuator is of the
newer type.

Sequence of Operation:
1) Thermostat contacts make between “R” and Y1” on a rise in
room space temperature.
2) a) Assuming “Poor” enthalpy:
a. H205A Enthalpy control senses poor enthalpy conditions
and switches its N.O. contacts 2 – 1 closed and energizes
Stage 1 cooling contactor. N.C. contacts 2 – 3 switch to open
position and de-energize “1K” and “2K” relays. The N.C.
contacts 2K1, stay in their normal position, which
completes the “common” path for the Stage 2 cooling relay
to operate on a further rise in room space temperature. The
1K1 N.C. contacts stay closed, which completes a path from
terminal “R” on the actuator, back through terminal “R” of
the minimum positioner potentiometer, through the
adjusted setting of this device and out terminal “W” to the
actuator terminal “W”. This places the actuator in a
minimum open position for ventilation. There is no path
through the mixed air controller due to the “path of least
resistance rule”.
b) Assuming “good” enthalpy:
b. H205A Enthalpy control senses good enthalpy conditions
and its N.O. contacts 2 – 1 remain open. N.C. contacts 2 – 3
remain closed and energize “1K” and “2K” relays. 2K1 contacts
open, and 2K2 contacts close, but go nowhere. Outside air
changeover relay contacts 1K1 open and contacts 1K2 close. The
path from terminal “R’ on the actuator is through 1K2 contacts to
terminal “R’ of the “Mixed Air” controller. On a rise in mixed air
temperature, the wiper moves towards the “W’ terminal and out
to the “B’ terminal on the actuator. There is also a path from the
“R” terminal, through the increased resistance, to the “B”
terminal of the mixed air controller, and out to the minimum
potentiometer, through this additional resistance, to the “W”
terminal of the actuator. The actuator now drives towards a more
open position and allows more cool, dry air into the space. The
economizer system is now under the complete control of the mixed
air controller and the space thermostat. In the above example, the
second stage compressor is still locked out, and cannot operate on
a further call for cooling from the space thermostat.
W7459A (Electronic)

1) Actuator motor spring returns, when power is disconnected

(ex. Fan not operating)
2) Relays 1K and 2K actuate when the enthalpy control senses
poor enthalpy according to its setting A-D. This is opposite
of the older, electromechanical version.
3) Electronic switch “1S” is energized through the N.C.
contacts of “1K” and is powered from the “Y1” terminal of
the space thermostat. If enthalpy is good, this closes 1S1
switch and places the mixed or discharge air sensor in the
circuit between T and T1.
4) In this example, 24 volt power from terminal “R” of the
equipment terminal strip, could be interrupted by a time
clock contact. Ex. ST6008 Timer.

Sequence of operation:
1) Space thermostat contacts R to Y1 make on a rise in room
2) a. Enthalpy conditions are sensed to be poor or high. In this
example, relay 2K does nothing. Relay 1K N.O. contacts close and
power is routed from Y1 to terminal 2 of the W7459A economizer
package, and out to terminal Y1 on the equipment terminal strip.
The compressor operates until the space thermostat is satisfied.
3) b. Enthalpy conditions are sensed to be good or low. The relay
contacts from 1K do not switch. Power is routed from terminal Y1 of
the space thermostat to the common terminal of 1K relay contacts.
Power is isolated from the equipment Y1 terminal by the N.O. 1K
relay contacts. The N.C. contacts of 1K relay route power to the 1S
electronic relay. The 1S1 contacts close and place the mixed air or
discharge air thermistor in the circuit. The actuator motor is now
driven towards the open position to allow cool, dry outside air into
the space for “free cooling”.
4) Note: When 2 stage thermostats are utilized, it is possible to have the
compressor come on with the open outside air damper to assist in
satisfying the space thermostat demand. This example does not have
this feature.