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Jazz In America

Lesson I: What is Jazz?

Course Introduction

Description
An introduction to the history of jazz and its contribution to and reflection of American culture in the 20th century A survey of the evolution of jazz styles from it inception to the present, contributions of important performers and composers, and musical techniques involved in the creation and performance of jazz

Course Introduction

Requirements Students are required to:


Attend class lecture/discussions Listen to jazz recordings Read assigned material Keep an organized notebook of handouts and class notes Take several quizzes

Course Introduction

General Syllabus
What Is Jazz Elements of Jazz

Improvisation, rhythm, sounds and instruments, harmony, and form

Jazzs Roots, New Orleans, Ragtime, and Dixieland Big Band Swing Bebop Cool and Hard Bop

What Is Jazz (and what it is not)


1. 2. 3. 4.

Jazz is musical conversation Jazz is music of the moment Jazz is a newcomer to music Jazz was born out of the Black experience in America

What Is Jazz (and what it is not)


5. Jazz is part of every culture 6. Jazz has influence and been influenced by other music 7. Jazz is relatively complex 8. Jazz is about feeling

The Great Migration

The Great Migration was the movement of approximately seven million Black People out of the Southern United States to the North, Midwest and West from 1910 to 1970. African Americans migrated to escape racism, seek employment opportunities in industrial cities, and to get better education for their children, all of which were widely perceived as leading to a better life. Some historians differentiate between the Great Migration (1910-1940), numbering about 1.6 million migrants, and the Second Great Migration, from 1940-1970.

James Reese Europe

An American ragtime and early jazz bandleader, arranger, and composer. He was the leading figure on the African American music scene of New York City in the 1910s. Europe was born in Mobile, Alabama. His family moved to Washington, D.C. when he was 10 years old. He moved to New York in 1904

James Reese Europe

It must not be forgotten that James Reese Europe had a different task and set of rules in front of him as an African-American.. He was making black music and black people respectable to upper class whites who in the north were much more contemporary and cosmopolitan than those in the southern states in the pre-World War I era.

Jazz Americas Music


Jazz in Americas indigenous art form Jazz is everywhere


Nightclubs and concert halls Sidewalks and subway stations Educational classrooms Television and film Records, CDs, and the radio In Americas slang and jargon

Jazz Americas Music

Jazz is a reflection of American culture


Praise and controversy Musicians have served as ambassadors More closely reflects the changing American culture than any other music Linked with social and legal equality for all Jazz is universal