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Ahmad 1 Fatima Ahmad Mr.

Roger Crider Microsoft Office 2007 September 18, 2011 Hunger in the Horn of Africa In the worst hunger crisis the world has seen this century, in the Horn of Africa, 29,000 children may have already perished (J.L.). Hunger in the Horn of Africa has devastated millions in that region. Many organizations are still trying to help, but it may not be enough. The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit have a five-point scale on ranking hunger crisis such as this one, ranging from generally food secure to catastrophe/hunger. There are large areas in Africa that are ranked at a four (Tran).
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The countries that the hunger crisis is affecting include Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Somalia (Tran). One of the reasons behind this is due to a drought that has hit Somalia, which has been the worst drought to hit the country in fifty years. In the southern region of the country, thirty percent of children [are] acutely malnourished and four in ten thousand [are] dying every day, states NPRs Ofeibea Quist-Arcton. The U. N.s humanitarian
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To be classified as a five, the hunger crisis must be widespread. Other characteristics include acute malnutrition reaching more than 30%; deaths from hunger are two or more people per 10,000; water consumption is less than four litres a day; and intake of kilocalories is 1,500 a day compared to the recommended 2,100 a day (Tran).

Ahmad 2 coordinator for Somalia, Mark Bowden, stated that out of the tens of thousands of Somalis that have perished in the past few months because of malnutrition, most of these people were children. The State Department released a statement estimating that 4.5 million Ethiopians and 3 million Somalis need assistance (Memmot). Many Somalis are quickly flooding a refugee camp in a tiny Kenyan town called Dadaab. In early July of 2011, 1,500 people started to flood the camp daily, and the population skyrocketed to 400,000. The refugees in who reached Dadaab were desperate in a way, but better than those they left behind, states Xan Rice. This quote means that even though the refugee camps arent the necessarily the nicest places to live in, people are desperate, because living in their home country would be worse (Rice). However, the Somalis fleeing to Dadaab are also causing a security crisis in that country as well. According to the World Food Programmes official website, in the Dolo Ado camps, the malnutrition rate for children under the age of five who have just arrived at the camp is 50% (WPF). Of course, many organizations are trying to help solve this hunger crisis. The British public donated 9 million to the cause through an appeal by the Disasters Emergency Committee. The U.N. was one of the first agencies to appeal for money for this particular hunger crisis, but as of early

Ahmad 3 September of 2011, only $1.3 billion of their $2.4 billion dollar appeal has been funded (J.L.). A $30 million dollar appeal for Djibouti has only reached 30% of its goal. Apparently, some of the reasons why these appeals have not been fully funded are due to the global financial crisis and donor fatigue (Tran). According a food security specialist, Camilla Knox Peebles, the appeal should have come in 2009-2010, for the situation was pretty bad even at that time. But because many relief groups are dependent on crisis being covered by the media, by some extent, so that the public is aware, and because people are afraid of causing a false alarm and getting people worked up over nothing, people werent raise awareness in time. A DEC official stated, We have to raise the alarm before it's too late, but we have to be
factual, we do not want to give misleading information and we do not want to be accused of 'crying wolf' (Tran).

In conclusion, the hunger crisis in Africa has affected millions of people, and has taken thousands of lives. Efforts are being raised everywhere to raise money, but it may not be enough. The best solution to the problem is to help fully fund appeals by organizations trying to solve this hunger crisis.

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Works Cited
J.L. Famine in the Horn of Africa: How have things changed? | The Economist. 5 September 2011. 15 September 2011. Memmot, Mark. 'Triangle Of Death' In Horn Of Africa; Famine Grips Southern Somalia : The Two-Way : NPR. 20 July 2011. 12 September 2011 <http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwoway/2011/07/20/138535552/triangle-of-death-in-horn-of-africa-famine-grips-southern-somalia>. Rice, Xan. Hunger pains: famine in the Horn of Africa | Global development | The Guardian. 8 August 2011. 16 September 2011. Tran, Mark. Hunger pains: famine in the Horn of Africa | Global development | The Guardian. 12 July 2011. 6 September 2011 <http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2011/jul/12/east-africadrought-food-crisis>. WPF. United Nations World Food Programme - Fighting Hunger Worldwide. 9 September 2011. 20 September 2011 <http://www.wfp.org/news/news-release/wfp-extends-nutrition-support-boosts-fooddistributions-expands-cash-transfers-hor>.