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Horry Bull 7th Period Layton 10/16/11 No Doubt, Affirmative Action is an Absolutely Negative Cause If you look out

the window of any building at any street you can see, it probably has people of almost all colors, religions, and races. Though, in your eyes, just because they are of different ethnic groups, are you honestly able to tell how they do and think about things differently?1 That appears to be the issue around affirmative action. Affirmative action itself is the practice of taking into account peoples origin, skin color, ancestry, and other factors to accept more of those from minority groupspeople with certain traits who dont get accepted as much as other groups of people by normal standards. It may appear to be an honorable theory, but when put into practice, is it at all useful, beneficial, or constitutional?2 Not at all. 3 Theres no reason whatsoever for it to be practiced any longer. So how much of a use is affirmative action anyway?4 Its only purpose is to balance the disadvantages brought upon minorities because they had certain traits (Deutsch, 2003). An admirable idea, no doubt, but hold the phone.5 Advantages such as these arent infinite. The only way to allow more minorities into schools, jobs, and programs is to put them in the place of those who actually qualified and deserved them (Johnson, 2000). Would you genuinely prefer a society that cant function as properly, just so more people that happened to have been born with certain traits get jobs they dont really qualify for?6 Or one that would work much, much, much7 smoother because it has more people who actually have the merits the occupation demands?8 Do you think all the people who give it their best shot make it9 to whatever they aim for? Far from it.10 You cannot deny the devastating affect it would have on the unfortunate who actually succeeded in receiving the merits needed, only to have the opportunity stripped from them and given to a minority member who needed favoritism because they didnt succeed in the first place.11 Yes, according to affirmative action, lets just steal these opportunities from the people who deserve them in order to create a society that cant function as well.12

1 Rhetorical Question 2 Rhetorical Question 3 Rhetorical Fragment 4 Rhetorical Question 5 Idiom 6 Rhetorical Question 7 Parallelism (Repetition) 8 Rhetorical Question 9 Idiom 10 Idiom 11 Loaded Terms 12 Farce

Yet, in truth, arent all causes aimed to benefit people, mutual interests, or both?13 If it doesnt benefit either, then theres no point in having the cause. Another way to put the purpose of affirmative action is equal opportunity. By getting rid of competition over standard measurements, like tests,14 colleges and job employers remove their dependence on them (Stein, 1997). Since these standards dont consider how someones position in society may affect their education, those people may be naturally disadvantaged and receive far less opportunities compared to someone else with just an average position in society (Stein, 1997). Remember that affirmative actions purpose is an idealist view; its not something that can be implemented into reality so smoothly. It cant be concluded if those who were given this equal opportunity turned out any better by going to an advanced school instead of one closer to their level of education (Thomas, 2006). According to data from U.S. Commission on Civil Rights member Peter Kirsanow, most of those accepted through affirmative action dont do well because they dont already have the merits the college normally requires, so theyre not ready for it (Goldberg, 2009). This all just means that if theyre not suitable before getting the benefits of affirmative action, they more than likely wont after.15 Even more important to most than just if it helps them academically or financially is how theyre affected socially. If they required assistance from affirmative action in order to get into their jobs or schools, others will figure theyre helpless and have to depend on special treatment in order to succeed (Vaughn, 2006). These incompetent qualifiers16 of affirmative action would be looked down upon and considered to turn up like a bad penny17 wherever they learn, they study, they work, they eat, they sleep, they use the restroom.18 But it really hits home19 when deciding if it helps the nation or is even constitutional. For people to learn democracy early, education is probably where theyll first interact with people who belong to other groups of race, color, and religion (Gurin, 2004). They should learn about the diversity of society for when theyre a full citizen. By using affirmative action to increase the diversity in schools, it should result in a wiser citizen (Gurin, 2004).20 However, the downfalls to this are visible when looking at it closely. For the most part, the range in skill levels shouldnt be too far apart if all those people are at the same place for education, since they had to have a minimum in order to be accepted into it (Clegg, 2004). Its all just contradictory to admit those who wouldnt normally qualify so that people learn the values of other groups because it would make them think those groups arent exactly fit for society. And diversity.21 Everyone can agree its good for society.22 But promoting more of it is just as contradictory.23 Promoters of multiculturalism and diversity want it so that employments and colleges will have a wide variety of different views (Chavez, 1999). They
13 Rhetorical Question 14 Simile 15 Ellipsis [getting the benefits of affirmative action] 16 Oxymoron 17 Idiom 18 Farce 19 Idiom 20 Opponents Point-of-View 21 Rhetorical Fragment 22 Hyperbole 23 Simile

believe that everyones permanent traits decide all their beliefs, opinions, and other personally-learned traits (Chavez, 1999).24 Towards many groups of people, it discriminates.25 The promoters think that each group of people is entitled to only certain viewpoints and none otherwise. They dont see how its useless to promote it if America is already a diverse and multicultural country filled with people that have their own individual views (Chavez, 1999). Theres an even stronger point against its existence in America. Its constitutionality is questioned when reviewing the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It has stated that people should be treated as individuals, not groups of them with common traits (Canady, 2001). Its the citizens right to differentiate people through their success, accomplishments, and other merits (Erler, 2008). This meant that the practice was already illegal by treating any person in any special or any26 different way just because they had uncontrollable, unchangeable, unchoosable traits.27 The fact remains that, beyond a shadow of a doubt, affirmative action has no reason to be practiced.28 Its certainly true that in an ideal society, such a cause would be beneficial; yet if it were ideal at all there would be no need for it. Its a cause that doesnt have a plausible use. Its a cause that doesnt benefit those its targeting. Its a cause that doesnt29 have any grounds to continue or even exist. It all just proves that people should consider who to accept into their jobs and schools with no strings attached.30 Honestly, would you want to be turned down a job only because your skin wasnt dark enough?31

24 Opponents Point-of-View 25 Inverted syntax [It discriminates towards many groups of people] 26 Parallelism (Repetition) 27 Asyndeton [and] 28 Bandwagon 29 Anaphora 30 Idiom 31 Rhetorical Question