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Time Response Control System

In previous chapter > mathematical model is

developed

This chapter > analyse the mathematical model > evaluate system’s performance

Analysis > Analyze time response of the system towards standard input signal

Standard input signal >>> step input, impulse,

ramp, sinusoidal

Analysis on the changes of output variable when standard input signal is applied

Example of time response for control

system (step input)

Example of time response for control system (step input)

Initially 200°C

Operator 250°C (reference value ) step

input

When the reference value is changed , the

current flows to the heater will increase due

to signal from the controller.

The output temperature temperature of the

microwave will increase until it reaches steady

state value.

Ex 2 (ramp input ) Tracking System

Ex 2 (ramp input ) – Tracking System Tracking System – plane moves in constant velocity

Tracking System plane moves in constant velocity hence, input signal always changes with time u(t) = at

Structure of mathematical model

Initial condition

Structure of mathematical model Initial condition Output Input Y (t) , t ≥ t 0 U(t),

Output

Input

of mathematical model Initial condition Output Input Y (t) , t ≥ t 0 U(t), t
of mathematical model Initial condition Output Input Y (t) , t ≥ t 0 U(t), t

Y (t) , t ≥ t 0

U(t), t >t 0

Y (t) >output; u(t) > input ( change with time ) >>> variables Main objective of control > how u is used to control y Previous chapter > mathematical model is developed based on differential equations.

Therefore, time response is the solution for this formulation

>> Laplace Transform

Differential equation model

Differential equation model
Differential equation model

Laplace Transform (used to find the

time response)

Laplace Transform (used to find the time response)

Property of Laplace Transform

Property of Laplace Transform

Laplace Transform of derivatives

Laplace Transform of derivatives

Laplace Transform of integral

Notes

Ex

Derive the Laplace Transform of an

exponential function f(t) = e at

Laplace Transform of

> unit step function

> ramp function

> impulse function

> sinusoidal function

Application of L.T to solve differential

equations

Differential equation >>>> Laplace form ( Y (s) ) >>> Inverse Laplace ( to get y(t))

Ex 3.3

Ex 3.4

Exercise 3.4

Ex 3.5

Classification of dynamic system

Classification of dynamic system

EX 3.6

Exercise 3.9