Time Response Control System

• In previous chapter > mathematical model is developed • This chapter > analyse the mathematical model > evaluate system’s performance • Analysis > Analyze time response of the system towards standard input signal

• Standard input signal >>> step input, impulse, ramp, sinusoidal • Analysis on the changes of output variable when standard input signal is applied

Example of time response for control system (step input)

• Initially – 200°C • Operator – 250°C (reference value ) –step input • When the reference value is changed , the current flows to the heater will increase due to signal from the controller. • The output temperature temperature of the microwave will increase until it reaches steady state value.

Ex 2 (ramp input ) – Tracking System

Tracking System – plane moves in constant velocity hence, input signal always changes with time u(t) = at

Structure of mathematical model
Initial condition
Input U(t), t >t 0 Output Y (t) , t ≥ t0

Y (t) >output; u(t) > input ( change with time ) >>> variables Main objective of control > how u is used to control y Previous chapter > mathematical model is developed based on differential equations. Therefore, time response is the solution for this formulation >> Laplace Transform

Differential equation model

Laplace Transform (used to find the time response)

Property of Laplace Transform

Laplace Transform of derivatives

Laplace Transform of integral
• Notes.. • Ex .. Derive the Laplace Transform of an exponential function f(t) = eat

• • • • •

Laplace Transform of > unit step function > ramp function > impulse function > sinusoidal function

Application of L.T to solve differential equations
Differential equation >>>> Laplace form ( Y (s) ) >>> Inverse Laplace ( to get y(t))

• • • •

Ex 3.3 Ex 3.4 Exercise 3.4 Ex 3.5

Classification of dynamic system

• EX 3.6 • Exercise 3.9

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