Special Discussion Session for Existing and Potential Senior Government Official s of Nepal “Status, upliftment efforts, problems

, solutions and potentialities of Indigenou s, Madhesi, Dalit, Disable and Women in Nepal” Presented By Krishna H. Pushkar, Under Secretary Government of Nepal khpushkar@gmail.com 16th October, 2011 Organization of the Presentation • Introduction • Reviews and analysis of upliftment efforts • Reviews of existing laws and policies • Contemporary issues • Problems, solutions and potentialities • Potential questions • Discussions (Briefing and explanations content huge range of data and statistical analysis) Terminological Introduction Aadibasi (Antediluvian Residence), Janjati (Excluded from Hindu castisms’ classifi cation), Madhesi (claimed antediluvian residence and has specific cast, mother t ongue and culture), Dalit (previously discard untouchable and segregated groups of cast) Disable (Physically or mentally unable) and Women (Human female) (Note: Some controversy is remained left in definition due to absence of proper legacy and legitimacy) Status • Aadibasi Janjati :(AJ)Population: 37.2%, No of AJ: 59, Representation in CA: Ap x. 35%, below poverty line: 44%, Literacy: 48.8, HDI: 0.494, civil service-18% & culturally rich but remained deprived and poor. • Madhesi: Population: 31.2%, No of Madhesi: 36, Representation in CA: Apx. 24%, b elow poverty line: 25%, Literacy: 48. HDI: 0.448, civil service-9%, culturally r ich but remained distanced, deprived and poor. • Dalit: Population: 13%, No of Dalit: 5+17=22, Representation in CA: Apx. 8.3%, b elow poverty line: 46%, Literacy: 33.8. HDI: 0.424, civil service-1%, culturally rich but remained deprived, marginalized exploited, away and poor. • Disable: Population: apx10%, rich capabilities, professionally competent but re mained deprived, awaited, marginalized and poor. • Women: Population: 50.3%, Representation in CA: Apx. 32.97%, Landownership:10.5% , Contribution in agriculture: 60.05%, civil service-13.05%, professionally, so cially, and technically rich and prosperous but remained deprived, disadvantages , distanced and poor (Precaution: Data may require updates and further verification due to its contro versial nature) Efforts for Upliftment • Constitutional and Legislative Privileges and Provisions • Legal, Plan, Policy and Budgetary Privileges and Provisions • Executive, Economic and Administrative Immunities, Privileges and Provisions • Political and Electoral Privileges and Provisions • Institutional and Organizational Provisions • Sectorial arrangements and targets • Special and Focused Provisions (Social Security and Justice etc.) • Contemporary Privileges and Provisions • International and Diplomatic Commitments and Mechanisms • Others Common Problems • Exclusion: Economically, Socially, Educationally and Politically Excluded • Crisis of Identity, Access, Representation, Participation, Recognition and Owner

ship • Distanced from National Mainstream • Ignored in Power Sharing • Inequity in Development Dividends • lack of inclusiveness in our economic growth • Under Presence in Governance System • Poverty and Weak (Crisis of Power, Choice and Voices) • Disadvantaged and Segregated from Opportunities • Deprived From Resources, Land Ownership & Opportunities • Segregated from Rights and Privileges • Crisis of Peace, Prosperity, Unity and Integrity • Inter-intra Conflict, Mistrust and Frustration (Exceptions may occur) Peculiar Problems • AJ: Diversity, Cast disparity & Structured Social discrimination • Madhesi: Ownership, identity, language, reintegration, socio-ethnic polarization , diversity, size, history, exploitation • Dalit: untouchable, over exploited, segregated, powerless, marginalized, backwa rd • Disable: Physically or mentally elusive but differently able, • Women: Biological, difficult customs and social cognition, religious, cultura l and social limitations Solutions/Recommendation • Inclusion and partnership in power sharing & public affairs • Adherence into national unity, integrity & sovereignty • Rational participation & proportional representation • Justified share in developments dividend • Opportunities for socioeconomic prosperity & transformation • Productive development assistances and linkages with social entrepreneurship • Pluralistic way of empowered life style system • Assurances for rights, respects& enjoyable rule of law ( democracy) • Honest acceptance and implementation of national & international commitments • Quality and revised civic education • Productive and Need Based Social Security • Quality Public Services and People Centric Governance • Human Security • Others Major Periodic Programs • Inclusive Development Programs • Targeted Programs • Social Mobilization and Governance Promotions Programs • Participatory Planning System • Capacity Building Programs • Identity Establishment/Promotion • Social Security • Empowerment • Source: Three Year Plan( 2067-2070) Potentialities • Social Inclusion issues is in national priority • Speedy Socioeconomic Development • Democracy, Inclusiveness and Sustainable Development • Poverty Alleviation and Blowing Human Development • Sustainable Peace, Prosperity and Good Governance • Social Cohesion/ Pluralism/Diversity Management • Balanced Power Sharing and Proportional Representation • Full Respect of Voices, Choices and Rights • Strong National Unity, Integrity ( Nation State) • Active geopolitical and diplomatic strength • Human Security

• Social Justice • Quality Public Governance Thank you • Discuss on Potential Questions and Relevance Answer Models • List Some Reference Materials • Be in Touch for Continuous Efforts

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