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Change to passive 1. How did your host family treat you? ______________________________________ 2.

When did they hijack the plane? ______________________________________ 3. Has anyone cleaned the oven yet? ______________________________________ 4. Did the bull kill the matador? ______________________________________ 5. Do they make cars in Korea? ______________________________________ 6.Will The King inaugurate the new bridge? ______________________________________ 7.Have the police found the body? ______________________________________ 8.What caused the accident? ______________________________________ 9.Is a doctor going to examine you?______________________________________ 10.Do the hounds kill the fox? ______________________________________ CHANGE INTO ACTIVE She will have to be taught. This car was manufactured in Japan by Toyota. Why aren't the exercises being finished on time? Last year 2,000 new units had been produced by the time we introduced the new design. Casual clothes must not be worn. $400,000 in profit has been reported this year. The test will be given at five o'clock this afternoon. Students are required to wear uniforms at all times.

This rumor must have been started by our competitors.

Linking Verbs
A linking verb is a verb that expresses a state of being. A linking verb connects, or links, the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject.

Your painting is beautiful!

Some verbs may be either action verbs or linking verbs, depending on how they are used.

Paco tasted the soup. Those vegetables tasted fresh.


EXERCISE A Underline the linking verb in each of the following sentences. Then,
draw an arrow showing which words are joined by the linking verb. Example 1. The old house looked deserted. 1. The huge diamond mine is now a museum. 2. The computerized voice sounds human to me. 3. After the storm, the islanders grew nervous at the sight of all the dark clouds. 4. Some of the bristlecone pine trees are very old. 5. The farm animals looked quite content.

EXERCISE B Underline the verbs in the following sentences. Then, identify each as
an action verb or a linking verb by writing above it A for action verb or L for linking verb. Example 1. Aaron Burr was (L) the third Vice President of the United States. 6. Burr became one of the most colorful characters in U.S. history. 7. Burr came from a well-known Puritan family. 8. At age twenty-one, he was a commanding officer of an entire regiment. 9. He resigned in 1779 because of ill health. 10. Later, Burr practiced law. 11. He almost always looked wealthy and successful. 12. Burr and Alexander Hamilton were longtime enemies. 13. Burr fought a duel with Hamilton. 14. Hamilton died from his wound. 15. Burrs political career was soon over.

Adverb of manner 10. The speaker looks angry. He is banging the table _____________________________ 1. Yesterday, there was a football match. Roy was a bad player. He played __________________ 2. Terry is a dangerous driver. He drives _____________________________ 3. Carla is impatient. Carla is waiting for her friend _____________________________ 4. He answered the teacher _____________________________, so he was punished. 5. She entered the room ___________________________ so that she would not wake the baby up. 6. If you walk so _____________________________ you will miss the bus. 7. Do you think he died _____________________________? 8. There was an accident in my street yesterday; a car hit a boy who was _____________________________ injured. 9. She reads the text _____________________________ before answering.

Adverb of manner 1. I was __________ impressed by their courage. (due) 2. The children chattered _____________. (noisy)

3 The sun shone _____________ behind the clouds. (pale) 4. They have settled in ______________. (comfortable) 5. He _______________ maintained his point of view. (dogmatic) 6. Everything is proceeding ___________. (normal) 7. Please drive ____________. (slow) 8. She worked _____________ until nine o'clock. (steady) 9. The cost of fuel has risen ______________. (dramatic) 10. He _____________ scrambled up the slope. (agile) ii. Everything was explained clearly and ____________. (simple) 12. The train whistle blew ____________ at the crossing. (shrill) 13. ____________ , it stopped raining before we had to leave. (lucky) 14. She was signaling ______________. (frantic) 15. That was ____________ unexpected. (whole) 16. We arrived _____________. (punctual) 17. England is a ____________ populated country. (dense) 18. They are ___________ dependent on coal for fuel. (sole) 19. The material was produced _______________. (synthetic) 20. They ___________ agreed to the proposal. (ready) adverb or adj 1. We ______________ concluded the deal. (successful) 2. He is a ______________ businessman. (successful) 3. There was a ___________ rain in the morning. (light) 4. She ran ____________ up the steps. (light) 5. The path was ____________ marked. (clear) 6. We gave him a ____________ signal to continue. (clear) 7. I ___________ disagree with you. (strong) 8. There is a ____________ wind from the north. (strong) 9. She waved _____________. (cheerful) 10. I gazed at the __________ water of the lake. (tranquil) 11. The engine operates as ______________ as possible. (efficient) 12. Is that a ____________ decision? (recent) 13. He has behaved very ______________. (responsible) 14. ____________ snow is forecast for tomorrow. (heavy) 15. I opened the door ____________ and stepped outside. (quiet) 16. Icicles hung from the ____________ needles of the pine trees. (dark)

Answers to Exercise 1: 1. duly 2. noisily 3. palely 4. comfortably 5. dogmatically 6. normally 7. slowly 8. steadily 9. dramatically 10. agilely 11. simply 12. shrilly 13. luckily 14. frantically 15. wholly 16. punctually 17. densely 18. solely 19. synthetically 20. readily

Answers to Exercise 3: 1. successfully 2. successful 3. light 4. lightly 5. clearly 6. clear 7. strongly 8. strong 9. cheerfully 10. tranquil 11. efficiently 12. recent 13. responsibly 14. Heavy 15. quietly 16. dark

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