You are on page 1of 9

ÈÓã Çááå ÇáÑÍãä ÇáÑÍíã

ÇáÍãÏ ááå ÑÈ ÇáÚÇáãíä æÕáì Çááå æÓáã Úáì äÈíäÇ ãÍãÏ æÚáì Âáå æÃÕÍÇÈå æãä
ÇåÊÏì ÈåÏíå Åáì íæã ÇáÏíä ÃãÇ ÈÚÏ

ÇáÓáÇã Úáíßã æÑÍãÉ Çááå æÈÑßÇÊå

My Advice To The Women By Umm 'Abdillaah

Chapter 87 - The Hijaab & Lowering the Gaze

Before going into Umm 'Abdillaah's (ÍÝÙåÇ Çááå) book. Aboo Muhammad mentioned
a few points:

a.. Imaam Ahmad (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said that the Qur-aan is the speech of Allaah
ghayru makhlooq (it is not created).
b.. The Messenger of Allaah (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) did not follow his own desires.
c.. Salaf: The first 3 generations of Muslims, those who followed what the Prophet
(Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) was upon.

The Hijaab & Lowering the Gaze

íóÇ ÃóíøõåóÇ ÇáäøóÈöíøõ Þõá áøöÃóÒúæóÇÌößó æóÈóäóÇÊößó æóäöÓóÇÁ


ÇáúãõÄúãöäöíäó íõÏúäöíäó Úóáóíúåöäøó ãöä ÌóáóÇÈöíÈöåöäøó Ðóáößó ÃóÏúäóì Ãóä
íõÚúÑóÝúäó ÝóáóÇ íõÄúÐóíúäó æóßóÇäó Çááøóåõ ÛóÝõæÑðÇ ÑøóÍöíãðÇ

Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw
their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e.screen themselves completely except
the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known
(as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allaah is Ever Oft
Forgiving, Most Merciful. 33:59

æóÇáúÞóæóÇÚöÏõ ãöäó ÇáäøöÓóÇÁ ÇááøóÇÊöí áóÇ íóÑúÌõæäó äößóÇÍðÇ


ÝóáóíúÓó Úóáóíúåöäøó ÌõäóÇÍñ Ãóä íóÖóÚúäó ËöíóÇÈóåõäøó ÛóíúÑó
ãõÊóÈóÑøöÌóÇÊò ÈöÒöíäóÉò æóÃóä íóÓúÊóÚúÝöÝúäó ÎóíúÑñ áøóåõäøó æóÇááøóåõ
ÓóãöíÚñ Úóáöíãñ

And as for women past child-bearing who do not expect wed-lock, it is no sin on
them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show their
adornment. But to refrain (i.e. not to discard their outer clothing) is better for
them. And Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 24:60

This is proof for the hijaab. Speaking of the elderly - it is proof that the older
woman with no desire to marry can "put down her garments," (not wear the hijaab).
Women who can't bear children but are still attractive, Allaah gives them
permission to put aside their over garments, the jilbaab. They are required to wear
loose clothing.
The Hikmah: Usually men are not interested in them. This ruling is only for them.

Allaah made a condition - no ornaments (rings, bangles, etc). They must be kept
hidden from the non-mahram (as mentioned in the Qur-aan). This is a proof for the
older women, likewise the ___, and it is not permissible for other than them.

æóÞõá áøöáúãõÄúãöäóÇÊö íóÛúÖõÖúäó ãöäú ÃóÈúÕóÇÑöåöäøó


æóíóÍúÝóÙúäó ÝõÑõæÌóåõäøó æóáóÇ íõÈúÏöíäó ÒöíäóÊóåõäøó ÅöáøóÇ ãóÇ ÙóåóÑó
ãöäúåóÇ æóáúíóÖúÑöÈúäó ÈöÎõãõÑöåöäøó Úóáóì ÌõíõæÈöåöäøó æóáóÇ íõÈúÏöíäó
ÒöíäóÊóåõäøó ÅöáøóÇ áöÈõÚõæáóÊöåöäøó Ãóæú ÂÈóÇÆöåöäøó Ãóæú ÂÈóÇÁ
ÈõÚõæáóÊöåöäøó Ãóæú ÃóÈúäóÇÆöåöäøó Ãóæú ÃóÈúäóÇÁ ÈõÚõæáóÊöåöäøó Ãóæú
ÅöÎúæóÇäöåöäøó Ãóæú Èóäöí ÅöÎúæóÇäöåöäøó Ãóæú Èóäöí ÃóÎóæóÇÊöåöäøó Ãóæú
äöÓóÇÆöåöäøó Ãóæú ãóÇ ãóáóßóÊú ÃóíúãóÇäõåõäøó Ãóæö ÇáÊøóÇÈöÚöíäó ÛóíúÑö
Ãõæúáöí ÇáúÅöÑúÈóÉö ãöäó ÇáÑøöÌóÇáö Ãóæö ÇáØøöÝúáö ÇáøóÐöíäó áóãú
íóÙúåóÑõæÇ Úóáóì ÚóæúÑóÇÊö ÇáäøöÓóÇÁ æóáóÇ íóÖúÑöÈúäó ÈöÃóÑúÌõáöåöäøó
áöíõÚúáóãó ãóÇ íõÎúÝöíäó ãöä ÒöíäóÊöåöäøó æóÊõæÈõæÇ Åöáóì Çááøóåö ÌóãöíÚðÇ
ÃóíøõåóÇ ÇáúãõÄúãöäõæäó áóÚóáøóßõãú ÊõÝúáöÍõæäó

And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden
things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to
show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or
one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves,
head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their
bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to
their husbands, their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husband's
sons, their brothers or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their
(Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islaam), or the (female) slaves whom their
right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigor, or small children who have
no sense of the shame of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal
what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O
believers, that you may be successful. 24:31

Allaah mentioned who was allowed: "...their husbands, their fathers, their husband's
fathers, their sons, their husband's sons, their brothers or their brother's sons, or
their sister's sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islaam), or the
(female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigor,
or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex."

As for the statement of Allaah, "Except what is apparent.." This means women
shouldn't display their beauty to strangers except what is apparent. For example:
The woman can't hide her over-garment, khimaar, gloves, etc.

Ibn Jareer (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said that 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Umar (ÑÖí Çááå ÚäåãÇ)
said that the only thing showing is the cloak over her clothes.

Ibn Katheer (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said about the verse (An Noor 24:31) - This means
that they shouldn't display anything of their adornment except what they can't
hide.

Ibn Mas'ood (ÑÖí Çááå Úäå) said for example, that which she can't hide such as
her over-garments, jacket.

She should not display her beauty except to her husband, etc., as mentioned in the
ayah. If a woman wants to know who her mahaaram are, she refers to this ayah. The
people mentioned in the ayah are different. Not all of the mahaaram mentioned in
the ayah can see all of her. Her zawj can she her entire body, and that is his right.
The other ones can only see specific parts which are the limbs washed in wudhoo'.

Imaamul Bukhaaree (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said that 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Umar (ÑÖí Çááå
ÚäåãÇ) said the men and women used the make wudhoo' in the same place during the
lifetime of the Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã). This hadeeth pertains to the
mahaaram.
This action took place before the aayaat of hijaab was revealed, ("perhaps this was
done before the aayaat" was repeated).

íóÇ Èóäöí ÂÏóãó ÞóÏú ÃóäÒóáúäóÇ Úóáóíúßõãú áöÈóÇÓðÇ íõæóÇÑöí


ÓóæúÁóÇÊößõãú æóÑöíÔðÇ æóáöÈóÇÓõ ÇáÊøóÞúæóìó Ðóáößó ÎóíúÑñ Ðóáößó ãöäú
ÂíóÇÊö Çááøåö áóÚóáøóåõãú íóÐøóßøóÑõæäó

O Children of Aadam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover yourselves


(screen your private parts, etc.) and as an adornment, and the raiment of
righteousness, that is better. Such are among the Aayaat (proofs, evidences,
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allaah, that they may remember (i.e.
leave falsehood and follow truth). 7:26

íóÇ Èóäöí ÂÏóãó áÇó íóÝúÊöäóäøóßõãõ ÇáÔøóíúØóÇäõ ßóãóÇ ÃóÎúÑóÌó


ÃóÈóæóíúßõã ãøöäó ÇáúÌóäøóÉö íóäÒöÚõ ÚóäúåõãóÇ áöÈóÇÓóåõãóÇ áöíõÑöíóåõãóÇ
ÓóæúÁóÇÊöåöãóÇ Åöäøóåõ íóÑóÇßõãú åõæó æóÞóÈöíáõåõ ãöäú ÍóíúËõ áÇó
ÊóÑóæúäóåõãú ÅöäøóÇ ÌóÚóáúäóÇ ÇáÔøóíóÇØöíäó ÃóæúáöíóÇÁ áöáøóÐöíäó áÇó
íõÄúãöäõæäó

O Children of Aadam! Let not Shaitaan deceive you, as he got your parents [Aadam
and Hawwa] out of Paradise, stripping them of their raiment's, to show them their
private parts. Verily, he and Qabeeluhu (his soldiers from the jinns or his tribe) see
you from where you cannot see them. Verily, We made the Shayaateen (devils)
Auliyaa'-a (protectors and helpers) for those who believe not. 7:27

These aayaat show that the woman should be righteous. Anas (ÑÖí Çááå Úäå) was 10
years old when he made Hijrah. He served the Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) for 10
years, and spent time in Madeenah. He was most knowledgeable about the Hijaab.
The first ayah of hijaab was revealed when the Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã)
married Zaynab Bintu Jahsh (ÑÖí Çááå ÚäåÇ).

Bukhaaree: The Book Of Exegeses Of The Qur-aan #4462 Anas Ibni Maalik said,
"When Allaah's Messenger (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) married Zaynab Bint Jahsh (ÑÖí
Çááå ÚäåÇ), he invited the people to a meal. They took the meal and remained
sitting and talking. Then the Prophet (showed them) as if he is ready to get up, yet
they did not get up. When he noticed that (there was no response to his movement),
he got up, and the others too, got up except three persons who kept on sitting.

The Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) came back in order to enter his house, but he
went away again. Then they left, whereupon I set out and went to the Prophet to
tell him that they had departed, so he came and entered his house. I wanted to
enter along with him, but he put a screen between me and him."

Then Allaah revealed:

"O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses, except when leave is given to
you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you
are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse, without sitting for
a talk. Verily, such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet, and he is shy of (asking) you (to
go), but Allaah is not shy of (telling you) the truth. And when you ask (his wives) for
anything you want, ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for your hearts and
for their hearts. And it is not (right) for you that you should annoy Allaah's
Messenger, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death). Verily!
With Allaah that shall be an enormity." 33:53

Imaam At Tirmidhee (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said that the woman is 'awrah (her whole
body), and Shaytaan accompanies her when she leaves the home. Shaykh al Albaanee
(ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said that it was Saheeh, as well as Shaykh Muqbil Ibn Haadee Al
Waadi'ee (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) in his book Saheeh Musnaad.

Imaam Muslim (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said that Aboo Hurairah (ÑÖí Çááå Úäå) said that
a man came to the Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) and said that he married a woman
from the Ansaar. He asked him, "did you see her?" The companion said no. He (Õáì
Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) told him to go and see her.

Umm 'Abdillaah said that this hadeeth is proof that the women at that time were
not wearing the proper hijaab, and the Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) said for the
Sahaabee to go and see her. It is waajib upon the woman to cover, and wear the
proper hijaab. Allaah has more knowledge of what is good and better for her.

Allaahu Aa'lam.

Questions & Answers


Q. How do girls cover in front of their step-father? (I believe the ages were 7, 10,
15, Allaahu Aa'lam).

A. Shaykh 'Ubaid Al Jaabiree (ÍÝÙå Çááå) answered a question like this one, and I
believe the ages mentioned then are the same as the ones in this question. He said
that it is permissible for them to be with/around him in regular clothes unless the
__, wife sees him looking at them, then they should cover and it is better for them
not to be around him alone.

Q. What body parts can a woman show a man in a "sit-down?"

A. (I missed the first line). Shaykh 'Abdullaah Al Bukhaaree (ÍÝÙå Çááå) said that
he can see that which will make him want to marry her, such as her face, hands,
hair.

Aboo Muhammad Al Maghribee advised the sisters not to allow this in the first
sitting. He said to ask him about his 'aqeedah, and religion. The woman may be
pretty, or a new shahaadah. Do not marry him simply because he looks good. Lower
your gaze and look at the deen, and marry for Allaah's Sake.

Q. When I talk to new shahaadahs I focus on 'Aqeedah and __ to cover later. Is


this correct?

A. Yes, it is Allaah that commands the women to cover and not you.

Q. What is the ruling regarding Muslim women going to a kaafirah who does hair in
her home?

A. It is not permissible for a Muslimah to show any part of her body to a kaafirah -
treat them the same way that you'd treat a man. You can't show them your face.
There is a tape by Shaykh Al Albaanee (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) with the proof. The
kaafirah may describe you to men.

Aboo Muhammad mentioned a story about a niqaabi who showed her self to a
kaafirah. The kaafirah described the Muslimah to men. When the niqaabi went to
the store one day, men were standing on a corner telling her that they know how
she looks (her hair, eye color, etc).

Q. In my work place I can't wear the niqaab.

A. Leave it.
Q. Is it permissible to stay in the home after the 3rd divorce? Do the man still
have to give the woman her rights?

A. Sooratul Baqarah says that the divorce is twice and the woman is still the wife of
the man. After the third divorce, she must leave, ___ she can't return to him.

Q. Do I have to cover in front of my step-sister?

A. Yes, if she is not a Muslimah.

Q. It is permissible to wear gold?

A. Yes. The Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) said, "Gold and silk are haraam on the
men of my Ummah," meaning it is halaal for the women only.

(The next few questions were missed).

Shaykh Al Albaanee (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said generally the woman's voice is not
'awrah, but if she makes it soft in speech, then it is not permissible for a man to
teach the woman Qur-aan. The Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) said "He is not from
my Ummah, the one who doesn't beautify the voice while reciting the Qur-aan."
This proof is regarding the man and woman.

Q. A man pronounced divorce on a pregnant woman, can she stay in the home until
she gives birth?

A. Shaykh 'Ubaid (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said that there's no nafaqa after the third
divorce. The man is not responsible for maintaining the woman except for food
because she is carrying his baby. She gets enough to maintain herself.

Q. (The next question was regarding the permissibility of showing the face. The
questioner mentioned the hadeeth of Asmaa).

A. Asmaa Bint Abee Bakr (ÑÖí Çááå ÚäåÇ) was wearing a thin garment. The Prophet
(Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã) told her that when a female reaches puberty, she can't show
anything except this and this (pointing to his face and hands). This is an issue of
ikhtilaaf. This text doesn't go to the level of making the niqaab obligatory. Shaykh
Al Albaanee (ÑÍãå Çááå ÊÚÇáì) said that it is not obligatory to cover the face and
hands, cover them in times of fitnah, but it is better to wear the niqaab.
Q. (The questioner is not married and started her own business. She's seeking
advice on dealing with men who aren't married).

A. Deal with them in the same way that you'd conduct your business. Make sure
that the speech is only on topic. Your rizq (provision) is from Allaah.

Q. Is it permissible to recite only a part of a Soorah that I know in Salaah?

A. Yes, but do not recite just half an ayah. The Prophet (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã)
recited 1 ayah or 2 aayaat, etc.

Q. My blood brother is my walee and he is not doing his job. Can I change my walee?

A. Have sabr. Can you change your walee? No. There is a difference between the
walee and the wakeel. The walee is the brother from the father's side. The brother
from the mothers side has no wilaayah.

Q. A sister was married before she became a Muslim. Now that she's Muslim, she
wants to know if she can marry a Muslim man? She was married by the state.

A. Do you want a divorce from the court, or not? Allaahu Aa'lam.

ÓÈÍÇäß Çááåã æÈÍãÏß ÃÔåÏ Ãä áÇ Åáå ÅáÇ ÃäÊ


ÃÓÊÛÝÑß æÃÊæÈ Åáíß

References:

My Advice To The Women By Umm 'Abdillaah

Chapter 87 - The Hijaab & Lowering The Gaze

Translated By Aboo Muhammad Al Maghribee @ Masjid As Sunnatin Nabawiyyah -


Germantown Phila. Pa 5/29/04

www.thenoblequran.com

www.sahihalbukhari.com
Umm Su'aad Haneefah Bint 'Alim
Notes are not word for word.