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1. introduction
purpose
applicbility
distribution
references
background
use of manual
scope of manual
life cycle project management applicability
metrics and accuracy definitions
trade name exclusions
abbreviations and terms
mandatory requirements
governing engineer regultions and relatd standards
proponency and waivers

2. operational theory of navstar gps


general
global positioning system overview
navstar gps progrm background
navstar system configuration
gps broadcast frequencies and codes
gps broadcast messages and ephemeris data
gps status and problem reporting
gps user operational and tracking modes
absolute gps positioning techniques
differential or relative gps positioning techniques
navstar gps modernization initiatives (2003-2014)

3. gps reference system


general
geodetic coordinate systems
wsg 84 reference ellipsid
horizontal datums and reference frames
transforming between horizontal survey datums
orthometric elevations
wgs 84 ellipsoidal heights
orthometric height and wgs 84 ellipsoidal elevation relationship
geoid undulations and geoid models
north american vertical datum of 1988 (navd 88)
using gps to densify orthometric elevations
gps verticl site calibration
gps time references

4. gps absolute positioning determination concepts, errors, and accuracies


general
absolute point positioning
gps absolute position process-pseudoranging
gps point positioning accuracies
positional accuracy statistics -- root mean square
gps range error budget
user equivalent range error
satellite geometry effects on accuracy - geometrical dilution of precision
resultant positional accuracy of point positioning

5. differential or relative positioning determination concepts


general
differential positioning concepts
differential positioning (code pseudorang tracking)
differential positioning (carrier phase tracking)
carrier phase survey techniques
real-time kinematic (rtk) gps
differential gps error sources
differential gps accuracies
differential gps augmentation systems

6. gps application
general
project control densification
facility site plan topographic mapping and gis surveys
shallow wetland mapping
flood control projects -- levee assessments
navigation project survey vessel and dredge control
hydraulic and hydrology studies
structural deformation surveys
construction stakeout and grading
coastal engineering surveys
photogrammetric mapping control

7. gps receiver and equipment selection


general
types of gps receivers
gps receiver selection considerations
military grade gps receivers
gps receiver manufacturers
other auxiliary equipment
resource grade gis mapping receivers
common data exchange formats
gps training and operation manuals
guide specification for procuring geodetic quality gps receivers

8. planning data collection with gps


scope
general planning considerations for gps surveys
project control function and accuracy
selection of a gps survey technique
planning differential code phase gps survey
field reconnaisance for gps surveys
technical criteria for carrier phase gps horizontal control surveys
recommended static baseline occupation times for horizontal control surveys
network design and layout for carrier phase gps horizontal control surveys
planning vertical control surveys using phase gps
technical criteria for gps vertical densification
orthometric elevation guidelines
additional guidelines and recommendations for planning gps vertical densification
cadastral survey standards and guidelines using gps
fields planning considerations for gps surveys
mandatory criteria
9 conducting gps field surveys
general
general gps field survey procedures
section i - conducting absolute gps positioning and navigation surveys
section ii - conducting differential gps code phase positioning and mapping
surveys
section iii - conducting differential gps carrier phase surveys

10 post-processing differential gps observational data


general
general differential reduction techniques
carrier phase observables
baseline solution by linear combination
baseline solution by cycle ambiguity recovery
field/office baseline output and quality criteria
examples of baseline reduction software output
baseline reduction summaries
baseline reduction in mapping grade gps receivers
field/office loop closure checks
on-line positioning user service (opus)
scripps coordinate update tool (scout)
automated gipsy analyses (jet propulsion laboratory)
baseline data management and archival

11 adjusment of gps surveys


general
adjusment considerations
gps error measurement statistics
survey adjustments and accuracy
free or minimally constrained adjusments
fully constrained adjustments
rigorous least squares adjustments of gps surveys
network adjustment criteria
baseline weights - covariance matrix
adjusment output statistics
minimally constrained adjusment considerations
relative baseline accuracy estimates
normalized or standardized residuals
outlier tests and reject criteria
positional accuracy statistics and error ellipses
sample gpsurvey network adjusment
approximte adustment of gps networks
geocentric coordinate conversions
evaluation of adjusment resuts
final adjusment reports, submittls, and metadata
mandatory requirements

12 contracting gps surveying services


general
brooks architect-engineer act
contracting process and procedures
indefinite delivery contracts and tasks orders
contract price schedule
sample cost estimate for contracted gps surve services
contract specification and accuracy standards
contract statements of work
contract quality control and quality assurance
task order time and cost estimate
sample task order for gps services