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Part One: Parallel Sentences

Tense Usage

The Present

1. He doesn’t work in an office; he works in a department store.

a. She doesn’t work in a school; she works in a technical college.
b. They don’t work in a factory; they work in a garage.
c. The girls don’t work in a shop; they work in a café.
d. My father doesn’t work n a bank; he works in an insurance office.
e. We don’t work in a theatre; we work in a night club.

2. She speaks English very well, but she doesn’t understand Spanish.
a. She rides a bicycle very well, but she doesn’t drive a car.
b. She plays the piano very well, but she doesn’t read music.
c. She makes cakes very well, but she doesn’t bake bread.
d. She grows flowers very well, but she doesn’t grow vegetables.
e. She types letters very well, but she doesn’t take shorthand.

3. Are you looking for Jack? I think he’s washing the car.
a. Is she asking for John? I think he’s mowing lawn.
b. Is she trying to find the children? I think they’re playing in the garden.
c. Are you looking for the twins? I think they’re sleeping upstairs.
d. Are they hoping to see George? I think he’s reading in the library.
e. Are they calling for the waiter? I think he’s helping in the kitchen.

4. He prefers history to science; he knows a lot about Asia.

a. He prefers chemistry to mathematics; he knows a lot about coal.
b. He prefers geography to economics; he knows a lot about Africa.
c. He prefers art to music; he knows a lot about Italy.
d. He prefers psychology to philosophy; he knows a lot about children.
e. He prefers botany to biology; he knows a lot about forests.

5. They have lived in Southampton for along time.

a. He has lived in London for six years.
b. We have lived in the country for ten months.
c. I have lived in Manchester for the last seven weeks.
d. The family has lived in the same house for three generations.
e. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have lived in this village for twenty-five years.

6. The caretaker has just switched the light on.

a. The gentleman has just put the hat on.
b. The cook has just turned the tap on.
c. The workmen have just put the overalls on.
d. The teacher has just switched the radio on.
e. The lady has just turned the tape-recorder on.

7. I’ve been using this typewriter since Christmas.

a. I’ve been painting this picture since February.
b. Mr. and Mrs. Jones have been renting this house since 1960.
c. The doctor’s been doing this research since last December.
d. He’s been building this boat since the autumn.
e. She’s been designing these clothes since last year.

8. Have you ever been to Madrid? No, I’ve been meaning to go.
a. Have you ever been to Beirut? No, I’ve been hoping to go.
b. Have you ever been to Cairo? No, I’ve been intending to go.
c. Have you ever been to New York? No, I’ve been wanting to go.
d. Have you ever been to Singapore? No, I’ve been expecting to go.
e. Have you ever been to Melbourne? No, I’ve been longing to go.

9. There are no clean glasses in the kitchen; we have used them all.
a. There are no new books in the library; we have read them all.
b. There are no French magazines in the shop; we have sold them all.
c. There are no envelopes in the office; we have used them all.
d. There is no money in the money-box; we have spent it all.
e. There is no colour in her cheeks; she has lost it all.

10. How much are the books worth? They cost ten shillings each.
a. How much is the house worth? It costs 5000 pounds.
b. How much is the dress worth? It costs 6 pounds.
c. How much is the plate worth? It costs 20 shillings.
d. How much is the ticket worth? It costs 22 shillings.
e. How much are the sheep worth? They cost 17 pounds each.

The Future and Conditional

1. He is gong to plant some trees tomorrow.

a. She is going to marry her cousin next month.
b. His wife is going to have a baby in August.
c. My nephew is going to buy a car at Easter.
d. They are going to leave for Paris in two day’s time.
e. We are going to sell a house next year.

2. The maid will clean the house this afternoon.

a. The cook will buy meat tomorrow.
b. The men will clean the windows next week.
c. The gardener will dig up some potatoes this evening.
d. The electrician will mend the wireless on Monday.
e. I will paint the bedroom the day after tomorrow.

3. I expect he will take his examination either today or tomorrow.

a. I think she will buy the ticket either this week or next week.
b. I hope you will visit the dentist either on Tuesday or Thursday.
c. I believe they will make fortune either this year or next year.
d. I’m sure she will marry her fiancé either next year or the year after.
e. I imagine we will change the house either in August or September.

4. I will do it if I have enough time.

a. She will buy it if she has enough money.
b. The workmen will mend it if they have enough tools.
c. The reporter will write it if he has enough information.
d. The chairwoman will wash it if she has enough soap.
e. We will photograph if we have enough film.

5. He would do it if he was clever enough.

a. She would reach it if she was tall enough.
b. The manager would organize it if he was intelligent enough.
c. They would build it if they were rich enough.
d. They boy would learn it if he was hard-working enough.
e. Our enemies would destroy it if they were cruel enough.

6. She would have done it if she had not been too ill.
a. The team would have won it if they had not been too lazy.
b. The bricklayers would have built it if they had not been too stupid.
c. The secretary would have typed it if she had not been too ill.
d. The manager would have changed it if he had not been too stubborn.
e. I would have got it if I had not been too late.

7. If you call at 9 o’clock, he will still be having breakfast.

a. It you phone at 10 o’clock, he will still be dictating the letters.
b. If the car comes at 11 o’clock, he will still be packing bags.
c. If the plan takes off at 4 p.m., he will still be driving to the airport.
d. If you get to the zoo at 6 p.m., he will still be feeding the lions.
e. If you visit the hospital in the morning, he will still be seeing the doctor.

8. If she hadn’t been playing tennis, she wouldn’t have broken her leg.
a. If we hadn’t been playing poker, we wouldn’t have lost so much money.
b. If they hadn’t been sailing at night, they wouldn’t have run aground.
c. If he hadn’t been driving so fast, he would have had accident.
d. If the dog hadn’t been barking so loudly, we wouldn’t have discovered
the burglar.
e. If the snow hadn’t been falling so thickly, the postman wouldn’t have
lost his way.

9. By the end of the year he will have flown 100,000 miles.

a. By the end of the holiday he will have recovered his health.
b. By the end of the week he will have left the hospital.
c. By the end of the summer he will have fought one hundred bulls.
d. By the end of the month he will have written a score of newspaper
e. By the middle of the season he will have played in ten tournaments.

10. I’m seeing him tomorrow; at least I hope to see him then.
a. I’m marrying her next week; at least I expect to marry her then.
b. He’s watering the garden this afternoon; at least he means to water it
c. We’re finishing the redecoration on Sunday; at least we need to finish it
d. She’s having a baby in the spring; at least she hopes to have the baby
e. They’re buying the house next month; at least they intend to buy it then.

The Past

1. The doctor gave me a prescription yesterday.

a. My brother lent me 50p last week.
b. She told me the time five minutes ago.
c. The author showed me the manuscript in February.
d. My father gave me a bicycle last Christmas.
e. She read me the story last night.

2. Why did you put on such an old suit? What a sill idea!
a. Why did you buy such a small dog? What a funny animal!
b. Why did you write such a long letter? What a waste of time!
c. Why did you tell such an obvious lie? What a stupid idea!
d. Why did you throw away such a valuable book? What an awful loss!
e. Why did you get such an expensive watch? What a nice present!

3. She was looking for a grocer’s when I met her.

a. He was looking for a baker’s when I found him.
b. They were looking for a doctor when I saw them.
c. The nurse was looking for a chemist’s when I noticed her.
d. My aunt was looking for a florist’s when I came across her.
e. The soldier was looking for an office when I met him.

4. While I was waiting for the bus, the rain stopped.

a. While I was having lunch, the doorbell rang.
b. While I was sleeping upstairs, the house caught fire.
c. While I was driving to London, the engine stopped.
d. While I was giving lecture, the lights went out.
e. While I was watching TV, the kettle boiled over.

5. The manager had already left when I telephoned.

a. The bus had already gone when I arrived.
b. The patient had already died when I called.
c. The accident had already occurred when I appeared.
d. The dance had already started when I entered.
e. The weather had already improved when I left.

6. By the end of the month the hurricane had struck Florida.

a. By the end of the year the builders had finished twelve houses.
b. By the end of the week the company had dismissed one hundred
c. By the end of the period the newspapers had published the whole story.
d. By the end of summer the farmers had harvested the whole crop.
e. By the end of the century the empire had lost American colonies.

7. At the time of his death he had been drinking too much.

a. At the time of her examination she had been working too hard.
b. At the time of their discovery they had been experimenting for ten years.
c. At the time of my collapse I have been losing a lot of weight.
d. At the time of her marriage she had been working as a model.
e. At the time of our accident we have been driving for twelve hours non-

8. He enjoyed himself a great deal.

a. She admired herself too much.
b. The cat washed itself carefully.
c. He killed himself stupidly.
d. We hurt ourselves badly.
e. They blamed themselves unnecessarily.

9. What had you been doing when the police arrested you?
a. What had you been saying when the reporter found you?
b. What had you been dreaming of when the alarm clock woke you?
c. What had you been working on when the telegram interrupted you?
d. What had you been writing when the teacher stopped you?
e. What had you been hiding when the children caught you?

10. They agreed to the proposal made by the chairman.

a. They waited for a taxi ordered by the porter.
b. They relied on the information given by the newspapers.
c. They decided upon the plan suggested by the manager.
d. They complained of the heat caused by the radiators.
e. They believed in the message sent by the spy.

The Passive

1. The gun he carries never loaded.

a. The lorry he drives usually over overloaded.
b. The piano he plays often hired.
c. The houses he builds always sold.
d. The articles he writes seldom published.
e. The films he makes generally admired.

2. The man didn’t know the answer. The answer wasn’t known.
a. The teacher didn’t understand the question. The question wasn’t
b. The pupil didn’t remember the poem. The poem wasn’t remembered.
c. The lawyer didn’t believe the witness. The witness wasn’t believed.
d. The secretary didn’t post the letter. The letter wasn’t posted.
e. The storm didn’t sink the ship. The ship wasn’t sunk.

3. The second goal was scored by Walter Smith.

a. The first prize was won by Diana Dawes.
b. Pygmalion was written by G. B. Shaw.
c. Penicillin was discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming.
d. Comet was seen by thousand of people.
e. The farm was destroyed by fire.

4. The dog hasn’t been trained.

a. The flight hasn’t been authorized.
b. The repairs haven’t been completed.
c. The child hasn’t been inoculated.
d. The money hasn’t been deposited.
e. The cheque hasn’t been cashed.
5. The film will be shown next week.
a. The machine will be tested next month.
b. The ship will be launched in March.
c. The cattle will be auctioned at Easter.
d. The wheat will be planed in spring.
e. The paintings will be exhibited next year.

6. The car should be washed first and then polished.

a. The dress should be washed first and then dyed.
b. The flowers should be transplanted first and then watered.
c. The ground should be dug first and then manured.
d. The map should be drawn first and then colored.
e. The wood should be hardened first and then sawed.

7. This point needs to be emphasized as much as possible.

a. This story needs to be publicized as often as possible.
b. This product needs to be advertised as frequently as possible.
c. This lesson needs to be learnt as thoroughly as possible.
d. This plan needs to be altered as little as possible.
e. This disease needs o be treated as carefully as possible.

8. She was given a silver tea service.

a. He was offered a new contract.
b. The children were told a bedtime story.
c. The boys were presented with school-leaving certificates.
d. We were shown a new motor-car.
e. The soldiers were rewarded with medals for bravery.

9. The film at the Glamour Cinema is said to be first-class.

a. The play at the Globe Theatre is reported to be poor.
b. The fair at the park is supposed to be entertaining.
c. The exhibition at the new gallery is said to be outstanding.
d. The programme at the Festival Hal is reputed to be original.
e. The acrobats at the circus are believed to be Russian.

10. The dog must be well looked after.

a. The money must be properly accounted for.
b. The dangers must be seriously reckoned with.
c. The building must be immediately pulled down.
d. The legal documents must be carefully drawn up.
e. The plan must be badly adhered to.