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Sabrina Borden EDEL 443 Fall 2011 Standards: (3)1.

1 Identify, gather and safely use tools and materials needed in investigations (3)1.2 Cooperate and contribute ideas within a group (3)1.3 Conduct investigations based on observations and questions raised about the world (3)1.4 Keep a record, in a science notebook, of observations and measurements taken over time (3)1.5 Use science notebook entries to develop, communicate and justify description, explanations and predictions (3)2.8 Determine and explain that vibrations produce sound waves (3)2.9 Compare and describe how sound travels through different materials. Objectives: Observe sound made by objects when dropped on a hard surface Compare sound and develop sound discrimination Identify a variety of sound sources Use scientific thinking processes to conduct investigations and build explanations: observing, communicating, comparing and organizing Materials: Half piece of poster board Brass brads Bag of instruments: Clothespin Aluminum foil ball Plastic spoon

Plastic Chip Craft stick Washer Paper cup File Folder divider Recording sheet Engage: Begin by tapping your fingers on the table or white board to get their attention, continue tapping and ask them “where is that sound coming from?” “What is giving off that sound?” Then we can talk about what sounds do you hear out on the playground, what kind of sounds? Where would you hear a baby crying? Where would you hear a school bell? What do you hear when you are eating dinner? What kinds of things make noise? Do you prefer a quite room or a loud room? Let’s make a list of some things we hear every day. We are going to play around with some items today and see if we can figure out where the sound is coming from. Explore: Please take your poster board and connect it to make a tunnel. Stand your tunnel up and put your divider in the slits to make the tunnel have two sides. Once the tunnel is up and divided team 1 will drop their first item. Team two will guess what the item was and write it down. Team 1 will continue this until all the items are dropped. Then team two will drop items. (In a different order) and try to guess the sounds. Explain: “If you drop it further or closer to the table does it make a different noise?” “Why do you think it was that object?” “What sounds did you hear to make you think it was the _______ instead of the _____?” Write in your science journals the different noises each item makes. Compare two items and explain how they are similar or different. Elaborate: Based off the knowledge they know now, let’s come together and talk about scientific words for the words we’ve been using today. Let’s begin by talking about where the noise comes from and what is making the noise, that’s called the sound source. Next, how do we hear the sound? What lets us hear the sound? “Our ears”, right, that’s called the sound receiver. The last word I want for us to define would be based off the properties you described. The zing, the ringing.. those come from the vibration of the object. When it hits the table it vibrates and makes different noises depending on the material it’s made of.

Evaluate: We can evaluate this by collecting journals, making sure they understand the definitions and words, and also evaluate the recording sheets to see if they were able to guess the correct materials.