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Stiffness Matrix for Laminated Composite [3

]:
The Strain Energy is ∫

̅

̅

̅

̅

So, ∫∫ ∫ ∫

∫ ∫ ̅ ̅ ̅

̅ ∫∫ ̅ ̅

̅ ̅ ̅

Accordingly the linear element stiffness can be written as[3-4]

∫∫

̅

[∑ ̅

]

̅ [∑ [ ̅ ̅ ∫ [

̅ ̅ ̅

̅ ̅ ] ̅ ]

]

∑ ̅ ∫ ∫ Similarly. ∑∫ ̅ ∑∫ ̅ ∑∫ ̅ ∑∫ ̅ .