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# LESSON PLAN IN MATHEMATICS IV The Real Number System I.

Objectives At the end of the lesson, with 80% proficiency level the students are expected to: a.) determine the various categories of numbers in the set of Real Numbers, b.) categorize all the given numbers picked randomly from the set of Real Numbers, and c.) manifest appreciation of knowing real numbers through a game. II. Subject Matter Topic: The Real Number System References: Francis R. Cruz, Phoenix Mathematics IV; pp. 1- 2 Materials: Visual Aid and Flash Cards, Chips (Manila Paper, Cartolina, Chip board) Pentel Pen. III.Procedure Teachers Activity A. Preliminary Activities Greetings − Good morning class! − How's your morning? − Very Good! Prayer − Please stand for the prayer Checking of Attendance − Who is absent today − Very Good Setting of Classroom Standard − What should I expect from you while we are having our class? − Very Good! B. Review − What is a number class? and − How about an integer? − How many are those numbers? − Very Good! - A concept of quantity derived from zero units - Any of the natural numbers (positive or negative) or zero. - It is infinite sir. Student's Activity

- Good morning sir! - Very fine sir!

- Everybody stand - None sir

- Listen, participate to our class activity, Raise a hand if wanting to ask question and behave sir!

C. Lesson Proper 1. Motivation (Give them numbers in various formats) - Can you group these numbers according to what you think is appropriate? Everybody should participate. 2. Unlocking of Difficulties (Show flash cards to the class) − Will you please read what is this! - Rational Number - Irrational Number - Integer - Natural number - Real Numbers - Very Good! - Actually the numbers that you have encountered a while ago belongs to a

- yes sir!

2. 10/3. Now. -5/5. 1/2. -3/2. C = { -2. 1/2. 0. may I ask you. √16} Negative Integers D = { -4.. 2/2.) U = {-4.Very Good! 3. 3. 2. THE REAL NUMBER SYSTEM Real Numbers ex. 2.16173. -5/5.2525. -2. 0.52525. √16} . -4/2. √16} Rational Numbers A = { -4.a system. 3. 2.. 1..25. -4/5. -4/2. 2.. -3/2. -5/5. 3π. 0 F = { 2/2.. 10/3} Integers D = { -4. 3..161773. -3/2. π. √5. -√1 . 2. 2. 1.. 2/2. 1/2. π. -1/2. do you know what topic are we going to tackle this morning? ....25... -2. 1. √5. 2. 3. -√1.75.The Real Number System Sir ..75. -1/2. √16} Irrational Numbers B = {2. -5/5. 0. √16} Natural Numbers Zero.. 3π..252525. 2/2. 2/2.. -√1. -1/2. they will exhibit the concept and principle of the Real Number System) The student will be given a time to interpret the content of every visual aids.75. 2.25. their effort will be enforce by some questions that will guide them in unlocking the principle and concepts the Real Number system. -√1} Whole Numbers E = {0.. } Non-integer Rational Nos. 10/3. -4/2. Generalization (Visual aids are displayed.

0....Characteristics of Rational Numbers • Rational numbers are those Real Numbers which can be expressed as quotient of two integers.. 2/4 b. The three players will simultaneously pick a chip with a number written on it. 1. Characteristic of Irrational Number • Numbers that cannot be written as a ratio of two integer since it has no definite value.... 3..45637..... 1.. 16/5 . 1. Which of the following fraction is equivalent to a natural number? a... 2.75. b. The other group members can suggest what appropriate category the number will fall... √ 100 5.... √π b. the number..333.66666.25.... Each correct number placed on an exact category will be equal to one point.2525. 4/2 Which of the following numbers is not a rational number? a.. ex. 1..45794. b. 10/3 d. Each members of the group will have a chance to play.235225.25= 5/4 3 = 6/2 • Decimal representation that either terminating (ex. 2/4 c. 0.. √5 4..... c.. Application The class will be grouped in three. It is non-terminating and non-repeating decimal number.).. ½ d.132453795. which of them has a rational representation? a.. d. The process will be repeated until all the team/ group members will be able to pick number and all the numbers are all picked.252525. 2.. How will you determine if it is an Irrational number or a Rational Number? D. 7/3 b.) Essential Questions: 1. c..... 2/3 d.. 23427.. After the categorizing activity. Which of the following numbers will result to a rational counting number? a..312312.12345.? a. Evaluation: ¼ sheet.. What is Rational number? 3... Which of the following is the correct equivalent of 3. E. 1... 5. the facilitator will check if the players did it correctly. √5 c. 75 = 7/4 1. 6.... one player at a time.. What are the two major Classifications of Real Number? 2. multiple choices quiz Encircle the letter of the best answer 1. 1.. 6.. 0... Given the following numbers.. they will go back to their respective team to show..3333.4056824. ¼ 7.. Which of the following number will result to a decimal rational number? a. Which of the following numbers is a rational number? a.. √64 d. 357943. 11/3 c.. 2. 4/5 c. d. 0. (ex. 4/2 b. ½ d.. 1. The team with the highest total points will be declared winner. 1.125) or non-terminating but repeating (ex. 0. √9 b. √4 c.. A number with a rational representation. After picking. We will award one point if it was placed in a correct category and two points if it was placed in the most appropriate and ultimate category..

6283629. √5 x √4 c. √25. Rational 3. 10/6 d. -7/8. √8. which is the largest? a.. non-repeating and terminating F. Which of the following formula will result to a rational number? a. Rosete Jr.. 22/7.. 3. Assignment Consider the set of number of numbers below U = {-12. 53/9} Which of them are. Natural Number 4. √1 x 5 b.. 0.121212. 2DTSE . 0. ¾. non-terminating and non-terminating b..8. Which of the following is true for a rational decimal number? a. Non-integer Negative Number Prepared by: Edmund C. 1. √4 c. √5 x √5 d. 1. -√32. 2.. 1 x √5 9. repeating and non-terminating d. √1 x √4 b. √9 x √4 10. 7. π. Integer 5. Irrational 2. repeating and terminating b. Among the following integers.