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KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 1

¸.¸.. ÷ ,.-_.¬._.... ¬÷± +
Myanmar consonants and their pronunciations


+ k
kar. ji:
. hk
hkar. gwe:
g
gar. ngae
. g
gar. ji:
ng
ngar.
- s
sar. loun:
. hs
hsar. lein
» z
zar. gwae:
- z
zar. myin
zwae:
_ ¸_, ny
nyar.
_ t
tar. t-lin: jeik
_ ht
htar. wun bae:
_ d
dar. yin gauk
d
dar. ye hmout
¬ n
nar. ji:
- t
tar. wun: bu
± ht
htar. hsin du:
d
dar. dwe:
. d
dar. w-chaik
¸ n
nar. ngae
p
par. zauk
. hp
hpar. w-htout
- b
bar. l-chaik
- b
bar. goun:
. m
mar.
. y
yar. p-lek
, y
yar. gauk
l
lar.
w
war.
÷ ¸.,th/dh
thar.
. h
har.
_ l
lar. ji:
¬ a
ar.







KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 2

-_.-...
Consonant clusters

+ _+
c
. ¸.
ch
¸
j
¸
py
. ¸.
hpy
- ¸-
by
. ¸.
my
. ¸.
hmy

hng
__
hny
. ¬
hn
.
hm
.,
sh

hl
.
hw
+
kw
.
hkw

gw

ngw
-
sw
.
hsw
»
zw
-
tw
±
htw

dw
.
nw

pw
.
hpw
--
bw
.
mw
.,
yw

lw
÷
thw
+_+
cw
._.
chw
_
pyw
_.
myw
.¸.
hmyw
.
hmw

hlw
.
hnw
,
shw







¬.¸..÷,...
Cardinal vowels

_
i
. . e . ae . ar ..
._÷. aw
o ¸ u

i.
. e. . ae. . ar. .. aw. o. ¸ u.
. i: .. e: ae: .. ar: ..
._÷. aw:
. o: .¸. u:

KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 3
..÷÷,. ÷,- ...
Nasal vowels and dipthongs
¸
in.
¸.

an.
¸.
¸
un.
¸.
ein.
¸.
¸
oun.

ain.
..
aun.
¸
in
¸.

an
¸.

un
¸.
ein
¸.

oun

ain
..
aun
.¸.
in:
¸...
an:
¸...
un:
¸...
ein:
¸...
.
oun:
.
ain:
...
aun:


,÷÷,. ÷,-...
Stop vowels and dipthongs

- ik + aek - ak - ut
- eik - ouk + aik ..+ auk









KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 4
.-.+¸.. (Greetings and Farewells)


¸ .--. ..--. (Yes and No)







..
Good day!; Good morning/
afternoon/ evening.
..
Good day!; Good morning/
afternoon/ evening.
.¸.+..,+..
How do you do?
.+..-. .-...,.
I’m fine, and you?
+¸.-._. .+..-.
I’m fine, too.
.-¸,-. ..÷.-.
Glad to see you.
.¸.+.-. .-¸_+¸....
See you later.
.-.. +.-...
Are you Ko Khin Soe?
.-+ +¸.-. .- .
Yes, I am.
..--. +¸.-. .¸..¬.
No, I’m not. I’m Myo Aung.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 5
¸ ¬._ . . ¬¬+ (Name, Country and Job)



¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful Words)





.-.. ¸.._ -. ..¨÷
What is your name?
+¸.-. ¸.._ ¸
My name is John.
-..+ .-. .-.
Which country do you come
from?
+¸.-. ¬¸+ .-.
I come from England.
-.¬¬+ ... ÷
What do you do?
+¸.-. .+...,.
I am a teacher.
.,.¸
Doctor
÷, .¸±..
Diplomat
-..,..,.
Writer
.+..¬_+.
Headmaster
÷¸.¸¸
Nurse
...+
Professor
-..,.
Clark
+±+
Lecturer
.+..÷..
Student
+.±.++±+
Assistant lecturer
--÷..
Solider
.÷...
Farmer
,
Police
¬÷...
Worker
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 6
¸ . .-..¸.. (Asking favours)




¸ .+.».-¸.. .-..¸¸.. (Thanks and Apologies)




--.-..+ -.
Excuse me!
.-+ .¸.
Yes, please!
.-.. -.¬ --.-..+
_+_ ,.-
Let me see your book, please!
.-+ ,-. _+_
All right!
+¸.-. --..+..-. -.
I am sorry!
,-.-.
No, problem!
--., ¸ .-.
Don’t be mentioned!
,-. -...¸.--.
All right, no problem!
.+.».--.
Thank you!
,-. .-.
You are welcome!
¬..¸.-,._+.-.
You are so kindness!
¬ . ¬..¸.-,. ..--. -.
Oh! Don’t worry!
. _. .+.».-.
Thank you then!
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 7
¯ -... (Where?)



¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ ... (Useful Phrases)


¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful words)
-+÷ -... , ÷ .-.
Where is the University?
¬¸....
Near here!
¬ . -+¸....
Over there!
.¸.+..
Behind
.,¸..
In front of
.-...
Beside
-.-+..
On the left
_.-+..
On the right
¬.¨..
On
.¬.+..
Under
¬...
In the middle of
_+....
Between
.......
A little far
--..¨..+..
Hailing distance
_.-+¬.+¸..
On the turn-right
-.-+¬.+¸..
On the turn-left


-.÷.+..
School
-¸._+..+..
Monastery
,±..--.
Railway station
÷.-..
Port
...¸+.
Airport
¬...¸.-
Express terminal
---+...--
Bus stop
¬...
Hostel
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 8



¸ ¬-..¬-...¸.. (Eating out)


¬.÷.
Toilet
,,,
Cinema
+».-,
Theater
-.- +
Post office

Bank
+¸-+
Department store
...,
Hospital
-...÷.+.
Restaurant
..-.+..
Elevator
-,..
Pagoda
-.-.... .-.
What do you like to eat, sir?
-.÷ ...... .-.
What would you like to eat, sir?
-.¬ , ÷ .-.
What would you like to get, sir?
...-.. - ... -.,÷
What can I get to eat in your
restaurant?
¸, -. .. -.,÷
What can I get to eat in your
restaurant?
+.+,_ .+.. .¸....
±..._+. ..+. ÷ _+..÷
¬- , -. .-.
There are many things, such as
tea, coffee, monhingar (rice
noodle soup), fried rice, noodle
salad, rice noodle salad etc. in
our restaurant.
..- -.-... .-. +.+,_
.÷.+.. + .¸....
I myself drink a tea, what do you
want to eat? I take a bowl of
monhingar (rice noodle soup).
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 9


¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful words)






+ .+..
Coffee, please, for me!
..
Is that all?
...+... .¸. +
Hi, boy! Come on here!
.-+ .¸ -
Yes, sir! I am coming!
+.+,_ --.+ .+..--.+
.¸.... -- ¸.¸¸.¸.. .¸.
A cup of tea, a cup of coffee and
a bowl of monhingar (rice
noodle soup). Please be have
hurry!
.,
Water
-+.+..
Black coffee
.
Milk
-..
Beer
÷_+..
Sugar
¬.¸
Sourness
,-.+..
Pepper
...
Salt
..-.
Hamburger
_++._+.
Fried chicken
¬-..._+.
Fried vegetables
with meat
¬._+.
Fritter
..+. ._+.
Fried noodle
±..._+.
Fried rice
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 10
. ..¬.¸.¬._ ...¸.. (Asking about dishes)


¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful words)



-.¸.+¸
What is this bowl?
-...
What is this dish?
_++÷..¸.+¸
This is a chicken bowl.
_++÷....
This is chicken curry.
-.÷..
What is this meat?
+÷.. .
This is pork, of course.
+.,.
And what is this?
+....
This is Indian bean curry.
.-.. ¬.÷.... _+¸+..
Do you like beef curry?
.-+ _+¸+-. ._+¸+-.
Yes, I like it./ No, I don’t like it.
.-÷..
Mutton (goat)
-÷..
Duck
÷ .÷..
Mutton (sheep)
+÷..
Bird

Egg (duck)
_++¸
Egg (chicken)
.
Fish
...¸
Thin soup
.,_
Fish paste sauce
- -,.
Vegetables eaten
with fish paste
sauce
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 11
¸ +÷ . ....¸.. (Eating out the check)



¸._ -+¬÷ .¬. ¸.... (Additional expressions)



¬.. . -...+ +÷
How much is it all?
.¬...¸. +¸.-.
-+ +¸...
Jus moment, please! I will check
it all.
-...+ +÷
How much is it?
.-+ ¬... ¸ +-.
Yes, sir. It is 1500 ks.
¸ . .. ¬._+.+-¸..¸ -..
,÷..
Well, could we pay bill with
credit card here?
.,-. .-. +.
...,-.
No, sir. You should pay it by
cash.
. _. ¬. .÷..+
Then, take it now.
..--. .-. .+.-...
÷..,. +
No, sir. You should go to the
cash counter.
-...+ ¸¸¬..,.
How many should I give back
you?
¸ .-.... ¬.-..
Do you have small notes?
¸ ¸ .¸-.
There is 5 ks more, sir.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 12
¬..+.. (Taxi)


¸._ -+ ¬÷ .¬.¸.... (Additional expressions)



¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful phrases)

-.-+
Left
+-+
Left hand side
+.-+
Right hand side
.+.....
Opposite
.¸.+-+
Behind
.-.¸..
Next to
.,¸¸..
In front of
¸.- .+.
Across/ cross over
--...+.
Next to a street
.-...+.
After two streets


,¸+¸--._+.+ ÷...
I would like to go to Yangon
main railway station.
¸.-. ..,..
You should pay 200 ks.
,-. ÷.....
Ok, let’s go then.
.. -. ¬¬- . ..
Here is the address. Would you
drive me with this address.
¸ ¬¬- . -_ -_....
Please drive straight this way.
¸ ¸., _.-+.¸.
And then turn left, please!
¸ ¬ .,¸+.¸,.. .,.+¸
Well, just arrive at a little bit.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 13
..,±..--. (Railway station)



¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ ... (Useful phrases)

- ¸-
Car number
± . ¸-
Seat number
_+..- -.
mid-way station
¬¸.¸,±..
Express
+¸,±..
Goods train
..+.,±..
Local train
---
Guard car
+¸-..-
Vegetables car
-¸..-
Implements car
-_+¸+.-
Platform ticket
-_+¸ ¸,
Platform No.1
-_+¸ ¸¸,
Platform No.2




¸_+ ÷... +.-
-..+.-... .,.
I would like to buy a ticket for
Pyay. Which counter should I
go?
.+.-. ¸¸,. .
N0. 2 counter!
-¸.- +
Please stand up in the line!
¸_+ -...+
How much is it for Pyay?
, ., .-¸. ¸¸ ±.-¸. ¸
¬±+-¸. ¸
75 ks for ordinary; 150 ks for
first class; 200 ks for upper class.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 14
¸ ---+.. (Bus)



¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ +..¸-... (Useful Bus Nos.)

¸¸ ¬±.
No.44 special
¸¸ ¬±.
No.33 special
¸¸ ¬±.
No.45 special
¸¸ ¬±.
No.32 special
¸¯ ¸¸
No. 46/ 47
¸¸
No. 34
¸. ¬-..¬¸.¡
No.48 green/white
¸¸ ¬-..¬
No.35
green/yellow
¸¸
No. 49
¸¯¸¸¸.¸¸
No.36/37/38/39
+.. ...-.+ .,.+..
Does this car get to the mingalar
market?
.-+ .,.+-.
Yes, it does.
..,.+-. .-.
No. it does not.
_.-¸..-.+ +.¸ -...--
..+ ..÷
How many stop far from here to
Hledan?
+.¸ ¸¸ .--..+ ..-.
Just a couple of stops from here!
¬...¸.-+ -. .+.. -.,
÷ .-.
Which bus can I get to the high
way terminal?
¸ ¬¬-.. .. ...
+...-+ -., .,.+-.
You can take buses such as
No.51 yellow/green,
Mangalardon-Sule bus etc.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 15
¸ ¬.,..¨ ...¸. (Sickness emergency)


¸._ -+¬÷ .¬.¸.... (Additional expressions)





-. .¸ -.¸.-.¸
How do you feel?
+¸.-. .-..-. .¸..+..
¸.-.¸-.
Not so well.
.,.¸ ¸.¸¸.¸ ..¨..
Please call a doctor, quickly!
..., + ¸.¸¸.¸ ..
Please take me hospital, quickly!
¸ ¬.,..¨¸.-..¸+..
..¨..
Please call an ambulance car!
¸ ÷¸..¸-.
Very pain!
¸ ÷ ++.¸-.
So terrible! (be pain bones)
¸ + .,-.
I absolutely cannot move it.
¯ ¬+ ÷..-.
Just broken it!
¸ + ÷..-.
Broken it! (esp. head)
. ¬ ..÷..-.
Scalded!
¸ _+¸.
Help!
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 16
¸ ...¸. ¸¸.¬.¸.¬.¸...¸.¸.¸.., (Sickness symptom)


¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful words)









-.¸..+ ¸.-.
Which part of your body did you
pain?
¸..+ ¸.-.
Here, I felt so pain!
¸..+ + +.¸÷..
Did you have getting ache here?
.--. ¬,.. ++-.
Yes, I do. So terrible!
...
Head
_....
Throat
- +
Stomach
¬
Intestine
.+-
Eye
¸..
ear
÷..
Tooth
.+.
Back
. .
Heart
+
Hand
.¸..±.+
Leg
¬¸.-..
Abscess
¸_-_¸.
Abscess
...¸.
Itch


KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 17
¸ ...¸. ¸...± . ....÷.+, (Sickness prescription and dosage)



¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ ... (Useful phrases)

¬-..-...
Before eating
± ....
Medicine for
injection
¸ ¸.,¸... --.
Every 4 hours
¬-.-..¸.
After eating
. --
Operate
.....
Smear with
ointment
.....
Ointment
.÷.+...
Tablet, syrup





...+ .÷.++
Please take this medicine!
.-+ --.¸+ -.._+.
.÷.+,.
Yes, sir. How many times should
I take these a day?
.¸+ --_+. .¸. --_+. _.¸
--_+. ÷._+. .÷.+,..
Three times; morning, afternoon
and evening.
+¸.-. ...±.,¸....
Should I take injection?
¬..-. ..÷.-.
No need yet!
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 18
¯ -..¸. .¸.¸.. (Telephoning)


¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ ... (Useful phrases)
-..¸.
Telephone
¬...÷ .-..¸.
Public phone
-..¸.¸-
Phone number
¸.¸¸¸-
City code
.. ¸-
Extension number
¸.¬...¸.
Trunk-call
¸.¸¸-..¸.
Local-call
.,¸....¸.
Over sea-call
..¬..-.
Line busy




. ¬.¸,
Hello! (speak please, sir!)
-.÷¸ .-¸.÷
With whom do you want to
speak?
+¸.-. .+..¸. -.÷¸ .-¸.

This is Kyaw Hein. May I talk to
Soe Thu, please?
.-+ +¸.-. - .÷
Yes, it’s me.
- .÷ .,-..-. ¬¸+
÷..-. .¬.¸, ¸¸.+
He’s not at home, just went out.
You can call back soon.
÷ .¸ ¬... --.¸ . ., -. .-
-..¸.-,.,
He’s not at home all the day.
What do you want to talk him?
+¸.-. ÷_ .¸.-,., ,
+¸.-.+ ..±... ,-.
I am his brother. If you have
something to tell him, then you
can have me leave your message.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 19
¸ -.- + (Post office)

¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful words)
-.
Letter
-+-
Postcard
-.¬-
Envelop
-..,.-+¡
Writing pad
-.
Address
÷
Sender
+.÷
Recipient
¬¸.¸...
Express mail
,--.
Register
, ., .-.
Normal mail
..
Money order
-.- + .
Post box
-....
Stamp



¸. ¸.¸¸¬._,+ .
-....-...+. .
+,.
I want to send it to (name of country
or city). How much is it?
,¸+¸+ ....+ -. ,
-...+ _+..
How long does it take, if I send a
letter from Yangon to Mandalay?
¸ ,+. .,.+-.
About 5 days!
¬¸.¸... ¸ , ,..
Can I send it by express mail?
.. .
I want to send my parcel.
,--. .
I want to register for it.
. .
I want to send money.
._+.¸¸. , +.
I wan to send a telegram.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 20
. .-..¸..¸.-.. ... ...¸.¸.¸.., (Asking about shops)

¸._ -+¬÷ .¬.¸.... (Additional expressions)
¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful words)
.¸.
Mirror shop
....
Pharmacy
.¸.
Shoes shop
+.,..
Camera shop
.+.¸.
Optic
-..,.+,...
Stationery
+¸-+
Department store
-...++
Super market
.¸...++
Mini market
+¸-.
Store
+¸.¸..+.
Dry goods shop



+¸.-. ¸.,-- ...+
.. .-..
¸.,..+...+.. ÷..
I want to buy a watch. Do you know
where is a good shop?
.»¸.. ... ¬.. -_.
_. .¸-. .-._. .¸-.
You can buy it at Yuzana department
store. You can find things by fair
price and good quality.
.-.. .»¸+ -...
Really! Where is that shop?
.¸.¸+¸.... ¸_÷¸..¸¸....
.
In Myenigone (a junction)! It’s closed
to the Public Garden.
-.¬. -... ,
Where is a book shop?
¸ -.+,+ -... ,.÷
Where can I get cigarette?
¸ ¬. .. -..- ,÷
What can I get this shop?
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 21
¸ .-..¸.,...¸.., (Choice)


¸._ -+¬÷ .¬.¸.... (Additional expressions)

¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful words)
¬_+.
Big
¬.÷.
Small
.-._+.
Expensive
.-.÷+÷.
Cheap
¬.
Light
¬..
Heavy
¬,_
Long
¬-
Short
±
Thick
¬.
Thin
¬....
Old
¬÷-
New
¬ .
Circle
...±.
Square
.-.. -. ...¸. _+¸+
What kind of things do you like?
+¸.-. ¬.,..-.+.-.+
_+¸+-.
I prefer bright color.
-++ .-.÷+÷.-..-.,.
._+¸+-...
Don’t you think, how about these
cheaper things?
.. --.-..+ ¸.-.
Please show me this!
¸ .¸.+± .,.-,., .÷., ¸
.-.
Let me show anything else!
¸ ¬.... ._+¸+-.
I don’t like that very thin one.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 22
¸ .-..¸. .¸.-¸.., (Decision)


¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .... (Useful words)

¬¸..,.
Blue
¬¸.,.
Red
¸..,.
Pink
¬¸+.,.
Black
....,.
Orange
¬.,.
Yellow
.....,.
Grey
¬-...,.
Green
¬_¸.,.
Brown
. .¸..,.
Sky blue
.,...,.
Purple
_++.÷..,.
Dark red
¸_¸.,.
Red brown






+¸.-. . _+¸+-.
I like this.
. -.+ ..
Then, what you want to take?
+¸.-. -++..+ ...
I’m going to take this of course.
_. .÷..¸...
Please take this one also.
.-.¸ ...-.-.
Just enough! I don’t want to take any
more.
¬ ¬¸.¡.,.+ ..
Let me only take that white one.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 23
.-...._¸ (Shopping guide)

-.¬. (Book Shop)

-.¬
Book
. ¸...-.¬
Foreign
book
.».
Magazine
÷-.-.
Newspaper
¬-..¸
Dictionary
.¸.
Map
+-.-.¬
Poem book
-¸-.¬
Fiction book
,¸+¸.._¸-.¬
Yangon directory





-+¡. -..,.+,... (Stationery)

-.¬
Book
.-.
Ball pen
.-
Pencil
..+
Eraser
.---.¬
Note book
.+.
Glue
+-
Clip
.
Ink
.....
Refill






KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 24
.... (Pharmacy)

¬.¬..¸. .
Catch cold
.-.-,-...
Razor
......¸..
Cough
¬.¬....+...
Cold tablet
....¸..
Have a
diarrhoea
........+...
Medicine for
cough
...¸¸..
Be constipated
..-...
Medicine for
diarrhoea
.,. ....+.
.-.÷....
Dettol
...-...
Medicine for
applying
enema
--..
Vitamin
¬+-,
Aspirin
¬+ +¬...+...
Aspirin
.--.
Plaster
¬...
Sleeping pill
..
Cotton
--.
Bandage
+-._+.
scissor
¬,+¸¸
Spirit
÷.. .-.
Thermometer
.+-¸....
Eye drop
÷..--
Tooth brush
÷.._+..± .-
Toothpick
-.
Comb
.+..÷-
Face towel
+÷_._
Nail clipper
.¸.
Soap
.-...¸-.
Lipstick box





KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 25
¬- ¬±_ (Clothes)

¬.¸÷..-
For men
¬.¸.÷..-
For women
+..-
For kids
_+.-
For adults
.¸....
Uniform
--
Suit
.-..-,_
Long pants
.-..--
Short pants
..-
Belt
,¬+
Shirt
-..+-
Blouse
-+-
Skirt
..-.
Sweater
+-¬+
Coat
+¬-
Gloves
.¸.¬-
Socks
.¸.-
Stockings
¸.±
Hat
_-.
Scarf, tie

Slippers
_.¸
Sandals
,¡..¸
Shoes


+,..-¸... (Tools)

...+-
Opener
+¬_
Screw driver
...
Knife
+-._+.
Scissor
¬
Needle
¬.__+¸.
Thread




KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 26
--÷ .-_.... (Electronic goods)
--
Television
-..-.,.
Television
-.
Video
--,.+.
Tape
recorder
.,.
Radio
++.+
Radio
cassette
--..
Cassette
tape
¬¸...
-+
Calculator
..-.
Battery
.
¬.¸..+.-+
Hair dryer
-+±,
Battery
..
Iron
¬÷.¸-+
Loud
speaker
-+...¸..+
Microphone
¬÷÷ .
-+
Recorder
. +, .¸.
Microphone
¬.¨-+
TV
.¬.+-+
Deck

¬÷.¬. ... (Fruits)
¸.÷.
Apple
...÷.
Orange
÷,.÷.
Lime
+..÷.
Banana
¸.¸-÷.
Pineapple
÷.-.÷.
Papaya
.+.¸.÷.
Damson
.+.¸÷.
Peach
.,...¸÷.
Tomato
÷-.-.÷.
Pear
..+.÷.
Guava
-.-.-.,
Strawberry
.,÷.
Water
melon
.±.-÷.
Avocado
pear



.¸ (Sancks)
...++
Chocolate
.,..¸
Ice cream
+-.¸
Cake
÷_+...
Sweets
.¸.¸
Candy
.+
Chewing
gum
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 27
¸ ¬¸. ._. (Beauty parlour and Barber)



¸¸ ¬.,..¨ (Emergency)
..+. .-.¸..
Is it short enough?
¸_.¸_.- .¬. _..¸.
A little bit more, please!
- - _.-...
Do you want to cut short?
÷.- .-¸.¸.
Don’t be so short!
+¸.-. ._.-.
I want to cut my hair!
¬ -.¸. _..
Please cut me like that style!
.+....
Is it ok?
. _.
Barber
¬¸.
Beauty parlour
.-.-,-
Shave beard and moustache
.....
Shampoo
--.-..+ -- ¸
Excuse me! Let me show your
passport!
+¸.-. -- ..+÷..
-.
I lost my passport.
-.¸.-
What happened?
+¸.-. +.¬- ¬...,
My wallet was stolen.
,
Police
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 28



¸¸ -. ..¨÷ (How to say?)

÷. .
Thief
¬.,..
Dangerous
..
Fire
¬.,..¨±+.+
Emergency exit
÷-...+
Noticed
,
Stop
.....÷.+,
No smoking
+ ¸.¸.. -. ..¨÷
How can I call it?
-.¬ ..¨-.
You can call it ‘book’.
-+.. .+ -.+ . ÷
What does it mean?
+ .....÷.+,
.¸.-.
It means ‘no smoking’.
.-.. ¸-+...¸.--÷..
Can you speak Japanese?
+ -. .,..
How can I write it?
+ -. .-.
How can I read it?
¸.._÷..
Do you understand?
¸.._-.
Yes, I do.
¸..._-.
No, I don’t.
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 29






¸¸ ¬.¬_÷..¸..¸¬..,.+-¸, (Visiting at the door)






-¸-+..
Spanish
¬-+..
English
¸÷--+..
French
..¸-+..
German
-,--+..
Chinese
± .-+..
Thai
...-+..
Malay
¸.+..- ¬. .-÷..
.-.
It is U Ko Lay’s house, isn’t it?
.--.
Yes, it is.
. +¸.-. ....¸.
Well, may I come in!
.-. ¬.¨-+
Yes, sir. Please go up stair!
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 30
¸¸ ¬. ¬_÷..¸..¸.¸±-¸, (Visiting (stay))



¬÷ .¸¸.÷_ -+.. .. ... (Useful words and phrases)

-,..-
High shelf in the
house for the
shrine
-,...¸.
A room for
praying
Buddha at
home
+ . ¬. ÷.-.±..¸. -..
Please eat yourself comfortable!
¬...¸.¸
Don’t feel awkward!
±.¸....
Some more, please!
.-.¸ +¸.-.¸
No, thanks! It’s enough.
¬,÷. -. .¸
How about the taste?
-.. .+..,¸..
Is it delicious?
¬,÷. .+..-.
Good taste!
- +..-.
Hungry!
.,--.
Thirsty!
¬.÷.. .-..-.
I avoid beef!
.¸--÷ .¸
Make yourself comfortable, please!
÷.+..- .¸,.
How nice place!
-.¬.¸ ¬,.+±,
.+...
What is a good time should I get up?
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 31

._ .¸.
Living room
¬.¸.
Bed room
±..-...¸.
Dining room
.,.¸..¸.
Bath room
......
Kitchen
¸.¸.
Garden
¸..¸
Garden
¬.÷.
Toilet
_-¬+
Pyjamas
.,.¸.-.
Taking a bath
...._+.-.
Wash
.¸-.
Be sweet
.¸-.
Be sour
--.
Be hot; spicy
¸-.
Salty
-.
Hot
¬ +-.
Be slightly hot
...-.
Be warm
.¬.-.
Be cold





¸¯ ¬. ¬_÷..¸..¸¸¸._ ¬., (Visiting (farewell))




+¸.-. ¬. ¸¸.-...
I am just now going to leave for.
+¸.-. ¬. ÷...-...
I am just now going to leave for.
¸¸.-....
Are you leaving for now?
÷...-....
Are you leaving for now?
.¸.+_. .. ¸.
See you again!
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 32


¸._ -+¬÷ .¬.¸.... (Additional expressions)















+¸.-.¬-+ ..-,.
.+..-.
I have a good time.
(It was a good time for me.)
¬.. .¬-+ ÷ .+.».-
-.
Thank you very much for all.
+¸.-.- .+ _. ._
¸.
Please also pay a visit to us!
+¸.-..+ _. -..,.
Please also write a letter to me!
..-.-
Please send me photos!
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 33
.¸.¸-+...... (Classifiers)
(Human being)


-,...-- (Pagoda/ Seti)


-¸._+. ÷, (Monk, Nun)
--...+
A person
.-...+
Two person
.....+
Ten people
¬...+.-..
Twenty people
¬...+--,.
Hundred people
--¸.
One person
.-¸.
Two person
..¸.
Ten people
--.
One pagoda
.-.
Two pagodas
...
Ten pagodas
¬. ¸
Twenty pagodas
--.
One monk/nun
.-.
Two monks/nuns
...
Ten monks/nuns
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 34
-,-.¸ (Animal)

¬,.-¸ (Things)

. .-. . ¬÷. .+.+. .¸.¸ ¸.± ¸.,
(Bottle, ball, fruit, stone, candy, hat, watch)

-.¬ .». (Book, magazine)

+.. -.-.. ..-. (Thesis, paper, letter)

--.+.
One
.-.+.
Two
...+.
Ten
--.
One
.-.
Two
--.
One
.-.
Two
--¬
One
.-¬
Two
--.-.
One
.-.-.
Two
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 35
...-¸ .- -- ÷-÷.. (Fountain pen, pencil, stick, wood)

¬ (Tree; plant)

¬+ .-..- ._ (Shirt, Trouser, Longyi)

-_.¬._+ +_ ..¨.¨,.÷. .¸.¸...
(Classifiers used by names of things)

--....
One
.-....
Two
--
One
.-
Two
--±_
One
.-±_
Two
.+
Cup
¸.+.+,.
Stone
- .
Wood
¬ .
Pot
¸-.,,+
Paper
-..+..
Page
-.
box
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 36
¬,.+.. (Location)














... ¬¸... (Now and other times)

.¸ (Day)


..¸ .¸
Today
..¸+
Yesterday
.¸..+
North
¬., ¸.¸..+
Northeast
¬., ¸
East
¬., ¸.-.
Southeast
.-.
South
¬.¸.+ .-.
Southwest
¬.¸.+
West
¬.¸.+ .¸..+
Northwest
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 37

¬- ÷-.- (Week)

.- (Year, month)
--.¸+
The day before yesterday
¸+¸.¸
Tomorrow
÷¸-+.
The day after tomorrow
.¸.+.¸
Next day
... .¸
Coming day
¬-
This week
¬,¬-
Last week
+¸.- ¬-
Last week
. ---
Before last week
.¸.+¬-
Next week
... ¬-
Coming week
.-
This year

This month
¬,.-
Last year
¬,
Last month
..-
Last year
+¸.-
Last month
+¸.- .-
Last year
.
Before last month
. .-
Before last year
.¸.+
Next month
.¸.+.-
Next year
...
Coming month
... .-
Coming year


KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 38
¬.,¬-+ (Quantity)

¬- .¬,_ (Measurement)






--+
Half
.- -- ¸¸,
Half
÷ .-- ¸¸,
One third
..-- ¸¸,
One fourth
---
One set
--» ¸¸,
One dozen
--.
One mile
--+ +
One yard
--.
One foot
--+.
One inch
--.-.
18 inches
--±.
9 inches
--
6 feet
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 39
¬...¸ (Weight)



¸.¸..÷ .. (Myanmar currency)








--+÷..
About 16.329 g
--..÷..
About 163.29 g
--..
About 1632.9 g
.. ..
About 16329 g
+
Kyat (one hundred pyas)
--¸..
One pya (a percent of one kyat)
.¸..
Five pyas
--.-
25 pyas
...
50 pyas
--+
100 pyas/ one kyat
KoLay A Basic Spoken Myanmar for Foreigners 40
¬.- ¬÷.. (Signs)



¸¸¸¸¯¸.¸-.-·-.-·-.-¸¸¸¸¯¸.¸
.--..
.,- ÷+ ,.» ¸¸¸ . . - - ,¸ + ¸ . ¸...-.÷.-+÷ ¸.¸ ..-._.¸ ¸.¸ ..-+..
+. .+ . +.- ÷ -¸.÷.. . ¸....+. .÷ .+. .÷.....¬-+ ¬± .,_ , .
¸¸- . ÷_ -.- ,.- ÷ . .....¸.- _+.÷. .¨, , ÷¸ .. .¨¸ .¸. - +
¬+ ¬_ ... ÷_
.. -..+ .-.+ , ..... -.¸ ¸. ¸¸ ¸.. .¸ ., ++ .. .- -. - +
¬. - ¬.¸ .¸ - ¸ - .,- ÷+ ,.» ¸¸ . . - _÷ - ¸¸ ,+ .¸_ + .-
¸¸ _ -.- ¸.- .÷_ ¬ -.÷.¸¸+ ± . ¸._ -+±..¸ . ¬÷ . . ¸-
¸...±. . ,¸ ¬÷ . + ¸¸ ..±..÷_
.+ -.+ ..
-.¸ ¸. ¸¸ + , ....÷.-.
¸¸ . ¸¸
¬.,..¨±+.+
Emergency
exit
.
Pull
¬.,..
Danger
- -...,.
Enquiry
¬
IN
+...
Men/Women
±+
OUT
+...,,
No parking
.....÷.+,
No Smoking
+..,,¸.¸,.
Parking
-¸.
Push
...¸¸...,¬-.
.,,
No parking
between these
arrows

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