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Commercial in Confidence

Signal Strength Coverage Aspects

EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A

2003-04-03

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Signal Strength Coverage Aspects

Commercial in Confidence

Purpose
This presentation explains the impact on coverage for different hardware and feature choices. Also dependencies between hardware and features is described. The presentation targets Technical managers.

EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A

2003-04-03

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Signal Strength Coverage Aspects

Commercial in Confidence Coverage definition In this presentation Coverage is defined as the area where the signal strength is higher than the sensitivity of the receivers both uplink and downlink. EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 3 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .

Commercial in Confidence Factors affecting Coverage • Signal strength design targets • Hardware • Features EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 4 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .

• Antenna height – A higher positioned antenna will increase the cell coverage at the cost of possible unwanted coverage.Commercial in Confidence Signal strength design targets • Indoor coverage Signal strength design targets Hardware Features – It is important to understand that indoor coverage often limits the coverage of the cell. EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 5 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . This is not always true for indoor coverage.

Commercial in Confidence Hardware Hardware RBS type CDU type Tower Mounted Amplifier Antenna choice Signal strength design targets Hardware Features • • • • Affected link (Uplink & Downlink) (Downlink) (Uplink) (Uplink & Downlink) EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 6 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .

RBS hardware choices • RBS 2102/2202 vs. RBS 2106/2206 • Filter Combiner vs. Hybrid Combiner EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 7 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .Commercial in Confidence RBS and CDU type Signal strength design targets Hardware Features • The maximum output power and thereby the downlink coverage will depend on the RBS and CDU chosen.

the 2106/2206 have: – Improved sensitivity – Higher output power – Higher capacity Signal strength design targets Hardware Features EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 8 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .Commercial in Confidence RBS2102/2202 vs. RBS2102/2206 Compared to 2102/2202.

Hybrid combiner Filter combiner ( CDU-D and -F) + Less loss compared with hybrid (0.Only baseband frequency hopping supported . Signal strength design targets Hardware Features Hybrid Combiner (CDU-C+ and -G) + Supports Software Power Boost + CDU-G supports TCC + Supports both synthesizer and baseband frequency hopping . .5 . EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 9 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .1dB).Harder combiner spacing requirements.Commercial in Confidence Filter vs.More antennas needed for high capacity sites. + Fewer antennas for high capacity sites.

• Requirement : Extra HW needed Extra up-link budget added by TMA! Up link Down link EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 10 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .5 dB and the feeder loss on the uplink is neutralized.Commercial in Confidence Tower Mounted Amplifier (TMA) Signal strength design targets Hardware Features • TMA improves the radio uplink performance. • By using TMA the BTS Sensitivity is increased up to 1.

• A high gain antenna will either have a large physical size or have a smaller antenna pattern compared to low gain antennas. EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 11 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . • Dual system or dual band antenna requires combiners which will decrease the coverage.Commercial in Confidence Antenna Type Signal strength design targets Hardware Features • The cell coverage is to a large extent impacted by the antenna gain.

Traffic limited by C/I EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 12 Low C/I Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .Commercial in Confidence Features • Features increasing coverage . Signal strength design targets Hardware Features • Features improving C/I robustness Coverage limit .This type of features will increase the physically covered area.This type of features will increase the usable covered area.

1 (Downlink) before BSS R8 (Uplink) before BSS R8 EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 13 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .Commercial in Confidence Features increasing coverage Signal strength design targets Hardware Features Feature • Transmitter Coherent Combining • Software Power Boost • Rx Diversity Affected link Released (Downlink) BSS R9.

2 carrier per CDU-G is possible with TCC. Two TXs are connected coherently to the same antenna through a hybrid combiner. is 2. EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 14 Signal strength design targets Hardware Features TX1 + TX2 dTRU TX1 Hybrid Comb. When the RBS is configured for TCC the downlink gain. TX2 Transmitter Transmitter • • Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .5 dB. compared to a TX connected without hybrid combiner.Commercial in Confidence Transmitter Coherent Combining (TCC) • • TCC improves the downlink performance for RBS 2106/2206.

Signal strength design targets Hardware Features Antenna A TX1 Transmitter Antenna B TX2 Transmitter • The two signals will improve the MS receiver signal processing.Commercial in Confidence Software Power Boost (SWPB) • • SWPB improves the downlink performance. Two transmitters connected to different antennas are then transmitting with maximum power the same signal on the same frequency. SWPB only allows 1 carrier per CDU. EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 15 • Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . One of the transmitters has its bursts forwarded in time two bits compared to the other. resulting in a downlink gain of 3-5 dB.

the equalizer in the receiver will create a new signal with higher quality. and in this way take advantage of two or more receiver (RX) paths. Requirement : At least 2 RX antennas or one cross polarized antenna per cell. Based on the two received signals.5 dB.Commercial in Confidence RX Diversity • Signal strength design targets Hardware Features The RX diversity function will improve the uplink sensitivity by 3 to 4. • • EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 16 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . It is achieved by having two antennas.

Commercial in Confidence Features improving C/I robustness Signal strength design targets Hardware Features • • • • Feature Affected link Released Interference Rejection Combining (Uplink) BSS R10 Antenna Hopping (Downlink) BSS R10 Frequency Hopping (Uplink & Downlink) before BSS R8 Adaptive Multi Rate FR (Uplink & Downlink) BSS R9.1 EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 17 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .

Possible together with dTRU.) • Requirement : RX diversity must be configured EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 18 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . Network Synchronization is released in BSS R10.Commercial in Confidence Interference Rejection Combining (IRC) • • • Signal strength design targets Hardware Features Co-channel interference suppression algorithm on the uplink. EDGE dTRU and EDGE sTRU IRC improvement – 5-11 dB for 1 frame synchronized interferer – 3-5 dB for 1 non-synchronized interferer (The interference will be synchronized if Transceiver Group or Network Synchronization is used.

C/I gain for TCH – up to 2 dB when hopping on few frequencies – up to 3 dB without frequency hopping Signal strength design targets Hardware Features • Together with TCC.Commercial in Confidence Antenna Hopping • • • Transmit radio bursts on alternating antennas. EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 19 • Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . Requirement : Needs two transmitter antennas or one cross polarized antenna. two transmitter paths both with TCC is needed. Possible together with CDU-G or CDU-C/C+ with EDGE sTRU.

• EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 20 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .Commercial in Confidence Frequency Hopping • Signal strength design targets Hardware Features Frequency hopping improve the C/I robustness by using frequency diversity to avoid continuous interference and Rayleigh fading. Interleaving used for speech frame will be utilized more efficient with frequency hopping.

AMR FR will improve the C/I robustness for speech users with up to 6dB.Commercial in Confidence Adaptive Multi Rate FR (AMR FR) • Signal strength design targets Hardware Features With AMR FR the speech codec will be adapted to the C/I conditions for each call. Since control channel coding will limit the physically coverage. • • EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 21 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . AMR FR will not increase coverage.

1 CDU-G x Config. 2 CDU-G x Config.Commercial in Confidence Recommended Coverage Configurations Function CDU choice TCC SPWB Antenna Hopping Rx Diversity TMA IRC (1) Frequency Hopping (1) AMR (1) (1) Will Config. 3 CDU-C+ x x x x x (2) x x(2) x x x x x x x x x x x x not increase coverage for common control channels needed 2003-04-03 22 (2) s-TRU EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A Signal Strength Coverage Aspects .

DL UL. EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 23 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . SW HW. DL UL. DL HW / SW HW HW. SW HW HW. SW SW HW SW SW It should be noted that the gain from the features are not additive. SW HW.Commercial in Confidence Summary Function CDU choice TCC SPWB Antenna Hopping TMA Rx Diversity IRC Antenna choice Frequency Hopping AMR UL / DL DL DL DL DL UL UL UL UL.

Adaptive Multi Rate 20/10056-HSC 103 12/3 Uen 16/10056-HSC 103 12/3 Uen 17/10056-HSC 103 12/3 Uen 18/10056-HSC 103 12/3 Uen 107/1553-HSC103 12/3 Uen 103/1553-HSC 103 12/4 Uen 102/1553-HSC 103 12/4 Uen 63/1553-HSC 103 12/3 Uen 98/1553-HSC 103 12/3 Uen EAB/RNG-03:0028 Uen Rev A 2003-04-03 24 Signal Strength Coverage Aspects . Boosting Downlink Output Power .Commercial in Confidence References .User Description. Antenna Hopping . Frequency Hopping .User Description.RF Guidelines GSM 800 .User Description.User Description. Interference Rejection Combining .RF Guidelines GSM 1900 .RF Guidelines GSM 900 .RF Guidelines GSM 1800 .User Description.