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This is a marketing research on the Textiles industry and can include information on the background, market structure, definitions

, competitors, trends and developments of textiles and is related to other apparel, clothing, yarn, thread and fiber.

Table of Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Background Market Structure Industry Definitions Market Metrics Industry Players Trends and Recent Developments Sources .

industry product mixes are shifting among countries. this implies a de-emphasis on textile products consumed in the apparel industry and a greater emphasis on other products. such as home furnishings and industrial textiles. sometimes in partnership with customers. tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth. woven. This is being undertaken primarily to support production sharing arrangements for apparel. The quota system that has been in place since the early 1960s ended on December 31. tufted.Background Global market trends in the textile industry increasingly are being determined by the transition to a quota-free textile trade environment. threads and wools that can be spun. Textiles refer to yarns. First. This situation is driving a realignment of markets and a restructuring of the industry that are well under way. Textile firms around the world are under constant pressure to become more efficient through technology upgrades. companies continue to invest in new. 2004. Second. or other textile manufacturers. . more productive plant and equipment. Textile production is no longer a low-technology. Production of textiles has been altered almost beyond recognition by mass-production and the introduction of modern manufacturing techniques. suppliers. The response of textile manufacturers to intensifying global competition has been threefold. In the United States and other developed countries. labor-intensive industry enterprise. Third and perhaps most important. There is ongoing rationalization of production to emphasize products in which the manufacturer has the greatest competitive advantages and deemphasize products that are more vulnerable to foreign competition. manufacturing is expanding into countries close to home markets.

Contents [hide]       1 Market Structure 2 Industry Definitions 3 Market Metrics 4 Industry Players 5 Trends and Recent Developments 6 Sources .

Developing countries such as China. textile  Yarns . Large retailers are now buying up independent brands to give consumers more value and enhance their shopping experience. It consists of spinning. The post quota market has changed with producers already affected by significant changes in retailing. While India and China are likely to emerge as winners. textile  Blankets  Bags or sacks. limiting textile and clothing trade between the WTO members. In 1995.Market Structure Economies of scale in textile manufacturing are significant and create entry barriers in the market. India and Pakistan had been the most restricted by the quotas. weaving and finishing functions in integrated plants. The textile industry is more capital intensive than the clothing industry and is highly automated. textile  Blinds. The expiration of ATC marked the end of quotas. the main losers after quota will be quota-restricted countries that had enjoyed the benefits and protection for more than 40 years. Manufacturers in developed countries are more likely to adapt by relocating operations to production centers in low wage countries. the approximate cost of a new fiber plant is $100 million depending on various factors. textile  Felt (except floor coverings)  Glass fiber fabrics  Household linen  Lace  Narrow fabrics  Netting  Rope (except wire rope)  Sailcloth  Sewing thread  Soft furnishings  String  Tarpaulins  Tents  Thread  Towels  Trimmings. For purposes of hedging against supply problems. Some of the major textile industries can be divided as follows:  Awnings. in the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC). agreed that all quotas on textiles and clothing would disappear between WTO member countries on January 1. For example. many manufacturers are backward integrated into chemical intermediaries. 2005. Forward integration into apparel and product manufacturing is also seen in industry. textile  Canvas goods  Cordage  Elasticized fabrics  Fabrics. the World Trade Organization (WTO). Costs of raw materials are volatile and can account for 50-60% of the cost of the finished products.

Broad market forces.S. the most important regional expansion and partnering are taking place with Mexico. textile producers. have accelerated the flow of textile capital into Mexico.For U. _____________________________________________________________________ . including Asian pricing pressures.

examples are "Kevlar" and "Twaron". Common end-uses include dresses. wool-like hand. as in the case of the EU) to compensate for the dumping of goods by a foreign supplier. and quilts. aprons. Solution-dyed versions have excellent resistance to sunlight and chlorine degradation.  Countervailing duty . Its major properties include a soft.Industry Definitions  Acrylic manufactured fiber derived from polyacrylonitrile. excellent color retention.  Aramid The generic name for a special group of synthetic fibers (aromatic polyamide) having high strength.  Anti-dumping duty An extra duty imposed on an imported product by an importing country (or group of countries.  Calico Tightly woven cotton type fabric with an all-over print. usually a small floral pattern on a contrasting background color. machine washable and dryable.

An extra duty imposed on an imported product by an importing country (or group of countries. medical. safety and transport textiles. and is second only to cotton in worldwide use.  Yarn . as in the case of the EU) to compensate for subsidies deemed to be illegal which are given to the manufacturer of the product in the exporting country. A manufactured elastomeric fiber that can be repeatedly stretched over 500% without breaking.  PET Polyethylene terephthalate. and high abrasion resistance. End uses include aerospace.  Unit production systems An advanced apparel manufacturing system in which a single garment is progressed through a sequence of operations. military. which has been ergonomically designed to reduce the amount of handling of the garment (see also progressive bundle system). a garment is automatically transported via a computer-controlled overhead hanging system. industrial. marine.or established by agreement between the trading partners .  Lycra DuPont's brand name for its elastane or spandex fiber.  Quota A quantitative restraint imposed by an importing country on an exporting country .)  Industrial textiles A category of technical textiles used as part of an industrial process. Low absorbency allows the fiber to dry quickly. (Note that the term is increasingly being used to describe all forms of shifts in production.  Spandex fiber The generic name used in the USA to denote elastane fiber.  Polyester A manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s.which is designed to limit shipments of a product from the exporting to the importing country.  Technical textiles Textile materials and products manufactured primarily for their technical performance and functional properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics. excellent resiliency. or incorporated into final products. and geotextiles. and will still recover to its original length. including foreign sourcing and subcontracting. Polyester has high strength (although somewhat lower than nylon).  Delocalization The geographical move of a production unit to a low cost country. the most common form of polyester. Using a unit production system.

The yarn number is based on the mass of a specified length of yarn. The finer the yarn. . acrylic. Cotton. The yarn number is based on the length of yarn needed to make up a specified weight. Market Metrics U. polyester. wool and linen are numbered with such systems.  Textile HS codes Harmonized System Codes (HS Codes) are a government. the higher the number. polypropylene (olefin). lyocell. modacrylic. S.A continuous strand of textile fibers created when a cluster of individual fibers are twisted together. Each fiber has a unique composition and physical properties.  Manufactured Fibers It is important to understand that all manufactured fibers are not alike. rayon. Silk. The finer the yarn. Federal Trade Commission has established generic names and definitions for manufactured fibers. either by knitting or weaving. regulated system used to classify products and their corresponding tariffs. the lower the number. The U. on which the tariffs of most countries of the world (including the NAFTA countries) are based.  Yarn Numbering System Systems for sizing yarn fall into two basic types. These long yarns are used to create fabrics. including acetate. and spandex. synthetic fibers and jute are numbered with such systems. nylon. The Harmonized System is an internationally developed and implemented commodity-description and coding system.S.

__________________________________________________________________________ U. The cost of labor is cheaper and provides retail companies the ability to buy and sell at lower costs. industrial and technical products. It is predicted that global production will grow by 25% between 2002 and 2010. during 1995 to 2002 was about 9% annually in dollar terms. Fabric Finishing The textile industry is currently more than US $400 billion and continues to expand.S. medical equipment. The United States ships raw materials to other countries in which the products are made. This increases competitiveness and has led to several textile companies having to shut down operations.S. The globalization of the textile trade has increased the outsourcing of production. Recent studies have highlighted that fabric weaving alone consumes around 28 million tons of fiber annually. to reach more than 35 million tons and Asia is one of the key regions for growth. The growth in imports of textiles to U. . there is a minor trade war developing between the United States and China in regards to textiles and apparel. A variety of fabrics are used worldwide in different applications such as apparel. At present. Chinese exports of textiles to the United States increased by 320 percent between January 2002 and November 2003 while prices of Chinese textiles and apparel declined by 55 percent. household textiles and furnishings.

131.637.5 391.3 6.2 8.119.420.831.7 6.S.086.2 2.U.242. Imports of Textiles. 2007 2006 Total Imports.4 367.8 299.208.8 2.4 8.1 3.2 India 5.6 30.1 459.119.675.607.554.2 5.882.0 71.3 18.589.157. Top 25 Countries 84.3 298.802.077.5 7.338.1 Vietnam 2.1 299.5 2.3 564.5 Mexico 7.793.8 88.589.5 Italy 2.6 69.4 226.2 3.7 69.736.557.1 Jun.0 2.5 Pakistan 3.0 8.656.017. Textile Products and Apparel Top Trading Partners (Values in US $ million) Country 2005 Jul.5 2.196.987.571.0 .2 340.422.2 557.0 2.9 5.7 China 26.627.646.1 Indonesia 3.5 4.684. Excluding China 69.6 3.069.532.6 76.369.4 3.846. All Countries 95. 2007 2004 9.9 Total Imports.010.0 446.8 Total Imports.308.7 436.696.7 99.

Bangladesh 2.437. Industry [Billions of dollars] Release date: April 24.3 2.737.2 2.3 78.1 Textile mills and textile product mills 84.2 1.025.5 21.6 .9 1.4 144.733.4 190.697.557.768.643.911.0 Philippines 1.485.115.870.576.2 1.074.7 2. or receipts.7 2.6 166.8 82.163.8 Turkey 1.4 68.9 1.306.2 Hong Kong 3.1 120.3 152.7 2.3 97.7 82.0 957. <pre> 2004 2000 2005 18.1 3.5 596.813.8 2.3 3.7 880.5 194.083.8 2.789.5 1.7 Cambodia 1.861.150. and other operating income.365.8 113.5 Sri Lanka 1.333.2 18.3 2.6 Source: U.3 2.754.5 19.074.098.8 1.253.9 1.7 Taiwan 1.1 866.214.6 226.9 22.432.3 Canada 3.S.0 1.751.2 93.6 1.9 Honduras 2.844.643. Foreign Trade Division</pre> GROSS OUTPUT by U.2 143.6 127.900.4 1.3 2.727.3 Thailand 2.606.3 Jordan 1.6 181.9 1.0 Macao 1.2 97.857.183.8 130.186.403.4 90.4 71.S.4 117.4 1.5 72.2 93. South 2.528.644.151.7 1.704.151.8 238. 2007 Gross output consists of sales.0 223.7 140.0 203.2 133.092.2 74.6 2. Census Bureau.757.9 2.9 264. plus commodity taxes and changes in inventories.4 209.442.1 1.199.788.4 Nicaragua 716.6 2001 2002 2003 All industries 18.697.8 91.2 166.971.5 1.4 76.8 Guatemala 1.4 694.025.9 Dominican Republic 1.1 116.5 129.8 Korea.907.3 199.0 1.1 4.6 85.1 98.4 263. of Commerce. Dept.1 Peru 823.9 El Salvador 1.

and Unilin.  Mohawk Industries. ceramic tiles. This is a more R&D intensive segment of the industry and subject to less frequent changes in patterns. including carpets. and laminates. Research and development and design are important in industrial textiles where the material technology provides competitive advantage. mass merchandisers. Inc. It operates in three segments: Mohawk. an increasing share of the textile sector produces household appliances and other industrial fabrics such as for the furniture and car industries. resilient. commercial dealers. as well as through private labeling programs. In industrial countries. and commercial end users. is the market leader both in terms of market capitalization and annual sales in 2006. manufactures. It engages in the production and sale of floor covering products for residential and commercial applications in the United States and Europe. . hardwood. home centers. Net Income and Market Capitalization are expressed in US$ Millions. Only about a third of US textile production was used for clothing in the late 1990s. notably the United States. The Mohawk segment designs. material and colors.. Dal-Tile. and distributes floor covering products. department stores. rugs.Industry Players These are major players in this market. Revenues. but not an exhaustive list of all key firms. It markets its products through independent floor covering retailers.

ballistics materials.12 0. and AsiaPacific. manufactures and supplies consumable products used in the production of paper clothing and roll covers. feminine sanitary protection.10 Mohawk Industries Interface Inc. manufactures and markets nonwoven and oriented polyolefin products. synthetic and worsted apparel fabrics for use in bottom garments. produces paper machine clothing and doors worldwide. as well as for apparel.53 0.  The Dixie Group. operates as a textile manufacturer. pressing. engages in the manufacture. and shorts. such as pants. military fabrics. Inc.S. and in industrial applications. baby wipes. Government and government contractors. and sale of modular carpet products in Americas. together with its subsidiaries. International Textile Group also manufactures and sells various technical and value added fabrics for use in fire service apparel. panel fabrics. Inc. training pants. Albany International Corp.  Xerium Technologies. and consumer wiping products. It operates in three segments: Paper Machine Clothing. and sale of carpets and rugs to residential and commercial customers in the United States. cotton. skirts. Textile Industry Market Capitalization * Company Market Capitalization (in US $ billions) 5. filtration. Paper Machine Clothing segment includes fabrics and belts used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard.  Polymer Group. Applied Technologies. production. marketing. It manufactures fabrics for military dress uniforms and battle dress uniforms for the U. which are used in diapers. such as wound care sponges and dressings. and shoe covers. face masks. The company produces automotive airbag fabrics and airbag cushions for automotive airbag modules. Inc.14 1.12 0.63 1. and outdoor awnings and covers..24 0. The company also produces denim. and Albany Door Systems. Inc.  International Textile Group. Its products are used in medical applications. and disposable surgical packs. It also manufactures broadloom carpet. and process belts. and upholstery fabrics for the commercial interiors industry. Europe. Albany International Polymer Group Xerium Technologies Dixie Group International Textile Group Market Share based on Annual Sales 2006 (in billions)* Company Share % Annual Sales 2006 (in US $ billions) Market . This segment offers forming. engages in the design. and dryer fabrics. adult incontinence. Inc. Its Nonwovens division provides nonwoven materials.  Interface. including operating room gowns and drapes.

U. textile companies have been able to achieve economies of scale and expand the range of their services. Through acquisitions and vertical integration.8 Xerium Technologies 4.S. (2) concentrating on more profitable niche markets and product diversification. and knitting processes are highly modernized in many companies. Technical fibers for sportswear and active-wear have experienced tremendous growth. Other profitable growth opportunities in non-apparel fabric markets include automotive.Mohawk Industries 63. many U.12 12.60 0. mills and converters to move slowly away from staple fabrics for the apparel industry and toward niche products and diversification into multiple sewn products markets.1 International Textile Group 5.07 1. medical.01 0.S. The U. textile companies are (1) restructuring their operations through mergers.90 1. (4) building strategic partnerships with retail and apparel companies.44 Trends and Recent Developments To sharpen their competitive edge. acquisitions.S. weaving. achieving such advancement through restructuring and investment in modern machinery. Another trend is for U.S.8 Dixie Group 1.5 Albany International 8. textile companies have been acting to improve their competitive positions through reorganization.72 0.02 1. fire safety.0 7. and this has allowed them to reduce the share of labor in production costs and increase quality and speed. .0 Total 100. and divestitures. and telecommunications (fiber-optics). textile industry is a technologically advanced industry. and downsizing. Spinning.2 Interface Inc. restructuring.6 Polymer Group 8. 8. and (5) using quick response and other communication-oriented techniques to enhance their overall flexibility and competitiveness. (3) improving productivity through new capital investment. textile companies gain market share and access to capital. By merging.

but like many other industries in the United States. textile industry. The textile industry continues to invest in machinery and technology. Continued investment in modern technology. the textile industry has been able to increase its production through new technologies while decreasing the number of employees. eco-textiles. Future trends include multifunctional textiles. Developing countries are catching up with China in terms of unit labor costs in the textile and clothing sector. Proximity to major markets has assumed increasing economic significance and tariffs are restraining trade due to the fact that products cross borders several times.There has been a substantial job loss in the U. spending upward of $2 billion a year to maintain modern manufacturing facilities. e-textiles and customized textiles in the textile-apparel industry.S. . Textile production is very capital intensive. a trend that has been ongoing for almost 30 years. Nano-Tex is the company manufacturing “enhanced textiles” which are stain resistant transparent fabrics manufactured using nanotechnology. intelligent textiles. including information technology. This job loss can be attributed partly to imports. Overall textile production has increased more than 20 percent in fifteen years even though industry employment has dropped over 13 percent. and up-to-date technology is essential to meet the increasingly rigorous demand for high-quality products. is very important.

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