Knowledge Sharing Program

Center for International Development (CID) @Korea Development Institute (KDI) Supported by Ministry of Strategy and Finance (MOSF) Republic of Korea

MoonJoong TCHA Executive Director Center for International Development KDI
October, 2011

Table of Contents
1. What is KSP? 2. Why Korea? 3. The KSP 4. 2010 KSP Projects 5. 2010 Modularization

6. Where are We?


1. What is KSP?
KNOWLEDGE SHARING PROGRAM (KSP) is designed to assist Development Partnership Countries in key policy areas by sharing Korea’s development knowledge and experience.
KSP Characteristics DemandDriven Approach PolicyOriented Approach

Comprehensive Consultation


1. What is KSP?
Policymakers and practitioners need practical, relevant knowledge of what works in development Knowledge needs to be mobilized and shared with other economies to derive practical solutions for development

Policy-oriented Research

Democratizing Knowledge


1. What is KSP?

I do not think it is in any way an exaggeration to refer to this continuing transformation of the Korean society as a miracle…… Never before have the lives of so many people undergone so rapid an improvement over so long a period, nor is there any sign that this progress is near its end.”
Robert Lucas, Jr., “Making a Miracle” Econometrica, 1993 (pp. 251-252)

Korea’s policy conversion towards outward-looking is the most dramatic and dynamic among the various policy changes in developing countries after the Second W.W .
Anne O. Krueger Trade, Foreign Aid and Economic Development (KDI, 1980)

□ Making a Miracle

Impossible +


I m possible!


2. Why Korea?
Common Features of Growth

  

Higher growth rates of physical capital supported by higher rates of domestic savings Higher initial levels and growth rates of human capital Proper government intervention Vision and Leadership

High average growth rates Rapid decline in income inequality Rapid output and productivity growth in agriculture Higher rates of growth of manufactured exports Rapid improvement in HDI

 

 

Institution + Policy

3. The KSP
Knowledge for Development

Knowledge is the key to economic development. Recognizing this, international organizations and agencies have been implementing knowledge-sharing and management programs. - OECD: “Knowledge-based Economy” - World Bank: “Global Knowledge Partnership” - Asian Development Bank: “Knowledge Management Framework”


3. The KSP
Korea’s Remarkable Experience in Development “Rapid, Shared Growth” [World Bank (1993)] GNP per capita: US$ 82 in 1961  US$ 20,000 in 2006 From aid recipient country to donor country

Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) since 2004 Korea provided more than 200 policy Consultations for 40 countries up to 2011.

3. The KSP
Economic Development Strategy
· Economic Planning System

Industrialization and Export Promotion
· Development of Manufacturing

· Public-Private Consultation · Feedback Mechanism

Knowledge-based Economy
· Support for R&D

Sector · Promotion of Entrepreneurship · Promotion of Exports

· Innovation Clusters · E-Government and IT Industry

Economic Crisis Management
· Early Warning System · Macroeconomic Stabilization · Resolution of Nonperforming Loans · Structural Reform

Human Resources Development
· Education · Job Training · Social Safety Net and Retraining

All issues in the field of economic development, as requested by the DPC, are considered.


3. The KSP

* DPC: 1 year Duration Program * SDPC: 2 +1 year Duration Program


4. KSP Projects for2010

2010 KSP was completed for 15 countries with 77 themes, from Feb. 25, 2010 to May 31, 2011.
Country Vietnam Uzbekistan Indonesia Project Title Supporting the Establishment of Vietnam’s 2011-20 Socio-economic Development Strategy Mid-and Long- Term Plan for Promoting Innovation and Sustainable Economic Growth Toward a Dynamic and Efficient Economy: Mid-Term Policy Agenda for Indonesia in Finance, Energy and Investment Policy Agenda for Cambodia in Growth, Finance, Industry and Trade Formulating a Mid- & Long-term ICT Development Master Plan of the UAE Policy Recommendations for Economic Development in Priority Areas of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Public-Private Infrastructure Investment and Deposit Insurance in Mongolia Implementing the 5 Year Economic Development Plan of Kuwait



Cambodia UAE Saudi Arabia Mongolia Kuwait


4. KSP Projects for 2010
Year Country Azerbaijan Kazakhstan Laos 2010 DR Congo Peru Ghana Dominican Republic Project Title Digitalized Capacity Build-up for Effective Aid Coordination & Promotion of Entrepreneurship SME-centered Enterprise Development Strategy for Sustained Economic Development of Kazakhstan Strengthening Lao PDR’s Research Capacity in Macroeconomic Stabilization Measures in the Time of the Crisis Establishment of an Innovative National Development Framework and Orientation of a New Development Strategy for DR Congo Linking with the New Era of Development: CEPLAN and the Integrated Information System Reform of Public Finance Management: Focusing on National Budget and Accounting System Support for the Establishment of an Export Credit Agency of the Dominican Republic

5. 2010 Modularization
2010 Modularization was done for 20 subjects in 8 fields
분과 Session Title Korean (1)_(A) 중화학공업 육성정책 (1)_(B) 정보통신산업 육성정책 산업육성 Industrial Promotion (1)_(C) 녹색산업 육성정책 (2)_(A) 기업육성을 위한 금융, 조세지원 (2)_(B) 한국의 규제개혁 경험 (2)_(C) 한국의 기업가정신 발현과 그 성과 English Heavy and Chemical Industry Drive Information Technology Industrial Policy of Republic of Korea in 1980-2003 Korea’s Industrial Policy for Green Growth Financial and Tax Support for Promoting Businesses Korea's Experience in Regulatory Reform and Achievements Manifestation of Korean Entrepreneurship and its Achievement


5. 2010 Modularization
For 20 subjects in 8 fields
분과 Session 중소기업 SME Financing Korean (3) 중소기업은행 설립과 역할 (4) 중소기업신용대출을 위한 신용보증기금 설립 (5) 전국민대상 인터넷교육 (6) 초고속인터넷 통신망 구축 및 정보화 재원조달에 대한 연구 (7) KAIST 등 고급과학 인력양성 (8) 연구개발활성화 : (A) KIST 등 과학기술분야 정부출연 연구기관 설립 및 운영, (B) 대덕연구개발특구 설립 및 운영 English Establishment and Roles of Industrial Bank of Korea Establishment of Korea Credit Guarantee Fund and its Operation Internet Education for All High-speed Internet Network Construction and Informatization Project Financing Scheme
(7) Fostering of High Level Scientific Human Resources at KAIST Etc. (8-A) The Establishment and Management of Government Funded Research Institutions of Science & Technology such as KIST (8-B) Establishment and Operation of Daeduk Special District for R&D


과학, IT IT Promotion

5. 2010 Modularization
For 20 subjects in 8 fields
분과 Session
기술인력 양성 및 교육공급 확대 R&D, Technical Education & E xpansion of E ducational Provision

title Korean (9) 공업고등학교 및 공업전문 대학 설립 (10) 한국교육방송공사(EBS) 설립 (11) 지방교육재정교부금 도입 을 통한 교육재원의 안정적 확보 (12) WTO 가입전략 (13) FTA 추진전략 English Establishment in the technical high ool & the technical junior college Establishment of Korea Education adcasting System sch


Securing Stable Revenue Source for Ed ucation through Local Education Financ ial Grants WTO Accession Strategies FTA Strategies: The Korean Case and Its Implications

무역자유화 Trade Liberalization


5. 2010 Modularization
For 20 subjects in 8 fields
분과 Session title Korean (14) 수출자유지역의 설치 (15) 수출입은행 및 무역보험 공사 설립 (16) 무역진흥기관(TPO) 설립
조세 Innovations in Taxation Policy

English Establishment of Free Export Zones Establishment of the Korea Exim Bank a nd the Korea Trade Insurance Corporation (K-sure) Establishment of a Trade Promotion Organization (TPO) The Credit Card and Cash Receipts Income Deduction Scheme Experience of Earmarked Taxation for D evelopment Resource The Role of Productivity in Korea’s Economic Modernization Industrial Standardization and Quality M anagement

수출진흥 Export Promotion

생산성향상 Productivity Improvement

(17) 신용카드 소득공제 및 현금영수증 제도 (18) 개발재원 마련을 위한 목적세 운영경험 (19) 경제근대화를 위한 생산성 운동의 전개와 생산성기구 의 역할 (20) 산업표준화와 품질경영

6. 2011….Where Are We?

Exerting continuous efforts to make KSP more effective, efficient and demander friendly

     

More scientific methods to select partner countries More systematic management of the procedure Enhancing quality of content research and policy consultation Building up strong linkage and coordination with other ODAs Developing the method of monitoring and evaluation Encouraging domestic consulting capacity

In 2011, we are conducting KSP for 25 countries and Modularization for 40 themes


□ How to Apply?
How your country can get involved in a KSP Project

1 Prepare an official letter signed by the head of your organization, stating your interest in participating in a KSP project

2 Submit the letter to either the Korea Development Institute or the Ministry of Strategy and Finance through your local Korean Embassy

3 Receive a confirmation from KDI that your letter is being processed