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TUESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 2011

DAILY EXCELSIOR, JAMMU

Excelsior
Established 1965
udos to J&K Police for speedily tracing the assailant of Constable Sajjad Ahmad Parray of the 19th India Reserve Battalion in Kangan area of Ganderbal, Kashmir. One Muzaffar Mir of Wangat, a Class X dropout has been arrested on suspicion of murder. Police sources have said that they interrogated Mir and were able to extract important information from him about new strategies of the terrorists receiving instructions from across the LoC. Police have not divulged all that Mir or other arrested militants have revealed them. But whatever little has come from the source, speaks of a disturbing security situation along the LoC on PoK side. Inter Services Intelligence; the notorious Pakistani spy organization is more a huge network of armed goons with many dimensions. They are indoctrinated with religious fanaticism. They are involved in drug and arms peddling. They have connections with Afghan and Pakistan Taliban, and they have moles in Kashmir valley on very extensive scale. ISI is not to be called just an intelligence outfit of Pakistan. It is not at all subject to scrutiny of the civilian administration, and is the primary informer for Pakistan Army. Its Kashmir wing has been reactivated and the strategy has been shifting from one type of experiment to another. The latest revealed by Mir is that one Furqan, an ISI planted terrorist in PoK, is controlling and directing renewed strategy of militancy in Kashmir. Under this strategy named "target cops", the activists of Lashkar-e-Toiba are told to eliminate uniformed cops particularly in crowded places. The assailants are told to clad themselves in normal civilian clothes so that the people around cannot detect them, and that they have the escape route open after performing the dastardly act of killing a cop. The purpose of attacking the cops is to create a sense of fear among the policemen so that they either compromise on security related issues or desist from recruitment into police service. This, the LeT thinks has to be the new strategy because of waning support from Kashmir civil society to militancy related activities and sharp decline in fresh recruitment in the rank and file of LeT Kashmir wing. Obviously, the terrorists will accelerate incidents of gunning down isolated cops in crowded places in the valley. This calls for change of strategy on the part of security forces including the police as well. Deployment of cops, the numbers deployed at different places according to the sensitivity of the place concerned, the composition of the site in terms of movement and gathering of people etc. besides garnering intelligence support from the civilian population of the locality have to be included in the parameters of new strategy of countering terrorist activity. Militants have got the message that security forces and the police have been upgrading training, strategy and quality of firearms. But it has to be remembered that acceleration or slow down in the thrust of armed infiltration across the LoC is commensurate with the ground situation in Af-Pak and Afghanistan region. Now that the ISI feels Taliban in Afghanistan have got the upper hand in Afghan war, it has the breathing space to accelerate armed insurgency in Kashmir. It is not out of context that recently two armed militants were captured by security forces and it was found that they did not speak Urdu but Pushto. This means that ISI has the plans of pushing the battle hardened tribesmen from NWFP into Kashmir. According to one source no fewer than three hundred such armed men are waiting in the wings to sneak into this side of LoC. The incident of recent arrest of two Pushto speaking militants somewhere in Lar area and now the killing of Constable Sajjad Ahmad Parrey could be as feelers to assess the nature and intensity of reaction by Kashmir security forces to more forays of armed mujahideen into Kashmir. Washington's secret meeting with the representatives of Haqqani Group of Afghanistan, through the intermediary of ISI, has had negative impact on security situation in Kashmir. The secret meeting was arranged in a Gulf country and on the behest of Obama administration. The US is prepared to accept Haqqani group as prime partner in a coalition government in Kabul, and give its representatives key portfolios. Both the CIA and ISI have long and deep connections with Haqqani group going back to the days of Afghan mujahideen war against the Soviets. In this background, tough times are ahead for us in Kashmir and we can afford no complacency in our security preparedness.

daily

Afghanistan readies to counter Pakistan's moves
By M K Dhar hough he calls Pakistan a “twin brother”, Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai knows in his heart of hears that it poses the gravest threat to his war-ravaged country, which has been battling Taliban, sponsored from across the border, for over a decade. Without saying so openly, he is rethinking ties with Islamabad, which is trying to subvert Afghanistan’s security by using Taliban as proxy to take control of the country after the international force departs in 2014. His efforts to win over Taliban willing to give up weapons and accept Afghanistan’s secular and parliamentary constitution have been frustrated by Pakistan, which acts more like an enemy than brother. The strategic partnership agreement which Dr. Karzai signed with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh during his recent New Delhi visit should, accordingly, be seen in the light of Afghanistan’s revulsion at Pakistan’s disgusting behavior and his earnest desire to work closely with India, apart from US and Europe, in planning his country’s future on the basis of its own strength. He has felt encouraged by Washington’s recognition of Pakistan’s role in promoting terrorism in Afghanistan, as explained at length by the Chairman of the joints Chiefs of staff Admiral Mike Mullen in his testimony before Congress. Afghanistan and India have both been complaining of ISI’s direct role in promoting terrorism in the two countries and preventing a return to normalcy to further its territorial objectives. It is using terrorism as an instrument of policy, like no other civilized country, is a conclusion Washington also has arrived at. Dr. Karzai has also complained that Pakistan provides safe haven to Taliban and continues to run many terrorist training camps to torment Afghanistan and has rebuffed Islamabad’s demands for the virtual subordination of Afghanistan’s security. He now tells the world that the Taliban, who are killing US and other soldiers and attacking

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No complacency

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American property “will not be able to move a finger without Pakistan’s support”. Accordingly, the move to engage Taliban in Talks has now been abandoned because Pakistan has either killed or arrested those interested in reconciliation. The ISI, using the manpower of the Haqqani faction of the Taliban, has got assassinated some of Karzai’s close associates, including his half brother Ahmad Wali karzai, and now the former President, Burhannudin Rabbani, who was his chief peace negotiator and a very respected figure across the country. US President Barack Obama, using diplomatic language, calls the Haqqani Taliban “unsavory characters” who think they could gain power after the coalition forces have left. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton calls them “wild animals nurtured by Pakistan in its backyard” to bite the neighbor. Yet, Mr. Karzai has taken care not to anger Pakistan by explaining that the partnership agreement formalizes what exists in practice including India training Afghan soldiers in its academies, providing scholarships to Afghan students and developing its infrastructure. Pakistani military has been suspicious even of India’s development assistance to Afghanist and has used the Haqqani and other Taliban to attack Indian Embassy and other facilities and kill Indian technicians working on many construction projects. Raising the bogey of Indian “encirclement” of Pakistan, the Army has justified its policy of building “strategic depth” in Afghanistan and taking control of foreign and defence policies and subordinating a supine civilian leaders to its will. For India, it has legitimate security interests in Afghanistan and the friendly ties between the two run deep into the past. India has already committed $ 1.2 billion -- being the sixth largest donor to Afghanistan -- and is willing to spend another one billion dollars on construction activity which directly benefits the people of the country, like hospitals transport buses and electricity. Moreover, considering

the deteriorating security situation along its border, with Chinese soldiers now physically present in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir in the guise of construction workers engaged in building roads and dams, India experiences military pressure along the Line of Actual Control to the north and the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir to the west, which is a disturbing scenario. The Army Chief ahs publicly articulated his concern at the presence of Chinese soldiers in POK, which gives our defence another dimension, further strains India’s resources and emphasizes the need to step up investment in defence. If Pakistan’s plans succeed, it would install proxy Taliban as rulers in Afghanistan -- itself actually controlling everything -- and promote a bigger Chinese presence in the country. Under the Taliban regime, the fundamentalists had intensified insurgency in Kashmir and Afghanistan could again emerge as the biggest centre of international terrorism, alongside Pakistan, and threaten the immediate neighbours and other countries as well. China has already invested in Afghanistan’s mineral sector and has promised to do more in future. Therefore, it suits India’s interest to ensure Afghanistan’s security, stability and neutrality and its emergence as a progressive, democratic state giving no quarter to religious extremism. But, Pakistan is helping the Taliban, particularly the Haqqni factions to keep Afghanistan on the boil, harass the international forces, ensuring a quick withdrawal by them and then unfold its nefarious designs to hold down Afghanistan as a vassal state. Washington has welcomed the Indo-Afghan strategic partnership agreement, but Pakistan is stunned by it and issued a terse warning to Kabul to demonstrate “requisite maturity and responsibility” in conducting its relations. India, by adopting a policy of strict non-interference, has relegated itself to being a civilian serviceprovider, which actually meant being an appendage to the huge body of US involvement in the

wartorn country. A situation could arise after 2014 when the government in Kabul is unable to cope with heightened Taliban pressure backed by Pakistan, that entire Indian presence in the country would be lowered, possibly even stopping of all its construction activity. India’s aid programme has been praised, but it is not part of any grand strategy as its influence is presently dependent on the US, over whose policy it exercises no Public opinion polls show India is the most popular country with the Afghan people and Pakistan the least. There were severe anti-Pakistan demonstration in Afghanistan following the assassination of Rabbani by Pakistan-baced Haqqani Taliban. There have been rare moments of peace between Afghanistan and Pakistan in history and Afghanistan, even under Taliban, refused to recognize the Durand Line as the international border between the two countries. The two countries have agreed to establish a strategic dialogue led by their respective national security advisers. A partnership council will be set up at the level of foreign ministers who will meet annually to monitor implementation of various policy decision, as also trade and economic cooperation, capacity development, education, social and cultural relations and promotion of exchanges between civil society groups. Karzai feels that Indian promise to build Afghanistan’s security capabilities will help prepare Kabul for withdrawal of the coalition forces. India will continue to play a role as people prepare to assume responsibility for their governance and security. Afghanistan should also reshape its relations with Pakistan, however troublesome, in the interest of peace and security; with regional powers ensuring that Islamabad does not pursue its ambition to control Afghanistan. (NPA)

Politics of regional parties and foreign policy
By Pallab Bhattacharya he last-minute failure of India and Bangladesh to sign an interim accord on the sharing of Teesta, one of the 54 common rivers between the two neighbours, in the absence of a nod from West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has been acknowledged by all as a big disappointment during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit to Dhaka in September. But this has also once again highlighted the reality—for the first time in India’s foreign policy initiative with Bangladesh—that although handling the external affairs of the country is in the sole domain of the central government, the voice of concerned regional parties cannot be brushed aside on an issue that concerns a state. Several commentators have accused Mamata Banerjee of scuppering the Teesta deal, which from Dhaka’s point of view would have been the biggest takeaway from Singh’s visit and would have helped Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s government in politically countering the criticism by her main rival Bangladesh Nationalist Party headed by Khaleda Zia. Some have also charged that Mamata was giving primacy to her political compulsions in the state over improving relations with a key neighbour. It has been pointed out that Mamata was worried about the fall-out of Teesta water-sharing agreement over availability of the water from the river along large tracts of land in northern part of West Bengal., an area where her party is trying to loosen the traditional stranglehold of Congress and Left parties, particularly Forward Block and Revolutionary Socialist Party. It has also been argued that Mamata did not want to antagonize the people in the plains along the Teesta after her government’s agreement with Gorkha Janamukti Morcha (GJM) had left them

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Statesmanship cannot be at the expense of the welfare of people at home. Mamata had reasons to be apprehensive of the political fall-out of Teesta deal as a few days before the Prime Minister’s visit to Dhaka , Forward Block and RSP had raised the red flag warning against reduction in availability of water in the river in North Bengal due to the agreement.
fuming over the possibility of inclusion of some areas in the plains adjoining the Darjeeling Hills in the proposed Darjeeling Hill Council. The Mamata Banerjee Government has set up a committee which will survey the plains adjoining the Darjeeling Hills and submit a report on the demography of those areas and their views. During a recent visit to Kolkata, Home Minister P Chidambaram had, while addressing the Bharat Chambers of Commerce, said that the Teesta deal could be worked out with a bit of statesmanship and patience. He did not name anyone but there is little doubt that statesmanship is an attribute Chidambaram is looking in Mamata the chief minister. In this context, comparsion has been drawn between Mamata and her predecessor and late West Bengal Chief Minister Jyoti Basu who had played a key role in facilitating the IndiaBangladesh Ganges water-sharing deal signed in 1996 when a Left Frontbacked coalition government was in power at the Centre. It has been contended that if a shaky coalition government of the then Prime Minister H D Deve Gowda could sign the Ganges water-sharing, could Mamata Banerjee, whose government has a thumping majority in the Assembly, not have green signalled the Teesta accord? Statesmanship cannot be at the expense of the welfare of people at home. Mamata had reasons to be apprehensive of the political fall-out of Teesta deal as a few days before the Prime Minister’s visit to Dhaka , Forward Block and RSP had raised the red flag warning against reduction in availability of water in the river in North Bengal due to the agreement. While returning from Dhaka to Delhi, the Prime Minister had rightly told journalists that his government cannot simply dispense with the views of regional parties or a state government in firming up foreign policy in a coalition set-up. One needs to recall how successive Indian governments, including Manmohan Singh’s own, have always taken into confidence the government of the day in Tamil Nadu in shaping New Delhi’s policy towards Tamils in Sri Lanka, which provided key inputs in India’s foreign policy towards the island nation particularly during the tumultuous years of the war between the Lankan government and the LTTE. In fact, it has often been argued that India had not been adequately aggressive against LTTE despite it being a separatist and terror group largely because the government at the Centre of the day had to keep coalition compulsions in mind, particularly the sensitivities of DMK and AIADMK. However, there are two crucial differences in the manner in which the central governments have dealt with the Tamil Nadu governments on Sri Lanka and the manner in which it had engaged Mamata before the Teesta deal. Firstly, the Centre has had sustained engagement with Tamil Nadu governments on Sri Lanka over several years but this was not the case with regard to Mamata on Teesta issue. In fact, there is acknowledgement in private among officials of both Water Resources and External Affairs Ministries that there should have been more intensive engagement with Mamata on Teesta. Secondly, while in the case of Tamil Nadu, the Centre had most of the times deputed senior politicians to engage either DMK supremo M Karunanidhi or AIADMK chief Jayalalithaa, it remains debatable whether it was right in assigning National Security Advisor Shivshankar Menon, a career diplomat, to engage Mamata, a hardcore politician, on an issue where an element of politics does come into play at some stage or other. It was also equally questionable if Hasina was right in deputing two of her advisers, who too are hardcore bureaucrats, to talk about Teesta and extend her the invite to visit Bangladesh along with Manmohan Singh instead of one of her senior party and cabinet colleagues. Whether or not powerful regional parties are unwilling to look at the larger picture of international politics and thereby stifle a foreign policy initiative, the reality of coalition politics is that the central government must take into account their sentiments on a subject like river water-sharing that directly affects a stat and its people. After all, foreign policy is an extension of national interest.

Preventing suicides
By Dr Raminder Jit Singh ccording to WHO (World Health Organization), nearly 3,000 people commit suicide each day worldwide out of every 20 people who attempt to end their lives, one dies. The term suicide has been variously defined by different scholars.Freud defined suicide as an intra-psychic phenomenon originating primarily within the unconscious life and death forces are in constant conflict within the individual. Similarly Durkheim described , the term suicide is applied to any death which is direct or indirect result of a positive or negative act accomplished by the victim himself. Suicide is an important issue in the Indian context. According to the statistics available from the ‘Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India’ published by ‘National Crime Records Bureau ‘ of Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, More than one lakh persons (1,27,151) in the country lost their lives by committing suicide during the year 2009. The number of suicides in the country during the decade (1999–2009) has recorded an increase of 15.0% (from 1,10,587 in 1999 to1,27,151 in 2009). West Bengal has reported the highest number of suicides (14,648) accounting for 11.5% of total suicides followed by Andhra Pradesh(14,500), Tamil Nadu (14,424), Maharashtra(14,300) and Karnataka (12,195) accounting for 11.4%, 11.3%, 11.2% and 9.6% respectively of the total suicides in the country. These 5 States together accountedfor 55.1% of the total suicides reported in thecountry. The remaining 46.9% suicides were reported in the rest of 23 States and 7 UTs. The majority of suicides (37.8%) in India are by those below the age of 30 years. The fact that 71% of suicides in India are by persons below the age of 44 years imposes a huge social, emotional and economic burden on our society. The near-equal suicide rates of young men and

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anskrit word "yatra" has changed its meaning with some Indian adventurists. Originally meaning pilgrimage, it has assumed political skin and any adventure undertaken for realization of political goal is now called yatra. We are watching Advani's Rath Yatra, perhaps the eighth in sequence. What have his previous seven yatras achieved in substance remains a mystery, and what will the ongoing yatra yield also remains a mystery. But Advani hopes against hoping that the people of the country will now have special sympathy for him at his advanced age. In Srinagar we have another group of adventurists set out on Irom Sharmila Yatra. It claims to be a conglomerate of twenty-four NGOs all wanting withdrawal of AFSPA and rolling out a litany of complaints and grievances against what they call "black law". Its leading light Medha Patkar says that AFSPA has brought all conceivable misfortune and injustice to people in Kashmir and in Eastern States. Around 24 human rights activists and civil society members from across India set in motion the 4500 KM long rally from Kashmir to North east, demanding repeal of, as Medha Patkar puts it, "most vulgar and brutal Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA)." Who does not know that these yatras are politically motivated and have little rather nothing to do with public welfare? That is the reason why the Government does not merit them for a tuppence. We wish Medha had instead launched a country-wide yatra to denounce terrorism and armed insurgency in Kashmir and other parts of the country. Terrorists' purpose is to destabilize the country and disrupt its pace for development. Who does not know that we have enemies in friend's garb in the east and the west, who are sore on India making steady progress in all fields? They work out their animus through organizations of various names within the country. Yatras in their new avatar are symbolic of many things beyond the knowledge and comprehension of ordinary people of this ancient country.

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Yatras and yatras

women and the consistently narrow male: female ratio of 1.4: 1 denotes that more Indian women die by suicide than their Western counterparts. Poisoning (33.6%), hanging (31.5%) and self-immolation (9.2%) were the common methods used to commit suicide. It is estimated that one in 60 persons in our country are affected by suicide. It includes both, those who have attempted suicide and those who have been affected by the suicide of a close family or friend. As regards causes, suicides in India are generally committed due to failure in examinations, quarrel with parents-in-law, quarrel with spouse, divorce, dowry, love affairs, cancellation or the inability to get married , illegitimate pregnancy, extra-marital affairs and conflicts relating to the issue of marriage, all these factors play a crucial role, particularly in the suicide of women in India. A distressing feature is the frequent occurrence of suicide pacts and family suicides, which are more due to social reasons and can be viewed as a protest against archaic societal norms and expectations. In a population-based study on domestic violence, Domestic violence was also found to be a major risk factor for suicide. Poverty, unemployment, debts and educational problems are also associated with suicide. The recent spate of farmers' suicide in India has raised societal and governmental concern to address this growing tragedy. Mental disorders occupy a premier position in the matrix of causation of suicide. Majority of studies note that around 90% of those who die by suicide have a mental disorder. The effects of modernization, specifically in India, have led to sweeping changes in the socioeconomic, socio-philosophical and cultural arenas of people's lives, which have greatly added to the stress in life, leading to substantially higher rates of suicide. In India, the high rate of suicide among young adults can be associated with greater socio-economic stress factors that have followed the lib-

eralization of the economy and privatization leading to the loss of job security, huge disparities in incomes and the inability to meet role obligations in the new socially changed environment. The breakdown of the joint family system that had previously provided emotional support and stability is also seen as an important causal factor in suicides in India. Off late religious fanaticism has also lead to number of suicides in India. In India, attempted suicide is a punishable offence. Section 309 of the Indian Penal Code states that "whoever attempts to commit suicide and does any act towards the commission of such an offense shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with a fine or with both".However, the aim of the law to prevent suicide by legal methods has proved to be counter-productive. Emergency care to those who have attempted suicide is denied as many hospitals and practitioners hesitate to provide the needed treatment fearful of legal hassles. India is grappling with numerous major health problems like infectious diseases, malnutrition,maternal and Infant mortality and hence, suicide is accorded low priority in the competition for meager resources. The mental health services are inadequate for the needs of the country. For a population of over a billion, there are only about 3,500 psychiatrists. Rapid urbanization, industrialization and emerging family systems are resulting in social upheaval and distress. The diminishing traditional support systems leave people vulnerable to suicidal behavior. The diminishing traditional support systems leave people vulnerable to suicidal behavior. A person with suicidal tendency needs someone in whom he could confide and offload some of his apprehensions and problems. If he finds someone who listens to him, his suicidal tendencies diminish to large

extent,hence there is an emerging need for external emotional support. The enormity of the problem combined with the paucity of mental health service has led to the emergence of NGOs in the field of suicide prevention. The primary aim of these NGOs is to provide support to suicidal individuals by befriending them. Often these centers function as an entry point for those needing professional services. Apart from befriending suicidal individuals, the NGOs have also undertaken education and raising awareness in the public through various mass-media like television,radio,newspapers,etc.. There is an urgent need to develop a national plan for suicide prevention in India. The priority areas are reducing the availability of and access to pesticide, reducing alcohol availability and consumption, promoting responsible media reporting of suicide and related issues, promoting and supporting NGOs, improving the capacity of primary care workers and specialist mental health services and providing support to those bereaved by suicide,providing psychiatric evaluation and treatment to people who have attempted suicide, training teachers, police officers and practitioners of alternative system of medicine and faith healers. Above all, for the success of suicide prevention strategy decriminalizing attempted suicide is an utmost need. In India, suicide prevention is more of a social and public health objective than a traditional exercise in the mental health sector. In fact, the programme of suicide prevention should contain a multidisciplinary approach including psyc h o l o g y, p s y c h i a t r y, s o c i a l work,sociology,anthropology,fore nsic science,etc.The time is ripe for mental health professionals to adopt proactive and leadership roles in suicide prevention and save the lives of thousands of Indians. (The author is working on Suicide Prevention Methodology)

Bad condition of Jammu roads
Sir, The roads all across Jammu city and its outskirts belie the haughty claims of those at the helm of affairs about work culture, transparency and accountability in terms of development and the completion of various ambitious projects, which are initiated with great hype-n-hoopla yet their deadlines are never met. The roads in the winter capital city and its outskirts have literally been ravaged three years ago in the name of development. Almost the whole of Jammu was dug for laying water pipes, cable wires. But the renovation and repair work of roads has been going at a snail's pace. No wonder even after lapse of three years, majority of the roads, lanes and by-lanes are really in bad shape. Their dismal situation gives an accurate idea of work culture, being practised by the helmsmen. Yours etc.... Mohammad Irfan Jammu Sir, During Parliament, Assembly Sessions, the elected members are seen shouting and abusing each other while discussion on any topic take place there. They do not hesitate to throw chairs, tables , fans etc on the members of the opposition. This view is watched by the people all over world. There was a time when some one while using rough, abusive language was told in clear terms not to use unparliamentary language. In other words, it meant that the language used in the Parliament during that period was sophisticated and polished. But members of the present era have made it quite offensive which is disgusting. In order to save the dignity of the country, these members need to be asked to avoid such activities and work unitedly for upliftment, progress of the country, otherwise such sessions may not be telecast on TV channels and broadcast on radios. Yours etc... R C Sharma Shiv Nagar Jammu

Unparliamentary language

Sir, It is need of the hour to extend the existing industrial policy which is scheduled to expire next year for further few years as the industrialist of the State could not get benefits of the package so far. It may be mentioned here that the industrial sector has not flourished in the State fully due to disturbances in the State for the last 20 years. The industry is surviving on sops extended from time to time by the Central Government. In case the Central Government does not extend the same, the industry may suffer terribly. The industrial sector is an essential component of generating employment opportunities in the State, and boosting the economy of the State. The industrialists both in the valley and Jammu should be provided loans at low interests, and other facilities. This would enable them to keep growth momentum going on. Yours etc... Vinod Samyal Jammu

Continue industrial policy