Department Of Mechanical Engineering Army Institute of Technology Dighi Hills, Pune-411015

A SEMINAR REPORT ON

“SUPERCAVITATION”

BY T.HARIHARA SUDHAN (THIRD YEAR MECHANICAL ENGINEERING) ROLL NO. 2352

HARIHARA SUDHAN Roll No. Pune-411015 . P. 2352 Guide: Prof.PUROHIT Department of Mechanical Engineering ARMY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Dighi Hills.E. By: T. (Mech) Under the University of Pune.M.“SUPERCAVITATION” (A Seminar Report) Submitted in the partial fulfilment of the requirement for T.

Date: 17.2011 Prof. Army Institute of Technology.HARIHARA SUDHAN (Roll No:2352) of Third Year Mechanical Engineering has successfully completed the Seminar report on the topic titled: „SUPERCAVITATION‟ and submitted to the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Prof. (External Examiner). . (S.G.Tillu) Professor & Head Dept. Prof.M.T. (Internal Examiner). towards the partial fulfilment of the requirement for Third Year of Mechanical Engineering.CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Mr.10. Professor Department of Mechanical Engg. Pune. of Mechanical Engg.Purohit (Guide) Asst.P.

S. who helped me directly or indirectly.HARIHARA SUDHAN . T. With all respect and gratitude I would like to thank all the people. There are many people who keep your moral high all the time. So. Respected Prof.Purohit was always there for me boosting my knowledge about the subject. Tillu. G. I am also thankful to our respected Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering Prof.M. I am grateful for her valuable guidance. I would like to thank many people who helped in the preparation of this seminar report. P. All the people who contributed to this work and the staff of the Mechanical Engineering Department and workshop for their help without which this report would have not been possible.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT No work can go single handed.

what about underwater. and the fastest bird moves twice as quickly as the fastest fish”. Water is the most challenging environment for an Engineer. The phenomenon holding back the fish is the tremendous resistance that water offers to a moving object.ABSTRACT Supercavitation is the state of the art technology that may revolutionize underwater propulsion systems. Cavitation is the process of formation of vapour bubbles of flowing fluid in a region where the pressure of the liquid falls below its vapour pressure and the sudden collapsing of these vapour bubbles in region of high pressure. The same drag acts on the bird as well. As the pressure of the surrounding liquid increases. These Cavities implode violently and create shock waves that dig pits in exposed metal surfaces thus causing damage to the material. The human being has crossed the sound barrier in air and land. Being 1000 times denser than air. it offers resistance roughly 1000 times as high as that in air. but the magnitude is considerably less owing to the lesser density of air. At first small vapour filled bubbles are formed that gradually increase in size. Supercavitation is the state of the art technology that may revolutionize underwater propulsion systems. Cavitation is a problem for most of the engineering application where as supercavitation is the booming scientific discovery for underwater automobiles. “Water limits even nature's strategies. called drag. the cavity suddenly collapses-a centimeter sized cavity collapses in milliseconds. . torpedo and propellers. Supersonic under Water Travel is the dream of scientists working on a bizarre technology called SUPERCAVITATION.

12. 3. 4. 10. 5. GENERAL HYDRODYNAMICS DIFFRENCE BETWEEN BOILING AND CAVITATION FORCES ACTING ON THE BODY DISADVANTAGES OF UNDERWATER PROPULSION SYSTEM 6.CONTENTS S. 8. INTRODUCTION TOPIC CAVITATION SUPERCAVITATION PAGE NO 1 2 3 5 5 CONVENTIONAL 6 2. APPLICATIONS UNDERWATER SYSTEMS SUPERCAVITATING TORPEDOS HIGH SPEED 11 9 GUN 7 SUPERCAVITATING VEHICLES SUPERCAVITATING PROPELLER 7. OTHER CHALLENGES EXISTING SUPERCAVITATING WEAPONS ADVANTAGES OF SUPERCAVITATION THE FUTURE CONCLUSION REFERENCE 14 15 17 17 18 19 13 .NO 1. 9. 11.