Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) -primary government agency responsible for the conservation, management, development

and proper use of the country’s environment and natural resources Environment Management Bureau (EMB) -to recommend rules and regulations for environmental impact assessments and provide technical assistance for their implementation and monitoring Philippine Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) System Philippine Environmental Policy -all agencies and instrumentalities of the national government, including government-owned and controlled corporations, as well as private corporations, firms and entities to prepare an environmental impact system (EIS) for every action, project or undertaking which significantly affects the quality of the environment Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) No person, partnership or corporation shall undertake or operate any in part such declared ECP or project within an ECA without first securing an Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) Procedural Manual -is designed to serve as a primary reference for the DENR staff in the smooth implementation of the EIS system. It aims to clarify the steps and procedures required to implement the various provisions and sections of the new DAO (DENR Administrative Order) 1. Scoping as a new requirement. In an effort to strengthen the system as a planning tool, proponents are now required to initiate formal scoping prior to the submission of its environmental impact statement (EIS) 2. Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) and Initial Environmental Examinations (IEEs). Proponents of ECPs are required to submit an EIS with the EMB. On the other hand, proponents of projects within ECAs are generally required to submit an IEE to the concerned Regional Office. Initial Environmental Examination (EEI) is prepared and submitted to enable DENR to make a decision on whether to issue or not to issue an ECC. 3. Timetable for review of EIS/IEE. The appropriate review process is expected to be completed within 120 and 75 days after acceptance of the EISs and IEEs. 4. Accreditation of preparers. EISs and IEEs can only be prepared by individuals or groups accredited by the DENR. 5. Accountability of proponents and preparers. Ensures that all data or information submitted by proponents is true, and that all proposed projects are objectively ad thoroughly assessed by its preparers.

Environmentally Critical Projects (ECPs) b. but likewise includes the socio-economic environment. 8. Public participation and social acceptability. 7. The nature if the activity shall not be pose significant environmental impact as determined by the EMB or DENR Regional Offices Certificate of Non-Coverage may be issued to: .000 square meters in an urban area or 1. In order to provide the DENR with the requisite resources in implementing the fast-tracked review process. Projects Located in Environmentally Critical Areas (ECAs) Project or undertaking –any activity. Review Cost. Scope of the EIS System a. Location criteria -the activity must conform with existing and duly approved land use plan of the area 2. the proponent is required to shoulder the additional review cost. volume or amount 5. Community acceptability criteria –no serious complaints are expected from neighboring establishments or facilities 6. If the activity will involve construction. or. the structure must not have a height exceeding a three (3) storey-building including basement 4. which may have significant impact on the environment Criteria: 1. Emission and Effluent criteria –the effluents or discharges of the activity must conform with the emission and effluent and standards established by the DENR. will not produce or require the disposal of waste materials that can pose serious health hazards. regardless of quantity. Size criteria –the activity/structure must no occupy a lot area of more than 1. Technology criteria –the activity must employ the use of appropriate technology that will not require the use of toxic and hazardous materials. the role and concerns of the affected communities in the EIA process are given primary consideration. Environmental Monitoring and Guarantee Fund. The Environmental Guarantee Fund (EGF) on the other hand will be used for rehabilitation and compensation for damages caused by the projects that pose significant public risks. The Environmental Monitoring Fund (EMF) shall be used primarily to monitor the operation of the project after ECC issuance.6. regardless of scale or magnitude. will not generate significant amount of organic or solid wastes 3.0 hectare in a rural area. Considering that the review of the environmental impact of a proposed project is not limited to the bio-physical elements.

Major wood processing projects c. pedestrian overpass. flowers/ornamentals production and sale. Introduction of fauna (exotic animals) in public/private forests d. hydro-electric or 3. including oil and gas 4. Major roads and bridges iv. Forest occupancy e. Forestry projects a. individual residential houses or commercial buildings/structures. Major dams 2. cottage industry. Logging b. Major mining and quarrying industries 2. Smelting plants ii. nuclear-fueled. Major power geothermal) plants (fossil-fueled. Grazing 3. Iron and steel mills 3. backyard animal farms. organic compost/fertilizer making.Butterfly farming. Fishery projects a. Infrastructure projects 1. Non-ferrous metal industries 2. Heavy Industries 1. importation or purchase of equipment Environmental Critical Project (ECP) -project that has high potential for significant impact on the quality of the environment i. sari-sari stores. Dikes for/and fishpond development projects iii. Extraction of mangrove products f. Resource Extractive Industries 1. Petroleum and petro-chemical industries. Golf course projects . Major reclamation projects 4. garment manufacturing. rice or corn mills.

Areas of unique historic. typhoons.Environmental Critical Area – an area that is environmentally sensitive Projects located in Environmentally Critical Areas (ECAs) i.shall refer to plant or animal species which are apparently endangered but where insufficient data are currently available for reliable assessment. occupancy or any form of exploitation except in conformity with approved management plan and set aside as such exclusively to conserve the area or preserve the scenery. Areas frequently visited or hard-hit by earthquakes 4. Storm surge-prone areas . Areas frequently visited or hard-hit by tsunamis 3.shall refer to plant or animal species which are not under immediate threat of extinction but occurs in small numbers Endangered species . ii. Threatened species . volcanic activity) 1. archeological or scientific interest v. biotic communities or physical features of the environment where these may require specific human manipulations for their perpetuation. floods. Areas frequently visited/ or hard-hit by natural calamities (geologic hazards. the natural and historic objects. wild animal and plants therein and to provide enjoyment or these features in such area Wildlife sanctuary – an area which assures the natural conditions necessary to protect nationally significant species. Areas set aside as aesthetic potential tourist spots iii. watershed reserves. groups of species.shall refer to any plant or animal species which is likely to become endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or just a significant portion if its range Rare species . All areas declared by law as national parks. Areas which constitute the habitat for any endangered or threatened species of indigenous Philippine wildlife (flora and fauna) Indeterminate species . Areas frequently visited or hard-hit by typhoons 2. wildlife preserves and sanctuaries National park – a forest reservation essentially of natural wilderness character which has been withdrawn from settlement. Areas which are traditionally occupied by cultural communities or tribes (indigenous cultural communities) vi.shall refer to plant or animal species which are actively threatened with extinction and whose survival are unlikely without protective measures iv.

conditions Coral reefs characterized by one or any combination of the following 1. Spawning and nursery grounds for fish 3. Near or adjacent to traditional productivity fry or fishing grounds 4. Areas prone to volcanic activities 7. Drought-prone areas vii. Which act as natural breakwater of coastlines Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) – the documents of studies of the environmental impacts of a project including the discussions on direct and indirect consequences upon human welfare and ecological and environmental integrity. Recharged areas of aquifers x. Mangrove areas characterized by one or any combination of the following conditions 1. With fifty percent (50%) and above live coralline cover 2. including the environmental impacts of the project and the appropriate mitigating and enhancement measures . Tapped for domestic purposes 2. Within the controlled and/or protected areas declared by appropriate authorities 3. Areas with critical slopes viii. On which people are dependent for their livelihood xii. Which act as natural buffers against shore erosion. The EIS may vary from project to project but shall contain in every case all relevant information and details about the proposed project or undertaking. Water bodies characterized by one or any combination of the following conditions 1. Areas located along fault lines or within fault zones 8.5. With primary pristine and dense young growth 2. strong winds ad storm floods 5. Areas classified as prime agricultural lands ix. Which support wildlife and fishery activities xi. Flood-prone areas 6. Adjoining mouth of major river systems 3.

clarified and agreed upon by the key actors in the EIS system. components and activities. groups or organizations who are residing within the impact zones are given priority as primary stakeholders. It aims to inform and consult the public about their participation. rationale. discussed.Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) – the documents required of proponents describing the environmental impact of. project or undertaking. Proponent initiates and organizes the scoping process in coordination with DENR. especially if the project is large scale and controversial at the very start. The proponent is urged to hire a facilitator or communication expert to organize the scoping activities. . The stakeholders and other interested parties must be able to participate and share their views. Scoping is the first and most critical step in the EIS process where most of the issues and concerns are identified. Prior to the formal scoping session. there should only be one formal scoping session in the project site. directly or indirectly. local communities and other groups of stakeholders shall select their representatives Scoping sessions should involve a cross-section of stakeholder whether they are for or against the project. and mitigation and enhancement measures for. ideas and perceptions on the likely environmental impacts and community issues that could result from the project. where all identified participants can effectively interact and share their views. roles and responsibilities in the proposed project or activity. projects or undertakings located in an ECA Environmental Impact Statement Scoping – the stage in the EIS system where information and assessment requirements are established to provide with the scope of work for the EIS. Stakeholders are persons or groups who may be significantly affected the project or undertaking. Community feedback is critical in scoping. It involves awareness building concerning the project or activity in terms of its goals. Social preparation is a preliminary activity carried out when there is a need to involve the community in any program. objectives. It provides the project proponent an idea of prioritizing and coordinating data sourcing in order to avoid work and data overlaps. They may include: Persons living or working within the identified impact area Persons with properties in the impact area Persons living or working within the boundaries of the impact area Organized interest groups operating in the impact area Industry representatives in the impact area Individuals. The number of formal scoping sessions to be conducted is determined by the proponent. Ideally. concerns and knowledge on the project.

Impact zone of a project are the areas which are most likely to be directly or indirectly affected by the proposed project or undertaking. Step 1 . Secondary or Indirect Impact Area/Zone – refers to the influence area of the project that could be indirectly affected by the proposed development. The proceedings should as much as possible be conducted in the local dialect.the proponent sends an official written communication addressed to EMB or DENR RO concerned about its intention to initiate the scoping process Step 2 .The technical and substantive scope of the EIA study shall be agreed upon during the first level scoping meeting.The proponent identifies and invites representatives from the key stakeholders of the project to the scheduled formal scoping session. These meetings are held in the project site. This includes areas in the vicinity of the direct impact zone. irrigation. Steps in Scoping Activity: Pre-Scoping – the proponent undertakes social preparation to inform concerned stakeholders about the projects. (Technical meeting) Step 4 .The formal scoping session(s) shall be conducted in accordance with the recommendation of the proponent as affirmed by EMB or DENR RO concerned during the first level scoping. It comprises of the direct or primary impact area and the secondary impact area. The proponent receives oral and written inquiries from groups who wish to express their stand.areas generally refers to areas where the project facilities or infrastructures will be located or traversed such as buildings or structures. Step 5 . apprehensions and concerns.within five days of the receipt of the letter. A series of scoping sessions may be conducted based on the results of the first session or as planned by the proponent. Impact zones are identified and delineated on the map based on the type of project and knowledge of the biophysical and social environment of the project. Step 3 . DENR shall schedule a meeting (1st level scoping) with the proponent. drainage and other utility areas. Specific impact areas delineated based on the biophysical and socioeconomic parameters. Technical meetings – undertaken to discuss the minimum requirements for the EIA based on available scoping guidelines.Community meetings – this is held on the project site and may last for a day. access roads and others to be set up during the construction and operating phases. Public meetings – meeting of this type represents the consensus of all affected parties. Direct Impact Area/Zone . quarry sites. This can be done in cases when some of the major stakeholders are not able to attend the first session or when additional stakeholder’s .

Scoping Report – contains issues and impacts outlined in the scoping guidelines prepared by DENR. dams. Step 6 . while not critical no essential in the EE decision. property or environment - Categories of Hazardous Materials a. Oxidizing substances are substances which give rise to highly exothermic reaction when in contact with other substances. Flammable. Explosives (Reactivity) b.surface which were not initially identified or invited to the first scoping session. flammable. preferably together with representative(s) from the EIARC. particularly flammable substances . reactive/explosive and hazardous or have deleterious effects to humans. animals. EMB or DENR RO concerned will meet with the proponent to discuss the timetable and associated additional cost of the review process.EMB or the DENR RO concerned.. tailing ponds) the failure of which could endanger life. are nonetheless indicators of the seriousness and commitment of the proponent with regards to environmental issues Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) – a process of analyzing and describing the risks associated with a project or activity to ecosystems.The proponent through the preparer submits a formal scoping report to EMB or DENR RO concerned based on the results of the scoping process within thirty days from the conduct of the last formal scoping session or activity. Critical information – this information must be included in the EIS to serve as basis for decision in the granting or denial of ECC Essential information – this information will allow reviewer to formulate ECC conditions Added-value information – this information. plants and ecosystems structures (e. Asian Development Bank and other international organizations may also be used as a reference and data and information requirement of the project identified based on the procedural review checklist. Other available scoping guidelines by the World Bank.After the approval of the scoping report. human health and welfare. materials or chemicals that are toxic. mining pits. reviews the formal scoping report in terms of the appropriateness of the process. accuracy and substantive results. Step 7 . It deals with the further analysis of hazards identified in the EIA. highly flammable and extremely flammable substances c. Step 8 .g.

very high and extreme toxicity of substances or preparation e. and an estimation of the risk 5. disaster coordination and other appropriate local government unit or agency) in the area . medium. Information relating to the scope of analysis employed/used in the report 3. Low. Linkage with Off-Site Emergency Plan Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Review Process 1.To contain or control incidents so as to minimize the effects and limit damage to man. high. On-site Emergency Plan 2. Substantive Review – the reviewers are tasked to examine the document on the basis of criteria such as: . the probability of its occurrence. For activities not involving toxic/hazardous materials. the environment and property taking into consideration the worst case scenario . Procedural Review – the purpose of the first-stage procedural review is to screen the EIA document (EIS or IEE) and determine whether it complied with the required procedures and contents 2. Information relating to the consequences of major accidents. Information relating to the safety management system for the establishment An Emergency Plan is prepared with the following objectives: .d.To implement the measures necessary to protect man and environment from the effects of major accidents . f.To provide for the restoration and clean-up of the environment following a major accident 1.To communicate the necessary information to the public and to the emergency service provider (such as fire protection. Information relating to every hazardous substances or situation present in the establishment 4. Unclassified substances are substances or preparations that react violently with water and substances or preparations which release or liberate toxic gas in contact with water. civil defense. permanent or long term damage is defined to be damage/s requiring a projected recovery period longer than 15 years for terrestrial habitats or 5 years for aquatic habitats 1. Information relating to the operator and the establishment 2.

including alternative sites or actions. alternatives. Baseline Environmental Conditions for land. development and the environment Initial Review of Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Document – the EMB shall immediately determine the completeness of the documents submitted by the proponents . Accuracy and Precision of Information and Assessment – all analytical data presented in the EIS should satisfy the prescribed levels of accuracy and precision as derived from established statistical tools and methods Contents of the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) a. Environmental Risk Assessment when appropriate f.The Initial Review of the EIS documents. Accountability Statements of the preparer and the proponent For projects located in ancestral lands or domains. otherwise known as Procedural Review. determines the completeness of information contained in the EIS . a specific chapter in the socio-economic impact assessment shall be devoted to a discussion of indigenous peoples’ concerns and possible socio-economic. specifically describing the primary and secondary impact zones. Project Description. Supporting Documents such as documents on social acceptability. no action alternatives and project phases b. Proposals for Environmental Monitoring and Guarantee Funds when required h. including a discussion of the impact of the project or undertaking on the environment and public health e. a specific chapter on the socio-economic impact assessment shall be devoted to a discussion of the relationship among population. air and people d. b. process of public participation. Scoping Report c. gathered.a. political and cultural impacts of the proposed project on such people k. including data on project location. j. Clarity of presentation – it should therefore be written in such a way that it is easily understood. project rationale. Balance in presentation and assessment – it is not supposed to provide justifications for pre-conceived conclusions in favor of any interest group c. For projects or undertakings with significant impact on population. or generated i. Environmental Management Plan g. technical and socio-economic data used. Impact Assessment.

Second EIARC Meeting – utilized to discuss and evaluate the additional information submissions of the proponents. assessment or analysis and recommendations such that no statement in the EIS will contradict another statement within the study Responsiveness – this will be measured in terms of how the document addressed valid issues and concerns of stakeholders and other interested parties First EIARC Meeting – substantive review EIARC meetings should serve as a venue or opportunity for discussing issue and findings on the EIS. site inspections or ocular visits may be scheduled at this time before the next EIARC meeting. public consultations. The DENR Case Officer shall be responsible for documenting the entire review process. scoping matrix or report and other appropriate guidelines such as the scoping guidelines Clarity of presentation – the document should be easily understood by the reviewers and comprehensible for decision-making Appropriateness – this will be measured in terms of conformity of the EIS document to technical standards or mechanisms of implementation Accuracy and precision in information or assessment – this will be gauged in terms of the adherence of the EIS document to the standard method of data gathering.and its conformance with the prescribed outline. The EIARC Chair and the DENR Case Officer must be present in all EIARC meetings.The Screening Officer of the DENR shall be responsible for the procedural review of the EIS submitted by the proponent and for making recommendations on the acceptance and non-acceptance of the document Environmental Impact Assessment Review Committee (EIARC) will be responsible for the undertaking the substantive review of the EIS submitted by the proponent Completeness of information – the documents should provide the required level of detail in accordance with the information identified in the annotated outline. modeling and analysis selected and mutually agreed on during the scoping session Degree of consistency – the document should be entirely consistent in terms of its findings. a decision may be made on the recommendation to issue or deny the application for an ECC . field works such as public hearing. the findings during the public hearing or consultation(s). and other additional inputs. The review is based on the results of the scoping activities conducted. This is why perfect attendance is highly encouraged. DENR scoping guidelines for that particular project and the Procedural Screening Form . The meetings should be recorded on tape for inter transcription. Conduct of field work – in order to minimize the number if EIARC meetings. If possible.

unless circumstances warrant a longer period of time. development and conservation of the country’s natural resources mitigation and . The acceptability of the proposed EMP Within 15 days from the receipt of the EIARC report. Environment impacts and corresponding coasted enhancement measures of the project or undertaking b. the Secretary shall either grant or deny the issuance of ECC. Key issues/concerns c.Third (Final) EIARC Meeting – The last meeting if the substantive review phase. A decision by the EIARC on whether to recommend the issuance or non-issuance of ECC must be reached at this point EIARC Report a. Compliance with review criteria. Proponent’s response to issues d. technical/substantive content and social acceptability requirements e. In granting or denying the issuance of the ECC. Within 15 days from the receipt of the report of the EMB Director. the Secretary shall take into account the social and environmental cost implications relative to the judicious utilization. the EMB Director shall make his or her own recommendation to the Office of the Secretary for final decision.