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Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

OCCUPATIONAL STANDARD

SPINNING AND GINNING OPERATIONS


NTQF LEVEL II and III

Ministry of Education May 2011

Introduction
Ethiopia has embarked on a process of reforming its TVET-System. Within the policies and strategies of the Ethiopian Government, technology transformation by using international standards and international best practices as the basis, and, adopting, adapting and verifying them in the Ethiopian context is a pivotal element. TVET is given an important role with regard to technology transfer. The new paradigm in the outcome-based TVET system is the orientation at the current and anticipated future demand of the economy and the labor market. The Ethiopia Occupational Standard (EOS) is the core element of the Ethiopian National TVET-Strategy and an important factor within the context of the National TVET-Qualification Framework (NTQF). They are national Ethiopian standards, which define the occupational requirements and expected outcome related to a specific occupation without taking TVET delivery into account. This document details the mandatory format, sequencing, wording and layout for the Ethiopia Occupational Standard which comprised of Units of Competence. A Unit of Competence describes a distinct work activity. standard format that comprises: Occupational title and NTQF level Unit title Unit code Unit descriptor Elements and Performance criteria Variables and Range statement Evidence guide It is documented in a

Together all the parts of a Unit of Competence guide the assessor in determining whether the candidate is competent. The ensuing sections of this EOS document comprise a description of the occupation with all the key components of a Unit of Competence: chart with an overview of all Units of Competence for the respective level including the Unit Codes and the Unit Titles contents of each Unit of Competence (competence standard) occupational map providing the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) providers with information and important requirements to consider when designing training programs for this standards and for the individual, a career path

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

UNIT OF COMPETENCE CHART Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Occupational Code: TXT SGO NTQF Level III
TXT SGO3 01 0511 TXT SGO3 02 0511 TXT SGO3 03 0511

Monitor Spinning and Ginning Production Process Capability

Participate in Production Planning Process

Organize and Plan Own Work to Achieve Planned Outcomes

TXT SGO3 04 0511

TXT SGO3 05 0511

TXT SGO3 06 0511

Contribute to Ginning and Spinning Production Process Improvements


TXT SGO3 07 0511

Interpret Engineering Drawing

Perform Machine Setting and Operational Maintenance


TXT SGO3 09 0511

TXT SGO3 08 0511

Restart Machine after Stoppage

Manage the Impact of Change on Own Work

Set up Ginning and Spinning Production Machines for Product Change


TXT SGO3 12 0511

TXT SGO3 10 0511

TXT SGO3 11 0511

Determine and Correct Mechanical Faults in Loom and Other Weaving Equipment
TXT SGO3 13 0511

Ensure Efficient Operation of Textile Machines

Sustain Process Improvements

TXT SGO3 14 0511

TXT SGO3 15 0511

Apply Quality Control

Lead Small Team

Lead Workplace Communication

TXT SGO3 16 0511

Improve Business Practice

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

NTQF Level II
TXT SGO2 01 0511 TXT SGO2 02 0511 TXT SGO2 03 0511

Determine Cotton Characteristics

Perform Minor Maintenance

Weight and Check Textile Materials and Products

TXT SGO2 04 0511

TXT SGO2 05 0511

TXT SGO2 06 0511

Repair Textile Product

Use Specialized Machinery to Assist Textile Production

Participate in Environmentally Sustainable Work Practices


TXT SGO2 09 0511

TXT SGO2 07 0511

TXT SGO2 08 0511

Work Team Environment

Participate in a Workplace Environment

Develop Business Practice

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

NTQF Level III

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Monitor Spinning and Ginning Production Process TXT SGO3 01 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills required to monitor spinning and ginning process to ensure efficient production.

Elements 1. Monitor process

Performance Criteria 1.1 Job specifications are checked for requirements including quantity, quality and special requirement. 1.2 Performance parameters are identified to the extent required to be able to report known or suspected problems. 1.3 Production processes are monitored to ensure consistency with specified outcomes. 1.4 Job records and other documentation are maintained. 1.5 Monitoring is conducted according to OHS practices.

2. Identify production/ process problems 3. Determine problem cause and solution

2.1 Problems are identified and categorized as machine and process faults. 2.2 Operating manuals and documentation are referred to. 3.1 Production standards are communicated to team members. 3.2 Work allocation requirements are monitored and addressed in order to maintain optimum production efficiency. 3.3 Targets and procedures are communicated to appropriate personnel in a logical and easily understood manner.

4. Check performance efficiency

4.1 Regular checks of process operation are undertaken and results assessed against job specifications. 4.2 Results of checks are recorded. 4.3 Opportunities for process improvements are identified and communicated.

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Variable Job specifications

Range May include: customer order simple formula written and verbal instructions drawings May include: processing time acceptable error rate wastage noise vibration May include: feeding drying pre - cleaning stick removing lint cleaning ginning bale pressing carding drawing combing roving spinning winding twisting doubling Includes hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment reporting accidents and incidents cotton - cleaning, blending, carding, combing, drawing, roving, spinning, twisting, winding worsted - combing, gilling, drawing, roving, spinning, twisting, winding woolen - blending, carding, spinning, twisting, winding

Performance parameters

Production processes

OHS practices

Tools and equipment

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: identify the major processes to be monitored at work location identify manufacturing system and quality requirements to be monitored identify major faults and out of specification performance address faults or problems conduct regular performance checks Demonstrates knowledge of: ginning technology yarn manufacturing processes used in an enterprise range of problems and their solutions associated with yarn manufacturing operations quality standards and practices OH&S practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: interpret technical data monitor manufacturing system read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions maintain accurate records sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competence may be assessed through: Interview/Written Test Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Participate in Production Planning Process TXT SGO3 02 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, attitudes and skills required to participate in the production planning of the enterprise.

Elements 1. Confirm production requirements

Performance Criteria 1.1 Projected requirements regarding stock supplies, product quantities, quality and delivery schedules are confirmed. 1.2 Identified issues and problems concerning projected requirements are resolved in collaboration with relevant personnel. 1.3 Requirements for implementation of organizational systems are determined.

2. Gather specific production information

2.1 Specific information relating to production capacity is obtained and confirmed 2.2 Details of production line requirements regarding batch or run sizes and other relevant information are gathered and interpreted for use in production plan preparation. 2.3 Resources, supply requirements, availability of machines and personnel is identified and confirmed.

3. Participate in planning meeting

3.1 Specific requirements for meetings are confirmed. 3.2 Production data and other planning information is prepared. 3.3 Information is contributed and discussed according to meeting procedures. 3.4 Follow-up action on meeting outcomes is taken 3.5 Production planning records are maintained and reports prepared, where necessary.

Variable Organizational systems

Range May include: Just In Time quick response quality management systems team processes benchmarking

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Production data

May include: plant layout machine operating manuals and other equipment records production data collected manually or electronically quality specifications drawings, sketches and other specifications May include: establishing an overall plan for production and delivery repetitive production runs short runs quick changes a diversity of styles indent orders stock services replenishment Includes hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures reporting accidents and incidents

Production planning

OHS practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: confirm requirements for production assemble and interpret specific production information identify resources, supply requirements, machines, personnel contribute to interchange of information at planning meetings apply OHS practices in production operations maintain accurate records Demonstrates knowledge of: production processes, products and machines basic knowledge of fiber and yarns an understanding of work and workplace organization systems meeting procedures quality standards and practices OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Underpinning Skills

Demonstrates skills to: participate effectively in planning production interpret and use data from a range of sources communicate effectively with individuals, work groups and supervisors document and transfer information read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions maintain accurate records sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competence may be assessed through: Interview /Written Test Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Organize and Plan Own Work to Achieve Planned Outcomes TXT SGO3 03 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to organize and plan own work to achieve planned outcomes.

Element 1. Confirm and interpret work requirements 2. Develop personal work plan

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 Work requirements are confirmed with relevant personnel. Work requirements are interpreted. Steps required to complete work are identified and confirmed with other personnel. Quality requirements are confirmed and interpreted. Critical deadlines, outcome objectives and sequence of operations are established and documented. Relevant personnel are identified and contacted. Operation plan is confirmed or altered. Specified resources are identified and accessed according to work plan. Use expertise of other personnel and learning opportunities to expand ability to meet work targets. Work is assessed according to planned steps and quality criteria. Work is regularly checked against specifications, established deadlines and identified quality standards and action is taken to rectify work which is not according to requirements. Problems are identified and investigated. Problems are rectified or reported Record system is established. Records are kept according to record system procedures. OHS practices are identified and followed. Action is taken according to OHS practices to prevent accidents and to eliminate risks to personal safety.

3. Communicate with relevant personnel 4. Access resources

3.1 3.2 4.1 4.2

5. Coordinate work

5.1 5.2

5.3 5.4 6. Keep records of work 7. Implement OHS practices 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Variable Legislative/ regulatory requirements OHS practices

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: confirm and interpret work specifications establish and apply required quality procedures and required work steps organize and set up workstation identify and deal with problems arising in own work coordinate own work set and work to deadlines apply OHS practices in work operations maintain accurate records Demonstrates knowledge of: production processes operating procedures for production machines characteristics of typical materials and products used in production quality standards and practices OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: handle, receive and assemble materials and products solve problems in own work read, interpret and follow information on work specifications,
Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitude

Underpinning Skills

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Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Contribute to Ginning and Spinning Production Process Improvements TXT SGO3 04 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to review production processes used in textile manufacture and contribute to identifying and implementing improvements.

Element 1. Identify key elements of production requirements

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 Key external and internal customers and their needs and expectations are identified. Ginning and spinning production processes are described in terms of how they contribute to th e value chain. Key suppliers are identified and their role in the value chain described. Quality standards for critical points of the production process are identified. Production requirements are identified. Housekeeping practices are identified and reviewed against workplace standards to assess conformity. Safety practices are identified and reviewed against OHS practices to assess conformity. Production waste is identified. Methods of monitoring production outcomes are identified as required. Textile production outcomes are assessed against production goals as required. Opportunities for improvement are identified. Suggestions for improvement are made. Improvement is tested in consultation with appropriate personnel. Reports, records and recommendations for improvement are provided. Implications of improvement are identified. Desired result of improvement is identified and method of measuring outcome established. Methods of addressing any possible negative implications
Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

1.3 1.4 1.5 2. Review production processes 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 3. Identify improvement opportunities 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 4. Implement improvement 4.1 4.2 4.3
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are identified and implemented. 4.4 4.5 4.6 Consultation with appropriate personnel is conducted to communicate improvement. Improvement is implemented with the assistance of other team members as required. Improvement is monitored to ensure correct implementation and effectiveness in achieving desired result is reviewed with assistance from other team members as required. Adjustments to improvement are made as required. Improvement processes are documented.

4.7 4.8

Variable Legislative/regulat ory requirements Textile production processes may include

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. receiving and processing of fibres and yarns identification of yarn and fibre quality specialist machine use such as tufting, spinning, weaving repairs and alterations testing, inspecting dispatch, storage, packing finishing processes suppliers of materials, yarns, fibres, fabrics personnel, specialist support, contractors dispatch, warehousing, transport operators publicity and promotional suppliers machinery and equipment suppliers and repair contractors timing requirements quantity quality specific order requirements procedural requirements safety personnel resource use

Suppliers may include

Production requirements

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Production waste may include

Tested may include

Appropriate personnel may include OHS practices

unusable materials, off-cuts delays poor process design inventory inefficient performance of a process making defective items trialed verified piloted measured against research managers supervisors colleagues specialist staff OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: review textile production processes identify and assess improvement opportunities evaluate implications of improvement identify and interpret workplace standards communicate process improvement options Demonstrates knowledge of: quality standards applying to textile handling procedures, construction processes and finished product impact of incorrect production techniques sequence of operations in the production process production suppliers and value chain concepts quality tools and benchmarking procedures
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

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Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

PDCA (plan, do, check, act) cycle OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures quality practices workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: plan production processes as required analyze and evaluate communicate effectively within the workplace with colleagues and management conduct quality checks to identify non-compliances with quality standards brainstorm solve problems read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration and Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Interpret Engineering Drawing TXT SGO3 05 0511 This unit covers interpreting engineering drawing applying to any of the full range of engineering disciplines.

Element 1. Select correct engineering drawing 2. Interpret engineering drawing

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Drawing is checked and validated against job requirements or equipment. Drawing version is checked and validated. Components, assemblies or objects are recognized as required. Dimensions are identified as appropriate to field of employment. Instructions are identified and followed as required. Material requirements are identified as required. Symbols are recognized in the drawing as appropriate.

Variable Interpret technical drawing

Range interpretation may require guidance particularly in respect to any geometric tolerancing line with standard operating procedures

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes Demonstrate knowledge and skills in: Selecting correct engineering drawing Interpreting engineering drawing Demonstrate knowledge of: application of AS1100.101 in accordance with standard operating procedures relationship between the views contained in the drawing objects represented in the drawing units of measurement used in the preparation of the drawing dimensions of the key features of the objects depicted in the drawing understanding of the instructions contained in the drawing the actions to be undertaken in response to those instructions the materials from which the object(s) are made
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Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

any symbols used in the drawing as described in range statement hazard and control measures associated with interpreting engineering drawings, including housekeeping safe work practices and procedures Demonstrate Skills of: checking the drawing against job requirements/related equipment in accordance with standard operating procedures confirming the drawing version as being current in accordance with standard operating procedures where appropriate, obtaining the current version of the drawing in accordance with standard operating procedures reading, interpreting information on the drawing, written job instructions, specifications, standard operating procedures, charts, lists and other applicable reference documents checking and clarifying task related information undertaking numerical operations, geometry and calculations/formulae within the scope of this unit Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Perform Machine Setting and Operational Maintenance TXT SGO3 06 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to set machines for product changes, reset them after general fibre related stoppages and perform minor maintenance of machinery.

Element 1. Determine required specifications 2. Set machine

Performance Criteria 1.1 Required specifications for raw materials, product and machine are identified and interpreted for application in the testing and setting up process. Machine is cleaned and set in accordance with raw material and product specifications and machine manufacturer and workplace procedures. During setting and testing, condition of work area around machine is maintained to meet workplace and OHS practices. Machine operation is checked to ensure correct operation. Where appropriate, a sample is produced and checked for conformance with workplace requirements and product standards and further adjustment is made until sample meets specifications. Appropriate diagnostic procedures and tests are used to locate and identify faults in the machine. Correct hand tools and measuring equipment are chosen and use to rectify problems. Major problems in machine are identified and reported. Minor problems, which are within the operator's skill level, are identified and adjustments or repairs are assessed . Environmental requirements and procedures concerned with waste, pollution and recycling of materials are correctly applied at all stages of the process. Adjustments or corrections are assessed consistent with operator's skill level. Machine is checked to ensure correct operation. Correct hand tools and measurement equipment are chosen and used to correct problem. Records and other documentation of setting and maintenance work are clearly and accurately completed.
Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

2.1

2.2

3. Conduct sample or trial runs and readjust

3.1 3.2

4. Investigate, identify and rectify machine operating problems

4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5

5. Rectify minor machine faults

5.1 5.2 5.3

6. Communicate information
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6.1

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Variable Legislative/ regulatory requirements Machine may include:

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. A range of machines and equipment which may be microprocessor or computer controlled, including the following: blending and carding combing gilling finishing bale pressing scouring super wash backwash carbonizing cleaning equipment detergents and other chemicals hand and power tools normally applicable to the tasks hand trolleys pallet trucks OHS practices must include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may include: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents other OHS practices relevant to the job and enterprise

Materials, hand tools and equipment may include: OHS practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: comply with all relevant safety requirements; including isolation or shutdown of machines, use of safety and lockout devices, and attachment of appropriate warning tags interpret work orders interpret raw materials, product, and machine specifications needed for machine setting and maintenance perform normal testing, setting, and maintenance of
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication

machines investigate improper operation of machines and identify and rectify operating problems conduct sample runs of machines and check products against required standards perform operator maintenance of work area document and communicate work related information including reporting of non-conforming outcomes and other problems Demonstrates knowledge of: principles of operating machines and associated equipment technical specifications and repair manuals principles and techniques of machine setting and adjustment typical fault conditions and relevant fault finding procedures maintenance and repair processes and techniques workplace procedures and maintenance planning workplace stores procedures and procurement system relevant product quality standards safety and environmental aspects of relevant workplace processes general housekeeping policies and procedures OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures quality practices workplace practices practices for recording and reporting Demonstrates skills to: locate and interpret technical data set and operate machines test machines and analyze samples use relevant hand tools use lubricants, sealants, chemicals, and cleaning agents, and dispose of waste products maintain work area document and transfer information read, interpret, and follow information on work specifications , standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices.
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Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration and Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Restart Machine After Stoppage TXT SGO3 07 0511 The unit covers the skills and knowledge to restart a textile production machine for continued or new product production.

Element 1. Confirm production requirements

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Reasons for machine stoppage are confirmed. Machine is confirmed as ready for restart. Production specifications and machine settings are confirmed. Status of materials supply is confirmed. Preparation requirements for restarting production are identified. Relevant maintenance or repair personnel are notified about reasons for stoppage. Materials and finished product are loaded or unloaded from the machine as required. Materials and finished product are checked against quality standards as required. Areas around the machine are cleaned as required to ensure work environment is maintained in a safe and productive manner. Waste is sorted. Machine is set. Machine is restarted according to OHS practices Operation is monitored to ensure production meets specification and quality standards. Product faults are rectified or reported. Production records and other documentation are accurately completed as required.

2. Prepare to restart machine

2. 1 2. 2 2. 3

2. 4 2. 5 3. Restart machine 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4

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Variable

Range

Legislative/regulat All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory ory requirements legislative or regulatory requirements. breakdown Reasons for machine stoppage not meeting performance specifications maintenance requirements may include completion of production run staff changeovers OHS practices OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: check machine settings to meet production requirements prepare machine for start-up check product against quality standards load and unload products according to workplace practices complete records accurately and completely apply OHS practices in work operations Demonstrates knowledge of: procedures and guidelines for safe operation of machine basic principles of textile production processes typical fault conditions and related fault finding procedures types of materials used in textile products technical specifications manuals quality standards and practices OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: check safety equipment
Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills
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Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

prepare machine in timely manner monitor operations including machine production readings recognize, rectify and report faults or problems as required use resources effectively and efficiently read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration and Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Manage the Impact of Change on Own Work TXT SGO3 08 0511 This unit covers the skills needed by an employee in a competitive manufacturing organization which requires the employee to participate in and manage the impact of the implementation of competitive manufacturing initiatives on their own work life.

Element 1. Examine the impact of change on own work practices

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Examine changes to work flow. Examine changes to equipment/process/physical environment. Examine changes to work relationship with team members and other teams. Examine changes to data collection needs. Examine changed work for impacts on health, safety and environment. Examine changes to quality requirements. Identify any additional individual skill needs. Identify other areas requiring assistance.

2. Implement change

2.1 Review changes which may have adverse impact with team leader. 2.2 Adopt changes to individual work practice. 2.3 Seek assistance in gathering/processing data as required. 2.4 Implement the data collection/processing and take actions on resulting information in accordance with procedures. 2.5 Seek assistance/training to meet needs caused by change.

3. Implement continuous improvement

3.1 Critically examine all changes. 3.2 Identify impacts of changes both up and down the immediate value chain. 3.3 Identify areas for improvement. 3.4 Make recommendations for improvement in accordance with procedures.

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Variable Managing impact of change

Competitive manufacturing

Procedures

Continuous improvement

Value chain
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Range All Elements may be undertaken individually or as part of a team and may require assistance from the team leader for areas outside the employee's range of responsibility and authority. Competitive manufacturing is used to describe the range of systemic manufacturing practice concepts and approaches. It covers but is not limited to: lean manufacturing agile manufacturing preventative and predictive maintenance approaches monitoring and data gathering systems such as Systems Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) software, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems, Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP), and proprietary systems such as SAP statistical process control systems including six sigma and three sigma Just In Time (JIT), kanban and other pull related manufacturing control systems supply, value, and demand chain monitoring and analysis other continuous improvement systems. Competitive manufacturing should be interpreted so as to take into account the stage of implementation of competitive manufacturing approaches, the enterprise's size and work organization, culture, regulatory environment and manufacturing sector Procedures include: all work instructions, standard operating procedures, formulas/recipes, batch sheets, temporary instructions and similar instructions provided for the smooth running of the plant. They may be: written, verbal, computer based or in some other form. For the purposes of this Training Package, 'procedures' also includes good operating practice as may be defined by industry codes of practice (eg Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), Responsible Care) and government regulations. Continuous improvement (also called kaizen) - the philosophy of continual improvement, that every process can and should be continually evaluated and improved in terms of time required, resources used, resultant quality, and other aspects relevant to the process. Competitive manufacturing organizations encompass the entire
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production system, beginning with the customer, and include the product sales outlet, the final assembler, product design, raw material mining and processing and all tiers of the value chain (sometimes called the supply chain). Any truly 'competitive' system is highly dependent on the demands of its customers and the reliability of its suppliers. No implementation of competitive manufacturing can reach its full potential without including the entire 'enterprise' in its planning.

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Underpinning Knowledge and Attitude Evidence of commitment to a range of initiatives should be available. Demonstrate knowledge of: current process and principles of operation sources of data on the process/plant and possible applications to information methods of determining own skill needs and developing skills required health, safety and environment (HSE) principles as relevant to own job basic continuous improvement principles Demonstrates skills of: analysis communication problem solving reading and interpreting teamwork Access to an organization using competitive manufacturing. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Set up Ginning and Spinning Production Machines for Product Change TXT SGO3 09 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to perform or coordinate the setting up of machines for production changes.

Element 1. Set or organize setting of machine

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 Product specifications are interpreted for correct machine setting requirements. Specifications are conveyed to appropriate personnel, where required. Machine is set according to product specifications and manufacturer instructions.

2. Conduct sample or trial runs

2.1 Materials or products to be used for sampling or trialing are obtained or arranged. 2.2 Machine is operated according to manufacturer requirements and OHS practices. 2.3 Specified sample is produced.

3. Check sample and organize quality testing 4. Re-adjust or on firm machine settings to meet requirements

3.1 Sample is checked to ensure quality standards are met. 3.2 Quality testing is assessed or organized as required. 4.1 Test results are interpreted to determine adjustment requirements. 4.2 Adjustment changes are completed according to product and machine specifications.

Variable Legislative/ regulatory requirements Machines may include:

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. Ginning Bale presser Blowing Carding Drawing Lap former Combing roving, spinning,
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Materials or products may include:

OHS practices

twisting, winding yarn conditioning lint carded yarn Combed yarn Hosiery yarn Open end yarn OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: interpret specifications for machine settings arrange or conduct quality testing of samples operate and adjust machines correctly analyze samples or test results maintain accurate records apply OHS practices in work operations Demonstrates knowledge of: machine and equipment operation setting and adjustment requirements technical specifications manuals maintenance planning and workplace practices quality standards and practices OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: interpret technical data set and operate machines test and analyse samples
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Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

use and dispose of a range of chemical cleaning agents, sealants and lubricants document, assess and transfer information read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Determine and Correct Mechanical Faults in Loom and Other Weaving Equipment TXT SGO3 10 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to identify and correct mechanical faults in weaving looms and related weaving equipment.

Element 1. Determine the cause of loom or related weaving equipment breakdowns

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Operator is consulted on loom operation and condition prior to breakdown Visual check is made of the loom and woven product for any obvious damage or faulty mechanical components Fault finding skills are used to determine cause of loom breakdown Loom engineering drawings, product specifications and operation manual are consulted where necessary

2. Solve mechanical loom and related weaving equipment problems

2.1 Gauges and tools are used correctly to adjust machine and in accordance with OHS practices 2.2 Parts are dismantled and assessed for disposal, reconditioning or continued use 2.3 Parts are reconditioned, where required including any needed grinding, milling or turning 2.4 Replacement parts are fitted and/or adjusted and tested in accordance with manufacturer specifications and workplace requirements 2.5 Loom or related weaving equipment is checked for correct operation after repair 2.6 Operator is advised of any special requirements as a consequence of the repair 3.1 Loom condition assessed and estimated schedule of work to be performed prepared 3.2 Loom and related equipment overhauls are carried out in accordance with manufacturer specifications and workplace requirements 3.3 Parts are reconditioned, where required, including any needed grinding, milling or turning 3.4 Loom or related weaving equipment is checked for correct operation at end of overhaul 4.1 Records are maintained and reports prepared, where necessary
Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

3. Overhaul and recondition weaving looms and related weaving equipment

4. Maintain records

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Variable Legislative/ regulatory requirements Woven product may include may include

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. broadloom and narrowloom carpets apparel terry towelling furnishing and upholstery fabrics woven industrial products woven healthcare products quality name pile height beat-up width weaving construction (pattern) hand and power tools analogue and digital measuring equipment grinders OHS practices must include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may include: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents other OHS practices relevant to the job and enterprise

Product specifications may include may include Gauges and tools may include OHS practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: interpret appropriate documentation including where necessary standard operating procedures, loom and related equipment specifications, operating guidelines, workshop manuals and technical drawings determine the condition of parts identify faults and determine appropriate repair strategies set loom correctly operate loom safely and correctly
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

perform sample runs make appropriate readjustments apply workplace health and safety policies in production operations maintain accurate records Demonstrates knowledge of: loom components and loom operation textile terminology and weaving theory setting up and adjustment requirements for the range of looms and equipment in the enterprise and the range of woven textiles produced machine manufacturer specifications safety and environmental aspects of relevant enterprise activities OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures quality practices workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: set and operate looms and other textile machines use appropriate hand and power tools and workshop machinery appropriate for loom part or equipment repair dismantle, repair and replace loom and related weaving equipment components operate primary mechanisms, eg shed forming, weft insertion, beat up, let off and take up test loom performance read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry our work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration and Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Ensure Efficient Operation of Textile Machines TXT SGO3 11 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to ensure efficient operation of textile machines.

Element 1. Check machine performance

Performance Criteria 1.1 Machine performance is monitored and reviewed and adjustments made as required, in accordance with manufacturer specifications and OHS practices . 1.2 Machine operations and processes are monitored to ensure correct procedures are assessed and product meets quality standards. 1.3 Machine operator is consulted to assess machine operations and processes. 1.4 Records and documentation of machine performance and maintenance are maintained.

2. Identify problems with machine operation

2.1 Symptoms of machinery fault are identified. 2.2 Visual inspection of machine and product is used to locate fault. 2.3 Fault is located within section or component of machine. 2.4 Operating manuals or documentation are referred to as required.

3. Determine problem cause and solution

3.1 Possible causes of problem are determined. 3.2 Further information is gathered to confirm or eliminate possible cause. 3.3 Appropriate personnel are consulted to confirm cause. 3.4 Immediate solution is determined and trialled or implemented. 3.5 Permanent solution is determined in consultation with appropriate personnel.

4. Conduct routine checks of performance efficiency

4.1 Routine checks of machine performance are assessed against production specifications in accordance with manufacturer instructions. 4.2 Preventative maintenance strategy for machine is checked and assessed in accordance with manufacturer instructions.
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4.3 Periodic servicing such as lubrication and greasing, etc. is assessed in accordance with manufacturer instructions as required. 4.4 Machine is cleaned in accordance with manufacturer cleaning instructions. 5. Perform preventative maintenance procedures 5.1 Inspection of parts is conducted according to operating procedures and manufacturer instructions. 5.2 Service and production records are maintained to assist with life cycle monitoring of parts and machine as required. 5.3 Faulty parts are identified for repair, replacement or adjustment as required. 5.4 Parts and consumables to be repaired or replaced are identified and repaired or replaced as required. 5.5 Replacement parts and consumables are inspected, checked and monitored to ensure compliance with operational specifications.

Variable Legislative/ regulatory requirements Symptoms may include:

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. product does not meet specification machine is not operating to specification sounds not attributed to normal operation current faults such as yarn breaking, etc. knitting machines carding machines spinning machines weaving looms dyeing equipment tufting looms finishing equipment creeling and warping machines textile mechanic supervisor senior operator decommission machine change settings adjust operation perform temporary fix refer to textile mechanic items that require periodic replacement as a result of
Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

Machines may include:

Appropriate personnel may Include: Immediate solution may Include:

Parts and
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consumables may include: OHS practices

normal machine and production operations, e.g. belts, globes, combs OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: operate machines correctly monitor machine performance against specifications and undertake minor adjustments clean machines identify faults identify and replace replaceable parts and consumables used in normal machine operations communicate and cooperate with mechanics/technicians and production personnel complete records accurately and completely apply OHS practices in work operations Demonstrates knowledge of: procedures and guidelines for safe operation of machines typical fault conditions and related fault finding procedures routine maintenance processes and practices preventative maintenance concepts root cause analysis concepts range and use of replacement parts and consumables techniques to replace parts and consumables characteristics of materials and fibres technical specifications manuals quality standards and practices OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

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Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

Demonstrates skills to: assess operating performance of machine undertake root cause analysis carry out preventative maintenance activities start and stop machines according to specifications monitor machine operations including machine production readings recognize fault conditions use hand tools and hand-held power tools undertake cleaning and servicing recognize, rectify machine faults or problems as required check machine maintenance records check and confirm compliance to operational specifications solve problems brainstorm read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration and Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Sustain Process Improvements TXT SGO3 12 0511 This unit covers the skills needed to prevent implemented process improvements slipping back to former practices or digression to less efficient practices.

Element 1. Implement corrective actions

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Identify impact of process improvements on systems in own work area. Examine process improvements. Clarify changes to process improvements as required. Identify any additional, personal skill gaps and seek skill development. Adopt improved process. Identify claimed improvements. Identify methods of observing claimed improvements. Check if claimed improvements are occurring and report problems in accordance with procedures. Look for areas of possible further improvement. Take action to make improvements in accordance with procedures.

2. Check changes

2.1 2.2 2.3

3. Check for further improvements

3.1 3.2

Variable Performance

Range Performance may be thought of as the rate of output of the plant compared to the rate required to meet demand. Performance might also be thought of in terms of task where task time is the allowable time to produce one product at the rate customers is demanding it. This is NOT the same as cycle time, which is the normal time to complete an operation on a product (which should be less than or equal to task time). All work instructions, standard operating procedures, formulas/recipes, batch sheets, temporary instructions and similar instructions provided for
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Procedures include:

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Improvements

the smooth running of the plant They may be: written, verbal, computer based or in some other form. For the purposes of this Training Package, 'procedures' also includes good operating practice as may be defined by industry codes of practice (e.g. Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), Responsible Care) and government regulations. Improvement procedures in some enterprises is also known by baka-yoke which is a manufacturing technique of preventing mistakes by designing the manufacturing process, equipment and tools so that an operation literally cannot be performed incorrectly. An attempt to perform incorrectly, as well as being prevented, is usually met with a warning signal of some sort; the term poka-yoke is sometimes referred to as a system where only a warning is provided.

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes Underpinning Skills Evidence of having sustained improvements in their own job and of assessing these improvements for their real impact. Demonstrate knowledge of: existing procedures modified procedures Demonstrates skills of: technical competence to perform job problem solving teamwork communication Access to a workplace implementing competitive manufacturing strategies or appropriate simulated environment is required. No other specific resources are required. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Apply Quality Control Unit Code TXT SGO3 13 0511 Unit Descriptor This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in applying quality control to apparel production.

Elements 1. Determine quality standards

Performance Criteria 1.1 Quality standard documents are acquired and reviewed 1.2 Quality standards and procedures are introduced to staff / personnel. 1.3 Quality standard procedures are ensured to be implemented in accordance with the organization/workplace policy. 1.4 Standard procedures are revised / updated when necessary

2. Assess quality of work and product delivered

2.1 Products/work outputs and work performance are checked against organization quality standards and specifications 2.2 Work outputs and performance delivered are evaluated using the appropriate evaluation parameters and in accordance with organization standards 2.3 Causes of any identified faults are identified and corrective actions are taken in accordance with organization policies and procedures

3. Record information

3.1 Basic information on the quality performance is recorded in accordance with organization procedures 3.2 Records of work quality are maintained according to the requirements of the organization

4. Study causes of quality deviations

4.1 Causes of deviations from final outputs or services are investigated and reported in accordance with organization procedures 4.2 Suitable preventive action is recommended based on organization quality standards and identified causes of deviation from specified quality standards of final service or output

5. Complete 5.1 Information on quality and other indicators of service documentation performance is recorded. 5.2 All service processes and outcomes are recorded.

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Variable Quality check

Range visual inspection physical measurements check against design/specifications materials component parts final product production process conformity to specifications finish size durability product variations materials alignment color damage and imperfections

Quality standards

Quality parameters

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Assessment requires evidence that the candidate: checked completed work continuously against organization standard identified and isolated faulty or poor product/output checked service delivered against organization standards identified and applied corrective actions on the causes of identified faults or error recorded basic information regarding quality performance investigated causes of deviations of services against standard recommended suitable preventive actions Demonstrates knowledge of: relevant quality standards, policies and procedures characteristics of products/outputs safety environment aspects of production processes relevant evaluation techniques and quality checking procedures workplace procedures and reporting procedures Demonstrates skills to: interpret work instructions, specifications and standards appropriate to the required work or product carry out relevant performance evaluation maintain accurate work records in accordance with procedures meet work specifications and requirements communicate effectively within defined workplace procedures

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context for Assessment

The following resources should be provided: access to relevant workplace or appropriately simulated environment and materials relevant to the activity/ task Competence may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Lead Small Team Unit Code TXT SGO3 14 0511 Unit Descriptor This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes to lead small teams including setting and maintaining team and individual performance standards. Performance Criteria 1.1 Work requirements are identified and presented to team members 1.2 Reasons for instructions and requirements are communicated to team members 1.3 Team members queries and concerns are recognized, discussed and dealt with 2.1 Duties and responsibilities are allocated having regard to the 2. Assign skills, knowledge and aptitude required to properly undertake responsibilities the assigned task and according to company policy 2.2 Duties are allocated having regard to individual preference, domestic and personal considerations, whenever possible 3. Set performance expectations for team members 4. Supervised team performance 3.1 Performance expectations are established based on client needs and according to assignment requirements 3.2 Performance expectations are based on individual team members duties and area of responsibility 3.3 Performance expectations are discussed and disseminated to individual team members 4.1. Monitoring of performance takes place against defined performance criteria and/or assignment instructions and corrective action taken if required 4.2. Team members are provided with feedback, positive support and advice on strategies to overcome any deficiencies 4.3. Performance issues which cannot be rectified or addressed within the team are referenced to appropriate personnel according to employer policy 4.4. Team members are kept informed of any changes in the priority allocated to assignments or tasks which might impact on client/customer needs and satisfaction 4.5. Team operations are monitored to ensure that employer/ client needs and requirements are met 4.6. Follow-up communication is provided on all issues affecting the team 4.7. All relevant documentation is completed in accordance with company procedures
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Elements 1. Provide team leadership

Variable Work requirements Team members concerns Monitor performance Feedback Performance issues

Range Client Profile Assignment instructions Roster/shift details Formal process Informal process Formal process Informal process Work output Work quality Team participation Compliance with workplace protocols Safety Customer service

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: Maintained or improved individuals and/or team performance given a variety of possible scenario Assessed and monitored team and individual performance against set criteria Represented concerns of a team and individual to next level of management or appropriate specialist and to negotiate on their behalf Allocated duties and responsibilities, having regard to individuals knowledge, skills and aptitude and the needs of the tasks to be performed Set and communicated performance expectations for a range of tasks and duties within the team and provided feedback to team members Demonstrates knowledge of: Company policies and procedures Relevant legal requirements How performance expectations are set Methods of Monitoring Performance Client expectations Team members duties and responsibilities
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

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Underpinning Skills

Demonstrates skills to: Communication skills required for leading teams Informal performance counseling skills Team building skills Negotiating skills Access to relevant workplace or appropriately simulated environment where assessment can take place Materials relevant to the proposed activity or task Competence may be assessed through: Interview/Written Test Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Lead Workplace Communication Unit Code TXT SGO3 15 0511 Unit Descriptor This unit covers the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to lead in the dissemination and discussion of information and issues in the workplace.

Elements

Performance Criteria

1. Communicate 1.1 Appropriate communication method is selected information 1.2 Multiple operations involving several topics areas are about workplace communicated accordingly processes 1.3 Questions are used to gain extra information 1.4 Correct sources of information are identified 1.5 Information is selected and organized correctly 1.6 Verbal and written reporting is undertaken when required 1.7 Communication skills are maintained in all situations 2. Lead workplace discussion 2.1 Response to workplace issues are sought 2.2 Response to workplace issues are provided immediately 2.3 Constructive contributions are made to workplace discussions on such issues as production, quality and safety 2.4 Goals/objectives and action plan undertaken in the workplace are communicated. 3. Identify and communicate issues arising in the workplace 3.1 Issues and problems are identified as they arise 3.2 Information regarding problems and issues are organized coherently to ensure clear and effective communication 3.3 Dialogue is initiated with appropriate staff/personnel 3.4 Communication problems and issues are raised as they arise

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Variable Methods of communication

Range Non-verbal gestures Verbal Face to face Two-way radio Speaking to groups Using telephone Written Using Internet

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: Dealt with a range of communication/information at one time Made constructive contributions in workplace issues Sought workplace issues effectively Responded to workplace issues promptly Presented information clearly and effectively written form Used appropriate sources of information Asked appropriate questions Provided accurate information Demonstrates knowledge of: Organization requirements for written and electronic communication methods Effective verbal communication methods Apparel/Garments Terminology Demonstrates skills to: Organize information Understand and convey intended meaning Participate in variety of workplace discussions Comply with organization requirements for the use of written and electronic communication methods The following resources must be provided: variety of information, communication tools, simulated workplace Competence may be assessed through: Interview/Written Test Observation/Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level III Unit Title Improve Business Practice Unit Code TXT SGO3 16 0511 Unit Descriptor This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in promoting, improving and growing business operations.

Elements 1. Diagnose the business

Performance Criteria 1.1 Data required for diagnosis is determined and acquired 1.2 Competitive advantage of the business is determined from the data 1.3 SWOT analysis of the data is undertaken

2. Benchmark the business

2.1 Sources of relevant benchmarking data are identified 2.2 Key indicators for benchmarking are selected in consultation with key stakeholders 2.3 Like indicators of own practice are compared with benchmark indicators 2.4 Areas for improvement are identified

3. Develop plans to improve business performance

3.1 A consolidated list of required improvements is developed 3.2 Cost-benefit ratios for required improvements are determined 3.3 Work flow changes resulting from proposed improvements are determined 3.4 Proposed improvements are ranked according to agreed criteria 3.5 An action plan to implement the top ranked improvements is developed and agreed 3.6 Organizational structures are checked to ensure they are suitable

4. Develop marketing and promotional plans

4.1 The practice vision statement is reviewed 4.2 Practice objectives are developed/reviewed 4.3 Target markets are identified/refined 4.4 Market research data is obtained 4.5 Competitor analysis is obtained 4.6 Market position is developed/reviewed 4.7 Practice brand is developed 4.8 Benefits of practice/practice products/services are identified 4.9 Promotion tools are selected/developed

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

5. Develop business growth plans

5.1 Plans to increase yield per existing client are developed 5.2 Plans to add new clients are developed 5.3 Proposed plans are ranked according to agreed criteria 5.4 An action plan to implement the top ranked plans is developed and agreed 5.5 Practice work practices are reviewed to ensure they support growth plans

6. Implement and monitor plans

6.1 Implementation plan is developed in consultation with all relevant stakeholders 6.2 Indicators of success of the plan are agreed 6.3 Implementation is monitored against agreed indicators 6.4 Implementation is adjusted as required

Variable Data required includes:

Competitive advantage includes:

Range organization capability appropriate business structure level of client service which can be provided internal policies, procedures and practices staff levels, capabilities and structure market, market definition market changes/market segmentation market consolidation/fragmentation revenue level of commercial activity expected revenue levels, short and long term revenue growth rate break even data pricing policy revenue assumptions business environment economic conditions social factors demographic factors technological impacts political/legislative/regulative impacts competitors, competitor pricing and response to pricing competitor marketing/branding competitor products services/products fees location timeframe
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Objectives should be 'SMART' , that

Market research data includes:

Competitor analysis SWOT analysis includes:

Key indicators may include:

Organizational structures include: Market position should include data on:

Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Time defined data about existing clients data about possible new clients data from internal sources data from external sources such as: trade associations/journals Yellow Pages small business surveys libraries Internet Chamber of Commerce client surveys industry reports secondary market research primary market research such as: telephone surveys personal interviews mail surveys competitor offerings competitor promotion strategies and activities competitor profile in the market place internal strengths such as staff capability, recognized quality internal weaknesses such as poor morale, under-capitalization, poor technology external opportunities such as changing market and economic conditions external threats such as industry fee structures, strategic alliances, competitor marketing salary cost and staffing personnel productivity (particularly of principals) profitability fee structure client base size staff/principal overhead/overhead control legal structure (partnership, limited liability company, etc.) organizational structure/hierarchy reward schemes product the good or service provided product mix the core product - what is bought
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Practice brand may include:

Benefits may include: Promotion tools include:

Yield per existing client may be increased by:

the tangible product - what is perceived the augmented product - total package of consumer features/benefits product differentiation from competitive products new/changed products price and pricing strategies (cost plus, supply/demand, ability to pay, etc.) pricing objectives (profit, market penetration, etc.) cost components market position distribution strategies marketing channels promotion promotional strategies target audience communication promotion budget practice image practice logo/letter head/signage phone answering protocol facility decor slogans templates for communication/invoicing style guide writing style AIDA (attention, interest, desire, action) features as perceived by the client benefits as perceived by the client networking and referrals seminars advertising press releases publicity and sponsorship brochures newsletters (print and/or electronic) websites direct mail telemarketing/cold calling raising charge out rates/fees packaging fees reduce discounts sell more services to existing clients

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence The candidate must be able to demonstrate: ability to identify the key indicators of business performance ability to identify the key market data for the business knowledge of a wide range of available information sources ability to acquire information not readily available within a business ability to analyze data and determine areas of improvement ability to negotiate required improvements to ensure implementation ability to evaluate systems against practice requirements and form recommendations and/or make recommendations ability to assess the accuracy and relevance of information Demonstrates knowledge of: data analysis communication skills computer skills to manipulate data and present information negotiation skills problem solving planning skills marketing principles ability to acquire and interpret relevant data current product and marketing mix use of market intelligence development and implementation strategies of promotion and growth plans

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

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Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

data analysis and manipulation ability to acquire and interpret required data current practice systems and structures sources of relevant benchmarking data methods of selecting relevant key benchmarking indicators communication skills working and consulting with others when developing plans for the business negotiation skills and problem solving using computers to manipulate, present and distribute information planning skills Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competence may be assessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration Competence may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

NTQF Level II

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Determine Cotton Characteristics TXT SGO2 01 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to identify the cotton characteristics necessary to assist in the ginning of seed cotton.

Element 1. Identify basic features of seed cotton modules

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 Typical trash found in modules of seed cotton is identified Inferior module covers or covering is identified and rectified where required Module records regarding date of receival, moisture content at receival, location of module in module yard and grower details are accessed Mature and immature cotton bolls can be identified Cotton seed and lint are identified Short fibres and long fibres are identified Ginning as a process of moisture, seed and trash removal is understood Need to protect ginned and seed cotton from rain and dust and other contamination is understood Importance of maintaining fibre length, strength and colour is understood

2. Recognize parts of cotton bolls 3. Recognize key cotton characteristics necessary to maximize cotton value

2.1 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3

Variable Legislative/regul atory requirements Seed cotton Trash includes:

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. Cotton where the seed has not been removed from the cotton boll through the ginning process. cotton bark and branch cotton leaves or parts of leaves other natural contaminants, such as grass and non-cotton leaves and branches insects man-made contaminants such as grease, rope, twine, plastic etc. Segmented pods that contain the seeds from which the cotton fibres (lint) will grow.
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Cotton bolls

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The cotton boll can be unopened (immature) or opened with seed and cotton fibre visible. Lint Cotton fibres that grow from the cotton seed. Fibres are unicellular (one cell) hairs that develop in cells in the outer skin of the seed coat. Fibres that remain attached to the seed and are also known as the fuzz or linters. Fibres that remain after the seed is removed during ginning and which form the fibres used for spinning.

Short fibres Long fibres

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: check and identify seed and ginned cotton check for and identify trash access records protect cotton from contamination both in the module yard and in the gin Demonstrates knowledge of: different parts of the cotton plant components of the cotton boll purposes of the ginning process main risks to a successful ginning outcome, including contamination, moisture content outside specification, damaged or weak fibres. OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures quality practices workplace practices practices for recording and reporting Demonstrates skills to: access information and records visually compare seed cotton to test samples in order to understand the effects of moisture, contamination and fibre damage analyze and evaluate information read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices.
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication

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Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Perform Minor Maintenance TXT SGO2 02 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to provide minor maintenance of production machines.

Element 1. Operate machine and assess performance

Performance Criteria 1.1 Machine is started and stopped according to manufacturer requirements. 1.2 Machine operation is monitored to ensure correct procedures are assessed and product meets quality standards. 1.3 Problem with machine is identified and reported. 2.1 Minor machine and associated equipment and tool faults are identified and addressed where necessary to meet specified requirements, and are reported. 2.2 Major machine or product faults are identified and documented, and appropriate personnel informed. 2.3 Machine maintenance records and other documentation are accurately completed.

2. Rectify minor machine fault

3. Clean and lubricate machine 4. Check machine operation

3.1 Machine is cleaned according to OHS practices and schedules, and manufacturer cleaning instructions. 3.2 Machine is lubricated according to workplace requirements and schedules, and manufacturer lubricating instructions. 4.1 Machine is checked to ensure correct operation.

Variable Legislative/regul atory requirements OHS practices

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks
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ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: operate machines correctly monitor machine performance against machine specifications make minor adjustments complete records accurately and completely apply OHS practices in work operations Demonstrates knowledge of: procedures and guidelines for safe operation of machines typical fault conditions and related fault finding procedures basic machine maintenance and repair techniques technical specifications manuals quality standards and practices OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: assess operating performance of machine start and stop machines according to specifications monitor machine operations, including machine production readings recognize fault conditions rectify minor machine faults or problems as required read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Weigh and Check Textile Materials and Products TXT SGO2 03 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to weigh and check textile materials and products.

Element 1. Prepare for weighing

Performance Criteria 1.1 Fibre, yarns, other materials and products to be weighed are identified and samples are taken. 1.2 Appropriate weighing or measuring equipment is organized. 1.3 Calibration is checked as required.

2. Weigh materials and products

2.1 Fibre, yarns, raw materials and products are weighed accurately. 2.2 Weighing is conducted according to materials handling and OHS practices . 2.3 Weights are correctly recorded and documented. 3.1 Yarns, raw materials and products are correctly checked for colour, blend and number if appropriate. 3.2 The weight of the fibres, yarns, raw materials and textile products is checked against production order. 4.1 Fibres, yarn, raw materials and product weight, colour and order details are checked against relevant documentation .

3. Check materials and products 4. Confirm documentation

Variable Legislative/ regulatory requirements Materials and products may include:

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. yarns for tufting spun cotton, worsted and woollen yarns finished knitted garments finished hosiery garments non-woven raw materials and fabrics finished fabrics used in textile printing fabrics used in weaving, dyeing, knitting, tufting and finishing weighing, measuring and mixing equipment which are used according to manufacturer specifications and workplace practices

Equipment may include:

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OHS practices

Documentation may include:

OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices production order delivery documentation tickets or labels specification sheet

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: correctly weigh and measure record and document weight and measurement readings check results against specifications apply OHS practices in workplace operations maintain accurate records Demonstrates knowledge of: operation of weighing and measuring machines and equipment requirements for recording and documenting equipment readings care and maintenance of equipment technical specifications manuals quality standards and practices stores and procurement procedures OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: use machines and measuring equipment calibrate equipment confirm compliance to operational specifications interpret technical data recognize fault conditions test and adjust equipment
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

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Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

check products against specifications read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Repair Textile Product TXT SGO2 04 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to repair textile products. The unit applies to the repair of final products or products produced at different stages of production to meet quality standards. Performance Criteria 1.1 Textile product fault is identified. 1.2 Requirements for repair of textile product are determined and specifications for repair task documented.

Element 1. Determine repair requirements

2. Prepare for 2.1 Textile product is prepared in appropriate manner for repair. repair of textile 2.2 Yarn, fabric or raw materials required for the repair task are product identified and prepared. 2.3 Machinery, equipment and tools required for the repair task are assembled and checked. 2.4 Plan for the repair task is developed. 3. Undertake textile product repair 3.1 Repair is undertaken to restore textile product to the standard specified using a range of techniques and materials, as required. 3.2 Textile product is checked against specifications and appropriate quality standards, and adjustments made as required. 3.3 Textile product is prepared for storage or transferred to the appropriate work section, as required. 3.4 Paperwork and documentation is prepared.

Variable Legislative/ regulatory requirements Textile product may include:

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. carpet fabric knitted products hosiery nonwoven fabrics yarns fault in yarn quality, ply, twist poor quality of fabric or product
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Textile product fault may


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include

Machinery, equipment and tools may include

OHS practices

holes, cuts, breaks in yarn, fabric or product inconsistent colouring contaminants in the product lines or marks in the product incorrect yarn height mending guns hand pens needles sewing machines gluing equipment knives OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: assess textile product for repair repair textile product to optimum condition check repair against quality standards interact with workplace personnel and clients apply OHS practices in work operations maintain accurate records Demonstrates knowledge of: construction of product being repaired characteristics of materials used in product construction repair techniques and their application quality standards and practices OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

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Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

Demonstrates skills to: perform maintenance and repair techniques to the required quality standard communicate effectively with clients, work groups and supervisors use hand and machine techniques appropriate to the repair task prepare and present reports and information in appropriate formats read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practices Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

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Occupational Standard: Weaving and Knitting Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Use Specialized Machinery to Assist Textile Production TXT SGO2 05 0511 This unit covers the skills and knowledge to use specialized machinery to assist in the production of textile products

Element 1. Prepare for specialized machine operation

Performance Criteria 1.1 Work pieces or materials are laid out in sequence. 1.2 Work area, bench or seating are set up or prepared according to OHS practices. 1.3 Specialized machine is prepared and adjusted according to the specifications for the work. 1.4 Problems are reported and recorded.

2. Operate specialized machine

2.1 Specialized machine is operated. 2.2 OHS practices are followed. 2.3 Work is assessed for compliance with quality standards and production specifications. 2.4 Specialized machine is checked during production and adjusted to ensure optimum performance.

3. Dispatch completed work

3.1 Production outputs are checked against quality standards. 3.2 Any machine or product faults identified are reported and recorded. 3.3 Outputs are directed to the next operation. 3.4 Work documentation is completed as required.

Variable Regulatory requirements Specialist machine may include:

Range All work must comply with relevant Federal and State or Territory legislative or regulatory requirements. stud machine fusing or gluing or backing machine labeling machine beveling machine cutting machine OHS practices include hazard identification and control, risk assessment and implementation of risk reduction measures specific to the tasks described by this unit, and may relate to: manual handling techniques
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OHS practices

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standard operating procedures personal protective equipment safe materials handling taking of rest breaks ergonomic arrangement of workplaces following marked walkways safe storage of equipment housekeeping reporting accidents and incidents environmental practices

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Demonstrates skills and knowledge to: check work against job specifications and workplace standards prepare workstation and work before commencing operations apply machine operation techniques carry out minor machine maintenance according to workplace practices understand and use workplace fault reporting practices apply OHS practices in work operations maintain accurate records Demonstrates knowledge of: operating procedures for specialized machinery quality standards and practices OHS practices, including hazard identification and control measures workplace practices recording and reporting practices Demonstrates skills to: perform production tasks carry out specialized machine operation read, interpret and follow information on work specifications, standard operating procedures and work instructions, and other reference material maintain accurate records communicate within the workplace sequence operations meet specifications clarify and check task-related information carry out work according to OHS practice

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Resources Implication Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

Access is required to real or appropriately simulated situations, including work areas, materials and equipment, and to information on workplace practices and OHS practices. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration and Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the work place or in a simulated work place setting

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Participate in Environmentally Sustainable Work Practices TXT SGO2 06 0511 This competency covers the outcomes required to effectively measure current resource use and carry out improvements including those reducing negative environmental impacts of work practices.

Element 1. Identify current resource use

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Identify workplace environmental and resource efficiency issues. Identify resources used in own work role. Measure and record current usage of resources using appropriate techniques. Identify and report workplace environmental hazards to appropriate personnel.

2. Comply with environmental regulations 3. Seek opportunities to improve resource efficiency Variable Appropriate techniques

2. 1 Follow procedures to ensure compliance. 2. 2 Report environmental incidents to appropriate personnel. 3.1 3.2 Follow enterprise plans to improve environmental practices and resource efficiency. Make suggestions for improvements to workplace practices in own work area.

Range Appropriate techniques include: material fed to/consumed by plant/equipment plant meters and gauges job cards including kanbans examination of invoices from suppliers measurements made under different conditions examination of relevant information and data Compliance includes meeting relevant federal, state and local government laws, by-laws and regulations. Incidents include: breaches or potential breaches of regulations occurrences outside of standard procedure which may lead to lower environmental performance

Compliance Incidents

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Enterprise plans Enterprise plans include: documented policies and procedures work plans to minimize waste, increase efficiency of water use etc. Suggestions Suggestions includes ideas that help to: prevent and minimize environmental risks and maximize opportunities reduce emissions of greenhouse gases reduce use of non-renewable resources improve energy efficiency increase use of renewable, recyclable, reusable and recoverable resources reduce waste increasing the reusability/recyclability of wastes/products Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence It is essential that competence is demonstrated in the knowledge and skills defined in this unit. These may include the ability to: identify resources used in their job identify situations likely to lead to an environmental incident follow procedures related to environmental performance Demonstrate knowledge of Identify current resource use Comply with environmental regulations Seek opportunities to improve resource efficiency Competency includes sufficient knowledge to: have a basic understanding of sustainability know the environmental and resource hazards/risks and inefficiencies associated with own workplace (at an appropriate level) know the relevant environmental and resource efficiency systems and procedures for own work area know the laws and regulations to a level relevant to the work context and the skill to report as required by procedures Resources required include suitable access to an operating plant or equipment that allows for appropriate and realistic simulation. Questioning may take place either in the workplace, or in an adjacent, quiet facility such as an office or lunchroom. No other special resources are required. Competency may be accessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation / Demonstration with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in the workplace or in a simulated workplace setting
Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard Version 1 May 2011

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes Underpinning Skills

Resources Implication

Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment


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Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Work in Team Environment TXT SGO2 07 0511 This unit covers the skills, knowledge and attitudes to identify role and responsibility as a member of a team.

Elements

Performance Criteria

1. Describe 1.1 The role and objective of the team is identified from team role and available sources of information scope 1.2 Team parameters, reporting relationships and responsibilities are identified from team discussions and appropriate external sources 2. Identify own role and responsibility within team 2.1 Individual role and responsibilities within the team environment are identified 2.2 Roles and responsibility of other team members are identified and recognized 2.3 Reporting relationships within team and external to team are identified 3. Work as a 3.1 Effective and appropriate forms of communications used and team member interactions undertaken with team members who contribute to known team activities and objectives 3.2 Effective and appropriate contributions made to complement team activities and objectives, based on individual skills and competencies and workplace context 3.3 Observed protocols in reporting using standard operating procedures 3.4 Contribute to the development of team work plans based on an understanding of teams role and objectives and individual competencies of the members.

Variable Role and objective of team

Range Work activities in a team environment with enterprise or specific sector Limited discretion, initiative and judgment maybe demonstrated on the job, either individually or in a team environment

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Sources of information

Standard operating and/or other workplace procedures Job procedures Machine/equipment manufacturers specifications and instructions Organizational or external personnel Client/supplier instructions Quality standards OHS and environmental standards Work procedures and practices Conditions of work environments Legislation and industrial agreements Standard work practice including the storage, safe handling and disposal of chemicals Safety, environmental, housekeeping and quality guidelines

Workplace context

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence

Description Assessment requires evidence that the candidate: Operated in a team to complete workplace activity Worked effectively with others Conveyed information in written or oral form Selected and used appropriate workplace language Followed designated work plan for the job Reported outcomes Communication process Team structure Team roles Group planning and decision making

Underpinning Knowledge and Attitude

Demonstrate knowledge and attitude on:

Underpinning Skills Resource Implications

Communicate appropriately, consistent with the culture of the workplace The following resources must be provided: Access to relevant workplace or appropriately simulated environment where assessment can take place Materials relevant to the proposed activity or tasks Competency may be assessed through: Interview/Written Test Demonstration/Observation with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed in workplace or in a simulated workplace setting Assessment shall be observed while task are being undertaken whether individually or in group

Methods of Assessment Context for Assessment

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Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Participate in Workplace Communication TXT SGO2 09 0511 This unit covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to gather, interpret and convey information in response to workplace requirements.

Elements 1. Obtain and convey workplace information

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Specific and relevant appropriate sources information is accessed from

Effective questioning , active listening and speaking skills are used to gather and convey information Appropriate medium is used to transfer information and ideas Appropriate non- verbal communication is used Appropriate lines of communication with supervisors and colleagues are identified and followed Defined workplace procedures for the location and storage of information are used Personal interaction is carried out clearly and concisely Team meetings are attended on time Own opinions are clearly expressed and those of others are listened to without interruption Meeting inputs are consistent with the meeting purpose and established protocols Workplace interactions are conducted in a courteous manner Questions about simple routine workplace procedures and maters concerning working conditions of employment are asked and responded to

2. Participate in workplace meetings and discussions

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5

2.6 Meetings outcomes are interpreted and implemented 3. Complete relevant work related documents 3.1 Range of forms relating to conditions of employment are completed accurately and legibly 3.2 Workplace data is recorded on standard workplace forms and documents 3.3 Basic mathematical processes are used for routine calculations 3.4 Errors in recording information on forms/ documents are identified and properly acted upon
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3.5 Reporting requirements to supervisor are completed according to organizational guidelines

Variables Appropriate sources

Medium

Storage Protocols

Workplace interactions

Range Team members Suppliers Trade personnel Local government Industry bodies Memorandum Circular Notice Information discussion Follow-up or verbal instructions Face to face communication Manual filing system Computer-based filing system Observing meeting Compliance with meeting decisions Obeying meeting instructions Face to face Telephone Electronic and two way radio Written including electronic, memos, instruction and forms, nonverbal including gestures, signals, signs and diagrams Personnel forms, telephone message forms, safety reports

Forms

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence Assessment requires evidence that the candidate: Prepared written communication following standard format of the organization Accessed information using communication equipment Made use of relevant terms as an aid to transfer information effectively Conveyed information effectively adopting the formal or informal communication Demonstrates knowledge of: Effective communication Different modes of communication, procedures and system Organizational policies Technology relevant to the enterprise and the individuals work responsibilities
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

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Underpinning Skills

Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context of Assessment

Demonstrates skills of: Follow simple spoken language Perform routine workplace duties following simple written notices Participate in workplace meetings and discussions Complete work related documents Estimate, calculate and record routine workplace measures Basic mathematical processes of addition, subtraction, division and multiplication Ability to relate to people of social range in the workplace Gather and provide information in response to workplace requirements The following resources must be provided: Workplace or fully equipped assessment location with necessary tools and equipment as well as consumable material Competence may be accessed through: Interview/Written Test Demonstration /Observation with Oral Questioning Competency may be assessed individually in the actual workplace or through accredited institution

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Spinning and Ginning Operations Ethiopia Occupational Standard

Version 1 May 2011

Occupational Standard: Spinning and Ginning Operations Level II Unit Title Unit Code Unit Descriptor Develop Business Practice TXT SGO2 11 0511 This unit specifies the outcomes required to establish a business operation from a planned concept. It includes researching the feasibility of establishing a business operation, planning the setting up of the business, implementing the plan and reviewing operations once commenced.

Elements 1. Identify business opportunity

Performance Criteria 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Business opportunities are investigated and identified Feasibility study is undertaken to determine likely business viability Market research on product or service is undertaken Assistance with feasibility study of specialist and relevant parties is sought as required Impact of emerging or changing technology including ecommerce, on business operations are evaluated Practicability of business opportunity assessed in line with perceived risks, returns sought and resources available Business plan for operation is completed Financial and business skills available are identified and taken into account when business opportunities are researched Personal skills/attributes are assessed and matched against those perceived as necessary for a particular business opportunity Business risks are identified and assessed according to resources available and personal preferences Business structure and operations are determined and documented Procedures to guide operations are developed and documented Financial backing for business operation is secured Business legal and regulatory requirements are identified and complied Human and physical resources required to commence business operation are determined Recruitment strategies are developed and implemented
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2. Identify personal business skills

2.1

2.2

2.3 3. Plan for establishment of business operation 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
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4. Implement establishment plan

4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5

Marketing of business operation is undertaken Physical and human resources to implement business operation are obtained Operational unit to support and coordinate business operation is established Monitoring process for managing operation is developed and implemented Legal documents are carefully maintained and relevant records are kept and updated to ensure validity and accessibility Contractual procurement rights for goods and services including contracts with relevant people, negotiated and secured as required in accordance with the business plan Options for leasing/ownership of business premises identified and contractual arrangements completed in accordance with the business plan Review process for implementation of business operation is developed and implemented Improvements in business operation and associated management process are identified Identified improvements are implemented and monitored for effectiveness

4.6

4.7

5. Review 5.1 implementation process 5.2 5.3

Variable Business opportunities maybe influenced by:

Range expected financial viability skills of operator amount and types of finance available returns expected or required by owners likely return on investment finance required lifestyle issues opportunities available market competition timing/ cyclical considerations skills available resources available location and/ or premises available risk related to a particular business opportunity, especially in regard to Occupational Health and Safety and environmental considerations Chamber of commerce Financial planners and financial institution representatives,
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Business viability may include:

Specialist and relevant parties


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Human and physical resources may include:

Personal skills/attributes may include: Business risks may be affected by and may include but are not restricted to:

Resources may include:

Operational unit refers to: Legal documents may include:

business planning specialists and marketing specialists accountants lawyers and providers of legal advice government agencies industry/trade associations online gateways business brokers/business consultants software and hardware office premises communications equipment specialist services through outsourcing, contracting and consultancy staff vehicles technical and/ or specialist skills business knowledge and skills entrepreneurship willingness to take risks occupational health and safety and environmental considerations relevant legislative requirements security of investment market competition security of premises/ location supply and demand resources available staff money time equipment space office location staffed with required personnel and equipped to service and support business home-based site or other location such as leased or owned property partnership agreements, constitution documents, statutory books for companies (Register of Members, Register of Directors and Minute Books), Certificate of Incorporation, Franchise Agreements and financial documentation, appropriate software for financial records recordkeeping including personnel, financial, taxation, OHS and environmental

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Contracts with relevant people may include:

owners, suppliers, employees, landlords, agents, distributors, customers or any person with whom the business has, or seeks to have, a performance-based relationship

Evidence Guide Critical Aspects of Competence A person must be able to provide evidence: that a business operation has been planned and implemented from initial research into feasibility of the business and completion of the plan, through to implementing the plan and commencing operations the ability to evaluate the results of research and assess the likely viability and practicability of a business opportunity, taking into account the current business/market climate and resources available Demonstrate knowledge and attitudes on: Federal and regional government legislative requirements affecting business operations, especially in regard to occupational health and safety (OHS), equal employment opportunity (EEO), industrial relations and anti-discrimination Technical or specialist skills relevant to the business operation Financing options Business systems and operations Relevant marketing, management, sales and financial concepts Methods for researching business opportunities Principles of risk management relevant to the business Methods of identifying relevant specialist services to complement the business Forms and administrative systems Services available and charges Planning and control systems (sales, Advertising and promotion, distribution and logistics Financial recording systems Legal rights and responsibilities Record keeping duties Operational factors relating to the business (provision of professional services, products) Demonstrate skills on: Literacy skills to interpret legal requirements, company policies and procedures and immediate, day-to-day demands Marketing skills Business planning skills Entrepreneurial skills
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Underpinning Knowledge and Attitudes

Underpinning Skills

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Resource Implications Methods of Assessment Context for Assessment

Problem-solving skills OHS skills Time management skills Belief in services and products offered by the business Communication skills including questioning, clarifying, reporting, and giving and receiving constructive feedback Technical and analytical skills to interpret business documents, reports and financial statements and projections Ability to relate to people from a range of social, cultural and ethnic backgrounds and physical and mental abilities Problem solving skills to develop contingency plans Using computers and software packages to record and manage data and to produce reports Literacy skills to enable interpretation of business information, numeracy skills for data analysis to aid research Research skills to identify a business opportunity and to conduct a feasibility study Analytical skills to assess personal attributes and to identify business risks Observation skills for identifying appropriate people, resources and to monitor work The following resources should be provided: Access to relevant workplace documentation, financial records, and equipment Competence may be assessed through: Interview / Written Test Observation/Demonstration with Oral questioning Competence may be assessed in the workplace or in a simulated work environment

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Sector: Textile and Garments Sub-Sector: Textile Production

Level V

Textile Technology and Production Management

Level IV

Textile Technology and Production

Level III

Spinning and Ginning Operations

Weaving and Knitting Operations

Textile Chemical Processing Operations Textile Chemical Processing Operations

Level II

Spinning and Ginning Operations

Weaving and Knitting Operations

Level I

Basic Textile Operations

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Acknowledgement

We wish to extend thanks and appreciation to the many representatives of business, industry, academe and government agencies who donated their time and expertise to the development of this occupational standard.

We would like also to express our appreciation to the Experts of Ministry of Education (MoE) and Engineering Capacity Building Program (ecbp) who facilitated the development of this occupational standard.

This occupational standard was developed on May 2011 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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