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Suppose that in a year, an American producer can produce 150 T-shirts or 250 phones, while a Chinese producer can produce 300 T-shirts or 100 phones. a. Graph the production possibilities curve for the two countries. Which country has the absolute advantage in the production of each good? Which country has the comparative advantage? b. Assume that each country decides to use half of its resources in the production of each good. Show these points on the graphs for each country as point A. c. Now suppose that each country decides to specialize in the good in which each has a comparative advantage. Which country should export T-shirts? By specializing, what is the total world production of each product now? d. The price of phones can be expressed in terms of T-shirts. What is the highest price at which phones can be traded that would make both producers better off? What is the lowest price? Explain. Suppose a person needs to eat bread every day, and his utility function of bread is in the form of
Compute this person’s utility level and complete the form below pieces of bread Utility 0 5 1 6 2 3 4
b. Now let’s consider the problem at the margin. Define marginal utility as the utility gained from a unit increase in the consumption of bread. Compute the marginal utility at each level and complete the “marginal utility” column in the form. pieces of bread Marginal utility 0 0 1 1 2 3 4 c.
Suppose we change the utility function from to
Where, The price of bread is $0.5 each, then, will this person buy 3 piece of bread? What about 4 pieces? Why? What about 5 pieces?
d. Is the marginal utility increasing or decreasing? Try to explain why it has this trend and give some other examples.
Make certain to label the equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity. What problem would exist in the market? What would you expect to happen to price? Show this on your graph. c. Why might teenagers have a different elasticity from adults? 5. Suppose that the price of drinks in CUHK is determined by market forces. Real incomes grow and new cars are normal goods. and the government reduced the price of the public transportation. Suppose that two different groups of people (teenagers and adults) have the following demand for cigarettes: Price Quantity Demanded Quantity Demanded (teenagers) (adults) $2 13 per week 20 per week $4 9 18 $6 5 16 $8 1 14 a. 4. Given the table below.000 6. graph the demand and supply curves for drinks. Using supply-and-demand diagrams.000 Represent the demand and supply curve by equations.3. The traffic jam is becoming more and more annoying. What are the equilibrium price and quantity of drinks? (Compute by equations and compare it to the result from a.000 10.000 2. The price of oil increases because it’s non-renewable resource.) c. a. Suppose the price is currently $5. b.000 $4 8.000 $2 12. . d. a. show the effect of the following events on the market for cars: The price of iron decreases this year. b. Use the midpoint method to calculate each group’s price elasticity of demand as the price of cigarettes increases from $4 to $6.000 $1 14.000 4. b.000 8. Price Quantity Demanded Quantity Supplied Per Month Per Month $5 6.000 $3 10.