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Coordinates: 37°23′16.54″N 121°57′48.74″W
NASDAQ: INTC NYSE: INTC Euronext: INCO SEHK: 4335 Dow Jones Component NASDAQ-100 Component
Mountain View, California, US(July 18, 1968)
Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce
Santa Clara, California, U.S.
Paul Otellini (President & CEO) Jane Shaw (Chairman)
Bluetooth chipsets, flash memory,microprocessors, motherboardchipsets, network
US$ 43.623 billion (2010)
US$ 16.045 billion (2010)
US$ 11.464 billion (2010)
US$ 63.186 billion (2010)
US$ 49.430 billion (2010)
Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC) is an American multinational semiconductor chip maker corporation headquartered in Santa Clara, California, United States and the world's largest semiconductor chip maker, based on revenue. It is the inventor of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors found in most personal computers. Intel was founded on July 18, 1968, as Integrated Electronics Corporation (though a common misconception is that "Intel" is from the word intelligence). Intel also makes motherboard chipsets,network interface controllers and integrated circuits, flash memory, graphic chips, embedded processors and other devices related to communications and computing. Founded by semiconductor pioneers Robert Noyceand Gordon Moore and widely associated with the executive leadership and vision of Andrew Grove, Intel combines advanced chip design capability with a leading-edge manufacturing capability. Though Intel was originally known primarily to engineers and technologists, its "Intel Inside" advertising campaign of the 1990s made it and its Pentium processor household names. Intel was an early developer of SRAM and DRAM memory chips, and this represented the majority of its business until 1981. Although Intel created the world's first commercial microprocessor chip in 1971, it was not until the success of the personal computer (PC) that this became its primary business.
During the 1990s. and Itanium 2. particularly against Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).5 Supercomputers o 2..4 Solid-state drives (SSD) o 2.7 Partnership with Apple o 2.4 Regaining of momentum o 1. x86 processors. antitrust and espionage o 2.3 Intel. Intel has recently introduced a 3-D transistor that may improve performance and energy efficiency.3 Slowing demand and challenges to dominance o 1.6 Acquisitions o 1.6 Competition. Intel has also begun research in electrical transmission and generation.8 Core 2 Duo advertisement controversy o 188.8.131.52 Origins o 1.1 SRAMS and the microprocessor o 2. Intel will be mass producing this 3-D transistor. a solar cell spinoff of Intel.1 386 microprocessor 2.3. and was known for aggressive and sometimes illegal tactics in defense of its market position.2 Early history o 1.9 Classmate PC o 2.3.2 486.5 Sale of XScale processor business o 1.10 Mobile processor
.7 Expansions 2 Product and market history o 2. filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 11. as well as a struggle with Microsoft for control over the direction of the PC industry. During this period Intel became the dominant supplier of microprocessors for PCs.4 "Intel Inside" and other 1990s programs o 2. called TriGate transistors. Intel invested heavily in new microprocessor designs fostering the rapid growth of the computer industry. Pentium. with their upcoming 22nm process in the near future.2 From DRAM to microprocessors o 2.3 Pentium flaw 2. SpectraWatt Inc.The 2010 rankings of the world's 100 most powerful brands published by Millward Brown Optimor showed the company's brand value at number 48. 
1 Corporate history o 1. In 2011. and the IBM PC 2.
14 IT Manager 3: Unseen Forces 2.2 Logos 184.108.40.206.2 Employment 3.2 Anti-competitive allegations 4.6.4 Naming strategy o 3.7 Open source support o 3.4 Ultrabook Fund o 3.•
• • • •
2.1 Lawsuits o 4.11 Server chips 2.2.1 Leadership and corporate structure o 220.127.116.11 Age discrimination 4 Competition o 4.1 Japan 4.2 European Union 4.1 Diversity o 3.5 Finances o 3.8 Environmental record o 3.3 South Korea 4.1 Intel Inside 3.13 Personal Office Energy Monitor (POEM) 2.6 Advertising and brand management 3.3 Funding of a school o 18.104.22.168 Religious controversy o 3.3 Sonic logo 3.15 Car Security System 3 Corporate affairs o 3.4 United States 5 Market share 6 See also 7 References
o o o o o
8 External links
 Corporate history
.12 22nm processors 2.
but was Chairman of the Board. USA Intel was founded in Mountain View.  The name. and Arthur was an investor only (not an employee). That same year Intel produced the first metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) static random access memory (SRAM) chips.
.8 million ($23.Intel headquarters in Santa Clara. and to change fundamental aspects of that business model. However. still dominated by various memory devices. and the sudden success of the IBM personal computer convinced then-CEO Andrew Grove to shift the company's focus to microprocessors. CA.000 from Rock. Just 2 years later. they had to buy the rights for the name.50 per share). before deciding to call their company Integrated Electronics or "Intel" for short. Instead they used the name NM Electronics for almost a year.  Early history At its founding. Since "Intel" was already trademarked by the hotel chain Intelco. increased competition from Japanese semiconductor manufacturers had. however. California in 1968 by Gordon E. Intel's business grew during the 1970s as it expanded and improved its manufacturing processes and produced a wider range of products.5 million convertible debentures and $10. by the early 1980s its business was dominated by dynamic random access memory chips. Robert Noyce (a physicist and co-inventor of the integrated circuit). Moore and Noyce initially wanted to name the company "Moore Noyce". Moore and Noyce had both come from Fairchild Semiconductor were the first two employees. While Intel created the first commercially available microprocessor (Intel 4004) in 1971 and one of the first microcomputers in 1972. was a homophone for "more noise" – an ill-suited name for anelectronics company. dramatically reduced the profitability of this market. a chemical engineer. Intel was distinguished by its ability to make semiconductors and its first product in 1969 was the 3101 Schottky TTL bipolar 64-bit random access memory (RAM). a chemist and physicist). Moore (of "Moore's Law" fame. by 1983. The total initial investment in Intel was $2. who later ran the company through much of the 1980s and the high-growth 1990s. since noise in electronics is usually very undesirable and typically associated with bad interference.Intel's third employee was Andy Grove. Intel completed their initial public offering (IPO) raising $6. and Arthur Rock (investor and venture capitalist).
digital home. Intel was able to associate brand loyalty with consumer selection. and Intel's dominant position in its core market was greatly reduced. Intel had also for a number of years been embroiled in litigation. garnered significant market share. The lawsuits were noted to significantly burden the competition with legal bills.
.  Slowing demand and challenges to dominance After 2000. In the early 2000s then-CEO Craig Barrett attempted to diversify the company's business beyond semiconductors. Intel unveiled its new product development model to regain its prior technological lead.  In September 2006 due to falling profits. initially in low-end and mid-range processors but ultimately across the product range. digital health. notably AMD (Intel's largest competitor in its primary x86 architecturemarket). until the Semiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984.  Regaining of momentum Faced with the need to regain lost marketplace momentum. and mobility) which led to the hiring of over 20. growth in demand for high-end microprocessors slowed.  During the late 1980s and 1990s (after this law was passed) Intel also sued companies that tried to develop competitor chips to the 80386 CPU. and again in 2005. a law sought by Intel and the Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA). Antitrust allegations that had been simmering since the early 1990s and already been the cause of one lawsuit against Intel in 1991. so that by the end of the 1990s. even if Intel lost the suits. the company announced a restructuring that resulted in layoffs of 10.000 new employees. but few of these activities were ultimately successful. US law did not initially recognize intellectual property rights related to microprocessor topology (circuit layouts). By launching its Intel Inside marketing campaign in 1991. its line of Pentium processors had become a household name. In 2005.By the end of the 1980s this decision had proven successful. Competitors. broke out again as AMD brought further claims against Intel related to unfair competition in 2004. CEO Paul Otellini reorganized the company to refocus its core processor and chipset business on platforms (enterprise. Buoyed by its fortuitous position as microprocessor supplier to IBM and its competitors within therapidly growing personal computer market.500 employees or about 10 percent of its workforce by July 2006. Intel embarked on a 10year period of unprecedented growth as the primary (and most profitable) hardware supplier to the PC industry.
Nehalem. Intel produced P6 and NetBurst products with reduced die size (65 nm). Intel agreed to sell the XScale processor business to Marvell Technology Group for an estimated $600 million (They bought them for $1.  Acquisitions In August 2010.68 billion. Intel agreed to ensure that rival security firms have access to all necessary
. and the companies said that if the deal were approved. With the Infineon transaction. tablets and embedded computers in consumer products. new products would be released early in 2011. 2006. around 1996 graphics chip designers nVidia had addressed its own business and marketplace difficulties by adopting a demanding 6-month internal product cycle whose products repeatedly outperformed market expectation. the sale of Intel's XScale assets was announced. In 2006. On August 19. Intel introduced the Penryn microarchitecture. 2011. the company announced the acquisition of Infineon Technologies’ Wireless Solutions business. we saw another "tick". For example.6billion) in cash and the assumption of unspecified liabilities. The move was intended to permit Intel to focus its resources on its core x86 and server businesses. eventually integrating its wireless modem into Intel’s silicon chips. Intel won the European Union regulatory approval for its acquisition of McAfee on January 26.  Sale of XScale processor business On June 27. the program was based upon annual alternation of microarchitecture innovation and process innovation. 2006. Less than two weeks later. and the acquisition completed on November 9.Known as its "tick-tock model". Intel announced that it planned to purchase McAfee. Intel announced two major acquisitions. undergoing a shrink from 65 nm to 45 nm. and the year after saw the release of its positively reviewed successor processor. netbooks. The purchase price was $7. Intel was not the first microprocessor corporation to do this. A year later it unveiled its Core microarchitecture to widespread critical acclaim. a manufacturer of computer security technology. the product range was perceived as an exceptional leap in processor performance that at a stroke regained much of its leadership of the field. Intel plans to use the company’s technology in laptops. smart phones. In 2008. followed by another silicon shrink to the 32nm process.
Intel bought most of the assets of Cairo-based SySDSoft. April 2011: Intel Corporation began a pilot project to produce smartphones with ZTE Corporation for China's domestic market. an Israeli based navigation software company.000 employees. including (roughly) 12. This project is intended to challenge the domination of ARM processors in mobile phones. Arizona which is expected to be completed in 2013 at a cost of $5 billion.information that would allow their products to use Intel's chips and personal computers.000 software engineers.  February 2011: The company will build a new microprocessor factory at Chandler. 2011. Following the closure of the McAfee deal.  Expansions In 2008. It will accommodate 4. as of 2011. The smartphone will be based on the Intel Atom processor. and Intel grew to be a leader in the fiercely competitiveDRAM. Intel announced that it has agreed to acquire Fulcrum Microsystems Inc. SRAM.
 Product and market history
 SRAMS and the microprocessor The company's first products were shift register memory and randomaccess memory integrated circuits.000. However. a company specializing in network switches. Intel reached a deal to acquire Telmap. and ROM markets throughout the 1970s. Intel's workforce totals approximately 90. although three quarters of the revenue come from overseas. Intel engineers Marcian Hoff. Stanley
. SpetraWatt Inc. Concurrently. The company produces three quarters of their products in the United States..  The company was previously included on EE Times list of 60 Emerging Startups. In July 2011. Intel spun off key assets of a solar startup business effort to form an independent company. In March 2011. The purchase price was not disclosed but Israeli media reports cited a $300 million to $350 million figure. Federico Faggin. SpectraWatt has filed for bankruptcy.  On October 1.
When the PC industry boomed in the late 1980s and 1990s.Mazor and Masatoshi Shimainvented Intel's first microprocessor. Originally developed for the Japanese company Busicom to replace a number of ASICs in a calculator already produced by Busicom. at the dawn of the personal computer era.  Intel. then considered radical. As the next processor. 1971. 128 bytes ofRAM.)  From DRAM to microprocessors In 1983. and ceased licensing the chip designs to competitors such as Zilog and AMD. the Intel 4004 was introduced to the mass market on November 15. manufacture of complex integrated circuits was not reliable enough for customers to depend on a single supplier. (Note: Intel is usually given credit with Texas Instruments for the almost-simultaneous invention of the microprocessor. Grove described this transition in the book Only the Paranoid Survive. Intel embarked on a major marketing and sales campaign for that chip
. Despite the ultimate importance of the microprocessor. but Grove began producing processors in three geographically distinct factories. Intel's profits came under increased pressure from Japanese memory-chip manufacturers. andI/O in the same chip. the 4004 and its successors the 8008 and the 8080 were never major revenue contributors at Intel. the 8086 (and its variant the 8088) was completed in 1978. 2048 bytes of EPROM. and the IBM PC
The die from an Intel 8742. of becoming the single source for successors to the popular 8086 microprocessor. Intel was one of the primary beneficiaries. Until then. A key element of his plan was the notion. though the microprocessor did not become the core of Intel's business until the mid-1980s. and thenPresident Andy Grove drove the company into a focus on microprocessors. an 8-bit microcontroller that includes a CPUrunning at 12 MHz. x86 processors.
The 8080 and 8086-series microprocessors were produced by several companies. In 1975 the company had started a project to develop a highly advanced 32-bit microprocessor. and it failed in the marketplace. and the Phoenix. Pentium. Intel created the 80286 microprocessor. and convincing customers that this would ensure consistent delivery. was used in the IBM PC/AT. though the importance of this was not fully realized at the time. As the success of Compaq's Deskpro 386 established the 386 as the dominant CPU choice. two years later. Of perhaps greater importance was his decision to "single-source" the 386 microprocessor. Grove made the decision not to license the 386 design to other manufacturers. IBM introduced its personal computer in 1981. finally released in 1981 as the Intel iAPX 432. closing much of its DRAM business and directing resources to the microprocessorbusiness. which. beating IBM and establishing a competitive market for PC-compatible systems and setting up Intel as a key component supplier. Prior to this. Oregon. Hillsboro. Intel achieved a position of near-exclusive dominance as its supplier. interrupting supplies to customers. Profits from this funded rapid development of both higher-performance chip designs and higher-performance manufacturing capabilities. the first IBM PC "clone" manufacturer. produced a desktop system based on the faster 80286 processor in 1985 and in 1986 quickly followed with the first 80386-based system. microprocessor manufacturing was in its infancy. and Itanium
. One design win was the newly created IBM PC division.
 386 microprocessor
During this period Andrew Grove dramatically redirected the company. and it was rapidly successful. California. Compaq. notably AMD. these customers typically insisted that multiple manufacturers produce chips they could use to ensure a consistent supply. instead producing it in three geographically distinct factories in Santa Clara. and intended to win as many customers for the processor as possible.nicknamed "Operation Crush". The project was too ambitious and the processor was never able to meet its performance objectives. In 1982. To mitigate this risk. Arizona suburb of Chandler. Intel extended the x86 architecture to 32 bits instead. propelling Intel to a position of unquestioned leadership by the early 1990s.
 486. and manufacturing problems frequently reduced or stopped production.
 Word of the bug spread quickly on the Internet and then to the industry press. designing the processors code-named "P5" and "P6" in parallel and committing to a major new processor every two years. versus the four or more years such designs had previously taken. Intel engineers discovered a flaw in the floating-point math subsection of the P5 Pentium microprocessor. The resulting implementation of theIA-64 64-bit architecture was the Itanium. In October 1994. low order bits of the result of floating-point division operations would be incorrect. but nonetheless declined to disclose it. The P5 was introduced in 1993 as the Intel Pentium. are hard to register as a trademark). Thomas Nicely.
. The Itanium's performance running legacy x86 code did not achieve expectations. The P6 followed in 1995 as the Pentium Pro and improved into the Pentium II in 1997. California and Hillsboro. on October 30 posted a message on the Internet. The P5 was earlier known as "Operation Bicycle" referring to the cycles of the processor. The Hillsboro team designed the Willamette processors (code-named P67 and P68) which were marketed as the Pentium 4. an error that can quickly compound in floating-point operations to much larger errors in subsequent calculations. and it failed to compete effectively with 64-bit extensions to the original x86 architecture. though Intel soon took over primary design responsibility. introduced by AMD.
 Pentium flaw
Main article: Pentium FDIV bug In June 1994. Under certain data dependent conditions. As of 2009. and in 1990 formally established a second design team. Because the bug was easy to replicate by an average user (there was a sequence of numbers one could enter into the OS calculator to show the error). Intel corrected the error in a future chip revision. Intel continues to develop and deploy the Itanium. substituting a registered trademark name for the former part number (numbers. Dr.Intel introduced the 486 microprocessor in 1989. Oregon. finally introduced in June 2001. The first attempt was dropped a year later. but quickly revived in a cooperative program with Hewlett-Packard engineers. New architectures were developed alternately in Santa Clara. The Santa Clara design team embarked in 1993 on a successor to the x86 architecture. and upon receiving no response from his inquiry to Intel. named x8664 (although Intel uses the name Intel 64. codenamed "P7". Professor of Mathematics at Lynchburg College independently discovered the bug. previously EM64T). such as 486.
while avoiding a lasting negative impression. Dovetailing with an uptick in the "Intel Inside" campaign. changing some of its business practices to be more end-user focused and generating substantial public awareness. This campaign established Intel. the "Pentium flaw" incident. During the 1990s. including the PCI Bus. Intel began manufacturing fully configured "white box" systems for the dozens of PC clone companies that rapidly sprang up. This resulted in a $500 million charge against Intel's 1994 revenue. Intel's Architecture Lab (IAL) was responsible for many of the hardware innovations of the personal computer. in the early 1990s. the main board component of a personal computer. Intel undertook two major supporting programs.
. the Universal Serial Bus (USB).
 "Intel Inside" and other 1990s programs
During this period. The first is widely known: the 1991 "Intel Inside" marketing and branding campaign. The New York Times ran a piece by journalist John Markoff spotlighting the error. but later its efforts were largely overshadowed by competition from Microsoft. Ironically. Bluetooth wireless interconnect. the episode is considered to have been a positive event for Intel. and the now-dominant architecture for multiprocessor servers. and the one into which the processor (CPU) and memory (RAM) chips are plugged. The competition between Intel and Microsoft was revealed in testimony by IAL VicePresident Steven McGeady at the Microsoft antitrust trial. quickly putting in place a large end-user support organization. making it the third-largest supplier at the time. as a household name. Intel's response to it. At its peak in the mid-1990s. The idea of ingredient branding was new at the time with only Nutrasweet and a few others making attempts at that. the PCI Express (PCIe) bus. Shortly after.Intel's statements that it was minor and "not even an erratum" were not accepted by many computer users.[clarification needed] IAL's software efforts met with a more mixed fate. which had been a component supplier little-known outside the PC industry. Intel changed its position and offered to replace every chip. manufacturing PC "motherboards". Intel manufactured over 15% of all PCs. The second program is little-known: Intel's Systems Group began. its video and graphics software was important in the development of software digital video. During Thanksgiving 1994. and the surrounding media coverage propelled Intel from being a technology supplier generally unknown to most computer users to a household name.
reduced prices by up to 60 percent while offering lower latency and improved performance. The SSD 310. Sequential read performance maxes out at 270 MB/s due to the older SATA 3 Gbit/s interface.
Intel SSDs Model Codename X18Ephraim Capacities (GB) 80/160
Seq. 2008. 300 GB and 600 GB. 2010. and was released in capacities of 40 GB. 80 GB. the SSD 510. the X18-M and X25-M with 80GB and 160GB storage capacities. In March of that same year. March 2011 saw the introduction of two new SSD lines from Intel. The second product announcement.  TheseMLC-based drives received wide critical acclaim for their superior performance. Intel refreshed their X25-M and X18-M lines by moving from a 50-nanometer to a 34-nanometer process. 160 GB. which uses a controller from Marvell. 120 GB. Rnd 4 NAND Interface Form factor Controller read/write read/w type MB/s IOP 50 nm SATA 3 1. Intel's first mSATAdrive was released on December 2010.5" Intel 250 / 70 35. The drive. Intel began shipping its first mainstream solid-state drives.
In July 2009. Intel entered the budget SSD segment with their X25V drives with an initial capacity of 40GB. uses a SATA 6 Gigabit per second interface in order to reach speeds of up to 500 MegaBytes per second. was released using 34 nm NAND Flash and came in capacities of 120GB and 250GB. Solid-state drives (SSD) On September 8. It uses the new 25 nm process that Intel and Micron announced in 2010.8"/2. These new drives. the SSD 320. 2011. On February 1. Intel released their SLC-based Enterprise X25-E Extreme SSDs on October 15 that same year in capacities of 32GB and 64GB. providing X25-M G2 performance in a much smaller package. is the successor to Intel's earlier X25-M.00
. and sequential write performance varies greatly based on the size of the drive with sequential write performance of the 40 GB model peaking at 45 MB/s and the 600 GB at 220 MB/s. Intel and Micron announced that they were gearing up for production of NAND flash memory using a new 25-nanometer process. Micron and Intel announced that they were producing their first 20 nm MLC NAND flash on April 14. dubbed by the press as the X25-M and X18-M G2 (or generation 2). The first.
200/105 37. including the Intel iPSC/1.30
35.5" 2.M/X25M X25-E X18-M G2 / X25-M G2 Ephraim Postville 32/64 80/160 40 40/80 120/250
Gbit/s 2.00 6.000/
 Supercomputers The Intel Scientific Computers division was founded in 1984 by Justin Rattner. in order to design and produce parallel computers based on Intel microprocessors connected in hypercube topologies. Intel
. iPSC/860. iPSC/2. The division designed several supercomputer systems. In 1992 the name was changed to the Intel Supercomputing Systems Division. Paragon and ASCI Red.00 3.5"/mSATA SLC Gbit/s 25 nm SATA 3 MLCGbit/s HET 34 nm PCIe SLC 2. antitrust and espionage See also: AMD v.500
Postville 25 nm SATA 3 40/80/120/160/300/600 Refresh MLC Gbit/s
2.5" Intel Intel Intel Intel Marvell 250 / 170 250 / 100 170 / 35
X25-V Glenbrook 310 510 Soda Creek Elmcrest
25.8"/2.5" Mini-PCIe 2. and development of the iWarp architecture was also subsumed.300–
50 nm SATA 3 SLC Gbit/s 34 nm SATA 3 MLC Gbit/s 25 nm SATA 3 MLC Gbit/s 25 nm mSATA MLC 34 nm SATA 6 MLC Gbit/s
34 nm SATA 3 2.  Competition.00 2.
Bill Gaede. see Apple–Intel transition. and civil actions such as the 1997 suit by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) and a patent suit by Intergraph. consumer systems ran effectively on increasingly low-cost systems after 2000. Aside from high-end server systems and software. former Apple CEO Steve Jobs announced that Apple would be transitioning from its long favored PowerPC architecture to the Intel x86 architecture. was arrested for attempting in 1993 to sell the i486 and P5 Pentium designs to AMD and to certain foreign powers.microprocessor performance had outstripped software demand for that CPU power. resulting in Gaede's arrest. This in turn lowered the profitability of the processor line and ended an era of unprecedented dominance of the PC hardware by Intel.
Intel's dominance in the x86 microprocessor market led to numerous charges of antitrust violations over the years.  Gaede videotaped data from his computer screen at Intel and mailed it to AMD. including FTC investigations in both the late 1980s and in 1999. By the end of the 1990s. because the future PowerPC road map was unable to satisfy Apple's needs. an Argentine formerly employed both at AMD and at Intel's Arizonaplant. 2005. notably AMD. The Apple Xserve
A case of industrial espionage arose in 1995 that involved both Intel and AMD. but few of the lawsuits ever amounted to anything. demand for which dropped with the end of the "dot-com bubble". which immediately alerted Intel and authorities. On June 6. leaving an opportunity for rapid gains by competitors. Intel's strategy of producing ever-more-powerful processors and obsoleting their predecessors stumbled. and Apple had its entire line of consumer Macs running on Intel processors by early August 2006. 2006.
 Partnership with Apple For more details on this topic. The first Macintosh computers containing Intel CPUs were announced on January 10. Intel's market dominance (at one time[when?] it controlled over 85% of the market for 32-bit x86 microprocessors) combined with Intel's own hardball legal tactics (such as its infamous 338 patent suit versus PC manufacturers) made it an attractive target for litigation.Two factors combined to end this dominance: the slowing of PC demand growth beginning in 2000 and the rise of the low cost PC. Gaede was convicted and sentenced to 33 months in prison in June 1996.
 According to IHS iSuppli's report on September 28. By January 2012. clocked at 2 GHz.4%. as an effort to compete with ARM. based on Sandy Bridge core. Intel will introduce the first Pentium mobile processor. is faster than existing or upcoming mobile Celerons.[citation
 Mobile processor In June 2011. The B940. and was offered in a configuration similar to Apple's Mac Pro. According to Nancy Bhagat. As a 32-nanometer processor. At the Intel Developers Forum (IDF) 2011 in San Francisco. Sandy Bridge chips have helped Intel increase its market share in global processor market to 81." The campaign was quickly pulled and several Intel executives made public apologies on the corporate website. the general public found the ad to be "insensitive and insulting. 2011. Intel planned to introduce Medfield – a processor for tablets and smartphones – to the market in 2012. Google's Android 2. which is one of the core features in ARM’s chips. the company released a print advertisement for its Core 2 Duo processor featuring six African American runners appearing to bow down to a Caucasian male inside of an office setting (due to the posture taken by runners on starting blocks). although it is almost identical to dual-core Celeron CPUs in all other aspects. while AMD's market share dropped to 10.  Classmate PC Intel's Classmate PC is the company's first low-cost netbook computer. Intel's partnership with Google was announced. Intel announced that its server chips will use new sensors that can improve data center cooling efficiency.3 will use Intel's Atom microprocessor.8%.
. Medfield is designed to be energy-efficient.server was updated to Intel Xeon processors from November 2006.  Core 2 Duo advertisement controversy In 2007.  Server chips In July 2011. Vice President of Intel Corporate Marketing.
Intel had nearly 100. took over. to help office buildings to be more energy-efficient. On May 18. In 1998 Grove succeeded Moore as Chairman. Its 2005 revenues were $38. Barrett handed the reins of the company over to Paul Otellini. and Craig Barrett. Andy Grove became the company's President in 1979 and added the CEO title in 1987 when Moore became Chairman.  Leadership and corporate structure Robert Noyce was Intel's CEO at its founding in 1968. Intel announced that it is working on a Car Security system that connects to smartphones via an application. followed by cofounder Gordon Moore in 1975. already company president. listed on the NASDAQ.000 employees and 200 facilities world wide.  Ivy Bridge supports both DDR3 memory and DDR3L chips. Its stock symbol is INTC. In it you manage a company's IT department. Intel has been developing an application. Intel announced the Ivy Bridge processor family at the Intel Developer Forum. The goal is to apply technology and skill to enable the company to grow from a small business into a global enterprise. so that they can figure out a better way to save energy in their working environment.8 billion and its Fortune 500 ranking was 49th. 
 Corporate affairs
In September 2006. The application works by streaming video to a cloud service if your car is broken into. who previously was the company president
.  IT Manager 3: Unseen Forces IT Manager III: Unseen Forces is a web-based IT simulation game from Intel. As of February 2009 the biggest customers of Intel are Hewlett-Packard and Dell. 2005. employees can get the power consumption info for their office machines. called Personal Office Energy Monitor (POEM). 22nm processors In 2011.  Car Security System In 2011.  Personal Office Energy Monitor (POEM) As part of its efforts in the Positive Energy Buildings Consortium. With this application.
but is retained as a special adviser. No one has an office. (October 2008)
Intel microprocessor facility in Costa Rica was responsible in 2006 for 20% of Costa Rican exports and 4. John Thornton. Please help improve this article by adding citations toreliable sources. Paul Otellini.and was responsible for Intel's design win in the original IBM PC. The board of directors elected Otellini CEO. most notably in its executive suite. James Guzy. The firm promotes very heavily from within. Susan Decker. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. sits in a cubicle. David Pottruck. but some new hires have difficulty adjusting to this change. a very rare occurrence in volatile Silicon Valley. and Barrett replaced Grove as Chairman of the Board. Reed Hundt. This is designed to promote egalitarianism among employees.  Employment
This section needs additional citations for verification. Grove stepped down as Chairman. everyone. Jane Shaw. Grove retired as Chairman and as a member of the board of directors in 2005 at age 68. Barrett stepped down as chairman and Jane Shaw was elected as the new Chairman of the Board. while both Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore retired at 58. and David Yoffie. Intel is not alone in this
.9% of the country's GDP. James Plummer. Intel has a mandatory retirement policy for its CEOs when they reach age 65. The company has resisted the trend toward outsider CEOs. Paul Otellini was a 30-year veteran of the company when he assumed the role of CEO. even Otellini. All of his top lieutenants have risen through the ranks after many years with the firm. Intel's top executives have spent their entire working careers with Intel. In May 2009. Current members of the board of directors of Intel are Craig Barrett. In many cases. Charlene Barshefsky. Andy Grove retired at 62.
policy. In Oregon. a Jewish employees group. and a Bible-based Christian group. Texas. Dell Computers. In 2011. Intel will have to employ 1. Intel invests heavily in research in China and about 100 researchers – or 10% of the total number of researchers from Intel – are located in Beijing. Intel is the leading employer. Costa Rica. The company is the largest industrial employer in New Mexico while in Arizona the company has over 10. New Mexico. 
Intel has a Diversity Initiative. 63 countries and regions internationally. Arizona. In the U.000 employees. and Utah. In addition. including employee diversity groups as well as supplier diversity programs. the company has facilities in China. As a condition. Lesbian. The company is headquartered in California's Silicon Valley and has operations around the world. and Transgender employee groups. Like many companies with employee diversity groups. Russia and Vietnam. a community partnership between Sandoval County and Intel Corporation funded and built Rio Rancho High School.500 more workers in Kiryat Gat and between 600-1000 workers in the north. Intel is the state's largest private employer with over 15. Hewlett-Packard and NVIDIA have similar no-office policy. Intel employs significant numbers of people in California. Washington. Malaysia. Bisexual. the Israeli government offered Intel $290 million to expand in the country. In 1997. and supports a Muslim employees group. It has maintained this rating in 2003 and 2004. India. Israel.S. Oregon. they include groups based on race and nationality as well as sexual identity and religion. Outside of California. In 1994.  Funding of a school In Rio Rancho. Massachusetts. Intel sanctioned one of the earliest corporate Gay. New Mexico. Intel received a 100% rating on the first Corporate Equality Index released by the Human Rights Campaign in 2002.000 employees. the company was named one of the 100 Best Companies for Working Mothers in 2005 by Working Mother magazine. Ireland.  Ultrabook Fund
. primarily in Hillsboro. Colorado.
Intel Capital announced a new fund to support startups working on technologies in line with the company's concept for next generation notebooks. S&P 500. A widely held stock. this goal won't be achieved if Intel doesn't lower the price of its chips.  Finances
Intel stock price.In 2011. 2008. Nov 1986 – Nov 2006 Intel's market capitalization is $122.  At the Intel Developers Forum in 2011. NASDAQ-100. Russell 1000 Index. The company is setting aside a $300 million fund to be spent over the next three to four years in areas related to ultrabooks.41 billion (Feb. It publicly trades on NASDAQ with the symbol INTC. 2011). however. Intel announced that it had achieved the highest earnings in the history of the company during Q2 2008. Russell 1000 Growth Index and SOX (PHLX Semiconductor Sector).  Intel's goal for Ultrabook's price is below $1000.  Advertising and brand management
 Intel Inside
. the following indices include Intel shares: Dow Jones Industrial Average.8 inches thick) notebook that utilizes Intel processors and also incorporates tablet features such as a touch screen and long battery life. The ultrabook will be a thin (less than 0. 22. according to two presidents from Acer and Compal.  Intel announced the ultrabook concept at Computex in 2011. On July 15. four Taiwain ODMs showed prototype ultrabooks that used Intel's Ivy Bridge chips.
The campaign. In 2008. The Intel swirllogo was the work of DahlinSmithWhite art director Steve Grigg under the direction of Intel president and CEO Andy Grove.
. The Intel 2010 annual financial report indicated that $1.Intel has become one of the world's most recognizable computer brands following its long-running Intel Inside campaign. The Intel Inside advertising campaign sought public brand loyalty and awareness of Intel processors in consumer computers.
2003– Highly similar Intel Inside logo. It was used both stand 2003 alone and with the associated processor brand name. was created by Intel marketing manager Dennis Carter. The fivenote jingle was introduced the following year and by its tenth anniversary was being heard in 130 countries around the world. which started in 1991.Intel required that a minimum of 35% of the money it provided to the companies in its co-op program be used for online marketing.8 billion (6% of the gross margin and nearly 16% of the total net income) was allocated to all advertising with Intel Inside being part of that. Intel planned to shift the emphasis of its Intel Inside campaign from traditional media such as television and print to newer media such as the Internet.
 Logos Intel Brand Logos Corporate Logo Date 1968– 2005 Intel Inside Logo Date Remarks
1991– The original "Intel Inside" logo. Intel paid some of the advertiser's costs for an ad that used the Intel Inside logo and jingle. The initial branding agency for the Intel Inside campaign was DahlinSmithWhite Advertising of Salt Lake City. but changed to resemble 2005 the original Intel logo with lowering of the Intel "e" and changing the typeface.
Intel phased out the original corporate Intel and Intel Insidelogos in favor of a new base Intel logo clearly 2006– inspired by the older Intel Inside logo. For example. and Xeon. i5. Intel inside.Many TV channels are waiting for Ads with This logo. The Intel Inside logos are slightly modified to move the exposed silicon image to the middle of the logo.
In 2009. idiot outside and a tombstone with R. The sticker on the supercomputer Hex of Terry Pratchett's Discworld books reads "Anthill inside". The product brand name is displayed at the bottom of the logo.
 Sonic logo
. The various brand names were used 2011 on this basic shape including Core. Other logos included the names Chipset. In some instances the slogan Leap ahead was added to the corporate logo. but omitted the 2009 word inside. andWorkstation Board.P Intel Inside. Pentium. The typeface was changed to Neo Sans Intel. evil inside or Satan inside stickers. i7.I. This also 2011– moved the inside word up next to the Intel logo more present closely associating them. i3. the Intel Inside logos were updated to a horizontal shape with a visual exposure of silicon below the label to help portray the idea that Intel is in the chips 2009– inside the computer. Atom.
Some artists have incorporated Intel brand culture into their works. Server Board.
tag. audio mnemonic (MP3 file of sonic logo) was produced by Musikvergnuegen and written by Walter Werzowa from the Austrian 1980s sampling band Edelweiss. since 2009. as had been done with the prior 386 and 486 processors. so competitors could not just call their processor the same name. and Core processors. sonic logo. For example. when the new Yonah chips. The desktop processors changed when the Core 2 line of processors were released. The Sonic logo has undergone substantial changes in tone since the introduction of the Pentium III. Upcoming processors will carry the Intel Core brand. Pentium better. it won't be a PC brand anymore. or Core i3 depending on their segment of the market. yet keeps the same jingle. branded Core Solo and Core Duo. The Pentium name was first used to refer to the P5 core Intel processors (Pent refers to the 5 in P5. Intel has maintained only the Celeron brand. Intel acknowledges that multiple brands will be in the market including older ones throughout the transition.org drivers for their
. the Atom brand for netbooks and the vPro lineup for businesses. Intel Core i7 is featured in MSI's 14-inch X460 . (Both of which had copies manufactured by both IBM and AMD). They phased out the Pentium names from mobile processors first. and the Intel Core family representing the best the company has to offer. but will be known as the Intel Core i7. according to MSI.  Open source support Intel has a significant participation in the open source communities.  Beginning in 2010 "Centrino" will only be applied to Intel's WiMAX and WiFi technologies.) and was done to circumvent court rulings that prevent the trademarking of a string of numbers. This will be an evolutionary process taking place over time. in 2006 Intel released MIT-licensed X.The famous D♭ D♭ G♭ D♭ A♭ jingle. By 2009 Intel was using a good-better-best strategy with Celeron being good. According to spokesman Bill Calder. to include the Viiv media center PC and the business desktop Intel vPro. In mid January 2006.
 Naming strategy
In 2006.the lightest laptop that uses core i7 processor. were released. Pentium 4. Intel expanded its promotion of open specification platforms beyond Centrino. vPro products will carry the Intel Core i7 vPro processor or the Intel Core i5 vPro processor name. Intel announced that they were dropping the long running Pentium name from their processors.
 Theo de Raadt of OpenBSD also claimed that Intel is being "an Open Source fraud" after an Intel employee presented a distorted view of the situation on an open-source conference. New Mexico overlooks a nearby village. hexane. and the hilly contours of its location create a setting for chemical gases heavier than air to move along arroyos and irrigation ditches in that village. and xylene isomers in lungs.  Environmental record In 2003. when they handed the project over to the Linux Foundation. Release of chemicals in such an environment reportedly caused adverse effects in both animals and humans. More than 1.  Religious controversy Orthodox Jews have protested against Intel operating in Israel on Saturday.4 tons of carbon tetrachloride measured from one of Intel's many acid scrubbers. As a result of this. Intel ran the Moblin project until April 23. as Intel did not want to upset their large customerMicrosoft. the company stated. the situation has been
. Intel was criticized for not granting free redistribution rights for the firmware that must be included in the operating system for the wireless devices to operate. Intel released FreeBSD drivers for some networking cards. However. In spite of the significant negative attention Intel received as a result of the wireless dealings. there were 1. after the release of the wireless products called Intel Pro/Wireless 2100. the binary firmware still has not gained a license compatible with free software principles.integrated graphic cards of the i965 family of chipsets. available under a BSD-compatible license. Linspire-Linuxcreator Michael Robertson outlined the difficult position that Intel was in releasing to open source. 2009. Intel reported no release of carbon tetrachloride for all of 2003. However. Deceased dogs in the area were found to have high levels of toluene.580 pounds (720 kg) of VOC were released in June and July 2006. Intel’s environmental performance is published annually in their corporate responsibility report.org campaigns. As of December 2009. ethylbenzene. 2200BG/2225BG/2915ABG and 3945ABG in 2005. Intel's facility in Rio Rancho. Shabbat. Intel also runs theLessWatts. but there was no violence. Intel became a target of campaigns to allow free operating systems to include binary firmware on terms acceptable to the open source community. which were also ported to OpenBSD. Intel ringed its office with barbed wire before the protest.
Texas Instruments. Intel was sued by nine former employees.
. Intel was among the top ten sellers of semiconductors (10th in 1987) in the world. However. and Hynix. Broadcom. who was terminated by Intel in 1995 at the age of 47. Other top semiconductor companies include AMD. Some smaller competitors such as VIA and Transmeta produce low-power x86 processors for small factor computers and portable equipment. the cross-licensing agreement is canceled in the event of an AMD bankruptcy or takeover. FACE Intel claims that more than 90 percent of people who have been terminated by Intel are over the age of 40.  Age discrimination Intel has faced complaints of age discrimination in firing and layoffs. and competitors in flash memory include Spansion. Infineon. Qimonda. Intel's competitors in networking include Freescale. In 1991. and Nvidia. with which Intel has had full cross-licensing agreements since 1976: each partner can use the other's patented technological innovations without charge after a certain time.
Further information: Semiconductor sales leaders by year In the 1980s. A group called FACE Intel (Former and Current Employees of Intel) claims that Intel weeds out older employees. Hamidi was blocked in a 1999 court decision from using Intel's email system to distribute criticism of the company to employees. Marvell Technology Group and AMCC. STMicroelectronics. over allegations that they were laid off because they were over the age of 40. Upside magazine requested data from Intel breaking out its hiring and terminations by age. Samsung. SiS. FACE Intel was founded by Ken Hamidi. Intel became the biggest chip maker by revenue and has held the position ever since. but the company declined to provide any.stable for Intel Israel while some employees reported working overtime on Shabbat. The only major competitor in the x86 processor market is Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). VIA Technologies. Competitors in PC chip sets include AMD. Samsung. Toshiba. Toshiba and STMicroelectronics. Intel has denied that age plays any role in Intel's employment practices.
In September 2005. 2009. disputing AMD's claims. Lawsuits Intel has often been accused by competitors of using legal claims to thwart competition. AMD agreed to drop the antitrust lawsuit against Intel in exchange for $1. and claiming that Intel's business practices are fair and lawful.25 billion payout to AMD (see below). Intel
. A joint press release published by the two chip makers stated "While the relationship between the two companies has been difficult in the past. Intel deconstructed AMD's offensive strategy and argued that AMD struggled largely as a result of its own bad business decisions. Intel filed a response to an AMD lawsuit. claiming the company used "illegal threats and collusion" to dominate the market for computer microprocessors. Intel claims that it is defending its intellectual property. Legal analysts predicted the lawsuit would drag on for a number of years. a Transmeta lawsuit was filed against Intel for patent infringement on computer architecture and power efficiency technologies. while Intel was granted a perpetual non-exclusive license to use current and future patented Transmeta technologies in its chips for 10 years."  Anti-competitive allegations See also: AMD v. 2009. On November 4.
In October 2006.25 billion. Both companies agreed to drop lawsuits against each other. with Intel agreeing to pay US$150 million initially and US$20 million per year for the next five years. New York's attorney general filed an antitrust lawsuit against Intel Corp. this agreement ends the legal disputes and enables the companies to focus all of our efforts on product innovation and development. In a rebuttal. On November 12. including underinvestment in essential manufacturing capacity and excessive reliance on contracting out chip foundries. Intel has been plaintiff and defendant in numerous legal actions.  The lawsuit was settled in October 2007. In 2008 a court date was finally set.  but in 2009 Intel settled with a $1. since Intel's initial response indicated its unwillingness to settle with AMD.
South Korean regulators accused Intel of breaking antitrust law. include giving preferential prices to computer makers buying most or all of their chips from Intel.In 2005. when officials raided Intel's South Korean offices. the European Commission accused Intel of anti-competitive practices. Intel stated that its office in Munich had been raided by European Union regulators. In June 2008. the local Fair Trade Commission found that Intel violated the Japanese Antimonopoly Act. the Fair Trade Commission ordered Intel to pay a fine of US$25. Intel responded that the allegations were unfounded and instead qualified its market behavior as consumer-friendly. including Acer. Intel was ordered by the Commission to immediately cease all illegal practices. To avoid a trial. mostly against AMD. In addition to the fine. and providing chips at below standard cost to governments and educational institutions.  The European Commission said that Intel had deliberately acted to keep competitors out of the computer chip market and in doing so had made a "serious and sustained violation of the EU's antitrust rules".5 million for taking advantage of its dominant position
. the EU found that Intel had engaged in anticompetitive practices and subsequently fined Intel €1.
 European Union
In July 2007. paying computer makers to delay or cancel the launch of products using AMD chips. General counsel Bruce Sewell responded that the Commission had misunderstood some factual assumptions as to pricing and manufacturing costs. The allegations. The investigation began in February 2006. Intel was found to have paid companies. The commission ordered Intel to eliminate discounts that had discriminated against AMD. and therefore harmed other companies including AMD. HP. if found guilty of stifling competition. the EU filed new charges against Intel.44 billion). Intel agreed to comply with the order. The company risked a penalty of up to 3% of its annual sales. if found guilty. Lenovo andNEC. In February 2008. Intel reported that it was cooperating with investigators.Intel faced a fine of up to 10% of its annual revenue. to exclusively use Intel chips in their products. a record amount. In May 2009. Intel has stated that they will appeal against the Commission's verdict.
 South Korea
In September 2007. Dell.06 billion (US$1. AMD subsequently launched a website promoting these allegations. going back to 2003. In June 2008.
and Intel subsequently stopped their rebates. the SEC charged that from 2002 to 2006. the SEC said that in the first quarter of 2007 they amounted to 70% of Dell's operating income. Dell agreed to a settlement with the U. Dell eventually did adopt AMD as a secondary supplier in 2006.  In June 2008. but were used to help meet investor expectations regarding the company's financial performance. Dell had an agreement with Intel to receive rebates in exchange for not using chips manufactured by AMD.
 See also
San Francisco Bay Area portal
.9% compared to the first quarter.
 Market share
According to IDC. while Intel still enjoys the most market share in both the overall worldwide PC microprocessor market (79. In December 2009 the FTC announced it would initiate an administrative proceeding against Intel in September 2010. accusing them of bribery and coercion. In particular. New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo sued Intel.to offer incentives to major Korean PC manufacturers on the condition of not buying products from AMD. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to pay $100M in penalties resulting from charges that Dell did not accurately disclose accounting information to investors. These substantial rebates were not disclosed to investors. claiming that Intel bribed computer makers to buy more of their chips than those of their rivals. the Federal Trade Commission also began an antitrust investigation of the case. causing Dell's financial performance to fall. On July 22.5% and 1. the numbers decreased by 1. and threatened to withdraw these payments if the computer makers were perceived as working too closely with its competitors.S. 2010. following a two year investigation.
 United States
New York started an investigation of Intel in January 2008 on whether the company violated antitrust laws in pricing and sales of its microprocessors.3%) and the mobile PC microprocessor (84.
In November 2009. Intel has denied these claims.4%) in the second quarter of 2011.
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ASCI Red Comparison of ATI Graphics Processing Units Cyrix Engineering sample (CPU) Bill Gaede Intel GMA (Graphics Media Accelerator) List of Intel cores List of Intel microprocessors Intel Museum Intel Science Talent Search Intel Software Network (ISN) Justin Rattner Comparison of Nvidia graphics processing units List of Semiconductor Fabrication Plants Semiconductor sales leaders by year Something Ventured (the movie)