You are on page 1of 29

# Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e

## Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Problems

We are in the process of adding content (e.g., FBDs) to this document. The answers reported here, along with those
in the solutions manual, are being accuracy checked by several professors. This document, as well as the solutions
manual, will be updated and completed by September 2009.
Please note that answers are not provided for the following type of even-numbered problems:
 Concept Problems.
 Computer Problems.
 Design Problems.
For Concept and Computer problems, please consult the solutions manual.

Chapter 1
1.2

.rC =D /` D 3:88 ft

1.4

rEB=A
rEB=A

rE

## D .4:00 {O 1:00 |O/ ft

D .3:31 uOp 2:46 uO q / ft

D rE

B=A xy system

B=A pq system

D 4:12 ft

1.6

The angle  is dimensionless (or nondimensional) Observe that since angles can be expressed in a variety of units,
such as radian or degree, this problem illustrates the idea that some nondimensional quantities still require proper
use of units.

1.8

Ixx D Iyy D I D M L2
Units of Ixx , Iyy , and I in the SI system: kgm2 ;
Units of Ixx , Iyy , and I in the U.S. Customary system: slugft2 D lbs2 ft.

1.10

Concept problem.

Chapter 2
2.2

2.4
2.6
2.8

## vE.15 s/ D .72:1 {O C 6:24 |O/ ft=s

aE .15 s/ D . 15:8 {O 1:39 |O/ ft=s2
.15 s/ D 4:95
.15 s/ D 180
Concept problem.

y.x/ D 2:00 C 3:00x C 2:00x 2 m
Concept problem.

2.10

## Er .t1 ; t2 / D .0:899 {O C 41:3 |O/ ft

vEavg .t1 ; t2 / D .0:450 {O C 20:7 |O/ ft=s

2.12

v.t/ D r.t/
P D .4:08e 13:6t / {O C . 0:720 1:28e 13:6t / |O m=s
a.t/ D v.t/
P D . 55:5e 13:6t / {O C .17:4e 13:6t / |O m=s2
The impact angle  is the slope of the stones trajectory at the time that the stone enters the water. Then, recalling
that the velocity is always tangent to the trajectory, we have  D 26:1

y.x/ D 5:25 C 3:25x C 1:00x 2 m
xmax D 3:00 m and xmin D 1:00 m

2.14

2.16

## vE D .29:3 ft=s/1 C cos.25:5 rad=s/t {O .29:3 ft=s/1 C sin.25:5 rad=s/t |O

p
v D .29:3 ft=s/ 2 C 2 cos.25:5 rad=s/t


aE D 748 ft=s2 sin.25:5 rad=s/t {O

2.18

Computer problem.

2.20

Computer problem.

2.22

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

.E
vP =O /1 D .1 C cos t/ {O1 C .4 2t/ |O1 m=s

.E
vP =O /2 D .1 C cos t/ cos  2.t 2/ sin  {O2
.E
aP =O /1 D . sin t {O1

2.t

2 |O1 / m=s2

.E
aP =O /2 D . cos  sin t 2 sin / {O2 C .sin  sin t
jE
vP =O .t D 2 s/j1 D 0:584 m=s
jE
vP =O .t D 2 s/j2 D 0:584 m=s
2.24

2/ cos  C .1 C cos t/ sin  |O2 m=s

## vEP =B D . 6:14 {OB C 23:7 |OB / ft=s

vP =A D 24:5 ft=s
vP =B D 24:5 ft=s
aEP =A D .1:78 {OA C 5:96 |OA / ft=s2
aP =A D 6:22 ft=s2
aP =B D 6:22 ft=s2

2.26

## vEA D . 20:0 {O 12:8 |O/ ft=s

 p
p 
2 {O C 3 2 |O ft=s2 D . 1:41 {O C 4:24 |O/ ft=s2
aEA D

2.28

Computer problem.

2.30

Computer problem.

2.32

xR D

8a3 v02
4a2 C y 2

yR D
2.34
2.36

2

4a2 v02 y
4a2 C y 2

2

Computer problem.
 p

v0
vE D p
3a {O C b |O
3a2 C b 2
5
s D 7:85 s
2

2.38

tbraking D

2.40

## tjajmax D 3:93 s and tjajmax D 11:8 s

samax D 12:8 m and samax D 129 m

2.42

v0 D 10:1 m=s

2.44

2.46

2.48

2.50

## where jajmax D 3:60 m=s2


a0 
sin 2!t C cos !v.t/ D 7:00 sin t C 1:50 cos.0:500t/
!
x.t/ D 7:001:00 1:50 cos t C 3:00 sin.0:500t/ m
r
mg
vterm D
D 5:00 m=s
Cd


Cd t
mg
v.t/ D
1 e m
Cd
mg
vterm D
Cd
x.t/
P
D


1:50 m=s

vf D 3:56 m=s

## Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e

2.52

Computer problem.
v D 10:1 ft=s

2.54

s D 186 ft
t D 3:90 s
r
2g
P
./ D P02 C
cos 
L

2.56
2.58
2.60
2.62

2.66

k 2
x
m

x0 /

x02

txmax D 0:243 s
"

r0

(a) t D p
sin
2G .mA C mB /
(b) t D 106 h
t D 106 h
v
tstop D 0 D 2:88 s
gk
.vT /20 aT

2.68

k D

2.70

t D 8:63 s
yP D 77:7 m=s

2.72

v D v0 C ac .t
s D s0 C v0 .t

2.74

cos 0

s


kL0
xP D v02 C 2 g C
.x
m

3=2

2.64

g .vT /20


2daT

r
r0

r
r0


1

r
r0


2

 D 0:301

t0 /
t0 / C 21 ac .t

ap
hvp2
s D
C
2 r 3
r

and

t 0 /2

2

2.76

 D tan

2.78

2.80

y D h C tan .x

2.82

2.84

v0 D 52:8 ft=s

2.86

## The two firing ranges are

30:4    56:8 and 69:4    74:5
The sizes of these ranges are 1 D 26:4 and 2 D 5:09
The angle subtended by the target as seen from an observer at point O is D 21:3
Unlike Example 2.11, the difference between the angle subtended by the target and 1 or 2 is significant. In
addition, we see that the value of 1 is much closer to than 2 .

2.88

dAB D 82:0 m

2.90

v0 D 62:5 ft=s

2.92

Computer problem.
d D 4:70 m

w/

g
2v02 cos2

.x

w/2

and D 20:6

## vEinitial D v0 cos {O C v0 sin |O D .6:02 {O C 7:67 |O/ m=s

where v0 is the initial speed of the tiger and is the angle formed with the horizontal by the initial velocity of
the tiger.

## Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e

r
2.94

v0 D

gR
cos 
p
2
sin cos.

2.96

max D


D 45
4

2.98

v02
D 447 ft
g
2v sin max
tD 0
D 5:27 s
g
h

y D 59:9103 ln 1 2:8410

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

/

RD


i
x C 17:7x m

2.100

Computer problem.
tI D 6:19 s
xI D 268 m

2.102

y D v0 sin

2.104

(a) aE  bE D 1  6 C 2  3 C 3  0 D 0

 

(b) aE  aE  bE D 84 {O 42 |O C 0 kO

x cos y sin
v0 cos. C /

1
2 g cos

x cos y sin
v0 cos. C /

2

(c)
2.106




(a) !E 1 D 105 kO rad=s; !E 2 D 105 {O rad=s and !E 3 D 105 |O rad=s



100 
(b) !E ` D p
{O C |O C kO rad=s ) 60:5 {O C |O C kO rad=s
3 3

2.108
vEA D 5 kO  2 {O D 10 |O m=s;


vEC D 5 kO  2 {O C 2 kO D 10 |O m=s;
v0 O
kD
R



vEB D 5 kO  2 {O C 1 kO D 10 |O m=s;


vE D 5 kO  2 {O C 3 kO D 10 |O m=s
D

2.110

!E D

2.112

jE
v j D 65;600 ft=s
Referring to the below,

let  denote the angle formed by the velocity vector and the x axis such that tan  D vy =vx . Then,
D 70:0
P D

2.114

rP D v0 cos. C /

2.116

## vEB D .4:00 uO r C 0:800 uO  / ft=s

aE D . 0:320 uO r C 3:20 uO  / ft=s

2.118

rP D 0
rR D

v02
d

and

P D

D 9:00 ft=s2

and

v0
D
d
and

2.120

2.122

2! rP C !r
P D0

2.124

aE D . 262 uO C

v0
sin. C /
r

200 uO B / ft=s

2.126

Concept problem.

2.128

Concept problem.

2.130

Concept problem.

2.132

Concept problem.

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

.0:292/s uO n g ft=s2

2.134

## aE .s/ D f 19:0 uO t C 69:9

2.136
2.138

Concept problem.

aE D .33:710 3 cos / m=s2

2.140

v0 D 19:2 ft=s

2.142

D

2.144

min D

2.146

vP D

2.148

s D 304 ft

v02
D 282 ft
g

v02
D 565 ft
2g
v02
 D 4:74 s
tf D
2g vf C v0
13:8 ft=s2

2.150

Concept problem.

2.152

Concept problem.

2.154

rP D 466 mph
rR D 12;100 mi=h2

2.156

P
r.0/
P
D 438 ft=s and .0/
2
R
r.0/
R
D 14:9 ft=s
and .0/

2.158

rP D 0:265 ft=s
q
P 2 D 5490 ft=s
vE D rP 2 C .L/
v
!2
u

2
2
u
2
P
aE D t vs
L
C 2vs P D 1:00106 ft=s2
2L

2.160

2.162

## vE D . 1:3 uO r C 0:22 r uO  / m=s

. 0:0484 r uO r 0:572 uO  / m=s2

2.164

PA D
PH D

vA L

D
.d=2/2 C L2
s
2 C v2
1 vA
B
L

1
RA D 2
r
R D
2.166
2.168

2
vA

"

2
vA

D
2

2 L
vB

2d
2
vB

2dL


D

1:1610

#
2 dL
vA
D
r2

1:6810

## rR D 5:78 ft=s2 and R D 1:42 rad=s2



h 

i
aEP D
r 3r P R 3rP P 2 uO r C r  P 3 C 3rR P C 3rP R uO 

2.170

## .h C  sin /2 C .d C  cos /2

v0 .h cos  d sin /
rP D q
.d C  cos /2 C .h C  sin /2

rD

rR D
R D
2.172

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

v0 . C d cos  C h sin /
:
d 2 C h2 C 2 C 2d cos  C 2h sin

v02 . C d cos  C h sin / d 2 C d cos  C h2 C h sin
3=2
 d 2 C 2d cos  C h2 C 2 C 2h sin

v02 d 2 C h2 2 .d sin  h cos /
2
 d 2 C 2d cos  C h2 C 2 C 2h sin
and

P D

P D 0
R D p

2
R!AB

h2

R2

2.174

## vE D .37:710 3 uO r C 0:534 uO  / m=s

aE D . 1680 uO r C 237 uO  / m=s2

2.176

## vEfollower D .1:76 m=s/ |O

aEfollower D .137g/ |O

2.178

v D 0:119 ft=s
jE
aj D 0:0864 ft=s2

2.180

Concept problem.

2.182

Concept problem.
 rEB=A
vEA 
jErB=A j

2.184

ROS D vEB

2.186

## vEC =A D .6:86 {O C 30:3 |O/ m=s

aEC =A D .1:38 {O C 1:00 |O/ m=s2

2.188

Computer problem.
For vB=W D 10 s, the boat reaches A in 6:86 s
When vB=W D 7 s, the boat does not reach A

2.190
2.192

## vrain D 16:4 ft=s



aEB D L1 R cos  L1 P 2 sin  C L2 R cos  L2 P 2 sin  {O


C L1 P 2 cos  C L1 R sin  C L2 P 2 cos  C L2 R sin  |O

2.194

 D  C sin

2.196

 D 14:9

2.198

vpmax D vs C

2.200

vEB D

3:09 ft=s

aEB D

0:319 ft=s2

`
2

.vA `

vB d / cos
vP =A d

D 63:6 :

g
D 331 ft=s D 225 mph
2h

2.202

2.204

s
d
tD
D 0:164 s
2a0

@

## Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e

2.206
2.208

2.210
2.212

2.214

26d
D 0:937 ft=s2
3t 2
p
v0 w 2 C h 2
vEA D
{O D . 3:08 ft=s/ {O
p
2
2
wC
 w pC h

h

i
p
v02 w
h2 C w 2
a0 h2 C w w C h2 C w 2
{O D . 0:893 ft=s2 / {O
aEA D
2

p
w C h2 C w 2
a0 D

Concept problem.


0:292 cos 
|O
vEC D . 6:61 ft=s/ sin  1 C p
2
0:195
0:0851
sin




0:292 cos 
aEC D 1:28104 ft=s2 cos  1 C p
0:195 0:0851 sin2 


2
0:292 sin 
0:0248 cos  sin 
|O
C sin 
p
.0:195 0:0851 sin2 /3=2
0:195 0:0851 sin2 
q
r D .d C  cos /2 C .h C  sin /2
P D

v0 . C d cos  C h sin /
.d C  cos /2 C .h C  sin /2

2.216

Concept problem.

2.218

Concept problem.

2.220

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

and

v0 .h cos  d sin /
rP D p
.d C  cos /2 C .h C  sin /2

Referring to the figure below and keeping in mind that the coordinate system is defined in such a way that the
triad .uO R ; uO  ; uO / is right-handed

we have
vEC D . 6:5 uO r C 5:52 uO  C 5:3 uO / ft=s
aEC D . 0:662 uO r
2.222

1:56 uO  / ft=s2

K
vE D P tan uO R C
uO C P uO
tan 


K2
aE D R tan
uO R C R uO
3
tan3

2.224
P R sin  C 2rP P sin  C 2r P P cos /
r .r
r P sin .rR r P 2 r P 2 sin2 /
r.r
P R C 2rP P

## r P sin .r R C 2rP P r P 2 sin  cos / D 0

r.r
P R sin  C 2rP P sin  C 2r P P cos / D 0

r P 2 sin  cos /

P rR
r .

r P 2

r P 2 sin2 / D 0

2.226 rP D 0
P D 0

v0
r sin
v2
rR D 0 D 11:3 ft=s2
r

P D

## Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e

v02 cos
D 78:110
r 2 sin
R D 0

R D

2.228
2.230
2.232
2.234

2.238

Computer problem.
xland D 3:35 m;

yland D 1:42 m;

## 1:26 |O2 / m=s2

Computer problem.
h D 29:410 6 m


mg
s.t/ D 2 Cd t C m e
Cd

Cd
m

2.244

 D 240 ft

2.246

f D 629 m
tf D 5:24 s

rP  D180 D 0

2.250


1

r

k
cos
t
m

2.242

2.248

land D 0:



gm
x D L0 C
1
k
p
v0  gR

2.240

and

Concept problem.

2.236

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

R  D180 D 0

2.252

jE
aj D 2L! 2 0 D 1:24 ft=s2

2.254

a t D 3:33 ft=s2

2.256

jE
aA j D 2:58 m=s2
s
2  2


d
d! 2
aE D
C
C a02 D 173;000 ft=s2
2
2
q

1 P4
4 2
aE
D
L
! 2 P 2 1 D 2:53 m=s2
2  C ! 1

2.258
2.260

min

Chapter 3
3.2

Concept problem.

3.4

ay D

3.6

xR C

3.8

ay D

3.10

dD

g .2P W /
W

EA
xD0
mL
Cd 2
v
m

v02
2k g

g
L D 50:8 ft

3.12

3.14

3.16
3.18
3.20

3.22



Cd t
mg
D 0:701 m=s
1 e m
Cd
9
8
>

2
=
<
2
v0 .` h/
m
T D
D 251 lb
gC h
i
3=2 >
2
;
:
2 xA2 C .` h/2
yP D

## .Fs /max D 2mg

Concept problem.
v v0
D 7:59 s
k g
s
W
xstop D v0
D 0:737 ft
gk
tD

3.24

k D 50;800 lb=ft

3.26

D 0:167 m
max 
Fsp
D kmax D 586 N
max

3.28

3.30

Computer problem.
max D 0:568 ft; when t D 0:177 s
s
2
4 2mvi
xstop D
D 0:160 m

3.32

k D 5:93 lb=ft

3.34

k D 9:03 kN=m
v "
u

u k x2
0
v.0/ D 2t
C L0 L
m 2

3.36

3.38

Concept problem.

3.40

Concept problem.

3.42

Concept problem.

3.44

3.46

D

x02

C L2

#

W v2
D 1:40104 ft
g .N W /

v2
D 35:51 m=s2 D 3:62 g

mv 2
D 43;100 N
FL D mg C

an D

3.48
k
xR C x 1
m
k
yR C y 1
m

ru
p

D 0;

x2 C y2
ru

x2 C y2

!
D0

3.50
rR

r P 2 C

k
.r ru / g cos  D 0;
m
r R C 2rP P C g sin  D 0

3.52

3.54

3.56

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha




m
m2 g
tan 0 e Cd x=m 1
e Cd x=m
2
2
2
Cd
2v0 cos 0 Cd
!
v02
1 2
s D cos
C
D 47:7
3
3gR
yD

vmax D

s
g

2

s C tan 
D 55:36 m=s D 199 km=h
1 s tan 

tan  s
D 35:33 m=s D 127 km=h
1 C s tan 
127 km=h  v  199 km=h
p

vmin D

g

3.58

## (a) aE D .319103 uO r C 603 uO  / m=s2

(b) P D mar C mg sin  D 5:90106 N
(c) R D ma C mg cos  D 11:3103 N

3.60

3.62
3.64

3.66

Concept problem.
RR C 2RP P D 0
R C cot2 / RP 2 D g cot
R.1
 
2
B D sin 1
D 41:8
3

3.68
me
D 0;
r2
r R C 2rP P D 0

r P 2 C G

rR

3.70

3.72

3.74

kD

.dmax =2
L0 /
 
2
s D cos 1
D 132
3

.dmax

L0 /2

D 4:74 lb=ft

P2 2
rL
R 2
P 2 C R L R C p gR
R

D0
.L2 R2 /
.L2 R2 /2
L2 R 2
RR C 2RP P D 0

3.76
3.78

3v0 m
2

Computer problem.
rP D 0:471 m=s

3.80

Computer problem.

3.82

Concept problem.

3.84

Concept problem.

3.86

Concept problem.
F
C g D 16:1 ft=s2
2mA

3.88

aAy D

3.90

rRA D G
rRB=A

mB
; and rRB D
r2 

mA C mB
D G
r2

mA
r2

3.92

3.94

ax D

k1 g D

4:41 m=s2

10

## Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e

3.96

s D tan  D 0:424

3.98

s

1

k m C mp

3.100

vmax D mg

3.102

3.104

gd

3.106

## tcontact D 78:5103 s D 21:8 h

2mB g

j.yB /max j D
k
j.yB /max j D 2 ft
.vB /max D vB .yB /max D 8:58 ft=s

3.108

3.110

4R2

d 2 cos 

g.4R2

d 2 / sin  D 4R3 R

Defining a Cartesian coordinate system with the y axis opposite tothe direction of gravity and with origin at the

2
.mA sin C mB /g D 1:84 ft
initial position of B, we have j.yB /max j D
k
.vB /max D vB j.y D 0:9202/ D 4:79 ft=s
B

3.112
3.114

vEA .tf / D

## and vEB .tf / D .3:26 {O/ m=s

Computer problem.
9mG g 39P
|O D . 9:46 ft=s/ |O
mB C mC C 25mD C 9mG
3g .mC C 10mD / mG C .4mB 9mC 30mD C 36mG / P
D 1190 lb
T4 D
mB C mC C 25mD C 9mG

3.116

aEG D

3.118

Computer problem.
Cd D 0:0888 lbs=ft
s


3.120

vc D

3.122

## ab D g .1 cos / D 1:94 ft=s2

an D g sin  D 11 ft=s2
v2
D 101103 ft D 19:2 mi
D
g sin 

3.124

Defining a Cartesian coordinate system with origin at O, y axis pointing opposite to gravity and x axis pointing




x
x
mg
m2 g
to the right, we have y D
C v0 sin C 2 ln 1
v0 cos 
mv0 cos


3.126

Verification problem

3.128

WA D

3.130

m1 L1 R D m2 g cos  sin

2G .mA C mB /

2
dA C dB

1
r0


D 27610

ft=s

WB .g aB /
D 161 lb
2g C 4aB

L2 R D

g sin

L1 R cos

h
m2 sin L1 R sin

L1 P 2 cos

L2 P 2

m1 g sin 

L1 P 2 sin

11

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

Chapter 4
4.2

Concept problem.

4.4

9:02104 ftlb

4.6

U1-2 D

2
1
2 m.v2

4.8

U1-2 D

1
2m

4.10

(a) 283 m
(b) 283 m
(c) 14:8 km

v12 / D 180 kJ

v12 D 4:30105 J


v22

4.12 d D 15:8 m
4.14 4:9810

11

4.16 43:5106 ft  lb
23:3106 ft  lb
50:8103 lb
4.18

Concept problem.

4.20

Computer problem.
5

lb=ft3

4.22

1:2910

4.24

k D 2:74105 N=m
p
v0 D 2gL .1 cos / D 6:40 ft=s

4.26

4.28 k D

mv 2
D 44:8 lb=ft
2

4.30

## .U1-2 /Engine D 4:64105 ftlb

4.32

Favg D mg C

4.34

m 2
.v
v22 / D 1:47 kN
2h 1
 
 D sin 1 23 D 41:8

VB D 14 x 4
d D 0:420 ft
s
2

4.38 vE A D vEP

4.36


2GmE


4.40

V D

4.42

1:92 ftlb

4.44

D cos

4.46

v2 D 24:1 ft=s

4.48

k D 276 lb=ft
r
m
.vy /max D g
k

4.50

4.52

4.54

L0 D

vA2 D

P0 s0 A ln

2
3

s
s0

1
RP

1
RA

D 2:34103 m=s

D 132

2
5R mvB
D 1:06 m
3
4kR
v


u
1
u 2gd m
B
t
3 mA

mA C 9mB

D 1:09 m=s

and vB2

12

v


u
1
u 2gd m
B
t
3 mA
D3
D 3:28 m=s
mA C 9mB

4.56

2 C k 2
mA vB2

mB D

2g

2
vB2

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

D 0:685 kg

4.58

4.60

q
2gR dg 1 d 2 = .2R/2


q
d
NA D mg 3
1 d 2 = .2R/2
R
s
2hg mA .1 0:35k / mB
D 3:69 m=s
vA D
mA C mB
v2 D

s
4.62

4.64

vB D

8g

mA `OA mB `OB
.sin 35 C sin 75 / D 26:6 ft=s
mA C 4mB

1
.m sin C mB /g
k A
.vB /max D vB .yB D 2/ D 9:42 ft=s
dB D 0 ft
yB D

4.66

W D 2mg

4.68

2
Part (a): T D 2m.vO
C R2 ! 2 / D 580 J
2
2
1
Part (b): T D 2 .4m/vO
C 12 m.4R2 ! 2 / D 2m.vO
C R2 ! 2 / D 580 J

4.70

U D 5760 kJ

4.72

Concept problem.

4.74

P1 D P2 D 7:48 kW

4.76

## v D 54:7 m=s D 197 km=h

CR D 0:0171 L=s D 61:7 L=h:

4.78

## Energy Burned D 274 C

4.80

Pi D

4.82

D 1:07109 kg=.m2 s2 /


0:99 mg 2
D 0:0361 J
U1-2 D 12 m
Cd

4.84

4.86

kD

## mgv .k cos  C sin  /

D 1:51103 ftlb=s D 2:75 hp


mv 2
2
u2

2
C l2

3
2 mgL
2
2
u1
l1

D 9030 N=m

3EIcs 2

2L3
s
2g.mA sin C mB k mA cos /
.v2 /max D
mA C mB
The distance between B and the ground is 0 ft

4.88 V D

4.90

4.92

Eb D

k 2

D 9:67 ft=s

mgvt sin 
D 5:395103 kJ D 1290 C


Chapter 5
5.2

xe D 28:510
xe D 4:1510
xe D 1:4210

24

m
m
6
m
12

13

5.4

5.6
5.8

5.10
5.12

5.14

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

t2

E
F dt D mv2 D 2:64 lbs

t1

mv2
E
D 2400 lb
Favg D
t2 t1
Concept problem.
mvx2
D 10:6 s
FT
d D 1280 ft
t2 D

Concept problem.

## (a) FEavg D 8080 N

FE
avg
(b) s 
D 0:515
mg
(a) Impulse D .3:17 {O C 1:20 |O/ lbs

(b) FEb avg D .3170 {O C 1200 |O/ lb
(c) Within the accuracy of our calculation (4 significant figures), remains equal to 31 .

5.16

Concept problem.

5.18

Concept problem.

5.20

n D 9:170106 bees
Slowdown D 48:5 ft=s D 33:0 mph

5.22

.xfp /2 D

5.24

vP 4 D 1:86 ft=s

5.26

vEG D . 2580 {O

5.28

dD

5.30

.E
vP /final D .1:52 ft=s/ {O

5.32

(a) Amplitude D

Lfp mp
mp C mfp

mA Lfp
mA C mC

D 4:95 m

mA r
D 2:1410
mA C mB
mA r!
D
D 0:0135 m=s
mA C mB

5.34

5.36

5.38

## and .vB / D 0 for

60

mB ! 1

Computer problem.

5.40

C
C
vEA
D vEB
D . 55:9 ft=s/ {O

5.42

vB D

mA C mB p
2gL.1
mB

5.44

vB D

mA C mB p
2k gd D 199 m=s
mB

5.46

0:817  e  0:882

5.48

dD

2 .v /2
mB
B

2k g.mA C mB /2

D 2:89 m

14

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

q
2 gk 2 2hk C .m C m /g
.mA C mB /mA
A
B

5.50

Wmax D mA g C

5.52

C
C
D .8:33 {O C 78:0 |O/ ft=s
D vEB
vEA

.mA C mB /k

D 819 lb

## rE D .14:5 {O C 136 |O/ ft

5.54

C
D 77:0 |O ft=s
vEA

rEA D 132 |O ft

C
D .73:3 {O C 85:8 |O/ ft=s
and vEB

## and rEB D .184 {O C 215 |O/ ft

5.56
Given the assumption that the masses are not identical, it is not possible to have a moving ball A
hit a stationary ball B so that A stops right after the impact.
1

5.58

D tan

5.60

## The answer is an explanation.

5.62
5.64

.cot /

Concept problem.
C
vEA
D . 23:6 {O C 18:5 |O/ m=s

C
and vEB
D . 0:717 {O

## 6:20 |O/ m=s

5.66
s
dD

2
.1 C e/h1 cos sin
gh1

r

gh1
.e
2
C

5.68
5.70
5.72

5.74
5.76
5.78
5.80
5.82

d D 3:50 ft

C
vN
D 2N

1/ C .1 C e/ cos 2
q

2gh2 C 12 gh1 .e


1/ C .1 C e/ cos 22 D 6:24 ft

p
1 2gh


D 593103 kO slugft2 =s


hEO A D 79:9103 kO slugft2 =s
hEO

hEQ D

1:44106 kO slugft2 =s

Concept problem.
!D

.L sin 0 C d /2
!
.L sin  C d /2 0

P
O it is indeed true that M
E O D mP gvP .0/t cos  k,
E O D hEP O .
Since hEO D mP gvP .0/t cos  and M
s
p
2L3
hEO D W
.cos  cos 33 / kO D .3:99 lbfts/ cos  0:839 kO
@ 57
g

5.84
s
v1 D sin 2

2gL.cos 2
sin2 1

s
v2 D sin 1

5.86

MA D 2m!02 r

q
r2

2gL.cos 2
sin2 1

cos 1 /
sin2 2
cos 1 /
sin2 2

D 6:85 ft=s;
D 2:32 ft=s

r02

15

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

5.88

Computer problem.
time to reach end of arm D 0:150 s

5.90

5.92

## The ratio of the orbital sectors is equal to 1.

p
b D rP rA
s
gre2 p
v D
. 2 1/ D 3:23103 m=s
rc

5.94
5.96

5.98

## .1:631010 m3=2 =s/

vesc D
p
r

vesc Earth D 4:21104 m=s D 151;000 km=h
4 2 a3
D 3:971014 m3 =s2
2

5.100

Gme D

5.102

## rg D 1:39108 ft D 26;200 mi; hg D 1:18108 ft D 22;300 mi;

s


2
1
vP D gre2
D 7:71103 m=s D 27;800 km=h
rP
a
s


2
1
vA D gre2
D 7:70103 m=s D 27;700 km=h
rA a
r
e D A 1 D 7:4510 4
as

5.104

D 2
5.106

5.108
5.110

5.112

a3

gre2

## vA D 4710 ft=s D 3210 mph

vA D 6830 ft=s D 4660 mph
s
ae3
D 10;600 s D 2:95 h
t D
gre2
Concept problem.
(a) vbo D 5530 ft=s D 3770 mph
(b) vLM D 54:0 ft=s D 37:0 mph
(c) t D 3420 s D 0:950 h
(d)  D 180 D 5:30
s
2
rP vP
2GmB
(a) v1 D
rP
2
(b) rP vP
> 2GmB

5.114

Concept problem.

5.116

Concept problem.
2
1
4 pA dA

RD

5.120

vB D 29:2 ft=s


mf
vmax D vo ln 1 C
mb

5.122

5.124

kD


4 Q2 1
g
dA2

5.118

2
d 2 vw
1
4gmax

1
dB2


D 2120 lb

16


5.126

v D vo ln

M
M m
P ot

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha


gt

5.128
N D

2
1
4 PA d

4Q2
D 53:4 N;
d 2

4Q2
D 0:354 N;
d 2
4Q2 `
D 0:0707 Nm
M D
d 2


F D  gL C v02 D 1:10 lb
V D

5.130
5.132

Computer problem.

5.134

m
P o D 0:0150 slug=s
vo D 4530 ft=s


mf
vmax D vo ln 1 C
mb

5.136

max power D 0
v0 D

5.138

5.140

1
2 vw

p

m q
FEavg D
2ghf C 2ghi |O D .654 N/ |O
t
q
p
2ghf C 2ghi
C
E
j
F
j
jpE
pE j
avg
D
D
D 111
jt. mg |O/j
mg
gt
C
vEA
D . 13:6 m=s/ {O

TC

T
T
5.142

## gtbo D 1320 ft=s

and

C
vEB
D . 21:3 m=s/ {O

100% D 45:3%

C
vEA
D .4:61 {O C 75:3 |O/ ft=s
C
vEA

rEA D dA

C
vA

rEB D dB

C
vEB
C
vB

C
and vEB
D .37:4 {O C 98:8 |O/ft=s

## D .7:71 {O C 126 |O/ ft

D .87:6 {O C 231 |O/ ft

5.144

hA D rA re D 7:02106 ft D 1330 mi
D 6860 s D 1:91 h

5.146

## ve D 8770 m=s D 31;600 km=h

vj D 5640 m=s D 20;300 km=h

5.148

## D 8:64107 s D 1000 days

8
q
< 1 K 1 K 2 4v 2 D 0:219 m=s;
0
2q
vw D 2
: 1 K C 1 K 2 4v 2 D 18:3 m=s;
2

5.150

and

Chapter 6
6.2

!EB D

6.4

!B D

1800 kO rpm

RA
RB A

17

6.6

Concept problem.

6.8

Concept problem.

6.10

Concept problem.

6.12

6.14

j!E ram j D 0

6.16

## vEG D . 0:150 uO r 3:38 uO  / m=s

aEG D . 20:4 uO r 3:66 uO  / m=s2

6.18

!E s D

Es D

6.20

## vEC D . 0:179 {O C 0:492 |O/ m=s

aEC D .2:58 {O C 0:938 |O/ m=s2

6.22

!s D

6.24

## !EB D 8:00 kO rad=s;

6.26

!E C D 40:0 kO rad=s

D 72:710
24 h 3600 s

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

EB D 2:00 kO rad=s2 ;

## !ED D 1:60 kO rad=s;

6.28

Letting !E OB and EOB denote the angular velocity and acceleration of the turbine,
!E OB D 1:60 kO rad=s and EOB D 0:461 kO rad=s2
aEA D . 93:0 {O 110 |O/ m=s2

6.30

R
52:6 mm
!W D !S D C !C D
68 rpm D 126 rpm
RS
28:3 mm

6.32

6.34

## !EP D 9:60 kO rad=s

vEO D 2:00 {O ft=s

6.36

Concept problem.

6.38

## !EP D 1:60 kO rad=s

vEC D 5:33 {O m=s

6.40

1 D 67:7
2 D 231

6.42

!EA D

6.44

!E C D 60:0 kO rad=s

6.46

## vEB D 10:6 {O ft=s

vEC D .5:31 {O 4:00 |O/ ft=s

6.48

## !EP D 8:80 kO rad=s

rEIC =Q D 0:307 |O rad=s

6.50

## vEC D 82:2 |O ft=s

6.52

!E OC D 2:86 kO rad=s
vEP D .0:0286 uO r 0:119 uO  / m=s

18

6.54

## vEC D 16:3 {O ft=s

the cable is unwinding at 12:2 ft=s

6.56

!E CD D

6.58

6.60

6.62

!E gate D

6.64

!EAB D

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

!EBC
6.66

!E R D 35:0 kO rpm
vED D 17:2 |O in.=s

6.68

## !EAB D 50:6 kO rad=s

vEB D 1:92 |O m=s
#
"
P
R.H
R cos / sin 
P
|O
vEB D R cos  p
L2 .H R cos /2

6.70
6.72

Computer problem.
5:38 |O/ ft=s2

6.74

aEB D .17:0 {O

6.76

6.78

aEQ D

6.80

## EAB D 48:6 kO rad=s2

6.82

Letting Q denote the point on the ball in contact with the bowl, at the instant shown
aEA D . 1020 uO r C 24:0 uO  / ft=s2 and aEQ D 3480 uO r ft=s2

6.84

## EAB D 27:1 kO rad=s2

aEB D 267 {O ft=s2

6.86

!EAB D

6.88

6.90

6.92

EBC D

6.94

Es D

6.96

## Egate D 4:50 kO rad=s2

6.98

EAB D

6.100

Letting Q denote the point of contact between the wheel W and the cylinder S , aEQ D 82:0 uO r ft=s2

6.102

9:16 uO r m=s2

and

EBC D 0E

and EAB D

## HRP 2 .R2 H 2 / sin  O

k
.H 2 C R2 2HR cos /2

and

and

EBC D

6.104

## For  D 10 and  D 56:11 aED D

For  D 10 and  D 303:9 aED D

## .18;300 {O C 34;900 |O/ ft=s2

.18;300 {O C 32;900 |O/ ft=s2

19

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

6.106

aEC

6.108



R sin 
D RAB cos  1 C p
L2 R2 cos2 
"
2
R.L
R2 / cos2 
R sin2 
2
C R!AB
p
.L2 R2 cos2 /3=2
L2 R2 cos2 

sin 

|O

Computer problem.


D sR s!02 {O C s0 C 2Ps !0 |O

6.110

aEP

6.112

(a) !E CD D

.R= h/!AB
1 C R= h

## (b) ECD D 0E and

and vEbar D

.R= h/d!AB O
I D 0:377 IO m=s
1 C R= h

aEbar D dCD IO D 0E

!AB . C sin / O
k
1 C 2 C 2 sin 
!AB . C sin / O
dI
vEbar D
1 C 2 C 2 sin


2 cos 
1 2 !AB
(b) ECD D
2 kO
1 C 2 C 2 sin 
 2
1 2 !AB
cos 
aEbar D d
2 kO
1 C 2 C 2 sin 

6.114

(a) !E CD D

6.116

(a) vEbar D

6.118

## vEP D . 23:6 {OA C 26:1 |OA / ft=s

aEP D . 52:9 {OA 40:3 |OA / ft=s2

6.120

6.122

## vEC D .7:50 {O C 7:51 |O/ ft=s

aEC D .105 {O 161 |O/ ft=s2

6.124

#)

! d IO
1 C AB

(b) vEbar D
! d IO
1 AB
(c) vbar D 2:90 m=s
vbar D 5:39 m=s
(d) vbar D 5:59 m=s
vbar D 50:3 m=s

Concept problem.

6.126

## dPAB D 1:12 ft=s

dRAB D 2:01 ft=s2

6.128

!E bar D

6.130

!EA D

6.132

aEE D . 1:50 {O

6.134

6.136

## vED D .vC C !OA ` sin / {O C .d!OA `!C cos / |O `!C sin  kO

2
2
2
aED D . d!OA
C 2!OA `!C cos  C `OA sin / {O C .dOA C .!C
C !OA
/` sin  C 2!OA vC / |O
2
O
!C cos  k:

6.138

## vEC D .21:5 {O C 7:51 |O/ ft=s

aEC D .107 {O 166 |O/ ft=s2

0:320 |O/ ft=s2
and dRE C D

0:0192 ft=s2

20

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

Chapter 7
and dstop D v02 =.2gk / D 16:8 ft

7.2

7.4

F D 179 N

7.6

 D 18:9

7.8

7.10

## F D 577 lb; Nf D 784 lb; Nr D 783 lb; and NB D 2230 lb

HE D Hx {O C Hy |O D .653 {O C 166 |O/ lb and HE D 674 lb
.s /min D 0:736
7.12

m1 D
m1 D

1
4 m;
1
2 m;

m2 D
m2 D

3
4 m;
1
2 m;

xP D

2
3L

.IG /extra D

2
1
6 mL

7.14
Rx D

.0:112 N=s2 /t 2 ;

Ry D 0:0101 N;
M D 3:1110
7.16

Nm

Or D

7.18
7.20

p g
p 
jbar jmax D 3
for d D 61 3
3 L or d D
L

3C

p 
3 L

7.22

1
6

Concept problem.

21

7.24

.vG /final D
tfinal

## 2gL.sin  pk cos  C sin / D 18:4 ft=s

2gL.sin  k cos  C sin /
D 1:08 s
D .vG /final =aGx D
g.sin  k cos /

7.26

tr D 2:41 s

and d D 50:7 ft

7.28

aGx D k g

7.30

and b D

TCD D 101 N:

and

grk
2
kG

## aEG D aGx {O C aGy |O D . 6:45 m=s2 / |O

7.32

The solution of this problem under the stated assumptions leads to conclusion that the crate starts rotating counterclockwise. Since this fact runs contrary to the fact that the force system applied to the crate can only induce
a clockwise rotation of the crate, then we conclude that the solution obtained under the assumptions given in the

7.34

separation D

7.36

## The FBD for the problem is


D 60:0
3

Under the assumption that the contact between the sphere and the semicylinder is frictionless, the solution in terms
of contact force N , second time derivative of the angle , and angular acceleration of the sphere is as follows:
g sin 
N D mg cos  m.R C /P 2 ; R D
; and s D 0:
RC
Comparing these equations to Eqs. (5) and (6) in Example 3.6 on p. 216 for a particle, we can see that the sphere in
question behaves like a particle of mass m sliding over a semicylinder of radius R C  and therefore if we shrink
the sphere to a particle by letting  ! 0, we will recover exactly the same solution obtained for a particle.
7.38

(a) F D

IG vf
r 2 tf

7.40

AB D

D 12:1 lb
mc r 2 tf
2IG C r 2 mc

D 6:85 s

3mAB g cos 
L.2mAB C 9mB

sin2 /

aEB D

2mAB C 9mB

22

sin2 

{O;

w D

## 3mAB g sin  cos 

R.2mAB C 9mB sin2 /

7.42

AB D

## L.6mA cos2  C 2mAB C 9mB sin2 /

3.2mA C mAB /g sin  cos 
{O;
aEB D
6mA cos2  C 2mAB C 9mB sin2 
3.2mA C mAB /g sin  cos 
w D
R.6mA cos2  C 2mAB C 9mB sin2 /

7.44

IG D mR2

7.46

ac D 1:35 m=s2 ;

7.48

xR D

7.50

(a)

T D 3130 N;

and

R D

and

1 C 3 sin2 

s D

## 3.2g C LP 2 cos / sin 

L.1 C 3 sin2 /



1
2hac
Wc 1 C
D 736 lb;
4
g`


2hac
1
D 549 lb;
Nf D Wc 1
4
g`
W a
Fr D c c D 503 lb
2g
Nr D

(b)
Ax D

ac Ww
g

Ay D Wr

Fr D

Nr D

485 lb

689 lb

d
2a I
MA D Fr C c B D 522 ftlb
2
d
7.52

Computer problem.
!
k2
m 1C G
xR C kx D mg sin  C kL0
r2

7.54

AB D

7.56 aAx D

g
2L

cos 
1
3

60
g
181

b D

and

5
O;
7 g sin  u

7.58

aEG D

7.60

R C

7.62

(a) aEG D .1

45g
181R

b D

5g sin
;
7

## and FEdue to bowl D

mg cos  uO r C 27 mg sin  uO

5g
sin  D 0
7.R /


(b) aEG D

k /

P
.1
m

PR2

{O;

2/
m.R2 C kG

2k / k g {O;

and

2
k R 2 C k G

P
2  P C mg
R2 C kG
k


k R P
d D 2
.1 k / g
kG m

## and .s /min D

7.64
R.2mA R2 C IO /!P s C 2mA `.`P C R!s /2 D 0;
``R C `P2 C `R!P s R2 !s2 D 0
7.66

7.68

and By D 54 mg


P
(b)  D 2 tan 1
; 0 D 0;
mg

(a) Ay D

3
4 mg

and

aEE D

and

1 D 

.5:65 ft=s2 / |O

23

7.70

aEE D .13:2 {O
Ax D

## 3g.mb C mr /.d C h/mb C 2d mr sin  cos  C g.h

2.d C h/.2mb C 3mr /

d /mb mr tan 

D 437 lb;

## gmb h C d.mb C mr /mb C 3.mb C 2mr / cos2  C 3ghmb mr sin2 

D 256 lb;
2.d C h/.2mb C 3mr /
3g.mb C mr /.d C h/mb C 2hmr sin  cos  g.h d /mb mr tan 
Cx D
D 629 lb;
2.d C h/.2mb C 3mr /

Ay D

Cy D
7.72
7.74

## gmb d C h.mb C mr /mb C 3.mb C 2mr / cos2  C 3gd mb mr sin2 

D 353 lb
2.d C h/.2mb C 3mr /

## aEE D .7:00 {O C 7:06 |O/ ft=s2

Ax D 229 lb; Ay D 1330 lb;

Cx D 336 lb;

and

Cy D 1330 lb

Pmax D 1600 lb
1

vc2
gR

7.76

 D tan

7.78

AC D R D 1:46 rad=s2

7.80

Computer problem.
tclosure D 1:29 s
.vE /at closure D 1:87 m=s

and CE D

R D

7.82
gR sin  g cos  R cos.
R D
2 C 2R sin.
R2 C 2 C kG
F D mg sin  C maGx

D mg sin  m RC sin.
N D mg cos  C maGy

D mg cos  C m  cos.

/P 2
/

2 C2R sin.  /
R2 C2 CkG

##  /gR sin  g cos  R cos.  /P 2

2 C2R sin.  /
R2 C2 CkG


/ ;

C P 2 cos.

P 2 sin.


/

7.84
.mAB C mC /xRA C 12 .mAB C 2mC /L cos  R C 21 .2d C h/mC cos  R
1
P 2 1 .2d C h/m sin  P 2 D 0;
C
2 .mAB C 2mC /L sin  
2
2
1
1
1
1
Lm cos  xR C m
C m cos  C . m
C m / sin2 L2 R

12

1
2 .2d

7.86

7.88
7.90

AB

C
2 C
4 AB
1
C 4 .2d C h/LmC .2 sin  sin  C cos  cos /R
C 41 .mAB C 2mC /L2 sin  cos  P 2
C 41 .2d C h/LmC .2 sin  cos  sin  cos /P 2
C 21 .mAB C 2mC /gL sin 
C h/mC cos  xRA C 21 .2d C h/LmC cos. /R
1
C 12
.h2 C w 2 / C 41 .2d C h/2 mC R
1
sin  cos /P 2
2 .2d C h/LmC .sin  cos
C 21 g.2d C h/mC sin

D 0;

D 0:

## (a) F D 43 mg.3 cos  2/ sin  and N D 14 mg.1 3 cos /2

(b) Given any (finite) value of s , there always is a value of  for which the rod will slip.
!
!
R2
md
R2
Pmax D mc gs 1 C
C 2 ; aC x D g 1 C 2 ; and aGx D s g
mc
kG
kG
P D 7:59 N

24

Chapter 8
8.2

TA D TB D 518 J

8.4

## TR1 D 7760 ftlb

8.6

T D 324;000 ftlb

8.8

T D

8.10

T D 28:9 ftlb

8.12

## and TR2 D 15;000 ftlb

1
2
I R2 C H 2 .IA C mBC R2 /!AB
D 25:3 J
2H 2 D

Computer problem.

8.14

Lf D 34:1 ft

8.16

Concept problem.
s
.2Md=R/ kd 2
!2 D
2 C R2 /
m.kG
2M
ds D
kR

8.18

8.20
8.22

M D 2:06106 ftlb
p
vperson D vG D 2gH.1 C cos /

v
D 10:8 m=s
person D0

8.24

vO D 10:9 ft=s

8.26

nmin D 26
(a) vperson D 26:5 ft=s

8.28

Ufracture D

8.30

Ufriction D

8.32

kD

8.34

D 1:03 ft

8.36

WP D

8.38

## vmax D 6:39 ft=s

8.40

vC D 4:96 m=s

8.42

vS D 7:53 m=s

8.44

vB D 2:21 m=s
In B is moving to the left.

8.46

M D 32:9 Nm
Pmax D 132 W

8.48

8.50

Concept problem.

8.52

hEA

1
2 gLA .mA

## C 2mS / C 2mS rS .cos f

cos i / D

318 J

364 ftlb

2 C g.L C d
W vmax
2H /
D 11:3 lb=ft
2g .H d /.H C 20 d /

2
3gH C 6vA2

AB

(a) hEA

2
vA2

3gH

(b) hED

BC

W D 800 lb

## and !ED D .44:1 rad=s/ kO

slide D 35:1

1
m R2 !AB kO D .1:72 kgm2 =s/ kO
3 AB
D m ! R2 kO D .7:20 kgm2 =s/ kO

CD

BC AB

1
3 mCD HR!AB

25

8.54

8.56

8.58

8.60

hEC

hEO

W
W

D .91:910
D .66910

kgm2 =s/ kO

@

kgm =s/ kO

@

## pE D WAB vA D 3:23 lbs

AB
2g cos 
W
LvA O
AB
k D .2:42 ftlbs/ kO
hEG D
12g cos 
W vfinal
{O D .878 lb/ {O
FEavg D
gt
E avg D 2IG vfinal kO D . 10:7 lbft/ kO
M
dt
Concept problem.
v0
2k g

8.62

tr D

8.64

8.66

## (a) Collar modeled as a particle: vimpact D 0:990 ft=s,

(b) Collar modeled as a rigid body: vimpact D 0:943 ft=s,
"
#
g .1 C w /g
t !0 kO
!.t/
E D
.1 C g w /r

8.68
8.70

vG t D2 s D 21:7 ft=s
.s /min D 0:0588

8.72

Concept problem.

8.74

## The system rotates clockwise.

m a e
 D B 0 tf2 ; (clockwise)
2IO

8.76

dD

4r 2 d
.2r b/2

8.78

Concept problem.

8.80

Concept problem.
2
3`

8.82

dD

8.84

d D 2:09 ft
!EB D . 26:6 rad=s/ kO

8.86
8.88
8.90

and

## vbC D 226 ft=s

!E bC D .10:7 rad=s/ kO
C
vEG
D . 1:31 m=s/ {O and !EAC D .3:43 rad=s/ kO
s
4g` sin
v0 D
D 7:48 ft=s
3 cos2

8.92

C
!EAB

8.94

## !EAC D . 0:000 715 rad=s/ kO

8.96

T D 0:0257 ftlb

8.98

d D 1:98 m

C
and !EBD
C
and !EB
D . 0:000 024 1 rad=s/ kO

26

## Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics 1e

8.100

Concept problem.

8.102

Concept problem.

8.104

C
D 2v0 {O D .12 ft=s/ {O
vEP

8.106

max D 14:8

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

Chapter 9
9.2

9.4

mgL 2
4 2
s
7L
D 2
6g
IO D

r
9.6

`D

9.8

!n D

9.10

9.12
9.14
9.16

IG
m
s

Gr 4
LR4 t
r
2d m
D
h
k
s
1
.h3 C d 3 / C md 2
D 2 3
kh2
r
g
!
d
f D n D
D 0:566 Hz
2
4 m

9.18

(a) myR C ky D 0
(b) mR C k D 0

9.20

mn D 35:6 g

9.22

xR G C

9.24

9.26

9.28

17k
x D0
6m G

8k
x D0
3m G r
2
3m
D 2
D
D 2:22 s
!n
8k
s
2g
!n D
3.R r/
s
3.R r/
D 2
2g
xR G C

2
D
D 2
!n
s

.3

L
2g
2/R

9.30

D 2

9.32

3g

F0 =k
cos !0 t
.!0 =!n /2

27

## Gray, Costanzo, Plesha

9.34
mu D 0:01 kg

mu D 0:1 kg

mu D 1 kg

q
2:1910
q
jym j D 1:1010
q
jym j D 9:8010
jym j D

6 cos.4:37t/ C 1:8910 5 m;
5 cos.4:37t/ C 1:1110 5 m;
4 cos.4:37t/ C 1:0110 3 m

## amp D 0:001 76 rad=s

s
3EI
9.38 !n D
.mu C me /d 3 C 43 mw h2 d
!
f D n D 49:7 Hz
2
jp j.mu C me /d
.!p =!n /2
D 0:820
MF D
D
mu R
1 .!p =!n /2
9.36

9.40
9.42
9.44

Concept problem.
x.t / D 0:000 501 sin 10t C 0:100 cos 10t


L0
myR C 2k 1
y D F0 sin !0 t
L


sin 200t m


!0
sin
!
t
C
sin
!
t
;
n
0
1 .!0 =!n /2 !n
s



L0
2k
where keq D 2k 1
and !n D
1
L
m

2
1
1
3 mB C 2 mA xR C 2kx D 2 F0 sin !0 t
F0
xamp D
 2
4
4k
m
3 B C mA !0
y.t/ D

9.46

F0 =keq

2:5110

9.48

Concept problem.

9.50

Concept problem.

9.52

no peak in MF for  

9.54

yR C 2!n yP C !n2 y D

mu "!r2
sin !r t
m

9.56

jym j D 0:002 19 m

9.58


IG R C cro2 P C k1 ro2 C k2 ri2  D 0
h
.t / D 0:0504e 3:80t 0:000386e

L0
L

1=2

496t

## 9.60 x.t / D e 0:5t .A sin 3:12t C B cos 3:12t/

q

p
L2 C .L C x/2
2L p
9.62 mxR C c xP C 2k

LCx
L2

C .L C x/2

D F0 sin !0 t

mxR C c xP C kx D F0 sin !0 t
DD p

F0 =k
1

r
;

!n D

where

9.64

9.66

"
#

mA!02 k m!02
(b) y.t/ D
C A sin !0 t
2
k m!02 C c 2 !02
v
u
u
k 2 C c 2 !02
(c) DT D t
2
k m!02 C c 2 !02

k
m

and

c
D p
2 km

and c D 0
"
k

28

#
mcA!03
cos !0 t
2
m!02 C c 2 !02

k1 k2
xD0
k1 C k2

9.68

mxR C

9.70

k D

9.72

5:91%

9.74
mu D 0:01 kg W

mu D 0:1 kg W

mu D 1 kg W
9.76 myR C 2k 1

9.78

## F t D 1480mu sin.125:7t C 0:842/ C 1770mu cos.125:7t C 0:842/ N

!

L0
p

y 2 C L2

L0
yD0
L


myR C 2k 1

yD0

Chapter 10
10.2

.d C ` cos /!arm kO
i
2 h

!arm
2
!arm
sin .d C ` cos / |O
d 2 C 2d ` cos C `2 C R2 cos2 kO
R

## vEE D R!arm cos {O C .d C ` cos /!arm |O

aEE D

2
!arm
cos .d C ` cos / {O

10.4

## vEP D 2.d C ` cos /!arm kO

2
2
aEE D !arm
)
( cos .d C ` cos / {O !arm sin .d C ` cos / |O
2 h
 2 i
!arm
2
2
2
.d C ` cos /arm C
d C 2d ` cos C ` C R cos kO
R

10.6



aEA D 231 |O C 108 kO ft=s2


EAB D 18:3 {O C 15:1 |O C 34:9 kO rad=s2

10.8

vEP D
aEP

10.10

## R!d cos {O .h!b C R!d sin / |O C R!b cos kO



h

i
D R !d2 sin !P d cos {O R !b2 C !d2 cos C !P d sin |O


C R!P b cos h!b2 2R!b !d sin kO

vEA D

2L!0 cos2 kO

aEA D

2L!02 cos2 {O
!s |O

L!02 cot |O

2L0 cos2 kO

P kO
R kO

10.12

!EAB D

10.14

P {O
EAB D !
s



L
LR
L
L  P2
sin C d C cos !s2 C P 2 cos {O C
sin
aEG D
2
2
2
2

vEA D 1:432 |O 0:6677 kO m=s

10.16


aEA D 103 |O C 47:8 kO m=s2

10.18


!EAB D 0:0161 {O C 2:69 |O C 0:917 kO rad=s

E
D 1:73 {O 4:59 |O C 15:8 kO rad=s2


R cos |O

P sin kO
L!
s

AB

10.20

!E bit D !d {O C !a |O C !b kO

10.22

## Ebit D .!P d !a !b / {O C .!P a C !d !b / |O C .!P b !d !a / kO

h

i
aEB D a t C h!P a .` C r t / !a2 C !b2 {O C 2.v t C h!a / !b C .` C r t / !P b |O
.2v C h! / ! C .` C r / !P kO
t

29