Springfield Township High School Graduation Project Annotated Bibliography Student Name: Annotation # 7

MLA Citation: Arnston, Amy E. Graphic Design Basics. United States: Thomson Wadworth, 2007. Print. Section on “Photography in a Layout” INFORMATION: Author’s credentials: Arnston is a graphic design professor at the University of Wisconsin. Scope and purpose of the work: The work features recommendations for selecting, editing, and placing photographs in a creative design. Intended Audience: Graphic design students or young professionals looking for pointers.

SUMMARY Thesis or main idea: The design of a page and photograph interact in crucial ways that a successful graphic design artist must understand. Summary of main arguments: • Paper choice: too absorbent paper can ink poorly, reducing contrast • Size contrast: if all photos are same size, eye is drawn to none • Other elements can distract from photograph • Cropping: used to fit a space and provide variety, but cropping too tightly destroys mood o Emphasize length or width by cropping off the respective sides o Makes people focus on important/dramatic part of picture o Keep ratio of original image or risk strange views • Good photographs for reproduction: good contrast, tonal range, sharp focus in right areas • Resolution: use the maximum allowed resolution, 300 ppi on most printers, to achieve the right look o Web is 72 ppi o Increasing the size of a picture on the computer interpolates, inventing pixels that do not represent new information

EVIDENCE Summary of evidence: • Her personal design experience and teaching background • A cropped picture of dancer’s feet – shows focus on most interesting part of image

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A picture of a Pepsi-Cola diving competition cropped to make it narrower vertically – shows height of diving board contraption A series of grids representing creative image placement and variation

EVALUATION Evaluation of research: While I feel a book by a professor could have included more references to actual studies on human reactions to different graphic designs, I appreciate her insights. Often, the common ideas about graphic design look best to viewers because that is simply what they are conditioned to seeing. Evaluation of scope: Again, the author covers all the necessary topics, but does not innovate or really add anything new to the subject as a whole. It is a good primer book and helpful to me, though. Evaluation of author bias: I do not detect much bias. She might be a little pretentious and assuming though.

REFLECTION: I will incorporate this author’s ideas into my final presentation. Her writing was lucid and the examples were helpful.

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