TILMAN ARETZ’S BLOG [www.taretz.blogspot.

com]———Presidential elections and referendums in Taiwan ROC

Presidential elections and referendums in the ROC
DIRECT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN THE ROC
Since March 1996, the president of the Republic of China (Zhonghua minguo 中華民國) is elected directly by the ROC citizens according to constitutional amendments promulgated in May 1992 and July 1994. Before that, the ROC president was elected by the members of the ROC National Assembly (guomin dahui 國民大會) which was abolished in June 2005. According to Article 47 of the ROC constitution, the ROC president is barred from serving more than two consecutive terms of office.

Presidential election 1996
(jiuren zongtong fuzongtong xuanju 九任總統副總統選舉) Presidential candidate Lee Teng-hui 李登輝 (b. 1923) Peng Ming-min 彭明敏 (b. 1923) Lin Yang-kang 林洋港 (b. 1927) Chen Li-an 陳履安 (b. 1937) Running mate Lien Chan 連戰 (b. 1936) Frank Hsieh 謝長廷 (b. 1946) Hau Pei-tsun 郝柏村 (b. 1919) Wang Ching-feng 王清峰 (b. 1952) Peng-Hsieh (DPP) 2,274,586 21.13 Lin-Hau (I) 1,603,790 14.90 Party affiliation KMT DPP Independent Independent Chen-Wang (I) 1,074,044 9.98

Candidates ..................................Lee-Lien (KMT) Valid votes received...................5,913,699 Percent of valid votes ...............54.92

Election date March 23, 1996 Eligible voters 14,313,288 voters Voter turnout (%) 76.04 percent Total votes cast 10,883,279 votes Valid votes 10,766,119 votes (98.92 percent of all votes cast) Invalid votes 117,160 votes (1.07 percent of all votes cast) Difference of valid votes between the two strongest candidates: 3,639,113 votes (33.80 percent of valid votes)

Presidential election 2000
(shiren zongtong fuzongtong xuanju 十任總統副總統選舉) Presidential candidate Lien Chan 連戰 (b. 1936) Chen Shui-bian 陳水扁 (b. 1950) James Soong 宋楚瑜 (b. 1942) Hsu Hsin-liang 許信良 (b. 1941) Li Ao 李敖 (b. 1935) Running mate Vincent Siew 蕭萬長 (b. 1939) Annette Lu 呂秀蓮 (b. 1944) Chang Chao-hsiung 張昭雄 (b. 1942) Josephine Chu 朱惠良 (b. 1950) Elmer Fung 馮滬祥 (b. 1948) Soong-Chang (I) 4,664,932 36.84 Party affiliation KMT DPP Independent Independent Independent/NP Hsu-Chu (I) 79,429 0.63 Li-Fung (I/NP) 16,782 0.13

Candidates ......................... Lien-Siew (KMT) Chen-Lu (DPP) Valid votes received.......... 2,925,513 4,977,737 Percent of valid votes ...... 23.10 39.30

Election date March 18, 2000 Eligible voters 15,462,625 voters Voter turnout (%) 82.69 percent Total votes cast 12,786,671 votes Valid votes 12,664,393 votes (99.04 percent of all votes cast) Invalid votes 122,278 votes (0.95 percent of all votes cast) Difference of valid votes between the two strongest candidates: 312,805 votes (2.47 percent of valid votes)

1

TILMAN ARETZ’S BLOG [www.taretz.blogspot.com]———Presidential elections and referendums in Taiwan ROC

Presidential election 2004
(shiyiren zongtong fuzongtong xuanju 十一任總統副總統選舉) Presidential candidate Chen Shui-bian 陳水扁 (b. 1950) Lien Chan 連戰 (b. 1936) Running mate Annette Lu 呂秀蓮 (b. 1944) James Soong 宋楚瑜 (b. 1942) Lien-Soong (KMT) 6,442,452 49.89 Party affiliation DPP KMT

Candidates ..................................Chen-Lu (DPP) Valid votes received...................6,471,970 Percent of valid votes ...............50.11

Election date March 20, 2004 Eligible voters 16,507,179 voters Voter turnout (%) 80.28 percent Total votes cast 13,251,719 votes Valid votes 12,914,422 votes (97.45 percent of all votes cast) Invalid votes 337,297 votes (2.54 percent of all votes cast) Difference of valid votes between DPP and KMT: 29,518 votes (0.22 percent of valid votes)

Presidential election 2008
(shierren zongtong fuzongtong xuanju 十二任總統副總統選舉) Presidential candidate Frank Hsieh 謝長廷 (b. 1946) Ma Ying-jeou 馬英九 (b. 1950) Running mate Su Tseng-chang 蘇貞昌 (b. 1947) Vincent Siew 蕭萬長 (b. 1939) Ma-Siew (KMT) 7,658,724 58.45 Party affiliation DPP KMT

Candidates ..................................Hsieh-Su (DPP) Valid votes received...................5,445,239 Percent of valid votes ...............41.55

Election date March 22, 2008 Eligible voters 17,321,622 voters Voter turnout (%) 76.33 percent Total votes cast 13,221,609 votes Valid votes 13,103,963 votes (99.11 percent of all votes cast) Invalid votes 117,646 votes (0.889 percent of all votes cast) Difference of valid votes between KMT and DPP: 2,213,485 votes (16.89 percent of valid votes)

2

TILMAN ARETZ’S BLOG [www.taretz.blogspot.com]———Presidential elections and referendums in Taiwan ROC

NATIONWIDE REFERENDUMS IN THE ROC
After the ROC’s Referendum Law (gongmin toupiaofa 公民投票法) was promulgated on Nov. 28, 2003, nationwide referendums (quanguoxing gongmin toupiao 全國性公民投票) were held on three occasions (March 20, 2004; Jan. 12, 2008; March 22, 2008), with two single referendums held at each time. Since the Referendum Law requires a minimum turnout of 50 percent of eligible voters for a valid result, all of the first six referendums in the ROC were rejected due to low participation.

Referendum 1 + 2
Held on March 20, 2004; concurrently with the ROC presidential election Eligible voters: 16,497,746 “The People of Taiwan demand that the Taiwan Strait issue be resolved through peaceful means. Should Mainland China refuse to withdraw the missiles it has targeted at Taiwan and to openly renounce the use of force against us, would you agree that the Government should acquire more advanced anti-missile weapons to strengthen Taiwan’s self-defense capabilities?” 「台灣人民堅持台海問題應該和平解決。如果中共不撤除瞄準台灣的飛彈、不放棄對台灣使用武力,你 是不是同意政府增加購置反飛彈裝備,強化台灣自我防衛能力?」 Total votes: 7,452,340 (voter turnout 45.17 percent) Valid votes: 7,092,629 (95.17 percent of total votes) Invalid votes: 359,711 (4.82 percent of total votes) Agree: 6,511,216 (91.80 percent of valid votes) Disagree: 581,413 (8.20 percent of valid votes) “Would you agree that our Government should engage in negotiation with Mainland China on the establishment of a ‘peace and stability’ framework for cross-strait interactions in order to build consensus and for the welfare of the peoples on both sides?” 「你是不是同意政府與中共展開協商談判,推動建立兩岸和平穩定的互動架構,謀求兩岸的共識與人民 的福祉?」 Total votes: 7,444,148 (voter turnout 45.12 percent) Valid votes: 6,865,574 (92.22 percent of total votes) Invalid votes: 578,574 (7.77 percent of total votes) Agree: 6,319,663 (92.04 percent of valid votes) Disagree: 545,911 (7.95 percent of valid votes)

Referendum 3 + 4
Held on Jan. 12, 2008; concurrently with the elections to the ROC Legislative Yuan Eligible voters: 17,277,720 “Do you agree to the establishment of an act pertaining to the disposition of assets improperly obtained by political parties, and the return of the KMT’s assets to the public based on the following principles: All assets of the Kuomintang and its subsidiary organizations, excluding membership fees, political donations and elections subsidies, shall be deemed to be improperly obtained assets that should be returned to the public, and monies equal to the sum total of any already divested assets be returned to the public?” (DPP-initiated referendum) 「你是否同意依下列原則制定『政黨不當取得財產處理條例』將中國國民黨黨產還給全民:國民黨及其 附隨組織的財產,除黨費、政治獻金及競選補助金外,均推定為不當取得的財產,應還給人民。已處分 者,應償還價額。」 Total votes: 4,550,881 (voter turnout 26.34 percent) Valid votes: 4,254,664 (93.49 percent of total votes) Invalid votes: 296,217 (6.50 percent of total votes) Agree: 3,891,170 (91.46 percent of valid votes) Disagree: 363,494 (8.54 percent of valid votes)

3

TILMAN ARETZ’S BLOG [www.taretz.blogspot.com]———Presidential elections and referendums in Taiwan ROC “Do you agree to the establishment of legislation holding the national leaders and subordinates legally responsible for causing serious harm to the nation, deliberately or through major error; that any investigation be conducted by a legislative investigative committee; and that government departments must cooperate and may not refuse to do so, all in the public interest, and that those who break the law or are derelict in their duties of office be punished and required to return any improperly obtained income?” (KMT-initiated referendum) 「您是否同意制定法律追究國家領導人及其部屬,因故意或重大過失之措施,造成國家嚴重損害之責任, 並由立法院設立調查委員會調查,政府各部門應全力配合,不得抗拒,以維全民利益,並懲處違法失職 人員,追償不當所得?」 Total votes: 4,505,927 (voter turnout 26.08 percent) Valid votes: 3,961,026 (87.90 percent of total votes) Invalid votes: 544,901 (12.09 percent of total votes) Agree: 2,304,136 (58.17 percent of valid votes) Disagree: 1,656,890 (41.83 percent of valid votes)

Referendum 5 + 6
Held on March 22, 2008; concurrently with the ROC presidential election Eligible voters: 17,313,854 “In 1971, the People’s Republic of China joined the United Nations, replacing the Republic of China and making Taiwan an international orphan. Do you agree that the government, in a strong expression of the will of the Taiwanese people and in order to elevate Taiwan’s international status and promote its international participation, should join the United Nations under the name ‘Taiwan’?” (DPP-initiated referendum) 「1971 年中華人民共和國進入聯合國,取代中華民國,台灣成為國際孤兒。為強烈表達台灣人民的意志, 提升台灣的國際地位及參與,您是否同意政府以『台灣』名義加入聯合國?」 Total votes: 6,201,677 (voter turnout 35.82 percent) Valid votes: 5,881,589 (94.83 percent of total votes) Invalid votes: 320,088 (5.16 percent of total votes) Agree: 5,529,230 (94.01 percent of valid votes) Disagree: 352,359 (5.99 percent of valid votes) “Do you agree that our country should apply to return to the United Nations and enter other organizations using a pragmatic and flexible name strategy, that is, do you approve applying to return to the United Nations and joining other international organizations under the name ‘Republic of China’, ‘Taiwan’ or another name that facilitates success while maintaining dignity?” (KMT-initiated referendum) 「您是否同意我國申請重返聯合國及加入其他組織,名稱採務實、有彈性的策略,亦即贊成以中華民國 名義、或以台灣名義、或以其他有助於成功並兼顧尊嚴的名稱,申請重返聯合國及加入其他國家組織?」 Total votes: 6,187,118 (voter turnout 35.74 percent) Valid votes: 5,686,369 (91.90 percent of total votes) Invalid votes: 500,749 (8.09 percent of total votes) Agree: 4,962,309 (87.27 percent of valid votes) Disagree: 724,060 (12.73 percent of valid votes)

DPP = Democratic Progressive Party, minzhu jinbudang 民主進步黨/minjindang 民進黨 KMT = Kuomintang (i. e. Chinese Nationalist Party), Zhongguo guomindang 中國國民黨 NP = New Party, xindang 新黨 ROC = Republic of China, Zhonghua minguo 中華民國

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS FILE

[File last edited/updated on Fri, Nov. 13, 2009]

4

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful