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Mendelian Genetics Practice Problems Prof. Corl Genetics Practice Problem #1.

) Cross involving one trait: In pea plants, the allele for purple colored flowers (“P”) is dominant while the allele for white colored flowers (“p”) is recessive. You decide to set up a cross (a mating) between a male parent that has white flowers to a female parent that is heterozygous for flower color. What are the genotypes of the parents? ______________________ Construct a Punnett Square in the space below to illustrate: 1.) The different gametes produced by each parent. 2.) The different possible genotypes of the offspring generation (F1 generation) that would result from the cross described above.

Based on your Punnett square: What are the genotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the genotypes (that is, what are the expected F1 genotypic ratios)?

What are the phenotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the phenotypes? (that is, what are the expected F1 phenotypic ratios)?

Parent #2: Heterozygous for both seed shape and pea pod color. 2. the allele for round seeds (“R”) is dominant while the allele for wrinkled seeds (“r”) is recessive.Genetics Practice Problem #2. what are the expected F1 phenotypic ratios)? . Based on your Punnett square: What are the genotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the genotypes (that is. what are the expected F1 genotypic ratios)? What are the phenotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the phenotypes? (that is. In addition. What are the genotypes of the parents? Parent #1 Genotype: _____________ Parent #2 Genotype: _____________ Construct a (large) Punnett Square in the space below to illustrate: 1.) Cross involving two unlinked traits: In pea plants. the allele for yellow pea pods (“Y”) is dominant while the allele for green pea pods (“y”) is recessive. You decide to set up a cross (a mating) between the following two parents: Parent #1: Heterozygous for seed shape.) The different possible genotypes of the offspring generation (F1 generation) that would result from the cross described above.) The different gametes produced by each parent. Has green pea pods.

) Cross involving a sex-linked trait In fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster).) The different possible genotypes of the offspring generation (F1 generation) that would result from the cross described above. The gene is located on the X chromosome.Genetics Practice Problem #3. . what are the expected F1 genotypic ratios)? What are the phenotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the phenotypes? (that is. the most common eye color is red (“w+”). A mutation (or allele) of the gene for eye color produces white eyes (“w”). What are the genotypes of the parents? Male parent genotype: _____________ Female parent genotype: _____________ Construct a Punnett Square in the space below to illustrate: 1. what are the expected F1 phenotypic ratios)? Be sure to indicate the sex (male or female) of each of your phenotypic classes. You decide to set up a cross (a mating) between the following two parents: Male parent: Has red eyes. Female parent: Heterozygous for eye color. Based on your Punnett square: What are the genotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the genotypes (that is. The red eye allele is dominant to the white eye allele.) The different gametes produced by each parent. 2.

Genetics Practice Problem #4) Cross involving incomplete dominance: In snapdragons. plants with two copies of the r allele have white flowers. 2.) The different gametes produced by each parent. Plants with two copies of the R allele have red flowers.) The different possible genotypes of the offspring generation (F1 generation) that would result from the cross described above. What are the genotypes of the parents? ______________________ Construct a Punnett Square in the space below to illustrate: 1. Based on your Punnett square: What are the genotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the genotypes (that is. while plants with one of each allele have pink flowers. what are the expected F1 phenotypic ratios)? . the alleles for flower color show incomplete (partial) dominance. You decide to set up a cross (a mating) between two pink snapdragons. what are the expected F1 genotypic ratios)? What are the phenotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the phenotypes? (that is.

If a woman with type AB blood marries a man with type O blood: Construct a Punnett Square in the space below to illustrate: 1. and i. what are the expected F1 phenotypic ratios)? . people with type AB blood are IAIB. IB. 2.Genetics Practice Problem #5): Codominance In humans. Based on your Punnett square: What are the genotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the genotypes (that is. People with A type blood have the genotypes IAIA or IAi. and people with O type blood are ii. what are the expected F1 genotypic ratios)? What are the phenotypes of the offspring and what percentage of the offspring will have each of the phenotypes? (that is.) The different possible genotypes of the offspring generation (F1 generation) that would result from the cross described above. ABO blood types refer to glyocproteins in the membranes of red blood cells. There are three alleles for this autosomal gene: IA. The IA allele codes for the A glycoprotein. and the i allele doesn't code for any membrane glycoprotein. IA and IB are codominant. the IB allele codes for the B glycoprotein. and i is recessive to both IA and IB. people with type B blood are IBIB or IBi.) The different gametes produced by each parent.

flat.) In Klingons.Challenging Genetics Problem – Give it a try! 6. In fact. She mates with a male who has curly Klingon hair and a smooth. is heterozygous for both traits. one gene determines hair texture. another gene determines whether the individual will have a sagittal crest (a protrusion on the forehead). (You may safely assume that. 2. . earthling-like forehead.) The different gametes produced by each parent.) The different possible genotypes of the offspring generation (F1 generation) that would result from the cross described above. like in humans.) C = curly Klingon hair (dominant) c = silky earthling-like hair (recessive) L = large sagittal crest (dominant) l = smooth. Klingon females have two X chromosomes while Klingon males have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. the gene for hair texture is on the X chromosome (is sex-linked) while the gene for forehead shape is autosomal (is not sex-linked). The two genes are not linked. a female Klingon. What are the genotypes of the two parents? ___________ and ___________ Construct a Punnett Square in the space below to illustrate: 1. earthling-like forehead (recessive) Bijou. flat.