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TECHNIQUES

Question Papers

• January 2007

• July 2006

• January, 2006

• July, 2005

• January, 2005

• July, 2004

• January, 2004

JANUARY 2007

NOTE:

1. Answer question 1 and any FOUR questions from 2 to 7.

2. Parts of the same question should be answered together and in the same

sequence.

1.

1

1

a) Evaluate ∫1+ x

0

2

dx using trapezoidal rule. Take h=0.125.

b) Using Newton’s forward interpolation formulae, find a cubic polynomial which takes the

following set of values

x 0 1 2 3

f (x) 1 2 1 10

c) It is known that any item produced by a certain machine will be defective with probability

0.1, independently of nay other item. What is the probability that in a sample of three

items,

i) none will be defective?

ii) at most one will be defective?

d) Suppose x1, x2, …, xn are independent and identically distributed with expected µ and

n

variable σ 2 . Defining X = ∑ X i / n , obtain E [ X ] and Var [X ].

i =1

t 11

e) The mfg of a random variate X is given by Mx(t)=(0.8e +0.2) .

i) Find P(x>0)

2

ii) Find E[x ]

f) Let xi, i=1, 2, …, 100 be independent random variables, each uniformly distributed over

(0, 1). Using central limit theorem, obtain the probability

100

P ∑ xi > 50

i =1

g) Two file servers are compared according to their response time for retrieving a small file.

The mean response time of 50 such requests submitted to server 1 was measured to be

682 ms with a known standard deviation of 25 ms. A similar measurement on server 2

resulted in a sample mean of 675 ms with a standard deviation of 28 ms. Test the

hypothesis that server 2 provides better response than server 1 at 5% level of

significance.

(7x4)

2.

a) Solve the system of equations

28x + 4y – z = 32

x + 3y + 10z = 24

2x + 17y + 4z = 35

By using Gauss-elimination method.

b) Using the method of triangularisation, solve the following system of equations:

2x - 3y + 10z = 3

-x + 4y + 2z = 20

5x + 2y + z = -12

(9+9)

3.

a) In a state lottery, a player must choose 8 of the numbers from 1 to 40. The lottery

commission then performs an experiment that selects 8 of these 40 numbers. Assuming

40

that the choice of the lottery commission is equally likely to be any of the

8

combinations, what is the probability that a player has:

i) all 8 of the numbers selected;

ii) 7 of the numbers selected;

iii) at least 6 of the numbers selected?

b) An infinite sequence of independent trials is to be performed. Each trial results in a

success will probability p and a failure will probability (1-p).

i) If we let x equal the number of trials performed until a success occurs, find E[X].

ii) Obtain the probability that exactly k failure occur in the first n trials.

(9+[6+3])

4.

a) The cumulative distribution function of the random variable X is given by

0 x<0

x

0 ≤ x <1

2

2

F ( x) = 1≤ x < 2

3

11 2≤ x<3

12

1 3≤ x

i) Draw the cdf of r.v.X.

ii) Compute P(x<3); P(x=1) and P(2<X≤4)

b) The joint density of X and Y is given by

1 xy

2 − ye 0< x<∞

f ( x, y ) = , 0< y<2

0 otherwise

i) Compute the conditional density of X given that

Y=1 i.e. fX|Y(x|1)

x/2

ii) Obtain E[e |Y=1]

(8+10)

5.

2

a) If X is normal r.v. with parameters µ =3 and σ =9, obtain

i) P(2<X<50

ii) P(X>0)

iii) P(|X-3|>6)

Express your results in terms of cdf Φ (z) of a standard normal variate Z~ N(0,1). The cdf

z

1

∫ exp[− y

2

Φ (z) is defined as Φ (z)= / 2] dy.

2Π −∞

b) Buses arrive at a specified stop at 15-minute intervals starting at 7 A.M. (i.e. they arrive at

7, 7:15, 7:30, 7:45 and so on), if a passenger arrives at a stop at a time that is uniformly

distributed between 7 and 7:30 find the probability that he waits

i) less than 5 minutes for a bus

ii) more than 10 minutes for a bus.

(9+9)

6.

a) Define covariance between two random variables X and Y. What can you say about

Cov(X, Y), when X and Y are independent?

b) Show that Cov(aX,Y) = a Cov(X,Y)

c) In 200 tosses of a coin, 115 heads and 85 tails were observed. Test the hypothesis that

the coin is fair using significance level of

i) 0.05, and

ii) 0.01.

(5+6+7)

7.

a) In a sample of 600 men from a certain large city, 450 are found to be smoker. In another

sample 900 from another large city, 450 are smoker. Do the data indicate that the cities

are significantly different with respect to the prevalence of smoking among men?

b) The index of medical-care costs in United States for the years 1976-1984, taking the

index for 1967 as 100 is given in the table:

Year Costs (1967=100)

1976 184.7

1977 202.4

1978 219.4

1979 239.7

1980 265.9

1981 294.5

1982 328.7

1983 357.3

1984 378.0

ii) Estimate the index for the year 1985.

JULY 2006

NOTE:

1. Answer question 1 and any FOUR questions from 2 to 7.

2. Parts of the same question should be answered together and in the same

sequence.

1.

1

1

a) Evaluate ∫1+ x

0

2

dx using trapezoidal rule. Take h=0.125.

b) Using Newton’s forward interpolation formulae, find a cubic polynomial which takes the

following set of values

x 0 1 2 3

f (x) 1 2 1 10

c) It is known that any item produced by a certain machine will be defective with probability

0.1, independently of nay other item. What is the probability that in a sample of three

items,

i) none will be defective?

ii) at most one will be defective?

d) Suppose x1, x2, …, xn are independent and identically distributed with expected µ and

n

variable σ 2 . Defining X = ∑ X i / n , obtain E [ X ] and Var [X ].

i =1

t 11

e) The mfg of a random variate X is given by Mx(t)=(0.8e +0.2) .

i) Find P(x>0)

2

ii) Find E[x ]

f) Let xi, i=1, 2, …, 100 be independent random variables, each uniformly distributed over

(0, 1). Using central limit theorem, obtain the probability

100

P ∑ xi > 50

i =1

g) Two file servers are compared according to their response time for retrieving a small file.

The mean response time of 50 such requests submitted to server 1 was measured to be

682 ms with a known standard deviation of 25 ms. A similar measurement on server 2

resulted in a sample mean of 675 ms with a standard deviation of 28 ms. Test the

hypothesis that server 2 provides better response than server 1 at 5% level of

significance.

(7x4)

2.

a) Solve the system of equations

28x + 4y – z = 32

x + 3y + 10z = 24

2x + 17y + 4z = 35

By using Gauss-elimination method.

b) Using the method of triangularisation, solve the following system of equations:

2x - 3y + 10z = 3

-x + 4y + 2z = 20

5x + 2y + z = -12

(9+9)

3.

a) In a state lottery, a player must choose 8 of the numbers from 1 to 40. The lottery

commission then performs an experiment that selects 8 of these 40 numbers. Assuming

40

that the choice of the lottery commission is equally likely to be any of the

8

combinations, what is the probability that a player has:

i) all 8 of the numbers selected;

ii) 7 of the numbers selected;

iii) at least 6 of the numbers selected?

b) An infinite sequence of independent trials is to be performed. Each trial results in a

success will probability p and a failure will probability (1-p).

i) If we let x equal the number of trials performed until a success occurs, find E[X].

ii) Obtain the probability that exactly k failure occur in the first n trials.

(9+[6+3])

4.

a) The cumulative distribution function of the random variable X is given by

0 x<0

x

0 ≤ x <1

2

2

F ( x) = 1≤ x < 2

3

11 2≤ x<3

12

1 3≤ x

i) Draw the cdf of r.v.X.

ii) Compute P(x<3); P(x=1) and P(2<X≤4)

b) The joint density of X and Y is given by

1 xy

2 − ye 0< x<∞

f ( x, y ) = , 0< y<2

0 otherwise

i) Compute the conditional density of X given that

Y=1 i.e. fX|Y(x|1)

x/2

ii) Obtain E[e |Y=1]

(8+10)

5.

2

a) If X is normal r.v. with parameters µ =3 and σ =9, obtain

i) P(2<X<50

ii) P(X>0)

iii) P(|X-3|>6)

Express your results in terms of cdf Φ (z) of a standard normal variate Z~ N(0,1). The cdf

z

1

∫ exp[− y

2

Φ (z) is defined as Φ (z)= / 2] dy.

2Π −∞

b) Buses arrive at a specified stop at 15-minute intervals starting at 7 A.M. (i.e. they arrive at

7, 7:15, 7:30, 7:45 and so on), if a passenger arrives at a stop at a time that is uniformly

distributed between 7 and 7:30 find the probability that he waits

i) less than 5 minutes for a bus

ii) more than 10 minutes for a bus.

(9+9)

6.

a) Define covariance between two random variables X and Y. What can you say about

Cov(X, Y), when X and Y are independent?

b) Show that Cov(aX,Y) = a Cov(X,Y)

c) In 200 tosses of a coin, 115 heads and 85 tails were observed. Test the hypothesis that

the coin is fair using significance level of

i) 0.05, and

ii) 0.01.

(5+6+7)

7.

a) In a sample of 600 men from a certain large city, 450 are found to be smoker. In another

sample 900 from another large city, 450 are smoker. Do the data indicate that the cities

are significantly different with respect to the prevalence of smoking among men?

b) The index of medical-care costs in United States for the years 1976-1984, taking the

index for 1967 as 100 is given in the table:

Year Costs (1967=100)

1976 184.7

1977 202.4

1978 219.4

1979 239.7

1980 265.9

1981 294.5

1982 328.7

1983 357.3

1984 378.0

ii) Estimate the index for the year 1985.

(8+10)

JANUARY 2006

NOTE:

1. Answer question 1 and any FOUR questions from 2 to 7.

2. Parts of the same question should be answered together and in the same

sequence.

1.a) Compute

using Simpson’s rule of integration with h=0.2.

ln x: -0.916291 -0.693147 -0.356875 -0.223144

with probability p and a failure with probability 1 – p. What is the probability that

e) The average working-set size X of a program is normally distributed with unknown mean

and a known variance . The program was executed 36 times and the average

working-set size for each run recorded. The sample mean was computed to be 100 page

frames. Assuming successive runs of the program are independent, find the 95 percent

confidence interval for the mean average working-set size.

i) Uniform Variate

g) State the axioms of probability. Using these axioms, show that P(A) £ P(B) if A Í B.

(7x4)

2.a) Consider the set of equations:

6 x + 2 y- z = 4

x+5y+z=3

2x + y+ 4 z = 27

Determine approximate solution of the system of equations using Gauss-Seidel method taking

the initiate solution as x=y=z=1.

b) For the data given below, write the Newton interpolating polynomial of degree 3 for f(x) = x

2 e -x/2.

f(x): 0.6981 1.4715 2.1287 2.0521 1.4480

Hence, find the error of the interpolate for x=1.75. (Given the tabulate value f(1.75) =

1.28611)

(9+9)

3.a) In answering a question on a multiple choice test, an examinee either knows the answer

or he guesses or he copies. Suppose each question has four choices. Let the probability that

examinee copies the answer is 1/6 and the probability that he guesses is 1/3. The probability

that his answer is correct given that he copied the answer is 1/8. Suppose an examinee

answers a question correctly, what is the probability that he really knows the answer?

b) If X and Y are independent Poisson random variables with respective parameters l 1 and l 2

, calculate

P(X=k | X+Y=n).

(8+10)

4.a) The chances of three persons Mr. X, Y and Z becoming managers of a company are

4:2:3. The probabilities that bonus scheme shall be introduced if X, Y and Z become managers

are 0.3, 0.5, 0.8 respectively. Find the probability that the bonus scheme will be introduced.

What is the probability that X is appointed as the manager?

b) State central limit theorem. Using this theorem argue that if X is binomially distributed with

¥.

c) If and are the standard deviations of independent random samples of size n 1=61

5.a) Let X i, i=1,…,10, be independent random variables, each uniformly distributed over (0,

1). Calculate an approximation to P( å X i > 6).

c) X is Poisson Variate with parameters l . Obtain its Mgf. Hence find E[2X+3].

(6+6+6)

6.a) Let X denote the main memory requirement of a job as a fraction of the total user-

allocatable main memory of a computing center. The density function of X has the from:

f(x) =

requirement is uniform. Suppose you have a sample of size 8 given by:

distributed. The number of errors discovered in each one-week period is given as follows:

One-week period week period with probabilities frequencies

(i) i errors

0 14 0.150 7.50

1 11 0.284 14.20

2 9 0.270 13.50

3 6 0.171 8.55

4 5 0.081 4.05

5+ 5 0.044 2.20

Assume that the total number of errors observed in the 50 weeks was 95. Estimate the rate

parameter l for the Poisson probabilities given above. Test the hypothesis that errors occur

according to Poisson distribution using significance level of 0.05.

(8+10)

7.a) Find the coefficient of linear correlation between the variables X and Y given in the table.

X 1 3 4 6 8 9 11 14

Y 1 2 4 4 5 7 8 9

(10+4+4)

January, 2005

Note:

2. Parts of the same question should be answered together and in the same sequence.

1.

1. Interpolate by means of Newton’s backward formula the population for

the year 1936, given the following data:

Population(in thousands): 12 15 20 27 39 52

3.

4. 10x + y + z = 15

5.

6. x + 10y + 10z = 24

7.

8. x + y + 10z = 33

9.

Give reasons.

10. Suppose that flaws in plywood occur at random with an average of one

flaw per 50 square feet. What is the probability that a 4 feet x 8 feet sheet

will have no flaws? At most one flaw? Assume that the number of flaws

per unit area is Poisson distributed.

11. The joint pdf of X and Y is given by

12.

13. f(x,y) = (x+y)/8 if 0 <= x, y <=2

14.

15. = 0 otherwise

16.

from Poisson distribution each having mean m. Determine the maximum

likelyhood estimate of m.

18. Let X1,X2,…,X20 denote that random sample of size 20 from the Uniform

distribution U(0,1). Let Y = X1+X2+…+X20. Find P(8.5 <= Y <= 11.9).

19. X is a binomial variate with parameters n and p. Obtain E[ex].

(7x4)

2.

1. What is the need of Pivoting? Consider the set of equations

2.

3. 0.50 x + 1.1 y + 3.1 z = 6.0

4.

5. 2.0 x + 4.5 y + 0.36z = 0.020

6.

7. 5.0 x + 0.96 y + 6.5 z = 0.96

8.

2. with partial pivoting.

9. Find from the following table, the area bounded by the curve and x-axis

from x=7.47 to x=7.52.

f(x) 1.93 1.95 1.98 2.01 2.03 2.06

sin52° of by Newton’s formula for interpolation.

(8+5+5)

3.

1. In answering a question on a multiple choice test, an examinee either

knows the answer or he guesses or he copies. Suppose each question has

four choices. Let the probability that examinee copies the answer is 1/6

and the probability that he guesses is 1/3. The probability that his answer

is correct given that he copied the answer is 1/8. Suppose an examinee

answers a question correctly, what is the probability that he really knows

the answer?

2. Let the variates X and Y are jointly distributed as follows:

3.

4. f(x,y) = 6 if x2≤y≤x, 0 < x < 1

5.

6. = 0 otherwise

7.

4. (8+10)

5.

1. If Y = log10X is N(4,22) and log101202 = 3.08, log10 8318 = 3.92, find

P[ 1.202≤X≤83180000 ].

2. Let X be a random variable having binomial distribution with parameter n

and p = 0.45. Using central limit theorem, calculate n for which P [X >

n/2]≥0.99.

(9+9)

6.

1. A computer system has six I/O channels and the system personnel are

reasonably certain that the load on the channel is balanced. Out of n = 150

I/O operations observed, the number of operations directed to various

channels were: n0 = 22, n1 = 23, n2 = 29, n3 = 31, n4 = 26, n5 = 19.

Test the hypothesis that the load on the channels is balanced:

(Given Y25, 0.55 4.00)

2. Prove that in sampling from a Normal population with mean µ and

variance σ2, a sample mean is consistent estimator of µ.

3. A sample of n observations is drawn from the rectangular distribution with

density function given as

4.

5. f(x,a) = 1/a if 0 < x ≤ a, 0 < a < ∞

6.

7. = 0 elsewhere

8.

7. (8+5+5)

8.

1. The cdf of the continuous random variable X is defined by

2.

3. x

4.

5. F(x) = P( X ≤ x ) = -— —, x ≥ 0

6.

7. 1 + x

8.

1. Find pdf of X

2. Find the median

3. Obtain E[X].

9. Let X be a random variable that takes on the value 0,-1, and 1 with

probabilities P(X=-1)=1/4, P(X=0)=1/2 and P(X=1)=1/4. Draw the cdf of

X.

10. Write down the pdfs of Exponential, Uniform, Normal and bivariate

normal distributions.

(6+4+8)

9.

1. Use the t-test at 5% level of significance to test wether the rate of heart

beat is greater at 10°c than at 5°c, based on the data given below:

Specimen

A B C D E F G H I

°

Rate at 5 c 28 30 30 31 32 32 33 34 36

Rate at 10°c 39 40 39 45 46 37 47 36 39

corresponding to the price of Rs. 70 at Mumbai from the following:

Average price 67 65

Standard deviation 3.5 2.5

is 0.8.

4. Employing method of least squares, obtain normal equations fitting a

curve of the type y=ax2 + b/x to a set of n points given as below:

x:1 2 3 4

y : -1.51 0.99 3.88 7.66

10. (6+4+8)

July, 2004

Note:

2. Parts of the same question should be answered together and in the same sequence.

1.

1. Determine the interpolating polynomial which fits the data

x 012 3 5

f(x) 1 5 11 19 41

are also independent.

4. Find mean and variance of a random variable whose moment generating

function is .

5. Average number of weekly breakdowns of a computer is 2 and the number

of breakdowns follows a Poisson distribution. If this computer is run for

10 consecutive weeks, find the probability that there are atleast 2 weeks

each of which has no more than one breakdown.

6. Let X1, X2,..., X100 are independent and identically distributed random

varioables each taking value -1 or 1 with equal probability. Find

approximate probability P(X1, X2,..., X100 > 10) by using central limit

theorem.

7. Let the number of calls per hour X be Poisson distributed with parameter

λ. Obtain the maximum likelihood estimate of the average arrival rate of

incoming calls based on a random samle X1=x1, X2=x2,..., Xn=xn.

(7x4)

2.

1. Set up the

1. Gauss-Jacobi and

2. Guass-Seidel iteration schemes in matrix form to solve the linear

system of equations:

2x+y=5

4x+5y=13

converge.

3. (10+8)

4.

1. The joint pmf of random variable (X,Y,Z) is given by

pxyz(x,y,z) = kxyz, z=1,2; y=1,2,3; z=1,2.

Find k.

2. Let X be a random variable having probability density

f(x) = 6x(1-x), 0<x<1

Find the probability P(X2 < E(X2)).

3. Let E1, E2 and E3 be three different events, at least one of which is known

to have occurred. Suppose that any of these events can result in another

event A, which is also known to have occurrred. If all the probabilities pi =

P(Ei), i = 1,2,3 and qi = P(A|Ei), i = 1,2,3 are assumed to be known. Find

P(E1/A) in terms of pi and qi, i = 1,2,3.

(5+8+5)

5.

1. If A and B are two independent events in a sample space and the probaility

that both A and B occur is 0.16, while the probability that neither occurs is

0.36, what can you say about p(a) AND p(b)?

2. Using moment generating function (mgf), prove that if x,y are independent

3. Let(X,Y) be a bivariate random variate with joint cumulative distribution

function (cdf):

6. (6+6+6)

7.

1. The claim that the variance of normal population is 4 is to be rejected if

the sample variance of a random sample of size 9 from this propulation

exceeds 7.655. What is the probability that the claim will be rejected even

though it is correct?

2. Find moment estimator of θ based on a random sample x1,x1,...x1 of size n

from normal population N(O, θ2). Find the maximum likelihood estimate

of the parameter θ where X is a binomial random variable with parameters

n and θ.

(6+6+6)

8.

1. The measurements of diameter of 8 cylindrical rods by vernier calliper and

by micrometer were as follows:

Vernier Reading(X) 2.265 2.267 2.264 2.267 2.268 2.263 2.264 2.258

Micrometer Reading (Y) 2.27 2.268 2.269 2.273 2.27 2.27 2.268 2.268

measurements of diameters by vernier and micrometer is significant or

not. State the assumptions used for the test.

3. In a breeding experiment, the ration of offsprings in four classes is

expected to be α:3:3:9, α being an unknown parameter.

Class A B C D Total

Number of offsprings 11 27 36 102 176

significance.

9. (9+9)

10.

1. A survey is conducted to test a claim that the prevalence of TB in slum

area is more than in a normal area. A sample of 600 persons from normal

area had 28 TB cases, while a sample of 400 persons from slum area had

96 cases of TB. Do the data support the assertion of 1% level of

significance.

2. Linear regression of Y on X was fitted by method of least squares and let

Ÿ be the estimated value of Y at X by using this regression. Compute the

correlation coefficient between Y and X using the following values of Y

and Ÿ.

Y 10 12 13 17 18

Ÿ 11 12 13 15 19

3. Write down the normal equaltions for estimating the constants A, B and C

in the least squares fit of the model

Z=A+Bx+Cy

between Z and (x,y) using n data points.

(6+6+6)

January, 2004

Note:

2. Parts of the same question should be answered together and in the same sequence.

1.

1.

1. Convert (0.372)10 to binary form.

2. Convert the binary number (1101001.1110011)2 to the octal

system.

2.

1. In a sample space S, A and B are events with P(A)=0.40,

P(B)=0.75 and P(AB)=0.25. Find P(AcBc).

2. A communication system consists of n components each of which

will, independently, function with probability p. The total system

will be able to operate effectively if atleast one-half of its

components function. For what values of p is a 5-component

system more likely to operate effectively than a 3-component

system?

3. Let X be a random variable having probability density function

4. Solve the linear system

5. Find estimator of p on the basis of a random sample of size n from a

binomial distribution with parameters n and p by the method of moments.

Is the estimator unbiased?

6. If 23 percent of all patients with high blood pressure have .bad side effects

from a certain kind of medicine, then, using normal approximation, find

the probability that among 120 patients with high blood pressure treated

with this medicine more than 32 will have bad side effects.

7. In 200 digits from the lottery numbers, the frequencies of the digits

0,1,2,... ,9 were 18,20,15,18,18,17,24,20,28,22. Test the hypothesis that

the digits may be taken to occur equally frequently in the lottery numbers.

(7x4)

2.

1. Solve the following system of linear equations by the Gauss elimination

method

2. Using Lagrange's formula, find log10 301 from the following data:

Log10x 2.4771 2.4829 2.4843 2.4871

between the x-axis, the lines x=0 and x=1 and a curve through the points

with the following coordinates:

y: 1 0.9896 0.9589 0.9089 0.8415

3. (6+6+6)

4.

1. State the Central Limit Theorem for independent and identically

distributed (i.i.d.) random variables. Let X1, X2, ... ,Xn be i.i.d. random

variables each with mean 4/3 and variance 2/9. Using central limit

theorem compute the approximate value of n so that

P(X1+ X2+ ... +Xn > 5 n /3 )= 0.01

2. If the joint probability function of X1,X2,X3 is

3. A communication system transmits symbols 0,1 over a channel to a

receiver. The channel often causes errors. Let Bi and Aj denote events that

the symbols Before channel and After channel are i and j respectively (i,

j=0,1). Assume that transmission a priori probabilities are P(B0)=0.6.

P(B1)=0.4 and transition probabilities are P(Ai| Bj) = 0.2, i≠j and P(Ai| Bj)

= 0.8, i=j. Compute the reception probabilities P(Ai) and the posteriori

probabilities P(Bj |Ai).

(5+4+9)

5.

1. Using a suitable probability model, find the probability function of

geometric distribution with parameter p.

probability distribution is such that:

.

Find the mean and the median of the distribution.

3. Write down expressions for probability density function of the following

distributions:

i) Normal, ii) Gamma, iii) Bivariate Normal, iv) Chi-Square

(4+8+6)

6.

1. If X1, X2, ... ,Xn is a random sample of size n from a Uniform distribution

over the interval [0,θ], then find maximum likelihood estimator of θ.

2. If X1, X2, ... ,Xn is a random sample from a Normal population with mean

3. Let X1, X2, ... ,Xn be a random sample from an infinite population with

mean θ and variance σ2. Show that are unbiased for θ and σ2

respectively.

(6+6+6)

7.

1. The mean weekly sales of soap bars in departmental stores was 146.3 bars

per store. After an advertising campaign the mean weekly sales in 22

stores for a typical week increased to. 153.7 bars and showed a standard

deviation of 17.2 bars. Test whether the advertising campaign was

successful.

2. If two independent random samples of sizes n1 = 7 and n2 = 13 are taken

from a normal population, compute the probability that the variance of the

first sample will be at least 3 times as large as that of the second sample.

3. If X(1) < X(2) < X(3) < X(4) < X(5) are order statistics in a random sample

of size 5 from a uniform distribution over the Interval [0,1]. Find the

probability density function of X(5).

(8+5+5)

8.

1. The joint distribution of X and Y is as follows:

Y1 2

X

1 0.4 0.2

2 0.1 0.3

2.

Compute E(X|Y=1).

3. Random samples of 200 men and 300 women were asked whether they

would like to have a flyover near their residence. 100 men and 162 women

were in favour of the proposal. Test the hypothesis that proportions of men

and women in favour of the proposal are same against that they are not, at

5% level of significance.

4. The following are the grades, which 10 students obtained, in the mid-term

and final examinations in a Computer Science course:

Mid-Term Exam X 71 49 80 73 93 85 58 82 64 32

Final Exam Y 83 62 76 77 89 74 48 78 76 51

predict a student's final examination grade In this course on the

basis of his her mid-term grade.

2. Compute and interpret the sample correlation coefficient between

X and Y.

(4+6+8)

9.

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