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False

2. The positive feedback voltage in an oscillator has no net phase shift. A. True B. False

3. Crystal oscillators are inherently unstable. A. True B. False

4. For a Wien-bridge oscillator, resonance occurs when Vout/Vin = 1. A. True B. False

5. LC feedback elements are normally used in oscillators for frequencies greater than 1 MHz. A. True B. False

6. The frequency in a VCO can be varied with a DC voltage. A. True B. False

7. Oscillators operate on negative feedback. A. True B. False

8. The start-up gain of an oscillator must be greater than 1. A. True B. False

9. The feedback signal in a Hartley oscillator is derived from an inductive voltage in the tank circuit. A. True B. False

10. In the astable mode, a 555 timer is connected as a free-running relaxation oscillator. A. True B. False

1. A. B. C. D.

An amplifier is stable if the absolute magnitude of A is ________. Infinity less than 1 greater than 1 None of the above

2. ________ is a frequency-determining component in a unijunction oscillator. A. B. C. D. Total resistance Total capacitance Intrinsic stand-off ratio All of the above

3. In the Colpitts oscillator, the elements X1 and X2 are ________ and X3 is a(n) ________. A. B. C. D. inductors, capacitor capacitors, inductor capacitors, resistor inductors, resistor

4. In a Hartley oscillator, the elements X1 and X2 are ________ and X3 is a(n) ________. A. B. C. D. inductors, capacitor capacitors, inductor capacitors, resistor inductors, resistor

5. A feedback amplifier has a ________ upper 3-dB frequency and a ________ lower 3-dB frequency compared to an amplifier without feedback. A. B. smaller, higher higher, smaller

C.000 0 1 . the loop gain A is equal to ________. 0. a ratio of R3 to R4 will provide sufficient loop gain for the circuit to oscillate. C. decreased voltage gain increased voltage gain oscillation in the circuit None of the above 8. What is the gain at the origin of the Nyquist plot? A. 10. B. Zero A negative value A positive value Undefined 7. D.C. Infinity 200. A. D. In the Wien bridge oscillator with R1 = R2 = R and C1 = C2 = C. B. C. smaller. C. D. the operating frequency is determined by ________.5 2 9. D. A. B. smaller higher. Positive feedback results in ________. In the phase-shift oscillator. D. D. C. A. B. A. 0 1 B. resistance only capacitance only LC combinations RC combinations In the Barkhausen criterion. higher 6.

A. decreased voltage gain increased voltage gain oscillation in the circuit None of the above 12. Negative feedback results in ________. B. D. A. B. D. which is always present. increase decrease. B. A. Series-feedback connections tend to ________ the input resistance. decrease. C. increase. the overall gain of the circuit is reduced by a factor ________ where A is the gain without the feedback.11. B. Current feedback connections tend to ________ the output impedance. decrease D. decrease increase. A. decrease . increase increase. C. A. increase decrease. decrease 14. Shunt feedback connections tend to ________ the input resistance. In practice. . greater than 1 smaller than 1 equal to 1 None of the above 15. C. D. C. D. decrease. C. Voltage feedback connections tend to ________ the output impedance. A is made ________ and the system is started oscillating by amplifying noise voltage. With feedback. Infinity A A 1+A 13. increase increase. B.

None of the above 21. very low low medium very high View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20.16. as the frequency increases. B. increases decreasesD. B. C. . the same less more None of the above 19. C. In the phase-shift oscillator. An amplifier with negative feedback has ________ bandwidth than (as) the amplifier without feedback. very low low medium very high 18. B. the amount of positive feedback is ________. A. In a Nyquist plot. the phase shift between input and output signals ________. remains the sameC. B. A. C. The parallel-resonant impedance of a crystal oscillator is ________. B. A. A. D. The series-resonant impedance of a crystal oscillator is ________. C. At the series-resonant frequency. D. D. the gain of the amplifier stage must be ________. 0 less than 29 greater than 29 Infinity 17. D. A.

a unijunction transistor has a stand-off ratio from ________ to ________. 0. B. Crystal oscillators are used whenever a(n) ________ level of stability is required. A. In the Colpitts oscillator.4. very large large small very small 22. D. Calculate the value of C1 = C2 for the Wien bridge oscillator to operate at a frequency of 20 kHz.A. resistance only inductance only capacitance only both inductance and a capacitance 24. 0. C. Typically.8 25. B.2. Assume R1 = R2 = 50 k and R3 = 3R4 = 600? . B.2 0.0. C. D. 0. A. Since the crystal losses represented by R are small. lower average greater None of the above 1. B. D. 0. D. B. A. D. very low low medium high 23.6. C.4 0. C. the equivalent crystal Q (quality factor) is ________.6 0. A. C. 0. the frequency is determined by ________ .

D. Lower output impedance Reduced noise More linear operation All of the above 5. 0 –1 1 None of the above 3. C. B. 4. This circuit is a ________ oscillator. D. Only the condition A = ________ must be satisfied for self-sustained oscillations to result. 180º 0º 270º D.59 pF 15. B.9 pF 159 pF 1. B.59 nF 2. C. Which of the following improvements is (are) a result of the negative feedback in a circuit? A. phase-shift . 90º B.A. A. D. A. C. C. 1. At what phase shift is the magnitude of A at its maximum in the Nyquist plot? A.

4 kHz 61. D. Determine the resonant frequency. and L1. and L1. C4. 7. Given gm = 5000 S. C.1 kHz 8. C4.B. C5. and L2. D. 123. B. C2. A. C5. C. D. B. Hartley Colpitts B. Determine the value of RD for oscillator operation at 1 kHz. Refer to the given figure. The feedback signal in a(n) ________ oscillator is derived from an inductive voltage divider in the LC circuit. R = 10 k. A. .7 kHz 45. C. and A = 35. rd = 40 k. C3. C3 and L1. C4. Wien bridge Colpitts Hartley 6. Armstrong [NIL] 9.94 kHz 23. The resonant frequency is controlled by A. C3. C. D. C5. Refer to this figure.

A. 8. A. 11. 1/3. The attenuation of the three-section RC feedback phase-shift oscillator is A. 1/9. For a phase-shift oscillator. D.8 k 12. D. 19 30 B. C. Referring to this figure. –23. C. –20. D. –21. Which of the following is (are) the determining factor(s) of the stability of a feedback amplifier? A. RS = 1 k. the gain of the amplifier stage must be greater than ________.A.48 k 10.0 B.3 k 10. B. RF = 15 k. C. A . 29 1 13. calculate the voltage gain without feedback for the following circuit values: RD = 4 k. and gm = 5000 μS. 1/30. 1/29.5 D.5 12.5 –25.05 k 8. C. B.

B. D. Calculate the change in gain of the feedback amplifier. D. C. D. a sine-wave oscillator. A.2% B. B. B. D. C. a VCO. Armstrong [NIL] 17. seventh harmonic third harmonic fundamental second harmonic 15. 18. . An amplifier with a gain of –500 and a feedback of = –0. Hartley Colpitts B. Refer to this figure. a monostablemultivibrator. C. 0. A. The feedback signal in a(n) ________ oscillator is derived from a capacitive voltage divider in the LC circuit. This circuit is A. 0. Phase shift between input and output signals Both A and the phase shift between input and output signals None of the above 14. This circuit is a ________ oscillator.1 has a gain change of 15% due to temperature. C. an astablemultivibrator.3% 0. C.4% D. What is the minimum frequency at which a crystal will oscillate? A. 0.5% 16.

positive B. D.57 –3. Calculate the resonant frequency.25 21. and gm = 5000 μS. RF = 15 k. B. A. RS = 1 k. negative 20. –11. Sinusoidal oscillators operate with ________ feedback. D. C. –8. C.1 MHz 22. Referring to this figure. A.75 D. –6.9 MHz 14. 1.Which of the following is required for oscillation? . phase-shift Wien bridge Colpitts Hartley 19. B. A. calculate the voltage gain with the feedback for the following circuit values: RD = 4 k.A.2 B. Refer to this figure. C.17 kHz 23.126 kHz 6.

a crystal oscillator. If C1 increases in value. A>1 The phase shift around the feedback network must be 180º. Both A > 1 and the phase shift around the feedback network must be 180º. B. C. the resonant frequency will . B. a feedback oscillator requires A. D.A. positive feedback greater than 1. D. 25. phase-shift Wien bridge Colpitts Hartley 26. A. negative feedback less than 1. In order to start up. a Hartley oscillator. B. Refer to this figure. C. D. C. unity feedback equal to 1. C. D. This circuit is a ________ oscillator. 24. no feedback. B. a voltage-controlled oscillator. an astablemultivibrator. None of the above 23. A circuit that can change the frequency of oscillation with an application of a dc voltage is sometimes called A.

C. Which of the following oscillators is (are) tuned oscillators? A. B. 27. remain the same. False 29. B. C. True B. D. 1 1+A A 28. C. 1 1+A A . decrease.A. increase. The amplifier is unstable if the Nyquist curve plotted encloses (encircles) the –1 point. B. A. D. and it is stable otherwise. What is the ratio of the input impedance with series feedback to that without feedback? A. C. What is the ratio of the output impedance with series feedback to that without feedback? A. Colpitts Hartley Crystal All of the above 30. B.

C. B. a Hartley oscillator. a Clapp oscillator. a Hartley oscillator. A 31. B. 32. A.D. a Colpitts oscillator. Refer to this figure. an Armstrong oscillator. Refer to the given figure. Determine the frequency of oscillation. C. if any. This circuit is known as A. 33. a Clapp oscillator. This circuit is known as A. a Colpitts oscillator. an Armstrong oscillator. 131 Hz . D. Refer to the given figure. D.

000. –4.5 k. A. C. C. C. D. –4. –4. A.85 B. C.00 36. 180º 0º 270º D.20 –4.2 k . 0 180 B. R1 = 15 k. 4. D. Referring to this figure. calculate the amplification gain where the op-amp gain (A) is 200.B. 35. Ro = 20 k.75 D. calculate the voltage gain with feedback Avf.00 4. At what phase shift is the magnitude of A at its minimum in the Nyquist plot? A. R1 = 1.17 D. Referring to this figure. 38. 90 45 37. 90º B. One condition for positive feedback is that the phase shift around the feedback loop must be ________°. A.25. C. and a feedback of = –0.50 5. 262 Hz 2. 4. 0. A. and R2 = 400 .62 kHz none 34. Determine the output impedance with feedback for a voltage-series feedback having A = –100.25 B.

34 Hz 3120. False 42. 3.07 Hz 6241. and C2 = 0. C. Ro = 20 k. around the feedback loop. D. and a feedback of = –0. Calculate the resonant frequency of this Wien bridge oscillator if R1 = 25 k.37 Hz 43.002 F. C.16 1. 40. True B.09 D. A.7 Hz 3558. 1560.23 39. What is the total phase shift requirement.09 –9.85 B.3 Hz 1779. C.70 Hz 4681. B.4 Hz 3120. D.82 k 769. A. A. –3.B. R1 = 15 k. 392.25.85 9.8 Hz 41. Calculate the resonant frequency of this oscillator. for a phase-shift oscillator? . C1 = 0.001 F. Determine the voltage gain with feedback for a voltage-series feedback having A = –100. 1560. The Nyquist plot combines the two Bode plots of gain versus frequency and phase shift versus frequency on a single plot. R2 = 40 k. B. A. D. C.

R2 = 20 k. 47. B. A. 180° 360° 270° D. equal to less than greater than 48. C. 90° B. and gm = 4000 μS. 54. B. 16.25 –20. 1/4. if any? A. True B.5% . RD = 61 k. Referring to this figure.36 B. –4. C. 1/3. –6. D. Refer to this figure. C. –4.35 D. 1/2. A. C.85 46.3%B. A. calculate the amplification gain with feedback for the following circuit values: R1 = 80 k. False 45.An input signal is needed for an oscillator to start. Ro = 10 k. 1/5. The lead-lag circuit in the Wien-bridge oscillator has a resonant frequency at which the attenuation is A. 44. The start-up gain of an oscillator must be ________ one.A. What is the duty cycle.

In the IC phase-shift oscillator. 10 1000 54.C. phase-shift 52. C. C. D. the ________ is the most widely used type of sinusoidal RC oscillator. Which of the following improvements is (are) a result of the negative feedback in a circuit? A. The twin-T oscillator produces a ________ response. equal. maximum. What is the typical value of quality factor for crystal oscillators? A. 20. Wien-bridge twin-T D. zero. B. C. what should the ratio of feedback resistor Rf to R1 be? A. For frequencies up to 1 MHz. D. 51. C. C. low-pass band-pass B. high-pass band-stop 53. At series resonance. C. Zero Greater than –29 Less than 29 Any value 50. A. [NIL] B. B. D. B. 86. B. the impedance of a crystal is A.000 100 D. Higher input impedance Better stabilized voltage gain Improved frequency response All of the above . minimum. A.9%D. D. none 49.

and C2 None of the above 57. Ro = 20 k.55. B. a Hartley oscillator. a Colpitts oscillator. 56. which of the following is (are) frequencydetermining components? A. B. D. R1 = 15 k. 110 k 290 k 390 k 510 k 58. a crystal oscillator. B. In the Wien bridge oscillator. This oscillator is probably A. This circuit is known as A. C. C. a Colpitts oscillator. A. A certain oscillator has a tap on the inductor in the tank circuit. Determine the input impedance with feedback for a voltage-series feedback having A = –100. D. C1. a Clapp oscillator. C. R2. an Armstrong oscillator. B. C. a Clapp oscillator. R1 and R2 C1 and C2 R1. . a Hartley oscillator. Refer to the given figure.25. and a feedback of = –0. D. D.

D. D.8 kHz 468 kHz 62. Connect a diode in parallel with R1. Assuming it is configured as an oscillator and if you desired to reduce the duty to less than 50%. equal. Which of the following is (are) feedback? A. zero. 60. Voltage-series Voltage-shunt Current-series All of the above .05 468 Hz 4. A. B. C. C. D. At parallel resonance. B. A. Increase the size of R1. B. D. 61. Calculate the fr of a lead-lag network if R1 = R2 = 6. C. Refer to this figure. minimum. Reduce the size of R1. and C1 = C2 = 0. Reduce the size of R2. C.68 kHz 46. F.8 k. the impedance of a crystal is A. the following circuit change would need to be made. B. maximum.59.

65.A. An op-amp integrator has a square-wave input. True . pure dc. C. B. The output should be A. B. They are equal. a square wave. a triangle wave. D. What is the relationship between the series and parallel resonant frequencies of a quartz crystal? A. Series resonant frequency is approximately 1 kHz higher than parallel resonant frequency. none of the above 64. C. a sine wave.63. D. Parallel resonant frequency is approximately 1 kHz higher than series resonant frequency. The frequency distortion arising because of varying amplifier gain with frequency is considerably reduced in a negative-voltage feedback amplifier circuit.

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