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Orizaba Orizaba (Ahuilizapan or City Waters Joyful in Nahuatl, is a ciudadubicada in central Veracruz State, Mexico, 20 km.

Of Cordoba, and White rivers Ixtaczoquitlán. Is known as the City of Waters and Cheerful as Pluviosilla. According to the census of 2005, has 117,273 inhabitants and covers an area of 27.97 km squares. [Edit] Name It is believed that the name comes from the pronunciation of nombreAhuilizapan hispanized Nahuatl meaning "valley of happiness." Another possibility is the word Harish (Jerez de la Frontera in the sixteenth century), the birthplace of the first Spanish settlers (1521) of Orizaba.2 (The word is itself Harish, according to some authors, linked to the capital of Tartessos and could refer to the biblical Tarshish. The Semitic meaning could be "trading post" as Tartessos was a center of trade and production of tin bronze.) 3 [Edit] Geography The city is located at 1,200 meters, at the confluence of the White River with several tributaries, including the Rio Orizaba, near the mouth of a great valley of the Sierra Madre Oriental. This location has been an important crossroads for centuries, the main trade route between Mexico City and Veracruz. The climate is generally warm and rainy, and the floor of the valley of Orizaba is extraordinarily fertile. Overlooking the valley from the north is the Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl), a volcano that in 5636 m. which is the highest mountain in Mexico and the third highest in North enAmérica. [Edit] [Edit] Pre-Columbian Period The first settlers Ahuilizapan Valley is likely to be Totonac origin, and in 1051 was the probable llegadatoltecas, already populated Anahuac in the year 648 and that killed by famine, plague and war, emigrated to south through the valley. In 1200 the area was an invasion of the Tlascalans. Specialists usually include this in the complex culturalolmeca valley. Perhaps one of the most remote chronological references that have in this region is that we provide the records deTlaltelolco: "In 10 Tecpatl (1424), then perished Ahuilizapaneca" quote probably refers to the incursion of conquering that various nations of the Basin of Mexico, including the Tenochca, under the leadership of the Tepanecs of Azcapotzalco, took place towards the tropical lowlands of Veracruz. In 1455, the valley of Ahuilizapan is completely under the dominion of the Aztecs, two years later there is a rebellion against the dominions of Ahuilizapan domain, so that Moctezuma sent an army Ilhuicamina regain Papaloapan basin and coast. In 1469, Ahuilizapan is submitted again by the Aztecs in command of Axayacatl, who imposed harsh punishment: Ahuilizapan 1475, paid tribute to the Aztecs, providing blankets, fabrics, cotton seeds to the Aztec army. [Edit] Colonial Period Ahuilizapan province was among the first to attract the Spanish invaders, who sought to obtain great wealth. Orizaba, as became known, it was an important city at the time of the Spanish conquest, and here La Malinche, Cortés deHernán interpreter and lover, married the Spanish Juan Jaramillo. A plaque in Orizaba commemorates this event. During the colonial period, Orizaba became an

important city. On January 27, 1774 King Carlos III granted the town status to Orizaba, and the November 29, 1830 was declared a city. [Edit] Modern Era Alaman established in 1836, the first textile factory in the city, ushering in economic life as an industrial city and in 1839 he created the newspaper La Luz. The governor of Veracruz, Francisco Hernandez and Hernandez gave him the name of Veracruz-Llave (in memory of General Ignacio de la Llave who was born in Orizaba) to this state of Mexico. On May 8, 1874, Orizaba was declared capital of Veracruz, but in 1878 the capital was moved to Xalapa. During the government of Porfirio Díaz, Orizaba was declared the most educated city in the Mexican province. In recent years the government of Porfirio Diaz, there were two major strikes, the Cananea and Rio Blanco important prelude to the Revolution. [Edit] Economy Orizaba area economy has grown significantly in recent years due to the security of the area, which inspires confidence among domestic and foreign investors. Another important reason is the presence of renowned universities such as Universidad Veracruzana, the Instituto Tecnológico de Orizaba and the Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (Campus Central Córdoba). The industry is mainly focused on the following areas: beer, paper industry, cement, pharmaceuticals, iron and steel, beverages and food industry, leather and footwear, among others. Also in recent years, trade has experienced significant growth due to the opening of new malls and large retailers. [Edit] Monuments  Palacio de Hierro (designed by Eiffel).  City Council.  Church of Our Lady of Carmen.  Church of La Concordia.  State Art Museum