Nowadays, there are so many states that has the same goal when it comes to the form of their

government. And that is Democracy. Now, what is Democracy? Democracy is a form of government in which all people have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. Ideally, this includes equal (and more or less direct) participation in the proposal, development and passage of legislation into law. It can also encompass social, economic and cultural conditions that enable the free and equal practice of political selfdetermination. The term comes from the Greek word: – (dēmokratía) "rule of the people", which was coined from dêmos "people" and Kratos "power", in the middle of the 5th-4th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens following a popular uprising in 508 BC. According to some theories of democracy, popular sovereignty is the founding principle of such a system. However, the democratic principle has also been expressed as "the freedom to call something into being whih did not exist before, which was not given… and which therefore, strictly speaking, could not be known." This type of freedom, which is connected to human "natality," or the capacity to begin anew, sees democracy as "not only a political system but an ideal, an aspiration, really, intimately connected to and dependent upon a picture of what it is to be human—of what it is a human should be to be fully human." While there is no universally accepted definition of 'democracy', equality and freedom have both been identified as important characteristics of democracy since ancient times. These principles are reflected in all citizens being equal before the law and having equal access to legislative processes. For example, in a representative democracy, every vote has equal weight, no

and the freedom of its citizens is secured by legitimized rights and liberties which are generally protected by a constitution. In other cases. the right to petition elected officials for redress of grievances. However. equality before the law. An essential part of an "ideal" . However. Though the term "democracy" is typically used in the context of a political state. the dominant principle is that of parliamentary sovereignty (though in practice judicial independence is generally maintained). but in other countries. due process. which may include elements such as political pluralism. human rights. separation of powers is often cited as a central attribute. if any democracy is not structured so as to prohibit the government from excluding the people from the legislative process. Majority rule is often listed as a characteristic of democracy. and elements of civil society outside the government. and Deliberative Democracy are all major examples of attempts at a form of government that is both practical and responsive to the needs and desires of citizens. In the United States. such as the United Kingdom. Representative Democracy. then a branch of the system can accumulate too much power and destroy the democracy. Many people use the term "democracy" as shorthand for liberal democracy. the principles are applicable to private organizations and other groups as well. "democracy" is used to mean direct democracy. some of which provide better representation and more freedom for their citizens than others. Consensus Democracy. civil liberties.unreasonable restrictions can apply to anyone seeking to become a representative. it is also possible for a minority to be oppressed by a "tyranny of the majority" in the absence of governmental or constitutional protections of individual or group rights. There are several varieties of democracy. or any branch of government from altering the separation of powers in its own favor.

representative democracy is competitive elections that are fair both substantively and procedurally. It has also been suggested that a basic feature of democracy is the capacity of individuals to participate freely and fully in the life of their society. . freedom of speech. freedom of political expression. and freedom of the press are considered to be essential. Furthermore. so that citizens are adequately informed and able to vote according to their own best interests as they see them.

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