Fabric Weaves : About Weaves, Weaves of Fabrics, Types of Weaves, Plain Weave, Satin Weave, Twill Weave, Basket

Weave, Jacquard weave, Rib Weave, Dobby Weave, Leno Weave, Oxford Weave, Cut Pile, Uncut Pile, Double Knit
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About Weaves Plain Weave Satin Weave Twill Weave Basket Weave Jacquard Weave Rib Weave Dobby Weave Leno Weave Oxford Weave Cut Pile Uncut Pile Double Knit

Fabric Weave: Weave, About Weaves, Types of Fabric Weaves, Ancient Textile Art and Craft, Woven on Dobby and Jacquard Looms
Fabric weave is the pattern of weave or structure given to the fabric. It is an ancient textile art and craft, which places two, threads or yarn onto a warp and weft of a loom to produce a cloth. The woven cloth can be plain, in single color or in a simple pattern, or it may be woven in decorative or artistic designs. Fabrics are woven on jacquard looms or dobby looms. The simple weave is usually done on a dobby looms where as the complicated patterns are done on the jacquard looms. The weave on the jacquard looms is controlled by a computer. Jacquard looms are more popular and more economical. It weaves fast and in bulk.

Plain Weave: Weaves in Textiles, What is Plain Weave, Plain Weave Properties, and Plain Weave Fabrics
Plain weave is a basic style of weaves, which have the weft and warp threads interwined in an alternate way to produce a checkerboard effect. It is also known as one-up-one-down weave or over and under pattern. Plain weave is the simplest and most common interlacing of warp and weft. In this, the warp and weft are of equal tension and spacing and it is equally visible on the surface.

Plain Weave Characteristics / Plain Weave Properties
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It is snag resistant. It wrinkles. It has lower tear strength.

Plain Weave Fabrics: Chiffon, Cendal, Habutai, Honan, Mousseline de Soie, Ninnon, Organza, Pongee, Rajah (trade
name) - warp yarn is 4 thread organized - filling is heavier., Shantung, Sharkskin, Sheer - Mostly plain but could be various weaves., Spun Rayon, Taffeta, Tissue Taffeta, Warp-print Taffeta, Tussah - Usually plain but also in twill.

Satin Weave: What is Satin Weave, Satin Weave Properties, Satin Weave Fabric, Satin Weave Pattern
Satin weave is a more flexible type of weave than the plain weave but it is more complicated. In this weave construction, the interlacing of the threads are arranged in such a way that the face of the cloth is covered with the warp yarn or filling yarn and no twill line is distinguishable. Satin Weave is made by "floating" warp or weft yarns across many yarns to bring them to the surface. The interlacing float over 4 or more than 4 yarns before a single interlacing like 4/1, 7/1 or 11/1.

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If filament fibers are used such as silk or nylon, the resulting fabric is termed as "satin." If the short-staple yarns are used like cotton, the corresponding fabric is said to be a "sateen." In satin, the float is in warp direction where as in sateen, it is in the filling direction.

Satin Weave Properties | Properties of Satin Weave
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It is flat and lustrous with a smooth surface. The surface slides easily for linings. The long floats like 7/1 or 11/1 and filament fabrics are subject to snagging and is poor resistant to abrasion. The shorter floats like 4/1 or ¼ and spun fabrics may be tough, compact and durable with low luster.

Satin Weave Fabric | Satin Weave Pattern | Satin Fabric
Brocade: The pattern may be satin on a twill ground or twill on a satin ground. Brocatelle: Satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground Camocas: It had a satin base and was diapered like fine linen. Crepe-back satin, satin-back crepe, crepe-satin, or satin-crepe: Satin weave on the face and a crepe effect on the
back

Duchesse Satin Double-face Satin: Yarn woven with two warps and one filling, to simulate a double satin construction. Has satin on both
sides.

Paillette Satin Peau de Soie Satin-back: Satin on one side and anything on the other. Satin-back Crepe: A reversible cloth with satin on one side and crepe on the other. Satin Faconne Slipper Satin Velvet Satin

Twill Weave: What is Twill Weave, Twill Weave Characteristics, Twill Weave Fabrics
Twill weave is characterized by the effect of parallel diagonal ribs formed left-to-right or right-to-left. It is created by the interlacing of 2 or 3 warp threads over 1 or 2 filling thread in an alternate rows. The resulting fabric is more pliable and drapeable than the plain or basket weave but less pliable than satin. Twill weave which has more warps than the wefts floating on the face of the fabric is called warp faced and those with wefts predominating is known as weft faced.

Twill Weave Characteristics | Twill Characteristics
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It has fewer interlacing than plain weave. It is durable and heavier. It is wrinkle resistant. It is resistant to showing soil and soiling. The twill direction is defined as left or right hand or variation. It is more raveling than plain weave. It is more pliable drape and hand than plain weave.

Twill Weave Fabrics
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Bayadere Brocade - The pattern may be satin on a twill ground or twill on a satin ground. Brocatelle - Satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground. Covert cloth Drill Duchess - twill on back.

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Foulard Gabardine Herringbone Jean Jersey Serge Surah Ticking Tussah Velvet - Mostly made with a plain back but some with a twill. Worsted cheviot

Basket Weave: Basket Weaving, What is Basket Weave, How to Basket Weave, Basket Weave Fabric
Basket weave is a variation of the plain weave. In this, two or more than two warps yarns cross alternately side-by-side with two or more than two filling yarns. This type of weave resembles a plaited basket. In basket weave the fabrics have a loose construction and a flat appearance. The weave is more pliable and stronger than a plain weave but it is not as stable. It is less smooth but have a pleasant texture surface.

Basket Weave Fabric
Basket weave is typically used in composites industry. It is also used as outerwear, monk's cloth and drapery fabrics

Jacquard Weave: What is Jacquard Weave, Characteristics of Jacquard Weave, Jacquard Weave Fabric, Uses of Jacquard Weave
Jacquard weave is used to produce patterned fabrics. The intricate patterns or figures are created all over the fabrics. It is woven on a jacquard loom. Jacquard loom differs with standard looms. It has a jacquard attachment or a punch card. In jacquard loom, the warp yarns is individually controlled and not in groups. This allows creating more complex designs. Jacquard weave was invented by French named Joseph Marie Jacquard. Fabrics of jacquard weave are costly because it involves more time and skill in making the Jacquard cards to produce new pattern. Moreover the weaving operation is also very slow.

Characteristics of Jacquard Weave | Jacquard Characteristics
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The fabrics have the tendency to have floats. It has luster contrasts. It has snagging potential. It is more stable and resilient than the basic weaves.

Jacquard Weave Fabric: Brocade, Brocatelle, Matelasse, Satin Faconne - Jacquard figured fabric with an all-satin weave
background.

Uses of Jacquard Weave
Jacquard weave is used for upholstery and drapery materials like brocades, brocatelle, tapestries, and matelasses.

Rib Weave: Rib Weave Fabric, Characteristics of Rib Weave, Properties of Rib Weave, Fabrics with Rib Weave
Rib weave is a basic weave pattern which is characterized by prominent ribs in the weft. In this type of weave, the warp yarns and the filling yarns are of different widths. Usually the filling yarns are fatter than the warp yarns. Rib Weave Creates a series of horizontal ribs.

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Properties of Rib Weave
Rib weave has a substantially higher number of yarns per inch only in one direction. Several yarns are grouped together to form one. The resulting fabrics of rib weave are abrasion resistant and have tear strength.

Rib Weave Fabrics: Boyardee, Broadcloth, Cord fabric, Faille, Ottoman, Poplin, Shantung, Taffeta

Dobby Weave: What is Dobby Weave, Characteristics of Dobby Weave, Dobby Fabrics, Dobby Textiles, Uses of Dobby Weave
Dobby weave is a patterned fabric like jacquard weave but the patterns are smaller. Dobby Weave produces an allover figured fabrics. The figures are bird's eye, small diamonds with a dot at the center, or smaller geometric patterns. The construction of the Dobby weave is very complex and the design is repeated frequently. Dobby weave is created on dobby machines. The machine selectively raises some warp threads and selectively depresses others with the help of a dobby card. Dobbies vary in weight or compactness. It ranges from very fine to coarse and fluffy yarns. The standard dobbies are generally flat and relatively fine or sheer.

Dobby Fabrics / Dobby Textiles: Brocade, Moss Crepe, Matelasse Uses of Dobby Weave
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A good example of dobby weave is stripes or waffle cloth but the designs need to be straight vertically or horizontally. Heavyweight dobby fabrics are used as home furnishings and for heavy apparel.

Leno Weave: What is Leno Weave, Leno Weave Fabric, Mock Leno Weave, Leno Weaving, Uses of Leno Weave
Leno weave has two or more warp threads crossing over each other and interlacing with one or more than one filling threads. A leno weave fabric is very sheer and durable with no yarn slippage. It is stronger and firmer permitting the passage of both light and air through it. Leno weave fabric is also called as gauze or doup weave. The fabric was primarily used to prevent shifting of fibers in the open weave fabrics. It maintains uniformity of threads and minimizes the distortion of threads

Mock Leno Weave
A Woven Fabric Made On a Dobby Loom With an Open Mesh Design that Simulates a Leno Weave by Interlacing and Grouping the Warp and Weft Yarns with Spaces Between the Groups. Warp Yarns are Not Paired as in a true Leno Weave.

Characteristics of Leno Weave
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It has open-weave effect. It has low yarn count. It is a good dimensional stability. It has lesser yarn slippage.

Leno Weave Fabric: Gauze, Grenadine, Net, Tulle Uses of Leno Weave
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Grinding wheel reinforcement Light-weight membrane Laminating fabrics Marquisette Blankets (medium weight)

Types of Leno weave: Mock Leno Weave

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but oxford weave do develop tiny pinholes. the less bulky is the carpet. the height and texture of the yarn is determined by the surface and texture of the uncut pile.A pile weave cotton fabric with an uncut pile on one side and a cut pile on the reverse side. density of the tufts and the amount of twist in the yarn.A knitted fabric that is smooth on one side and has an uncut loop pile on the underside.Oxford Weave: Oxford Weave Fabric. Cut Pile Fabric     Cisele Velvet Velvet Satin Velour . bath towels. It is mainly used in apparel. which does not show the footprints. Hand towels. Characteristics of Oxford Weave    It is fine. French Terry . Characteristics of Uncut Pile. It is lightweight. Characteristics of Cut Pile. Marquette . but the constant abrasion in the wear causes the thin yarns to weaken and tear. Cut Pile is one of the most popular constructions for carpets. Cisele Velvet . It is soft.Heavier than velvet. The tighter the twist is. Added backing helps to strengthen it further. Cut Pile is durable but the durability depends upon the type of fiber. All the yarns in shirts made of oxford weave receive the same care. Cut Pile Fabric Cut pile is a carpet fabric. or patterned with cut and uncut pile. It is also used in other forms of apparel. In this type of weave the face of the carpet is composed of cut ends of pile yarn. It has more longevity than other carpet weaves. soft and lightweight. The cut pile is always twisted so that the shape is maintained uniformly. thicker yarn in the filling direction.A warp-pile upholstery fabric.A velvet with a pattern formed by contrast in cut and uncut loops Page 5 . Oxford Weave is fine. Characteristics of Oxford Weave. beautiful and hugs the floor better. Loop Pile Carpet. thin warp yarns woven to every soft. Uses of Uncut Pile. The strongest carpet is made with uncut pile weave. The unbalanced construction of the fabric causes the thin yarns to break and leave tiny holes. Uses of Oxford Weave The primary use of oxford weave fabric is in cotton shirting. is a finish of the fabric without cutting the yarns.Made usually with uncut loops in all-over pattern. Saxony . Cut Pile: Overview of Cut Pile. extra large and beach towels are uncut piles for greater wear of the fabric Loop Pile Fabric       Terry Cloth Terry Velour . Fabrics with Uncut Pile. Oxford weave is commonly found in cotton shirting but is also available in a wide variety of fibers and weights. Uncut pile has clear detail in design. The pile may be either cut or uncut. The Fabrics with uncut pile is very strong because the loops of the yarn run continuously from face of the carpet through its back. Uses of Oxford Weave. Loop Pile Fabric Uncut pile. Uncut Pile: Loop Pile. The tops of the loops are cut in an uniform length. Frise . The regularity or irregularity of the loops. Manufacturers make use of a high twist in the yarn to stop or minimize the development of holes. Oxford Fabric Oxford weave fabric consists of two. It is soft. also known as loop pile or rounded loops. Not quite as heavy as Fleece.This is a dense cut pile where the yarns are treated to make each tuft end distinguishable at the surface. Looser twisting creates a luxurious look and feel but it does not hold its shape well.

Uses of Fabrics.Double Knit: What is Double Knit. Wool Double Knit Double knit is a circular knit fabric. wool. Double knit fabrics a type of fabric originated in Milan and Florence. Tunics. worsted.   Uses of Double Knit: Pants. Fabric Testing                                About Fabrics Batik Fabric Dyed Fabric Embroidered Fabric Printed Fabric Painted Fabric Cotton Fabric Silk Fabric Wool Fabric Leather Fabric Hemp fabric Coir Fabric Jute Fabric Linen Fabric Ramie Fabric Fabric Blends Acetate Fabric Acrylic Fabric Latex Fabric Nylon Fabric Polyester Fabric Rayon Fabric Spandex Fabric Fabric Textures Corduroy Fabric Denim Fabric Diaper Cloth Dimity Fabric Flannel Fabric Page Drill Fabrics Duck Fabric 6 . Fabric Characteristics. Cotton Double Knit. Uses of Double Knit. Double knit fabric is constructed on multi-feed circular knitting machines. Types of Double a Knit Cotton Double Knit Wool Double Knit Cotton. rayon and synthetics are favorable for double knit. which has loops on both sides. Hats. Skirts. Double knit is made with a double set of needles to create a double thickness of fabric. The two layers of loops formed is not possible to separate. History of Double Knit. An article of double knit is a two faced clothe. front as well as back. Scarf’s. Bandages (the single knit curls) Fabrics: About Fabrics. Types of Fabric. Doublets. The Double knit fabric is very sturdily constructed and is heavier in weight. Jackets. Double knit fabric controls the shrinkage and dry-cleans well. Each thickness of the Double knit fabric is joined by interlocking stitches. Characteristics of Double Knit. silk. Either side can be utilized as the right side.

Distressed Leather Page                                                     Gauze Fabric Lawn Fabric Matelasse Fabric Muslin Fabric Organdy Fabric Sheeting Fabric Terry Fabric Velvet fabric Poplin Fabric Chintz Fabric Chenille Fabric Chambray Fabric Velour Fabric Voile Fabric Silk Fabric Textures Brocade Fabric Crepe Fabric Chiffon Fabric Faille Fabric Georgette Fabric Pesu de soie Organza Fabric Broadcloth Fabric Charmeuse Fabric Taffeta Fabric Damask Fabric Tulle Fabric Wool Fabric Textures Beaver Cloth Challis Fabric Cheviot Fabric Chinchilla Cloth Gabardine Fabric Herringbone Wool Homespun Wool Houndstooth Check Lambsdown Loden Fabric Oatmeal Cloth Panama Cloth Tweed Fabric Linen Fabric Characteristics Venise Fabric Butcher's Linen Leather Fabric Textures Aniline Leather Nubuck Leather Suede Leather Corrected Leather Crust Leather PU Coated Leather 7 .

Barre in Fabrics Page                                                     Embossed Leather Sauvage Leather Split Leather Fabric Comparison Chart Fabric Finish Coated Fabric Felted Fabric Handmade Fabric Knitted Fabric Non Woven Fabric Stitched Fabric Woven Fabric Apparel Fabric Beachwear Fabric Blanket Fabric Curtain Fabric Drapery Fabric Home Furnishing Fabric Hosiery Fabric Industrial Fabric Interlining Fabric Mattress Fabric Outdoor Fabric Packing Fabric Pintuck Fabric Quilting Fabric Rug and Carpet Fabric Tapestry Fabric Tent Fabric Tarpaulin Fabric Umbrella Fabric Upholstery Fabric Fiberglass Fabric Filter Fabric Carbon Fabric Vinyl Fabric PTFE Fabric Crewel Fabric Stretch Fabric Reflective Fabric Polyethylene Fabric Narrow Fabric Laminated Fabric Flocked Fabric Flame Resistant Fabric Marquees and Awnings Canvas Fabric Metal Fabric Fabric Finishes Identification Of Fabrics Fabric Testing 8 .

point or to make dots. Fabric Definition. True origin of batik is a mystery. The hand painting is done with the help of a pen filled with wax. gets colored. or 'caps' was developed. Scratch and starch resist is some of the other methods involved in batik painting. The finest batik cloth is still made in Java. Batik Process. which allowed for large scale application of wax. How to Make a Batik. Instead. Batik Definition. The batik of Indonesia is unique and unparalleled. minerals etc. The popular batik patterns are flowers. The fabric is dried and then heated to remove the wax from the fabric. What is Batik Fabric. The last century has seen the formation of different types of fabric used in a large number of industries. 9 . A variety of fabrics are manufactured either wholly from a particular fiber or blended with different fibers for obtaining certain required properties. Thailand. How to Batik. Define Batik. The word batik is believed to be originated from the word 'ambatik'. insects and some of the geometric forms. India and Central Asia. Batik Process | How to Batik In the batik process. which are finally used for manufacturing different types of fabrics. The splash processes of batik splashes or pours the wax onto the cloth. drop. These fibers are then processed into yarns. The industry is also thriving in the Philippines. The more number of colors the fabric has. Fabric is formed from different types of fibers sourced from vegetables. which is wax-free. Dutch. Uses of Batik Batik is an art that applies specialized method to dye the fabric. China and some of the African countries. known as 'canting'. birds. Fabric are manufactured in wide varieties and design. Germany. plants. There are more than 3. And the different design and effect is produced on the fabric with the help for various mechanism which is helpful to from different weaves and lots of design which enhances the look of apparels. Previously. The area. But with the rise of Industrial Revolution in the 19th century.000 of such designs or patterns. Indonesia. It is also thought that. The invention of computer has added more new and exciting patterns to the existing collections. commonly cotton or silk. Batik Method. Meaning of Batik. Fabric Applications. wax is applied to the area which has to go pattern-less. the term fabric is often used as a synonym for cloth. Batik is most prevalent on the Indonesian Island of Java. batik may have been derived from the Javanese (in Java) word 'tritik' which means a dying process where the patterns are done after tying and sewing the areas. meaning 'a cloth with little dots'. Stencil is used in screen-printing process of batik. batik fabrics and garments were worn by upper class people only but today it is available for general population Batik Method | How to Make a Batik Page There are different ways to create batik. Define Fabric. 'Tik' also mean little dot. animals. Today. Malaysia and Indonesia is leading in batik industry. The fabric is then immersed in dye. the process has to be repeated. the area where the pattern is to be done is not painted. What is Batik. large copper stamps. Evidence of batik has been found some 2000 years ago in Middle East. animals. Fabric Uses A fabric is a flexible material formed as a result of interlacing of natural or synthetic fibers (thread or yarn) formed by weaving or knitting. Fabric Applications | Fabric Uses A variety of fabrics find application in           Home Furnishings Industrial Furnishings Apparels and Garments Draperies Automotives Medical Institutions Geo Textiles Boating Toys Furniture Batik Fabric : Batik. It was similar to tie dye techniques.About Fabrics : What is a Fabric. In textile trade. The ancient method of batik process involved drawing on the cloth with a wooden pen and then waxes it.

Dyed Fabric : Types of Dyeing. It is also used as a form of art through the creation of pictures in tapestries and wall hangings. which forms a chemical bond with an hydroxyl group on the cellulosic fiber. nylon and modified acrylic are dyed. Types of Embroidered Fabrics. scarves and household accessories. wool and silk fibers. which has an affinity to the substrate to the fabric it is applied to. indigo. Basic Dyeing / Basic Dye: In Basic Dyeing Process Water soluble cationic dyes are applied mainly to acrylic. etc. Mordent Dyeing. tray cloths. Acid Dyeing.Uses of Batik  Batik is widely used to apparel. Reactive Dyeing / Reactive Dye: In Reactive Dyeing dye contain a reactive group. Iron buff is a good example of inorganic dyes Mauveine was the first man made organic dye discovered by William Henry Perkin in 1856. Reactive Dyeing. This is achieved by the treatment with a diazo component and a coupling component. tablecloths. Substantive Dyeing. developed for dyeing cellulose acetate. wool. Blackwork Embroidery. haloheterocycle or activated double bond. Mordant Dyeing / Mordant Dye: Mordant Dyeing process requires the use of mordent (a dyeing substance) to improve the fastness of the dye on the fiber like water. silk and nylon is dyed. Kermes. or powders. cochineal. leather. The dyes are ground finely in the presence of a dispersing agent. Bunka Sishu. Embroidered Fabric : Embroidery History. It is used to dye nylon. Batik paintings by artists grace homes and offices. Counted Thread Embroidery. light and perspiration fastness. canvas. Cross-Stitch. spray dried. turmeric. Uncountable number of dyes have since then been prepared improving the properties with every attempt. It is in the form of paste. Direct Dyeing. wool. alizarin (madder). Direct Dyeing or Substantive Dyeing / Direct Dye or Substantive Dye: Direct Dyeing process uses either sodium chloride or sodium sulphate in neutral or little alkaline dyebath. which has been made from the colored fibers. wall hangings. polyester and acrylic fibers. These dyes are obtained from animal. Dyed Fabric is colored by substances. Canvas Work. Basic Dyeing. Vegetable origin dyes are contributed by safflower. triacetate. Embroidered fabric is made by stitching strands of a material on another material layer to give a decorative designs and patterns. Reduction in alkaline liquor gives the water soluble alkali metal salt of the dye. It is applied to the fiber in a weakly alkaline dyebath. towels and bedding. home furnishing. Bargello or Florentine Embroidery. Vat Dyeing. The fastness of the color and its permanency depends upon the dye and the process used. Disperse Dyeing / Disperse Dye: In Disperse Dyeing a substantially water insoluble. Azoic Dyeing Dyed fabric is the fabric. Embroidery is done to decorate clothing and household furnishings like table linens. Types of Dyeing / Types of Dyes Acid Dyeing / Acid Dye: In Acid Dyeing process. Vat Dyeing / Vat Dye: In Vat Dyeing process dye is insoluble in water and does not dye fiber directly. Drawn Thread Work. Page 10 . woad. This form dyes the textile fiber.  Batik sarees are very popular in India as well as around the world. Assisi Embroidery. Crewel Embroidery. water-soluble anionic dyes are applied to fibers from neutral to acid dyebaths. Disperse Dyeing. Usually fibers of silk. paper. Azoic Dyeing / Azoic Dye: In Azoic Dyeing an insoluble azo dye is produced directly onto or within the fiber in this process. logwood. Usually cotton. vegetable or mineral origin with no or very little processing Animal origin dyes are like Tyrian purple.

Goldwork Embroidered Fabric / Goldwork Embroidery: The use of gold upon the fabric. creative work on individual pieces as well as for mass produced clothing products. Pigment Printing. Direct Printing A printed fabric has a pattern printed on it either with ink or dye. Dye Sublimation. Embroidery History The use of embroidered fabric dates back to 3000 BC in Egypt. It is free style embroidery. a negative embroidery. Scandinavians counted techniques like Hardanger in evenweave fabrics. Bargello Embroidered Fabric or Florentine Embroidered Fabric / Bargello Embroidery or Florentine Embroidery: This is also called Flame stitch. It is also known as voiding. Printed Fabrics : What is Fabric Printing. Page 11 . Blackwork Embroidered Fabric / Blackwork Embroidery: This is a simple form of embroidery where black thread is used on white or off-white fabric. ½ and ¾ are also termed as cross-stitch. Bunka Sishu Embroidered Fabric / Bunka Sishu Embroidery: This is a Japanese embroidery style originating in the 20th century. Literally any evenly woven fabric can be embroidered. Evenweave fabric is usually used and the fabric threads are counted by th e embroidered before starting the embroidery. simple earth tones or fake fur fluorescent. but here the threads from the warp and the weft of even weave fabric piece is removed and are grouped or bundled together into a variety of patterns. Block Printing. Printed fabrics are tightly woven with rich woven designs and patterns. Cross-Stitch Embroidered Fabric / Croos sttich Embroidery: This is a popular form of counted-thread embroidery where X-shaped are used to form a picture. It adds color and glamour to the fabrics with bright printed floral or subtle replicating patterns. Counted-thread Embroidered Fabric / Counted thread Embroidery: This produces a symmetrical image because the warp and weft fabric threads are evenly spaced. which uses a unique stepped satin stitch. Traditionally embroidery was done by hand but now it is also machine embroidered. Types of Fabric Printing. cottons and polyesters cotton. Copperplate Printing. Types of Embroidered Fabrics Assisi Embroidered Fabric / Assisi Embroidery: It is counted thread embroidery from Italian town of Assisi started in the 13th century. Drawn Thread Work Embroidered Fabric / Drawn Thread Embroidery: This is also a form of counted-thread embroidery. Whitework Embroidered Fabric / Whitework Embroidery: This is white embroidery done on white material in mercerized cottons. It is usually a flat fabric woven from a variety of threads such as acrylics. Indians elaborated in gold and metal embroideries where as Italians crafted delicate laces and cutwork. nylons. The word crewel is derived from the curl in the staple of the wool. Hardanger Embroidered Fabric / Hardanger Embroidery: This is a form of embroidery which is worked in white yarn of a colored Hardanger cloth by using drawn thread work. Crewel Embroidered Fabric / Crewel Embroidery: This is at least a thousand years old. It creates very detailed pictures. Crewel wool has a long staple and can be strongly twisted apart from its being fine. Machine embroidery can be used for both. Roller Printing. where background is filled while the motif is left blank.Most embroidery is done by using thread or wool stitched onto a woven fabric. Canvas Work Embroidered Fabric / Canvas Work Embroidery: This is embroidery on canvas. Other stitches like ¼. which looks like oil paintings. The Chinese mastered in silk-thread embroidery. Since then different culture has contributed their unique designs and technique.

Pigment Printing: Pigment Printing is the process where pigment is used for printing. a shrub native to the tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old World and the New World. Fabric Finishes and Treatments. Direct Printing: Direct Printing is a type of digital printing to fabric which accepts the ink from inkjet coated printer similar to inkjet paper Painted Fabric : Fabric Painting Patterns. Scouring. Roller Printing: In Roller type of printing.C. Pen is available in fabric stores that is used to draw on paper and then set the paper over the fabric and press it with hot iron. Fabric Printing / Types of Fabric Printing Block Printing: Block Printing was first developed in China. Ginning. breathable textile. Today. Weaving. Page 12 . It is the mainstay of the garment and soft furnishings industries. Desizing. the fabric is fed into a giant set of rollers where a one of the rollers continually imparted a design on the fabric as it rolled past. Cotton cloth has been used since primitive ages dating back to about 3000 B. a material is directly converted into a gaseous state from solid dying the threads. In wall hangings. Fabric Painting Patterns Fabric Geometric Pattern Fabric Craft Patterns Usually floral designs are popular. Characteristics of Cotton Fabric. The image is placed on top of polyester. Fabric Floral Patterns. home furnishings . Singeing. In scientific terms. Cotton Fabric is noted for its versatility and its natural comfort. Bleaching. Dye Sublimation: In Dye Sublimation Process. Spinning. It is done by hand. The printed designs are usually associated with thinner and delicate fabrics. Painted fabric is popular in wall hangings. Hand Painted Fabric Painting on fabrics is a very old method of decorating the cloths made. Dyeing. Fabric Craft Patterns. an image is digitally printed in reverse with a special type of dye sublimation toners or inks onto regular media. Finishing. religious figures are also painted and used for religious occasions. the main uses of cotton is in the form of garments. Copperplate Printing: Copperplate Printing process was used on silk which is a pattern printed by disposition. Different patterns in different colors are painted to add to the decor of the room.    Fabric Floral Pattern Uses of Hand Painted Fabric     Wall hangings Table cloths Garments Upholstery Cotton Fabric : Process of Creating Cotton Fabric. Mercerizing. Fabric Geometric Patterns. tablecloths and bed sheets. In this type of printing the carvers use to carve fine work on wooden block and then cover it with ink.Printed fabric is a traditional choice for upholstered furniture. Uses of Cotton Fabric Cotton is a soft fibre that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant. Usually vertical lines are created on the fabric by this process. The wood is pressed upon the fabric to create duplicate pattern of the original. The fibre is most often spun into thread and used to make a soft. New technique use paper that is run through an inkjet printer and then ironed on to fabric. Garments are also painted to enhance the beauty of the cloth. and industrial cloths.

production of cotton is one of the major factors in world prosperity and economic stabilit Process of Creating the Cotton Fabric Cotton fiber undergoes several processes to reach the stage of final cloth.g. Pakistan.It drapes well. but it is not necessary for the fabric to undergo all the process for e. Finishing: Finishing process. Today. durable and suitable to resist all kinds of weather. thus keeping one more comfortable. It traps air within the fabric structure and help for a thermal insulation process. Characteristics of Cotton Fabric         It is soft and comfortable. It is easy to handle and sew. Garments made of cotton absorb perspiration. the fabric is treated with some chemicals or other useful agents to make it qualitatively more better. The stages are mentioned below. capacity to be washed and dyed. Page 13 . Desizing: Desizing process involves removing the size material from warp yarns in woven fabrics. Mercerizing: In this process. resulting protection from heat in summer and cold in winter For the fabrics strength. In this process. for e. The blending of cotton also gives a bouncy and elasticity property to the cotton. Bleaching: The fabrics are bleached here to make it more whiter and lighter. the fabric is immersed in alkali to make it more strong. Brazil. and sometimes with the sticky seeds. Singeing: Singeing process burns off the fibers sticking in the goods. It is hydrophilic. Spinning: Spinning is the succeeding step to ginning. Cotton wrinkles easily. which means that cotton have excellent absorbing capabilities. It is machine-washable and dry-cleanable. The fruit (boll) part of the plant is used to make cotton fabric.Cloth made of cotton is more comfortable. India. 100% untreated cotton fabric has pleasant matte luster. Turkey and Greece. Fabric Finishes and Fabric Treatments After weaving the cotton fabric passes through different processing stages till it reaches to the state of final product. It is flame retardant. shining. The processes are as mentioned below: Ginning: Ginning is the method of separating the cotton fibers from the seedpods.g. China is the leading followed by United States. The comfort quality of the cotton is due to its twisted or coiled shape. cotton is being blended with many other natural or synthetic fibers. shrink free and stretch free. It is obtained from a bushy plant scientifically known as Gossypium. This is done in the cotton field with the help of machines. cotton has become the principal clothing fabric of the world. absorbency quality. Scouring: The cleaning part of the fabrics are involved in Scouring process. The cotton yarns are made of different thickness in this stage. To resist this. It has good strength. Dyeing: Dyeing process involves the changing of the fabric color by the treatment with a dye. grain bags cloth are used unbleached. Weaving: Weaving is the most important process in the making of cotton cloth. two yarn is placed to make warp and weft of a loom which successively turn them into a cloth. cotton is made sun protected by treating it with UV protecting agent. There are four main types of cotton namely:  American Upland Cotton  Egyptian Cotton  Sea Island Cotton  Asiatic Cotton In the world production of cotton. This process involves the making of yarn from the cotton fiber. durable.

Hsi Ling Shi studied the silkworm and learned the art of unwinding the silk from the cocoon and made silk fabric from it. etc. Today it holds over 50% of the silk production in the world. which gives the wearer comfort in all types of weather. The worms feed on mulberry leaves and increases their body size by nearly 10. Cotton Handbags and Luggage’s: Due to strength. draperies and curtains. Washing Silk. Japan ranks second followed by Brazil and India. the cocoon is soaked in hot water unraveling and producing long size thread. cotton fabrics are also used in medical and surgical products.800 threads are considered to be poor quality fabric. Silk Fabric : What is Silk Fabric. Page 14 .C. Apart from these.000 threads for one meter width. The other type is piece-dyed fabrics. Uses of Cotton Fabric Cotton Apparel / Garments: Garments made of cotton are very soft. It is said that silk was discovered during 2640 B. It is hypoallergenic. Silk Fabric Properties. scarves. twills. Georgette. Silk Production. Noil. They are either 100% or blended with some natural or synthetic fibers. It is one of the higher grade fabrics. USA is the world's leading manufacturer of silk products and France and Italy are the leading manufacturers of high value sophisticated silk fabrics in Europe Luxurious and expensive dresses and home furnishings are made of silk fabric. Chinese Empress. Cotton Canvas: Medium to heavyweight cotton fabric is used in range of canvas products like shoes. etc. Silk Finishing There are two main types of silk fabrics. Cotton Home Furnishing: Cotton home furnishing is preferred because of the fabrics strength and durability characteristics. tents. a jet of compressed air to shoot the weft-yarn between the warpyarns. This fine thread is the basic component of silk yarn and fabric. It is either done by machines or hand.000 times in a short span of time. in China. etc. kurtas.600 threads or 1. luster. Normally all types of garments are made of cotton fabrics. Modern machines use lances. After the spinning of cocoon and before the hatching of the worm into a moth. lustrous shine and sumptuous feel. A good quality of silk begins with a warp of approximately 2. Organza. Pongee. Shantung. like taffeta. This was the beginning of silk industry in China. One which is yarn-dyed or dyed-woven. Silk Weaving: Weaving is a process where the fabric is created by interlacing the warp yarns and the weft yarns. cotton handbags and luggage’s are more widely preferred. silk evening wear and suits are widely used for their elegant look. formal. Loosely woven fabrics are difficult to sew. Silk Printing. which is carried out after weaving. Thai silk is one of the most valued fabrics in the world. 1. The heavier cotton fabric is used in these kind of products. Hand woven fabric is better than the machine woven. A good example of cotton home furnishing is rugs or durries. bedding products. It leads to greater yield and productivity. Washing Silk and Bleaching of the Silk Threads: The natural fiber extracted from the silkworm holds some glutinous substance (gummy substance or glue) which is removed by washing and bleaching. Silk Fabric Uses Silk fabric is known for its softness. comfortable and weather friendly. etc. which means it has a low tendency to cause allergic reactions. bookbinding cloths and tobacco cloths. Silk Production From Cocoon to Yarn: Silk from cultivated silkworms is more used though silk of wild worms is also valuable. duchess satin and many patternwoven fabrics. Indian silk textiles are popular worldwide because of its sheer variety of designs. beauty and luxurious look. It keeps the body cool in summer and warm in winter. like crepes. Silk wedding gowns. Tussar. The worm ceases to eat by the end of thirty days and attach itself to a piece of straw and begins to spin its cocoon. tarpaulins. Silk Dyeing. The different varieties of silk are Chiffon. It can make delicate designs with different colored thread. Silk Weaving. Silk Dyeing. The dyeing process gives the silk different shades. Crepe de Chine. projectiles. It is the strongest natural fabric in the world. sarees. Duponi. casual and even industrial clothing. weaving and quality.

as clothing is being used for over twelve thousand years. Flannel Fabric.Printing is giving pattern to the fabric. water-proofing. Wool Fabric : What is Wool Fabric. Wool Fabric Properties. Melton Fabric. Embroidery process gives embellishment and the perfect finish to the fabric to make it look more beautiful. suits. It is either done by block-printing method. Silk made garments are of formal use. and bedsores. Gabardine Fabric. where these animals originated. yet strong and very durable. A medicated silk fabrics has been developed which keeps the body part un-affected from cuts. Worsted Fabric.D. roller-printing method or screen printing. Mohair wool fabric is obtained from angora goat and angora wool fabric from angora rabbit. It give treatments like crease-proofing. It wicks away perspiration from the body and keeps the wearer dry while sweating and cool when it is hot. by the Romans. It is here the fabric gets the desired appearance and feel. Silk fabric do not resist wrinkle. It is not a good resistant to abrasion. shirts. It is soft. Silk Fabric Uses Apparel/Garments: The soft. Today. gown. easy to iron and wrinkle resistant. a member of the camel family. Since silk is not a good resistant to abrasion. Page 15 . The absorbent quality is an added advantage in silk cloth which keeps the body comfortable in all types of weather. Tweed Fabric. Hence it is recommended that silk garments should be dry-cleaned. Wild silks are an exception. The fabric never burns over a flame but only smoulders. etc. It is the strongest natural fabric. Wool fabric does not only come from sheep. All types of garments like sarees. Australia is the leading producer of wool fabric. In 1797. Wool. pillowcases. Silk Fabric Characteristics / Silk Fabric Properties           Silk is very smooth and luxurious. These medicated silk textiles are also antibacterial. They are dull with coarse hand and texture. All fabrics has to be finished. Alpaca wool fabric comes from the hair of alpaca animal. fire-proofing. and throws. It is comfortable and has a very good absorbent quality. Finishing process is either physical or chemical. Silk fabric is also used in computerized clothing to conduct electricity. etc. thirteen merino sheep was brought to Australia by the British to start merino sheep industry. Uses of Wool Fabric Wool fabric gives warmth and attractive appearance. Felt Fabric. Screen printing is widely used in silk fabrics. Home Furnishing: Silk fabric is used in different products of home furnishing which gives the room a luxurious look like sheets. Types of Wool Fabric. Wool Fabric Characteristics. The first wool factory was established in Winchester (England) in 50 A. it should be taken extra care. smooth. The name angora has been derived from the place Angora (Ankara) in Turkey. Impurities in the air and direct sunlight fades the color of a silk fabric. luster and supple feel of silk has made it widely used as apparels. blouses. Perspiration and sunlight weakens the silk fabrics. Chenille Fabric. burns. Medical Textiles. Cloth made of silk water-spots easily. Final Soaking in a Chemical Solution This process helps to preserve the sheen and luster of the silk fabric. are made of silk. skirts. It does not wrinkles easily and is a resistant to dirt and wear and tear. It adds weight and makes the fabric soft. A widely used cashmere sweaters are made from goats originated in Kashmir (India).

suits. etc. Due to its thickness. Leather Characteristics. Leather Fabric : What is Leather Fabric. pants. Flannel Fabric: Flannel Fabric is soft and are made of a plain or twilled weave which are slightly napped on one side i. China and Pakistan. Brazil and USSR are key players in exporting leathers obtained from bovine Page 16 . Australia and Iran are the important exporters. Europe. Worsted Fabric: Worsted fabric are woolen fabrics are hardy. and dresses. dresses. China. Hats and occasional skirts or coats are made from felt. Leather Tanning. In sheepskin leather. made of smooth yarn and are used for suits and coats. kangaroo. which responds to the wearer's body movements. goat. Felt Fabric: Felt Fabric is not a woven fabric but is created by matting or bonding fibers. soft and elastic. leather fabric becomes more beautiful. and walrus. Tweed Fabric: Tweed Fabric is heavier wool fabric with rough texture and used for suits and coats.Types of Wool Fabric Chenille Fabric: Chenille Fabric has a fur-like texture. Leather fabric does not pick up surrounding temperatures. Chrome Leather Tanning Leather fabric never ages. Leather Uses. It resists flames. reptile. It resists wrinkle. deer. It is light-weight and durable. seal. skirts. which responds to the wearer's body movements. Leather Dyeing. it is used for coats. adding classic luxury. The warmth of the fabric has made it widely used during winter or in cold areas. A good example of gabardine is coats. It retains to the original shape when stretched. The major exporters of goatskin leather in the world are India. pig. horse.e. Uses of Wool Fabric    Today. With age. USA. Leather Finishing. every wardrobe contains garment made of woolen fabric. It absorbs moisture. It resists wear and tear. It is used in sweaters. Leather Processing. trousers. calf. It retains shape. It becomes more comfortable and pleasant to touch. It has natural stretch and elasticity. Wool fabric is also used as blankets and carpets. Vegetable Leather Tanning.lored easily. Melton Fabric: Melton Fabric is thicker woolen fabric and is made of twill or satin weave with a smooth surface. It absorbs water vapour without losing the dryness Leather fabric is commercially obtained from cattle. It is also used in absorbing odors and noise in machinery and stereo speakers. suits. Gabardine Fabric: Gabardine fabric has a clear-surface. coats. It has natural stretch and elasticity. Felt made of wool fabric is used as covers for piano hammers. lamb. It smoulders instead of burning. twill weave and a fine diagonal rib effect. jackets. hence it is comfortable in both hot and cold condition. It is flexible and gets tailored easily. sheep. It is firm. Wool Fabric Characteristics / Wool Fabric Properties            It is warm. New Zealand. It gives a chunky feel and is used for both clothing and upholstery. a little fuzzy on one side. which is created when warp threads are woven in groups.

It is abrasion and wind resistant. Leather Dyeing and Leather Finishing After tanning. and surface fats. The main tanning processes are mineral / chrome leather tanning. It retains its shape. Vegetable-tanned leather which are used for shoe soles is bleached. This makes leather water proof and stretchable. the leather is treated with a mixture of waxes. inter-fibrillary protein and epidermis. vegetable leather tanning and oil tanning. is used in shoe uppers. Glazing is done to achieve polished surface. It is durable. The leather becomes very soft and flexible.  Characteristics of Leather Fabric         It has porosity and breathability. For smooth finish. it is put in sulphuric acid to lower the pH. and pigments (to avoid painted look). the leather will not stretch. Sheepskin leather. for shoe uppers. It resists the aging process. soft and elastic. lubricated and then run through rolling machines to make it firm and glossy. it is soaked in water to restore moisture content. an insoluble fibrous protein.  Page Leather fabric is very versatile. jackets. Soft leather is used in clothing and hard leather in products like shoe soles.  Chrome-tanned leather. Leather Tanning Tanning is the process where the leather gets the necessary feel and physical characteristics. In this process. Moreover when dry. Chamois leather is best example of oil tanning. It is widely used. Lubricating. It is treated mechanically with rollers and blades to remove fat/muscle and flesh (Fleshing).  Vegetable leather tanning. dyes. it is rolled in a fat liquor containing emulsified oils and greases. Lastly. It is waterproof to a great extent. Next. which carries the major property of the hide or pelt gets less susceptible to decay and are kept flexible. the leather undergoes different processes according to the use of the final product. which is soft and supple is generally used in products like gloves. the collagen. Next.  Before or after dyeing. It cope up with wetted condition without causing damage to the leather.Leather Processing Leather Tanning Pre-Tanning          Animal skin is cleaned and salted to prevent decay. During liming the skin is soaked in lime solution to remove the hair. the leather is coated with grain surface which contains finishing compound.  Oil tanning is a process where fish and animal oil is used. The hide or pelt then is sent to tannery for trimming and sorting. is split and shaved and then placed in a rotating drum for the dyeing process using several types of coloring materials to give color fastness and durability. Scudding is done with a blunt knife to remove remaining hair roots. It is firm. Bating involves treating the leather with digestive enzymes to remove non-fibrous protein. which uses chromium salts. which is lost during salting process. machine belts. the leather is pasted on glass or ceramic frames and then passed through drying tunnels with controlled heat and humidity. which is lighter and finer grained. The leather becomes moldable and can be tooled. or bark tanning is the process where the hide is soaked in a solution of bark of oak/chestnut which is chopped or boiled. This is brushed under a revolving brush-covered cylinder. shellac or emulsified synthetic resins. In De-liming the hide or pelt is washed in water containing ammonium chloride or ammonium sulphate to neutralise it. It absorbs water vapour upto 30% of its weight without loss of dryness. skin pigmentation. engine gaskets and harnesses. and other 17 Uses of Leather Fabric . Calfskin leather.  Mineral / chrome leather tanning is the most common and modern method. In the finishing process. This is done by removing the water molecules from the gap of protein molecules and replacing it with chemicals that retain flexibility.

Leather fabric is also used in upholstery. home decoration. table linens. curtains. The finest hemp fabric is produced in Italy. It blends well with other fabrics. canvas. belts. purses. It blends well with cotton. It is a resistant to UV rays. wool. It has poor drapability. It is an environmental friendly fabric and fully bio-degradable. sheets. Coir Fabric : Perfect Fabric for Controlling Soil Erosion. which is rarely found in other fabrics. White Fiber. The stems of the plant are processed to dissolve the gum or the pectin found in it. The fibrous layer is separated from the fruit either manually or by machines. Hemp Cloth. bags. Brown Fiber. China is the world's leading producer of hemp Hemp Fabric Properties           It is strong and durable. tepees. dish towels. Green coconuts are harvested after six to twelve months on the plant. Process of Making Coir Fabric The word coir is believed to be derived from the Malayalam word Kayar that means a cord (string). which contain white fibers. It is warm. etc. After the processing is over. Apparel made of hemp fabric withstand harsh conditions and last longer. It has beautiful luster. which surrounds the coconut. It gets soft with every wash. the separated husks are soaked in a slow moving body of water allowing it to swell and to become soft . In case of brown fiber. Coir fabric is obtained from the fibrous husk. Uses of Hemp Fabric   Hemp Fabric is very versatile. tents. Coir Fiber. It is a very good insulator. The fabric accepts dyes readily and gets soft with every wash. Hemp Fabric : What is Hemp Fabric. silk. it is bleached and dyed to obtain the required shades. It readily takes dye. It is used as clothing. It has beautiful luster. Uses of Hemp Fabric Hemp fabric is noted for its warmth and softness with a durability. Uses of Coir Fabric Coir fabric is known for its resilience and durable quality. hemp Fabric is highly versatile and is used in countless number of products like apparel. It is absorbent.  apparel. and home furnishing. If required. Sometimes. or for anything where comfort and durability is needed. The fiber is then separated and again processed. polyester. Page 18 . it is also cleaned by steel combs to make the fibers straight and remove any leftover of shorter pieces. shields and weapon sheathes. It is the perfect fabric for controlling soil erosion. draperies. etc. It withstands water better than any other textile product. The coir bristle fiber is put apart from the shorter one and is send for washing in clean water. Hemp is UV protected and has an insulative quality that allows clothing to be cool in summer and warm in winter. upholstery. furniture. wallets. it is woven into yarns and fabric. Mature coconut contains brown fiber. In horticulture coir fabric is used as a substitute for peat because it is bacteria free and free from fungal spores. accessories. This fabric is a great choice for comfortable work clothes. sofa. rugs. bedspreads. shoes. Blending with cotton improves the texture and whiteness of the fabric Hemp fabric is obtained from the stems of the plant. Properties of Hemp Fabric. It wrinkles easily.

Jute CBC: A cloth made wholly of jute not less than 104" wide. Jute CBC. Today. It is used as primary and secondary backing for the carpets. it goes to the roving department. blooming singly or in clusters. Bitumen coated tarpaulin bags are used in the fertilizer industry. the husks are put into a river or water-filled pit for approximately ten months. Myanmar. high quality seed bags. base separators for road construction and railway ballast protection. mattresses. After enough softness is achieved. Spinning converts it into a finished yarn. Jute fabric is obtained from the jute plant. The stalks which are cut is sorted according to the length and gathered into bundles. the different fibers are first blended. Having oil content not more than 2%. These stalks are placed in shallow pools of stagnant water to loosen the fiber from the woody tissue. These fibers are then sorted. sack. It is ideally being used as bags and sacks for packing since ages. White coir fabric is used as ropes. Since ages. It is stress resistant. What is Jute. It is used for packing of grains. graded. inter-woven. Jute gets light green leaves and small yellow flowers. weighing not less than 169 gms/m2.For white fiber. It is eco-friendly and do not degrade on exposure to sun light. Coir geotextiles is used for ground improvement of soft clays. Jute Fabric Products Jute Hessian Cloth / Jute Hessian: A plain weave cloth made wholly of Jute with single warp and weft interwoven weighing not more than 576 grms/m2. The cleaned fiber is send for spinning into yarn. It is environmental friendly. Bhutan and Nepal. It is free of bacteria. chemicals. it is much soughted for fashionable cloths. Thailand. which thrives best in moist soil in a hot and humid climate. The strength. This process removes barky portions from the fiber. 19 Heavy Fabric / Jute Canvas / Jute Tarpaulin: A plain weave cloth made of jute in a wide range of construction & weights. Jute Webbing Jute fabric is widely used fabric after cotton. To make it uniform. The other jute producing countries are China. Jute Fabric : What is Jute Made From. In these ten months. It is used for making bags or as a cover to pack the material. It is subsequently dried and then cleaned. Jute Growing. etc. the fibers are separated and hung on lines to dry. Jute Sacking. The fabric is very strong and durable. It is very versatile and economical. where it imparts a slight twist to the sliver and is send for spinning. Jute Sacking: Either plain or twill weave cloth made wholly of jute. The longer fibers are separated from the shorter one by beating with hand. When these blossoms start shedding. It is biodegradable. weighing not less than 407 gms/m2. Jute is an annual plant. doormats. The carded jute is fed into drawing machines where it becomes thiner and smoother. Page It is used for manufacture of different types of bags including postal mail bags. construction of low height bunds and protection for canal banks and beaches. The seeds are hand-sown and the plants mature in 3 months with an average height of 10 to 12 feet. etc. The jute is next fed into a softener where it is treated with oil and water and is passed between sets of heavy spiral fluted rollers. The fibers are carded in machines reducing the average length by teasing and combing. After this. and baled and send to mills for spinning it into final products. Jute Hessian. twine. Jute Plant. Characteristics of Coir Fabric      It is buoyant. color and fineness of jute grown in different areas vary. home furnishing and fashion accessories At present Bangladesh is the largest cultivator of jute whereas India is the largest jute goods manufacturer. coir fabric has been used to produce rope for ships and for making bags. . the plants are harvested. Uses of Coir Fabric Brown coir fabric is used in floormats. the fibers are loosen.

It is used as fashion accessories. Speciality Jute Items: Hydrocarbon Free Jute bags/fabric are used for packing Cocoa / Coffee / Shelled nuts. linoleum. It is used for fashion garments. Uses of Jute Fabric         It is ideally used as bags and sacks for packing. It is not sensitive to chemical attack. Ireland also produces the world's best linen fabric. The Linen fabric carries tensile strength and is highly durable. It is used as roofing and floor covering apparel. It has a moderately high density. In linsey-woolsey fabric. It is used for industrial. tapestries. cordage and twines. Speciality Jute fabrics are used for shopping bags. Linen fabric is 100% biodegradable and is waste-less Linen Fabric History / Linen History Linen fabric is being used for more than 10. The major producer of linen fabric is Ireland. For binding of the packed bags and for cable & explosive industry. etc. linen fabric was used as canvas for painting Linen fabric is obtained from the flax plant. Linen Uses Linen fabric is noted as the fabric of luxury. It is stable to sunlight. It is a good insulator of heat and electricity. linen is used as warp threads for strength and wool is used as weft threads to give bulk and warmth to the fabric. Linen History. It manufactures 20% of the European Union linen yarn. It is used as upholstery of furniture. It is reparable and reusable. Linen Characteristics. It does not degrade on exposure to sun light.000 tons per annum. Odourless bags for Tea Packing. Characteristics of Jute Fabric          It is strong. moulded panels. Since linen has low elasticity. It is used for the Cable industry. Linen symbolises comfort and elegance. It is used for erosion control. In 15th century. The annual production of linen fabric in Ireland is 2. It is environmentally friendly. acoustics. It is used as a carrier and backing fabric for carpets. Linen Fabric : Linen. Jute Webbing: A narrow weave tape made of jute using single or plied jute yarn having width of not more than 6". linen cloths do not deform themselves.Jute Yarn: It is used for weaving as a filler yarn for carpet industry. It is used as webbing to cover inner springs of the auto seats. Egyptians used it extensively. Linen absorbs moisture 20 times of its weight but never gives a wet impression. footwear lining. insulation. Linen gives protection against UV radiation. Page 20 . Linen Fabric is antibacterial and antifungi and does not cause irritation or allergies when worn. Rugs and FloorCoverings Non Woven Jute Felt: It ranges from 250 to 1200 gms/m² both supported and unsupported. wall covering and furnishing fabric. The combination of linen and wool is known as linsey-woolsey. upholstry backing. Linen is widely blended with wool. soft luggage. footwear.000 years. Carry Bags(printed or plain) with handles / chains Carpets. The burning emitted fumes have no adverse effects to human body. After each wash. It used to be called the fabric of the kings. What is Linen. The ancient Phoenician's used to make sails from heavy weight linen fabric for their sails. linen fabric gets stronger with better look. Wrapping mummies in long lengths of linen was very common.

knitted and woven fabrics. Ramie fabric is obtained from the ramie plant. ramie fabric becomes wrinkle resistant and shrinks less. naval cordage. like shirts. Apart from this. fishnets. because it becomes softer after each wash. It is resistant to alkalis and mild acids. It is highly absorbent. It wrinkles easily. It is not harmed by mild acids and is resistant to alkali. It is antibacterial. and the Philippines. It is resistant to rotting. It absorbs humidity and allows the skin to breathe. It can absorb up to 20 times of its weight. It supports painting when wet. It is resistant to wear and abrasion. Characteristics of Ramie. China is the leading producer of Ramie.  It is also used as carpet backings. Ramie blends are used as both. etc. Other major producers are Brazil. canvas. a tall shrub grown in South-east Asia. It has great tensile strength. sacks. The fabric is suitable for daily use clothing. It is abrasion resistant. tablecloths. mildew and insects. smooth and elegant. It is thermo-regulating. bedsheets. light. Ramie becomes smooth and lustrous with each wash. It is beautiful. Uses of Linen Fabric / Linen Uses  Linen fabric is the first choice for summer wear. Ramie-silk blends give firmness to the fabric. Characteristics of Ramie         It has permanent luster. It is easily laundered and dries quickly. Linen fabric is also used as rugs because of its strength. It readily accepts dyes. It is strong and durable. Boehmeria nivea. sail cloth.It dries quickly. flag buntings. Korea. cable insulation.Characteristics of Linen Fabric / Linen Characteristics             It is lustrous and flexible. fire hoses. Linen fabric when wet reacts well with the colors. It has great strength. linen fabric is also widely used as home furnishings. It is also known as "rhea" or "China grass". Blending with cotton makes it more resistant to wear than cotton alone. Uses of Ramie Ramie fabric is valued as a summer fabric because of its excellent quality of air permeability and moisture-absorption. durability and resistant to wear and abrasion. knit products. Blended ramie fabric is more common than pure one. . It has a low elasticity.   Ramie Fabric : Ramie. Ramie fabric readily take dyes and does not fade easily. Page 21 Uses of Ramie  Ramie fabric is used as clothing apparels. It goes well with other fabrics. and pillowcases. It is extremely absorbent and dries quickly. The Ramie fabric is abrasion resistant and is stronger than cotton and linen. Blending also facilitates for easy care of the fabric. What is Ramie Fabric. napkins. a member of the nettle family. It is non-allergenic.It can be blended well with other fabrics. Linen fabric is used as canvas for painting since ages. With polyester.

Fabric Blends does not shrinks. Rayon Cotton: This fabric of rayon and cotton blend wears well and is washable. which does not melt easily and is easy to take care Page 22 . It is resistant to shrinkage. Characteristics of Fabric Blends        Fabric Blends are easy to care. Wool Cotton. Ski slacks are also made out of these blends. etc. What is Acetate. Acetate Properties. Nylon Wool: The blending of nylon with wool makes the fabric more absorbent and softer. Fabric Blending adds to the quality of the final product. Types of Fabric Blends Polyester Cotton: The Blends are tough crease-resistance of polyester combines with the cool comfort of cotton. Nylon Wool. Cotton Polyester: The quality of polyester helps cotton to give a permanent press property. It becomes more strong and durable. suits.Fabric Blends : Polyster Cotton. It is easily laundered. Acetate does not absorb moisture readily but dries fast. Silk Wool. moth and mildew. men's shirts. Fabric Blends are more soft and luxurious. dries quickly and is ironed with lower temperature than pure cotton. Acetate Characteristics. Wool Synthetic. Silk Wool: The blending of silk with wool provides subtle texture to the fabric. Dresses. Fabric Blends are more resistant to wrinkles. It is extremely soft. 'Triacetate' is an improved fabric. Fabric Blends are stronger to withstand lots of wear and multiple washing. better aesthetics and better performance. Fabric Blends are more comfortable to wear. It gives better comfort. Wool Cotton: These two fabrics benefit from the inherent qualities of each other after blending. Ramie Polyster. Wool Synthetics or Rayon Synthetics: These blends has a very clear finish and it drapes better and tailors easily. Acetate Fabric : Acetate. It is soft and has fuzzy surface. Rayon Cotton. Fabric Blends are more durable. Ramie Polyester or Ramie Acrylic: These two blends help the fabric to be easily taken care of and it is less stiff than pure ramie fabrics. The fabric dyes and prints well. Nylon Acetate: This combination makes the fabric more absorbant than nylon alone. sportswear. Ramie Acrylic. resists wrinkling and are easy to care for. Cotton Polyster Fabric blends are one which is made up of two or more different types of fibres twisted or spun together. are made out of this fabric. It has an excellent drape-ability. Linen Silk or Linen Rayon: These blend helps the fabric to retain the characteristics of linen along with to make the fabric drape better and wrinkle less. What is Acetate Fabric. It is generally used for ties. It has no pilling problem and very little static problem. It has exceptional wearing qualities. The fabric is used for men's and women's suits and coats. Acetate Uses Acetate fabric is very soft and has a luxurious look like silk. Acetate History. Rayon Synthetics. This fabric is widely used as men's dress shirts and christening apparel.

After the spinning part is over. the acetate filament was commercially spun in United States and was trademarked as Celanese Acetate Characteristics | Acetate Properties        It is crisp or soft touch. oil and chemicals. acrylic has come a long way. moth. and resists shrinkage and wrinkles. socks. and warm. The fabric breathes. It dyes to bright colors with excellent fastness. their experiments in the laboratory produced samples of continuous filament acetate yarn. bedspreads and slipcovers. the polymer is dissolved in solvent and extruded into a coagulating bath. and children-wear. Acrylic Fabric : Acrylic. It has flexible aesthetics for wool-like. fleece.  Apparel . Initially it was used for outdoor purposes but with the advancement of technology. It was invented by Doctors Camille and Henri Dreyfus. Acrylic Uses Acrylic is a fine. crimped and collected as tow. blouses. Making Acrylic Acrylic fabric is produced from petrochemical known as acrylontrile. What is Acrylic Fabric. thus allowing the fabric to "breathe". oil and chemicals. It gives warmth without weight. It provides comfort against the outer shell. It drapes well. . It is of low moisture absorbency and relatively fast drying. It has no pilling problem Acetate Uses   The major end use of acetate fabric worldwide is linings. curtains. In the dry spinning process. cotton-like or blended appearance. it is stretched hot from 3 to 10 times of its original length and then crimped In the wet spinning process. the polymers are dissolved in a suitable solvent. Page Acrylic Uses 23 It suffers from piling and abrasion problems. Making Acrylic. In 1905. both of them developed commercial process to manufacture cellulose acetate. dresses. and also the sunlight degradation Acrylic fabric was first developed by DuPont in 1944 and in 1950 it was commercially produced for the first time. Acrylic Characteristics. It is comfortable to wear and is a easy care fabric. It was then mostly used in celluloid plastics and motion picture film. It has excellent pleat retention quality. It is then dried. upholstery. and mildew resistant. circular knit apparel. Swiss brothers. It absorbs and releases moisture quickly. It resists moths. It is resilient. Acrylic Properties. By 1913. Acrylic fabric is traditionally a fall/winter fabric with a resemblance to wool. retains its shape. it is widely used as draperies.Acetate History Acetate fabric is made from the cellulose obtained by deconstructing cotton or wood pulp. it absorbs and releases moisture quickly. Acrylic Characteristics | Acrylic Properties          It is lightweight. soft and luxurious fabric with a good drape-able quality. etc. What is Acrylic. It has little static problem. It is shrink. It is resistant to moths. It is also used as wedding and party attire.sweaters. soft. It dyes and prints well. In the year 1924. sportswear. The fibers produced from acrylontrile are either dry spun or wet spun. It takes up moisture and body oil from the body. and sunlight degradation. It dyes well. which is forcefully pushed into warm air for solidification by the evaporation of the solvent. In home furnishings. first time. and is now commonly used in apparel and carpets. taking color beautifully. It is static.

It is resistant to heat and light. upholstery. curtains. nylon is widely used worldwide next to cotton and polyester. elastic recovery. it was used as parachutes. outdoor furniture. a colorless or milky sap of certain plants. Today. It is durable. Nylon is used in carpeting materials and upholstery fabrics because it is easy to clean and does not require special protection against moths and carpet beetles. windbreakers and children-wear. Nylon Uses. shape retention. Coated Nylon Fabric. skirts. The fabric allows easy evaporation and dries quickly. It is stretchable. strong and durable. The fabrics of nylon blended with other fibers have good dimensional stability. Latex fabric has high waterproofing and dry cleaning property. Ballistic Nylon Fabric. Nylon Fabric : Nylon. rugs/floor coverings. Nylon is very resilient. ski and snow apparel. Latex armor. Nylon Uses  Page 24  Nylon is widely used in women's hosiery and lingerie due to its high elongation and excellent elastic recovery quality. Latex gloves. It is lightweight. hence it can be hot and clammy in the heat. It is also used as sportswear. raincoats. draperies and bedspreads are made from this fabric. . It is heat and light resistant. Uses of Latex Fabric / Latex Uses       Latex is usually blended with other fibers and it is used as foundation garments. Nylon was first produced commercially in the year 1939 by the E. Latex mattress pads. It is easy to clean. Waterproof Nylon Fabric Nylon fabric is a polyamide made from petroleum. and abrasion resistance properties.It drapes well. I. as dirt does not cling. pants. Rugs. Latex Characteristics. tires and other such articles in the armed forces.Blankets. It has dry cleaning property. The wearer feels less friction between garments and outer clothing. Inc. Cordura Nylon Fabric. throws. It is usually used with other fibers to make fabrics like spandex and foundation garments. In 1942. Characteristics of Latex Fabric / Latex Characteristcis    It is waterproof. Nylon is widely used as apparel. combat uniforms. Nylon Characteristics. industrial applications and geo-textiles. What is Nylon Fabric. hence after blending it helps in eliminating the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet Nylon Characteristics          It is lightweight and very strong. It dries quickly. home furnishings. It became a household word in the year 1940 when it was knitted first time into hosiery. awnings. Latex Fabric : What is Latex. Ripstop Nylon Fabric. Latex soles. Latex Uses Latex fabric is obtained from fiber made from latex. Nylon blends well. It does not absorb moisture well. Latex wrist cuffs and integral socks. flak vests. jackets. It is resistant to abrasion and chemicals. It is static. Home Fashions . Types of Nylon. It is smooth. du Pont de Nemours & Company.

and petroleum products. throw rugs. Polyester fabric blends well with fabrics. I. It is widely used as dresses. polyester is generally blended with wool to eliminate crushing and reduce fading. Polyester Uses Polyester fabric is a versatile and important man-made fabric. air. Polyester History Polyester is a polymer. Polyester Characteristics / Polyester Properties            It is strong. which is produced from the coal. suits. Polyester fabric is manufactured in many weights and it is used as fiberfill in pillows and upholstery. It is abrasion resistant. Polyester Uses  Polyester clothing has a good stability and strength and is resistant to stretching and shrinkage. sportswear. jackets. draperies. life vests. The Polyester fabric is resistant to stretching and shrinkage. rainwear. in the United States. and durable. pants. It is easily washed. It is resistant to mildew. It blends with wool. stretchable. It does not wrinkle. It is resistant to most chemicals. It is crisp and resilient when wet or dry. It is strong. It is resistant to crease. It does not absorb moisture making it hot and clammy when worn in hot temperatures. bedding. ballistic cloth and towropes because of its strength and good elasticity. blouses. lingerie. acetate. In upholstery. and as a cushioning or insulating material   Page 25 . water. It is not damaged by sunlight or weather. The fabric aggravates pilling problems after being blended with wool. sleeping bags and tents. back packets. Types of Nylon        Ripstop Nylon Fabric Cordura Nylon Fabric Ballistic Nylon Fabric Coated Nylon Fabric Waterproof Nylon Fabric Denier Nylon Fabric Woven Nylon Fabric Polyester Fabric: What is Polyester Fabric. It adds the quality of wrinkle resistance to the fabric and eliminates crushing of napped fabrics. floor coverings. Inc. Polyester Characteristics. shirts. umbrellas. if the percentage of polyester is high. It is next to cotton in worldwide use. Polyester History. It has an outstanding characteristic of resisting wrinkle and springing back into its crisp smooth shape. Polyester Properties. or rayon to improve the durability of the fabric and even to make it easy washable. tire cords. nylon fabric is used as seat belts. It dries quickly. and soft hand. and reduces fading. It is not damaged by sunlight or weather. As industrial product. It does not shrink. These are quick to dry and are resilient. children-wear.  Nylon fabric is also used as luggage. separates. It was first commercially produced in 1953 by E. It has an excellent pleat retention property. Polyester requires minimum care and is easily washable. Polyester is also used in casement curtains. Du Pont de Nemours & Company.

millinery. It resists insect damage. It is made from wood pulp. It is easily dyed in vivid colors. Rayon microfibers are very fine. It is economical and can be found in cotton-like end uses or that of sumptuous velvets and taffetas. It is resistant to dry heat and oil. Microfibers: This is manufactured from either regular rayon or HWM rayons. It is extremely absorbent. It can stretch up to 600 times and again bounce back to its original structure.Blouses. Like cotton. it was named as 'rayon' and was officially adopted by the textile industry.Rayon Fabric : What is Rayon. or rubberized for the protection from moisture. upholstery. It enhances the features of other fabric with which it is blended. sportswear. It is soft and comfortable. Microfibers. It is made by regenerating natural materials into a usable form. which is a naturally-occurring cellulose-based raw material. It is the fabric of comfort and flexibility without putting weight on the body of the wearer. blankets. High Tenacity Rayon: This is a modified regular rayon with exceptional strength (two times the strength of HWM rayon). After the blending. slacks. It drapes well and does not have a problem with static. Hence. Spandex blends well with other fabrics because of its resiliency and elastic recovery quality. dresses. sport shirts. It is sometimes chemically coated. draperies. Types of Rayon Regular Rayon: This rayon has the largest market share. It performs much like cotton in similar end uses. lingerie. slip covers. It is breathable. Spandex Characteristics. Define Rayon. curtains. sheet. tablecloths. spandex creates a Page 26 . work clothes Home Fashions . Rayon Properties. suits. Spandex Fabric: What is Spandex Fabric. High Tenacity Rayon. linings. ties. High Wet Modulus (HWM): This rayon has the same property as regular rayon but with high wet strength. Uses of Rayon Rayon fabric is neither made from natural fiber nor from synthetic. Even the smallest content of spandex makes a marked difference to the fabric. In the year 1924. It is abrasion resistant. It is primarily used in tire cord and industrial end uses. It does not pill. Many fabrics only use 3% to 30% of spandex content. It resists loss of dimensional stability and strength during the use. Spandex Uses Spandex fabric is widely used as fashion fabric because of its shape retention quality. the properties of rayon fabric are similar to natural cellulose fibers like cotton or linen. The fabrics from microfibers drapes better and are silk-like in hand and appearance. it can be mercerized for increased strength and luster. jackets. depending on the type of the garment. It is non-static and never pills Rayon was developed in France in the 1890s and was then named as 'artificial silk'. High Wet Modulus Rayon. The fabric absorbs moisture more than cotton and has a good breathable quality. It looses 30% to 50% of its strength when wet. It wrinkles easily. Types of Rayon. Characteristics of Rayon / Rayon Properties            It is strong and durable. Uses of Rayon   Apparel .bedspreads. It is soft to skin and is comfortable to wear. Spandex Fabric has superior strength and is highly durable. It has low wet strength and becomes unstable and may stretch or shrink when wet. It is typically used in apparel and home furnishing.

It retains back to original shape. rough. which is widely used as suits. perspiration. The common blends with spandex are wool. lustrous. and detergents. It is resistant to abrasion. It has distinctive vertical rows of soft pile. It readily accepts dye. Some schools in America and French Scouts adopted it as uniforms. Cotton Fabric Texture Fabric texture is the feel of the fabric. and soft chenille speak of formal and traditional spaces. Each fabric Texture contribute to the final quality of the cotton. In the 19th century. Types of Fabric Textures. it was widely used by workers and became children's fabric in the early 20th century. Corduroy Fabric : What is Corduroy Fabric. It is warm and breathable. Page 27 . chints. silk. Uses of Corduroy Fabric Corduroy Fabric is a smooth and velvet like fabric made from cotton. organdy. silky. velvetty. It creates a lighter and more flexible fabric. It is usually considered as casual wear and is favored in colder climates. absorbency and washable property. It is believed that corduroy is an English invention of the late 18th century.less confined feel and becomes more stronger and versatile piece of clothing. Spandex Uses   Spandex fabric blended with wool. tie-dyed corduroy fabric. challis. cotton has become the principal clothing fabric of the world. which varies in width. Cotton corduroy fabric comes in different form like dyed corduroy fabric. shirts. It gives immense comfort to wearer and is very durable. it traps air within the fabric structure and help for a thermal insulation process. silk and rayon. boys wore cord knickers to school in winter. wale corduroy fabric and so on. Characteristics of Corduroy Fabric. and also to linen. blouses. It is resistant to dry heat. The Spandex fabric becomes more stable and durable adding a higher level of comfort and better resistance to perspiration and body oils. It is comfort and flexible. The fabric is easy to wash and is durable. fit better and make one look better. The row is referred to cords or wales. The pinwale corduroy fabric is the thinnest and the wide wale corduroy fabric is the thickest. Fabric Textures are given to all types of fabrics. crepe. silk or rayon becomes lighter and more flexible. Corduroy is said to be a French fabric. Few of the famous fabric textures are flannel. For its strength. The dresses made out of this blend can be worn all day but still can be comfortable. The Types of Fabric Texture sets the mood of the wearer." Cotton damask. "Corde du roi". jackets and stacks. which literally mean "fabric of the king". Fabric Texture can be smooth. In America. suede and embossed leather. venise. The highly shape retention quality of spandex is used in making undergarments and support hose Fabric Textures: Feel of Fabric. The corduroy fabric is ideal for pants. wool. printed corduroy fabric. Spandex Characteristics / Spandex Properties         It is elastic. cotton. a number of textures are created with cotton fabric." where as soft textured fabrics whisper for "formal dinners. It is resistant to deterioration by body oils. Blended spandex fabrics feel better. damask. chintz. and so on. soft. and sport coats. toile having sheer linen and silk cloth. velvet fabric texture. With its versatility. leather. It is lightweight and strong. Cotton Fabric Texture Cotton fabric is a very versatile natural fabric. The different textures of the fabric depends upon the type of weaves. Suitable for all kinds of weather. Rough Textured fabrics say "picnics.

It is thick and stiff. caps. so it is widely used for better cloths. Pakistan. It can be ironed at high temperatures. It resists snags and tears. dungarees. Japan. It is used for longer wear and is very durable. China. Uses of Corduroy Fabric    Fine rib corduroy resembles velvet and does not cost much. yet it remains eternally young. In home furnishings. In the 18th century. or levi's. evening wear and children's cloth. shorts. Thailand. points of strain or hem edges. Mexico. India and Australia. draperies. a serge fabric from the town named Nimes in France. Denim is made all over the world but few major producers are United States. A writer for American Fabrics magazine wrote in the year 1969 "denim is one of the world's oldest fabrics. etc. denim or jean was worn by slave labours or cotton plantation workers because of its strength and did not wear out easily. overalls. Denim Fabric is used as bedspreads. usually indigo dyed. Denim Fabric: Overview of Denim. sportswear. suits. draperies and upholstery.Characteristics of Corduroy Fabric       It is warm. Greece. slipcovers. The Denim fabric is stiff and unyielding but softens with wear. It is very strong and durable. light-weight jackets and suits. slacks. Denim is also known as blue jeans. History of Denim. It absorbs and releases moisture quickly. Italy. Corduroy is also used as skirts. Canada. In apparel. Corduroy fabric is very durable.  Page 28 . It is washable." Today. jackets (sports) and shirts. work-cloths. Types of Denim Fabric / Denim Fabric Types      Stretch Denim Fabric Cotton Denim Fabric Lightweight Denim Fabric Printed Denim Fabric Indigo Denim Fabric Uses of Denim Fabric / Denim Fabric Uses  Denim fabric is used in numerous ways because of its hard wearing and durability. It is hard wearing. children's cloths and dresses. Characteristics of Denim Fabric / Denim Fabric Characteristics      It is for long wearing. skirts. It is durable. It creases easily. Spain. Characteristics of Denim Fabric. it is used as jeans. Denim Fabric has twill weave with un-dyed weft yarn and colored warp. upholstery. Denim looks better when it fades to whitish patches at creases. History of Denim Fabric / Denim Fabric History The word 'Denim' is believed to be derived from the French phrase "serge de Nimes". Uses of Denim Fabric Denim is a very strong and hardwearing fabric. It is commonly made into pants or trousers. uniforms.

it was used as dress materials. Diaper cloth launders well. Characteristics of Diaper Cloth      It is soft and lightweight. changing pads. or printed. Characteristics of Dimity Fabric    It is thin and has sheer. having a crisp texture. placing the thickest part where the baby needs the most. which means 'double thread'. All-In-One Diapers: These diapers are the easiest one. dobby or plain woven with a loosely twisted filling so that it has a good absorbency quality. Diaper cloth is a twill.Diaper Cloth : What is Diaper. By the 17th century it was also woven in England. which gives a stripped effect to the fabric. It contains velcro closing cover which fits easily. It is a very good absorbent. Dimity was usually made from combed or carded yarns and the quality always depended upon the yarns used and the pick counts in the weaving. Fasteners like pins are rarely required. It is ideal burp cloths. It is convenient and mess-free. Pre-folded Diapers: These diapers requires very little or no folding at all. It is waterproof. Characteristics of Dimity Fabric. It launders well. What is Dimity. which created ridges in plain areas. Uses of Diaper Cloth: Diaper cloth is versatile. It dries fast and is cost efficient. It is comfortable and breathable. snaps. Cotton demity fabric is easily bleached. It is washable and reusable. Dimity Fabric : Dimity. Page 29 . Shaped Diapers. lap pads. In the early 19th century. Demity had weft threads twice the thickness of the warp threads. The word 'Dimity' has been derived from the Greek word 'Dirnitos'. It requires no folding or pinning. Flat Diapers. dyed. Fitted Diapers: These diapers have elastic legs and waist with velcro. Pre-Folded Diapers. Dimities Dimity Fabric is a thin and translucent cotton fabric woven in checks or stripes or fancy figures. Demity cotton fabric is made from two or three yarns. Dimity creases. Types of Diapers. Dimity fabric is easy to sew and is easily laundered. Uses of Diaper Cloth Diaper cloth is incredibly soft and lightweight. It has waterproof backing and an extra inner layer or absorbent of fabric. especially in Lancashire. Uses of Dimity Fabric. It is lightweight with a raised warp. It is the easiest diaper to use. Fitted Diapers. It is breathable. It has crisp texture. Characteristics of Diaper Cloth. It is lightweight but strong. From the late 17th to 19th centuries. or ties. It is a versatile diaper because it can be folded according to the baby fit. dimity fabric was used as bed covers and window curtains. but is generally treated with crease resistant. Types of Diapers Flat Diapers: These diapers are large in squares or rectangles of cloth. Mercerized dimity has a soft luster. Dimity or dimothy is believed to be originally woven in India. Several extra padding are placed down the center of pre-folded diapers. It has standard closing covers with pins. It requires little or no folding. klips and snappy diaper fasteners. washcloths and baby wipes. All-in-one Diapers. Shaped Diapers: These diapers are comfortable for baby. Dimity Fabric is a delicate and sheer fabric.

Duck Fabric : What is Duck Fabric. It is water and mildew treated. banners. or in painted form. It is durable. The lightweight duck fabric is used as summer wear and blended duck is much favoured for cycling jackets and boating apparel. The heavier-weight duck is called 'duck canvas fabric'. It creases. pinafores. Page 30 . They are used as unbleached. ticking. Duck Fabric is medium to heavy-weight with a plain weave. so it is widely used for breathable sleepwear of all ages. jackets.' from the German 'drillich. and household items. etc. dresses. aprons. trousers. but more often it is bleached or dyed. it has a soft luster. Many of the Duck Fabrics are even wind and snag resistant The army duck fabric is more tightly woven than the normal duck to create excellent strength and durability. Uses of Drill Fabric. It is also used as women's dresses. tablecloths. It is one of the top quality fabrics used for tents. It is tightly woven fabric. Khaki drill is used as uniforms and boat-sail drill is used as sails for sailing craft. 'drill' has been arrived from 'drilling.  Drill Fabric : What is Drill Fabric. The lightweight is used as summer clothing and household items where as the heavier one is made into work cloths and wall coverings. printed. It is strong. Duck Canvas Fabric Duck Fabric is a compact and firm fabric made from cotton.    It is easy to sew. Duck Fabric Characteristics. corsets. stockings and sportswear. book bindings. cloaks and morning gowns. dyed. Duck fabric is one of the most durable fabrics. It is breathable. Drill fabric has a strong bias (diagonal) twill weave made with coarse carded yarns in a dense construction. backing for coated fabric. Cotton Drill Fabric. Poly Cotton Drill Drill Fabric is a sturdy cotton fabric known for its strength and durability. Duck Fabric is tightly woven and is waterproof.' or three threaded. slip covers and sportswear. Characteristics of Drill Fabric. The lightweight property of dimity is perfect for the use of children's dresses and infant's wear. Uses of Duck Fabric. curtains. Khaki drill is used as uniforms. Drill fabric breathes well and keeps the wearer cool. If it is mercerized. It is cool and doesn't melt. petticoats. It is also used as pocketing. which is lighter than canvas and heavier than sail cloth. Uses of Drill Fabric     The lighter weights drill is used for skirts. In home furnishings. The heavyweight drill is used as work clothes. It launders well. History of Duck Fabric. which is dry finish and water repellent. dimity cotton fabric is used as bedspreads. Uses of Dimity Fabric   Dimity is a thin cotton fabric. Types of Drill Fabric   Cotton Drill Fabric Poly Cotton Drill Characteristics of Drill Fabric       It is medium to heavy-weight. blouses. Drill Fabric is medium to light-weight. industrial uses and wall coverings. This property of Drill Fabric has made it a versatile fabric. white. The normal color is gray and can be used unbleached. underwears. Cotton Duck Fabric. shoe linings. The name.

a French flannel is very fine twill-weave and slightly napped on the right side where as suede flannel is napped on both sides. Flannel Fabric is elastic Flannel Fabric is thick and warm. aprons. Page Flannel Fabric is used as blazers. Then canvas for sails were imported from England. Flannel Fabric makes it a wonderful warm weather bedding material. Flannel Cloth. the duck fabrics are used as industrial garments.Duck fabric originated in the 18th century and was actually made from linen.   Types of Duck Fabric     Cotton Duck Fabric Canvas Duck Fabric Duck Canvas Fabric Duck Cloth Fabric Flannel Fabric: What is Flannel Fabric. men's and women's slack and children's play-cloths. Flannel Fabric is made in tightly woven twill or plain weave. this type of heavyweight fabric is termed as 'duck'. The Flannel fabric absorbs and releases perspiration. trousers. It has a tight weave. Flannel Fabric is thick and very durable. Since then. Duck Fabric Characteristics       It is a heavyweight. men's suits. jackets. It is resistant to wind and snag Uses of Duck Fabric  The lighter-weight duck fabric is used as utility clothing like trousers. Traditionally. It feels cozy and warm in cold weather. For example. Flannel Fabric is elastic and has a good draping properties. Top class flannel is made of all wool or worsted yarns. and it has more visible and resistant weave. It is also considered for summer clothing. dyed or in printed form. tents. Blended duck fabric is used as fashion rain capes. jackets. work gloves. sleeping garments. 31 Flannel Uses: . Flannel varies in closeness or firmness of the weave and in the degree of napping. The heavyweight duck fabric is widely used as awnings. Flannel Fabric is very durable. The nap is achieved by brushing the fabric and it is usually non-directional. Flannel Fabric comes in bleached. Worsted flannel is lighter but not as soft as the woolen flannel. shirts.Often. Flannel Fabric drapes well Flannel Fabric is dull-surfaced Flannel Fabric is slightly fuzzy Flannel Fabric is scratchy Flannel Fabric absorbs and releases perspiration quickly. The canvas bore a trademark as 'duck'. The duck fabric is also used in making hats. Flannel Fabric is finished with a light napping either on one side or both. pajamas. The army duck fabric is used as rugged jackets for hiking and hunting and work wear. and bedsheets. it is waterproof. women's suits. linings. Characteristics of Flannel Fabric          Flannel Fabric is soft and fuzzy. allowing it to breathe. Flannel Fabrics are traditionally produced in white color or in a wool-dyed mixture. Flannel Uses Flannel Fabric is a soft and fuzzy fabric made of cotton. etc. coverings. and sails. cotton blend or wool. It is strong and durable. unbleached. cycling jackets and boating apparel. It is washable.

The Chinese spun gauze became familiar in Rome around 50 B. crisp and lightweight. It is suitable in all kinds of weather. The fabric is given a crease resistant finish.C. Linen Gauze Fabric. It is soft and comfortable. It is fine and airy. silk. It is transparent. The word 'Gauze' has been derived from 'Gaza'. It is crease resistant. and curtains. which are exceptionally durable and comfortable. surgical dressings. viscose. hence it is very much used as casual window dressings like panels and scarves. The "lawn" was invented in Europe in the late 19th century. Today. which filters light. transparent and airy fabric. Cotton Gauze Fabric. It is very soft. Cotton Lawn Fabric Lawn fabric is is a finely woven fabric from cotton or linen. Types of Gauze.Gauze Fabric : what is Gauze Fabric. It gives unparallel comfort and is breathable. In medieval times. blouses. Silk Gauze Fabric Gauze is a thin. Gauze fabric is suitable for summer wear. It is lightweight. It is widely used as apparel. rayon or acetate. the French imported gauze from Gaza. It is open-textured. Characteristics of Lawn Fabric      It is lightweight. sheer and loosely woven plain-weave fabric made from cotton. Uses of Lawn Fabric     Christening gowns Slips Day gowns Types of Lawn Fabric Page 32 Dresses . lawn made of cotton is the world's finest cottons. The heavyweight gauze fabric is used as diapers. 100% cotton lawn gives a silky feel. Characteristics of Gauze Fabric      It is thin and lightweight. It is soft. It is crisp. Gauze is a transparent fabric. It is believed that gauze has been originated in Gaza city on the Mediterranean. Types of Gauze     Cotton Gauze Fabric Linen Gauze Fabric Silk Gauze Fabric Wool Gauze Fabric Lawn Fabric: What is Lawn Fabric. wool. Gauze fabric is fine and open-textured. Gauze Uses. Gauze Uses Lightweight property of the gauze has made it perfect for warm summer days. Lawn made from long-staple cotton gives a silky feel and is widely used as christening gowns.

which means to quilt or to pad. It is warm. It has low count. "it is a cloth of silk and gold. Muslin wears well. India and Bangladesh became the home of exotic muslin. It is medium to lightweight. Through the centuries. It is durable. The pattern gives a quilted puff effect. Muslin fabric is also sometimes made out of silk or linen. bridal wear. Muslin is also used as eveningwear. It is sumptuous. Wool mantles were used for mantles and jackets. It has a simple and clean look. A 50-meter long muslin fabric could be squeezed and put into a matchbox. geometric like diamond or squares or that of abstract shape The word 'Matelasse' has been arrived from a French word 'Matelasser'. Characteristics of Matelasse Fabric     It is heavy. It has a pattern such as botanical like leaves. The muslin was legendary. so it is used as slipcovers. The fabric comes in medium to lightweight. Linen muslin is absolutely much more historical. It is sometimes printed or dyed. The fabric is washable but has to be laundered with care. It is cool. mantles. bedskirt. Organic Muslin Fabric Muslin is a soft and fine cotton fabric with a plain weave. Types of Muslin Fabric    Cotton Muslin Fabric Printed Muslin Fabric Organic Muslin Fabric   Page The upholsterers put muslin as the primary fabric of chair and sofa. But today's muslin is a different fabric. throw pillow. novelty effects and some even with metallic yarns It is woven tightly on jacquard or dobby loom in double cloth weave. Muslin Properties. The fabric is lightweight. Uses of Matelasse Fabric. backing for millinery and neckwear. comfortable and very affordable. The weave of linen muslin was so fine that the Egyptian Pharaohs used it for wrapping mummies. Silk muslin has a beautiful crisp texture but it does not wears well. table skirt. also known as compound fabric. Printed Muslin Fabric.' a city in Iraq where the fabric was originated. It comes in different colors. bedspread. It is a good wear and drapes well. Cotton Muslin Fabric. Cotton Matelasse Cotton matelasse fabric is heavy and durable. Lightweight matelasse is used for dresses and apparel. It wears well. Muslin Fabric : Muslin. Marco Polo once said that.It wrinkles. very fine silk matelasse were produced for dresses." Muslin Properties     It is smooth and delicate. Unfinished muslin is used in fashion design for making trial garments. In 1880s. It is cool and comfortable. The word 'muslin' has been originated from 'Mosul. and opera cloaks. trimmings. It is very attractive and quite plain styles work excellent.  Cotton Lawn Fabric Tana Lawn Fabric Matelasse Fabric : What is Matelasse. less than 160 threads per square inch. Uses of Matelasse Fabric   Matelasse is widely used as upholstery and drapery. etc. Muslin Uses. 33 Muslin Uses . Characteristics of Matelasse Fabric. Muslin curtains and window shade suits a country house. What is Muslin Fabric.

It is easily washed in hot water using strong bleach or detergent. Uses of Organdy Fabric The most common uses of organdy fabric is garment overlays in blouses. Organdy Fabric is stiffened fabric with a low yarn count. Uses of Sheeting Fabric Sheeting is a smooth flat and closely woven fabric in different weights and thread counts. retaining its crispness. This mechanical loom served as the base for modern terry weaving machines of today. Characteristics of Organdy Fabric     It is stiff. Stretch Terry Fabric Terry fabric is made up of cotton and it is very absorbent. Uses of Terry Fabric. Uses of Organdy Fabrics Organdy is a sheer and lightweight plain weave cotton fabric. It gets stronger in wet condition.    It is easy to launder. Characteristics of Sheeting Fabric. It is very soft and comfortable. Curtains are also made of organdy fabric. Terry cloth is more absorbent when it has loops on both sides. petticoats and pinafores. Bamboo Terry Fabric. twisting and tugging by the user. 100% cotton sheet wrinkles. The fabric withstands strain of rubbing. puffed sleeves. firm and underweave with very close loops. Organdy Fabric withstands multiple washing. collars. Page It is very absorbent. Organdy fabric is a true durable finish cloth. What is Terry Fabric. It is transparent. It is lightweight. It is fine and sheer. It is thin and transparent. The pile may be either cut or uncut. Microfiber Terry Fabric. Sheeting fabric is very durable and it does not shrink. Cotton Terry Fabric. Terry fabric is constructed of a pile weave. Organdy is more shear than a batiste and equivocal to voile. dresses. The first mechanical loom for terry weaving was developed in England. It launders easily and comes in a wide range of colors and patterns. full gathered skirts. It can be washed and dried. Characteristics of Organdy Fabrics. French Terry Fabric. The one sided pile is known as "Turkish toweling". The technique originated from the Orient around 1850. 50/50 blended sheeting fabric wrinkles less than 100% cotton sheets Characteristics of Sheeting Fabric    It is very durable.It do not shrink. Terry Properties. 34 Terry Properties .Organdy Fabric : What is Organdy. pulling. Generally the fabric is formed using two sets of warp yarns. Best quality of terry cloth have a close. Uses of Sheeting   Fabric Pillow cases Mattress cover Terry Fabric : Terry Cloth Fabric. Sheeting Fabric : What is Sheeting Fabric. sometimes with a jacquard pattern. It is comfortable.

it wears well. infant and toddler accessories and toys and apparels. It is best used for table drape displays in stores or tradeshows. children's wear. thin and lustrous fabric. It is also used as sportswear.  It does not require ironing. The poplin made of 100% cotton is cool. slip covers. wool or synthetic blends. It is also an excellent fabric for draping. The poplin fabric is excellent for making large banners for tradeshows. By cutting this way. It is thick. It is cut with simple lines in the garment so that it do not destroys the beauty of the fabric Velvet Characteristics / Velvet Properties        It is durable. nylon. bath robes and beach coverups due to its softness and highly absorbent quality. It is resistant to crush and water. draperies. Poplin Fabric is smooth. It is heavyweight and durable. museums or music concerts. It drapes well. The flat finish of poplin has made it the best fabric when a very flat and tight look is desired. It is crush resistant. It is closely woven from silk. It is warm. The word 'Poplin'. What is Velvet Fabric. Originally it was an all-silk fabric. It has short fuzzy surface. Poplin fabric is considered to be an all-purpose fabric with its rich texture and a non-reflective finish. It is water-resistant. Types of Terry Fabric      Cotton Terry Fabric French Terry Fabric Bamboo Terry Fabric Microfiber Terry Fabric Stretch Terry Fabric Velvet Fabric : Velvet. It wears well and drapes well with a tendency to add weight to the figure. Poplin Definition. cotton. rayon. Velvet Uses Velvet is a cut pile fabric made with an extra warp yarn. Poplin fabric made of cotton was the preferred fabric for the British Page 35 . comfortable and breathable. Poplin Characteristics. It is used for long wearing. a little of wool or their blends. silk. exercise wear. Velvet Properties. The heavier poplin is given a water-repellent finish for good outdoor use. acetate. It comes in variety of weight and is less expensive. To get the maximum amount of depth in the color. Poplin Uses Poplin is a tightly woven plain weave fabric made of cotton. Velvet Characteristics. the velvet is cut with the pile running up after woven over wires. Uses of Terry Fabric Terry cloth is typically used as towels. The rib variation of the weave gives the fabric a slightly ridge effect. has been derived from the Italian name papalino because cloth made of poplin was first manufactured in the papal town of Avignon in 14th century. Velvet Uses      Evening wear Home wear Upholstery Curtains Cushions Poplin Fabric: What is Poplin.

which contains madder root. The word 'Chintz' has been taken from the Indian word 'Chint'. uniforms. It drapes well. Chintz Fabric: Overview of Chintz Fabric. The fabric is dried thoroughly. blouses and dresses. It has polished look. It is produced by friction or glazing calendars. Some chintz also comes in semiglazed form. it was done with cow dung. Characteristics of Chintz Fabric    It has bright and large flora designs. It usually has bright figures of large flower.  It is also widely used as all kinds of sportswear. Next.S. Cotton chintz fabric has several types of glaze. shirts. or another red dye called chay (Oldenlandia umbellata). birds. To paint red. durability and crisp uniformity. The wax and starch glaze washes out. is covered with wax resist. It wrinkles less. Poplin Characteristics        It is smooth and lustrous. it is again dyed in indigo. It is then washed. mixture of alum and brazilwood is used. The portion. It became popular and was imitated there. It is heavyweight fabric. and other such designs. Traditionally. Unglazed chintz is known as 'Cretonne'. Characteristics of Chintz Fabric. Resin finish chintz is a durable glaze. It withstands washing or dry cleaning. Process of Making Chintz         The fabric is sized with a preparation of fatty milk and extracts of plant which contain tannic acid. It is durable. military used poplin fabric on fronts because of its comfort. Poplin Uses  Poplin's flat finish has made it perfect for making banners or table drape displays in stores or tradeshows. boy's suits. History of Chintz Fabric. It is shiny and lustrous. They imported chintz fabric as early as 1600. U. The fabric is processed with glazed finish to give it a polish look. The fabric is then dipped in hot water to remove wax resist. dried. and sized. Uses of Chintz Fabric Chintz is a closely woven plain weave cotton fabric with a shiny and lustrous finish. It is widely used for curtains and upholstery. It is soft.colonists when on safari. It has flat finish. Uses of Chintz Fabric      Curtains Draperies Slipcovers Page 36 Dresses Sportswear . In the west. which mean 'broad and gaudily printed fabric'. The fabric is next dyed in hot water. The fabric is then cleaned to remove the tanning agent. During World War II. it was brought by the British Raj. which was not to be dyed blue. Process of Making Chintz. The design outline is painted on the fabric with the help of an ink that turns black when comes in contact with the tannic acid on the fabric.

Chenille Fabric : What is Chenille Fabric, History of Chenille Fabric, Making of Chenille Fabric, Characteristics of Chenille Fabric, Uses of Chenille Fabric
Chenille fabric has a fur-like texture, which is created by weaving the warp thread in groups. It is made of cotton, silk or wool and is similar to velvet. The fabric has beautiful appearance and is soft. This has made it a fancy fabric and is preferred by fabric designers. The pile of the fabric is not flat, so it reflects and absorbs light in varying degrees. It is known as shading and mottled effect, which is found to some extent in all items of chenille fabric. The word 'Chenille' has been taken from a French word for caterpillar because the fuzzy pile yarn looks like a caterpillar. Chenille is commercially being produced since the 1970s. Chenille was first time made by Catherine Evans in 1895 when after being inspired by a family heirloom, made her first hand-tufted chenille bedspread. Five years later, she sold handtufted chenille spread for $2.50. Later with further demand, Evans Manufacturing Company was established in 1917.

Making of Chenille Fabric
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The pile yarns are wrapped around a shorter stem of polished meta known as caliper. A blade passes cutting the pile yarns into short lengths. The core yarns are pressed into the shorter lengths with the help of a rotating metal wheel. Next, the yarn is fed onto a traditional ring-twisting take up mechanism. In this twisting process, both the ends of core yarn twist and trap the shorter ends of pile between the core yarns. The caliper size determines the resulting yarn diameter. The size of the pile yarns and its number and quantity fed into the core determines the count of the yarn.

Characteristics of Chenille Fabric
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It has fur like texture. It has beautiful appearance. It is soft.It is a fancy fabric. It resembles velvet. It reflects and absorbs light in varying degree

Uses of Chenille Fabric
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Sweaters Outerwear Upholstery Curtains Throws and blankets Rugs

Chambray Fabric: What is Chambray, History of Chambray Characteristics of Chambray Fabric, Uses of Chambray Fabric

Fabric,

Chambray is a closely woven plain weave fabric mostly made from cotton. It is soft and smooth with a slight luster. It wears well and is easy to sew and launder. It is lightweight, yet strong fabric with a denim look The fabric is made of dyed warp (down) and white or unbleached filling (across). Both carded or combed yarns are used. It has a white selvedge to prevent raveling and has a very soft coloring (often light blue), which creates a faded look. Some are also made in stripes, checks or embroidered. Chambray fabric originated from Cobrai or Cambrai, a city in north France where it was originally woven for farmer's wardrobes. This was actually the fabric choice for the working man's blue shirt. Hence, the term blue-collar worker came into use.

Characteristics of Chambray Fabric

It is soft and lightweight.

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    

It is smooth. It is slightly lustrous. It is strong and durable. It wears well.It is easy to sew. It launders well.

Uses of Chambray Fabric
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Children's wear Dresses Shirts Blouses Aprons All kinds of sportswear.

Velour Fabric: Velour, What is Velour Fabric, Velour Properties, Velour History, Uses of Velour Fabric
Velour is thick, plush fabric with a plain or satin ground. It has a close and dense pile. It is sometimes also knitted. Velour is characterized with uneven lengths that give it a rough look. The uneven lengths of pile are usually two in number and it creates a light and shade area on the surface. It somewhat have a pebbled effect

Velour History
Velour was invented in 1844 in Lyons (France). The word "Velour" is derived from French which is a term for velvet. "Cotton velour" is simple known as cotton velvet. Ribbed velour is soft combination of cotton, spandex and nylon. Marvel velour is fire-retardant through a five dry cleaning before it is again re-treated Velour fabric is made from cotton, wool, or spun rayon. 100% polyester velour creates air pockets in the fabric that trap air and retains body heat. Woven velour is soft, yet rugged.

Velour Properties
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It has a rough look. It has light and shaded areas on the surface. It has pebbled effect. It is soft. It is rugged.

Uses of Velour Fabric
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Hats Dressing gowns Dresses Waist-coats Upholstery

Voile Fabric: Voile, What is Voile Fabric, Characteristics of Voile Fabric, Uses of Voile Fabric
Voile is a sheer and very lightweight fabric. The weave is plain and approximately square. It is a loosely woven fabric. It is crisp and wiry hand. The fabric drapes as well as gathers very well. It is semi-transparent and has a clear surface, obtained by singeing away any fuzzy yarns. Voile is also called "Voile de laine", meaning wool voile. It was originally made from cotton or wool, but now it is also made from cotton, worsted, silk or manufactured continuous filament. It is usually made with cylindrical combed yarns. Highergrade voile is made from highly twisted yarns. It has a hard finish and often preferred for sheer window treatments because of its drapability and soft flowing character.

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Characteristics of Voile Fabric
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It is sheer. It is very lightweight. It has hard finish. It drapes and gathers very well. It is crisp and sometimes wiry hand.

Uses of Voile Fabric
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Curtain Dresses Blouses

Silk Fabric Texture: Different Types of Textures in Silk Fabrics, Summer Textures, Textures for Cold Climates, Subtle Textures
Silk fabric, one of the higher grade fabric known for its softness, luster, beauty and luxurious look. It gives comfort in all types of weather and is the strongest natural fabric in the world. Indian silk is popular worlwide because of its sheer variety of designs, weaving and quality. The most valued is the Thai silk. Different textures are created with silk fabric according to the use. Summer textures are different from that which is worn in cold climates. In menswear, the fabrics are light with subtle textures.

Brocade Fabric: Brocade, What is Brocade Fabric, What is Brocade, Define Brocade, Brocade Definition, Brocade Meaning, Brocade History, Brocade Characteristics, Brocade Uses
Brocade or Brocade fabric is a rich, elegant and heavy fabric with an elaborate design effect. Brocade fabric has a raised and embossed texture. The raised and embossed texture of the brocade adds an extra layer of warmth. It is widely used in a satin background with metallic threading and embroidery. Often it is reversible. Brocades are dressy formal fabrics. Suits and dresses made of brocade are ideal for all occasion gatherings and eveningwear. Brocade was originally made of silk but now it is common with rayon, cotton or polyester. It is woven by a compact warp-effect background with either one or more than one fillings of gold or silver thread used to make the motif or figure. Motifs are of flowers, foliage, pastoral scenes, or other such designs. Sometimes, the richness of the fabric is enhanced by weaving verses from the Hindu scriptures of the Koran, making it appropriate for religious ceremonies.

Brocade History
Brocade is believed to be originated in the Shang Dynasty of China. Making brocade fabrics became an art in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries. In India it is known as 'fabric of dreams' and is produced in Ahmedabad, Aurangabad, Benaras, Delhi, Lucknow, Bhopal, Murshidabad, Thanjavur (Tanjore), Tiruchirapally, Madras and Surat.

Brocade Characteristics
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It is rich and elegant. It is heavyweight. It has raised and embossed texture. It has elaborate designs.

Brocade Fabric Uses | Brocade Uses
Historically, brocade garment is after five wear. It is appropriate for eveningwear and occasion gathering. Brocade fabric is used as apparel, state robes, sarees, church vestments, draperies and upholstery.

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Crepe Fabric: What is Crepe Fabric, Characteristics of Crepe Fabric, Uses of Crepe Fabric, What is Crepe Fabric

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Crepe is a light-weight and classic soft silk fabric with a good drapeability. Crepe Fabric is smooth and highly shapeable. Crepe fabric comes in different weights and degrees of sheerness. Crepe has a good slimming effect. The surface texture of the crepe fabric ranges from fine, flat to pebbled and mossy effects. Crepe fabric is durable and easy to cut and sew. crepe is ideally suited for dresses and blouses. Crepe fabric is either a plain weave of satin but it is of different types. Canton crepe is heavier with ribs while the Chiffon crepe is having a soft finish. Crepe de China has sheer and limp where as Crepon crepe has fine ribs. Flat crepe comes with smooth surface and Plisse crepe have puckered or crinkled surface. The crinkled of puckered surface of the crepe fabric is produced by number of ways. The short and irregular floats in warp and weft of the woven crepe fabric are arranged to create a full random pattern within the weave repeat. In woven crepe fabric or knitted crepe fabric, the crinkled or puckered appearance is obtained by the use of highly twisted yarns. The characteristics are also created by treatment of the crepe fabric with embossing rollers of heat and pressure engraved with a crepe pattern

Characteristics of Crepe Fabric / Properties of Crepe Fabric
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It is lightweight and thin. It is soft. It drapes well. It is smooth and shapeable. It has sheerness. It has a good slimming effect. It has crinkled or puckered surface. It shrinks.

Types of Crepe Fabric
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Silk Crepe Fabric Wool Crepe Fabric Polyster Crepe Fabric Stretch Crepe Fabric Crepe de chine fabric Crepe Back Satin Fabric

Uses of Crepe Fabric
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Indian Choli Bridal and Fashion leenghas Sarees Salwar kameez Long dinner dresses Light-weight suits Coats Skirts, scarves and slacks Evening wear

Chiffon Fabric: Overview of Chiffon Fabric, Characteristics of Chiffon Fabric, Properties of Chiffon Fabric, Uses of Chiffon Fabric
Chiffon Fabric is an elegant and sheer fabric made of silk, rayon, cotton, or synthetics. The fabric is very fine, thin hand and lightweight. It is soft and supple, which gives a beautiful drape. It wears very well but is difficult to handle when sewing. It has slightly bumpy look and is best suited to shirring, draping, gathering and tucking. Chiffon is a plain weave fabric. It is made of loose and tightly twisted yarns. The yarns are either in the filling or the warp or both. It has crepe like texture because the threads are first twisted and then woven. It has very slight rough feel but is softer and thinner than Georgette. Polyester chiffon is very strong and dries quickly The word 'Chiffon' has been derived from a French word 'Chiffe', which mean 'rag'.

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It does not show pinholes. Georgette Fabric: What is Georgette Fabric. Georgette snags easily and is difficult to sew. nightgowns. It is lightweight. It is difficult to cut and sew. Often chiffon is used in a colored layer over a heavier fabric. but it is finer. Georgette wears well and produces a very elegant look. Faille is dressy. It is also used as eveningwear. Faille Fabric Definition. linings. Georgette fabric has a textured crepe surface because the threads are first twisted and then it is woven together. Silk Georgette Fabric. It is characterized by its crispness. Page 41 . The word 'Georgette' has been derived from a French dressmaker of the 20th century named Madame Georgette de la Plante. The weft-way ribs are formed by the intersection of a tine (close-set warp) with a coarser weft. background for embroidery. Faille wears better. What is Faille Fabric. which creates a corded effect. It wears very well. The ribs of faille are flatter than in grosgrain. Faille belongs to a family of grosgrain. and under linings. with some body and firmness. Faille Fabric: Faille. It has crepe-like texture Uses of Chiffon Fabric Chiffon is best used for special occasion dresses. woven from filament yarn. The twisted crepe fibers give a springy quality that makes it seem to move on its own. Faille is difficult to launder. Georgette fabric has a dull creped surface with a grainy texture. It is very fine.Characteristics of Chiffon Fabric / Properties of Chiffon Fabric          It is soft and supple. applique or beading. Heavier weight faille is used for coats and suits. Faille is soft and smooth. hence it is ideal for slacks and dress wear. Faille is a plain weave. It drapes well. Faille Fabric is smooth with a lustrous finish. Double Georgette Fabric. Uses of Faille Fabric Faille drapes and wears well. It is elegant and sheer fabric. Faille tailors well. Faille is sometimes even referred to as flat-ribbed. Georgette. Faille Fabric is glossy soft and dressy. Faille is a medium weight fabric with noticeable cross-wise ribs. Faille is glossy. Faille drapes well. Georgette is slightly heavier and more opaque than the chiffon. Georgette is also made of polyester or rayon. Faille is also used blouses and soft evening purses. Uses of Faille Fabric Faille is a technique of fabric construction. Faille Fabric wears and drapes well. a strong close woven corded fabric. Characteristics of Faille Fabric          Faille has crosswise ribs. blouses and scarves. Printed Georgette Fabric Georgette Fabric is a sheer lightweight plain weave fabric made of silk. Georgette fabric is thin but strong and very durable. Polyester Georgette Fabric. Faille has lustrous finish. Polyester georgette is more strong and resistant to creases and wrinkles. thin and transparent.

Peau de Soie Fabric is medium to heavyweight drapeable fabric having a satin weave. Types of Georgette Fabric     Silk Georgette Fabric Polyester Georgette Fabric Double Georgette Fabric Printed Georgette Fabric Uses of Georgette Fabric      Blouses Flared skirts Dresses Eveningwear Scarves Peau de Soie: Peau de Soie Fabric. It is extremely beautiful and smooth fabric with a satiny. Bridesmaids gowns. Shoes Page 42 Organza Fabric: What is Organza. Organza Properties. Sparkle Organza Fabric. It is also known as "Duchess Satin". What is Peau de Soie Fabric. It has elegant look. as "Paduasoy" is a stout. lustered finish. Silk Organza Fabric. Uses of Peau de Soie Peau de Soie. It snags. Organza Uses. It is least affected by the ultra violet light. It is medium to heavyweight. Characteristics of Peau de Soie. Georgette is thin and lightweight fabric. soft silk with fine cross ribs. It is extremely beautiful and smooth. It has luster finish. It is stout. having finish on both sides. It is not easy to sew. It gives a dramatic and stylish look Characteristics of Peau de Soie      It is soft. which means. mothers-of-the-bride dresses and also for elegant cocktail suits. It wears well. also known. Light color dye looks great. Crystal Organza Fabric . It is strong and extremely durable. Peau de Soie do not get dyed to dark colors. which is also used for bridesmaids gowns. "skin of silk". The full luster Peau de Soie is more flattering to most of the body shapes and sizes than the higher luster satins. It has a dull face. It is a French word. The best quality of Peau de Soie is reversible.Characteristics of Georgette Fabric         Georgette is a sheer fabric. Uses of Peau de Soie    Wedding gowns. Peau de Soie is a traditional fabric generally used for wedding dresses.

It is also very often mercerized. It is soft and lustrous with a firm finish. functional and affordable. It is lightweight. It is easy to press. Organza is produced from highly twisted yarn. It wears better. Organza Properties        It is a crisp and sheer fabric. What is Broadcloth Fabric. It has a smooth finish. It can be bleached. Wool Broadcloth is usually twill with a two up and one down construction. It is dressy. trimming. It is made of cotton. It is lustrous. It is thin and lightweight. Organza is a stiff and transparent fabric and very dressy. It is similar to poplin. heat and pressure. Fulling is a process where the cloth is cleansed. Organza Uses Organza fabric is appropriate for interfacing or for underlining other sheer fabrics. Broad Cloth Fabric Definition | What is Broadcloth. silk or wool. neckwear and millinery.Organza is a crisp and sheer plain weave fabric. It is very fine. It is moderately wiry. It has fine texture. The gum present on the raw silk holds together the weave creating a stiff fabric. which require a slight stiffness without weight. shrunk and thickened with moisture. It is also used for sari materials. It is thin. The fabric is fulled after weaving. Characteristics of Broadcloth Fabric        It is soft. It is comfortable. but some minor distortion takes place after dyeing due to sheerness and irregularity of twisted yarns. Organza fabric is similar to cotton organdy except it is transparent. or printed. The thread count of the fabric ranges from a high quality 144 ´ 6 count down to 80 ´ 60. Organza fabric is crisp and gives a wiry feel. but finer. It is dressy. drapes well and is dressy. Wool Broadcloth. It has a napped face and is closely sheared and polished Broadcloth originally indicates a cloth woven on a wide loom. Broadcloth fabric is cool. Broadcloth Uses Broadcloth or Broadcloth fabric is a very closely woven plain weave fabric with a crosswise rib. Organza fabric is washable but in cold water to retain its crispness. Wool Broadcloth The characteristics of wool broadcloth are slightly different from other broadcloth. Organza Fabric crushes or musses easily but is easily pressed. cotton/polyester blends. The filling yarn in the fabric is heavier with lesser twist than the warp yarn. It is easy to dye. dyed. Types of Organza Fabric    Silk Organza Fabric Sparkle Organza Fabric Crystal Organza Fabric Broadcloth Fabric: Broadcloth. embroidered garments . Page 43 . comfortable. It has fine texture with a very slight sheen finish. It wears and drapes well.

ribbons. skirts and lingerie. It is similar to satin. The word 'Charmeuse' originated from a French word for 'Charmer'. . Uses of Charmeuse Fabric Charmeuse fabric is a lightweight fabric commonly made from silk. umbrella fabric. which is recognized from the fabrics supreme luster and beautiful drapability Characteristics of Charmeuse Fabric      It is lightweight. Charmeuse becomes dull but too soft after dry clean. It is lustrous on one side and dull the other side. Taffeta Characteristics. dresses. It provides a crisp hand and produces a rustling sound when rubbed together. and lining for jackets and bags. Taffeta Properties. It makes a rustle noise when rubbed together. rayon or synthetics. blouses and summer wear of all kinds. Taffeta has originated in Persia (Iran) in the 16th century. It is medium to heavy-weight. Taffeta is also used as bedspreads and cushion covers. Sometimes it is also called as 'crepe backed satin'. It is stiff. it is a favourite choice. Wool taffeta is produced from worsted yarns. blouses. It is soft. scarves and evening gowns Taffeta Fabric: Taffeta. Taffeta Uses:   Page 44 Taffeta is used as suits and coats. It is soft with rich luster. The stiffness of the fabric depends upon how closely it is woven. slips. but is stiffer. Patterns with loose and flowing or having soft gathers are appropriate. The word 'Taffeta' has been derived from a Persian word 'Taftah'. It is resistant to chemicals and abrasion. It has good strength and durability. Hand woven taffeta is the best. Uses of Charmeuse Fabric: Charmeuse is commonly used for women's dresses like skirts. Taffeta is a weft-way rib cloth. Characteristics of Charmeuse Fabric. dresses. For formal wear. It used to be a luxury cloth for women and was used in all types of women's wear. blouses. History of Charmeuse Fabric. It drapes well. It is made of high twisted yarn with a flexible finish. wool. The fabric accepts color well and is easy to wash. it was made from silk or linen. What is Taffeta Fabric.Broadcloth Uses: Broadcloth is used as shirts. Then. It is resistant to chemical and abrasion. The back of the fabric is a flattened crepe with a dull appearance while the front is a shimmery satin weave. Taffeta Uses Taffeta is a medium to heavyweight lustrous fabric made from silk. It is prepared by using a slightly thicker weft than warp. It drapes beautifully and is very smooth. as it is too soft to hold folds. It is strong. It is a dressy fabric. It is smooth. which 'Twist'. Apart from this it is also used as pajamas. Charmeuse garments with pleats should be avoided. dresses. Taffeta Characteristics / Taffeta Properties        It is crisp. Charmeuse Fabric: What is Charmeuse Fabric. It is durable.

Characteristics of Damask Fabric. It is delicate. damask was imported by the Crusaders from Damascus. rayon. linen. Uses of Damask Fabric Damask is a firm and glossy Jacquard patterned fabric made from silk. knotted or leno and is woven on a lace machine. Marco Polo imported this fabric from China to the Western world. one warp thread goes over four and under one weft thread while weaving. Tulle Uses Tulle is a very fine and very cool net fabric made from silk. cotton. They used it as vestments. It is soft and elegant. The figures or the designs are in weft and the background is in warp satin weaves. Tulle is a sheer fabric. Page 45 It is lightweight. It is stiff. Types of Damask Fabrics    Cotton Damask Fabric Silk Damask Fabric Linen Damask Fabric Damask Uses    Tablecloths Napkins Draperies Tulle Fabric: Define Tulle Fabric. The word 'Tulle' has been derived from the name of a town in SW France. Damask Fabric sheds dirt and launders well. In the 13th century. It is reversible. It launders better. It is dressy. It was first made by machine in the year 1768. It sheds dirt. It is durable. It comes in white and colors and is widely used as veils and dresses. In Rome. It is very fine. and under one weft thread. Then Damascus was the center for trade of fabrics between the East and the West. History of Damask / Damask History The word 'Damask' has been derived from the word 'Damascus'. nylon or cotton. The weave of tulle is either gauze. It is soft. The fabric is very light and stiff having a hexagonal mesh. Double damask weave gives a more clear design. In the double damask.Damask Fabric: Overview of Damask Fabric. History of Damask Fabric. In the single damask. It is dressy but also delicate. one warp thread goes over seven or even more. . the origin of tulle. Both. It is firm and glossy. This fabric is believed to be one of the first elegant fabrics of the Renaissance. It is lustrous. Damask is similar to brocade. Damask fabric is reversible and is characterized by the combination of satin and sateen weave. the single damask as well as the double damasks is used. It has high luster and is very durable. Tulle Characteristics. Tulle is a stately type of fabric when used as formal wear and weddings Tulle Properties        It is a net fabric. or blends. The warp thread is finer than the weft to give a closer and stronger fabric. Characteristics of Damask Fabric       It has figures or patterns. but is flatter.

Usually light colored fibers are added to the nap to increase the shine of the cloth. England in the year 1832. which mean soft. Beaver cloth or Beaver Fabric is of twill weave. It is a dressy fabric and is often washable. It is an excellent wear. It is also used as underskirts or skirts and as embroidery of imitation laces Wool Fabric Texture: Different Types of Wool Fabric Textures. Beaver Uses Beaver cloth or Beaver Fabric is a thick and heavy silk or cotton fabric with a smooth nap. It is thick. Challis is obtained from hair fiber of Kashmir goat found in India. lamb. shoe linings. Beaver Cloth: Beaver Clothes.double faced. Iran. It do not wrinkle easily and is resistant to dirt and wear and tear. To make tailored suits for men and women. Tibet. It has a slightly brushed surface with silky down finish and good drapeability. Beaver clothes gives an excellent wear and is very warm. Beaver Characteristics | Beaver Properties        It has heavy nap. Of all the napped fabrics. Beaver Clothing is made to stimulate beaver fur. Tulle Uses: Tulle is popularly used as ballerina costumes and wedding veils or trains. It is luxurious. The word 'Challis' is derived from Anglo-Indian word 'Shalee'. specially sportcoats but suits goes well with it. camel. Beaver Clothes are high quality and very soft cloth. Cotton beaver is used as hats. strong and very durable. It is originally from English but mostly found in Europe and America. It is furled. Gabardine is the best. instead it only smoulders Whatever be the source of wool. etc. alpaca. Beaver Clothing is mostly used as warm coats. Beaver Uses: Beaver cloth made of wool is primarily used as warm coats. The true color of challis is brownish. It is very luxurious and shiny. such as sheep. the fabric of each can be given a different texture to make it more purposeful. work cloths. and South west China. Uses of Challis Fabric Challis or chalys is a soft and lightweight plain weave fabric commonly made from wool and sometimes from cotton or rayon. History of Challis Fabric. For example Chellis is used to make women's and children's dresses and blouses where as Loden is shaped into capes and sportswear. It is shiny. but it is usually dyed or printed with floral or geometric patterns. The length of the nap varies from cloth to cloth and its uses. It is very warm. Houndstooth. Characteristics of Challis Fabric. Beaver Properties.. Page 46 . Chellis. It is soft. Beaver Characteristics. One of the important quality of wool fabric is that it wicks away perspiration from the body and keep the wearer dry.  It has sheerness. Houndstooth Check is also used in sportswear. Challis Fabric: What is Challis Fabric. it has the longest nap. Beaver Fabric. Loden. Beaver Clothing. Challis originated in Norwich. Iraq. The fabric is knitted using single worsted spun yarns in warp and weft. Wool never burns over a flame. maritime cloths and sports cloths. Gabardine Wool fabric is known for its warmth. The nap is on both the sides . It has hexagonal mesh.

it has to be lined. It has also improved its wearability. which has a plain weave and is much heavier. necties.Characteristics of Challis Fabric      It is soft and silky. It is dressy. It sags with wear. It has a crisp feel. After the finish. It is lightweight. Blankets Knee rugs Knitted and crocheted garments Chinchilla Cloth: Overview of Chinchilla Cloth. Characteristics of Chevoit Fabric. It is also used as women's and children's dresses and blouses. It is a loosely woven tweed fabric made from thick and rough yarns. Often it comes with a herringbone pattern and it resembles serge. plain or fancy back. blouses and sportswear. It is generally used as suits and coats. dense and heavy pile fabric. The fabric is often sold as a homespun. crossbred and reused wool and blends. known for its heavy fleece and found in the hills at the bordering area of England and Scotland. kimonos. It has rough surface. It is very soft and warm despite being one of the lightest in weight furs. In slacks or shorts. Uses of Cheviot Fabric       Coats Sportswear Sport's coats. Cheviot Fabric: Overview of Chevoit Fabric. It does not hold crease and sags with wear. It is even one of the most prestigious fur. pajamas. It is coarser than saxony clothes but is more lustrous. Its surface has curls or nubs. sweaters. the South American Indians who used the hair of a rodent for cloth. Uses of Chevoit Fabric Cheviot Fabric is a very rugged and harsh wool fabric with an uneven and rough surface. it is also made from synthetics. Today. Chinchilla cloth is usually made from wool or blends of wool and cotton in twill weave. The term 'Chinchilla' is also used to refer a knitted woolen fabric which has a napped surface. The fur is most fragile and most expensive. Characteristics of Chinchilla Cloth. History of Chinchilla Cloth. It is often washable Uses of Challis Fabric Challis is widely used as printed dresses and skirts. The cloth is very lightly milled and raised. It has a heavy nap with no shine at all. It is not crease resistant. Uses of Chinchilla Cloth Chinchilla cloth is a thick. it gets a crisp feel. Page 47 . Chinchilla cloths are very difficult the manufacture but new dressing methods have made it easier to work. It is heavy. Characteristics of Cheviot Fabric        It is coarse. The name has been derived from 'Chincha'. It drapes well. It is loosely woven. Often it is double faced with a knitted or woven. Cheviot is obtained from the wool of cheviot sheep.

rayon. Gabardine is inclined to shine with wear but it is hard to press properly. Uses of Chinchilla Cloth: Chinchilla Cloth is primarily used as coats Gabardine Fabric: What is Gabardine Fabric. Wool Gabardine. It is very lightweight. Gabardine has two times as many threads per inch in the warp than what is there in the weft. Gabardina was a loose outer garment worn by Spanish pilgrims in the medieval times Characteristics of Gabardine Fabric        It is fine. Gabardine is hard to press properly. It is tightly woven twill fabric with a clear finish. It wears extremely well Wool gabardine is also known for a year-round fabric for business suiting. Gabardine. It is firm and durable. Herringbone Cloth. It is often double faced. polyester and some blends are also used in making gabardine. However. It has nap. Uses of Herringbone Fabric. It is very soft. Types of Gabardines     Cotton Gabardine Stretch Gabardine Polyester Gabardine Wool Gabardine Uses of Gabardine Fabric       Tailored suits for men and women Coats Raincoats Uniforms Men's shirts Trousers Page 48 Herringbone Wool: What is Herringbone. It is durable. true gabardine has a tight twill on one side and a smooth and plain looking reverse side. Characteristics of Herringbone Fabric. It is firm. Cotton Gabardine.Characteristics of Chinchilla Cloth      It is thick. Wool Herringbone Fabric . Gabardine Definition. Gabardine Fabric is closely woven. dense and heavy. Polyester Gaberdine Gabardine fabric or gabardine is a style of weave which has a fine and distinct diagonal ribs caused by the interlacing pattern of yarns. Cotton. Gabardine Fabric has diagonal ridges. Stretch Gabardine. The word 'Gabardine' has been taken from 'Gabardina'. Gabardine gets the shine with wear. Sometimes it has high sheen.

Houndstooth Dresses Houndstooth Fabric is a distinctively broken or jagged check pattern of small or medium size. Homespun Fabric is loosely woven in homes by peasants and country folk around the world. A true herringbone pattern has the same number of the yarns in each direction. Homespun Fabric: What is Homespun Fabric. Houndstooth Apparel. Homespun Cotton. Homespun Wool.Herringbone Fabric is a broken twill weave created by alternating the diagonal pattern within the cloth. Characteristics of Homespun Fabric. The name has been derived from the skeleton of Herring because the fiber pattern of herringbone resembles it. at regular intervals. Herringbone is made of cotton or wool. homespun Fabric was undyed woolen cloth. The twill changes its direction at the point where the weave breaks but balancing the overall pattern of the fabric. Houndstooth Check. separates. Types of Homespun Fabrics    Homespun Cotton Fabric Homespun Linen Homespun Wool Uses of Homespun Fabric     Coats Suits Separates Sportswear Houndstooth Fabric: Houndstooth. It is a plain weave. Uses of Herringbone Fabric Herringbone is used as coats. Homespun Linen Homespun Fabric is a plain weave made from coarse and rugged yarns. cotton or linen fabrics. It has a tweedy appearance. But now it is dyed and is distinguished by the unevenness of the dyed color. The production of genuine homespun is very limited. Uses of Homespun Fabric. Houndstooth is usually made from wool with a broken twill weave. It is also used for upholstery. sports coats and sportswear. It has zigzag pattern. It has a spongy feel with hand loomed tweedy appearance. suits. Different qualities are made but the best quality is an ideal rough and ready to wear cloth Characteristics of Homespun Fabric     It is loosely woven. The best herringbone is an ideal rough and ready type of cloth. Houndstooth Fabric has a soft hand and the same appearance and feel on both the sides Page 49 . Herringbone is sometimes also called as 'Chevron' or 'Fishbone' or 'Arrowhead'. It has spongy feel. It has a spongy feel. The lengthwise and crosswise yarns of herringbone are of different colors. What is Houndstooth. Houndstooth Curtains. The design woven looks like a four-pointed star. slightly twisted and uneven. twisted and uneven. It has natural stretch than a jersey knit. The yarns are irregular. This reverse twill. It has a spongy feel with substantial appearance and serviceable qualities. Originally. Characteristics of Herringbone Fabric    It has broken twill. Much are sold of powerloom with a 'genuine homespun' tag. Homespun Fabric is made from wool. produces a zigzag effect. The yarns are usually irregular. one for warp and the other for weft.

mohair or camel. Originally Loden was made from wool but now it is blended with alpaca. The woolen yarn appears on one side giving it a heavy and spongy napped finish. It is thick and heavy. Loden Fabric is resistant to water because of the oily and coarse rough wool. It is durable. Houndstooth Products        Houndstooth Apparel Houndstooth Curtains Houndstooth Dresses Houndstooth Bag Houndstooth Rug Sportcoats Suits Uses of Houndstooth Fabric Lambs down : Overview of Lambsdown. Characteristics of Loden Fabric     It is soft. It has natural stretch. It is soft. Uses of Loden Fabric Caps Page 50    Winter Cloth Sportswear . Uses of Lambsdown    Children's coats Blankets Robes Loden Fabric : Overview of Loden Fabric. Characteristics of Loden Fabric. which prevents water penetration.Houndstooth Check The pointed check effect is produced by the 2 up . The broken check patter resembles the jagged back teeth of a hound. It is water and wind resistant. which means haircloth. Uses of Lambsdown Lambsdown is a heavy plaited knit fabric.2 down twill and yarns of contrasting colors in groups of four in both. It is made of soft twist woolen yarn and hard twist cotton yarn. Loden is also windproof and generally used for outerwear Loden fabric originated from Austria and Germany where it was woven from coarse grade wool. Loden is soft and durable. The word 'Loden' has been derived from a German word 'Loda'. The cotton yarn appears on the other side.The design looks like a four-pointed star. the warp and the filling. Uses of Loden Fabric Loden Fabric is a thick and heavy fabric made from the fleeces of mountain sheep. hence the name Houndstooth Check Characteristics of Houndstooth Fabric    It has broken check pattern. History of Loden Fabric. Loden is traditionally of dark green color with a laid down and pressed pile finish.

and other patterns. The word 'Tweed' is the Scotch name for twill. It has a crisp look. Uses of Tweed Fabric Tweed is a coarse. These places have developed distinct and different textures in panama hats Panama Properties         Panama Fabric does not shrink. Uses of Oatmeal Cloth: Drapery and Upholstery Panama Fabric: What is Panama. It is warm. It is mid-to-heavyweight with plaid. The weave of tweed is twill. Some are very closely woven with smoother and softer yarns. The fabric is usually made from wool but sometimes linen is also used.Oatmeal Fabric: Oatmeal Cloth. Panama Properties. Characteristics of Oatmeal Cloth      It is soft. striped. Tweed Properties. thick and rough surfaced wool fabric. It is durable. Panama has a property of retaining its body. Panama Fabric is very soft. namely Manabi. Babies cloth is a perfect choice out of panama cloth. It retains its body. tweed was used for all carded homespun wool like Scotch tweed. It is heavy. Page 51 . Cheviot tweed or Harris tweed. There are many varieties of tweed. It is a preferable fabric by adult too. Irish tweed. It has a crepe or pebbled effect resembling oatmeal paper. Few are of monotone. It is durable. It washes incredibly. The word 'oatmeal' is an old fashioned term. heavy and durable fabric. Panama hat is very popular in three provinces of Ecuador. Panama hat is very popular because of its thickness and flexibility Tweed Fabric: What is Tweed Fabric. Eventually. Panama Fabric has the barest trace of shrinkage and is very soft. Azuay and Canar. It originated along the banks of the Tweed river. Characteristics of Oatmeal Cloth. It has pebbled effect. It can be ironed with a hot steamy iron. Panama Cloth. Tweed is sometimes also known as 'Tweel'. Uses of Panama Cloth    Panama cloth is very soft and it is perfect for babies. or plain. novelty. It can be washed well and ironed at higher temperature with steam iron. Uses of Panama Cloth Panama Fabric is a unique weave made from acrylic/cotton blend fabric. checked. variations. With proper iron it gives a crisper look. Uses of Oatmeal Cloth Oatmeal is a soft. It launders well. which is used to describe any fabric (mainly wool) having a colored and pebbled effect like oatmeal. Donegal tweed. It is warm and durable. which separates England from Scotland.

Overview of Venise Fabric. Outerwear Linen Fabric Characteristics: Linen textures. This fabric was originally used for French butchers' aprons Characteristics of Butchers Linen     It is strong. It is one of the most luxurious fabric. Venice Linen.Tweed Properties     It is coarse It is thick It has rough surface It is mid-weight to heavyweight Uses of Tweed Fabric: Suits. It usually consists large floral patterns. Characteristics of Venise Fabric It is very fine. It is stiff and made of plain weave linen fabric. The term 'Butcher Linen' has also been used to describe cotton cloth. It was inspired by the work of an Italian painter Veronese of the 16th century. Butchers Linen Linen. Damask Linen. It is heavy. It is a hallmark for aristocratic upholstery. Linen fabric textures are not of wide variety but only known for Venice. Sportswear. It is stiff. carrying tensile strength with high durability. History of Butchers Linen. thick and thin yarns. Uses of Venise Fabric Venise is a kind of damask which is very fine and used for table linen. It has a lavish look. Butchers Linen: Butcher Linen. Damask Linen and Butchers linen. Uses of Venise Fabric: Venise fabric is specially used for pillow covers. Uses of Butchers Linen Butchers linen is a strong and heavy. It launders well and sheds dirt easily in wear. The warp and weft of the fabric are uneven. Slacks. Characteristics of Butchers Linen. The fabric is exceptionally durable. It do not cause irritation or allergies when worn and gives protection against UV radiation. It has plain weave Uses of Butchers Linen     Interfacing Page Protective coats 52 Tablecloths Overalls . bed covers and other bedding articles. Characteristics of Venise Fabric. A fringed throw in either wool or silk adds to the lavish look of venise. It is completely biodegradable and is waste-less. Butcher's linen was originally made from linen but now it is created with cotton or manufactured fibers. symbolising comfort and elegance is also widely known for its antibacterial and antifungi properties. Coats. It is aristocratic. Venise Fabric: Venise.

Few of them have velvety appearance and some marbled or creased look. What is Aniline Leather. gives comfort in both the weather. Characteristics of Aniline Leather. This distinguished aniline from its imitators. Uses of Nubuck Leather . It requires little care. such as embossed leather. Characteristics of Nubuck Leather. Leather fabric is weather friendly. It shows the natural origins in the form of healed scars and varying surface texture. The effect also Page 53 Nubuck Leather: Nubuck. It is firm. This is done by immersing the leather in a dye bath. Brown Leather Texture. Uses of Aniline Leather: Aniline leather is widely used as upholstery Nubuck leather is actually aniline leather. All characteristics of the hide is visible giving it a unique appeal. Full Aniline Leather. The leather which has a base coat of finish containing pigment. Semi-aniline leather is more durable. luxurious and breathable. It retains to the original shape when stretched and absorbs water vapour without losing the dryness Leather fabric carries natural textures. hot as well as cold. Studded Leather Texture It is well said that leather never ages. but the later coats contain a contrasting pigment giving a two-tone appearance is known as semi-aniline leather. It is sensitive to sunlight. What is Nubuck Leather. Semi Aniline Leather. soft and elastic. surface coats and imitation grains that are found in lesser leathers. It has a variety of clear finishes which do not inhibit the softness or breathing of the leather. It is susceptible to soiling. Characteristics of Aniline Leather        It is very soft. wax finish. The surface of nubuck is brushed and polished and has a velvet like texture with lush appearance. The velvety textured surface show a difference in shading when one runs his hand over it. Uses of Aniline Leather Aniline leather is the most natural and beautiful form of leather. They are like oil finish. It is colored all through with a transparent dye. It is made to imitate aniline leather. Some has scars where as others show a grainy surface. Red Leather Texture. It is free of heavy pigments.Leather Fabric Texture: Black Leather Texture. plastic fillings. Many of them are given textures artificially. It adds to its quality with time. This ensures consistent color and also imparts some stain resistance. The increased durability is achieved by the application of a light surface coating containing a small amount of pigment. It has color variation. White Leather Texture. It is extremely delicate. Different Leather Textures          Black Leather Texture White Leather Texture Red Leather Texture Brown Leather Texture Old Leather Texture Seamless Leather Texture Blue Leather Texture Studded Leather Texture Crocodile Leather Texture Aniline Leather: Aniline Dyed Leather. nitrocellulose finish and urethane protective coatings. Aniline leather is very soft.

It is beautiful. No two pieces of suede leather will have same characteristics. Distressed. In footwear. It also slip less compared to other footwear Characteristics of Suede Leather      It is extremely strong but delicate. It absorbs and holds moisture. It exhibits noticeable natural marks and grain variation. It is not as expensive as top-grain leather. and color vividly. An artificial grain is also applied to it to give a uniform look. Uses of Corrected Leather Corrected leather is also known as Corrected Grain Leather. Uses of Suede Leather Suede is the finish applied to leather by buffing the underside of the hide heavily and creating velvet like nap. the insole breathes to minimize foot perspiration. or Suede. Overview of Corrected Leather. It requires more care than natural leather. Bomber. This leather is fuzzy on one side and smooth on the other. Nubuck leather reflects the natural leather grain or do have an endless variety of embossed patterns which are applied to them. The brushing makes the leather more absorbent than aniline leathers. Uses of Suede Leather    Upper for shoes Soles for shoes Leather clothing and accessories for men and women. It has a lush nap. It is durable. The leather offers the sturdiest finish and is often sold at a comparatively lower price than uncorrected leathers Page 54 . which is buffed or sanded to minimise imperfections. making it incredibly soft. The resulting surface is little stiffer than pure aniline leather. Sometimes. But it should not be confused with suede or reversed leather. It is vulnerable to stains. Suede leather is entirely different. Nubuck leather is made from the most formal and refined to rugged casuals. Uses of Nubuck Leather: Nubuck leather is widely used as upholstery apparel Suede Leather: What is Suede Leather. when dried The suede split leather gives long wearing properties. It is extremely strong and supple but at the same time it is delicate. Elk will not shrink while pigskin will. It is the grain layer. It has maximum breathability. Suede from moose will not stretch when wet while elk stretches greatly in one direction. The leather is sometimes also dyed with transparent dyes Nubuck leather is also known as Chaps. It is the most durable and easily maintained leather. Characteristics of Nubuck Leather        It is soft handle. It is durable. Suede leather has proper porosity and is also very durable. The smooth side is the one where the hair and natural gain used to be Corrected leather is usually pigmented to cover the sanding. but it softens with use. Suede is the flesh side of a piece of leather where as nubuck is an effect done to the grain side of the leather.gives the leather a color depth and this shading is not found in any other type. It is supple. it is also treated with a Scotchgard chemical to make it stain resistant. Corrected Leather: Corrected Grain Leather. Characteristics of Corrected Leather.

Leather finishers opt to buy leather at this stage. Crust leather is a semi-finished leather. PU Leather. crust leather is tanned with vegetable. There are varieties of PU coated leather depending upon the technical standards they are required to meet. crust leather has been through the dyehouse processes but has not been finished. Characteristics of Crust Leather      It is only tanned and dried. It becomes soft with use. It is fuzzy and smooth on alternate sides. It is tanned to make it nonperishable. early patent leather was heavily impregnated with linseed oil. Page 55 . then coated with a linseedbased lacquer. With the polyurethane treatment. Crust leather withstands hand washing and is also ironed on a low heat. only dried. It is resistant to scratches. The coating is also sometimes embossed with a design to give the leather the widest variety of textures. while the lacquer imparted the shine. Crust leather is usually fit for prolonged storage and easy for transportation. It is also some times referred to 'unfinished' leather. all wet operations of the leather ends and there is less scope for any major alteration of both physical as well as chemical characteristics of the leather. It is heavily painted. Characteristics of PU Coated Leather. Uses of Crust Leather of Crust Leather. It is easy to transport. Uses of Crust Leather   crust leather is used for Upholstery crust leather is used for Footwear PU Coated Leather: Polyurethane Coated Leather. It is soft and durable. Uses of PU Coated Leather PU coated leather is made from the inner splits of the hide and is finished with a polyurethane coating. The oil created some flexibility. This is an important stage in leather processing. It can be ironed at low heat. Characteristics of PU Coated Leather    It is water-resistant. chrome or the combination of both. It withstands hand washing. Uses of Corrected Leather    Boot leather Furniture leather Garment leather Crust Leather: What is Crust Leather.Characteristics of Corrected Leather      It has a uniform look. the leather is made resistant to water penetration and also become a high resistance to scratches. It is stiff. It is soft. durable and easy to care. Upper made of PU coated leather is lightweight and comfortable. It can be stored for a longer period. History of PU Leather Invented in the late 1800s. It is a fast drying leather. Overview Characteristics of Crust Leather. At this point.

Characteristics of Distressed Leather. Uses of Distressed Leather       Upholstery Jackets Blazers Cowboy boots Photo albums Bags Distressed Leather Products              Distressed Leather Jacket Distressed Leather Sofa Distressed Leather messenger bag Distressed Leather Furniture Distressed Leather Boots Distressed Leather Briefcase Distressed Leather Handbags DIstressed Leather Chair Distressed Leather Blazer Distressed Leather Coat Distressed Leather Bomber Distressed Leather Belt Page 56 Distressed Leather Couch . Uses of Distressed Leather. wrinkles. Sometimes. It has natural aging. This is done by scraping the leather before it is dyed. Distressed Leather Jacket. eight = 15. It is lightweight and comfortable. the natural characteristics of the hide like healed scars. The subtle sheen of the leather is achieved with the final ironing process Distressed leather is also sometimes called as 'Antiqued Leather' Characteristics of Distressed Leather      It has the signs of wear. which shows the signs of wear and natural aging that have been artificially created. The distressed leather is dyed with darker color over the lighter one and creates rich highlights. It has subtle sheen. It has healed scars. It has wrinkles and scratches. It dries fast. and scratches are considered to be a positive characteristic.   It is easy to care. Uses of PU Coated Leather   Upper for shoe Upholstery Distressed Leather: What is Distressed Leather. the distressed appearance is also achieved with paraffin wax along with a specialized milling process. In distressed leather. Distressed Leather Sofa Distressed leather is aniline dyed leather.

crocodile. a lighter dye is used. The leather is dyed twice. It can be also done vice versa. producing a marbled or creased appearance. sauvage is also an expensive type of leather and is taken from the most carefully selected skins. flowers. Embossed Leather Wallet. a dark dye is introduced to the leather. Uses of Embossed Leather: The main use of embossed leather is to imitate other types of leather. It is also used as upper of shoes as it is very soft. High grade embossed leather has superior performance. The fabric resists spills and provides long wearability. Embossed Leather Products         Embossed Leather Wallet Embossed Leather Belts Embossed Leather Journal Embossed Leather Handbag Embossed Leather Hides Embossed Leather Photo Album Embossed Leather Vest Embossed Leather bag Sauvage Leather : Overview of Sauvage Leather. The superior quality embossed grain leather is sometimes not distinguishable with costly hides. It resists spills. Page 57 Split Leather: What is Split Leather. Next. Characteristics of Sauvage Leather     It has dual tone effect. handling and durability. Embossed leather is stamped under high pressure in a press to make unique designs. Uses of Split Leather . Uses of Sauvage Leather: Sauvage is usually applied to leather furniture. Characteristics of Split Leather. which adds depth and character to the leather. Embossed leather is durable. Embossed Leather Belts. It has two-tone effect. The first time. Embossed Leather is sometimes also made to imitate full grain characteristics. Uses of Embossed Leather. Uses of Sauvage Leather A sauvage is a top grain. Embossed Leather Hides Embossed leather is similar to corrected leather. Embossed leather is made in a variety of designs and patterns like embossing an alligator. Superior quality has good handling. It performs well and is more cost effective. The look is created because the hides are tumbled during the dyeing process Like aniline. semi-aniline leather. geometric and many Indian designs. It is extremely soft The mottled or marbled appearance is created by blending two similar dyes in the coloring effect. It is very soft.Embossed Leather: What is Embossed Leather. It provides long wearability. ostrich. Characteristics of Embossed Leather    Embossed Leather contains unique designs and patterns. Characteristics of Embossed Leather. Characteristics of Sauvage Leather.

More important is the comparison of fabrics. which is split away from the upper. blouses. and warm. silky. the important part of comparison. linings. Acrylic uses: Used as replacement of wool. Acetate Characteristics: Soft. Voile. Broadcloth weaves: Plain weave. It has firmer feel. knits and weights. Angora uses: Knit wear . extremely warm and fluffy. Camel hair: weaves: Twill or plain Characteristics: Light weight. Cotton and wool shrinks more than polyester and nylon. It is also used for upholstered furniture. It is uniform. and automobile cloth. trimming fur and fabric garments. very long in cotton and vice versa in polypropylene. The leather is split during the tanning process. shiny. It is stiff and tough. uniforms. summer wear. soft. which shows the comparison of only the characteristics of few fabrics. Fabric Comparison gives information about the weaves of the fabric. Characteristics of Split Leather     It is thick. interlinings. or the grain layer. silk-like. Velvet. lustrous and soft. Alpaca Weaves: Various weaves. Velour Identifying fabric is important. Angora (Angora rabbit) Weaves: Various weaves and knitted. It is usually given a suede or pigment finished. Broadcloth characteristics: Closely woven with smooth finish. and sportswear. It is buffed to make the surface smooth. light weight. etc. its characteristics and the uses. Alpaca Uses: Men's and Women's suits. A coating of urethane is applied to make it more tough and uniform. Angora Uses: Carpet. soft and wooly feel. very fine. lightweight. For example. It is economical than other types of leather. Beaver uses: Fur coats. Another table is given at the bottom. scarves.Split leather is the lower or inner or the flesh side layer of a hide. Sometimes embossing and color are applied to create unique looks but imprints with heavy details are difficult to achieve. sweaters. Split leather is usually thick and stiff with a much firmer feel. very strong. Uses of Split Leather: Split leather is used in making business cases or leather accessories. Fabric Comparison Chart: Identifying Fabrics. Comparison of Fabrics. and high luster. Angora Characteristics: Smooth. Beaver characteristics: Soft. crisp feel and durable. Broadcloth uses: Shirts. Angora (Angora goat) Weaves: Various weaves and knitted. Same with the drying time taken. Angora Characteristics: Long. The following fabric comparison chart gives a complete information upon different types of fabric at a glance. particularly the tailored type in plain colors. curtain. coats. Fabric Shrinkage. Page 58 . for children and women. sweaters. water retention is very high in cotton and the lowest in polypropylene. Acetate uses: Clothing. dresses. Alpaca Characteristics: Fine. Wool. upholstery. Acrylic Characteristics: Durable.gloves. linings. This makes us know the true quality of a fabric by differentiating it from its substitutes. Fabric Durability. lingerie.

Challis characteristics: Soft and very lightweight. silky and very lightweight. Cashmere characteristics: Soft. Canvas uses: Hair canvas is an interfacing material in various weights. top coating. and sportswear. Chiffon weaves: Plain. suits. it is used for dresses of all types. Canvas characteristics: Mostly rugged. Page 59 . including long dinner dresses. Crepe uses: Depending on weight. Cashmere uses: Knitted into sweaters for men and women. Crepe weaves: Mostly plain but various weaves. and coats. some blankets and put in some very expensive oriental rugs. blouses and scarves. also women's dresses. sweaters. and transparent. neckties. Challis uses: Women's and children's dresses and blouses. All knits.Uses: Coats. sports coats. hosiery and transmission belts. Chiffon characteristics: Lightweight. Challis weaves: Plain. kimonos. Cashmere (Kashmir) weaves: All weaves but mostly plain or twill. women's suits. sheer. Crepe characteristics: Crinkled and puckered surface with rough feel and appearance. Chiffon uses: Evening wear. Also used in (fine) over coating. Canvas weaves: Plain.

flatter wales that gabardine. and men's shirts. skirts. It is elastic. firm. Drill characteristics: Closer. suits and coats. Inclined to shine with wear. Georgette weaves: Plain. Houndstooth weaves: Broken twill weave. knitted or woven lingerie. sheer. Boys suits. Denim characteristics: Originally had dark blue. Wears extremely well. Page Oxford weaves: Plain variations . Mohair characteristics: Smooth. It crushes or musses fairly easily. millinery. Mohair uses: Linings. Sags with wear. Flannel weaves: Usually twill. blouses. Made in a variety of weights. Gabardine weaves: Steep twill Gabardine characteristics: Clear finish. Organza weaves: Plain. Oxford characteristics: Warp has two fine yarns which travel as one and one heavier softly-spun bulky filling which gives it 60 . upholstery. unless underlined. with a napped surface that partially cancels the weave. It has a very wiry feel. coats. Flannel uses: Blazers. suits. jackets. sports coats. Organza uses: Evening dresses. uniforms. body and outstanding durability. sportswear.usually basket 2 x 1. braids. Drill uses: Uniforms. but it is easily pressed. Denim weaves: Twill . Herringbone characteristics: It is usually created in wool and has varying qualities. crisp fabric. It is sheer and has a dull face. sportswear. a basket-weave look. Dressy type of fabric. Organdy weaves: Plain. raincoats. felt hats. suitings. Does not shine or hold a crease. dresses. tightly woven. Organza characteristics: Fine. Herringbone weaves: Twill. caps. It is fast drying. some plain. Comes in heavy and lighter weights. Douppioni weaves: Plain. millinery. Georgette characteristics: It is characterized by it's crispness. Douppioni characteristics: Irregular with many slubs. or a permanent crispness obtained with chemicals. and sweaters. Gaberdine uses: Men's and women's tailored suits. artificial flowers. Houdstooth characteristics: Weaned into an irregular check of a four pointed star. slip covers. uniforms. resistant to some dyes. Houndstooth uses: sportcoats. Shrinks if not pre-shrunk. Damask characteristics: Reversible fabric with woven pattern. Dull finish. slipcovers. socks and sweaters. summer formals. durable. Organdy uses: Collars and cuffs. Nylon uses: Women's hosiery. and shirts. top coatings. Herringbone uses: Suitings. resistant to both abrasion chemicals. It returns easily to it's original shape and is non-absorbent. Flannel characteristics: Soft. easy to wash and is quite lustrous. aprons. glossy. lightweight. Mohair weaves: Plain or twill or knitted. Organdy characteristics: Made with tightly twisted yarns.may be L2/1 or L3/1. and many industrial uses. upholstery fabrics. draperies. bedspreads.right hand . underlinings for delicate. brown or dark gray warp with a white or gray filling giving a mottled look and used only for work clothes. pile fabrics. Hard to press properly.Damask weaves: Figured on Jacquard loom. Wrinkles badly unless given a wrinkle-free finish. sometimes has a silvery sheen. sheer materials. Nylon characteristics: Very strong. and wiry. Sheds dirt. work clothes. It is imitated in rayon and some synthetics Drill weaves: Twill. dress materials. trimming. Crispness is due to a finish with starch and calendaring which washes out. Rather heavy. Denim uses: Pants.

qualities. and uneven. detergent and body oils. Velour weaves: Thick. lining fabrics. weights. Rayon does have a tendency to shrink but does not melt in high temperatures. Tussah weaves: Usually plain but also in twill. The textures vary considerably. Has to be handled with care. They have a crispness and stiffness. ribbons. and bumps. with a plain or satin ground. Satin weaves: Satin. shrinking. Taffeta characteristics: It is smooth with a sheen on its surface. and pressed on a velvet board. Better qualities are mercerized to give a higher sheen. Summer jackets. Sateen uses: Dresses. Spandex characteristics: It is lightweight and flexible. Voile uses: Dresses. Velour uses: Dressing gowns. Voile drapes and gathers very well. and drapes well. Tussah uses: In lighter weights. In heavier weights. robes. Rayon characteristics: It¹s drapability and dyeability are excellent and it is fairly soft. Satin uses:Slips. Polyester uses: Vary. A rather pebbled effect. Page Wool characteristics: It is very resilient and resistant to wrinkling. It is resistant to moths and is not affected by ordinary household bleaches and chemicals. Made in many colors. It is readily washable and is not damaged by sunlight or weather and is resistant to moths and mildew. Rayon uses: Clothing. shirts. stretching. strong and resistant to creasing. 61 . dresses. Taffeta uses: Dressy evening wear: suits and coats. varieties.Oxford uses: Men’s shirts mostly. blankets. coats and suits and ensembles. made with an extra warp yarn. dresses. Velvet weaves: Pile. The two lengths of pile create light and shaded areas on the surface. winter wear. hose. knots. and degrees of stiffness. millinery. It is characterized by it¹s strength and durability. Pongee characteristics: Light or medium weight. Wool uses: Clothing. skirts. Velour characteristics: The pile is characterized by uneven lengths (usually two) which gives it a rough look. plush pile. evening wear. water resistant. It resists deterioration from perspiration. Polyester characteristics: It is lightweight. Pongee uses: Dresses. Voile weaves: Plain. Sateen weaves: Sateen filling-face weave. at home wear. sportswear. Velvet characteristics: velvet may be crush resistant. blouses. capes. pajamas. waist-coats. Sateen characteristics: Lustrous and smooth with the sheen in a filling direction. slips. Dull lustre and rather stiff. Pongee weaves: Plain. and sportswear. To obtain a top quality fabric. blouses. mildew and abrasion. very highly twisted yarns are used. or sometimes knitted. dresses. strong. loosely woven. Voile characteristics: Sheer and very light weight. Spandex uses: Athletic wear and foundation garments. Tussah characteristics: It is coarse. Has a rough texture with many slubs. dresses. depending on blend. Velvet uses: Eveningwear. Taffeta weaves: Usually plain with a fine cross rib. coats. blouses. Satin characteristics: Usually has a lustrous surface and a dull back. and jackets. summer suits. It is renewed by moisture and well known for it's warmth.

Fabric Finish adds body to fabric without adding stiffness Types of Fabric Finishes Chemical Finishes . With Fabric Finish.      With Fabric Finish. Fabric becomes soft. Fabric becomes smoother. Fabric can speed moisture evaporation.Resin Finishes      Used on cotton or rayon Keeps fabric smooth after washing and drying with little or no ironing needed Improves shrinkage control Reduces fabric strength May have odor problem Fabric Softeners    Generally used with resins to improve the way the fabric feels May cause fastness problems May cause yellowing or odor problems Soil Release Finishes    Used extensively on carpets and upholstery fabrics Also used on apparel fabrics. With the type of fabric finish. With Fabric Finish. Fabric Calendering Fabric finish is an important factor. Fabric Napping. especially thosecontaining polyester Very durable if applied at the finishing plant. With Fabric Finish. Fabric Finishing. The fabric gets additional properties with the fabric finish. Fabric becomes flame retardant. little durability if applied by the consumer Water Repellents    Wax finish Silicone finish Flame Retardant Page 62 . Fabric Shearing. Fabric Finishing is done according to the need and purpose of the fabric. Fabric Softeners.Fabric Characteristics---------------------Cotton------Wool----Polyester----Polypropylene---Nylon Fabric Water Retention--------------------High-------High-----Low-----------Lowest-------------Medium Fabric Drying Time-------------------------Long-------Long----Short----------Shortest-----------Short Fabric Heat Conduction (Wet)------------High--------Low------Low-----------Low----------------Medium Fabric Comfort Level (Dry)---------------High--------Medium-High----------Medium-----------Medium Fabric Shrinkage--------------------------High--------High-----Low-----------High---------------Low Fabric Durability--------------------------Medium----Medium--High---------Medium------------High Fabric Colour Choice----------------------High--------High------High---------Low----------------High Fabric Paddling Suitability---------------Low----------Low------High---------Medium------------Medium Fabric Camping Suitability---------------Medium-----High-----High----------Medium------------Medium Fabric Finish: Type of Fabric Finishes. fabric enhances its quality. Fabric becomes wrinkle free. Fabric Raising. The following are few of the characteristics of fabric finish.  With Fabric Finish.

or it is left smooth with no texture at all.Fabric Napping   Using wire-covered rolls to "dig out" individual fiber endsto the surface Special type of raised surface fabric is corduroy Fabric Shearing    Use of rotary blade(s) to trim raised surfaces. The final product after coating and interphasing is solid and flexible. After the coating it is oven cured creating an interphase between them. to a uniform height This reduces the tendency of the fabric surface to mat and also reduces the pilling tendency Special types of blades and conveyer belts can produce pattern-. Uses of Coated Fabric Coated fabric is a flexible composite material formed by applying coating agents to either one side or both sides of the fabric substrate. It is durable.Mechanical Finishing .Heat setting     Using high temperatures to stabilize fabrics containing polyester.effects on the surface Other Mechanical Finishes    Fabric Calendering Decating Sanforizing (Compressive Shrinkage) Coated fabric: Overview of Coated Fabric. Interphase is a mixture formed when the coating agent penetrates into the fabric substrate. Characteristics of Coated Fabric        It is washable. may change the shade if done after dyeing Fabric Raising . It is semi-rigid. It is washable. It has a good stability of viscosity. It is stronger. or triacetate Not effective on cotton or rayon May be performed in fabric form or garment form May cause shade variation from side-to-side if done prior to dyeing. Uses of Coated Fabric           Household Upholstery Tarpaulins Billboards & Signs Wall coverings Automotive and Marine Upholstery Luggage Pool Liners Page Industrial fabrics 63 Airbags Geotextiles . It is sometimes also embossed in imitation of leather. It is mildew resistant. flame retardant and is much stronger than uncoated fabrics. The surface can be finished with a specific texture such as leather. It is heavy. nylon. Characteristics of Coated Fabric. It is flame retardant. particularly napped fabrics.

If desired. It does not shrink like power spun or woven fabrics. deliberately. Felted Fabric is wind-proof to some extent. Felt can be created of any shape or it can be cut in any direction without unraveling at the edges. The fiber shrinks and wraps each other tightly. Felt does not ravel. Now it can produce felt with a uniform width and thickness adding a wide range of colors. Uses of Handmade Fabric    Handbags and purses Photo albums Page 64 Apparels . Due to this. The Arabs believe that a camel driver did the same. The Europeans believe that felt was first made by a saintly pilgrim who had put the wool inside his sandals and made soles. Felted Fabric is strong. binding the edges or overcasting with hand embroidery stitches is done. to create a thick sheet of cloth. Handmade Fabric Flowers Handmade fabric is woven on a loom. Felted Fabric is flexible. Felted Fabric is durable. History of Felt Felted fabric is the oldest form of fabric known to mankind. It is luxurious. Felt Characteristics / Felt Properties      Felted Fabric is dense. hence no edge finishing is required. which uses vertical warps and horizontal wefts. handmade fabric does not shrink like tightly woven fabrics produced with power spinning or power weaving processes. Today.Felted fabric: What is Felt. felted fabric has been found in the frozen tombs of Siberia which dates back to 2000 BC. Felt Characteristics. condensing and pressing together animal fibers. Handmade Fabric Purses. The yarn spaces are not closer and it is loosely woven. For centuries people have been using looms to weave cloth. Legend claims that the Chinese invented felted fabric accidentally by putting wool under a saddle for padding. Handmade Fabric Handbags. The production process of the felted fabric has been improved a lot. However. The heat and sweat of the horse's body and the friction under the saddle caused the wool to form felt. History of Felt. It is much dense. Uses of Handmade Fabric. Felt Uses Felted fabric or Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting. people still make use of handlooms to make beautiful handmade fabric Characteristics of Handmade Fabric    It is elegant. all cloth was made with handlooms. Felt Uses        Insulation Linings Paddings Filters Footwear Hats Garments Handmade Fabric: Overview of Handmade Fabric. Only 300 years ago. yet flexible at the same time.

It is believed that the hand knitting originated among the nomads of the Arabian Peninsula about 1000 BC Types of knitted Fabrics / Types of Knit Fabrics Weft Knitted Fabric / Weft Knit Fabric: It is either made by hand or machine by looping together the lengths of the yarn. the fibers are blown onto a collector screen to form a web Page 65 . T-shirts and jumpers. Non-woven fabric mimics the appearances. Non Woven Properties. the thermoplastic fibers are extruded through a spinneret and laid down on a conveyor belt. Polyester Knit Fabric Knitting is one of the ways of turning thread or yarn into clothes. in this kind of fabrics interlock vertically along the length of the fabric. Knitting by machine use a different mechanical system producing nearly identical results. Warp Knitted Fabric / Warp Knit Fabric: It is made by machine only. It is only slightly stretchy and it do not ladders. The loops. These courses are joined to each other by interlocking loops where a short loop of one course of the yarn is wrapped over the bight of another course Knitted fabric is obtained either by hand knitting process or then by machine. In this process. It is flat. Warp Knitted Fabric. These are used as swimwear. A good example of one-step process is spunbond and melt blown process. produced by interlocking layers or networks of fibers or filaments (and by perforating films) mechanically. A second needle is then used to reach through each loop in succession to snag a bight of yarn and pull a length back through the loop. Cotton Knit Fabric. the web formation and the bonding takes place continuously. This supports the fabric to become stretchy and comfortable. In hand knitting process. which forms a web. Non Woven Fabric Uses Non-woven fabric is a sheet or web structure. Knitting History. Other Types of Knitted Fabrics         Cotton Knitted Fabric / Cotton Knit Fabric Rib Knitted Fabric / Rib Knit Fabric Double Knitted Fabric / Double Knit Fabric Interlock Knitted Fabric / Interlock Knit Fabric Wool Knitted Fabric / Wool Knit Fabric Silk Knitted Fabric / Silk Knit Fabric Polyester Knitted Fabric / Polyester Knit Fabric Rayon Knitted Fabric / Rayon Knit Fabric Nonwoven Fabric: What is Non Woven Fabric. Knitted fabric completely consists of horizontal parallel courses (crosswise) of yarn. a base series of twisted loops of yarn are made on a knitting needle before starting the process. Weft-knitted fabrics are uaed in socks. In the one-step process. Types of Knitted Fabrics. underwear and geo textiles. In melt blown process. Knitting History Knitted fabric composites show higher impact tolerance compared to the traditional composites or even to woven fabric composites. flexible and porous. The web is then bonded by passing the fibers between two calendar rollers. Non-woven fabric is formed either by a one-step or two-step process. textures and strengths of a woven fabric and can be produced as bulky as the thickest padding. thermally or chemically. Weft Knitted Fabric.Handmade Fabric Products     Handmade Fabric Handbags Handmade Fabric Purses Handmade Fabric Bags Handmade Fabric Flowers Knitted Fabric: What is Knitted Fabric.

air laid or wet laid method. It is durable. It can be soft. It is flexible. padding and backing Wall coverings Automotive headliners and upholstery Insulation Roofing products Civil engineering fabrics/geotextiles Stitched Fabric: Overview of Stitched Fabric. Most of the web is fragile. The drapeability quality. It produces more vivid colors and it is much more durable. masks and draping used in the medical field Laundry aids (fabric dryer-sheets) Apparel interlining Carpeting and upholstery fabrics. hydro entanglement or stitch bonding Non Woven Properties Non-woven fabric can provide the following specific functions:         It can be absorbent. It can be resilient. It can be flame retardant. Characteristics of Stitched Fabric       It is lightweight. Mock Leno Weave. Twill Weave. Satin Weave. To strengthen. The stitched fabric process is known as "tackle twill". the surface smoothness and the stability of the fabric is controlled primarily by the weave style Page 66 . array. It has permeable.In the second process. Leno Weave. Plain Weave. It can have good strength. the web is bonded by either an application of an adhesive. It is strong. gowns. needle punching. Common Weaves of Woven Fabric. strong. distribution density. thermal exposure. The web is formed by dry laid. even if stitch size is relatively small. the two-step process. and also the average darcy velocity in the fiber bundles. It is tough. It can be washable. Characteristics of Stitched Fabric Stitched fabric has drawn increasing attention as reinforcing materials for high performance composites due to the integrity and wide variety in them. It can be liquid repellent. The integrity of the fabric is maintained by the mechanical interlocking of the fibers. It is lightweight. Leno Weave Woven fabric is created by the interlacing of warp fibers and weft fibers in a regular pattern or weave style. off-center position. It has permeability property of its interbundle channels. It can be stretchable. caps. slope. Basket Weave. tough and flexible. The effect of the stitches is different for different stitch size. Woven Fabric: Overview of Woven Fabric. a web is first formed and then bonded by a separate process. Non Woven Fabric Uses           Disposable diapers Sterile wraps.

Flame Retardant Fabrics. maintaining warmth in the cold weather. Plain weave fabric is strong and hardwearing. windproof and breathable through different finishing process is just a minute part of the long lasting properties in demand. summer wear. soft. . It withstands regular cleaning abreast of retaining effective functional performance. One of the protection is. Anti Static | Anti Static Fabrics: This is to protect from static charge in the environments of aviation. less crimp and stronger than a plain weave. It is resistant to sun and chemicals. Broadcloth. heavy. but less stable. It has a crisp feel with lustrous appearance of silk and excellent drapeability. Basket: It is same as plain weave except that two or more than two warp fibers alternately interlace with two or more than two weft fibers. automotive. mining. locking each weft in place. elaborate design effect. Fabrics for Apparel. Chambray. church vestments. Acrylic Fabric: Acrylic Fabric is used as a substitute for wool. Anti Static Fabrics. providing insulation against flame or making it heat retardant. Cotton. and has a wooly feel. Leno: It improves the stability in 'open' fabrics. jackets and curtains. Brocade fabric: Usually made fit for eveningwear. Fabric. Anti-static fabric is durable along with being serviceable. which have a low fiber count.Common weaves of woven Fabric Plain: The warp and weft are so aligned that they form a simple criss-cross pattern. Acetate Fabric. Brocade Fabric. power generation and computer. and robes. Wet Weather Clothing. Organdy Today's apparel fabric has state-of-the-art performance. dresses. which provides normal comfort in the foulest weather. It is flatter. Broadcloth fabric: Broadcloth is Closely woven and wears very well but wrinkles very badly. defense. Mock leno: It is a type of plain weave where occasional warp fibers deviate from the alternate under-over interlacing at regular intervals and instead interlace every two or more fibers. It maximizes enjoyment and comfort in indoors as well as outdoor and in any kind of weather. Organza. petrochemical. At the same time the fabric do have the quality of providing thermal insulation by holding insulating air layers in the garment. interior furnishings. Satin: It is fundamentally twill weave which is modified to produce fewer intersections of warp and weft. It is strong and drapes well and is used for jeans. It is generally used for fashion and furnishing fabrics. Characteristics of Apparel Fabric Flame Retardant | Flame Retardant Fabrics: Flame retardant Fabrics usually have a coating or film lamination which provides a high level of protection and comfort. It is also breathable and windproof. Drill. Apparel Fabric : Apparel Fabrics. Fabrics for Apparel Acetate Fabric: Acetate Fabric is used as uniforms. Page 67 blouses. Twill: The crossings of weft yarns and warp yarns are offset to give a diagonal pattern on the surface of the fabric. Making the fabric waterproof. In this the adjacent warp fibers are twisted aroung consecutive weft fibers to form a spiral pair. It has rich. It is used as shirts. Wet Weather | Wet Weather Clothing: Some fabrics are water-repellent finishes. It is durable. Technical apparel has become tougher and stronger. Chiffon. clothing and lingerie.

dresses. Pongee Fabric: Pongee Fabric is made of silk. Crepe Fabric: All types of dresses finds a fit place like from long dinner dresses to suits and coats. strong. It is easily washable but has a poor elasticity. It is made of cotton and sometimes even of rayon. Gabardine Fabric: Gabardine Fabric is Used as men's and women's tailored suits. It is soft with a napped surface. neckties and sportswear. Georgette Fabric: Georgette fabric is crisp with an outstanding durability. uniforms. Beach wear Clothing Beachwear is the clothing suitable to be worn on a beach. dresses. Polyester Fabric: Polyester Fabric is smooth. It is elastic. Beachwear Fabric: Beachwear. sportswear. Nylon Fabric: Nylon Fabric is used as women's hosiery. Beachwear Fabrics. It resists snags and tears. It is fine. Organza Fabric: organza Fabric is Used as evening dresses. blouses and summer suits. Moire fabric: Moire Fabric is made of silk. allowing moisture to evaporate quickly. and sportswear. uniforms. Chambray Fabric: Chambray Fabric is smooth. It is lightweight. which is somewhere between swimwear and full cloths. Cotton Fabric: Cotton fabric is very elastic and withstands high temperatures. It is comfortable in all weather. Rayon Fabric: Rayon Fabric is a cellulose fiber based fabric and is highly absorbent. or rayon and used for dresses. It is readily washable and is not damaged by sunlight. Softness and lightweight along with durability are necessary properties. lightweight and crisp. Used as dresses. It comes in heavy to lighter weights. transparent and very fine. cotton. bedspreads. and some dressy coats. dresses and coats. It is usually of wool. Page 68 . Used as children's wear. very lightweight and is washable. It is made for all weather and is resistant to moths and mildew. Flannel fabric: Flannel fabric is Used as blazers. easy to wash and is lustrous. slipcovers. blouses and aprons. It is durable and wears extremely well. blouses and scarves. Damask Fabric: Damask Fabric is very durable. shirts and blouses. Oxford Fabric: Oxford Fabric is Mostly used for men's shirts. Organdy Fabric: Organdy Fabric is used as summer formals. It is a tightly twisted yarn with a crisp. crisp and springy.Challis fabric: Challis Fabric is soft. It is used as all types of clothing. Denim fabric: Denim fabric is Used as pants. Cotton Beachwear. aprons and all kinds of sportswear. Faille Fabric: Faille fabric has a lustrous finish. It is used as eveningwear. Beachwear Fabrics Cotton Beachwear | Cotton: It is the perfect to be worn in any season and is most practical and affordable clothes. It has high wash ability and dyes well. coats. sheer. It dries quickly and is breathable. It has rough feel and appearance. socks and sweaters. launders well and holds high luster. What is Beach Wear. raincoats. Flax Fabric: Flax fabric is of linen with a high absorbent quality. made from silk in actual. It is sheer and has a dull face. skirts. It drapes well and is resistant to moths. It has a clear finish. closely woven and soft. suits and coats. work cloths. It is lightweight. Since it is worn outdoors. Houndstooth Fabric: Houndstooth Fabric is used to make Sportscoats and suits. Drill Fabric: Drill fabric is a cotton fabric used for uniforms. especially in linen. blouses. knitted or woven lingerie. It sheds dirt. It has a brilliant sheen and unique softness. It does not require extra care and it is allergy free. Crepe fabric has a crinkled and puckered surface with a soft mossy finish. draperies. rayon or cotton and has a watermarked finish. Nylon Beachwear. Chiffon Fabric: Chiffon fabric is Used as eveningwear. and men's shirts. bleaches and chemicals. It shrinks if not pre-shrunk. Silk Fabric: Silk Fabric is very strong and absorbent. the fabric of swimwear has to be cool and comfortable. caps. upholstery. Lycra Beachwear. sheer. It sags with wear. It is used as women's and children's dresses. kimonos. formals.

gabardine. swimsuits. It has high tensile strength. It is quick drying. It is also used for erosion control blankets.Lycra Beachwear | Lycra: It is a synthetic fabric consisting of polymer. It is easily washable. Curtain Fabric is also UV light protected. which has polyurethane in it. The fabric is napped. Characteristics of Curtain Fabric. cotton. Kitchen curtains are made of gingham. Shirts. Synthetics made blankets are great. It is elastic and comfortable. heavy petticoats and even for blankets. It is UV protected. Blanket Fabrics. either on one side or both sides. linen. Bath robes. Characteristics of Beachwear Fabric         It is cool and comfortable. Waterproof jackets. Blanket used next to the skin is easily washable where as if used between a sheet and a bed cover requires a less launderable fabric. Types of Curtain Fabric The first and foremost characteristic of curtain fabric is its full drape and fall. depending upon the various degree of care. Characteristics of Blanket Fabric      It is lightweight. Fabric for Blankets consists of wool. Pareos. It is not a compulsion for dry cleaning. Curtain fabric for a formal sitting room ranges from brocade. Informal window curtain fabric are chintz. It is soft. Swim trunks. waistcoats. Tanks Blanket Fabric: Fabric for Blankets. It is lightweight. Linen is very versatile. usually woolen fabric. Nylon Beachwear | Nylon: It is highly durable and elegant swimwear. Acrylic curtain fabric has a wool-like feel to it. Blanket Fabrics are lightweight as well as warm. It has a soft-brushed finish. Characteristics of Blanket Fabric. Curtains made of polyester wash well and are drip-dry. The fine weave and drape of linen forms good pleats. damask. It is fire resistant. T-shirts. It is durable. burlap and canvas. Page 69 . Silk curtain retains rich vibrant colors. Uses of Blanket Fabric Blanket fabric is a thick heavily fulled. It is breathable. Curtain Fabric is lightweight and loosely woven to enable light to filter through. Beach pants. velvet and moire. synthetics and various blends. Beach wears Clothing: Shorts. Uses of Curtain Fabric. It is durable. Uses of Blanket Fabric: Blanket fabric is ideal for capes. work jackets. It is anti-bacterial. Curtain Fabric: Overview of Curtain Fabric. denim. silk. Sarongs. Lined curtain fabric keeps the cold air out in winters and hot air out in the summers. seersucker or cotton blends. They are good even in sunlight.

Drapery Fabrics are more tailored with pleats and gathered headings. Types of Drapery Fabric       Silk Drapery Fabric Linen Drapery Fabric Plaid Drapery Fabric Sheer Drapery Fabric Toile Drapery Fabric Velvet Drapery Fabric Uses of Drapery Fabric      Upholstery Valences Headboards Pillows Curtains Home Furnishing Fabric : Overview of Home Furnishing Fabric. Drapery fabric tends to be softer and to fall in folds. wool furnishings. Bedding fabric are luxurious. Types of Home Furnishing Fabrics. Drapery Fabric may be lined or unlined. Linen Drapery Fabric Draperies are fabric. Improved drapery fabric is constructed of an open weave decorated fabric with a flexible solar control film. Drapery Fabric: What is Draperies. This reduces the heat loss in winter. breathable and lightweight. jute furnishings. Sometimes it may be medium to heavyweight also. silk furnishings. Types of Curtain Fabric        Lace Curtain Fabric Linen Curtain Fabric Velvet Curtain Fabric Silk Curtain Fabric Sheer Curtain Fabric Harlequin Curtain Fabric Cotton Curtain Fabric Uses of Curtain Fabric   Curtain Fabric is used in doors and windows of rooms of houses and offices. Fabrics used in kitchen 70 . Uses of Drapery Fabric. warm. cotton furnishings. Curtain Fabric is also used as sail clothe. It allows light to pass through unless it is opaque curtain. nylon furnishings. The fabrics used are very friendly. Silk Drapery Fabric. It is dirt and dust protected. This film permits light transmission through the open weave but reduces the loss or gain of heat by reducing the flow of heat and air through it. which is usually lighter weight and is not suitable for upholstery projects. rayon furnishings. Draperies either covers the window completely or is pulled back to the sides of the window. It is from lightweight.Characteristics of Curtain Fabric     It is UV protected. Be it from bedding to kitchen or from bathroom to drawing room. polyester furnishings Page Home furnishing fabric is used for all the necessary articles at home. Characteristics of Drapery Fabric.

Hosiery fabrics are fine and sheer fabric designed to fit closely to the skin. lightweight. Lycra is also used for an improved fit. Jute: Long. tea mats. face towels. the hosiery is opaque and it is preferred for winter use. bath rugs. but it is little expensive. Hosiery fabric is easily washable and it also dries quickly Hosiery fabric is graded in terms of 'denier'. breathable. Plastic: Tolerates temperature. Hosiery is most commonly available in shades ranging from skin tones to gray. porous. Satin: Thick. non-absorbent and dries quickly. bed coverlets. lustrous and supple hand. floor coverings. breathable. kitchen towels. describes garments worn directly on the feet and legs. thigh. tablemats. bath mats. Organza: Sheer. Bathroom Furnishings: Shower curtains. and resilient. tassels. The term originated as the collective term for products of which a maker or seller is termed a hosier. Organdy: Sheer. It is soft hand and elastic. sofa covers. and very fine. heavy and crispy. swollen legs. and varicose veins Hosiery fabric can be patterned either by weave or by print. which may contain elastic.and bathrooms are soft. wrinkle and stretch resistant and nonabsorbent. blanket covers. hand towels. Page Characteristics of Hosiery Fabric 71 . potholders. mittens.  It is fine. Stocking made of this hosiery fabric make legs feel less tired and is mainly used by those who experience water retention. abdomen and foot. which clings closely to the skin. 15 denier is the standard hosiery fabric. and its thickness and weight is defined in terms of denier or opacity. Sometimes it is used for eveningwear. it is soft. elastic and dries quickly. Thicker hosiery is obtained from cotton or even wool which make them very warm. tea cozy. Leather: Firm. bedspreads. soft and comfortable. Sheer Hosiery. the thicker is the fabric. cushion covers. Uses of Home Furnishing Fabric Bed and Bedding Furnishings: Throws. Nylon: Smooth. The higher the denier. and elastic. Polyester: Quick to dry. wrinkle resistant and resistant to stretching. Types of Fabrics for Home Furnishing Silk: Soft. comfortable and easily dyed in vivid colors. Leggs Hosiery. curtains. mattress covers. brown and dark blue or black. bathrobes. soft and shiny. Kitchen Furnishings: Aprons. whereas styles of 40 and above are dense. hard. Characteristics of Hosiery Fabric. Most hosiery garments are made by knitting methods. and those products are also known generically as hose. bed covers. Wool: Water-resistant. Modern technology allow hosiery to be printed with any design. bath towels. napkins. pelmet. The term is also used for all types of knitted fabric. From 40 to 80 denier. Modern hosiery is usually tight-fitting by virtue of stretchy fabrics and meshes. Due to its close fit. porous. dish clothes. Support hosiery is made with special blends. with little to no light able to come through on 100 denier items. For drawing rooms. Uses of Hosiery Fabric. Older forms include binding to achieve a tight fit. Lower denier measurements of 5 to 15 describe a hose which may be sheer in appearance. also referred to as legwear. Drawing and Dining Furnishings: Table clothes. Rayon: Moisture absorbent. thin open weave. Most of the modern hosiery is made from nylon. Silkies Hosiery. Oroblu Hosiery. glossy surface and a dull back. Silk hosiery feels very gorgeous. Silk hosiery is available. Ten denier is thinner and easier to snag. soft. Cotton: Cool. bed sheets. Hosiery Fabric: What is Hosiery. most hosiery can be worn as an undergarment. napkins. Fishnet Hosiery Hosiery. but it is more commonly worn as a combined under/outer garment. place mats.

It is strong and woven textile with a high performance. Fiberglass made industrial fabric utilized in those kinds of applications where high heat is present and there is a need for high strength and dimensional stability fabric. It covers a wide variety of widths.             It is sheer. carbon. It is water repellent. Fabrics impregnated with adhesives and dielectric compounds. It is highly UV protected. weights and construction particularly made to meet a specific application. Classes of Industrial Fabric. A good example of this is fabric used for filtration. tires. Berkshire Hosiery Leggs Hosiery Sheer Hosiery Silkies Hosiery Oroblu Hosiery Fishnet Hosiery Charnos Hosiery Nylon Hosiery Hanes Hosiery Seamless Hosiery Types of Hosiery Uses of Hosiery Fabric        Tights Pantyhose Stockings Pop socks Hold-ups Knee-highs Ankle-highs Industrial Fabric: Overview of Industrial Fabric. Fabrics combined with some other materials to form a new type of material. conveyers and agricultural machinery. and electrical parts. These are like rubberized fabric for hose. Fabrics which are incorporated directly in a finished product like tarps. namely plain. Page 72 . Characteristics of Industrial Fabric. belting. tents. It is flame retardant. It is weave set for added stiffness. Industrial fabric is woven in various thicknesses and constructions in basic weave. It clings to the skin. Characteristics of Industrial Fabric         It is durable. timing gears. leno. It is environmentally friendly. polishing and absorption. satin and basket Classes of Industrial Fabric     Fabrics employed in industrial processes. It is elastic. and aramid fibers. bearings. Uses of Industrial Fabric Industrial fabric is a broad term for those fabrics which are used for non-apparel and non-decorative uses. It is acid and alkali resistant. awnings and specialty belts for airplanes. It is soft. Industrial fabric is usually made from man-made fibers like fiberglass.

Foam Mattress. and a good cushion sewn into the mattress. advanced composites. Latex Foam Mattress. Wool Interlining. commercial & construction and protective garments Interlining Fabric : Interlining. Types of Interlining             Curtain Interlining Fusible Interlining Drapery Interlining Non Woven Interlining Woven Interlining Bump Interlining Wendler Interlining Embroidery Interlining PCC Interlining Polyester Interlining Flannel Interlining Wool Interlining Uses of Interlining Fabric Interlining fabric is used for making thick. Sometimes it is quilted to give extra comfort. or knitted. Interlining fabric is made of pure cotton. It repels liquids and resists stains. Drapery Interlining. Coiled mattress has metal spring coil. and mold. which is layered between sheets of padding. It retains the shape of the main fabric. electronics. marine and recreational products. What is Interlining Fabric. mildew. The adhesive coating is a finished interlining fabric. Characteristics of Interlining Fabric     It is soft. suits and also officer suits Mattress Fabric: What is Mattress. Futon Mattress. futons. Types of Mattresses. smart coats. the varieties are foam mattress. but thick fabric which is inserted between the dress fabric and the back lining. Flannel Interlining. Interlining fabric is woven. Cotton Mattresses. Wool Mattress. Fusible Interlining. wind coats. Special treatment is given to make mattress fabric fire resistant and anti-microbial that eliminates bacteria. It breathes well and is durable The fabric used to cover the exterior of a mattress is called mattress ticking. Woven Interlining. filtration. It gives strength and the padded fabric gives warmth or bulk to the fabric. The mattress may be coiled or non-coiled. elegant and very smooth. It is luxurious. Crib Mattress Mattress is made of the best of fabric. Higher quality mattresses have higher coil counts. or non-woven.Uses of Industrial Fabric Industrial fabric is primarily used for insulation. The use of adhesive coating is not necessary for all types of interlining fabric. It improves the shape retention quality of the fabric. which through a finishing process removes all shrinkage from the product and impart stretch to the fabric. It is thick. It is strong and sometimes warm or bulk. Thicker and higher quality padding makes good mattress. Polyester Interlining Interlining fabric is a soft. and waterbeds Page 73 . Interlining fabric helps the main fabric to drape gracefully. featherbed. sturdy. fungi. The sagging in the mattress is by the padding. In non-coiled mattress.

mineral oil or flame-retardant chemicals. It repels water and oil and has moisture permeable property.Mattress Types / Types of Mattresses Organic Cotton Fabric: Contains no pesticides. and soil. Characteristics of Mattress Fabric       It is luxurious. It prevents microbial caused odors. polyester and various blends. comfortable and breathable. rot and atmospheric chemicals. It has soil and stain resistant finish. It is anti-bacterial. It resists mildew. Pure Wool Fabric: Natural flame retardant. defoliants. . It is comfortable. biminis. It is fire resistant. Uses of Outdoor Fabric. dodgers. Umbrella Outdoor Fabric. It is soft. Page 74 Commercial and residential awnings. It is breathable. Characteristics of Outdoor Fabric. It withstands exposure to sunlight and is resistant to mildew. Duralle Outdoor Fabric Outdoor fabric is soft. boat & sail covers. Uses of Outdoor Fabric         Casual wear Sports wear Skiwear Jackets Garments and industrial clothing Boating : Enclosures. It is made from a wide variety of synthetic fibers. Waverly Outdoor Fabric. Acrylic Outdoor Fabric. acrylic. Waterproof Outdoor Fabric. Types of Mattresses       Cotton Mattresses Futon Mattress Latex Foam Mattress Foam Mattress Wool Mattress Crib Mattress Outdoor Fabric : Overview of Outdoor Fabric. Outdoor fabric has a good tearing strength and is stretchable. It is easily cleaned. olefin. Outdoor fabric is a heavy-duty fabric which can be easily cleaned with soap and water. Automotive canvas convertible topping. including cotton. fire and abrasion resistant. It is elegant. outdoor fabrics are made water repellant by the process of chemical treatment. It is smooth. mold. Dust mite and mold resistant. outdoor furniture. It is thermal. Characteristics of Outdoor Fabric        It retains its color and vibrancy for years. It is very durable with crease resist and preshrunk finish.

Some blouses are made with pin tucking on the bodice to give it a more tailored look Characteristics of Pintuck Fabric    It has a tailored look. The tiny tuck in the fabric also forms a raised ridge. It is usually on on the right side of the face fabric. Page 75 . Characteristics of Packing Fabric. Types of Fabrics used in Packing Packing fabric is used for safeguarding several products. Types of Fabric used in Packing: Cotton. Characteristics of Packing Fabric      It is easily packed and also unpacked. It is arranged in series. They are lightweight and comfortable. Next it is stitched with decorative designs or threads tied through all thickness in order to prevent the batting from shifting. Jute. with batting between the top and the backing fabric. It gives a decorative look to garments. Leather. It is stretchable. Uses of Quilting Fabric Quilting is a technique of padding a fabric.Types of Outdoor fabric      Umbrella Outdoor Fabric Waterproof Outdoor Fabric Waverly Outdoor Fabric Acrylic Outdoor Fabric Duralle Outdoor Fabric Packing Fabric: Overview of Packing Fabric. Humidity always destroys goods in a closed box Packing fabric is strong and abrasion resistant so that it retains its shape and position until it reaches the destination point. Characteristics of Pintuck Fabric. It resists wear and tear. which keeps the humidity out. The multiple lines of a running stitch is done by hand or by sewing machine. packaging fabrics are treated with chemical to give a coating. Uses of Pintuck Fabric Pintuck fabric is used for decorating girls' and women's blouses and dresses and it is also used as a defining feature in the men's guayabera shirt. Fabrics used in Quilting. The fabrics are easy to needle. The quilting stitches are spaced with regularity. Uses of Pintuck Fabric Pintuck fabric is a small and narrow fold of fabric which are stitched together to create the appearance of a line or stripe. It has a decorative look. They drape and wear beautifully. Characteristics of Quilting Fabric. It is strong. It has humidity-independent coating. which helps it in easy packing and also unpacking the material. To fulfill this. which are transported from one place to another. Quilting Fabric: Overview of Quilting Fabric. It consists of two layers. Polyester Pintuck Fabric: What is Pintuck. These are arranged in a series of parallel lines. It is also stretchable. All fabrics used in quilting are pre-washed as well as pressed. Quilting fabrics for pillows and clothing are very luxurious.

It carries good designs and colors. It lasts longer. Page   It has beautiful designs or scenes. It has good textures. It is luxurious. Tapestry became the status symbol amongst the aristocracy in the Middle Ages. 76 Characteristics of Tapestry Fabric . It has wonderful textures Tapestry fabric is one of the oldest forms of woven textiles. The term 'tapestry' means a thick textile fabric where the colored weft threads are woven. In the 13th and 14th centuries. Originally rugs and carpets were made of cotton or wool. Uses of Rug and Carpet Fabrics Fabrics for rugs and carpets are thick and heavy but easily movable. the Church recognized tapestries value in illustrating Bible stories. It is easy needling. It is lightweight. Characteristics of Rugs and Carpets     It is easily movable. Characteristics of Tapestry Fabric.Fabrics used in Quilting     Cashmere Silk and wool blends 100% cotton 100% polyester Characteristics of Quilting Fabric         It is durable. They are stain and chemical resistant. Important civic buildings in the Greek Empire had walls covered with these fabrics. It is used to cover floors and stairs. It is easy to handle. It has a soft feel and appearance. It is usually hung on the walls for decoration and is sometimes also used to cover furniture. It is comfortable. It drapes beautifully. Characteristics of Rug and Carpet Fabrics. It is soft and velvety. into fixed warp threads to form pictures of designs. Rugs and carpets are also easily launderable. It wears beautifully Uses of Quilting Fabric      Clothing Wall hanging Pillows Table runners Toys Rug and Carpet Fabrics: Overview of Rug and Carpet Fabric. It is cleanable and launderable. History of Tapestry Fabric. Tapestry Fabric: What is Tapestry Fabric. Tapestry fabric has been woven for hundreds of years in diverse cultures. Uses of Tapestry Fabric Tapestry fabric is a heavy cloth. It comes is beautiful colors and designs or patterns. which is woven richly. It has cut or pile cut weave and can be easily vacuum cleaned. originally by hand. often with various colored designs or scenes. Now it is also made with synthetic fibers.

Polyester reduces the tendency to shrink or stretch. It stands against rain and wind. It has a certain degree of impermeability to water. It is resistant to tear and abrasion. The very best fabric for tents is cotton or hemp canvas. or made of plastics such as polyethylene. It has to fulfill all the condition to fight against weather. Nylon Tarpaulin Fabric: History of Tarpaulin. a fabric for tent is UV protected and resistant to moisture.Uses of Tapestry Fabric       Wall hangings Pillow covers Valence boxes Upholstery Bedspreads Slipcovers Tent Fabric: Tent Fabrics. Uses of Tarpaulin A Tarpaulin (or tarp in American English is a large sheet of strong. this material is so associated with tarpaulins that it has become colloquially known in some quarters as polytarp. It is UV protected. a tarp may be known as a hutchie. Water fastness is also achieved by treating the fabric with either water proofing compound or a silicon-based water-repelling compound. When used for a tarpaulin. It is mildew resistant. In some places such as Australia. It is opaque to light. Huts in various parts of rural Asia are known by this or similar names. It is durable. and in military slang. Tear and abrasion resistant is also an important factor for tent fabric. Polyester made tents use an acrylic "top coat". and during the Korean and Vietnam Wars Englishspeaking soldiers came to use the word to refer to their own makeshift shelters. History of Tarpaulin The word tarpaulin originated as a compound of the words tar and palling. It is breathable. solving the purpose. It is light. Uses of Tent Fabric Tent fabric is an important outdoor fabric for shelter. the word hoochie (also hutchie. or hooch) comes from the Japanese uchi (house). It resists moisture to pass by. flexible. Cotton made canopy expands as it absorbs moisture and tightens the weave. It is simultaneously flameretardant and breathable. For this reason. It helps to seal the fabric even more against moisture. sailors became known as tarpaulins and eventually tars. but strong and very opaque to light with an indefinite water repelling property. but still breathable. water-resistant or waterproof material. Characteristics of Tent Fabric            It is light and strong. Polyester. which often consisted of little more than a tarpaulin. It dries fast and its mildew resistance is very good. Characteristics of Tent Fabric. It is flame retardant. The impermeability to water is achieved in various ways. Fabrics used for Tents: Cotton. By association. Hemp. allowing them to be tied down or suspended. according to one theory. hootch. It is susceptible to stretch. referring to a tarred canvas pall used to cover objects on ships. Tarpaulins often have reinforced grommets at the corners and along the sides to form attachment points for rope. Page 77 . Inexpensive modern tarpaulins are made from woven polypropylene. often cloth such as canvas or polyester coated with urethane.

or for protection on scaffoldings. either printed or embroidered. It does not wiggle or move around. It is sometimes also known as home furnishings or decorator fabric and is usually 54 inches wide. A twill weave upholstery fabric resists wear and shows soil less than a plain weave of similar quality. Whites and lighter colored fabrics is less protective than the darker fabrics which have more depth of color. Umbrella fabric contains literally millions of tiny holes due to its open-weave knitting. durable and do not soil or fade. with sheets of the same material bonded to the surface. linen. Many amateur builders of plywood sailboats turn to polypropylene tarpaulins for making their sails. a drop sheet for painting. including as shelter from the elements. Umbrella Fabric: What is Umbrella Fabric. Upholstery Fabric: What is Upholstery Fabric. to give solid designs. Awning fabric is typically used for umbrellas and umbrella covers as it is stiffer and stronger Umbrella fabric comes in various designs. These allow the air to flow freely through. such as unenclosed road or rail goods carrying vehicles or wood piles. Umbrella fabric undergoes a solution-dying process. Characteristics of Umbrella Fabric       It is waterproof. and for protecting objects. It is tough. Umbrella fabric is made from canvas. Upholstery fabric usually has a balanced weave. a ground sheet or a fly in camping. a laminate of woven and sheet material. most especially for billboards Different kinds of Tarpaulin Polypropylene Tarpaulin: A polypropylene tarp ("polytarp") is not a traditional fabric. Upholstery Fabric Uses Upholstery fabric is tightly woven fabric. It is also used on outdoor market stalls to provide some protection from the elements of nature. pool chlorine and salt spray resistant. It is often heavy. striped. rain. Upholstery Fabric Types. It retains the color for years even though it is exposed to sunlight and rain. the umbrella is attached to spines. or sunlight.. Such was the demand for tarpaulins by the New South Wales Government Railways. The thread count is more and it wears better. Characteristics of Umbrella Fabric Umbrella fabric is sophisticated and at the same time also is waterproof. mildew. wind. These are all furniture grade fabrics and are used to make matching umbrellas. In embroidery. and jacquard fabrics. mildew. up until 1990. This process locks the color into the fibers so that they can't wash out or fade. water resistant fabric is needed. heavy tearaway fabrics are used and a lighter tear away for open designs. pool chlorine and salt spray. With the proper type of adhesive tape. it is possible to make a serviceable sail for a small boat with no sewing. the aim of the perforations (from 20% to 70%) is to reduce wind vulnerability. The center is loosely woven from strips of polypropylene plastic. as it is inexpensive and easily worked. they operated their own tarpaulin factory. It cleans easily with soapy water and is resistant to rot. When treated against ultraviolet light. Polypropylene tarpaulins have also proven to be a popular source when an inexpensive. Flat-surfaced upholstery fabric Page 78 . It is easy washable. It is always tested for UV protection. these tarpaulins can last for years exposed to the elements. but non-UV treated material will quickly become brittle and lose strength and water resistance if exposed to sunlight.Uses of Tarpaulin Tarpaulins have multiple uses. After the embroidery. but rather.e. i. The breathing effects reduce the temperatures underneath the umbrella. for protecting the infield of a baseball field. dupione. This creates a fabric-like material that resists stretching well in all directions and is waterproof. It is strong. It is rot. It has color retaining quality. Tarpaulins are also used for advertisement printing. Perforated Tarpaulin: Typically used for large medium advertising. where all the yarns are about the same size and strength. It is stiff.

It can pill but blend with cotton combines the advantage of both of these fabrics.shows the effect of abrasion. Types of Fiberglass Fabric     PTFE Coated Fiberglass Fabric Woven Fiberglass Fabric Teflon Coated Fiberglass Fabric Silicone Coated Fiberglass Cloth Filter Fabric: What is Filter Fabric. It has moth problem and shrinkage potential. Characteristics of Upholstery Fabric    It is durable. but is a wonderful choice. Woven Fiberglass Fabric. Nylon velvet is a very durable. It is expensive and needs extra care while cleaning inorder to retain its color and shape. It is easily cleanable. It is resistant to soil and fading. Polyester: It is strong. Latex forms a coating which helps keep soil from sifting through. resistant to wrinkles and is attractive. Upholstery Fabric Uses     Autos Boats Furniture Home decoration Fiberglass Fabric: Fiberglass Characteristics. Industrial Filter Fabrics A filter fabric is well known for its functionality and longevity. feels cool against skin in warm climate and is comfortable in colder climates. Vinyl: It is tough and easy to wipe off. Geosynthetic Fabrics. Nylon Filter Fabric. Non Woven Filter Fabric. yarns. It prevents seam slippage. Upholstery Fabric Types Leather: Though expensive. Stains are removed easily. Drainage Filter Fabric. However a filter fabric is known for its high temperature and chemical resistance. Pure acrylics tend to pill. Acrylic blends: It is washable and is resilient while deterring shrinkage. Geotextile Filter Fabric. Cotton: It is absorbent. Nylon: It is resilient and last longer. PTFE Coated Fiberglass Fabric. Silicone Coated Fiberglass Cloth Fiberglass is a material that generally consists of extremely fine glass fibers and often used in manufacturing different products like fabric. It has wooly appearance without the moth problem. It feels cold in cool room and stick to skin in warm rooms. Loosely woven upholstery fabric should have an applied backing inorder to ensure stability and longer wear. Wool: It is strong and warm. A latex backing is often applied to the upholstery fabric to help stabilize them. Pile fabrics withstand abrasion quite well. It neither stretches nor shrinks. but is not good at skin. Fiberglass Uses. What is Fiberglass. Woven Filter Fabric. Heavier-weight cottons like canvas and denim wear well. Page 79 . Linen: It is tough but wrinkles easily and tends to feel stiff. insulators and structural objects. Polypropylene Filter Fabric. Polyurethane faux is better than polyvinyl chloride faux. Teflon Coated Fiberglass Fabric.

Vinyl Features Vinyl can be as flexible as cloth or as rigid and stiff as wood. is a common physical property that is tested on geosynthetic fabrics used for filtering. carbon fabric provides maximum degree of stiffness in aircrafts.The main function of the filter fabric / membrane is to hold the engineered soil in place and still prevent small media particles. 80 Vinyl Uses . Vinyl Uses. luggage. An exquisitely created carbon fabric is well known for its light weight and hight strength. raincoats. This is called the O95 or the AOS. The ability of the geotextile to allow water permeability is referred to as hydraulic conductivity by permittivity. High strength etc. Windmill blades. Widely used in aerospace application. or the AOS. Characteristics of Carbon Fabric. Dimensionally stable. furniture. flooring. the first vinyl plastic to be commercially manufactured was PVC. It is desirable that some of the plant roots are able to pass through the filter. are typically used and are available as woven and non-woven materials. Page Vinyl is used to make vinyl phonographic records. and it can even be transparent. commonly known as geotextiles. History of Vinyl In 1927. Aircraft interiors. Primary and secondary structures. Vinyl Properties It is well observed that a large number of vinyl fabrics satin and spot resistant. A carbon fabric is also characterized by different types of features such as Fire resistant. Vinyls fabric is generally created with ultraviolet stabilized pigments and this segment proves much crucial if one's application regarding vinyl fabric involves direct exposure to sunlight. Types of Filter Fabrics            Geotextile Filter Fabric Non Woven Filter Fabric Mirafi Filter Fabric Woven Filter Fabric Landscape Filter Fabric Drainage Filter Fabric Nylon Filter Fabric Dust Filter Fabric Polypropylene Filter Fabric Industrail Filter Fabrics Soil Filter Fabric Carbon Fabric: Overview of Carbon Fabric. from entering and clogging the drainage layer below. Geosynthetic fabrics. toys. Vinyl Fabric: What is Vinyl Fabric. The apparent opening size. Lightweight. leather-like upholstery. The filter must allow good water flow in the normal direction (vertical for green roofs) while inhibiting the movement of soil medium particles into the drain layer. These filters need to be tough to withstand abuse while other layers are installed. and many other products. such as plant debris and fines. Tooling. milk cartons. Racing helmets and so on. In a granular or what is sometimes known as a single layer green roof the filter fabric is used to separate larger granular material for drainage from finer material in the growing media. It can be made in any color. Air and water are thus permitted to flow through while the drainage layer and the actual drains are protected. This determines the size of the majority of the openings in a particular filter fabric and is determined by allowing very small glass beads of a known diameter (measured in millimeters) to pass through the fabric. Uses of Carbon Fabric Carbon fabric is generally used in different applications such as Brake linings. History of Vinyl. The size is increased until a point when the fabric is able to hold back 95% of the beads. while being open enough to provide good flow for water into the drainage layer.

and water. Sometime Stretch fabric is also termed as Stretch woven fabric when it is blended with stable fiber of cotton. with the formual: CH2 CH. wear. Stretch Twill Fabric. crewel fabric has been ruling the international market. Crewel Embroidered Fabric A wide range of crewel fabric comes from Kashmir in north-western India. PTFE fabric remains stagnant even at high temperatures. Stretch Lycra Fabric Stretch fabric is a fabric referring to the normal fabric. Stretch fabrics are widely used in sports wear. Long lasting durable. wool or synthetic. a crewel fabric is widely used for the manufacturing of curtains. alcohol. Stretch fabric has better shape retention and are wrinkle resistance because of which they are more comfortable to wear. light upholstery. It is well observed that a PTFE fabric is resistant to tears and abrasions. It can withstand exposure to some acids. as it is a high-molecular-weight compound consisting wholly of carbon and fluorine. When it comes to talk about stretching. Simplifying the construction of clothing stretches fabrics are commonly used in swimsuits. cushions and bed covers and so on. Uses of Crewel Fabric. It is very non-reactive. Crewel Work. PTFE Coated Fabric. and moisture. Vinyl Types There are different types of vinyl. Stretch Cotton Fabric. The availability of crewel work fabric in subtle lustrous color and rich texture makes it one of the most demanding items. PTFE is most well known by the DuPont brand name Teflon. A crewel fabric possesses the capability to complement various types of body tones with different crewel patterns. PTFE is a fluorocarbon solid. PTFE has one of the lowest coefficients of friction against any solid. Stretch Knit Fabric. Stretch Satin Fabric Page    Stretch Cotton Fabric Stretch Twill Fabric 81 Types of Stretch Fabric . Because of crewel fabric versatility. Where used as a lubricant. fabrics. Uses of PTFE Fabric In chemistry. A high quality PTFE fabric has gained immense popularity in appreciation of increased market demand Crewel Fabric: Kashmir Crewel Fabric. PTFE is used as a non-stick coating for pans. Stretch Fabric: What is Stretch Fabric. Polytetrafluoroethylene Fabric A PTFE fabric is well renowned for its excellent non-stick surface that allows user to carry his work smoothly and efficiently. then Stretch fabric is very easy to Stretch in one or both directions presenting the traditional look and lot of comfort. PTFE fabric is resistant from chemical. exquisiteness and with its aesthetic appeal. which stretches in all four directions. Characteristics of Crewel Fabric. PTFE is hydrophobic: neither water and water-containing substances are wet by PTFE. Due to crewel fabric longevity. cookware. and energy consumption of machinery. bedheads. They were originally being used in the mid 1980s by large number of fashion designers. Stretch Satin Fabric. All vinyl contains a chemical called vinyl. corrosion. PTFE reduces friction. Stretch Twill Fabric. partly because of the strength of carbon-fluorine bonds.Vinyl Properties Vinyl is rugged and it does not easily tear or break. Stretch Poplin Fabric. Entering mainstream market in the early 1990. polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that finds numerous applications. and so it is often used in containers and pipe work for reactive and corrosive chemicals. as fluorocarbons demonstrate mitigated London dispersion forces due to the high electro negativity of fluorine. The uniqueness and exquisiteness of PTFE fabric capable of impressing absolutely anybody. oils. PTFE Fabric: Polytetrafluoroethylene Fabric. What is PTFE.

it is highly elastic that makes it stretchy. Polyethylene fabric is a type of a synthetic fabric that is manufactured in the labs. the fabrics are the integral part of the lives. Narrow Fabric: Narrow Fabrics. Narrow fabrics are the thicker version of the fabrics as its strands are thicker and stronger. few of them are listed below: In the Streets The reflectors and the alerts are made up of the reflective fabric. Also. fabrics are now used for a lot more purposes. Also. reflective fabric is used in countless usability. making it the finest fabrics that are great in durability and usability as well. reflective fabrics are proven to be the boon. It is generally red in color as red has the largest ability to reflect. Polyethylene fabric is known for its unmatchable density and strength that is superior to all others. That is why. Fabric Tape Fabrics are something that we daily come across. That is why narrow strands are used in the things that are used for heavy duties. the demand of the polyethylene fabric is climbing day by day. The newest technology in the polyethylene fabric has enhanced the usability of the fabric. Characteristics of Reflective Fabric. It is used in various toys like jumping pads. other apparels are made by the reflective fabrics. This has been all possible just because of the continuous innovation in the science field. one would have replied apparels! But in the modern times it is not so. Reflective fabrics help in notify the person in the crowd or any kind of situations. Narrow fabric is also the most commonly utilized fabrics in our daily lives. natural fabrics and many more depending upon their designs and usability. the tough woven fabric is used in the industries at the large scale. With the clothing to the seats. Also. There are several sorts of the fabrics like synthetic fabrics. There are many other numerous usability of the reflective fibers. Especially in the night vision. Polyethylene fabric is able to hold a lot more weight than previous ones. it can be visible from the very long distance that makes the traffic flow smoothly. someone asked what the usability of the fabrics was. Fabric Lace. Characteristics of Polyethylene Fabric. The polymerizing the ethylene results in the stiffer product called polyethylene that is later used for the fabric. Also. Uses of Reflective Fabric If few days back. Polyethylene fabric is used for loads of purposes: Domestic Polyethylene fabric is the finest replacement of the traditional fabrics for all kinds of bags. The narrow fabric is availed in mainly in the following forms: Page 82 .    Stretch Twill Fabric Stretch Knit Fabric Stretch Poplin Fabric Stretch Lycra Fabric Reflective Fabric / Reflective Clothing: Overview of Reflective Fabric. Security Life jackets are made by the reflective fabrics. like in manufacturing and packagin g units Polyethylene fabric has many more purposes than above. Reflective fabric is the nicest instance of the expanded usability of the fabrics. People like it as is very light and is wear and tear resistant. Coast guards and even police sometimes have their dresses made up of the reflective life jackets. Polyethylene Fabric: What is Polyethylene. Polyethylene Uses Polyethylene fabric is a distinct fabric that is highly acclaimed in the domestic and industrial sectors. Reflective fabric is known for their ability to reflect the light to the farthest distance possible. Thats why in the market. Polyethylene Uses Polyethylene fabric is used for machineries.

The flocked fabric is greatly demanded in domestic and international market both making it the most money making fabric in the fabric industry. In the recent times. sheets. Also. That is why people prefer fabrics that are flame resistable. people have shown a great deal of zeal in the laminate fabrics because of its astounding glossiness and superior style. pants. Flocked fabrics are manufactured and traded by the loads of the people as it is one of the fabrics thats demand is rising day and night.Fabric Lace Fabric Laces are used in shoes and many other tying purposes. the availability of the newest kind of the laminated fabric and those too at the most affordable prices has made it own by anyone. In the recent developments. That is why. the flocked fabric is the best component as it is resistible all kinds of tribulations. Flame Retardant Clothing. Fabric laces. Laminated Fabric: What is Laminated Fabric. The first priority of the flame resistant fabric is that it should be convenient for the user. Flocked fabric is availed in loads of nonpareil designs and shapes and can be shaped in any kind of moulds easily. fabric tapes are used for wrapping. Laminated fabric adds the durability and sustains the quality. Fabric Tape Narrow fabrics are used to make the Fabric tape. Characteristics of Flocked Fabric. Black Flocked Fabric Flocked fabrics are the fabrics composed of several fabrics. Fire Resistant Fabric Fire and many other casualties are very common in the daily lives. bags. Narrow fabrics in the laces make it strong and easy to grip on. Flame Resistant Fabric: Flame Resistant Clothing. narrow fabrics are hugely demanded in the global marketplace. The combination of different elements makes the flocked fabric inherit all the nicest properties of them. laminated fabrics. carpets. Now. the attractive offers for flocked fabrics have made consumers to make most of the profit. trousers. like ropes are commonly used in the daily appliances. In addition. Flocked fabrics are known for their extraordinary gripping capabilities and since are the finest material to carve shoes or others. there has been a revolution in the designs and shapes of the Fabric laces composed of narrow fabric. Lamination is carried our by the covering the material with the protective film on all the sides. These Fabric tapes are great in appearance and stiff in the quality. Today. beds are needed to be protected from the dust and other outer particles. laminated fabric is one of the prime fabrics used for the decoration and giving the interior a luxurious touch. The good news is that such a high Page 83 . Laminated Cotton Fabric. Types of Laminated Fabric    Laminated Cotton Fabric PVC Laminated Fabric Vinyl Laminated Fabric Flocked Fabric: What is Flocked Fabric. That means it should neither be too heavy nor too thin. the usability of the narrow fabric has grown as it is light and has a splendid durability. This can be carried out through the laminated fabric. Velvet Flocked Fabric. Uses of Flocked Fabric. Laminated fabric safeguards the core thing from any kind of external particles that hampers the quality and the glaze. PVC Laminated Fabric. However it is not completely air tight as moisture is allowed to let in the for the longer life of the fabrics. in addition is used in laces and as other packaging threads as well. Also. it should have a nice look that attracts the user. In the modern times. designs and shapes have been transformed with the undue assistance of the modern tools and techniques. In seats. covers. hand bags and many more. inner garments and etc. making the material completely safe. Vinyl Laminated Fabric Sometimes the apparels. That does not let water to pass through. used to laminate all kind of clothing. Flocked fabrics are used in shirts. Also. The concept of the flame resistant fabric was possible due to the long research and experiments in the labs for several years. decorating and many other purposes. The reason behind such a reputable fame is its unending usability. Flocked fabric is used in clothing of all kinds and also in many others purposes as well.

canvas is identified by its weight in ounces per square yard and by two grading systems based on the weight of a piece of duck 36 by 22 inches (about 92 by 56 cm). Also. Fabric awnings are available in a wide variety of shapes. Awning Fabric. and protect customers. Canvas may be obtained untreated or with either flame-retardant treatment. Additionally. while providing easier cleaning. Backlighting draws focus to the customer's name. Marquees. durability and breathability are key features. and others. tightly-woven fabric . hemp. The latest flame resistant fabric is simply superb in fade and has the longest durability. runs from 1 to 12. mark the location. The materials utilised to meet this demand include canvas. with the pleasant intrusion of the big brands in the flame resistant fabric. and can be custom-designed to fit any home's unique character and style. Canvas is heavy and dense and has applications in making tents. tent duck. boat duck. Flame resistant fabric is used in variety of apparel and many others like curtains. Different Types of Canvas Available. tarpaulins. save energy by shading windows and walls. flat duck.     provide signage with dimensional impact and practical purpose. Vehicle Hood Covers. belting duck. Cover Hoods for Marine Boats Canvas is a plain weave fabric formed from cotton. their white trousers . durable fabric is required. they can complement more modern-styled homes. and winter weather. shoe uppers. when canvas has become a generic term for heavy. tough. Fabric Awnings Fabric awnings are the most practical and economic way to:  improve appearance and elevate customers' curb appeal. dimension and color. Canvas Fabric: What is Canvas Fabric. for fabric weighing less than 19 ounces (about 54 decagrams) per square yard (91. The first system. ounce duck. Besides the name of the special type of fabric. from the Dutch word doek. increases visibility and improves recognition. sizes. number duck. water-resistant treatment. but the Page 84 . increased light transmission. Awning fabrics add shape. sheets and many more.4 square cm). What is Awning. embossed wall coverings that form a substratum for paint or gilding. jute. Nowadays. linen duck. Awnings can be stationary or retractable. has made it the latest trend amidst masses especially younger generation. Backlit Awnings   Backlit awnings are a cost-effective alternative to traditional signage. and is the name for the mesh fabric on which embroidery and needlepoint are done Canvas is used in applications in which a thick. The flame resistant fabric is composed of chemicals and other components that make it easily hold in any amount of heat and flame. shoe duck. sail duck. Truck Covers. Awnings fabrics can add drama and impact to an otherwise ordinary facade.is now used for a selection of canvas. flame resistant fabric is becoming globally apt clothing and for many other usability.for instance. if there is one. does not loose the glaze or the quality level for a longer period of time. awning duck. cotton. linen. Or. Backlit Awnings Marquee material has changed dramatically from the first awnings that were available. umbrellas. shelter against harsh weather. With the awareness in the masses. Here's an attentiongetting way to advertise the business. Fabric Awnings. including army duck. They can echo the architecture of a traditional residence.polyester. and accent the decor--all at the same time. passers by. Also. rain. awnings. Marquee Fabric is mostly used for tents Introduction of the Awning Fabric Excellent awning fabrics offer endless possibilities for enhancing your home's beauty and decor. Duck. or both. canvas serves as a support for oil painting. hose duck. or – today. Marquee Fabric. and the face of the building itself from sun. upholstery. Awnings: What is Marquee. which originally referred to a particular type of linen canvas used for garments for sailors . blended polyester and cotton which provide high tensile and tear strength as well as maximum durability Materials are also available in lacquer finish making them less prone to dirt & spills. sails. and totes.quality flame resistant fabric is now easily available. colors and architectural styles. and the treatment.

so the numbered duck grades are 1. Functional finishing improves the product's performance under conditions of specific use whereas Aesthetic treatments improve the appearance or touch (sensation) of the fabric. Metal Fabric: Bronze Fabric. the fine 400 mesh is easily manipulated by folding or pleating. Fabric Finishes: Chemical Finishing for Fabrics. e. with a rip stop weave providing increased tear strength. Durable finishes for fabrics: A treatment that will last the entire life of the product but with decreasing efficiency. Use in jewellery making and combine with other etched or discharged fabrics to good effect. Functional Finishing for Fabrics. First of all. They have a wonderful sheen which is accentuated when folded. By applying the water repellent and oil repellent finish. Page 85 . Sold per ½ metre length and 100cm wide Stainless Steel Fabric Stainless Steel Fabric is an exciting and versatile fabric. The most commonly used treatments are: Crease-resistant treatment. one has to distinguish between functional and aesthetic finishing.It eliminates certain flaws or improves their touch and aspect. Shrink-resistant finish limits the tendency to shrink of cotton.g. 10. Chemical Finishing Treatment for fabrics Chemical treatment adds particular qualities and characteristics to fabrics. 3-dimensional embroidery and textile art work. 5. Renewable finishes for fabrics: Finishes that may be applied again. allowing to avoid the tendency to crease of cotton fabrics. there is a distinction between chemical treatments (wet) and mechanical treatments (dry).highest three odd numbers are not used anymore. Truck covers use a blended 50/50 Polyester/Cotton canvas. 2. 8. Shrink-Resistant Finish for Fabrics Chemical Finishing adds qualities to fabrics which they lack. calendaring (similar to pressing). 6. Other finishes add specific properties to fabrics to starch and reinforce them. Stainless Steel Fabric can also be readily coloured with a blow torch to give golds and blues. lampshade making. lampshade making. Examples of this type of treatment are starch and dirt repellent finishes. These classifications are : Temporary finish for fabrics: The finish is removed by washing or dry-cleaning. Temporary Finishes for Fabrics. 3-dimensional embroidery and textile art work. Stainless Steel Fabric Bronze is an exciting and versatile fabric. The sizing for fabric weighing 19 or more ounces per square yard is called naught duck and runs 1/0 to 6/0. Vat dyed polyester/cotton canvas cover hoods are an excellent choice for marine covers and boats as it provides excellent water resistance. Bronze Fabric can also be readily coloured with a blow torch to give golds and blues. A 6ft roll canvas is available in matt sand. which gives excellent stability. one avoids that fabrics absorb water and oil. the fine 400 mesh is easily manipulated by folding or pleating. Bronze Fabric is ideal for millinery. Permanent finishes for fabrics: Finish remaining entirely the same during the entire life of the product. growing progressively lighter in weight. Aesthetic Treatments fro Fabrics. Secondly. A third way to classify treatments is done by their degree of permanency. kaki and vat dyed black is used for vehicle hood covers. Use in jewellery making and combine with other etched or discharged fabrics to good effect. 4. with the largest number representing 24 ounces (about 68 decagrams) for the measure of duck. and 12. The softening finish improves the touch of the fabric. 3. They have a wonderful sheen which is accentuated when folded. Sold per ½ meter length and 100cm wide. Crease-Resistant Finish for Fabrics. Stainless Steel is ideal for millinery.

Nylon Burn Test. Use a small piece of fabric only. Linen Burn Test. for the most part fire proof. Fabric Raising and suede: It consist of cutting certain fibres on the surface of the fabric to give them a soft and velvety aspect. Silk samples are not as easily extinguished as cotton or linen. The flame is steady but more difficult to keep burning. Linen is easily extinguished by blowing on it as you would a candle. Flammability Testing / Flammability Test Cotton Burn Test: Linen Burn Test: Silk Burn Test: Cotton is a plant fiber. There is a variant to calendering called honeycomb by which embossed patterns are engraved on the surface of the fabric. It is carried out by compressing the cotton to reduce its shrinking capacity. Polyester Burn Test This should only be done by skilled burners! Make sure there is a bucket of water nearby and that you burn in a metal bucket or non-plastic sink. man made fiber. Raising is obtained by grating the fabric with metallic points. Fabric Identification: Fabric Burn Test. Silk is a protein fiber and usually burns readily. The fabric closest to the ash is very brittle. an inexperienced person can still determine the difference between many fibers to "narrow" the choices down to natural or man made fibers. The ash is easily crumbled. not necessarily with a steady flame. The ash left is easily crumbled. and smells like burning hair. Acetate burns readily with a flickering flame that cannot be easily extinguished. Sanforising: It allows to prevent the cotton from shrinking when washed. The smell of burning wool is like burning hair. The smell is acrid or harsh. The burning cellulose drips and leaves a hard ash. However. This elimination process will give information necessary to decide the care of the fabric. Wool Burn Test. WARNING All fibers will burn! Asbestos treated fibers are. Cotton Burn Test. To identify fabric that is unknown. A match or cigarette dropped on an acrylic blanket can ignite the fabric which will burn rapidly unless extinguished. When ignited it burns with a steady flame and smells like burning leaves. The burning test should be done with caution. air filled pockets. The result is burning drips which can adhere to fabric or skin and cause a serious burn. or a blend of natural and man made fibers. Silk Burn Test. Acrylic: Acrylic technically acrylonitrile is made from natural gas and petroleum. not your fingers. a simple burn test can be done to determine if the fabric is a natural fiber. The burn test is used by many fabric stores and designers and takes practice to determine the exact fiber content. Fiber Burn Test. Acrylics burn readily due to the fiber content and the lofty. Linen takes longer to ignite. Some fabrics will ignite and melt. Page 86 . Man Made Fibers Acetate : Acetate is made from cellulose (wood fibers). technically cellulose acetate. The ash is hard. and sueding by the friction of sandpaper.Fabric Calendering: Consists of submitting the fabric to a high pressure between two cylinders at high temperature. Wool Burn Test: Wool is also a protein fiber but is harder to ignite than silk as the individual "hair" fibers are shorter than silk and the weave of the fabrics is generally looser than with silk. Burn over a metal dish with soda in the bottom or even water in the bottom of the dish. The smell is similar to burning wood chips. Linen is also a plant fiber but different from cotton in that the individual plant fibers which make up the yarn are long where cotton fibers are short. Hold the fabric with tweezers. Rayon Burn Test. Small samples of burning cotton can be blown out as you would a candle. which will give a bright and ironed aspect.

Strength Testing. This is symptomatic of the way in which the fabrics are produced. Weight Testing. Fabric wrinkling testing and evaluation. The burning smell is close to burning leaves Blends: Blends consist of two or more fibers and. Burst Strength Testing. Rayon Burn Test: Rayon is a regenerated cellulose fiber which is almost pure cellulose. Causes of Barre in Fabric. The burning test can be used but the fabric content will be an assumption. The factors which can cause or contribute to fabric barre are varied and diverse Fabric Barre is defined as unintentional. Prevention of Barre in Fabric. Fastness in relation to manufacturing processes. Degradation testing Fabric Appearance Testing: Pilling testing and Evaluation. ideally. Fabric sizing agents. As consumers develop a heightened awareness of the ethical issues associated with textile manufacturing it is important for reassurances to be made which inevitable demands a greater level of testing. results of which can be used for both determining quality or to meet industry standards. and petroleum products. geometric differences in the fabric structure or by any combination of these differences. Fabric abrasion resistance. Fabric Stretch Properties. What is Barre. water. Wash Fastness. Finishes testing. Seam puckering evaluation.Nylon Burn Test: Nylon is a polyamide made from petroleum. air. Tensile Strength Testing. Tear Strength testing. Fabric Fluorescent whitening agents. printing tests Fabric Barre: Barre Fabric. Strength Testing. Mechanical Testing. Nylon melts and then burns rapidly if the flame remains on the melted fiber.    Fibre properties Yarn characterisitics . it smells like burning plastic. Fabric Barre is basically a visual phenomenon and any property of yarn which makes it 'look' different from the adjacent yarn in a fabric would result in this defect. Chemical Testing. Fabric dimensional stability testing. Fabric Colorants testing. Thickness Testing. Fabric Testing : Physical Testing. Seam Strength Testing. Auxiliaries testing. the warp (or length) direction. If you can keep the flame on the melting nylon. burning ash can bond quickly to any surface it drips on including skin. Pilling Testing. Polyester melts and burns at the same time. Testing the Aesthetic properties of fabrics Fabric Chemical Testing: This involves Chemical identification of fibers. The extinguished ash is hard. Warp Streaks In textile industry. Light reflectance of a fabric Fabric Permeability Testing Dyeing and colouring tests for fabrics: Light Fastness. repetitive visual pattern of continuous bars or stripes usually parallel to the filling of woven fabric or to the courses of circular knit fabric. Fabric Surfactants. In warp knits. optical or dye differences in the yarns. Fabric Barre can be due to the following Page 87 Knitting parameters In weft knit fabrics Barre is taken to include only those fabric defects charecterised by coursewise (widthwise) repearing bars or stripes. are supposed to take on the characteristics of each fiber in the blend. Polyester Burn Test: Polyester is a polymer produced from coal. the melting. Fabric Barre is sometimes used as a synonym for warp streaks Fabric Barre can be caused by physical. Types of Fabric Testing Physical Testing and Mechanical Testing: This involves Fabric Weight and Thickness Testing. Rayon burns rapidly and leaves only a slight ash. Barre. Tensile Strength Testing Fabric Testing is central to the assessment of any fabric. one of the most common and perplexing quality cotrol problems is barre(repetitive yarn direction streaks). Fastness in relation to environmental factors. Fabric quality. The smoke from polyester is black with a sweetish smell. Synthetic sizing agents.

or finished white). Color differences can be masked by using shades with very low light reflectance (navy blue. consistency must be maintained through all phases of textile production. Before beginning full scale production. Barre can be caused by physical. or dye differences in the yarns. if the cause of the barre is an uneven distribution of oil or wax. Also. or by any combination of these differences. To prevent Barre form occuring. With close cooperation between production and quality control personnel. All equipement should be properly maintained and periodically checked. sample dyeings can be done to check for Barre. It is the inconsistency or the variability of the particular property which results in Barre The properties which are the causes of Barre are given below. Salvaging a fabric lot with a Barre problem may be possible through careful dye selection. barre problems can be successfully analysed and solved. a more thorough preparation of the fabric prior to dyeing may result in more uniform dye coverage.a "shadow band" It is not the inadequacy of the raw material property which results in Barre. Barre is caused by inconsistencies in materials. or processing. geometric differences in the fabric structure. Inventory should be controlled on a First In/ First Out basis. orange. equipment. Stock yarns should be properly and carefully labelled to avoid mixups. black) or high light reflectance (light yellow.Causes of Fabric Barre All barre is the consequence of subtle differences in yarn reflectance between individual yarn in the knit structure. Any mechanism that can change the reflectance of a yarn in a knit structure is a potential barre source. optical. A barre streak can be one course or end wide or it can be several . Page 88 .  Fibre Micronaire variation         Fibre color variation Yarn linear density variation Yarn twist variation Yarn hairiness variation Knitting tension variation Improper mixing of cotton from different origin Improper mixing of cotton from different varieties Improper mixing of cotton grown in different seasons Prevention of Fabric Barre As outlined. Fugitive tints can be useful for accurate yarn segregation. Dye suppliers should be able to offer assistance in this area.

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