Fabric Weaves : About Weaves, Weaves of Fabrics, Types of Weaves, Plain Weave, Satin Weave, Twill Weave, Basket

Weave, Jacquard weave, Rib Weave, Dobby Weave, Leno Weave, Oxford Weave, Cut Pile, Uncut Pile, Double Knit
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About Weaves Plain Weave Satin Weave Twill Weave Basket Weave Jacquard Weave Rib Weave Dobby Weave Leno Weave Oxford Weave Cut Pile Uncut Pile Double Knit

Fabric Weave: Weave, About Weaves, Types of Fabric Weaves, Ancient Textile Art and Craft, Woven on Dobby and Jacquard Looms
Fabric weave is the pattern of weave or structure given to the fabric. It is an ancient textile art and craft, which places two, threads or yarn onto a warp and weft of a loom to produce a cloth. The woven cloth can be plain, in single color or in a simple pattern, or it may be woven in decorative or artistic designs. Fabrics are woven on jacquard looms or dobby looms. The simple weave is usually done on a dobby looms where as the complicated patterns are done on the jacquard looms. The weave on the jacquard looms is controlled by a computer. Jacquard looms are more popular and more economical. It weaves fast and in bulk.

Plain Weave: Weaves in Textiles, What is Plain Weave, Plain Weave Properties, and Plain Weave Fabrics
Plain weave is a basic style of weaves, which have the weft and warp threads interwined in an alternate way to produce a checkerboard effect. It is also known as one-up-one-down weave or over and under pattern. Plain weave is the simplest and most common interlacing of warp and weft. In this, the warp and weft are of equal tension and spacing and it is equally visible on the surface.

Plain Weave Characteristics / Plain Weave Properties
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It is snag resistant. It wrinkles. It has lower tear strength.

Plain Weave Fabrics: Chiffon, Cendal, Habutai, Honan, Mousseline de Soie, Ninnon, Organza, Pongee, Rajah (trade
name) - warp yarn is 4 thread organized - filling is heavier., Shantung, Sharkskin, Sheer - Mostly plain but could be various weaves., Spun Rayon, Taffeta, Tissue Taffeta, Warp-print Taffeta, Tussah - Usually plain but also in twill.

Satin Weave: What is Satin Weave, Satin Weave Properties, Satin Weave Fabric, Satin Weave Pattern
Satin weave is a more flexible type of weave than the plain weave but it is more complicated. In this weave construction, the interlacing of the threads are arranged in such a way that the face of the cloth is covered with the warp yarn or filling yarn and no twill line is distinguishable. Satin Weave is made by "floating" warp or weft yarns across many yarns to bring them to the surface. The interlacing float over 4 or more than 4 yarns before a single interlacing like 4/1, 7/1 or 11/1.

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If filament fibers are used such as silk or nylon, the resulting fabric is termed as "satin." If the short-staple yarns are used like cotton, the corresponding fabric is said to be a "sateen." In satin, the float is in warp direction where as in sateen, it is in the filling direction.

Satin Weave Properties | Properties of Satin Weave
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It is flat and lustrous with a smooth surface. The surface slides easily for linings. The long floats like 7/1 or 11/1 and filament fabrics are subject to snagging and is poor resistant to abrasion. The shorter floats like 4/1 or ¼ and spun fabrics may be tough, compact and durable with low luster.

Satin Weave Fabric | Satin Weave Pattern | Satin Fabric
Brocade: The pattern may be satin on a twill ground or twill on a satin ground. Brocatelle: Satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground Camocas: It had a satin base and was diapered like fine linen. Crepe-back satin, satin-back crepe, crepe-satin, or satin-crepe: Satin weave on the face and a crepe effect on the
back

Duchesse Satin Double-face Satin: Yarn woven with two warps and one filling, to simulate a double satin construction. Has satin on both
sides.

Paillette Satin Peau de Soie Satin-back: Satin on one side and anything on the other. Satin-back Crepe: A reversible cloth with satin on one side and crepe on the other. Satin Faconne Slipper Satin Velvet Satin

Twill Weave: What is Twill Weave, Twill Weave Characteristics, Twill Weave Fabrics
Twill weave is characterized by the effect of parallel diagonal ribs formed left-to-right or right-to-left. It is created by the interlacing of 2 or 3 warp threads over 1 or 2 filling thread in an alternate rows. The resulting fabric is more pliable and drapeable than the plain or basket weave but less pliable than satin. Twill weave which has more warps than the wefts floating on the face of the fabric is called warp faced and those with wefts predominating is known as weft faced.

Twill Weave Characteristics | Twill Characteristics
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It has fewer interlacing than plain weave. It is durable and heavier. It is wrinkle resistant. It is resistant to showing soil and soiling. The twill direction is defined as left or right hand or variation. It is more raveling than plain weave. It is more pliable drape and hand than plain weave.

Twill Weave Fabrics
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Bayadere Brocade - The pattern may be satin on a twill ground or twill on a satin ground. Brocatelle - Satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground. Covert cloth Drill Duchess - twill on back.

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Foulard Gabardine Herringbone Jean Jersey Serge Surah Ticking Tussah Velvet - Mostly made with a plain back but some with a twill. Worsted cheviot

Basket Weave: Basket Weaving, What is Basket Weave, How to Basket Weave, Basket Weave Fabric
Basket weave is a variation of the plain weave. In this, two or more than two warps yarns cross alternately side-by-side with two or more than two filling yarns. This type of weave resembles a plaited basket. In basket weave the fabrics have a loose construction and a flat appearance. The weave is more pliable and stronger than a plain weave but it is not as stable. It is less smooth but have a pleasant texture surface.

Basket Weave Fabric
Basket weave is typically used in composites industry. It is also used as outerwear, monk's cloth and drapery fabrics

Jacquard Weave: What is Jacquard Weave, Characteristics of Jacquard Weave, Jacquard Weave Fabric, Uses of Jacquard Weave
Jacquard weave is used to produce patterned fabrics. The intricate patterns or figures are created all over the fabrics. It is woven on a jacquard loom. Jacquard loom differs with standard looms. It has a jacquard attachment or a punch card. In jacquard loom, the warp yarns is individually controlled and not in groups. This allows creating more complex designs. Jacquard weave was invented by French named Joseph Marie Jacquard. Fabrics of jacquard weave are costly because it involves more time and skill in making the Jacquard cards to produce new pattern. Moreover the weaving operation is also very slow.

Characteristics of Jacquard Weave | Jacquard Characteristics
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The fabrics have the tendency to have floats. It has luster contrasts. It has snagging potential. It is more stable and resilient than the basic weaves.

Jacquard Weave Fabric: Brocade, Brocatelle, Matelasse, Satin Faconne - Jacquard figured fabric with an all-satin weave
background.

Uses of Jacquard Weave
Jacquard weave is used for upholstery and drapery materials like brocades, brocatelle, tapestries, and matelasses.

Rib Weave: Rib Weave Fabric, Characteristics of Rib Weave, Properties of Rib Weave, Fabrics with Rib Weave
Rib weave is a basic weave pattern which is characterized by prominent ribs in the weft. In this type of weave, the warp yarns and the filling yarns are of different widths. Usually the filling yarns are fatter than the warp yarns. Rib Weave Creates a series of horizontal ribs.

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Properties of Rib Weave
Rib weave has a substantially higher number of yarns per inch only in one direction. Several yarns are grouped together to form one. The resulting fabrics of rib weave are abrasion resistant and have tear strength.

Rib Weave Fabrics: Boyardee, Broadcloth, Cord fabric, Faille, Ottoman, Poplin, Shantung, Taffeta

Dobby Weave: What is Dobby Weave, Characteristics of Dobby Weave, Dobby Fabrics, Dobby Textiles, Uses of Dobby Weave
Dobby weave is a patterned fabric like jacquard weave but the patterns are smaller. Dobby Weave produces an allover figured fabrics. The figures are bird's eye, small diamonds with a dot at the center, or smaller geometric patterns. The construction of the Dobby weave is very complex and the design is repeated frequently. Dobby weave is created on dobby machines. The machine selectively raises some warp threads and selectively depresses others with the help of a dobby card. Dobbies vary in weight or compactness. It ranges from very fine to coarse and fluffy yarns. The standard dobbies are generally flat and relatively fine or sheer.

Dobby Fabrics / Dobby Textiles: Brocade, Moss Crepe, Matelasse Uses of Dobby Weave
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A good example of dobby weave is stripes or waffle cloth but the designs need to be straight vertically or horizontally. Heavyweight dobby fabrics are used as home furnishings and for heavy apparel.

Leno Weave: What is Leno Weave, Leno Weave Fabric, Mock Leno Weave, Leno Weaving, Uses of Leno Weave
Leno weave has two or more warp threads crossing over each other and interlacing with one or more than one filling threads. A leno weave fabric is very sheer and durable with no yarn slippage. It is stronger and firmer permitting the passage of both light and air through it. Leno weave fabric is also called as gauze or doup weave. The fabric was primarily used to prevent shifting of fibers in the open weave fabrics. It maintains uniformity of threads and minimizes the distortion of threads

Mock Leno Weave
A Woven Fabric Made On a Dobby Loom With an Open Mesh Design that Simulates a Leno Weave by Interlacing and Grouping the Warp and Weft Yarns with Spaces Between the Groups. Warp Yarns are Not Paired as in a true Leno Weave.

Characteristics of Leno Weave
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It has open-weave effect. It has low yarn count. It is a good dimensional stability. It has lesser yarn slippage.

Leno Weave Fabric: Gauze, Grenadine, Net, Tulle Uses of Leno Weave
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Grinding wheel reinforcement Light-weight membrane Laminating fabrics Marquisette Blankets (medium weight)

Types of Leno weave: Mock Leno Weave

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The cut pile is always twisted so that the shape is maintained uniformly. the height and texture of the yarn is determined by the surface and texture of the uncut pile. extra large and beach towels are uncut piles for greater wear of the fabric Loop Pile Fabric       Terry Cloth Terry Velour . or patterned with cut and uncut pile. Hand towels. The regularity or irregularity of the loops. Frise . The pile may be either cut or uncut. It is mainly used in apparel.Oxford Weave: Oxford Weave Fabric. Cisele Velvet . Added backing helps to strengthen it further. Saxony . bath towels. Manufacturers make use of a high twist in the yarn to stop or minimize the development of holes. The unbalanced construction of the fabric causes the thin yarns to break and leave tiny holes. density of the tufts and the amount of twist in the yarn.A knitted fabric that is smooth on one side and has an uncut loop pile on the underside. It is soft. In this type of weave the face of the carpet is composed of cut ends of pile yarn. Fabrics with Uncut Pile. beautiful and hugs the floor better. Loop Pile Carpet. thicker yarn in the filling direction. Looser twisting creates a luxurious look and feel but it does not hold its shape well. Uses of Oxford Weave. The strongest carpet is made with uncut pile weave.This is a dense cut pile where the yarns are treated to make each tuft end distinguishable at the surface. Not quite as heavy as Fleece. Oxford Weave is fine. The tops of the loops are cut in an uniform length. Loop Pile Fabric Uncut pile. Characteristics of Uncut Pile. Cut Pile: Overview of Cut Pile. the less bulky is the carpet.A velvet with a pattern formed by contrast in cut and uncut loops Page 5 .Heavier than velvet. Characteristics of Oxford Weave. thin warp yarns woven to every soft.A pile weave cotton fabric with an uncut pile on one side and a cut pile on the reverse side. Uses of Uncut Pile. It has more longevity than other carpet weaves. Cut Pile Fabric Cut pile is a carpet fabric. All the yarns in shirts made of oxford weave receive the same care. French Terry . Oxford weave is commonly found in cotton shirting but is also available in a wide variety of fibers and weights. Characteristics of Oxford Weave    It is fine. Uses of Oxford Weave The primary use of oxford weave fabric is in cotton shirting. soft and lightweight. Uncut pile has clear detail in design. It is also used in other forms of apparel. The tighter the twist is. It is soft. Oxford Fabric Oxford weave fabric consists of two. Characteristics of Cut Pile. It is lightweight.A warp-pile upholstery fabric. Marquette . Cut Pile Fabric     Cisele Velvet Velvet Satin Velour . but oxford weave do develop tiny pinholes. Cut Pile is one of the most popular constructions for carpets. but the constant abrasion in the wear causes the thin yarns to weaken and tear. Cut Pile is durable but the durability depends upon the type of fiber. which does not show the footprints. also known as loop pile or rounded loops.Made usually with uncut loops in all-over pattern. Uncut Pile: Loop Pile. The Fabrics with uncut pile is very strong because the loops of the yarn run continuously from face of the carpet through its back. is a finish of the fabric without cutting the yarns.

Types of Double a Knit Cotton Double Knit Wool Double Knit Cotton. Either side can be utilized as the right side. which has loops on both sides. Double knit fabric is constructed on multi-feed circular knitting machines. Jackets. Uses of Fabrics. Skirts. Cotton Double Knit.Double Knit: What is Double Knit. Doublets. Bandages (the single knit curls) Fabrics: About Fabrics. Uses of Double Knit. Fabric Testing                                About Fabrics Batik Fabric Dyed Fabric Embroidered Fabric Printed Fabric Painted Fabric Cotton Fabric Silk Fabric Wool Fabric Leather Fabric Hemp fabric Coir Fabric Jute Fabric Linen Fabric Ramie Fabric Fabric Blends Acetate Fabric Acrylic Fabric Latex Fabric Nylon Fabric Polyester Fabric Rayon Fabric Spandex Fabric Fabric Textures Corduroy Fabric Denim Fabric Diaper Cloth Dimity Fabric Flannel Fabric Page Drill Fabrics Duck Fabric 6 . The Double knit fabric is very sturdily constructed and is heavier in weight. Types of Fabric. wool. front as well as back. Scarf’s. Wool Double Knit Double knit is a circular knit fabric. silk. Double knit fabric controls the shrinkage and dry-cleans well. Tunics. Double knit is made with a double set of needles to create a double thickness of fabric. Fabric Characteristics. Each thickness of the Double knit fabric is joined by interlocking stitches. An article of double knit is a two faced clothe. Hats.   Uses of Double Knit: Pants. The two layers of loops formed is not possible to separate. worsted. Double knit fabrics a type of fabric originated in Milan and Florence. rayon and synthetics are favorable for double knit. Characteristics of Double Knit. History of Double Knit.

Distressed Leather Page                                                     Gauze Fabric Lawn Fabric Matelasse Fabric Muslin Fabric Organdy Fabric Sheeting Fabric Terry Fabric Velvet fabric Poplin Fabric Chintz Fabric Chenille Fabric Chambray Fabric Velour Fabric Voile Fabric Silk Fabric Textures Brocade Fabric Crepe Fabric Chiffon Fabric Faille Fabric Georgette Fabric Pesu de soie Organza Fabric Broadcloth Fabric Charmeuse Fabric Taffeta Fabric Damask Fabric Tulle Fabric Wool Fabric Textures Beaver Cloth Challis Fabric Cheviot Fabric Chinchilla Cloth Gabardine Fabric Herringbone Wool Homespun Wool Houndstooth Check Lambsdown Loden Fabric Oatmeal Cloth Panama Cloth Tweed Fabric Linen Fabric Characteristics Venise Fabric Butcher's Linen Leather Fabric Textures Aniline Leather Nubuck Leather Suede Leather Corrected Leather Crust Leather PU Coated Leather 7 .

Barre in Fabrics Page                                                     Embossed Leather Sauvage Leather Split Leather Fabric Comparison Chart Fabric Finish Coated Fabric Felted Fabric Handmade Fabric Knitted Fabric Non Woven Fabric Stitched Fabric Woven Fabric Apparel Fabric Beachwear Fabric Blanket Fabric Curtain Fabric Drapery Fabric Home Furnishing Fabric Hosiery Fabric Industrial Fabric Interlining Fabric Mattress Fabric Outdoor Fabric Packing Fabric Pintuck Fabric Quilting Fabric Rug and Carpet Fabric Tapestry Fabric Tent Fabric Tarpaulin Fabric Umbrella Fabric Upholstery Fabric Fiberglass Fabric Filter Fabric Carbon Fabric Vinyl Fabric PTFE Fabric Crewel Fabric Stretch Fabric Reflective Fabric Polyethylene Fabric Narrow Fabric Laminated Fabric Flocked Fabric Flame Resistant Fabric Marquees and Awnings Canvas Fabric Metal Fabric Fabric Finishes Identification Of Fabrics Fabric Testing 8 .

point or to make dots. The word batik is believed to be originated from the word 'ambatik'. Malaysia and Indonesia is leading in batik industry. In textile trade. India and Central Asia. animals. Instead. Fabric is formed from different types of fibers sourced from vegetables. The ancient method of batik process involved drawing on the cloth with a wooden pen and then waxes it. China and some of the African countries. Uses of Batik Batik is an art that applies specialized method to dye the fabric. The more number of colors the fabric has. plants. The last century has seen the formation of different types of fabric used in a large number of industries. How to Make a Batik. commonly cotton or silk. Today. known as 'canting'. Fabric are manufactured in wide varieties and design. the process has to be repeated. Batik Process | How to Batik In the batik process. Fabric Applications | Fabric Uses A variety of fabrics find application in           Home Furnishings Industrial Furnishings Apparels and Garments Draperies Automotives Medical Institutions Geo Textiles Boating Toys Furniture Batik Fabric : Batik. Scratch and starch resist is some of the other methods involved in batik painting. which is wax-free. The fabric is dried and then heated to remove the wax from the fabric. minerals etc. The industry is also thriving in the Philippines. What is Batik. Thailand. which are finally used for manufacturing different types of fabrics. Batik Method. meaning 'a cloth with little dots'. The invention of computer has added more new and exciting patterns to the existing collections. These fibers are then processed into yarns. Indonesia. Previously. animals. And the different design and effect is produced on the fabric with the help for various mechanism which is helpful to from different weaves and lots of design which enhances the look of apparels. The finest batik cloth is still made in Java. The hand painting is done with the help of a pen filled with wax. or 'caps' was developed. Fabric Definition. The popular batik patterns are flowers. The batik of Indonesia is unique and unparalleled.About Fabrics : What is a Fabric. gets colored. large copper stamps. The area. the area where the pattern is to be done is not painted. Batik is most prevalent on the Indonesian Island of Java. the term fabric is often used as a synonym for cloth. Evidence of batik has been found some 2000 years ago in Middle East. birds. A variety of fabrics are manufactured either wholly from a particular fiber or blended with different fibers for obtaining certain required properties. 'Tik' also mean little dot. Fabric Applications. It is also thought that. batik fabrics and garments were worn by upper class people only but today it is available for general population Batik Method | How to Make a Batik Page There are different ways to create batik. What is Batik Fabric. Batik Definition. drop. Germany. There are more than 3. True origin of batik is a mystery. which allowed for large scale application of wax. But with the rise of Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. The fabric is then immersed in dye. How to Batik. Stencil is used in screen-printing process of batik. Batik Process. Define Batik. 9 . insects and some of the geometric forms. Fabric Uses A fabric is a flexible material formed as a result of interlacing of natural or synthetic fibers (thread or yarn) formed by weaving or knitting.000 of such designs or patterns. Dutch. wax is applied to the area which has to go pattern-less. It was similar to tie dye techniques. The splash processes of batik splashes or pours the wax onto the cloth. batik may have been derived from the Javanese (in Java) word 'tritik' which means a dying process where the patterns are done after tying and sewing the areas. Meaning of Batik. Define Fabric.

wool and silk fibers. Kermes. indigo.  Batik sarees are very popular in India as well as around the world. scarves and household accessories. tablecloths. woad. Acid Dyeing. wool. cochineal. The dyes are ground finely in the presence of a dispersing agent. Substantive Dyeing. Usually cotton. Cross-Stitch. Direct Dyeing. Dyed Fabric is colored by substances. Blackwork Embroidery. vegetable or mineral origin with no or very little processing Animal origin dyes are like Tyrian purple. paper. alizarin (madder). towels and bedding. or powders. Bargello or Florentine Embroidery. silk and nylon is dyed. Counted Thread Embroidery. These dyes are obtained from animal. wall hangings. Assisi Embroidery. Direct Dyeing or Substantive Dyeing / Direct Dye or Substantive Dye: Direct Dyeing process uses either sodium chloride or sodium sulphate in neutral or little alkaline dyebath. Types of Dyeing / Types of Dyes Acid Dyeing / Acid Dye: In Acid Dyeing process. water-soluble anionic dyes are applied to fibers from neutral to acid dyebaths. wool. Dyed Fabric : Types of Dyeing. light and perspiration fastness.Uses of Batik  Batik is widely used to apparel. leather. which has an affinity to the substrate to the fabric it is applied to. Types of Embroidered Fabrics. which forms a chemical bond with an hydroxyl group on the cellulosic fiber. Azoic Dyeing / Azoic Dye: In Azoic Dyeing an insoluble azo dye is produced directly onto or within the fiber in this process. nylon and modified acrylic are dyed. polyester and acrylic fibers. Embroidery is done to decorate clothing and household furnishings like table linens. home furnishing. Reactive Dyeing / Reactive Dye: In Reactive Dyeing dye contain a reactive group. developed for dyeing cellulose acetate. Disperse Dyeing. It is applied to the fiber in a weakly alkaline dyebath. Uncountable number of dyes have since then been prepared improving the properties with every attempt. etc. Crewel Embroidery. Reduction in alkaline liquor gives the water soluble alkali metal salt of the dye. turmeric. tray cloths. Azoic Dyeing Dyed fabric is the fabric. Iron buff is a good example of inorganic dyes Mauveine was the first man made organic dye discovered by William Henry Perkin in 1856. This form dyes the textile fiber. This is achieved by the treatment with a diazo component and a coupling component. Embroidered fabric is made by stitching strands of a material on another material layer to give a decorative designs and patterns. Bunka Sishu. Batik paintings by artists grace homes and offices. The fastness of the color and its permanency depends upon the dye and the process used. It is also used as a form of art through the creation of pictures in tapestries and wall hangings. Vegetable origin dyes are contributed by safflower. spray dried. Drawn Thread Work. which has been made from the colored fibers. Mordant Dyeing / Mordant Dye: Mordant Dyeing process requires the use of mordent (a dyeing substance) to improve the fastness of the dye on the fiber like water. haloheterocycle or activated double bond. Page 10 . It is used to dye nylon. triacetate. Canvas Work. Basic Dyeing. Usually fibers of silk. Mordent Dyeing. Reactive Dyeing. Vat Dyeing. canvas. Embroidered Fabric : Embroidery History. Disperse Dyeing / Disperse Dye: In Disperse Dyeing a substantially water insoluble. logwood. Basic Dyeing / Basic Dye: In Basic Dyeing Process Water soluble cationic dyes are applied mainly to acrylic. It is in the form of paste. Vat Dyeing / Vat Dye: In Vat Dyeing process dye is insoluble in water and does not dye fiber directly.

which looks like oil paintings. Bargello Embroidered Fabric or Florentine Embroidered Fabric / Bargello Embroidery or Florentine Embroidery: This is also called Flame stitch. Hardanger Embroidered Fabric / Hardanger Embroidery: This is a form of embroidery which is worked in white yarn of a colored Hardanger cloth by using drawn thread work. but here the threads from the warp and the weft of even weave fabric piece is removed and are grouped or bundled together into a variety of patterns. creative work on individual pieces as well as for mass produced clothing products. Types of Embroidered Fabrics Assisi Embroidered Fabric / Assisi Embroidery: It is counted thread embroidery from Italian town of Assisi started in the 13th century. Machine embroidery can be used for both. Cross-Stitch Embroidered Fabric / Croos sttich Embroidery: This is a popular form of counted-thread embroidery where X-shaped are used to form a picture. Indians elaborated in gold and metal embroideries where as Italians crafted delicate laces and cutwork. Traditionally embroidery was done by hand but now it is also machine embroidered. Embroidery History The use of embroidered fabric dates back to 3000 BC in Egypt. Goldwork Embroidered Fabric / Goldwork Embroidery: The use of gold upon the fabric. Scandinavians counted techniques like Hardanger in evenweave fabrics. Crewel Embroidered Fabric / Crewel Embroidery: This is at least a thousand years old. Direct Printing A printed fabric has a pattern printed on it either with ink or dye. Printed fabrics are tightly woven with rich woven designs and patterns. Blackwork Embroidered Fabric / Blackwork Embroidery: This is a simple form of embroidery where black thread is used on white or off-white fabric. simple earth tones or fake fur fluorescent. Crewel wool has a long staple and can be strongly twisted apart from its being fine. It is usually a flat fabric woven from a variety of threads such as acrylics. Whitework Embroidered Fabric / Whitework Embroidery: This is white embroidery done on white material in mercerized cottons. Bunka Sishu Embroidered Fabric / Bunka Sishu Embroidery: This is a Japanese embroidery style originating in the 20th century. cottons and polyesters cotton. Literally any evenly woven fabric can be embroidered. Other stitches like ¼. Canvas Work Embroidered Fabric / Canvas Work Embroidery: This is embroidery on canvas. Copperplate Printing. Drawn Thread Work Embroidered Fabric / Drawn Thread Embroidery: This is also a form of counted-thread embroidery. Page 11 . Roller Printing.Most embroidery is done by using thread or wool stitched onto a woven fabric. It is also known as voiding. Dye Sublimation. Pigment Printing. It is free style embroidery. The Chinese mastered in silk-thread embroidery. It adds color and glamour to the fabrics with bright printed floral or subtle replicating patterns. a negative embroidery. which uses a unique stepped satin stitch. Printed Fabrics : What is Fabric Printing. ½ and ¾ are also termed as cross-stitch. nylons. It creates very detailed pictures. Types of Fabric Printing. The word crewel is derived from the curl in the staple of the wool. where background is filled while the motif is left blank. Evenweave fabric is usually used and the fabric threads are counted by th e embroidered before starting the embroidery. Block Printing. Since then different culture has contributed their unique designs and technique. Counted-thread Embroidered Fabric / Counted thread Embroidery: This produces a symmetrical image because the warp and weft fabric threads are evenly spaced.

Today.C. tablecloths and bed sheets. the fabric is fed into a giant set of rollers where a one of the rollers continually imparted a design on the fabric as it rolled past. Ginning. home furnishings . Pigment Printing: Pigment Printing is the process where pigment is used for printing. Copperplate Printing: Copperplate Printing process was used on silk which is a pattern printed by disposition. Dye Sublimation: In Dye Sublimation Process. Fabric Printing / Types of Fabric Printing Block Printing: Block Printing was first developed in China. Weaving. It is the mainstay of the garment and soft furnishings industries. Fabric Painting Patterns Fabric Geometric Pattern Fabric Craft Patterns Usually floral designs are popular. Singeing. Direct Printing: Direct Printing is a type of digital printing to fabric which accepts the ink from inkjet coated printer similar to inkjet paper Painted Fabric : Fabric Painting Patterns. Characteristics of Cotton Fabric. The image is placed on top of polyester. a shrub native to the tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old World and the New World. Page 12 . a material is directly converted into a gaseous state from solid dying the threads. In this type of printing the carvers use to carve fine work on wooden block and then cover it with ink. New technique use paper that is run through an inkjet printer and then ironed on to fabric. Mercerizing. Dyeing. religious figures are also painted and used for religious occasions. The wood is pressed upon the fabric to create duplicate pattern of the original. Bleaching. The fibre is most often spun into thread and used to make a soft. Usually vertical lines are created on the fabric by this process. Roller Printing: In Roller type of printing. Cotton cloth has been used since primitive ages dating back to about 3000 B. breathable textile. Hand Painted Fabric Painting on fabrics is a very old method of decorating the cloths made. The printed designs are usually associated with thinner and delicate fabrics.Printed fabric is a traditional choice for upholstered furniture. Fabric Finishes and Treatments. the main uses of cotton is in the form of garments. Desizing. Finishing. Fabric Floral Patterns. Different patterns in different colors are painted to add to the decor of the room.    Fabric Floral Pattern Uses of Hand Painted Fabric     Wall hangings Table cloths Garments Upholstery Cotton Fabric : Process of Creating Cotton Fabric. and industrial cloths. Cotton Fabric is noted for its versatility and its natural comfort. an image is digitally printed in reverse with a special type of dye sublimation toners or inks onto regular media. Pen is available in fabric stores that is used to draw on paper and then set the paper over the fabric and press it with hot iron. Fabric Craft Patterns. It is done by hand. Spinning. Fabric Geometric Patterns. In scientific terms. Garments are also painted to enhance the beauty of the cloth. In wall hangings. Scouring. Uses of Cotton Fabric Cotton is a soft fibre that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant. Painted fabric is popular in wall hangings.

In this process. but it is not necessary for the fabric to undergo all the process for e. production of cotton is one of the major factors in world prosperity and economic stabilit Process of Creating the Cotton Fabric Cotton fiber undergoes several processes to reach the stage of final cloth. It is hydrophilic. Page 13 . This process involves the making of yarn from the cotton fiber. To resist this. Desizing: Desizing process involves removing the size material from warp yarns in woven fabrics. Scouring: The cleaning part of the fabrics are involved in Scouring process.It drapes well. resulting protection from heat in summer and cold in winter For the fabrics strength. Weaving: Weaving is the most important process in the making of cotton cloth. which means that cotton have excellent absorbing capabilities. It is obtained from a bushy plant scientifically known as Gossypium. Finishing: Finishing process. The blending of cotton also gives a bouncy and elasticity property to the cotton. and sometimes with the sticky seeds. Mercerizing: In this process. shrink free and stretch free. two yarn is placed to make warp and weft of a loom which successively turn them into a cloth. The cotton yarns are made of different thickness in this stage. The fruit (boll) part of the plant is used to make cotton fabric. It is flame retardant. It is easy to handle and sew. durable. Cotton wrinkles easily. cotton is made sun protected by treating it with UV protecting agent. absorbency quality. cotton is being blended with many other natural or synthetic fibers. This is done in the cotton field with the help of machines. capacity to be washed and dyed. durable and suitable to resist all kinds of weather. It traps air within the fabric structure and help for a thermal insulation process.Cloth made of cotton is more comfortable. It has good strength. grain bags cloth are used unbleached. cotton has become the principal clothing fabric of the world. Singeing: Singeing process burns off the fibers sticking in the goods. 100% untreated cotton fabric has pleasant matte luster. Characteristics of Cotton Fabric         It is soft and comfortable. China is the leading followed by United States. Garments made of cotton absorb perspiration. There are four main types of cotton namely:  American Upland Cotton  Egyptian Cotton  Sea Island Cotton  Asiatic Cotton In the world production of cotton. India. Turkey and Greece.g. Brazil. Spinning: Spinning is the succeeding step to ginning. Dyeing: Dyeing process involves the changing of the fabric color by the treatment with a dye. the fabric is treated with some chemicals or other useful agents to make it qualitatively more better. Bleaching: The fabrics are bleached here to make it more whiter and lighter. thus keeping one more comfortable.g. for e. The processes are as mentioned below: Ginning: Ginning is the method of separating the cotton fibers from the seedpods. The comfort quality of the cotton is due to its twisted or coiled shape. The stages are mentioned below. Pakistan. Today. shining. Fabric Finishes and Fabric Treatments After weaving the cotton fabric passes through different processing stages till it reaches to the state of final product. It is machine-washable and dry-cleanable. the fabric is immersed in alkali to make it more strong.

scarves. Silk Production. etc. The different varieties of silk are Chiffon. Silk Fabric Uses Silk fabric is known for its softness. This fine thread is the basic component of silk yarn and fabric. formal. Uses of Cotton Fabric Cotton Apparel / Garments: Garments made of cotton are very soft. Silk Production From Cocoon to Yarn: Silk from cultivated silkworms is more used though silk of wild worms is also valuable. 1. A good example of cotton home furnishing is rugs or durries. Georgette. which gives the wearer comfort in all types of weather. A good quality of silk begins with a warp of approximately 2. Silk Fabric Properties. It is said that silk was discovered during 2640 B. casual and even industrial clothing. sarees. The worm ceases to eat by the end of thirty days and attach itself to a piece of straw and begins to spin its cocoon. USA is the world's leading manufacturer of silk products and France and Italy are the leading manufacturers of high value sophisticated silk fabrics in Europe Luxurious and expensive dresses and home furnishings are made of silk fabric. Silk Fabric : What is Silk Fabric. It is the strongest natural fabric in the world. lustrous shine and sumptuous feel.000 threads for one meter width.000 times in a short span of time. The dyeing process gives the silk different shades.C. Cotton Canvas: Medium to heavyweight cotton fabric is used in range of canvas products like shoes. It is hypoallergenic. It is either done by machines or hand. The other type is piece-dyed fabrics. Duponi. Organza. comfortable and weather friendly. in China. Silk Printing. The worms feed on mulberry leaves and increases their body size by nearly 10. beauty and luxurious look. Pongee. duchess satin and many patternwoven fabrics. Silk Finishing There are two main types of silk fabrics. tarpaulins. cotton fabrics are also used in medical and surgical products. which is carried out after weaving. Japan ranks second followed by Brazil and India. projectiles. Hand woven fabric is better than the machine woven. It keeps the body cool in summer and warm in winter. kurtas. twills. which means it has a low tendency to cause allergic reactions. bedding products. Shantung. etc. After the spinning of cocoon and before the hatching of the worm into a moth. Hsi Ling Shi studied the silkworm and learned the art of unwinding the silk from the cocoon and made silk fabric from it. weaving and quality. Silk Weaving: Weaving is a process where the fabric is created by interlacing the warp yarns and the weft yarns. It is one of the higher grade fabrics. Silk Dyeing. The heavier cotton fabric is used in these kind of products. Page 14 . Cotton Handbags and Luggage’s: Due to strength. tents. bookbinding cloths and tobacco cloths. It leads to greater yield and productivity. One which is yarn-dyed or dyed-woven. luster. Silk Weaving.600 threads or 1. Tussar. Indian silk textiles are popular worldwide because of its sheer variety of designs. like crepes. silk evening wear and suits are widely used for their elegant look. It can make delicate designs with different colored thread. Silk wedding gowns. the cocoon is soaked in hot water unraveling and producing long size thread. cotton handbags and luggage’s are more widely preferred. draperies and curtains. Cotton Home Furnishing: Cotton home furnishing is preferred because of the fabrics strength and durability characteristics. Modern machines use lances. Thai silk is one of the most valued fabrics in the world. like taffeta. Silk Dyeing. etc. Crepe de Chine. a jet of compressed air to shoot the weft-yarn between the warpyarns. Chinese Empress. etc. Washing Silk and Bleaching of the Silk Threads: The natural fiber extracted from the silkworm holds some glutinous substance (gummy substance or glue) which is removed by washing and bleaching. Noil. This was the beginning of silk industry in China. Apart from these. Washing Silk. Loosely woven fabrics are difficult to sew. They are either 100% or blended with some natural or synthetic fibers. Today it holds over 50% of the silk production in the world. Normally all types of garments are made of cotton fabrics.800 threads are considered to be poor quality fabric.

In 1797. Uses of Wool Fabric Wool fabric gives warmth and attractive appearance. Since silk is not a good resistant to abrasion. Melton Fabric. Chenille Fabric. roller-printing method or screen printing. Gabardine Fabric. Silk fabric do not resist wrinkle. Today. Wool fabric does not only come from sheep. Worsted Fabric. by the Romans. Australia is the leading producer of wool fabric. Final Soaking in a Chemical Solution This process helps to preserve the sheen and luster of the silk fabric. Screen printing is widely used in silk fabrics. burns. Perspiration and sunlight weakens the silk fabrics. suits. Impurities in the air and direct sunlight fades the color of a silk fabric. It does not wrinkles easily and is a resistant to dirt and wear and tear. They are dull with coarse hand and texture. are made of silk. and throws. shirts. as clothing is being used for over twelve thousand years.Printing is giving pattern to the fabric. Page 15 . skirts. Hence it is recommended that silk garments should be dry-cleaned. The first wool factory was established in Winchester (England) in 50 A. It is here the fabric gets the desired appearance and feel. Alpaca wool fabric comes from the hair of alpaca animal. Cloth made of silk water-spots easily. It adds weight and makes the fabric soft. Types of Wool Fabric. pillowcases. It is soft. thirteen merino sheep was brought to Australia by the British to start merino sheep industry. Silk Fabric Characteristics / Silk Fabric Properties           Silk is very smooth and luxurious. A widely used cashmere sweaters are made from goats originated in Kashmir (India). Silk fabric is also used in computerized clothing to conduct electricity. luster and supple feel of silk has made it widely used as apparels. The name angora has been derived from the place Angora (Ankara) in Turkey. These medicated silk textiles are also antibacterial. Home Furnishing: Silk fabric is used in different products of home furnishing which gives the room a luxurious look like sheets. Silk Fabric Uses Apparel/Garments: The soft. Embroidery process gives embellishment and the perfect finish to the fabric to make it look more beautiful. gown. Silk made garments are of formal use. A medicated silk fabrics has been developed which keeps the body part un-affected from cuts. fire-proofing. yet strong and very durable. Wool Fabric Properties. a member of the camel family. easy to iron and wrinkle resistant. It is the strongest natural fabric. smooth. it should be taken extra care. Tweed Fabric. Wool Fabric : What is Wool Fabric. Wild silks are an exception. Felt Fabric. etc. The absorbent quality is an added advantage in silk cloth which keeps the body comfortable in all types of weather. It wicks away perspiration from the body and keeps the wearer dry while sweating and cool when it is hot. and bedsores. All fabrics has to be finished.D. It is either done by block-printing method. blouses. It is comfortable and has a very good absorbent quality. Wool. where these animals originated. Mohair wool fabric is obtained from angora goat and angora wool fabric from angora rabbit. water-proofing. Finishing process is either physical or chemical. It is not a good resistant to abrasion. It give treatments like crease-proofing. etc. The fabric never burns over a flame but only smoulders. Wool Fabric Characteristics. Medical Textiles. Flannel Fabric. All types of garments like sarees.

It gives a chunky feel and is used for both clothing and upholstery. Vegetable Leather Tanning. adding classic luxury. In sheepskin leather. reptile. The warmth of the fabric has made it widely used during winter or in cold areas. and walrus. Uses of Wool Fabric    Today. lamb. Gabardine Fabric: Gabardine fabric has a clear-surface. It resists flames. trousers. China. Leather fabric does not pick up surrounding temperatures. suits. With age. Flannel Fabric: Flannel Fabric is soft and are made of a plain or twilled weave which are slightly napped on one side i. Chrome Leather Tanning Leather fabric never ages. A good example of gabardine is coats.lored easily. kangaroo. Brazil and USSR are key players in exporting leathers obtained from bovine Page 16 . New Zealand. It is used in sweaters. Wool fabric is also used as blankets and carpets. Leather Processing.e. Leather Finishing. Leather Uses. Leather Fabric : What is Leather Fabric. Leather Characteristics. USA. made of smooth yarn and are used for suits and coats. and dresses. It is firm. sheep. It has natural stretch and elasticity. Melton Fabric: Melton Fabric is thicker woolen fabric and is made of twill or satin weave with a smooth surface. twill weave and a fine diagonal rib effect. Wool Fabric Characteristics / Wool Fabric Properties            It is warm. deer. Tweed Fabric: Tweed Fabric is heavier wool fabric with rough texture and used for suits and coats. pig.Types of Wool Fabric Chenille Fabric: Chenille Fabric has a fur-like texture. every wardrobe contains garment made of woolen fabric. pants. It becomes more comfortable and pleasant to touch. It has natural stretch and elasticity. horse. seal. It resists wrinkle. The major exporters of goatskin leather in the world are India. leather fabric becomes more beautiful. jackets. calf. it is used for coats. hence it is comfortable in both hot and cold condition. Due to its thickness. soft and elastic. China and Pakistan. which responds to the wearer's body movements. which responds to the wearer's body movements. which is created when warp threads are woven in groups. Europe. Australia and Iran are the important exporters. dresses. It resists wear and tear. Worsted Fabric: Worsted fabric are woolen fabrics are hardy. It absorbs water vapour without losing the dryness Leather fabric is commercially obtained from cattle. a little fuzzy on one side. Felt made of wool fabric is used as covers for piano hammers. Leather Dyeing. It retains to the original shape when stretched. It is also used in absorbing odors and noise in machinery and stereo speakers. coats. Leather Tanning. etc. It smoulders instead of burning. It is light-weight and durable. It absorbs moisture. It is flexible and gets tailored easily. goat. suits. Hats and occasional skirts or coats are made from felt. It retains shape. Felt Fabric: Felt Fabric is not a woven fabric but is created by matting or bonding fibers. skirts.

for shoe uppers. is used in shoe uppers. jackets. engine gaskets and harnesses. In the finishing process. which carries the major property of the hide or pelt gets less susceptible to decay and are kept flexible. soft and elastic. inter-fibrillary protein and epidermis. The main tanning processes are mineral / chrome leather tanning. an insoluble fibrous protein.  Page Leather fabric is very versatile.  Before or after dyeing. or bark tanning is the process where the hide is soaked in a solution of bark of oak/chestnut which is chopped or boiled. Soft leather is used in clothing and hard leather in products like shoe soles. Chamois leather is best example of oil tanning. it is rolled in a fat liquor containing emulsified oils and greases. Vegetable-tanned leather which are used for shoe soles is bleached. The hide or pelt then is sent to tannery for trimming and sorting. Bating involves treating the leather with digestive enzymes to remove non-fibrous protein. the leather is treated with a mixture of waxes. Calfskin leather. It is firm. lubricated and then run through rolling machines to make it firm and glossy. and other 17 Uses of Leather Fabric . is split and shaved and then placed in a rotating drum for the dyeing process using several types of coloring materials to give color fastness and durability. Scudding is done with a blunt knife to remove remaining hair roots. Sheepskin leather. shellac or emulsified synthetic resins.Leather Processing Leather Tanning Pre-Tanning          Animal skin is cleaned and salted to prevent decay.  Mineral / chrome leather tanning is the most common and modern method. the leather is pasted on glass or ceramic frames and then passed through drying tunnels with controlled heat and humidity. It is abrasion and wind resistant. Leather Tanning Tanning is the process where the leather gets the necessary feel and physical characteristics. which is lost during salting process. The leather becomes very soft and flexible. It is durable. Lastly. it is put in sulphuric acid to lower the pH. This is done by removing the water molecules from the gap of protein molecules and replacing it with chemicals that retain flexibility. which is soft and supple is generally used in products like gloves. Lubricating. the leather is coated with grain surface which contains finishing compound. Glazing is done to achieve polished surface. It absorbs water vapour upto 30% of its weight without loss of dryness.  Oil tanning is a process where fish and animal oil is used. The leather becomes moldable and can be tooled. In this process. and pigments (to avoid painted look).  Chrome-tanned leather. vegetable leather tanning and oil tanning.  Characteristics of Leather Fabric         It has porosity and breathability. the leather undergoes different processes according to the use of the final product. It is treated mechanically with rollers and blades to remove fat/muscle and flesh (Fleshing). the collagen. and surface fats. During liming the skin is soaked in lime solution to remove the hair. it is soaked in water to restore moisture content. dyes. Leather Dyeing and Leather Finishing After tanning. In De-liming the hide or pelt is washed in water containing ammonium chloride or ammonium sulphate to neutralise it. Moreover when dry. It cope up with wetted condition without causing damage to the leather. Next. This is brushed under a revolving brush-covered cylinder. For smooth finish. machine belts. the leather will not stretch. Next. It is widely used. It is waterproof to a great extent. which is lighter and finer grained. It resists the aging process. This makes leather water proof and stretchable. skin pigmentation. It retains its shape. which uses chromium salts.  Vegetable leather tanning.

It blends well with cotton. which is rarely found in other fabrics. or for anything where comfort and durability is needed. White Fiber. tepees. tents. it is bleached and dyed to obtain the required shades. upholstery. bedspreads. It is the perfect fabric for controlling soil erosion. rugs. It is a resistant to UV rays. etc. In horticulture coir fabric is used as a substitute for peat because it is bacteria free and free from fungal spores. Mature coconut contains brown fiber. The fibrous layer is separated from the fruit either manually or by machines. The finest hemp fabric is produced in Italy. Leather fabric is also used in upholstery. Coir fabric is obtained from the fibrous husk. Hemp is UV protected and has an insulative quality that allows clothing to be cool in summer and warm in winter. The fabric accepts dyes readily and gets soft with every wash. It withstands water better than any other textile product. belts. Blending with cotton improves the texture and whiteness of the fabric Hemp fabric is obtained from the stems of the plant. purses. It is absorbent. Apparel made of hemp fabric withstand harsh conditions and last longer. wallets. it is woven into yarns and fabric. Hemp Cloth. draperies. This fabric is a great choice for comfortable work clothes. home decoration. Process of Making Coir Fabric The word coir is believed to be derived from the Malayalam word Kayar that means a cord (string). Green coconuts are harvested after six to twelve months on the plant. In case of brown fiber. and home furnishing. polyester. Properties of Hemp Fabric. The fiber is then separated and again processed. etc. curtains. bags. the separated husks are soaked in a slow moving body of water allowing it to swell and to become soft . Uses of Hemp Fabric Hemp fabric is noted for its warmth and softness with a durability. It is used as clothing. It gets soft with every wash. If required. Coir Fabric : Perfect Fabric for Controlling Soil Erosion. It has beautiful luster. It blends well with other fabrics. Uses of Hemp Fabric   Hemp Fabric is very versatile. It wrinkles easily. The stems of the plant are processed to dissolve the gum or the pectin found in it. After the processing is over. It readily takes dye. shields and weapon sheathes. China is the world's leading producer of hemp Hemp Fabric Properties           It is strong and durable. It has beautiful luster. Uses of Coir Fabric Coir fabric is known for its resilience and durable quality. table linens. dish towels. It is a very good insulator. hemp Fabric is highly versatile and is used in countless number of products like apparel. shoes. sheets. The coir bristle fiber is put apart from the shorter one and is send for washing in clean water. Page 18 . canvas. silk. It is an environmental friendly fabric and fully bio-degradable. It is warm. Hemp Fabric : What is Hemp Fabric. it is also cleaned by steel combs to make the fibers straight and remove any leftover of shorter pieces. furniture. Coir Fiber. Brown Fiber. sofa. accessories. which contain white fibers. Sometimes. which surrounds the coconut.  apparel. It has poor drapability. wool.

To make it uniform. The cleaned fiber is send for spinning into yarn. Jute Fabric : What is Jute Made From. it is much soughted for fashionable cloths. The fabric is very strong and durable. Bhutan and Nepal. the husks are put into a river or water-filled pit for approximately ten months. which thrives best in moist soil in a hot and humid climate. It is used for making bags or as a cover to pack the material. This process removes barky portions from the fiber. It is ideally being used as bags and sacks for packing since ages. inter-woven. The stalks which are cut is sorted according to the length and gathered into bundles. construction of low height bunds and protection for canal banks and beaches. doormats. Jute CBC: A cloth made wholly of jute not less than 104" wide. Jute gets light green leaves and small yellow flowers. the different fibers are first blended. blooming singly or in clusters. weighing not less than 169 gms/m2. The strength. After this. the fibers are separated and hung on lines to dry. These fibers are then sorted. Jute Growing. . Since ages. It is environmental friendly. Myanmar. It is very versatile and economical. Jute Webbing Jute fabric is widely used fabric after cotton. It is eco-friendly and do not degrade on exposure to sun light. weighing not less than 407 gms/m2. Jute Sacking. it goes to the roving department. Characteristics of Coir Fabric      It is buoyant. White coir fabric is used as ropes. twine. When these blossoms start shedding. It is subsequently dried and then cleaned. What is Jute. Jute Sacking: Either plain or twill weave cloth made wholly of jute. home furnishing and fashion accessories At present Bangladesh is the largest cultivator of jute whereas India is the largest jute goods manufacturer. These stalks are placed in shallow pools of stagnant water to loosen the fiber from the woody tissue. where it imparts a slight twist to the sliver and is send for spinning. The other jute producing countries are China. It is free of bacteria. coir fabric has been used to produce rope for ships and for making bags. It is used as primary and secondary backing for the carpets. Spinning converts it into a finished yarn. Jute Hessian. Coir geotextiles is used for ground improvement of soft clays. It is used for packing of grains. the plants are harvested. In these ten months. The jute is next fed into a softener where it is treated with oil and water and is passed between sets of heavy spiral fluted rollers. Jute Fabric Products Jute Hessian Cloth / Jute Hessian: A plain weave cloth made wholly of Jute with single warp and weft interwoven weighing not more than 576 grms/m2. chemicals. etc. Thailand. Jute CBC.For white fiber. Jute Plant. The longer fibers are separated from the shorter one by beating with hand. Page It is used for manufacture of different types of bags including postal mail bags. Jute is an annual plant. The fibers are carded in machines reducing the average length by teasing and combing. It is biodegradable. Having oil content not more than 2%. 19 Heavy Fabric / Jute Canvas / Jute Tarpaulin: A plain weave cloth made of jute in a wide range of construction & weights. etc. Jute fabric is obtained from the jute plant. the fibers are loosen. The carded jute is fed into drawing machines where it becomes thiner and smoother. The seeds are hand-sown and the plants mature in 3 months with an average height of 10 to 12 feet. sack. Uses of Coir Fabric Brown coir fabric is used in floormats. base separators for road construction and railway ballast protection. high quality seed bags. After enough softness is achieved. and baled and send to mills for spinning it into final products. color and fineness of jute grown in different areas vary. mattresses. Bitumen coated tarpaulin bags are used in the fertilizer industry. Today. It is stress resistant. graded.

soft luggage. What is Linen. Linen gives protection against UV radiation. It is used as a carrier and backing fabric for carpets. Linen absorbs moisture 20 times of its weight but never gives a wet impression. Linen History. Linen Fabric : Linen. Since linen has low elasticity. Linen symbolises comfort and elegance. After each wash. tapestries.Jute Yarn: It is used for weaving as a filler yarn for carpet industry. It is reparable and reusable. It is used as roofing and floor covering apparel. The Linen fabric carries tensile strength and is highly durable. It used to be called the fabric of the kings. footwear. Rugs and FloorCoverings Non Woven Jute Felt: It ranges from 250 to 1200 gms/m² both supported and unsupported. It is used for fashion garments. Speciality Jute fabrics are used for shopping bags. Wrapping mummies in long lengths of linen was very common. The annual production of linen fabric in Ireland is 2. It is used for erosion control. footwear lining. It is not sensitive to chemical attack. linen is used as warp threads for strength and wool is used as weft threads to give bulk and warmth to the fabric. It is stable to sunlight.000 years. upholstry backing. It is a good insulator of heat and electricity. moulded panels. Uses of Jute Fabric         It is ideally used as bags and sacks for packing. linen fabric gets stronger with better look. The major producer of linen fabric is Ireland. The burning emitted fumes have no adverse effects to human body. etc. acoustics. The ancient Phoenician's used to make sails from heavy weight linen fabric for their sails. wall covering and furnishing fabric. Characteristics of Jute Fabric          It is strong. Carry Bags(printed or plain) with handles / chains Carpets. Egyptians used it extensively. In 15th century. The combination of linen and wool is known as linsey-woolsey. insulation. Jute Webbing: A narrow weave tape made of jute using single or plied jute yarn having width of not more than 6". It is used for industrial. Page 20 . Linen Fabric is antibacterial and antifungi and does not cause irritation or allergies when worn. Odourless bags for Tea Packing. Linen Uses Linen fabric is noted as the fabric of luxury. Ireland also produces the world's best linen fabric. Linen is widely blended with wool. cordage and twines. It is used for the Cable industry. It does not degrade on exposure to sun light.000 tons per annum. It is environmentally friendly. It is used as webbing to cover inner springs of the auto seats. Speciality Jute Items: Hydrocarbon Free Jute bags/fabric are used for packing Cocoa / Coffee / Shelled nuts. Linen fabric is 100% biodegradable and is waste-less Linen Fabric History / Linen History Linen fabric is being used for more than 10. linen fabric was used as canvas for painting Linen fabric is obtained from the flax plant. It has a moderately high density. It is used as upholstery of furniture. It is used as fashion accessories. linen cloths do not deform themselves. Linen Characteristics. In linsey-woolsey fabric. linoleum. For binding of the packed bags and for cable & explosive industry. It manufactures 20% of the European Union linen yarn.

Characteristics of Ramie. mildew and insects. It goes well with other fabrics. It supports painting when wet. What is Ramie Fabric. Korea. a member of the nettle family. sacks. Characteristics of Ramie         It has permanent luster. Linen fabric when wet reacts well with the colors. smooth and elegant. It can absorb up to 20 times of its weight. It is resistant to alkalis and mild acids. Ramie fabric readily take dyes and does not fade easily. Blended ramie fabric is more common than pure one. napkins.   Ramie Fabric : Ramie. It is extremely absorbent and dries quickly. and the Philippines. It is thermo-regulating. Ramie becomes smooth and lustrous with each wash. Linen fabric is also used as rugs because of its strength. Ramie-silk blends give firmness to the fabric. It has great strength. a tall shrub grown in South-east Asia. knit products. linen fabric is also widely used as home furnishings. It has a low elasticity. etc. Page 21 Uses of Ramie  Ramie fabric is used as clothing apparels. Ramie fabric is obtained from the ramie plant. fishnets. bedsheets.  It is also used as carpet backings. flag buntings.Characteristics of Linen Fabric / Linen Characteristics             It is lustrous and flexible. fire hoses. naval cordage. durability and resistant to wear and abrasion. It wrinkles easily. and pillowcases. It is non-allergenic. ramie fabric becomes wrinkle resistant and shrinks less. canvas. It is abrasion resistant. It is resistant to rotting. Uses of Linen Fabric / Linen Uses  Linen fabric is the first choice for summer wear. China is the leading producer of Ramie. It is antibacterial. It readily accepts dyes. Uses of Ramie Ramie fabric is valued as a summer fabric because of its excellent quality of air permeability and moisture-absorption. sail cloth. With polyester. Boehmeria nivea. The Ramie fabric is abrasion resistant and is stronger than cotton and linen. It is not harmed by mild acids and is resistant to alkali. cable insulation. It is resistant to wear and abrasion. The fabric is suitable for daily use clothing. Blending with cotton makes it more resistant to wear than cotton alone. like shirts. Apart from this. It is also known as "rhea" or "China grass". It is highly absorbent. because it becomes softer after each wash. Ramie blends are used as both. . It is strong and durable. Blending also facilitates for easy care of the fabric. light. knitted and woven fabrics.It can be blended well with other fabrics. It is easily laundered and dries quickly. Linen fabric is used as canvas for painting since ages. It is beautiful. Other major producers are Brazil. tablecloths.It dries quickly. It has great tensile strength. It absorbs humidity and allows the skin to breathe.

'Triacetate' is an improved fabric. Nylon Acetate: This combination makes the fabric more absorbant than nylon alone. The fabric is used for men's and women's suits and coats. It has no pilling problem and very little static problem. Wool Synthetics or Rayon Synthetics: These blends has a very clear finish and it drapes better and tailors easily. Acetate Characteristics. Acetate Fabric : Acetate. Silk Wool. Fabric Blends are more soft and luxurious. dries quickly and is ironed with lower temperature than pure cotton. Fabric Blends are stronger to withstand lots of wear and multiple washing. It has exceptional wearing qualities. resists wrinkling and are easy to care for. Acetate Uses Acetate fabric is very soft and has a luxurious look like silk. are made out of this fabric. It is extremely soft. Fabric Blending adds to the quality of the final product. It gives better comfort. Silk Wool: The blending of silk with wool provides subtle texture to the fabric. Linen Silk or Linen Rayon: These blend helps the fabric to retain the characteristics of linen along with to make the fabric drape better and wrinkle less. Fabric Blends are more resistant to wrinkles. It is generally used for ties. men's shirts. Rayon Cotton. sportswear. Rayon Cotton: This fabric of rayon and cotton blend wears well and is washable. Characteristics of Fabric Blends        Fabric Blends are easy to care. Wool Cotton. Wool Synthetic. Fabric Blends are more comfortable to wear. Ramie Polyester or Ramie Acrylic: These two blends help the fabric to be easily taken care of and it is less stiff than pure ramie fabrics. better aesthetics and better performance. Rayon Synthetics. Acetate does not absorb moisture readily but dries fast. It is soft and has fuzzy surface. The fabric dyes and prints well. Cotton Polyster Fabric blends are one which is made up of two or more different types of fibres twisted or spun together. Ski slacks are also made out of these blends. Fabric Blends are more durable. moth and mildew. Wool Cotton: These two fabrics benefit from the inherent qualities of each other after blending. What is Acetate Fabric. Types of Fabric Blends Polyester Cotton: The Blends are tough crease-resistance of polyester combines with the cool comfort of cotton. Nylon Wool. suits. Dresses. It becomes more strong and durable. Fabric Blends does not shrinks. It is resistant to shrinkage. Ramie Acrylic. This fabric is widely used as men's dress shirts and christening apparel. etc. Ramie Polyster. Acetate History. which does not melt easily and is easy to take care Page 22 . Nylon Wool: The blending of nylon with wool makes the fabric more absorbent and softer.Fabric Blends : Polyster Cotton. It is easily laundered. Cotton Polyester: The quality of polyester helps cotton to give a permanent press property. Acetate Properties. It has an excellent drape-ability. What is Acetate.

Initially it was used for outdoor purposes but with the advancement of technology. . Swiss brothers. and is now commonly used in apparel and carpets. It is also used as wedding and party attire. and also the sunlight degradation Acrylic fabric was first developed by DuPont in 1944 and in 1950 it was commercially produced for the first time.Acetate History Acetate fabric is made from the cellulose obtained by deconstructing cotton or wood pulp. it is stretched hot from 3 to 10 times of its original length and then crimped In the wet spinning process. Acrylic Characteristics. It has no pilling problem Acetate Uses   The major end use of acetate fabric worldwide is linings. moth. It was invented by Doctors Camille and Henri Dreyfus. soft and luxurious fabric with a good drape-able quality. It has flexible aesthetics for wool-like. In the year 1924. It was then mostly used in celluloid plastics and motion picture film. It is shrink. and sunlight degradation. soft. The fabric breathes. both of them developed commercial process to manufacture cellulose acetate. In the dry spinning process. etc. the polymers are dissolved in a suitable solvent. It takes up moisture and body oil from the body. the acetate filament was commercially spun in United States and was trademarked as Celanese Acetate Characteristics | Acetate Properties        It is crisp or soft touch. the polymer is dissolved in solvent and extruded into a coagulating bath. Page Acrylic Uses 23 It suffers from piling and abrasion problems. Making Acrylic Acrylic fabric is produced from petrochemical known as acrylontrile. their experiments in the laboratory produced samples of continuous filament acetate yarn. bedspreads and slipcovers. It is of low moisture absorbency and relatively fast drying. It is then dried. oil and chemicals. It dyes to bright colors with excellent fastness. and resists shrinkage and wrinkles. circular knit apparel. It gives warmth without weight. dresses. sportswear. fleece. It dyes and prints well. taking color beautifully. What is Acrylic. thus allowing the fabric to "breathe". curtains. and mildew resistant. Acrylic Characteristics | Acrylic Properties          It is lightweight. it is widely used as draperies. It is resistant to moths. cotton-like or blended appearance. socks. After the spinning part is over. upholstery. it absorbs and releases moisture quickly. and children-wear. Acrylic Fabric : Acrylic. It is static. In 1905. oil and chemicals. It drapes well. crimped and collected as tow. acrylic has come a long way.  Apparel . Acrylic fabric is traditionally a fall/winter fabric with a resemblance to wool. blouses. It has little static problem. It resists moths. first time. The fibers produced from acrylontrile are either dry spun or wet spun. Making Acrylic. In home furnishings. Acrylic Uses Acrylic is a fine. and warm. It provides comfort against the outer shell. It is comfortable to wear and is a easy care fabric.sweaters. Acrylic Properties. What is Acrylic Fabric. It dyes well. It has excellent pleat retention quality. It is resilient. retains its shape. By 1913. which is forcefully pushed into warm air for solidification by the evaporation of the solvent. It absorbs and releases moisture quickly.

Waterproof Nylon Fabric Nylon fabric is a polyamide made from petroleum.It drapes well. Latex fabric has high waterproofing and dry cleaning property. In 1942. hence it can be hot and clammy in the heat. It is static. shape retention. Latex Characteristics. elastic recovery. Latex Uses Latex fabric is obtained from fiber made from latex. Latex gloves. as dirt does not cling. Latex armor.Blankets. Coated Nylon Fabric. jackets. industrial applications and geo-textiles. It is also used as sportswear. Nylon Uses  Page 24  Nylon is widely used in women's hosiery and lingerie due to its high elongation and excellent elastic recovery quality. Types of Nylon. The wearer feels less friction between garments and outer clothing. raincoats. . tires and other such articles in the armed forces. It is heat and light resistant. skirts. Nylon blends well. I. Nylon was first produced commercially in the year 1939 by the E. The fabrics of nylon blended with other fibers have good dimensional stability. It is usually used with other fibers to make fabrics like spandex and foundation garments. Nylon is used in carpeting materials and upholstery fabrics because it is easy to clean and does not require special protection against moths and carpet beetles. Latex Fabric : What is Latex. What is Nylon Fabric. It is stretchable. It is resistant to abrasion and chemicals. Characteristics of Latex Fabric / Latex Characteristcis    It is waterproof. combat uniforms. windbreakers and children-wear. home furnishings. Inc. Latex soles. a colorless or milky sap of certain plants. Uses of Latex Fabric / Latex Uses       Latex is usually blended with other fibers and it is used as foundation garments. outdoor furniture. Nylon Uses. awnings. It dries quickly. Nylon is very resilient. Rugs. It became a household word in the year 1940 when it was knitted first time into hosiery. upholstery. curtains. rugs/floor coverings. It is easy to clean. Home Fashions . du Pont de Nemours & Company. Cordura Nylon Fabric. Ballistic Nylon Fabric. Today. Nylon is widely used as apparel. The fabric allows easy evaporation and dries quickly. It is resistant to heat and light. It is lightweight. Ripstop Nylon Fabric. Latex mattress pads. It has dry cleaning property. It is smooth. ski and snow apparel. It is durable. flak vests. draperies and bedspreads are made from this fabric. Nylon Characteristics. Latex wrist cuffs and integral socks. throws. Nylon Fabric : Nylon. and abrasion resistance properties. hence after blending it helps in eliminating the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet Nylon Characteristics          It is lightweight and very strong. strong and durable. It does not absorb moisture well. nylon is widely used worldwide next to cotton and polyester. it was used as parachutes. pants.

if the percentage of polyester is high. rainwear. It is strong. sportswear. lingerie. It has an excellent pleat retention property. It is resistant to crease. It is widely used as dresses. nylon fabric is used as seat belts. polyester is generally blended with wool to eliminate crushing and reduce fading. floor coverings. bedding. It is not damaged by sunlight or weather. It dries quickly. water. air. It is abrasion resistant. Polyester requires minimum care and is easily washable. It is next to cotton in worldwide use.  Nylon fabric is also used as luggage. Polyester Characteristics. Inc. It is resistant to mildew. It does not shrink. Polyester Uses Polyester fabric is a versatile and important man-made fabric. jackets. in the United States. I. It is resistant to most chemicals. pants. acetate. Polyester fabric is manufactured in many weights and it is used as fiberfill in pillows and upholstery. shirts. The Polyester fabric is resistant to stretching and shrinkage. Polyester History. ballistic cloth and towropes because of its strength and good elasticity. stretchable. and durable. umbrellas. and as a cushioning or insulating material   Page 25 . which is produced from the coal. draperies. and soft hand. It has an outstanding characteristic of resisting wrinkle and springing back into its crisp smooth shape. Types of Nylon        Ripstop Nylon Fabric Cordura Nylon Fabric Ballistic Nylon Fabric Coated Nylon Fabric Waterproof Nylon Fabric Denier Nylon Fabric Woven Nylon Fabric Polyester Fabric: What is Polyester Fabric. tire cords. It blends with wool. life vests. It is not damaged by sunlight or weather. or rayon to improve the durability of the fabric and even to make it easy washable. throw rugs. Polyester fabric blends well with fabrics. It is crisp and resilient when wet or dry. It is easily washed. and petroleum products. It adds the quality of wrinkle resistance to the fabric and eliminates crushing of napped fabrics. These are quick to dry and are resilient. Polyester Characteristics / Polyester Properties            It is strong. children-wear. and reduces fading. Polyester Properties. It was first commercially produced in 1953 by E. separates. It does not absorb moisture making it hot and clammy when worn in hot temperatures. The fabric aggravates pilling problems after being blended with wool. It does not wrinkle. Polyester History Polyester is a polymer. Polyester is also used in casement curtains. suits. Du Pont de Nemours & Company. As industrial product. blouses. In upholstery. back packets. Polyester Uses  Polyester clothing has a good stability and strength and is resistant to stretching and shrinkage. sleeping bags and tents.

Microfibers: This is manufactured from either regular rayon or HWM rayons. Spandex blends well with other fabrics because of its resiliency and elastic recovery quality. It can stretch up to 600 times and again bounce back to its original structure. High Wet Modulus (HWM): This rayon has the same property as regular rayon but with high wet strength. It enhances the features of other fabric with which it is blended.Blouses. work clothes Home Fashions . which is a naturally-occurring cellulose-based raw material. High Tenacity Rayon. It resists insect damage. draperies. sheet. lingerie. depending on the type of the garment. It is breathable. High Tenacity Rayon: This is a modified regular rayon with exceptional strength (two times the strength of HWM rayon). It resists loss of dimensional stability and strength during the use. Rayon Properties.Rayon Fabric : What is Rayon. Hence. It is sometimes chemically coated. it can be mercerized for increased strength and luster. Like cotton. ties. Types of Rayon Regular Rayon: This rayon has the largest market share. linings. Characteristics of Rayon / Rayon Properties            It is strong and durable. It is soft and comfortable. It drapes well and does not have a problem with static. Many fabrics only use 3% to 30% of spandex content. Spandex Fabric: What is Spandex Fabric. suits. It is resistant to dry heat and oil. tablecloths. Types of Rayon. Uses of Rayon   Apparel . It performs much like cotton in similar end uses. it was named as 'rayon' and was officially adopted by the textile industry. jackets. It has low wet strength and becomes unstable and may stretch or shrink when wet. It is abrasion resistant. upholstery. slip covers. It is economical and can be found in cotton-like end uses or that of sumptuous velvets and taffetas. The fabric absorbs moisture more than cotton and has a good breathable quality. Spandex Uses Spandex fabric is widely used as fashion fabric because of its shape retention quality. spandex creates a Page 26 . Spandex Fabric has superior strength and is highly durable. It is primarily used in tire cord and industrial end uses. It is easily dyed in vivid colors. slacks. After the blending. In the year 1924. It is soft to skin and is comfortable to wear. It wrinkles easily. It is made by regenerating natural materials into a usable form. It does not pill. dresses. It is extremely absorbent. It is typically used in apparel and home furnishing. sportswear. Define Rayon. It is made from wood pulp. the properties of rayon fabric are similar to natural cellulose fibers like cotton or linen. or rubberized for the protection from moisture.bedspreads. Spandex Characteristics. curtains. sport shirts. Rayon microfibers are very fine. Microfibers. The fabrics from microfibers drapes better and are silk-like in hand and appearance. Even the smallest content of spandex makes a marked difference to the fabric. High Wet Modulus Rayon. blankets. Uses of Rayon Rayon fabric is neither made from natural fiber nor from synthetic. millinery. It is non-static and never pills Rayon was developed in France in the 1890s and was then named as 'artificial silk'. It looses 30% to 50% of its strength when wet. It is the fabric of comfort and flexibility without putting weight on the body of the wearer.

perspiration. jackets and stacks. boys wore cord knickers to school in winter. a number of textures are created with cotton fabric. which is widely used as suits. chints. Each fabric Texture contribute to the final quality of the cotton. it was widely used by workers and became children's fabric in the early 20th century. The Spandex fabric becomes more stable and durable adding a higher level of comfort and better resistance to perspiration and body oils. which varies in width. The corduroy fabric is ideal for pants. velvet fabric texture. It retains back to original shape. Types of Fabric Textures. and soft chenille speak of formal and traditional spaces. organdy. Characteristics of Corduroy Fabric. Cotton Fabric Texture Cotton fabric is a very versatile natural fabric. fit better and make one look better. Uses of Corduroy Fabric Corduroy Fabric is a smooth and velvet like fabric made from cotton. Fabric Texture can be smooth. and detergents. For its strength. blouses. silky. Blended spandex fabrics feel better. absorbency and washable property. it traps air within the fabric structure and help for a thermal insulation process. lustrous. It is resistant to abrasion. silk or rayon becomes lighter and more flexible. damask. The fabric is easy to wash and is durable. In America. shirts. which literally mean "fabric of the king". It is warm and breathable. It readily accepts dye. Corduroy is said to be a French fabric. It has distinctive vertical rows of soft pile. It is resistant to dry heat. and also to linen. Cotton Fabric Texture Fabric texture is the feel of the fabric. The row is referred to cords or wales. Corduroy Fabric : What is Corduroy Fabric. chintz. printed corduroy fabric. wool. The common blends with spandex are wool. In the 19th century. and so on. Cotton corduroy fabric comes in different form like dyed corduroy fabric. Suitable for all kinds of weather. With its versatility. "Corde du roi". velvetty. toile having sheer linen and silk cloth. It is usually considered as casual wear and is favored in colder climates. It is believed that corduroy is an English invention of the late 18th century. tie-dyed corduroy fabric. The highly shape retention quality of spandex is used in making undergarments and support hose Fabric Textures: Feel of Fabric. soft. Few of the famous fabric textures are flannel. venise. leather. cotton." Cotton damask. It is lightweight and strong. Spandex Characteristics / Spandex Properties         It is elastic. It gives immense comfort to wearer and is very durable. crepe.less confined feel and becomes more stronger and versatile piece of clothing. It creates a lighter and more flexible fabric. Spandex Uses   Spandex fabric blended with wool. challis. It is comfort and flexible. silk. Fabric Textures are given to all types of fabrics. Some schools in America and French Scouts adopted it as uniforms." where as soft textured fabrics whisper for "formal dinners. It is resistant to deterioration by body oils. and sport coats. The different textures of the fabric depends upon the type of weaves. Rough Textured fabrics say "picnics. The pinwale corduroy fabric is the thinnest and the wide wale corduroy fabric is the thickest. The dresses made out of this blend can be worn all day but still can be comfortable. Page 27 . The Types of Fabric Texture sets the mood of the wearer. suede and embossed leather. wale corduroy fabric and so on. rough. cotton has become the principal clothing fabric of the world. silk and rayon.

slacks. Uses of Corduroy Fabric    Fine rib corduroy resembles velvet and does not cost much. evening wear and children's cloth. work-cloths. Denim Fabric has twill weave with un-dyed weft yarn and colored warp. etc. Characteristics of Denim Fabric / Denim Fabric Characteristics      It is for long wearing. In apparel. sportswear. Greece. Japan." Today. Spain. History of Denim Fabric / Denim Fabric History The word 'Denim' is believed to be derived from the French phrase "serge de Nimes". uniforms. Corduroy is also used as skirts. usually indigo dyed. upholstery. It is thick and stiff. a serge fabric from the town named Nimes in France. It creases easily. suits. It absorbs and releases moisture quickly. points of strain or hem edges. The Denim fabric is stiff and unyielding but softens with wear. Thailand. light-weight jackets and suits. It can be ironed at high temperatures. Denim is made all over the world but few major producers are United States. draperies. In home furnishings.  Page 28 . Uses of Denim Fabric Denim is a very strong and hardwearing fabric. yet it remains eternally young. so it is widely used for better cloths. children's cloths and dresses. shorts. overalls. It is durable. Italy. Characteristics of Denim Fabric. or levi's. It is washable. dungarees. India and Australia. It resists snags and tears. jackets (sports) and shirts. Types of Denim Fabric / Denim Fabric Types      Stretch Denim Fabric Cotton Denim Fabric Lightweight Denim Fabric Printed Denim Fabric Indigo Denim Fabric Uses of Denim Fabric / Denim Fabric Uses  Denim fabric is used in numerous ways because of its hard wearing and durability. It is very strong and durable. Denim Fabric: Overview of Denim. China. A writer for American Fabrics magazine wrote in the year 1969 "denim is one of the world's oldest fabrics. Canada. Denim looks better when it fades to whitish patches at creases. It is used for longer wear and is very durable. skirts.Characteristics of Corduroy Fabric       It is warm. Corduroy fabric is very durable. Denim is also known as blue jeans. slipcovers. Denim Fabric is used as bedspreads. it is used as jeans. Mexico. Pakistan. draperies and upholstery. It is commonly made into pants or trousers. denim or jean was worn by slave labours or cotton plantation workers because of its strength and did not wear out easily. It is hard wearing. In the 18th century. History of Denim. caps.

In the early 19th century. Fitted Diapers: These diapers have elastic legs and waist with velcro. Dimity creases. It is convenient and mess-free. washcloths and baby wipes. Uses of Dimity Fabric. It is waterproof. Several extra padding are placed down the center of pre-folded diapers. dobby or plain woven with a loosely twisted filling so that it has a good absorbency quality. dyed. which means 'double thread'. but is generally treated with crease resistant. having a crisp texture. Dimity or dimothy is believed to be originally woven in India. It is washable and reusable. It launders well. By the 17th century it was also woven in England. Characteristics of Diaper Cloth. or ties. It is ideal burp cloths. Dimity Fabric is a delicate and sheer fabric. From the late 17th to 19th centuries. Page 29 . Fasteners like pins are rarely required.Diaper Cloth : What is Diaper. Diaper cloth is a twill. Types of Diapers. which gives a stripped effect to the fabric. Uses of Diaper Cloth Diaper cloth is incredibly soft and lightweight. klips and snappy diaper fasteners. Pre-Folded Diapers. Characteristics of Dimity Fabric    It is thin and has sheer. it was used as dress materials. which created ridges in plain areas. All-In-One Diapers: These diapers are the easiest one. It is the easiest diaper to use. It is lightweight but strong. or printed. Dimity fabric is easy to sew and is easily laundered. It has waterproof backing and an extra inner layer or absorbent of fabric. Diaper cloth launders well. lap pads. dimity fabric was used as bed covers and window curtains. It is a very good absorbent. It is comfortable and breathable. It is lightweight with a raised warp. It is a versatile diaper because it can be folded according to the baby fit. Shaped Diapers: These diapers are comfortable for baby. changing pads. snaps. All-in-one Diapers. Dimity Fabric : Dimity. It requires little or no folding. It requires no folding or pinning. Shaped Diapers. Dimity was usually made from combed or carded yarns and the quality always depended upon the yarns used and the pick counts in the weaving. It is breathable. Characteristics of Diaper Cloth      It is soft and lightweight. The word 'Dimity' has been derived from the Greek word 'Dirnitos'. It contains velcro closing cover which fits easily. especially in Lancashire. Flat Diapers. placing the thickest part where the baby needs the most. Fitted Diapers. What is Dimity. Types of Diapers Flat Diapers: These diapers are large in squares or rectangles of cloth. Characteristics of Dimity Fabric. Mercerized dimity has a soft luster. Demity had weft threads twice the thickness of the warp threads. Dimities Dimity Fabric is a thin and translucent cotton fabric woven in checks or stripes or fancy figures. It has standard closing covers with pins. It dries fast and is cost efficient. Pre-folded Diapers: These diapers requires very little or no folding at all. Cotton demity fabric is easily bleached. It has crisp texture. Demity cotton fabric is made from two or three yarns. Uses of Diaper Cloth: Diaper cloth is versatile.

Duck Fabric is tightly woven and is waterproof. It is one of the top quality fabrics used for tents. dyed. so it is widely used for breathable sleepwear of all ages. jackets. The lightweight is used as summer clothing and household items where as the heavier one is made into work cloths and wall coverings. Drill fabric breathes well and keeps the wearer cool. cloaks and morning gowns. It is also used as pocketing. white. printed. Poly Cotton Drill Drill Fabric is a sturdy cotton fabric known for its strength and durability. banners. Cotton Drill Fabric. stockings and sportswear. It is tightly woven fabric. Many of the Duck Fabrics are even wind and snag resistant The army duck fabric is more tightly woven than the normal duck to create excellent strength and durability. The lightweight property of dimity is perfect for the use of children's dresses and infant's wear. Cotton Duck Fabric. Duck fabric is one of the most durable fabrics. It is breathable. It launders well. In home furnishings. dimity cotton fabric is used as bedspreads. Khaki drill is used as uniforms and boat-sail drill is used as sails for sailing craft. which is lighter than canvas and heavier than sail cloth. slip covers and sportswear. but more often it is bleached or dyed. If it is mercerized. Uses of Dimity Fabric   Dimity is a thin cotton fabric.  Drill Fabric : What is Drill Fabric. blouses. Drill fabric has a strong bias (diagonal) twill weave made with coarse carded yarns in a dense construction. etc. aprons. Uses of Drill Fabric. trousers. Types of Drill Fabric   Cotton Drill Fabric Poly Cotton Drill Characteristics of Drill Fabric       It is medium to heavy-weight. It is durable. Drill Fabric is medium to light-weight. Duck Fabric Characteristics. Uses of Drill Fabric     The lighter weights drill is used for skirts. It is cool and doesn't melt. tablecloths. The heavyweight drill is used as work clothes. and household items. book bindings.' from the German 'drillich. Duck Fabric is medium to heavy-weight with a plain weave.    It is easy to sew. They are used as unbleached. underwears. It is strong. Duck Canvas Fabric Duck Fabric is a compact and firm fabric made from cotton. It is also used as women's dresses. This property of Drill Fabric has made it a versatile fabric. History of Duck Fabric. petticoats. Duck Fabric : What is Duck Fabric. Page 30 . corsets. which is dry finish and water repellent. It creases. pinafores. it has a soft luster. 'drill' has been arrived from 'drilling. The heavier-weight duck is called 'duck canvas fabric'. ticking. industrial uses and wall coverings. Khaki drill is used as uniforms. It is water and mildew treated. dresses. curtains. The lightweight duck fabric is used as summer wear and blended duck is much favoured for cycling jackets and boating apparel. Uses of Duck Fabric. Characteristics of Drill Fabric. or in painted form. The normal color is gray and can be used unbleached.' or three threaded. shoe linings. backing for coated fabric. The name.

Flannel Fabric is finished with a light napping either on one side or both. sleeping garments. Blended duck fabric is used as fashion rain capes.   Types of Duck Fabric     Cotton Duck Fabric Canvas Duck Fabric Duck Canvas Fabric Duck Cloth Fabric Flannel Fabric: What is Flannel Fabric. women's suits. and sails. Flannel Fabric is thick and very durable.Often. tents. men's and women's slack and children's play-cloths.Duck fabric originated in the 18th century and was actually made from linen. it is waterproof. The canvas bore a trademark as 'duck'. and bedsheets. Flannel Fabric drapes well Flannel Fabric is dull-surfaced Flannel Fabric is slightly fuzzy Flannel Fabric is scratchy Flannel Fabric absorbs and releases perspiration quickly. Duck Fabric Characteristics       It is a heavyweight. men's suits. Then canvas for sails were imported from England. Flannel Fabric is made in tightly woven twill or plain weave. Worsted flannel is lighter but not as soft as the woolen flannel. jackets. aprons. Flannel Fabric is elastic and has a good draping properties. Flannel Fabrics are traditionally produced in white color or in a wool-dyed mixture. The nap is achieved by brushing the fabric and it is usually non-directional. Flannel Uses Flannel Fabric is a soft and fuzzy fabric made of cotton. The heavyweight duck fabric is widely used as awnings. this type of heavyweight fabric is termed as 'duck'. Flannel Fabric comes in bleached. cotton blend or wool. Page Flannel Fabric is used as blazers. Flannel Cloth. The Flannel fabric absorbs and releases perspiration. allowing it to breathe. a French flannel is very fine twill-weave and slightly napped on the right side where as suede flannel is napped on both sides. linings. It is strong and durable. trousers. shirts. work gloves. Flannel varies in closeness or firmness of the weave and in the degree of napping. unbleached. Since then. and it has more visible and resistant weave. It feels cozy and warm in cold weather. It has a tight weave. cycling jackets and boating apparel. dyed or in printed form. etc. Flannel Fabric is elastic Flannel Fabric is thick and warm. pajamas. It is resistant to wind and snag Uses of Duck Fabric  The lighter-weight duck fabric is used as utility clothing like trousers. Flannel Fabric is very durable. jackets. The duck fabric is also used in making hats. Top class flannel is made of all wool or worsted yarns. the duck fabrics are used as industrial garments. Characteristics of Flannel Fabric          Flannel Fabric is soft and fuzzy. Traditionally. It is also considered for summer clothing. The army duck fabric is used as rugged jackets for hiking and hunting and work wear. For example. Flannel Fabric makes it a wonderful warm weather bedding material. coverings. 31 Flannel Uses: . It is washable.

Uses of Lawn Fabric     Christening gowns Slips Day gowns Types of Lawn Fabric Page 32 Dresses . surgical dressings. 100% cotton lawn gives a silky feel. silk. Characteristics of Lawn Fabric      It is lightweight. hence it is very much used as casual window dressings like panels and scarves. It is soft.C. The Chinese spun gauze became familiar in Rome around 50 B. The "lawn" was invented in Europe in the late 19th century. Silk Gauze Fabric Gauze is a thin. the French imported gauze from Gaza. Linen Gauze Fabric. Cotton Gauze Fabric. It is lightweight. It is widely used as apparel. Gauze Uses Lightweight property of the gauze has made it perfect for warm summer days. wool. Gauze fabric is fine and open-textured. rayon or acetate. Gauze is a transparent fabric. Characteristics of Gauze Fabric      It is thin and lightweight. Gauze fabric is suitable for summer wear. The heavyweight gauze fabric is used as diapers. It is believed that gauze has been originated in Gaza city on the Mediterranean. It is transparent. Types of Gauze. The fabric is given a crease resistant finish. It is crease resistant. viscose. Types of Gauze     Cotton Gauze Fabric Linen Gauze Fabric Silk Gauze Fabric Wool Gauze Fabric Lawn Fabric: What is Lawn Fabric. Today. The word 'Gauze' has been derived from 'Gaza'. Lawn made from long-staple cotton gives a silky feel and is widely used as christening gowns. Gauze Uses. It gives unparallel comfort and is breathable. blouses. It is suitable in all kinds of weather. lawn made of cotton is the world's finest cottons. which filters light. It is crisp. It is soft and comfortable.Gauze Fabric : what is Gauze Fabric. Cotton Lawn Fabric Lawn fabric is is a finely woven fabric from cotton or linen. It is open-textured. transparent and airy fabric. In medieval times. and curtains. It is very soft. sheer and loosely woven plain-weave fabric made from cotton. crisp and lightweight. It is fine and airy. which are exceptionally durable and comfortable.

It has low count. Linen muslin is absolutely much more historical. Characteristics of Matelasse Fabric. Through the centuries. so it is used as slipcovers. But today's muslin is a different fabric. It has a simple and clean look. The fabric is lightweight. Characteristics of Matelasse Fabric     It is heavy. and opera cloaks. Muslin Properties. Uses of Matelasse Fabric. Printed Muslin Fabric. Wool mantles were used for mantles and jackets. It is cool. table skirt. It is sometimes printed or dyed. less than 160 threads per square inch. bridal wear. Silk muslin has a beautiful crisp texture but it does not wears well. "it is a cloth of silk and gold. bedskirt. It is durable. It is cool and comfortable. It comes in different colors. comfortable and very affordable. It is medium to lightweight. The pattern gives a quilted puff effect.  Cotton Lawn Fabric Tana Lawn Fabric Matelasse Fabric : What is Matelasse. Unfinished muslin is used in fashion design for making trial garments. Muslin is also used as eveningwear." Muslin Properties     It is smooth and delicate. It is very attractive and quite plain styles work excellent. Muslin Fabric : Muslin. It is a good wear and drapes well. very fine silk matelasse were produced for dresses. Muslin curtains and window shade suits a country house. 33 Muslin Uses . It is warm. It has a pattern such as botanical like leaves. What is Muslin Fabric. Types of Muslin Fabric    Cotton Muslin Fabric Printed Muslin Fabric Organic Muslin Fabric   Page The upholsterers put muslin as the primary fabric of chair and sofa. Muslin fabric is also sometimes made out of silk or linen. geometric like diamond or squares or that of abstract shape The word 'Matelasse' has been arrived from a French word 'Matelasser'. also known as compound fabric. The fabric comes in medium to lightweight. Uses of Matelasse Fabric   Matelasse is widely used as upholstery and drapery. trimmings. It wears well. The muslin was legendary. Cotton Muslin Fabric. etc. Muslin Uses. throw pillow.' a city in Iraq where the fabric was originated.It wrinkles. novelty effects and some even with metallic yarns It is woven tightly on jacquard or dobby loom in double cloth weave. bedspread. which means to quilt or to pad. A 50-meter long muslin fabric could be squeezed and put into a matchbox. backing for millinery and neckwear. The fabric is washable but has to be laundered with care. mantles. The word 'muslin' has been originated from 'Mosul. Marco Polo once said that. Muslin wears well. The weave of linen muslin was so fine that the Egyptian Pharaohs used it for wrapping mummies. It is sumptuous. Organic Muslin Fabric Muslin is a soft and fine cotton fabric with a plain weave. India and Bangladesh became the home of exotic muslin. Cotton Matelasse Cotton matelasse fabric is heavy and durable. In 1880s. Lightweight matelasse is used for dresses and apparel.

twisting and tugging by the user. Uses of Terry Fabric. It can be washed and dried. Characteristics of Sheeting Fabric.Organdy Fabric : What is Organdy. It is lightweight. Organdy is more shear than a batiste and equivocal to voile. Uses of Organdy Fabric The most common uses of organdy fabric is garment overlays in blouses. Terry Properties. The fabric withstands strain of rubbing. 50/50 blended sheeting fabric wrinkles less than 100% cotton sheets Characteristics of Sheeting Fabric    It is very durable. Characteristics of Organdy Fabrics. full gathered skirts. The first mechanical loom for terry weaving was developed in England. petticoats and pinafores. Page It is very absorbent. It is very soft and comfortable. Curtains are also made of organdy fabric. dresses. Characteristics of Organdy Fabric     It is stiff. The one sided pile is known as "Turkish toweling". sometimes with a jacquard pattern. French Terry Fabric. Stretch Terry Fabric Terry fabric is made up of cotton and it is very absorbent. 34 Terry Properties . Sheeting Fabric : What is Sheeting Fabric. It launders easily and comes in a wide range of colors and patterns.It do not shrink.    It is easy to launder. Terry fabric is constructed of a pile weave. puffed sleeves. retaining its crispness. It is comfortable. Uses of Organdy Fabrics Organdy is a sheer and lightweight plain weave cotton fabric. It is transparent. It is fine and sheer. Cotton Terry Fabric. This mechanical loom served as the base for modern terry weaving machines of today. Organdy Fabric is stiffened fabric with a low yarn count. Sheeting fabric is very durable and it does not shrink. The pile may be either cut or uncut. Organdy fabric is a true durable finish cloth. It is thin and transparent. Generally the fabric is formed using two sets of warp yarns. The technique originated from the Orient around 1850. It is easily washed in hot water using strong bleach or detergent. pulling. Best quality of terry cloth have a close. Uses of Sheeting Fabric Sheeting is a smooth flat and closely woven fabric in different weights and thread counts. 100% cotton sheet wrinkles. collars. firm and underweave with very close loops. What is Terry Fabric. It gets stronger in wet condition. Bamboo Terry Fabric. Terry cloth is more absorbent when it has loops on both sides. Organdy Fabric withstands multiple washing. Uses of Sheeting   Fabric Pillow cases Mattress cover Terry Fabric : Terry Cloth Fabric. Microfiber Terry Fabric.

Velvet Properties. a little of wool or their blends. It is warm. exercise wear. It is thick. It is also used as sportswear. The heavier poplin is given a water-repellent finish for good outdoor use. It is also an excellent fabric for draping. The rib variation of the weave gives the fabric a slightly ridge effect.  It does not require ironing. It has short fuzzy surface. It is best used for table drape displays in stores or tradeshows. Velvet Characteristics. What is Velvet Fabric. slip covers. silk. It is crush resistant. comfortable and breathable. Poplin Characteristics. It comes in variety of weight and is less expensive. It is resistant to crush and water. nylon. infant and toddler accessories and toys and apparels. Originally it was an all-silk fabric. It is cut with simple lines in the garment so that it do not destroys the beauty of the fabric Velvet Characteristics / Velvet Properties        It is durable. Velvet Uses      Evening wear Home wear Upholstery Curtains Cushions Poplin Fabric: What is Poplin. Poplin fabric is considered to be an all-purpose fabric with its rich texture and a non-reflective finish. It is heavyweight and durable. It is used for long wearing. Velvet Uses Velvet is a cut pile fabric made with an extra warp yarn. Types of Terry Fabric      Cotton Terry Fabric French Terry Fabric Bamboo Terry Fabric Microfiber Terry Fabric Stretch Terry Fabric Velvet Fabric : Velvet. It is closely woven from silk. By cutting this way. It is water-resistant. Poplin Definition. children's wear. has been derived from the Italian name papalino because cloth made of poplin was first manufactured in the papal town of Avignon in 14th century. To get the maximum amount of depth in the color. It wears well and drapes well with a tendency to add weight to the figure. The poplin fabric is excellent for making large banners for tradeshows. The word 'Poplin'. thin and lustrous fabric. it wears well. draperies. Poplin Fabric is smooth. The flat finish of poplin has made it the best fabric when a very flat and tight look is desired. rayon. acetate. cotton. museums or music concerts. the velvet is cut with the pile running up after woven over wires. The poplin made of 100% cotton is cool. Uses of Terry Fabric Terry cloth is typically used as towels. Poplin fabric made of cotton was the preferred fabric for the British Page 35 . wool or synthetic blends. Poplin Uses Poplin is a tightly woven plain weave fabric made of cotton. It drapes well. bath robes and beach coverups due to its softness and highly absorbent quality.

During World War II. Traditionally. Chintz Fabric: Overview of Chintz Fabric. They imported chintz fabric as early as 1600. shirts. Poplin Characteristics        It is smooth and lustrous. To paint red. it is again dyed in indigo. mixture of alum and brazilwood is used. which contains madder root. which mean 'broad and gaudily printed fabric'. In the west. and other such designs. It drapes well. is covered with wax resist. The word 'Chintz' has been taken from the Indian word 'Chint'. U. durability and crisp uniformity. dried. It is shiny and lustrous. Uses of Chintz Fabric Chintz is a closely woven plain weave cotton fabric with a shiny and lustrous finish. It is soft. Uses of Chintz Fabric      Curtains Draperies Slipcovers Page 36 Dresses Sportswear . It is heavyweight fabric. uniforms. Some chintz also comes in semiglazed form. it was done with cow dung. The fabric is then cleaned to remove the tanning agent. The design outline is painted on the fabric with the help of an ink that turns black when comes in contact with the tannic acid on the fabric. blouses and dresses. It has polished look. It became popular and was imitated there. Poplin Uses  Poplin's flat finish has made it perfect for making banners or table drape displays in stores or tradeshows. The fabric is dried thoroughly. Process of Making Chintz         The fabric is sized with a preparation of fatty milk and extracts of plant which contain tannic acid. Unglazed chintz is known as 'Cretonne'. Characteristics of Chintz Fabric    It has bright and large flora designs. It is durable. Process of Making Chintz. The fabric is then dipped in hot water to remove wax resist. and sized. birds.  It is also widely used as all kinds of sportswear. military used poplin fabric on fronts because of its comfort. boy's suits. It has flat finish. It wrinkles less. The fabric is next dyed in hot water. Characteristics of Chintz Fabric. History of Chintz Fabric. Cotton chintz fabric has several types of glaze. It is widely used for curtains and upholstery. it was brought by the British Raj. Next. which was not to be dyed blue. The fabric is processed with glazed finish to give it a polish look. It withstands washing or dry cleaning. or another red dye called chay (Oldenlandia umbellata). It is then washed. It is produced by friction or glazing calendars. It usually has bright figures of large flower. The portion.S.colonists when on safari. Resin finish chintz is a durable glaze. The wax and starch glaze washes out.

Chenille Fabric : What is Chenille Fabric, History of Chenille Fabric, Making of Chenille Fabric, Characteristics of Chenille Fabric, Uses of Chenille Fabric
Chenille fabric has a fur-like texture, which is created by weaving the warp thread in groups. It is made of cotton, silk or wool and is similar to velvet. The fabric has beautiful appearance and is soft. This has made it a fancy fabric and is preferred by fabric designers. The pile of the fabric is not flat, so it reflects and absorbs light in varying degrees. It is known as shading and mottled effect, which is found to some extent in all items of chenille fabric. The word 'Chenille' has been taken from a French word for caterpillar because the fuzzy pile yarn looks like a caterpillar. Chenille is commercially being produced since the 1970s. Chenille was first time made by Catherine Evans in 1895 when after being inspired by a family heirloom, made her first hand-tufted chenille bedspread. Five years later, she sold handtufted chenille spread for $2.50. Later with further demand, Evans Manufacturing Company was established in 1917.

Making of Chenille Fabric
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The pile yarns are wrapped around a shorter stem of polished meta known as caliper. A blade passes cutting the pile yarns into short lengths. The core yarns are pressed into the shorter lengths with the help of a rotating metal wheel. Next, the yarn is fed onto a traditional ring-twisting take up mechanism. In this twisting process, both the ends of core yarn twist and trap the shorter ends of pile between the core yarns. The caliper size determines the resulting yarn diameter. The size of the pile yarns and its number and quantity fed into the core determines the count of the yarn.

Characteristics of Chenille Fabric
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It has fur like texture. It has beautiful appearance. It is soft.It is a fancy fabric. It resembles velvet. It reflects and absorbs light in varying degree

Uses of Chenille Fabric
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Sweaters Outerwear Upholstery Curtains Throws and blankets Rugs

Chambray Fabric: What is Chambray, History of Chambray Characteristics of Chambray Fabric, Uses of Chambray Fabric

Fabric,

Chambray is a closely woven plain weave fabric mostly made from cotton. It is soft and smooth with a slight luster. It wears well and is easy to sew and launder. It is lightweight, yet strong fabric with a denim look The fabric is made of dyed warp (down) and white or unbleached filling (across). Both carded or combed yarns are used. It has a white selvedge to prevent raveling and has a very soft coloring (often light blue), which creates a faded look. Some are also made in stripes, checks or embroidered. Chambray fabric originated from Cobrai or Cambrai, a city in north France where it was originally woven for farmer's wardrobes. This was actually the fabric choice for the working man's blue shirt. Hence, the term blue-collar worker came into use.

Characteristics of Chambray Fabric

It is soft and lightweight.

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    

It is smooth. It is slightly lustrous. It is strong and durable. It wears well.It is easy to sew. It launders well.

Uses of Chambray Fabric
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Children's wear Dresses Shirts Blouses Aprons All kinds of sportswear.

Velour Fabric: Velour, What is Velour Fabric, Velour Properties, Velour History, Uses of Velour Fabric
Velour is thick, plush fabric with a plain or satin ground. It has a close and dense pile. It is sometimes also knitted. Velour is characterized with uneven lengths that give it a rough look. The uneven lengths of pile are usually two in number and it creates a light and shade area on the surface. It somewhat have a pebbled effect

Velour History
Velour was invented in 1844 in Lyons (France). The word "Velour" is derived from French which is a term for velvet. "Cotton velour" is simple known as cotton velvet. Ribbed velour is soft combination of cotton, spandex and nylon. Marvel velour is fire-retardant through a five dry cleaning before it is again re-treated Velour fabric is made from cotton, wool, or spun rayon. 100% polyester velour creates air pockets in the fabric that trap air and retains body heat. Woven velour is soft, yet rugged.

Velour Properties
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It has a rough look. It has light and shaded areas on the surface. It has pebbled effect. It is soft. It is rugged.

Uses of Velour Fabric
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Hats Dressing gowns Dresses Waist-coats Upholstery

Voile Fabric: Voile, What is Voile Fabric, Characteristics of Voile Fabric, Uses of Voile Fabric
Voile is a sheer and very lightweight fabric. The weave is plain and approximately square. It is a loosely woven fabric. It is crisp and wiry hand. The fabric drapes as well as gathers very well. It is semi-transparent and has a clear surface, obtained by singeing away any fuzzy yarns. Voile is also called "Voile de laine", meaning wool voile. It was originally made from cotton or wool, but now it is also made from cotton, worsted, silk or manufactured continuous filament. It is usually made with cylindrical combed yarns. Highergrade voile is made from highly twisted yarns. It has a hard finish and often preferred for sheer window treatments because of its drapability and soft flowing character.

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Characteristics of Voile Fabric
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It is sheer. It is very lightweight. It has hard finish. It drapes and gathers very well. It is crisp and sometimes wiry hand.

Uses of Voile Fabric
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Curtain Dresses Blouses

Silk Fabric Texture: Different Types of Textures in Silk Fabrics, Summer Textures, Textures for Cold Climates, Subtle Textures
Silk fabric, one of the higher grade fabric known for its softness, luster, beauty and luxurious look. It gives comfort in all types of weather and is the strongest natural fabric in the world. Indian silk is popular worlwide because of its sheer variety of designs, weaving and quality. The most valued is the Thai silk. Different textures are created with silk fabric according to the use. Summer textures are different from that which is worn in cold climates. In menswear, the fabrics are light with subtle textures.

Brocade Fabric: Brocade, What is Brocade Fabric, What is Brocade, Define Brocade, Brocade Definition, Brocade Meaning, Brocade History, Brocade Characteristics, Brocade Uses
Brocade or Brocade fabric is a rich, elegant and heavy fabric with an elaborate design effect. Brocade fabric has a raised and embossed texture. The raised and embossed texture of the brocade adds an extra layer of warmth. It is widely used in a satin background with metallic threading and embroidery. Often it is reversible. Brocades are dressy formal fabrics. Suits and dresses made of brocade are ideal for all occasion gatherings and eveningwear. Brocade was originally made of silk but now it is common with rayon, cotton or polyester. It is woven by a compact warp-effect background with either one or more than one fillings of gold or silver thread used to make the motif or figure. Motifs are of flowers, foliage, pastoral scenes, or other such designs. Sometimes, the richness of the fabric is enhanced by weaving verses from the Hindu scriptures of the Koran, making it appropriate for religious ceremonies.

Brocade History
Brocade is believed to be originated in the Shang Dynasty of China. Making brocade fabrics became an art in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries. In India it is known as 'fabric of dreams' and is produced in Ahmedabad, Aurangabad, Benaras, Delhi, Lucknow, Bhopal, Murshidabad, Thanjavur (Tanjore), Tiruchirapally, Madras and Surat.

Brocade Characteristics
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It is rich and elegant. It is heavyweight. It has raised and embossed texture. It has elaborate designs.

Brocade Fabric Uses | Brocade Uses
Historically, brocade garment is after five wear. It is appropriate for eveningwear and occasion gathering. Brocade fabric is used as apparel, state robes, sarees, church vestments, draperies and upholstery.

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Crepe Fabric: What is Crepe Fabric, Characteristics of Crepe Fabric, Uses of Crepe Fabric, What is Crepe Fabric

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Crepe is a light-weight and classic soft silk fabric with a good drapeability. Crepe Fabric is smooth and highly shapeable. Crepe fabric comes in different weights and degrees of sheerness. Crepe has a good slimming effect. The surface texture of the crepe fabric ranges from fine, flat to pebbled and mossy effects. Crepe fabric is durable and easy to cut and sew. crepe is ideally suited for dresses and blouses. Crepe fabric is either a plain weave of satin but it is of different types. Canton crepe is heavier with ribs while the Chiffon crepe is having a soft finish. Crepe de China has sheer and limp where as Crepon crepe has fine ribs. Flat crepe comes with smooth surface and Plisse crepe have puckered or crinkled surface. The crinkled of puckered surface of the crepe fabric is produced by number of ways. The short and irregular floats in warp and weft of the woven crepe fabric are arranged to create a full random pattern within the weave repeat. In woven crepe fabric or knitted crepe fabric, the crinkled or puckered appearance is obtained by the use of highly twisted yarns. The characteristics are also created by treatment of the crepe fabric with embossing rollers of heat and pressure engraved with a crepe pattern

Characteristics of Crepe Fabric / Properties of Crepe Fabric
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It is lightweight and thin. It is soft. It drapes well. It is smooth and shapeable. It has sheerness. It has a good slimming effect. It has crinkled or puckered surface. It shrinks.

Types of Crepe Fabric
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Silk Crepe Fabric Wool Crepe Fabric Polyster Crepe Fabric Stretch Crepe Fabric Crepe de chine fabric Crepe Back Satin Fabric

Uses of Crepe Fabric
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Indian Choli Bridal and Fashion leenghas Sarees Salwar kameez Long dinner dresses Light-weight suits Coats Skirts, scarves and slacks Evening wear

Chiffon Fabric: Overview of Chiffon Fabric, Characteristics of Chiffon Fabric, Properties of Chiffon Fabric, Uses of Chiffon Fabric
Chiffon Fabric is an elegant and sheer fabric made of silk, rayon, cotton, or synthetics. The fabric is very fine, thin hand and lightweight. It is soft and supple, which gives a beautiful drape. It wears very well but is difficult to handle when sewing. It has slightly bumpy look and is best suited to shirring, draping, gathering and tucking. Chiffon is a plain weave fabric. It is made of loose and tightly twisted yarns. The yarns are either in the filling or the warp or both. It has crepe like texture because the threads are first twisted and then woven. It has very slight rough feel but is softer and thinner than Georgette. Polyester chiffon is very strong and dries quickly The word 'Chiffon' has been derived from a French word 'Chiffe', which mean 'rag'.

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Characteristics of Faille Fabric          Faille has crosswise ribs. Faille is glossy. Faille has lustrous finish. hence it is ideal for slacks and dress wear. Faille is dressy. a strong close woven corded fabric. The twisted crepe fibers give a springy quality that makes it seem to move on its own. Double Georgette Fabric. Faille Fabric wears and drapes well. blouses and scarves. Georgette. Faille is a plain weave. It is also used as eveningwear. linings. It is elegant and sheer fabric. Often chiffon is used in a colored layer over a heavier fabric. with some body and firmness. It is characterized by its crispness. but it is finer. Georgette fabric is thin but strong and very durable. Silk Georgette Fabric. Georgette is slightly heavier and more opaque than the chiffon. It is very fine. Faille is soft and smooth. Page 41 . Georgette snags easily and is difficult to sew. Georgette wears well and produces a very elegant look. Faille is also used blouses and soft evening purses. Faille wears better. Georgette fabric has a textured crepe surface because the threads are first twisted and then it is woven together. Faille drapes well. Polyester georgette is more strong and resistant to creases and wrinkles. The ribs of faille are flatter than in grosgrain. nightgowns. Heavier weight faille is used for coats and suits. What is Faille Fabric. Faille belongs to a family of grosgrain.Characteristics of Chiffon Fabric / Properties of Chiffon Fabric          It is soft and supple. It is difficult to cut and sew. Faille Fabric is smooth with a lustrous finish. thin and transparent. It wears very well. The weft-way ribs are formed by the intersection of a tine (close-set warp) with a coarser weft. Georgette Fabric: What is Georgette Fabric. Polyester Georgette Fabric. It does not show pinholes. It is lightweight. It drapes well. Uses of Faille Fabric Faille is a technique of fabric construction. background for embroidery. Faille Fabric: Faille. which creates a corded effect. Georgette fabric has a dull creped surface with a grainy texture. Uses of Faille Fabric Faille drapes and wears well. Faille is sometimes even referred to as flat-ribbed. Faille is a medium weight fabric with noticeable cross-wise ribs. Faille is difficult to launder. applique or beading. woven from filament yarn. It has crepe-like texture Uses of Chiffon Fabric Chiffon is best used for special occasion dresses. The word 'Georgette' has been derived from a French dressmaker of the 20th century named Madame Georgette de la Plante. Faille tailors well. Printed Georgette Fabric Georgette Fabric is a sheer lightweight plain weave fabric made of silk. Faille Fabric is glossy soft and dressy. and under linings. Faille Fabric Definition. Georgette is also made of polyester or rayon.

It is least affected by the ultra violet light. Organza Properties. which is also used for bridesmaids gowns. Crystal Organza Fabric . It is extremely beautiful and smooth fabric with a satiny. The full luster Peau de Soie is more flattering to most of the body shapes and sizes than the higher luster satins. It is also known as "Duchess Satin". It is strong and extremely durable. Georgette is thin and lightweight fabric. as "Paduasoy" is a stout. Sparkle Organza Fabric. lustered finish. It is stout. which means. What is Peau de Soie Fabric. Shoes Page 42 Organza Fabric: What is Organza. Bridesmaids gowns. It has elegant look. It has luster finish. It is not easy to sew. also known. It snags. Uses of Peau de Soie Peau de Soie. The best quality of Peau de Soie is reversible. Characteristics of Peau de Soie. Light color dye looks great. Peau de Soie is a traditional fabric generally used for wedding dresses. soft silk with fine cross ribs. It gives a dramatic and stylish look Characteristics of Peau de Soie      It is soft. Peau de Soie Fabric is medium to heavyweight drapeable fabric having a satin weave. having finish on both sides. It is a French word. mothers-of-the-bride dresses and also for elegant cocktail suits. It is extremely beautiful and smooth. It has a dull face. Silk Organza Fabric.Characteristics of Georgette Fabric         Georgette is a sheer fabric. "skin of silk". Organza Uses. It wears well. Uses of Peau de Soie    Wedding gowns. Peau de Soie do not get dyed to dark colors. It is medium to heavyweight. Types of Georgette Fabric     Silk Georgette Fabric Polyester Georgette Fabric Double Georgette Fabric Printed Georgette Fabric Uses of Georgette Fabric      Blouses Flared skirts Dresses Eveningwear Scarves Peau de Soie: Peau de Soie Fabric.

Organza Fabric crushes or musses easily but is easily pressed. trimming. drapes well and is dressy. It is made of cotton. Wool Broadcloth The characteristics of wool broadcloth are slightly different from other broadcloth. Fulling is a process where the cloth is cleansed. It can be bleached. It wears and drapes well. The thread count of the fabric ranges from a high quality 144 ´ 6 count down to 80 ´ 60. Organza is produced from highly twisted yarn. silk or wool. Organza is a stiff and transparent fabric and very dressy. Organza Uses Organza fabric is appropriate for interfacing or for underlining other sheer fabrics. It wears better. Types of Organza Fabric    Silk Organza Fabric Sparkle Organza Fabric Crystal Organza Fabric Broadcloth Fabric: Broadcloth. It is comfortable. It is thin and lightweight. The gum present on the raw silk holds together the weave creating a stiff fabric. but some minor distortion takes place after dyeing due to sheerness and irregularity of twisted yarns. but finer. It is thin. or printed. Organza fabric is crisp and gives a wiry feel. It is very fine. It has fine texture. Broad Cloth Fabric Definition | What is Broadcloth. Wool Broadcloth is usually twill with a two up and one down construction. Organza Properties        It is a crisp and sheer fabric. It is easy to press. It is lustrous. What is Broadcloth Fabric. It is also used for sari materials. Organza fabric is washable but in cold water to retain its crispness. The filling yarn in the fabric is heavier with lesser twist than the warp yarn. It is also very often mercerized. Organza fabric is similar to cotton organdy except it is transparent. Page 43 . Characteristics of Broadcloth Fabric        It is soft. It is moderately wiry. cotton/polyester blends. It is dressy. It has a smooth finish. It is similar to poplin. It is soft and lustrous with a firm finish. It is easy to dye. shrunk and thickened with moisture. functional and affordable. embroidered garments . Wool Broadcloth. It has fine texture with a very slight sheen finish. The fabric is fulled after weaving. which require a slight stiffness without weight. Broadcloth Uses Broadcloth or Broadcloth fabric is a very closely woven plain weave fabric with a crosswise rib. Broadcloth fabric is cool. comfortable. It is lightweight. It has a napped face and is closely sheared and polished Broadcloth originally indicates a cloth woven on a wide loom. neckwear and millinery. heat and pressure.Organza is a crisp and sheer plain weave fabric. It is dressy. dyed.

For formal wear. but is stiffer. It drapes well. Charmeuse garments with pleats should be avoided. Taffeta Properties. Uses of Charmeuse Fabric Charmeuse fabric is a lightweight fabric commonly made from silk. scarves and evening gowns Taffeta Fabric: Taffeta. Taffeta Characteristics. It provides a crisp hand and produces a rustling sound when rubbed together. dresses. Taffeta Uses Taffeta is a medium to heavyweight lustrous fabric made from silk. Taffeta has originated in Persia (Iran) in the 16th century. The word 'Charmeuse' originated from a French word for 'Charmer'. . blouses and summer wear of all kinds. It is similar to satin. It is strong. Then. as it is too soft to hold folds. It drapes beautifully and is very smooth. Taffeta is a weft-way rib cloth. wool. It is prepared by using a slightly thicker weft than warp. What is Taffeta Fabric. blouses. It is soft with rich luster. It is a dressy fabric. rayon or synthetics. It is smooth. The word 'Taffeta' has been derived from a Persian word 'Taftah'. Charmeuse becomes dull but too soft after dry clean. The stiffness of the fabric depends upon how closely it is woven. slips. blouses. It is lustrous on one side and dull the other side. The back of the fabric is a flattened crepe with a dull appearance while the front is a shimmery satin weave. Characteristics of Charmeuse Fabric. Patterns with loose and flowing or having soft gathers are appropriate. It is soft. It is durable. dresses. Taffeta is also used as bedspreads and cushion covers. Sometimes it is also called as 'crepe backed satin'. It has good strength and durability. Wool taffeta is produced from worsted yarns. Uses of Charmeuse Fabric: Charmeuse is commonly used for women's dresses like skirts. umbrella fabric. Apart from this it is also used as pajamas. It used to be a luxury cloth for women and was used in all types of women's wear. Charmeuse Fabric: What is Charmeuse Fabric.Broadcloth Uses: Broadcloth is used as shirts. ribbons. It is resistant to chemical and abrasion. It is made of high twisted yarn with a flexible finish. skirts and lingerie. Taffeta Uses:   Page 44 Taffeta is used as suits and coats. which is recognized from the fabrics supreme luster and beautiful drapability Characteristics of Charmeuse Fabric      It is lightweight. The fabric accepts color well and is easy to wash. It is medium to heavy-weight. History of Charmeuse Fabric. dresses. and lining for jackets and bags. it was made from silk or linen. Hand woven taffeta is the best. Taffeta Characteristics / Taffeta Properties        It is crisp. it is a favourite choice. which 'Twist'. It is stiff. It is resistant to chemicals and abrasion. It makes a rustle noise when rubbed together.

It is delicate. It is lustrous. linen. The word 'Tulle' has been derived from the name of a town in SW France. Tulle Characteristics. Double damask weave gives a more clear design. It is soft and elegant. This fabric is believed to be one of the first elegant fabrics of the Renaissance. In the 13th century. Tulle Uses Tulle is a very fine and very cool net fabric made from silk. It sheds dirt. It is soft. It is firm and glossy. and under one weft thread. It is stiff. It has high luster and is very durable. cotton. The figures or the designs are in weft and the background is in warp satin weaves. rayon. They used it as vestments. History of Damask Fabric. It launders better. History of Damask / Damask History The word 'Damask' has been derived from the word 'Damascus'. Characteristics of Damask Fabric. Damask Fabric sheds dirt and launders well. Damask is similar to brocade. Then Damascus was the center for trade of fabrics between the East and the West. In Rome. It is dressy but also delicate. Both. The fabric is very light and stiff having a hexagonal mesh. Uses of Damask Fabric Damask is a firm and glossy Jacquard patterned fabric made from silk. Marco Polo imported this fabric from China to the Western world. or blends. knotted or leno and is woven on a lace machine. Types of Damask Fabrics    Cotton Damask Fabric Silk Damask Fabric Linen Damask Fabric Damask Uses    Tablecloths Napkins Draperies Tulle Fabric: Define Tulle Fabric. one warp thread goes over four and under one weft thread while weaving. the single damask as well as the double damasks is used. Characteristics of Damask Fabric       It has figures or patterns. It is very fine. Page 45 It is lightweight. one warp thread goes over seven or even more. Damask fabric is reversible and is characterized by the combination of satin and sateen weave. nylon or cotton. the origin of tulle. damask was imported by the Crusaders from Damascus. The weave of tulle is either gauze. In the single damask. It is dressy. Tulle is a sheer fabric. It was first made by machine in the year 1768. It is reversible. In the double damask. The warp thread is finer than the weft to give a closer and stronger fabric. It comes in white and colors and is widely used as veils and dresses.Damask Fabric: Overview of Damask Fabric. It is durable. . Tulle is a stately type of fabric when used as formal wear and weddings Tulle Properties        It is a net fabric. but is flatter.

strong and very durable. It is also used as underskirts or skirts and as embroidery of imitation laces Wool Fabric Texture: Different Types of Wool Fabric Textures. Challis originated in Norwich. England in the year 1832. Of all the napped fabrics. It do not wrinkle easily and is resistant to dirt and wear and tear. Beaver clothes gives an excellent wear and is very warm. Beaver Properties. It has a slightly brushed surface with silky down finish and good drapeability. such as sheep. the fabric of each can be given a different texture to make it more purposeful. It is an excellent wear. Houndstooth Check is also used in sportswear. It is luxurious. but it is usually dyed or printed with floral or geometric patterns. Page 46 . Beaver Clothes are high quality and very soft cloth. lamb. It is shiny. Uses of Challis Fabric Challis or chalys is a soft and lightweight plain weave fabric commonly made from wool and sometimes from cotton or rayon. The length of the nap varies from cloth to cloth and its uses. It is originally from English but mostly found in Europe and America. Gabardine is the best. It is very luxurious and shiny. Tulle Uses: Tulle is popularly used as ballerina costumes and wedding veils or trains. The true color of challis is brownish. For example Chellis is used to make women's and children's dresses and blouses where as Loden is shaped into capes and sportswear. History of Challis Fabric. Challis Fabric: What is Challis Fabric. Chellis. It is furled. specially sportcoats but suits goes well with it. Beaver Uses: Beaver cloth made of wool is primarily used as warm coats. It is soft. camel. etc. Beaver Cloth: Beaver Clothes. Cotton beaver is used as hats. Beaver Characteristics | Beaver Properties        It has heavy nap. and South west China. It has hexagonal mesh. One of the important quality of wool fabric is that it wicks away perspiration from the body and keep the wearer dry. Gabardine Wool fabric is known for its warmth. It is very warm.double faced. It is a dressy fabric and is often washable. Iraq. alpaca. Beaver Uses Beaver cloth or Beaver Fabric is a thick and heavy silk or cotton fabric with a smooth nap. instead it only smoulders Whatever be the source of wool. Beaver Clothing is made to stimulate beaver fur. The nap is on both the sides . which mean soft. To make tailored suits for men and women.  It has sheerness. Characteristics of Challis Fabric. Houndstooth. The word 'Challis' is derived from Anglo-Indian word 'Shalee'. Beaver Clothing is mostly used as warm coats. Beaver Clothing.. Iran. Tibet. Wool never burns over a flame. Usually light colored fibers are added to the nap to increase the shine of the cloth. Beaver Fabric. shoe linings. Beaver cloth or Beaver Fabric is of twill weave. Challis is obtained from hair fiber of Kashmir goat found in India. Beaver Characteristics. it has the longest nap. work cloths. maritime cloths and sports cloths. It is thick. Loden. The fabric is knitted using single worsted spun yarns in warp and weft.

The fabric is often sold as a homespun. crossbred and reused wool and blends. It has a crisp feel. It is dressy. Characteristics of Chevoit Fabric. It does not hold crease and sags with wear. It is also used as women's and children's dresses and blouses. It has rough surface. it has to be lined. The fur is most fragile and most expensive. necties. It is often washable Uses of Challis Fabric Challis is widely used as printed dresses and skirts. It is very soft and warm despite being one of the lightest in weight furs. Cheviot is obtained from the wool of cheviot sheep. it gets a crisp feel. Chinchilla cloths are very difficult the manufacture but new dressing methods have made it easier to work. It has also improved its wearability. Its surface has curls or nubs. It is lightweight.Characteristics of Challis Fabric      It is soft and silky. After the finish. Cheviot Fabric: Overview of Chevoit Fabric. Characteristics of Cheviot Fabric        It is coarse. It is coarser than saxony clothes but is more lustrous. It sags with wear. blouses and sportswear. known for its heavy fleece and found in the hills at the bordering area of England and Scotland. It is even one of the most prestigious fur. It is heavy. The cloth is very lightly milled and raised. kimonos. It is not crease resistant. Uses of Chinchilla Cloth Chinchilla cloth is a thick. It drapes well. Uses of Cheviot Fabric       Coats Sportswear Sport's coats. Today. It is loosely woven. Chinchilla cloth is usually made from wool or blends of wool and cotton in twill weave. Blankets Knee rugs Knitted and crocheted garments Chinchilla Cloth: Overview of Chinchilla Cloth. pajamas. In slacks or shorts. Often it is double faced with a knitted or woven. dense and heavy pile fabric. it is also made from synthetics. sweaters. Uses of Chevoit Fabric Cheviot Fabric is a very rugged and harsh wool fabric with an uneven and rough surface. It is generally used as suits and coats. History of Chinchilla Cloth. plain or fancy back. Page 47 . Characteristics of Chinchilla Cloth. which has a plain weave and is much heavier. the South American Indians who used the hair of a rodent for cloth. The name has been derived from 'Chincha'. The term 'Chinchilla' is also used to refer a knitted woolen fabric which has a napped surface. Often it comes with a herringbone pattern and it resembles serge. It has a heavy nap with no shine at all. It is a loosely woven tweed fabric made from thick and rough yarns.

Polyester Gaberdine Gabardine fabric or gabardine is a style of weave which has a fine and distinct diagonal ribs caused by the interlacing pattern of yarns. dense and heavy.Characteristics of Chinchilla Cloth      It is thick. It wears extremely well Wool gabardine is also known for a year-round fabric for business suiting. Characteristics of Herringbone Fabric. Cotton Gabardine. Gabardine is hard to press properly. It has nap. However. Cotton. Gabardine Definition. Gabardina was a loose outer garment worn by Spanish pilgrims in the medieval times Characteristics of Gabardine Fabric        It is fine. rayon. It is very soft. true gabardine has a tight twill on one side and a smooth and plain looking reverse side. It is durable. Gabardine is inclined to shine with wear but it is hard to press properly. The word 'Gabardine' has been taken from 'Gabardina'. It is firm and durable. It is tightly woven twill fabric with a clear finish. polyester and some blends are also used in making gabardine. Wool Gabardine. Uses of Chinchilla Cloth: Chinchilla Cloth is primarily used as coats Gabardine Fabric: What is Gabardine Fabric. Herringbone Cloth. Gabardine. Gabardine Fabric is closely woven. Uses of Herringbone Fabric. Gabardine gets the shine with wear. Types of Gabardines     Cotton Gabardine Stretch Gabardine Polyester Gabardine Wool Gabardine Uses of Gabardine Fabric       Tailored suits for men and women Coats Raincoats Uniforms Men's shirts Trousers Page 48 Herringbone Wool: What is Herringbone. Sometimes it has high sheen. It is very lightweight. Gabardine has two times as many threads per inch in the warp than what is there in the weft. It is often double faced. Stretch Gabardine. It is firm. Gabardine Fabric has diagonal ridges. Wool Herringbone Fabric .

It is a plain weave. The lengthwise and crosswise yarns of herringbone are of different colors. The name has been derived from the skeleton of Herring because the fiber pattern of herringbone resembles it. This reverse twill. Homespun Cotton. It has a spongy feel. A true herringbone pattern has the same number of the yarns in each direction.Herringbone Fabric is a broken twill weave created by alternating the diagonal pattern within the cloth. Homespun Fabric is loosely woven in homes by peasants and country folk around the world. Houndstooth Fabric has a soft hand and the same appearance and feel on both the sides Page 49 . What is Houndstooth. Houndstooth Dresses Houndstooth Fabric is a distinctively broken or jagged check pattern of small or medium size. sports coats and sportswear. It is also used for upholstery. slightly twisted and uneven. It has a tweedy appearance. Houndstooth Apparel. Much are sold of powerloom with a 'genuine homespun' tag. Houndstooth Curtains. cotton or linen fabrics. It has a spongy feel with hand loomed tweedy appearance. Originally. The twill changes its direction at the point where the weave breaks but balancing the overall pattern of the fabric. Characteristics of Herringbone Fabric    It has broken twill. It has natural stretch than a jersey knit. Homespun Linen Homespun Fabric is a plain weave made from coarse and rugged yarns. Characteristics of Homespun Fabric. Houndstooth is usually made from wool with a broken twill weave. It has zigzag pattern. at regular intervals. Homespun Fabric is made from wool. The production of genuine homespun is very limited. produces a zigzag effect. separates. But now it is dyed and is distinguished by the unevenness of the dyed color. twisted and uneven. Homespun Fabric: What is Homespun Fabric. Houndstooth Check. Different qualities are made but the best quality is an ideal rough and ready to wear cloth Characteristics of Homespun Fabric     It is loosely woven. It has a spongy feel with substantial appearance and serviceable qualities. Herringbone is sometimes also called as 'Chevron' or 'Fishbone' or 'Arrowhead'. It has spongy feel. The best herringbone is an ideal rough and ready type of cloth. one for warp and the other for weft. Homespun Wool. The yarns are irregular. homespun Fabric was undyed woolen cloth. The yarns are usually irregular. Herringbone is made of cotton or wool. The design woven looks like a four-pointed star. Types of Homespun Fabrics    Homespun Cotton Fabric Homespun Linen Homespun Wool Uses of Homespun Fabric     Coats Suits Separates Sportswear Houndstooth Fabric: Houndstooth. Uses of Homespun Fabric. suits. Uses of Herringbone Fabric Herringbone is used as coats.

Uses of Loden Fabric Caps Page 50    Winter Cloth Sportswear . It is thick and heavy. Loden is traditionally of dark green color with a laid down and pressed pile finish.Houndstooth Check The pointed check effect is produced by the 2 up . the warp and the filling. Loden is soft and durable. Loden is also windproof and generally used for outerwear Loden fabric originated from Austria and Germany where it was woven from coarse grade wool. The word 'Loden' has been derived from a German word 'Loda'. History of Loden Fabric. It is soft. Characteristics of Loden Fabric     It is soft. Loden Fabric is resistant to water because of the oily and coarse rough wool. It has natural stretch. which means haircloth. The cotton yarn appears on the other side. which prevents water penetration. It is made of soft twist woolen yarn and hard twist cotton yarn. It is durable. The woolen yarn appears on one side giving it a heavy and spongy napped finish. It is water and wind resistant. Houndstooth Products        Houndstooth Apparel Houndstooth Curtains Houndstooth Dresses Houndstooth Bag Houndstooth Rug Sportcoats Suits Uses of Houndstooth Fabric Lambs down : Overview of Lambsdown. Uses of Lambsdown    Children's coats Blankets Robes Loden Fabric : Overview of Loden Fabric. hence the name Houndstooth Check Characteristics of Houndstooth Fabric    It has broken check pattern.The design looks like a four-pointed star.2 down twill and yarns of contrasting colors in groups of four in both. Uses of Loden Fabric Loden Fabric is a thick and heavy fabric made from the fleeces of mountain sheep. mohair or camel. The broken check patter resembles the jagged back teeth of a hound. Originally Loden was made from wool but now it is blended with alpaca. Uses of Lambsdown Lambsdown is a heavy plaited knit fabric. Characteristics of Loden Fabric.

It washes incredibly. It launders well. Uses of Panama Cloth    Panama cloth is very soft and it is perfect for babies. Uses of Oatmeal Cloth Oatmeal is a soft. Tweed Properties. Page 51 . Some are very closely woven with smoother and softer yarns. It can be washed well and ironed at higher temperature with steam iron. Uses of Oatmeal Cloth: Drapery and Upholstery Panama Fabric: What is Panama. namely Manabi.Oatmeal Fabric: Oatmeal Cloth. Panama hat is very popular because of its thickness and flexibility Tweed Fabric: What is Tweed Fabric. Characteristics of Oatmeal Cloth. The weave of tweed is twill. Panama Properties. Few are of monotone. The word 'Tweed' is the Scotch name for twill. Uses of Tweed Fabric Tweed is a coarse. It is heavy. Donegal tweed. checked. It can be ironed with a hot steamy iron. It is a preferable fabric by adult too. and other patterns. The word 'oatmeal' is an old fashioned term. heavy and durable fabric. Tweed is sometimes also known as 'Tweel'. It is warm. Panama hat is very popular in three provinces of Ecuador. Eventually. With proper iron it gives a crisper look. Characteristics of Oatmeal Cloth      It is soft. Azuay and Canar. or plain. Babies cloth is a perfect choice out of panama cloth. which is used to describe any fabric (mainly wool) having a colored and pebbled effect like oatmeal. Panama Fabric has the barest trace of shrinkage and is very soft. thick and rough surfaced wool fabric. It is durable. Panama Cloth. It is durable. Panama Fabric is very soft. It has a crisp look. These places have developed distinct and different textures in panama hats Panama Properties         Panama Fabric does not shrink. Irish tweed. Panama has a property of retaining its body. It originated along the banks of the Tweed river. It is warm and durable. It has pebbled effect. Uses of Panama Cloth Panama Fabric is a unique weave made from acrylic/cotton blend fabric. novelty. Cheviot tweed or Harris tweed. The fabric is usually made from wool but sometimes linen is also used. variations. It retains its body. It is mid-to-heavyweight with plaid. striped. There are many varieties of tweed. which separates England from Scotland. It has a crepe or pebbled effect resembling oatmeal paper. tweed was used for all carded homespun wool like Scotch tweed.

The fabric is exceptionally durable. Venise Fabric: Venise. Sportswear. Outerwear Linen Fabric Characteristics: Linen textures. The term 'Butcher Linen' has also been used to describe cotton cloth. Damask Linen. It was inspired by the work of an Italian painter Veronese of the 16th century. bed covers and other bedding articles. Uses of Venise Fabric: Venise fabric is specially used for pillow covers. The warp and weft of the fabric are uneven.Tweed Properties     It is coarse It is thick It has rough surface It is mid-weight to heavyweight Uses of Tweed Fabric: Suits. It usually consists large floral patterns. It do not cause irritation or allergies when worn and gives protection against UV radiation. Damask Linen and Butchers linen. carrying tensile strength with high durability. History of Butchers Linen. Linen fabric textures are not of wide variety but only known for Venice. Characteristics of Venise Fabric It is very fine. It has a lavish look. It is aristocratic. It is a hallmark for aristocratic upholstery. Characteristics of Butchers Linen. Slacks. It launders well and sheds dirt easily in wear. symbolising comfort and elegance is also widely known for its antibacterial and antifungi properties. It is one of the most luxurious fabric. Uses of Venise Fabric Venise is a kind of damask which is very fine and used for table linen. Venice Linen. Butchers Linen: Butcher Linen. thick and thin yarns. Uses of Butchers Linen Butchers linen is a strong and heavy. Overview of Venise Fabric. It is heavy. Butcher's linen was originally made from linen but now it is created with cotton or manufactured fibers. Characteristics of Venise Fabric. It is stiff. Butchers Linen Linen. It is completely biodegradable and is waste-less. A fringed throw in either wool or silk adds to the lavish look of venise. Coats. It has plain weave Uses of Butchers Linen     Interfacing Page Protective coats 52 Tablecloths Overalls . It is stiff and made of plain weave linen fabric. This fabric was originally used for French butchers' aprons Characteristics of Butchers Linen     It is strong.

Uses of Aniline Leather Aniline leather is the most natural and beautiful form of leather. It is extremely delicate. It is colored all through with a transparent dye. The leather which has a base coat of finish containing pigment. It has a variety of clear finishes which do not inhibit the softness or breathing of the leather.Leather Fabric Texture: Black Leather Texture. This distinguished aniline from its imitators. Semi-aniline leather is more durable. wax finish. Characteristics of Nubuck Leather. It is sensitive to sunlight. This ensures consistent color and also imparts some stain resistance. The velvety textured surface show a difference in shading when one runs his hand over it. What is Nubuck Leather. It is susceptible to soiling. It is made to imitate aniline leather. Studded Leather Texture It is well said that leather never ages. It is free of heavy pigments. Red Leather Texture. Some has scars where as others show a grainy surface. nitrocellulose finish and urethane protective coatings. Uses of Nubuck Leather . Many of them are given textures artificially. Semi Aniline Leather. hot as well as cold. It adds to its quality with time. plastic fillings. such as embossed leather. It is firm. The increased durability is achieved by the application of a light surface coating containing a small amount of pigment. Few of them have velvety appearance and some marbled or creased look. Different Leather Textures          Black Leather Texture White Leather Texture Red Leather Texture Brown Leather Texture Old Leather Texture Seamless Leather Texture Blue Leather Texture Studded Leather Texture Crocodile Leather Texture Aniline Leather: Aniline Dyed Leather. Uses of Aniline Leather: Aniline leather is widely used as upholstery Nubuck leather is actually aniline leather. White Leather Texture. luxurious and breathable. It shows the natural origins in the form of healed scars and varying surface texture. Characteristics of Aniline Leather        It is very soft. Aniline leather is very soft. gives comfort in both the weather. Full Aniline Leather. The surface of nubuck is brushed and polished and has a velvet like texture with lush appearance. Brown Leather Texture. It retains to the original shape when stretched and absorbs water vapour without losing the dryness Leather fabric carries natural textures. It has color variation. soft and elastic. What is Aniline Leather. They are like oil finish. This is done by immersing the leather in a dye bath. All characteristics of the hide is visible giving it a unique appeal. but the later coats contain a contrasting pigment giving a two-tone appearance is known as semi-aniline leather. Characteristics of Aniline Leather. The effect also Page 53 Nubuck Leather: Nubuck. Leather fabric is weather friendly. It requires little care. surface coats and imitation grains that are found in lesser leathers.

It has maximum breathability. but it softens with use. Suede is the flesh side of a piece of leather where as nubuck is an effect done to the grain side of the leather. The leather is sometimes also dyed with transparent dyes Nubuck leather is also known as Chaps. which is buffed or sanded to minimise imperfections. Uses of Corrected Leather Corrected leather is also known as Corrected Grain Leather. Bomber. or Suede. It is supple. the insole breathes to minimize foot perspiration. it is also treated with a Scotchgard chemical to make it stain resistant. Suede leather is entirely different. It is durable. It also slip less compared to other footwear Characteristics of Suede Leather      It is extremely strong but delicate. The brushing makes the leather more absorbent than aniline leathers. and color vividly. Nubuck leather reflects the natural leather grain or do have an endless variety of embossed patterns which are applied to them. Characteristics of Nubuck Leather        It is soft handle. The leather offers the sturdiest finish and is often sold at a comparatively lower price than uncorrected leathers Page 54 . making it incredibly soft. But it should not be confused with suede or reversed leather. No two pieces of suede leather will have same characteristics. This leather is fuzzy on one side and smooth on the other. It is the grain layer. It is beautiful. The smooth side is the one where the hair and natural gain used to be Corrected leather is usually pigmented to cover the sanding. Uses of Suede Leather Suede is the finish applied to leather by buffing the underside of the hide heavily and creating velvet like nap. The resulting surface is little stiffer than pure aniline leather. It absorbs and holds moisture.gives the leather a color depth and this shading is not found in any other type. Distressed. Suede from moose will not stretch when wet while elk stretches greatly in one direction. Corrected Leather: Corrected Grain Leather. It exhibits noticeable natural marks and grain variation. Nubuck leather is made from the most formal and refined to rugged casuals. Sometimes. Suede leather has proper porosity and is also very durable. It has a lush nap. It requires more care than natural leather. Uses of Nubuck Leather: Nubuck leather is widely used as upholstery apparel Suede Leather: What is Suede Leather. In footwear. Uses of Suede Leather    Upper for shoes Soles for shoes Leather clothing and accessories for men and women. Elk will not shrink while pigskin will. It is extremely strong and supple but at the same time it is delicate. Overview of Corrected Leather. It is vulnerable to stains. It is not as expensive as top-grain leather. An artificial grain is also applied to it to give a uniform look. It is the most durable and easily maintained leather. Characteristics of Corrected Leather. when dried The suede split leather gives long wearing properties. It is durable.

It can be stored for a longer period. Upper made of PU coated leather is lightweight and comfortable. History of PU Leather Invented in the late 1800s. Characteristics of PU Coated Leather. It is soft.Characteristics of Corrected Leather      It has a uniform look. At this point. all wet operations of the leather ends and there is less scope for any major alteration of both physical as well as chemical characteristics of the leather. It is fuzzy and smooth on alternate sides. It is a fast drying leather. The oil created some flexibility. Crust leather is usually fit for prolonged storage and easy for transportation. PU Leather. the leather is made resistant to water penetration and also become a high resistance to scratches. Uses of Crust Leather of Crust Leather. durable and easy to care. There are varieties of PU coated leather depending upon the technical standards they are required to meet. Characteristics of PU Coated Leather    It is water-resistant. crust leather is tanned with vegetable. It withstands hand washing. Uses of Corrected Leather    Boot leather Furniture leather Garment leather Crust Leather: What is Crust Leather. It is easy to transport. It is also some times referred to 'unfinished' leather. Leather finishers opt to buy leather at this stage. crust leather has been through the dyehouse processes but has not been finished. Page 55 . chrome or the combination of both. Overview Characteristics of Crust Leather. It is heavily painted. Crust leather is a semi-finished leather. It is resistant to scratches. Uses of Crust Leather   crust leather is used for Upholstery crust leather is used for Footwear PU Coated Leather: Polyurethane Coated Leather. It is stiff. Uses of PU Coated Leather PU coated leather is made from the inner splits of the hide and is finished with a polyurethane coating. Characteristics of Crust Leather      It is only tanned and dried. It can be ironed at low heat. It becomes soft with use. Crust leather withstands hand washing and is also ironed on a low heat. then coated with a linseedbased lacquer. It is soft and durable. while the lacquer imparted the shine. early patent leather was heavily impregnated with linseed oil. With the polyurethane treatment. The coating is also sometimes embossed with a design to give the leather the widest variety of textures. only dried. This is an important stage in leather processing. It is tanned to make it nonperishable.

the distressed appearance is also achieved with paraffin wax along with a specialized milling process. It has natural aging. wrinkles. Distressed Leather Sofa Distressed leather is aniline dyed leather. This is done by scraping the leather before it is dyed. Distressed Leather Jacket. Uses of Distressed Leather. The subtle sheen of the leather is achieved with the final ironing process Distressed leather is also sometimes called as 'Antiqued Leather' Characteristics of Distressed Leather      It has the signs of wear. It dries fast.   It is easy to care. It has healed scars. It has subtle sheen. which shows the signs of wear and natural aging that have been artificially created. In distressed leather. the natural characteristics of the hide like healed scars. Uses of Distressed Leather       Upholstery Jackets Blazers Cowboy boots Photo albums Bags Distressed Leather Products              Distressed Leather Jacket Distressed Leather Sofa Distressed Leather messenger bag Distressed Leather Furniture Distressed Leather Boots Distressed Leather Briefcase Distressed Leather Handbags DIstressed Leather Chair Distressed Leather Blazer Distressed Leather Coat Distressed Leather Bomber Distressed Leather Belt Page 56 Distressed Leather Couch . eight = 15. and scratches are considered to be a positive characteristic. It is lightweight and comfortable. Characteristics of Distressed Leather. The distressed leather is dyed with darker color over the lighter one and creates rich highlights. It has wrinkles and scratches. Sometimes. Uses of PU Coated Leather   Upper for shoe Upholstery Distressed Leather: What is Distressed Leather.

Superior quality has good handling. Uses of Sauvage Leather: Sauvage is usually applied to leather furniture. Embossed Leather Products         Embossed Leather Wallet Embossed Leather Belts Embossed Leather Journal Embossed Leather Handbag Embossed Leather Hides Embossed Leather Photo Album Embossed Leather Vest Embossed Leather bag Sauvage Leather : Overview of Sauvage Leather. The first time. Embossed Leather is sometimes also made to imitate full grain characteristics. a dark dye is introduced to the leather. semi-aniline leather. The superior quality embossed grain leather is sometimes not distinguishable with costly hides. It provides long wearability. Embossed leather is made in a variety of designs and patterns like embossing an alligator. It performs well and is more cost effective. Characteristics of Embossed Leather    Embossed Leather contains unique designs and patterns. Uses of Sauvage Leather A sauvage is a top grain. Uses of Embossed Leather: The main use of embossed leather is to imitate other types of leather. It can be also done vice versa. ostrich. The look is created because the hides are tumbled during the dyeing process Like aniline. Embossed Leather Belts. geometric and many Indian designs. which adds depth and character to the leather. It is extremely soft The mottled or marbled appearance is created by blending two similar dyes in the coloring effect. handling and durability. The leather is dyed twice. It resists spills. Uses of Embossed Leather. It is very soft. Characteristics of Sauvage Leather     It has dual tone effect. Next. a lighter dye is used. Characteristics of Sauvage Leather. The fabric resists spills and provides long wearability. Embossed leather is stamped under high pressure in a press to make unique designs. Characteristics of Embossed Leather. It has two-tone effect. Embossed Leather Hides Embossed leather is similar to corrected leather. Characteristics of Split Leather. Uses of Split Leather . Embossed leather is durable. crocodile. producing a marbled or creased appearance.Embossed Leather: What is Embossed Leather. High grade embossed leather has superior performance. Embossed Leather Wallet. sauvage is also an expensive type of leather and is taken from the most carefully selected skins. Page 57 Split Leather: What is Split Leather. flowers. It is also used as upper of shoes as it is very soft.

Same with the drying time taken. Beaver uses: Fur coats. It is uniform. sweaters. Velour Identifying fabric is important. Characteristics of Split Leather     It is thick. Fabric Shrinkage. knits and weights. Broadcloth uses: Shirts.gloves. Sometimes embossing and color are applied to create unique looks but imprints with heavy details are difficult to achieve. silk-like. Fabric Comparison Chart: Identifying Fabrics. It is economical than other types of leather. Camel hair: weaves: Twill or plain Characteristics: Light weight. particularly the tailored type in plain colors. for children and women. Another table is given at the bottom. Acrylic uses: Used as replacement of wool. sweaters. and warm. blouses. Comparison of Fabrics. Angora Characteristics: Smooth. The following fabric comparison chart gives a complete information upon different types of fabric at a glance. Angora uses: Knit wear . Fabric Comparison gives information about the weaves of the fabric. Alpaca Characteristics: Fine. Alpaca Uses: Men's and Women's suits. Angora Characteristics: Long. Cotton and wool shrinks more than polyester and nylon. Alpaca Weaves: Various weaves. very fine. Split leather is usually thick and stiff with a much firmer feel. and automobile cloth. lightweight. Angora (Angora goat) Weaves: Various weaves and knitted. linings. Angora (Angora rabbit) Weaves: Various weaves and knitted. Angora Uses: Carpet. Acetate uses: Clothing. Uses of Split Leather: Split leather is used in making business cases or leather accessories. Voile. which is split away from the upper. Acrylic Characteristics: Durable. very long in cotton and vice versa in polypropylene. its characteristics and the uses. silky. Fabric Durability. shiny.Split leather is the lower or inner or the flesh side layer of a hide. Velvet. trimming fur and fabric garments. Wool. crisp feel and durable. which shows the comparison of only the characteristics of few fabrics. Broadcloth weaves: Plain weave. lingerie. It is usually given a suede or pigment finished. Page 58 . light weight. curtain. It is buffed to make the surface smooth. A coating of urethane is applied to make it more tough and uniform. and high luster. coats. Beaver characteristics: Soft. This makes us know the true quality of a fabric by differentiating it from its substitutes. More important is the comparison of fabrics. Acetate Characteristics: Soft. water retention is very high in cotton and the lowest in polypropylene. or the grain layer. uniforms. the important part of comparison. dresses. For example. The leather is split during the tanning process. summer wear. soft and wooly feel. extremely warm and fluffy. very strong. It has firmer feel. soft. linings. interlinings. and sportswear. It is stiff and tough. Broadcloth characteristics: Closely woven with smooth finish. It is also used for upholstered furniture. etc. lustrous and soft. scarves. upholstery.

silky and very lightweight. Crepe weaves: Mostly plain but various weaves. Cashmere uses: Knitted into sweaters for men and women. Chiffon weaves: Plain. top coating. Challis weaves: Plain. All knits. blouses and scarves. Also used in (fine) over coating. neckties. and transparent. Crepe characteristics: Crinkled and puckered surface with rough feel and appearance. women's suits. some blankets and put in some very expensive oriental rugs. kimonos. including long dinner dresses. Cashmere characteristics: Soft. Canvas weaves: Plain. also women's dresses. Chiffon uses: Evening wear. Canvas uses: Hair canvas is an interfacing material in various weights. and sportswear. Challis uses: Women's and children's dresses and blouses. sheer. Crepe uses: Depending on weight. hosiery and transmission belts. Challis characteristics: Soft and very lightweight. it is used for dresses of all types. Chiffon characteristics: Lightweight. Canvas characteristics: Mostly rugged. sweaters.Uses: Coats. suits. sports coats. Cashmere (Kashmir) weaves: All weaves but mostly plain or twill. Page 59 . and coats.

and shirts. Shrinks if not pre-shrunk. It crushes or musses fairly easily. trimming. Sheds dirt. Does not shine or hold a crease. easy to wash and is quite lustrous. and wiry. Rather heavy. jackets. upholstery fabrics. slipcovers. top coatings. Flannel uses: Blazers. Page Oxford weaves: Plain variations . uniforms. Herringbone uses: Suitings.usually basket 2 x 1. crisp fabric. resistant to some dyes. socks and sweaters. Drill uses: Uniforms. Organdy uses: Collars and cuffs. some plain. and men's shirts. Gabardine weaves: Steep twill Gabardine characteristics: Clear finish. It has a very wiry feel. body and outstanding durability. aprons. glossy. Hard to press properly. Crispness is due to a finish with starch and calendaring which washes out. Mohair weaves: Plain or twill or knitted. It is sheer and has a dull face. Houdstooth characteristics: Weaned into an irregular check of a four pointed star.right hand . It returns easily to it's original shape and is non-absorbent. or a permanent crispness obtained with chemicals. Organza uses: Evening dresses. Wears extremely well. upholstery. bedspreads. Nylon characteristics: Very strong. coats. knitted or woven lingerie. Georgette weaves: Plain. braids. sportswear. durable. Douppioni characteristics: Irregular with many slubs. flatter wales that gabardine. pile fabrics. Denim characteristics: Originally had dark blue. Georgette characteristics: It is characterized by it's crispness. Houndstooth uses: sportcoats. Organdy weaves: Plain. draperies. caps. brown or dark gray warp with a white or gray filling giving a mottled look and used only for work clothes. raincoats. sportswear. blouses. work clothes. sports coats. Dull finish. suits and coats. millinery. dress materials. Oxford characteristics: Warp has two fine yarns which travel as one and one heavier softly-spun bulky filling which gives it 60 . Mohair uses: Linings. uniforms. Denim uses: Pants. suitings. It is fast drying. It is elastic. Nylon uses: Women's hosiery. Denim weaves: Twill . underlinings for delicate. Herringbone characteristics: It is usually created in wool and has varying qualities.may be L2/1 or L3/1. and many industrial uses. Organdy characteristics: Made with tightly twisted yarns. Organza characteristics: Fine. resistant to both abrasion chemicals. sometimes has a silvery sheen.Damask weaves: Figured on Jacquard loom. Made in a variety of weights. with a napped surface that partially cancels the weave. firm. skirts. Gaberdine uses: Men's and women's tailored suits. but it is easily pressed. Dressy type of fabric. Flannel weaves: Usually twill. and sweaters. sheer. felt hats. summer formals. Flannel characteristics: Soft. lightweight. artificial flowers. Houndstooth weaves: Broken twill weave. Organza weaves: Plain. Damask characteristics: Reversible fabric with woven pattern. Mohair characteristics: Smooth. Herringbone weaves: Twill. tightly woven. Sags with wear. unless underlined. Boys suits. millinery. suits. Inclined to shine with wear. a basket-weave look. sheer materials. It is imitated in rayon and some synthetics Drill weaves: Twill. Douppioni weaves: Plain. Wrinkles badly unless given a wrinkle-free finish. slip covers. Comes in heavy and lighter weights. dresses. Drill characteristics: Closer.

mildew and abrasion. It is readily washable and is not damaged by sunlight or weather and is resistant to moths and mildew. coats. 61 . dresses. and drapes well. Sateen uses: Dresses. stretching. Page Wool characteristics: It is very resilient and resistant to wrinkling. Has a rough texture with many slubs. shirts. Sateen characteristics: Lustrous and smooth with the sheen in a filling direction. sportswear. Taffeta uses: Dressy evening wear: suits and coats. Rayon does have a tendency to shrink but does not melt in high temperatures. Velour characteristics: The pile is characterized by uneven lengths (usually two) which gives it a rough look. Polyester characteristics: It is lightweight. Velvet weaves: Pile. qualities. A rather pebbled effect. Better qualities are mercerized to give a higher sheen. dresses. blouses. made with an extra warp yarn. very highly twisted yarns are used. lining fabrics. strong and resistant to creasing. Pongee uses: Dresses. Velvet characteristics: velvet may be crush resistant. Made in many colors. Voile weaves: Plain. Spandex characteristics: It is lightweight and flexible. varieties. depending on blend. and degrees of stiffness. It resists deterioration from perspiration. coats and suits and ensembles. slips. It is renewed by moisture and well known for it's warmth. blouses. waist-coats. Voile drapes and gathers very well. weights. The two lengths of pile create light and shaded areas on the surface. loosely woven. Tussah weaves: Usually plain but also in twill. capes. Pongee weaves: Plain. Velvet uses: Eveningwear. Sateen weaves: Sateen filling-face weave. and sportswear. It is characterized by it¹s strength and durability. Dull lustre and rather stiff. Satin uses:Slips. pajamas. blouses. dresses. Satin characteristics: Usually has a lustrous surface and a dull back. Rayon characteristics: It¹s drapability and dyeability are excellent and it is fairly soft. summer suits. at home wear. detergent and body oils. robes. Velour weaves: Thick. millinery. Tussah uses: In lighter weights. knots. Satin weaves: Satin. blankets. shrinking. or sometimes knitted. skirts. In heavier weights. and uneven. Pongee characteristics: Light or medium weight. Tussah characteristics: It is coarse. and jackets. Rayon uses: Clothing. Has to be handled with care. and pressed on a velvet board. Taffeta characteristics: It is smooth with a sheen on its surface. with a plain or satin ground. Voile uses: Dresses. Wool uses: Clothing. evening wear. winter wear. plush pile. water resistant.Oxford uses: Men’s shirts mostly. Taffeta weaves: Usually plain with a fine cross rib. Spandex uses: Athletic wear and foundation garments. dresses. ribbons. Polyester uses: Vary. hose. It is resistant to moths and is not affected by ordinary household bleaches and chemicals. Voile characteristics: Sheer and very light weight. They have a crispness and stiffness. The textures vary considerably. strong. and bumps. Velour uses: Dressing gowns. To obtain a top quality fabric. Summer jackets.

Fabric Calendering Fabric finish is an important factor. With Fabric Finish. Fabric Napping. Fabric Softeners. Fabric becomes flame retardant.  With Fabric Finish. With Fabric Finish. especially thosecontaining polyester Very durable if applied at the finishing plant.Fabric Characteristics---------------------Cotton------Wool----Polyester----Polypropylene---Nylon Fabric Water Retention--------------------High-------High-----Low-----------Lowest-------------Medium Fabric Drying Time-------------------------Long-------Long----Short----------Shortest-----------Short Fabric Heat Conduction (Wet)------------High--------Low------Low-----------Low----------------Medium Fabric Comfort Level (Dry)---------------High--------Medium-High----------Medium-----------Medium Fabric Shrinkage--------------------------High--------High-----Low-----------High---------------Low Fabric Durability--------------------------Medium----Medium--High---------Medium------------High Fabric Colour Choice----------------------High--------High------High---------Low----------------High Fabric Paddling Suitability---------------Low----------Low------High---------Medium------------Medium Fabric Camping Suitability---------------Medium-----High-----High----------Medium------------Medium Fabric Finish: Type of Fabric Finishes. Fabric Finish adds body to fabric without adding stiffness Types of Fabric Finishes Chemical Finishes . fabric enhances its quality.      With Fabric Finish. Fabric can speed moisture evaporation. Fabric becomes smoother.Resin Finishes      Used on cotton or rayon Keeps fabric smooth after washing and drying with little or no ironing needed Improves shrinkage control Reduces fabric strength May have odor problem Fabric Softeners    Generally used with resins to improve the way the fabric feels May cause fastness problems May cause yellowing or odor problems Soil Release Finishes    Used extensively on carpets and upholstery fabrics Also used on apparel fabrics. Fabric becomes soft. little durability if applied by the consumer Water Repellents    Wax finish Silicone finish Flame Retardant Page 62 . Fabric Shearing. Fabric Finishing is done according to the need and purpose of the fabric. With Fabric Finish. The following are few of the characteristics of fabric finish. Fabric becomes wrinkle free. Fabric Raising. The fabric gets additional properties with the fabric finish. With the type of fabric finish. Fabric Finishing.

may change the shade if done after dyeing Fabric Raising . It is flame retardant.Fabric Napping   Using wire-covered rolls to "dig out" individual fiber endsto the surface Special type of raised surface fabric is corduroy Fabric Shearing    Use of rotary blade(s) to trim raised surfaces. It is sometimes also embossed in imitation of leather. nylon. It is heavy. The surface can be finished with a specific texture such as leather. It has a good stability of viscosity. to a uniform height This reduces the tendency of the fabric surface to mat and also reduces the pilling tendency Special types of blades and conveyer belts can produce pattern-.effects on the surface Other Mechanical Finishes    Fabric Calendering Decating Sanforizing (Compressive Shrinkage) Coated fabric: Overview of Coated Fabric. It is stronger.Heat setting     Using high temperatures to stabilize fabrics containing polyester. It is washable.Mechanical Finishing . flame retardant and is much stronger than uncoated fabrics. Uses of Coated Fabric           Household Upholstery Tarpaulins Billboards & Signs Wall coverings Automotive and Marine Upholstery Luggage Pool Liners Page Industrial fabrics 63 Airbags Geotextiles . particularly napped fabrics. Characteristics of Coated Fabric        It is washable. The final product after coating and interphasing is solid and flexible. Uses of Coated Fabric Coated fabric is a flexible composite material formed by applying coating agents to either one side or both sides of the fabric substrate. or triacetate Not effective on cotton or rayon May be performed in fabric form or garment form May cause shade variation from side-to-side if done prior to dyeing. Characteristics of Coated Fabric. After the coating it is oven cured creating an interphase between them. Interphase is a mixture formed when the coating agent penetrates into the fabric substrate. or it is left smooth with no texture at all. It is mildew resistant. It is semi-rigid. It is durable.

yet flexible at the same time. deliberately. Due to this. Now it can produce felt with a uniform width and thickness adding a wide range of colors. Felt Characteristics. For centuries people have been using looms to weave cloth. Uses of Handmade Fabric. Handmade Fabric Flowers Handmade fabric is woven on a loom. The yarn spaces are not closer and it is loosely woven. The Europeans believe that felt was first made by a saintly pilgrim who had put the wool inside his sandals and made soles. Felt Uses        Insulation Linings Paddings Filters Footwear Hats Garments Handmade Fabric: Overview of Handmade Fabric. The fiber shrinks and wraps each other tightly. people still make use of handlooms to make beautiful handmade fabric Characteristics of Handmade Fabric    It is elegant. The production process of the felted fabric has been improved a lot. History of Felt. to create a thick sheet of cloth. The Arabs believe that a camel driver did the same. felted fabric has been found in the frozen tombs of Siberia which dates back to 2000 BC. which uses vertical warps and horizontal wefts. Felt Uses Felted fabric or Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting. Felt Characteristics / Felt Properties      Felted Fabric is dense. condensing and pressing together animal fibers.Felted fabric: What is Felt. The heat and sweat of the horse's body and the friction under the saddle caused the wool to form felt. It is much dense. binding the edges or overcasting with hand embroidery stitches is done. Felted Fabric is flexible. If desired. Felted Fabric is strong. Only 300 years ago. Legend claims that the Chinese invented felted fabric accidentally by putting wool under a saddle for padding. handmade fabric does not shrink like tightly woven fabrics produced with power spinning or power weaving processes. Felted Fabric is durable. Today. Felt does not ravel. Handmade Fabric Purses. It does not shrink like power spun or woven fabrics. Felted Fabric is wind-proof to some extent. However. Handmade Fabric Handbags. Uses of Handmade Fabric    Handbags and purses Photo albums Page 64 Apparels . History of Felt Felted fabric is the oldest form of fabric known to mankind. hence no edge finishing is required. all cloth was made with handlooms. It is luxurious. Felt can be created of any shape or it can be cut in any direction without unraveling at the edges.

Handmade Fabric Products     Handmade Fabric Handbags Handmade Fabric Purses Handmade Fabric Bags Handmade Fabric Flowers Knitted Fabric: What is Knitted Fabric. the fibers are blown onto a collector screen to form a web Page 65 . It is believed that the hand knitting originated among the nomads of the Arabian Peninsula about 1000 BC Types of knitted Fabrics / Types of Knit Fabrics Weft Knitted Fabric / Weft Knit Fabric: It is either made by hand or machine by looping together the lengths of the yarn. This supports the fabric to become stretchy and comfortable. thermally or chemically. in this kind of fabrics interlock vertically along the length of the fabric. Cotton Knit Fabric. A good example of one-step process is spunbond and melt blown process. flexible and porous. Warp Knitted Fabric. In melt blown process. Other Types of Knitted Fabrics         Cotton Knitted Fabric / Cotton Knit Fabric Rib Knitted Fabric / Rib Knit Fabric Double Knitted Fabric / Double Knit Fabric Interlock Knitted Fabric / Interlock Knit Fabric Wool Knitted Fabric / Wool Knit Fabric Silk Knitted Fabric / Silk Knit Fabric Polyester Knitted Fabric / Polyester Knit Fabric Rayon Knitted Fabric / Rayon Knit Fabric Nonwoven Fabric: What is Non Woven Fabric. A second needle is then used to reach through each loop in succession to snag a bight of yarn and pull a length back through the loop. It is only slightly stretchy and it do not ladders. It is flat. Non-woven fabric mimics the appearances. Types of Knitted Fabrics. The web is then bonded by passing the fibers between two calendar rollers. In hand knitting process. Weft-knitted fabrics are uaed in socks. Warp Knitted Fabric / Warp Knit Fabric: It is made by machine only. Non-woven fabric is formed either by a one-step or two-step process. Knitting History Knitted fabric composites show higher impact tolerance compared to the traditional composites or even to woven fabric composites. the web formation and the bonding takes place continuously. underwear and geo textiles. Weft Knitted Fabric. Non Woven Fabric Uses Non-woven fabric is a sheet or web structure. Knitted fabric completely consists of horizontal parallel courses (crosswise) of yarn. Knitting History. These are used as swimwear. In this process. T-shirts and jumpers. Knitting by machine use a different mechanical system producing nearly identical results. the thermoplastic fibers are extruded through a spinneret and laid down on a conveyor belt. Polyester Knit Fabric Knitting is one of the ways of turning thread or yarn into clothes. produced by interlocking layers or networks of fibers or filaments (and by perforating films) mechanically. which forms a web. In the one-step process. Non Woven Properties. These courses are joined to each other by interlocking loops where a short loop of one course of the yarn is wrapped over the bight of another course Knitted fabric is obtained either by hand knitting process or then by machine. a base series of twisted loops of yarn are made on a knitting needle before starting the process. textures and strengths of a woven fabric and can be produced as bulky as the thickest padding. The loops.

and also the average darcy velocity in the fiber bundles. hydro entanglement or stitch bonding Non Woven Properties Non-woven fabric can provide the following specific functions:         It can be absorbent. needle punching. the web is bonded by either an application of an adhesive. Twill Weave. Non Woven Fabric Uses           Disposable diapers Sterile wraps. It can be soft. It produces more vivid colors and it is much more durable. strong. array. masks and draping used in the medical field Laundry aids (fabric dryer-sheets) Apparel interlining Carpeting and upholstery fabrics. The integrity of the fabric is maintained by the mechanical interlocking of the fibers. It is tough. Leno Weave Woven fabric is created by the interlacing of warp fibers and weft fibers in a regular pattern or weave style. Plain Weave. It can be liquid repellent. padding and backing Wall coverings Automotive headliners and upholstery Insulation Roofing products Civil engineering fabrics/geotextiles Stitched Fabric: Overview of Stitched Fabric. It is lightweight. Characteristics of Stitched Fabric       It is lightweight. Common Weaves of Woven Fabric. It can be stretchable. Basket Weave. The effect of the stitches is different for different stitch size. caps. It is strong. Satin Weave. It can be washable. It is flexible. It has permeable. Characteristics of Stitched Fabric Stitched fabric has drawn increasing attention as reinforcing materials for high performance composites due to the integrity and wide variety in them. gowns. the surface smoothness and the stability of the fabric is controlled primarily by the weave style Page 66 . air laid or wet laid method. The stitched fabric process is known as "tackle twill". tough and flexible. Most of the web is fragile. off-center position. Woven Fabric: Overview of Woven Fabric.In the second process. Mock Leno Weave. a web is first formed and then bonded by a separate process. the two-step process. thermal exposure. Leno Weave. The web is formed by dry laid. distribution density. It can be resilient. It can have good strength. slope. It has permeability property of its interbundle channels. It can be flame retardant. even if stitch size is relatively small. To strengthen. It is durable. The drapeability quality.

It is also breathable and windproof. automotive. At the same time the fabric do have the quality of providing thermal insulation by holding insulating air layers in the garment. but less stable. Fabrics for Apparel Acetate Fabric: Acetate Fabric is used as uniforms. which provides normal comfort in the foulest weather. Brocade Fabric.Common weaves of woven Fabric Plain: The warp and weft are so aligned that they form a simple criss-cross pattern. It maximizes enjoyment and comfort in indoors as well as outdoor and in any kind of weather. and robes. Characteristics of Apparel Fabric Flame Retardant | Flame Retardant Fabrics: Flame retardant Fabrics usually have a coating or film lamination which provides a high level of protection and comfort. Leno: It improves the stability in 'open' fabrics. Broadcloth fabric: Broadcloth is Closely woven and wears very well but wrinkles very badly. Fabrics for Apparel. soft. church vestments. Twill: The crossings of weft yarns and warp yarns are offset to give a diagonal pattern on the surface of the fabric. It is flatter. Making the fabric waterproof. jackets and curtains. Organza. In this the adjacent warp fibers are twisted aroung consecutive weft fibers to form a spiral pair. It is durable. providing insulation against flame or making it heat retardant. Anti-static fabric is durable along with being serviceable. It has rich. It withstands regular cleaning abreast of retaining effective functional performance. Wet Weather Clothing. It is strong and drapes well and is used for jeans. Acrylic Fabric: Acrylic Fabric is used as a substitute for wool. mining. Acetate Fabric. which have a low fiber count. defense. Organdy Today's apparel fabric has state-of-the-art performance. Basket: It is same as plain weave except that two or more than two warp fibers alternately interlace with two or more than two weft fibers. Anti Static | Anti Static Fabrics: This is to protect from static charge in the environments of aviation. windproof and breathable through different finishing process is just a minute part of the long lasting properties in demand. It is resistant to sun and chemicals. Drill. maintaining warmth in the cold weather. Fabric. Apparel Fabric : Apparel Fabrics. Chambray. heavy. clothing and lingerie. power generation and computer. Cotton. dresses. . Flame Retardant Fabrics. It is generally used for fashion and furnishing fabrics. Satin: It is fundamentally twill weave which is modified to produce fewer intersections of warp and weft. One of the protection is. locking each weft in place. Chiffon. It has a crisp feel with lustrous appearance of silk and excellent drapeability. less crimp and stronger than a plain weave. summer wear. Plain weave fabric is strong and hardwearing. Technical apparel has become tougher and stronger. and has a wooly feel. Mock leno: It is a type of plain weave where occasional warp fibers deviate from the alternate under-over interlacing at regular intervals and instead interlace every two or more fibers. interior furnishings. elaborate design effect. Wet Weather | Wet Weather Clothing: Some fabrics are water-repellent finishes. Page 67 blouses. Broadcloth. Anti Static Fabrics. It is used as shirts. petrochemical. Brocade fabric: Usually made fit for eveningwear.

Nylon Fabric: Nylon Fabric is used as women's hosiery. skirts. Drill Fabric: Drill fabric is a cotton fabric used for uniforms. It dries quickly and is breathable. and men's shirts. lightweight and crisp. Polyester Fabric: Polyester Fabric is smooth.Challis fabric: Challis Fabric is soft. draperies. allowing moisture to evaporate quickly. blouses and aprons. It does not require extra care and it is allergy free. Pongee Fabric: Pongee Fabric is made of silk. It is used as all types of clothing. upholstery. It comes in heavy to lighter weights. Page 68 . Beach wear Clothing Beachwear is the clothing suitable to be worn on a beach. launders well and holds high luster. dresses and coats. Used as children's wear. Moire fabric: Moire Fabric is made of silk. dresses. It has high wash ability and dyes well. Organza Fabric: organza Fabric is Used as evening dresses. Since it is worn outdoors. Softness and lightweight along with durability are necessary properties. Oxford Fabric: Oxford Fabric is Mostly used for men's shirts. and sportswear. It drapes well and is resistant to moths. socks and sweaters. It is used as women's and children's dresses. sheer. the fabric of swimwear has to be cool and comfortable. made from silk in actual. especially in linen. transparent and very fine. Nylon Beachwear. What is Beach Wear. Cotton Beachwear. It is lightweight. Chambray Fabric: Chambray Fabric is smooth. which is somewhere between swimwear and full cloths. It is elastic. Houndstooth Fabric: Houndstooth Fabric is used to make Sportscoats and suits. formals. coats. It is a tightly twisted yarn with a crisp. Beachwear Fabrics. It is lightweight. or rayon and used for dresses. work cloths. It is easily washable but has a poor elasticity. closely woven and soft. blouses. Gabardine Fabric: Gabardine Fabric is Used as men's and women's tailored suits. Crepe fabric has a crinkled and puckered surface with a soft mossy finish. blouses and scarves. It is made for all weather and is resistant to moths and mildew. slipcovers. Beachwear Fabrics Cotton Beachwear | Cotton: It is the perfect to be worn in any season and is most practical and affordable clothes. It has a clear finish. uniforms. It is durable and wears extremely well. It is sheer and has a dull face. Crepe Fabric: All types of dresses finds a fit place like from long dinner dresses to suits and coats. uniforms. It is made of cotton and sometimes even of rayon. It is usually of wool. It shrinks if not pre-shrunk. It sags with wear. Used as dresses. It is readily washable and is not damaged by sunlight. Faille Fabric: Faille fabric has a lustrous finish. Flax Fabric: Flax fabric is of linen with a high absorbent quality. sheer. sportswear. Rayon Fabric: Rayon Fabric is a cellulose fiber based fabric and is highly absorbent. Cotton Fabric: Cotton fabric is very elastic and withstands high temperatures. neckties and sportswear. Flannel fabric: Flannel fabric is Used as blazers. Organdy Fabric: Organdy Fabric is used as summer formals. Damask Fabric: Damask Fabric is very durable. Chiffon Fabric: Chiffon fabric is Used as eveningwear. It resists snags and tears. and some dressy coats. kimonos. It is used as eveningwear. Beachwear Fabric: Beachwear. Georgette Fabric: Georgette fabric is crisp with an outstanding durability. It is fine. raincoats. Lycra Beachwear. shirts and blouses. dresses. cotton. very lightweight and is washable. bedspreads. bleaches and chemicals. rayon or cotton and has a watermarked finish. It sheds dirt. suits and coats. knitted or woven lingerie. It is soft with a napped surface. It is comfortable in all weather. aprons and all kinds of sportswear. caps. blouses and summer suits. crisp and springy. strong. easy to wash and is lustrous. It has rough feel and appearance. Silk Fabric: Silk Fabric is very strong and absorbent. Denim fabric: Denim fabric is Used as pants. It has a brilliant sheen and unique softness.

waistcoats. usually woolen fabric. swimsuits. Beach wears Clothing: Shorts. either on one side or both sides. The fine weave and drape of linen forms good pleats. heavy petticoats and even for blankets.Lycra Beachwear | Lycra: It is a synthetic fabric consisting of polymer. It is anti-bacterial. Curtain Fabric is also UV light protected. velvet and moire. Fabric for Blankets consists of wool. It is fire resistant. Informal window curtain fabric are chintz. It has a soft-brushed finish. depending upon the various degree of care. Uses of Blanket Fabric: Blanket fabric is ideal for capes. Sarongs. It is durable. Tanks Blanket Fabric: Fabric for Blankets. It is quick drying. The fabric is napped. Uses of Blanket Fabric Blanket fabric is a thick heavily fulled. It is elastic and comfortable. seersucker or cotton blends. T-shirts. It is soft. denim. work jackets. synthetics and various blends. It is lightweight. Curtain fabric for a formal sitting room ranges from brocade. It has high tensile strength. Linen is very versatile. It is durable. which has polyurethane in it. Acrylic curtain fabric has a wool-like feel to it. Kitchen curtains are made of gingham. Pareos. burlap and canvas. It is UV protected. silk. linen. It is also used for erosion control blankets. Curtains made of polyester wash well and are drip-dry. Swim trunks. Bath robes. Nylon Beachwear | Nylon: It is highly durable and elegant swimwear. It is easily washable. Silk curtain retains rich vibrant colors. Synthetics made blankets are great. It is breathable. Beach pants. cotton. Curtain Fabric: Overview of Curtain Fabric. Types of Curtain Fabric The first and foremost characteristic of curtain fabric is its full drape and fall. Blanket Fabrics. Characteristics of Blanket Fabric      It is lightweight. They are good even in sunlight. Page 69 . Uses of Curtain Fabric. Shirts. Waterproof jackets. Characteristics of Beachwear Fabric         It is cool and comfortable. Characteristics of Curtain Fabric. gabardine. damask. Curtain Fabric is lightweight and loosely woven to enable light to filter through. Lined curtain fabric keeps the cold air out in winters and hot air out in the summers. It is not a compulsion for dry cleaning. Blanket used next to the skin is easily washable where as if used between a sheet and a bed cover requires a less launderable fabric. Characteristics of Blanket Fabric. Blanket Fabrics are lightweight as well as warm.

nylon furnishings. This reduces the heat loss in winter. It is dirt and dust protected. The fabrics used are very friendly. This film permits light transmission through the open weave but reduces the loss or gain of heat by reducing the flow of heat and air through it. Drapery Fabrics are more tailored with pleats and gathered headings. Drapery Fabric: What is Draperies. Uses of Drapery Fabric. polyester furnishings Page Home furnishing fabric is used for all the necessary articles at home. warm. Drapery fabric tends to be softer and to fall in folds. Types of Curtain Fabric        Lace Curtain Fabric Linen Curtain Fabric Velvet Curtain Fabric Silk Curtain Fabric Sheer Curtain Fabric Harlequin Curtain Fabric Cotton Curtain Fabric Uses of Curtain Fabric   Curtain Fabric is used in doors and windows of rooms of houses and offices. Types of Drapery Fabric       Silk Drapery Fabric Linen Drapery Fabric Plaid Drapery Fabric Sheer Drapery Fabric Toile Drapery Fabric Velvet Drapery Fabric Uses of Drapery Fabric      Upholstery Valences Headboards Pillows Curtains Home Furnishing Fabric : Overview of Home Furnishing Fabric. jute furnishings. Drapery Fabric may be lined or unlined. Silk Drapery Fabric. breathable and lightweight. Improved drapery fabric is constructed of an open weave decorated fabric with a flexible solar control film. It allows light to pass through unless it is opaque curtain. It is from lightweight.Characteristics of Curtain Fabric     It is UV protected. Fabrics used in kitchen 70 . cotton furnishings. Bedding fabric are luxurious. Draperies either covers the window completely or is pulled back to the sides of the window. Characteristics of Drapery Fabric. Sometimes it may be medium to heavyweight also. Linen Drapery Fabric Draperies are fabric. Curtain Fabric is also used as sail clothe. Types of Home Furnishing Fabrics. wool furnishings. rayon furnishings. silk furnishings. which is usually lighter weight and is not suitable for upholstery projects. Be it from bedding to kitchen or from bathroom to drawing room.

soft and comfortable. face towels. hard. dish clothes. wrinkle and stretch resistant and nonabsorbent. the hosiery is opaque and it is preferred for winter use. and elastic. Support hosiery is made with special blends. Organza: Sheer. Sheer Hosiery. Plastic: Tolerates temperature. tassels. bed covers. and very fine. floor coverings. bathrobes. mattress covers. which clings closely to the skin. 15 denier is the standard hosiery fabric. Silk hosiery is available. kitchen towels. Oroblu Hosiery. Hosiery fabrics are fine and sheer fabric designed to fit closely to the skin. Hosiery Fabric: What is Hosiery. breathable. napkins. Silkies Hosiery. Kitchen Furnishings: Aprons. The term is also used for all types of knitted fabric. Thicker hosiery is obtained from cotton or even wool which make them very warm. it is soft. It is soft hand and elastic. blanket covers. hand towels. and varicose veins Hosiery fabric can be patterned either by weave or by print. soft and shiny. elastic and dries quickly. napkins. Wool: Water-resistant. wrinkle resistant and resistant to stretching. the thicker is the fabric. porous. Ten denier is thinner and easier to snag. Most of the modern hosiery is made from nylon. and its thickness and weight is defined in terms of denier or opacity. lightweight. and resilient. Types of Fabrics for Home Furnishing Silk: Soft. Drawing and Dining Furnishings: Table clothes. whereas styles of 40 and above are dense. The higher the denier.and bathrooms are soft. Sometimes it is used for eveningwear. Bathroom Furnishings: Shower curtains. non-absorbent and dries quickly. Lower denier measurements of 5 to 15 describe a hose which may be sheer in appearance. Leather: Firm. and those products are also known generically as hose. From 40 to 80 denier. pelmet. Most hosiery garments are made by knitting methods. Organdy: Sheer. Stocking made of this hosiery fabric make legs feel less tired and is mainly used by those who experience water retention. Uses of Hosiery Fabric. which may contain elastic. Hosiery fabric is easily washable and it also dries quickly Hosiery fabric is graded in terms of 'denier'. lustrous and supple hand. For drawing rooms. glossy surface and a dull back. Satin: Thick. most hosiery can be worn as an undergarment. Jute: Long. Cotton: Cool. Silk hosiery feels very gorgeous. comfortable and easily dyed in vivid colors. Due to its close fit. Leggs Hosiery. brown and dark blue or black. mittens. bedspreads. potholders. abdomen and foot. place mats. Rayon: Moisture absorbent. tea cozy. also referred to as legwear. Characteristics of Hosiery Fabric. describes garments worn directly on the feet and legs. bed sheets. bed coverlets. soft. Hosiery is most commonly available in shades ranging from skin tones to gray. breathable. Polyester: Quick to dry. with little to no light able to come through on 100 denier items. Lycra is also used for an improved fit. Older forms include binding to achieve a tight fit. but it is little expensive. Uses of Home Furnishing Fabric Bed and Bedding Furnishings: Throws. thin open weave. bath towels. The term originated as the collective term for products of which a maker or seller is termed a hosier. Page Characteristics of Hosiery Fabric 71 . tea mats. tablemats.  It is fine. but it is more commonly worn as a combined under/outer garment. Fishnet Hosiery Hosiery. swollen legs. thigh. heavy and crispy. porous. bath mats. Modern hosiery is usually tight-fitting by virtue of stretchy fabrics and meshes. Nylon: Smooth. curtains. bath rugs. Modern technology allow hosiery to be printed with any design. sofa covers. cushion covers.

It is environmentally friendly. Fabrics impregnated with adhesives and dielectric compounds. belting. namely plain. It clings to the skin. weights and construction particularly made to meet a specific application. Industrial fabric is woven in various thicknesses and constructions in basic weave. timing gears. satin and basket Classes of Industrial Fabric     Fabrics employed in industrial processes. leno. It covers a wide variety of widths. It is elastic. It is weave set for added stiffness. It is acid and alkali resistant. carbon. Industrial fabric is usually made from man-made fibers like fiberglass. conveyers and agricultural machinery. Characteristics of Industrial Fabric         It is durable. A good example of this is fabric used for filtration. polishing and absorption. It is strong and woven textile with a high performance. It is flame retardant. and electrical parts. awnings and specialty belts for airplanes. Fabrics which are incorporated directly in a finished product like tarps. Fabrics combined with some other materials to form a new type of material. Characteristics of Industrial Fabric. and aramid fibers. Classes of Industrial Fabric. tires. Page 72 . It is water repellent. tents. It is highly UV protected. Fiberglass made industrial fabric utilized in those kinds of applications where high heat is present and there is a need for high strength and dimensional stability fabric. These are like rubberized fabric for hose. Uses of Industrial Fabric Industrial fabric is a broad term for those fabrics which are used for non-apparel and non-decorative uses. bearings. Berkshire Hosiery Leggs Hosiery Sheer Hosiery Silkies Hosiery Oroblu Hosiery Fishnet Hosiery Charnos Hosiery Nylon Hosiery Hanes Hosiery Seamless Hosiery Types of Hosiery Uses of Hosiery Fabric        Tights Pantyhose Stockings Pop socks Hold-ups Knee-highs Ankle-highs Industrial Fabric: Overview of Industrial Fabric.             It is sheer. It is soft.

It gives strength and the padded fabric gives warmth or bulk to the fabric. Special treatment is given to make mattress fabric fire resistant and anti-microbial that eliminates bacteria. Interlining fabric is made of pure cotton. Latex Foam Mattress. or knitted. Types of Mattresses. The mattress may be coiled or non-coiled. Woven Interlining. Flannel Interlining. It retains the shape of the main fabric. What is Interlining Fabric. It is luxurious. suits and also officer suits Mattress Fabric: What is Mattress. Types of Interlining             Curtain Interlining Fusible Interlining Drapery Interlining Non Woven Interlining Woven Interlining Bump Interlining Wendler Interlining Embroidery Interlining PCC Interlining Polyester Interlining Flannel Interlining Wool Interlining Uses of Interlining Fabric Interlining fabric is used for making thick. wind coats. filtration. Drapery Interlining. Coiled mattress has metal spring coil. the varieties are foam mattress. futons. Thicker and higher quality padding makes good mattress. Characteristics of Interlining Fabric     It is soft. which is layered between sheets of padding. advanced composites. Interlining fabric is woven. Higher quality mattresses have higher coil counts. or non-woven. Crib Mattress Mattress is made of the best of fabric. It breathes well and is durable The fabric used to cover the exterior of a mattress is called mattress ticking. sturdy. featherbed. Interlining fabric helps the main fabric to drape gracefully. electronics. Sometimes it is quilted to give extra comfort. Fusible Interlining. It is thick. Wool Mattress. and mold. The adhesive coating is a finished interlining fabric. commercial & construction and protective garments Interlining Fabric : Interlining. marine and recreational products. fungi. smart coats. Wool Interlining. Futon Mattress. Cotton Mattresses. The sagging in the mattress is by the padding.Uses of Industrial Fabric Industrial fabric is primarily used for insulation. It improves the shape retention quality of the fabric. In non-coiled mattress. and a good cushion sewn into the mattress. It repels liquids and resists stains. Foam Mattress. and waterbeds Page 73 . The use of adhesive coating is not necessary for all types of interlining fabric. mildew. which through a finishing process removes all shrinkage from the product and impart stretch to the fabric. It is strong and sometimes warm or bulk. but thick fabric which is inserted between the dress fabric and the back lining. Polyester Interlining Interlining fabric is a soft. elegant and very smooth.

fire and abrasion resistant. Outdoor fabric is a heavy-duty fabric which can be easily cleaned with soap and water. dodgers. outdoor furniture. Dust mite and mold resistant.Mattress Types / Types of Mattresses Organic Cotton Fabric: Contains no pesticides. It is anti-bacterial. It is thermal. It is smooth. including cotton. It is soft. It resists mildew. Page 74 Commercial and residential awnings. It is breathable. Characteristics of Outdoor Fabric        It retains its color and vibrancy for years. It is easily cleaned. and soil. Waterproof Outdoor Fabric. defoliants. comfortable and breathable. Acrylic Outdoor Fabric. Pure Wool Fabric: Natural flame retardant. Uses of Outdoor Fabric         Casual wear Sports wear Skiwear Jackets Garments and industrial clothing Boating : Enclosures. It withstands exposure to sunlight and is resistant to mildew. mineral oil or flame-retardant chemicals. Uses of Outdoor Fabric. Duralle Outdoor Fabric Outdoor fabric is soft. Automotive canvas convertible topping. olefin. It is very durable with crease resist and preshrunk finish. acrylic. It has soil and stain resistant finish. Characteristics of Mattress Fabric       It is luxurious. It is comfortable. boat & sail covers. It is made from a wide variety of synthetic fibers. outdoor fabrics are made water repellant by the process of chemical treatment. It repels water and oil and has moisture permeable property. rot and atmospheric chemicals. biminis. mold. It is fire resistant. It is elegant. polyester and various blends. . Waverly Outdoor Fabric. It prevents microbial caused odors. Umbrella Outdoor Fabric. Characteristics of Outdoor Fabric. Types of Mattresses       Cotton Mattresses Futon Mattress Latex Foam Mattress Foam Mattress Wool Mattress Crib Mattress Outdoor Fabric : Overview of Outdoor Fabric. Outdoor fabric has a good tearing strength and is stretchable.

All fabrics used in quilting are pre-washed as well as pressed. Uses of Quilting Fabric Quilting is a technique of padding a fabric. Quilting fabrics for pillows and clothing are very luxurious. It is stretchable.Types of Outdoor fabric      Umbrella Outdoor Fabric Waterproof Outdoor Fabric Waverly Outdoor Fabric Acrylic Outdoor Fabric Duralle Outdoor Fabric Packing Fabric: Overview of Packing Fabric. Characteristics of Packing Fabric      It is easily packed and also unpacked. Humidity always destroys goods in a closed box Packing fabric is strong and abrasion resistant so that it retains its shape and position until it reaches the destination point. The quilting stitches are spaced with regularity. Page 75 . The multiple lines of a running stitch is done by hand or by sewing machine. To fulfill this. Quilting Fabric: Overview of Quilting Fabric. It consists of two layers. which are transported from one place to another. Characteristics of Quilting Fabric. Characteristics of Pintuck Fabric. It is also stretchable. They drape and wear beautifully. Types of Fabric used in Packing: Cotton. The fabrics are easy to needle. Uses of Pintuck Fabric Pintuck fabric is used for decorating girls' and women's blouses and dresses and it is also used as a defining feature in the men's guayabera shirt. It resists wear and tear. It gives a decorative look to garments. Jute. Types of Fabrics used in Packing Packing fabric is used for safeguarding several products. which keeps the humidity out. Uses of Pintuck Fabric Pintuck fabric is a small and narrow fold of fabric which are stitched together to create the appearance of a line or stripe. It has a decorative look. packaging fabrics are treated with chemical to give a coating. Polyester Pintuck Fabric: What is Pintuck. These are arranged in a series of parallel lines. with batting between the top and the backing fabric. They are lightweight and comfortable. It is arranged in series. It is strong. It is usually on on the right side of the face fabric. Some blouses are made with pin tucking on the bodice to give it a more tailored look Characteristics of Pintuck Fabric    It has a tailored look. It has humidity-independent coating. Leather. The tiny tuck in the fabric also forms a raised ridge. Next it is stitched with decorative designs or threads tied through all thickness in order to prevent the batting from shifting. Characteristics of Packing Fabric. which helps it in easy packing and also unpacking the material. Fabrics used in Quilting.

often with various colored designs or scenes. It wears beautifully Uses of Quilting Fabric      Clothing Wall hanging Pillows Table runners Toys Rug and Carpet Fabrics: Overview of Rug and Carpet Fabric.Fabrics used in Quilting     Cashmere Silk and wool blends 100% cotton 100% polyester Characteristics of Quilting Fabric         It is durable. 76 Characteristics of Tapestry Fabric . Originally rugs and carpets were made of cotton or wool. Uses of Tapestry Fabric Tapestry fabric is a heavy cloth. In the 13th and 14th centuries. It has wonderful textures Tapestry fabric is one of the oldest forms of woven textiles. Tapestry became the status symbol amongst the aristocracy in the Middle Ages. It is cleanable and launderable. It has a soft feel and appearance. It is comfortable. It is easy to handle. Important civic buildings in the Greek Empire had walls covered with these fabrics. Tapestry Fabric: What is Tapestry Fabric. Characteristics of Rug and Carpet Fabrics. Uses of Rug and Carpet Fabrics Fabrics for rugs and carpets are thick and heavy but easily movable. It is lightweight. Rugs and carpets are also easily launderable. into fixed warp threads to form pictures of designs. It is usually hung on the walls for decoration and is sometimes also used to cover furniture. Tapestry fabric has been woven for hundreds of years in diverse cultures. It is soft and velvety. Characteristics of Rugs and Carpets     It is easily movable. Characteristics of Tapestry Fabric. They are stain and chemical resistant. It has good textures. It carries good designs and colors. It is easy needling. The term 'tapestry' means a thick textile fabric where the colored weft threads are woven. the Church recognized tapestries value in illustrating Bible stories. It lasts longer. It drapes beautifully. Page   It has beautiful designs or scenes. History of Tapestry Fabric. It comes is beautiful colors and designs or patterns. which is woven richly. It has cut or pile cut weave and can be easily vacuum cleaned. Now it is also made with synthetic fibers. It is used to cover floors and stairs. originally by hand. It is luxurious.

It is resistant to tear and abrasion.Uses of Tapestry Fabric       Wall hangings Pillow covers Valence boxes Upholstery Bedspreads Slipcovers Tent Fabric: Tent Fabrics. It is mildew resistant. which often consisted of little more than a tarpaulin. Cotton made canopy expands as it absorbs moisture and tightens the weave. It is durable. The very best fabric for tents is cotton or hemp canvas. Fabrics used for Tents: Cotton. the word hoochie (also hutchie. It has to fulfill all the condition to fight against weather. It is simultaneously flameretardant and breathable. Uses of Tent Fabric Tent fabric is an important outdoor fabric for shelter. Polyester reduces the tendency to shrink or stretch. sailors became known as tarpaulins and eventually tars. hootch. Characteristics of Tent Fabric            It is light and strong. The impermeability to water is achieved in various ways. a tarp may be known as a hutchie. It is susceptible to stretch. It has a certain degree of impermeability to water. Uses of Tarpaulin A Tarpaulin (or tarp in American English is a large sheet of strong. It is light. It is breathable. It is UV protected. but still breathable. solving the purpose. History of Tarpaulin The word tarpaulin originated as a compound of the words tar and palling. Polyester made tents use an acrylic "top coat". It helps to seal the fabric even more against moisture. It stands against rain and wind. When used for a tarpaulin. Hemp. For this reason. Polyester. or made of plastics such as polyethylene. or hooch) comes from the Japanese uchi (house). often cloth such as canvas or polyester coated with urethane. Water fastness is also achieved by treating the fabric with either water proofing compound or a silicon-based water-repelling compound. Page 77 . By association. but strong and very opaque to light with an indefinite water repelling property. Tarpaulins often have reinforced grommets at the corners and along the sides to form attachment points for rope. It is flame retardant. this material is so associated with tarpaulins that it has become colloquially known in some quarters as polytarp. It is opaque to light. In some places such as Australia. and in military slang. according to one theory. Tear and abrasion resistant is also an important factor for tent fabric. It resists moisture to pass by. Nylon Tarpaulin Fabric: History of Tarpaulin. Inexpensive modern tarpaulins are made from woven polypropylene. It dries fast and its mildew resistance is very good. Characteristics of Tent Fabric. a fabric for tent is UV protected and resistant to moisture. and during the Korean and Vietnam Wars Englishspeaking soldiers came to use the word to refer to their own makeshift shelters. allowing them to be tied down or suspended. Huts in various parts of rural Asia are known by this or similar names. referring to a tarred canvas pall used to cover objects on ships. water-resistant or waterproof material. flexible.

or sunlight. water resistant fabric is needed. Characteristics of Umbrella Fabric Umbrella fabric is sophisticated and at the same time also is waterproof. It does not wiggle or move around. it is possible to make a serviceable sail for a small boat with no sewing. durable and do not soil or fade. these tarpaulins can last for years exposed to the elements. or for protection on scaffoldings. Umbrella fabric contains literally millions of tiny holes due to its open-weave knitting. mildew. A twill weave upholstery fabric resists wear and shows soil less than a plain weave of similar quality. Many amateur builders of plywood sailboats turn to polypropylene tarpaulins for making their sails. including as shelter from the elements. Umbrella Fabric: What is Umbrella Fabric. The center is loosely woven from strips of polypropylene plastic. The breathing effects reduce the temperatures underneath the umbrella. linen. Umbrella fabric is made from canvas. either printed or embroidered. a ground sheet or a fly in camping. It cleans easily with soapy water and is resistant to rot. It is rot. where all the yarns are about the same size and strength. It is sometimes also known as home furnishings or decorator fabric and is usually 54 inches wide. they operated their own tarpaulin factory. Upholstery Fabric Uses Upholstery fabric is tightly woven fabric. Upholstery Fabric: What is Upholstery Fabric. a drop sheet for painting. It is also used on outdoor market stalls to provide some protection from the elements of nature. When treated against ultraviolet light. dupione. Flat-surfaced upholstery fabric Page 78 . pool chlorine and salt spray resistant. This process locks the color into the fibers so that they can't wash out or fade. but non-UV treated material will quickly become brittle and lose strength and water resistance if exposed to sunlight.Uses of Tarpaulin Tarpaulins have multiple uses. such as unenclosed road or rail goods carrying vehicles or wood piles. Awning fabric is typically used for umbrellas and umbrella covers as it is stiffer and stronger Umbrella fabric comes in various designs. Such was the demand for tarpaulins by the New South Wales Government Railways. After the embroidery. It retains the color for years even though it is exposed to sunlight and rain. mildew. with sheets of the same material bonded to the surface. the aim of the perforations (from 20% to 70%) is to reduce wind vulnerability. rain. Umbrella fabric undergoes a solution-dying process. This creates a fabric-like material that resists stretching well in all directions and is waterproof. pool chlorine and salt spray. Upholstery fabric usually has a balanced weave. up until 1990. It is stiff. as it is inexpensive and easily worked. Tarpaulins are also used for advertisement printing. wind. With the proper type of adhesive tape.e. In embroidery. Characteristics of Umbrella Fabric       It is waterproof. It is tough. Perforated Tarpaulin: Typically used for large medium advertising. It is easy washable. striped. The thread count is more and it wears better. most especially for billboards Different kinds of Tarpaulin Polypropylene Tarpaulin: A polypropylene tarp ("polytarp") is not a traditional fabric. for protecting the infield of a baseball field. and for protecting objects. These are all furniture grade fabrics and are used to make matching umbrellas. It is often heavy. Upholstery Fabric Types. to give solid designs. heavy tearaway fabrics are used and a lighter tear away for open designs.. These allow the air to flow freely through. and jacquard fabrics. Whites and lighter colored fabrics is less protective than the darker fabrics which have more depth of color. a laminate of woven and sheet material. It is strong. the umbrella is attached to spines. It has color retaining quality. Polypropylene tarpaulins have also proven to be a popular source when an inexpensive. but rather. It is always tested for UV protection. i.

Latex forms a coating which helps keep soil from sifting through. Pile fabrics withstand abrasion quite well. Upholstery Fabric Uses     Autos Boats Furniture Home decoration Fiberglass Fabric: Fiberglass Characteristics. What is Fiberglass. but is not good at skin. A latex backing is often applied to the upholstery fabric to help stabilize them. Stains are removed easily. It neither stretches nor shrinks. Nylon: It is resilient and last longer. Fiberglass Uses. Heavier-weight cottons like canvas and denim wear well. It feels cold in cool room and stick to skin in warm rooms. yarns. Teflon Coated Fiberglass Fabric. Polyester: It is strong. It has moth problem and shrinkage potential. feels cool against skin in warm climate and is comfortable in colder climates. PTFE Coated Fiberglass Fabric. It is resistant to soil and fading. It is expensive and needs extra care while cleaning inorder to retain its color and shape.shows the effect of abrasion. Linen: It is tough but wrinkles easily and tends to feel stiff. Non Woven Filter Fabric. Pure acrylics tend to pill. Industrial Filter Fabrics A filter fabric is well known for its functionality and longevity. Acrylic blends: It is washable and is resilient while deterring shrinkage. Upholstery Fabric Types Leather: Though expensive. However a filter fabric is known for its high temperature and chemical resistance. It is easily cleanable. Vinyl: It is tough and easy to wipe off. Wool: It is strong and warm. Geosynthetic Fabrics. Woven Fiberglass Fabric. Types of Fiberglass Fabric     PTFE Coated Fiberglass Fabric Woven Fiberglass Fabric Teflon Coated Fiberglass Fabric Silicone Coated Fiberglass Cloth Filter Fabric: What is Filter Fabric. Woven Filter Fabric. resistant to wrinkles and is attractive. Drainage Filter Fabric. It prevents seam slippage. Characteristics of Upholstery Fabric    It is durable. Cotton: It is absorbent. Polyurethane faux is better than polyvinyl chloride faux. Geotextile Filter Fabric. It has wooly appearance without the moth problem. Polypropylene Filter Fabric. Silicone Coated Fiberglass Cloth Fiberglass is a material that generally consists of extremely fine glass fibers and often used in manufacturing different products like fabric. Nylon Filter Fabric. Loosely woven upholstery fabric should have an applied backing inorder to ensure stability and longer wear. insulators and structural objects. It can pill but blend with cotton combines the advantage of both of these fabrics. Page 79 . but is a wonderful choice. Nylon velvet is a very durable.

toys. raincoats. and many other products. Vinyl Features Vinyl can be as flexible as cloth or as rigid and stiff as wood. Dimensionally stable. This determines the size of the majority of the openings in a particular filter fabric and is determined by allowing very small glass beads of a known diameter (measured in millimeters) to pass through the fabric. It can be made in any color. History of Vinyl. commonly known as geotextiles. The filter must allow good water flow in the normal direction (vertical for green roofs) while inhibiting the movement of soil medium particles into the drain layer. These filters need to be tough to withstand abuse while other layers are installed. This is called the O95 or the AOS. Aircraft interiors. carbon fabric provides maximum degree of stiffness in aircrafts. Widely used in aerospace application. Page Vinyl is used to make vinyl phonographic records. Uses of Carbon Fabric Carbon fabric is generally used in different applications such as Brake linings. In a granular or what is sometimes known as a single layer green roof the filter fabric is used to separate larger granular material for drainage from finer material in the growing media. The size is increased until a point when the fabric is able to hold back 95% of the beads. furniture. An exquisitely created carbon fabric is well known for its light weight and hight strength. A carbon fabric is also characterized by different types of features such as Fire resistant. The apparent opening size. the first vinyl plastic to be commercially manufactured was PVC. Tooling.The main function of the filter fabric / membrane is to hold the engineered soil in place and still prevent small media particles. luggage. Vinyls fabric is generally created with ultraviolet stabilized pigments and this segment proves much crucial if one's application regarding vinyl fabric involves direct exposure to sunlight. such as plant debris and fines. Vinyl Properties It is well observed that a large number of vinyl fabrics satin and spot resistant. flooring. or the AOS. Characteristics of Carbon Fabric. Air and water are thus permitted to flow through while the drainage layer and the actual drains are protected. Vinyl Uses. from entering and clogging the drainage layer below. Primary and secondary structures. History of Vinyl In 1927. Vinyl Fabric: What is Vinyl Fabric. Lightweight. is a common physical property that is tested on geosynthetic fabrics used for filtering. leather-like upholstery. Types of Filter Fabrics            Geotextile Filter Fabric Non Woven Filter Fabric Mirafi Filter Fabric Woven Filter Fabric Landscape Filter Fabric Drainage Filter Fabric Nylon Filter Fabric Dust Filter Fabric Polypropylene Filter Fabric Industrail Filter Fabrics Soil Filter Fabric Carbon Fabric: Overview of Carbon Fabric. Windmill blades. Racing helmets and so on. Geosynthetic fabrics. High strength etc. while being open enough to provide good flow for water into the drainage layer. It is desirable that some of the plant roots are able to pass through the filter. milk cartons. are typically used and are available as woven and non-woven materials. 80 Vinyl Uses . The ability of the geotextile to allow water permeability is referred to as hydraulic conductivity by permittivity. and it can even be transparent.

as it is a high-molecular-weight compound consisting wholly of carbon and fluorine. Long lasting durable. Stretch Twill Fabric. PTFE Fabric: Polytetrafluoroethylene Fabric. and energy consumption of machinery. as fluorocarbons demonstrate mitigated London dispersion forces due to the high electro negativity of fluorine. crewel fabric has been ruling the international market. Crewel Embroidered Fabric A wide range of crewel fabric comes from Kashmir in north-western India. Stretch Satin Fabric. It can withstand exposure to some acids.Vinyl Properties Vinyl is rugged and it does not easily tear or break. a crewel fabric is widely used for the manufacturing of curtains. A high quality PTFE fabric has gained immense popularity in appreciation of increased market demand Crewel Fabric: Kashmir Crewel Fabric. oils. Stretch Satin Fabric Page    Stretch Cotton Fabric Stretch Twill Fabric 81 Types of Stretch Fabric . then Stretch fabric is very easy to Stretch in one or both directions presenting the traditional look and lot of comfort. PTFE is most well known by the DuPont brand name Teflon. A crewel fabric possesses the capability to complement various types of body tones with different crewel patterns. PTFE fabric remains stagnant even at high temperatures. polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that finds numerous applications. Uses of Crewel Fabric. and water. Stretch Knit Fabric. bedheads. corrosion. wear. Stretch Lycra Fabric Stretch fabric is a fabric referring to the normal fabric. Crewel Work. fabrics. All vinyl contains a chemical called vinyl. partly because of the strength of carbon-fluorine bonds. Stretch Twill Fabric. It is well observed that a PTFE fabric is resistant to tears and abrasions. PTFE has one of the lowest coefficients of friction against any solid. cushions and bed covers and so on. and moisture. PTFE fabric is resistant from chemical. and so it is often used in containers and pipe work for reactive and corrosive chemicals. Sometime Stretch fabric is also termed as Stretch woven fabric when it is blended with stable fiber of cotton. Stretch fabrics are widely used in sports wear. PTFE Coated Fabric. PTFE is a fluorocarbon solid. They were originally being used in the mid 1980s by large number of fashion designers. Entering mainstream market in the early 1990. The availability of crewel work fabric in subtle lustrous color and rich texture makes it one of the most demanding items. cookware. PTFE reduces friction. Stretch Fabric: What is Stretch Fabric. light upholstery. Stretch fabric has better shape retention and are wrinkle resistance because of which they are more comfortable to wear. When it comes to talk about stretching. Uses of PTFE Fabric In chemistry. Vinyl Types There are different types of vinyl. The uniqueness and exquisiteness of PTFE fabric capable of impressing absolutely anybody. What is PTFE. PTFE is used as a non-stick coating for pans. Simplifying the construction of clothing stretches fabrics are commonly used in swimsuits. It is very non-reactive. alcohol. wool or synthetic. with the formual: CH2 CH. exquisiteness and with its aesthetic appeal. which stretches in all four directions. Because of crewel fabric versatility. Where used as a lubricant. Stretch Cotton Fabric. Characteristics of Crewel Fabric. Polytetrafluoroethylene Fabric A PTFE fabric is well renowned for its excellent non-stick surface that allows user to carry his work smoothly and efficiently. Due to crewel fabric longevity. PTFE is hydrophobic: neither water and water-containing substances are wet by PTFE. Stretch Poplin Fabric.

It is generally red in color as red has the largest ability to reflect. That is why. reflective fabric is used in countless usability. Fabric Tape Fabrics are something that we daily come across. Characteristics of Polyethylene Fabric. like in manufacturing and packagin g units Polyethylene fabric has many more purposes than above. few of them are listed below: In the Streets The reflectors and the alerts are made up of the reflective fabric. Narrow Fabric: Narrow Fabrics.    Stretch Twill Fabric Stretch Knit Fabric Stretch Poplin Fabric Stretch Lycra Fabric Reflective Fabric / Reflective Clothing: Overview of Reflective Fabric. it can be visible from the very long distance that makes the traffic flow smoothly. It is used in various toys like jumping pads. That is why narrow strands are used in the things that are used for heavy duties. fabrics are now used for a lot more purposes. People like it as is very light and is wear and tear resistant. Polyethylene Fabric: What is Polyethylene. the fabrics are the integral part of the lives. making it the finest fabrics that are great in durability and usability as well. it is highly elastic that makes it stretchy. The newest technology in the polyethylene fabric has enhanced the usability of the fabric. Polyethylene fabric is used for loads of purposes: Domestic Polyethylene fabric is the finest replacement of the traditional fabrics for all kinds of bags. natural fabrics and many more depending upon their designs and usability. Polyethylene Uses Polyethylene fabric is used for machineries. The polymerizing the ethylene results in the stiffer product called polyethylene that is later used for the fabric. Also. Polyethylene fabric is able to hold a lot more weight than previous ones. Narrow fabrics are the thicker version of the fabrics as its strands are thicker and stronger. Also. Also. The narrow fabric is availed in mainly in the following forms: Page 82 . Polyethylene fabric is known for its unmatchable density and strength that is superior to all others. Reflective fabric is known for their ability to reflect the light to the farthest distance possible. the tough woven fabric is used in the industries at the large scale. Reflective fabric is the nicest instance of the expanded usability of the fabrics. Coast guards and even police sometimes have their dresses made up of the reflective life jackets. Characteristics of Reflective Fabric. the demand of the polyethylene fabric is climbing day by day. one would have replied apparels! But in the modern times it is not so. Also. Thats why in the market. Polyethylene fabric is a type of a synthetic fabric that is manufactured in the labs. Especially in the night vision. Polyethylene Uses Polyethylene fabric is a distinct fabric that is highly acclaimed in the domestic and industrial sectors. Fabric Lace. reflective fabrics are proven to be the boon. This has been all possible just because of the continuous innovation in the science field. other apparels are made by the reflective fabrics. With the clothing to the seats. Reflective fabrics help in notify the person in the crowd or any kind of situations. There are several sorts of the fabrics like synthetic fabrics. There are many other numerous usability of the reflective fibers. Narrow fabric is also the most commonly utilized fabrics in our daily lives. Security Life jackets are made by the reflective fabrics. someone asked what the usability of the fabrics was. Uses of Reflective Fabric If few days back.

laminated fabric is one of the prime fabrics used for the decoration and giving the interior a luxurious touch. Lamination is carried our by the covering the material with the protective film on all the sides. In the recent times. Black Flocked Fabric Flocked fabrics are the fabrics composed of several fabrics. bags. That is why. the flocked fabric is the best component as it is resistible all kinds of tribulations. The reason behind such a reputable fame is its unending usability. sheets. Laminated Cotton Fabric. making the material completely safe. the availability of the newest kind of the laminated fabric and those too at the most affordable prices has made it own by anyone. Types of Laminated Fabric    Laminated Cotton Fabric PVC Laminated Fabric Vinyl Laminated Fabric Flocked Fabric: What is Flocked Fabric. PVC Laminated Fabric. In the modern times. in addition is used in laces and as other packaging threads as well. Flocked fabrics are used in shirts. In seats. covers. used to laminate all kind of clothing. fabric tapes are used for wrapping. The combination of different elements makes the flocked fabric inherit all the nicest properties of them. In the recent developments. Flocked fabrics are known for their extraordinary gripping capabilities and since are the finest material to carve shoes or others. Laminated fabric safeguards the core thing from any kind of external particles that hampers the quality and the glaze. there has been a revolution in the designs and shapes of the Fabric laces composed of narrow fabric. inner garments and etc. people have shown a great deal of zeal in the laminate fabrics because of its astounding glossiness and superior style. Velvet Flocked Fabric. Vinyl Laminated Fabric Sometimes the apparels. hand bags and many more. trousers. the usability of the narrow fabric has grown as it is light and has a splendid durability. Fire Resistant Fabric Fire and many other casualties are very common in the daily lives. Also. it should have a nice look that attracts the user. Now. Flocked fabric is availed in loads of nonpareil designs and shapes and can be shaped in any kind of moulds easily. Flame Resistant Fabric: Flame Resistant Clothing. pants. Laminated Fabric: What is Laminated Fabric.Fabric Lace Fabric Laces are used in shoes and many other tying purposes. Narrow fabrics in the laces make it strong and easy to grip on. These Fabric tapes are great in appearance and stiff in the quality. designs and shapes have been transformed with the undue assistance of the modern tools and techniques. Also. This can be carried out through the laminated fabric. Fabric laces. beds are needed to be protected from the dust and other outer particles. That does not let water to pass through. Characteristics of Flocked Fabric. Today. Laminated fabric adds the durability and sustains the quality. The flocked fabric is greatly demanded in domestic and international market both making it the most money making fabric in the fabric industry. carpets. That means it should neither be too heavy nor too thin. Also. The first priority of the flame resistant fabric is that it should be convenient for the user. The concept of the flame resistant fabric was possible due to the long research and experiments in the labs for several years. Flame Retardant Clothing. narrow fabrics are hugely demanded in the global marketplace. In addition. However it is not completely air tight as moisture is allowed to let in the for the longer life of the fabrics. Uses of Flocked Fabric. decorating and many other purposes. The good news is that such a high Page 83 . laminated fabrics. like ropes are commonly used in the daily appliances. That is why people prefer fabrics that are flame resistable. Flocked fabric is used in clothing of all kinds and also in many others purposes as well. Flocked fabrics are manufactured and traded by the loads of the people as it is one of the fabrics thats demand is rising day and night. Fabric Tape Narrow fabrics are used to make the Fabric tape. the attractive offers for flocked fabrics have made consumers to make most of the profit.

Flame resistant fabric is used in variety of apparel and many others like curtains. The first system. Marquee Fabric is mostly used for tents Introduction of the Awning Fabric Excellent awning fabrics offer endless possibilities for enhancing your home's beauty and decor. flame resistant fabric is becoming globally apt clothing and for many other usability. and totes. hemp. including army duck. Also. Here's an attentiongetting way to advertise the business. colors and architectural styles. and accent the decor--all at the same time. dimension and color. Backlighting draws focus to the customer's name. belting duck. Or. The flame resistant fabric is composed of chemicals and other components that make it easily hold in any amount of heat and flame. Backlit Awnings   Backlit awnings are a cost-effective alternative to traditional signage. shoe uppers. jute.quality flame resistant fabric is now easily available. while providing easier cleaning. and winter weather. tent duck.is now used for a selection of canvas. tarpaulins. rain. from the Dutch word doek. Nowadays. blended polyester and cotton which provide high tensile and tear strength as well as maximum durability Materials are also available in lacquer finish making them less prone to dirt & spills.for instance. they can complement more modern-styled homes. canvas is identified by its weight in ounces per square yard and by two grading systems based on the weight of a piece of duck 36 by 22 inches (about 92 by 56 cm). when canvas has become a generic term for heavy.polyester. or both. Vehicle Hood Covers. Also. Awnings can be stationary or retractable. The materials utilised to meet this demand include canvas. tough. They can echo the architecture of a traditional residence. ounce duck. with the pleasant intrusion of the big brands in the flame resistant fabric. linen duck. Fabric awnings are available in a wide variety of shapes. and can be custom-designed to fit any home's unique character and style.4 square cm). awnings. Fabric Awnings Fabric awnings are the most practical and economic way to:  improve appearance and elevate customers' curb appeal. hose duck. linen. With the awareness in the masses. sizes. awning duck. but the Page 84 . runs from 1 to 12. has made it the latest trend amidst masses especially younger generation. Besides the name of the special type of fabric. and the treatment. Awnings: What is Marquee. or – today. canvas serves as a support for oil painting. increased light transmission. tightly-woven fabric . if there is one. Marquee Fabric. Canvas Fabric: What is Canvas Fabric. and is the name for the mesh fabric on which embroidery and needlepoint are done Canvas is used in applications in which a thick. cotton. Backlit Awnings Marquee material has changed dramatically from the first awnings that were available. mark the location. sheets and many more. Truck Covers. and protect customers.     provide signage with dimensional impact and practical purpose. Different Types of Canvas Available. water-resistant treatment. which originally referred to a particular type of linen canvas used for garments for sailors . durable fabric is required. umbrellas. Additionally. Fabric Awnings. passers by. Awning Fabric. Awning fabrics add shape. flat duck. upholstery. boat duck. increases visibility and improves recognition. shelter against harsh weather. and the face of the building itself from sun. sail duck. number duck. Canvas may be obtained untreated or with either flame-retardant treatment. save energy by shading windows and walls. Duck. for fabric weighing less than 19 ounces (about 54 decagrams) per square yard (91. Canvas is heavy and dense and has applications in making tents. embossed wall coverings that form a substratum for paint or gilding. does not loose the glaze or the quality level for a longer period of time. durability and breathability are key features. Marquees. What is Awning. The latest flame resistant fabric is simply superb in fade and has the longest durability. and others. shoe duck. Cover Hoods for Marine Boats Canvas is a plain weave fabric formed from cotton. sails. their white trousers . Awnings fabrics can add drama and impact to an otherwise ordinary facade.

kaki and vat dyed black is used for vehicle hood covers. Permanent finishes for fabrics: Finish remaining entirely the same during the entire life of the product. the fine 400 mesh is easily manipulated by folding or pleating. Aesthetic Treatments fro Fabrics. A 6ft roll canvas is available in matt sand. These classifications are : Temporary finish for fabrics: The finish is removed by washing or dry-cleaning. Fabric Finishes: Chemical Finishing for Fabrics. calendaring (similar to pressing). Stainless Steel is ideal for millinery. 3. 10. 5. with a rip stop weave providing increased tear strength. Examples of this type of treatment are starch and dirt repellent finishes. Page 85 . e. Functional finishing improves the product's performance under conditions of specific use whereas Aesthetic treatments improve the appearance or touch (sensation) of the fabric. Durable finishes for fabrics: A treatment that will last the entire life of the product but with decreasing efficiency.g. The most commonly used treatments are: Crease-resistant treatment. Truck covers use a blended 50/50 Polyester/Cotton canvas. Vat dyed polyester/cotton canvas cover hoods are an excellent choice for marine covers and boats as it provides excellent water resistance. with the largest number representing 24 ounces (about 68 decagrams) for the measure of duck. 4. Use in jewellery making and combine with other etched or discharged fabrics to good effect. Shrink-Resistant Finish for Fabrics Chemical Finishing adds qualities to fabrics which they lack. and 12. Metal Fabric: Bronze Fabric. which gives excellent stability. allowing to avoid the tendency to crease of cotton fabrics. Functional Finishing for Fabrics. the fine 400 mesh is easily manipulated by folding or pleating. By applying the water repellent and oil repellent finish. 6. Secondly. The sizing for fabric weighing 19 or more ounces per square yard is called naught duck and runs 1/0 to 6/0. First of all. growing progressively lighter in weight. lampshade making. 2. so the numbered duck grades are 1. 8. The softening finish improves the touch of the fabric. Stainless Steel Fabric can also be readily coloured with a blow torch to give golds and blues. They have a wonderful sheen which is accentuated when folded. Crease-Resistant Finish for Fabrics.highest three odd numbers are not used anymore. one has to distinguish between functional and aesthetic finishing. They have a wonderful sheen which is accentuated when folded. Use in jewellery making and combine with other etched or discharged fabrics to good effect. Temporary Finishes for Fabrics. lampshade making. there is a distinction between chemical treatments (wet) and mechanical treatments (dry). one avoids that fabrics absorb water and oil. Sold per ½ metre length and 100cm wide Stainless Steel Fabric Stainless Steel Fabric is an exciting and versatile fabric. Shrink-resistant finish limits the tendency to shrink of cotton. Other finishes add specific properties to fabrics to starch and reinforce them. Bronze Fabric can also be readily coloured with a blow torch to give golds and blues.It eliminates certain flaws or improves their touch and aspect. Stainless Steel Fabric Bronze is an exciting and versatile fabric. Renewable finishes for fabrics: Finishes that may be applied again. Bronze Fabric is ideal for millinery. A third way to classify treatments is done by their degree of permanency. Chemical Finishing Treatment for fabrics Chemical treatment adds particular qualities and characteristics to fabrics. 3-dimensional embroidery and textile art work. 3-dimensional embroidery and textile art work. Sold per ½ meter length and 100cm wide.

technically cellulose acetate. Raising is obtained by grating the fabric with metallic points. The flame is steady but more difficult to keep burning. or a blend of natural and man made fibers. Wool Burn Test: Wool is also a protein fiber but is harder to ignite than silk as the individual "hair" fibers are shorter than silk and the weave of the fabrics is generally looser than with silk. The ash left is easily crumbled. This elimination process will give information necessary to decide the care of the fabric. The burning test should be done with caution. The result is burning drips which can adhere to fabric or skin and cause a serious burn. Some fabrics will ignite and melt. The burn test is used by many fabric stores and designers and takes practice to determine the exact fiber content. Linen Burn Test. Fiber Burn Test. It is carried out by compressing the cotton to reduce its shrinking capacity. Sanforising: It allows to prevent the cotton from shrinking when washed.Fabric Calendering: Consists of submitting the fabric to a high pressure between two cylinders at high temperature. The smell of burning wool is like burning hair. Silk Burn Test. Cotton Burn Test. and smells like burning hair. air filled pockets. Fabric Raising and suede: It consist of cutting certain fibres on the surface of the fabric to give them a soft and velvety aspect. Page 86 . which will give a bright and ironed aspect. Man Made Fibers Acetate : Acetate is made from cellulose (wood fibers). There is a variant to calendering called honeycomb by which embossed patterns are engraved on the surface of the fabric. Polyester Burn Test This should only be done by skilled burners! Make sure there is a bucket of water nearby and that you burn in a metal bucket or non-plastic sink. The ash is easily crumbled. man made fiber. Acrylics burn readily due to the fiber content and the lofty. The smell is acrid or harsh. Rayon Burn Test. for the most part fire proof. Fabric Identification: Fabric Burn Test. However. WARNING All fibers will burn! Asbestos treated fibers are. Burn over a metal dish with soda in the bottom or even water in the bottom of the dish. A match or cigarette dropped on an acrylic blanket can ignite the fabric which will burn rapidly unless extinguished. an inexperienced person can still determine the difference between many fibers to "narrow" the choices down to natural or man made fibers. Acetate burns readily with a flickering flame that cannot be easily extinguished. The ash is hard. a simple burn test can be done to determine if the fabric is a natural fiber. The burning cellulose drips and leaves a hard ash. Acrylic: Acrylic technically acrylonitrile is made from natural gas and petroleum. Linen is also a plant fiber but different from cotton in that the individual plant fibers which make up the yarn are long where cotton fibers are short. To identify fabric that is unknown. Small samples of burning cotton can be blown out as you would a candle. Silk samples are not as easily extinguished as cotton or linen. not your fingers. Flammability Testing / Flammability Test Cotton Burn Test: Linen Burn Test: Silk Burn Test: Cotton is a plant fiber. Nylon Burn Test. Silk is a protein fiber and usually burns readily. The fabric closest to the ash is very brittle. When ignited it burns with a steady flame and smells like burning leaves. Wool Burn Test. and sueding by the friction of sandpaper. Linen takes longer to ignite. Linen is easily extinguished by blowing on it as you would a candle. The smell is similar to burning wood chips. Hold the fabric with tweezers. Use a small piece of fabric only. not necessarily with a steady flame.

Fastness in relation to environmental factors. burning ash can bond quickly to any surface it drips on including skin. Fabric Colorants testing. Prevention of Barre in Fabric. and petroleum products. Pilling Testing. Fabric quality. Types of Fabric Testing Physical Testing and Mechanical Testing: This involves Fabric Weight and Thickness Testing. ideally. Fabric Fluorescent whitening agents. Tear Strength testing. Nylon melts and then burns rapidly if the flame remains on the melted fiber. air. Fabric Surfactants. Barre. Strength Testing. one of the most common and perplexing quality cotrol problems is barre(repetitive yarn direction streaks). Synthetic sizing agents. Thickness Testing. This is symptomatic of the way in which the fabrics are produced. Degradation testing Fabric Appearance Testing: Pilling testing and Evaluation. Polyester Burn Test: Polyester is a polymer produced from coal. Finishes testing. What is Barre. Polyester melts and burns at the same time. The smoke from polyester is black with a sweetish smell.Nylon Burn Test: Nylon is a polyamide made from petroleum. The factors which can cause or contribute to fabric barre are varied and diverse Fabric Barre is defined as unintentional. Burst Strength Testing. are supposed to take on the characteristics of each fiber in the blend. Weight Testing. Causes of Barre in Fabric. Warp Streaks In textile industry. Fastness in relation to manufacturing processes. Seam Strength Testing.    Fibre properties Yarn characterisitics . Fabric abrasion resistance. results of which can be used for both determining quality or to meet industry standards. Strength Testing. Fabric Stretch Properties. geometric differences in the fabric structure or by any combination of these differences. the melting. Rayon Burn Test: Rayon is a regenerated cellulose fiber which is almost pure cellulose. Seam puckering evaluation. Wash Fastness. Fabric Testing : Physical Testing. Chemical Testing. Fabric sizing agents. Mechanical Testing. The extinguished ash is hard. Fabric dimensional stability testing. Auxiliaries testing. Tensile Strength Testing Fabric Testing is central to the assessment of any fabric. As consumers develop a heightened awareness of the ethical issues associated with textile manufacturing it is important for reassurances to be made which inevitable demands a greater level of testing. Testing the Aesthetic properties of fabrics Fabric Chemical Testing: This involves Chemical identification of fibers. Light reflectance of a fabric Fabric Permeability Testing Dyeing and colouring tests for fabrics: Light Fastness. the warp (or length) direction. repetitive visual pattern of continuous bars or stripes usually parallel to the filling of woven fabric or to the courses of circular knit fabric. In warp knits. The burning test can be used but the fabric content will be an assumption. Fabric Barre can be due to the following Page 87 Knitting parameters In weft knit fabrics Barre is taken to include only those fabric defects charecterised by coursewise (widthwise) repearing bars or stripes. Fabric Barre is sometimes used as a synonym for warp streaks Fabric Barre can be caused by physical. water. printing tests Fabric Barre: Barre Fabric. it smells like burning plastic. Tensile Strength Testing. If you can keep the flame on the melting nylon. The burning smell is close to burning leaves Blends: Blends consist of two or more fibers and. Rayon burns rapidly and leaves only a slight ash. Fabric wrinkling testing and evaluation. Fabric Barre is basically a visual phenomenon and any property of yarn which makes it 'look' different from the adjacent yarn in a fabric would result in this defect. optical or dye differences in the yarns.

Any mechanism that can change the reflectance of a yarn in a knit structure is a potential barre source. Inventory should be controlled on a First In/ First Out basis. With close cooperation between production and quality control personnel. or processing. Also. All equipement should be properly maintained and periodically checked. It is the inconsistency or the variability of the particular property which results in Barre The properties which are the causes of Barre are given below.a "shadow band" It is not the inadequacy of the raw material property which results in Barre. or by any combination of these differences. Stock yarns should be properly and carefully labelled to avoid mixups. Barre can be caused by physical. Before beginning full scale production. black) or high light reflectance (light yellow. geometric differences in the fabric structure. barre problems can be successfully analysed and solved. optical. Fugitive tints can be useful for accurate yarn segregation. a more thorough preparation of the fabric prior to dyeing may result in more uniform dye coverage. equipment. orange. A barre streak can be one course or end wide or it can be several . Barre is caused by inconsistencies in materials.  Fibre Micronaire variation         Fibre color variation Yarn linear density variation Yarn twist variation Yarn hairiness variation Knitting tension variation Improper mixing of cotton from different origin Improper mixing of cotton from different varieties Improper mixing of cotton grown in different seasons Prevention of Fabric Barre As outlined. sample dyeings can be done to check for Barre. Dye suppliers should be able to offer assistance in this area. Page 88 . consistency must be maintained through all phases of textile production. Color differences can be masked by using shades with very low light reflectance (navy blue.Causes of Fabric Barre All barre is the consequence of subtle differences in yarn reflectance between individual yarn in the knit structure. if the cause of the barre is an uneven distribution of oil or wax. Salvaging a fabric lot with a Barre problem may be possible through careful dye selection. or finished white). or dye differences in the yarns. To prevent Barre form occuring.

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