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ANNUAL REPORT 2007
Foreword from the Country Director
Dear friends, Once again, during the past year our activities have been diverse through our work not only in the field of education and disability but also health and agriculture. We tried to implement our vision, offering everyone the opportunity to receive an appropriate education. One of the important events of the year 2007 was the expansion of our program in early childhood with the opening of 8 new kindergartens in the provinces of Kompong Chhnang and Mondolkiri. The latter one is among the most remote areas of Cambodia. So it is resolutely that we are turning to the little ones, too often neglected, and also the ethnic minorities whose access to basic services, especially access to knowledge, remains a challenge. Implementing our vision also means to open new horizons to those who have little hope. That is why we have continued during the year to strengthen our work with the disabled. The immediate results, modest in terms of number but huge in terms of humanity, have given our entire staff, like myself, a great deal of energy. That too is development, not only giving but also learning to receive. However, to give our deeds their true dimension, we must be a part of a more global network. In other words, links should be established with those who do not live in Cambodia but feel close to it, bridges are to be spanned beyond all differences. Saying that, I think of all our private donors, especially those residing in Italy who I had the chance to meet. Their support, far for being only financial, has made them partners of New Humanity and friends of Cambodia. It is with such spirit of sharing that we tried to improve our communication during the past year. Two decisive steps have been made in this direction: the creation of a new web site and the publication of our first public annual report. The first achievement was made possible through the investment of volunteers, French and Italian, who I would like to thank here. The second one is the result of an internal teamwork which I hope will make you proud and happy to support us in our activities. At the time of finishing these few lines of introduction, my thinking goes to all those who have supported us with their generosity, their time and their moral support, as well as to the entire staff of New Humanity, both local and international. Without their dedication, we would not have been able to bring our modest but solid contribution to a better world where everyone will see their rights and dignity respected. Sincerely,
Hervé Roqueplan Country Director
A society where everyone has the same chance to receive an appropriate education, corresponding to their needs, aptitude and ability.
To develop and improve education services, especially for children, youth, women and disabled, by working in partnership with local communities.
Solidarity and Service: All our action is based on the values of Solidarity and Service inspired by the Christian Faith. Respect: Activities are implemented regardless of age, gender, race, religious belief or political conviction, with dialogue and respect for the diversity of peoples, cultures and religions. Cooperation: Each program of intervention is prepared and carried out by agreement and in collaboration with the local population and the local authorities. Needs driven project: Development projects are realized in response to the requests, needs and/or emergencies of communities or groups of peoples. Volunteerism: The programs use the abilities and competences of volunteers from any country, including youth who intend to give alternative civil service. Harmonization: Activities are developed in harmony with the general plan of human promotion drawn from agencies of local development and from international public institutions, associations, agencies and organizations.
New Humanity is a catholic international humanitarian organization. Nongovernmental, nonpolitical and nonprofit making, it has been created by the P.I.M.E. (Pontificio Istituto Missioni Estere Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions) in 1992. The same year we opened an office in Cambodia and signed our first Agreement with the Ministry of Education. Since then we have carried out several education and/or rural development projects in 5 different places: Kampong Speu (closed), Phnom Penh (since 1994), Kandal (since 2001), Kampong Chhnang (since 2002), and Mondolkiri (since 2007). To foster development integrating every members of the community, we implement programs in 4 sectors of activities: Education, Disability, Agriculture and Health. For each of our projects, we focus on the most vulnerable, in other words, the children, the disabled and the women. Among our priorities figures the training of local population. All our activities are implemented using local human resources, the best way for us to make the community owning the project but also to build its capacity for a future autonomy.
About our Organization
Land area Official language Type of Government Chief of State Head of Government Capital Administrative Divisions 181,035 Km² Khmer Religion Currency Theravada Buddhist (96.4%) Riel (KHR)
Democratic Constitutional Monarchy King Norodom Sihamoni (since 2004) Prime Minister Hun Sen (since 1985) Phnom Penh Nationality Cambodian 24 provinces/municipalities, 185 districts, 1621 communes, 13,886 villages
Population (2005) Population Growth Rate (2005) Sex Ratio (2004) Urban Population (2004 est.) Average household size (2004) HDI (Human Development Index) in 2005 Ethnic Groups
13,806,923 2.1 % 93.5 15.0 % 5.1
Density of population per km2 (2005) Age Structure (2004) 0 - 14 years 15 - 64 years Over 65 years 39 % 57 % 4%
0.598 (Rank: 131st on 177 countries)
Khmer (90%), Vietnamese, Chinese, Hill Tribes, others.
Literacy rate (15 years old +) 2004 Pupil-Teacher Ratio in Primary 2006 National Budget for Education 2007 73.6 % 51.3 19.2 % Enrolment Ratios 2 2006/07 Primary Lower Secondary Upper Secondary GER 122.7 % 60.0 % 21.2 % NER 92.1 % 33.7 % 12.5 %
Life Expectancy (2001) Total fertility rate (15-49) 2005 HIV Prevalence (15-49) 2005 57.4 years 3.4 0.6 % Under-5 Children underweight 2005 Infant Mortality (per 1,000 live births) 2005 Under-5 Mortality (per 1,000) 2005 36 % 66 83
GDP 2006 GDP Growth 2006 Contributions to GDP 2005 Agriculture Industry Services Population below poverty line (2004) Population living with disability Vision Hearing Speaking Mobility Other 4.7% Disability by Type of impairment 29.5 % 15.1 % 4.7 % 23.5 % 5.3 % Tactile Mental Learning difficulites Seizures/epilepsiy 10.7 % 8.7 % 1.2 % 1.4 % 34.2 % 26.7 % 39.1 % Industry Services 35.0 % $ 7.2 billion 10.5 % GNI per capita 2006 Inflation rate 2006 Population by industrial sector 2004 Agriculture 74.2 % 7% 18.8 % $ 480 4.71 %
Sources: National Institute of Statistics (NIS), National Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Education Youth and Sport (MoEYS), World Bank, UNDP, Unesco Institute for Statistics.
Number of males per 100 females Percentages of children in school are represented by Gross Enrolment Ratios (GER) and Net Enrolment Ratios (NER). GER is the number of pupils enrolled in a given level of education regardless of age expressed as a percentage of the population in the theoretical age group for that level of education. NER is the number of pupils in the theoretical age group who are enrolled expressed as a percentage of the same population.
In 2007, New Humanity has worked in 4 different places:
In Kandal province we have started an Education and Development Project for the Disabled (EDPD) in 2001. We hope to carry it on until 2011. In Kompong Chhnang province, we have launched an Integrated Community Education Program in 2002. Since 2006, this program was divided into several projects: Agriculture Development and Food Security (ADFS) Basic and Non-Formal Education (BNFE) Health Education, Prevention and Emergency Relief (HEPER) Disabled Day Care (DiDaCa) Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE). In Phnom Penh we continued to support a Master of Sociology-Anthropology in co-operation with the Department of Sociology of the Royal University of Phnom Penh. In Mondolkiri we started an ECCE pilot project with the implementation of 3 kindergartens in the district of Pech Chhreada.
New Humanity Staff 2007
Cristina Togni Disabled Project Advisor Veasna Cheung BNFE Project Officer Kiry Kosal Sony Sourn ADFS Project Coordinator Project Manager Samboun Ek Bunnarien Bean Vey Chum DiDaCa Project Officer Finance Officer Secretary
René Ayala Assistant Director & University Program Coordinator
Neth Prak ECCE Project Officer
Lucia Wong Education Advisor
Kourchettana Kun ADFS Project Officer
Chamroeun Nhek ADFS Project Coordinator
Hervé Roqueplan Country Director
Chendamony Ruos Finance Officer
Wanroth Em EDPD Project Coordinator
Sarun Lach HEPER Project Coordinator
"You have the right to a good quality education. You should be encouraged to go to school to the highest level you can."
Article 28, UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in child-friendly language.
We are working in many aspects of education, from early childhood to university studies, using formal and non-formal ways. Except the Master Program in Sociology-Anthropology implemented in the Royal University of Phnom Penh, all our activities are located in rural areas, namely Kompong Chhnang and Mondolkiri Provinces. In Kompong Chhnang province, we are working in 2 different districts (Boribor and Teuk Phos) covering respectively 4 and 3 communes, which represent a total of 57 villages with a population of around 37,500 people (8,000 families). In Mondolkiri Province, we are currently working only in 3 communes of the district of Pech Chhreadda, covering approximately a population of 4,000 people (700 families).
Considering early childhood education and care as the necessary foundation of a successful human growth, NH has implemented a kindergarten program with the purpose of developing children’s basic intellectual skills and giving them adequate health care. Through education and care, we aim to increase the enrollment of 6-year-old children in the first grade of primary cycle but also students’ survival rate in primary school (the survival rate is the percentage of a group of students who are enrolled in the first grade of an education cycle in a given school year and are expected to reach a specified grade).
In Kompong Chhnang province
During the school year 2006-2007, NH continued to handle 5 kindergartens in the district of Boribor with 125 children (71 female). The concern of parents and the enthusiasm of children are revealed in the 87 percent of children attendance rate. We have to recognize that this high attendance is partly due to the involvement of parents who attended the monthly meetings organized by the staff of NH to analyze and evaluate the situation of each child. According to our evaluation survey we knew that throughout the meetings, the parents have learned step by step how to live a better life following basic hygienic habits. Besides, the parents can generate extra income for their family needs while their children are attending pre-school. Before the classes begin, all our kindergarteners take their breakfast (rice porridge) thanks to the food provision of NH and the collaboration of the parents who take turns to cook, clean the classrooms and help sometimes at the teacher's request. Most of the children (80%) have been increasing their weight along the year according to the weigh monitoring results. At the end of the morning, prior to go back home, the passage to the shower has also become an everyday habit during this preschool year. All but 9 children from the school year 2006-2007 joined the public primary schools. The ones who could not be enrolled were considered under age as they did not turn 6 before the beginning of the school year. 8
Cheum Chhoeun, 45 years old, is a farmer living in Andoung Roveang village, Kompong Chhnang province. She has 6 children. Her youngest child is a boy named San Ra who is 5 years old. San Ra is attending the kindergarten run by New Humanity ECCE project. Every day his older sister takes him to the kindergarten class on foot. His house is around 1.5 km away from the school. San Ra's mother has committed herself to contribute 1 kg of rice and 1 bunch of fire wood for the kindergarten students' daily porridge. Once every 2 weeks she comes to school to prepare porridge for the children there. Once she got very sick. Her daughter had to quit from her studies in grade 5 in order to help with household chores. She admitted that she regretted tremendously that her daughter had to stop studying. Currently, three of her children are studying, in primary school and kindergarten. She said: “I think knowledge is important for life; I don’t want my children to drop out from school anymore. I would do my best to send them to school as far as they can reach grade 12 (the last grade of high school), and I believe that it’s important to start from kindergarten.”
In Mondolkiri province
NH has launched a new pilot project for early childhood education in Mondolkiri hoping to enhance equal chances for better education among ethnic minorities, and especially Phnong group. The objectives of this program are basically the same as in Kompong Chhnang. From August 2007 our staff has established 3 kindergartens in 3 different communes. According to our experience we have accepted only five-year-old children. Before taking up their post, like all the teachers of ECCE program, the new ones followed a training given by Krousar Yoeung, a local NGO specialized in Early Childhood Education. Most of the staff members in Mondolkiri are Phnong to assure an easier communication between teacher and pupils. NH conducted a survey in the 3 communes to collect information about the general situation specially detailed data on education. Once the data was collected the staff selected 77 children (49 female) among the neediest ones. Parent's meetings have been organized as well to encourage their involvement. So far the parents have responded with enthusiasm, committing themselves to collaborate with the children's daily breakfast and sending them to school.
Our scholarship program aims to increase student's survival rate from grade 1 to grade 9. In order to facilitate registration of children at risk from 6 to 20 years old into the formal school system, we provided yearly scholarships consisting of school materials, uniforms, bags and slippers. Sometimes, in the neediest cases, we also gave bicycles, food and other emergency aid. In the school year 2006–2007 we granted scholarship to 491 students (249 female) in Boribor district. 9
For the new school year 2007-2008 we welcomed 132 new children (74 female) in Boribor and 131 children in our 5 newly opened kindergartens in the district of Teuk Phos.
A monthly meeting for school scholarship committees in each school had been established with the purpose of reducing the number of dropouts. Student's performance, in 15 schools, is monitored by these committees including NH staff, some teachers, respected community members, parents concerned and a couple of scholarship holders to assure their voice. During the school year, 89 percent of our scholarship holders (248 female) have passed the exams to enter into the next grade compare to the 84 percent of success for other students in the district. Regarding dropout percentages among our students, only 0.4 percent has given up while the district rate this year reached 4 percent of the total student's population (the dropout rate is the percentage of students who drop out of a given grade in a given school year. Our program gives a special attention on raising awareness about the importance of education. For such objective, NH has organized regular meetings with parents along the year. The 85 percent of attendance rate of parents during the 117 meetings prepared in 21 villages was a positive sign of parents' involvement in their children's education. For the school year 2007–2008 NH has granted 454 scholarships (231 female).
In our attempt to increase the chances for underprivileged students coming from rural areas to attend higher studies leading to real employment opportunities NH has established a scholarship program for youngsters who want to gain technical skills on computer science. At the same time NH wish to support the development of qualified technical schools in Cambodia and it is the reason why our organization has developed a partnership with the CIST (Center for Information System Training). Mang Sichan, 53 years old, is a mother of 4 girls. She is currently living in Ponley village (Kompong Chhnang province). At present, 3 of her daughters are studying (2 in Kompong Chhnang and 1 at CIST in Phnom Penh) and the youngest one is a seller at the market. Mang Sichan became widow 18 years ago. She makes her living by buying and selling fish-paste at Ponley Market. Every morning she has to get up at 5 o'clock and she comes back home at noon. She told us that the profit is just enough to support her family for the daily expenses and to send her daughters to school, but she was worried that this tight budget was unable to cover health problems or accidents. She reminded us that in her family there is not a male member to help them and in addition she has no relatives in Kompong Chhnang province to rely on. “So far I have been struggling to survive day by day since my husband died. I keep the hope that I will be able to support my daughters until they finish grade 12. I am thankful to New Humanity for supporting my oldest daughter to continue her study on computer technology in Phnom Penh after she finished grade 12 in 2006. I hope that after she finishes her studies, she will be able to find a job and then, she could eventually help her younger sisters to continue their studies too.” 10
The parents of the scholarship holders have been asked to be part of this effort for the sake of their children's education and future, and so far they have responded positively at the measure of their own possibilities. They agreed to contribute every month with an amount of 10 US dollars and the boys and girls brought their own bicycles from home to use for transportation.
School & Mobile Libraries
To develop the reading habits in rural areas, especially among children and youth, NH has not only provided more books to the school libraries but also made easier the access of reading materials by running a mobile library in the villages. In order to ensure the effectiveness of our contribution, NH has trained librarians for each school before furnishing 34 libraries with books and other pedagogical materials. Thanks to the variety of books available, the children and youth satisfy their curiosity and acquire more knowledge while enjoying the reading. This year the 8 school libraries have welcomed a total number of 2,258 students. This figure means that an average of 300 students, aged from 6 to 22 years old, have visited the libraries along the year. This admission rate is positive given that all these students correspond to 64 percent of the total population for the 8 schools. According to our assessment, the students have at least visited the library 3 to 4 times. Although these figures seem to be small, we would not hesitate to say that it is rather encouraging taking into account the almost inexistent habit for reading in Cambodian context. The work of our mobile library in the villages seems to be positive too as this activity was joined by 342 children (15 percent of the total population in 8 villages). Even if only 103 adults were interested in reading books, the frequency of the visits is hopeful since every child has attendeaverage of 14 times whereas each adult has been present around 12 times. This regularity is a sign of growing habit toward the enjoyment of reading.
The 12 scholarship holders were selected from 2 provinces (Kompong Chhnang and Mondolkiri) to study in the CIST and to receive alongside a scholarship granted by NH. These 12 new students have joined the first 4 scholarships holders studying in Phnom Penh since September 2006. Due to the increasing number of beneficiaries, NH decided to create a small student center managed by our staff and where 14 out of 16 students are living nowadays. So far we do not have the final results of these students yet because their training last 2 years. However, the intermediate results are encouraging and all the students show a determinate will to succeed.
Although there has been a lot of improvement on literacy programs worldwide, this fundamental human right remains a major challenge. NH aspires also to collaborate in this endeavor reducing the percentage of illiterate people by conducting annual literacy training in its targeted areas. In 2007 18 new classes were organized in different villages for 340 participants (new and previous students), 276 were female. The age of the participants ranged between 15 to 45 years old. The classes were held regularly as a result of well trained teachers, adequate materials, and community involvement through the facilitation of specific locations into the villages. The attendance rate for this program was encouraging since around 83 percent of students came regularly. Unfortunately, 23 percent of the participants dropped out from the program. The monitoring process revealed to us that 34 out of the 79 dropouts were female. The reasons for such attitude were diverse: some went to work in a garment factory (41), some moved house (27), others had to help their family at home (6) and some get married (5). Sot Yeng, a 37-year-old mother, has 5 children. She lives in Cheang Luong village (Kompong Chhnang Province). All her children are studying. She relies on rice cultivation to support her family. Sot Yeng spent one year of her life to complete the literacy class organized by New Humanity in 2005. She studied one hour a day and 5 days a week. She told us that she studied at the formal school until grade 3 only. Now at her age, she cannot remember how to read and write. After one year studying in New Humanity’s literacy class, Sot Yeang can read, write, and calculate basic mathematic operations. Moreover, from the lessons she has learned, she got a good understanding about general hygiene, health care, and some techniques for improving rice and vegetable cultivation.
Livelihood skills and handicraft promotion
Livelihood skills are likewise promoted to enable women to increase their family income with supplementary productive activities such as traditional handicrafts or operate small business in their villages. Unfortunately, in rural villages, women especially from impoverished families have little or non education at all. Therefore, they cannot have access to learn other skills. Since 2006, 4 skill training courses started. Thanks to the support of NH and the concern of the local community, the project has keep on going since then until today. The outcomes of these 12
The project of NH has tried to open a market for these products in the local and international market but we have to recognize that this point remains weak. Quality product and promotion needs still to be improved and supported. According to these beneficiaries this handicraft activities do not increase considerably their monthly income but still they consider it as other source to improve their livelihood.
Higher Education – Master Program
In close cooperation with the Sociology Department of the Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP), New Humanity is responsible for the Master Program in Sociology-Anthropology with major in Rural Development. At the end of 2006 NH started the second intake and 15 students were chosen from different social sciences. The aim was to extend this program in order to make it sustainable and institutionalized within the Department of Sociology. The idea fundamentally is to generate qualified human resources for research on rural development and eventually the establishment of a social research center headed by Cambodians. The major achievements of the Master Program in 2007 can be summarized in 3 categories. • The first accomplishment is related with students and academic activities: scholarships have been granted for all the students, first and second academic semesters were completed, 2 fieldworks were conducted in Cambodia and 2 in Thailand, and individual and collective tutoring were performed on regular basis. • The second referred to the links made with other institutions through an agreement between NH, RUPP and Chiang Mai University (CMU). The outcome of this agreement was an invitation for the 15 students to attend two courses at CMU in Thailand. In addition, they benefited from the library access and tutoring to develop their thesis pre-proposals. These links were extended to other institutions such as the Regional Center for Social Sciences and Sustainable Development (RCSD) and the Research Institute for Development IRD (France) with whom the ties have been strengthened by students exchange, faculty exchange, and sharing information. • Finally, the third achievement is connected with steps made towards program sustainability. In 2007 most of the lecturers for the master program were Cambodians. These human resources are from RUPP. Furthermore, 3 graduated students from the previous program were selected as new human resources for the Royal University of Phnom Penh and Banteay Meanchey, a northern province of Cambodia.
About our former students
After one year from the end of the first intake of the Master Program (2004-2006), the coordination office and NH staff prepared a short study in 2007 to verify and evaluate the impact of this program for its direct and indirect beneficiaries. The figures in general showed positive results especially regarding ongoing research activities, current job situation and skills acquired during the program. 13
trainees are 93 girls and women. 82 out of 93 participants pass the assessment, and nowadays 40 out of 82 were selected to produce bags and clothes with silk. Other former trainees are still producing school uniforms and bags since 2003.
Ongoing research activities
Regarding the research activities pursued by the former students, we could verify gladly that most of them (72 percent of the total) are still involved directly in social and cultural research. This figure reveals us how the spirit of research has been appropriated by the master's holders, committing themselves on relevant Cambodian issues.
Currents Jobs of former Master students
NGO staff 14.8% Government staff 18.5%
Company & Private sector staff 11.1%
International agencies staff 14.8%
University staff 40.7%
Analysis & Research 24%
English Language 13%
Decision Making 13%
Readin Habit 16%
Self confidence 23%
"You have the right to special education and care if you have a disability, as well as all the rights in this Convention, so that you can live a full life."
Article 23, UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in child-friendly language.
Getting reliable figures on disability in Cambodia is a real challenge. However we can consider that 3 percent of the total population (around 13 millions) has some kind of physical or mental disability. An estimated figure stated that between 85-90 percent of persons with disability live in rural areas. This fact implies that people with disabilities need to move towards urban centers to have access to the adequate services offered over there. Although urban centers like Phnom Penh and Battambang can provide specialized services for disabled communities, there are many obstacles that people have to overcome before using it. Some of those difficulties are: traveling costs, uneasy negotiation and services over-utilized. Taking this situation into consideration, NH has set up an outreach program with 3 Day Care centers for the disabled communities in the rural area. The program attempts to develop language skills, interpersonal skills and basic literacy by providing special care and education. At the same time we tried to improve their physical capacities through basic physiotherapy in order to increase their autonomy. During the year, 28 people with disabilities have been welcomed in our centers and 12 others have benefited of a personal assistance at home. These two objectives could not have been achieved without people's commitments to care for the disabled. NH strongly encourages the staff to be involved in improving their capacities in terms of quality and efficiency for the sake of this marginalized community and their families. For transportation NH provided a tuk-tuk, a three-wheeled motorbike, to bring the disabled back and forth from their homes.
Our staff teaches basic knowledge of Khmer language and mathematics for those disabled people who are capable of receiving such education. Some of them have successfully acquired the basic for writing, reading, and counting skills. They also learned how to interact with other people, particularly with their classmates. Name: Chhin Hoeuk Age: 13 years old Sex: Male Diagnosis: Cerebral palsy (a group of disorders and/or injuries damaging the brain and affecting control of the muscles that sometimes involves speech and learning difficulties), mental retardation and contracture on legs. Original condition: He was not able to walk and he was unable to write and read a single word. Besides he had much difficulty in articulating words. Condition in December 2007: He still has problems to walk on his own but now Chhin is able to write a few words and to color pictures. Although he shows some improvement, he still has difficulty in speaking.
In our 3 Daycare centers, the disabled receive 2 sessions of physiotherapy a day. For those who stay at home, we sent our staff to them 3 times a week. Thanks to this continuous care and attention, the program has already generated positive results. Some of its beneficiaries are now able to walk by themselves, and some have been attending public school. It is our hope that more will be able to integrate into the main stream in the future. Another achievement is the involvement of some concerned parents who have been encouraged to learn some basic physiotherapy to do for their children at home.
Name: Kong Keara Age: 9 years old Sex: Female Diagnosis: Club foot (a congenital foot deformity marked by a curled shape or twisted position of the ankle, heel and toes). Original condition: She was unable to walk, even with prosthesis. This lack of mobility made her feel unhappy and incapable to interact with other people. Condition in December 2007: Nowadays Keara is able to walk without prostheses and she is going to public school by herself in grade 3. Now she comes to our center just half day and that is when she shows us her smile before playing with other children.
As a result of fragile health condition of the Disabled, NH has set up a system of referral to cope with some cases. If they get sick, we referred them to a medical specialist according to the specific needs, i.e. Cambodia Trust for orthopedic treatment, Calmette Hospital for general problems, National Pediatric Hospital for children, Tuberculosis Centre and Takeo Hospital. For an appropriate dental care, we had a dentist to check up all the disabled people in our 3 centers. However, the challenge is to make them keep a regular dental hygiene habit. Name: Men Sivorn Age: 3 years old Sex: Female Diagnosis: Cerebral palsy for enfant Original condition: She can not speak, not write, not read and not walk. Condition in December 2007: She start to speak, she can not write nor read for her cerebral Palsy, now she can sit without holding, the teacher did daily physiotherapy, She has received prostheses from Cambodia trust, Now she can start to stand by herself, she had improved a lot. She can recognize the object and the person by name. It is improving also her socialization with the others. “Now, I am very happy to see my daughter speaking a little and recognizing and playing with all the people at the center and at home. I hope that my daughter will be able to walk one day because I see the teachers try their best to make her exercise. In addition, she is receiving regular physiotherapy. I can see she is improving little by little day by day.” Sivorn’s mother.
We consider this activity an indispensable step towards self acceptance. The disabled need to feel that they are accepted and loved by their parents and society instead of feeling being teased and marginalized. In consequence NH has established monthly meetings with the parents to explain to them the advantages of education; the possibilities of rehabilitation; the importance of hygiene to prevent illness; how to see their children inclusively and; how their children with disabilities have the ability to learn. 17
In order to harmonize the physical and intellectual development, our staff organized along the year excursions and family visits, to favor cultural discovery and enhance social interaction of the disabled. We firmly believe that interaction between disabled communities and society, between disabled and non-disabled, even among the disabled families themselves, should be encouraged. Although these activities remain a challenge, we keep trying for the wellbeing of our members. In 2007 NH staff and the mothers the Disabled from our 3 centers participated in an outdoor visit to Tonle Bati (a popular resort for Cambodians) and Water Park. This year the 3 centers also attended different ceremonies organized at the occasion of the Global Campaign Education week.
The staff along with the disabled students, paid regular home visits to the families of their counterparts. During these family visits, they shared together a meal while exchanging experiences.
Hun Hourn is a 4-year-old child who was born in Teuk Chrap village (Kompong Chhnang province). He was brought to the Disabled Day Care center on January 1st, 2007. There, he was diagnosed with Down syndrome, heart problem, and pneumonia. At that time, he weighted 6.50 kg. He could neither stand up for himself nor speak normally, just articulate a few words. He was always alone and most of the time he cried. He did not show interest for the other children or teachers at the center. It was very difficult for him to eat vegetables. Hun Hourn’s mother brings him to the center every day. His house is around 15 km from the center. Therefore, New Humanity bought her a bicycle to make it easier to commute to the center. The center is open from Monday to Friday (7:00 am to 3:30 pm). Like all children, there, Hun Hourn receives his breakfast and lunch at the center. However, New Humanity also supports him by giving some money to his mother to buy extra food for him on the weekend. After coming to the center for a few months, Hun Hourn was sent to receive treatment to combat his pneumonia at National Pediatric Hospital in Phnom Penh. Finally, the pneumonia was cured. Nevertheless, his heart problem is still there and according to the doctor’s diagnosis he will need a surgery in the future. In case of having an operation, Hun Hourn’s life is having higher risk than a normal child of his age. Currently, as a result of the care and daily therapy, he is now better and happier than before. Nowadays, he can stand up and walk by holding the wheel bar. Now, he likes to play with everyone in the center. He is able to call his mother and give response when someone calls his name. He can eat much better and more vegetables than before. The teacher told us that he generally shakes his head showing his disagreement when he does not like something. He can also point to the bottle of water when he is thirsty, and cries when he wants to defecate and urinate. Hun Huorn now weights 7.7 kg. We all expect that in five months he will be able to walk without holding the wheel bar.
"You have the right to food, clothing, a safe place to live and to have your basic needs met."
Article 27, UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in child-friendly language.
According to different national and international organizations (World Bank, Asian Development Bank, National Institute of Statistics) Cambodia's economic growth has improved in the last decade. However, the improvement has been concentrated in urban areas, while in rural areas the growth and performance has been disappointing. For Cambodia's social and economic development, it is crucial to achieve a robust rural economy due to agricultural activity is the most important source of employment and livelihood for 70 percent of the total population. According to the National Institute of Statistics, one person out of five suffers undernourishment. NH has implemented an agriculture development and food security (ADFS) project to contribute modestly, for the achievement of the first Cambodia's millennium goal referred to the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger. This program is located in the province of Kompong Chhnang and covers the same population as our other programs. Our main activity is to provide knowledge about agricultural techniques and management so as to guarantee a sustainable agricultural activity in response to critical lack of information and technology. In order to provide food security for poor families, NH has also carried on the implementation of rice banks.
In 2007, 206 farmers (168 women) have attended our 8 courses on technical rice cultivation. Once the training finished, 37 farmers agreed to become part of the model rice field demonstration program to encourage the other people to follow the example. When problems occurred along the year, NH staff organized meetings to discuss and exchange issues related with rice production. The attendance rate of these meetings was around 90 percent each time. The methods introduced during the trainings covered the use of natural fertilizer, bigger seedbeds, and fewer seedlings per clump (farming intensification).
Sample Category Year Piece of land used (sq.m) Quantity of seeds used (kg) Rice yield (kg) Number of seedling used Sample of farmers who attended NH training 2006 2007 10,000 10,000 86.3 60.9 2,290 4,152 5 -9 1-2 Sample of farmers who did not attend NH training 2006 2007 10,000 10,000 183.7 204.5 1,967 2,177 n/a n/a
Although the production has increased considerably for our target group, the amount of rice needed is still insufficient. The reason why NH has launched the project of rice banks is to cope with rice shortage. In 2007 the 5 rice banks created with the support of NH regrouped 511 beneficiaries. This year 360 out of 511 families have borrowed a total of 49,271 Kg of rice to ensure their daily food supply. Each rice bank is managed by a farmers committee and all the borrowers showed great responsibility by fulfilling their commitment to pay 20 percent of interest in rice. 20
The interests have been divided in four parts: one quarter was given to the kindergartens for the children’s daily breakfast; one quarter for the committee members in order to pay for their work on rice bank management; and the other half was added to the rice bank capital. The capital of the rice banks is increasing sharply.
Vegetables Cultivation – Pest Control – Fertilizer
In 2007, NH introduced 10 courses on vegetables growing methods (farming diversification), pest control, and use of natural fertilizer. 248 beneficiaries (219 female) attended the training to improve their gardening production and then diversify their food. According to the results of our impact evaluation on all the trainees, we obtained the following results
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 5% 0% 10% 12% 31% 39% 28% 69% 70% 57% Before training (2006) After training (2007)
Changes on people behavior
Use of Natural Pesticide
Use of Natural Fertilizer
Use of Chemical Pesticide
Use of Chemical Fertilizer
An important element for vegetables growing is the irrigation system, especially during dry season; therefore; NH granted 47 families with all the materials needed to build water wells and 2 manual water pumps to ensure the water supply.
Livestock and Poultry Raising
In order to generate more income and food for their families, this year we introduced 208 farmers (146 women) on how to rear pigs. A total of 50 trainees received 1 piglet and 54 kg of forage each. While 41 sows were mated but have not yet given birth, 51 sows distributed last year gave birth to 430 piglets. Thanks to the sale of their piglets 42 families got an average yearly income of 157 USD, and NH has received 132 piglets from the pig bank members as interest. Once these pigs sold, NH could support forage expenses for the program's beneficiaries, an important action to reduce the animal mortality rate which represents a real challenge. Though NH treated more than 436 pigs during the year, the mortality rate remained high (15 percent). For poultry rearing, 127 farmers attended the training and 96 of them joined the chicken farm project. They received some materials to build henhouse as some farmers started to raise chicken. A sample of 16 families showed that they could generate a monthly income of around 7 USD along with eggs and chicken meat. Knowing that 49 out of 96 families have children under-5 years old, the provision of extra food from poultry rearing is very important.
In 2006 Sang Nhip, a 47-year-old woman living in the village of Andong Roveang (Kampong Chhnang Province) attended NH training on chicken rearing and has received 8 chickens. Rearing chickens was not new for her as she has been doing it since 2004. Unfortunately she did not get much benefit from this activity because a lot of her animals got sick and died eventually. However, after joining our training, she learned how to prevent chickens from getting diseases using easy and natural ways. She also found out how to choose the right chicken race. According to Ms. Sang Nhip, thanks to her new knowledge she got a lot of chickens and much income from selling them. Before receiving income from chicken rearing, her numerous family members were in poor condition. Moreover, 5 out of her 8 children needed to study but she couldn’t earn enough money to send them to school. She even had to sell rice to cover daily expenses. As a result, her family lacked food. She had to borrow rice from other families with a 50 percent of interest rate per year. Now she gets more income from chicken rearing to support her family. She uses this money to send her children to school and to buy rice and other food.
Mixed Farming Training in Schools
The success of an impoverished rural area in Cambodia relies heavily on how better the new generations will handle productivity and profitability of more diversify production. In order to provide more tools to these youngsters, NH has implemented a project to introduce basic and new agricultural techniques in schools. During the school year 2006-2007, NH conducted mixed farming training for a total of 449 grade 8 students in 3 secondary schools. The topics taught were: rice cultivation and intensification; vegetables cultivation and diversification; natural fertilizer & pest control; pig and poultry rearing. In 2007-2008, we conducted agricultural training for 278 new students in grade 8, coming from 4 secondary schools. The topics were identical to the previous year. After the training season we conducted a comprehensive assessment for 3 schools to see how much the students understood the content of each session. Though this examination was not compulsory, 77.8 percent of the trainees attended it. The results indicates that 37.7 percent have acquired a good knowledge of the topics taught, 42.4 percent have acquired a basic understanding on agriculture issues, and 19.9 percent of the students need consolidation and revision. For practice, NH staff of and students arranged places for gardening and compost shelters. These places were prepared in 4 secondary schools and will be used in 2008. In addition, 2 poultry farms were built in 2 secondary schools and the students will take care of it.
NH Community Learning Center
The farming system that our agriculture program is trying to develop with all its components needs a demonstration place, where people can witness personally the results of the applied new methods. NH community learning center makes it possible by establishing a small model farm that comprises a pigpen, a henhouse, a vegetables garden, a water system for irrigation, and a small rice field to demonstrate the intensification technique. NH staff and mothers of children with disability are in charge of keeping this center as an example for our beneficiaries. 22
"You have the right to the best health care possible, safe water to drink, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and information to help you stay well."
Article 24, Convention on the Rights of the Child in child-friendly language.
The situation of health sector in Cambodia as well as education has showed positive results in preventive care and curative care. However, there are still weak points: child malnutrition and incidences of preventable diseases are still high. The case of health care becomes worst in rural areas, where the traditional care remains important for the 25 percent of the total rural population. Furthermore, people spend large proportions of their total income in private and public medical care for low quality attention and services.
Health Education and Prevention
Our mission in this context is to join efforts with government and other agencies to support people for better health, enhancing peoples’ knowledge on health and hygiene. NH also aims to make the access to qualified medical care easier. Basically, our target groups are villagers, NH Literacy program students, parents of kindergarteners (ECCE program) and Primary Schools teachers and students in Boribor district. NH Preventive Care 2007 Beneficiaries Villagers NH Kindergarteners’ parents Boribor Primary Schools Students Villagers Villagers Villagers Villagers Students
Activity 1. Basic Health Training
Quantity 300 (279 female) 103 (90 female) 98 teachers (40 female) 3.663 students (1.103 female) 36 families 250 families 50 families 25 families 26 Primary Schools
2. Donations: Water Wells built Mosquito nets Ceramic water purifiers Faucets First aids boxes
Every activity in this program has been monitored and evaluated through comprehensive assessments and baseline health survey to understand the situation of four target areas. At the end of 2007 we have conducted another health survey to explore deeper the current situation and tackle accurately the weak points of our program.
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% No knowledge Basic knowledge Basic knowledge Good Knowledge 22% 52% 48% 39% 35% 79% 61% 65%
In 2007 HERPER program has achieved to publish a complete series of 7 booklets on basic health care for our beneficiaries. The subject matter of these publications is: 1. Personal Hygiene 2. Health and Nutrition 3. Hygiene and Environment 4. Gastrointestinal System 5. Respiratory System 6. Sexual and Reproductive Health 7. Prevention for pre and post-natal These booklets have become an important tool to support the trainings and preventive health care campaigns. Besides, posters of human body systems were designed and printed out to be distributed during the trainings and workshops. These printed publications are used also by other organizations, especially the health programs of catholic communities.
In 2007, we referred 118 people (83 female) to public or private health facilities (commune health centers, provincial hospital of Kompong Chhnang, Takeo Eye hospital, Emergency hospital in Battambang, Phnom Penh hospitals). We helped them by providing transport, food and all necessary medicines. These people were referred for diseases (84) as well as for pregnancy and delivery (34). NH occasionally provided food support for poor families; powder milk for children who really need external help; and in case of accidents.
Khan Sokoeun, 47 years old, is the husband of Choun Veasna, 37 years old. Married in 2000, they are the parents of 3 children living in Andong Roveang village (Kompong Chhnang province). In 2006, Khan Sokoeun was diagnosed with HIV. After receiving such a bad news, he brought his wife and 3 children to have the blood test at once. The blood tests showed that his wife and his youngest son were also HIV positive. Mr. Sokoeun told us that before 2000 he lived at the Khmer-Thai border where he believed he got infected. In 2006 his health condition got worse and he decided to return to his homeland in Kompong Chhnang province. Since June 2006, New Humanity has supported this family with monthly food supply (20 kg of rice, 1 kg of salt, 5 packs of instant noodles, and 1 bottle of fish sauce) and the payment of the transportation expenses to and from the hospital. Too weak to walk, he just does a little work around the house. He shared with us that due to his health condition and his wife’s declining health, his family could not generate any income. Thanks to the support of New Humanity, some relatives, and generous neighbors, they are able to survive. Although he is HIV positive, he never feels discriminated by the neighbors. On the contrary, they often come to talk and encourage him and his family. Also, they share their food with them. He said, “I will follow the doctor's instructions, taking tablets regularly, meeting the doctor at the appointed time, and paying attention to food hygiene in order to live longer to take care of my children.”
Expenditures by sector
Sector of Activities Education Agriculture Health Disability Support Local NGO (CfP) Communication & fund raising Administrative costs Total
Support Local NGO Disability 3.2% 10% Health 7.8% Communication 0.7%
Amount in USD 153,880.77 42,012.17 24,436.04 31,285.65 10,000.00 2,266.76 48,699.92 312,581.31
Administrative costs 15.6%
Expenditures by donor
Donors CEI NH-PIME CML-Cam To Me onlus Misereor Clown One Italia Fulford Foundation Sant' Egidio Private donors Association EPPAC (France) Association Christian (Italy) TOTAL
Fulford Foundation 2.3% Sant' Egidio 1.4%
Amount in USD 163,261.37 64,156.11 37,162.34 20,180.64 11,057.58 7,089.43 4,394.98 2,551.97 2,072.89 654.00 312,581.31
Private donors 0.8%
Clown One Italia 3.5% Misereor 6.5%
CML-Cam To Me onlus 11.9%
Ass. EPPAC 0.7% Ass. Christian 0.2%
PIME Pontificio Istituto Missioni Estere
CEI - Conferenza Episcopale Italiana Servizio per gli interventi caritativi a favore dei Paesi del Terzo Mondo
Misereor the German catholic bishops' organisation for development cooperation
Clown One Italia
CML Comunità Missionarie Laiche
CAM TO ME onlus
Community of Sant'Egidio
HKCLMA Hong Kong Catholic Lay Missionary Association
Royal University of Phnom Penh Department of Sociology
Chiang Mai University Faculty of Social Sciences Regional Center for Social and Sustainable Development RCSD
Tham Chiet / Up to You a Khmer Handicraft Shop, supported by Catholic NGOs in Cambodia, for a Fair Trade Handicraft.
Center for Information Systems Training a project supported by Enfants du Mekong and Accenture.
And also: Amici SAIMA, Gruppo Missionario Parrocchiale di SS. Gervaso e Protaso (Parabiago), Association EPPAC, Cineteam,... 27
Donors, Partners, & Friends
NEW HUMANITY ITALY
Viale Beatrice d'Este 32 20122 MILANO - ITALIA Telephone 00.39.02.36566126 Fax: 00.39.02.36566127
NEW HUMANITY CAMBODIA
N. 19, Street 317, Boeung Kat I, Tuol Kork PHNOM PENH – CAMBODIA Postal Address: B.P. 48 Telephone 00.855.23.882.304 Email: email@example.com Websitewww.nhcam.org
Design and text : NH Cambodia staff members
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