!"#$%&'!()

March 2008

*+ 

,9 ...................................................................................... /.
12 .......................................................................... 012
13 .............................................................. 5  
1 43
13 ........................................... (History of Hadith Compilation) ;: 981716
16 ......................................................................... @?'=> <26
21 ................................................. (1)EFG'DCAB8171=> 936
25 ................................................. (2)EFG'DCAB8171=> 946
28 ............................................................ MK 
LIJ 
 9H 
CA156
29 .........................................................................NO1P 
 9 66
RSTUV
32 ......................................................................... (1)E[ZYXQ W76
RSTUV
35 ......................................................................... (2)E[ZYXQ W86
39 ............................................................................... 5 9N96
42 ................................................................................ 5\]O106

46 ..................................................................... ` 9^_ 12
47 ...................................................................... a_ 2 43
47 ..................................................................... c'0d'Eeb:16
50 .............................................................................................. fg_26
52 ............................................................................................... 91_36
53 .............................................................................................. O_46
55 ............................................................................................... ih_56

3

*+ 

57 ........................................................................... `_ml^kj_66

60 ........................................................................ 0n_ 3 43
60 .............................................. v)o'`pqrst^Eu91_16
61 ........................................................................................ (1) 9w 
26
65 ........................................................................................ (2) 9w 
36
70 ........................................................................................... 9x46
74 .............................................................................................. $yw56
75 ............................................................................................. $yx66
76 .......................................................... ‚0€BXz{1|}~91_76
ƒ †ƒ‡
… ‡ 86
„ … 1‰
77 ................................................................................... 9ˆ
80 ................................................................................... 9Š‹1Œ96

82 ......................................................... `_$Ž^1_4 43
82 ................................................................. !‘'p’11_16
83 ......................................................................................... 9“26
87 ................................................................... 9$’”•'–—˜36
88 ........................................................................................... 9™46
… 56
90 ......................................................................................... 9š›
ƒ

93 .......................................................................................... 9œ … ž‡Ÿ66
ƒ
Ÿ
£
„
¢
¡
94 .......................................................................................... 9  ‡ 76
96 .......................................................................................... 9¤¥¦§… 86

… 96
102 .......................................................................................... ¨š›
ƒ
ƒ«
ƒ …‡
ƒ
103 ............................................................................ <©… ¬
ª … ‡ 1­…ž®°
…¯ 106
106 ................................................................. 91”•' ±BY1116
108 ..................................................................................... 9²³´126
4

*+ 

112 ..................................................................................... 9µ1¶136
ƒ
113 ..................................................................................... 9¸
· … ‡ 146

…
116 ....................................................................................... 9œ¹¥ …º‡Ÿ156
119 ...................................................................... 9$’»Y1 e166
121 ....................................................................... 9$’ 
»Y 
1¼½176
123 ........................................................... 9$’»Y 
1¾1¿À1Á186
124 ............................................... 91”•'Ä 9 
à 
31Â196
124 ....................................................................................... 9ŧ
… 206
129 ..................................................................................... 9!ªÆ‡ÇȅŸ216
†
ƒ

131 ..................................................................... 9ÌÍFœ £‡ŸËCÉ· … ÊV226
133 .................................................................................. 9!Î236
136 ................................................................................... 9υ¥ÐчŸ246
139 ........................................................................... 9ÒÓ1Ô256

141 ................................. v×B <ÕÃÖ1110n5 43
141 .................................................................... v 
 9o'Ø16
ƒ
‡ 26
143 ..................................................................................... 9²ªÙÚ
… 36
144 .................................................................................... 9Ûª¬
148 .................................................................................... 9²ªÆ¡‡ ¢…Ÿ46
ƒ
150 ...................................................................................... 9ÝÜ Þ… ߇Ÿ56
†
150 ..................................................................................... 9œ„ ¥ £… ‡Ÿ66
151 ...................................................................................... EàE%&76
155 .................................................................................... áÔâãäâo86

5

*+ 

158 ...................................................................èå1æç G2
159 ................................................ éêp’0€1Y16 43
159 ................................................................................ 5èå1æç16
160 .................................................................... éêpqrst'Y126
162 ................................................................. ëìPíîè 
å1æç36

167 .................................................. ïðîèå1æç7 43
167 ....................................................................... ïðîè 
å1æç16

170 .............................................. (Levels)E‚'èå1æç8 43
170 .......................................................................... E‚$•'è 
å1æç16
170 .............................................................. Òñî)1ò'èå26
172 ................................................................ Òñî)1ò'æç36

174 ............................... 5÷?5õ')1!ö')âô1 ó2
175 ..................................................................... ô1õ9 43
175 ...................................................... 5÷?5p’ô11ÒÓâø<ù 
916
177 ................................................................ @?ú'p’ø<ù 
926
186 ................................................... 5÷?5ïðî 
91 
9û(36
191 ............................................................................. 5÷?5 9ô 
146
194 ....................................................................................... 
kj56

196 ................................................................. ô1!ö10 43
196 ............................................................................ !öüý'þ]16
198 ............................................................... !öüý'W' 
926
6

*+ 

200 ...................................................... )12
201 ..................................................... ëìPî11 43
201 ..................................................................................... 0&116
204 .............................................................................................. 26
207 ..................................................................... ô1 9j 
536
209 .......................................................................... 90d 5 •46
210 .......................................................................... 90d 
•5 56

211 ............................................................................... {…Fô 
11… …¥ §66
212 ....................................................................................... F1Í76

214 ..................................................... `W5Ã31^0‚
‚ 
12 43 

214 ........................................................................................... ’16
219 .............................................................................................. :26
221 ..................................................................................... HÃ3136
222 ................................................................................. Y1146
ƒ †ƒ
† 
„ 1τǬ
223 ................................................................................Y1ˆ
ª ‡ 56
225 ........................................................................................... Y166 

226 ........................................................................................... Y1œ… ‡ 76 

227 ........................................................................................... Y1! … ‡ 86
229 .........................................................................................
Y191‡ 96
† ƒ#

230 ............................................................... ­% &Þ% 1!$⠍ú'Ã31106
231 ..................................................................'1E(⠍)'Ã31116
232 ........................................................................ 'à 
31O'126
233 ............................................................................................. !$136
235 ............................................................ Y1!‹1*$1+',1-146
7

*+ 

236 .............................................................. Y1!‹0%.â/+*156
237 .............................................................. (Dates) 1:PîÃ31166
239 ................................................................. Y1¾1p‚q253<176
240 ........................................................................... E5'Ã3114 
186
241 ...................................................................................... 6$’&ö196
243 ................................................................................. Y1“1Â206
244 ............................................................................ 718 9'Ã31216

246 ................................................... =<5;Bù 9:2
247 ................................................................ 9ô 13 43
247 ............................................................................... 5 9ô16
248 ........................................................................................... 9Ô26
249 ................................................................ 9?'E@'>1W36
251 ...................................................................... BC´1‘1A5 946
252 .......................................... H 
E’FGÍ' <1E%ö Dù 
956
253 ............................................................................... I 
 9²³´66

258 ......................................................................... J1K 
K

8

*+ 

/. 
WP <X1YZ1[\]\0G^RqFSTUùVQHOP%NCAHYLM 
CA11P%NaEb¾1pcù)^dUe1f'ST)_`crst 
Hhijkl mn(opHC#qr)pWs 
tu1æ?v»!g' 
w< 
<X1YZ1[\]\0G^U$11xy•’ 5Pzp H{)+'r|}~ 
>1 W € ‚ %’ 5U ‚ % ‚WO P%N H!g'CA 1 ù5 ÷? ';B 1‚ù 
zôŠWP <X1YZ1[\]\0G^‹Œ‰Bˆ)ƒÍö•m„  

…†F1‡GBX 
‹zôŠ=5Y ŽEJlp\]}H{)1_ 
crst 
UE Y‘1 1 ’‚ Y“!(  H &”CAî 90 ^ x U€ •? 5p’ ù 5 ) 
Y‘1p H :‚% ’˜H •& 1  &? CA ‹ l´ H •& ™š $›œ–p l 5 — )^d 
‹Ÿù  ŽIJUqž#ùE 
 !¦ 5 ‫ \ [  ﻧﺰﻫﺔ اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮح ﻧﺨﺒﺔ اﻟﻔﻜﺮ‬¥ ƒ¢ £ ¤  € ¡ p H ý' IJ ) 
¨Ãq ’ E©ª Ë5 H!( ý'p’ «H !g CAù!() ^q $&” U ¬+ ') § 
mH!g 'CA1z¡ 
!( ­!š'zCA1®  ') 
‚%’«H1ÍöùE‚±'!(o¯ð€‹R 
¹'!()‹z‚h²³B´'!(hµ 90H!¶')·¸p!(U  
)1 9H þ½3ôù1!šY»¼YÍ1‹ Ôº5 
p’ « H &” Íö ù !(  ¹ ' ’ Á 0 5 ƒÂ# &ö p P H !( ) ‹ Y¿ H À7 
5 9W ^ d Ue1 ÆÅ' 43Ç ‹ pPÄÅ5 43YÃö 1 ¡H!( )‹  Ÿù 
Ë© ^ d U e1  ÆÅ ' 43 YÃö  ‚ È $ɂ 5 EFG L ¾1 pq Ê B ) 1 ‚ % 1’ 

9

*+  

`$%&Ã̐'ô1HÃ̐'ô`wÔH!(kùÃ̐'ôp¹  

³’ÄÅ5Î)Ïe1Ðâ‹`ÑÍ€ 
˜H 1 Õ 1 Ö ù ×  ¹ p ض Ë© H Ô# ) ‹ Ò ‚  z ¡Ó# 1 5 !( ) / 
stÜ€ý'Ý')·¸lq0ÙÒñÚBEÛp 
HÔ#)‹Ÿùp’ 
ßqàá`ý'YtP%N §Þ 
å q 5 E1ä  æÅ1  Eç Lù ât B EÛp^ hq )ãÑ E1ä UÏ$1+ ') 
ëì}í§èé’z1'À7!($êÍ'æÅ1U€ý'Ý')·¸ 
Ô#e1 )ßq ¯ î áù E•Yí ï'æÅ1 )ý'Yt P%NCA”• ' ð1 ñ 
‹ÑŸùp’PVEeËÅpHBEÛp 
GÍGÍ' 
óôEõUý'ò 
² H!g1ù!( 
)¯1‹Òqu1z¡æø)YtÃö‚÷1HE<øù^‹RŸùU

• 

‚»H•&$ÍùE• 
zÍ!H NCAû5üýþ  ô 0Ù Òñ 'ü1!•ý 'ú# !(p¹

• 

‹%’èH43ùü12ù !•pHe1)â‹:‚0Ù 
‹R 
oHú#ëìLH3 43‹%’Å1ùëìú

43) ‹%’ÄÅ 543H²1êý'p1’)1H&”CA  
ùât

• 

— 1  5 N O  9 0 âE•l ' EFG P î  9 â;:  9 817 H 
‹%’wÔùE<øYX 9 
Y  
B´'e1)âx¯ÅH!(k´î 9ôýþp¹ 

ƒ V 
 Ï% £&     ¤ < 1 Y1 k7 !(   8, 0 â  0 !( 

• 

óq’ 
ëì

10 

‹R· 
 ý' 
€ëìQ' 9—

• 

‹Á!g5ƒÂ#&öÔ#

*+  

z ø< 1 ' 5 ) Ï h   Ãq  p 5  
 h   - H H Ÿù ) 
âtæ?o 
‚% ! Cù!()^:"Ï#$% 1E&:-$1^‹'¿ât 
W(-5))&)H\ *"“Ï+$$1âql´0GÑhùî 9WHD' 
ßÃ1’Ÿù !lW9 

mubashirnazir100@gmail.com

11

*+  

012

12

*+  

5  
1 43 
'Ћ^ìE z ö ‹E(F1 E X1Y1 [\ ] ’ , - . /5 8B 0& 1 ) 
1 1ƒ<1 1 ƒ2 Y 3 ' ^ì 4 z ö 1 5 H E  6 ö{ ô|  7 \ 8 3 
> 91 5 Ee =}ý } H }• ' 9E:  X 1 Y 1 [ \ ] \ 0G   ; 5 ô< 
` Žp u 1 * ¡) l ‹ ?5@ 5AI817 Eeî) 1 <‹ 9 
‹z‚»ÃBC)%

(History of Hadith ;: 9817 16
Compilation)
HYDYLYE1Y‘1âÇ817 < 
À•op öpÃFté’¿HGX1Y1[\]-&11H'I\J ’ 
q˜ù:WU ’%’²1ꍒ»K')1H9E: 
ö1LÖù
¼ 
¤ \M â$ †"EbH N w Hå$%&  O P9U ³Q ’ 8 
¤\MâY¤\MâYJR"â\M¤ ‚â)S¤\MâTEbUV â8¤Wâ!X¤ 
  p Ñ 1 $1+ '   Ã%Z p E[ I \ J !X ¤ ¼ 1 â\] a â^ ¤ 1¼ 
\]\0GÑ 55p’ 
ÒÓ’“ù <B´’p 
Q‹ÍË5å§Y1 < 
x%’²1êHz 
9E:X 
1YZ1[ 
-:/a81%b¯&5pÃc_ùÃ`Ì:%ö15:K' 
t’ ¯ ø< Ed  E%& X 1 Y 1 [ \ ] ö§tk{p  p& ' X1 Y1 [\] 
ÃcEb$1k â:eK '}fté’g• ö ’GÍ'h}–$1ij 
ù < $› - Ñ p :  p q ˜ H Ãl  K '  1âa 8  1 %b ¯& 5 : p 
xȒÑÒÓHEY ×
13

*+  

1 #g  ‹ `Sensitive^ )m hi no 5 » ' Ee $’ ø<  X 1 Y 1 [ \ ] \ 0G 
Hro )^ ‹e1 f ßq Hs ¯t 5)€ } ’!‹E• pq ö hù+ ' 9 O 
âvâwâ¼âx"yz}–}–p^‹e1fté’%V—up³Q ’ 
‹Ípå <Y1I 
\J)Sâ${"â|& 
‚ 

%‚WÃ1‘1ùÀ•^%VÔU^}~pX1[\]-BC´Q^‹q1ä@ 
p 
$1+') 
‹‚#€oYWP€U^‹e1f‹€5²Ì0‚) 
oro' <x BX Initiative1ƒ„âÞ â1-'$1â²1ê…5p’» < 
ÃFâ_ ’¿ mÐ Ð W 9hù ^  ; Up V¾1 p’ » ù 9 e1  †m 
‡ ˆí5)p 
O&‹)qø< Û …?I‰1}êoùÃÌ1p’» <HŠšzL 
U’HŒ 
1NX1Y1[\ ]0G 9¼YíYíkp\]‹:‚Ž\]ù 
é’¯iÑp’5‘Ã1’ý'p’ø<W5 9Eb

!‘' <“1 
?  X1 Y 1[\ ]-’ ”g•  ? kH1o ö •Í ÑE&– L ' 0— ) 
²³´ùØ9hqY”‹CŽ$%&OHÙ¾1p‚šÊH8lqÊ›5p’!‹ 
Ht w¡  p ' p’ ž ´Ÿ  p” P9 œ % 5 9 œ R “1k  9 
UP 
£$¤LHÃÖ@zp&'X 1Y1[ \] -Ñ¥' ¦æ?§Ÿƒö¢ 
5)`H1'K¨w¯C´5)`H1'$Ž©?tHŸùp’ª« 
­’ÄÅhùH$#g4%6ö{?k^x ¯ î€Uý'Ã`Ìö ¬C´ 
*ý'H®' 9¯ât‹’˜¨ö#€°1u-@Ã1±1’ùý° 
™ ¤ %’ ²1ê 5 5 p” P9 p ÃF ý ' pc ù « - ijd l´ ²³ W 9 
ºp)€%F)b'a¤´ ¤µ`'$¶ùm¾1p’·P9¸‚¹ 
‹ % ’ 0½ù ¼1 ¼ù 0½p HHâ Yc < œ 4000H Ã`Ì» p H 

14

*+ 

À 
 1 ²³´ âY½ x R  ^ ¨ ¾ ’ ¿ ’ 4> ` \] ^  Ž  H !l ' )
`50^âE%1 
kk pVÞÍ1W Í ' }Á †d ‰BÅ1š-ÑYÃ$1oAHI W 1 )

• 

%’²1ꍒ»`1”P 9œHIŸE[$Cč1ÅÆ'E[$CÄ 
« 1r|-pV„,BÇVpdÂÈ•1É 
BÇVHÃÖ@WÊ1)

• 

kp»< ™ ¤  O ' èå 1 æç β1ꍒ “1 <HIŸ ËÌ-1ôÍ  
Ï ´Ÿ ) H K 1 t é’ ” < l â 
 z Ú H ÐÑ ' èÒ 1 æÓ !( 
Ø0< Uq ‹’.Ã`Ì£8Ô»^Õ $ÖBE•) â‹0uU5ât×’€
`50^âÛ^ té’È” 9ý')€’qÄÙhù8Ú^‹ 
ât Ü }&1 ' Ý1 1 0 1 $‚ Y1Þ ý '  1 x ø< ÛEh• H }êo ù \] ýþ

• 

U’ ²1ê c ’ ” P9? ký'p’ ø< áâ UÑp ÃßB àQý ) 
Á•?U50d'E7ãpÃFâ­’äå\]^`tst)€,Bà 
’²1ꍒ“1 <?k^ 
H }• ' Ã1Ù  ý 'ÆÅ H ç  è B k é p Ãc têÌ 0æ Ñ Ú Q

• 

^ x :’ ë ì† ’ í U m  F1 î `hï!š ^ ì†B ´ ' 0‚ ’ ²1ê ” P9 
xÄpì†ùX1Y1[\]ð•1ÉBÞH}êoñ^òUÚpÃFtópB´’ltÑVÚQ 
1 11 0ô ó 1 ÀG  6 ö{ â IŸ ÉB Þ H Ëu1 õ 1ö k p ÃF € ‹ z‚ 
<œùÃq Å?ÃúêÌ^:’²1ꍒ» ’”P9HÅÆ '÷ø1 
û?+ ü1þ] O 'ý  é’ »}11& H þk W Í QÑÅö å Y– 
p‚  $%&  O ù ÃÖ@ 1 êÌ 8#½ H ÃÌ1 p” < â  `1957 ^ ’Ô  
Ž }  ' à  1 ç '  êÌ U ‹ ‡ ’ 1   1 |& ù  p Ãc  $1 ¾1 
\ $1 3 ' Ï ) - ^  H V  ) 
 ` hù H p’ “1 < î 
$%& 9ù 
pPâHÐÑ'ñ 
wâñ  `30^âÛ^¨bç
`ñw?Ñ^ ò`"LqHÙ 
1*

15

*+  

} B C´ )Rq L1F  < œ o p H }› } 1 $b ' 9 H ˆ ' w¡ D  
ä  E  k p ÃF %V ; 5 Ö  z ôŠ  p `V 0&  k B  \^ \] 
1æç10‚^U5Ã}15%’²1ꍒò ˆ 5E7¸ÃÌ1p’» < 
‹—@U+'   ÖçO `H­;: 0‚Ð%ö Hl1—$15èå 
‚ø<EeH}•'VFb·Ð

EFG 
"x #5N"$’’q%&' œ 1)(»^}5EF<ƒ ' !1ÝÍ! 
x:‚ÒÓæ?)ùW 
“1 9`lté’qÅ*ÚHE+VÚ(U,5-ÃÌ1p’“1 9 
t.#p’ ç/ p’

@?'=> <26 
Ћ:q2$1–0‘11–)2é‚pÎ1' 9Ñ*H 9W 
Ã31 D ' WX 1Y 1 [ \ ] - ’ ¾   (Compiler) 9 „  ¾1   ú#ù !(  9 H 
’‚»E3 (Chain of Narrators)1&2%2`¾1p’» 9^ 
î ö %Ï hù 5 öâÔ hù 5X 1 Y1[\] \ 0GHÐ ‹:q 2ø 5 90 
X1YZ1[\ ]\0G’¾¹'!( 95–H4–éqóš»EF<hù 
‹:‚Ž 9ôù405wÔèå1æçBÃ311qqFW

0ð5– 
`%‹hq5WX1YZ1[\]\0G’¾¾1p’» 9– ^‹:‚òU€¡O 
$1‹†ø€qØ’Y¡5p’ô1 9H7210)mhù1‹hqH72006E©1Y1 
‹’q`hqp8^9 
``hq5k^:–HE;‹`,H} 
¡-

èå1æçBÃ31
16

*+  

L1F)H 9‹:‚w ˆ 5E7¸Ã31 D<=¾1p’» 9HЋW$10‚— 
Ã̐‚VH <œ1]'’>^:šò0';Bù <p\]e1 
é’æÅ10‚Pý'Eù 
) é’ » 9‹ O   ' YŸ#?‚lH@ A ?B!( k YŸ#  C DV 
™ù 9)â» p}Y1 ù 9)P ‹’q » Ã3 L –Hξ1– ' 9 
\ J$ †"Eb pÃF 1 Y  ù 9) pÃFâ »p où 9 )  â » p 
G05 9HFFFFFFFFFF  

%VpX1Y 
1[\]\0G^q_UùE 
y 0G ™   H   V b W YŸ#  ’ ¾  X 1 Y 1 [\ ] \ 0G H 9 ) 
K1 9 U  ^ ‹ ’ L U 8   YŸ#  M â ^I 1 J $1+ '  1  E \ J $ †" 
k‹% ’!‹? ö '’ “1  ?kp * N%d hV ÔpX 1Y1 [\ ]œ%‹] 9U^‹’LUHÃO}‘1 
vùÃ31' 9^‹U8#P1QOHâš·Rlp\]ý'P)
‫ﺎ ﺍﻟﺬګﻦ ﺍٰﻣﻨﻮﺍ ﺍﻥ‬%‫‹ ګﺎ ﺍګ‬B ôö)  6 ö{ X  0 )`^ ost $1 ^‚È S æ? 
)€ö’¾_ hùU©hù)b}VWÌ1X}  `49:4ET^‫ﻨﻮﺍ‬,‫ﺟﺎء ﮐﻢ ﻓﺎﺳﻖ ﺑﻨﺒﺎ ﻓﺘﺒ‬ 
̒0:³‚æ?v 
Y% hi$1 ^‹ eÑU8  eC8 EF<' 1  O ' 9YŸ#  
å”&YŸ#?‚!(‹ 
[5IYíH} 
•' Hro)mrst1—Zâ 
­ ’ q \ H z å”&   Ã]5 Ã1’  ) d ^³ !( U  p Ý  p d Rq O H z 
· ¸ † âH1 † 1 ‚ \ Ã]5 ÃÕF!() W Åö’¾Ê1)$ ÈH ¦ 
)ij â‚ m`Commentaries^ E<1ê o p )â‹ö _³ ù !( ) W  ' 9 H 
qY“’” 
 9hù?kH!(p*^``hù5E• 
ab§q:‚%bVp±c”•'Ãd$…1û(HÃeú'YŸ#?‚^‹î1ä@ 
'1† 'YŸ#?‚‹` l´ ÄhùH}•' pq !‹?  ¹- '!()B´ 
1ð h  ù â‹ :‚ Ž ij k ân( l  1 mõ  !n H o&p 1 Ã3 qF  f Þ g

17

*+  

sþ}‘15Ãe'1ú'YŸ#?‚‹%’!ný'r 'fÞHE 
‹`l´V–phùH€‚ 
$1]WVíl‹îHzÃ"( ùÏ5 ’ªL ?kH!(* 
‹`²³shù€WYŸ# ’¾P^‹:qûtU)n(s6 
s hù B uv  ; ÒÓ ù 9 1Y Y%  ö  ™ O E \J $ †" y æ? o 
L  C ù ^I J l´ w ' E \ J $ †" Eb 1 YŸ#  H ø E1ä  Œ ’ ` 
 5èå1æç\]ùP)‹qHz$1€‹q–xhùý°‹p’ 
m—Z1 Y% E7 ^é‚šEFGUH} • 'm †H HÏ) 
% oA Ú * $1 y "t `€ ¸ö  $1BF 1 •F $1y"tz 0æ  H å”& w k $1  "‹ 
- * $1 y "q :” P9 ý '   {1V ù E%r 1 á| - l t } ` € º  $1 ~Ÿ 
9 %dRq `1Á€%  yHÎ* '¼"t óq `€ ”H'l' E€ 
‡ âtêÌlk{' "t‚’%zÚ1%t‚“ùØ9 
U"dRq`€ƒY„ 1… 
$1"ø < N Hp& ) 9  ))pÃF"tè H7)$1 "‹   H }• ' „ 
"‹ûtEtFY11þ]))" qEâ†1qʆ 
'0‚—^‹UE•‡åöÎEeUH}•'Ã31Ã1ˆ^‹:qÊU0 G! 
1 5 Ã17 ' Ã31   p ÃF ‹ % ’ ; 5Ee D '’ u1 Ô& Yíkp 8† 
)âtVOHÃ17--e1p’» 9êÌUýþΉEeH}•'Ã31 
NURY’ÒÓHÃ"(0‚— Ee DU‹wƒÍöŠÑEeH}•'ý 
ÑhùRY’Œ1o$NUÑBŽ€!‹Œ’ ø<`mÑhù1’qcÔ Ñ 
‹Œ’ø<'’‘`m 
êÌO¾1 p’ 0Ù' ý°q ` cÔWÑ  Ó#1 5 !( *  H +' W} 
‘ÍÚH ÃÌÍ ’<‹Y1äð1  •&™šý' p’ *+ 5 ijéqzu1™š 
) ‚ ø< Ee H }•' ) '’”B  ' Y1 * H  × q!n Ñ “1 
‹•1‘Í$’\5¸¦Fþ–'0‚ 
0æ 1 Y% U ^‹:‚ q eU H}• 'Ã31 D ' 9— & k8 Hˆ' 4)

18

*+  

Ã`Ìtw<'E7v1—ZUq˜E7p”P9lx`$1Ú*º5têÌ 
Ht‚’ÑÒÓùØ91tê̾1;%vUdv H}• ' 
ù < D $’ »  ) € ‹ :q ût o st $1  Ð   Ee ; ÑH }• ' Y1  * 
‹:‚%’ 
)`, ’!‹X1YZ1[\] -ù 9) ^‚È’™U^‹U š5p’ 
²Ê  }  Y1 ^ C DV ` % ‹ hq Ñ EtF H ìö  Ã31  ^ ‹:‚ ò Ñ U GÍ GÍ ' 
`îEtFÃÖ1^Rq ›E•U€hqHYD190E©1™Y11hqHYD200 
Äù B *  1 x œHžY  Y1 1 ` †• 7 ¼ YÍ 1 x œ HÄù oY1 æ? o 
Ã311^‹:‚ È’™UHÀ;hq`EtFÃÖ1^‹’‚q ›E•UÑò` 
‹’’1ÁùŸ 9)ÑÙ 
U` 
’5Ћl´Y1hùÑw' 
9 ÑH ˆ ' 0— ) Ãq ¯ !n z Ee  }‘ H }• ' Y1 * ^‹ î Ñ@ 
qût Uô1  Y‘1 * 1Ãq é’ » ù 9* ™  æ?o‹ ’‚’ ÁŸ1Á 
U H }• ' ’  ý° ‹ ’’1Á ù Ÿ 9 Ñ Ù U € x ? ' 9)Ï Ô 5  ^ ‚ 
^‹Œq1ä@’¯ÏB )l1•'¡‚ùÔ*'X1Y 
1[\] -$1 ^Œ‚`¢ 
q¯ÏstH0<†lq%r«'0—^}*£$1pX1Y1[\]e5x1wù <–,5‹:‚Ž“ 9Hæø 9Wù <1Á 
‚¤H0'!(ø¨öC 
» aop 9p\]$1+')‹:‚% 
‹ 
‹’‚q¥ 
1E•UH} 
•' 9)‹:‚q2 
 554– 
 9K'=>=õ) 
o Y¦ UP: ` §¨ Y© hù H1& – ) 1 o st Y1 D') ‹, –  )^ 
T ‹ Œ’ªHp’»1 E ù E• * Et1«âq ¯ ð ostz ¬ $zhù ^‹ E• 
Õ)‹qѪHp’»)â‹ŒÑ0­ùÎL')%ùE•$1â‹qFÑS 
®} 5 z † X  Õ ) ý° ’q ` C1 ¯ hù H ÔÝ  1 ° 1 W ' - Y– *  Ãd 
‹

19

*+  

ªH p’ ˜¨ö 1 HE ‘1 § q Y’» B´ 2 E•€p m  ^‹îÑ@ 
1&w'X1Y1[ 
\]\0G1¾1p’ò!( 91â偂’qè´å– 
}’ 
H $%& ù < \] ^ ‹e1 f ß ‚ ²– z ³ Ñ ` 5Ãd  Õ) € å ‚±–Ã%©  
Ãqhq˜3'Ã31(Reliable) Â$1´µq¶– 
H $%&  O ù < 1 Ã31 ·  éq l´ W V Ö ’¾  · H –  < B ´  
1Y1 [\] - 1 `7179 ^ ¥[8 ý° l´ <; o pH8  ´ ‹ø< 
ÑHY¹ <Q; Y11€H <QH´x¯è´$%&¸©5p&w'X 
wÍp <1Ã3©·`ij‹V50ÍG1<=HX 
1Y1[\]-1Y¹ l´ 
åÃqhb¼è´pÃ31' <z1UN

0'ô 
5à }15ƒz0<»Ñ$1â‹BBXEeùY1P^ 
‹:qʼ1l1•'º– 
Âù 
p *'0‚—^‹î½‹l´ (Error Margin)` 5ªÑH1 
1þ¤kY¿qkp)^‹îq¸ö£$¤hiHå 
”&øk$1§q%{`rst^ 
š5ô š “1Ñ0'ôp 94e1Å*ùq‡0  $BBÃ31Á ’ 
‹RY’»HÀC)‚‡BÑùÒñøk0' 9l1•'º 
–^‹U 
0G83)^­íÁPH}•')âåÂWP 9l’¿&> D 
1,W9Ást$15EelH}•'0Ã' ö1EÔ'X1Y1[\] \
1% Error

6 9 U  ­ í H •&  Ä CA P q ` V % ª hù H ÃÅ1 ' w H  
‹z’íùóþ'99% Confidence Level%Margin

EFG 
(»HEEçùÃÆ?'=> 9$’»H6)
"‹VHÃ̐'ô1ô1

20

*+ 

(1) EFG'DCAB8171=> 936 
­qÊEFGLB5÷?è´)'; 
Bù 9 

"‹E1ä=> 9 
$%& Ç H ro ) W s } "‹  E1ä  4 = 1 = > È ^ ‹ U 0G Q  H  
1épP^‹:q5æ?)LU1 H} 
•'Ã1ÙÞ)^‹U!l5)"ðÉ1Ê 
P€q5Ù Ë1ˆí8 §é’`—u$%& H}•')P€‹’q ÌÙhùË1J 
=5 Ù â  é’ eÍ Ã1”5 Î â Ï æ?vù Ÿ ”5â  é’ $†Ð5—u Ñ}  

Ò YÃö € N€ qHË1 Ã1±1’Í Ù)  é’ Ó+ 5$…1 ÔßÑB) N1‚ $ɂ 
C  

ùÕ†HÐé‚šÑ}|oƒÖt$ñt•Ö'×u¸uF=1Ø â‹:‚È 5—u 
‹:‚ò 
öù 9*ý°‹w<5H$%&Ã1ÙO’!‹ùE•*X1Y1[\ ] \0G 
o p B  ' 8 3'Ћ٠$1 f ­ÚH EÃö1 Þ ÛÜ Ý'p’!‹ B´T 
Þ`ßhù€Hà'$#g41ö{lqÊ/V£$¤Ú p 
RhcÃᤠ
‹Ÿùp’ªH8É &ùE%r1á|-Á}–pÃF3 ' <œ§ 
‹$†Ð5—uÒiHâ)pWsãä'I^‹e1f 

"‹ðè´1à•?5=> 9 
5)"}’Hâ)¸ö ŒÔ`€ m†å1Bà1è´³^‹ŒqÊU0 G‘1 
^‹ 5ù³U×’z¡ 5U5(Evaluation)æ> <Ws ãä'I^‹U!l 
8†'çÍèé^‹`ø<Uùz Ñ*æ?Э} Ž‘z8†') 
')^‹0 f ÑH}• '—)æ? o }’ ²1ê ’ Å+ 5Ã1‘1 z  $1 '’ r 
H E  Ä w '  H }• ' pq ¯% pq w ' 9* ‚ r B z 8†H â 
‹k{$%&'—u’¯0€

21

*+ 

"‹ð$ê 9— 
) ù m u1  — Ñ * ‹  %  ð $ê $%& ³ ù 9 — ^ ‹ Œq Ê Ñ U 0 G  
æ? o âå Ãq E<ø K ëìV 1 í 31 ý ' m u1  )î  ’q e à E<ø 
š5Ћ 
z 5!()ßq1Lz ï5Lð’1ñ  ý'mòóô5 
’ÍöùW' 
‹ 
H•&1CA1ÍöùE<ø 9—Wât^‹ŸùUÑHÔ 
#'!()pH 
ßqÍö—Uý'ât¬+'!()^‹®‚%‚

"1·ð ù < 
ÀB óB€ ¯ H 1)ýþx Ò q²1ê Ï5p‚ õz p& 'X1 YZ1 [\]\ 0G ù 9 
H 1 ' K $ ’‚ m  Ÿ  Y„  ’ B ´  n( e1 ) x ¯  ³ ö5 z ¯ 1 x ¨ q · 
 ;5p’cÔHEY ×$ñt•ù < 
0Í G·G7÷ <='E©1X1Y1[\] -`âl´n( l 9)b} 
Rm HŠšƒw' YD 120-179l ‹8  ´ mõ$%&OH ‹ m HŠš 'K 
Î1‹w{‘5NùHz0<ʍH1$l´$1§‹ø$’ê5NíÑ¡)‹ 
^lâ[\¥û¤ p`2002 ^ 
\ú ­ãä'CA1^ ÂqÑ 
cÔ 
^‹UE•‡$l´z¡ 
H¤ûü <ý)‹cÔùý'têþ: 
%b`VhùH€È 
$ɂþ5 <ûü1ýøÚ 
—1W†ÂqwÔHN$l´ 90<» <N^‹:q efz{1;: 
:‚q` 
1·1òzâ$1zéq·')‹ùÅ1š-q:¿ú'þ- 
À1ƒ1”1E<ƒ1|e€#$%&ÃÖ@HYDYLÇ^dUe1YX›:ÈH 5) 
Rq t B/+  
<= ' Î   'Þ Ê1 )I‰ ÃÖ@H ˆ 'E< zH 
x 5àp’ùÅ*1  5Y–È 
qF$UÊ1)dNq¯ÑY&ÍÖt=ÃØ'ý)ât¯Y' #oA*ýþ!š 
•U ß ‚³ Ô ùzÖt' 1  €% ¯Öt hù ý '  BX 4 1 ö{^ xÒ

22

*+  

ù89ÃÖ1 e1Ðx¯l´âöhù)b'11bK'Y&ö^d0—z;1 
x³’1935âö5Ã1i 
B X  4 1 ö{ ý ' ¦  ^ x U  –  O •Í ' O 8#  ' I H EF<  
Rq&ùB8171Öte€Yí^ 
U5)‚Y&ÍÖt 
0u â <HN1)ijtq¯Ñ¿1â 9H1)^‹Ue1Y–Y‘1 
t#0 u1E%1Ն 
Dj;:1E$âY% 
âá|1EÞXâ
Z 1á& 

!ñâ"â:1 

&¤HE$â´8 H1 9z¿¿ù1 HYDYLYE1Y‘1 
¤  âx ¤   H Å* + âN  , ™ ¤ 1 ' ¤ H ;: â(b 5 Y) * H " â!(  
9€‚ò r ʁ $…1Å- !( .3"  B # '/ âN  a&1 10ÔÀ 
dhq¯ 1²u1 $%&H2Û' Ñ817 
hù5L1FH <•Í'Ws' YLÇ‹:qÊEŽE1ä)þ5—1 WÑ* 
^téqOÇ 3•lté’qY1·%1WX1Y1[\]\0GH <ý°x¯– 
W9p 
WU€:‚È’Ñ 55817 <H1)d¯zE1ä414*H}•' 
qø<Å1šHYLY‘1#$%&ù5'p” <:‚È’1·H&”xù < D1œ$Í 
41 4  1Y e€ ? 817 < p V8# ' I H Ãö6' YL Y‘1 ij 
‰ù7 
UbÑ 5UW6<='YLYE%  5YXÔzùp’ 
:;<PÊ1)z’’qE=>^8L)‹:qú1†o' 1k9 
!nHzCYö5n(¡1990‹Ø‚%FH ©?@BpA}–ùÃ"(‹BH 
x¯ z l1  }‘ 5 W 1 Ã"( ^ ‹ ` U D 5 pq ¯ ' Ã"( ?@ H p& ) $ ’’ q 
qHYDYLY‘11Çnof• 
ù…€êÌQ 
dE;ÒÓHD;’“ùE•*ùÃ"šx!%ö5H!š 
‹:³Fý)â‹`v%}Jõ^x:‚%‡)#BmÚ 
1t E 
EG1 l I \ J   p x Ò q H z 1 ' X1 Yö1 [ \ ] m’ , 5 5 H ˆ  < 
ÃF €%ö 1 5 : K' )té’ ÈÑ“` Qt é’È ’ ˆ HÃI-  âÏ 
<HÃIJ <ÑHEY ×ù:Q¾ ’ø< ’K <Up
23

*+  

^‹ :q e €’*+L5 <åqR’ ¯—uhùH 5)^‹`UD5pq ˆ' 
:1:‚È’ ˆÑù–Yí) 
05 9¯È 5—uYíMÌNH{) 
tz!š4}–OH1' 
}‘1 1 R p}5 ' p  ö5 H Þ ñ hö  Y–   o PÌQ H YD YL Y‘1 
1)^ÏPijRpqÊ­}–}–HSs?Y‘1Þp‚LTö5Ñ89 
Hp&)e€?˜Bö5ÃIù$…1"â;:âz  D 
9¯pÃFH 
qÊU5p’ ˆù <Ñ)x 5àV%`â$z‚’ 
qè´Ñ 9 
â8 ´ â W ¤E$âYX; :x:‚  ˆ ù H  D ¡ p& )^‹ U ‡ 
EF< ' V ú H Ã"(  0‚  ‹  E• † GÍ '  2 % 2 8 H O $…1 tY ƒo 
GÍ'–ÑHƒ¨F !(—zZ´  
¸¯ÅGÍ'–Ñg•îå”& 
[ÅEG1z 
}– H YD YL Y‘1 d R q ²1ê z  ÝÍ ! 817  < ^ ‹ :q e U  C ) 
817\ <^¯dPÌQéFH ×`BpA

"o5 9$›N€âœ <op 
^‹` UD5p’ “1 ' < œ Î “1 <ý' LÛúp Ã`Ì ^‹, E• U 
&]H <œ1]âôò×ul'ô1ô1p\] œz < D  D 
H < œ1 ] p \] ^ ( ^ N 1 _ 7³ ‹ l´ H !( o CYí  ) ‹Œ ‚ 
‹'151äHÒ)ý'p’V

"ðuõU!âté’—uHp’0€ù <E\J¼y 
`z` B ) $1 € ’‚« 9hùÚ •Í '^ [ EG1 'E\J ¼y HE%1 Q 
[\]m’ , té’  Ï z B 9$1 N€ :‚qa` Ú d—u … Uté’ 
b1 E• $1 ^‚q eUHˆ'= >) ÚcJƒ’ z —uHp’ 0€ ùÀ• !‹X1 
cJdXÏ-B)1cJÌN€‹hVpX1Yö1[\],
24

*+ 

EFG 
(»B´¶ùÏ'þ' ' u*

• 

(»HEEç1`âq»B1l' þb:' 9

(2) EFG'DCAB8171=> 946
"efB) öÃ`Ìé€Ñ—5èå1æç 
‹`@‹…$1â‹ 5l5  
{rst%rstùÃ31' 9p8†'èå1æç 
5ä…pÃFý')q%}{Â…ù*1ÂùY1* ghépÃF^ 
H}•'E7¸1EF<'Ã`Ì'ÃØ11t钐5Ã17' Ã318†U ‹ 
t¯P%y#Ñc'i1ÚÊ1)@pÃFté’ø<Ee 
'0‚Pté’LÖùÀ•kj1jY1††^xU•?^}58†'èå1æç 
ô1 9 ™ é’ô1 9 k:l ™ ^ ( DV   é’ »3 
Òñ'†1‹ô1p))H:lù 9)^ßmU†5èå1æç‹ hq 
'ƒo 1Òñz ù 9p ÖH)   ô1p: )  Hl ù 9)^(DV  
‹:‚0½ ï5 9)^ úÇ 
ÒñUô1Òñúp 
: 
5ô1GÍ 
)†5èå1æçn‹`E•Y–hùU‹:‚qC1V@o µþ0­%ªÃØ'ÃÖz 
:pP')¯&´5 < $’ô1Y1)$1! ß¾Þ$„Š‘' 'Y1 
) ‹ –x hù ÃØ ' Y1 ) ^ ‹ D 5 ) N € q :‚ %b V @ z H 9 O  ß }’  E%1 
偂4CEF<'Y1)K')߁‚qq 
CsîY1)HE 
< l  Y1 ) € $r  H   Ô $s ' Y1 ) ^ ‹ :q ¥1  Et C ^ ( DV 
$’ »    Ú Ô 1 n  u v+  < $’ »  Ã31 Â}‘1 $1 â é’ ô1 
Ã1Ô…Uæ?)߁‚È’wÔùÃ1Ô1H}„ '4!‹’q–x H <

25

*+  

hù^‹:‚q eÑU4)"‹ùw5 V%ª^߁‚x:q¥1U1ß‚WÃ1Ô'
"‹:’L1FH <’y 
"‚$1N%‹:’zÃzéY1 
æç^‹:q e)­’*+5{!(ñ 
 $1âÃq}|H²³´)Ebl 
‹l´ 5}1œ)~') 
%`{“%ÂùÃ31zÚp8†'èå1

"‹’`€ù <wPy 
UÃØ1‹’¿ <]ù <œ PÃöHˆ'(Criteria)=Ç^‹U0G1 
‹î •@^‹U€‚Y’ e1=}Ñ < ]L^‹î½Ñ 
{“11ÁWs}k <; op‹`î‚ÑHE*0—;1 
0Gù 9 ^cJ V0ƒ5 E• )§Ãq < w1 ]• H €^ ‹î½ â ×} 
‚%’ù 9w* ö^‹#)no5p’!‹B ´TX 
1YZ1[\] \ 
„ U)b } H E Y‘1 5 ß q¯ „ hù )b}•Í ' \HEÇ^‹ U e1  ) 
‹_`crstWP 9^ßql´

"‹ ’5 9ý'Eù8 
H }• ' ö{  X1 YZ1 [ \ ] - êÌ  p ‹ > 8# P 5E ù 6 ö{ 9

• 

<w8 
EÔ…' öHtéVÔE•l' ö1té’EFG
(Minute 

E† =  $#g 4 1 ö{  P 1  ‡ ý } $1 â  ö ¬ HE 
­¾·HEù Details) 

$Gý} Ïf 5 ö  0& ý}l %VÏ B 8 o ÑpX1 YZ1 [\ ] \ 0G

• 

­’ø<hÍWˆ$G' öP· <‹˜Ÿˆ 
H}•';:  I \J ’  ' ö 1 9 E$  X1Y1 [\] ’ , - 9 
ô1b: Ñ 9“^‹€ÑU‹>  1$bO5p’PVEe 
5:‚ ` hù5p’ÒÓEF< 1 'Ã31 HE%1b: ý°‹’q  $%&  
‹ ;5ô11– 
Ñ 
H;:p‰´—Z'ÃÖ@/â‹:q@k&FH <

26

*+  

` € ‹ '8 U / ‹ ’ 5 Ŋ 1 E ’  X 1 Y 1 [ \ ] ’ - H <o p

• 

>8!5p‚Œð1††0G}]-ý's§ 
‹$’ê 50Ã1EÔ'X1Y 1[\] -â ’ŽEFo¸âBC´ú <op

• 

âB1& - ö ^ x :q Ñ @ t éq ‹ V ¯ » z 8 Ê1  X 1 Y 1 [ \ ] - ‹ †ø 
hùâéVô‘*yâéVæ*té’òÑEFo’êo1’o 
§âq q » z £hù 5 8 ^`Y1ä H < ; 钝1‚D{ âéCà ٠
‹¯“/ÑUý's‹:‚w1äˆ$G5X 
1Y1[\] öHEFoY1Þ 
s 1 — 1 EÃö âÅÆ ' ES â ˜ ™< âEÔ ” B •´ 1 – 2 –  5 <

• 

ý } Ñ < O U ‹ î  EFo ' æ? o 1 Ù ¾1 pö « H š âE3 
U ý ' p’ ˜ ™< Ô ’ ›  à  1 p’ ø< œ  $›  5 Ee 1 ž 1 – 
Ÿp <

"`ð 5$%&B 9HÃ3LK 
z W p²³  ³  no 1 ¨‚  ` ð 5 $%& B 9 H Ã3L  K ^ ‹ :‚  Ñ z 0G  
¯ zE1ä  ÆÅ*H )K' 7 5 / ? \] ^‹U !l5 0 G )Ø 1] 
HNOp$1'\]q’ ×âö¬WÃöÑEF< 'Ã31âp¡'0‚—dz 
q’Ñ 

'¢ 
€ ñ1¢€H} 
•' <wÔ 

U‚ Y&ÍÖtBX)1‚0Ù HE ù8ù <^x:‚$y• 5fK') 
§q2W£1'YLY‘12–5)/xÒq²1êz1'³Q ’¡p 5 
« GÍ GÍ'Ê1 ý° œ ¤…U^x ¥JU€ qؤ WYLdþ…U 1Ø :q 5 CB ) 
å‹’ö«WI¦€E1ä§H}•'Å 
*¨¾1pö 
1* !1‹ Ë5 $1 âó’ 5 l5 4 1 W ¦ ^ +UpWs 'YL dþ ”•' Ù Q 
U^qU©Rq25ªœab«I1ȬB´­ù+)'`E1ä§ 
K')^‹e1fRq25)ÑBÌQ1çÍ ÃÖ@ 
د1]zW®  ªœ 
té’qHÃ3LJÇ^  qÊÍp­UbÚH—1W†HAIW0͈

27

*+  

1$l´ }±17±BP1y#$ÔõHBÌQ1çÍ'’¯ù°Y§p 
3s?Y‘1 
ƒÖt1+-Ö‘&BX4 1ö{$1^‹%’BE• )ù4ñp oA1œ'!²sH 
­}í<=„54H Y1Þ1¸’Y&ÍÖt+'óþ'ä<p1¾$ɂ5}› 
®‹³³?p’ø< Ûq%ÕÔHÞœ´ö´öµtœU5I1‹Ò¾¶H ¦ 
p Ûq%Õ ÔHÞœAIWÃö'Y·YL¸1YDYLqs\*^‹‚ 
偂q!w5Hp’ø<W9

EFG 
‹Y1䍒ý'p’ÊDœ”-8($¹BÝ<œ$l´ÃÖ@

• 

(»EØl1·Í&Í"‹Y1äðáù 9

MKLIJ 9HCA156 
2• 55817)ý°z`y•²³ 414$%&pH!•)€‹º50‚—WÃö 
ß‹Y‚WI¦\*U1q»Y‚…5pº1EW 
' <¯‹Òq 
8,?+HCA1‹Y‚Ñ!…54 â’` 
4õH}•' 
 <; 
Ñ W s CA 1mõ’’ q ` H hù  ÉB - H ® ' 4 ‹ 0‚  ) 4  ƒ¼ 
Ö‘& 5 5'WsmõWs'1'K^‹e1f‹l´0<»`5ªH 5 ' 1z 
‚˽)€‹R$ªhùyH)^:èz‚$ɂ 
op$›5 <m 
õ1‹hqÊy 
#’<HB 
ÌQ;<¾Y‘1IJ 9— 
Ш‚%`ú#W!(Index)UÔ ¿ hù5N‹HÃ1’å‹ÀHÃ"( 
äpUÔ5y¼Mâ'ý‚$Á’•Í ù < Dl´B²³´· 
H '½  9   1  é³ Â 1 $%& p ù z ý ' p’ $Á  ) § ‹ q % ú# 
‹ 5à
}’$Á)1‹qÄ$%&p´ÑN0‚—æ?oé‚qÃà 
5 <^qÊ0ƒUHD'8†' 9WGÍ'{1V'BÌQ; <H}Å'1990 
ù)GÍ' 9†‚ȒÅù < Dl´HN D <HЁ‚% lÆ ?‚
28

*+  

D' 9GÍGÍ')‚¬ 
Ñùö 9¡ Dî')1‚PV—ÑBŸ 
%’Ç– 9`1‚‰Ñö¡ D'0‚—î' 1EeîÃ31 
CA 1 GÍ GÍ ' O  ‚q È  B 8É E3 2  Y1 )  p’ ” B  Ñ * ‚ 
‚%’Çù < D)1‚\ÊË=+'Å*1E%1ä
ƒ
ƒ ƒ Î ÏÐ 
$› 5 < D   p’ ” B ²³´  Ñ * q éÌ $á©  BÌQ  Í·  ‘ 8# CA 
) p’ ” B 9Ñ * K' )q :‚ %b ´ 5 ÕÑ* î ²³´ )H  ‚ö •Í 
(Commentaries)æ1êhqm4CA1mõGÍ' <‚ö•ÍYÑ5!(ø10â–= 
‚ȒwÔH)Ñù 
×öHl1•1‘ÍÎÚî 9‹q 5…B 9H) )Ò¢HÞ!š 
o0‚)•1‘Í$’\'nÔÓ1 â ÔÕÖÓâ 
×G´'¸¦Fþ–' 
‹!nÍ$BŽ 
l‹ÒöB ëѓ 
1‘Í×BN\؃¼8,?+æ? 
Y1ä q u1  •& ™š 5   é’ 0Ù z 4 ` ý°  !n H •& ™š •1 ‘Í D U 
!nBÙÍQ11o$QH!nBŽ•1‘Í DUÚ1Í‹ 
^: ‚% ’ Ç Ñù æ1ê  GÍGÍ ' <^ ‹U$1â‹  ‚ hF Y! C lH •1 ‘Í 
p’ É ¿ B ´ 2 ù & ' < H 9 N æ? o q ¯  Ê1 $%& H p’ H&ô 
q¯Y}H'½^:‹E1ä

EFG 
(«i1ÛkY1äq&ÜH)"cJqÝ“1‘Í5 9

"‹ðE1äƒtrB)â‹4lB <pWsmõ

NO1P 9 66 
‹hq ø<E7ÞùÃ"(opHRmNopH 9 WÅö’¾mõ1 
'Ã"( HÐÑ'!()p ‹ŠÔYX1PzôŠ 9 —5 90 
ô’ 
29

*+  

5)1‹!(`7360 ^Y·Éá ?¤âM¤à"JtUaÌ1Y1=øñþß

• 

hµ—Ñ *ý°`l´þã D 9 H)‹:‚HÃ"( ä1 90å 
:q`wÔù DHÃ"( 
O où ù!( )‹ê  `7405 ^ YíèÍé \M ¤ \M"U 
 æç

• 

%`ú#H&” 
!(kÍ<ùëìêp`7430 ^ƒîF\M¤ûí"  

ëæçaÅì 
$ y• ëì L Ñ N § ‹  Å H !( ) `p ƒïðñ "ò ât  ’ ¯ Å H  
ë æç

• 

ó 
— )!( U ‹ !(  `7463 ^ Yô õ ût ¤a ¤ ûx" ¹ O U  1WË ó

• 

YX—' 9 0U‹»Cùñu'ô1H)1‹?‚ëì8#P' 
‹’‚åHN 
9ô1!(U⋆øz ^ ‹êY  
ÑU?ö!ö1Y1?F?B

• 

BÐq $y•—@hùzCÔH 9‹!() UÖk‹×B!ö' 
qm¯!(hùp

%"¦
Ð  o´ ¤ DûJt¹ ' !( )²÷ ø1 1 0æç ²ùF 
!( )  `7544 ^ú"T

• 

`ü^; ÒÓ)b - '’ø< ù 9 H) 
ó ô`Å ëì D' 9 0H 
‹Ò 
azôŠú#!(‹R—B5÷?'`^p’˜¨öN1
®  
l ‹ !( Y1†op U ‹ !(  `7580 ^ ýþM ¤¼"U ‫ﻠﻪ‬%‫ﺟ‬þß ß%  F 

• 

‹`±$á©$%&ý'Ý' 9 

¦ 

á 
' æv¤¹‹$’ê`7643 ^Y1&·É âM¤w1¼"!(U  

p¹ ‹!( 8#  B 9  U‹ 1ç ' æv¤?Ñ!( U1  O $%& 
áâp!(U‹%’ 
ù´q}ÄHÃ"(  

'¡ 
1Y  
H) 
%`ú#H&”O¯‹w<

30

*+   

æv¤U‹!( `7676 ^ Y1 ê ¤  8,U 1  æ 
 1 k 

• 

‹’‚öPzôŠ!(U‹  

Y1Ö 1 
‹ê`7911 ^x™¤âM8,0 UY1k æêËY1k7

• 

‹%’w 
Ôù— 
ÛÜpp´H)‹”B`^æêk !( 
yÖ!(U`7806 ^y¤M8,8&¹'!( )&FWË,

• 

C H ) 1 ‹  « ' ’  ù  
 !(  æv ¤ p ÃF H ) ‹ O   ' 
!()Ñp¹Rmæ1êù)1‹!(ŸzôŠU‹ÄÅ5ëì 
mE<1ê1 
”B 
yÖU‹ê`7902 ^Y1âM¤!(U   

æêË
&,‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬

• 

‹’‚öæê$O)1‹ 
o'ú#1ëì-§‹!(¶`7852 ^ƒ¢£¤< U&F 

Ë!"

• 

` l´ ÃØ ' '¡ )l ‹ % ú#H&”$Úù !( )p¹‹$zôŠ
† 
‹m '#$%&
ï æê!()p¹‹ 
H E   ¶  p Ãc  `71080 ^ ƒªÆ¢% £ &'  ¤ ¼ ¹ ' !( ) &,‫ﻘﻮﻧ‬,‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻈﻮﻣ& ﺍﻟﺒ‬

• 

)hqOpU”•')-§‹ `$%&34å(')‹»ù 9ñu 
‚mæ1êù 
‹!(ŸÑU`71332 ^*t8,0¹'!()‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪګﺚ‬ñu

EFG 
EF+'!(†H1_’ Ìô ùÃ"(!n$’»B1€u1•&™š ö 
(\,-

31

*+ 

(1) E[ZYXQ

RSTUV 

W76 

p¹l‹’«ÑE[ZËÅL $1+'E[Z YX$’»H 
PH6) 
`ÅH!(ø

RSTUV
Q W 

:‚‡B1,‚ù01–)ý'p’%0€ù 9*BX -³1ñu1Ã̐'ÐW$1 
‹

RSTUV
²³´5Q W 
‚%0€ù 9^:‹’U,501–` 9^²³´5)

RSTUV
.5Q W

RSTUV 
‹’I <1Á1w.5Q W

9 
X1YZ1[\] \ 0G 9H ï /ø‹ < 0 ) ‹E• K ï Y1 5 9 
‹ 9 5p’»ù2*%E&‚$’3 öâž*' öâ0u*!‹

ô1 
ƒ•&ô1}’˜ùV}‘1¨öN14 91*âmhù^‹ D5ô1 9 
ÑY ×1‹qÑ

_ 
óý5à·)B´/ø‹’»ù6 
1*€ ïY15)

32 

ûšP 91_

• 

q!‹1*l‹$1_1q!‹X1YZ1[\]\0Gl‹$1 9

*+  

Ã`Ì  $1+ 'X1YZ1 [\]\ 0G H)1‹ Ù Ö ¸ $%&Ø  9â_

`‹` 9_†§‹_ 
 9†k^wÔэ_

& 
’‚hb ö1H5à/ø‹Ù1p‚›y•€ ïY15) 
ܦ5 9U 
Ãq!‹:1 
l_$1  

š1Ñ')
’åùÃ3© 9 
‹¶'– ïU1&V¾1p‚¨öù0' 9*

– 
æø‹:‚rB)1‹:‚ eq 5 9*3'–qrst‹ ïY15) 
‹ 51&V¾1p‚¨öù0' 9*UH

0 
‹’‚q7–’öBЋ:q2$15 9UH ï/ø1qÌ0&1‹šY15)
`‹’qR»H 9lE•øk^ 
Ћ :q2$199–880‘11–)2é‚pÎ1' 9Ñ*H 9W 
Ã31 D' WX1 Y1 [\] - ’¾ `Compiler^  9 „  ¾1  ú#ù!(  9 H 
ø 5 9 99088 ’‚ » E3  `Chain of Narrators^ 1& 2 %2 `¾1p’ » 9^ 
ó š» EF< hù î  ö % Ï hù 5 ö âÔ hù 5 X 1 Y1 [ \ ] \ 0G H Ð ‹ :q 2 
é’æÅ10‚Pý'EùE•)éq

33

*+  

\M ¤ ç 3 ' Ç+ ¤ C& â: ¤ * ‹  hq m 9 U 8 H !( *  9 C DV 
'@†P^;BE•)X 
1YZ1[\],pPâ%VpÃF^ é ’ô1 
E\ 
J 
¨Ãq$› 
E\J \M¤ ç3 'Ç+ ¤ C& â: ¤ *2 < H 1¼ Š‘1 =" H 9)
† 
 P ^  ; B E• )  X1 YZ1 [ \ ] , p P 2  < H 1¼ zF Ë 1 ‹ :> –  9 
‹:>05 9¨Ãq$›'@ 
’qø<?ù8 <op‹?
· ‡ ‡ 0)‹’>÷?5)â– 9 

ƒ
`GÍ' &BÖ^ÜÝޅ ߇Ÿ 
·5à/ø')qR!‹E•%Ùhù?Ð 
_üùÙ)H ïY1 
qú#¾1p’ô1ù <HÐ 
!($1 < 
qhq5– 
Ð 9$1 
‹Ñ¶5–U

ƒ
`GÍ' &BÖ^Ü݄Þ߇Ÿ

ƒ 
%‹W5 9)^:³`Vhù )‹:>Ü݄Þ߇Ÿâq:’ô1 9GÍ'–klm$1 
‹Ø’ô1m1*$1

þ„Ü@
¥ ‡ 
WH}•'Ã31¾1p’»'1E%1HåA$1q†5ô1ô1 9Wlm$1 
q˜

34

*+  

Ã31l´ H– 9HЋ:>ô1 =5ÕÇ'æ?1=';Bù 9LÖ 
50 
' 9HÐ 
‹:>ô=5ÕY‘1`%rst$1^‹’‚4H} 
•' 
hVpX1YZ1[\]\0Gb1E•U^‹:‚ò'’U,HB1 <16ö{
"‹uv+ <w1ö{ 9U"åq

EFG

ƒ
ƒ
"‹VHÝÜ „ Þߟ1ÝÜ Þ… ߟ

"‹ 5@?'; 
Bù†H(»VH01–

(2) E[ZYXQ

RSTUV 

W86 
< 

ý° ‹  þ] e 5< ^‹ Ž ÑU Òñ šP þ] 1 < & ' \] O 
‹:q$%&ØV'O-W5)

Í< 
E•p´phù ^')G¾’ø<W5 < Dl‹:qþ]@Í<+'WsQ 
‚$

Y1 
‹:’»¨öù 9’K*l_ 
ùm)Y1

C 
B´'0‚‹:‚ŽDCù'‹:‚ŽCù)â‹:’ø<ù 9 ÐY1hù 
E 9UY¹

35

‫ 
‪*+‬‬

‫ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﻗﺒﻴﺼﺔ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻘﺒﺔ ﻗﺎل‪ :‬ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﺳﻔﻴﺎن‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ اﻷﻋﻤﺶ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮة‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﻣﺴﺮوق‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ ﺑﻦ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮو‪ :‬أن اﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل‪ :‬أرﺑﻊ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛﺎن ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻘﺎ ﺧﺎﻟﺼﺎ‪ ،‬وﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺧﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻦ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺧﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﻔﺎق ﺣﱴ ﻳﺪﻋﻬﺎ‪ :‬إذا اؤﲤﻦ ﺧﺎن‪ ،‬وإذا ﺣﺪث ﻛﺬب‪ ،‬وإذا ﻋﺎﻫﺪ ﻏﺪر‪ ،‬وإذا ﺧﺎﺻﻢ ﻓﺠﺮ۔‬
‫ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻪ ﺷﻌﺒﺔ ﻋﻦ اﻷﻋﻤﺶ۔ ^‪`34 9âY¹‬‬
‫‪} $1âÃq E=> J UH m Ð %V p X1 [\] \ 0G ^ ‹ ô1 F \ J 1¼ ¤ \M y‬‬
‫‪hù  ' ) Ú ‹ l´ H ) U ^ W Ú ‹ G   < H ) € âq G  hù H Ð 1 ‹ H‬‬
‫‪ßH)€}’IhJÚ1}±€€}’$ñ1Úâ¾"Lq€ }’E•Úâ}’ Yƒ$1€‚Y‬‬
‫‪ö#BK‬‬

‫)‪C'L âM ¤L C'Y¹ ‹  HA?B !( ¯& Ok pY¹ ù 9‬‬
‫* ‪ù 9 ) 1N  1N : O C'   O ¤ \M C ' P â P C ' * â‬‬
‫‪‹’»¨ö’K‬‬
‫‪  F‬‬
‫™‪ \J^¤1¼¤\My0G‬‬

‫‪Q1R‬‬
‫‪'!( ¨ö — /ø CÃÖ1 ‹:‚Ž “ù 9 rst 5 ‹ :‚ Ž wù 9rst‬‬
‫‪RÃB‹:‚ŽQ5)ùpq“1R)ùpq w' 9‹zöH0‬‬
‫‹‪qw‬‬
‫‪ š5) 
‹`Rƒ2‬‬

‫´‪²³‬‬
‫‪Y”;‹:‚Ž 9“1ùp’!‹X1YZ 1[\]\0G'’· 9?k‬‬
‫‪ 9R“1‹š5) 
‹`ST²³´ÃB‹’> 9²³´ 9hq‬‬

‫‪ô191:‬‬
‫–‪§¨ÑY©hù‬‬
‫‪ hùH)1qqFWÃö’¾²1ê–…5Ћ:‚Žùô1)ô1:‬‬
‫¯‪q§¨Y©hù–kqhqp8 Ûá&%–Ð_ùô1;9q‬‬

‫‪36‬‬

*+ 

õ 
…!šmõÑ’“ 
1‹Œ‚‡ 
ÑÒÓ}U'%ù 9VÒÓù 9‹š5õ 
¦té’È’%ú#z’K•ùÃ1V×B(Ã1’êÌUté’q8 'W< 
pV pGÍGÍ')hq0Ùý ';ÒÓù 91ö{uvUK'p’0€ 
x‡’ÒÓù 9ÑHEÃ3„ ’ 

:e1: 
0G15:ø<Z#8 ’pÃcEb$1U‹ 5XY ’â: 
eùXYK' 
:‹xW[¿'7150-160’¾K'`711^E©1X1YZ1[\] \ 
‹xW7250Ú1Í’¾K'`7100^E©1™YÃö15‹:‚Ž5 
:

æê 
” B   !( *  $…1  z  $1+ ' 9 ûU ‹ :‚ Ž æê ù !( ” B  9 
‹ü" ^8ý'!(”B 
6 
ö{‹:‚F"Ñý'!(

'Ã"š
"š 
⠍5⠍5,1⠍øâ'HéqÎú' '‹ØÅ15ôè´ÃØ 'Ã"šmõ 
ûâ‹'x"H 'Yôõût¤a¤ûx"B´'0‚‹wÔLOØâ\ 
?  7Y 1‹\5 
â‹ 5'ûtâ‹ 5,1'aâ‹ Ô5 
‹qÑÙ 
1*%0â]$1+'7Ø‹Ø 
è´Ç §­qVp' z‹Œ‚VHVú^x :qU$á©5ôè´ 
VHاO41' £¤^‹U0‚)‹î<=qmz5  
^£¤}‘11ƒ¢£¤â‹Œ‚ 
o' $’ê5 )N1‹ :‚qO Î* '  - m‹:‚F" '’ ¶ ù  è´ 
O$%&Ø1\-Y  
6‹_p‚Î

37

*+ 

E©1K 
'ê!(^‹:qU.5) ‹:‚ÅÑE©1K 5Ã311Et1OHN 9 
‹PpE©1K5Ã31x ¯Å1 5p’Åê;:B!(B´ H1mõ‚%Þ $&”5Ê1 
‹Œ‚%Þ$&”5pq:1,'ô1o 
ý°
(Criteria)éê¹'!(' 9 

[Y¹ B´'0‚é’Å <H!(k '’`éêLO'N < 
¥[¤û æ?oßÃ1’‰ <w1H!(kH^ü—êUp¥ 
™Ñ* $1^ dU—ê§å‚‰z <wH!( ^`ü—êUp 
$%& p H éê ý'p’% œ B!(¹ Ñ *¨  ’ ù ô1  æ?† 0a 
‹

:b 
'p’ Å H !(' ’'½ ù 9^8*H }› ' 9 + 'æø 9 
:b 9)pY¹ kY¹eÃâ‹:‚0ÙûUB´ ý')‹:‚Ž:bùÏ 
ÅH!(kK'p’

c1d 
8#PH 9NùÃ"($’êÃÖ1é’qñ 1Y¹ d  

H 9 
Ž U B´' 0‚‹:‚ Ž c ` e1 ) ‹A û H  ' Ã"( ÃÖ1  ýþ ‹ ø< Û 
ÅHc  

pdù 9)â‹:‚

EFG

38 

(»eZ:b

• 

(»HE©1K1 '¹

*+  

5 9N96 
N‹:q²1êY·YL~ö%YDYLY‘1¯&5êNl´H}›!n' 9 
‹UC aù 9

N×B <w 
Å < w  1 HNk^ ‹  Ÿù p’ ;5 E• )p  ' n( $1 U 
Ã"( p \]'K  wÔ Í< µf 1 g¤w âh“ ¤wâñwâY¹ wH’
Ñ 
 !w5H p’íù —êk'Ã"( ^‹  Ÿù p’ `U’ ¾$ɂ $•1 5 < 
"q 
=8#a'R o'–Í&Í <N;ñ1Y¹1+' 4) 
/ R q ÅÑ <“ Q HN  n ‹  p € Ÿù / p  y• ’#í B 
`ÄhùHro'n‹R%o'ô10BE%1íñ1Y¹ 
‹

N×B < ‹ 
ùN ‚ ‰ <î ‹ ' 8  ^ ‹Ÿù Up  H N$1 U 
!(âi!(â j!(âOù±!(âOk!(HB´'0‚‹:‚òù <B!"'N 
’‚hF <Ö'$…1OF!(â²l 
H1'K´ƒmx¤  18 ¾‚)‹:‚Ž´ùNmõH 
BÒ ' w  o ' – K ' = >  K Ñ <  8  ´  % }  5 @ ù N 
‹:‚º!(nPñ1Y¹wù8 ´^‹e1f 
!¶ ' )· ¸ 1  1ç 1 O NÃ1JU hz 1e ¤ âô "âYŸ#@H Ã̂ @  

  @  ’‚ hb Ñ < “ GÍ GÍ ' w H N ‹ :‚ Ž o@ ` ª H 
·· @ pp 1 hz z  QH   wÔ@  ¸ 1 âq âpH Ã"(
39

*+  

pp¹HYrhz@B´'0‚wÔYs1t1âYuH mn(ÉÍú 
êYs '’ ) CN 1 \ t1'’ )5) p ÃFK ') 0 < $%& 
‹

n(×Bú#™Y1 
™ † p  ' Ã"(  ‹  ¤ û ü O $%&  O H  ‹ :‚ Ž ü ù Ã"(  
HÌ* 8#mõB  ' !" 'Ã"(  @? )‹ % ’0j ù <$’ ô1 
: ¤ * 1 âv ¤ R âÅ‘ â0Ô âUq ¤ âµì ¤ âYú âþ âw ¤ a âxyô " ⯡ " 
wÔÌ*

n(×Bú#$êÍ 
 Ð Ð p ÃF ‹  v H !" × B ô ' $êÍ - ù N  < p  Q 
â{zƒXH‹:‚ŽzÃ"(\(bÔ'’t!• 'ùâÎø< < 
‹hbE7H;:Ñpz’|¤O}1£1

n(×Btö1 < 
10u 'I\J ’GÍGÍ' <X1YZ1 [\]\0GpHN;U 
æçp 
1&M¹â~™¤¹HÃ"(‹%’ÑùÃ!ñ1EG1➠
wÔtY1

N?‚ 
?B ñ1Y¹ Ãq ‰ < î ²³´ î† p ¹ HÐ ‹:‚Žù!( ;?‚ 
p Eb Qù!(  YŸ# ‹ wÔ H Ù æ ÑYŸ# ?‚ $1+ '   0‚ 8!  N ?‚ A 
0 p  8, 0  ‹ R mB 0 o Ñ 0F ?‚  €F ¤ ‹  å H @ p Q 1 ?‚ 
‹z!w5W9Y–l‹Ÿ 
ùp’ù <!n D '? 


40

*+  

† 
)‚!FY¹ ‹:‚Ž†ùábÚ‰ < B²³´^}*pEbQ 
‹îEêo!öB´^}l‹0‚

E$ 
!( 8# mõ H  ‹ F (Biography) E: ƒG  X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G ²³´ 5 Ã"(  E$ 
‚m n( BE$ H åAK ')‹ :ö 5 W¤E$ K ')‹& ¤E$ 
Ñ H Yi 1 1 hb E7 $%& p O„ ?l  … ¤ 1UÔO„  A ¤ â ªÆ †‡¦    Y&l ¤ H 
‹:qY1äUe1Ð’ 
‚hbE%1Õ†“1wHÃ"(‚mNopBE$ 
‹:‚ºÍN 9e5NE$Òé'r‚rB'’=>^

;: 
RY’‰E%1æ?†î;:H)‹.5Ã"( DKⵈ1‰F;: YX H;: 
ø< E7Þ ù;:  1Š¤H K  wÔ ÑE%1 î  X1YZ1 [\]\0G H 
‹:‚ºÍÑNE$e5N;:Òé'rhq 
ÂqÑ 
!n1o$BŽNUH™ 
šÂqcÔH•&™šn(×B a D 
B Ž Ô# ' ñ 1 Y¹ B ´ ^}  H   × q Ô# Yi 1 1 ' N í   H 
no5N;:1E$’‚hbE%1Ն 
“1w H 9N D$1+'ñ1Y¹!n 
‹:’þ5—uC 
¨’»H943\*P` 
 aíNî <Ñ$1+'

‹Í 
0™š'!( †('½BŽù!(†wÔH,-)(\,- 9N$’»B1 
(2Y qF 9k'’'½ùê#11Yi')$1+'

41

*+  

5\]O 106 
Ѝ5 8# P H — ) p Ãc  Ú Eb Q  H  § ‹ H ÃÕF Œì$ € å  \] 
PÃB‚%’«¶5^‹Y1äý)â߁ö’5••H!()ýþq Ž‘ 
Q \¥ ‹% • • H!( ) YÑ5 5'   ‹ ’$’ê 5ù  
‹ ’` ’5 ¡ D

(80-150H/699-767CE)ût¤Ž" 

}ºÄùx’\ϐF5å”&‘BX 91ö{®ø5 ö O' ö 
y t Ñ ç: }– p ‹ :q H : å 5 ö ”• ' EtF  E \ J W y 0G ™ t 
x ¤  1 .3" H Ã1Ô ' ö  ø< N  Í Ô ' Ô ' E \ J Y ¤ \M 
‹qcH ¦­}í’+5 
öhq“E7ùƒ 
m
(93-179H/712-795CE)W¤8 

‹’‚ ö !( 8#mõ 1 9l  ¹ ' ´ t † '1 9  O '”· 
³’Í5•”•'p’Är|'$Ô•Ñù ö
(118-181H/736-797CE)µì¤\M 

–NÎî-—1ö☙<âE¦?p ö O'1 9
(107-198H/725-814CE):¤*  

8 sþ5 ö0Ô ‹:qH4}–'&˜ så5 ö‹™Hšnt¾1›'Äù 
té’

42

*+ 

(150-204H/767-820CE)0ÔÀ¤ 

Ô ' : ¤ * 1 W ¤ 8 ¿ œ Hš  x   º 5 ö   O '  1 9
†
‡ž 
hbE©1H$†t1q™Hý’}ú &žI&FY5‘H¼Ãö ¿Ê1HŸ1 q
(159-233H/775-848CE) ¤ 

$1+ 'èå1æçt¾1›'  '— 
' ¯% {rstùÃ31kèå1æç 
tÑ?‚' <
(164-241H/780-855CE)¤û 

Eç k q Ô' 0Ô  x I¡ ' šº 5 ö  O '  1 9 ö 
twÔñ1Y¹HÃ1Ô' 
ö%¢¯*5•CŽ`p£g$Ô•”•'
(194-256H/810-870CE)

Y¹¤¤ 

p 
qÊH¹7'¥& Oý'Y¹w!(k1 8#O' 9— ö 
4 oÎ ê n( î  E¦?1 ;: â0‚ —p ö $1+ ' w Î ‰ <Ã17 
hqE©1 öH¨©³¦¹ù ö”•'§'
(204-261H/820-875H)ؤñ 

1¤ûHÎø< <\]8#O'p&-xíª7'¥&º5 ö 
‹(b8#a5 9K'Y¹wl¹  

'ñw ötwÔ\]zY¹
(209-279H/824-892CE)YŸ#«" 

t}ºŸ 
#7'¥& ¹'YŸ#?‚!(O 9 ö

43

*+ 

(240-327H/854-938CE) Y&»<™¤ 

¹'Ã"(opt}º}7'  O'èå1æç
(384-458H/994-1066CE)¬­¤û 

}–  O ' < î  ‹ l ‹ Yr @ ?5 –  O 5 ö t  H ¡ ' 9 
‹ÑHš 
1Äùâ K')xíª/+'¥&º5 ö‹Háb
(392-463H/1002-1071CE)Y  

­ x  Ãôß  k{ ' Äù º 5 ö  w< ' H z ôŠ H ÃÌ1 p’ ò ù 9  ö 
H  …  ù ö H 9   Á² Ø H   H Ãö ® H '½  W H Ã17 ú ' ¦ 
‹ø<
(368-464H/978-1071CE)¯ 
M¤ 

¹'æêY–p8´t '1 9â0‚x°{H±º5 ö 
z öѹ'!²FRmBE:ƒG'I\J ’
(541-600H/1146-1203CE)o³´M 

'Ã"(Oµ 9 ‹™ H¶7' 1U·7'ýHK‹žº5 ö 
‹ê0¸F!(¹'’4 
p öB0‚
(555-630H/1160-1230CE)€F¤ 

5  …B0‚  H š ÆÅ  …pÃFH  
‹ ™ Hø´ 7 'š 
hqø<º»!(RmBü”& ’E7ù ö‹wÔ

44

*+ 

(849-911H/1445-1505CE)8,0

½ 
?‚'’ùÃ"( D!n 9p öqÊH—7'ý¹'Ã"(Ã1’ 
‹… Û5 
öH4'1'K«HEù  
1ö¾ \

‹Í 
(wÔHY qF ?@ k` 1( '½ BŽ n(   1å”& EF< '  $’ » B1 
¿’²1ê*+5Ã"(€Ãq}ð1•&™š ö

45

*+ 

` 9^_ 12

46

*+ 

a_ 243
c'0d'Eeb:16 
a1)o'ÀWP'_ 
‹’>#gâq_WP`?^cåõù_$1

• 

%Â11]UH‹<Á0)‹’>91_âq_WPÃÅ11]l_ 
$ 1

G‹’>z91_Hæø 9—UÑòÃqÑá&U­qá 
& 
é’—#gP¡¨’»kÃ\*PÄ 
[1 aCÃÖ1 
â(Information)Ee ÕÑ* H;: ‹?0  )  _÷? ù– 9LÖ 
q0Ù@?1B´YX'p’˜WÃlY1Ã`Ì}‘1ùâÃq¯%Ãq~Ÿ$1$ 
H1†ù_*+'Ð ‹•?$1#€‹:‚Ž91_ù}‘11#€ù@?H 
‹•?$1 91_® ')‹¯²³Å1s*H}•')^ Ãqé’»V $%&Ç 
‚$y•²³Å1s 
%ªH»'1Ãqé ’»Ví%1ù_* 
+'Ð 
) z éq Z1È1Uq $É ÊðË=1 ù2001Æ $Hǐ^‹ ‚«Ã3  0‚#€ 
pVÃ1ˆ’‚ BC´ ù61)RÈH f Þ 3 'Ž 1EÁâÌ Y1 p ' f Þ _ 
Å1s*H)ý° xqZ1È1U^‹`Ähùù*HfÞHro)%’ »1ò 
‹`²³ 
}•'6 
1)â¨ùX1pökVÃ"'fÞù61)K 'W) l$s! 
ù V ' X 1 K } ß ‹ :q $’ê 5 ) 1å  ’‚ ¤ Í 3ð1 ⨠ é‚ õ 0 
)ÑK Ã%LÎ!ß ‹ Y‚ …U 1¨’ ˜HXY -ùEe   ÃÆ? 
óq $É  ôÎ ' Ã1&ö Ê ðË =1 H µ%½ù 2001 Æ 11 ^ ßq ` l´ Å 1 s hù H E• 
‹:>Ï5#€ÏBíUt
47

*+ 

ÌPi 
j’q`²³hùÓ1s*H} 
•'1’qÐ1ÑEe1pqø<3) 
X1Y1[\]\0GH!šÔ0ÍG$þ±Íâxq 1²u1$’ÕÍ¡0ÍG$r±Í 
¡0͈1âxÈ’ 
 2–5Þ!×Ê1)pI\J' öK' ö1d hqÖ 
B2Û' Ø1Ok[o´yÔ0͈JâxW58p Ø1 Ok[ٍyH 
ùhJ1Ûp Ø1Ok[5 y¡0͈J±ÍâxqjHÚ¡VF1pö
â 
Ee$1Ux%ö!Ü–pB0&Hp&' Ø1Ok[æ֍y¡yÑ)1âx 
Ý1'ÅG$1 €q:’ç5ÞßhùŒ’`çqèH)Ñ1'q->Y hù5 
‹Œ’çÑ5pq0`'0&1pqèE1âpq 
Å 1 s hù H}• '   1  ’q ø < 3 ' #€ l  Ee o p ; H }› œ } 
‚q9e1*’‰HÃlY…5p’˜'EeQ^‹Œq1ä@Œ‚` 
‹ :‚ %b Ä H ;: H } • ' ÃÖ& 1 l1 ' ÃqÔ•  p ^ ‹ e1 f ‚L8 #€ U 1 
1 Ø1OkQ ’à® '):’ ;5;ÒÓ`hù^d¯HÈEeý°
r 
 « 'H   ý° ‹ö áéq˜GÍ '#€ EG1p ' ý• '§Ÿ  Q 
‹:>#€ ;fx ;íf5;ÒÓ` 
^‹ U0‚  )    Ñ H E  `_ hq Y  V 1 ^ 91 _ 8 Ee o p H ;: 
%’ ˜W}‘1 * ù E3 l´ H D - p ) ò p |Ô â * ë 5 zÉ  Ê ðË =1 
…U1%’˜Wmãbpt 
þ1Wtþp}EâW}EùEepm}‘1 
)H&”µ ùm*¡pÎ'Ã1&öp)^qg•Õ)HEeؤ 
) m Ãæ l´ B 0ç GÒ âd hq $É 0ç 1 79 ¡  O âx ò q äå ’ Ú  Eô
^ 
‹e1f91_E3Y1†)§‹ût#€€q$É5ÊðË=1$…1$…1è$”&æ? 
' ÃÖz 1  X  ) ý° ‹ :‚ %b V Í Y1† H Ã1_  EÁ ú H }• ' 61 z  
‹’qB;%1}|é 
^‹E¦ Uz ˜`% W9E3Y1†ùÕ†'61Ñ*$1^‹’qE+Uz
†
ž
T 
q È1 5 ê hù j *  6 ‹ ë  ì  Eïð Þ ® 1 Ãí âE%r âEFƒ - ù 61 Ñ * $1 
C  

$%&ù&”'p’ê')§‹îïð5ñtCYí€$`^ÏP€‚

48

*+  

® ') :q%b’`LÖW9O$11’q`|)H@? )ý°:b’`» 
‹î’»H&”¥1}–ù&”'p’ê§:’`LÖC$%&€ù %ò'ñt$`‘1 
‹’qHo|)ý° 
êYöØ Ã1Ùy•$1€q˜|Y–HólqØSÑm@hùù6 
1) @?o 
%à’*$1§qÈIùñ 
tpm* 
^‹îÑ@ß} ’»C  

Y–ùE† 
' E3 H ÃÌ1 p’ » ù 61 z  ^ ‹ e1 f } ’ PV Ee T H }• ' ) e1 
‹:‚zqZ1ÄL¯LH}• 
H}• ') H € é’ ôí Ú 61 }– Ñ*EÁ}^ ג»P^  
3<âdåÃÌ1pqõ&%¾1pHE3<*‹:ql´ÄHE3Q 
EeúEÁ ú e1V 'E» ' &Ëí YÁH EFo z âx 5 )öH 
‹qZ1È1U^‹:q[5OBE•)5 
§‹ î’  » , • ù 61 •Í ' }‘1 m ^ ‹ ’ö H÷ H }|é  Ñ Ù U 
ù ¯ LH)e1 z1BF 1 øéN%âÖ' à* -Ê1 é’ » •Í' }E ‘1 
dÍ-p)1‹:‚%ïúhùùVHÐßq1äòN%ûü$1p ö‹î’Ñ 
ý 
ø!l5)€‹:‚>íVYÃöúz1Ú’¿ÃþÍp‹:qïH5' 
‹:qú
}  

Õ* H   1 ’q (Confirm)1 Ð GEe 1 pq ø< #€ H ;: ^‹ e1 f 
`B Ò 'a GEe1 pq ø<91 _® ')’q `²³ hù Ä' 
‹Œ‚%FB 
Í&ÍÃÆ?'4ùÅ1s)‹:‚%bÅ1sW9* 
¯*H   

‚‡ 
BùEe$’ø<91_^ 
:·—5 90p\]^‹e1f

EFG

49 

Ãq_#€WPl(»0‚Eeb:;ÕÑ*$1+'Ã̂$’»B1

• 

‹:‚qC1ðVHÃ1_RYVú

*+ 

fg_26
eZ#g 
^ q:Þ15Ù*‹:qD5 #€‹ ©5)1‹#€â#goY1 
‹zq:Þ1'•^kz’q'•#g‹:‚Ž 
î q  B Lq 5 ^  H å AÈ ¾1 p’ » ' Ð å q 9$1 #gH ï/ø 
E• U ^ Ãq ‹ ’ H å A È V '  † ô1  Ð åq 9 $1 #g ^‹ UD 5 ) ‹ 
êÌ'X11  
^ßqÈ’[BE•pq%T*pÃF^qî
`‹:‚ŽùÃ1Ô D'

éê#g 
Ãq’‚hb¯éêJUH)^WÚq`#gWÊ1)_h 
ù^‹q¥1Ue 
Z) 
‚ Ž å AùV Í&  Í ^‹ Ä H E• ) Ãq H åA¾1 p’ ô1 

`177^â2ÅâY1k7^ ‹Yž#ùpqV)Í&ÍpWs"ß 
qAåÃ31Hp&†1OâX†`WX1YZ1[\]\0G’¾!^

• 

$…1 §Ÿ â  â7 úY1 U Úßq zÊ1 ) U^ q î  ‚ q B E• pq5 V

• 

q #g _ § Ãq Í Y1 N % q ¯ #g _ § Ãq A Y1 ^ ‹ Œ q ï ' ) Ãq } º
`‚ 
‹  U p P â‹ ò U p P ^ y U k ’ » B ´ ' }|é 
 $1 ù _ )

• 

'ÞpÃ`Ì^ ¨Ãq‹’hö)¦>ké$1‹pPâ 
åq¯#g_U 
€î`þ'Ã1ւú%^&¨ö 
 §  ­ ’ $ 1B 5 E• * '’  $ñt• ¾1 ¡ ' r |  ^ ‹ U e1 éê  LÖ 
߁‚q0'UN€Ãq‹’E•z<'r 
Ø|ú

50

*+ 

£5#g 
o _ )$1 ^‹ :‚q z e1 )^‹:q W  ³U ‹:qø< W 1 Ð  #g_ 
;#g_cJq`#hùH÷_)‹Ø’$|é5)E$ 1^ }’÷æ? 
1$%&Ç$1ý°^’q`ÑE1ä=>Ã31')‹:‚0€k&Fù#g _†1‹’qz
`‹îq#BLq5^(Diversified) 

ú1²

a#g 
Y1 â a1#g_ 
Ðâ‹ 9U0‚)Ãqóš˜#€zÃÖ1ƒo1Òñ'Ð 
‹’q_$1#g

• 

pá& 
¾ Hs¯tÔ$1â !‹E• pq`\0Gk^’y"‚p 
‹ô1 
0‚)q˜ #€š§Ãq 󚯘¯#€Òñ 'Ћ’q_$1Y#g

• 

1 R ô1 <á& GX1YZ1 [\ ]\ 0G H ro )‹ Ì GØH 
#€ùý*‹R»HÒñúE•U§ÌGØÊ1'p ö^‹UHO
âY1 k7^ ‹:‚q ø< #€ Yp’ù `à ' –^ ?ú§‹`ø <
`180^â2Å 

l15#g 
¨ö ù 9 âpÌ GØ H &Z âp’  B Ã1&´ âDÑ ^    ’‚ hb < #g ^ ` s hù H ) 
å < #gH 2Û ') €  ù å<ö Á P § $1+ '1 <1 âp‚ 
‹Íp0<» 

ïðOî#g 
ý'W^:ïð­H{ 
)1 ù p’0ù <#g pWs 
wÔïðUHqÍö’²l? 
‹$ŽvH!"!(U‹ê8,0 U$#ÁFË$&²&F
51

*+  

‹!(ÇpÃFH)‹!(ÑU²&FÏ¡

• 

ƒ 
¤¹')# 
Ö&

‹Í1EFG 
(»VHY1#g

• 

(wÔHY qF?@k'’' 
½BŽ 
ù 9N$’»B1

91_36
eZ91_ 
‹_$191_H ï/øqô1pml‹_$191_‹D591oY1
`26^#&^ `Ãq¯ðz$%&¾1p’ô1')$^Ãq¯0—1ê#€HÐ

£591_ 
‹’q²³0F1—BW)^‹UD5)‹:qø<W`^…91_

a91_ 
a·o'å`^?91_ 
O

ih

kj

• 

¨’—­B†HP

‹Í1EFG 
(»VH91_1#g

52

*+  

 ' ab91_

• 

O_46
eZO_ 
”•'pq†øù) ‚qO1†øÙl^‹D5)‹0!5E7OoY1 
9U/qô1pV·Í&ÍH1†~_ù_;O_H ï/ø‹:‚ŽO 
q_¯W#€

0‚O_ 
ÃB‹ "Ì Þ)ùWs$1 
î’`§¨Ã#'Ã`ÌzÚ1 ùW\^‹O 9U 
}Y`'Wï$11$í0 G’‚)b'Ã1‘ s‚-êÌ:‚$`y•­`w^hù^W
`ûâe¤âYŸ#âñâY¹^ ’$¤`’ 

O_1%_ 
/ø ' 5 ƒb z Ù * ‹ š 5 ) ‹ &  D©  l ‹   DÁ %  o Y1 
š·')H ï 
ܦ5OU

• 

ÚÃq  )^‹U—ê%^‹Ue1)‹`1^8$%&ØOU

• 

‹`—êUHO^ 
‹r|Ì'Y‘1U‹ $%&ØOU

• 

O_Hš 
/ 
ø… 
_$1H)qÑ ¯ost$1/‚q B•&Ã`Ì^l_ù_;OHš/ø… 
‚hbHøk–)z¯1âq¯Ñ–$%&%wÔÑ

53

*+ 

aO_/ø… 
aùO_/ø… 
YZ1[\]\ 0GHЋô1$1E\JWy0‚ )_OH8†' 9

`ñâY¹^ hVäH}•'ù1K' 
²ù(pX1 
•&1 GØ ' Ð ‹ $1 @ â^ ‹ 9 U0‚  ) _ O H ¡ 14 â8† ' 9

`ñâY¹^ ‹ÒÓ@‘1 
5 $Cč $%& O & ' \ H ô50½ ^‹ 9U 0‚ )_ O H 8† ' 

`Í<µf^‹) 
H E  µþ 0­1 ª  I Y~ ^‹ 9 $1 0‚  ) _ O H 8† '  0

• 

‹%{wpÍ 
<1g¤ßq¯ $.´B 5$Cčóš 
õU:’ƒV)€:q: ¯\$1‹$Ã>¬+z_OH8†'*

• 

‹ 9ø 
1  Å H !( k p YŸ# ‹ ’q  ?  , Y) z _ O H Ã`Ì 

• 

%{x

£5O_ 
OO <²³´1“âxâwH)‹qw…%wâq¯%qHš/ø$1$O_ 
Õ kj 1 ih  B X  ->  E7  ) N € q w â 9 O H š /ø  å ‚ hb 
偂Yž#B <

ïðPîO_ 
ULHRê  

NÎB <OHš 
/ø…
‫اﳌﻘﺎﺻﺪ اﳊﺴﻨﺔ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ اﺷﺘﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬Y1. 

‫ƒﻛﺸﻒ اﳋﻔﺎء وﻣﺰﻳﻞ اﻹﻟﺒﺎس ﻓﻴﻤﺎ اﺷﺘﻬﺮ ﻣﻦ اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﻟﻨﺎس‬ªÆ ÇÏ/
54


*+ 

ƒ
‫ƒﲤﻴﻴﺰ اﻟﻄﻴﺐ ﻣﻦ اﳋﺒﻴﺚ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺪور ﻋﻠﻰ أﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﻟﻨﺎس ﻣﻦ اﳊﺪﻳﺚ‬ 
0  £%1,¤

‹Í1EFG 
(ȣ5)1(eZO_

• 

(wÔHY qF?@k'’' 
½BŽ 
ù 9N$’»B1

ih_56
eZih_

ƒ
ƒ
¥…  € %U  oY1 
‹š5Ð ‹2 34
·‡ … %… 5
… UN %q6 ‹D5 Ð ‹2 3 4
·‡ „ %… 5 

Eu”•'– 1 * l ‹ 9;U‹  % ”• 'pq 1 6 ' )  U q 7 1 Yu
`éqÍY1'Ћ’qô1;UE§^‹’8

55

*+ 

æÅ1
æÅ1eZ 
Y1' ) H 1* ‹î UÃq ‹’VÍ1% 1H1† ô1  Ð ‹:‚Ž ihù 9; 
`eZ^ý°‹Y1䍂qÍ 15 åÃ31')H1*§‚qÑá& ·%· 
Q‹< 
`H9æê^p£¤<^ ‹ž#stl‹eZ$1U߁‚o5E5Í`Hp’ 
é’`V='ih1OHÀQêÌU_ùô1V·%1ih&'Ws

¾‚
¾‚ih_

Ê; 
ô1E 
\J $ †"ypY¹ 1E\JWyp`\ïð: ñ1Y¹ ^d^  
$1^WÚŒq `X 
WÊ1)ÑhùH» 
%VpX1YZ1[\]\0G^
`ñâY¹^Rp’¯$%&ÃÖz D1F1â8,1- 
<ù 9)$=K')ô1p>% £á?¤i@M1$=E\JWyù 9)
N 
  † H   ô1 p þÌM1 [ ¤ ¤ >% £á? ¤ i@M 5  ô1p R 1 
ô1pVp

ïðPîih_ 
Hå6p <;ýþ^‹†øe1)m`!(hùîih_B´^}pWs 
 
` 
@e1)âx¯Ñ$á©hù5… 
 ¿ 
`1

‹Í1EFG

56

"‹VHO1ih_

• 

(ȣ5ih_

*+ 

`_ml^kj_66
eZkj_ 
‹D5)H ï/øq1Ñ•{-lm)@‹š5)1‹23UoY1 
ûjû'1Uh/‹:qš5ûjH™šHq)Hô1k$11qm *lô1;
G‹:q0ÙHÃú

æÅ1
æÅ1eZ 
z %1 í^‹ŒqÑU q Ø ’m zH 1 † ô1 Ð ‹:‚Ž kjù 9; 
żhùH)€Ãq‹’ô1)ÑVá&H1*qØ’mzô1)H1 
‹pmz 
ô1)HÐ߁‚o51) 
`

‘15kj_ 
ÃÖ1   4 Q  Òñ ¶ ÃÖ1 U ý° é’ »ÑA_ ‘1 5kj _Ws  p 
1Y1``7852E©1^ƒ¢£¤<§ é’å a¿¿ùÃÖ11é’Vw' 
0ÙB10ÙEOpæøsâ^_1äU$1ÃØ  {¶zHš/ø 
V W s O kj 5   { ù C VâV êÌ $1 â‹  V H <  Õ ÃÖ1  B X
`28^#E&^ ‚D

akj_ 
Fkj1Ckj a1BXôGkj_ 
k^q’‚hbôGHz`™k^µ–Ћ:‚Žù 9;C V%Ckj

¼ 
 y  9U ‹ B ÃH ·1 50ô‹ 9U0‚ )`q Ø ’ô1™   
ô1 ù 9)H 1 †^‹I { W Ãö '–ôG U ‹ Y1 E \J !X ¤
`ñâY¹^‹:qzmF1p’ 
ù ) H K § q  ô1 p  $%& H ø ù Ð ‹ :‚ Ž ù 9 ; F V % F kj
57

*+  

ô1  E\JW y$1 1  Y†& â8 ^ ‹ 9U 0‚ )q  $ JF1p’ ô1 
) x (Helmet)  B µì ‘ ' ö € q ª H š X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G ^  é’ 
Že1)Fkjù 9Õ)lHp’ô1Y†&â8 Hô1 9
`ñâY¹^‹:qÊØm`*KJH)^‹:‚

aF 
kj 
` e1 ™ k^ C K JH 9 Õ ) ’‚hb aùo'K lH Fkj 
U a)‹qÊe1*HK 
KJH) 
`‹ 
'Ãæ G ù 9 ) ^‚ Ž z ôG  9 ”• 'pq J ' m `r st^ Â

• 

`ô1pmÂ1* 
)‚ Ž ^ ôG 9”• 'p’ô1 l  Y1`}‘1' Y1` *

• 

ô1ÃæpzÃæù 9 
pz Ô s  %pšs ù 9 ) ‚Ž^ ôG 9 e1  % 7 *

• 

ô1 
  ôG 9 e1 p’ô1 Ã31'%7}‘1 * 'Ã31 ' % 7 *

• 

&˜ s z Ô s  N %  é’ ô1  ”· s z $¶ s  ù 9 ) ^ ‚ Ž ^ 
é’ô1

vY‘1 <kj 
a1 9kjo'Kl'0%–' 9 
‹VF1p’ô10'Ћ 9$1U 9kjo'ÃÖ1–10

• 

™† –)¯q ô1 p A € 05Ћ 9 $1 U 9kj o '– 

• 

9kj  Õ`'– k^ )U ^_YŸ# H }•' o q R ô1ll 
‹

58

*+ 

"’‚hbÎ <kj 
’‚hbEO <kjHN
&þü

£1FzƒX

ïðOî <kj 
Rmn(UB²³´' 9kj
q&‫ﻏﺮاﺋﺐ ﻣﺎﻟﮏ‬

q&‫اﻷﻓﺮاد‬

ƒLô"&‫اﻟﺴﻨﻦ اﻟﱵ ﺗﻔﺮد ﺑﻜﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ أﻫﻞ ﺑﻠﺪة‬

‹Í1EFG
"‹š5kjH™š

• 

(»VHih1kj_

• 

(wÔHY qF?@k'’' 
½BŽ 
ù 9N$’»B1

59

*+ 

0n_ 343
v)o'`pqrst^Eu91_16 
‹Œ‚vHÃd1o'`pqrstk^Eu)ùâqkj%ihâO$1$â91_ 
’ø<^‹U£5)‹ _MmNU^qU^¨H}•'Ћ_$1U0n

• 

cJ’ÏB)' 
^ ‹ U £ 5 ) ‹ ` _ M  mN U ^ q U ^ ¨ H }• ' Ð ‹ _ $1 U 1

• 

‹`Y1䍒Ï)1’ø< 
¨’»HO 
1$l´\ÔPk aùÃ1_ÕÃÖ1110n

a0n_ 
ù†H K')x1w‹Œ‚vHÃd}–1BXÃlú')ù0n_ 
Ãq x %w e1 }‘1 * %Ãq x %wzH E kl$1 k‹Œ ‚  v H a ù C 1 
‹Œ‚vH aJù0n_æ?)
PQw

$yw

PQx

$yx

• 

¨’»H43OPù a1_

60

*+ 

‹Í1EFG 
(»VH1_10n_

"‹š51ûHæø 9—

• 

(»ù aJ0n_

(1) 9w26
eZ 9w 
Ñ ý' 9U Hš o 1 ‹ :’ » ù Ý< RûU ‹ S 5T `±Rk^ w H ï Y1 
‹:q0Ù 
1rstz- Y1F1;ÒÓù <1rstHЋ:‚Žù) 9wH ï/ø 
9)‹:‚x z ÚW –Ãö …U 1‹:’ô1 H–hq 5 ù 9 *Y1 ¾1 ; ÒÓ 
‹’‚hb¸}1hùz¯1’q`E•hù?' <rstH

æÅ1
æÅ1eZ 
U´$1qY1äý'pqw' 9ql´5邁b´ÚLHeZ) 
f q Ø’ `U„ ^ V1$ @ $1 â‹ Ø’ ø< ù 9Ñ Y1 Ð ¡ -Y1 † – 0ð

• 

qxW`X1YZ 1[\]\0Gk^Ãö'– 9no 
hùH ) q W• âXâ@ $1 Úß b {0Ê1 )Y1†F1p’ » ù 9O1 Yñ

• 

q:‚ºEhstH}êo$11q’‚hb¯Y’½ 
Z`}U'%v^$¿ÀUqF1p’ÒÓù 9Y1†F1p’»ù 9O1õ

• 

qR’“ 
ù <HY„ %!(*N 
%qR’ÒÓH 
9w1*$’»Y1rst$%&*H 9^‹D51[q¯Ô 91[ ñ 
q¯E•hù?'

61

*+  

)§q’q ew€ †\ 9^‹D5]q’‚hb¯`¸}^]1hùH 9] ñ

• 

‚qµR 9BXÐq;¸}^hùH

éê 9w 
âO1õâO1Ýñâ–0ð$11éêbý'pqw' 9^q eUæÅ1eZ 
ß‚Ž 
`wù 9)€q¯l´Ñ—êH] ñ11[ ñ

¾‚
¾‚ 9w 
8^ŽpÃFâ» 9Pp.3¤\M‹ 9Hw!(kpY¹ ^  
\ ]\ 0G^ô1 E \ J ,1-pÃF1â _ ¤`¤pÃF â!a¤ p
`F!(âY¹^ hVE1½´OGH&Z!²pX 
1YZ1[ 
ý°‹w 9U 
3'ÕûH)/‹ô1’KC-pY1†Hý°‹:– 
  ) 

• 

O `¤ 1 !a¤â8 Y1 ' 9)ý° ß ‚ ºz0ð5– § ‹R ô1 
'))1¾b 5C-mhù^‹D5c7^t¯d'c7O' 
) € }’ ô1 ’ í Õ ù 9  F1 p’ c7  e1 ) ‹ 5e U ýþ }’ ’ 5 C
`‹’‚’ —uHp’0€ 9 
'&'èå1æç4`¾1;ÒÓù 9k^-Å1`'’fk^0Y1') 
r stB X  EźB õ %’ ')ù Y1 *‹D5 æç^ U
1'  &
`grst”•' 
hõ%’')^‹D5èå1g

62 

Y1—h1rst.3¤\M  

<1 ' 9W¤8  

‹[5OBuv1åþ1<1iY†±!a¤  

rst`¤  

™_¤` 

*+  

q?')l‹` 91hù—h$%&)‹`ÑÔ 9U

• 

’‚hb`Ñ™ÃhùH0 
%– 
)

£5 9w 
HÃjkêU‹ [58†'10â 9BE•)‹Ú1’ÏB 9w 
cJƒ’`Ÿùp’µ#ù@1‹ 

‹`w 9U1‹w 9U^‹D5E•) 
1‹’4pÃFéêÃãbR»B1‹:qUD5)€‹w 9U^yU\] 
µþ 0­%ªÑmrstý°åqzwH0<† 9U^`DU5)‹%b w
`76F75^ 
âY1k7^ ‹l´ÑN0<»`5 
B´Y1† % 2 éê b  RH ) ^ß q UD5 ) € ‹ ` w 9U ^’» \]  
E•,ÑmF1p’ª$%&pý°åqzpqH0<† 9U^`DU5)‹hb` 
‹Œí 
+ ' 4 kþ] ‘1 5 } } { w ù 9 * + ' 4 k þ]  ^ ‹ î @^
`‹,4) 
^߁‚^ 
z’S 
ùÅF'\]ÃÖ1»BÒ'“

"åq z 
– 
8#wl$1^‹ 
ŽUH}•'–* 
 
' 9å q¯– 8#wH0< † `q ¯ ð m 1azn$1$^ – Ñ hù ^‹RY ž#ùr| ) 
‹’’íW9) 
ùéêR 9$1^‹:‚VBX)HE‚'pqw 
‹fr|!‹R4 
ÍzpE‚aCH)€‚hbéê Dpqw' 9 
wùL`HNk^p 9¡Q‚%}¯{–8#aoz’S– 9é^ 
w‹8#w+'r|')l‹Yž#ù–)p †^‹:q eU†\‹%{8# 
óš0uUH}•'–8# 
‹–8#w`¼¤\M^,1'—­Í—Y†&H¤û1Uq¤&

63

*+  

‹–8#w™¤a—${—8$¤&')p1¸q¤

• 

‹–8#wY¤\M—r—5 —PF&' ¤

• 

‹–8#w™¤a—­—8½s8&—Y†&&'~¤x"

• 

‹–8#w¼¤—m—8&'Y¹

"‹oùêÇO”B <w 
ÃÖ1 U ‹ w  ñ  K ' ) 1 ‹ A ?B  Y¹  êÇ O ” B < w  
‹0€`B´tpA 
IH} 
•)1N8#wK 
'ö{

"‹w$%&oùH 
EŽ$%&H–0ðH <Y¹ûËÅLH)‹Y¹wâ!(w$%&HÃÖ1 
`H ñw l l´ ÑEçî ‹+ H )$1+' )  Â$%&Y1 ') 1‹R ’  

$%&Ø Y¹l ’‚ hb ; <QHñ‹ oab qw $%&  ñw5Y¹ w 
‹,zÇ§‹w$%&`ØY¹^ñ^‹0uU5WsQw

"’w 
ÔHÃ"(kP9w Dpñ1Y¹ 
¹ 
wíUH?‚!(kpHâ_Y¹`wÔP9w DHckpñ1Y¹ 
w&}~ <lâ_ñY±'Ý´ <wp1Å < 
‹[BÅz1pH`Å D D$1pHâ

"oY±c%R$y• <$%&ppqÅHN 
‹%’ù)§uy•z <ÍppqÅHNÃÖ1^_ ÃF¤< 
1wF  p H â _ Y¹    v q ` Å <  p HN ÃÖ1  ^ ‹ U  w
`16^ 
^ % <w… 
F

64

*+ 

"‹å <HÃÖ1 
4000H)€‚%’wùx‚y¿ù <1pö•á& <7275HY¹ 
<4000'’wùEz1 12000’FùEzHñ 
 <

‹Í1EFG 
(»éêb 9w

• 

Ñ H |© 'nÔ Ó $1+ ' |© 1‘Í 1} !( U ( Ì ô  0{ k9  Y<

“ 
1‘Í5nÔÓù öý'.)‹‚ 4ƒÍö $%&Ø 1HЋ!n 
ßq’0~'’ Ìô Ñ 
íBéêÃãb 9wU 
^(L’¾ù– 
 9èÅ€u1•&™š ö

• 

Ã31õШÃqEF<='Ã31H!(*0‚—ù öý ')"‹’# 
('½`âvwEF<'
‫ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ‬،‫ ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎن ﺑﻦ ﺑﻼل‬:‫ ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ أﺑﻮ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ا ﻟﻌﻘﺪي ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ ﺑﻦ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻗﺎل‬
:‫ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل‬،‫ ﻋﻦ أﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮة رﺿﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ‬،‫ ﻋﻦ أﰊ ﺻﺎﱀ‬،‫اﷲ ﺑﻦ دﻳﻨﺎر‬
(9 ‫ ﺣﺪګﺚ‬،‫)ﺑﺨﺎﺭﯼ‬

.(‫ واﳊﻴﺎء ﺷﻌﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻹﳝﺎن‬،‫)اﻹﳝﺎن ﺑﻀﻊ وﺳﺘﻮن ﺷﻌﺒﺔ‬

(2) 9w36
"’‚hbÎ$1âR$pqÅHñ1Y¹ 
¹ <wl 
J  @ âÍ< µf âg ¤ w âh“ ¤ w ^    ­ S H N r st 1 O  9 ` P 
$…1p1q@â`YŸ#1hzâe¤âô"^n( 
qY1䍒4pqw' <‹`Ë5ý' {w‚%bé5 9HN 
h“¤wzå‚Åz <wH!()^qRhÞ—êUH!(*^')Gß

65

*+ 

€“¤w1g¤wâÍ <µf 
f 
1 Y¹^ d ^ l‹ ’ 5 < p ´ H ) ‹   H Ã"( 8# ¹  < âÍ< µf 
p ÃF$1+ ') q ¯ Å H !( k  p ÃF §Ãq + ' éê * %ÃÖ1 `ñ 
¯YíBéê* Hñ1Y¹$1/â‹w –ý° w&'l‹Ñ’5 < 
‹%ïî')pÃF§`wl 
‹Ñ’5 <;QpÃFÃq’# 
e1 ) ` }  { wù 9w …k ^‚ 5  ¸µ Et1 « H  { wù 9 *Í< 
$•15 <$’»p~ 
 ‚%Þ£B’¾$ɂ$•15 <$’»^‹ &FU 
‹Y1äŽý'.)ù!(‹»£5'’U, 
Òé 'ô ' ’  %E³´ !( U ‹<+ 'ú#$’ ·kp¹ ùg¤w
¤ a à"‹ 5 àp’. ù <  H!()  e1 ) R `ò 
`7739 ^ï‚ 
ÍØÍ 
<$1§‚ 
 5¸ 
µH {wù 9*g¤‹%ú#BXE³´p 
qC1 µ 
B <RY {wH!( )‹ RYú#H&”!$%& Øg¤wâh“¤w
`109^ 
1 ÅY1k7^ óôEźƒ´ƒ

E‚„
E‚„Bñw1Y¹ 
¹w
²³´5ń 
U‹:’ »W –C <l´H!(* 9â¹HÐ_ù!(;ń 
)%C'¹'!(øùÃ1–¹5ńgqR`»H!(øl’q–$1 
‹:qØ’ô1Y1*'B1
E‚„RB`ñ1Y¹^c

66

Y…ań†x"

ñań¸F¯¡"

ńBÃÖ1ñ1Y¹ƒîFí"

*+ 

"‹ ;5Y1‡c  

HÒñ' 9p'E‚„ 
'Šˆ l ô»Òñ$1pÃF‹` ;5Y1‡2cHÒñp'E‚„ 
$…1YLâpzmõæ?o•‹:‚%bVp±cHÒñQe1)ÂW3 
ô1pñ 
%ô1pY¹â‹<UK'p’» 9Hïð2kp 
Y¹^‹’q…úU§‹:‚qC1ÑVp±cHš 
1Òññ 
1Y¹Hô1
GqÄÅH 
h 9^:‹’»ËÅ)êÌU1^‹øô1ñ 
1
"’Ÿù ô%ù 9!(øBX)1’ 9ńP^‹,U 
U1 }’  9hù E‚„ $1 ^‹ ` , Uý'm * HB1 ) ‹ Òq »B1 L l 
‹Y1䍒í5—êH1N€‹Ø’@$1ô1pñ%Y¹^‰ 
}’(Comparison)sþñ 
1Y¹5 9ń$1

• 

ô1HÒñ-pń 
^‰U$1

"‹$á©5E‚„ 
U8#PH‹»Hk7!(k`p áâk{')'E‚„
– 
 p ÃF§ ô1 + '–Y¹  p ¹ ' ń B´ '0‚¯ÃÅ1 H–

• 

æ? )^ Y ’ ô1  C ' `)  e  ^ )   Y1 * q é’  e  H 
‹Œ‚% ! 
ù– 
 qé’ÍÂ1H– 
QHˆ'Ðé‚q»ÒñËÅ' 9Et1QHńÄÅHÍ1õ 9

• 

’‚q2 <2 
'– 
EO€‹u ïS 9Y‘1â 9$1ÄÅHEu 9”•'Ã1–A 
‹‚Yž#”•

67

*+ 

"wE%1oùñ1Y¹ 
¹ 
Ã"(pI`ÅL1' <wGHNk 
pñ 1Y¹ ^‹Â¿E•U
"‹0€`pI1‹%Þ£5pqwB 
 <où$1ÑHñ 
1Y¹‹0€ù 
E%1 wOO$1R»GÍ'–:HE%1lHñ1Y¹^‹U!l5) 
l´HåAE%1;HY¹ ‹%  5EŠ`â‹ %’wùÃ31'%H 
0<» 9hù ; H < $’ » H!"H ôÑ' N %  HE‹' !"€ %$1 § 
‹`:WÃöl‹ 9z;¯H!•'ŒHñ‹`l´ 
$’êâ%£â%Vp özq»H(Active Voice)1ç`^‹U£5 <Õ) 
ô‹â$’êâô1zq»H(Passive Voice)0Ž ` ’qwP9U€ 
*   w$1 ^‚ Y ` {wB X )é 91Áhù:‚% `{ w ùØ9€ $…1R 
ܻH!(

E‚1ò' 9w 
q}XB)’q8#w&'lé’»ùÃ1–WsQ^×’»P^  
éqE‚úÑ' 9w^ 
­ 
íUPqÏùéêy•pqw' 91 
¼¤—m—86qRô1– 
8#wl 
‹’q$1 9aO

• 

zÃq 'Ò ÍØ Ã31 ' 9  Ò ¡Y1 'Ð ‹ :q e 5 9)K ')

• 

W—ût——Í 
™¤‘zÃql´E=>Í&ÍpqÂH Ã31'Ћ:qe5 9)K ')

• 

$ †"—,1'—’ 

1 q 8 5 E7 ! Ø  }‘1 Y1 l ‹ e 5 H 9 W   Ò ' Ã31 ÃB LÖ 
'\ÃB‹Òé'ÃÖz PU‹:‚ºe5)âq˜uv$%&;ÒÓù 9 
‹`e5-

68

*+  

‹vHÃlEÍù <wH& ”1
`‹eaO 
U^‚qñ1Y¹B 9Ð “1 
’ô1Y¹ 9l “2 
’ô1ñ 9l “3 
q¯ÅH!(kpÃF§qw+'éêÃÖ1ñ1Y¹ 9l “4 
q¯ÅH!(kpÃF§qw 
+'éêY¹ 9l “5 
q¯ÅH!(kpÃF§qw+'éêñ 9l “6 
$1/ <wg¤1h“¤^ qw&' 9¡$1+'ñ1Y¹ 9l “7 
g#`íBéêñ1Y¹

éê`ñ 1Y¹ 
¹ ^d 
é’ *+ 5 5 ÷? 'pW s ü§ ` €» B´` ùéê k î <wp d 
*  H % d ^ ‹R ” UE• v  O H{) ‹  `ù éê  * % ÃÖ1 q 
) H ) 1 qR  ô1 9  Ã31 ' !(  * H  % ÃÖ1  ^ ‹ U   éê   
é’ÅùE%1d+'Ðq‡0ƒ55÷?

D5[ 
pñ1 Y¹  ^‹:qU D 5  ) € "û 5‹ [B ) k[ 94Ú 
1‹”E•úp敤‹È’[pIYí^‹UD5)^¯‹È 
’[B 9) 
5I YíB p’0€ ù 9) ^‹ :q UD5)N€¾ ’[ B 9*ñ1 Y¹ Ú^‹U$1
`24^ 
 
^ ‹Òq[

"‹Y1ä 
1äqih5 9w 
; L H N  1 c ‹ ` Y1ä q 5 – á&    ) k ‹ ` Y1ä q ih 5 9 w 
WsQU `‹l´– z  k^ Ñkj GÍGÍ ' pq w l  ’‚ hb Ñ <
69

*+  

' ['Ir|U5`‹Y1äqih5 9w^^‹r|5Í<1–h—a"z 
‹?

‹Í1EFG 
(»VHń1µf

" <wÑ 
OOU"EŠñ1Y¹

9x46
eZ 9x 
‹:‚%bÄHeZxÃØ'Ws’˜‹DY15)‹23™⚠
5E[ZL!P‹åH“pQ1wpQ 
‹Ճ 
w“1wU&'Q 
¨’»åq!OlH)1¨’’ 
·5 <OB ÐâÃqOY1'ÐâqI‚›1w5Ðåq 9$1x&'™X

• 

­o^ Ãq é’0Ù`ý' p’ . Å*^œ Ð1q0€ st&' 4Ol âq
`11^1Å  
¯ Ô lâq ¯ l´ ±5 ò"LqB * H Ã31 'Ð ‹ ’> x 9$1 †&' YŸ#

`519^ 
10ÅŸ!(âYÑFžê?YŸ#?‚^ qô1æ?o1âq 
æ? v5 ;ÒÓ âq ô1 p Ã31`0^ '’f91 _ Ú^ _ƒ¢ £¤

• 

wU€q’‚hb¯`1[^E•hù?' <wH)âq¯`]^¸}$ íhùH)âq ; 
‹’>PQx€ q¯LH;ÒӁ1‹’>PQ
! 
  O eZ U&}‚ qC1 ¯ LH; ÒÓ'Ð ‹ 9w$1x&' £¤ 
5‹ eZ  $yx Տ  xpYŸ# 5 óôEź ù BeZ  ™X ‹ 
by#”•'ùl‹Õ 9“€ $yxcJƒqeZPQxeZ]x 
^­’æ?)eZ 9xPBXeZ£¤‹’‚qåHx’
70

*+  

‹ 9$1x 
‚%b0ðH–Ð

• 

Ãq'’fk0Y1'Ð

• 

‚hb¯Lî¿À)HÃ31' 9

• 

q¯Ô 9

• 

‚hb¯`]^¸}$ íhùH 9

£5 9x 
œ‹`æ? 9wUHEu/‹zæ? 9wUHro'`p’.Å*^0F 
1\] $1+ ' Ã1Ä EŽ Q l´ H å 6 ‹  Ï B ) 1 ô . Å*  )p ôO
ƒ† † 
ph“¤1g¤âÍ<z4¾1¡ ¸µQô.Å*)ÑpôO8†'0
`160^1ÅY1k7E^  ‹¥1$%&OU$1+'wH‹Hwå5)
ƒ
¢ £T¦

¾‚
¾‚ 9x 

" ¤ x" p ÃF â ƒ ¼ ¤ p ÃF â ú  ´ ¤  p £ ‹  ô1 p YŸ# ^   
p X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G ^ %ï Ê1 ' 2Û ¥ p E \ J ,1 '   ô1 Y¤ o´ 
‹ kj x 9 U ^  _ YŸ# H }• ' )  H Ãô>  Ã1¥ }&1 ' — %V
`öÅÆ!"âYŸ#^ 
xHro' 9 ´ ¤ 1 € JH Ã31 ')^‹x e1 ) 9U 
"Hk¦k9p£¤<^ ‹’‚öHÒ'x’qÍÒ'w 9U e1)
`96§2¾Ñ'û

E‚' 9x 
’q Ò a < w }‘1 <w Q B X   éq E‚ ú' 9w æ? Ð 
_$1ôüE‚Up~ éqE‚Ñ'xæ?oâ

71

*+  

' —,1' —ª ¤ 1¼ â '—,1 ' —© ¤ ¨ ^ P9x  a

• 

‹åÑHÒ 
8#ƒ' 9wùÃ̂æ?)¬—«¤â 
O ¤ Ř â$­ ¤ ® â\M¤ þ< ^ ‹ Ä H pq “%x '  < x $1

• 

<$…1

š5 9 
Fx1 
Fw 
Et1«æ?o‹Fw 9U ^íUâ‹w 9U^¯U\]Et1Q 
9)^‹:qUD5)‹Fx 9U^íUâ‹x 9U^¯U$1 
R”`E•hùî1[1]01x%w 
’‚hb éê Ããb  pq w ' 9H ) ^ ‹ :q UD 5 ) € ‹ w 9 U ^yU $1 Ú 
Yíéê·pqw' 9^‹:qUD5)€‹Fw 9U^‚ŽUÚ1 
‹`ûtqí5]°11[°éê15O1Ýñ1O1õâ–0ðk

š5‹wx 9U0u'$…1YŸ#  
' 9  l1• ' V ) ' Ò ‹ :q Í  w e 5 x ý° ‹ à †\ ES U  YŸ#  
OHq 
!lù'0 G)pWs 
‹Œq,eâÑw1‹Ñx^±UH}• 
‹U®?5)‹ÄzÑp 
1‹5£¤8! 
Uo '– ^ ‹ :q UšEt1 O 5E• ) N€ Ãq Y1 á&  9Ú

• 

wo'Y‘11‹x 9 
1 ‹ x 9 U & ' $1  ^ ‹ :q D 5 ) N € q – z    9 ) 

• 

w&'}‘1 
` ž# ù £ ' *  H  §    ’ € ’ 5  Ä H }• ' 9 B C´ ÚYŸ#  


72

*+ 

v <HÕ²K!(YL  
1 Y¹ w$1 Ú  ^} GÍ ' ù  l   0Ù E<ø ; H Õ ²K !( k p YL  
;hù$1Ú1é’0Ùû5wý')€é’» 9!(* H%ÃÖ1ñ 
é’0Ùû5xý')€q’‚hbH`e¤âô" âhzâYŸ#k^o@lé’» 9  

E%1æ?†Àâ“âxâw€Ho@ý°`+'E<ø \]E<øU 
^}  YL  € ‚  *+ 5 ²K Ú ^ ‹ hF e€ ?  E• ) p Y1Ö 1 æv ¤  ’‚ hb 
‚òH³³'r|'ù 
ùx1wE<ø

"‹’‚hbÎ 9x
w 
ll´N;?Y‘1‹m`!(^}hù×B 9x1 pWs 
U8#OH’‚hbE´ <xH 
l´HåAn(;×B < 
YŸ#  ‹ uŸX ý ' <x1 ‹O Ñ  ' YŸ#@ U YŸ#?‚

• 

ú ' YŸ# ^ ‹ Y1ä ï U‹ :q ’ j †  EO 5 !( ) q O ”• ' !( o 
5g ù W ' 9‹:‚ %b V LH }• 'p‚q{ wx ù 9*HÃe 
cJ’rBg$Ž4Ö'Ã̐rstl1cJÈ —uHp’!¦ 
!()^‹»pÃFH)‹’Hµ-?šs5!()p¹  

ô"@

• 

9Ð’‚hbÑ <8#1ÁH!()§wÔ <8#k{')1wH 
Ðô"@^‹Œ‚ŽUq}XBo 
‹’qw$1â`’L'¹H} 
•' 
‹x$1â‹%{wpWs 
z¯1‹`¥1q“5 9 
l´ <xHåAH!(^‹%ïB´¥1pqq@

‹Í1EFG 
(»VHéê 9x1w

¸% Þ¹ 
¶·£á ’0Ù1( Ìô “ 
1‘Í5ƒ¼8,?+€Ãqu1•&™š ö
73


*+ 

$yw56
eZ$yw
w 
ù ) q –—h$%&  ) %º –Ç– $1 qR  Ñô1– 1 *l ‹ 9PQ x; U 
‹:qe1 »H)'–Y‘1 
`e 
1kqw5)^‹:‚Že1)$y

e5$yw
`‹uew'ÃÖ1Uk^‹:qÍP Qw1PQxe5)

¾‚
¾‚$yw 
YZ 1 [\]\0G ^é’ ô1E \J $ ¼"$1 1  ½ " â`r¤^ 1¼ ¤ ^ 9U 
ù 9 )^ î £ 5 p’ µ¾ Ê1 ' &Z † ` H € :q ¯ 0ƒ 5 ¿  I k Ï  %V p X1
Ñ 
 @? ' $ †"FFŚFFF± "  p d $1+ ' ) ‹  ô1 H EÀ !( p YŸ#
`‹ 
ô1 
9^1 hÁkr¤ 1¼ ¤ `Y1 ' 9)^ â _ `q é’U,5 9 )^æv ¤ 
Ã`ÌÔœ1hÁ t1ÁL 
t¯†$%&H¿À 9$1§Oý'IJ` 
ˆ')€å‚w –1hù 9)Ú‹Ò'x 9Ue1)‹eZp 
w ’ b y# 9 U H ˆ ' pq Yí ¯ U å ‚ q 1 $1 ‹ hq C1 Y1Á l H –  9 ) H 
偂ÂHÒ'`$y^

‹Í1EFG

74 

(»VH$yw1PQw

"‹£5ÃÖ1

*+ 

$yx66
eZ$yx 
5Y1Ã5pq“')qRô1`^?
· ‡ ‡ ùU§q“– 
Ћ 9;$yx 

by#”•'´1WÒ'$yxâ 9“^ 
­’.UPe 
Z)q¯qTq%U© 
‹ 
qYu$%&)%zºÇâ–Y‘11qR 
ô1– 
1*U

• 

U© % Tq B Y1 k^ q q _ õ 5 Y1 1 âq 9 5 – âÄ< Å 5 Y1 à 5 pq “ ' 9

`q%Þ¯ ±5pq

e5$yx 
LHPQx1$yx^‹Œ‚Ž 
q}XBo‹ 9ÒÍØPQxâ$yx 
偂Yž#ùPQx€‚%b`Ä^D

£5$yx 
‹BÒ'0€stUý'p’.ÛÜ

¾‚
¾‚$yx 
€}$î¢^, 
1-$1âƤ¤\M$1â\{¤®â<é’ô1YŸ#  
'Ç)»â>ípX1YZ1 [\]\0G’0€Y±lÀlHÇ1æçp 
!( YŸ#^ % { , ù æç) p ö € ÃØ B â Dšp ÃF "q z ’  J k æç ¾½
`1113ÉâæÈ 
 ‹ô1ÑI\J9"1Tâ$ ¼"⼍y3'Ã1–ù 9)pYŸ# 
‹%{xpYŸ#”•'Y‘1§1ÁHro';%ù <\{¤®

75

*+ 

‹Í1EFG 
(»VH$yx1PQx

"‹£5ÃÖ1

‚0€BXz{1|}~91_76
æÅ1
æÅ1 
‹UD5)‚È’0€BXz{1| }~¨ 
’’591_)PHÃö'— 
 <0n 
Ãq’‚qYíéêp’0€ù_e1Ãql´Ñz{1|} ËÅÚLGÍ'_)^ 
偂Yž#B <1偂q&‹ <Y‘1â 9$1BX|}ËÅ

a 
U8#OH aùÃql´z{1|}GÍ'Ð_; 
^¨Ãql´z{UH)q_¯W9#€$1/’ÅHÃ"(kù 9)d 
‹Ws 
Ôñ1Y¹  

}ÊâBWs}‘1ñ1Y¹HI 9w  

—h $%& EO   é ï '#€ â 0€ U é’ 0€ ùÃ"(ÃÖ1 W s 

• 

‹ 
Y1'  Ãqúz•}‘1  l qR ô1  ù ;1q O 9

• 

ÃqµbÃp}U1Ãq¯“  
l 9;B´' 0‚ q ¯ ô1 kj  U1 q ô1 p ¡ 9ÒÀù 9 
pÃÖ1 0Ô 1û l <$1æ?oqô1 8 pÃFâ0Ô pû 
Ãqô1WspÃÖ18 10Ô %âÃqô1 4

76

*+ 

£ 
H < 1  å q ž# st $%&  < Á 0n  Õ Y‘1 âq &‹  e1  z{ 1 |} l 91 _ ; 
Ãql´|}GÍ'Ð 
偂Yž#ù 9)€‚%b`Ä^D

‹Í1EFG 
(\,-‹ô%z{1|}'Õ)ù91_

ƒ †ƒ‡
… ‡ 86
„ … 1‰
9ˆ 

‚¯ÏB Ð$1Y‘11‚ÏB)^U€ a10n_Òé'p’¯%p’Ï
† ƒ 
U$11¶£ÇË® 1H 9 )

eZÌ 
µb  E©Ä l <$1 H ï/øÙRh —h‹ š5 Ð ‹ 0! 5 £U o Y1 
Ípå€â‹º5 <ËÄWÃöÕo 
 <O’>ÌâR0€1 
‹

ƒ †ƒ
„
eZˆ 
:q eS†\ š 5 ‹:‚ Ž ù <;U‹ S 5[ ^l‹©  5ÄUo Y1 
ú}‘1†\ ï5§q 0€st ÃÖ1^l‹:‚Žù <;úH ï/øq 
qîэ’1ùD)Ãq 
Ä)ý'Þ1Ws‹:‚%bĆ\H1’qÒ'x%w <úÃÖ1 
‹:q1ù

77

*+ 

0‚ú 
` LÑ Ì Í  Ã1”B 1‹ ` L Î YT ù ւ }‘1  ւ  â‹ :ö H 9   ñ 
äå1Ï»^ `å1 æ?)m*H7±ùâ‹H 9Y¹ ®  ')‹ 
q 
§‹’ör’’°KYù'YT 9Ç‹:ö rÄH†\§wP9ÃÖ1U 
1‹1ùD' <ÃÖ1H&”ùpWs‹’ör’’Ðùl1') 9Y‘1 
‹p£¤<l¨’’5—)PÃB‹ÊÑ´H

0‚p’1 ùÒ 
* hù ^ ‹ %V l U p X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G â^ ‹ Œ ‚  1  æ? ) Ò 5 < ÃÖ1  
}‘141$&'}^‹òpP^ >íU öÚ1:q`T'’ø<D}‘1 
\µD^‹UD5)%Þp)DU ù¡Nâ%Vp ö €‹îÞDUÑùÃÓ1 
‹:’TÑù} 
‘1K'¡ 
z11‹’q? 
) öxB´'`|7uk^c»$1€%£5›1mHD'7±ùWÃö 
ù¡^  ‹ Œ q F Ô+ ' J \m }‘1ù m  ^t ‹ ’ [ E• 
UrUýþxÅt5pqYù'YTH2Û' Õ\mF1Öí0 G^x@CÔqF 
)b'mHD'7±ù$1^%£ý'pè$yp öe1)âx$y×1xT 
}g¯ 
0ƒ'pqYù'YTêÌ^xU.5X1YZ1[\]\0G^‹UØw <LÖ 
Yù 'YT ö ^‹ :q ¥1 U Ôî^±ù' ö ¯1 ’¯& ” r ù Õ \ 
t ,ùpq

£5 <ú 
߁‚noH GÍ' <ú

78

*+  

߁‚Ï 
B'’7 
ùÒ)€`qŒ‚7Ò5k^q0`

• 

N€q¯î’0`BXEØl1—h

• 

Y‘1 1 ‹ `1 p’ Š‹ ù £ k^ Œ 9   H  ^ ß ‚  Ù 5 E• )  

߁‚%’µ#ù 9Š‹1߁‚ÏB 9ŒŠ‹ 
ž#)偂Ÿù ž#ù 9*HN€q¯W5Š‹1Œ  

߁‚ÏB 9ž#st‹ÚW)Òå 
0LX 
ÃÖ1 W Ê1) PN €âß q Í zp @1 âq ¯ î ÑÛž#B Y‘1 ù 9   

‚Y¯ž#ùHWÚ¨’¯ÏB <

"‹R 
e7)1H—' 9Ä 
â 9lé q†Ws 
$1H)‹Y1äp’ø<ý'Ws‹—8#P5 9 —U 
í G H W ) ý '  ­ ’ ƒ& iÜ H W ) W s f Ãq } Ý B  O  0 1  
âYrÊ)ß15l ý'p’1 ùDpWs‹`àL1'EFohÞ 
q eÑŸEçÃ`Ì'Ò}‘1)‹:q$&”51 Û'1™!¦ 
é’DºB§àá' 4ùl‹’‚

ïð8#OH <ú 
‹êÇH—)U 
Ä0 
Ô 

úè1:ñ¤\Mk£¤

• 

tYàY1â?¦¤û"

‹Í1EFG

79

"‹’’qe 
1Ò†\l´H <1

• 

(»•?5  
Øù <S†\

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

9Š‹1Œ96
eZã 
‹š ‘1% ’Å&ùÍpÅGz’Å&ùÙ*k‹Y& €ƒo1'ãoY1 
Š‹⌍ ‹%’ãù!(pH^߁‚Ž€‚E•hùH!(*^ ’ùÙ* 
‹î’˜N%‹î’Å 
&ù 
‹ã 5p’Y‚£‘1j£'k 
êH ï/ø 
5E‹Q^‹Ue1YX)%’Š‹ùE‹Q'kê^‹ŒqÊ0GUÃBLÖ 
:’Ø`y•Ñ£5)€‹’‚q70—^8$1Ú‹:’q0—^8º 
!ê¡tY$%&p'!ê!šý°` ¼  ù!êH6ö{B´'0‚ 
)D  5 Ã`Ì Ú   ä å !ê H Et1 ' &Z ` N R hF EG  ) ' ’ » h 
‹5Š‹1Œ' 9nofq0&£5I¼2!ꀉùæ^}Hro

8†OH)1EçâHã 
WspŸùp’ø<W5Š‹1Œ' 9â_Y†&‹è8#àW5Š‹1Œ' 9 
H®)ØÃ1‘11t}´CH 5)$10Ô †OO'W)‹%éù 
t¨öp 
⎠pÃF "ê “N0Ôp ö  ⎠$1 ¤p  ¤ û €óáýÚ0Ô  
˜`W5Š‹1Œ' 91ë1ìhùHPªY–p ö€UâR¯û `B 
q eÙU8€RíGÍ'0Ô PÚx

"‹:qeW5Š‹1Œ 
‹:q*HÃÆ?W5Š‹1Œ' 9 
ö^ ‹ 9Y1E\J$C yHñzqYVªpX 
1YZ1[\] \0G
80

*+  

’F%EÃöUý°1’È’E%&»!âxäE%&€îpH%Vp 
X1YZ1[\]\0Gé’»E\J\M¤ ‚y^ qY’æÅ1p™*

• 

E1äp’³1$•1âqh‡Ùhqï BêöpÐ^‹UHq £YÃölp 
‹ô1p  

'@‹` 
pð1pÞñ^‹ 9E\J )1¤Žy6‚qW5Š‹ 1Œ W';:

• 

,^‹Rq Š‹  9F\J)S¤y 9U `ô"^‹ :‚L8$&15ÃÖ1¾1 
e U  ? Q' 9  Ž `ñ^ ð ñ H Ý<  }&1 p X1 YZ1 [ \ ] m’ 
H `710^ ²Ì  GÍ ' - F \ J )S ¤ 5 ‹  `78^ 0Í 'š  9 U ^ ‹ :q 
tê 
dþl11}±ùò!êl^‹:öH 9^ ‚ qW5Š‹1Œ3'²Â

• 

Š‹ ' 9 ) ^  _ Y1Ö  `YŸ# 1 ô "^ 1 } ó  E´  ⁂ 8 :’ @ ô 
ù Š‹ 1 Œ U § ‹ :q Š‹  z ¯ 1 ‹ :’ Š‹ ù 9 € ¯  E ²Â ‹ ²Â B pq 
‹Œ’`

ïðP1Œ' 9 
tYËŠõ1Œ ËoF¸&éo´¤x"

Šõ1Œ û 

†ƒ
ïöõ <FC÷Y&l¤

‹Í1EFG

81

"de1  
’Š‹ùE‹Q

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

`_$Ž^1_443
!‘'p’11_16
eZ 
$%& %  H â R hb éê l H— 9w q¯ e q Á 5Y1 'Ð ‹_ $1 1 _ 
‹’‚Y’ 9$1€Ãq¯Yíéê 
 â‹ D 5 1 ÃB ‹ :q 0Ù H 1 H Ð ‹ ` H š ) 1 û B ÃB LÖ 
‹’‚hbH1'1^ ’‚hb`Eß1EG;1Hû)H™š$Ž

!‘')1 a1_ 
' a  O H ‹ hïcJ å   pW sQ   » a o p  1_ pWs 
G´“ ¸zù aop; 
 ¿¿'OWs 
Q5} ¿¿ 
é’ 
U!‘}–U25!‘}–1O'OU§$%&p!‘'p’ù 9
`FÖø^‚L85Ã3©

`Y1Ëù^E±$’áB-Y1

• 

Ã31Â$1+')¨’—­\*BP’‚hb aopÖ'ÆH 
‹’’%‚q“ 9Ñe 
1úÌ 9$’» 
‹ ¸51_^lé’ 9“µ—kP

82

*+ 

‹Í1EFG
"oùùEØl1YXp’ù <(ÜBLJ' a <1

9“26
eZ“ 
 Y1Á Y ÃBÑ Y 1 ‹  qÑ ƒ2Y1Á1Ák‹ S 5 Yuâ“  o Y1 
_H kƒªÆ¢% £ 1Ãq ’‚hb ¯ B ´2 éê 9 xHÐ ‹ 9$1 “H ï /ø ‹ 

‫ﻓﻬﻮ اﻟﻀﻌﻴﻒ و ﻫﻮ اﻗﺴﺎم ﮐﺜﺮ‬

‫و ﮐﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ رﺗﺒﺔ اﳊﺴﻦ ﻗﺼﺮ‬ 

aA)1‹ 9“$1âq͏'xl 9$ 1†

E‚' 9“ 
HE‚' 9“”•'¯1EŽY1Á Ã31æ?oâ‹VHE‚' 9w^ 
83

*+  

œhq Y” k ^ ²³´  wÔ <²³´1 Àâ8#“â“$%& pâ“H) ‹ V Ñ
`89^ 
 
^ ‹8#½e5` 9 

8#1Á 
»8#“pWsH— “æ?oâ×’»8#wPH— 9w^  
HÌÍF^1 `72F71^ 
  
æç^ ‹’5pYíªÍ<‹:‚ŽÌÍF^1k 
é’»¾‚L !(Í<P îÃ17Q%89 Q%Q^l$1Y–O 

ƒ "ò 
x"—þO—úý õ 
V—ü,o´¤ûL–8#1Á!‹E 
\J÷Lx"y

?"—t—Ci¤a—¼&¤\{—!¤–8#1Á Ôs

• 

¤< )S¤—’ 
"—ú"Ç Ë¦ 1 ¤ } Y» –8#1Á!‹ F \ J)S¤

Y 
1k7E^`‹1&Lq 
`pGUk^ …^¯‹!… ^_£
`181^ 
1Å

¾‚
¾‚ 9“

†
"U 
pmÐ%VpX1Y1[\],^é’ô1—$ ¼"—$% Й— &F©YŸ#  

lç5Ù)p)€)b'D5*$1%ôtEB1& ÛY¦…%HÝ<E¡* 
hq0&B
K 
')`u1–1* 9)'– 
)GP^_ 
K'p’»–U 
YŸ#  
&F© H– )^‹‚ æ?) æÅ1 C ) ‹ % {“ù–) pY¹ ^ _ $1 
^ ‹ <î'H k¦k= p£ ¤< ^  ‹%{ “`pY¹  Y1 “ 
‹’‚hbY1ÁH 
, 'E• )‹ ’q , $1 â‹’qR »E• l ÑH 9œ 
“*Et1QLÖ 
[\ ] \0G E• )^‹ UD5pqw' 9‹ w 9$1 ^‹`DU5pq 
§q, €E•^‹:q@1‹:‚*+5– 9ý')`%‹, ØX1YZ1
84

*+  

b{“ 9$1e 
1Ðq1Á– 
) ‹ ’q T • E• R » H ) §‹ ’q —hp –  9^ ‹ :q Ñ @  ®  ' ) 
“%w')'’U 
,50' 9)HB1ô»0'ôpWs 
HE 
‹’‚4pq

£5ô1 9“ 
' 9)qé’») 1’ô1ù <“GÍ'YÃbéê í&' 9s
` 
ɂ’ô1`ïô»ùKœ'`ý°‹`H <²³´@‹ ɂ’¯»ùQ 
Uéêp’ô1ù 9“‹ 
Ãq¯îá 
|U

• 

‹:‚Ù5 ¼10½3'Ãq¯îUê ‹U

• 

) ‹Œ ‚ 0Ù 5Ø9ý ' p’ »$…1 
1â #1 .# âœ1 1 ^‹ UD 5) 
1 93 ^ 
^ ‹ ’  ¸µÑ p 98† z  ¤ û 1Y  âM âY)* Hro
`33^  ó 
’ S –ât '  ^  `)ã e1 )E1ä pï Q 5 9p\] 'p&) LÖ 
H 1 $l´ n x ,  o 'p& - ÏU 5 té’ È Þ $&”5pq “%w ' 9 
ÇHES êÌB X  < “ÅÆ' &ÖB´'0‚q Ê5 }–  e1  ) 
%’&”rùDVzÝ à YpÃF^q0 
âóš}Ñ5p 
BX <“1`@ýþý 'Ã`Ì H1$l´ 
cJ’»q“1w5 <!ùWse 
1) 
E•UpX1YZ1[\]\0G^‚Ž¯U^cJƒ’— uU qé’ô1 < Õ) 
U!‹X1YZ1[\] \0GWP%ô1æ?)-^‚ŽU 
âhVÔ

85

*+   

X1YZ1[\]\ 0G "‚ùQ ' 9^‹e1)UE•1hùÕo%‹_E• 
‚¯!‹?

£5p’ÏB 9“ 
î0ôÅÆ&'ôO‹ÄH}•'p’ÏB 9“='Ws 
£¤<qé’æÅ1‹’ÏBXéê·B <“ 
q:‚%b¯Q5ÖCŽH 9

• 

q:‚ÏB)1`qw^l^‚ÅÖ' 9ø*ù 9

• 

Å Y1 k7^ ‚ Ïu 
‚‡¯ aB pq $Žût' 9)q é’ Ï
1

`268^ 
1Å1299F298^

ïðO×B 9“ 
$…10F~â!(g¤z‹ ’5`Ã31“^HN;

• 

“”•'Y1ÁÃ31-lR 
»¾‚ <“HN 
ô"$…1 Å·NâNâçNzÃqîÕ^}* <“lN;

• 

¾‚)ŸNq1ç]!(

‹Í1EFG

86 

(¯&´w1x5)1(eZ 9“

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

9$’”•'–—˜36
eZ–—˜ 
q ¯%q  ’y"‚ @$ Ãq §¨  'Y1 á&  % H … ^‹UD 5– —˜ 
qb1‹Œqцø—UÑHw1ÑHÃöâ‹Œ qÑH²1ê'–q§¨5 'Y1 
Ñ

a–— 
¨1†ø a1)o'pqq%pq†ø'–— 
k^C')1Y1^‚$16­I8†' 9 ~‹:q–—˜@â†ø— 
x ¯& 5/ %t} ¯ º p&  $1 ý°hq ` EtF Hìö `‹Ø ’ô1 $1  Ð 
4 q ¯ l´ Ñ$‚1 1$&‚ ‚ C- )b ' Y1 ) q`#B Û $1 § 
‚ÙU$1^:cJqW5$…1Et1'1 W`âE©1;:â²Ê;:Ã31ùü¾1p’  

3*Cp)§hq`EtFC 
-Y1_ùE&‚p’ô1$&‚LÖ 
p’ô1  æ?)ùm )p)€ q W5 ) ù CÚ ¾ ’ø< E%1  `m1*6^ 
‹:‚Ž$&‚B´/øùE&‚Õ)Ãq <Cp)zY}E&‚ 
!xÜIù ×C$11Rw!(hqmGØ'C-ùY1*^_ù0< E)$‚1 
r`™j^glp'NO… 9 H1$l´ Þp’ô1CBX!()$1 
æ?†1*+þ5Ãe¾18 
9ú'Þ tl´''B 
偂»¨öC)%’cÔ '  

'`K'Á' 
vH aJo 'åÃ31§¨1j H– pq§¨'Y1ù†ø—p 94 
91

87 

â!â™‹

*+  

Ãp}H– 

Œq`ù 9­ *W5Ћq§¨æ?)5Ã31H 9–⨗
… 
E‹¿¿ù aµP!¨!1¤¥ ¦· a1)‹ŒqW5)zù8†Ñ>' 
¨’»Ö'

‹Í1EFG 
(æÅ10‚‹– 
—˜ 

9™46
eZ 9™ 
l߁‚Ž™ù–;q%"’7”•~Ù;‹D5)1 ‹0!5#¥Ç$â™oY1 
q R h"  % l ‚q æ? Ù )  æ? ) 1 q hq p8 ‚  & §q hq 5 € ‚  B1 ^ 
‚%’§¨ùåAÃ31'Ð_ù 9;UH ï/ø

g 9™ 
%VpX 
1YZ 1[\]\0G^‚ŽU1‚%’§¨ù– 
YíYí

`42^"æê^ ‚%’wù Ã31 D$1+':1™%™

¾‚
¾‚ 9™ 
Y¤o´"y‹ô1UHÐÑ'!•îk‫ ﻓﺨﺬ‬Q ‫ﺑﺎﺏ ﻣﺎ ګﺬﮐﺮ‬pY¹  
ùHT kp ö€ q ª H}£ 'X1 YZ1 [\] , E \J w y Ú^ _ E \ J 
D ' E \ J Y¤ o´ " y k ™ G p Y¹  ý° ‹ ™ 9 U  È '²   }( 
‹%’wùÃ31

88

*+ 

£5 9™ 
F'–k–0ðHéêp’0€ 9H)^‹Ue1)߁‚%’ù 9™ 
'Ã31$’w1‹:q%’wùÃ31á&%H–)’‚hb`—êpqq 
:q`W85EF<

£5 <™l´Hc 
HÐ ‚hbHN; 9™‹H}•'N ߁‚ù 9™^£U 
ý'œ11ù < ‹£Ñ>ý')N€ñ1Y¹w ^ qÅù <w 
Ãq’‚hbéêUH´µ‹Œ‚0Ù 
')Hro)$…1ô‹â’â%Vzqô1H(Active Voice)1ç `

• 

߁‚%Þ£5pqw 
w')Hro)€Rô‹â ’âŽzâq »H(Passive Voice)0Ž `

• 

p‚ qùŸ H !( w * ‹ Œ q ÑL“ âx âw Uß ‚ %Þ ` £ 5pq 
‹:‚%{wù < 

BXЋ•?5p’4ý') 
’‚q`w 9 
HN <™’‚hb <™ÑHñ 
1Y¹w^ 
RjE•UCÔùÃ`ÌQLÖ 
‚mÑn($)B4 <™’‚hbHÐÑ'!•B´hÞ 
D $1  ñ 1 Y¹   »  :  < ™  Y¹ H * + !( k p £ ¤ < 
‹ A ,?B 2 5Y¹ ^ ‹e1 f ‹R » – 2 GÍ ' RY { w < 
ÑB <  ñ 1Y¹ r -   R  » GÍ ' – ^ l  w < D $1  Y¹ k 
‹RÑ%Ö'Ã̐'ô

‹Í1EFG

89 

(eZ 9™

"‹VH 9“1™

*+ 

… 56 
9š›
eZ 9! 
. Ћ’q 9$1!Ù² . ‹D5) ‹0!50Í!oY1 
q¯fBzÃ31pIp‚H)kÃq² 
q%’wù`™k^Y1¾1K':HÐ_ù 9)UH ï/ø

E
E 9! 
[\]\0G^‰U$1H¼p%qhqH¼Y–EtF)$:hù^‹UE) 
æ?oE!&'\]@Hål´ ö%Úp ö%â%Væ?)pX1YZ 1 
‹’’q

0‚ 9!

ƒ ; 
!a¤$1 â / $1 â 0 $1â­% & Ï  âm ¤â é’ 9H²l !(H w kñ  

¾½'Ã1ØùÃ12$&:k^3pX1YZ1[\]\0G^é’ô11¤R$1â 
%Vä`î 
9X1YZ1[\]m’, pÃFéq åH:}–[\¥1¤RH–) 
%­qÑ™HÂ1w)‹%’wùÂ1w'-1-1‹ô1
`åq 9Up1  

¤R 
^­qÑ:1hùGÍGÍ'™

š5 9!& 
&'8†'01 
& ' 8† '  0 1  ‹ + ' eZ  \] U â ’ 5 À   9 ! p P 
hùH Ð k^ 99† $1 1 ‹ 41$%& š 5 ! & ' ‹ V L H eZ  9!  

qÑLÃ5²5)$é’åHz!ù`Y1hù5K%q™$1$q§¨ ÑY1 
‹fÑr|5Y

90

*+ 

£5 9! 
—ê – 0ðH éê  9w H)^‹Ue1  )‹ ’‚ z  € B´ YX 9! 
q“1q¯™$1^‹î½‹`W5EF<')8â‹wY1l‹`l´ 
5–Ћ 99$1U‹ÄH}•'p’.ÛÜ)1 9!58†' 9 
8 '’a D1ßq™$1^‹U¢¨â‹wù Ð‹ w2YÃö 
:³`Vhù)ÑòâqѯW5 '8t 
Or|·H} 
•)'WsB´Â 
U6‹r|f5ôO 8†'01œâ\]߁‚ù 9!

• 

p’ ô1 91 q: hù 
q¯ ™ $1^ ‹ î ½`W 5  'Y1 $’w 8 ^‹ 
q“H 
| 5 ¤ û 1 8 ⏠" k ¡ }– · U ¨‚ô . ÛÜ  ) 1 ‹ w 9 !

• 

Rô1zY1 9!^‹:’0€ù 9Õ)BX)$1U54‹r 
’!‹X1YZ1[\]\0GùE•*HEo: ^‹U6q 
qE•U`™k^mrst*p)‹Œ 
߁‚0€GÍ'éêLù 9!

• 

»éêíý 
'p’0€ù 9!pÃF‹r|5Ws 
Q10Ô U 
ô1 <H¼Y–pÃcqH:'¼Y–Y1F1p’» 9!

• 

< : 1* 
é’` ô1   ,$ : ¾1¼p ^‹ U e1  )^ 
` é’ô1 
`r st k^ m$1 €   ô1 <p) Ð} ’ »  5m)Y1 $1ѝÚ

• 

q 
’¯» 9hù?' 9) 9ÒÀ

91

*+  

Y1F1 p’ » HE)€ q!Ñ–Y‘1 q ô1 Ñ–1 * ù 9

• 

qm1hù$1+'Y1¡ 
q+'0u'™ 
* 9!

`0Ô&YÍ!(^ Ãqé’. ‹+' 9!)WsO

• 

§‹wU^‚q¥1UK'7’4BXéê âqRô1?Îlâ 9!; 
ž#ù 9!PHE)€âq¯î’1ùÒ)1qS 9w1*UGÍGÍ ') 
$%&?')ý°¨ 
qÊH1) 
B´'0‚‹²³´‡H 9 ¼p%Y–:LÖ
n 
È’ø<e5:1’EtF 
H8 
J%œpÃFt$”&z ’íÚ 
pÃF : '¼ Y– € Â ù¼qUÚ­ 9 L$ñt•   U  Ðd¯;¼  
ø<™*,$ UpÃF^Œ‚Ž`UH}•' 9! 
:Úø<N 
åq 

9!™
™ 
)^‹îý°‹q!Ñ 9$’»îž10u'X1YZ1[\]\0G™* 
0€ ¦ p)%âq¼ÍHÝÍ!™$1^‹qUe1)q¯ò%ùE• )p™ 
E%1I\J|&¤%)S¤yzt¼ÍHÝÍ !lÚq ¯l´ BC´)N%q 
’‚hbHåA

£5 9!™
™ 
^‹Ue1)ßq,’.ÛÜ )1 åqw 9!™+'r|'ôO4 
Ú  ’ »$1€ q@p ÃF q ô1 9:* p™ ^‹Í p` 5) 
)z™}‘1pÃF^‹:qUD5)€’!‹E•hùX1YZ1[\]\0G
`rst Dý°^:³`Vhù ’wù™^‹Ò¿B1^ ßqùE•

92

*+  

$Ž1 1Ázp  U‹ æ?  < ! Y‘1 Ñ 9! ™ ^ ‹ÑU   
‹

ïðOî 9!
çô"

琻 
<™¤

ç] ‹F:?‚h+

‹Í1EFG 
(eZ 9!

• 

(»V5 9™1!

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

ƒ Ÿ
9œ… ž‡ 66
eZ 9 

'Ð_ù 9;  

H ï/øÙhq;‹š5)1‹0!5< 
UoY1 
Ãq§¨ 'Ã311

0‚ 9  

\0G^é 
’ô1E\J$ †"y—8—=–k 
H 9 æç!(kÍ< 
5á&Ê))1‹Y?8+'ß)¼1‡5 6â%VpX1YZ1[\] 
y 1 8  ^ ‹ U e1  ) ‹ 

¨ö  ¥ [ 8  9 U ^  _ Í< ß ‚ È ` 
§¨H) 'Ã311w'E\J$ †" 

U  Ð^  [ H –  †•  ´  8    ' Ã31 §¨  1 8 H }• ' 9 ) 
Y¹ :op 9)^$ ¼"—,1'—>¤—8^`‹’‚q 9–:
93

*+ 

`46^ 

 
æç^ `»pñ 
1

£5 9  

Ã31 §¨  ' )ý° ‹’‚ Y{ “$%& Ñ9 1!U ‹ ’q“ 9
`295^ 
1Åk7121 
^ 
 ó^ ‹’q$%&å

E=>
=>µ?QH <™1 
9Ñ 

1åqÑ™Ê1@U€‚%’wùÃ311H²1ê' 9 

H²1ê '– 9  åq¯ ™ §å q€ 
åq¯  

U€‚ % ’w ù Ã311  w ' – 
§åq€™U€‚%’wùY1

"‹’‚hbÎ 9 
’‚hbHN <91!â  

^é’»HY1k7 
!(v¤R

Eñ´Þ,™¤

‹Í1EFG 
(eZ 9

• 

(»V5 9™1!â

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

ƒ
£Ÿ 
9 „¡¢ ‡ 76

eZ 99 
_ù 9;9H ï/øÙ1A5k‹S50ð^l‹©5²5UoY1 
qhqp8e 
1Ñ*– 
  Ð

94

*+ 

æÅ1
æÅ1eZ 
o 'eZ ) ‹ :‚Ž9ù 9) € qhq p8  jÑ* Ãö âw â²1ê ' – * 9 
9 p `8Ãä^ 8† ' 9 ' 1 ' K § ‹ ’‚q wÔ 9  Õ† 
'1mõ0ÙfŒ‚ `)5 

â™ â!H 9 

1™â!BЋȒ^8GÍ'E)ù 9 
‹Ø ÑÃØ'`0B^8†Q 

% ’wù:¾1 p’ô1 ™ * H Ћ :‚Žù 9)9 Et1 O _Y1Ö 
¼ 
 ¤y ^‹ ¥1^ Cp’ô1F \J¼ ¤y `’± ù : ƒw^ 8  z ‚ 
:1%w'B´¸&F‹hqH90H²Ê8 5dRqH74HE©1F\J
`208^ 
1ÅkD?k 
^ `¨Ãql´

eZ 99& 
&'8Ãä 
Ž ù 9–p8)†9q$1+' 

1!â™ U§qhqp8–Ћ’q 9;9 

q¯wùÃ31:Þ1HÐ 
1q 
¯wù™HÐâq¯hqp8–²1ê'Ð߁‚
† ƒ Ð"¦ƒ
`44^Yæê1$ ï Þ ^‹eZfH"p£ 
¤ 
߁ ‚Žz 99âqjá&%qj`qqT85–k 
^²5

0‚ 99 

%
£ 
"»^é
x 
’ô1`ïš»V1^E 
w$11â  &%¤C&$1â&"$1âY)&M
`36^ 
  
æç^ mY%1¾1Eu$1€Ì Í<Ôù 
$  p Y) ‹ ê  5  ‹ ` ùŸ  5 Y1  w ' & " 1 Y) H –  9 ) 

ô1 <&"pê1êpÃF‹`ô1&",

£5 99 
' Y1 $Ž1F ^‚` U P^‹U e1  )‹ ’q “ 99^ ‹ [B ) 5W s
"tEF<

95

*+ 

‹Í1EFG 
(eZ 99

"‹eZ 9™&'4'1'K

• 

9¤¥¦§… 86
eZc7 
‚b E ' Ù 1 p‚ G  Cà ^ ‹ :q š 5c7  o Y1‹0!  5 c7 âH· 
' 9Y1F1p’c7Ú‹:q—Ä5Ã1I”I”š5)HYJ ‹Hâc7 
‹:‚Ž` 9$Žc7k^H·ù 9)€‹:b’y 
"‚ù!K

ac7 
c7HŠˆ1c7H aY–1c7 

c7 
"¡1lé’LùeZ8#M1wHPNZúc7p8†' 9 
+')‹eZO¤à"1P1¼¤û 
$1§  ` 9 hù  C ) p ) q :’ ô1 9 C * Y1 hù eZ  c7

• 

1Å yšQæê^ ‹`C)ù 9)p)^qØ’ô1ïïUÑù 9)
`180^ 
`6^C¾1p’» 9pm^‹UD5eZ)c7æÅ1eZ 
` `^C) p) ù 9)â‹ Ø‚p’c7 $1H 9Ð  ê K <í 
C¾1¡ 
:’`’5â‹ 9p)Ðâ`!^Cø$1‹ `!^C1*  

Hâ‹ ô1   % Ž p  z âÒñ š 1 ù ô1 1 ‹ _ p’ ô1 9  `^ 
`^C¡ 9p)^‚qHP1)F1R^‹:qU.5))‹î’»

96

*+ 

† 
z Òñ ¥1 $1‹ `  `^ C ¡ 9 U p ) $ ޞ1 ^ :’` æÅ1 U $1 ‹ ê K 
)‚º ¯ Tq ^: :’ `0Ù  » 9U  % ‹ p H 

‹î’wùÃ31á&%$1@? 
H¨ 0Í1 c7â  K 'p’» eZ U O¤ à"V H¨0Í 1 c7

• 

ô1 9hùѝp)Ћ:qØ’ô1 < C 
)Y1H¨0Í^‹UV 
')’qô1ï'c7Ñ <C)pm¾1p’c75’q` 
ql´Hp&'C)$1 /:’ ` ô1 9Ñhù  C ) mF1 p’¨0Í ® 
qÑqF)1 
9Y¼&p:¤^_$1 ‹ô1W S¤a–k 
pÍ 
<0‚c7

• 

Y†& U€ ¯ p H â` âR ¯ $1 "‹  Y†&  9U p ö  â >í    ô1 
ÃF1Tp &M 9Uq 9UY†&pÐ 
 mÚ*z¯1‹  
æç^ q’wÂ11w'Y†&1-p: 
¤H0‚)‹Y†&p
`130^ 
 

UUc7 
‹H ac7l‹Õ;c7U 
Âl Ãq邁 b Y1 Ú1 H – ) }’ ô1 9 C- meZ  UUc7

• 

!qÑm`1Á^“w'ÃÖ1qhqÑEtFHìö1Ãq`r st^ 
3VÂÃÖ1`5^Y1—`4^Y1“—`3^Y1—`2^C—`1^Y1^åVU0— 
ß }’ô1æ?)ù 9)1mF1p’c7!åqhqEtF}‘1  51 
 DH–k$1@?)ß } ’5,$ ô13qé’wù4Y1“$1^ 
q`Oý'p’c7âC5¾1p’c7‹C8#½c 
7Uß}’wÔùV 
H) ßW¬ w ù 9) F1 R^ß}’ô1 ù 9 @?) mF1 p’ c7ß 
‹:‚%b^e–p
Y 
 "H}• ' X  wÔ ñ¤Z1 1 Z1 ¤X HêÌ8# O ¾1 p’ U c7
97

*+  

âgq `  
<  X k&,‫& ﻓﮑﻦ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﯽ ﺗﻘ‬,‫ﺴﺖ ﻧﻘ‬,‫& ﻟ‬,‫ﺍﺣﺎﺩګﺚ ﺑﻘ‬â _
`332 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫‹ ^ﻣﻴﺰان اﻻﻋﺘﺪال ﺟـ‬:q%bùE•B0'[ 
H 
 qé ’’5 9)ù,1-pHé’ô1Hk »<™ ¤0‚ Uc7

• 

],^é 
’ô1F\J¼¤$11âm$1âY»F§1"$1âXâUq¤«
¯ ùæ   ) » ^ W Ú1’¯eZWÊ1 ) ¦'m * â%V pX1 YZ1 [ \
– 
)öH¬*zCÔ^l‹ R»E•;H 9)^_,1'ÌI 
1¼ ¤ \{ ¼ ¤—`Â^ m —`“^ O1V ™ ¤ & —`Â^ 1¼ ¤ \{ ‹ æ? ) L 
l âO1V™¤&p`Z1¤^XH 9)t}º` 5]^» ¢$11d§1"' 
¯IUhù^:%’]1' ’51¼¤\{1%’wùâ‹Y1“^
‫ ـ ص‬1‫ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ ﺟـ‬190 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫ ¨§  ‹ ^ﺷﺮح اﻷﻟﻔﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺮاﻗﻲ ﺟـ‬5 Y1 “  p ) ^ 
`225

Šˆc7 
1ç…$…1\â'⠍5â‹Ø’ ô1 9$1ÐâC-mhù^‹UeZc7HŠˆ
`66 ‫¯‚ ^ﻋﻠﻮم اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ص‬I$1^:}’»@? 
UPp \M ™¤ \M _â H ¡' E‫^{أ‬l|]¤ x"^‹U0‚  Šˆ c7 
ƒ^ô"¤x")» 9

£5c7 
¨öOHp’IŸ)<‹IŸ)pWs 
O‹Ï$1zc7

• 

‹hå5Lq€c7^‹UH« 
öî)pÃF 
st zôŠ$1 â !_ 5 U c7 ’y" ‚ p Ðâ _ yš‹ Ï8#$1z U c7

• 

‹mr
… 
5)
^ ‹` §¨ ùY1 * p¾1 p’c7 ý°‹Íc7 h   Šˆ c7 
² ' 91 ‹% ’ cÅ ù ô1  p) ^ ‹  e1 ) E’  ) `‹  »  1ç
98

*+  

'E’  ) +'LÛ ú ' Šˆc7 ‹ Ï ?'@? 1ç `p R k^ 
‹:qVHÒ

LÛ
LÛ'Šˆc7 
!‘J'Šˆc7 
»'% 1煁 O')ý'pbE•U^q`rst^Â…%q“C 

`‚ 
‚ q ê H ô1 GÍ ' ¾1 p’ c7 $1 –  ”• ' Ð q  K E©1 ;:  )

• 

^‹U0‚)‹qæ1`1ôGY1¾1p’c7p‚qê'$1}–^ 
po 
ù 9)^qØ}&:U1qØ ’ô1 1ç…' CâY1hù 
) ÑpP"‹ -> YV ^ ¨ íUêÌ p€}ï ø5C $1 ‹ 
`‹`²³hùH8ЋU1¯BàU^‹† 
ø‹C 
ùù 9 
T)C 5)^}’¯’  ,5 ) ”•'ÉB  ké Y1^qT H¼Y1 $1

`‹:’ô1 9ƒ-U^¨yêÌ1‹ 
ú$1ý )q œJ’ ¯ » E%1C )Hå A Y1 Ãq ’‚hbE%1 H å AC

`‹YÄôGÑ.5)^}’»ôú')a1 
!‘b'c7 
1 q ¶ –^: ’ô1 ¾1 B1 ')   p’ ô1  m k^ ’  ù –

`‚ºrst$%& 
Ћy[U^‚qcÅ hù`H^ < âÃq <HåACÐ

`Œ‚%g` ±´ù¾1p’c7ý' 
‹:qÑBc7)5EØl1·ÇŠˆc7

• 

H ˆ ' Ã}15  …   ù \] hq Ê H 1 ^}  E+ U H Ã31 ' 9 LÖ

99

*+  

I‰ó¿p’PVÅÍ1ý'IJ)8`êÌ qø<b…H}êo 
p’ ^y Ã\l   1 R pq ê H Ãc  l  l )  ¡ R ¿ p’ zÔ d  
ø< ù b ”Ô ) n ‹ Q  Ãe¼ ^y f º c7 € $1 ât } J  \] l R 
l%’²1êÃÆ?$†Ð5˳ÍkpÃF1óqêÑê̳Íp 
H± 1p’ 
⋵Jæ?Ð$B5Ãg³Í;K'p’4$Ôõp8†'èå1æçóš»B1 
‹hst$1

!‘'IŸ¾1p’c7 
‹’‚BXE²l1·IŸ¾1p’c7 
`%‹o 9b1p)â‹Ø’ô1mÐ$1^:q`¥1U

• 

‹:qæ1`’5m)pq†ø'E•µ

• 

¯0€ù 9Hˆ')€î’’5m$Žw1:’¯c7$1^`,Ï5m)

`358 ‫ ^راﺟﻊ اﻟﻜﻔﺎﻳﺔ ص‬:‚

£5E%1¾1p’c7 
Ur 
Ø|8#O1H)‹Ä5WsH}•'p’0€ùE%1m¾1p’c7  

Ec7ý°qù 9C-p)/ß‚%’ùô1†¾1p’c7

`` 
r$%&Br 
|)^‹:’æ1`ù’'Y1l‹ž@ 
^ ‹ :’ » 9 1 hù H Òñ ¥1 F1p’c7  `^ ‹   0€  1^ ‹ U r | ‘1

• 

‹:’» 9HÒñš1m$1å‚0€ 9)€‹Ãæ 9UpH
`68 – 67 ‫ ^ﻋﻠﻮم اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ص‬߁‚`0€ù 9 )€‹ô1Ãæz 
‹"’$ÉiÔm'’c7ý°‹:q e,$%&r|QHLÖ

100

*+ 

"‹:qeW5c7 
‹:q@?1W5c7 
YïE•Up: 
¤H0‚ÅB1^ }ïE•hùBÖíF1p’c7^U€

• 

}’»E3)$11‚q$ßöc 
7Hˆ 
'4k †5 9

• 

,âBpFe€N1ßq%’Hƒõ@pÃFj¨i1þ]ãä:¤LÖ 
Y’æÅ1–

ïðOH}•'k·1c7 
U8#OHl´ïðAH} •'k·¾1p’c71c7 
B ô ' k· U ‹ ‫ﻦ‬,‫ﻦ ﻻﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻟﺴ‬,,‫  ﺍﻟﺘﺒ‬5 Ç  H  N ·  Y 

• 

t þl H Õ ^} *  H a ú  c7 l ‹ ’ 5 V  H N 1 Y‘1‹ ×
`361 ‫^اﻟﻜﻔﺎﻳﺔ ص‬ 
‫ﻦ‬,‫ﻦ ﻻﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻟﺴ‬,,‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒ‬m 
¤8,²

• 

‫ﺲ‬,‫ﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺪﻟ‬,‫ﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪګﺲ ﺑﻤﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺻﻮﻓ‬$‫ﺗﻌﺮګﻒ ﺍ‬£¤<

‹Í1EFG

101 

(eZc7

"‹VHŠˆc71c7

• 

(»EØl1’+c7

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

… 96
¨š›
eZ¨! 
~Ù hq n ‹ D 5 ) ‹ S 5 †ø ⨠٠²  .  ‹ š 5 Ð ‹ 0!  5 0Í û â! 
‚¯ eï'4 
= 
Y1 )  Ð ‹ :’ ô1  C Ú *  Y1 5 Ð ‹ ’q 9 ; ¨!H ï/ø 
$1 ’q `  9Ñ hù  C p Y1 ) § ‹ :q l´ H p& ' ) l Í &Í % ‹ ’q hq EtF 
Žp)`^±U 9Um)pH^z‹:’ô1HÒñš1ù 9Y1

0‚¨! 
â%VpX1YZ1[\]\0G^ô1²â¤&‫ﻋﻘﺒ‬pi@M¤ ¼^é’ô1e¤  
`2769 / ‫ رﻗﻢ اﳊﺪﻳﺚ‬925 ‫ ص‬2 ‫ ^اﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ – ﻛﺘﺎب اﳉﻬﺎد – ﺟـ‬VB¾1 $o\
ƒ 
hq`¤MEtFi@M¤¼^H?!(kYp
·„ „ ¥ 
åq`ŸùpbùY1pÃFtq1­ãä[\ ¥i@M¤¼yLÖ 
ßqpY1*'K@ 
% c7 H < o p  Ð m @ ‹ Y1ä ‚ ò ’ ¸ 5 ) ¡    { H· ù * 
%b ¨ 0Í %c7 H 9 7ö  *  m Ð n‹ Œ ‚ % { µ €  ⁂ %b ¨ 0Í 
‹qzOµþ0­^‹Y1äÌ 5zrxH}•')€‚

"‹’‚ƒI
ƒIe¨!
ƒI 
‹’qc·I¨! 
 
 )â‹ Ø’ » 9 C Ð Y1 $1 ^  ’» B´¥1 8†Q `' 0‚ —^

• 

` 9p)%h 
q`EtF 
` 9p)%hq`EtFC)^}’»BC´*Y1$1
102

*+  

q:‚%bÄÅ5VLw'C1Y1)HÐql´ÑB Û1* 9

• 

å‹`! 9UK'p‚w–:ý°‹Ä='WsH}•'}E ) 
偂q:

£5¨! 
99lßR£z1B)€ß‚q†øq95)Ú‹9U^‹Ue1)‹ 9“U  

‹£5

ïðOî¨! 

"UV 
ç]! s!(Y 

‹Í1EFG 
(eZ¨! 


• 

(»V5¨!1!

• 

('½BŽù!($’»B1

<‫ﻣُ(َﻧَﻦ‬1‫ ﻣُﻌََﻨﻌَﻦ‬106
t 
no5 <uv1w’qÊ”•'pq9'–^l×’»P aµ$11_ 
ÅÃBù—P”•'—H"H <:%‚H <9å5‹úL 
‹’

eZw

ƒ
ƒ ž£x 
)UH ï/øE•1p‚hï’íÕâÕ^‹D5)‹0!5­ H ïY1 
ÃæÕÃæz‹’qRô1’í 
ÕâÕl_ù 9

103

*+ 

† 
pH k >‡ žUz â » 9 P p m Ãæ ky96‹ ’‚HÒñ úô1  9LÖ 
‹h_U8pmÃæk_â‹mÃæù 9) 
¥13'û 
)ýþô1 ÃæpÃæ^‹D5ЋÑÕâÕ•?5ô1 
Å*L H– 9w e1) â`% ‹  9UÃæ pÃæ ^:q ` e U B´ 
n Hp’0€ù 9\]}^‹ :q e)‹R Å ÃB— Ð â é‚qÊ 
t{ —u

0‚w 
_qé’ô1e¤
‫ﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻦ ﺯګﺪ ﻋﻦ‬,‫ﺒﻪ ﺛﻨﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻭګﻪ ﺑﻦ ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﺛﻨﺎ ﺳﻔ‬,‫ ﺷ‬K‫ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺍ‬

‫ﻪ ﻭﺍٰﻟﻪ‬,‫ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﯽ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠ‬،‫ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺮﻭۃ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺮﻭۃ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﻪ۔ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ‬
‫ﺎﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ۔ )اﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ ـ ﻛﺘﺎب إﻗﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﺼﻼة‬,‫ﺋﮑﺘﻪ ګﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﯽ ﻣ‬+‫ ﺍﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻭ ﻣ‬:‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬
(/ 1005 / ‫ رﻗﻢ اﳊﺪﻳﺚ‬321 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫واﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺟـ‬ 
â» 9p*â» 9p W¤U1oâé’» 9UP~™¤ w 
pÃF1  ô1 $1š p ÃF â ô1 $1š ¤ w pÃF â ô1 C& ¤ ?Í p * 
')  1 \ s õ â%V p X1YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G ^  | ö  ô1  } \J T $y 
é’ý'ÃÌ1 ³&Z’q}‚'~V

"9
"9%‹:w 
% `{ “’ }^ { 9 9 ù w ^ ‹ U €   ‹   Ä = ' W sHro ) 
5ôO8†' 01 â 9^lâr|‘1 ‚q¯ ût 0ð5– )^WÚ߁‚ 
 [ 5 W s O B éê 1  H  ß ‚ È  9 : GÍ ' éê í  ^ ‹U â‹r| 
U$1⋺Ë5ùéê1ùÑpñ ‹ 
Òñš 1   Òñ¥1 ¾1p’ c7ý°^ q ¯ F1 p’c7 Y1hù H–  9w
`é’Ÿùpbùc7’0"
104

*+  

'} 
‘1p1Ãq'p&zÃÖ1k^qîqEtFÃ311' 9w

`q¿Ê1LH7 
‹UCÐ 
‹ÄÅLp$1}‘1'Ws 
Béê1
r 
 |5r1¸q¤âY¹ Uq$ŽûtEtFÃ311' 9w

• 

‹ 
‹r|5ƒ€¤Uq’‚hbÊ©Ššè´HÃ311' 9w

• 

ô1 , $  ù 9 }‘1   HÃ31  1 ' 9 w ^ q ` 1 e E• U

• 

‹r|5ƒ,1¼"U‹:’

eZ 9uv
uv 
æ?)~_ù 9)UH ï/ø±…¥ â…¥ ‹D5)1‹0!uvoY1 

ÃæNâÃæNâ» 9pÃæpPkÃæ 
ô1
¥ Ãæ
¥ Ãæy9^q

£5 9uv
uv 
5ôO  Ws߁‚% `{ “’}^{ 9 ù 9uv ^‹Ur | 5 $1 1û  
È’0€Hål´éêî 9wù 9uv1‹æ?Õ•…¥ …û^‹Ur| 
߁‚

‹Í1EFG

105 

(eZ 9w

• 

(»V5 9u´1w

• 

(»e1#'\]Hp’0€ù 9w

• 

(»V55÷?'ñ1Y¹ H{'p’0€ù 9w

*+ 

91”•' ±BY1116
D5 ±BY1 
ÃqóôEźH}•'81’')q%Þ ± HÒñÜB)^‹š ’ ±B Y1 
) "x ˜% W9)`"x ˜ÒÓæ?) ù 9$1 k qR  ÷ B q1 ' )H}• ' 9
$…1$…1"x—ZW9) 
$1Hr 
o 
‹ ä‚ ’1hlEm*H6 ö{‹ qÊ0 G‡BC´)LÖ 
[ B E• )5 8†' 0 1 â 9"‹ ÑH} • ' Ã31 ¾1p’» 9 £U 
EFo ’ 'z eê *º5 ) â‹ ä H6ö{  ‚ ’ 1 hl EÐ ^‹  
‹ 
Y1ä = >  ’ ' m ) € qƒ’Y  % 8 ä *  ^‹[5 O B E•) 
)$1^:’$ßöùÃ1‘1’')€‹Œ‚ù}‘1$11‹m&•'ehù‹ 
‹,•ÒÓ'e' 
58ä)%p’téGÍ'*Ú§é’`‚’* êÌeêHå”&  
hlE € H}• ' Ã`Ì  ^‹e1 f ’’` äE¦?= > ’ € ‹:ö « no 
‹˜5=>m† 
H}•'Ã1„'I‰§’‚` 
'Ã`Ìù$1B0o•€‹:’»ùE•*!‹X 
1YZ1[\] \0GmhùÚ 
» <$1^cJ€œJ`@mhùv’=>’')$1^‹î’«•Í 
‹…† 
’±ùp’

!‘' ±BY1 
'¿À 9º5b1î’')€bH!‘)B´YX' ±BY1 
邁ÞBÃ1XE±î’‹´

106

*+ 

`’‚` 
0€ 9mƒq"`€Y5ò"LqymF1p’» 9^Lq

`‚¯0€ù 9m)^‹UÅþ5—u§qÑT/ ±U^ ±5ò"Lq

• 

m) 1 \ G € ù Ãqy q  :’`€ !_ 5Ãqy B ´ ‰+m $1^‡ 1 ˆ

`܂`hù1' 
H  ' §Ÿ - $1 € ‹ @  "` € ¸< 5  â/V â’ ⧟ ¨ * y m $1^ Š½

`åÃq&ä§') <$’»)1ßq25§
`‹qLLE•€܂`ù8m$1^Ýö

• 

‹:‚È$ɂ5ÃôÕ'-Y1î¿À 9

• 

q1'm¾1p’Ãz$%&p§‹q‹€ªpY±c^’Ãz$%&p

`x85Œ—Z…$ 1^‹:q e
`‹$%&`5ÃdH; 
%ù 9ý'mF1W<1Á^Y1ÁW<

`‹:q$%&`5pq 
ªm$1BF^z1BF1ø

• 

ß } 1& $%& B À• Q$1 ‹ Œ ’ ÃzHp’˜¨ö ùE• Ñm1^q 1$%& p

`ß}’&”rùQ1 
q` Ò H EÔ'X1 YZ1 [ \]\ 0G^’ô1 <?' <  Ã31 Â

• 

’y"‚N%1ßqØ’ªHEE•€%F1 p’ô1EO?' <Ì öŒ
`ßqØ’Ÿ 
ùpcE•Thù 
&¨ö  a8#P  ’q Ê ”• ' ± BY1 ^l ¨ ¾ $ɂ 5 a  < $Ž P ! 
¨’

‹Í1EFG 
{“ù <$’ »”• 'ÐÃw}où$1‹’‚%BX)BÃ31
"‹:‚%
107

*+  

" BXÅF£€‹"‹ɂr 
|aê4!KŽ'Y1

9²³´126
eZ 9²³´ 
) 9 ²³´ H ï /øÙhq Y” ‹š 5)1 ‹ 0! 5 p’ “1 ²³´ oY1 
q%’!‹X 
1YZ 1[\]\0G’”~_ù 9pq

e5 9²³´  

é’`åÑH 9“€WsQ‹w<Ò8#½OH <“U 
’ !‹  X1 YZ1 [\ ] \ 0G E• pq ’ ”  ?k ^ ‹U e1  )^  } BÒ ¿
5 
å qhV pX1 YZ1[\ ] \ 0GE•UCÔ^‹:qsUÑN € H 9“‹ ç – p
`‹’q$5Lq‘‘€ 9²³´

£5p’ô1 9²³´ 
ɂ’ô1  â‹ 9 œ U^q‚ U H}• ' 9 ²³´ ^ ‹ [B E• ) 5W s 
9ñ‹ 9²³´U^‚%ïUGÍGÍ'p’ô1^‹E&‚E•)ÃØ‹` 
Tq –  O $1 € »E• pq!‹  ’ y"‚ p Ð â%Vp X1 YZ1 [\ ]\ 0G ^ ‹
`62 ‫ ـ ص‬1 ‫‹ ^ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺑﺸﺮح اﻟﻨﻮوي ﺟـ‬

•?5p’· <œ 
"’·ùô11)K')1‹:”E•hù?kEt1«mF1p’· <œ 
'p’!‹X 
1YZ1[\]\0G1‹:’ø<0 u'$…1Ã1L$1Et1Q‹ 
‹"’·pqý

"‚Ie 
ù 9²³´ 
‹Œ‚IÃÆ?ù 9²³´
108

*+  

^ { 5 E• )pm™¤ æÖ ‘ "^‹U 0‚) ¾ ’ {F1p’ · <

• 

?  F \ J )S ¤ y ` 1 ” < î  ÅÆ ' EG †  6 ö{ p ) 
%’!‹ 
C * m z @  B ´ ' 0‚ ¾ ’ Í  e Ô ' ’ E• ^y f F1 p’ · <

• 

²Êm)C')^q e€Rví²Ê;:)m)ÚxØ’ô1 9 
Lq)^x¯ù1*')GW5 9$’»m)t×’0’¡®šL
`‹Ø’!‹X 
1YZ1[\]\0G’”ù 9m$1^q eUe 
1 
U1¯ÄEŽH}•'’^}*Y16‚bHEY1|}'p’“1 <

• 

Rp’“1 <ý'p’ûtù’  

)$11q˜ 
%Ãq?'|} 
%âÃq'Ò“Òñ' 96‚b|}'p’“1H 9 

`0'ôâ43YÃöEý'C 

^Ãq?'Òñ'6ö{

E=>
=>ÃÌ1p” <1EØl1p’· <œ 
EØl1Îp’“1 <œ
0d5” 
!{ 
1p’ • ? ÃúùÃ`ÌpÃFÎ “1 <ý 'p’ ø< !{ 5\p Ã`ÌQ 
pF?Y%1á&ùÃ`Ì?kpÃ1A´' <œ ”P9ý'–1Ãqy 
È’a 
B <pÃ`́q Â`ý°têÌ8#½U§” <ý' 
ÃF^ é’ ô1  Y ¤ H !(kg¤x ! M ¤ $¬0‚ Ã`ÌÚ 
HâÞ¯$1‹qé’» <Uùm)p»âqFÎ <U»â>ím)p
`283 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫ ^ﺗﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﺮاوي ﺟـ‬ג 
•?ÃúùÃ`Ì^:‹·ù <p

109

*+ 

˜:/V1’ 
Ê /V 'Ö oA l H 1 ' $Ž ©?Î · < H˜:  /V 1 ’ - p Ã`Ì Q 
8!O aâ^‹ 9 U0‚  ) ²1ê 5 5p’ “1 <H ˜:  /V-p ÃFq 
™p)âç5)pÐz
EźB ¦ 
$1  ²1ê 5 Uý '  5e ù Ã`Ìî )1 p’ EźB ¦p Ãc têÌšÚQ 
ÃFŸù ´Ÿ p’ø< .Ô@?)pÃFijt­`’EźB ¦€›œ 
0‚ Á•?5p’“1 <ý'p’EźB)1p±ð 5Ež ¦p 
`,hùK}~1Ãq, YÃöHâ!‹ô1UE\JWy1úp)x¸ÔR¤ 
8†Ú' 9p) ^‹Ÿ–5\ `284 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫‹ ^ﺗﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﺮاوي ﺟـ‬J\~^')G 
%’¿ù <;pÃcôÊ
!{5ÃÖ  
5 p” < `ý ' p’ ø< Eà Y1Þ    1^ p’ ø< û{  ÃÖ  é p Eb Q 
ôB´'0‚té’%} {ɂÑùô5ɂ'ÃÖ '@?)êÌ$1²1ê… 
9–kzâp)BC´)xØüGÍ'#¤$1€ %ö)b'Y qË¡¢5 ¤þ£ 
#¤H 9pm)cJ’`¥ÛHÙ*$1+'Y&•#¤1±1¦â±1”âY&”râ» 
HâÞ ¯ 1 % £ 5p’ § ù #¤ zâp) x u1  9)Y % ’ÄÅ? k 5 Y&• 
Ãqu1E•)
0d5ß&1 
’¨ 1kj 1j ù Ã`Ì$1 té’ © 1Ã5 ß&1 - ’  Ãގ 
ù Ã`Ìl tÑêÌ Ú L 
‹`ª5Õo 
«qR"é’01É’ 

Ê”•'}o'zO¬­$…1¯®â? â01é’ÄùýŽ 
êÌ LÖ 
Ð ý 
þHÃ1êoñ‹ØÅ15ô 1ýŽz1mõHÃ1êo}‘1'Þhq

110

*+  

BÃqþ % ÃÖ®}–}– `ª Ht11{ ¾pƒª j  )e1 )º`>ù 
Õ o •êq ¯ 1 $° ~  é 
` ’ ¾ É  Ã`Ì 1 é ±  h` ª $ñt• 
%’!‹X 
1YZ1[\]\0GùÃöQpEb`ªQ'Õ)$²
0d5E7 
¤·ý0d' E7ãéâ$`l´)b '†*' 9lâù <kj1j; 
'R`êÌ^:’õH)ý'p kj1jù– <êÌz ´Í 1³™
`284 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫ ^ﺗﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﺮاوي ﺟـ‬ö)b'ý

r| 
5 
’ÇVH}•' 9“1 
1 pF ¶ ?  Ãú ù Ã`Ì k^ # 1 .# & '  q Ê ’ ÇV ¼½  H mõ 1 
Ô $1 â !‹ Lq   pÐ 9 #g p Eb  x ɂ ’ · < ý ' `–1  à 
ý'p’ $¤ùÃ`ÌpÐ^ 0F ÆÅ)l´H? Q '¾  H s ¯t 
‹`$Žût&'ÒÀ18†' 9ÄÅU¾ Hs¯tÔ$1â!‹Lq 
'^ ö 
é’ ` !‹ Lq  X1 YZ1 [\ ] \ 0G P â^x U r|5 VQ H 
ù 8 - X1 YZ1 [ \ ] m’ , x 0F ¯· z ôŠ  U  " Lq ý ' `0d ' . 
t¯¿†ÅZ' 1Bƒq*ý'pc 
· < p ÃF %ö 1 5 ¸  "C K ' ) x ?' ²Â ' ÃÖ@ r | U 5 ’ ÇV 
Y‚Y5¸V¾1p’

ª8ëQ 
H}•'p’» 9²³´ 
5 <  p ÃF ‹  ª  p’ » ù < ²³´ H Ã1" k Ñ p 8ë Q' 6 ö{ 
ú6ö{HwÔ <$1!‹E\J¹¤™yH ‹ `»q²³´ 
wÔ8ëzƒ5}1Y1ºâY»&âY91â¼H óô»ÅÆ'E1½ÀG

111

*+ 

ïðOH}•' 9²³´ 
¸µ H   {²³´ù 9Y&l ¤‹ê8# mõ H —)UE³V!( Y&l¤

• 

‹%BpWse1)t‚ 5 
1‹ R  Ñ % B  H ) ‹ ®? 5 !(  Y&l ¤ U ׳V é Ë ×½ h¾  

• 

`’pY&l¤5R»Ñ <²³´C; 
ú#)1‹C!(ÇU׳V¿ <FÕ×â]ÀÁ ƒ 
à š¤

• 

‹OzôŠ

‹Í1EFG 
²1ê ð Ï 5 p’ “1 < l1• ' Ä1 8# CŽ p Ã`Ì ( » !‘ ' p’ “1 9

" 
ø1Þ )ÛÜ'   ’ !‹X1 YZ1[\]\ 0G ’” Lq ý'.ó

"¨ÅHEÃökÞ 
('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

9µ1¶136
eZ 9µ1¶ 
ùƾ1p‚›y•€öÚ$&þ H}ËÚÙRµ#k‹0!5µ#âµ1¶oY1 
_Ù 
$á©õk&‫š!ﺍﻟﺘﺮګﮑ‬s 
%Þ ± 5ò"LqB Ð q l´ Y1@ hù H–  Ð ‹ :‚Žµ1¶ ù 9;H ï/ø 
q

!‘'p‚Þ ±5ò"Lq
LqBY1
Lq 
g1p‚Þ ±5ò"LqBY1
112

*+  

' m)ù 9 )1 q ?' -³ 1 ñu 'p’ 0€ 9 l âq Ø ’ » 9;hù Y1

• 

q:’¯»1hù$1+ 
¯ ût "Lq )Hr 
o' 9§qOý'E ò"LqHå”& kY1

• 

q

0‚ 9µ1¶
YZ 
1[\],^é’ô1F\Jô1ay$11âÇ"¤ ‚âË¡Èɤ1¼ 
÷ % 1 é’ ²1ê ̳ Í  &Z  Î ù `Ï 1 9^ æš 3 1 â_³ `^ EÊ H &Z  Ë X1 
è_³UWpYÃö'`Ï110-13 

^ 
< $’ »  ) k^ ‹ 
µ1¶ U ^  _ H }• ' É ¤ 1¼ 9 ¡  1 q âhz
`268 ‫ ـ ص‬3‫` ^ﻣﻴﺰان اﻻﻋﺘﺪال ﺟـ‬µ1¶

e5 9µ1¶
N 
 âÀ N âµ1¶K ' ) ‹ ²³´ 9  Ò Ð  O H <“ ^  × ’ » P ^  
‫ واﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ‬295 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫ ‹ ^اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ ﺟـ‬hq Y  £ ¤ < ú# U !Î N â!Ñ N âÅ· N âÒ
`46 ‫وﺷﺮﺣﻬﺎ ص‬

‹Í1EFG 
(»V5 9²³´1µ1¶

"‹VHY1' 9²³´1Y1' 9µ1¶

ƒ
9¸
· … ‡ 146
eZ 9À 

NZ ù )p8†' 9H ï/ø‹S5{^l‹0!5çâÀoY1 
U8#OH
113

*+  

Ћ 9$1Àâ+') ‹!‹1*'’»p£¤<l‹$1€eZ 
qOq0HÃqy5)N%qÓ z1BFB´ %âq:’ÃzEOlqY1@hùH
`47 ‫^اﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ وﺷﺮﺣﻬﺎ ص‬ 
U1 q “ Y1l´ H– Ð ‹ 9 $1À +') ‹ H  kp ƒªÆ¢% £ 1 eZY‘1 
‹U¤øqÌ'ô1Y1Âô1
‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻪ ﻻ ﳛﻤﻞ اﻟﺘﻔﺮدا‬

‫و ﻣﻨﮑﺮ اﻧﻔﺮد ﺑﻪ راو ﻏﺪا‬ 

q?') 9Y1rst1}’E•)Y15Ћ 9$1À 

ÂâY1 “‹ l´ÄÅUØ eZÇH) ‹ rB o ' ’»p £ ¤ < eZ U 
}’» 9Ì'ô1Y1 

V 
VHÔ1À 
9 $’»Y1rst*$%&ÑY1)$1§qØ’»Y1rsthù~‹’q 9$1Ô 
Â$1 1‹ :q Ø’ » Y1 “ rst ~‹’q 9$1 À ®  ') qz ’« ï ?' 
< wU^‹µ?E• UH <Ô1 À ^cJ Ì‚U  )‹’q ? ' 9 Ã31 
ùÃÖ1^_£¤<“5À1‹:qÂY15Ô^ ‹UV H§’q?' 
‹z1BFáz 
æø\]l‹z‚»C 9)BÃB‹VH 9À1 9ÀLÖ 
:’`rB}›}í' 9l‹m$1 9À‹ÀH

0‚ 9À 
‹U0‚eZÇ 
ô1}\JT$y$1â,1-$1âO1š¤ W$1â ¤¤Ô&™e¤1hz 
ù ,€ ‹ :‡ ` ö ¤ Úý° 1’ %‡ 2Õ â%V p X1YZ1 [ \] \ 0G^  é’ 
‹:öÖ 

1  ¾1 p’ » ' ) ‹  Ò ' À â 9U ^  _K ' p’ » ù 9) hz 
114

*+  

`@‹ô1B´ËÅéù 9)pñ`t`Ân^tzó$1/Ô&"
`240 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫ ^اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ ﺟـ‬qRq7ôGô1)Ðq5ô11hù`^‹ 
‹U0‚eZY‘1
ƒ% 
ÃF1  ¼ ¤ ·×
p ÃFâ & " p ÃFâ E%± Ø¤Ø – kp »< ™ ¤ 
Où&ât&ZpÐâ%Vp X1YZ1[\]\ 0G^‹ô1F\J)S ¤yp 
ßqª 
H—$1âE·?}Ù1â»}&1â\ZÚâ 

pÃ31 Â H ï S  )  &" ý° ‹À 9 U ^  _ î ' 9 ) »< ™ ¤ 
‹1ç 9$11‹ô1 9

e5 9À

ƒ 
Y–Y–1A Y1$qÀ5ô1‹’q 9“zpU^q¥1UÃÛZ
ª % ÃÖ1 À
À 
BXe1†Hâe1úÌ <w%e1‡1ˆ%âe1z 
1BF%âqe1Ãd 
e 5 Y1Á  9 À ^  × ’ » H —   9 µ1¶ P ^   ‹ ’‚ hb Y1ÁCŽ H 9 
‹`B}E^K'µ1¶`1²³´^

91ç
1ç 
Žù 9)Ã31ÂUH ï/øÙƒIƒ‚‹D5)1‹0!5šoY1
À 
^‹Œ‚Ž 
UHÒñ!‹S5 9Àâ 91çkqÌ' 9Y1“l‹:‚ 
Y1 “ ”• ' úÌ  Ð ‹ 9$1 U +' ) â‹ Y ž# p £ ¤ < ù eZÐ  9 
‹:‚%{ 9Àù 9 
^l‹ô1F\J)S¤B@?u´pÃ31‹¿HY‘1Àâ0‚) 
H ï S)&" ý° ‹ À 9U ^ _ & ¤B X o‹ ?' 9À ) 
‹1ç 9$11‹ô1 9pÃ31Â

‹Í1EFG 
(»V5 9µ1¶1²³´âÀ
115

*+  

‹ 91ç

…¥ …º‡Ÿ
¹
9œ 156
eZ 9Ò 
‹ $1 1‹Hš O …0Ù 5Ò û &  8†' 9 ‹ 0!  5 
¥ âÒ o Y1 
qµqw5)e1¸}$ í*HÐ _ù 9)UH ï/øq 11Á 
‹’‚qÒ 9)€q ±5pq1BY1' 9*qz¿w 9$1†\/q

†
eZÜ¥  

]&'8†' 9‚ DºBpqw' 9Hˆ'Ð_ù¸}$ í*] 
‚qµ5R 9Hˆ 
')}‘11q$ í5)€E=>¸&F1 
96ß ‚Ž ¯ ]  H æø 8† ' 9€ ‚ hb ¯—ê ÑH ÃÖ1  
E)€’q`µR 9)§‹$ í€¸}%‹`$ í⋆ø$1§‹¸}hùH 
߁‚Ž`]ù¸})H

0ÙHš/ø…5]û 
û Ñ H ï /ø … ‹ eZ /ø  ] & ' \] $1 â‹  » eZ l  ] B1 p P 
‹:‚0ÙHš 
' ±'ÕÑ 
*î 9ù] 
pYŸ# ‹ :‚Ž]Ñ ù$…1 âpq1Á' W< ') âpq$1BF âò"Lq' Y1

• 

‹0ÙHšo 
9 ! 5 Y1  * ^   :³ ` V hù B R  9  Ð ‹ :‚ Ž ] Ñ ù ¸} ; 
‹ÑÒGÍGÍ')§‹€w 9U^‹:‚Že1o’ô1

116

*+ 

8†')1H—' 9 
' W ) ^ ‹ U e1  ) ‹     e 5 ) 1 ‹ 8#à H 9 âW 5 ¡‚ ù 9  
)Œ’`hù1'8†Ý' 9 G^l‹:‚'½ùÃp}$ íH <3 
6 í G H ® )  e1 o ‹ ’q 5 r Ê 1 Ee âÄ< 5 Ò a ý ' 8† ' W 
‡` õp* 
$1+'q1»<"âY¹âû⸷¤z8†

"’‚'½HÕ) 
€ H 9“^‹ U e1  )  ’‚hb éê D pq w†\ H  ’‚ '½H ù] 
:q`Y1䍒ÏB)ý°`z ’qE1äp’'½Þ

"‹’‚·Ù)ý'p’ eù] 
Ã31  ô1  ) â` €z J • Y1 H p’ » ù 9 * ^ ‹ :‚ ò U ý ' ¡I ù ] 
é‚ô'½Ñ| }$1+')$…1$…1`€úô1 
p)`%xqFP1H}•' 9)ùY1^‹Bˆ)K'=>=†5—) 
9 u´ p ) y "%  ` € `q §¨  5 ™  H –  Ð^ ! ù 9 1 – :  y 
hù H 9p)y"%’`€`1ÀWX1YZ1[\]\0G^²âù` 91ÀW™^
' 
9BXE3 D"%’`ªH 9)€1Le1K1-%YF`€ 91 
‹:‚^5pq¯%pqw

"‹5÷?5¡‚ù 9Ò 
'Ã31 1Ãß1 ú ) ‚ 0 ù `^ ? D' 9* ^‹ U 5÷? 5 ¡‚ù 9 Ò 
9K')1‚¯&´5`õ^;Ò Óù <1EàÃ31ú‚ÜBč• 
‚%Þ£î] 

117

*+ 

"‹’ql´Î] 
0' 9] o  ]  pq u´ %!' 9^ ‹ ’’q H  9#$%& ] 
‹ä  
³\áH&ZHЋ 9$10‚)‹’‚hbÑH

"‹:q&äÑ0Ãâ– 
0”•'])€q! 9B´'0‚‹:q&äÑ0e1pq]H– 
Et1Q 
‹ 9U0‚)‹œw0 
5 91‹’q&äz–] 
Et1Q‹:q&äÑ 
1CÃW Ú^^é’ ô1²âF \J¼¤y$ 11âÛ¤1¼$1âY) {¤ã 
‹E&‚Á`'p’Š‹G^HEÛ``€Ãq¯¿jk¾1p’ä1V 

Y1 ø ‹   ’ 5 Û ¤ 1¼  ª H ) ^ ‹ l´ ª U H – ¯ ‹ , 0 H 9 ) 
H0' 9 ’»T 5Y1e1)Y1ÂzÃÖ1\M11¼ýþÛ¤\M 
:³`Vhù

ïðOî 9Ò
Ÿ!(¸q¤

»<™¤

0‚æç1Ÿ 
¤û

½Ÿ1åŸYŸ#

• 

‹8#?‚O!(U Ô <FËOÌŸq

‹Í1EFG

118

"‹]H 9

"‹5÷?5I 9Ò

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

9$’»Y1 e166
eZ 
D5Y1Yæ H ï /øq e 5Ù* ‹ š5 ) 1‹ S5 W âÝö  o Y1 
q¯W=5EF<')% 
Y1' 9*8^‹

!‘'ð1 ñ 
EØl1Y–·ð 
1 ñY1 
‹:qO*H\%0%3%\%'% -Y1hùEt1Q A'Y1

• 

1 U^ ‹ :q¢ Ue1 Ð ‹ :‚ % ¾  ‘1 7  O 5) e1*Et1Q 
‹mùU^‹:q`W8 
H}•' O…æ?)^I 
)l‹:qm@z7öé’`ô1 9êÌHåApm*ô1B

• 

qØ’ô1ù 9 
çù <;:‚È` 5Y1e 
11*%)Et1Qq¯z”* B´¥1

• 

‹:‚Ž

¾‚
µ 
 ¤ q Ø  `êÌQú"Ç Ë¦ µ¤ §Í ¤0‚) 0‚ôA

• 

R" Qâ è"' ` Q â ‚ ' §Í¤ Í ` êÌQâ _ 
mzUýF<êÌpOU^‹:q¢U‚ W"Qâ 
` ô1 9 p 1 * '½ ¤ Í G   :  ¸, é " 0‚  ô1 B

•  

pC%â»pm%â»pÃæ 9 U≠Y1z0‚p’¯z”*  
$…1$…1»

119

*+ 

eZ0Ž 
ƒ‚E(%-ÐqY1@U^‹UD5)Ãq¯OE(%-Ð_ùm)0Ž 
q¯WùÃ`Ì5uv;ÒÓù 9%’zE()§q eùÃ`Ì€ 5)%Ãq¯ƒI

a0Ž 
a·V0Ž 
:’¯ô1 9hù1'Y1G)§q%’»€ 5Ћm$1Uê0Ž

• 

 ù `) K ' = >  EF< '^ m )  ÃØ âß ‚  ¯ 0€ ù 9$’ »  m )q 
0Ž ) € %  @? 1 '   {  ù m ) ß ‚ È ’ 0€ ù 9 ) ò ‚ % } { 
ù m 0Ž) N % } { Â ù m 0Ž ) Ñ Y1 1 hù $1+ ' Y1 ¾1 p’ ô1  m 
‡` hù¿5 9$’»mê0Ž}{†hù5—'èå1æç 
‹’qåHz“ 9$’») 
¥1ùpqÂ')pÃF§qô1 9pVá&1%1Ћm$1U0é0Ž

• 

;ß ‚ % ’  Ñ ù 9  m Ú + ' r | ' ôO  W s q  ¯ » B ´ 
‹:‚åHz 
 9“Ñ‹` ^}hùÑ5 9 
¯0€Ñùô1 mÚ `q%íC%m
^qȯH– 5Ћm$1Uç

• 

Ú ‹Œ ‚  0€ ù ô1 ) ò q   » B ´ ¥1  5 ) H – Y‘1 *  ÃØ ß ‚ 
’ í U  "` % ‹ 5 ’ f m ç U ^ ‚ ` P ^ ‹ U e1  p’  ù ô1  m 
âmý°ß‚¯0€ùô1)Ñò» 9pmÂ^qRô1 
 ¿  5 9 ; q ¯  $1 & ' }‘1 ^ ‹ î ½ 1 ‹ Œ q  & ' †  
‹ 9 $ 1 ç â _H k ƒªÆ¢% £ 1 ‹ % ’» z Ö ' 0Ž  pP § ‹  ‡ ç 
q ¯» 5ÐqY1@H–Ð

ïðOî!‘'ð1 ñ 
‹îôA'Y1z÷ë1ì 
 ²1“´!(Y 

120

*+  

Ã31HN$1U‹% 59ÌN ùNRm îÃ31 ¾1ô16

• 

wÔ 9Ì  ñ  H ) ‹ :’ ô1 9 z m  hù     ùŸ EF< ' 
‹
Q &‫  (! ﺍﻻﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻬﻤ‬Y  
0‚  ) ‹ :‚ Ž Eí ù N î  Ã31 ç
† 
‹F1ñEðÖïðî&ïUV!(y8,11&‫ﺍﻻﻧﺒﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﺤﮑﻤ‬

‹Í1EFG
"‹:‚ðù 9Y1 e

• 

(»V5Ã31ç10é0Žâê0Ž

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

9$’»Y1¼½176
eZ 
)K'p‚q2'83'X1YZ1[\],H ï/øÙK‹š5Š½oY1 
‹:‚ŽŠ½ùÆÅ'0ô1á|¨H

aŠ½ 
a1Š½ 
8ml‚qÅ} ¦$„F1p’Áù)”•'Њ½;Š½1p‚W™

• 

`0€ù 9$’»)â»$€úá|YX'8%}’ç5 ‹ e1#g'
`52 ‫` ^اﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ وﺷﺮﺣﻬﺎ ص‬qÀ5$…1Où&â&ZâEÃöâl1'Jhù6^߁‚ 
:q 1ä òy ¯ :q ` € Å}  ¦ $„ d 5 Š½ ) Š½ 1 p‚ W 9  ‡ 1 ˆ
`¾’·÷ø1%ESKY 
H8mhù6^‹

121

*+ 

£5 9$’»¼½ 
ˆ¼½@ 
qÚ¯W™9Š 
½)ß‚%’ùô1)€qÚW™9Š 
½¼½ 
߁‚0€BXéê1ùô1)&'WsO€q1]zW9‡1 
q¯F1 E¡?Š½km$1

• 

q1 {1VùŠ½)l}’¯ô1 9;$1

"‹ ^}
^}hù 5 9¼½
^} 
ù 9 ; ‹ Õ   < 1 U ^  ‚ ö ^   ‹ `  ^} hù 5 9 $’ »  ¼½ 
Œ‚`0€'éê$’»B1G 
£Þ%ESKâ$€Þhù’Ž8)ml‹w5$1â%8lpX 
1YZ1[\]\0GLÖ 
Ð ‹ ç @U^‹ †øcJ q ÄÅ H)ý)`w5 8 5 ö ^‹ ó UCÔ$1 â‹ :’· 
cJ‚`0€ù 9$’»mÚK' 
ù E%r - p  ÃuV ¨ ¨ ¾1 p‚ q Ê K ' ÝÍ ! ^ ‹ Ø U ©  H ;:  ÃÖ@ 
ùE%r- p ÃF ^ ½Š}H {) €/V Q Î ²1ê c ’” <ý'pc 
hù  ÃØ  ` 0€ ù <  V Ú p \] ^ ‹ e1 f È U z 5 < œ ý ' pc 
‚ 0€ 9)ò}’¯@ý'pcE¡)1q¯„H}•'Š½km 
‹ 
¾1 ; º /V Ì -$1 ^ ‹ :q W 5pq „ …' 1Yr ô1 \] ) 
té’È’0€GÍ'éêY1äLÑù 9$’»m

‹Í1EFG

122 

(»e1#Hp’0€ù 9$’»Y11Š½*

"‹0€BXéê£ù 9mHŠ 
½

*+ 

9$’»Y1¾1¿À1Á186
eZ¿À1Á 
Râ`5 ªH <)”•'Ðq‡¯ÒÓ B´wù <p)^‹š5¿À1Á 
q:‚%b$%&Ø

a¿À1Á 
g1W<1Á 
$’ »)&'8†Q' 9qØ1ÁWE´)’¾¼Å1Ä<5m*

• 

qÔ 9 
'hõâ˲– q RqC1Y1ÁHÎ^8*'¼Hu 
v;ÒÓù 9'm*
†ƒ 
5ö„ Çޅ Ї ùmÚ ‹îq@e1p‚qcÅ’÷' !(hqmm)%âpqÅ&

• 

‹% 

£5 <$’»Y1¾1¿À1Á 
€møk5ÕY‘1Ø߁‚%’ùE%1 Dmڀ⋺5m'ÕÇ€WÃö 
‹æ?)£5ô1) 
߁‚0€ù <€qî 
’¿ù <$’»m)¡3<

• 

߁‚%’ù <$’»K'3<

• 

H}• ' âHK % » ¡ 3< pm )U ^q ¯ eUH}•' <$1

• 

‚q¯ eCH}•'WÚ偂Á’´}

‹Í1EFG 
‚hbÃ%1ÁHuv;ÒÓ 9m*

123

*+ 

91”•'Ä 9Ã31Â196 
9`1^Hˆ 
')€’qúE%1Ã31ÂE%1)^qá ±UBY1* 
UE3’qÊ ab 
-^²âùô1`1ÀW ™^u´*%‚01ùHqé’ÄÃ31 
‹’>Å· 9U€‚% ô1`1ÀWX1YZ1[\] 
‹’>!Ñ 9U€‚%’ 
¨öùqé’ÄÃ31

• 

ÌÍF:ËCúùô1)€‚%’ÄÅ5Y1*Hqé’ÄÃ31

• 

߁‚Ž 
9 U€ ‚ hb g• S H 0 N % ‚ % ’ è  5 Y1q é’Ä Ã31  

• 

‹’>!Î 
ÒñH)§‚$ y• B´w€ –H ˆ')^‚ @? )ÄÃ31 

`49-48 ‫ ^اﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ وﺷﺮﺣﻬﺎ ص‬߁‚Žûù 9)€‚qè 
é’»Cù a DP!

‹Í1EFG
"‹Ä 9Ã31Â

9ŧ
… 206
eZ 9Å· 
· 
Û F Ù 1 hù H )%Û ’ ª L H Ù * ^ ‹ D 5 ) ‹ 0! 5 Å âÅ·  o Y1 
’ª@?)E•hù H0%qR Y’H–Ð_ù 9)Å·H ï/ø 
‚¯ä$)^qRY
124

*+ 

a 9Å· 
· 
ñÅ·1FÅ· a1 9Å·
– 
 9 Y1^‹qUE)q01ùH–Ð _ù 9)F Å· 
5^ºUp¾1R1Y’E•hù?k` 9^p)zé’»–xØ’» 
‹Y’p 

l‹E•U0 
&Z  E p m Ð ^  é’ ô1 $1 t m |& 1 ½  ^ l ‹ ª 5 o´ ¤ ût 0‚  )
/ ‫ رﻗﻢ اﳊﺪﻳﺚ‬422 ‫ ص‬1‫ ^اﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﺔ ـ ﺑﺎب ﻗﻴﺎم اﻟﻠﻴﻞ ـ ﺟـ‬߁‚qE!$ü5)HâEO
`1333 
) Lù Ã1Ô - ê Ê1 ) ö H ý J$ \M ¤ ê âo´ ¤ ût ^ ‹ U ª ø 
[\]\0G^ô1E 
\J ‚ypÃF1*"pPt‹þ 9æ? 
o } þ 2 ³ m F1 p‚ &1ö ù Ã1Ô ' 1 ^: q '´} $1 ’ í U %V p X1 YZ1 
EO &ZEpmÐâ'1tóöÃØ1?J^lY³Bo´¤ûtr1
ƒ 
x ’ eZ  Yß Í· % Î%B 1 ES  ût .5  E• ) ß ‚ q E ! $ü 5 ) H  â  
%’ô1pÃF1‹ 9X1YZ1[\]\0GâE•U^W¬Uªût 
qà ’ä$)  ^ q R Y ’ª æ? ) E• hù H0 ' Ð  _ ù 9) ñ Å· 
îg·)‚ 
EG1 ')Ø w ' 9P: ‹:q z Í @ ‚ Y ’ ª E•hù H ²1ê ' 9

• 

$%&

125 

‹ÍO`5pq@‚Y’ªE•hùHw' 9

• 

‹:qz@Et1O‚Y’ªE•hùHÃö' 9

*+ 

0‚ 9Å· 
· 
ÅH²1ê' 9 
GÍ')1}’»¡$Ž.  9Y1^‹‚ªe1)E•hùH²1ê' 9 
‹»pY  
0‚)‹z 9E•YíU^W¬UF1R}’» 9z 
YZ1[\]\0G^é’ô1E\J$ †"y$11%&¤â< 1™ 
偂YóêöùÃ3÷1’æ?v³1%VpX1 

æÅ1  )‹ È ¬ 2 5 9~ ‹ E•  E\ J $ †"y 1’ æ?v ³1 H 9) 
‹’qô1)Y¹ 
æ?v³1%VpÃF^é’ô1E\J$ †"y$11â%&¤$ 1â< ö 
偂Yóêöù Ã3÷^‹éVùX1YZ1[\]\0GpHý°1’ 

9ùý)qé ’ô1ù 9)<pEbÃÖ1 1"^_’»0‚U 

ù 9 ) < p ö ^    ô1  æ? o • ù 9 )p Ã31 H å A 5 È ¬ 2 5
`270 ‫ ـ ص‬1 ‫‹ ^ﺗﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﺮاوي ﺟـ‬ô1
ÅHw' 9 
’ ‚ H ¼ ¨ X1 YZ 1 [ \ ] ,  ’’ » î  &¨ö ' /1 } \ J T $y
‫ ^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري ـ ﺑﺎب ﺑﺪء‬té’¿1gù ö_ùESUté’
`‫اﻟﻮﺣﻲ‬ 
9 Y†& ý°^ ‹ R q ª H 9 ) ^ l ‹ E• Y†± !a ¤  _ ù ES U H 9 )
`tRp’æÅ1Hzw'p’» 
5ESzmõ1‹:‚Žùp’ESB Û¿*’qºFÞý'Ê1LLÖ 
té’ H ¼ ¨¡ E+ ÑX1 YZ1 [\ ] \ 0G x HV  8 &” U 
‹ Dº Up\] Q BY†&!a¤ ‹% ’Y‚’} Cù  H ¦ 8 
té’%’ªH 9ùÒñ-qé’æÅ1E•Et1O$1^

126

*+ 

ÅHÃö' 9 
ý' 6%VpX1YZ1[\]\0G^ é’ô1²â E\J$ †" y 
$,1 1’ Ú ⍒ ö H $  \  â‹ ‚ Y~ H  ' Ð Õ \ ) ‹ ç †1
`‫ ^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري ﰲ اﻟﻌﺘﻖ‬:’ÄùE´HÝ<¸6H€ :q¯no5IJ 
0G5E•)‹R¤25 9E•E\J$ †"yWÃöÕ\ )H 9) 
$l´$,1 öz¯1t­’¯ 
¸6 öý°‹îq•&X 
1YZ1[\] \ 
­’IJ ö 
æ?o• #’oí51)dl´HÞ¸6z¡1'X1YZ1[\]\0GLÖ 
ý ' } ' ¸6 p - ‹ Ø ³ B X  I&F # ’o 5 £ Åö ^   x Ø ³ B X  ¸6 
ù 6H 1 ) ý° x ’ , ù E+ î  ¸6 5 P  H { )  Á •? 7 
ÄÅ H € 1 Eh  ô6 â‹ ç †1 ý ' 6 ^ ’ V U p ö x :‚ º   z ôŠ 
'¸6’+1 ƒ2 H ¦ !(Y~ý'C âÎ E<vlp ¦î ¸6%V 
(*+5;: 
\GÍGÍ 'p’ 5 5)’ $H Ã3Ãb 8 Y1Þ-$1^‹ Ue1 pq ç†1 ý ' 6 
ßrç†1”•'Ћ$%&Øm&öä)‹:’ÑES 

EØl1p’Å  
U8#OHEØl1Îp’Å 
»5£aê*

—5£aê*H)z¡pq2' 9

æÅ1û¨*$’»H 9

"‹:qeW5Å  
UQH 
‹ŒqcÎW5Å
127

*+  

q%’»¿0$ŽªH)1ql´ 9UHô1Y‘1*

• 

‹ª0¿ 
B Û)^’¥1'’4WsÝ'—)

• 

‹Rqª 
H 9l‹E•k)U^¾’{Y1

• 

qq 
5E•)µì•&X 
1YZ1[\]\0G

£5Å  
o‹` ² $1 ^‹æÅ1  û¨ *  )‹ ¼ ’ Å& 'œ1 \] D 
‹@ 
p 9¡1Y†&e 
1 
Ä1 s BÐ ‹ î ’!‹? X1 YZ1[\  ] \0Gù E• km  ýþ HÅLÖ 
’»  ¿ € q5 ÑæÅ1  û ¨ * cJ q ² H E † ù Å e1 ) ⋠
W¬¯Ô5-ùæÅ1)mhù^:cJ

ïðOH}•' 9Å· 
·
ÅqøY 

ƒ
: "UV 
‹”BE‚ÄÅLH)1!( 
UâÅqúQ k=£ 
¤


‹Í1EFG

128 

(» aú)1eZÅ

"‹Œ‚Iæ?)"’qEØl1Å

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

9!ªÆ‡ÇȅŸ216
eZ 9!Ñ 
_ ùÙ)!Ñ k^’ è Š 5 Ù* ‹ :qD5Ð ‹0! 5 â!Ñ oY1 
û}‘1 ùû H0%–Ð  _ ù 9 ; !Ñ H ï/ø`q  è Š 5Ð 
‹Œ‚@'’0Ùû‘1j%'’¨öùÒñ1q%’è

a 9!Ñ 
ñ!Ñ1!Ñ aY–1 9!Ñ 
g1)qRY’H– 
Ð_ù 9)!Ñ

• 

'qé’» 9*Y1 O¤¹^z‚%ù  ' •')1Y1*

• 

‚%’¹¤Où  
)Hp’» 9’y 
"‚@‚%’» 5Y1}‘1j)’ù 'Y1*

• 

 5m j )’  5H 9O * ­Í ^ ‹ Ú0‚  )‹:‚ý ' 
‚%’» 
‹:’ô1$1x:’õÕ)lxm@´1¼¤Í HÃÌ1p’ô1 9!Ñ 
\]\0G^ô1E 
\J$ †"ypÃF1’ 
"pÃFâPFp´Í 
1’¯H ¦`€l 
H»Ú%VpX1YZ1[ 

Ô1p’t ôGk pÃ`Ì Q z Íx ø< b  pH}êoñù \]LÖ 
 ²1ê…5 p’!‹   -' ’õ H– ù <$’ » Ã1‘1 ý'p 
Yþ 5 UH Þ œ qø< b \] Ñ `1Ãq Å? êÌ^x U. 5) 
‹:>z

129

*+  

p’ ô1 ' 9 ) ^ ‹ O E• U‹ % ’ ª  5 PF p Í H ) ý° ‹ !Ñ 9 U 
) p ñ   é’ ô1  E \ J $ †" y $1 1  ,1 -  l  ’ 
™ ¤ ‘ ¾1 
‹Œ‚%Þ ±5p’Yþ 9BY1'ЋÕ; 
 9U‹»æ?o– 9 
g1Ñ)qRhùH0 
'Ð_ù 9)ñ!Ñ 
9E\ J $ †"yH ñw 0‚) } ’  ¨ö ÒñQH0 ' 9Y1

• 

Hßq“UÍÑ>5\I¦&1k‹H}•'V'ÕEÍl‹ 
p )GØ •^ ¤` ! Uù GØ ' )^ ‹:’ÇL’b æ?)l‹$1 m 
:q`WUùGØ•')^‹Y’)LHÒñ' 9)pÃ31Q‹Ã
`‫ وﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ اﻟﺰﻛﺎة‬، ‫‹ ^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري ﰲ اﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ÃGØp)^ 
B ´  U  –  Ç ù 0 ' Y‘1 1 } F  – ' 9 Y‘1 ù 0 ' 9  Y1

• 

Ws' %ö«GÍ'Y¹ 1 sl‹È1 O$10‚)‹:‚ý'" 
p Y¹ v ¾ " 5%  Y¹  $1^: % ’# $ ù Ã1 Ã1–  Ø9 G p
‫ ـ ص‬2‫ ¯  ^ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ ﺑﻐﺪاد ﺟـ‬ª hù H ) 1 % ±l  @? w w ù Ã 1 Ã1–  < D
`20

EØl1 
UQHEØl1úp’`k^H <'Ã31ú 
’²1ꍒô1 <)1Ãq•?m)êÌ^:Â 5ôGk

• 

Ì"5='¿À 91W<'þ]

• 

‚q 
¨ö5Òñ' 9ª 
$$

£5  

5 ɂ U^`shù H E• ) € ‚ ’ y" ‚ H 9ý 'p  5ôGk  
:’`hù1'ÃÌ1p”P9G^l‹H 9U‹

130

*+  

E•w¡pq 
7ý$1´µ ‹ɂU €‚Dj"'%1&'þ]*@ 
‚Y’» 
€q:’EOÃzU$1§‹1'F1p’ªHro)€‹º5 µþ0­%ªWÃö 
‹:‚%}{“ùY1)1‹’‚qµ%)H}•'p’ÒÓù 9 
‹Õz <1â 9!Ñ

ïðOî 9!Ñ 
 9 !Ñ U ^‹†øz   ^  â!$F1FÖ!ªÆÇÈUV Ë !\Fm !( Y  

qRH– 9HЋîÕ^}

‹Í1EFG 
(» aú)1eZ 9!Ñ

"’qEØl1H01– 9

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

†
ƒ ÊV
Ÿ
£

‡
9ÌÍFœ ËCÉ· … 226
eZ 9ÌÍF:ËCú 
š5)1‹S59 â:ÙRÄÅ‹š5)1‹0!O%&âCoY1 
q:‚%bÄÅhùH– 
h 
q5Ð 
_ù 9)UH ï/ø‹0–âÌÍqF‹ 
æ?)–Y‘11A-B-C-D-E^qæ?)–H1qR 
»1 9LÖ 
<,$ DpB‚º,ù–)H)^‹:qÊU0 GA-B-D-E^q 
ù C H – Ç 1 ‹ :‚ % { w ù – Y‘1 H E ) € Ãq —h $%& Y1 ' – Y‘1 1 Ãq  
‹qS 
T1pqFùY1*e1Ћ:‚ºÄÅ 
‹ :q eC):³`VhùH0' 9)‹– 9º# D5¸})
131

*+  

  ¸}o H 0% – 9 $1 ^ ‹ ’  —u õ ) H }• ' 9 p \] } ^  
Y1䍒»Ñ 
é’`

0‚ 9ÌÍF:ËCú 
1â(1$1 â À " $1â \{ ¤ ) $1 â Ci ¤ âM $1 â *âµì¤ 
¯BÃ1*%VpX1YZ1[\]\0G^ é’ô1E\J+"y(1
`‫ ^رواﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ـ ﻛﺘﺎب اﳉﻨﺎﺋﺰ‬1’&Z'’ 
?z¯1,

æÅ1
æÅ1ÆÅ
ÆÅH0‚ 
B EÛ ÃÖ1  H ô ' À " }‘1 1 * €  ‹   ÄÅ B EÛ 1 H 9 ) 
* ' K ' µì¤e1  ) € ‹ º5 ÆÅ H  ' * W Ãö ‹ S T  Y1e1  ÆÅ 
,$ Ci¤âMpµì¤H»E%1;pÃ31Âùý°‹ST Y1 
‹»HÒñ¥1pÃ`ÌpHô1 < 
pý° ‹ ST 1 pq F ù µì¤ e1  ) € â‹ º5 ÆÅ'  'À" W Ãö 
p8†Âp‹`’hù5À"Hô1 <;Ci¤âMpÃ31 
ËÅH) 5À"1^‹ô1(1ù 9),$ p\M¤)^‹»æ
`‹

éêp’ùÆÅ 
ÆÅ
ÆÅ 
1éêp’ùÆÅ 
Ãq†$%&Ã31'ô11ÆÅY1')âqï'ÆÅô1l

• 

q$Žût’ô1 9,$ DC-5Y1ÃØ1âql´ÄÅB ÛÐ

• 

ù ô1  ÆÅ ï 1 å ‚ Y ž# ù ô1 1 ÆÅ N € q ¯ Yí —ê Ñ   H  % ÃÖ1 U  
‹:‚Ž¨!ùô1;e1oßq5Ö^²5U߁‚%}{9

132

*+ 

EźîÆÅ 
ÆÅ
ÆÅ 
é‚š«Eź1î {ÄÅù *H– 
q9– 
^‹l´`UH)€qRô1’í 
ÕûH)1q:‚%b¯ÄÅH–Ð

• 

}‘1 pm )^‹îUÑ ò âq Ñût- 9, $ DC- 5m/

• 

qù 9)DC'm)p}‘11 9 
)W s§‹î 0— R » H) €âDº‘1 Ø‹ , U € ‹ º 5 Dº¡€ W Ãö 
Ãql´ý'ôÍ)z{1|}LÚéÞ£5ÆÅzÊ1

êOî 9ÌÍF:ËCú 
ÌÍF:ËCú.!(Y 

‹Í1EFG 
(»eZÌÍF:ËCú

• 

('½BŽù!($’»B1

9!Î236
eZ 9!Î 
qÊ ® H # 1‚ q Ê 0ÄHro *‹ š5 Ћ© 5!/â!Î o Y1 
'}‘1 1#õ1 ’’2¼EO0 ý°‹  !/ 'Ã10 UH øk‚ 
I’q&B1 
  '}‘1HEu D q R ô1 ù l ‹ :‚Ž ù 9; UH ï/ø 
q:‚%bÒhùH§Ãq

133

*+ 

æÅ1
æÅ1eZ 9!Î 
Y1  ;E%1 DU q ¯ zî ’Ñ´ Ð q:‚ %b Ò @H Ð ‹ ’’q 9$1 !Î 
‚Y¯ž#B}‘1ùô1”•'ÐÃq  '} 
‘1o'EulÃq

éêp’4!/ 
/ 
ÚŒ‚%`{!ÎWÊ1)ù 9*^‹:q eUæÅ1)1eZ 9!Î 
Ãq’‚hb¯éê1H)^W 
q¯zî(Reconciliation)’ÊÑ´HÐ 
q:‚%bÄ@HE%1ú 9

• 

îÑÛž#BY‘1ùô1”•'ÐÃq  '}‘1o'Eu–E%1

• 

q¯ 
H 9 ) € q  ‚  Ê Ñ´ 3 ' æÅ1 * H  % q î Û ž# B Y‘1 ù ô1   
RY ’ÊÑ´H1¨ ’ÏB)P€‹RYž#ùô1*ß‚q7!/ 
¨’ÏB < D€‹

a 9!Î 
ÇHñ!Î1!Îâ‹Œ‚vH a1o'j 
!/ù 9!Î 
‹’‚hbB´$%&Õ 
‹ 9U0‚!Î 
% â Dš  X1 YZ 1 [ \ ] \ 0G p ÃF H Ð ‹ 9  E \ J x" y 
à  k^ Ãå ' 1 q â%Vp ö Ãq Ø Séq 3 0•' ö HW\ 0G
`‫ ^رواﻩ اﻟﱰﻣﺬي ـ ﻛﺘﺎب اﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ‬q’3 
0•}~pEG1'`!„Bôu 
»  ‹ô1  – & " ù 9)‹!Î 9U^ é’ »q  
5^ 0´ y1‹  ô1`ïï  5™^ !p Y1* €y‹ :‚%b!/H  $’ 
Tp*1WE\J'p*â‹ %‚WE\ J x"y–…5)p*`GÍ'– hq

134

*+  

Êv+H1`îÛž#ùô1*e1ÐÂY1'Ãß1 DW}\J 
`îэ’ 
‹ 9U0‚ 9ñ!Î 
] \ 0G ^  é’ ô1 } \ J  4 5© $y$11  6 $1 â $°" $1 â ê YŸ# 
‹Y?î0Ñ$1+'O ù&â%Vp 
ö€0 GîOù&X1YZ1[\ 

U^_yš‹`Y?1hùî0$1+'Où&‹ô1HÒñ 9fpe¤ 
‹`7€hùЋ!/@

"‹ŒqC 
1)!/ 
/ 
U ^ ‹ î Ñ U q Ø ’ ô1 ù 9 z  H Òñ ú $1  ‹ Œ q C1 Ñ  Y1  * !/ 
qØ’ô1ù 9)HÒñú}‘1†Hý°‚qÃ31á&!/

e1pq“' 9!Î 
’`ÒÓB´w ù 9Y1^‹:’z”*E•)!/^‹U e1pq“' 9!Î 

êOî 9!Î

ƒ V
†
T
¡ 
!·É U »Ë!Í· ÎÈUV!(£¤<

‹Í1EFG

135

"‹!/H 9

• 

(» a 9!Î

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

9υ¥ÐчŸ246
eZ 9û  

8û o’ªH ³ù!(%ý‹D5Ћ0!59âûoY1 
} L5L'’èùÒñe 
1)1W’ªH ³ù!(l_ùm)l‹ 
qRY’ª 
Hƒ 
o%Òñ0aÃ31Â'Ð_ù 9 

)UH ï/ø

Ê1H 9û 
ô1ù 9^‹e1)H)‹— à1E˜zôŠ—U`5 9ûH 9^ 
zq  l­ÌêÌz1:5 5/)‚%x!5âÃqRq&‘ÃzlÃ31Hp’ 
Ãq 9<1†

a 9û 
‹vÃÆ?Î 9ûpWs
vo'C´ ‫۔‬1 
‹Œ‚vH a1ù 9ûo'C´ 
qù 9)‹ô1ؐ¤ ¹p< 
HЋ 9$10‚)9H

• 

‹%“;¤ ¹p ¤ª
‫  اﺣﺘﺠﺮ ﻓﯽ‬Òñ U H Ð ‹ 9  E \ J ût ¤ C& y 0‚  ) 9 H 0
† 
) ù 9) p $º%ï £ †V ¤ %V ä ô5  H < pX1 YZ1 [ \ ], k‫اﳌﺴﺠﺪ‬

• 

ðñH<pX 
1YZ1[\],k‫اﺣﺘﺠﻢ ﻓﯽ اﳌﺴﺠﺪ‬â‹È“æ?
vo'e 
19 ‫۔‬2 
a19Ño'e1 
e1 Ð :b `¬ B´w ù ×F1 ³ ^‹U e1 )‹ ’‚ qEt1OU 9H  ³
136

*+ 

‫ ‹ ﻣﻦ ﺻﺎﻡ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺒﻌﻪ ﺳﺘﺎ ﻣﻦ‬9 U 0‚  ) ‹ ’q q ¯ l´ 5 —= % > !à 
9 )» Ñ}&1 µ '0} K') 1» }&1 '  pÐk‫ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﻝ‬ 
Ðk‫ﺌﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﻝ‬,‫ﻣﻦ ﺻﺎﻡ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺒﻌﻪ ﺷ‬â‹%“æ?) ªpjx"ù 
Y1‡)'’LH0 }K')1»}&1' p 
ò"‹’‚qFª”•'í1'¾1R%R¯B´wù 9Et1Q9HR

• 

0ÑF ® l ‹ 9$1 0‚  ) ‹ ?¬ û 1 hù @ ø  ) F1 R1 ‹A" L F1 
‹%“!9Fø1ù )pÃ`ÌQ§‹Rô1
vo'š1û ‫۔‬3 
‹’qæ?1Ñ9o'š1û 
¿B1¾‚)9Hû

• 

:‚Ⱦš@hù)§‹œ{ HÝ 
<øk€û5 9H)9Hš

• 

" hV  ý' OB p X1 YZ1[\] , ^‹ U0‚  ):q`€ l ‹
ƒƒ 
p X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G ^ ‹ ø< ê U ù u Y âR ¯ ’ K 9 U YÍ· κ¦ o´ 
ù}C)OBýF<‹OB¢D5OBH 9)^EU$1hVý} 
' ¾1 p’ @v ¿  ¨ö ' ) Y&Z ^:^ ‹ " ±ß •Í - F1  ³ &Z ^ l  _
`hVp 
öý
v 9û£¤<4 
‹vH a1ù 9û@?1p£ 
¤<
ù Å%ù z^ ‚ q C1  H —=ª § ‹y• € ×H Ð ‹ 9$1Uû

`‚ȬŠ 
ùÅ%{ùz^‚qC 
1H¼ª§‹y•€ ×HЋ 9$1UF
`‚%’èH

137

*+ 

"‹:‚á 
 ±BY1e 
19 
mhùý°:³`VhùBuvp’ÒÓ 9))€ ‚q91ÔY1* 
m1Á$1^‹D5 ) €q :’ `ª^ 9EO $1 § ‹ `µb  p’ ªp Y±c Ñ 
‹`5Ò'Y1Â1‹

e1p’9EO 
9¡^‹e1f‹:’!(ï4C 
*ù 9l‹’’%‚qEt1OY1)9 
‹:’ô1 9’7³!(ï4lcJ’`0€ù 9m)^‹Žp 
W 9 ) G  H 1 ) R  H (630-900AD) Ã3L · Ç # $%& 817 1 ô1  9LÖ 
—â1”•'pÞ¯—=BÒñ‚²³wwùû*’SH!(é^x¨q¯P%y# 
e1 )téq¯ l´ B Òñ Ñ!š  1 C• æ?o xà áV H $…1%1: âÒ 1
¥ Rº% ® Rº% ® 
x:’%‚q}Et1«’VHÒñz! 1!  
Ô *' ¹% ¹ ')ù!( ^  ·•?U p\] ý'p’1 ù ¸}) G  
mÚ*\] ^  Á HÈ p @?) ‹ ¯ y• `5`9^ ª^: ‚ 1½ 1  
5 Ò) '—u) q :’ ô1 9’ 7³ ' ïù !( lt é’ ¯ 0€ù 9 
B= )óB1G5•&™šýþH1$l´ Rê?}ÒHH 9817l‹:q$&” 
ù 9¯Ø `y•HCA1£ Ue1)â‹ qÍ`5pqªY–H ³^‹Â‰ 
­qø<1äáâ  
³†*$ñt•

ïðOî 9û

138

† 
Ï% £ÐÑ£¦q

• 

\ßXæø™X

• 

\ßEIYJû"

*+ 

‹Í1EFG 
(» aú)1eZ9

"’qEØl19

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

9ÒÓ1Ô256
eZ 9Ô 
J B 2Û ' ôO ‹ š 5 Ô ‹ :’ †ø ù ôG ^ l ‹ 0!  5 [ âÔ  o Y1 
'ô1—h$%&-Y‘1*^l_ùô10€st;ÔH ï /øq(Exceptional) 
q?

æÅ1
æÅ1eZ 9Ô 
ô1Y‘1éq¾1p’ÒÓù <1'’fY1')ý°‹’’ q0€stô1Ô 
e11*%qô1ù%ÃqÂ$%&Y1')^‹’qe1)ž#stØ)
`‹’>ÒÓ$1‚Yž#ù 9Ð^qRYž# 
%V1‹Áp£¤<~‹eZ$1U§‹ ÄH8†îeZ 9Ô
`37 ‫‹ ^اﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ وﺷﺮﺣﻬﺎ ص‬rst$%&eZUHW'E<øâ‹

"‹:‚%bÎ`qÔ^1[
1[ 
‹ 9U0‚p‚b1[H–‹Œ‚%b1[HÃÖ10%– 
 9*
† 
ô1F\J)S¤y$11$ï Ïz¡$1âÛ¤1¼$1â:¤Ã1–ke¤âhzâYŸ# 
hù ' 6 $’ &ö  G5 )  q EâH p& 'X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \0G m ^  é’ 
xÒ’&öz¡$1~x¯þ1

139

*+  

HЋ«– ú–)pC&¤Í‹ô1Ñ$…1:ç¤ù 9)p:¤
† 
`’hù5F 
\J)S¤y§‹ô1ï$ Ïz¡1Û¤1¼pÃF 
Hro'õ1’ /Ñ C&¤Í ‹Yž#ùô1:¤p»<"HÃß1ÃÖ1 
‹Yž#”•'åEOùô1:¤p»<"§Y1 
‹ 9U0‚p‚b1[H0 
²âE\J$ †"y $1 1’ 
"$1âP$1â%&¤9ÌM –kYŸ#1ô" 
G ^$1 K ')€ }’  &Z  Ë hù »Úâ%V pX1YZ1 [\] \ 0G ^  é’ô1 
GBL1’`€‹J 

‹»pÃ`ÌHåAl‹E•ú)p9ÌMHp’ »ù 9 )^_p  
9ÌMHÃ1ÔÂ'PÔ5 ö^¯‹Ï5X1YZ1[\ ],GBL1’K'Ë 
´'Ï' öù)Ôy•'5^‹’ô1B´'0u'-ù 9)lmÚz
`é ’ô1B

eZ 9ÒÓ 
¿B1¾‚)‚%{Ôù 9Y‘1”•'úÌÐ_ù 9)ÒÓ

£5 9ÒÓ1Ô 
߁‚0€ù 9ÒÓ1߁‚%’ù 9Ô

‹Í1EFG

140 

(»VH 9ÒÓ1Ô

• 

(ȣ5̅1

*+  

×B <ÕÃÖ1110n543 
v
v 9o'Ø16 
aJ 9o'p‚š!‹
oõ 9

²â

• 

²K

oõ 9
eZoõ
oõ 9
oõ 
l‹:‚ Ž oõù 9ù 9;H ï /øµb ‹ š5 )‹ Ø )õâoõ o Y1 
\qéqX1YZ1[ \]m’,…5– 9)q!‹?1µÉ\koõE 
‹:‚‰W 

V
oõ 9 
VH6ö{1oõ
oõ 
L邁bVÎH6 
ö{1oõ 9 
 \ ï  5 oõ 9 5  ó š 0&  ?   \ ÃÖ1 ƒo 1 Òñ ' ö{ 
'X1YZ1[\]\0GÒñ1‹?

141

*+  

:‚`E1½ES~ùoõ 95‹:‚E1½ES~ù6ö{

• 

—ê#€ý'oõ 9q_#€WP$1^‹Y1äUý'pq25ö{'ôö*

• 

‹` 

åoõ 
oõ <
oõ 
‹B1LG1åU‹`$%&åoõ <ØY <

0‚oõ
oõ 9
oõ 
1 µÉ \ ö 1  X1 YZ1[ \ ] , $1 â E \ J " y Hw kñ 
pH1‹È’ ¼BEkùMpHW1Ã}~} â%Vp\^é’ô1
16‫ ^ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺑﺸﺮح اﻟﻨﻮوي ـ ﺟـ‬1’¯MB}‘1»€‹%{ ¼Ñý} 
V
`‫ وﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‬131 ‫ـ ص‬

Òñ'p’ô1oõ
oõ 9
oõ 
‹ ô1HÒñ'æ?1ùoõ 9 
ô1  ÷1h ! - p X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G k "‫"ﻗﺎل رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺮوﻳﻪ ﻋﻦ رﺑﻪ ﻋﺰوﺟﻞ‬

• 

%Vԁqé’ 
YZ1[\]0G'))^ %VÔ p\k"‫ ﻋﻨﻪ رﺳﻮل اﷲ‬$‫ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ روا‬،‫"ﻗﺎل اﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﯽ‬

• 

ô1pX1

ïðOîoõ
oõ 9
oõ 
0 <272pÃF H)‹ R êNã <F• OE©—F Y1P ô1M H{) 

‹Í1EFG
"‹:‚ŽQoõ 9

142

*+  

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

ƒ
‡ 26
9²ªÙÚ
eZ 9²â 

)Ø 9)^‹Ue1  Uù 9q‹š5Ћ0!5mâ²âoY1 
Ð ‹ :‚ Ž ²âù 9; H ï /ø X1 YZ 1 [\ ] , k ‹  e 5  ‹ ?  R 
*3'’´}k^ =%3âÏâÔ5 öH 9)qRX1YZ1 [\]\0GØ 
‹:q»ù` E&‚ 5

æÅ1 
Z 9²â
æÅ1e 
\]\0GØ` E&‚’$'´}k^ =%3âÏâ0u*HЋ:‚Žù 9;²â 
%q:$– 9:³`Vhù)âp1*%q»p™ 
*ØU 
qRX 
1YZ1[ 
’‚qwÔô1Õ†9â:â!â0´H²â o'eZ) å>z²â$1â9 
l´Ñr 
Ø| 
H{)§‹OeZU‹

a 9²â 
aJ 9²âo'eZ 
qRX 
1YZ 1[\]-Ø0u*HÐu²â

• 

qRX1YZ1[\]-ØÏ%ž*Hа²â

• 

51  )p ö €  •Í' X1YZ1[\]- 5 hù ^q »UHÐ Y = ²â

• 

‹Œ‚ûtqɂ5 5))` 
qRX1YZ1[\]-Ø3*HÐS1²â

¾‚
¾‚ 9²â 
%VpX1YZ1[\]\0Gâ}’»U1hù%™^‹U0‚u²â
143

*+  

5 U  æ? ) p X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G â}’ » U 1 hù % ™ ^ ‹ U 0‚  ° ²â

• 

 
@ H ål´  X1 YZ1 [\]\ 0Gâ}’ » U1hù % ™ ^‹U0‚Y = ²â

• 

%Vä)’S 
ù 5)p ö^qR¯ ô1E•U 
$OH Ã`ÌX1YZ1[\] \0G â}’ » U 1hù % ™ ^‹U 0‚S1 ²â

• 

tw<'?

‹Í1EFG 
(»eZ 9²â

• 

(» aú 9²â

… 36
9Ûª¬
eZ 9u´ 
… 5Ð ‹:‚Ž ù 9)UH ï /øÙhq Ygk ‹0!5 u1 âu´ oY1 
%ž â0u* H Ð ‹ ’q 9$1 UÃq é ‚b¯ Ø …  ')1 ‚ µ ’ ‰ B ™ – 
qR™Ø =

æÅ1
æÅ1eZ 9u´ 
:q!‹á& % 1‹:‚ q7’‰B™–…5Ћ’q$1 9u´ 
‹’>zu´ 9Uâ9%q:$–‹

¾‚
¾‚ 9u´ 
» 9z 1Ã`Ìâ%VpE\J™¤ay^‹ô1UY¹0‚uu´

• 

"¨1’!‹Lq0G')1\»q‚»~1’ 
hV I &Z HÝ<  ŒpF\J)S ¤y â‹0u U 5Y¹ 0‚°u´
144

*+ 

`82 ‫ ص‬1‫^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري ـ ﻛﺘﺎب اﻟﺘﻴﻤﻢ ـ ﺟـ‬ 
`ä  ) p ÃF§  5 U•Í '™  â‹ 0u U 5: Q 0‚ Y =u´

• 

%V

0Ù5u´û 
E;qµ’‚B1*$1+'™–… 
5Ð 
‹:‚0ÙH} 
•' 9;ùu´û 
B ƒÍ- 3 % ‹ u´ B Y†& !a ¤ 9 U ⁂ Ž ^ ‹ U 0‚  ) ‹ :‚ È  B ´ ¥1 H 
‹u´

eZu´& 
&'ÍÃ
ÍÃœ 
\]‹:‚Ž&ù 9u´1_ù 9²â&'œ¾1›'ÍÃ`Ht11{^ 
’%ô1‹š5ЋTE&Uý°_&ù†H

‹î <u´1p‚Y{²â 
9U^‹:q$&”°1Ü}UH)§‹’qu´ 9hùHC%ÒñY†ø-Et1Q 
‹’q²â€§u´†\ 9Uý°‹% 5V²â ù 9)‹z²âø 
îgU) 
$1z¯1qîû* E•$1z¯âq¯²³p’§HÐyE•;hù™

• 

‹’q²â 9$1€ÃqOH} 
•'p’ô1!(s™ 
9î$…1µWEX5zEG1'J 
  

Y+I¦15âZz_î´'š  

ßrçU5)€¨1’ 5U⁂ŽUzC!„%!)Bp’ù 5^8*  

H}•'E\Jay^ q¯²³hùp’§HÐqØ’ 5@hù™  

š²ù$%&1H[†H&ZDÅGpÃF^‹:‚» 
x:q`)ãżhù8H)%t 
é’ŽU%té’æ?)P^’»U™
145

*+  

U^‹Ur 
|w€ qp&'X1YZ1[\]\0Gº5ž10u)' 
  

'X1 YZ1 [ \]\ 0G êÌ Pâ éV E\J ‚ y^ ‹ ²â 9
`‫ ^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬té’0hHp& 
W s € q  ¯ t  p& ' X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G º 5 ž 1 0u '    

Y PÚ â‹Ô 5z E \J ‚y^  ‹ u´ 9U &'ôO
`‫ ^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري‬té’Ž\\€é#&Ú1é’Žu\€é‚? 
U0‚ ) ‹ ’q 9²âÑU€ ä  5 )%% £ 5 5)8 âyU™ 

• 

‹ 
E] 'It1 ¯ •1 1 E]' ùE \J 0$ y z ÔU 5 Q 
`‫ ^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬%£5¯• 
51¯•Í}1%µ1_ 
'}&`8â’V}\J^ $y 

(‫ )اﻟﺒﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬:‚ 
Yb * m $Ž YÔ hù  ^ ‹ 4 U â é’ !‹E \ J Wy a " 

(‫¿} )اﻟﺒﺨﺎري وﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬EÍKâ'YÔÃØ')€}’YÔJ 
‹’q²â 9U€¾"Òñ^8 LGÍ' '™qé’» 9âY15 9
ƒ
ƒ 
d1 1 `‹  %‚ ^   Ç Þ%1 â`‹ %²– ^ $% ÞU"% 1 â`‹    ^ c   J Òñ ^8 U

• 

é’»d1E\J$ †"y$1 l‹ 9Ś0‚) `‹ô1^

(‫` )اﻟﺒﺨﺎري‬Y::ÃBj¨^åÃqpeö¨’. u;êÌP 
)‹’q²âÑ 9$1€qØ’»î01&Ô'ôö*6ö{ù 9*™ 
H(Vegina)$fêYkmhù^té’ ŽUYgâ‹0u5E\J ‚y0‚ 
p\`ý'p’1ùS T^)‹’qhF1)€}’Ïi‚M) 
t E B1&  qJ  @? Ð G j  k ý }V · YV ^  0& ôö

(‫ )ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬1’
146

*+  

stEçLH <LÖ 
1 g ™hù ù EG1 ' š % J ^ ‹ R hÞ e1 ) —ê  p’ ¯ ô1  !( s

• 

k&FE•UpÃF^‹D5)€é’`@$1­’»Ñ’K4'Y¶ 
x¯>hù1$1+')5W'ý°å 
qzX 
1YZ1[\]Å} †•  R ' €} $ Ô  Ú H E B1& ‹ •? ’õ  5  l 0h

• 

té’ l@?)êÌHÝÍ!‹:‚Ž0h€}’ 
é’ $†Ð 5 Ym õ O B Ã1&` · ^ ‹ U . 5 –1  p‚  ' }&` ù ·

• 

! =q 
”1} ¨ù JYb^‹E•  – Y–H 9 îp¿ EÍ )b 'JYb

• 

EÍ Í & Í )b ' ) ù ”1}  e1 ) ‹ :q 5 Ê1 ý ' pq nð H † ¨ 1 
‹%£5p¿ 
Ï i B Û w H Åo ' $…1 }±p ”1} ^ ‹ U   p’ Ï i  ‚ M

• 

‹%{ ¼ùÏY¦…B´¥1H <Rp’ÏY¦…^¯}’

"‹Œ‚0F
F 9u´ 
'w 9u´^‹:qÊU0 G‹qÑL“âxâw 9u´^ 
‚P^  
u´€Høk^‹U!l5)"­‚ô.Û܁qé’0FH´¸)€qÒ 
) ý'pqût£¸1^‹×B0Ã10u ' ’Uý°­‚š`. ‹¸ 9 
`‹Y1äqºX 
1YZ1[\]\0G5 
—hâ 9“·)€‚qûtw 9u´^×’»PH—!^  
²â â 9 u´ ‹H E ) U té’ Y1‡  4 H 0< †  ^ ‹ U e1 ) ‹ ’‚ q 
‹qzæ? 9²âU€qV 
²â$1q¯V

147

*+ 

‹Í1EFG
"‹VH 9u´1²â

"‹Œ‚%{ 9²âBÃ1X£ù 9u´

9²ªÆ¡‡ ¢…Ÿ46
eZ 9²K 
;H ï /ø ‹ S 5 q F k ø1 U q r ‹ š 5 ) 1 ‹ 0! 5 - â²K  o Y1 
':H 9;‚q7’‰B`:e^1*$1+')%:–…5Ћ :‚Ž²Kù 9 
‹:‚»ùž10u

æÅ1
æÅ1eZ 9²K 
9 91²K‹:‚q7’‰Bž10u'1*%:e%: –…5Ð ‹’q 9$1²K 
’q $1 9²K ‹ :q  0º 5²K 1–  9 º5 99‹ ú }‘1  
Ð ‹’q$1 99® ')q:W:)–)/‚»ž 10u5:HЋ 
:q`ºhù05)qqr…5–

¾‚
¾‚ 9²K 
&Z')â‹îp’&ZHI¼½^l‹0uU5[\¥Y¶x0‚u²K
`‫‹^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري‬B)Y?Š 
½)ý°1’È7³ 
HT$Bw'0û1s-1-`:^1Nâ‹0uU5s¤¤5 0‚ °²K
`96 ‫ ـ ص‬2 ‫ ^ﺣﻠﻴﺔ اﻷوﻟﻴﺎء ﺟـ‬I¯_h 
ù´Y1Þ10û1s`æ?)’²1ê&Z1‚

£5p’. ‹¸ 9²K 
*éUý°Œ‚`0F)Htê ‹l1•')âq$Žût 
: 9²K/ 
) € ‹ 9²â ø U ^ q :q W U   Ãq l´ z{ 1 |} Ú L ÃØ ‹ ž % 0u 5 @
148

*+  

û ' ’ ’  5 : âY1 Q ^‹ U 0‚  |} ‹ :’q 5 9 ! l ß q £ z 15 ) H E 
íô1@?²âpÃFkc 

91²K 
5–Ћ’q 9$19é’0Ùý' 99ù²KûpƒX10Ôz\]Q 
5E<øpÃF^‹Ue1p’@'0Ô ‹`OH\] æøUqqT8… 
‹È 
’ 
 W9* 
H—'E<ø0ÙU5ƒX @¡pq·—

"‹’ 
‚hbÎ 9²K
ƒ
~™¤Ï£… T… ‡Ÿ

• 

&M¹

$[u¤1»<"â ç¤

• 

'  : 1    ^‹ U $á©  5 âÃq Ú ¯ B Ò ' ²â / < ²K 1 u´ LÖ 
Eb U ý° :‚  ` 0Ù H p’ ût 'Uê ‹ / ù E%1  ‹Œ q W 5 0Ñ 1 0u 
P ôŠ î  8 Þ ' : 1  1 Eêo  1 ) E%1 U §  ` ¾1 p’ 3 kê 
’’PVEe

‹Í1EFG

149 

(»VH 9²K1u´

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

ƒ Ÿ
9ÝÜ Þ… ߇ 56
eZ 9ü 
_ù 9²â)üH ï/øÙR!‹‹š5Ћ0!5–âüûoY1 

qqFWX1YZ1[\]\0G…5–Ð

0‚ 9ü 
é’ô1 9UY¹  
J$ †"ypÃF1ŚpÃF⍱"pÃFâ8p.3¤\M 
0 Hv  '* » (Ú â%V pX1 YZ1 [\] \ 0G ^ô1 E \
`‫^اﻟﺒﺨﺎري‬ôeôEÍùv )€‚ 
‹qFWX1YZ1[\]\0G’¾²1ê–…5Ћ 9²âU

‹Í1EFG 
(»eZ 9ü

†
9œ„ ¥ £… ‡Ÿ66

eZ 9:

†
 
_ù 9;UH ï/ø‹S59 
UqF‹š5Ћ©5œ ®â:H ïY1 

q7–…’‰W™*%X1YZ1[\]\0Gkqu´%²âU/qq F –…5Ð  
‹:‚ŽÑ 90´‚

0‚ 9: 
[\ ] \ 0G—`¼ ¤ \Mk^ ,1 ' —\M ¤ ­Í—!a¤—8‹ U0‚²â :

150

*+  

%Vp öX1YZ1 
_¼¤F\J¼¤—m—8‹U0‚u´:

"‹Œ‚Ž:Ñù0u': 
\] —êU‹Œ‚Ž :ù0u) ’ Þ—ê ÃØ â‹`, ±:o ù0u ': ^ _ yš 
%â‹:WY¼&!a¤%â‹:W1¤RU⁂Ž^‹U0‚) ‹’‚hb H w' 
:ù <Õ)‹:‚Ž²Kù <^‹ÑUxH)$…1$…1â‹:W8 
éqS}‘1lé‚q Ú1'ÙzHyEt1«^ ‹Ï5æ?o±  

×u L H —† ‹  o ' 9 — 
‹ ` H š aê q ¯ % q , 5E• * ÃB LÖ 
‹‚÷H—)Ö'é‚q’ü

‹Í1EFG 
(»eZ 9:

"‹VhùHÃÖ1( 9ü¯&´5:

EàE%&76
š5EàE%& 
; 
ÒÓù 91q5’fl_ùm)ÂÂâEz1‹0$%&âE%&oY1 
opÃ31Â1L?Y‘11âqô1H&”pÃ31ÂLù 9*q˜Ñuv 
é>EàE%&ÒñËÅU€q%’ô1GÍ'ÒñËÅLù 9

151

*+ 

8†'EàE%& 
$%& ¡ U  H ‹ %  ²³´ 5 4 k ù p’ 0 ` 1 p’ ø< W 5 EàE%& p W s Q 
O
Yíª%&¤¤\Mx"

ƒ‚Óí"

’¾¤mZÌ"

Û5EàE%& 
ËÅH–?Y‘1‹ŒqÄÅ5û%ý *UH0   ‚hb HÃÖ1 –1 0Eà E%& 
‹q: 9!1²ââ 9u´hùHˆ'Òñ

£5ÆÅ
ÆÅH0
ÆÅ 
‹:‚%bÄHWsH}•'ÆÅH0 
‚’0€oWsQ

• 

’oQ

• 

ÆÅ ï¡p Ð Ãqô » pY1 ol ’ ùÒñËÅ' 9*WsQ

‫ ^ﻋﻠﻮم‬Ãq ô ô1 pY1 Â1* l ‚’0€ ùÒñËÅW sU dô1 9'
`424 ‫ واﻟﻜﻔﺎﻳﺔ ص‬77 ‫اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ص‬ 
Y1Ö 1‹vvOU‹vH a·o'0€1'ùEà$%&pæv¤ 
‹Ñ´vo 
Ñp$…1 
oU߁‚0€`€Ãq‹’« 
¯ ïS 9*Ã31ÂâÒñËÅ' 9

• 

qô1pm*læ? 9 
æ? 9ÔU߁‚%’`€ÃqS 9*Ã31ÂâÒñËŁ

152

*+  

€‚qý'0<E^8*⣸%‚q—1£ChùÃ31ÂâÒñËŁ

• 

)^‹ Ur | w â _Y1Ö  `E•hù p æv ¤H }• ' ÒñËÅ ' Õ) 
é’C#){5Åt'p’0€ùÒñ810Ô ^cJ’0€ùÒñ'Õ
`247 ‫ ـ ص‬1‫`^اﻧﻈﺮ اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ ﺟـ‬

¾‚
¾‚EàE%&
ÄÅï' ïS 
‹ 9Uñ0‚ÆÅï' ïS 
X1YZ1 [ \] \ 0G^  ô1  E\ J $ †" y pÃF 1 ’ 
" 1 8&" pP 
ôeôEÍùv )€‚0 Hv 
'*»(Úâ%Vp 

ô1 ù 9 ) p | ¤ a Ô   '  ‹  ô1 æ? o ù 9 )p Ã1Ô ' P 
  |¤ a ýþ ‹  ÄÅ 5 }’  
æ? v ù v  ) $1 ^ cJ  k Ç} û  q é’ 
‹0€ùÆÅ)'e 
1)âY1
ÄÅH ïS 
%VpX1YZ1[\]\0G^é 
’ô1ô"1YŸ# 
'å 
p‡U'Äý' ¦sP`110-13^÷ %1~ 3 

' —æ• ¤ a ¤ o´ – …    ö Òñ f H ` Ø …^ ? D ' 9 ) 
ÑÏ1Ö”•'ÆÅ)^ ‹ÄÅ 5`Ï1 9^ Ě 3H 9 )HE \J  ¤M y—,1 
Ï >V $&1 5Ï1Ö^‹ :q e U <w ‹ ä V $&1 H ‹ :‚qå H % 
`‹%’ý)â‹?' <wÄÅUýþ‹ 
ÒH ïW9*  

‹% $b1<ù0&Yíý}~ 
pÃc ‹ ô1 €F8 "  –k p8  ‹ ô1 HÒñ ùpÃ31 D ù 9) 
% $b ù) 1< ù0& Yíý}~  â‹R qæ?)L 91‹ ÄÅ 5 ÒñíH)
153

*+  

‹

£5ÆÅ
ÆÅH
ÆÅ 
! hù H ˆ ' ÆÅ H  ^ U €  ¨ ’ ’ 5 Å* }– 1 ÃB P H }• ' ÆÅ H  
 g l ÆÅ H $1+ ' ) ‚ q²â 9 u´ hù ^U‘1 1‚ q: â 9 
×’»H— 
ÌÍF:ËCúPC)1‹:qÄÅ5Y1 *é 
邁 brØ|JH)‹ÄHWsî0€1'ÆÅH 
UD5)߁‚0€âq²â%:– 
… 
l+'r|'8†'01

• 

é’0€ùÆÅH– 
8†U^‹ 
'  ^ ‹ U š 5 ) q u´ %!l ß ‚  0€ ù – …)& ' 8† O ' 9

• 

߁‚%’ù– 1ÆÅ& 
‹z’ô1ôOÃ31l߁‚0€ù–… 
)&'8†Q' 9

• 

l´ H å $%& 9 ÒÀ H Ð ß  ‚  0€ ù – … ) & ' 8†  Q ' 9

• 

Ãq

¦ 
âW3¤ ‚‘ âú¢% £& ï &™¤ W3 ù ‚  ¯ æçï ',B‘' €}â 9^‹ U 0‚ ) 
$…1 ń¤ < âY) * ù 9) ?Y‘1‹ ô1 GÍ '–:& " p ƒ¤ 
‫`‹` ^اﻧﻈﺮ اﳌﺜﺎل واﺧﺘﻼف‬l´ 5™H–…)k^‹ô1GÍ'–! &"p
`‫ وﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‬409 ‫اﻟﺮواة ﰲ إرﺳﺎﻟﻪ ووﺻﻠﻪ ﰲ اﻟﻜﻔﺎﻳﺔ ص‬

‹Í1EFG

154

"‹EàE%&

• 

(»éêp’0€ùÆÅH0

*+  

áÔâãäâo86
eZ 
/ø‚¿Y‘1ùÙ^:’°1ÜH´‹š5)‹›5…âooY1 
5)‹:‚Žoùp’'½ 9)€qô1pY1ù 9H ï 
‹êGÍ'Y1)Ñmh 
ùHp’ô1ù 9)^‚q eU^‹:qU. 
mù 9H ï/øF1p’Ñ´‹š5Ћ©5ã:âãäoY1 
ù 9Y1}‘1)€qØ’ô1ù 9ol‚wÑY11hùK 'p’'½1qØ’ô1 
' 9$’»Ã31ÃÖ1B '™¾1p’ô1ù 9^‹U—êH)‹:‚Žãä 
q:‚%b[H–… 
hù  ™ * Y1  hù  H ï /ø $` ‹ š 5 Ð ‹©  5 Eaâ|Ô  o Y1
| Ôù 9Y‘1)€qØ’ô1™1* 9z1H ï%ÒñùY1‘11qØ’ô1 9
% %  pqú™'–Ø…ÃÖ1^‹U—êH)‹:‚Ž 
)^‹Ue1¯|Ôù 9)†J 
:’%‚ q—h Y¡ 5a·H ˆ'  z` ' $`z ‹’‚q —h æ?o• 9Y‘1  e1  
‹

" aoâã:1|Ô 
‹ 5@?)'41Äo‹`@§ aoâã:1 |Ô^‹Œq¢Uùm* 
‹Œ‚‚ 
W <|Ô1ã:3'Ð

ï‘15|Ô1ã: 
eZY‘1‹Of1‹»pôOWsU‹»eZl <|Ô1ã:pP 
‹U$11‹Ñ 
ÃÖ1 q Ø ’ ô1 Ñ m ‘1 ‡ û ù 9 $’ »  m  * H Ð ‹ :‚ Ž ù 9 ) ã: 
:³`Vhù)âqú%qz$™5 <
155

*+  

ÃÖ1 q Ø ’ô1 Ñm‘1 ù ï' 9$’» m  *H Ð ‹:‚Ž ù 9)|Ô 
:³`Vhù)âqú%qz$™5 <
| Ô^ 
_£ 
¤<‹:‚ŽÑ| Ôùã:1ã:ù|Ô‹:‚Ñ0ÙHšzùã:1|Ô 
‚ Y ô% ù 9 Y‘1 3 ' 9 ^ ‹ U $1 1 ‹ z  . 5 <  Õ ÃÖ1 ã: 1
`38 ‫^ﺷﺮح اﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ ص‬

ˆä 
'Hô1 9* H ï /øqH´ ‹š 5 )1‹ › 5 ã: âˆä  oY1 
‹:‚Žˆä€qêÑY1‘1$1+ 
Ž ?:ˆä€ qH ²1ê 'Y1 F1pqê  $t ˆä1 ?: ˆä‹ Õ1 ˆä 
‹:‚Ž$tˆä€q1yH$15‹:‚ 
*   ‚  —h C ù 9 ø ^ ‹ :q U  1  . 5 '½  < |Ô 1 ã: LÖ 
߁‚rB)€q’#íBéêpqwâ 9ø§vwѯ <|Ô1ã: 9

¾‚ 
0Ô  » H}• ' $t ˆä 1?:ˆä p £¤<l ¨ ’ ’ 50‚z  PB ÃB 
é’ô1H F!( 
( %V p X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G ^  é’ ô1  F \ J ¼¤ $1 â Û¤ \Mâ8 
}&1âÌS¯”J`50 }^WÚ11’¯²1êV$&1âÌS¯”J`5 ^»WÚ‹:q5‰ 
Ì’YíE·Š€`ö¯r”Je 
11^Ãql´0•1’¯7V 

ÃF l0Ô Hp’ô18 ù 9)^‹q0ƒUùÃ`ÌLH}•' 9) 
ô1 H Òñ 8  ù 9) pÃ1Ô'8  ‹ % ’H <kj   å5)p 
Ì’$&”€Ãq0•â^‹ 
< |Ô 1 $t ˆä â?: ˆä  9) €   `4 1 4 k^ o H }• ' 9 ) Ú 
‹Ã3LC)‹q e
156

*+ 

ƒ
" 
HЋô1–8 pÃF1ú &º¢¦A¤\MpY¹ ?:ˆä

• 

Ì’íñ5ŠN 
€Ãq0••Í}Vâ‹úU 
ÃF 1'pÃFâC&¤,1-pÃF ⤮ph“¤$tˆä

• 

Ì’}íŠâ^‹ô1F\J¼¤\Myp 
[\],^é’ ô1 F \ J)S¤y$1 1 ‹¤ – k hz  áÔ

• 

Ì’íñ5ŠN 
€Ãq0••Í}Vâ%VpX1YZ1

‹Í1EFG

157

"‹VH| Ô1ã:

• 

(».5p’'½ <|Ô1ã:

*+ 

èå1æç G2

158

*+ 

éêp’0€1Y1643 
5èå1æç16 
' 9z W H }• ' Ã31  ‹ _  ŒÍ1  Ã31 W P 9 X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G 
éêp’0€E%11EF<'Ã31p8†' 9e1o‹Xpq¯%pq, 
1D1Ü}U' 98†éê1”B–YUzôŠéêU‹ ;5p’» 
‹:q$&”5H@?' 
‹p’0€_1 9Y1* º5éê L1 ‹E  Y1 º5 éê L H 
 ;5p’ŒEeÒ 
)H} 
•'V-pÐ 
Y¿` u;hùWÅö’¾mõ1 
· p 94} ºN ’` áéê;î p’ ˜_ Ã`Ì-Ñ  u hùq 
Ȭwù_T*^‹ $UH}• 'q¯W5ô'Ã31¾1p’˜' E%1; 
‚`÷pqƒq%N'E%1;e1)‚ 
•Í E(   )H ˆ ' ;B ù Y1 *  ‹ :‚ Ž èå 1 æç ù — ' ;B ù Ã31 LÖ 
•Í E7 –  Y1  ‹ :‚ Ž Û { r st k èå  € b { r st m $1 1 ö 
‹:‚ŽÛ{rstkæç€Ãql´E±B)1ö

‹Í1EFG

159

"‹VHèå1æç

• 

(».5èå1æç

*+ 

éêpqrst'Y126 
1éêYXpqrst'Y1+'ôO¨¡' 91 
$1 ^‹ Y1ä U ý ' pq 0 ' Y1 * q 8 5 ’ f k 0 ‹ D 5 Ýñ Ýñ

• 

qµb¸ 
½Õ* 
1qF1›1‡1ˆ 
âqXâqW•âq@ 
H W< âq :’ ¯ ô1 < ? ' < $’ »  Ã31 Â  Y1 $1 ^ ‹ D 5 õõ

• 

q85Œ1z¯1q¯$1BFâq:’¯E´ÃzY–Y–âq¯1Á

"‹:qûteq05Y1 
‹:q@?*H1EŽ5ÝñY1 
‹0m^’™ 
UK'4 
14 
kH}•'Y1*8†'èå1æç

• 

)€‹vE7¸m* 
HWsqzfE7¸m)='Ws

• 

â"â8k¡0‚) ‹`E1ä414†'èå1æç*ý'm 
$…1a&1â:¤*âY)*1¤ûâ0Ô

r|5¯M¤H}•'EŽ'Ýñ 
m)q¯l´` ±^æçhùB)‹0m—Z†F1;W5 <^‹Ur|5¯M¤ 
߁‚0€ù 9 
Ã`ÌÄEŽH}•')߁‚0âqW `5 9^U)b'Ðm$1†
‫ ^رواﻩ اﺑﻦ‬偂°E€т1â§5ÃÌ1 E¡§Ÿƒqâe×
`‫ﻋﺪي ﰲ اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ وﻏﲑﻩ‬ 
^ßqUD5)€ß ‚È’w 1åq `w 9hù `Ws ) 
‹ È 
¬01‹`0€m

160

*+ 

"‹:qeW5õ'Y1 
ÒÓ <^ -Å € qu Ñ´  E%1  Ã31 $%&  )âôO¨ E%1  Y1 * 
) €‚hb H å A úÌU§ :³ `V úÌH ô1 7ö * ߁‚ % {`F1 ; 
å¯rstE%1$’»)1߁‚qµõ5m

"߁‚È’0€'æÅ1*ïùèå1æç 
߁‚ % { ,  €q R  `Û { 0^ èåï e1 ï Y1 *+' r| O 1w 
)ý°‹ 5à’»ùEØl1 D1qEØl1oppq0'm*^‹Ue1) 
) )p)% ` !_ 5 ô5 }    p Y1 )â^ß }³ ïUù †¾1 p’èå H ˆ ' 
‹!_5 5ó 
ýþ ‹ ` 5 à ’ ’ 5 E3 ý°ß‚  ¯ 0€ 'E3 ï€â‹ º 5æç WÃö 
$1ý°ß}’ô1 9Y1*€mhù e1)‹ :‚%bÄîæçm*HÃ`Ì 
æv¤`hù1‹órst 
1Y¹z¡' 9ÒÀ r|f^_Y  
‹[58†'01 B0) 
1?’z‹`l´æçB ‚’0€ 9Ã31ÚpY¹ e1o‹5ñ 
§^tl´ ±B/‹0€ 9Ã31 L1R¤CGpñ 1&¤1¼ 
¯ l´E3  æç ^ ‹ Œ‚. U  )‹ p ô"  æ? o `d ¯ l´ C 
`‫ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺼﺎر ﻳﺴﲑ‬96 ‫‚Œ‹ ^ﻋﻠﻮم اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ص‬0€ù  9Y1)€Ãq 

R ѯ »C æç) 1 Ãq l´ E± BY1* ^‹ l´ ÑUr|‘1 LÖ 
1* 9$1^‚ÈSk&FUHE;‚’  —uHp’0€ù 9Y1)Ñòâq 
p’0€ùЋ5 9X1YZ1[\]\0GnoÃB^‹Ue1)`%‹Y1– 
‹[5Ws 
'IBÇ —uH

161

*+ 

"‹’‚qût†èå%æç 
1 æç ^‹ l´ U r | ‘1  /‹ ’‚ qût Ñ    †  èå % æç ^‹ Ur|w 
‹Y1äq58†1Í&Íý'èå

‹Í1EFG
"‹ {0ùY1*

"‹=5 {0ùY1

ëìPíîèå1æç36
"‚€‚hbÃÖ1èå1æçH}•'Y1*
) 
^‹Ur|w€q=`–^æç1Ãql´öÕÃÖ1–1H}•'Y1* 
æçå8†¾1p’èå^‹»ÑUr|‘1偂Yž#ùæçH}•'m 
‹`rBr|)偂èåm)€‹$%&Ø8†¾1p’ 
cJ’ÁÏ&?UHE)€rst‘11}{rst†ùY1*LÖ 
) ’}{rstùY1)1‚Yž#ùæç €ÃqR¯»E3 zÃÖ1èå1æç • 
‹fÅþ5—uý°‚¯0€ù <$’» 
‚Yž#ùo 
Ãql´E3ÙЀÃqR»E3Hèå%æç • 
^5pq¯%pqrst'Y1)q}r·ùE3€Ãql´E3ÃÖ1èå%æç • 
‚ 
Y ž# ù èå N €  ’ æÅ1  ) ’ } !l ' E± ó ô á B Y1 8† ¾1 p’ èå  • 
‚ 
‚^Ñ’SÑùY‘1 <$’»Y1)^‹fÅþ5—u •

162

*+ 

£5E%1èåY1oH}•'Y1* 
0€stY1molE%1;îpq 
rst'm*^‹Ur|5ôOWs 
‹%{0€stùE%1pÃ`ÌQ/‹wr|f 
^‹†ø×B ö8†'èå1æçlE%1$1 
‹` 9E%1ÃBLÖ 
X öVH}•'Y1Ñ*^‹Y1äe1)ß}{z0m†€ù ö- 
‚^B 
m * $1 ^ ‹ î ½ ‹ Y1ä p Ñ U, 5 - k  † ¾1 p’ èå 1 æç H { )
… 
5†¾1p’èå1æçqØ’æçB)”•'§*%qØ’èå )”•'E€ 
‹Y1äpq„… 
1‚
’ 

}‘1*mhù^ x­U5§ ñ1Y‚… 8†'èå1æç1\]} 
) ’Ž  Å* ËÄ ^81é’ èå  )€ :q z>HE kn :q ˜ º 
l H V ¾1 ; º  O ' \] 1 ’ - '  ? Y‘1 é’ 0€ ù < $’ » 
‹%’»’0Õ`pÃFâ$’‚hbÃw}\ 
4 ß ‚ % { z „ 0<» â}’ ‚ ù à 1}’ Ÿù ò  $B B Ãp} k $1 l 
$l´^)“‹$†Ð5Y‚…ÒapÐ 
‹$1@z\]HE5ú' 
×’µ#ù'1)¦-Ws 
1\]O'1

£5p’0€ 9¾1p’€‡1ˆ 
\0Gmh 
ù§ß‚0€ùE%1`RHp&'K 
' 
€^m¾1p’€‡1ˆ 
‚ ¯ 0€ÑK '€ ùE%1 $’»  )€qd 5p’ !‹ <pq X1 YZ1[\] 
ß 
Ñhù€ !m 5 Ãqy$ í' m* Ãq‰+ l  $y $1 ' m*  ‡ 1 ˆ ÃBLÖ
` 
'\ ’ $y‰+ ý° g‚ `0€ E%1  )€ q H$y*+F a mhù  Œ 
163

*+  

}’+FaÑ€Ãqy‰+-$1^‹ &Fý'mÚ 
‹I+‚‘¨ö 

£5p’0€ 9¾171o5N 9  

Q‹`,’0€ <mÚ&'»<¤1&"â¤û zWsQ 
l ^‹U r| 5Y&Ï & " å‚ 0€ <mÚ &'  ¤ ”í"zWs 
‹ɂ̍1oUý')€’¯'o•ý'0û1s-”•'¢ 
HN 9m 
4' 
1'K t ¯ɂù 71o¾½' N  91 ö{ z EJ¸ Wsmõ LÖ 
qÌ$ɂ5EF<’êo':118ý'Eùe1) ‹%{ɂùp’@[F•p 
‚I‰d’’q'I‰Y?Ý  ÃÖ”}'1WsH:1!ß 
Ws D' 1)^‹e1féqË5 ý'Ý 
ÃÖ”}'léqü÷ø1 'Ws 
t ¯ɂ̍1oËÅ5EJ¸ 
Ý WspÃF1‹ q25–’1’ûY‰ÃÖ@Ø`y• @ H1'K 
—1A’o’±ùIJ¸^U€t1•Í'ÃÌ1p’IJ8BC´)%±ù 
ÁÙ‘1pôO¨¾’0€1o5EJ¸ù^UY‘11¿Ê1íÔH 
§ âÞHIJH82L1H'o•2L5- ^ÁÙEpVQ 
x¯îý'O’@‹†ø

£5p’0€ 9¾1p’Ãz1ãâs˜ 
0‚߁‚`0€ù <$’ô1)âq" 5z1BF1ãHp1Rù 9lm@ 
’K 
 9Ô*')ø%‹™1B´ ’…HýRù 9mlB´' 
߁‚`0€ù <$’»)€}’ô1 
l^‹Ue1)‹"’0€`ÃØâÃØ^EšGïù 9l߁‚`0€ÑùE%1m) 
`%Ñ‹ 9X1YZ1[\]\0G$1‹Ø’»$1E•l^܂`U$1‹:’@ 
߁ ‚`0€Ñù 9$’»)âq:’ÃzEOHp’»ô1ml
164

*+  

‚%’Uù0 ' 9)^ ‹`Uš5p’¯0€ù 9 ^‹Y1äæÅ1UÃBLÖ 
z15 9ß‚%’ù–)â‹ô1pm) 9$1–Ð^‹UD5)ß 
p z m o   ù 0 )  ß ‚  0€ 0<» ù 0 ) € ‹ Y1  – w Y‘1 * 0 
߁‚%’N€‹ô1 
1'  p’ ô1 98ý'EnoU€â‹º5›11z1BFHpR 9WÃö 
ù 9e1)âxq` Å15p’cÔn($ñt•H1)ýþcJqW55÷?'&'œ 
é‚…HýÔ')1:œý 9H$…1<*þ]^xU•?5p’ô1 
d U —ê YX ý' ô1  9:ùÃ1Ô’7³ < Rm HY„  %}U'%k 
'HÃ3„ k1é‚é’Ñ%’KK <ÔÃq8'W<—hÃÖ1Ô1^ 
‹:‚Ž 9²ùÏ)é‚é’\ÑÖ 
O â E•U€™1Ê1'²' 9%➯B´wù 9âÓ  ãOhùHÃ1Ô 
}’ø<W5 <)hù^œ¯rÞF³m$1Hr 
ßK')1’‚q 
E šG$$11‚ » 9hù•Í'm*^‹Uš5)‹q0Ù ûÃB 
`0€ <¾1 p’@1‹Õã1s˜ÑU‚x:’˜:)’íÃØâÃØ 

^ 
‹e1 f‹R’  H{' < ¡ y 1 'ÀBóB l ‹ :q $&”5 —u)) 
~Ÿ YX  u  Ñ 9 “ “  ÃÖ@ ^‹ r | U 5 £¡ 1 ¢3 p 
~ŸYX ull´EeÈÑH }•' <“ý°rst$%&N 
`l´H} 
•'N

£5 <$’»¾1p‚0­'’» 9 
9UpH^‹¤U1‹- 9UpH^‹:’»UÔhù^‹UE) 
Ø 0"LqÔ^UY‘110­K'p’» 9€%âîgz1!^`»
`‹
165

*+  

`zòùÔ)pH^‰U61}’C# 9)^‹U£5 <; 
)^ q¶  ^‹U EY‘1 ß ‚ %’  ù 9)€ ‹ Ø 0" Lq î}~ m$1 % 
߁‚È’0€ù 9HE)€`qY1ÂсÔ1^`%‹» 9Up 
‹ô1pe 
¤1YŸ#âô"‹ 9$10‚) 
ô1 E\ J$ †"ypÃF1,1-pÃFâ’ 
™¤‘pâM™¤¥ 
%V^BXp‡Õ1$``HÐÑ^pX1YZ1[\]\0G^ 

Y~ K ')  » GÍ'–o  pâM ™ ¤¥ 9U ^_ Y1,¤i@M 
ŽpHt_õ)$1€>íH}•' 9)pH€hq’ 
™¤‘EtF 
i@M’í 
Up¥ 1^téïùÃ`Ì‘K')‹’»¾Ñ' ö 9U€¥^ 
‹»pH 9U^» 9 
‹ê¦1þ9ÖÁ!(pY  
îp‚0­K'p’»ù 9

‹Í1EFG
"‹’‚æçBY1*BX 
(\,-E=>

166

*+ 

ïðîèå1æç743
ïðîèå1æç16 
1’'%uv;ÒÓù 91’f'Ã31’^5pq “%w' 9* ýþ 
'èåNlH ên(î)pWse1)â‹” BE±î¿À 
ù 5)‹ »ùuv ;ÒÓ' 91’'Ã31pHâ×B ö8† 
¿À 91’'Ã31úHmN;pWs„…$1+') _èå 
:‚ŽèÒ1æÓNùÃ"(§)‹:>æç 5U‹ »ùEźBuv 
‹ 
Ã31   H ;N LH  ‹ ’‚ hb ¨1 Y–H 1  l´ H å AN U 
ÂHÑn(;LEF<'Ã31P% ±1“HNLóô»EF<' 
`YŸ#z^!(^}* 9Hl´N;Ql´EF<'Ã31 'ÕÃÖ1“1 
l´’5Ã31'æ?†!(^8* HÑN;Q1‹$’ê5z`0‚^Ã31' 
‹ 
’ø< W 5 9 Ñ m l x  5 ÷? 5 0d ' < 5\] ^ ‹ Y1ä æÅ1 U ÃB LÖ 
å’ qêHÃc 9 ²  1:‚)b ' 98† ' 7- ¡ O $1 âœJ 
)t é’È’ LÖÔ ' 1\] U ˆ 5©1·öm )"’ ø< gö ¬ Ñ < 
1þ]57†:’. <)’ ‚)b'þ]’st†1:’5Ã17}‘1m$1K' 
èé’\ ˆ5EtF)\]1'm)âÔ') 
0ç©)ml§ 
x:’%‚q2 –5¼ m) 3•Hp’äÈH0d' < 
'p’ø< 9m )W  ' 9’‚ È ? † E7  ) K ')" ’ ™ù

167

*+  

:‚q(Celebrity)P%E7B 
Þm$11éö& 1ý 
1æ?oæ?o•‹` 5àL’ eEF<' 
OÑ*ÑH1$l´æ?Ð 
H ® ' èå 1 æç p V Q ‹   Ã ª æ? o ù EF< ' Y1 † ' 9 Ñ H mõ 
Y1$1 ºäz;1 • ý' p’  ù EeîÃ31 pÃF1  ^5  Ý 
%öHl1Dç$›/5Nèå1æçHˆ'Ï 
)t×’ý'p’ù <
¾1 
p’ô1 9pÃF^‹Œ‚%ÞE•)$&”5H1«  5)'èå1æç¡ 
pY1 *‹ ^5èå% æç  1 ô » `å”& EF< k^ Ø# ' V D `' í G^ 
))pY1*"ø<W5 <pY1 ))Y1)N1ø<W5 <þ])) 
$…1$…1"hqEtFÎ1†Y1)Y1)"57 
ˬ1óB^ÑH1$l´ 
x¨’¯Ñhù¡)l%‡’?5@Hp&-pEb 
9pÃFqÑ­b' 5)'\]l‹ N}¯ Ž‘?5@ uÑhù`l1•' ÅÍ1' 
\ °'²BЍ5/)$1‹ Ž?5U'’\%®¯z¹'V¾1p’ô1 
U 'NQ 
èå1æç}’3ç5 5)` 
‹×BEF<'Ã31'ÕÃÖ1“1ÂU½;AY¹ 

• 

‹”BEF<'Ã31'Ն 
“1Âæ?½ 
;AÑUèÒ1æÓ» 
<™¤

• 

‹×BEF<'Ã31ÂB´^}UEz±¤

• 

(Biographies)Ø#'Ã31“B´^}!(U^‹† 
ø ^ Ëw²Yñ¤

• 

‹×B 
hzâô"âYŸ#âñâY¹^Nµ 
 9B´Ñ>!(U0‚Ëw 
²o³´M

• 

‹×BEF<'Ã31'`e¤1 
:‚Ž ù Ã31 Ú µ1¶ ‹× BEF< 'Ã31 µ1¶ 1“ !( U0F  ~ 
q¯0€ùæç)§qR 
æçB‹

168

*+  

Ë 0{ ®? 5 !( ) `‹ !( 8# / H — ' 0‚  U^ k¦ k9  £ ¤

• 

‹`pY³^ '0‚

‹Í1EFG

169 

('½BŽùÃ"($’»B1

"ùpèå1æç¡ý'…ùÃ"(îèå1æç

*+ 

(Levels)E‚'èå1æç843
E‚$•'èå1æç16 

') ‹ » £5  1E‚JJ'èå1 æçH ÐÑ'èÒ 1æÓ!( k p»<™¤ 
R q`$•å £1^ µµ å †  H   Ð ‹ ÄÅ 5E‚ 11 CB p W s ' K 
‹:q’5òH‹z‚»ÃBGÍ'ÒñâCE‚‹

Òñî)1ò'èå26 
´ ý')q»GÍ'´ìùpqÂ'*HЋ$1eO5èå
Q ‫ﯽ‬%‫ﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘ‬,‫ﻥ ﺍﻟ‬+‫ ﻓ‬B ´ ' 0‚  éö B &1 '  ‡œº… µ… l  é‚ š 0Ù Òñ $1 B

170

*+  

< mÃæk ‫ﻥ ﺍﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬+‫ ﻓ‬% ‹7 BÃæ ¶ €q ût 5 9k ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺖ‬ 
$Žût$%&OHÃ`Ì  

ý ' ) ‚  » GÍ '·: ù 3  pq  ' m * ^ ‹ U e ‘1 5 èå

• 

‹Â$1k‫ﺛﻘﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ‬%‹m€$1k‫ ﺛﻘﻪ ﺛﻘﻪ‬z‹Œ‚»Ñô1ù3 
$Žût <)1 
‫ﺛﻘﻪ‬6’‚`·:)§‹ :‚»€ùpqÂ'm*HÒ}E'èå

• 

‹qmÃæk&‫ﺣﺠ‬%‹ÂmÃæk 
`õ^;ÒÓ' 9§‚%{€5`’fk^0ùm*^‹Uexþ5èå

• 

'hÁ$1k‫ﻣﺤﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻕ‬%‹Á$1k‫‹ﺻﺪﻭﻕ‬0‚)‚¯E•hùî
‫ ﻻ‬ý ' m * Ú   ¤ B ´ hÞ ` ż hù H ) k ‫ ﻻ ﺑﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ‬% ‹ B Û 
}E k^  & '  m $1 ^ ‹ ’q U   ) €  é’ 0Ù Òñ ' ‫ﺑﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ‬ 
‹5`Ò 
‚  $’ê 5 ) H Òñ   p’ ’ 5èå % æç  m* ^‹ U e Ããb 5 èå

• 

) êÌ k ‫ ﺭﻭﯼ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬% ‹ ¸ö êþ H ro ' 9Ãæ k ‫ﺦ‬,‫ﻥ ﺷ‬+‫ ﻓ‬z 
é’ô1 9
‫ﻥ‬+‫ﻓ‬â‹:‚HÒñ’5)‹:qk{$%&'æçâml´ HÒYÃö'èå

• 

) k ‫ ګﮑﺘﺐ ﺣﺪګﺜﻪ‬% ‹ m ’ 
H ro ' 9 Ãæ k ‫ ﺍﻟﺤﺪګﺚ‬O‫ﺻﺎ‬ 
‹<ù <

£5òú'èå 
‚ô. ‹aê^‹U£5 < $’»âÃq}ºò·¡ 'èåY1l 
åÃqúHÒ <Ã31^‹1ä@¨

171

*+  

 ¯ ¨ ‚ ô ` . ‹ aê  <   âÃq } º  Ò ãb 1 tþ Y1 l 
'Òtþ`åÃqÒ'x <ý°^‚ô1'’»ùY1ÁÃ31 < 
å‚ö—hØ <Ã31'ҍãb <Ã31 
‹¥1H}• 'ý°¨‚ ô` . ‹ aê  <Ã31 ¾1 ; ºÒ M 
qC11ÁH`õ^;ÒÓù 9êÌU^

‹Í1EFG 
(»GÍ'£ùE‚µ'èå

• 

(»¾‚··Ã31'Ò 
†H0{k9Y<

Òñî)1ò'æç36 
ý')‹:’$Ô? q1 µ'Y1*l^‹Ue`8! 1^ÍöO5 æç

• 

µ Hro ' 9Ãæ k ‫ّﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺪګﺚ‬,‫ﻥ ﻟ‬+‫ ﻓ‬â‹U0‚é‚ô0ÙÒñl 
‹l´—H}•'m)k‫ﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻝ‬,‫ﻓ‬%‹ 
'p’. ‹aêù <)^‚%’¥1H}•'m*^ ‹Ue‘15æç

• 

% ‚  ¯ 0F  <  ) k ‫ ﻻ ګﺤﺘﺞ ﺑﻪ‬B ´ ' 0‚ ß ‚  ¯ 0Ù ý 
À <)k‫ﺮ‬,‫ﻟﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﮐ‬%‹m1ÁUk‫ﻒ‬,‫ﺿﻌ‬ 
$…1 $…1 x ¯z ¸ <$1 ^‚ % ï B ´¥1 H}•' m*^ ‹ U eE5 æç

• 

z ɂ € ’ ô1  ) k "‫ "ﻻ ﺗﺤﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍګ& ﻋﻨﻪ‬B ´ ' 0‚ `‹ Y1 “ p $1 k^ 
‹Y11Ázpk‫ﻭﺍﻩ ﺑﻤﺮۃ‬%‹Y11Ázp$1k‫ﻒ ﺟﺪﺍ‬,‫ﺿﻌ‬%` 
6‹:ql´ ±`y?^hù5&?o%ò"LqBY1HЋ:öe$15æçK') 
B ) k ‫ﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺿﻊ‬%‫ ﻣﺘ‬% ‹ l´ ± 5 ò" Lq B Ãæ k ‫ﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﮑﺬﺏ‬%‫ﻥ ﻣﺘ‬+‫ﻓ‬ 
»  Ã1‘1 k^ x :’Yþ < $1k ‫ ګﺴﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺤﺪګﺚ‬%‹ l´ ±5 p” <
172

*+  

% ’ µ#  k ‫ﻣﺘﺮﻭﮎ‬% ‹ q ± k ‫ ﺳﺎﻗﻂ‬% `x :’ »   - < $’ 
‹`rst$1k&‫ﺲ ﺑﺜﻘ‬,‫ﻟ‬%‹ 
%ïB´¥1H}•'p’ 5hù5&?o%ò"LqîÃ31'ҍãb'æç

• 

âF1 p” P9 k ‫ ﻭﺿﺎﻉ‬â&• 'e k ‫ ﺩﺟﺎﻝ‬âTq k ‫ ﮐﺬﺍﺏ‬6 ‹ :q  
‹:” 9$1k‫ګﻀﻊ‬â‹A"Lq$1k‫ګﮑﺬﺏ‬
‫ﻥ ﺍﮐﺬﺏ‬+‫ ﻓ‬6 ‹ :‚  Œì î ' $…1 Lq H Ð ‹ $1 e 8#½ 1 YÃö 5 æç

• 

B) € Lq k ‫ ﺍﻟﮑﺬﺏ‬Q ‫ﯽ‬%‫ﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘ‬,‫ ﺍﻟ‬% ‹ Tq –  O H ÃÖz€ Ãæ k ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ 
‹Tq¹$1k‫ﻮ ﺭﮐﻦ ﺍﻟﮑﺬﺏ‬$%‹7

£5òú'æç 
ô ` .€ ‹aê  < ^‹¥1U ÑH }• 'Ã31' E‚ 1 ¡HÃ31 æ1` 
}‘1 H )ß ‚ È ’0Ù`ã:1|Ô ~^ ý' p’—hù < wù <¯ ¨‚ 
å‚ö—h$%& <Ã31'Ò 
¡ØÃ31'Ò 
z¯â¨‚ô. ‹€¯ <€‹º5Ã31'ÒM1ãbâtþâ}EWÃö 
߁‚o5z¯1߁‚ô1`š¥1Y1Áï^`

‹Í1EFG

173 

(»GÍ'£ 
'ùE‚µ'æç

• 

(»¾‚··Ã31æ1`'Ò†0{k9

*+  

')âô1 ó2 
÷?5õ')1!ö 
5

174

*+ 

ô1õ943 
5÷?5p’ô11ÒÓâø<ù 916
t 
'm)l‚Y’æÅ1éê^‹U5÷?'p’ô11;ÒÓâRù 9 
H}’˜ 
WÃl1pöHK-N1»Ò Ó)b-â4 9*l &Fý 
‹1ä!§`€ &F’ÏBQ 
5‹ &F’ÏB;éêQ 
ø<  `$êÍ^ Šˆ -ù 9@?) 9 ^‹ U š 5 p’ .k ü ' 9 
ÒÓ H Ý< ø  )  $1 ‹ _ W W   9 l ^‹ U D 5 ; ÒÓ k õ }’ 
q˜W XYH Ý< Ást `1øk ­Íw^ •U€}’˜ WX Y$1 Ú^: » 
‚ 
.ù 9pÃFY’üéê1-³1ñu')1‹YHù—)p8†' 9 
HÝ<w• 9X1YZ1[\] \0G^‹e1)äUôüE‚ú'p’ 
¾‚U$11qø<ÁH}•'@?)ù@†^:q˜Wm}‘1m 
‹Ø’ø<ù 9X1YZ1[\]\0G$1Ћ5÷?`1,•f^ 
Ã"($ñt•Ñ 9Ú‹1)º5-³1ñu'p’˜¨ö1p’.ù 9LÖ 
× B0Í G1 O<=’ ¾  p& 'X1 YZ1 [ \] \ 0G 1 UdN q ¯ 1· H E 
‹ 
Ñ Å1 5p’ cÔ’“ù N § x Ò ‚ò ù 6 ö{1 xÒ b Å1 — 5 × H1 )/  
´ z NQ H 1 ) 1  ²1ê Ï 5 pþ 1 … <p : 1  Q x q ¯ ²1ê 
ú51™» ö5§qÑ&¨ö5Ï'pcHÞ'’GØg'1‹Ñm8

175

*+  

‚<HEÃ"($ñt•k$R$y•; <op”•'¯  

ô1ƒ•& ^: ó  ×u'  ’ ˜ H XYN1 p’ ÒÓ ’ K  ù <H 1) 
)1:b{“&'\]$1â:q¯‡ÏB×uY1l‚%FBÍÍùÃdH 
¼¯0€st <$’ô1 
Ã]5 Ã1ˆ  N K '  ) 1  È ’1· ù}› }í ' <HYD YL YE 1 Y‘1 
8H}•' 1l´HI  #€NUWÅö’¾K')‹YcHÞYí 
—'p’˜ù <e1o$òp'ln 
(z1U^‹Á G 
‹p&'¡ 
817Ã"(º5—î 
'Ã"( ’ ¾ Åö – ôj' Ã"(  Nq`˜ €  #€ l ; 9NQ 
Ћl´Ñ½¾=Bå”&EF<'Ã31 l´H1‹l´'²5* ïW 
,?-ØÃ"(^‹‚t¿¿ H}•'Ã"(· 
‹îæ?Yíô1N—UÑÅö‹

"‹Y1äqW•1@ý'p’ø<ù 9 
HéêY1P^ ¯‹`Y1äqW•1@ý'p’ø<éù 9+'r|w 
»Ã31W•1@e1o‹Y1ä qW•1@ý'p’˜¨öù 9^×’» 
$1´µ^ $ø<   * ¡pqW• % pF ¦ pÃFl ‹:‚ È ’0€ Ñù < $’ 
¦^ < Up Y1 Ãæ ^‹Y1ä ’ V U H}• ' < §`Ãq× ‰ ù¼ E ‡G 
$ø<¡pqW•`%pF 
e1)‹`wr 
|U§‹ &F—êpq W•ý'p’ø<ù 9^‹ÑUr| 
)S ¤ 1x y z tÀÑ HÝÍ !l ‹0€ ù < $’ »  p ÃÖ@ ^‹U 
HK%dø<¡pqW• 9UpEb^:‚`VUH <$…1I\J

176

*+ 

"‹!’²1êH¼nÏ5p’ø<ù 9 
l H Äù s}’ ²1ê H ¼  0Í Š Ï 5 p’ ø< ù 9 W   ^ ‹Ø Å1 U H Ô s 
‹Ø:‚º! 
ùp’²1êN 9H¼ 
0Í)H$¶s10Í 
B´wù 9W^‹Y1äU¶‹!z’²1êÏ5Áù 9) )H1'K 
ÂqcÔn( <€!ý°¬'’ø<

"‹ü9Í&Íhùpqw'Ï'p’ø<ù 9HY¼Í 
H¼0ÍbÍÍp)l߁‚ºrstù 9$’»m)^‹u´U5WsQ 
‹Ø:‚ÏBE•oH8†' 9q 
$1p ) Ú ‚ ºr st ù 9 m* H Eo  ^ ‹ Ñ r | U5 W s  Q 
oÂý°‹%’ùr|)qÞEùE•kqÞp’VHÃ1Ù$1ÚqH¼ ) 9 
Œ`ѬB´w$1€‹`@KB´w$1Ú‹Œ’VHÃ1ÙÊ1

@?ú'p’ø<ù 926 
Ãö@?'p’ø<ù 9

177

` 9²^-HÒñ'`k^C

`DaO{^’7 ³ùC

E&‚

Y1

û(

+

-1

*+ 

O‚1

• 

»HÒñ^8ùÃÆ?qé’˜¨öù 9¨’—¶ 
î†HP 
¨’æÅ1¶ÑPâ‹:‚

` 9²^-HÒñ'C 
Ñ’7³!(kù <CÄù <W')1’7³ <C^‹UE) 
1­ÒÓÑHW<-’Kù 9 )W‹Œ’»Ñ}U'%k 1‹Œ 
­“ÑHÅLÖk 
ù 9 ý ' m * ýþ^ ‹ f •? 8!  O 5 p’ ø< ù 9 + ' ôO  W s 
¿Le 
1)â‹ø<-@?) 9Up)^‹Y1äïUÊ1é’˜¨ö 
9 ¨ö H p& ) âtó ô `ü Òñ U H p& Ð `‹  % ü ý ' ÃÆ? ^8 ù Òñ 
ù K ' ) âó q ’ ü Òñ U Ú §x :‚ º ,‚ % 0" Ñ û hù  H  q é’ » 
‹UC)‹Y1䍒»ù 9HÒñ
`» 9 
pÃF^‫ﺣﺪﺛﻨﯽ‬%`‹pH^‫ﺳﻤﻌﺖ‬ý'p’ø< 9’K

`h‚_ÏpÃF^d‫ﺍﺧﺒﺮ‬h’7³ 9p^ý'p’»U

`h‚_Ï 
pÃF^d‫ﺍﻧﺒﺎء‬  

ý'E&‚

`’ 
pÃF^‫ﺫﮐﺮ ﻟﯽ‬%`Ž 
pÃF^‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﯽ‬ý'$’Ÿ²

• 

- ù 9p) ^ï ÑU m^‹   Ñ ;5E• ) Hp’ô1 9LÖ 
e1)%}{Y1äý'm¾1p’ô1 9†ï5÷?Uø <@?) 
kþ] }‘1þ]^‹š5$’Ÿ² ‹%’ ^8ý'@?† ùÒñ ¿ L 
’%0tý'p’»ù <hqH$’Ÿ² qÄÅHW'ÃÖ1^:}’Æ < 
%Rù 9W 
1CH 9²^‹UVH 9²1$’Ÿ²é‚š0ÙÒñ' 
:q`@H$’Ÿ²5éö'’Y\$ñt•p
178

*+ 

’7³ 9•Í'C 
4 ù 9)%C1 ³ 9W  ^‹UE  )‹ % Ñ  5Dšp \] O  
·  W<-%‹ Ø ’ 7³ !( *Ô â‹ Ø7³ ‘1 %‹Ø 7³  Ô ^:³ ` V) 
ÔF1  ³ â‹hq ê !( •Í -p)%‹ØKz  ·  W< -ù 9Câ‹ Ø7³ ƒ•& 
‹`%‹ 
o• zÃÖ1Ô 1 H1 ) ‚ q æv  Ãd Ã1Ô ^ xU. 5 5 ÷?) LÖ 
x œ :’˜: ) 1x :‚ ²³ Ô éqö{ < £ Åö ^  té’q 9< æ? 
: ’7³ <  !( $1 € â:q ¯ < Ôî’ Ç  )’ µ8  € :’ªyÔ 
x:’%’æv)€’ql´ªhùH!(%²³T$1:‚ 
Ä)pVÄEŽQ/‹5÷?,• ’ô1’7³ù 9•Í'C 
4 ãä' Äù 1 &˜ 1Y¹ â8   邁b r Ø| · î Ò '5 ÷?) ‹ 
4 ' `$…1 1 âÍà k^  s ‹   ' `R  C k^ @? ¡ â•? U + '  
  8 1 § ™ ¤ â"  ‹ •? 5 Ò ƒ  @? ¡ U + ' r | ' ôO 
‹•?5Òa@?¡U+'ô1 
‹UCÒñ'p’»ù@?)
‫ﻗﺮﯼ‬%‹²³•Í'ÃæpHk‫ﻥ‬+‫ﻗﺮﺍﺕ ﻋﻠﯽ ﻓ‬⁂Ž^‹U•?ÒÓO

• 

^  ÃÖ5-  p H % ’ 7³ ù 9)•Í 'C k ‫ﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺎ ﺍﺳﻤﻊ ﻓﺎﻗﺮ ﺑﻪ‬,‫ﻋﻠ‬ 
Y’Ȁ 9)p 
k^O{zGͧ‚%’»HÒñ'`RCk^@?¡ù@?)^‹,ÑU

• 

•Í'l » 9P pÃF k ‫ﻪ‬,‫ ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﻗﺮﺍءۃ ﻋﻠ‬z‚q 0" Òñ ' ` ³ 
R^³ 
‚•?U)’íY_8pÃFk‫ﺍﺧﺒﺮﻧﺎ‬ûEt1O\]

179

*+ 

E&‚ 
$ñt• ù Ô C Ú‹:qH E) @^ Û E&‚ Y × %ƒ•& p’ ô1 ù * 9‹D5)
`}}E&‚p’ô1 9 
ö-ïqN 9 
ô1 Y¹ w »^Y E&‚ E• )îp H â‰U  m*C^‹ ’q U E ) 
¨’’5bPH aopE&‚1’ 
îp H â‰U ù Ô ^} * $1 6} E&‚ H }• ' 9 ` ù W  ` * C

• 

‹CaO 
E&‚U1’ô1 9UY¹w»^YE&‚ 
lp»^YE&‚îpH6}E&‚H}•' 9`…ùÔ`*C

• 

1’ô1â‹ 9Ñ 
l$1^ÃqîE&‚UùOH6}E&‚H}•' 9`…ùV`…C

• 

’ô1âÄ 9 
!(5ÃqîE&‚ !(H6}E&‚H} 
•' 9`… 
%V`… 
C

• 

Ãql´Vù' )5ÃqîE&‚ù,}¤H%ÃqÎ  
')1ÃæpH6ql´HÞÉmä<…$1}}E&‚ý'mä<…*C

• 

ùX1pö)1ÃæpH6q¯ zl´HÞmä<…$1‹îÑUYE&‚ù 
YE&‚  
H Ð $1  ' W s ‹ Ø Ï 5  B o1 ‹ , Û E&‚  ÕÇ & ' ôO  W s 
‹%{TÑùE&‚)pwÔ+'ô1Ñ0Ô 
E&‚ Õ† H‹:‚ %b ÄCŽ H}• 'pq ¯ % pq ,' À&‚ Õy• 
‹’‚zhb0<»€ã1s˜H 
UÒñ'p’»ùE&‚ 
Y E&‚p’ô1ù 9)Ï p Ãæ k ‫ﻥ‬+‫ﺍﺟﺎﺯ ﻟﯽ ﻓ‬⁂Î ^‹ U€ !  O

180

*+  

‹ 
k ‫ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯۃ‬z‹,’»Ñ’Þû5E&‚GÍ'Òñ'`@?¡ k^²

• 

E&‚p’»_8pÃFk ‫ﺍﺧﺒﺮﻧﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯۃ‬%YE&‚p’» 98pÃF 
Y 
!(  1 ‹  ²1ê ’ 0Ù û 5 ‫ ﺍﻧﺒﺎءﻧﺎ‬ý ' E&‚ p `8Ãä^ W s ' 1 ' K

• 

‹ÁÑpYËx¤ZÌ 
)Ê"¹'‫ ﺗﺠﻮګﺰ ﺍﻻﺟﺎﺯۃ‬Q ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺟﺎﺯۃ‬ 
% { ð Y1ä ù 7 E&‚ N ‹ `€ Y $‚  m * B 9 ^ ‹ :q Ê 0G U ÃB LÖ 
^8)ù 9 ) 
z ‚  ` ý 'p’» ù 9E&‚ÃB^‹ U!l 5) "‹ 
1p’ ô1 ¨ö € ‹ :’ » H ý Ìù 9 *‹z‚ ý 'p’!‹ 
E )€‹ îïùm*ù <$1 §`E1äE&‚*ý'p’!‹ 
9^‹ î½^ ‹Ue1 )‚ ¾E&‚ C^‹ &F ý'p’ô1¨ö H 
?   ù 9 ) Ô 1 q œJ ¯ ’ ô1  C ”• ' Ð q :‚ %b ¼ @ hù H 0 % – 
}’ '’!‹

`Û}^Y1 
GÍ'E&‚ a1Y1`‹:‚ŽY1€} 8!(hqmG 
Ø 9ùm 
*C^ 
Ûï'E&‚1Û 
Y„   9 ù Ô - âC ^‹ U E  ) ‹ Õ a O  E&‚ U Û GÍ ' E&‚

• 

Y„ $1K')q­’ô1`!»â$ô1ÃæpH <U≒} 
}’ì 
1ùC'’ 
ùY„ )Ô%‚qÍÔ 
hqY~U^}íUB´¶1} Y„ ùWC^‹UE)Û ï'E&‚
`}¯E&‚p’ô1$1k^ <

181

*+  

C¯e5) ‹,’ ô1ù 9BXÝ1Õ)€‹º5Ý1GÍ'E&‚WÃö 
`,’ô1 9BX Ý1ï'E&‚+'r|w‹Í0<»p%R 
‹ 
’’q`æ?N£Åön(H1)^‹Y1äׂUý'EB´wù5 ÷?)LÖ 
 1é’Å <HY„  k\] $ uŸY„  ’ Ã`Ì#$%& N1 )$ 
Ã3„ ;té ’ % }E&‚’ } Y„ U € gq ƒ Û < HE Y ×ù * ` 
èé’4 98†B1l´W!HÃ1†§Î1Ã3 qFf 
Þ™jp' 
k1 Q Ã]5 ‘Í ôj  ‹ 5 YD YL Y‘1 ij mõ  O  H  ^ ‹ :‚ Ž  
!nÑBÏÍ 
óšüÒñUý'p’»ùÝ1 
k ‫ € ﻧﺎﻭﻟﻨﯽ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯ ﻟﯽ‬q Y Ñ E&‚  % Y Ï !( p ÃF k ‫ ﻧﺎﻭﻟﻨﯽ‬â U Òñ !

• 

YÑE&‚p’ô11Y!(ÏpÃF 
k &‫ﺣﺪﺛﻨﯽ ﻣﻨﺎﻭﻟ‬z‹,Ñ ’0Ù’FGÍ'Òñ'&‫ﻣﻨﺎﻭﻟ‬ùÒñ'ÃÆ?1¡

• 

h‚_Ï’} 
!(pÃFk&‫ﺍﺧﺒﺮﻧﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻭﻟ‬%h‚ 9W’} 
!(pÃF
)pYÐx¤Z1)Ê"¹' ‫ ﺗﺠﻮګﺰ ﺍﻻﺟﺎﺯۃ‬Q ‫ (!ﺍﻟﻮﺟﺎﺯۃ‬zWs' 1'K

• 

‹È’^ 
8û5h‚_ÏpÃFk‫ﺍﻧﺒﺎءﻧﺎ‬ý'

û( 
GØ- <ý ' m l´… %l´ *C^‹UE ) ` _ù  ù * < ’“ û(^ 
a1Ñ)}} ùm)’þ1*%} “ 
≠U $1 z } } Ñ E&‚  p’ ô1  GÍ GÍ ' pÑ ’ “ ù < C ^ U € 

• 

ÃqîE&‚ô1)Hâ‹%ù ö’“LlpH 
}’¯»HÒñ¥1ùE&‚ô1)§}€Ñ’“ <C^‹UÕY‘1
182

*+  

ô1  <;qRY } E&‚ ô1 Ћæ?Y1o •£ 5 û(Õ Ç H  
× ; + ' r |  ‹  Ä ÃØ ' W s H }• ' û(  Õ Y‘1 ‹ , ’ 
5 ’“ 
^‹Ue1)‹,’ô1)+'r|w'8†' 9§‹äô1 
‹:qÛE&‚p’ô1zD 
5 } } ù Ô * < hq m  ¡ k C hù H Ý1 ^‹ UV H û( 1Ý1 LÖ 
L E• U H 1 $l´ ' Ž 1 ÀB óB ‚ hþ ý ' m * < B ´ ^} H û( 
é’ %ö « EFo D U  e1 ) âx ¯ P% y# õ ) × — ýþ H1 ) § ‹ ’q e o j 
t 
pÐRô1mo <U^߁‚È’™Uqé’rB ×^‹:qÊU0 G! 
|U’’qҍ ×V úý 
°‚¯rB ×é^‹U€r|‹m ×U 
×1^‹’qú ×m†ý°‹’qI¾1…') ×^‹Ur 
|w‹1Ár
`­’^5)8†'¡ 
I 
B ôj ' N  Ó ¤ p  
 h   }~  l´ 8† Ú Ñ H 1 $l´ LÖ 
U^­ï’Sù™jÑ*^óqu1W9) ×$1e1Ð ‹ 5= 
`%‹q<5GØ'Ó¤ij 
óôüÒñUý'p’»ùû( 
‹ý'mÃæ ×Uâq<zqRY’¥ 
1E•UH ×

‫ ﺣﺪﺛﻨﯽ‬z â} ’ÄÅ 5 û ' û( GÍ GÍ 'Òñ' ² q é’ ô1 F1 p’ ô1

• 

» 9’“ 
pÃæk&‫ﻥ ﮐﺘﺎﺑ‬+‫ﻓ‬

+ 
KC 
-!(U 9% 9Up)^ïU`HÔÕB^ùÔ-âC^‹UE + 
‹ÄÃØ'WsH}•'p’ô1ù 9)ý'ÔHE;‹ê
183

*+  

‹ɂô1 9;+'r|'ôO8†' 
01â 9

• 

p C ý° ‹ w r | f ‹ ` ɂ ’ ô1 ¨ö ù 9 ; + ' r | ' \] Q

• 

ô1 9)pCe1Ћl´¸};hùH 9)§‹Y€ï 9UùÔ 
î} E&‚p’ô1ù 9)C€’q¯l´¸}UH 9)‹Y`E&‚
ƒ R$
ƒ 
ÖH }• ' 9) Ï p }~kÜÝ× Øú"U  â 邉ÒñU ý 'p’ »ù + 


-1 
E&‚  Y„  9 kù m * q é‚ B  è´* % q é C^‹ UE -1 
‚} 
Y„  ) W s  ` , r | U ‹ ɂ ’ ô1 ù <  Y„  ) & ' W s Q 
E&‚p’ô1â‹’q-1 ùm)Y„ pCý° ` ,ùp’ ô1ù < 
‹,r|f’qY`

ƒ 
Ù1 æ Ú9%  -1 U ý'Ãæ pÃF kÜÝ×  æ Ñ1 â‹:‚H Òñ ù -1 

˜W 9U3'-1pÃæk

$‚1 
5 9 q<5 GØ ' C ùW ^‹UE) b ùÙ* ‹ D5 ) 1 ‹ › 5A1 â$‚1 
z¯1‹:q,$  €¯ù 9p)HE;qÜIù ×CW$11 ‚wÛhù 
‹’q5E&‚p’ô1Cù 9 
Uý'p’ù)‹:‚%b0ð5ÕH)§‹’qæ? 99âô13'$‚1 
ÃæpH%‹5 ×ÃæÏk ‫ﻥ ﮐﺬﺍ‬+‫ﻥ ﺍﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺨﻂ ﻓ‬+‫ ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﺑﺨﻂ ﻓ‬âé‚š Òñ 
‹:’»H&”wù01$1K')‹<UH)1‹^³ × 
mõ 1 (Manuscript) ij   q ©% Ej mõ p 3 ' $‚1 H YL Ü LÖ
184

*+  

é’q!n}›’'EÖ'Ã`Ì%hõtöB´ ™j_ù ×l 
‚  e1 w 5ôj^: ‹ :‚  0Ù 5Ý ¤5 3ð ý' ;B ù pq w' ôj  
1)ijU^‹:q eU邁b|}QÑH0'™j$1+'ݤ5 
‹5
N 
%‹:‚ ò’F 
ù™j)€Ãq邁bÑpÞ}‘1' ×¹B´'0‚ 
:‚ò ’ F  EÍßù ™j ) €Ãq邁b Hï ð   1 )EÍß'™j ) 
‹]ijU^‹:‚q eUW9aÃÆ?‹ 
y p ÃF 1 t Ô ' E \ J $ †" y \ Ø û ¤  ‹ û ¤  à 0‚   ) 
¤û1ñâY¹ HK <fxÈ“Hý `’K <E \J$ †" 
âY¹5 <)p8†z\ú q©%HKpà5û¤ ÎÅHNk 
p 
) ¨ w ¯ V hù 1 ' ª  û( p´ p G ` €  ¯&´  <   û 1 ñ 
‹‚¤ 
HNC
• A. F. L. Beeston, T. M. Johnstone, R. B. Serjeant and G. R. Smith (Ed.),
Arabic Literature To The End of Ummayyad Period, 1983, Cambridge
University Press, p. 272
• Sahifa Hammam bin Munabbih: The Earliest Extant Work On The Hadith,
1979, M. Hamidullah, Centre Cultural Islamique
• R. M. Speight, "A Look At Variant Readings In The Hadith", Der Islam,
2000, Band 77, Heft 1, p. 170. 

óáÇ 
)E‚YÑU^
` http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Hadith/hadith.html

‹Í1EFG

185 

(»Ã̂ùÀ D0d' 9

"‹VHÝ11E&‚âû(

"‹‚æ?)Ipqœ%]'ôj¾1H1$l´"‹$‚1

*+  

5÷?5ïðî 91 9û(36
£5p’ ×ù 9 
¤ y z Q H   é‚ brØ| úH}• 'p’ ×ù 9H: 1  
â1¼ ¤\My z: 1  Qté’`Ä ù 5)I \J ût ¤C& 1Y¤ â¼ 
`żhùHp’@&'I 
\Ji@M¤¼1W 
cJ Ì“ ù < ^È ’[BE• )pWs D ' ÃÖ@ 1q 7 ÄUH1' K 
‚q¯cÅ$›U5^:

EØl1ÄH}•'… < 
B´'0‚$ <úH}•)e1Ä)=' 
Ð1’<¯E•1hùG'ö{’K 
â%VpX1YZ1[\]\0G^é’ô1ñ 
}â$1â‹<1LW!$1+'ö{p 
1}’“g•Uù$Ô"â%VpX1YZ1[\]\0G^é’ô1ñ1Y¹ 

Y} E&‚… <ùF 
\J1¼¤\Myp öHl´Ñ <1L$1+')

Ø E&‚1p’ä… < 
E'’ùâ‹RYE&‚… 9%‹ä… 9Hâ <ÕÃÖ1 pWs 
ml 
xáJ5p‚0­' <~d 
ý'm)E&‚… 
^_QH‹Ÿù 
‚¿p’¯ãzB ×$1^dUe1p’ä…âx85%v 
U1xY‚ 55 ×ö{Ê1 )^%Väe 
1)… 9H²1ê^‹0ƒU5Ws 
e1)RY} ÑE&‚… 9 K')€Ø¯áJUÚ‚q¯#$ 91ö{^xáJ 
‹ÂqŠ‹ä9… 9

186

*+  

¯l´Å1$%&57“ùÀ•PH}êo)^dUe1)‹:q ewz 
r|‘1ULÖ 
d Ù Ký' Ã"š$1âx ‡ ’²1ê 5 l5817 6 ö{ p X1 YZ1[\] \0G 1 x 
e1 ) ât¯Y $%& p' p’ ÒÓ 1 p’¿¿ù ´ 1Eö5 âp’ × êÌU ýþ 
‚q¯ wÔHö{yU€ß‚<Ñ1L$1+'ö{^x$U 
91ö{^ د$U€R’\)$ñt• )1q 2W9Y– 558176ö{Ú 
RY}E&‚…ù0G 9!e1)¨‚q#$

% %  ƒ’|7uù¾1p’ ×ù 9
"†J 
cJV0ƒ5´ùò5¾1p’ ×ù 9 
W’¯ªH… 
1 ³ù 9^:qÜ 
Iæ?vù—=1Ãå1¼kq†5 ×—$1

• 

^‚U$1^:cJqu1æ?v` o &â?5z^ E+1&´'…ES

• 

‹q<HK1¡I+ 
¯¬êÌ}‘1€ß¾’·ñuz-$1ý°õ ×+'ñuÛ1O' ×$1

• 

¨v 
x  )1 õ Ñ ¦ 1 1 B ö ÃØ1 $1 âö µì ’ 5 X1 YZ1 [ \ ] m’ , Ãö Ãö

• 

`( 
÷1hz}’»y1û)$1ÃØ1ö’5\Ãöæ?o

• 

¾­¯F[\¥1E\Jqé’’541æ?o

• 

U  “æ%^ j  X1 YZ1[\] z  ) ù O  êÌQ

• 

‹ž$Cč

187

*+ 

¯&´.ø5 < 
9C/¾’ѯ&´!(øC-5 9)$1^cJùò5K'7“ù 9 
•Í•öù ×C1kmF1…^cJq@?)sþU qÂwÑE&‚ ý'p’ô1 
‚x:’¯&´)5!(Cm‘11’7³ ×k$1}’¯&´’ 
\ ]\0G1‚q¯ªhùHp’ô1ù 9^‹E•)º5|7u DLÖ 
Ê1 ) |7 u D U / ‹ µ& z p no U ý° ‚ q ¯ !‹ E• T hù X1 YZ1 [ 
é’  9  !( *  9 Ñ H 1 $l´ § x Y‚ Ï 5 817  < Ú ‹  · 
‚ÍÍùÃd^:cJd?}ÒH—ufq 
?@(Softcopies)Ã]5‘Í  91ö{!­Ì$á©ÑÝç ˬPH1 $l´ 
'’è ¢5 éN€ ‚ È’rBK'p’L æ? vù  Âq !n H|© 
‹Œ‚ï'ª 
ù <1E%ö

E<øQ1pq0ÙH 9N 
UgQ)‹È 5)HÃ"(O 9ý'p’»ù@?'p’˜ù 9  

‹:‚<%yùy9

• 

‹:‚< 
‫أ‬%‫أ‬ù_‫أ‬

• 

‹:‚<æqé’²1ê–Y‘1K'–

• 

â‹ :‚< Ã3 B ´ ' 0‚ ‹ T U / ‹ :‚ % ’ w ù 0tû ý' ) é Et1 Q

• 

ù)Y_8p8â» 9UPp.3¤\Mk8_.3¤\My9 
â » 9 Pp .3¤\M k8 _0t.3¤\M y9 cJ ̳  æ? ) 
Y_`p8^ŽpÃF 
‹:‚%’wù¯ûý')BC´Qæ?o
188

*+ 

ý'W`  

'’0ù 9pÃF‹`H;:0‚)âälý'p’ø<ù 9p¦} 
m‹’‚$H>qé’»ù)âÊ1Ô1ß15õÐý'p’ÒÓ 
<  $êÍ' Ã17$1 ^::’5 Ã17 ' 1 1k{ K'p’0 <W s' 7 - 
± ö1é5å”&k1钁 êêÌ$1ý' 5)’ø< 
:âpÃFH) 
`Ëë‹ 5Ћm!(H{ 
)pY  

ìz’7³`šý'p’0 9pÃFlmE3Ã1'Ws 
'1'K1 
ùh'Wî !(Uý°}’1ä*+5!()$1â‹J̳ùÃÖíhml‹:‚$ 
å}’1ùýïB1偲–ðâå}ô% 
ƒ
ƒ ß% &×%Þ1 
5ñòÃ1ˆêÌÚ‹àÞ$&”5Ãó'1)H1)'­ ô1LõËLÖ 
1 Ãö ù À :q ™ ¸© 5 ñò cJ Š ÷H  B  t é’  B ÃÓ1 1 Ã1±p  
$  özÃöté’q¯!nÑøqYùÚBÀ7}‘1:³’ô³HÃôú 
q 1²u1H1'Kpæ#U 
ý'0d' 9H1$l´‹z‚’qÍåî'Wâ‹Íö p 
ÚH1$l´ 
cJ‚)b'Ws'’ý'Eù8

aïð 9 
5ïð õ ïð î 9 $1 ^ ‹ &FB )€  ’IJ 9$1 ^b st )ù m l 
' 9 âÛ ú# ù < ò… ⍒ æÅ1  ÃôÕ à ' < ⍒  ù < À . 
p’cÔù!(K'p’ê‹Œq` •1‘Í%^’\ÊË1û-ý'} Á'ß 
‚q±$á©ý'Ã1‘1ê^:‹Y1äævÃd)¡ 
U aOHmn( aopî <pWs

189

*+  

â5 âÊ âüâE: ƒGâEFo âESâá| HÐ ‹ !($1 U ‹ 0 ?‚U?

• 

A?B  Y¹  0‚  )Ãq R  ‰ < B ²³´ ' Õ † $…1 $…1 E+  I¦ 
‹

ƒ 
% ú# ' ™Y1 'ù < ²³´ H!( Õ)‹0 ÝÜ Þ߇ŸUÌý

• 

‹ü¤û 0‚)`’‚Y’‰jE%1 D™k^‹:‚ 
‚öj <î²³´†^:’‚m+'E³´'n(Õ) 

• 

<îü1E:ƒGâá|H@^‹UVH?‚1@v’—œ 
‹@ô" 0‚)’q <î ‹ 
g‚`Å 
$êÍ  ‹:’ ú# $êÍ- ù <¹ H Ã"( Õ)‹ 0  zUØþ

•  

1£1Fâ½n(·ƒX 0‚)‹:‚%ú# 
1¼kùô' 
å 
GÍGÍ' <q’‚hb`¸}^]hùH’q×B <n(Õ)Ÿ

• 

‹Ÿq %Ÿ»<™¤ 0‚)‹:‚»ÑùÃp}`0%–^ 
<î²³´*%Y1*H 
’qn(¶ <U‹0 †U†F

• 

‹O•Ë8Zm†Y¹ 0‚)’‚‰ 
)‹:‚Åù <î)qé Xù 9*HÃ"(Õ)?F

• 

‹?FæêFY
„¥  0‚)‹:‚»ùg1 < DK' 
» <$11p# YíBéê¹' !(Y‘1HÐ _ù!()µfµ

• 

)^‹  aµ  Íé\M "0‚ )‹ ` » H!( Y‘1 l  ’‚  
ÃF §’# íB éê ñ 1Y¹ + ' 4  l » <$1 pÍ< H !(
`‹:q’2ù!(2.5µf`ÅHÃ"(kù <p 
U ’‚» C  < $’» H!(Y‘1 *H Ð _ù !( ) ń Åì 
'%'´'!(øâU'gq`»p¹'!( øC

190

*+  

H!( )pí"^ ‹ a Åì ƒîFí"0‚) é‚w ’ ‚   *
`‚qÊEuCH <^:»C <$’»Hñ 
1Y¹

‹Í1EFG 
(»¾‚ aù 9N

"‹:‚ðý' 9H1$l´

• 

5÷?5 9ô146
æÅ15÷?' 9ô1 
9  ’ Ï B Ð ‚  » ù 5 ÷? 1 !ö â2  p’ ô1 ù 9 ^ ‹ U š 5 ‹ ) 
UE3C‹Â¿—Y1äH{ 
)‹Y1äý'¾1p’ô1 
p’»` $hq¯1·n( 9Ú‹1)º5âóô»Å*lÃBLÖ 
N ^ U }‘1 1  ‚ %Þ $&” 5 —u R  H ô1  9 H 1 ) ^ U €   LÛ 1 '
"`%‹’#íBéê 9hù^‚ò 
UÊ1}Bù <l´H 9

"‹,’ô1’7³!(é€ q¯ &ù 9pY1 
µppQ1‹ÁU1pHro )pWsQ‹Ä='WsH}•) 
‹:‚%bÑr 
|0H)$1+') 
& '‹ Á U1  H{)p0ƒF x" 18â" z WsQ

• 

q‡’%ƒ•&ù 9pÐ 
‹,’ô1 9Y1o
† 
’ô1 ô ¯&´ ø ïg * & '  ‹ ÁU1 µp $ºï % £ †V¤z Ws Q 
‹,

191

*+  

H!(pm* 
+'r 
|'‹ÁU150Hro)pôOWs

• 

^q—h ³Ä< 5 m) 1‚qƒ H K !() 1 q‡ ’íù éê p’ô1 ’ S
`߁‚º,ùô1)€^q‡’ÒÓ'01ù 
ïù 9p)+'¢¨

£5 9ô1mõ 
¿’KâqÂl‹"·mÚ*H… 
ù 9âŒ’`&’K 
éù 9lmõhù 
)&'ôOWs€Ñ’7 ³ 9wwùmõK')1’ÒÓ’“ 
ù 9¿ 
q˜¯uv… ³l‹5m¾1Ã
ö)nof‹0€stô1

éê)1 •ô1 9 
8†Q' 910â‹:‚%bÄH}•'p’ô1 •ù 9 HW smõ 
ôO8†CA1mõ' 910âù§‹ä@?)p8$¤1Y&x"z 
Q¤û10Ôâ8â"ko¡r| f‹%{,ùp’ô1ù ï' 9p 
p’»HÒñ-ù 9F1p’ô1‹ɂHEo •ô1^‹U—ê‹5¥ 
q˜uv 
ƒo '  1 Òñ ' 9 Y1 Ú ‹ ɂ H E o • ô1 ^ ‹ r | U 5 W s  Q 
q܂æ?vùp‚qè'ƒoà HûGÍGÍ')1qu1æ?v 
ÂqÅH 9N <lq¯êH!(*k‹H}•' <— DU 
Œ ‚  ` è  Òñ š P Ñ ù Òñ ' <  ‹ ` , ! ’ ô1 H &” Y ` 
ù ï^‹ e1f»%ù 9*‡û$1^‹àUý'Y1^‹e1o&l5 •ô1 
9hqme1)œ`y•¼UN 
€q‚m 
 9‹RYE&‚p’ô1’% 
‹`E1äp’ô1 •ù 
p -   ^ % ≠Òñ U K ' p’ 2 9 $1 ^ ‹ &F B ) â‹ Ø ’ ô1 • ù 9 m l 
hVÔE•Ò)p ö%%V

192

*+  

Òñù⁂HÒñùE•*^‹ 5àzpU ý°‹,05 
•ô1LÖ 
Œ’»¨ö HÒñ-€¾¬æ?v F1Rù ï'E•‚»•Í'1*H 
‹Ípå <1p‚ô1‡û^‹e1f‹ 
'ô1p\]^ ‹ e1 f ‹ q è E• ”• 'S T Y1 * Et1 QH •ô1 
‚È$ɂ5Å*¾1pqÊSTÃ31^:ô·Ñ0'ôGÍGÍ

!‘')1H 9 
EØl1Y–1)’ªH ³ù 9‹š5âH 9 
ù)1•&™š$1^‹Y1äý'W 
' 9ð1 ñ)1•&™š

• 

^é’0u5½¤ÍâY  
$ÒÓªH ³ù 9$1о9³ 
‹ æ?)$1 € ‹` u1 •&™š$11‹ :’Ÿù p’ ø< W 5 9ml
`106 ‫ ـ ص‬2 ‫‹ ^ﺗﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﺮاوي ﺟـ‬êÌY"}lpÐ
Ÿùp’ø< 9!( 9ï'*

• 

!$%&Øâ@?QH1@?Î'p’ø<ù 9^‹Ò‚»B1^  
0G$1^‹ &Fý'W' 9‚HÒñ'ù 9^‹U•?!O 
H 
  $ ÒÓ Ãd  ³ $1 ^: 4 •&  r 1Wsù 9 X1YZ1 [\ ] \ 
…ý°‚ ¿ p’ ô1 <q é’ r Bà 1 Ã"( é $1^ ‹ ` OUý' 9 
 ¯  ù 9 % ö{  Y„  ’ Y~ ât é’ Ž W s mõ ^ ‹ e1 f  ’q l´ Ãz Ñ  H 
1’ 
x :‚ <  ï ' !š ù 9 1 ö{ 1 d  Y„  ’ Ÿ  Ã"( Ú x H mõ 1 no U LÖ 
pWsp 
ù!š'Ã"(ÂqcÔGÍ'!šn( 916ö{H1$l´ 
1ƒo' 9 ‹:‚ $y•Íp`5ªH ³ù 9!(!e 
1 )‹ È’ÑL 
‹’‚$y•E1ä$êÍ0<»ý'EùEÛà

193

*+ 

‹Í1EFG
"‹Rö,GÍ'éê£ •ô1

"!‘')1‹ 
H 9 

kj56
eZ 
š 5  Òñ $1   kj ÃB m Jk q   !t 1 h - ‹ š 5 kj  o Y1
`115 ‫ ـ ص‬1 ‫`‹` ^اﻟﻘﺎﻣﻮس ﺟـ‬kj5•&1ÃB^q¯¥1 
1 éq 0Ù Í p l ÒñÚ¾1pöH0' 9   
kjH ï/ø 
qàáš5”•'0ÙB

H— 
)  
)‹:‚º pùð1 ñ—)ÃØ'8†' 9‹w<5H 
$%&p—UH 9 
-7€ w'X1YZ1[\],'\$1^cJ E•)ùz‹Ï} ’ø<5W 
té’: —up¦}Hro)}’BX¢1P1 

€8!Òñkj 
0‚  ) q l´ H ô1 Y‘1  9 ol ‹ z1  8!  Òñ kj ¾1 pq 1 H 9 
’ q}â‹HЋ 9$’ ô1 E \J ¤ ¼ y HY¹ H}• '&Z  
e³&ZB €q¯ ÊÑ)1’…€q¯Ê)âe³&Z 
q 9 $’ »  E\J a y Hq @æÅ1  Ћûkj  H 9) 
1’&Z’q1’BL1’€q¯ÊÑ)âÒñUHЋ’‚

194

*+ 

ïðO

kj ¦¤$"

• 

‹!(8!B²³´)U 
kjË  €F¤ 
ƒ&'
Î
Þ 
‹ UÍ· % , 


ÞñY»&

‹Í1EFG

195

"‹ 
kj

• 

('½BŽ 
ùN$’»B1

*+ 

ô1!ö1043
!öüý'þ]16
t 
ø<ù 9mle 
1)‹>a18!5p’ø<!{5 \q0H 
1N 
 9 
^: }’ Ê E v 1 ? a ” - $1 ^ ‹ &F ý ' ) âq 0 H pc H Ã`Ì  ' ’ 
Ï B )  ¡  p’ Ï B 9 ù Ã1‘1 $1 ^ cJ ù m ) q  m N  I  ) H Ã`Ì 
qF1p’

% %  ƒqE=>H-þ]
"†J  

 1 E7 z LÛY1Þ 05 )}’ 5  ^ $1 1 q,  þ]

• 

q} 
}–p$1”•'ŒEžX1YZ 1[\]\0GcJqŠÔ1 9.5)

• 

ßq5ç 
q!)Hõ÷1Wl}’ø<ÚW5 9$1

• 

9)m ‘1hù ^q܂ $1 §q ¯W 5 Ð fíH }• ' 9;hù  ) 

• 

}?þ]}‘1ùÅÍ)$1€‹˜WH} 
•' 
¾’æv 
kâ$1^cJ€}’_H}•'pq¯,' 
hù

• 

‹•?8!O 
5ô1 9U}’Ôý'N 
1F 9€q˜%$1

• 

Y1äý'¾1p’IJÕÑ 
*8E=> DULÖ

196

*+ 

"‹! ;5Ù)ý'ÔF1N 9 
1t1• - ) ^‹ U .^ ö '’ æ? vù ^± 1 0• - 1q  
µb þ] 
v UH ÃÌ1 p’ IJ  8 H 1 }^ )“

å ¯ 1 ’ ‡   ) êÌ^: q v
`z‚’q!E 

}’Á&”t1•ý'" 9X1YZ1[\]\0Gþ]

• 

}¯ž#B} 
‘1ù*$1}’µg5Y  GÍ'Ô8ä< Dþ]

• 

}’’1BX1YZ1[\]m’,1y1û\ #1&¨ö5Ôþ]

• 

Ãq#F•Þ1>'Ô8ä<l}’!$ÒñÚþ]

• 

Ãq¯25ô"8ä<^:g•‡1E%‹B #'F 9þ]

• 

⾬æ?vùE•êÌ^Ãq;&' 9N^x:‚‡0ƒ5E•)ÃØ'\]mõLÖ 
óôü!öU' 9Ne1o‚’†HÃÌ'« 91Ãq¯25ô" 
Ïstæ?Yí!öUÑH1$l´

"‹¼Oý' N 9 
|wcJ ’²1ê 5 UH ¼ 0Í cJ%)Ò& 'WsQ ‹:‚%b ÄH }• ) 
‹Œ‚²1êH¼ 
Ñ* 5U‚qst' 5)zÚcJ’Ê1) 5U^‹Ur 

ïðO

197

‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻭﯼ ﻭ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻣﻊ‬+‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﺧ‬Y 

‫ ﺭﻭﺍګﺘ& ﻭ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ‬Q ‫ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ګﻨﺒﻐﯽ‬,‫¯ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺑ‬M¤

*+ 

!öüý'W' 926
t 
9 X1YZ1 [\]\ 0G ^ l‹Y1䍒Y1‡ h’?1’ !ö Q ùW  ' 9 
ß Q1ó ô » ý 'þ]l  z1 !öQ  H‹ Y1ä ý 'W / )' 
^}GÍ'

!öîÃÖ1W1þ] 
^HW`

!$p’ø<ý'LÛ1DjY1ÞùW

• 

WpÐâ%VpX1YZ1[\]\0G^é’ô1E\J$ †"ye¤1ô" 
ßb¯ù%—'I¦$1âø<ý'.Y1Þ*$1+'Å \ù

’ÏB <hq

!öîW 
}’ƒ 
Íö1& €â· \ý'E 
1p’ø<ù 9W

• 

}’Ÿùî†ý'0d')1‚q0H 9`B´'$1

• 

²1ê (  9   âÃq Þ© B    o ' – a1 ¸ ✠$êÍ l ' 7 ' )

• 

}’ 
‹Y1äý'pÌ$á©W'1p’ø<WU 
}’ €1"-W

• 

}’ W 
€‚’Ñ’%&p´phù 
Ћ2¼Ò “bùWb¯WÔ1}’·Ã1ÔdÍ-W 
‹zc€.5p’ø<W­$u1W1Á

198

*+  

q¯25)%#WH0d'W)ÑN 
âqÑ́ÔH 
%¼

• 

p’ ¯ @ }’ Ñ Ÿù  E  
» ¯ 1] z W … ’ K ù 9 é ù  W 

• 

‹Œ$ 1F™ 
w5Y–$1HE 
)‚  *+ 5ô" 1 YŸ#âhz @ K' )‚ ñ 1 Y¹w &¨ö 5W' < 
$1+')‚*+58 ´1ûüzÌ*€qE1äN1Yu@pK' 
kj1â!(Fù¤îôâèÒ1æÓ»<™¤â½;:Y¹âŸq 
‚*+5 *€F¤î 

199

*+  

)12

200

*+ 

ëìPî1143 
0&116 
p\ ] } ^ ‹ :q e U  )  ‹ q ²1ê ëì P L î  9 –  ÃB LÖ 
‹4’‚HhUõ)î– 9

t 
$%& p ý ' Ð ‹ @•? U:‚ %b ` WU ÃØ ' ÃgM ‹  H E=>  I ) W 5  
â _ µì¤ }’ Y1‡  @? ) qé ’  Á1 9 $1 ^cJù @ ‹ R ·: 
5Ö´â _Y)î í$1âœJBl5m Ð`î 8^ € gq ¯H 8 
‹+ 
-H– 9)pqé’» 9ùB-pAm^(DVLÖ 
â Aý 'p’ ¶ ù $”& Ñ C 5 x  CpHù 9) ^Ž q é’ ’5 C
C 
^‹ :qU$á©5@?) ‹:> ÏUK,$ ù 9)$1^:‹)b' 
‹:‚qÄÅHrB 91‹’‚q¶ 
– 
pqÍ'Ã3©1&– 
‹Ø•?5¦Ÿùp’ùâ_¤û‹Ø•?5Ws'I 
hq  »  ¼ Eb  ^ Ô ' E \ J Y ¤ \M y `H ©? 1 ' E \ J ¼ y^ 
v ’ø< E \J ¼y , $ ù 9)$1 ^: t é’ 5”· Äù `K'R 9 
 pV á&  H ý'  ‹ 5> zôŠ ’ ý' 0d ' 9 
wÔF\JY¶!3"1\M¤ ‚yH

201

*+ 

eZ 
a%,1‹D51S'}‘1U501&0&1‹©5 âoY1 
-1
– 
) 0&1qÍØ–Y‘1åÃ31HЋ:‚Žù–)H ï/ø 
q$%&åÃ31HÐ_ 
ù 
1 0& – Ç  H  A—B—D ‹ – Y‘1 1 A—B—C—D  ‹ –  B ´ ' 0‚ LÖ 
å>–Y‘1

aªÆ¥ ‡Ç‡$
(Relative 

F  y• 1 ‹ (Absolute Height)C H a b  `pq k^  ' – 
Height) 

H a D   U 1‹ Cf û{  X1 YZ1 [ \] \ 0G GÍ '  $b 1w

`‹:‚Où– 
¼¤—m—8^‹e1f^‹aO 
' 9 N € q$%& å  Ã31WX1 YZ 1 [\] \ 0G û{  †* ' 9

• 

‹w<5Hqk{GÍ'–w$…1â8â:ç¤âPz * 
Ø  Í<—. ¤ x" ^ ‹  » p Y1Ö  l ‹ $1 0‚  )    e1  E©1  Y1

• 

d hq ¡  `7487^ E©1  . ¤ â`7458^ E©1 p ý° ‹  $%& – Í<—p
‫‹` ^اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﺸﺮح اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ‬k{$%&X 
1Y1[\]\0GØ.¤¯&5pk^
`168 ‫ ـ ص‬2‫ﺟـ‬ 
¾1RHK–)â‹¡ù 9-pmÐ e 
1¢ 
1HR 9 
1d0ÍÃÍÊ1)¼¡ 9zpV1^‹U0‚)‹Ø 
m¡H×BÃ31  –1ÀWEbÃÖ10Í cJ}‘1 
‹$%&¼)ý°å‚ö$%&–
202

*+  

»gU)p8Ãä e 
1û{Ã"(/ 9 
_ Ñ´ ùÀ '– ÃÅ1ÍW* H $êÍ'' Ù æÑ´

•  

8 pÃF1£–kpY¹ â‹»æ?)p£¤0‚) 
w1*ù 9)P Y1Ãö w '£ 1Y¹(DV‹ô1 9 
EÍ w ' £ 1 } 1  é’ô1 ` ' Y¹ ^ Å0 )Ê " 6 –
‫ ^ﺷﺮح‬åq  $%&– Y1å ‚ hbÑ´ H–  Y¹ 1H–Y€ Y1
`61 ‫اﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ ص‬ 
:‚ Ž 0½ ù À ÃÅ1 Í W 6 P '  *  H $êÍ '  ' Ù æ 0½  

1B2Û '–Y¹ PH0‚RYB1âé’»Ã3£¤0‚)‹ 
ÃÅ1ÍW`DC'Y¹ ^=£–$1§é’ô1ù 9o– 
¨Ãq0½5£â=H–Y‹’‚‰ 
E1* U € Ãq    Y1 ' – $’ » Y 1 – $’ »   ' Ù æ E1*  

\]\0G1'1é’» 9hù hz â+'0‚£¤å> 
>E1*U€‹$åUÑH–Y‹$å Ã31='X1YZ1[ 
å

†
† 
>Ð1K€q  åÃ31HÃ1Ô''Ùæ1Y>Ð1K  

‹:‚Ž

a01& 
S½' ab U 
1 abÑ`pqè´'– 
k^01&'–

01&%‹! 
H 9HE pq åè´ Ã31^‹U e1 ) ‹!01&â & ' ôO Ws 
HpqwÃÖ1Ú‹HEoU‹2½01&â_¸·¤‹3”5p‚qÊ4hù

203

*+  

Ãq  '}‘1 
Ãq邁bY1Â$%&H)‹!HE)01&

ïðO 
‹ ‹ 5   m n( ¶  ¿ p W s § ‹ ` ê hù  ¿ H }• ' 0& 1   
l´ V·  w ' X1 YZ1 [\ ] \ 0G 1 ¹' wÔ <$1 H E56 
E56¸71Y¹E56£¤0‚ )té’%ž#ù4^‹:q eU) 
¤û

‹Í1EFG 
(»H H–"‹0&1

• 

(»HÒñ-ù a

• 

26
eZ 
*H†' 9^l‹ 9…oÙhq5‹š5Ћ0!5…UoY1 
‹:‚Žùp 
é 
‚hbHY1†'K')3z11ql´3%Ý<HY1' 9H ï/ø 
8qé’»ùE•)ÑY1‘1 €q%8q_E•hùY1 ^‹U0‚)LÖ 
^‹ ’qz”*E•)p’@‹¤WÃö…U18BE•oÑY1EK ') 
‹ ;$%&5; 
ÒÓù 9pÃ31

204

*+ 

æÅ1eZ 
hùHô1E%q’ 
‚hbÝ<%3hùWÃö’¾²1êH^‹Uš59Hô1 
qz‚h 
b->

a 
Ã31 â9  o ' Ý<  Ã31  a Y– ·  9 ^ ‹ :q e U  æÅ1  eZ 
9o'E=>ô119o'E=>

9o'Ý<Ã31 
Uô"@0‚9u‹Œ‚%bBXž%0u'9o'EF<'Ã31

• 

^‹ÄUÏWo}â%VE 
\J:¤oypX1YZ 1[\]\0G^‹ 9
† 
' ô1 ) V · Y~ H p’ ES  @? f 1 Ÿ â’ -W\ }â; K ' &Z † » 
‰Òñ';»^‹ÄUÏkœÈµ<
qé’»ùô1)pY1 
'pX1 YZ1 [\]\ 0G ^‹ 9U $’ » E \J$ †"y 0‚ 9°

• 

Y1OpY1 †qé’» ù 9)% ' = ù0& p\ â%V Ô ’8 ùGØ
`42 ‫” ^ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻮم اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ص‬E•U’8GØ' 
YZ1[\]\0G^‹ 9U$’ »E\J Wy0‚9'ÕÃÖ1°1u

• 

`1Í1Y 1v$1^WÚŒ’`ø<)ï XWÊ1)mhùâ%VpX1 
1 Y  v H â%V ÔU ’ 8 ^±  E \ JW p ö K ' ) ö ¾ ¯ X B Õ 
Y1 O-pY1† q é’ ô1 9 )%FXB Õ  æ?†Í 1 Í
`40‫‰ ^ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻮم اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ص‬ÒñU’8^±

9o'E=>
=>Ã31 
‹:‚%b9H 9Ño'ž10u'Y1

205

*+  

» 9pY1†HÐ ‹ 9îE1½~OG0‚9u'E=>Ã31

• 

ÃB^  _yšd  æ? ) E1½ ~ OG p Ãæ ^ ‹  » 3 U K ' p’ 
Ãqî0ul’‚»E($1Ã31 
5Y1á&z‚hb3µ?hùHÃ31^‹U0‚9°'E=>Ã31

• 

% ý z /+ z  O ' O % âÃq 9 < O ' O % âÃq † '  Y1 O % âq   
Ãq}ºž 


9o'->ô1 
*ô1U%q»HÒñ^8ùô1)pY1†^‹Œ‚%bæ?)9H >ô1 
qR»HÊ 
1^}%/+^}

† 
}’»’í 
_%>‡ žUzù 9Y1†^‹U0‚p’»HÒñ^8

• 

q»z'Ä 
ù 9)pY1†^‹U0‚ô1HÊ1^}

• 

q»)b'}&1'>¯}ù 9)pY1†^‹U0‚p’»ù 9B Û^}

9!O 
9U1‹z-ù 9pY1†^‚q eU)^‹U->!O 
H9 
‹µbc7

áâ'9 
‹:q$&”5õ8!'Y1)^‹U$á©59

"‹Y1䍂%bHÃ31 D59 
Y1Ãæ 9U^߁‚ŽUHE;‹`Y1䍂%bHÃ31 DWÃö’¾²1ê59 
‹W

206

*+ 

"‹Y1äqw5 9 
w$1§q¯ 9^‹îÑU‹qÑ“UqÑw 9^‹`Y1äU 
q

ïðO 
<oÒH)‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﮑﺒﺮﯼ‬+‫ﮐﯽ ﻣﺴﻠﺴ‬

• 

‹Åù <212H)‫ ﺍﻻﺣﺎﺩګﺚ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﻪ‬Q ‫ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﻪ‬H‫™ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎ‬3Fy¼M

ô1 9j 
536
eZ
¼ 
 Y–Et1 QT‹ š 5Ð ‹0 sâj 
1–‹ š5 Ћ0 u â 5  oY1 
‹:‚Žj
FÕ 5Fô1~é’ô1 9Ã31¼Í-âY1' 
'`1k^ O 1 ¼ l}’ø< 9 Y1 }‘1 Ú*Y1  ^‹š 5) H ï/ø 
qw<5ÒÍY1¡H 9&1W%qÍ)o

æÅ1eZ 
¡ Y1 ‘1 $1 %}’ ô1  Y1 ¼ Í  - ù 9* Y1 hù ^ ‹ U D 5j
F Õ 5Fô1 
^‹U ï‘15 )}’ ø< 9 : ™ hù zq˜ ºO ' KØ Y1 
m ¡ H ¼ $1 / q Í m ¡ H ° 1W l }’ ø<  m Ú * ù 9 m ­ 1< 
q$%& 
oj’ø< 9­… 5­%¼ p5m'¼Y–%:*5™ýþ LÖ 
Œq^‹’qUe1=>‹:‚‡B1,‚B´^}ù <;ÃØ'\]e1)â‹E•

207

*+  

Ãqóq¯¨ö ÐqR 
qªhùHp’»ù–^ 
‹ 
$té’Ø\ý'p’ø<Wm†$1^‹ :q$&”5Y?1“€Ws}) 
q¯ðzÍH1¼$1

a 
a·ô1j 
5 
6^q$%&Y1ƒÑ&1W5)kq–o'ÃÖ1O1¼Y1ƒY1–

`}’ô1:*™hù 
* ­lÖ–hù6âqÍY1 ƒ$1H¼/q:‚º–o'°1WY1–

• 

1  8 ^ ’ ô1 9  Û ¤ \M 8  z q Ø ’ ô1 9  ­ … ±"
`Y1êþ Û¤\M5 O' 9  

ƒt  6q $%&  Y1 ƒ H W1 ¼ Y1 – §Ãq } º  O z Y1 ÃÖ1

`t'  

ƒt ^’ô1 9

gj
FÕ 5Fô1 
ô1 ¥[ gF¹ âF \ J¼¤\M y ^‹ U 0‚ )ô1  : 

• 

’ 
’ô1 9`@\¥^8 âY¶FR¤zô1 
:e:

áâ 
T %Ãq óq¯  ¨ö Hô1 CÔ^ ‹ :‚ q1 sU^‹:q U$á© 5=> < Õ) 
q˜¯e$%&Y1}–Y1

208

*+ 

ïðO 
FÕ•Y1BÕC$1!(`7403 ^Ì5 ¤«!A"

‹Í1EFG
"‹HW'ô1j 
5

90d 5 •46
eZ 
‹Ø’ô1ù 9 - •hù^örUH 9–

0‚ 
pX1 YZ1 [\]\ 0G ^‹  ô1  F\ J° -p)S yl ‹ 9 $1 0‚ ) 
V&Z'’0HD 


áâ 
•ù 9z B´ ý°óq¨ö H–CÔ^‹:‚q1s U=> <; 
\ý'p’ø<Wm† 
$1^‹:q$&”5Y?1“€Ws}) é’ô1 
q¯ðzÍH 
1¼$1$té’Ø

ïðO 
FÕ•Y 1!(Y 

‹Í1EFG 
(»HW'ô1 •

209

*+ 

90d •5 56
eZ 
’ô1 9 ') •5)%qØ’ô1 9 • -EhùH–Ð 9; 
qØ

H 
Y “ –’í $AÕFÕæ 
:‚ ` Å  5 % • B ´ H  ^ ‹ UH < ;
`‚Lùèå1æç^:^‹:‚’ÁHx!5ô'1 •e1)‹’‚

a 
a1 <; 
H å A ¾‚  ) q R  ¯ ô1 9   q Ø ’ ô1 9 • -  Y1

• 

^‹U O‹:‚ %b  Ä H  ',1 '1' ^ ô1 ,1 -é" z
`x8¤?Í 5 
'$11, 
1-ª¤1¼^‹U0‚)ô1 •1 
•-Y1*

• 

^¤ 1¼ ¤ \M ¤¤ ª ¤1¼ â‹U \… í5 ª¤ 1¼^  é’ô1 
1¼ ÃB^‹:q eU Y‘1  9)§    ^‹:q e f †\ ÃB
`™O^lF\J1¼¤\M'ª   

`'

áâ 
qÑW5pq¯%pqÂ'1^‹:‚q e 51 •'Ã31^‹:qU$á©54B < 
,1' Y1% ‚  'Y1 $ùŸÃB ‹  ^‹ :‚q eÑU)`‹:‚ 
³'Y1øk‚'

210

*+ 

ïðO 
‫ﻢ‬%‫(!ﺭﻭﺍګ& ﺍﻻﺑﻨﺎء ﻋﻦ ﺍﻵﺑﺎﺋ‬G¹R¤\{H"

• 

‫ﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺪﻩ‬,‫ﺟﺰء ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﯼ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑ‬5,™¤

‫ﻪ‬,‫ﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺪﻩ ﻋﻦ ﻧﺒﯽ ﺻﻠﯽ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠ‬,‫ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﯼ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑ‬Q ‫ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﺷﯽ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻢ‬5 h+ <

• 

‫ﻭﺳﻠﻢ‬

…

¥ 
{…Fô11…§66
eZ{ 
}‘1 H 1 ¼ l_ ùÃ31 Ú{H ï /ødÍ ‹š5 Ð ‹ 0  8{â{ 
Ãqk{'

eZ{Fô1  
I¤É· ¢ß„Ÿâ¬´^‹U0‚ )}’ô1 9dÍ}‘1 dÍ^‹D5) 
qô1´pYl‹`W5 9*;8dÍ {ÃÖ1U’ô1 9

eZJ· 
‹%ý) 5J 
·ù)‹²ö}üUq8‹š5)1‹0!5K7U 
éq  '} 
‘1H 
Y1ÃÖ1¾1p’ô1^ 
ÃqdÍ'} 
‘1Y1'Ћ:‚Žù 9;J·H ï/ø

¾‚J· 
$ †"EbâT$y%}\JT$yâE\J$ †"y^‹U0‚)H 
’ô1 9
211

*+  

’ô1 9Y†&i@M¤¼ 
%i@M¤¼âY†&^‹U0‚)H 
:

• 

’ô1 98 
a&1%a&1 â8 ^‹U0‚)H:e

áâ 
%qöB´ËÅé 5Y1H–CÔ^‹:‚q1sU)^‹:qU$á©54 9J· 
q<‹ô1kÕj1k1ûH–

ïðO 
Jqq

• 

{F 1ĔFC"

‹Í1EFG 
(»VH{Fô11J· 

F1Í76
eZ 
$1 Í F1 K‹ š 5Ћ©  5é F 5F1 ¡‹š 5)1 ‹© 5 #… &… ž…  âÍ 
qhbE©1HK 
pЋY1$1F1qhbE©1¡pЋY1 
'ÃÖ1§qø<W5 9zpÃc_ 
ùÃ311F1ÍH ï/ø 
q:‚%bV–HE©1K

0‚ 
¤ û­" 1`7256 ^Y¹HÃ1Ô ' ‹  `7216-313^Å0« ¤  0‚ 
‹V50Í137HE©1Ã1ÔÃÖ1wÔ`7393 ^L
212

*+  

¤ ¤ û 1  Ñ `7125 ^ Y†& ¾1 p’ ô1   ‹  `790-179^ 8  0‚ Y‘1

• 

Y†& t ' ¼ $%&  8 âY†& ‹ V 5 0Í 135 H E©1 K ' ÃÖ1  Ñ `7259 ^ M 
âN’q åH j
FÕ 5F 1 $1 E%1 l 8 pY†& t: e8 1: 
Vè´HE©1K'Y†&1e1ohb¼á&0ÍGpÃFt¼ÍØ8 
‹:‚%b

áâ 
Kýþ^‹ŒqY&5s))$1+')‹‚ÊH HÃÌ— 
F1Í 
q`9^hqp8– 9^‹îUý)‹Œ‚%bV³HE©1

ïðO 
¾1 
ö!(Y 

‹Í1EFG

213 

(eZF1Í

• 

(»Hp’ø<W5F1Í

*+ 

`W5Ã31^0‚ 
1243
‚  

’16 

eZ™ 
dÍ‹š5Ћ0™‹›5Gâ™oY1 
1qEtFX1YZ1[\]\0GHXÝ<pЋ:‚Žùm)™H ï/ø 
qÑ 7 ý ' Šš L ™ hù  + ' r | w q hq Hz  ¦ Ý< Ñ E©1   K ' ) 
߁>z™$1€¾’0€ ¦$•1HK§‚

áâ1H 
' : ’ } y#ù 9 !Ý1½  ) ^ ‹ U $á© 5 W ) H 9 —  áâ A ' W '  
‹Œ‚%FWÒ

"‹:qeW5pq™'m* 
I\J'$$Å%¼ 
1x"yz3'#€

• 

F\JO¤áP1Q¤ Rz3'E7

• 

™â 
U^3'_h 
qY™1*

• 

™â 
U^3'_ 
hqY 
:Â*

• 

!šHÝÍ!$1k^qîq™51Ãqrst$1´µ3'}¡' 


• 

7600Y¡ Up)ý°ß‚¯0€Y¡ 5pq™5YvB´'0‚Ãq ‹ l´H
`45 ‫ – ص‬2 ‫` ^اﳌﻴﺰان ﺟـ‬xmTq$1^_~xH

214

*+ 

"0 D 
¯ % Ãq q  H  H 1 ' Ù $1 $  w< ' ’ f k0 I \ J ’  O ' O 
* ’ y" ‚  $1 ^ ‹ Uš 5pq 0 '  ‹ ™ E• U  [' ÃÌ1 p’ r B  Ãq 
é’~£' öz¯1é’`!‹X 
1YZ1[\]\0GùE•pq 
` ‡B ù ’ '  H ro ) 1 ß ‚  0€ ù < D R  »  ™ ^‹ S  U  ) 
‡¢>UH}•'â`$…15'T1U.z^óqHÙEb lH߁‚ 
t¾1p’ÏBkê$ 11x8!O 
¯&5^‹Ue1)dªY§U^߁‚ 

¾1p’ô1 <EO 
t¾1p’» 9EOI\J™µH 
ô1 <pVá&300 10a < 5374$ †"

• 

Y1 <2630 ¼¤\M

• 

Y1 <22868¤W

• 

Y1 <2210TUV 

• 

Y1 <1660)S¤\M

• 

Y1 <1540\M¤ ‚

™¾1W$%&O 
Ñ H  ' ¼ Y– $1+ ' F\J )S¤ \M y ­ }– OH ¾1p’ô1 
¤C&⹤™âa⼍y$11‹7 BV µWH ’â+'1N}¿ 4}– 
7BF\JY¤\M1a yW5µK')I\JY¤\M1â" âût 
‹

215

*+ 

"‹YS 
J’ 0"ûU§‹k{'G·å' \M€Ú1‹\M 5$1 YS 
é‚ý™^8
¼¤\M

)S¤\M

|&¤\M

I\J^¤1¼¤\M

† 
 W 5   e1  Ð hb ¼ è´p O 1 t ­ }– O ' O U^‹ U->  Ã1J  
ÃqHro*EbÃ1JUÚqø<ô1 ÛÑ>HI`”•'ÐÈ? 
‹YSU^‹:‚Ž€ 

å 
é’ $Á   ’‚hb ö ú  W sH ro )§ ‹ à € ’` ù å w ’  
]\ 0G â‹  Y&×& ¤ 8#OH d á&Få   ^‹ Œ‚Ž Uq
2 ‫ ^اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ ﺟـ‬Rô1 9 N1ø<Wp124,000X1YZ1[ \
`2201 -

E5' 
%Ê1'p’0€ ¦pWsQ‹:‚%bÄHWsH}•'åE5' ’ 
@ BX1 *+ ' §-p W s Q1‹ v HE5 ` o' Ê1 ' ED 
‹vHE5$•pÍ<1E5bùp'¤‹
¼ 
B´'0‚qIo'°1W %p&'‹U.5vHE5LÖ 
­‚ E5U' 
o'

216

*+  

F\J) S1$°yz¾1pqÊ¡X 
1YZ1[\]\0G • 
F\Jwâx"yz¼P'\0G • 
E\J¼yzƒ0Í$s)\0G • 
E\Jayzƒ0ÍŠl\0G • 
I\J|&¤ \M1­1xyz¾1pqÊHÎYÃö'µì¼\0G • 

­‚ æ?)E5o'p’ 
0€ ¦
I\JV <¤C&1WJâaâx"yz¾1p’0€ ¦¡O • 
F\J0$âG¤Ñâwyz¾1p’0€ ¦HÃÌÍ·hµkÌ1FXÍ • 
¾1p’0€ ¦¡YED • 
¾1p’0€ ¦H1^y• •
F\Jo¤'1$&¤'yzÌ1FXÍ'¶ • 
¾1p’0€ ¦¡½.1K'ED • 
¾1p’0€ ¦¡9.1K'½. • 
¾1p’0€ ¦¡Z9[1K'9. •
F\J^¤1¼1Z1¤,}yz¾1p’0€ ¦¡š1K'Z9[ •
I\J*"â\"¤?’â1¼¤‘yz¾1p’0€ ¦K'š • 

¾1] 
F\ J 1© ¼ y K ' 1 ÷Lx" y ° OH ^‹  [ BE• ) 54s 
K')â$$Åy•K' âayK'âwyK')+'r| 'ôO 
y^s^‹e5I\J¾1pqêH³ZK')19sK ')â½s
`{™°OùE\Ja

217

*+  

¾1p’0€ ¦¡O
÷Lx"yHÃ1&ö

ayHÃ

_J$yUV H·

V<¤C&yHô6$’&ö

I\J敤0$yHô6

• 

¾1pbE©1HÃöO 
W sOhb E©1H7100HšpÃc`(1¤y™¾1pbE©1HÃöO 
hbE©1H$¶H793pÃcE 
\J8¤Wy™YÃö¾1pbE©1¡+'

ïðO 
ab.Ëa
Fƒ¢£¤

• 

abæçËa º»€F¤

• 

!FæçË!²F¯M¤

‹Í1EFG

218 

(*+5å”&EF<' ’)Í&Í!(*RmBE$

• 

(\,-âóô»E5l'I\J ’H' 
¤E5

*+  

:26
eZ: 
pЋ :‚Žùm) : H ï/øF1 pö HK ‹š 5)o Y1 ‹ :0: 
m):^‹ÑU qhbE©1Bz ¦Ý<p) N1qEtFH ¦Ý<™* 
qÁG™*pÐ_ 

áâ 
‹Œ‚VH <:1!¡ 
‚ù 
:

E5': 
pñ 
 ‹vHE5`H& ”¿p­†‹ÄH}•'åE5' 
: 
$Åk‹:‚º`:°OH‹vHE5bpÍ<1Jp'¤â· ` 
qø<Gê'$

0c 
‹l´Hp&'X1YZ1 [\]\0GN1%‚lVÚ‹D5)‹0 câ0c 
H:ù0c +'r|w`Ãqö¾X B ö$1§^qhq¯EtF ö §Ãq 
"‹ $%&  ) å   ^ ‹ U , § ‹l å  0c + '   ñ  ‹ :‚  å
ƒ
`‹:qHùÑå5’Ž$Ô•'Y1ƒ{À1^‹:qHùå5¢Ci¤G1YÝÜ ñ"¦w 

œEÍ': 
t} º ”· O ' OU  q Ws}– H: EbU‹ :‚Ž œù :EÍ 
U '
1¤R
219

*+ 

x"¤¤t

|&¤O1š

C&¤e}

âM¤½"

d¤\M¤\{

Q\¥@¤´

• 

åH:œEÍùâM¤x"jp±"1ù¼¤\M¤­Íj½"pµì¤^
`‹

Eb°OH: 
e ¤   °  O H  \ Ø 1 ¤ R ^ ‹ U O  ö ú H ro )  W s 
OùQ\¥Y¶x$¶s1ùƒ¾À1Äùsâù1¤ R”·s^‹» pY&f  
°

·°OH:
† ij 
Og\¥` ZYh^ , K'1âM4O¼18$4$
ï +'ô¤x" 
Ek:°

ïðO
`105 ‫ ^اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ اﳌﺴﺘﻄﺮﻓﺔ ص‬Aæç!(x 
”F¤% &Sµ¤É· ¡UV"

‹Í1EFG 
(*+5'’'½BŽùå”&EF<'œEÍ^l•WsO': 

220

*+  

HÃ3136
H 
m HÃ31'O † H W)  mïð Ñ> p8†' 9 H Ð ‹— $1 5 9  U 
p’ 0Eeî Ã31 ' 9 8†3')^‹U->— )‹:‚%x ! 5Ãå 
‹:qW5Ãå')1\$n'Y1†)‹:qW5 ;'

áâ 
):q`@l€5håÃÖ1U^‹ŒqÊsU)€qz 5 •'Ã311 
\MB´'0‚o [p[ 'Ãí• ' 
`håY1ÃÖ1U^‹:‚ eU3'W 
Û 5 •'ÃÖ1‹`@ýF<håU^‹qÊSTUH}•'Û¤1¼1Û¤ 
x

¾‚ 
F\J¼1C& '!XH0‚Ãå1

• 

I\Ja1â/ ' 
"Hz 
0‚Ãå·
z 
¥Q1’ 
â\Mâœ% Þá  '’ 

"H:e0‚ÃåJ

• 

¥Q¼15 ââ öâ* ':Hz:e0‚Ãåb

† ij 
¥Q€’1$
ï ârââWâÃq1 '8$H:0‚Ãåµ

• 

I \ J \M 1 âM â âCG â/ âs ⎠F1  ü H  0‚  Ãå EÍ

• 

hùH])EDpÃF1FXH1^O'OU^‹ø<êUùÀÍ 
t#Ht$1uO'OU^‹ŽÑU`êGÍ'håm1

221

*+ 

ïðO 
OF!(x 
”F¤% &Sµ¤É· ¡UV"

• 

OF!(Å0)Ê"

Y1146
eZ 
p’ [ ‹ š 5   S ' }‘1  U 5 v â 1 ‹ ©  5 [ â  o Y1 
¾1p’¯[‹š51¾1 
Ãqz$…1Ø⠍'⠍' •â'⠍' 
‹:‚ŽùÃ31úH ï/ø

¾‚ 
t'U 
w`­O^HVµ' )û¤x

• 

tVJH1z' )û¤¤û

• 

Vµ' )!X¤¼

H 
Uáâ}–'W)‹yªÑùWs}–Qe 
1ð1)‹WPzôŠU 
5z U éq Vú$1 €5 ‹m z U^‹ Œ G U hù ”• '  z 

â‹Œ‚º1ùmzHЋ• 
1“   H V'  z^ ‹î ½‹Œ ‚V H V úÝ1½  W) 
}{Âù“1“ùÂB p’¯VHVP‘1

222

*+ 

"‹Y1䆍’»VHVú' z 
mz 
hùÔ5O 
%qz5ON%Ãq邁bHp&zY1Î' zÚ 
V N€q:‚%b¸© $%&pHp&'V' z‹Y1䍒»ùVHE)€q 
‹`Y1䍒»ùV'

ïðO

†V
U
i 
rHCôj†ú')‹!(U{1# £ !(Y 

• 

‹îB´^}U|!zF!(`7507 ^†¤<

‹Í1EFG 
(»VH1(eZY11

• 

(»HW)

ƒ †ƒ
†
Y1ˆ 
„ 1τǬ
ª ‡ 56
eZ

†« 
ï /ø ‹ ©  5 Ä âú¾1 pq  ‹ š 5 ) 1 ‹ © 5 ï} â~´ o Y1 
‚Ȭª 
`§Ãqzú€ H€l_ùô 'Ã31UH 
¯E5¼1—=B1¼™šH1mõ‹(Script)G5mõ1e1YXªH ³ ' LÖ 
H å Ã1ˆ ^ ;U ý' ; ÒÓ Ãdù0'6 ö{ ^‹e1f $’‚ hÞ 
Õ o Ñù 9té’ % ù Ñ ’ 7³ 
‚’ & ƒ•&  ¯ùö{  ·  êÌ 
Òñ' ³!(éù 9Ô^Á5÷?Uý';ÒÓÃd 
Þ!š 1 —= H Ã"( ™š  1 9 âö{ GÍ GÍ ' y#  G  H 1 ' K 4 H 
دy•`hù5ªÕ)K'ÐRp‚

223

*+ 

¾‚
¥ 1 ¦ 
GÍ'C•‘11‹ï 
'C•QH ï

• 

B€â‹«BH}‘1 &ï'C•B 111—B€â‹ &BH¡‚
ª ¥ … ‡ 1‚
ª… „

• 

5}‘11‹&¼YÃö5¡¥P1&¥P

• 

&1EH}‘151þH¡ 
Y&ƒ1Y„

• 

&GÍ'C•B111 &

"‹:‚Åù—=1E5¼ 
%  ’ 7³ `ù W^ `‹ à’ Å j †` ý° :‚` < ù E5¼ Et1 O `HÃ"( ™š^ 
Et1«é‚ Þ!šB ^}*H!(^}*Et1«é‚Þ!šBÒñQ‹:‚
¥ z邁Þ!šH!(†BÒñQ 
‹’‚ÅC•lB ï

áâ1H 
’’%‚ qHzô Et1Oª H ³â_¸q ¤a ‹ w< 5Hz ôŠ— UH 0‚W 
‹:’€)ûhù5K')z ¯ 1¡)€¯Œ‚`.)¦ ~‹Ù; ý°‹
`68 ‫^اﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ ص‬ 
È ¬ ¯ “ù  %  ù Y1 “ H ˆ ' ) 1^ ‚ ¯ ª H  ³ '  ^ ‹ U $á© 5 W )
`‚

ïðO

224

† ƒ ÊV
Ç
Þ 
Ï Ð 1~VR 
¤´M

• 

0¸FFù¤

*+ 

‹Í1EFG 
(»VHY1ú1~´

Y166
eZ 
E…'ö{`îEÃö´^o@ø‹š5)1‹©†âoY1 
‹@ø`´Y1Þ^š5 
`§Ãqú/ ',1'§Ãqz '_ùVÚUH ï/ø 
‚Ȭmz`§Ãqú -'1Ãqz ',1'%‚Ȭmz

¾‚ 
& Bt 1 &B ½^ œ% ބ¢x…   5,1' § ‹  5 Ã31 ÃÖ1 œ% Þ¢… x‡  ¤ 1œ% ބ¢x…  ¤  
ùÃÖ1    ª^‹ `GÍ ' & B t 1 « B ½^ œ% Þ¢… x‡   5 ,1' }‘1 5 ‹ `GÍ '
`‹Œ‚º 
mz  

ú  - ' Ã31 § ‹ z   5 ,1 ' Ã31 H ) Ž ¤ :‡
…  1 Ž ¤ ˆ
·… ‡

`‹qª 
H ³k^

áâ 
ˆ'Ð^‹Œ‚è` ³T^91‹Œ‚VHôo[·)^‹U$á©5W)
`‹Œ‚ØÒÓ {Âù“1“ùY1ÂH

a 
‹ŒqÊVHôBXEØl1HÑ a1L 


225

*+  

‹¤1`¤zqV51¼1Hô'Ãí•'1Ã31ÃÖ1

• 

ùA¤!3N%‚%’G¤CiùCi¤Gz‚q¨ö1¼%ÒñH 'Y1

• 

‹:‚Ž!ÑùÕ)‚²³@¤!3

ïðO

†
Ñ
Ð
£ 
PÌ1Ï% £¦"ÕC Í1âË 
‰!(Y 

• 

×wg2'HŠ'ý‹‹5!(ÇUŒ:zY 

• 

‹m`!(hù;B²³´)1!lFB²³´)n(ÃÖ1U 

‡  

…
Y1œ 76
eZ 
V Ú 1 m   H ï /ø   µ# ‹ š 5 ) 1 ‹ 0! 5 0 âz  o Y1 
€‹Y1zùÎ^:’`¥1UmU1Ãqo[ ' •% 'ÃqØ’ô1 9 
߁‚Žz

"‹:³V†pqz 
»  “1“ ù 9$’»  Â^‹ î½€ q “‘1 1 HÃ31 ÃÖ1   
:³`Vhù)pqzN 
€Âz 
Y1ÃÖ1U‚Ȭwù 9$’

¾‚ 
)^_ §1¤ é’ô1  ïý  5 ,1' ûY¹  ^‹U 0‚Ã31 1

• 

Y1ÂÃÖ1U1‹’q«¤û%’ 
¤û 
 ƒFH ƒô¤ ´1ƒFŽô¤´0‚Y1“1 
“ƒ 
X1
226

*+  

VHç1z 
Hç5‹’qzqàHp’ `§‹ :qÈ 5Y1Hz^‹UV Hç 1z 
:‚`Åz 5Y1

ïðO

ÊV
:
¸V  

œ… »Ëœ… !(Y 

Y1‫ ﻣﺒُﻬَﻢ‬86
eZ 
 5Ð_ùY1)çH ï/øÙ¥1…â‹š5)1‹0! 5 …âçoY1 
`»B´¥1Ñ 5m*¾1pö H0' 9Et1«q¯»B´¥1H– 9 
‹:‚ŽzçÑ:q

áâ 
:‚qW5pq“%Â'Y1)^‹:qU$á©5p’ e€‚%b …H 'Y1*H– 
 
‹Œ‚^5pq“%w' 9Hˆ 
'Ð 
‹ 
ç 5 )§‹:q  $’ê 5m*zÚ1% ‹ :q  » È1 hù H0' 9 Et1 Q^ 
)È1 hù$’ »H 9 ^‹:‚q e U^‹:q U $á© 5p’ 1 ù … )H E;`‹ :q 
5m)€qRIŸ%eZm)H 9%‹ùmF1p’0GH 9%‹îm 
‹:qW5EF<'I\Jãäp’1 …H0$…1$…1߁‚q eq %>

"‹Œ‚e`ùç 
‹U•?‘1Ãqóý@?` H–Y‘1^‹î€qY1Ñ–1 * 9z1

227

*+  

’Ù5 'm)'’48†'E$^

aç 
¨’8#ç 
&¨ö5P‹vHÏJo'EŽ …')ùç 
9F\ 
J)S¤y0‚)‚’’ím%€}%ù)7 5*

• 

mÃB"‹DV’0͆ Ú^>íX1YZ1[\]\0Gpm^‹ 
E\J¶<¤²{F 
’ » ’ í ýå âŽå ⒠␠âhå âm H o ‚  ’ 5 ) ’í  ‘ % E  7  5 *

• 

^‘X1YZ1[\]\0GpÃF^‹ 9 }\J  ^ $y0‚)‹wÔ 
}\J“&$y)È` 5‘ÃB%”Õ1ƒbù`– 
¤ m y 0‚  ) ›  wÔ Ñ — % Y} âô H o‚ Ž ˜™ % š   7  5 *
œ‡ 
æ? oxm ¤ Í· % Îñ…   5š '‹  ’ 5 š - pÃFH Ћ 9  E \J :J

• 

x1¼45© 5‹’5˜™kH 9pE 
\J ‚y 
\J&‫ﻌ‬,‫ﺳﺒ‬$yHЋ 9c0‚)‚¹’í 
Y%”1}7 5*

• 

E\J |& ¤âM yæ? oxY ¤' 5 ”1} '  ‹’5 E©1 ”1} '} 
x§14&‫ﻤ‬,‫ ﺗﻤ‬5‹Ñ’5e1&

ïðO 
8!  O H    ên(  p p $…1 Y1Ö 1â 
âR ¤ ´M z W s H{ )
† 
‹F1ñEíÖïðî&ïUVy8,1!(

‹Í1EFG 
(»VHY1ç1z

228

*+ 

Y191‡ 96
eZ 
* G   _ ù Ã31  91 H ï /ø l  p k ‹ 0   91  o Y1 
q¯ô1 9p1*'mz

áâ 
-  91 ` e1 ) :q ` W 5 EF< = '  1  é q V e B ´  91 ýþ^ 
ù < $’ »  m Ú H E  pq ¯ ™ ` % ‹ ™ $1 ^ ‹ :‚ q e U  Ee î
`‚^5pq¯%pqÂ'BX 
éq` eEF<Ç'ý°^‹:‚%’

¾‚ 
0‚Y‘1:’`ô1 

9hù1'6G 
E\J)¤O 1š0‚91H 
91H: :’`ô1 9m1hù$1+'R 'E\J…¤1 
:’`ô1 9hù1'½¤ÍG 
é"0‚

"‹ô1 991Ñpñ1Y¹ 
`,E•U`ô1 9hù91pñ1Y¹ ^Hªq!(kÍ< 
<U0‚)Rô191lE%1;p 
Hñ 
1Y¹ý°‹ 
l´ HÃÖ1ñ1 Y¹ U ‹R ô1E \J 1 9îE©1   "

• 

‹ 
hù 1 '  G   ‹  ô1 p &< ™ ¤   žF ) 9  H Y¹ w 
:’`ô1 9

229

*+ 

ïðO 
9Ì1EŸ!(ñ 
 

† ƒ#

­% &Þ% 1!$⠍ú'Ã31106
eZ

† ƒ# 
‹:‚’5êƣ%&Þ 1!$âôú'Ã31HEeÕ) 
"¹'%\'m* ÃØ'^‹l´WÅöÅ1UH}êo!šLÖ 
|&¤%"z‹:‚¹ØF1% •')ùm*H' 
‹:‚ºI+

0‚ 
1 _ §Í ¤ Í`Q â ‚  ' " êÌQ ` ú"Ç Ë¦§Í ¤ 0‚) 
‚ 'R"`Q

áâ 
Ý1½ )$1+' ) VÎ%‹mzU^‹ :‚ 1sUÝ1½ ^‹U $á© 5Ee  
‹:qÑW5`pb 5Y1*H–k 
^c7RÃ31¾1p’» 9

’0Ù ú'$êÍ-5Y  

ô1 9Ë¡w¤û¤\{1oñ¢" ¤\{âY†&F$"HÃ"(kY  

'mzãUé’

ïðO 
‫ﺍګﻀﺎﺡ ﺍﻻﺷﮑﺎﻝ‬R¤´M<

230

*+  

‫ﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺮګﻖ‬$‫ﻣﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻭ‬Y 

• 

'1E(⠍)'Ã31116
eZ 
pq)'ô:q`5m1* l‹:q)@ %\â'Y1 *'K%Et1Q 
‹’qà`Ùý'Ã"š^^‹’qU 
e1

áâ 
w•U 
hq`ªhùH ³' ^‹’‚q`E•U^‹:q U$á©50d 'Ee 
‹

¾‚ 
U¾‚Hô

ƒ 
ܤ… 1ïð% Þ Ð‡/¤ûH
ƒ
ƒ
®
Î
È
¥¤Í· % ¤k·¦‡ 1â1¼¤£1H…


§U¾‚H' 
0¨ ø 5 t 6$’ &ö 'X1 YZ 1 [\]\ 0GU E \ J ©"yH 

• 

‹þ<¤ 
xOª¤ 1o 58ÜÝ% Þ &º¦"H…

• 

U¾‚)H!$

231 

xÇ 51t 6$’&ö'X 
1YZ1[\]\0GÑUE\J«H

• 

xË¡Y¬a¤1¼ 50±H…

*+ 

ïðO 
'Ã31 $1+ ') O‚ F ‹ 5 Ћm p ¯  ¤ û< !( Ñ> H{) 
$’ê5Ã31¾1ô)Hà 
ö'k¦k=£¤<zÃ"(î`å”&EF<k^Ø# 
‹ø 

'Ã31O'126
t 
îp’ e  ø 'Ã31 Ú<U5 9 tóqO' -Y1 Q 
`O$%&^l‹

áâ 
W) ‹Œ¬V1hù”•'ð1 ñ€ 1‚'€’5Y1*ځ 
‹mzº5'1 )^‹:‚q eUÝ1½ 

5÷?5êH—'' 
o' y•’±ù$…1¤â"ûú#U‹:‚%ú#o ' 
1¼ùÃ"(î' 
‚%“ 5•Í''1߁‚ÅH!•'$­ù&"B´'0‚‹’‚t 
߁‚%“ 5•Í''1߁‚ÅH!•'!ùµ"æ?oß

¾‚1 aVO'  

‹f'1 5Y¤F0$"6x¯ hù¿5Vx 5z' 
VÚ

• 

™^lE\J)"6‹ e ø51qO' 
^lVÚ

232

*+  

5E\J!#"y6 ‹l´Ñ'Y‘11 5§ ¤'\5VÚ

• 

‹à"'Y‘11™¤a
† ƒ#
† ƒ#
Þ
&

Þ
Þ
&
&
% 
ÑZ 
Ì "1,}"­% 11:ç¤6­% % á&1%1 
VÚ
† ƒ# 
•'' F\ JC&¤?͍y6‹ÄH}•'êƣ%&Þ VÚ
}


• 

‹Že}"1\M"â"` öúH 
'E\J $ †"yz‹ÄH}•'ô'§O'lVÚ

• 

x®¤âM 5^‹UO1l´ ö·H} 
•' ',1'1 
H}•' 'E\ J«yz‹ÄH}•' ÃÖ1'1 'VÚ
† ƒ# 
dY¯"%âM"$1^‹H} 
•'êƣ%&Þ 1x·Éá %’ 
%° 
$1^‹Ž 
" '  O    ¤ û 1 0Ôâ8 âY) * z  O  z ÃÖ1 ' 1  l V Ú

• 

¥QO'"ût¤Žæ?o‹O\M 
x\± 5ƒFŽÀ"z‹ eÑ 5§qO'lVÚ

• 

x1¡¤âMâ\{¤²yz‹ eÑ'§qO lVÚ

• 

d"'OI\J™¤a¤

ïðO

† ƒ 
OHwÔNhz1ñâ¸q¤aHRmn(HåAH}•'êƣ%&Þ# 

‹÷1³!(`7310 ^™F1,û¤µ"O

!$136
eZ 
m*\‹:‚q O e1 3%->Y %v*)\5m*‹0\â!$ 
ÑBIŸ1‹ŒqÑ”BeZ
233

*+ 

—!$ 
‚IÃ31^:‹!$'Ã311\]º5—!$

áâ 
:‚q eU Ý1½  W )€ q \By1  ’B y5m*^‹ U€$á©  5W) 
Uùm)^‹:‚q eÑUHˆ'4 
14)^‹U$á©‘1z 
`V1U^‹
`‹:‚q eq“%Â5)Hˆ'Ð 
‹’‚q¥1¸}%™m))k^"%ð\

a 
¹ \'ÕÇ ùm Ñ* q č l $1‘1 1qÄ ù\ 
l $1€  a1  \ 
‹`ɂ¹\ 
'ÕY‘11‹,

¾‚ 
' š $1 ^  % ý ) \ U ` x \5 0µ m¶M ¤ U1o U `F1 ´ $ k^ ‫ﺿﺎﻝ‬

• 

tó· 
5t1ÁB´ƒ2$1^%ý)\U`‹\5¸¤\MU`1Ák^‫ﻒ‬,‫ﺿﻌ‬

• 

“1 0Å !$ }  ù Vã ä 1  _ R ¤ ´M t ¯ “H }•' 9 $1 
‹ &Ö 
O^^‹Ue1\)‹\5Y¹¤¹'XFºU`F1p»}k^‫ﻏُﻨﺪﺭ‬

•  

 ¤  » 9 $’ô1 ¥ [Y¶x pÃF €  $¶Ú:ç¤`þ] 
ô‚q'´}W¼}âŽ`p: 
ç¤B)``, 9U^^ŽCŽBE•)p 
' H Š‘ 0ß '  ý°  % ý ) \ U `‹ \ 5 ¾ o´ ¤ « U `Š‘ k^ ‫ﻏُﻨﺠﺎﺭ‬ 
t

234

*+  

$1 ^ ‹ Ue1  p‚ q \U `‹ \ 55  ¤ <  ' Y¹  U `¿ k^ &‫ﺻﺎﻋﻘ‬

• 

t’»YÀæ?¿ù <e1W 
<f 
¯5%‹š5Ћû5•&o©ÁU‹\5Y´F¼¤\MU‫ﻣﺸﮑﺪﺍﻧﻪ‬

• 

Hœ$1ô^%e1)\U`‹\5¸Ã "U`qÄH k^‫ﻦ‬,‫ﻣُﻄ‬

• 

pí" `'  ’ S U^ Y w BÅ pà t ‹ ü GÍ'à }‘1 H ƒb
ƒ 
"q`ðä<H`)w^ýWÅö»W­% &SŸ} âŽ

ïðO
&$‫  ﻧﺰ‬£ ¤ < !( ¶ 1 v  O H   m n( Î î  — ) p W s CA 1 mõ 
‹‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬

Y1!‹1*$1+',1-146  

,1'HŠÔ) 9 âóqO”•'Ø%âÃz1*$1+',1-lV$1 
‹:‚ e ø5

áâ 
V á&   U CÔ ^ ‹ :‚ q 1 s U  pq e  ø 5 ,1 ' m !‹  1 *$1+ ' ,1 

235

*+ 

¾‚1 a 
}\ J Æ $,1 k l  E \ J ¡ 1o âÇ  O 0‚  ) V !‹  Ã

• 

?Í$,1Øæ•,1-E\J0$yæ?oxþ< 5,1'OØ 
O$%&Ø$,1,1 -Ȥ 'E\JayOØ 
O  Ø  É Y k $1§x   5,1 '  É ¤ ã 0‚  ) V !‹  Y

• 

qOØÙ 
Š$,1³-$1§xr 
 5,1'ÙʤËæ?oq 
æÓ ¤ \M ¤   ø 5  E \ J æÓ ¤ ${" y 0‚ ) V!‹  

• 

$%&Ø-EbÃÖ1U‹¤¤ 
û í5‹5¤û nofx 
O 
x YÌ 1¼ ¤ Ñ  ø 5   E \ J G ¤ Ñ y 0‚  ) V !‹  1 *

• 

xÈ EF"Ô`pþÍM¤G^!‹ý)?G`

ïðO 
ý°‹:q’5\ 
…'Y1†H`å”&Ý<^Ø#N¯‹`€ên(¿H{) 
uô1Y–n(U

Y1!‹0 
%.â/+*156
t 
Ø) HE ;‹ †ø ‹ %’!‹0%. %] % /+ *†\ k  Y1ÚQ 
j ) `€ % Ž‘?5 hù B Û*pÃF^‹  qU6e1 )‹ ` \\5  
%’!‹0 
o`€tÎ)b'Vî0^}*$1N%%’!‹

236

*+ 

áâ 
”•'Ћ’‚q eÑe1$1?Y‘11‹:‚q e\\5m^‹:qU$á©5—) 
q!‹Ù 
*

¾‚ 
Y½ U€ô³B Û'½pÃFô§t`l´BC´'½.UYÏY"

• 

óqOØ 
óqOÐU”•'ÐdyLþH`Ò^YÓ7÷t`ÐUÑCi

• 

óqOÔ´ÑUe1Ð 
tÎ)b'ÃÕ´ 
t``w^Ô´UÖ,}

ïðO

ƒ †Ð 
   ' !zF kÝñ
Ü  Ë !Ù ®? 5 ) p €F ¤ ‹ m !zF !( p ƒ× î  ÃØ 
‹HE!Ùp®?C5Ћ

(Dates)1:PîÃ31166
eZ 
î  (Date) ;:  $…1  % EtF   * z EG1 P î  ) 1 E©1 â²Ê  Y1 * 
‹:‚LÖùEe

H 
é’0ÙùW'ÃÚ:Pý'Ã31¾1ò"Lqâ_Y)*‹ WPzôŠU 
òU€}’Y¡ 
o
Z 5p’ô1 9}‘1mhù‹:qW5pq9%:'–8 
Ø’` 
ô1€K'E©1)m)$1y^‹:‚

237

*+  

ÃÖ1 7190 E©1 K 5 B1 ‹ 7200²Ê K5 A‹Ø ’ô1 9 B âA Y1 ( DV LÖ 
% w ' 9  o hq p8 % ‹ hq 5 –  9 ^ ‹ :q e U  o ‹ `z î EtF  
‹:q^5pq“

¾‚ 
hbE©1H¼) 63 
pF 
\J¼1x"y1X1YZ1[\]\0G 
hbE©1H71101FƒÊ1'Î 
'‡ 
pX 
1YZ1[\]\0G  

hbE©1H7131FYÂpE 
\Jx"y  

ÛH723Ï1ùE 
\J¼y  

d0Í90 
%82¼ 
 öÊ1)ÛH735Ï1ùE\Jwy  

d0Í63Ѽ 
 öÊ1)ÛH740 ùE 
\Jay 

E©1K1²ÊK'¡ 
'8*O
780-150

ût¤Ž" 

793-179

W¤8 

7150-204

0ÔÀ¤ 

7164-241

`¥Q^¤û 

E©1K1²ÊK''NO 9

238

7194-256

Y¹¤¤ 

7204-261

YíªŘ¤ñ 

7202-275

ƒLô" 

7209-279

YŸ#«" 

*+ 

7214-303

hzª¤û 

7207-275

¸1Üe¤ 

ïðO 
B!( o‹ R m ú#E©1K U EÝÌ !(  `7379 ^ ž þ] \{ ¤  &¤ 
‹ÄÅpyšK'1ƒ K'âƒ( 
‹:‚ q W5 ÃÚ:P î ¹ % Y1 †H  × q !n “1 ‘ÍÚ H 1 $l´ LÖ
“ 
1‘Í'nÔÓæ?o‹ ‫& ﻟﻠﺤﺪګﺚ ﺍﻟﺸﺮګﻒ‬,‫ﺒ‬$‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺳﻮۃ ﺍﻟﺬ‬5¸¦Fþ–0‚) 
% ’ ò %® ¯z í 5 0‚ — H    ¤ Ñ ÏÍ k1 ; !  l´ E=>UÑ H
www.islamweb.netE6‹

‹Í1EFG
"‹Y1äðVW5;€PîÃ31 

Y1¾1p‚q253<176
eZ 
‚q1'B´Þ5Y1*^‹š5)H ï/ø‚q1'B´Þ‹š5—ÄoY1 
÷n()%‚qõâqßbz‚q 1F;ÒÓ 9$1”•'Ѝ‚ö«V<@hù% 
$…1$…1‚

¾‚ 
Ë¡à§Í¤30‚)—Ä”•'p‚q1'Þ

239

*+ 

ƒ 
,ù 9†UK ' p‚ qõ ƒïðº£T¦ ᤠ &M 0‚ ) —Ä”•'p‚qõ

• 

té’%}{
† 
$R÷n(Yâ$ºï % £ †V¤\M0‚)—Ä”•'!‘

£5E%1—Ä 

`q  $1^ å ‚ 0€ â ¡ 3< )la1 $1 $’ » âq  ö« V< @hù ~ âY1 @ 
K%¡3<$1^q¯ eUH}•' 
%K'3<l傏a1$1) 

ïðO
ƒ —äF â!(   H Ã"( z ;  m n( H { )p W s z ¸&‚ 1 h+ 
l —Ä$ ¸ ã 
‹`7841 ^å¤æ¤5 < 

E5'Ã3114186
eZ 
'Ã`ÌH ï/ø Ãq} pé }‘1  l  _ù $1) 'Ã`Ì  o Y1 
`381 ‫ ـ ص‬2 ‫ ^ﺗﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﺮاوي ﺟـ‬Ãq k{ '}‘1 H Í &Í % ¼ 1 l _ù$1) 
߁‚åHO 
zùÃÖ1€é’ô1 9zV1^‹Uš5pqk{

áâ

† ƒ# 
‚ V H V¾1 êƣ%&Þ Ò  1 ôo[^‹ U$á©5 ¡‚ U `‹˜º  O) Y1 Í ù^ 
Œ q V hù 5 p& 1 * $1 € §‹ m z  U ^ ‹ Œ‚ ºU ”• ' pé ô ‹ Œ 
‹Œ‚‡BÑùô1w)‹

240

*+ 

"‹ŒqîO}‘1o}‘11OoY1hù 
ÀHÝÍ!l}ºO 
)' ’E\ J8¤ WyB´'0‚`‹î @^ 
}ºO'B´ab$1o}‘1t

"cJqW5E•)ùü'E5 
‹Y1äqW5Ã1Ô1$êÍâE©1;:â²Ê;:Ã31ùü¾1p’4E5

ïðO 
YrE5' 
¤

• 

¾E5ƒ 
,1¼"

• 

YrçE5è 
!ØÌM

• 

ÒéO’ê~

‹Í1EFG 
(\,-E5úl´H)1( Ìô '’' 
½BŽYrE5'¤

6$’&ö 196
eZ
Z â´ o Y1 
&ö Ñù 6 1‹ :‚Ž ´ Ñù8 z‹:qHšS) 5 ´ ‹ 0 ê´
Z Ñù¾1p’ 
Ñù 61_ê´
Z H ï/ø 
qØ $H])BYRm*l‹m@%q %’&ö~‹ 6@ê´ 
qÒÓ”•'YRm1*01‚5Ðk 
6 5}‘1*m^dUE)x:‚ºë5F1HEêo !šmõLÖ
241

*+  

5 ]'8 ¾1p’&ö $1 ù 6¾1 p‚ q&ö ^x ß 5}êo !š%’&ö p8‹ 
xU.5)YH$Ôõù'F1p ¦ x:‚Žûì•´ùmÚté’ÈV 
) ‹ ø< ù á íÍ '  l ‚ % } Û z1 H }êo ` K ' p’ &ö ù ô6 ^ 
îVïF;:'¸6Þ1ƒ2H ¦!(Y~ý'C 
ý')€‹Jq•ö’öH }êo!š/+*'†•mhù^dU CY‘1F1 
:‚È25]où´Úx:‚ŽÏÇÏV•´ ùmÚ}’ø<YR!š*$1^x &F 
!š * H 89 !š D ‹ Û W Åö ß U H }êo !š x :q Ø $ $1 H YR  Ð x 
‹q7…5º]!/‹:‚Y‚i1ù!š…zY 
R 
!š… Ú H 89 žñ ' ÃÖ@ ^x U $11q ÄÅ5 ÕYE HF1 oK' ¦ð 
'Π
 1 E¡  *ÚêÌUté‚ m¯ $Ö EhH Ã1êo -^lt 邁bV 
_p‚H]' 
oå5ý'p’ôB5€é‚q@Hˆ 

aê´ 
Z 
!šBYRó{^lx Î uº5t¬òFW¤8 0‚ )ÏÇÏV•´

• 

t‹$H 
'm'™¢DUx&1ô¤R 5:^lhõY¯"0‚)ûì´

• 

‹:‚ŽhÑ`Øox%’&ö`pÐ 
t 6 
ö ¤ X p ÃF t o÷ $ø  '   ÈY… ¤ ¤   0‚  )  ¦F ´

• 

Þp‚<ÈÑGÍ' 'e1ÐÈ 
’0€ ¦BGØ'È

áâ 
^Úß q]ooF º5) ^‹ ŒqÅ U )€ ‹ !‹ F1 ú m  
‹:‚qmsUÝ1½W):q`@€

242

*+ 

ïðO 
‹êH}•'Ã3ýpY̼"

Y1“1 206
eZ 
5’fl‹m$1ÂH ï/øm 1Á ‹š5“1mrst‹š5ÂoY1 
% ’ ' Ð m $1 ‹ D 5 Ð ‹ æø   “ q ˜ uv  ; ÒÓ ù < 1 q 8 
ql´ ±hùH}•'uv;ÒÓù <

H 
‹:‚^5pq“%w' 9BXoý°‹—PO 
H 9U

ïðO 
Eà!(ù%Eà!(g¤zN×Bå”&EF<'Ã31

• 

q 1 ú âhz âY¹  z  H å A N × B å”& EF< ' Ã31 “ 

• 

B²³´oÑËû 
~ 
1Ëw²Yñ¤$1+' 
;:  Y¹  z  H å A Ñ N × B å”& EF< ' Ã31 ' Õ ÃÖ1 “1  
9n( QèÒ1æÓ  »< ™¤H  Ñn( èå 1æç $1+ ')½ 
H&”!ù) 0‚Ë0{ o³´M 6 ×B EF< 'Ã31' N^8 
‹òpB“1£¤â~âY

243

*+ 

7189'Ã31 216  

Ã17 1 89 'Ã31 º 5—) H 9— _ ù 7ò1  _ù U 1 ‹ 0 ü1 â1 
 ¦pÃFÃöÃö1qÊ$1Ãö‹

áâ 
’’ØE1äpÑù 9ÒÀW)‹Œ‚VHÃ31¾1ôo[Ý1½Ã17189 
‹

"‹Ø:‚!‹)ùÃ`Ì'S 
1!š 
‹e1fèHEÅýêÌUté’ØHÝ<lt1½'1½¯}#$%&!šsHmõ1 
ÀB1Ã17åY– Ã`Ì K' ¦ð‹:‚¹ Ø ]  7 ^8* ` ^ 
Þp‚!‹?Ãôß%7 
`K')1Rq•öH

"‚!‹)ùm¾1p’è7 
¡µN€qE1äp’!‹Ã17 D`1âqÈ’è75²ØkpÃcêÌÚ 
$1K ' ) 1 qÊ Hþ m B ´' 0‚ ‹ :‚ È  5 Ã17  ú# N 1 ‹ ’‚   7 
OBo‹ƒ· K ')1Ãæ kƒ·  æâß ‚ŽH}•') € q˜ $”· 
‹ØÏ5Ã`Ì 
‹:‚Ízp@‹:‚%’!‹ùm)7Ñ*N€q¯Y1䍒’5Ã17 D

"‹:‚!‹)€q˜ºÃôß {'7*ml 
k{ ' þ 7 ' Ô m  B ´ ' 0‚ ‹ :‚  !‹   % 7 { âÃôß ' ) ù m Ú 
‹Œ‚Ž¸Ô%♼ùm)‹˜ºÃôß!¼
244

*+ 

"‹:‚!‹7)ùm* ¦'E·n 
‹Y1ä ¦50ÍJÍ&Íý'p’!‹7ùm*+' µì¤\M

ïðO 
’57'Y1†GÍGÍ'\pÃFý°‹!zF!(ƒ×!(8#mõH{)

• 

‹Ñ 
‹’5Ã17ÑHYrE5p'¤

245

*+  

5;Bù 9:2 
=<

246

*+ 

9ô 13 43 
5 9ô 16 
H{)p\]^‹e1f‹µ&zpno5p’!‹ùE•TX 
1YZ1[\] \0G 
ô“10lp\]ý'=> <!‹X1YZ1[\]\0G‹’ —uzôŠ 
 ¹ ' 
Cù Ã̐ ‹  –  9º5 Ã̐LH â 
Ž 9ô1ùÏ'4– 
 9×’*+H3¢5Ã̐ ö‹»p 
‹:‚ 
Ž  9ô ùÏ )'4 0‹w<  HhiÑ4  0')$1+ ' – 9 
'ÁzôŠH}•'å¨ <€‹:‚‡BBXÃ̐'ô1Úù <‹:‚ 
`%‹,?X1YZ1[\]\0GØ <^‹Œ‚ŽUGÍ 
UЋ’qE•;hùH0')§‹’b{w+'Ã̐'ô1 9hùEt1« 
Â^‹’qUe1)q`,X1YZ1[\] \0GØE•)^‹:q e 
Q K ' ;B B Ã̐ ' ô1 ^ ‹ e1 f ‹ ` µb  ª % µþ 0­ Ñ m —Z  —Z 1  
’Ñ4 0')GÍGÍ'– 9^: ‹’ö«ÑE1ä;BBÃ̐'ôù < 
`%‹hq!‹B´,X 
1YZ1[\]\0Gb1E•U^‚ 
ÑH— 9ô10L Hóô òB Xž 1>Ñ0' 9ô 
U08#P'ôׂô» 
w1$#g4â6ö{E•R”H 9^‹Uš5)‹Y1äqµb1[5 9

• 

q¯?'E•R”H < 
q¯?'E@'>1W 9

247

*+  

‚ŸùE 
’  
H‘1A1B1C´'11-ù 9

• 

æÅ1  9 ý° ‚º’ F GÍ' <1 E%ö ƒö{ î ²³´ où 9

• 

‹’‚qH 9Y‘1 
¨’æÅ1Ã̐PH‘O

‹Í1EFG
"‹H 
W'ôGÍGÍ'W';Bù–

9Ô 26 
z’¯« ïS <w 1$#g4 â6ö{$1 ^‹Y1äU ý'pqw' 9* 
_1[ù->)1‹:‚ŽÔù 9)€q@q 
Ô E• hù S ' E• hq hV z k % 6 ö{ X1 YZ1 [ \ ] \ 0G ^ ‹ ` z î E• U 
qY’ª 
hùHp’»%EùE•pY1*^‹îfe1pör@†\V 
é’0u5h 
“¤Y  
qé’æÅ10)
‫ﻻ أﻋﺮف اﻧﻪ روى ﻋﻦ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وآﻟﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎن ﺑﺈﺳﻨﺎدﻳﻦ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﲔ ﻣﺘﻀﺎدان ﻓﻤﻦ‬
‫ﻛﺎن ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻠﻴﺄت ﺑﻪ ﺣﱴ اؤﻟﻒ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ۔‬ 
ÃqSP•Hìöl‹`W5 <1hù;Y1X1 YZ1[\]\0GÏ 
Ë ó^ }’ Ê v+ H  $1 ^ ‹ Y1äý ' ) € J < 1 ; ù m * 
`141!• 10 
^‹U U1 w‚% ’ ` ’} { Sâ ù <^‹` U U1 , B C´ Ú 
¬+'Ãß1   9oB ´  }’ Ÿù î † p’ '½!‘'Ñ´H <W 
é1‹`z :q}‘Ò hùH 91ö{^‹:qÑ@Et1O‹’‚qÊÑ´H 
‹:qØörÒ†\ù*”•'pq¯W5‘1A%BC´

248

‫ 
‪*+‬‬

‫@‪!( k p Y  
ß ‚  ¯ 0€ ÑùE%1  ) âq :’» <ÔEt1 O l Y1‬‬
‫‪ ö\]p‬‬
‫‪ H{)1‹‡²³´f545!•' ó‬‬

‫‪‹Í1EFG‬‬
‫‪"‹:‚ð"‹ 9Ô‬‬

‫‪ 9?'E@'>1W 36‬‬
‫‪ÔE•;hù-^‹`zî@‹”BE@'>1WE¡YíX‬‬
‫‪ 1YZ1[\]\0G‬‬
‫‪q?'Ã̐A'>1Wl‬‬
‫‪ V‬‬
‫)‪Y  
H}•'0<E‬‬
‫ﻓﺎن ﺧﱪ اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻘﺒﻮل واﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻪ واﺟﺐ۔ وﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﺎ ورد ﻓﻴﻪ ﺷﺮﻋﺎ ﻟﺴﺎﺋﺮ اﳌﻜﻠﻔﲔ ان ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻪ۔‬
‫وذﻟﻚ ﳓﻮ ﻣﺎ ورد ﰲ اﳊﺪود واﻟﻜﻔﺎرات وﻫﻼل رﻣﻀﺎن وﺷﻮال وأﺣﻜﺎم اﻟﻄﻼق واﻟﻌﺘﺎق واﳊﺞ واﻟﺰﻛﺎة‬
‫واﳌﻮارﻳﺚ واﻟﺒﻴﺎﻋﺎت واﻟﻄﻬﺎرة واﻟﺼﻼة وﲢﺮﱘ اﶈﻈﻮرات۔ وﻻ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﺧﱪ اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﺎة ﺣﻜﻢ اﻟﻌﻘﻞ‬
‫وﺣﻜﻢ اﻟﻘﺮآن اﻟﺜﺎﺑﺖ اﶈﻜﻢ واﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ واﻟﻔﻌﻞ اﳉﺎري ﳎﺮى اﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻛﻞ دﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻘﻄﻮع ﺑﻪ۔‬
‫_ ‪H   < $1 U ‹ :q Ú1 ’ Ï B   ’q < ; 1 À 3 ' 91‬‬
‫‪Õ)}’Ï$1â‹5p’ÏBlm$1 †^: éqóô» ‹aê‬‬
‫< ‪âEÛ â1 âOù& âÚ âp’ &ö ù ô6 â) â”J ' 0 } 1   â}  â19‬‬
‫‪‚`0€HE)ù91_ ’q×B ‹îô5 ¼1&ZâE‬‬
‫‪'6 Ð* 1qË 'ÏY‚HI 1 Ã' ?e4 âö{ â  > $1 ß‬‬
‫‪`140!• 10Ë ó^ ‚qûtq?'591_)3‬‬
‫ ‪é’0u5¤x"qé’’5 <œâ8,0‬‬
‫أن ﻣﻦ ﲨﻠﺔ دﻻﺋﻞ اﻟﻮﺿﻊ أن ﻳﻜﻮن ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺎً ﻟﻠﻌﻘﻞ ﲝﻴﺚ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﺄوﻳﻞ ‪ ،‬وﻳﻠﺘﺤﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺪﻓﻌﻪ اﳊﺲ‬
‫واﳌﺸﺎﻫﺪة ‪ ،‬أو ﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻴﺎً ﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ اﻟﻜﺘﺎب اﻟﻘﻄﻌﻴﺔ أو اﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﳌﺘﻮاﺗﺮة أو ا ِﻹﲨﺎع اﻟﻘﻄﻌﻲ ‪ ،‬أﻣﺎ اﳌﻌﺎرﺿﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻊ إﻣﻜﺎن اﳉﻤﻊ ﻓﻼ ‪ ،‬وﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺼﺮح ﺑﺘﻜﺬﻳﺐ رواة ﲨﻴﻊ اﳌﺘﻮاﺗﺮ ‪ ،‬أو ﻳﻜﻮن ﺧﱪاً ﻋﻦ أﻣﺮ ﺟﺴﻴﻢ‬
‫ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ اﻟﺪواﻋﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻘﻠﻪ ﲟﺤﻀﺮ اﳉﻤﻊ ﰒ ﻻ ﻳﻨﻘﻠﻪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ إﻻ واﺣﺪ ‪ ،‬وﻣﻨﻬﺎ ا ِﻹﻓﺮاط ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻋﻴﺪ اﻟﺸﺪﻳﺪ‬
‫‪249‬‬

*+ 

‫ وﻫﺬا ﻛﺜﲑ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ اﻟﻘﺼﺎص۔‬، ‫ أو اﻟﻮﻋﺪ اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻔﻌﻞ اﳊﻘﲑ‬، ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷﻣﺮ اﻟﺼﻐﲑ‬ 
7€  ) ^ q ? æ? ) ' > U ^ ‹ wÔ E• U  H ÅF ' pq œ ' 9 
?'}|é1 lqR”E•;hùH 9^‹wÔÑE•UHoq¯zî 
9œÑ$1€^qË'вÂ%$#g4%ÝFÐ6ö{ 9æ?oq 
Lq'’q;QH` <œ^ßq¯@N€q1ùҁ`åq 
:q»È1/p@hùH’q;Q #€Y1 Dz`pq 
;Q ‹ :q Ø ’  m z    § cJ ’ » ù Ã`Ì H å A~ ‹ 
p B o p % ‹ ’q R h Ä1  !„}– p B ª o p H   ’q < 
k7^  ’’q z; < O ÃÌ1 p’» Ãގ 
‹:q  $ñ1 5ç}–
`— 9²³´âY1 
é’0u5Y&l¤þ]â 
‫إذا رأﻳﺖ اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻳﺒﺎﻳﻦ اﳌﻌﻘﻮل أو ﳜﺎﻟﻒ اﳌﻨﻘﻮل أو ﻳﻨﺎﻗﺾ اﻷﺻﻮل ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻢ أﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع ۔‬ 
`' 8^ % q ? ' ` ‹^ $Ž  `' 9 1 ö{^ % âq ? ' > l  9 ;hù ö 
`— 9²³´âY1k7^‹ 9`œ^²³´U^_‚€qS'Ã̐ 

zHÀãH)N€q?'Ã̐A'> 
1W† 
\lr 9;hù8 
‹î
%‹RqLLE•e 
1Ð`z»B´wpY1*ù 9

%‹%’!‹X 
1Y1[\]\0G'’“1?kù 9)pY1*

• 

‹’‚hb#$%&EfH1$l´‹`,z1â‹È 
’t?ÑlBX}

U1 
œ…10æzôŠUé’Ÿùp’ù 9’} 
ÅFíB´}êÌQ 
z D^‹Y1äUý')’’%‚q`?'> 9hù í'm*é‹ 
$› }í ' Ãß1  í G 0‚  ) q ¯ ? ' ) 9 âÃq  , ù E• Ð B ´ } 
¬æ?YíE•€‚*+5'’ùE%1 9o^‹UU1œw` H < 
‹’‚öH
250

‫ 
‪*+‬‬

‫‪‹Í1EFG‬‬
‫†>'?‪"cJ’ÁÏ&?H{)€q e‬‬
‫‪ \ 9hù‬‬

‫‪BC´1‘1A5 9 46‬‬
‫‪0—^8£pX‬‬
‫‪ 1YZ1[\]\0GEt1Q‹Y1äáH‘1A-ù 9‬‬
‫‪) ‹ " ¾  š 1 L 5 ) F1  ³ ù 9 ”• ' ð1 ñ  0— ) ‹ :q %V Y‚ H‬‬
‫‪Y  
H}•'0<E‬‬
‫ان ﻗﻮﻟﲔ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﳘﺎ اﻟﺘﻌﺎرض وﻧﻔﻲ أﺣﺪﳘﺎ ﳌﻮﺟﺐ اﻵﺧﺮ أن ﳛﻤﻞ اﻟﻨﻔﻲ واﻹﺛﺒﺎت ﻋﻠﻰ أ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﰲ زﻣﺎﻧﲔ‬
‫أو ﻓﺮﻳﻘﲔ أو ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺨﺼﲔ أو ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻔﺘﲔ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺘﲔ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ﻓﻴﺠﺐ أن ﻳﻜﻮن اﳌﺮاد ‪‬ﺬا أو ﳓﻮﻩ اﻧﻪ آﻣﺮ‬
‫ﻟﻸﻣﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻼة ﰲ وﻗﺖ وﻏﲑ آﻣﺮ ﳍﺎ ‪‬ﺎ ﰲ ﻏﲑﻩ وآﻣﺮ ﳍﺎ ‪‬ﺎ إذا ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺘﻄﻬﺮة و‪‬ﻴﻬﺎ إذا ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﳏﺪﺛﺔ‬
‫وآﻣﻞ ﻟﺰﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﳊﺞ إذا ﻗﺪر وﻏﲑ آﻣﺮ إذا ﱂ ﻳﻘﺪر۔ ﻓﻼ ﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﲪﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻢ اﻧﻪ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻌﺎرض ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﻫﺬﻩ اﻟﻮﺟﻮﻩ وﻟﻴﺲ ﻳﻘﻊ اﻟﺘﻌﺎرض ﺑﲔ ﻗﻮﻟﻴﻪ اﻷﺑﺎن ﻳﻘﺪر ﻛﻮﻧﻪ آﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻲء وﻧﺎﻫﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﻪ ﳌﻦ أﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ وﺟﻪ ﻣﺎ اﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ وذﻟﻚ اﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﰲ وﺻﻔﻪ۔۔۔۔۔‬
‫'‪ù}‘11%Vä 5ù*p ö^‹Œ‚%bD@†\HEÔ1‬‬‫‪ú  }‘1  0< E % - â¯& 5 ÃÖ1 ^ ‹  q U e1  ) % £ 5 5 o‬‬
‫‪}‘11q%£5&ZÊ1'&Zùmp ö^‹ î@HÃ̂Õ)q‬‬
‫‪1 q % £ 5 ³ &Z HÝ< åb ù m¡% q 51 ³ &Z HEt1 ( ù m‬‬
‫‪^q% e1)£5ÚùC&6p ö æ?o q 51p’@HÝ< bù}‘1‬‬
‫‪˜¯Š 
Ú$1^q%¯£5)e1)ùm}‘15q˜Š 
p’Ú$1‬‬
‫‪œy•DhùHEÔ1' öK 'æÅ10<E^ ‹:q eU)q‬‬
‫‪%VäH0—Y‘1 5o1%H0<E£5 5 p ö‹`z‬‬
‫^‪`141!•Uó‬‬

‫‪251‬‬

*+  

lH 9‚ò'’ù < Dî²³´)^‹U5÷?5p’`ù‘1A 
‘1A1B1C´5 9@?) ‹’‚wH?}‘1C)â‹:q»B´ÂÈ1 
‹:‚öH¬

‹Í1EFG
"‹H‘1A')ý'Eù 9

"­qÛÜ'E’L5‘1 
Aù <

"‹:qæ?)W5‘1A' <

HE’FGÍ' <1E%ö Dù 9 56 
H¬ ïw5 9) e1Ћ:q»25 9pÃ31^‹:q@Et1Q 
ù O  1 ‚   ù <  î  9 )  ‹ ? ’ ª H ro ) W  1 :ö ` 
‹:‚‰Bˆ,•W 
€‚Ÿ 
ùE’F 
GÍ'E%ö6ö{ 
% £ hù Hro ^}*p X1 YZ 1 [\]\0G H o p ¾‚;H ro' 9 
ý'WI¦âx^}GÍ 'roolâù£) %’»£$1n`»€ùro)pY1
% %  p’#? D' 9^ ‹e1f %’  
ý'0—^}*£hù^q eU^:†J 
‹Y1äY1‡)B@†ý'I¦%‹

‹Í1EFG 
(»HE’F 
GÍ' <1E%ö Dî²³´)ù 9

252

*+  

I 9²³´ 66 
!l 5 0G ) p ÃF "‹Œ ‚I ï ' =>  –  ) ù 9 ²³´  ^   0G   ¤
ƒ 
< ²³´  C p ÃF H !( )  ê ¸ 1 A Ë Ï% £&V P q  H E  
‹’«®?5E=>$’»PÃB‹»ùE=>
qR»E•o0æH 9 
U0‚  E´ < ²³´ ;q ¯H 9w* 0‚ Ð qR”E• 0æ ; H 9 
‹ 
åÃqY‚ÃÈ"ˆ 
B•&†åÃq ²•&ˆ 
Ðß}’Ê$”B )\€ Ž\FYFpÐ 
ˆ 
H7†¨‚q7ˆ 
H—âÏÃæpÐ%åqz‚ Eý')HÐ 
åÃq)Ñˆ 
HB 
†1¨ÃqB 

0Glßq¥ ¦$1N%ßqm8#hù€%F1p’“1')€qR”E•;H 9œ* 
ßqØ’!‹ w@? öý'¯HÔX 
1YZ1[\]\
qR”E•?'}|é 
H 9 
'CÔ%^©'Õ*1‹€?E•U‹YT†Hâ‹ 9U0‚) 
E• ùm * Ú ^‹ Ñ 9 Uæ? o‹ % ’!‹ X1 YZ1 [\] \ 0G p `ç: * 
^‹:q e}|駋Ž,ù– )pEbQ/ßqÁ$1€‚öÊ1é’ 
‹ 9hqY”U 
µì ¤ \M‹% {$b pà 
‹’’ µù 0U1’ %‡0 ^‹ 9 æ?o 
)Ñ   W âRpV $1 ‹ ’‚ ô1?  ö 9 U ⎠H }• ' 9) 
"‹’ô1êÌù 9
qR»E•o$H 9  
€ g• $ ; ‹ :‚q $ ‹:‡  l :q •  z – € :q z  01J ^ 9 U B´ '0‚

253

*+  

é’E•;X1[\]àFyé’`ÑêÌ0æ 
) \  é‚ ¤  €  é‚ H  ÃÖ1 U Ú ‹ YT  1 ‹ 1 • ^ ‹ 9 U æ? o 
VB¾1p’!‹X1[\]\0G'’·ù 9 
H&1ö)^:q eùz1’Ž¯ ù{%1’%‡GÍ'p1ù^ 9Uæ?o 
¨¯k{')1‚1,âFb{3pÐ 
%:CÃÃÖ1`1B')€‹
qR  
h %MH 9 
eZ•% h %qRYE¡À• 5õâMâ®HÐâq:‚%bÒ 8HÐ 9†; 
Y X1YZ1[\]\0G)âqR 
‹RYEEŽs 
r-0ô')ù¾1; û%HwÔ <$1H) 
$1 H o   ' ¯ ‹  Ï 1 X º 5 EŽ ^ ‹ e 8  8 ' X1 YZ 1 [ \ ] \ 0G 
qRY_EŽs 
Bop*HwÔÑ <
q?')Ï5 ’ D1q%£hùH 9 
^‹`îUK')q &Fý' 
 D’ÏBÐq%£@hùpX1YZ1[\]\0G 
J ’ý°’ 
’qC8#½Lq <;q¯ ÏB)1qÈbù£ 
)pO 
'O 
DB 
1²ÌpX1YZ1[\]\0G^‹ 9$10‚)t0O'OI\ 
fK}~ÃqØ ’-1H}•'H1‹hå~Uâ%VîE\ Jay'’ù 
x%ùÅGý'E\Jay^ 9$1æ?o’Š)1-E•)ßqq 
²ÌC´8!5)€d’-1H'E\JayùX1YZ1[\]\0G^‹†ø^ 
\J 

4$y GndcJÛù m††_Ð^xÈ1 @U€ :qÅGæ?o`x 
‹`W561)ù*1'} 

qR”E••hùH 9 

Ú%‹!"'Íl´&''š$1‹<h‡Ã#lBö^‹ 9U0‚) 
‹:’0&/1H™ 
š€‹:q'Ú1‹î’0&H•&o©ù/1€‹:qD\

254

*+ 

q¯é'à w 9 
<;$üE˜ 1 ƒb $ â$% ‹:q ÄÅ H hõ ÷ ù Ã1Ù· ^‹ 9U0‚  ) 
·Ã& ¦Q
qR»E•kj1jhùH}•''%;:`* 
@€RH(ßq)B1åq.âå*–+€RDH Fù”J^‹U0‚) 
Ãq $’ ·  m ,T ¸- *U j¨^  Lq < D 1 p‚  » H { ) $…1 $…1 ßq @
`å
qé w'. 9 
Í p m * X1 YZ1 [ \ ] , % ‹:q 1Á R  p‡ / % ‹ ’q— h 0  ì† z 
:’Ä $1 1 ‹ :q 2Ö´^ 9U %% $35 p‡ &] 1}Ëp ö €  ô2 pq F1 
‹ 
' £ Åö } η ý 'p²–ç è B kpÃ`Ì l ’q$1 < # $%& H{ )^
`éNé’4’ï Y5ùÃe-©p
qE•kj1jîW>H 9 
Ú%£5p‚€hö¨ö$1%£5 –¨ö€Êù> 
p\ 
Ú^‹ 9U0‚) 
Y% 1 ‹ ’q 5  Ù† æ?o ‹`Ehst Ùhù $%&  » & }~ â%V € R   $1 
0'6 
5
<î Ø[7 
y 
‹` , Ñ  H  œ < D  Dî ¼ è´   1 Ø1 Ok [ 7 y
† 
 Ø@)È1 7 %hVEtF Ø[7H< pX1 YZ1 [\]\ 0G B´'0‚ 
éq#71‚8âè9'Ě%é’EtF0Í

255

*+   

l`€¡'’· <UpÃF‹z|p Ø1Ok[7yùO'ݐ^ 
Ã`Ì.5Ã1:Oη;%1ákj1j 
ý'p’EtFK')13¼
`E¸6ƒ21ÞHÞñ!(Y~ý'C  

Ã3&•Ð x  6’+Ôù
qE•hù?'|}¥1H 9 
ÅG ’²–GØ $1 1^ x < ¿ ˆ · $1 ^ ‹ 9H}• ' `m  51 mõ^= ¤Å¡ 0‚ ) 
B>'?@Uâ‹YB@0 &^‹ 91æ?o`x:’È­`¸ 
‹:öY±&€‹:A‘?UÚ‹t
q?B'ö{ 9 
6ö{H) YÃöP1‹) ˆ 
¼Þâ‹R hï¼ ÞHЋ 9$10‚) 
%`ù* 
W5I¦^‹¥1
q’5Ã1&Z^} %^8H 9 
î&Z^8ý'C 
´†Dj'‡âE€â'9.z %^8p Ã`ÌQ 
H^ E1†s C no f‹ 9î&Z^}  D¡' Ú æ? oY ’ “1 9 
‹5&Ö^}'`E
qR0Ù•&“H 9 
^ 9Uz­q`Òñ'X1YZ1[\]\0GU^‹î’†øUKY&•1“5Òñ' 9 
R51÷Eöâ'•0&âE¡éq`$ 
JâJ
qR»h $1^}*H 9
ƒ ƒ
ƒ &Ï 
Dîh ô61­% &Þ âÃù#æ?o‹R »h  GsH <$10‚) 
œ <
qR»E•?'Þßb:1çH 9 
X1 YZ1 [ \] \0GP$|oU^«GÍ'}¡ )pÃ3g'F l ‹ $|o $10‚) 
ltl´$`~'E\Jo¤'yB)ý°xœ$|oU^q eBp’Üxp
256

*+  

U1o y ¾1 p’ ×^ xq ‡U H }|o)t ×q Û Ht . ¡0Í 1  F . 
FXK0Í'F 
.lE 
\J
Ãqóš»ÅÆ'E1½ÀG^}H 9 
zEbQH1 ^‹U e1 ) ’’q ²³´ Ñ <î ÅÆ 'ÀG^} ^} 
xȒѺ5)HK1$Y”ý'p’•?ö{ùÃ`ÌP9Up5 ¤æÖ
Ãqóš»ÅÆ'41^8H 9 
hc ’” <î ÅÆ ' I \ J U1o 1w â¼ âx"y p Vs‚  p'4s 
” <HÅÆ'I\JZs1aylH!l'V'^snoUpÃF 
1 "  Î · < H IŸ  F \ J ^ ¤ 1¼ 1 U1o y p ÃF æ? o t é’ 
' )S ¢ 1 IŸ   ¢ p Ã`Ì Q Î “1 < p 8G '  H ÅÆ ' @ \ ¥ 0Ô 
æ?o%} {sùÀÀ')S¢€Hƒ  <QÎ · <HeZÃqÔ•
ƒ T® 
H] 7 --ÑpÃÌ1› '™I 1 ­ &Þ%  âU· â¢â81J â1 âÄù â$¶ âH â 
œ < D;ηP9

‹Í1EFG 
(»E+ <²³´

‫واﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ رب اﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ واﻟﺼﻠﻮة اﻟﺴﻼم ﻋﻠﻰ رﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﳏﻤﺪ وآﻟﻪ وﺻﺤﺒﻪ أﲨﻌﲔ‬

257

‫ 
‪*+‬‬

‫‪J1K‬‬
‫‪K‬‬
‫•‬
‫•‬
‫•‬
‫•‬

‫اﻟﻘﺮآن اﻟﻜﺮﱘ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ ﺑﻐﺪاد ﻟﻠﺨﻄﻴﺐ اﻟﺒﻐﺪادي ـ ﻧﺸﺮ دار اﻟﻜﺘﺎب اﻟﻌﺮﰊ ـ ﺑﲑوت ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﺮاوي ﰲ ﺷﺮح ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺐ اﻟﻨﻮاوي ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻮﻃﻲ ‪ ،‬ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻮﻫﺎب ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻠﻄﻴﻒ ـ اﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1385‬ﻫـ‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﻟﻠﻨﻮوي ﻣﻊ ﺷﺮﺣﻪ اﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ ‪ ،‬ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻮﻫﺎب ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻠﻄﻴﻒ ـ اﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1385‬ﻫـ ‪.‬‬

‫• اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ ‪ ،‬ﲢﻘﻴﻖ أﲪﺪ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺷﺎﻛﺮ ‪.‬‬
‫• اﻟﺮﺳـﺎﻟﺔ اﳌﺴــﺘﻄﺮﻓﺔ ﻟﺒﻴــﺎن ﻣﺸــﻬﻮر ﻛﺘــﺐ اﻟﺴــﻨﺔ اﳌﺸـﺮﻓﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﺘــﺎﱐ ـ ﲢﻘﻴــﻖ اﻟﺸــﻴﺦ ﳏﻤـﺪ اﳌﻨﺘﺼــﺮ اﻟﻜﺘــﺎﱐ ـ ﻧﺸــﺮ دار‬
‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺳﻨﻦ اﻟﱰﻣﺬي ﻣﻊ ﺷﺮﺣﻪ ﲢﻔﺔ اﻷﺣﻮذي ـ اﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ اﳌﺼﺮﻳﺔ ـ ﻧﺸﺮ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻋﺒﺪاﶈﺴﻦ اﻟﻜﺘﱯ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺳﻨﻦ أﰊ داود ـ ﻃﺒﻊ اﳍﻨﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ اﳊﺠﺮ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺳﻨﻦ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ وﲢﻘﻖ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻓﺆاد ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ ـ ﻃﺒﻊ ﻋﻴﺴﻲ اﻟﺒﺎﰊ اﳊﻠﱯ وﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1372‬ﻫـ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺳﻨﻦ اﻟﺪارﻗﻄﲏ ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ وﲢﻘﻴﻖ وﻧﺸﺮ اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻋﺒﺪاﷲ ﻫﺎﺷﻢ اﻟﻴﻤﺎﱐ اﳌﺪﱐ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺷﺮح أﻟﻔﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﺮاﻗﻲ ﻟﻪ ـ ﻃﺒﻊ اﳌﻐﺮب ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺻﺤﻴﺢ اﻟﺒﺨﺎري ﻣﻊ ﺷﺮﺣﻪ ﻓﺘﺢ اﻟﺒﺎري ـ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺎز ـ اﳌﻄﺒﻌﺔ اﻟﺴﻠﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮة ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1380‬ﻫـ‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫• ﺻﺤﻴﺢ اﻟﺒﺨﺎري اﳌﱳ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻌﺔ ﺑﻮﻻق ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1296‬ﻫـ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺷﺮح اﻟﻨﻮوي ـ اﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ اﻷوﱄ ـ اﳌﻄﺒﻌﺔ اﳌﺼﺮﻳﺔ ﺑﺎﻷزﻫﺮ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1347‬ﻫـ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﻋﻠﻮم اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻻﺑﻦ اﻟﺼﻼح ـ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﻧﻮر اﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﱰ ـ ﻧﺸﺮ اﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ اﳌﻨـﻮرة ﺳـﻨﺔ ‪1386‬ﻫـ‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫• ﻓﺘﺢ اﳌﻐﻴﺚ ﺷﺮح أﻟﻔﻴﺔ اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻟﻠﺴﺨﺎوي ـ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻋﺜﻤﺎن ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺮ اﳌﻜﺘ ﺒـﺔ اﻟﺴـﻠﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ اﳌﻨـﻮرة‬
‫‪.‬‬
‫• اﻟﻘﺎﻣﻮس اﶈﻴﻂ ﻟﻠﻔﲑوز آﺑﺎدي ـ ﻃﺒﻊ اﳌﻄﺒﻌﺔ اﳌﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﲟﺼﺮ ‪.‬‬
‫• اﻟﻜﻔﺎﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟﺮواﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﻄﻴﺐ اﻟﺒﻐﺪادي ـ ﻃﺒﻊ داﺋﺮة اﳌﻌﺎرف اﻟﻌﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﳍﻨﺪ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1357‬ﻫـ‪.‬‬
‫• اﳌﺘﻔﻖ واﳌﻔﱰق ﻟﻠﺨﻄﻴﺐ اﻟﺒﻐﺪادي ـ ﳐﻄﻮط ‪.‬‬
‫• اﳌﺴﺘﺪرك ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﲔ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻛﻢ اﻟﻨﻴﺴﺎﺑﻮري ـ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ اﻟﻨﺼﺮ اﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻳﺎض ‪.‬‬
‫‪258‬‬

‫ 
‪*+‬‬

‫• ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻮم اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻛﻢ اﻟﻨﻴﺴﺎﺑﻮري ـ ﻧﺸﺮ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺣﺴﲔ ﻃﺒﻊ داﺋﺮة اﳌﻌﺎرف اﻟﻌﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﻣﻌــﺎﱂ اﻟﺴــﻦ ﻟﻠﺨﻄــﺎﰊ ـ ﲢﻘﻴــﻖ أﲪــﺪ ﳏﻤــﺪ ﺷــﺎﻛﺮ وﳏﻤــﺪ ﺣﺎﻣــﺪ اﻟﻔﻘــﻲ ـ ﻣﻄﺒﻌــﺔ أﻧﺼــﺎر اﻟﺴــﻨﺔ اﶈﻤﺪﻳــﺔ ﺳــﻨﺔ‬
‫‪1367‬ﻫـ‪.‬‬
‫• ﻣﻴﺰان اﻻﻋﺘﺪال ﰲ ﻧﻘﺪ اﻟﺮﺟﺎل ﻟﻠﺬﻫﱯ ـ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳏﻤﺪ اﻟﺒﺠﺎوي ـ ﻃﺒﻊ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ اﻟﺒﺎﰊ اﳊﻠﱯ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1382‬ﻫـ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﻣﻮﻃﺄ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ وﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻓﺆاد ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ ـ ﻃﺒﻊ ﻋﻴﺴﻲ اﻟﺒﺎﰊ اﳊﻠﱯ وﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪1370‬ﻫـ ‪.‬‬
‫• ﻧﺰﻫﺔ اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺷﺮح ﳔﺒﺔ اﻟﻔﻜﺮ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻓﻆ اﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ ـ ﻧﺸﺮ اﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻧﻴﺔ اﳌﻨﻮرة‪.‬‬
‫• ﳔﺒﺔ اﻟﻔﻜﺮ ﻣﻊ ﺷﺮﺣﻬﺎ ﻧﺰﻫﺔ اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻓﻆ اﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ ـ ﻧﺸﺮ اﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﳌﻨﻮرة‬
‫‪www.mubashirnazir.org (L&1ý'Ã1 ×¹‬‬

‫‪259‬‬

*+ 

260

*+ 

261 

*+ 

262

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful