IE 265 Engineering Statistics I Study Set 1

1. A charity club has five members who have different birth years. A committee consisting of 3 people will be formed. The person who is older than the other two will be the leader of the committee. a. What is the probability that the oldest person of the club will be the leader? b. What is the probability that the 2nd oldest person of the club will be the leader? c. Assume that the club has α members and a committee of β people will be formed. What is the probability that nth oldest person will be the leader? 2. A president, a treasurer and secretary, all different, are to be chosen from a club consisting of 10 people: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J. How many different choices of officers are possible if: There are no restrictions A and B will not serve together C and D will serve together or not at all E must be an officer F will only serve if she is the president

a. b. c. d. e.

3. How many ways can four married couples sit on a park bench if; a. Every husband and wife must sit together? b. The men and women must alternate?

4. How many square regions are there on a chessboard? What about on an n*n chessboard? What
about on an m*n chessboard?

5. How many ways are there to arrange the letters in COMPANIES; a. With vowels in alphabetical order? b. With vowels together? c. With no consecutive vowels?
6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K. In how many ways can 5 cards be chosen, so that they contain; Five cards of successive kinds from the same suit? Four cards of the same kind? Three cards of one kind and two cards of another kind? Five cards of the same suit? Five cards of successive kinds? Three of the five cards of the same kind? No more than two cards of the same suit?

6. In a standard poker deck, there are 4 suits including ♠,♥,♦,♣, and 13 kinds including A, 2, 3, 4, 5,

a. b. c. d. e. f. g.

7. An industrial engineer is about to take on two projects, say A and B. He knows that project A will end with success with probability 0.70. If he also knows that project B will end with success with probability 0.60 and the probability of both projects ending in success is 0.50, a. What is the probability that at least one of the projects will end in success? b. What is the probability that only project A will end in success? c. What is the probability that project B will not end in success? d. What is the probability that exactly one project will end in success? e. What is the probability that none of the projects will end in success?

the game continues with die H. 13. and the Blue. What is now the probability that it is the fair coin? c. if they find an available court (which happens 30% of the time). Five balls are removed without replacement. If red turns up at the first two throws. What is the probability that the sixth ball is red? 10.90 when it enters the computer. When the court tests the reliability of the witness under circumstances similar to those on the night of the accident. Jones won. What is the probability that they played tennis? 15. Each Saturday. Die H has 4 red and 2 white faces. they look for a tennis court. what is the probability that it is die H that is being used? 11. if it lands on tails then die T is to be used.05 of getting infected by a virus. whereas die T has 2 red and 4 white faces. What is the probability that three of the balls are blue and the other two are red? c. the probability of a false alarm is 0. He selects one of the coins at random. a. If it lands on heads. then they play tennis. Then a sixth ball is drawn. Jones and Smith play either golf or tennis. it shows heads. as the witness claimed? 14. when he flips it. Suppose that he flips the same coin a third time and it shows tails. What is the probability that three of the balls are blue and the other two are red? b. The items are randomly selected without replacement. a. A cab was involved in a hit-and-run accident. If the weather is dry on November 1st and wet on November 4th. An urn contains 9 blue and 6 red balls. Jones beats Smith at golf 80% of the time. In addition. Two cab companies serve the city: the Green. If it is known that a computer has a probability 0. the software cannot detect a virus when it enters with probability 0. he correctly identifies the color of a cab 80% of the time and misidentifies it the other 20%.01). The sixth selected item is found to be non-defective. what is the probability of red at the third throw? c. A gambler has in his pocket a fair coin and a two-headed coin. What is the probability that this is the third non-defective one? . which detects a virus with probability 0. Five balls are removed from the urn and discarded. A machine produces 15 items. suppose the weather (either wet or dry) tomorrow will be the weather today with probability p (with probability (1-p) the weather will be different). A witness identifies the hit-and-run cab as Blue. Suppose that he flips the same coin second time and again it shows heads. Show that the probability of red at any throws is 1/2. A fair coin is flipped once. 12 of which is non-defective. Five balls are removed with replacement. what is the probability that it is wet on November 2nd. b. whereas he beats Smith at tennis only 40% of the time. According to simplified model for weather forecasting. which operates the remaining 15%. A new antivirus software is being developed. a. otherwise they play golf. If the first two throws result in red.10 and when the computer is not infected. What is the probability that the cab involved in the accident was Blue. What is the probability that it is the fair coin? b. Every Saturday. when the computer is not infected. what is the probability that a computer is not infected when the software indicates infection? 12. What is now the probability that it is the fair coin? 9. Suppose that last Saturday.8. which operates 85% of the cabs.99 of indicating that the computer is clean (that is. the software has a probability of 0.

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