LABOUR MANIFESTO 2008

www.labour.org.nz

Strong Proven Leadership

Strong Proven Leadership

Table of Contents
Accident Compensation .................................................................................................1 Agriculture .....................................................................................................................7 Arts, Culture & Heritage..............................................................................................15 Biosecurity ...................................................................................................................29 Broadcasting ................................................................................................................35 Building and Construction ...........................................................................................41 Children and their Families..........................................................................................47 Climate Change............................................................................................................59 Community and Voluntary Sector ...............................................................................73 Conservation ................................................................................................................79 Consumer Affairs.........................................................................................................91 Corrections...................................................................................................................97 Defence ......................................................................................................................107 Disability Issues .........................................................................................................115 Early Childhood Education........................................................................................129 Economy ....................................................................................................................135 Emergency Management ...........................................................................................155 Employment...............................................................................................................163 Employment Relations...............................................................................................177 Energy ........................................................................................................................189 Environment...............................................................................................................201 Ethnic Affairs.............................................................................................................213 Fisheries .....................................................................................................................219 Food Safety ................................................................................................................227 Foreign Affairs, Trade and Official Development Assistance...................................231 Forestry ......................................................................................................................241 Health.........................................................................................................................247 Strong Proven Leadership

Affordable Housing ...................................................................................................275 Human Rights ............................................................................................................291 Information and Communications Technology .........................................................295 Immigration................................................................................................................307 Industry Training .......................................................................................................317 Justice.........................................................................................................................325 Local Government .....................................................................................................339 Māori..........................................................................................................................349 Pacific Island Affairs .................................................................................................365 Policing ......................................................................................................................381 Labour’s Policy Response to the Global Downturn ..................................................391 Racing ........................................................................................................................403 Rainbow policy ..........................................................................................................407 Rural Affairs ..............................................................................................................413 Schools.......................................................................................................................425 Science and Innovation ..............................................................................................437 Senior Citizens ...........................................................................................................443 Social Development ...................................................................................................453 Sport and Recreation..................................................................................................471 State Sector ................................................................................................................481 Tertiary Education .....................................................................................................489 Tourism ......................................................................................................................501 Transport ....................................................................................................................507 Veterans’ Affairs........................................................................................................517 Women’s Issues .........................................................................................................523 Youth Affairs .............................................................................................................533

Strong Proven Leadership

ACC: Every Kiwi is Covered

Labour’s policy for Accident Compensation

2008
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Introduction
Since 1974, the Accident Compensation Corporation scheme has served New Zealand in a unique way. It is the only accident insurance system in the world providing universal, 24-hour, no-fault coverage for all physical injuries. The scheme was considered groundbreaking at its inception and remains highly regarded by experts in the field of accident compensation. A recent independent study by PricewaterhouseCoopers found that, when compared with alternative schemes, ACC offers New Zealanders broader coverage, a faster return to work, high levels of compensation, lower costs and fewer disputes. Public debate surrounding National’s plans to privatise the ACC scheme in recent months has confirmed that while there is always room for improvement, New Zealanders value our ACC scheme. Labour is firmly committed to keeping ACC in public ownership and we will continue to improve it. ACC belongs to New Zealanders and every Kiwi is a shareholder.

ACC – Everybody is Covered
When Labour was elected in 1999, we reversed the privatisation of ACC carried out in the 1990s. We did this because we believe that accident insurance is a social responsibility and that it should be guaranteed and provided by the government. Since then Labour has made a number of improvements to ensure ACC covers a wider range of injuries and to make the scheme more responsive to the needs of New Zealanders. Some recent improvements to ACC include providing income compensation to workers whose mental health suffers after they witness a traumatic event in the course of their employment. This means that, for example, a train driver who accidentally hits a car on the tracks, and goes on to develop mental health problems as a result, is covered by the ACC scheme. We have also extended ACC’s cover for work-related disease and infection to ensure that people harmed in the course of their work receive greater access. Labour has also ensured injured older New Zealanders wanting to return to the workforce have better access to vocational rehabilitation and we have closed a gap for seasonal and casual workers who were disadvantaged by the way weekly compensation was calculated. Ten years ago… ACC was being privatised – medical experts described claimants’ experiences during this time as chaotic and confusing. Today… ACC has been returned to a fully publicly-owned scheme and gradual improvements have been made so that cover is broader and fairer. Ten years from now… ACC will continue to lead the world in accident compensation, delivering broad cover and superior care in a cost effective manner. Strong Proven Leadership 3

Retaining ACC in Public Hands - Keeping it Kiwi
The independent review by PricewaterhouseCoopers found that “the ACC under its current government monopoly structure performs as well or better than most other structures” worldwide; is often considered to be ‘best practice’ internationally and provides “broader coverage than any other scheme in the world”. Unlike private insurance schemes which aim to return a profit to shareholders, ACC is government-run and owned for the benefit of all New Zealanders. The only way private insurance companies can make a profit from accident compensation is either to increase the amount we all pay, deny cover for injuries, or cut the services New Zealanders currently enjoy. Labour will continue to maintain ACC as a publicly administered and delivered social insurance scheme which focuses on injury prevention, along with fair and effective treatment and rehabilitation.

Ensuring New Zealanders pay fair and reasonable levies
ACC has an obligation under current law to ensure all its accounts are fully funded for the cost of all injuries by 2014. This target was set in 1999 and was considered achievable then. While Labour has supported this deadline, recently it has become increasingly clear that the 2014 date, together with the increased cost of claims, will place too high a burden on the public. Instead of hiking up levy payments until 2014 to meet the deadline and then dropping them, Labour believes it would make more sense to smooth out the process by extending the deadline until 2019. This will ensure that New Zealanders pay fair and reasonable levies both now and in the future. Labour will introduce an immediate law change to extend the 2014 fully funded target to 2019 for the Residual Claims accounts to reduce pressure on New Zealanders’ levy payments.

Extending and Improving ACC
Labour has made a number of improvements to ACC during its term in government, both to the scheme’s structure and the cover it offers. As noted earlier, these changes have been aimed at broadening the number and type of ailments ACC can cover, as well as making the system fairer and more user-friendly for claimants and levy payers alike. Labour now seeks a mandate to do even more. While we have made improvements to ACC by recognising work-related pain disorders with a clearly identifiable source such as Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome caused by sustained operation of a jack-hammer, there are often cases where injured people may be missing out on cover for pain disorders caused by their occupation. Labour will review ACC’s coverage of work-related pain disorders. Strong Proven Leadership

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In some marginal cases it can take an extended period of time to decide whether an injured applicant is entitled to cover from ACC. This can lead to long-standing grievances and has the potential to result in an applicant missing out on legitimate cover. Labour wants ACC to ensure decisions on marginal cases are taken as quickly as possible by increasing the focus on mediation and effective case management. Labour will ensure ACC reduces the time taken to make a decision about Earnings Related Compensation in marginal cases. The Accredited Employers' Scheme allows some large businesses with a proven track record in injury prevention and workplace safety to manage their own claims in exchange for reduced ACC levies. Unions and business have jointly discussed the issues they both face with the Accredited Employers' Scheme and have suggested some improvements. Labour will improve the Accredited Employers' Scheme to ensure it is fairer for injured workers in light of Council of Trade Unions and Business NZ recommendations. Physiotherapists perform a vital role in the rehabilitation of injured New Zealanders. Labour created the Endorsed Providers Network of Physiotherapists which provides New Zealanders with ACC-funded physiotherapy treatment. Issues surrounding appropriate levels of payments from ACC to physiotherapists led Labour to commission an independent review to examine how physiotherapists are funded and accredited. This review is now complete and Labour will ensure sustainable funding is provided for physiotherapy to ensure that New Zealanders can continue benefiting from free physiotherapy. Labour will complete the implementation of the non-fiscal recommendations of the Goddard Report on Physiotherapists and move towards an agreed sustainable funding model for the future.

Injury Prevention
Injury prevention is one of the fundamental aspects of our comprehensive accident compensation scheme. If we can reduce injuries, then we will not only save New Zealanders the traumatic experience of being injured and off work but save all New Zealanders money. ACC plays an integral role in the New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy. This strategy brings together all government agencies to work to reduce the incidence of injuries. Good progress has been made with the strategy but it is time to do more. Labour will build on the success of the New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy to ensure ACC has a leadership and coordinating role in its implementation and will work to improve further New Zealand’s injury prevention record.

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Employers and employees are best-placed to know the dangers in their particular workplace or industry sector and therefore to prevent accidents in the workplace. ACC helps fund Health and Safety Representatives and Labour will ensure the extension of this initiative. Labour will strengthen workplace injury prevention initiatives through industry taskforces to increase the skill levels and number of trained Health and Safety Representatives (currently 20,000).

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A prosperous and sustainable agriculture sector

Labour’s policy for Agriculture

2008
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Our primary production sector is large enough that it possesses genuine economies of scale. 8000 $M 6000 4000 2000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source: MAF 2010 2011 2012 Supporting Agricultural Business Success In 2008 Labour announced an unprecedented level of investment in new research. In addition. meat and horticultural products. responsible for more than half of this country’s total exports. This will require a sustained evolution in industry practices and Forecast agricultural contribution to GDP ongoing collaboration between the sector and the government on resource management policies. New Zealand: Fast Forward is easily the largest single investment in research and development in New Zealand’s history. The planting of arable land to grow crops for use in biofuels in countries such as the United States and Brazil is also expected to contribute to an increase in demand for New Zealand dairy. A global food crisis. Strong Proven Leadership 9 . 12000 10000 Labour has demonstrated a commitment to strong investment and leadership in the sector. over the longer term. environmentally-sustainable primary product producer in the world. The government’s upfront investment of $700 million will grow to around $1 billion as it earns interest over the next ten to fifteen years.Introduction New Zealand relies heavily on the agricultural sector. resulting in an expected total fund of around $2 billion over the next ten to fifteen years. That equates to approximately $200m of additional research funding every year. rising demand for protein and rising per capita incomes in some of our most important international markets will see increasing demand for the food New Zealand produces.from crop research and farm management to secondary processing and export distribution. development. industries will be expected to match the government’s commitment on an annual basis. Today. Agriculture sustains New Zealand’s many rural communities. To take advantage of this opportunity we need to develop a primary products sector that meets sustainability requirements across all elements of production from appropriate water use to limiting the sector’s carbon footprint. We want to continue this investment and assist the agricultural sector in becoming the most productive. New Zealand’s agricultural sector is more important than ever. and innovation for New Zealand’s pastoral and food industries through the New Zealand Fast Forward Fund. It is the backbone of our economy. It also has sufficient depth of resources to give us world class expertise along each point in the ‘value chain’ .

For example. the cost of overcoming our distance from overseas markets and the cost of establishing a new branded product in international markets (particularly products higher up the value chain). There are a number of elements to this programme. Labour will continue and expand assistance for exporters. These programmes involve strengthening partnerships between government agencies. 1000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: MAF 2012 These initiatives will help overcome challenges presented by the small size of our firms. already under way. coinvestment in traceability technologies and strategies to protect New Zealand’s biodiversity. we want to see consistent exportoriented messaging and branding on the environmental sustainability of New Zealand’s primary sector. The Food Innovation Network. is an example of this in the food and pastoral industries. non-government and educational organisations and industry to enhance productivity throughout the agriculture supply chain. Labour will continue and expand commercialisation infrastructure to pilot new products and enhance the sector’s product development capability. Strong Proven Leadership 10 . Canterbury Development Corp and Lincoln University. Forecast agricultural revenue 2006 2012 8000 7000 6000 5000 $M 4000 3000 2000 Dairy Cattle Sheep meat Sheep meat We want to drive ongoing productivity improvements in the rural economy through greater collaboration by sector stakeholders to solve structural problems and capture emerging opportunities. We are particularly interested in improving innovation cycles in collaboration with key educational and development institutions including Massy University.Labour will support its Fast Forward investment through specific programmes designed to enhance the competitiveness of New Zealand companies in the rapidlyevolving global food business. equipping small to medium enterprises (SMEs) in the sector to develop Forecast agriculture revenue 2006-2012 export capability. the Waikato Innovation Park. This includes development of an audit and mentoring programme sector-wide that is similar to the Better by Design programme. Labour will promote cross-sectoral co-operation initiatives focused on issues that impact on the primary sector.

'Roadmaps for Science' are a series of documents designed to guide New Zealand’s science and research activity.Labour will support industry participation in trade shows and the Shanghai Focus Centre. Through multilateral and bi-lateral forums and channels we will work to reduce trade barriers for our agricultural exporters. Labour will develop a ‘roadmap’ for food research that better links food research and real market needs. We will build on the review of tertiary training for land-based industries. This involves building on the work of the joint industry/government body – the Skills and Training Action Group – to actively support the sector’s Industry Training Organisations. We will increase funding for the Market Development Assistance Scheme and seek to accelerate income tax deductions on expenditure incurred during market development (including research and development). A ‘roadmap’ for food research will be an important step in aligning government. They are a type of strategy. Labour will continue to push for the removal of tariffs on agricultural products amongst New Zealand’s major trading partners. We will also work with New Zealand Trade and Enterprise and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade to combat potentially negative food miles claims for primary exports by highlighting total carbon costs of products (typically lower for NZ products) rather than just the transportation costs. Labour will continue to help sub-sectors push through structural reforms. education and research efforts to boost the sustainability and efficiency of our primary sector. industry. and enhancement of the aquaculture strategy. We will work to reduce costs for exporters. including reducing compliance costs through the Quality Regulation Review. and is best positioned to capture the growing but changing demand for food products in developed and developing markets around the world. Labour will also continue developing a workforce with the appropriate skills for the agricultural sector. processing and marketing. Strong Proven Leadership 11 . It will help us identify areas of competitive and comparative advantage and areas where we can focus our efforts. Collaborative initiatives (like Fonterra in the dairy industry) are crucial to ensuring New Zealand competes more effectively in tomorrow’s global markets. begun in March 2008. Labour will work with industry to investigate the meat and wool sectors and to audit current structures with a view to promoting world-leading processes in production. providing broad context and high level directions on a particular area of science from a New Zealand perspective.

Some farmers are already making progress in this area. Labour established the Sustainable Land Management (Hill Country Erosion) Fund to help hill country farmers deal with erosion-prone land and to implement sustainable management practices. New Zealand households. A primary sector proactively seeking to address its carbon footprint – with the active support of government – will be a huge benefit to New Zealand. Primary sector exporters will benefit from a world-leading reputation in sustainable agriculture production. the Fund supported 63 products as diverse as developing sustainable integrated pest management systems in arable crops to improved pest management in North Canterbury’s vegetable brassica crops. Strong Proven Leadership 12 . The Sustainable Farming Fund was set up in 2005 to support projects that provide ongoing economic. including investment in the development of methane inhibitors (methane is a greenhouse gas produced by farm animals) and less energy-intensive farming practices. In 2007. Over the four years of funding. energy and manufacturing sectors.Leading in Environmental Sustainability Our aim is to develop a comprehensive strategy for dealing with carbon emissions. sustainable. and social benefits for the country’s primary producers. farm productivity. together with developments in research and technology. initiatives will focus on developing farm monitoring and information systems. rather than lower. environmental. Research already carried out in New Zealand suggests some simple changes in management practices can reduce agricultural and forestry greenhouse gas emissions to the level required under our international climate change commitments while at the same time enhancing on-farm productivity. in particular through the $700 million New Zealand: Fast Forward Fund. will benefit from a reduction in the carbon emission burden they face and rural communities will benefit economically from increased productivity of new farming practices and technologies. Labour will work with farmers to implement changes to reduce agriculture’s contribution to New Zealand's greenhouse gas emissions. high-value suppliers of goods and services to world markets. both economically and environmentally. which was set up to help our food and pastoral industries become smart. together with the forestry. Over the last decade Labour has invested heavily in the sustainability of the agriculture sector. Last year Labour announced $8 million of new investment in research to help reduce the rural sector’s carbon footprint through innovations that raise.

greater amounts of nutrients are used which in turn can mean higher amounts of pollution in the environment. because of the complexities of reducing agricultural emissions. Labour will work in partnership with the private sector to develop ways of distributing information to those involved in agricultural industries. Labour will ensure emissions reduction programmes are part of a broader carbon footprint strategy. Growth in agricultural production is vital to New Zealand’s future economic prosperity. As farming systems intensify. but not at any cost. its entry will not occur until 2013.Labour will support world leading research into new agricultural solutions. Bringing agriculture into the Emissions Trading Scheme retains the integrity of the scheme. One of the areas in which New Zealand: Fast Forward programmes will run is basic environmental research into the pastoral sector to reduce the environmental effects of climate change gases including improvements in water quality and reduced chemical use. in particular through New Zealand: Fast Forward. We will build positive momentum behind innovative solutions to the problem of greenhouse gas emissions generated by the primary sector. However. including low intensity farming. Labour will explore ways to streamline research efforts to ensure the highest return from capital invested in this area. Labour will encourage research on. Emissions reduction programmes will be part of a broader carbon footprint strategy that not only balances environmental and economic realities but looks at ways we can turn a potential burden on the economy into an export opportunity. We are already strongly engaged in working with the industry to investigate and apply measures which can significantly reduce nitrous oxide emissions from the agricultural sector over the next five years. Strong Proven Leadership 13 . We will take a lead on this critical issue in a way that is good for both agriculture and the environment. and experimentation with. Research is likely to be carried out through groups such as the Pastoral Greenhouse Gas Research Consortium and the Livestock Emissions Abatement Research Network (LEARN) which was established in collaboration with international partners. a range of alternative technologies and farming practices.

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Culture & Heritage 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 15 .Uniquely New Zealand Labour’s policy for Arts.

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our nation’s agency for arts Strong Proven Leadership 17 . We support the development of clear pathways into careers in the sector. and to provide greater access to our cultural and heritage experiences. and presentation of our heritage using the expertise we have and taking advantage of developments in technology. It means investing in opportunities for Kiwi artists from all communities to tell our nation’s stories. Strong artistic. cultural and heritage communities foster both local economic growth and identity. Our creative industries make a strong contribution to the growth of our economy. social. enterprise and confidence which result from cultural and creative expression. offering exciting employment for New Zealanders and developing hightech creative capability which attracts world-wide attention. It means supporting initiatives which support artists and cultural practitioners making a living from careers in the arts. to enjoy the wealth of cultural expression we have throughout our country. not just for their own wellbeing and sense of identity but because they are the emerging artists and cultural practitioners of tomorrow. New Zealand increasingly has an international reputation for being creative and innovative. Labour supports ongoing research. to the extent of only just surviving financially. We value the energy. Support for regional communities to create inspiring arts. It also means working to protect the intellectual property rights of our artists in the digital age. We are committed to investment in a wide range of initiatives which encourage cultural growth. Achieving growth in our cultural sector is assisted by broadening the audience for its output. Support for our arts and cultural sector includes ensuring that there is adequate funding and support for our cultural institutions so that the sector can continue to develop. culture and heritage experiences enables New Zealanders. Our unique natural. We are committed to its protection. documentation. Young people have a vital role in the development of our cultural sector. Creative New Zealand. culture and heritage play an essential role in defining our nation’s unique identity. In the digital age there are new opportunities to reach ever wider audiences. both at home and abroad. and built heritage helps us understand the forces which have shaped us as a nation. Supporting the Creative Sector A decade ago our cultural agencies were systemically under-funded. and overseas visitors. cultural and heritage infrastructure is important. The development of the regional arts. innovation and opportunity.Introduction Labour believes arts.

including broadcasting. and directly in the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra. such as Whale Rider. Te Papa.54 billion each year. culture and heritage. Te Matatini. Labour believes our cultural sector and creative industries have an important role to play in contributing to New Zealand’s economic growth and enriching our communities. the government’s arts funding agency. from $97 million in 1999 to $286 million in 2008. with sustained investment to enable our arts and cultural organisations to thrive. culture and heritage. contributing to our national identity. economic growth and New Zealand’s attractiveness as a premier destination for cultural tourism. The Film Commission’s funding has been significantly boosted in that time to support the efforts of Kiwi filmmakers. the national kapa haka organisation. some on the verge of collapse. Strong Proven Leadership 18 . Ten years ago… our arts and cultural sector was neglected and many of our key national institutions were in a fragile financial position. We have increased funding for arts. Our strong support for the screen industry over the last nine years has contributed to the success of New Zealand film. and in other organisations across the arts and Galleries. These films and many others have contributed to our sense of national identity and been a major success in sharing our stories with the world. culture and heritage. Ten years from now… continued growth and innovation in our creative industries will mean Kiwi arts and culture are recognised internationally for their excellence. the Royal New Zealand Ballet. We will continue to prioritise the arts. Today… significant injections of funding have put the cultural sector on a strong footing and aided a renaissance of New Zealand’s arts. including Māori and Pacific arts. Labour has promoted initiatives to support writers and widen the readership of New Zealand literature.and cultural development. both here and overseas. Libraries. the New Zealand Film Commission. New Zealand Film Archive. Labour will continue to increase the level of funding and support for arts. Our screen industry now has a turnover of more than $NZ2. This increased funding has brought us some of New Zealand’s most successful films in recent years. We have invested in Creative New Zealand. culture and heritage sectors because of their contribution to defining New Zealand’s unique identity. The World’s Fastest Indian and River Queen. Archives and Museums (GLAM) sector. We have worked to increase New Zealand book exports overseas and supported the development of New Zealand Book Month. Labour has shown its commitment to supporting the creative sector. desperately needed a significant boost in funding to enable it to provide secure funding and development opportunities for the arts.

We have developed stricter measures against those who attempt to profit from pirated and counterfeit works. Our artists stand to lose significant revenue where their work is exploited and copied. The visual arts are another area where we will legislate to support artists to get a fair financial return from their work. The new Public Lending Right for New Zealand Authors Act has been passed by Parliament. We have recently increased funding for the annual royalty payment that New Zealand authors get to compensate them for use of their books in public libraries and included this initiative in legislation. Labour has recognised the need to explore how creative rights for traditional knowledge. including intellectual property laws. and deserve promotion at the highest level. recognising that intellectual property laws will need to evolve into the future with changes in digital technology.Labour will continue to provide Prime Ministerial leadership to the arts. We believe the arts. We have initiated work to protect and promote respect for traditional knowledge in New Zealand. We will continue to support cultural awards. culture and heritage agencies and sectors. We have regularly reviewed and updated the legislation covering arts. such as the annual Prime Minister’s award for literary achievement which acknowledges the accomplishments of our leading literary figures and promotes artistic excellence. Labour has focused on ensuring that the creative rights of our artists are adequately protected across all art forms. culture and heritage portfolio to promote its central role in building our national identity. Labour believes it is essential that our artists and creative people are able to make a living and build exciting careers from their work. culture and heritage are central to defining who and what we are as a nation. including Māori. Pacific and other cultural designs. can be protected where these cultural taonga are not owned individually. We will consult across the creative and communication sectors to develop and implement intellectual property policies that encourage innovation and rewards for creativity. songs and dances. our laws need to keep pace. With pirating and counterfeiting rife internationally. With cultural trends and technology changing fast. images. Strong Proven Leadership 19 . yet are increasingly subject to commercial exploitation in New Zealand and overseas. Protecting artists’ rights Labour will continue to focus on measures which will lift the incomes of artists and those who work in the cultural sector. across the Pacific and beyond.

For example.Labour will implement a resale royalty right for visual artists. Te Māngai Pāho and Creative New Zealand New Zealand is promoted as a premier location for international film production. $53.8 million is available for this over four years. which ensured that blockbuster movies like The Lion.8 million is entirely new funding. and 20 percent of qualifying New Zealand production expenditure for eligible television and other screen production expenditure. The New Zealand Screen Production Incentive Fund (SPIF) will provide a government grant of 40 percent of qualifying New Zealand production expenditure for eligible New Zealand feature films. We will ensure that a resale royalty right is established for New Zealand artists to give them the same rights as artists in other countries to receive a commission on the resale of their work. supported by the Screen Production Incentive Fund and other programmes of the New Zealand Film Commission. Strong Proven Leadership 20 . We have also ensured that we make New Zealand a more attractive place for New Zealand films to be made. New Zealand on Air. the Witch and the Wardrobe and King Kong were made in New Zealand. A grant scheme was introduced in 2003 to attract big-budget film and television production to New Zealand. and links between film and tourism opportunities are fostered. Labour recognises that investment in industry training and skills development is vital to ensure the success of New Zealand film into the future. post-production and digital animation. Opportunities for New Zealand in the Film Sector We know that competition between countries to attract film productions is intense. bringing with them significant positive flow-on effects for our country. • • The New Zealand film industry’s achievements highlight talent and opportunities for growth in areas of specialist technical ability. a number of high tech Kiwi companies were established to develop digital and software solutions for the Lord of the Rings movies. Our legislation to establish this scheme is currently before Parliament. More New Zealand films will be made as a result of this new initiative. of which $27. Labour will continue to support the development of the New Zealand film industry to ensure that: • our own stories are told. This year we established a Screen Production Incentive Fund to support increased production of medium and larger-scale movies with significant New Zealand cultural content.

Strong Proven Leadership 21 . Our commitment to significant investment in the New Zealand music industry has brought steady growth. But through initiatives like the highly successful New Zealand Music Month and support for the New Zealand Music Commission. culture. also the opportunities to expand our audience both through tourism and through offshore marketing. We strongly value the arts for the contribution they make to New Zealand’s national and social identity. in recognition of changing international markets. Innovation and Opportunity Labour believes that achieving growth in our cultural sector involves growing appreciative audiences. Labour will support our musicians to access digital markets and maximise the opportunities provided by new technology. only 6 percent of monthly album sales were by New Zealand musicians. a major focus has been supporting our musicians to expand into overseas markets. Labour will continue to work with arts. Labour will support the development and export of digital initiatives. both here and overseas. Encouraging Growth. In 2001. The international market development programme undertaken through the New Zealand Music Commission has been successful in getting kiwi music repertoire and artists into global markets. and heritage agencies as well as with NZ artists and NZ businesses at all levels to ensure that the sector continues to flourish.Supporting New Zealand Music Labour believes there are clear cultural and economic gains from a strong domestic music industry. Labour will continue to support the successful Outward Sound programme to assist New Zealand artists to become export-ready so we: • • • Increase earnings from overseas music markets Foster the growth of the domestic music industry. our home-grown artists now make up around 20 percent of album sales. With music formats increasingly shifting to digital media. Support for implementation of a voluntary quota of New Zealand music on radio has also meant radio play of New Zealand content has risen by a similar amount and now averages at about 20 percent of airplay. and Promote New Zealand’s reputation internationally as a home of innovative talent. Under Labour.

trade.We will work with leaders in the creative sectors to ensure that a strategic approach is taken to their development. developing its capacity to deliver up-todate cultural information tailored to domestic and international tourism. a statue of a New Zealand soldier was dedicated on the ANZAC bridge in Sydney this year to honour the long-standing and close relationship between Australia and New Zealand. NZLive. We see strong opportunities for leveraging growth for our cultural sector from significant events.com also features a funding guide to enable individuals. and is an important one-stop hub of cultural information about New Zealand. An international cultural diplomacy programme has been established to build a New Zealand cultural presence in key regions overseas and to foster increased economic. and the potential benefits to the economy are realised. Labour will work to ensure that the 2011 Rugby World Cup is a worldclass event that is uniquely New Zealand. The NZlive. and tourism sectors and New Zealand Trade and Enterprise to expand export opportunities for music. diplomatic. Government and its agencies can partner with cultural practitioners and artists to promote innovative business models which exploit the full range of funding possibilities and the opportunities advances in technology bring. As part of this interagency programme.com with a focus on increasing links for tourism and community funding opportunities. Strong Proven Leadership 22 . We will also continue to expand its potential to better connect our artists and cultural organisations with the full range of available funding sources. featuring a guide which links people to hundreds of events. cultural and heritage groups. cultural. Labour will continue to develop NZLive. Its aim is to make sure that we New Zealanders and our visitors know what is going on in areas so we can support our artists and enjoy the huge range of opportunities to participate in our cultural sphere. societies. the screen production industries and the visual arts. tourism.nzlive.com website (www. This will assist them both to reach new audiences and to provide broader access to cultural and heritage experiences. such as the Rugby World Cup 2011. Labour will work with the creative.com. and continue to support cultural diplomacy initiatives to raise New Zealand’s profile internationally. We will create a festival around it which involves and engages the entire country and showcases New Zealand to the rest of the world. We will build on the success of NZLive. and cultural interests with these countries.com) was launched in 2006. and institutions to have easy access to information about funding for their work. barriers to development are addressed.

On screen or on stage. culture and heritage activities and organisations. perspectives. Labour will provide continued support for Māori performing arts through Te Matatini and consider further opportunities to support national competitions in schools to actively uphold the cultural expression of Māori. Strong Proven Leadership 23 . Labour has supported this through removing the cap on tax rebates for gifts to registered charitable organisations. New Zealand’s culture and arts can be showcased globally. Labour remains committed to supporting and nurturing Māori culture. We know that Māori culture is a key part of being a New Zealander and that by supporting our performers and artists both domestically and internationally. On a local level. Labour will continue to support Māori artists including through the high quality Toi Iho branding and will work to develop further opportunities for young artists to promote their talent and product through New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. and will promote the career pathways available in the creative sector. We are committed to promoting the richness and diversity of our Pacific cultures through the arts. culture and heritage. and support our Pacific peoples in their artistic and economic development. We will also promote career pathways available in the creative sector. We are aware that many cultural organisations rely on strong support from corporate sponsorship and philanthropy. culture and heritage make a vital contribution to our national identity. Māori culture and Māori artists capture the attention of the world. Valuing the Contribution of All Our Creative People Labour has been a strong supporter of Māori and Pacific traditional and contemporary art. Labour supports continued investment in the arts within Pacific communities. Māori creativity and heritage help in defining us to the world as a unique nation with our own distinctive images. both here and abroad. We believe Māori arts.Labour will investigate the potential for government to develop an online platform to assist and promote charitable giving towards arts. We will now explore what more can be done to promote the benefits of cultural sponsorship across arts and heritage through online technology.

Eastern Southland Gallery in Gore. and profile for. Ministry of Social Development and local government bodies to develop further opportunities for people with disabilities to develop creative initiatives. an international disability arts symposium to raise greater understanding of. Labour will provide funding to enable a focus on increasing the contribution from New Zealand’s diverse ethnic communities. The Regional Museums Fund we established has supported major redevelopments across the country. of artists with disabilities through funding for organisations such as Arts Access Aotearoa and support for a number of ’outsider art’ programmes. Aratoi in Masterton. and has encouraged the participation. We believe it is important to promote pathways for people with disabilities to assist in developing their creative talents and cultural enterprise. Regional and Community Arts and Culture Supporting innovative local communities and sustainable arts infrastructure in our regional centres is important in promoting local identity and economic growth. the Dowse Art Museum in Lower Hutt. local community services. the New Zealand Film Archive. the Otago Settlers Museum and Rotorua Museum. These redevelopments can be seen at the Auckland War Memorial Museum. Te Puke Ariki in New Plymouth. Nelson Provincial Museum. Labour will work across Creative NZ. and will take further steps to increase support for artists from diverse cultural traditions. We believe it is the role of central government to promote a partnership approach with local authorities to support the cultural wellbeing of local communities. Labour will continue its highly successful policy of providing funding for construction and refurbishment of regional museums and galleries with collections of national significance. the Auckland Art Gallery. We have also committed to hosting Momentum 09. Nine years ago it was clear that a significant boost to funding was needed to enable regional museums and galleries to update and expand their facilities. Labour values the contribution. the artistic talents of people with disabilities.We believe artistic and cultural participation from all ethnic communities in New Zealand is a vital component of building our national identity. Strong Proven Leadership 24 .

We believe it is important to ensure the long-term sustainability of the cultural sector through investment in tertiary education and professional development for artists. The cultural sector continues to be a strong area of employment for New Zealanders. that young New Zealanders’ talents are fostered and they are inspired by the contribution the arts make to New Zealand’s national identity and economy.Labour will support increased funding for the Creative Communities Scheme administered by Creative New Zealand in partnership with local and regional councils. and a strategic focus on areas of anticipated future growth. this programme had seen a total of 3. The Artists in Schools Programme was implemented in 2007 to give Kiwi primary and secondary school students the opportunity to learn from professional New Zealand artists in the fields of dance. and to support local communities to add their own cultural and local heritage content. Labour will continue to support the roll-out of the Aotearoa People’s Network throughout New Zealand. drama. The Pathways to Arts and Cultural Employment (PACE) scheme has assisted job seekers to develop careers in the arts and creative industries. especially to small and rural communities. By the end of June 2008. Education. Industry Training and Research It is essential for the development of our cultural sector. and increase funding for local festivals. Labour will work to promote growth in culture and heritage regionally and provide sustainable funding to regional cultural organisations. Labour has continued to develop and resource the arts. The Aotearoa People’s Network. Labour will boost the skills capacity of the Kiwi creative sector – the first step will be to conduct a thorough survey of the technical and Strong Proven Leadership 25 . The access portal is designed with the intention that all New Zealanders can benefit from creating. has been a significant development which offers potential for regional cultural and heritage development. and for our young people’s wellbeing. accessing and experiencing digital content. a programme of providing free access to broadband internet services in public libraries. music.457 clients placed in employment. and visual arts. music and creative curriculum in New Zealand schools so that young people have the opportunity to participate in the arts and establish creative skills at an early stage.

Labour has provided more funding to enable the trust to maintain and promote its properties and to work better with local councils and private owners to preserve heritage areas. so we have protected these items by updating the antiquities legislation. It has been important to support the Historic Places Trust to link sites to create heritage trails. television programmes and music can be accessed by other New Zealanders for the purpose of study and research. We have recognised that investment in protection of our historic heritage also has important economic spin-offs. and further develop mechanisms for archiving audiovisual programmes. We have reviewed accessibility of this archived material and begun a programme to streamline the way audiovisual content is archived. Strong Proven Leadership 26 . bringing visitors to regions throughout New Zealand and encouraging them to stay and explore our unique history. Honouring our Unique History and Heritage Labour believes that knowing and understanding our past and conserving our historic heritage is a critical part of establishing a strong sense of national identity. culture and heritage is accessible to the next generation of creative Kiwis. and that places of significance are preserved for future generations.operational skills we have to identify areas in which we need to foster new talent. skills development and research opportunities to ensure arts. It is important we tell the stories of our nation’s history. We have given strong support for the work of the New Zealand Historic Places Trust over the past nine years. We believe it is important that films. We will increase the range of educational. Labour will ensure that publicly-funded films. Labour is committed to looking ahead and planning for a vibrant cultural sector for the future. television programmes and music that have been funded by public organisations are freely available to New Zealanders for the purpose of study or historical research. A national heritage preservation incentive fund was set up to encourage the preservation of privately-owned and nationally-significant heritage properties that would otherwise be in danger of neglect or demolition. Special objects and taonga also play an important role in our heritage. Iconic sites support heritage tourism.

There is increasing interest in New Zealand’s involvement in the conflicts of the twentieth century. Big restoration projects have been completed. As a focus for Kiwi families’ remembrance of the sacrifice made by former generations of New Zealand servicemen and women.A significant step forward over the last 10 years has been getting some of our top heritage locations on-track towards receiving international recognition as world heritage sites. In recent years there has been an encouraging resurgence of interest in our nation’s history. We have commemorated the special relationship between the United Kingdom and New Zealand with the establishment of a memorial in Hyde Park. We have been committed to embracing these new technologies to create opportunities for Kiwi families and young people to better access our unique history. preserve and protect our records and heritage material. We have developed Strong Proven Leadership 27 . Labour will work with local government. and a recognition that significant aspects of our heritage and identity depend on the sacrifice made by others during times of war. heritage organisations and across central government to develop a National Policy Statement on Heritage under the Resource Management Act. Wellington. growth in technology has offered us much greater opportunities to record. Labour will complete the New Zealand Memorial Park project. such as the construction of the Kerikeri Heritage Bypass designed to protect the historic Kemp House and the Stone Store from flooding and from vibrations caused by heavy traffic flows.000 New Zealanders who fought in the Korean War. We will continue to support the New Zealand Historic Places Trust in its essential work on behalf of all New Zealanders. preparations have begun for a New Zealand Memorial Park adjacent to the National War Memorial in Buckle St. The New Zealand Memorial in Canberra and the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior in Wellington have also been major heritage projects. The 2008 tribute to Viet Nam Veterans was a significant acknowledgement of those who lost their lives in Viet Nam and an opportunity show our appreciation to those who served. including the personal histories of individuals. London. Korea recognising the service of 6. There is a growing demand by New Zealanders young and old to express their national identity on occasions like Anzac Day and Waitangi Day. Over the last decade. We have developed an initial list of New Zealand sites for consideration by international authorities. and dedicated a New Zealand memorial in the United Nations War Cemetery in Pusan.

Labour will ensure our New Zealand heritage is protected and cherished for the benefit of all New Zealanders. particularly from more isolated regions. the NZ Film Archive. We see exciting opportunities for New Zealand families to learn about their own history and whakapapa and develop a rich appreciation of the contribution their families and communities have made to this country. Labour will continue to support Archives NZ. and can use that information across their work. We are aware that we need to ensure that consistent archive systems are in place for archiving our historical material. that these are systems all communities can access and contribute to. We have seen the importance of recording New Zealand’s oral histories so that the rich history of our stories can be preserved for future generations.NZhistory. It is important.nz .net. with a focus on further collection of oral histories. and to ensure the technology we use is compatible with future developments. Labour will continue the extensive work programme within the Ministry for Culture and Heritage on New Zealand history projects. as well as public and private galleries. leisure and community lives. Strong Proven Leadership 28 . archive organisations and museums to work collaboratively to develop a smart and consistent approach to archiving cultural materials nationally and in the community. libraries. Labour will explore how to give New Zealand families better access to the wealth of cultural and heritage material relating to them that is held by public institutions.significant online projects such as the award-winning digital encyclopaedia of New Zealand. The challenge for the next decade is to harness the opportunities offered by digitisation to make our heritage available and accessible to more New Zealand families.nz. We will build the National Library up to be a virtual and actual hub where all New Zealanders have good access to New Zealand’s documentary heritage.govt.teara. Labour will increase funding to speed up critical digitisation of heritage collections across New Zealand so existing collections are available online as quickly as possible. too. www. so that New Zealanders young and old can learn about the stories of their past. A large-scale programme of recording oral history has been established and content made available online to all New Zealanders through the oral history website 'From Memory' on www. both nationally and internationally.

Protecting our Economy and our Heritage Labour’s policy for Biosecurity 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 29 .

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and from severe health threats like avian influenza. We have recently invested in frontline biosecurity. But there is more we can do. Labour believes that local communities have a big part to play in responding to such threats. Strong Proven Leadership 31 . Labour will maintain our border inspection capability to respond to the substantial increases in international passenger and trade volumes.Introduction Effective biosecurity is vital for New Zealand. We need a vigilant biosecurity system to protect our country from environmental and economic damage from pest invaders. but when they do. Scientific and operational systems have been changed so that threats are more effectively investigated. all present serious challenges for our border protection services. as trade and passenger volumes have increased. focusing on the areas of quarantine services and the preparation of border-related standards such as Import Health Standards. We will improve communication and consultation with affected local communities to maximise our total response. we must be prepared to manage them as effectively as possible. the size of our border security capacity has doubled and New Zealand now has one of the most effective biosecurity systems in the world. Biosecurity New Zealand was set up to coordinate the agencies that manage and protect our country against biological threats to our environment and our economy. and their ability to compete in global markets depends on biosecurity assurance. We now have a comprehensive biosecurity strategy that applies to all of New Zealand’s environments (land. yet many of these services are still to be fully rolled out. Rising volumes of trade and international passenger arrivals. freshwater and marine). as are ways to eradicate or manage them. We have a responsibility to protect our abundant unique species and habitats. and pests threaten that. Our livelihoods depend on keeping pests and diseases out to protect our native flora and fauna and to provide assurance for trade. coupled with some of the toughest biosecurity standards in the world. Prevention the Best Cure Over the past decade. and to both indigenous and introduced – but valuable . Our primary producers are crucial to our economic wellbeing. In 2004. We will not be able to stop every threat from entering New Zealand. and ensure we get new threats under active management and control as soon as possible.flora and fauna. As an island nation rich in biodiversity we recognize ourselves partly by this unique environment. We should plan for the future challenges that increased trade and climate change will bring.

when a red ant invasion hit Napier in 2006. New Zealand has faced some serious biosecurity challenges. organisms can still be introduced by migratory wild species. Through vigilant border biosecurity systems. Risks include human pandemics from disease. This will require analysis of trade patterns. Levels of international trade are set to increase bringing new threats and sources of disease or pests. Labour will ensure analysis of the economic. Strong Proven Leadership 32 . For instance. For example. We must plan for the future. This will include planning to combat identified biological threats. The challenge of climate change and associated ecological changes also bring the potential for new pests and diseases. Partnership with the Community Over the past decade. even if all travel and trade came to a stop. Labour will continue to improve systems for dealing with severe biological threats such as an avian influenza pandemic. Planning for New and Emerging Biosecurity Threats While we now have a border security system that is among the best in the world. Both government and the community have worked in partnership to respond. It will also include implementing a social marketing programme aimed at increased public compliance with border clearance requirements.These will include improving border enforcement operations and improving the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry’s (MAF) ability to identify and target high and emerging risks. A ‘zero risk’ border is not possible. severe animal risks such as Foot and Mouth Disease and agricultural pests. This led to their successful eradication from the port of Napier. a focus on prevention and elimination and management of threats. Biosecurity New Zealand worked closely with the local community in Whirinaki where the ants were found. the ants were also identified and eradicated at Auckland’s port. the way products transported into New Zealand and items brought in with travellers. Predictive research into ecological change as a result of climate change and land use change will be used to develop comprehensive plans for future actions. Labour will develop additional expertise in marine traffic and identification of water-borne pests and organisms. no border control system can ever be 100 percent effective. biological and physical environment focuses on predicting and identifying new and emerging threats both from within New Zealand and from international sources.

is often met with criticism if there is public uncertainty about the need for action and safety concerns. community buy-in of biosecurity responses is critical. large-scale biosecurity management – particularly aerial spraying . Strong Proven Leadership 33 . Labour will continue to swiftly respond to biosecurity threats while ensuring that local communities are more closely consulted and informed.However. Public safety is dependent on public co-operation. Balancing the demands of swift and effective response times with local community consultation is challenging. Closer communication and consultation with local communities is essential. Labour will develop systems for representative Community Advisory Groups to ensure clear communications with the public and provide a means for getting feedback from public sector agencies on issues of concern. but if our biosecurity responses are to reach their full potential. which can only happen with a well-informed community. Ensuring local community support is also important because communities have such a vital role to play in helping to get rid of threats.

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diverse broadcasting environment Labour’s policy for Broadcasting 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 35 .A strong.

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We believe that New Zealand's Pacific communities should be able to hear and see their own voices. and subsequent audience fragmentation are offering serious challenges to traditional business structures and audience share of television broadcasting. Labour will promote Pacific broadcasting and encourage Pacific peoples to be involved in the production of Pacific programmes. What we see on television can affect how we relate to others and how we see ourselves. Strong Proven Leadership 37 . internet. It can reflect what it means to be a New Zealander and help depict our place in the world by ensuring New Zealanders have access to great local content as well as the best from overseas. stories. especially through newer methods of delivery (pay-TV. music. Labour will encourage uptake of digital television and plan for analogue switch-off. Labour is committed to ensuring that New Zealand has strong television broadcasters that provide popular and entertaining programming as well as programming that is informative and educational. Labour will prioritise the establishment of a free-to-air Pacific channel.Introduction Labour believes broadcasting plays an important role in defining our cultural and national identity. mobile phones). We will also ensure that New Zealanders have access to a wide range of local content across genres that include programmes of popular appeal as well as programmes aimed at groups that are less well served by fully commercial interests. We believe New Zealanders deserve to have access to the best technology and the best content from both here and around the world. and languages on television. Labour will ensure that broadcasting choices available to New Zealanders are enhanced with current changes to the broadcasting environment. The development of a Pacific channel will require more Pacific programmes and therefore support increased career opportunities for Pacific peoples in the television industry. Television Broadcasting The medium of television reaches almost every New Zealander’s home. Labour will complete the review of digital broadcasting regulation. Media proliferation.

Labour will ensure the availability of New Zealand television across multiple platforms.296 total hours of local content on television. Our commitment to the screen production sector will ensure that New Zealand productions remain celebrated both here and around the world. whichever comes first. there was no funding available for regional television or the Maori Television Service and there was no plan for digital television or emerging technologies. Labour will ensure programming for diverse interest groups is available on free-to-air television. two free-to-air. Viewers will get better reception. regional television services have access to programme funding. informs and educates will be widely available to New Zealanders on television.Benefits of the move to digital include cost savings because less energy is required for digital transmission. digital television has been introduced and uptake is exceeding expectations. through any medium they choose. there were only 6. Strong Proven Leadership 38 . Labour will ensure a strong. Two Maori television channels. advertisement-free digital TVNZ channels are available. Labour will ensure that great New Zealand content remains accessible to New Zealanders through new channels and technologies. skilled independent television production sector with increased export of New Zealand television programmes. We will announce a firm date for analogue switchoff once take-up of digital television reaches 75 percent or in 2012. Ten years from now… Local content that entertains. Ten years ago… TVNZ was fully commercial and being prepared for sale. Today… TVNZ is operating with a legislated public broadcasting mandate. as well as through new technologies.784 hours of local content in 2007. We want New Zealanders to be able to see and hear stories that are for them and about them. We believe that all aspects of our diverse society should be reflected on our television screens and that all groups should be able to share their stories. Our broadcasting sector will continue to strongly reflect the lives and experiences of New Zealanders nationally and locally and across a wide range of interest groups and communities. there were 10. and plans are underway to review broadcasting regulation to ensure New Zealanders have the support needed from government to enjoy the best of emerging technologies. Labour will increase the total hours of local content on free-to-air television. an electronic programme guide and more content to choose from.

We also intend to ensure that New Zealand music remains celebrated though strong representation on commercial radio. publicly-owned radio and local and access radio stations. We want New Zealanders both here and overseas to be able to see and hear stories that are for them and about them through any medium they choose to use. New Zealand geographical communities and interest groups should all have a voice on our radio stations through the diverse mix of private radio. But changing technology is providing both challenges and opportunities for the radio industry. This will include radio by and for the diverse range of ethnicities and interest groups that make up New Zealand society. We believe that New Zealand music should be celebrated and fostered.Radio Broadcasting The radio broadcasting sector in New Zealand is one of the most successful and competitive in the world.5 percent. Labour will sustain the levels of New Zealand music on commercial radio stations at 20 percent. Ten years from now… New Zealand radio will be available in digital form to New Zealanders around the world on any technology they choose. Labour will continue assessment and support of digital radio initiatives and ensure the availability of New Zealand radio across multiple platforms. Labour is committed to ensuring that diversity in our radio broadcasting continues to provide New Zealanders with programming across interest groups and across technologies. Strong Proven Leadership 39 . Access radio has more funding available as well as funding for specific projects. Ten years ago… New Zealand music airplay was at 7. Radio New Zealand is available on AM and FM as well as streaming online and by podcast. Today… New Zealand music airplay is between 19 percent and 20 percent. Our unique sounds and cultural expression should be encouraged and shared. National Pacific Radio Trust is broadcasting programmes by and for Pacific peoples throughout New Zealand. The mix of commercial and non-commercial radio broadcasting provides a wide range of choices for New Zealanders. Labour will ensure the availability of diverse programming on radio through both national and local radio broadcasters. Radio New Zealand was under-funded and largely available only on the AM frequency.

Safe, Healthy and Affordable

Labour’s policy for Building and Construction

2008
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Labour wants to ensure that New Zealanders have access to safe, comfortable and healthy homes and buildings that reflect our natural environment. Young families and couples getting into their first homes need to be secure in the knowledge their home is built by qualified professionals. Construction standards for houses and buildings are fundamental to the health and safety of the community. They protect public safety and the investment New Zealanders have made in their home. Standards have changed significantly during this decade to protect home owners from the lax regime put in place in the 1990s and to assist those who have been affected by leaky homes. There was immediate action to make sure the leaky buildings problem was not allowed to continue. Much of this work was done by setting benchmark standards across the building and construction sector and through local government. A Weathertight Homes Resolution Service was put in place to assist leaky homes victims to seek redress and help resolve disputes. Since then there have been further refinements of the rules and efforts have been made to create more flexibility in the Building Act while at the same time protecting owners of homes and buildings. 10 years ago... deregulation of the industry resulted in catastrophic failures across the building sector, leading directly to the leaky buildings problem. Today… stronger standards are in place to protect the interests of home owners and prevent something like the leaky buildings crisis from happening again. 10 years from now… streamlined regulation and strong self-policing will mean lower construction costs while keeping homes and buildings safe, healthy and comfortable. The building and construction industry is healthier and stronger now than it was at the beginning of the decade. The industry is better off with Labour because we are headed in the right direction with a common-sense approach to regulations. But there is more to do. Labour will put in place further changes to building and construction standards to obtain good, safe buildings at reasonable cost. Labour will simplify the Building Code requirements for the design and construction of all buildings while protecting health, safety and investment. Simplifying the rules for simple building work makes it easier for DIY-builders to continue a Kiwi tradition without unnecessary red tape. We are also looking at ways to streamline approvals for ‘starter’ homes that meet the needs of families trying to get into home ownership for the first time. We have already commissioned designs and an architectural competition. Substantial savings for starter homes have already been identified. Strong Proven Leadership 43

Labour will work on developing and extending the successful starter homes portfolio of designs. These changes will assist in making home ownership more affordable by accelerating the approval process, thereby reducing costs. We intend to consult closely to ensure these changes work as effectively as possible. We will work with competent, experienced practitioners involved in building design and construction, and with those involved in administering building and construction standards both within the industry and in territorial authorities. Labour will work with the industry to simplify legislation, organise appropriate training of practitioners throughout the industry, and safeguard quality, safety, and health. This could involve looking at the effectiveness of current liability provisions in the building sector and investigating the possibility of self-certification by appropriately qualified and indemnified builders. The inaugural building summit in Auckland in mid-2008 drew widespread agreement from industry leaders. They agreed to create a forum which will recommend changes to the consents process for large-scale construction. This would mean only a single consent would be required when developers want to undertake the large-scale construction of standard homes using the same general design. This will further assist with bringing down construction costs. Labour will work with Territorial Authorities to develop centralised data bases to assist in consent processes and provide information on designs and building products. Consistency in the sector is crucial to providing peace-of-mind and security for New Zealanders wanting to build new homes. One way we intend to achieve this is through encouraging greater uniformity across all local government and building consents authorities to ensure timely and cost-efficient processes and avoid duplication. Labour will develop a nationwide set of guidelines on standardssetting to help improve consistency in the administration of different Building Consent Authority jurisdictions and in the rule-making of different Territorial Authorities. Many New Zealanders today and in the future may not choose to own a home. Lifestyle choices mean an increasing number will choose to rent, live in apartments and other multi-unit properties or, for many elderly people, opt for the safe, comfortable and happy retirement village environment. Labour is committed to safeguarding and protecting the rights of all of these groups. We have already reviewed the code of practice for retirement homes to protect the interests of older people and their families Strong Proven Leadership 44

Labour will put in place changes protecting property rights and titles within multi-units and high-rise apartments by modernising the out-of-date laws governing this area. The law covering the rights and responsibilities of both unit title owners and bodies corporate needs to be brought up to date because of changes in the way many New Zealanders are choosing to live, including the high number of people living in apartments and other high-density accommodation. Labour will proceed with amendments to the Unit Titles Act to provide security and fairness for stakeholders in medium and high density accommodation. As New Zealand renews and expands its housing stock, we also need to take account of our ageing population, with more people living longer into an active retirement. We need to ‘future-proof’ our houses so that residences remain liveable and accessible for people throughout their lives. Labour will encourage, where reasonably possible, the design and construction of residences to ensure that a higher proportion of the housing stock is suitable to meet the needs of people of all abilities including the elderly. Research is a vital component to ensuring the New Zealand building industry is among the best in the world, taking advantage of the most innovative and effective design and construction ideas. Labour will work with and support the Building Research Association of New Zealand to ensure New Zealand stays abreast of innovation and effective future industry development.

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A Great Country for Kids

Labour’s policy for Children and their Families

2008

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Introduction
New Zealand has always been a great place to bring up kids. Labour wants to ensure that we continue to be a country where all new Zealanders can be proud of the way we give all our kids the best possible start. Bringing up a child is first and foremost a family matter, but at the same time, as a society, we all have an interest in the wellbeing of the next generation. Labour believes that public agencies should be acting as a willing partner, which any parent can call on as needed, to offer support, resources and advice. Sadly, in a small minority of cases, the duty of public agencies to protect children extends to protecting them from their own families. We need to ensure they have the resources and the will to act decisively but not prematurely, always making the interests of the child the first consideration. In many ways, each new generation is a new beginning. Labour wants every child to have the full opportunity to succeed, whatever family circumstances they are born into. It should not matter what failings or bad luck their parents might have – every child should be able to make a fresh start. We mustn’t allow New Zealand to become a place where misfortune is inherited down the generations. Sometimes, that means we have to act, as a community, to even the odds. That’s a sentiment most New Zealanders would agree with but in the 1990s economic policies meant families faced a tough time financially and the core Kiwi value that no-one should be held back simply because of the environment they are born into was in danger of being undermined. For right-wing politicians, it is easier to lump families – parents and children alike – into a stereotype labelled ‘underclass’ and push them to one side. In the Labour Party, we believe that no child should miss out on the opportunities they need to grow healthily and develop their potential, because of what neighbourhood they live in or how much their parents can afford to pay. That is why we are committed to ensuring that good public provision of health, education and social services is available to all New Zealand families. Labour endorses the Every Child Counts campaign and remains committed to putting children and families at the centre of policy development and implementation. Labour will continue to promote strong families, offering support and resources to assist them in good parenting. Services will build on our existing commitment to increase access to high-quality early childhood education.

A ‘whole child’ approach
Labour believes in a whole child approach to addressing children’s issues. That means: Strong Proven Leadership 48

focusing on the big picture, on the child’s whole life and circumstances – not just isolated issues or problems; focusing from the outset on what children need for healthy development – not simply reacting to problems as they arise; and looking across the whole public service at what can be done to support children’s healthy development – not looking for single-sector solutions.

Children largely depend on others and are sometimes vulnerable. But they are also continually developing the skills they need to look after themselves and make responsible decisions. Children are shaped in part by the settings in which they live. But they also shape their own lives through their thoughts and actions. Children are citizens in their own right. But they also need to be seen within their environment – with their family, friends, in school, and with their communities.

Supporting families to give every child the best start in life
We all know that the opportunity for individuals to reach their full potential is strongly influenced by experiences during the early years of life. If you grow up in a safe, nurturing environment where you are kept healthy and supported to learn, then you are much more likely to grow up to be a successful and happy adult who is able to make a positive contribution to the community. This decade has seen a lot of changes for families bringing up young children. In the past, many families suffered falling wages, and the spectre of unemployment never seemed far away. Today, there have been record increases in employment – more people have jobs than ever before – and the number of families needing benefit assistance has fallen substantially.
Proportion of children in poverty
40

35

Proportion of population below threshold (%)

30

25

20

15

Family incomes have also risen. Much of that has been through wage increases, and we’ve raised the minimum wage to ensure all working people have benefited. But Labour is also proud to have helped increase family incomes through Working for Families. 49
2002 2004 2006 2008

10

5

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0 1988

Working for Families has put tax dollars back in the pockets of more than half of New Zealand families with children. It has helped people raising children while on a benefit, while also ensuring that people are better off if they take a job. Tax cuts from 1 October are giving more money back to families. Families have also had help in meeting the costs for essential needs. This includes help with housing, early childhood education and health care costs. Children under six years old are also able to get free visits to their doctor. The full impact of the Working for Families package will be reflected in the next Household Economic Survey. The results are scheduled for release in mid 2009, and are expected to show further reductions in child poverty. Ten years ago . . . nearly one in three New Zealand children were living in poverty based on the measure used in the Social Report. Today . . . one in six children are living in families with income below the same poverty line. Ten years from now . . . all children will have access to the health, education and housing services that will enable them to develop to their full potential. But things aren’t perfect. There are still too many children living in poverty even though numbers have declined, and the gaps in health and other outcomes between the best and worst-off remain stubbornly wide. Investing early in children's lives is the most effective strategy for reducing the risk of poor economic and social outcomes. The last decade has seen an expansion of existing initiatives and the development of new initiatives to help support families and give children the best start in life. These include universal services that help all families and whānau raise their children, such as parenting information through Strategies with Kids – Information for Parents (SKIP); targeted services that bring different agencies together to offer support to vulnerable communities such as social workers in schools; and intensive services such as one-on-one support and home visiting. But achieving change for our most vulnerable families and communities means more than just improved government services. It is often community-based services that play an important role in supporting families and making sure children get the best start in life. The groups providing these services know what their communities need. They know where the gaps are, and what can be done to make sure families, children and young people are taken care of. More often than not, they are the people in the community that vulnerable families go to first for help. Labour wants to ensure that all children thrive in childhood, are respected and valued, have the opportunity to reach their full potential, and participate positively in society now and into the future.

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and the Household Incomes report monitors income poverty and inequality. and providing a more intensive level of support. Labour will continue to place a firm focus on the value of positive parenting strategies. we hope to be able to assist these families before they reach crisis point. with integrated departmental and non-government agencies collaboration. The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation. Labour will continue to support a transparent approach to the publication of information regarding the social outcomes achieved for New Zealanders. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. inter-agency and outcome-driven. We will expand the provision of support for families who have complex and multiple needs so they are safe and secure and their children get a good start in life. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes. Labour will expand the integrated service response for vulnerable families to offer a family-focused case management approach in more communities across New Zealand. We will continue to invest in families through the Working for Families package. as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all contracts for essential services for children. We will review family tax credit rates regularly to ensure that children in beneficiary families obtain a decent standard of living and fair educational and recreational opportunities. Strong Proven Leadership 51 . We will also maintain the implementation of Te Rito. young people and families will be fully funded. We will continue to invest in SKIP – Strategies with Kids. We will further invest in early intervention family support. Social services for children and families will be community-driven. It will improve the ability to plan ahead. Information for Parents – providing resources and training to assist in positive parenting.Labour has recognised the need to continue to research and measure poverty and other social outcomes. attract and retain qualified staff. the New Zealand Family Violence Prevention Strategy and Family Safety Teams. collaborative. By working proactively with these families earlier. Labour will continue to publish the Social Report every year. The Social Report has been produced every year since 2001 to monitor the wellbeing of New Zealanders.

It is the family doctor (general practitioner) or practice nurse that people see at their local clinic. As part of our primary healthcare strategy. a universal B4 School check is now being implemented that diagnoses any learning or health disabilities that might hinder children from learning at school. Labour also funds PHOs to provide free visits for patients aged under six. Labour has always believed that families should never have to choose between going to the doctor and putting food on the table. and will continue to ensure Strong Proven Leadership 52 . The strategy is about much more than price – it is a long-term investment in the health of all New Zealanders. That was happening in the 1990s. we have halved the cost of seeing a doctor. This means detecting and acting on any health problems early on. we will prioritise reducing the cost of going to the doctor for those aged six to 17 years and for people over 64. Schools and early childhood education centres provide excellent opportunities to reach children and young people and promote healthy lifestyles. the support available to parents and new children has expanded and developed.Child Health Every single young New Zealander deserves the best possible start in life. Labour will ensure District Health Boards and Primary Health Organisations work with other agencies such as schools and early childhood centres on health promotion activities in their regions. Over the coming years. healthy lives. Most New Zealanders know that in the last few years it has become significantly cheaper to visit a GP while the cost of prescriptions has dropped significantly. Labour has worked to rebuild our primary care sector and support the staff who work in it. to ensure that no child falls through the cracks. Over the past decade. Early treatment and advice prevents many illnesses from becoming more serious and enables more Kiwis to take control of their health and wellbeing. Labour will continue to work towards reducing the cost of GP visits for younger and older New Zealanders so that young people get medical advice early and so that older people can lead active.has been upgraded and expanded. Primary healthcare is the support Kiwis receive from frontline health workers in their community. In addition. It means ensuring a strong public health system that has health professionals and clinics in place to deliver the necessary services. We are already doing this with healthier food options in New Zealand’s schools. The Well Child service –a programme that ensures young kids receive regular health checks .

It is important to us that access to maternity services is as convenient as possible. that they are accountable for their standard of care. safe midwifery and obstetric services across the country. and that mothers receive the highest level of professional care. Sometimes communication and co-ordination between caregivers falls down. GPs and obstetricians so that all mothers are provided with the postnatal care they need. All mothers and mothers-to-be have the right to the very best clinical care possible. Strong Proven Leadership 53 . This included expanding the midwife workforce in training by a third.that DHBs and PHOs work closely with other agencies to deliver important health promoting initiatives. Communication between maternity carers is crucial to effective and safe clinical services. childbirth and aftercare through provision of nationwide quality care by qualified health professionals. Maternity Care Too often women dealing with a stressful pregnancy find their experiences vary depending on where they live. Labour will ensure there is a high level of communication and coordination between midwives. retaining more midwives with post-graduate study and providing financial support to overseas-trained midwives. We are committed to providing timely and uniform provision of support to women under stress during pregnancy across the country. Labour is committed to full implementation of this package. including longer stays in maternity units where this is required. and that mothers receive stronger maternity unit care when needed. Labour will work to address work force issues in maternity care and continue to ensure local access to reliable. Labour will work to ensure that all clinical professionals provide the highest standard of care. resulting in a poorer standard of care. Labour recently announced a package of initiatives to address workforce pressures in the midwifery sector. We will work to ensure that barriers to communication between these health professionals are identified and reduced to the greatest extent possible. Labour will continue to promote satisfactory outcomes for pregnancy. We will work to ensure a more timely and uniform provision of support across the country. and that women’s choice to use the maternity services they want and need is facilitated.

we know that our country does not do well when it comes to children being injured or even killed. Labour will work to ensure that qualified health professionals have the resources to provide this information and support.Labour will ensure nationwide equality of access to contraceptive education. and even people who have never lived here. Women have the right to access quality information and support to make informed decisions about sex and contraception. there has been positive change during this decade. As a result. we need public agencies that are strong and effective. it is at the hands of somebody who is entrusted with their care. We now have a much stronger statutory agency to work closely with non-government agencies to support vulnerable children and young people. Although every tragedy is one too many. the care and protection system has been strengthened to ensure that there are effective. To prevent other children from experiencing this fate. we’re seeing a shift in the way people think about family violence. the Social Worker Registration Act was passed to ensure high standards of practice and professional conduct among Social Workers. This is why strong partnerships have been developed between the community sector and government agencies. with well-trained professionals working together. Initiatives Strong Proven Leadership 54 . There is more support for providers in the family violence sector and more information and services available for families experiencing violence. information and provision in partnership with qualified health professionals. There is general agreement that to deliver responsive services to meet the needs of individual families. In the last decade. local responses that lead to permanent and stable care for children and young people. one agency can’t do it alone. And we know that in the overwhelming majority of cases. In 2003. The Taskforce for Action on Violence within Families is helping address this seemingly intractable and complex problem. and that women do not face barriers in accessing them. Many Kiwis living abroad. families and communities. While international comparisons can be difficult to make. they are often the professionals in the community that vulnerable families go to first for help. Social workers in community-based services also play an important role. But some New Zealand children are not safe in their own homes. Quality social work can make a huge difference to the lives of individuals. Supporting Children and Young People at Risk of Harm Most New Zealanders grow up in a caring and secure environment. know that New Zealand is a safe and healthy place in which to raise children. There is now an effective whole-ofgovernment response that works in partnership with the community and voluntary sector.

attract and retain qualified staff. Labour will complete legislative changes to ensure the Children. That gives organisations a better ability to plan ahead. It means there are more options for responding when a report is received. effective legal framework both for safeguarding New Zealand’s most vulnerable children and young people and for responding effectively to offending by children and young people. promoting their wellbeing and that of their families. grow and develop. Young People and their Families Act provides a highly relevant framework for delivering effective services to children. young people and their families. The Children. Ten years from now children and families will be assisted to access the package of professional supports and services that suit their individual circumstances. whanau and family groups. The Differential Response Model enables Child. Social workers had no professional framework. and better opportunity to connect families to services as early as possible to prevent more serious problems. Youth and Family to work more closely with non-government organisations also supporting families and young people. Today over 2000 social workers are registered across New Zealand and the Social Workers Registration Board provides public assurance that there is a basic standard of practice expected from every social worker. However. it is now 18 years since the Act was passed and we owe it to New Zealanders to ensure it continues to provide the most effective legal framework for safeguarding our vulnerable children and young people. they had nowhere to go. Labour will roll out the Differential Response Model across New Zealand by 30 June 2009 to ensure delivery of the right services to the right people at the right time. Labour will build the capacity and capability of community organisations delivering services to children and families through sustainable funding arrangements. Young People and their Families Act continues to provide an up-to-date. while also ensuring young children in care continue to receive the range of services they need to learn. Ten years ago if someone had a complaint about the work of an individual social worker. This includes: Strong Proven Leadership 55 . improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families.such as Social Workers in Schools have demonstrated the value of having trained professionals placed where they are accessible and approachable for children and families. Labour will ensure high-quality statutory intervention services when children require care and protection from harm.

addressing welfare. Child. enhancing Youth Court orders. and the engagement of. Youth and Family clients in mainstream education and the Correspondence School • • Strong Proven Leadership 56 . In particular we placed a focus on improving health and education outcomes for children involved with Child. including the introduction of two new orders for persistent or serious offending by young people improving the criteria for information sharing establishing complaints and review procedures improving the participation of children and young persons in the decisions that affect them recognising the support needs of those moving from care to independence • • • • • In a very small number of cases. We will build further support around children and young people in residential care to deliver a service that is tailored to young people’s needs and focused on outcomes. abuse and neglect. while creating opportunities to effect lasting change for individuals. Labour will ensure that residential services provide a safe environment for children. Labour will continue to implement the Residential Services Strategy. In 2003. security and wellbeing of themselves and others. Youth and Family clients improving services for children and young people with disabilities improving access for. education and health needs and preparing young people for transition back to their families and community. children and young people pose a challenge to the safety. which outlined our strategy for enhancing the services provided to children and young people who were at risk of. Labour released the Care and Protection Blueprint. Youth and Family including: • improving information on the health and education needs of Child. young people and staff.• raising the age to include 17-year-olds in the same care and protection and youth justice processes as younger children. Labour will continue to implement the Care and Protection Blueprint. Residential staff will work closely with young people to develop individualised care plans that focus on improving wellbeing. or who had suffered from.

Labour will implement the recommendations of the “Best of Care?” review. Youth and Family and the Ministry of Health. Youth and Family • • • Substantial progress has been made on these initiatives and many have now been implemented.• an inter-agency strategy for children and young people with severe antisocial behaviour Child. strengthening processes within and between agencies. Youth and Family and District Health Boards implementing joint action plans to improve access to mental health services for Child. Strong Proven Leadership 57 . Labour wants to provide all children with a safe and supportive home environment. and improving access to services. We are committed to clarifying the funding responsibilities of agencies. legislation and operational practice related to children and young people with disabilities and their families involved with Child. Youth and Family clients workforce development to support Child. Labour will maintain a focus on the broader needs of children and young people involved with the care and protection system. Providing a safe and supportive home for disabled children may require additional resources. The ‘Best of Care?” review examined policy. It looked at the issues surrounding out-of-home placement of disabled children and highlighted some critical issues limiting effective support for disabled children and their families. Youth and Family clients with Autism Spectrum Disorder improving support for parents with mental health problems or disabilities who have children involved with Child.

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Tackling the Environmental Challenge of our Times Labour’s policy for Climate Change 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 59 .

Strong Proven Leadership 60 .

0% ENERGY 45% Other Energy 14. Climate change is expected to pose significant hazards to New Zealand as a small island nation. We are now pouring carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere on a scale that is greater than the ability of the environment to absorb it. But all New Zealanders need to understand and be supported through New Zealand’s move towards a low-carbon economy. changes in our climate are likely to lead to more intense rain and wind events during storms. New Zealand’s research and development into sustainable agriculture.7% Agriculture Soils 16. New Zealand communities are being prepared for the impact of extreme weather events and sea level rises before they occur. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. we do not want nor need another 1980s/90s period of restructuring. using such things as wind and solar power.4% Other Agriculture 1. As we move into the 21st century.05% Waste 2.4% AGRICULTURE 48% Methane 31.1% forest sinks -29. hydro and wind. Clear goals have been set for renewable energy. involving hundreds of scientists from around the world.2% We all have a stake in getting greenhouse gas emissions under control. Strong Proven Leadership 61 . The Emissions Trading Scheme will discourage growth in emissions and reward emissions reductions.4% Solvents 0. and the scheme will put New Zealand on the path to a sustainable future.6% Transport 18. Economy-wide policies are being put in place to deal with climate change and other environmental challenges. The composition of New Zealand’s emissions Industrial Processes 5. Labour believes it also offers significant opportunities for a small sustainable nation. Climate change is a symptom of living unsustainably. and our expertise in renewable energy such as geothermal. and more frequent serious droughts as well as general changes in temperature and rainfall patterns. and major steps have been taken to encourage energy efficiency.Introduction Scientists tell us it is more than 90 percent certain humans are the main cause of global warming. As the economy gradually moves away from its reliance on fossil fuels.5% Electricity 10. presents us with opportunities in a world that is seeking sustainable solutions. says climate change is occurring more rapidly than was predicted. While climate change poses an enormous global threat.

and each major business within the sector. the international agreement on combating climate change. Labour will ensure the speedy and effective implementation of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme. Doing nothing and hoping the problem goes away is simply not an option. rather it minimises the cost of reducing emissions. A combination of targets and sector-specific policies across the economy will put New Zealand on a long-term sustainable footing. This is sensible because it avoids distortions within the economy and shares responsibility for emissions fairly. The Emissions Trading Scheme The Emissions Trading Scheme is the cornerstone of a responsible and balanced plan to tackle climate change. It puts a cost on emissions in the New Zealand economy so we can address our obligations as a country under Kyoto. Fairness among sectors is achieved through allocation of ‘free’ emissions units by the government. the scheme will encompass every sector of the economy from forestry to farming. and to help our Pacific neighbours and other developing nations prepare for climate change. A central registry will track the sale and purchase of emissions units. must have enough units to cover their emissions and will face the full cost of any increases in their emissions over and above any units they may have been allocated. It does that by charging the polluter for increases in emissions and rewarding decreases. New Zealand’s Emissions Trading Scheme is advanced by international standards because it includes all six greenhouse gases covered by the Kyoto Protocol. Labour’s economy-wide targets include: • • 90 percent of our electricity coming from renewable sources by 2025 carbon neutrality in all stationary energy production and use by 2030 62 Strong Proven Leadership . The scheme will be implemented along with a comprehensive range of other measures. Over time.We also believe New Zealand can have a leading role in international negotiations to address climate change issues in trade and other agreements. The Emissions Trading Scheme does not create costs. Each sector. climate change is real and poses a severe threat to our way of life. There is no case to delay an emissions trading scheme. An Economy-wide Package Labour’s policies to tackle climate change do not rest solely with the flagship Emissions Trading Scheme.

As production of electric vehicles Strong Proven Leadership 63 . We have already established a vehicle emissions reduction group focussing on electric vehicles. The buy-back of our railway system and the establishment of KiwiRail present a real opportunity to build a sustainable nationwide transport network. of 300.000 CO² equivalent tonnes by 2013 • • Transport Labour has already taken big steps towards the goal of halving New Zealand’s per capita transport emissions by 2040. below business as usual. Labour intends to prepare the way for a large-scale roll-out of electric vehicles. The numbers will grow slowly at the start. 5 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 Implementing legislation passed this year to introduce sustainable biofuels is a first step away from fuels such as petrol that come from unsustainable fossil fuel sources. the planet would be well on the way to overcoming human-induced global warming) achieving a reduction in greenhouse gases from the agricultural sector. We expect to see electric cars starting to arrive and being used in New Zealand between 2010 and 2015. Electric Cars and Other Vehicles Similarly. electricity and hydrogen) Million Tonnes CO 2 -e 10 Investment in public transport has surged 15fold in this decade. New fuels have an important role to play in reducing transport emissions 30 25 Behaviour Efficiency 20 15 New Fuels (biofuels. but volumes will increase as supply increases and costs decrease. our ambition to be among the leading countries to widely deploy electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids marks the beginnings of a new era of energy independence and low emissions in transport.• • carbon neutrality in 35 core public service departments by 2012 halving our per capita transport emissions by 2040 (taking 2007 as the base year) carbon neutrality in the total energy sector by 2040 (if this target was adopted globally.

Vehicles used for longer distances. Strong Proven Leadership 64 . New Zealand could. Investments in household energy efficiency. and prices will come down. An assessment of these costs should include environmental costs. We will need to work through a variety of issues about the public infrastructure required for people to charge their vehicles during a journey. which is the main driver of cost. Energy Efficiency Labour is committed to energy efficiency and conservation so that less electricity is wasted. be in a position to be the first country to set up a nationwide infrastructure for charging electric vehicles.ramps up internationally. is to invest in improved energy efficiency where this is cheaper than the cost of producing extra energy or extra energy infrastructure. where they will be located and relevant health and safety issues will also need to be addressed. however. Major centres with an interest in electric vehicles such as California. Labour will also build on our clean green electricity generation to develop partnerships with electric vehicle manufacturers. the automatic response to our growing demand for energy has been to build more generation. can be expected to reduce markedly. The Energy Strategy also goes beyond electricity generation. Questions about how these facilities will be funded. so that households consume less energy. A cornerstone of our New Zealand Energy Strategy. however. Electric vehicles used for local travel can be re-charged from the owner’s home. our vehicle fuel efficiency measures are designed to reduce fuel consumption so that less fossilfuelled energy is required for New Zealand’s vehicle fleet. While it will be up to industry to develop electric vehicle technology. London and Tokyo are likely to confront many of these challenges first and we will be able to learn from their experience. Labour will plan for the introduction of a nationwide infrastructure to recharge electric vehicles. For instance. the cost of the electric battery. especially for the sort of high voltage facilities that would allow shorter charging times. there is a role for government in establishing an environment that facilitates its uptake. will need a supporting infrastructure of ‘charging stations’ to enable recharging. In the past. however. The cost of the technology is likely to be expensive. are an example of this approach at work.

Efficient heaters will also be installed where appropriate. healthy and warm. will be targeted next. Ten years from now… hundreds of thousands more houses in New Zealand will be insulated to the recommended standard to help households stay dry. and planned development on Housing New Zealand land. healthier. Today… insulation standards have been strengthened and. through the insulation retrofit programme. That is why the 2008 Budget provided for the state house insulation programme to be significantly accelerated. We have brought in energy efficiency measures. dry homes. and more energy efficient homes.000 state houses insulated within five years. We are scaling up in this programme to ensure New Zealanders have warm. A retrofit includes insulation of floors and ceilings. Labour is prepared to bring forward the current spending programme on home retrofitting. Wellington and Manawatu. Labour recognises it is important the government sets an example for other landlords to follow. such as insulating existing homes known as ‘retrofitting’. if any houses built before 1978 had adequate insulation. improving tenant health and reducing power bills. upgrading the State Housing stock. doubling the pace of Housing New Zealand’s previous Energy Efficiency Retrofit campaign which began in 2001. Labour is prioritising the insulation of state houses so that the remaining homes without insulation are retrofitted within 5 years. The state housing insulation programme could have a role to play in this economic stimulus package. as part of the economic stimulus package to be presented to Parliament in December. we have begun work on an economic stimulus package which will be implemented if the projected impacts on the New Zealand economy remain as they appear to be at the moment.Ten years ago… insulation standards were weak and few. where there are significant concentrations of state housing. With the New Zealand economy clearly facing challenges from the global financial turbulence and economic slowdown. These measures are timed with introduction of the Emissions Trading Scheme in mind. The new timeframe will see 21. Strong Proven Leadership 65 . where it is colder. have already been insulated. hot water cylinder wraps and ‘lagging’ around hot water pipes. Many homes in the South Island. Houses in Auckland. Almost 12 homes a day will be insulated.000 New Zealand families now live in warmer. 42. Labour now intends a major extension to the home insulation programme.

a year ahead of the electricity sector entering the Emissions Trading Scheme.We have also announced a one billion-dollar fund over 15 years to assist families to insulate their homes and improve the efficiency of their heating. it will take private household energy efficiency to a whole new level. Strong Proven Leadership 66 . Improving the energy efficiency of our housing stock also contributes to the sustainability of our nation overall. This is a great example of how actions to tackle climate change can benefit us in other ways. that means fewer visits to the doctor. This makes the work ideal for generating work around the country. This programme is relatively labour-intensive and people can be trained for the work in a relatively short time period. It not only reduces demand for energy.000 additional solar water heating systems by 2010. we are determined to moderate the economic impact on households. It is not just a one-off cut to a household’s power bills but a longterm plan to reduce the amount of electricity every household uses. Spread over 15 years. Labour will provide support for the installation of 15. The fund will start in 2009. Heating water can account for up to 40 percent of a household’s electricity bill. It will not only save energy. fewer hospital admissions and fewer days off school or work. particularly for our most vulnerable families.20. Labour will bring forward access to the $1 billion home energy efficiency fund so that schemes for retrofitting older houses can be expanded in those areas where unemployment is emerging. Assistance to Households While Labour is committed to action on climate change. The one-billion dollar fund to help New Zealanders make the most efficient use of energy will be targeted according to energy needs and income. For sufferers of respiratory diseases such as asthma. it will also reduce dampness in homes and the health problems that causes. This fund is the largest-ever investment in household energy efficiency in New Zealand’s history. More New Zealanders than ever before can enjoy the benefits of a wellinsulated home and efficient heating while at the same time lessening their impact on the environment.000 . and three-quarters of your water heating costs can be saved by installing a solar water heating system. but also it improves health outcomes. Labour has increased the grant for installing a solar water heating system to $1000. New Zealand has abundant solar energy resources.

Support will continue for work aimed at reducing overall greenhouse gas emissions in the broader agriculture sector. with those receiving benefits. Labour will develop practical policies to assist New Zealanders in the move to a more sustainable. unions. All New Zealanders need to be engaged and supported in the move towards a low-carbon economy. its entry will not occur until 2013. That policy framework includes research and development. Different industries and sectors will move into the Emissions Trading Scheme at different times over the next five years. superannuation and Working for Families tax credits also receiving a targeted one-off cash payment. Government has a clear role in setting the framework for a new type of economy to flourish. and workers to develop environmental plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and waste. and New Strong Proven Leadership 67 . Agriculture New Zealand’s emissions profile is unique among developed countries in that half our emissions come from the agricultural sector. because of the complexities of reducing agricultural emissions. However.Labour will deliver to all households in 2010 a one-off electricity rebate to assist with power bills. This support will continue until 2018 and then be gradually phased out over the next 12 years to 2030. we do not want or need another 1980s/90s period of restructuring. less fossil fuel-dependent economy. A range of measures will smooth its entry. A staged entry allows different sectors to prepare for entry. the provision of incentives. and negotiating in international forums. and promote energy and transport efficiencies including telecommuting. Economic Transition As the economy gradually moves away from a reliance on fossil fuels. Where firms face international competition and so cannot easily pass on the extra costs to their customers. The financial assistance will be broadly equivalent to the total amount of the increased electricity costs faced by the household sector in the first year of the introduction of the electricity sector into the Emissions Trading Scheme in 2010. We will also work with businesses. they may be eligible for a subsidy in the form of some free emissions units which they can sell to offset increased costs. Bringing agriculture into the Emissions Trading Scheme retains the integrity of the scheme.

in particular through New Zealand: Fast Forward. in particular through the $700 million New Zealand: Fast Forward Fund . One of the areas in which New Zealand: Fast Forward programmes will run is basic environmental research into the pastoral sector to reduce the environmental effects of climate change gases including improvements in water quality and reduced chemical use. Labour will work with farmers to implement changes to reduce agriculture’s contribution to New Zealand's greenhouse gas emissions. Labour will encourage research on. Labour will support world leading research into new agricultural solutions. The Fishing Industry The fishing industry faces unique challenges as it enters the Emissions Trading Scheme.a research and innovation fund set up to help our food and pastoral industries become smart. over the next 10-15 years. high-value suppliers of goods and services to world markets. to ease the sector’s entry into the Emissions Trading Scheme. diesel. but not at any cost. sustainable. say. a range of alternative technologies and farming practices.Zealand will continue to be a world leader in developing low emissions technology to reduce the environmental effects of livestock farming. The New Zealand: Fast Forward Fund of $700m will be matched by private funding from the food and pastoral sectors to create a substantial step forward in research and development. Research is likely to be carried out through groups such as the Pastoral Greenhouse Gas Research Consortium and the Livestock Emissions Abatement Research Network (LEARN) which was established in collaboration with international partners. As farming systems intensify. and experimentation with. This is easily the largest single investment in research and development in New Zealand’s history. Growth in agricultural production is vital to New Zealand’s future economic prosperity. Strong Proven Leadership 68 . Labour is providing for a free allocation of emission units for the fishing sector. We are already strongly engaged in working with the industry to investigate and apply measures which can significantly reduce nitrous oxide emissions from the agricultural sector over the next five years. Because of the sector’s dependence on fuel. it is significantly affected by price rises for. Labour recognises this. greater amounts of nutrients are used which in turn can mean higher amounts of pollution in the environment. including low intensity farming. ranging from basic environmental research to pre-commercial development.

under the Emissions Trading Scheme. Assisting Local Communities We need to prepare for the risks and opportunities a changing climate will bring. Trees vary in their ability to capture and store carbon. and provide incentives and information on suitable trees to plant. As trees grow. Labour is already providing guidance for local communities to deal with climate change hazards such as storm surge. and careful planning. on top of what it was in 2007. they absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it as wood. high waves. but science cannot yet provide precise answers as to the economic impact of the sea levels expected. and there are also biodiversity issues to consider. but the impacts can be lessened with forethought. we must consider the risks of a range of sea level rises. when determining the optimal mix of planting. good information. We are committed to providing further help for communities. This will assist firms that face international competition but have not received a free allocation to help them take advantage of innovative technologies with the potential to reduce industrial emissions. Carbon sinks make a contribution to meeting our obligations under the Kyoto Protocol and encouraging forestry is a major means of achieving this. Forestry Forestry is rewarded under the Emissions Trading Scheme because forests have a big role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. and rising sea levels. Several schemes such as the Permanent Forest Sink Initiative and the Afforestation Grant Scheme are already in place to encourage the planting of forests. Labour will encourage landowners to plant forests to act as carbon sinks. Industry Labour has established a contestable innovation fund of 150. Labour has set a target of increasing our forest area by a net 250.000 hectares by 2020. Consequently. When forests are felled they release carbon. Sea level rise is an important issue in climate change.000 emission units a year. Strong Proven Leadership 69 .This free allocation is equal to 50 percent of the impact on fuel costs for a three-year period. Forests are therefore sometimes referred to as “carbon sinks”. Climate change will affect the lives of millions of people.

Effective adaptation to a changing climate will require close cooperation between central and local government. and hydro technologies. New Zealand already markets itself internationally as clean and green. it also offers great opportunities for a small sustainable nation. present us with commercial opportunities in a world seeking sustainable solutions. New Zealand’s research and development into sustainable agriculture. Progressive policies on climate change extend this brand and bolster our environmental credentials. Maori. wind.Labour will carry out a plan of action for sustainable land management and climate change in partnership with land management sectors. To support tourism and agriculture. and our expertise in renewable energy such as geothermal. We will work with representatives from these groups to develop a fiveyear adaptation programme. It also includes provision for significant new research funding. Labour will work to ensure that New Zealand can export our expertise in renewable energy technologies. Moving from a high-emission to a low-emission economy is as much about positioning New Zealand for longer-term economic growth as it is about meeting this country’s international climate change obligations. Strong Proven Leadership 70 . Labour will ensure that local authorities are provided with reliable and upto-date information so they can properly take into account climate change risks in their infrastructure and planning decisions. Māori and other stakeholders. and local government. including methane from livestock. Labour’s plan of action also considers business opportunities arising from climate change. with a priority on new technologies and practices that will improve the measurement and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. the agriculture and forestry sector. The plan of action includes development of new technology and encouraging farmers to move towards the latest technology and environmental practice as they become available. hydro and wind. We are already a world leader in geothermal. Labour intends to maximise the economic benefits of our clean green country. International Opportunities While climate change poses an enormous global threat. and we can further develop our expertise in marine generation and deep geothermal (also known as ‘hot rock’). and use that to help other countries build a renewable energy sector. We will help New Zealand companies export their expertise and products to other countries.

and commercial use of renewable technologies that will benefit Pacific nations. Strong Proven Leadership 71 . Labour also believes New Zealand has a leading role to play in international negotiations to address climate change issues in trade and other agreements.Labour will work with the private sector to maximise the brand value of our environmental credentials in both tourism and agricultural exports. and to help our Pacific neighbours and other developing nations prepare for climate change. New Zealand has signed an agreement with the United States to engage on renewable energy research and development.

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Valuing and Supporting our Community Groups and Volunteers Labour’s policy for the Community and Voluntary Sector 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 73 .

Strong Proven Leadership 74 .

effective local solutions to local issues and problems. cohesive society and a strong economy. These include globalisation. More often than not they are the people in the community who vulnerable families go to for help. Working Together Since Labour came into office in December 1999. Strong Proven Leadership 75 . and what can be done to make sure families and children are taken care of in their community. There has also been a move toward devolved responsibility from central agencies towards greater self-determination at a local level. The community and voluntary sector has played an ever-increasing role in supporting communities and delivering social services. Government’s role is now more likely to take a “strategic investment approach” – funding essential services while encouraging local organisations and groups to find solutions to issues within their community. They are the people who know what their community needs. which has affected trade. As our understanding of the importance of the role of the community and voluntary sector grows so too do the possibilities of empowering the sector to address social issues of long-standing concern in innovative and creative ways. cohesive communities that have a much higher chance of finding creative. A number of trends have impacted on communities in recent years. Maori development and increasing social diversity. There has been a shift of emphasis in community development in recent years. resilient communities because they make a vital contribution to building strong.Introduction Labour actively supports and encourages the development of strong. Along with Treaty of Waitangi settlements. where the gaps are. the New Zealand of today and the New Zealand of the future are presenting quite different challenges to families and communities. Labour will continue to build strong communities because we know that this leads to a strong. we have made a concerted effort to ensure that government and the community voluntary sector work more closely together. information. jobs and values. Our commitment to building a strong relationship with the sector was clearly signalled when we created a new role in the Minister for the Community and Voluntary Sector portfolio. Community based child and family service providers play an important role in supporting families and making sure children get the best start in life.

Labour signed the Statement of Government Intentions for an Improved CommunityGovernment Relationship in 2001 and made clear our commitment to building strong and respectful relationships. children and young people. Labour wants to examine how different funding organisations can work better together in the future to best support the provision of community development. We recognise that we share the same goal. Labour will ensure that the Statement of Government Intentions is reflected in the accountability documents of all government departments and agencies. We established the Office for the Community and Voluntary Sector to lead this relationship. Government and the sector will work together to develop and improve consultation processes through sharing best practice. This now forms the baseline for all engagements between government and the sector. has cemented our close working relationship. and given us a framework to further expand on. This year we announced a huge investment in community and voluntary sector groups that are contracted to deliver essential services. It has also opened up opportunities for government and philanthropic organisations to work together. and seminars have show-cased good engagement practices and what an effective relationship looks like in action. Strong Proven Leadership 76 . healthy and safe. Pathway to Partnership. a multi-year plan to build strong. guidelines and training. Labour has adopted a strategy of working with the community voluntary sector to tackle issues raised by the sector across government. Information is now available to public servants about working with and funding the sector. namely that children. families and communities are provided with the support they need to be happy. We will ensure implementation of the Statement of Government Intentions in line with recommendations from the sectorled review. Labour recognises that community and voluntary organisations interact across a range of government departments and agencies.Since that time. The office has since developed a suite of tools focused on changing the way government agencies engage with sector organisations. The new sustainable funding model for social services has opened up a whole new way for government and non-government to work together. inter-sectoral policies and programmes. We will enable and ensure leadership from public service chief executives and senior managers to ensure that all agencies have a good understanding of the values. We will also continue to value the contribution of community and voluntary organisations to policy making and delivery of effective services. governance arrangements and working realities of the community and voluntary organisations with whom they interact. We will continue to give priority to working together and establishing coordinated. sustainable and more effective community-based services for families.

local government and philanthropic trusts. it also has a crucial role in community development. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation. Social services for children and families will be community-driven. as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. inter-agency and outcome-driven. Labour is implementing a new funding model for community organisations contracted to provide essential services for vulnerable families.Labour will develop and implement a shared strategic funding framework between central government (including Lotteries). This greater flexibility provides increased opportunities for innovation. Strong Proven Leadership 77 . young people and families will be fully funded. Labour believes the community sector is about more than service delivery. Labour has made it easier for individuals and businesses to give to non-profit organisations through tax changes. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all contracts for essential services for children. collaborative. flexible and responsive to their communities. such as clarifying the law related to the tax treatment of volunteer expense reimbursement. Supporting the Community and Voluntary Sector Labour recognises the community and voluntary sector can do things that governments can’t. It will improve the ability to plan ahead. we have been looking at ways to encourage individuals and businesses to participate in their communities by giving time. Labour is committed to ensuring these organisations remain independent. Labour believes that government’s role is to support the sector to do its work. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes. At the same time. children and young people. This puts these organisations in a good position to explore new concepts and try out new ideas. in collaboration with Volunteering New Zealand and Philanthropy NZ. and raising the rebate and tax deduction thresholds on donations to charities. We know the success of the community and voluntary sector lies in their ability to understand their communities and the families who live in them. attract and retain qualified staff. or in-kind donations. money. Structures within the sector are often less complex than those of government.

Labour will continue to support the independence of community sector advocacy. We know that it is inefficient and ineffective for many small community organisations to establish complex infrastructure to support their work. advice and resources to ethnic and migrant-based voluntary agencies and ensure that support is culturally appropriate. This will include advice. audit and information technology. financial systems. Labour will provide and co-ordinate infrastructure supports and resources across the sector. or government funding and support. It includes continuing to support the role of Volunteering New Zealand. We will continue to review funding arrangements and look for opportunities to reduce compliance costs. Strong Proven Leadership 78 . We will ensure the community and voluntary sector has access to easily-understood information about central government services and resources. capacity and infrastructure in human resources. This will include examining the support available for improved capability and capacity in the sector. Labour will continue to support the transparency and trust in the charitable sector through continuation of the Charities Act framework. legal. Labour will ensure that community organisations are able to engage in advocacy without becoming disqualified from charitable status. and in particular supports smaller and ethnic voluntary agencies. support. We will continue to ensure the Office for the Community and Voluntary Sector is inclusive in its approach. Labour will give particular priority to providing consultation.

Natural Heritage We Are Proud Of Labour’s Policy for Conservation 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 79 .

Strong Proven Leadership 80 .

have eliminated over 50 percent of New Zealand’s endemic land and freshwater species. Strong Proven Leadership 81 . The department was also mandated to ensure opportunities for Kiwis to enjoy the great outdoors. mean we’ve been able to put more species on a path to recovery. Labour has always understood this. Along with our image as a ‘clean.Introduction From the establishment of the very first national park at Tongariro in 1887 to the network of parks and marine reserves that exist today. and our expertise in creating offshore island sanctuaries. humans. and our nation’s future. air and water. However. along with introduced animals. Protecting and enhancing our natural landscapes and the wide range of species it sustains is important for our economy. Over the last decade we’ve learned more about species protection and recovery. There are now five kiwi sanctuaries alongside the approximately 30 other predator-free island programmes completed since 2000. At least 2. the health of our economy also depends on preserving and enhancing our land. Last year for example. the long-term outlook for 238 of our threatened or at-risk species was improved. We value investing in the Department of Conservation as the frontline conservation agency and we value the contribution communities make to the conservation effort. More sophisticated techniques for pest management. It was the Fourth Labour Government that established the Department of Conservation (DOC). Labour still holds the same values and aspirations for conservation it always has. the first government agency solely dedicated to the management of public conservation land and the protection of indigenous wildlife. The retention of our remaining indigenous biodiversity is crucial to the health of New Zealand’s environment. While right-wing politicians have been happy to let this public service run down. green’ nation.Protecting and Enhancing our Natural Heritage Our native plants.000 of our indigenous species are still threatened with extinction. animals and birds are found only in New Zealand. New Zealanders have consistently placed high value on the wild landscapes and beautiful mountains and lakes that define our homeland. We still value investing in facilities that support New Zealanders to get out and enjoy the natural world. Biodiversity . We still value the protection of our native biodiversity – on land and in the sea.

Resources were very scarce.Ten years ago . attract thousands of tourists and visitors each year. In the next scheduled review of the New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy we will incorporate a proposed new National Policy Statement on Biodiversity under the Resource Management Act. It will also include the eradication of pests from Motutapu and Rangitoto Islands in the Hauraki Gulf. Creating sanctuaries supports the rejuvenation of our most precious wildlife. making headway in the protection and enhancement of our native plant and animal life is impossible. However.continue to pose a significant challenge to our most critically-threatened species. or those that may make it onto our shores . . New Zealand’s wildlife population will be stabilised and increasing. Today . Labour will incorporate a new National Policy Biodiversity into the New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy. Strong Proven Leadership 82 . . Success stories such as Kapiti Island and Tiritiri Matangi Island. This could include such places as Rakiura/Stewart Island where a community-led process is currently examining this possibility. A national strategy for halting the decline of our biodiversity has been in place since 2001 with strong results. dedicated sanctuaries continue to prove the most effective incubators for rejuvenating populations of threatened species. . we must constantly refine our efforts to ensure they are focused in the right places. . Statement on Without active protection work. But sanctuaries can also create educational and economic benefits for a region. Species will be coming off the endangered list regularly. . safe havens for some of our rarest species and within reach of our two largest urban centres. We can further upgrade biosecurity measures and ensure that vulnerable species are not unnecessarily placed in harm’s way by extending protections under the Wildlife Act. and how we are getting there. the New Zealand Biodiversity strategy tells us where we’re going. . Pests – whether already here. however results were varied and local and regional programmes operated without a sense of national priorities. Labour will continue the programme to progressively eradicate predators from off-shore islands and other suitable areas in public ownership in order to protect threatened species. Labour will continue to resource weed and integrated pest control on public conservation land to protect threatened species from the impact of plant and animal pests. Labour will promote recreational and tourism opportunities alongside species recovery work and predator free sanctuaries as appropriate. But while counting the positives. Ten years from now . biodiversity work was being done where possible.

Specific funds have been set up to target and support the range of community-driven conservation initiatives. mountainous areas. Much of it is in steep. over 340. Thanks to the enthusiasm and hard work of many ordinary New Zealanders. Supporting New Zealanders’ enthusiasm for conservation work on private land remains a crucial part of Labour’s strategy to protect our native biodiversity. Strong Proven Leadership 83 .000 days worth of work on conservation projects around the country. hundreds of thousands of hectares have been legally protected with the support of targeted funding. the conservation estate includes about one third of New Zealand’s land mass. this has produced some dramatic results.On the mainland. volunteers make a massive contribution to DOC projects as well. For instance. Over the past decade. green image. This has changed the way government supports conservation. The Department of Conservation will continue to lend its expertise to stakeholders to identify and protect indigenous ecosystems on private land. Valuable ecosystems – from lowland forests and wetlands. Stakeholders include private landowners. Direct funding for community-led work on indigenous biodiversity and species recovery projects will continue to be available. tangata whenua and local government. Labour will retain contestable funds to support and encourage community-led conservation work. to tussock grasslands and coastal areas – have been given priority for protection. The last decade has seen a focus on redressing this balance. There are now nearly a thousand private or community-led projects dedicated to biodiversity restoration or enhancement work. Labour will continue to make additions to land held for public conservation through dedicated funds and the voluntary tenure review process. Outside of this. Community-led Conservation Many New Zealanders have cared for forest and wetlands on private land and we all share in the benefits of that work. there has been a huge increase in volunteer and community conservation efforts. the Nature Heritage Fund is dedicated to protecting land that might otherwise be logged or further damaged by introduced browsing animals.000 volunteers showed up to put in around 19. Over the last decade.000 hectares of land has been protected by the fund. Alongside funding for restoration and recovery work. Last year alone nearly 8. Private and community led conservation initiatives form an integral part of the overall drive to protect New Zealand’s natural heritage and promote our clean. To date. the public. there is now help for Kiwis who want to legally protect valuable conservation areas.

Supporting Public Conservation Labour led the world by establishing the Department of Conservation (DOC) in 1987 as an agency integrating the protection of and recreational opportunities in our natural environment. However Labour wants to see even more collaboration between DOC and conservation stakeholders. DOC’s species recovery work in island sanctuaries and its pest control work is vital for our threatened species. This work should remain founded on the best ecological science and practical conservation management experience. for Strong Proven Leadership 84 . worth hundreds of millions of dollars. By working closely with the many community organisations and groups involved in conservation. for conservation purposes. energy companies. support them with specific funds and conservation trusts and promote exemption for legally-protected conservation areas from rating by local authorities. on behalf of the public. conservation will be enhanced and improved. DOC has been asked to do much. It carries out pestcontrol work over hundreds of thousands of hectares each year to protect our indigenous ecosystems. It manages over one third of the country’s land. It operates and continually upgrades a significant national network of huts. It is half way through a ten-year upgrade of huts and tracks around the country. DOC has always maintained strong relationships with the community. This project. sustainably and in a manner that protects our heritage.Labour will encourage private landowners to protect conservation values on their land. much more and it has been backed with the resources to do so. It promotes conservation nationally and advocates for it at all levels of government. as public support for conservation has grown. tracks and visitor facilities. It ensures tourist operators. community and corporate partnerships for conservation projects. It is responsible for the protection of our most critically endangered species and operates recovery programmes for our rarest species including kiwi. Today. kokako and takahe. Labour will actively pursue local government. including. DOC still leads our national conservation efforts. farmers and other users of public conservation land do so fairly. Over the past ten years. Labour will ensure that DOC continues to play a leading role in maintaining New Zealand’s biodiversity and advocating for the conservation of natural and historic resources. is delivering better services to New Zealanders and tourists as they explore our beautiful wilderness areas. Labour remains committed to DOC as a public service to effectively protect and advocate for our natural heritage.

example. more places to go to. boating and Strong Proven Leadership 85 . but our tourism sector also depends on it. This is a significant asset – not only is it valued by Kiwis. some graduates may seek work through DOC while others may go on to employment in local government or community-led conservation work. . . either by foot or on a bike. The future of our natural landscapes. our outdoors infrastructure needed significant improvements. Access to this heritage is of great cultural and social importance. New Zealanders expect that the quality of outdoor recreational experiences. . planners and biodiversity specialists by developing a conservation apprenticeship programme. The networks of huts and tracks across our public conservation land form the backbone of New Zealand’s ‘outdoors infrastructure’. Our young people will be the skill base for frontline conservation work in the decades to come. tramping. angling. Enviro-Schools not only focuses on environmental education but teaches students about sustainability. . rafting. In the decade prior. native plants and animals and unique marine life lies in our hands and the hands of those who will come after us. and new ones to explore. . Ten years ago . . Outdoor Recreation – Helping Kiwis enjoy our heritage Kiwis have a long and proud history of getting out into the great outdoors and exploring the wonderful natural heritage our country has to offer. community education and involvement in practical conservation projects such as the development of ‘mainland island’ sanctuaries. On successfully completing the programme. Labour will build the available pool of conservation rangers. In ten years time . Its aim will be to provide a strong grounding in practical conservation management. swimming.000 visitors stayed in huts or lodges in the Abel Tasman National Park alone. no provision for this had been made. our vision is for a fully-developed network of huts. that supports tourism demand and is the envy of the world. we are four years in to a multi-million dollar upgrade with huts being upgraded or replaced right around the country. We can encourage future generations to value conservation by rolling out initiatives such as the EnviroSchools programme. This programme will be targeted at school-leavers who are contemplating working in the conservation sector. tracks and infrastructure that Kiwis are proud of. Over the last decade this network has been replaced and upgraded. climbing. skiing. including walking. There are now new lodges in place of old huts. trails repaired. Today . Last year nearly 30.

Labour will continue the programme to upgrade the outdoors infrastructure of huts. As demand for land around our coastline increases. A community-led trust drives its development and Labour fully supports the goal for a walkway the length of the country. It concluded that their efforts do add value but could be better co-ordinated. Many Kiwis also share in a long-held tradition of recreational hunting for deer. new public camping grounds have been opened on DOC land with four new campsites opening in 2007 alone. This walkway is being developed over time. ‘the long pathway’ from North Cape to Bluff. Over the next year another four camping sites are expected to open and another nine will be upgraded. overdevelopment. To address this. While the protection of our indigenous biodiversity must always come first. and what role hunters could take. Marine Conservation – Protecting Our Sea Life New Zealanders have always shared a special connection with the sea.mountain biking. opportunities available for the traditional Kiwi summer camping holiday have decreased. Labour will facilitate the development of a Big Game Hunting Council to co-ordinate all hunting interests. Labour will continue to develop new camping grounds as opportunities arise. with signage gradually added to identify the route. Te Araroa. pigs and other wild animals. urban and pastoral run-off. However these ecosystems have a history of being impacted by over-fishing. New Zealand also benefits from a national walkway. careless waster disposal and sewage Strong Proven Leadership 86 . Labour will promote the development of new outdoor recreational opportunities. Labour believes that hunters can make a contribution to the management of wild animals on public conservation land. the contribution that hunters make should be recognised. for example. Our rich marine and coastal ecosystems provide food and recreation. A recent independent Ministerial Panel consulted with the public widely on how wild animals on public conservation land should be managed. tracks and other visitor facilities. Labour will facilitate the completion of Te Araroa. remains protected. and encourage public and community consultation on proposed routes. which aims to connect Cape Reinga to the Bluff through public walkways and tracks. walking and cycling trails on former railways land. soil erosion.

This has taken a toll on the vulnerable plants and animals in the marine environment. But our approach is changing. . protection has been fragmented and ad hoc. These include commercial fishers filling orders for export markets. . our trading partners will continue to buy our seafood because they know they are buying a sustainable. Communities deserve a say in where and what marine protection is proposed. In the past. . Now we are moving forward with a more collaborative approach. with a network of marine protected areas to support the rejuvenation of our marine life for all New Zealanders to enjoy. Threatened species. Today . A new collaborative process for marine protection right around New Zealand is underway. Iwi have a special stake in the protection and sustainable use of our marine life.pollution. This must also be recognised and provided for within the network of protected areas. Ten years ago . are also being protected within designated marine sanctuaries and the strongest-ever set of protection measures have been put in place to halt their decline. Many different groups have a high level of interest in our marine areas. Marine reserves are now recognised not just for their scientific benefits but for their public use and enjoyment. fishing is managed within a framework of sustainability. forging agreement on which areas should be protected remains a challenge. It also includes iwi. local recreational fishers and conservationists and scientists investigating marine species. Over the last decade our awareness and concern for the marine environment has grown and the way we manage it has developed and changed accordingly. New Zealand will be known for its world-leading approach to marine conservation. With so many groups. . Strong Proven Leadership 87 . Ten years from now . such as the Maui and Hector’s Dolphins. our marine life and resources were given little attention and our fishing stocks were in danger of being over-fished. Labour will facilitate the development of taiapure and mataitai reserves to enhance the sustainability of kai moana and to complement marine reserves. using a range of options such as trawling and dredging bans as well as marine reserves and other protective measures. . Fishing stocks are now managed within a framework of sustainability and the number of marine reserves has been significantly increased. . Labour will implement a network of marine reserves and other protected areas for the protection of marine biodiversity with the aim of having 10 percent of our marine environment in some form of protection. quality product.

Under the tenure review process. wetlands and more became public conservation land protected for future generations. the world’s rarest marine dolphins.7 million hectares of land in the South Island high country on behalf of all New Zealanders. Tenure review has been strengthened and improved so that highly-desirable landscape. a significant high country station and New Zealand’s largest pastoral lease was brought back into public ownership. including through the use of mandatory targets and mitigation measures. preserving its natural values and making it accessible to ordinary Kiwis. albatross. In doing so. farmers have the opportunity to give up pastoral lease land with high conservation values in exchange for being able to freehold other parts of their land more suited to farming. over 78. Historically. valley floor native grasslands. Labour will monitor the effectiveness of existing marine mammal sanctuaries and support the development of further protective measures or sanctuaries as necessary. it has been leased out to farmers to run sheep and other stock. some 328. and other sea birds remain at risk from commercial fishing-related threats. including sea-lions. to end ‘scientific’ whaling and to advance the South Pacific Whale Sanctuary. However other species. Labour will work through international organisations to achieve stronger protection for whales.000 hectares of mountain ranges. high country lakes and tussock grassland. is protected against inappropriate development. In the past decade. We will be vigilant over species that are under threat and act as necessary. Strong Proven Leadership 88 . Labour has strongly backed international efforts to ensure the world’s whale populations continue to be protected from commercial fishing. the magnificent St James station. some populations are only just beginning to recover. such as lakefront. This land comprises mountainous terrain. Most recently. After a century of exploitation. While we implement change to protect our marine environment.000 hectares of former pastoral lease land has been added to the conservation estate. South Island High Country The Crown currently owns 1. Labour will work to achieve further reductions in fisheries by-catch of marine mammals and seabirds.Labour values our status as a world leader in protecting threatened species. A plan to halt the decline of the Maui and Hector’s Dolphins. and this extends to the sea. is now underway.

this can prevent people being exposed to the full range of experiences our natural landscape has to offer. When access is unclear.The addition of new public conservation land has also produced economic benefits. and a further two are nearly complete. Labour will offer lower rent to lessees in exchange for public access or for enhanced land husbandry (e. The kinds of rights for the public that might be negotiated include public accessways to lakes and rivers on public conservation land. existing public conservation land and newly-acquired conservation land is often unclear. irrigation and power generation. We believe that the tenure review process should ensure that high country rents are fair and reasonable for lessees while the Crown. long-term leaseholding should be retained for farmers. nine conservation parks in the South Island high country have been created. High country farming that is environmentally sustainable and economically viable should be encouraged. pest and weed control) beyond what they are currently obliged to do. So far. While the public have benefited with the creation of new conservation parks through the tenure review process.g. on behalf of the public. Labour will identify public rights of access through high country land by identifying unformed legal roads and marginal strips alongside waterways. Strong Proven Leadership 89 . Labour will complete the high country parks and reserves network by combining existing public conservation land with new conservation land from tenure review or purchase. Local communities have benefited from increased visitor numbers and protected tussock grasslands also provide valuable water retention for urban water supply. obtains a fair financial return. Public access between private blocks of land in the high country.

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Safe and Informed Consumers Labour’s policy for Consumer Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 91 .

Strong Proven Leadership 92 .

Scams have been a problem in New Zealand. With robust consumer protection laws. such as telecommunications companies and the Electricity Commission.Introduction New Zealand consumers need information they can trust. Updated credit contracts legislation that deals with hire purchase and loans has improved the information lenders must provide. The powers of the Commerce Commission to enforce consumer laws have been increased which has led to an increased number of significant prosecutions. our focus has been on understanding how consumers make decisions and on education campaigns that give people information about consumer rights and product safety. The motor vehicle traders’ register is a free and easy way for families to check . This has introduced an incentive for traders to provide fair and accurate information about products and services.at any time . New Zealanders can be sure the products and services their families are using are safe. The three-year time limit on complaints about false claims for goods and services under the Fair Trading Act has been changed . Over the last decade.the time now runs from the moment a consumer discovers he or she has been misled (rather than the time of sale). Changes to motor vehicle sales laws have meant that buying a car is safer because traders must be registered. Labour is committed to a commercial environment where consumers can be confident they are getting a good a deal and where they are aware of their rights. there has been a crackdown on unethical trading practices and consumers are now able to get redress for problems when they arise. Curbing exploitative lending practices has also been a target for Labour.if the motor vehicle seller they are dealing with is registered or has been banned from registering. It also provides for fair rules relating to fees and interest charges that protect consumers from unreasonable charges. Much tougher penalties have been introduced for people who engage in unethical behaviour such as pyramid-selling. giving consumers meaningful information about the total cost and terms of accessing credit. Improvements have also been made in the information traders must provide about used motor vehicles. consumer laws have been strengthened. We have focused on working with industries. Many scams have been picked up by new monitoring techniques and from information made available through websites and public awareness campaigns. with many targeting low-income families who can least afford to bear the loss. Strong Proven Leadership 93 . Recently we have enacted laws which require those who provide financial services to be registered and to provide dispute resolution systems. to make sure that families have clear and easily accessible dispute resolution systems to effectively manage complaints without having to resort to costly legal processes. Over the past decade.

More information about consumer rights and product safety was badly needed. Investigation has shown that operators in some areas. implement any increased protections for consumers that are identified. These are businesses that operate out of mobile trucks which frequently sell over-priced goods (particularly clothing) and which target low income neighbourhoods. Today… We have increased legal protections and enforcement against unfair trade practices. ensured there is better consumer information available through a range of different sources. we know that population changes will affect the kind of consumer protection and information needed. These changes. We are currently reviewing the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act. with little fear of legal action against them. This work includes an in-depth look at lending and borrowing behaviour with a view to identifying possible further interventions that will reduce the financial strife these lenders can cause families. have a relatively high level of non-compliance with credit laws. We will focus on the types of protections that are needed to regulate unacceptable behaviour by some sellers who concentrate on Māori and Pacific markets. are important for the kinds of consumer education that will be needed. We also know the population is becoming more ethnically diverse. such as South Auckland. Māori are projected to comprise 21 percent of the total population by 2051 and the number of Pacific peoples is expected to double by 2031. Concerns have been raised about the exploitative practices of ’mobile shops‘.Ten years ago… A number of unscrupulous traders and lenders regularly breached the law. The Commerce Commission has taken a number of enforcement actions against South Auckland-based traders targeting vulnerable consumers. There will be significant growth in the number of older New Zealanders. We need to be able to address the kinds of exploitative lending and marketing practices that could harm vulnerable older New Zealanders. with the fringe-lending industry as a particular focus. Protected and informed consumers In the future. along with an increasingly multi-cultural New Zealand. Strong Proven Leadership 94 . Research and information from budget advisers has highlighted that the practices of ’fringe lenders’ — also called loan sharks — who continue to be a significant concern. following public consultation. and that Māori and Pacific peoples will comprise more of the overall population. Ten years from now… We will have significantly increased consumers’ knowledge of their rights and tailored consumer information to the needs of communities for the particular kinds of risks they face. Labour will complete the review of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act and.

We will also investigate whether regulation should be extended to those who do not provide credit. mobile shops that provide credit will have to be registered and be subject to a dispute resolution scheme. We need to monitor the dangers associated with the use of new products (for example. through information we get about injuries from ACC claims) to ensure the public can be well informed on safe usage. Successful consumer advice training workshops run by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs have been held around the country. are not exploited by unethical mobile shop practices. As the technology we use changes and overseas products become readily available.Under the new financial service provider laws. and we will build on these. we need to monitor the safety of products and give families clear and accessible information about safe product use. The Ministry of Consumer Affairs also uses these training sessions as an opportunity to gather information about current consumer issues in the community so that this information can inform work on changes to consumer law. Labour will increase training for budget advisers and Citizens Advice Bureau volunteers on consumer protection laws and policy. Labour will ensure that this requirement is enforced. An important way that consumer information and advice is given to families is through government working in partnership with budget advisers and Citizens Advice Bureau staff. particularly people from Pacific and Māori communities and those with English as a second language. Labour will continue to monitor product safety and review public education initiatives about product safety to promote safe and informed product usage. Strong Proven Leadership 95 . Labour will investigate further regulation of the mobile shops industry to ensure that vulnerable consumers.

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Securing Community Safety Labour’s policy for Corrections 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 97 .

Strong Proven Leadership 98 .

a much higher crime resolution rate by the Police. Four new prisons and around 3. Auckland Regional Women’s. to give offenders work habits.300 additional beds. Increased security in prisons has resulted in a sharp decline in prison escapes. Labour has introduced longer prison sentences with a greater proportion of those sentences served. which has had positive effects in reducing reoffending by around 14 percent. and a tougher response to parole applications with declines increasing from 51 percent before the 2002 Parole Act to 71 percent currently. while increased resources in the area of probation will allow improved standards in supervision in this area and in community sentences.000 population. Labour has not only increased capacity and security in prisons. work experience and work skills. the introduction of electronic monitoring devices has proven effective in monitoring and controlling offenders in the community.300 additional prison beds have been created to cope with a 71 percent increase in prison numbers since the latter part of the 1990s. It has also embarked on a major programme to address the causes of offending and to reduce reoffending. Tougher measures. There has been a major increase in drug and rehabilitation programmes for inmates. New Zealand’s prison population has increased rapidly as a result of Labour’s increase in police numbers of around 2. In Community Corrections. including drug dogs. Prison Numbers As a result of stronger policing and tougher laws. New Zealand currently has an imprisonment rate of 188 per 100. have helped reduce contraband entering prisons and drug tests show a decline in drug taking by two thirds from 34 percent down to 14 percent. This includes vastly increasing work available for inmates. Labour has imprisoned criminal offenders at an unprecedented rate. and tougher laws on bail. down 84 percent since the late 1990s. Strong Proven Leadership 99 . and Springhill in the Waikato) and around 3. sentencing and parole. well above comparable countries like Australia. England and Canada and one of the highest in the developed world. Emphasis has been placed on improving literacy and numeracy skills among inmates and creating opportunities to earn New Zealand Qualification Authority credits.Introduction Since 1999.500. This has required the construction of four new prisons (Otago. Northland.

and recidivist criminals and to require lower risk offenders to meet their responsibilities to their families through working. Labour will expand facilities in the Auckland region to reduce the number of inmates from Auckland currently being transferred to facilities in other regions because of lack of capacity in Auckland. and reducing abuse of alcohol through more restrictive laws and trying to address the culture of binge drinking and tolerance of drunkenness. Labour will continue the process of improving prison security and work through a programme to replace obsolete and uneconomic prison facilities beginning with Mt Eden. including by addressing neglect and abuse of children in dysfunctional families. efforts need to be made to prevent offending in order to get prison rates down in the future. A continued and increasing focus will be placed on reducing demand for and supply of illegal drugs. Strong Proven Leadership 100 . the use of surveillance equipment. single points of entry into prisons and better management. Labour will increase its focus on dealing with the causes of crime. Upgrading Prison Security and Facilities Labour has succeeded in dramatically reducing escape rates from prisons by better physical security such as effective perimeter fences. Labour will put increased resources into early interventions to nip offending in the bud.While serious offenders will continue to get heavy sentences. and will continue to work to bring down reoffending rates through the provision of meaningful rehabilitation programmes. Labour will work to further reduce the supply of and demand for illegal drugs and reduce abuse of alcohol. We will build on the Early Intervention initiatives already underway to keep less serious and lower risk offenders out of the prison environment which exposes offenders to hard core. We will continue and build upon efforts to stop prison being a revolving door by addressing the causes of offending and reoffending through proven effective rehabilitation programmes. paying taxes and providing reparation to victims.

• Strong Proven Leadership 101 . By law all lawful communication. drug dogs. either by payphone or letters will be subject to recording.Safety of Prison Officers Labour will speed up the process under which prison management and unions are working together to improve the safety of prisons officers. Contraband in Prisons / Telephone Jamming and Monitoring Tighter controls in the prison system including the use of metal detectors. and monitoring. continued association with criminal gangs while in prison will count against getting parole. Under Labour. either at random or by targeting based on intelligence. all prisons will have cell-phone jamming rendering unlawful communication by inmates by this means inoperable. Labour will build on and intensify such controls: • By February next year. Gang Members in Prisons The percentage of gang members and associates in the prison system has increased significantly with Police targeting of and crackdown on gangs involved with serious crime and drug trafficking. Labour is committed to seeing this issue advance so that prisons have appropriate tools and procedures at their disposal for officers to be able to protect themselves without putting at risk a stable prison environment. Telephone conversations and correspondence from gang members will be targeted for the purposes of police intelligence and to prevent gang leaders in prisons continuing to direct criminal associations in the community. single point of entry and cell-phone jamming have been effective in restricting entry of illicit items into prisons. Continued affiliation to and contact with organised criminal groups will be a factor taken into account by Parole Boards. likely to result in the decline of parole applications by gang members.

Labour will continue to expand Prison-based drug and alcohol treatment programmes subject to the level of need and the availability of skilled drug and alcohol rehabilitation personnel. Supports the integrity of drug testing in prisons by strengthening the measures against tampering with samples. which will make it harder to bring contraband into prisons and make it easier to detect such items and punish those who use and peddle them. • Drug and Alcohol Treatment Labour has increased the places available for inmates with alcohol and drug addiction and abuse problems to attend six month intensive programmes to 500. The Bill: • • • Enhances existing powers and procedures for strip searching prisoners. which will make it harder to bring contraband into prisons and make it easier to detect such items and punish those who use and peddle them. and for anyone to possess an unauthorised item without reasonable excuse while visiting or working in a prison. Provides for random searches of areas.Labour will bring into force the Corrections Amendment Bill. up from the 40 it inherited from the last National Government. including staff lockers. Strong Proven Leadership 102 . Labour will bring into force its Corrections Amendment Bill. These programmes are subject to on-going evaluation but have so far demonstrated effectiveness in reducing reoffending by around 14 percent. The prison based programmes are made available to inmates who indicate motivation to change their behaviour and at an appropriate time before release to maximise the value to the community and inmates from the investment made in them. Tightens offence provisions relating to contraband – it will be an imprisonable offence for a prisoner to possess or use an electronic communication device such as a cell phone. Prison based programmes however need to be balanced by community based programmes focused both on preventing addiction and abuse problems leading to crime and to prevent relapse by inmates following release.

Investments in prison based programmes will not be at the expense of community based programmes. Labour will continue the emphasis on inmates gaining skills needed for successful reintegration into the community and lowered rates of reoffending. who at the time of conviction have high levels of unemployment. with around two thirds of sentenced prisoners now working. By 2010.000 AOD affected offenders or potential offenders receive treatment per annum.000 new jobs over this period. This represents an increase of around 900 more jobs.350 in 2006/07 to 37. Work in Prisons Labour believes that it is vital that inmates. the number of inmates working has increased from 40 up to 51 percent. Almost all of the increase has been based on real work programmes rather than in-prison services. get the opportunity to acquire work habits. AOD specialists are being placed in Police Watch Houses in Christchurch and Counties Manukau.000 new jobs for prisoners – providing work habits. with other specialist staff to be based at Courts.563 in the 2007/08 year. Over the last three years. In Auckland for example a specialist Alcohol and Other Drug project should see around 2. funding is being boosted by $18 million to expand community based drug and alcohol treatment services over the next two years. Labour will seek to increase work in prisons to meet the objective of 60 percent of all inmates and 80 percent of sentenced inmates in employment. Labour will seek to create nearly 1. Work Skills Over the last year work skills acquisition by inmates has increased dramatically. experience and skills – to reduce reoffending by 2010.Under Labour. This will mean the creation of nearly 1. work experience and work skills. with the number of New Zealand Qualifications Authority credits gained increasing from 20. Strong Proven Leadership 103 .

Corrections and Health have recently worked together to develop for the first time a mental health screening tool for the prison environment. Labour will put in place a mental health screening tool to better identify and make provision for mental disorders suffered by inmates. The next Labour led Government will provide funding to develop this tool to better identify and make provision for mental disorders suffered by inmates. Other Rehabilitation Programmes Labour will continue to develop programmes such as Kia Marama and Te Piriti which deal with child sex offenders. Mental Health Needs The cause of much offending in the community can be related to mental health conditions of inmates.850 prisoners per year. subject to full evaluation of their success. where New Zealand has achieved world-leading success in preventing reoffending. Labour will further expand other programmes such as Maori Focus Units and Faith Based Units which have achieved promising results.Literacy and Numeracy The use of a new screening tool in prisons has recently found 60 percent of prisoners do not possess the basic literacy needed to engage in society and 35 percent lacked in basic numeracy skills. Labour will also develop appropriate staff training to ensure that the primary mental health needs of inmates are better catered for.850 prisoners per year. Labour has commenced and will this year consolidate new literacy and numeracy programmes which will provide for training for around 1. Corrections provide primary mental health care with District Health Boards having responsibility for secondary care. The new programmes involve training of around 100 hours per prisoner to complete. Labour will provide for literacy and numeracy training for around 1. Strong Proven Leadership 104 .

Labour will continue through the budget process to ensure that adequate resources are necessary to meet these needs. Labour will continue to ensure that Community Corrections is adequately resourced. it is vital that adequate resourcing be made available so that Community Corrections have adequate staffing levels and levels of training. Project Early. Prevention In criminal offending. in the longer term prevention through programmes such as early intervention (Early Start. Privatisation Labour believes that core public sector functions such as corrections. policing. prevention is more effective than cure. customs and defence should continue to be carried out by the public sector. which while attractive on a superficial political level have proven ineffective. Labour will give priority to funding proven and effective programmes to tackle youth offending. Social Workers and Police in Schools etc) must be given greater resourcing. Labour opposes private prisons. While stronger policing and tougher laws have been necessary (and expensive). Strong Proven Leadership 105 .Community Corrections With an increasing number of offenders being subject to supervision and control in the community. Such prevention programmes. must and will be given priority by the next Labour led Government. rather than programmes like boot camps. both in terms of results achieved and costs in getting those results. Labour opposes privatisation in corrections and sees National’s proposals as the thin edge to the wedge to privatise key areas of public and social sector services.

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A Well-Equipped Modern Defence Force Labour’s policy for Defence 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 107 .

Strong Proven Leadership 108 .

we need to strengthen United Nations’ peacekeeping efforts.Introduction A fundamental role of the state is to ensure the security and safety of New Zealand. All three services were using increasingly obsolete equipment. focused and sustainable defence force which has sufficient personnel and is equipped to undertake the tasks required of it. efficient. However. To carry out these functions. resourcing it adequately while also ensuring the sustainability of its funding. globally. Labour is committed to New Zealand playing an active role in helping to build and keep the peace regionally and. surveillance over and protection of resources such as fisheries in our exclusive economic zone. ensure good governance and human rights and support preventative diplomacy and confidence building measures. responsibilities to our neighbours in the South Pacific and roles in promoting security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond under mandates provided by. Other functions such as protection of our borders against drug and people smuggling. At this point in the 21st Century. Strong Proven Leadership 109 . In 1999. Beyond border protection and protection of our territorial sovereignty. or with the agreement of the United Nations. search and rescue and civil defence are further roles for our Defence Force. while defence spending had been slashed by 30%. New Zealand needs an effective. Labour inherited a defence force whose personnel had been reduced by 24% in the 1990s. address the causes of conflict. disaster relief. Our task has been to rebuild and modernise our Defence Force. As part of our comprehensive approach to security. today non-conventional threats such as terrorism and instability caused by failing states in our region pose new challenges for our defence force. New Zealand supports multilateralism as the best way to preserve international peace and security and endorses the principles of the United Nations Charter regarding the rule of law and observing human rights. New Zealand has shared alliance commitments with Australia. work to reduce poverty. and in fulfilment of its obligation to be a good international citizen. where required. New Zealand is not directly threatened by any other country and is not likely to be involved in widespread armed conflict. Framework for Defence and Foreign Policy In order to protect New Zealand’s interests and values.

To meet operating costs and to start re-growing personnel numbers in each of the three services. It will update and build on the Labour-led Government’s June 2000 Defence Policy Framework and the Government’s May 2001 Defence Statement. Labour’s approach has been to focus on achieving excellence in priority areas rather than spreading defence resources thinly across the board. The White Paper will take account of the soon to be published Australian White Paper. equipment. For this reason the Defence Force needs to retain combat capabilities. To meet the capital costs of new equipment for the Defence Force. also under a 10 year programme. Labour has invested to meet key re-equipment needs to ensure that the New Zealand Defence Force has modern. coinciding with the mid-point review of the Defence Sustainability Initiative and the development of a new capital expenditure programme for the period from 2012 (when the current Long Term Development Plan ends).6 billion has been set aside. Labour will publish a new White Paper on Defence in 2009. $4.We accept that there will be times when we need to use force as a last resort to protect and promote our values and interests. Strong Proven Leadership 110 . Over the last nine years within the Defence Force. Defence Equipment In the last decade. Labour has promoted: • • • • • A joint approach to structure and operations by the three services A modernised and re-equipped army An enhanced navy fleet matched to New Zealand’s wider security needs A refocused and updated air force A funding commitment to provide financial certainty Labour will continue to invest in a modern.3 billion Long Term Development Plan which runs for 10 years. well-staffed and wellequipped Defence Force capable of protecting New Zealand’s interests and participating in peacekeeping and security operations regionally and internationally Acknowledging the need for sustainability. Labour has created a $3. and in many cases state of the art.

training and patrol (total investment $500 million) Midlife upgrade of frigates including close-in weapons system and platform upgrade (total investment $83 million) • Army • • • • • • • • • State of the art light armoured vehicles (LAV IIIs) replacing Vietnam War-era M113s (total investment $580 million) High performance light operational vehicles (Pinzgauers) replacing ageing Land Rovers (total investment $94 million) New javelin anti-tank missiles (total investment $24 million) New air defence system (total investment $14 million) New radio equipment (total investment $119 million) New special operations equipment (total investment $14 million) New night vision equipment for all three services (investment of $15 million initially. New Agusta-Westland A109 light utility helicopters will replace Korean War-era Sioux (total investment $911 million) Life extension upgrade for our C-130 Hercules fleet including overhaul of air frame and wiring systems. and new digital cockpit and self-protection system (total investment $255 million) Full upgrade of P3 Orion mission management communication and navigation systems (total investment $373 million) Purchase and modification of Boeing 757 aircraft for dual personnel and freight transport capability (total investment $218 million) Upgrading of Ohakea Air Base (total investment $148 million) • • • • Navy • Project Protector – acquisition of seven new ships (Inshore Patrol. $100 million long term) Light weapons replacement and upgrading (estimated cost $36 million) Improvised explosive device bomb disposal capability (total investment $22 million) 111 Strong Proven Leadership . Offshore Patrol and Multi-role Vessel) providing new capabilities for sealift.Air Force • State of the art NH90 medium utility helicopters are replacing Vietnam War-era Iroquois.

implementing the Military Remuneration Review with the 10 per cent average wage increase taking effect progressively from 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2009. • • • Personnel Labour has increased numbers in the Defence Force by over 1. P-3 Orions. with higher increases in areas where there are skill shortages. We are already well on the way towards achieving this. In the near future. priorities for re-equipment include the following: • • • • Completing of the upgrade of Ohakea Air Force Base Implementing a digitally-based command and control system for NZDF Undertaking an upgrade of the ANZAC frigates self-defence systems Modernising the New Zealand Defence Force’s long range and medium range communication capabilities Providing a computerised Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance system able to exploit advances in data gathering systems Replacing the Army’s general service vehicle fleet Replacing the torpedoes for the ANZAC frigates. Labour will continue with its goal of a twelve percent increase in overall New Zealand Defence Force personnel numbers over the period of the Defence Sustainability Initiative (2005/06-2014/15). Strong Proven Leadership 112 . Labour will continue to regularly review and increase Defence Force remuneration to respond to recruitment and retention needs. This year the Military Remuneration Review has implemented changes to remuneration which will see wages increase by over 10 percent on average.000 since 2005 under the $4.6 billion Defence Sustainability Initiative.Labour will continue the process of ensuring all three Services have modern and appropriate equipment. and SH-2G Seasprite helicopters.

as in the private sector. regarded by other international forces in Afghanistan as a model of its kind. Labour will work with the Territorial Forces Employer Support Council to strengthen the role of Territorial Forces. with success in helping restore stability and security Special forces operations in Afghanistan up to 2006. for the operation to successfully achieve its objectives there will need to be more wide-ranging intervention to deal with the causes of conflict or state failure. These include: • Operating a Provincial Reconstruction Team in Bamyan since 2003 (current numbers 136). Strong Proven Leadership 113 • • • • • . We will acknowledge that while military intervention may be necessary to stabilise a situation. and an Air Force Orion Working in United Nations mandated or supported operations in 16 different countries around the world Labour will continue to provide support for international peacekeeping and security operations mandated or supported by the United Nations. the Defence Force has successfully carried out deployments into operational areas overseas at a higher level than has been seen for decades. particularly in areas of skill shortages with the Regular Forces. Working with the Regional Assistance Mission in the Solomon Islands since 2003 (current numbers 44) to bring peace and stability there Renewed participation in the International Security Force in Timor Leste since 2000 (current numbers 174). Labour will work to ensure a whole-of-government approach to help achieve and sustain security and stability in the areas where it deploys. within New Zealand’s capacity to contribute as a small country. have emerged with a tight labour market and near full employment. Operations Under Labour. earning the SAS a United States Presidential Citation Award and resulting in the award of the first New Zealand Victoria Cross since 1946 to Willie Apiata VC Operations in the Arabian Gulf involving New Zealand frigates Te Kaha and Te Mana.This will help address recruitment and retention problems which.

Strong Proven Leadership 114 . and ensure efforts are made to achieve regional participation and co-operation in resolving conflict and that New Zealand works in partnership with the host country and the United Nations. Labour will work to ensure that wherever possible peacekeeping and security interventions follow a holistic approach in dealing with the causes of conflict.These actions could include building institutions of state and social services and dealing with underlying ethnic. We will ensure these efforts are balanced in providing help that ensures development and good governance. tribal or religious tensions.

Respect and Equality for all New Zealanders Labour’s Policy for Disability Issues 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 115 .

Strong Proven Leadership 116 .

In August 2008. The changes made across government agencies and wider society have ensured disability issues are fully considered.” We want to build a society that takes no account of the impairments other people have. Leadership to change social attitudes and public understanding of disability issues The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out objectives to ensure the rights of disabled people. Disabled people have acknowledged implementation of the New Zealand Disability Strategy is resulting in positive change. fosters leadership by disabled people. Achieving this vision will also involve recognising the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi. their diversity and interdependence recognised and their human rights protected. Labour’s priority is to remove barriers and ensure the inclusion of the rights and needs of disabled people and their families into mainstream legislation. and encourages and educates a non-disabling society. with improvements in communications and accessibility offering them a greater Strong Proven Leadership 117 . They feel they have greater empowerment. services and policies. their abilities are valued. The New Zealand Disability Strategy has withstood intense scrutiny since it was published in 2001. Labour’s disability policy is the implementation of that vision and plan. It continues to be relevant as the mechanism for advancing the participation of disabled people in all areas of daily life. based on respect and equality.Introduction Labour’s vision is of a country where disabled people have meaningful partnerships with their communities. a review of the implementation of the Strategy was published and it was pleasing to see a shift in attitude towards disability in New Zealand. Labour believes that government has to lead the way to influence the attitudes and behaviour of society as a whole. The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out a long-term plan for changing New Zealand to an inclusive society where disabled people have a valued role and are able to make a contribution. The Disability Strategy states that Labour’s vision will be realised when people with impairments say they live in: “A society that highly values our lives and continually enhances our full participation. support agencies and government. Where disabled people are integrated into community life on their own terms.

and involvement of disability sector representatives in our delegations to the United Nations. and the move to a social model of disability and a more rights-based approach. They have also reported more inclusion within central government’s decision-making processes. In September 2008. However. We won recognition of our progress in improving the lives of disabled people when New Zealand was awarded the prestigious Franklin Delano Roosevelt International Disability Award for 2007. New Zealand was a leader in negotiations on the Convention. which is seen as still relevant by stakeholders. Labour acknowledges there is still a long way to go before all disabled people are living in a fully inclusive society that values them and enhances their participation. Labour will continue to work towards the realisation of the vision set out in the New Zealand Disability Strategy. We will prioritise actions that are likely to have the greatest positive effect on the lives of disabled people and provide additional focus on those who are most disadvantaged. This Award recognised the work done by Labour in government and the disability sector in developing and implementing the New Zealand Disability Strategy and in shaping and negotiating the intent of the United Nations Convention. Labour is committed to a full review of progress after 10 years to allow comparison of the 2011 post-census disability survey data with the 2001 survey. This includes improving the regular supply of information that can be used to monitor changes in the lives of disabled people. the establishment of a Ministerial portfolio with responsibility for disability issues and establishment of the Office for Disability Issues. involvement of and advocacy by disabled people and others. It makes it explicit that nations must ensure the full realisation of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all disabled people on an equal basis with others and without discrimination of any kind. We will review and respond to the 20 recommendations made by the recent review of the New Zealand Disability Strategy to improve its implementation. There is wider recognition of their value and contribution within their communities. A number of things have helped enable implementation: the Disability Strategy itself. Strong Proven Leadership 118 .voice. We modelled the spirit of participation with disabled people through consultation on the evolving Convention text. disabled people still feel that improvement is too slow and that some are benefiting less than others. New Zealand ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Convention is the first United Nations human rights treaty of the 21st century.

These New Zealanders did not participate in the community. Labour believes disabled people should be able to make the same choices about their living arrangements as other New Zealanders. We will continue to work sideby-side with disabled people to ensure their experiences and ideas guide our actions. . They will now receive long-term support services as part of an integrated package of health services from their District Health Board. Ten years from now .Labour will also continue New Zealand’s international leadership on the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Ten years ago . In particular we have sought to improve equity between ACC and non-ACC clients and the services they receive. . Increasing the level and flexibility of support services for disabled people has been a major focus of Labour in government. and we will facilitate greater partnership between central government agencies and disabled people. allowing greater flexibility over where and when these services are provided. opportunities and responsibilities as all New Zealanders The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the goal of creating long-term support systems centred on the individual. Disabled people now have greater and fairer access to equipment (such as wheelchairs) and to modifications of vehicles and houses. Labour has sought to change the way in which New Zealand thinks about the provision of disability support. We have increased access to support services for people with chronic health conditions. . or undertake meaningful education. Offering support so disabled people have the same choices. We have made home-based support services more adaptable and more focused on outcomes. We have Strong Proven Leadership 119 . . . which has allowed many disabled people to move out of the family home and into flatting arrangements. We have supported Independent Living. We have explored ways to develop flexible approaches that can offer clients greater choice and control over their lives. there are no such institutions left in New Zealand. Labour will ensure implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. disabled people will be supported to make the same choices about their living arrangements as other New Zealanders. . Today . work. there were still at least nine institutions operating in New Zealand where people with psychiatric or intellectual disabilities lived their entire lives.

value for money and effectiveness as measured by disabled people and their families with a view to shifting the balance and main priority of the system from assessment of need to more comprehensive assessment.introduced individualised funding. particularly in assessing need for low-cost supports. Labour will move the Needs Assessment Service Coordination process to a strengths based approach. built on the Local Area Co-ordination model from Western Australia. We will continue to implement the directions recommended by the Review of Long-term Disability Supports to: • • • • Improve the focus on outcomes and measurement Enhance consumer choice and service flexibility Build capability Improve co-ordination and contracting To improve the flexibility of disability support. Labour will implement the recommendations of the National Advisory Committee on Health and Disability research document “To Have an Ordinary Life” to address the barriers New Zealand adults with an intellectual disability face in trying to participate in society. We will ensure a funding and monitoring relationship with community organisations. Labour will continue its commitment to the removal of inequity of support between disabled people. based on an agreement of principles. with a wide range of skills and abilities and ‘ordinary’ goals and aspirations. We will look at international best practice. particularly for home-based and residential support. which enables some disabled people to administer their own support budgets. more use of direct funding to clients and developing plans for enhanced early support services for families with disabled children. Labour will increase use of tailored funding options that co-ordinate the most appropriate local responses to the needs of disabled people. This report was based on direct dialogue with adults with an intellectual disability. the Review recommended more agency discretion in the use of resources. trust and outcomes. they need support to minimise the barriers created by their impairment. These New Zealanders are a diverse group. In order to achieve their goals. We will continue to support and develop the disability workforce. Strong Proven Leadership 120 .

Labour will identify and resolve barriers to health service delivery for disabled people. The concept of service co-ordination needs to shift from allocating people to a limited range of services to a focus on services designed to meet individuals changing needs. In line with these recommendations. Labour will provide free annual checks for people with intellectual disabilities to ensure that medical conditions are diagnosed early and treated as soon as possible. Labour will work to remove these barriers by improving health professionals’ understanding of disabled people and helping ensure that people with intellectual disabilities visit their primary carer more often. New Zealanders with intellectual disabilities often have medical conditions that are easily treatable or curable. and that even when health care is sought. Labour will continue to place more emphasis on strategic and comprehensive planning for life with the disabled person and their family. Labour will ensure quality care for disabled people through appropriate education and training for those caring for people with disabilities. service co-ordination and service purchasing. Disabled people often face difficulties in accessing health care without support. Labour will ensure that a wide range of health services are accessible to those with physical disabilities and accommodate the communication needs of people with a disability or sensory loss.The report identified three priorities for action. Secondly. Labour will provide free annual health checks for intellectually disabled people with high support needs. There is anecdotal evidence that disabled people face discrimination in access to secondary and tertiary care. Needs assessment requires a re-focus and up-skilling of staff and emphasis on strategic planning for life with the disabled person and their family and whànau. re-focusing needs assessment. but do not receive appropriate treatment because of the barriers they face in accessing care. address the neglect of basic health needs of many adults with an intellectual disability. Labour has invested in primary healthcare throughout New Zealand and we want to ensure that all adults have full access to services such as primary healthcare and dental care. Strong Proven Leadership 121 . communication problems can make diagnosis and treatment difficult. and often need to rely on others to help them access health services. we need to movie away from the custodial ownership model of service delivery and thirdly. Firstly. We are aware that disabled people can be disadvantaged in navigating the system and knowing how to access services and support.

and old people's homes (with more than 20 residents). The Act also introduced the need for the Office for Disability Issues to be consulted by the Department of Building and Housing when dealing with complaints about a public building's accessibility. Strong Proven Leadership 122 . Housing New Zealand Corporation has taken steps to ensure their housing stock is suited to the needs of disabled tenants. Labour will ensure that contracting arrangements clearly define and separate the “landlord” and “support service provider” role. In 2005. such as where they live and who they live with. and building regulations added listening devices for the hearingimpaired to the schedule of requirements for cinemas. The revised Building Act 2004 increased the promotion of modified homes accessible by disabled people. opportunities and responsibilities around their living arrangements. Most New Zealanders grow up and move out of their parents’ home. We will work to expand education and training to caregivers to ensure the highest standard of care. Labour wants everyone to have the same choices. This includes increasing opportunities for disabled people to live in the community and access to comfortable. Labour is determined to support quality living in the community for disabled people. Last year a comprehensive review of the Building Code was undertaken and issues regarding accessibility were a particular area of consultation. Supporting quality living in the community The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out a vision of a fully-inclusive society that enhances participation for disabled people. Labour believes that disabled adults should also have the choice to move out of the parental home and be supported in their chosen accommodation arrangements. theatres. Labour will review the funding mechanisms for disability services to ensure that barriers to adequate provision of carer support and respite care are removed. the Corporation launched a Strategy which included specific actions on improving housing choices for disabled New Zealanders. We will ensure that adults with an intellectual disability have tenancy protection and access to their benefit and housing entitlements. including investigating changes to funding of close relatives as respite carers. public halls. appropriately-modified housing.It is important that the people providing care for disabled New Zealanders have the appropriate knowledge and training.

Supporting quality living in the community also means making sure that disabled people can access transport that meets nationally-consistent accessibility standards. where reasonably possible. The establishment of a national Ministerial Advisory Committee of disabled people to advise the Minister of Transport. The Land Transport Rule. school and enjoying community activities. This includes continuing to review the building code and considering further requirements on those constructing new homes and apartments. funding and implementation. and the attachment of hoists and ramps to passenger service vehicles. 123 • • • Strong Proven Leadership . Industry-wide mandatory training in disability awareness and disability competency. came into force on June 2007. ramps. the design and construction of residences to ensure that a higher proportion of the housing stock is suitable to meet the needs of people of all abilities. Labour believes that having accessible public transport is crucial to enabling full participation in communities by disabled people. Labour will encourage. We will place a particular emphasis on the accessibility of new and existing state and social housing. The development of mandatory National Accessibility Design Performance Standards and a time for implementation. It introduced a new joint Australian and New Zealand standard for the design and construction of wheelchair hoists. We will continue to support and fund voluntary agencies providing housing for disabled people. Labour will implement the recommendations of the Human Rights Commission report “The Accessible Journey”. and occupant restraints. This change means new vehicles operating as passenger service vehicles will have equipment to assist people with a vision and hearing impairment. Passenger Service Vehicles Amendment 2007. This includes: • The mandatory participation of disabled people in all public land transport planning. Housing Labour will continue to work towards ensuring supply of accessible homes. Transport Labour will help break down barriers that unfairly prevent disabled people from going to work.

inequalities have arisen regarding eligibility and entitlement. Labour will continue to implement the recommendations from the review of the Total Mobility Scheme.The Total Mobility Scheme provides subsidies taxi services to people with serious mobility constraints and funding assistance for the purchase and installation of wheelchair hoists in taxi vans. trains and ferries. and the development of employment options that recognise the diverse needs of disabled people. Last year we made a range of changes to ensure that Work and Income can better support their clients. Labour has listened to the concerns of disabled people who are looking for work or are keen to participate in their communities in other ways. We know that most people want to work. including phasing out the old stereotype labels such as "invalid". the repeal of the Disabled Persons Employment Promotion Act abolished outdated concepts about the ability. concepts which are no longer appropriate or acceptable. and coverage of the Scheme. Next year we will make further changes to ensure services are focused on individual needs and circumstances. One major step is the implementation of Labour’s policy for vocational services. sustainability. including minimum wage provisions for work of comparable productivity and access to statutory holidays. portability. set out in the 2001 Pathways to Inclusion strategy. Strong Proven Leadership 124 . rights and entitlements as everyone else. This strategy aimed to increase the participation of disabled people in employment and to increase the participation of disabled people in their communities. The Act conflicted with Labour’s aim of ensuring that disabled people have the same employment conditions. The review showed that because there are significant regional variations in the way the Scheme is being operated. Labour will identify options to improve the adequacy. potential and rights of disabled people. Other concerns raised relate to the Scheme being restricted to areas with access to buses. everyone can. along with issues relating to administration and transport providers. This will be achieved through planning and training for those entering employment. consistency. In 2007. Supporting disabled people into appropriate paid work and training The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the objective of providing opportunities in employment for disabled people. and we believe that with the right support.

Today . . Achieving Equality’. more people are in employment. the Disabled Persons Employment Promotion Act allowed sheltered workshop providers to have exemptions from the Minimum Wage Act 1983 and the Holidays Act 2003. This will include: • • • • • Employer education and networking Maintaining an appropriate levels and flexibility of job support funds Funding supported employment services at an appropriate level Increased transition support and services for disabled students Supporting “business enterprises” to help people into paid work Supporting disabled people to participate and achieve in employment means providing equal access to the best training and education. Labour will continue to focus on increasing the proportion of disabled people who are able to participate in paid work. Tertiary education enhances peoples’ lives by contributing to their general knowledge and understanding. with more participants either moving off a benefit or more people declaring earnings while remaining on benefit. ‘Kia Orite. It is clear the sector has come a long way since 2001 and this policy has had a significantly positive effect on the lives of disabled New Zealanders. . . These benefits need to be available to all New Zealanders. including specific targets and subsequent plans. An evaluation of the Pathways to Inclusion policy has just been released showing that more people are making use of community participation and employment services. Labour will ensure the implementation of “Kia Orite: Achieving Equality”. the number of disabled people using vocational services who have gained or retained employment has increased from approximately 1200 to over 11500 Ten years from now . rights and entitlements as everyone else. Between 2001 and 2008. increasing their incomes and standard of living and widening their experience and interests. . We will review the implementation of Pathways to Inclusion to ensure better support for those who are able to move into paid employment and ensure the community participation model is delivered. sets out the steps to help tertiary providers make this possible. . the New Zealand Code of Practice for an Inclusive Tertiary Education Environment for Students with Impairments. . Also.Ten years ago . disabled people will be supported to engage in employment that is fulfilling and meaningful. Strong Proven Leadership 125 . disabled people employed in sheltered workshops have the same employment conditions.

not their benefit category. planning and to be included in mainstream universal and targeted services. Labour is committed to incorporating the rights and needs of disabled children and their families into mainstream legislation and policies. Support for disabled children and young people The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the goal of enabling children and youth to lead full and active lives. Today …85% of disabled children are included in mainstream classes full-time. regular school because of impairment. This includes parenting information and home visiting programmes. learn and achieve in the education setting chosen by the child and their family. No child will be denied access to their local. We want to ensure that out-of-home placements are only used as a last resort.Labour will provide the support and services for disabled people to participate in employment. Ten years from now …disabled children will be supported to participate. 16% attended a combination of mainstream classes and a special unit (2001). Only 2% do not participate in the mainstream (2006). It Strong Proven Leadership 126 . to parent all their children effectively. This means the support provided to children and their families needs to be appropriate. wherever possible. We have worked to ensure that all children and their families are able to access programmes aimed at giving children the best start in life. to maintain employment. timely and effective. and to remain hopeful). and implement where recommendations of the “Best of Care?” review. Families with young disabled children need early identification. are as important as the direct disability support needs of disabled children. Our approach has recognised that the needs of other family members (to maintain ordinary lives. This report is an analysis of the issues surrounding out-of-home placement of disabled children. in conditions that prepare them for adulthood. legislation and operational practice related to children and young disabled people and their families who are involved with Child. Labour believes that families should. Youth and Family and the Disability Services Directorate. appropriate. We will also work towards a core benefit to ensure that individuals receive support and services from Work and Income based on their individual need. and 9% attend both mainstream classes and a special unit. the The ‘Best of Care?” review examined policy. care for their children and be supported in doing so. Labour will consider. Ten years ago …about 74% of disabled children attended mainstream classes.

Labour will offer better support for parents by developing early intervention and family support through the Well Child framework. Education today is about providing opportunities for every child to participate. Personalising learning is a way of describing this renewed focus on quality teaching and learning tailored to the needs of every student. These assessments will explore ways of ensuring that assessment is made at an early stage. Support for the families and carers of disabled people The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the objectives of valuing families. This Strategy broke new ground as a joint initiative between the government and the New Zealand Carers Alliance. Labour is clear that the needs of the education system for the 21st century are different from the education system of last century. Our desire to strengthen processes between agencies includes the way in which agencies share information about the needs and assessment of children in their care. a network of over 40 nongovernment organisations. In April this year we launched the New Zealand Carers’ Strategy and Five-Year Action Plan. whanau and people who provide ongoing support to people with a disability. Labour wants to acknowledge and support family. strengthening processes within and between agencies. and that information is passed between relevant agencies to ensure appropriate supports are put in place. Health and education assessments for children and young people in care are currently being trialled in four regions of New Zealand. included and learning to their full potential in their local regular school. We are committed to clarifying the funding responsibilities of agencies. whanau and all those who support disabled people. Labour wants to provide all children with a safe and supportive home environment. We will increase teacher professional development support to ensure all teachers have the skills and confidence to teach every individual child.highlights some critical issues that are limiting effective support for disabled children and their families. learn and achieve. and improving access to services. The Carers’ Strategy addresses issues that affect the Strong Proven Leadership 127 . Labour will ensure all disabled children are welcome. Labour will roll out health and education assessments to other regions if existing trials show the process to be successful. Providing a safe and supportive home for disabled children may require additional resources. This will include support for school leadership programmes to help teachers work towards a truly inclusive school community.

Labour also recognises that disabled parents face additional challenges in providing good parenting for their children.thousands of New Zealanders assisting friends and family members who need help with everyday living due to ill health. The five objectives of the Carers’ Strategy are to: • • • • • Provide information Protect the health and wellbeing of carers Enable carers to take a break Provide financial support for carers Provide training and pathways to employment for carers The Action Plan will help deliver our vision for carers over the next five years so their roles are better recognised and valued. disability or old age. The Carers’ Strategy is part of Labour’s wider strategy to improve the choices of parents and other informal carers so they can better balance paid work with caring responsibilities and other aspects of their lives. including investigating changes to funding of close relatives as respite carers. Strong Proven Leadership 128 . It will offer carers more choices and a stronger voice on issues that affect them. Labour will support disabled parents to ensure that their children get the best start in life. Labour will review the funding mechanisms for disability services to ensure that barriers to adequate provision of carer support and respite care are removed. Labour will continue to support and implement the Carers’ Strategy.

A Good Start for All Labour’s policy for Early Childhood Education 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 129 .

Strong Proven Leadership 130 .

Labour will support more Kohanga Reo to offer 20 Free Hours by encouraging the professional development of Te Kohanga Reo teachers. Labour wants to see all young children enrolled in early childhood services because we know they provide a strong foundation for success later in life and the best chance for everyone to reach their full potential. quality. More than half of eligible Kohanga Reo (55 per cent) are already part of the 20 Free Hours’ scheme.and 4-year-olds are now benefiting from the scheme. Labour wants to see more Kohanga joining. Labour will retain the right of all 3 and 4-year-olds to 20 Free Hours early childhood education at a teacher-led service and allow centres to offer free hours for longer each day. developing cognitive skills. Investing in the quality of ECE and improving participation has been a major focus for Labour.000 3. to ensure that kaiako/teachers have the opportunity to grow and develop in their profession. from $276 million to over $1 billion today. Universal access to free. Strong Proven Leadership 131 . public education is a core Labour value. Volunteer-led early childhood providers such as Playcentre face different cost pressures to kindergartens and other teacher-led services where the major cost is salaries. Expanding Quality Free Early Childhood Education One year on from the launch of Labour’s 20 Hours Free Early Childhood Education policy. or nearly 90 per cent of eligible children.Introduction Labour has always believed in the power of education to transform lives. Labour will work with parent-led early childhood providers like Playcentres to explore how they can be supported to offer free early childhood education. Our annual investment in early childhood education has more than tripled since 1999. self-esteem and reinforcing social and cultural values. We know that quality early childhood education (ECE) lays the foundation for children’s’ later learning. almost 90. An evaluation of the impact of 20 Hours Free on the early childhood sector reveals that factors such as the availability of parent volunteers and a lack of administrative support are making it difficult for parent-led centres to grow.

Labour will ensure that when planning any new state schools. consideration is given to including a community-based early childhood centre on the site. the ten-year strategic plan for early childhood education. Planning for our growing population will be important if we are to ensure there are sufficient places in ECE in all communities. The Ministry of Education actively plans for new schools using population projections and local authority planning data. even when they are located adjacent to schools. Pathways to the Future. Building communitybased ECE centres on new school sites makes good sense where there is a lack of places in the local community.000 places will be needed by 2011 if we are to realise our vision of all children participating in ECE for at least 20 hours per week before they enrol at school. Local authority designation processes can make it difficult to establish new early childhood centres. Research tells us that the quality of early childhood education is Strong Proven Leadership 132 . Labour will develop a nationwide plan to ensure there are sufficient early childhood education places in areas with low participation and/or growing numbers of children. Population projections suggest an additional 19. This ensures that potential school sites are identified early and purchased for future requirements. particularly in South Auckland. creating an additional 6. particularly in combination with making 20 Hours Free available to all 3 and 4-year-olds. A Quality Teaching Profession The drive to professionalise the ECE workforce is a major stream of Nga Huarahi Arataki. Labour will look at resource management processes surrounding the establishment of new centres to ensure Early Childhood Education centres are treated on an equivalent basis to other education providers. will place a strain on the capacity of the early childhood sector. Over $100 million has been invested in the community-based early childhood education sector during this decade.Meeting the Demand for Early Childhood Education A predicted mini-population boom.000 places. This will include expanding the Discretionary Grants Scheme to assist with the establishment and expansion of community based services.

Research into effective teaching practice will help to inform on-going teacher professional development and ensure the sharing of best practice. Labour believes a fully-professional workforce in ECE is an important and achievable goal. Labour will extend the scholarship scheme for early childhood teacher trainees. Growing numbers of children in ECE means the need for trained staff will also increase. Labour will continue towards 100 percent of all staff in teacher-led services being qualified with an early childhood qualification recognised by the Teachers Council by the end of 2012. group size and the qualification levels of teachers. Labour will support Centres of Innovation to carry out research into teaching and learning to strengthen effective practice in early childhood education. In order to qualify for full funding.determined by the ratio of trained adults to children. Strong Proven Leadership 133 . 50 per cent of staff in ECE services are currently required to be trained teachers.

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For Today and Tomorrow Labour’s Policy for the Economy 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 135 .

Strong Proven Leadership 136 .

at best.Introduction The Labour Party has always stood for promoting economic growth which delivers a fair share of that growth to all New Zealanders. There was no integrated skills policy. When Labour became the Government at the end of 1999 the New Zealand economy faced many structural problems which had not been addressed. The primary reason for this has been the large growth in the number of jobs – over 350. or had even been made worse.000 – which has been the main contributor to household incomes rising more than 25 per cent on average in real terms. Inequality had increased significantly. New Zealand is a more equal society than it was in 1999. On the international front. By 2008 this picture of malign neglect has been changed in all its essentials. New Zealand’s capital markets were weak and growing weaker. Fairer industrial relations law – the Employment Relations Act – and the Working for Families package have also been significant contributions. in particular. merely an increasing transfer of costs to students accompanied by a proliferation of low-value courses unrelated to New Zealand’s strategic needs. The benefit cuts of the early 1990s and the anti-worker Employment Contracts Act has made the natural tendencies of a freemarket economy worse. A major element of this was a very low level of private savings. Regional development. the Closer Economic Relationship agreement had. State assets had been sold and their private owners had failed and were failing to invest at a sufficient level to underpin longer term growth. The previous National government had failed to sign any new significant trade agreements initiated by New Zealand. There was very little government support for private sector research and development. was seen as a dirty term. by the free market reforms of the previous fifteen years. Strong Proven Leadership 137 . Public transport systems were run down and steadily declining in relative usage. No government agency was tasked with the promotion of economic development. been in a holding pattern for 10 years. Infrastructure investment had been all but ignored and as a percentage of national income was running at the lowest levels seen in many decades.

Regulatory changes are forcing a higher level of investment by the private sector telecommunications companies. The creation of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade and Enterprise New Zealand means that the government has both the policy and delivery mechanisms to put economic growth at the forefront of government actions. successful new literacy and numeracy programmes in primary schools. Labour has increased spending on public transport fifteen-fold. Strong Proven Leadership 138 . The New Zealand Superannuation Fund is building up assets to help pay for New Zealand Superannuation over the long term.000 New Zealanders to add to their New Zealand Superannuation income in retirement. taxes on savings have been cut. The base is being built for stronger capital markets and reducing our dangerous level of dependence on overseas investment to fund our economic growth. The Labour government has put in place major changes to lift our national savings levels. At the same time. a development that is critical to raising our potential or 'non inflationary' growth rate further over time. Finally. From early childhood to the tertiary sector the education system has been revamped. an integrated skills strategy. supported by and prepared with the CTU and Business New Zealand. is being rolled out. Twenty hours free early childhood education. Labour in government has overseen a transformation of our telecommunications sector with the introduction of greater competition at all levels. and the introduction of NCEA in secondary schools will produce a much stronger base of skills. Direct public spending on research and development has continued to rise and a 15% research and development tax credit introduced for the private sector which should see a substantial boost to private sector research and development. New Zealand is engaged in its biggest road building and upgrading programme in decades. Capped fees and interest-free student loans have removed many of the financial barriers to participation in tertiary education. The new emphasis on quality and relevance in the tertiary system is underpinned by the new funding model. And now KiwiSaver is helping some 800. Major upgrades to the urban rail systems in Auckland and Wellington are underway. Skills policy has been moved to the forefront of economic policy. Labour has bought back first the rail track and then the rail operating company so as to ensure that investment can be increased and freight moved off the roads while the full value of that investment is retained in New Zealand.Government spending on infrastructure is now nearly three times what it was in 1999.

6 per cent increase in take home pay. By full implementation of the tax package in 2011. Labour’s personal tax plan will result in: • • • • • A new low tax rate of 12.500 to $20.500 to $42. Labour’s goal is to lift New Zealand into the top half of the OECD in terms of per capita GDP.000 A lifting of the 33 per cent threshold by $4. that Kiwi family is almost $85 a week better off – the equivalent to a 7.5 per cent increase in their take home pay.5 per cent A lifting of the 21 per cent threshold by $10.000 – split two thirds/one third between two parents – with two children at primary school is almost $43 a week better off from 1 October this year – that’s equivalent to a 3. Labour is committed to keeping the company tax rate at a fair. a higher standard of living without destroying our environment or exploiting the workforce.Labour has also introduced tax cuts that are responsible and fair to workers. A Kiwi family on the average household income of $72.000 And advancing boosts to working for families from 1 October 2008 By April 2011. becoming sustainable and in investing and training for workers. Labour will do the right thing for workers. What unites sustainability and productivity is the more efficient use of resources so as to produce more with less.500 A lifting of the 39 per cent threshold by $20. It is also to ensure New Zealand is at least in the top half of the OECD in terms of social and environmental measures. Strong Proven Leadership 139 . competitive level. This year we reduced the company tax rate from 33 to 30 cents so that businesses could re-invest their profits in new technologies. and the economy. Only Labour is committed to both these concepts and to ensuring a fair share of the fruits of growth for all.000 to $80. The agenda for the next decade or more will be driven by two concepts: sustainability and productivity. Now is the time to take the next steps on New Zealand’s journey to greater prosperity and greater fairness. we will deliver $50 a week or more to around 50 per cent of all households. We focused on the lowest rate so all New Zealanders benefit. families.

and coastal sea transport. Accelerating the switch to renewable energy sources. enable us to meet our international obligations. information and communications technology. This will grow to a $2 billion fund to support research and development in the primary sector industries. Labour will also encourage the early adopting of new vehicle technologies with vehicle emissions to be reduced by half by 2040. Waste reduction. Strong Proven Leadership 140 . This will create a price for carbon in the New Zealand economy which will. and screen productions are particularly attractive in that respect. New Zealand Trade and Enterprise and other government agencies will be resourced to continue progressing these important areas of work. Labour supports substantially boosting funding for energy efficiency projects. Labour supports undertaking a major programme of new investment in KiwiRail and will develop mechanisms to support coastal transport and achieve better integration of our ports system. This now needs to be effectively implemented and further work done to reduce our large waste streams. or distance and which are less environmentally constrained. Labour has set up the Fast Forward Fund. Labour has set a clear goal of 90% of electricity being renewably produced by 2025. with a particular emphasis on sustainability. design. Better integration of rail. Labour will also give greater emphasis to sustainability in the criteria used by other state supported research funds. all sectors emissions trading scheme. Significant opportunities exist for major intermodal shifts of freight from road to rail and sea. Intensified research and development on sustainability. Increased energy efficiency. expansion of solar water-heating.A Sustainable Economy A sustainable economy will be built on the following policy foundations: Implementation of an effective emissions trading scheme. Labour sees significant opportunities for developing businesses which are not constrained by New Zealand’s size. Non-environmentally constrained business promotion. Labour will phase in an all gases. road. Under Labour parliament has passed new waste reduction legislation. Such areas as biotechnology. This will include accelerated retrofitting of homes. over time. At risk industries will be assisted to adapt and change while specific measures will be taken to assist consumers. and other measures to improve energy efficiency in homes and businesses.

and from 2014 of eighteen. From 2011. we want our schools to be able to respond to the full range of abilities of our teenagers – and to make education relevant and personal to all our young people. To build on the major work already undertaken: Labour will develop and implement the Schools Plus programme. their school and their family. Not all those students will be in school – but they will still be learning in work or in training. where the potential of emerging or re-emerging sectors has reached a point where they are ripe for acceleration (e. The main elements of increasing productivity are skills and infrastructure. both in terms of enabling more of our young people to be in a position to access it. new renewable energy technologies and some health technologies). Labour will resource and implement the New Zealand Skills Strategy so as to equip all our people with the skills necessary for full participation in a modern economy. Under Schools Plus. This will provide a varied and attractive set of pathways for teenagers to move from school to work or further education.There may be further areas of focus. and through improving the skills of people already in the workforce. Productivity A successful sustainability agenda implemented effectively should assist productivity. Labour believes that New Zealand must take a more strategic approach to skills development. From 2011 there will be an education or training leaving age of seventeen. new materials technologies.g. Strong Proven Leadership 141 . Skills Human capital is the main input in a modern economy. Labour set out a big vision for the future of secondary education to improve young New Zealanders’ chances of success. By 2011 we will have youth apprenticeships available in every high school in New Zealand for students from Year 9 onwards. every student from Year 9 on will have their personal education plan – agreed between them.

learning is now lifelong. and meet the education and training needs of students. The New Zealand Skills Strategy will not only lift skills levels across the workforce. employers and communities on a regional as well as national basis. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. and are supported to carry this out. That will often require a period of retraining. In the modern world. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. All New Zealanders must have the opportunity to reach their full potential – and have the chance to fill the skilled job slots available in the economy. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. on the same basis as a student allowance. Strong Proven Leadership 142 . improved management and leadership capability in organisations. we have developed a unified skills strategy to lift the skill base of the existing workforce. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. In the near term. skills plans and streamlining the government’s firm capability programmes with those in the private sector. Labour has significantly reformed tertiary education to improve the sector's ability to deliver on government priorities. This includes language. skills are increasingly important.With industry and unions. but with no spousal income test. We will fully implement all components of the skills strategy. In other words. awareness raising. and therefore their contribution to New Zealand’s productivity. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. We need to build on this further. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. Over the last three years. This will ensure that firms can better harness the skills young people learn through industry training and modern apprenticeships. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. literacy and numeracy. but will also equip our workers with better management and leadership skills. Labour will ensure that polytechnics give priority to their task of assessing employment needs and facilitation of regional tertiary education sector responses.

They drive innovation. Migrants enhance our economy by reminding us to think and act globally. With record low unemployment rates. Labour will continue to emphasise the attractions of skilled migrants as the main element of our immigration policy. However it is important that we maintain contact with skilled New Zealanders overseas so that we can continue to promote their eventual return home. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. migrants have accounted for 60 percent of the growth in the national workforce. We must change with it so that we maintain our international competitive advantages and continue to attract the migrants with the skills New Zealand needs for our economic growth. These allowances will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. We do not want to discourage young New Zealanders from doing their traditional “OE”.This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. and that has had an overall positive impact on our economy. New Zealand’s population has become increasingly multicultural during the last decade. However the global immigration environment is changing and becoming increasingly competitive in terms of skilled migrants. we have adapted our immigration policies to help meet labour shortages and ensure New Zealand has people with the skills we might otherwise be lacking. Much of that growth has occurred in skill shortage areas — areas that are vital to the basic functioning and future growth of our economy. Like the rest of the world. Strong Proven Leadership 143 . New Zealand has benefited from consistently positive net migration over the past seven years. with comparable countries such as Australia experiencing similar trends to us. society and families. Expatriate New Zealanders can be viewed as another part of the pool of talent that New Zealand can draw on to fill labour market gaps. Labour will outline further measures to support workers in changing times in our other policies. Over the past five years. give our businesses international connections and provide a range of skills to transform our economic landscape. or overseas work experience. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. The movement of skilled migrants between countries is now a global norm. because these people generally return to New Zealand with valuable work and life experience. Labour will strengthen programmes to attract overseas New Zealanders to return to work in New Zealand.

as part of our ten year plan for a fast broadband future. Work with local government on measures to address priority infrastructure needs at the local level Put in place comprehensive plans to lift New Zealand’s water quality and ensure that our water usage is consistent with long term sustainability objectives. Labour will invest $1 billion or more in the next ten years in modernising KiwiRail as our economy confronts the sustainability challenge. The overall picture of this decade is one of significant rebuilding and unprecedented levels of investment. We will use Strong Proven Leadership 144 . Labour will maintain a twenty year plan for sustainable infrastructure development in New Zealand. Rail will also play a bigger role in public transport in our major centres. including the Wellington Inner City Bypass and the Auckland Central Motorway Junction. schools.4 billion in physical infrastructure this year.We will also examine mechanisms to assist in moving good business management into world-class business management. We believe that having undergone a major rebuilding of our nation – with record investments in hospitals. a 180 per cent increase since 1999. roads and other infrastructure – we have a once in a generation opportunity to chart an ambitious course for New Zealand. including the North Shore and beyond. This has seen new highways and motorway extensions built throughout New Zealand. This will be done in partnership with Business New Zealand. We believe that with our rail system back in public ownership. within that 20 year plan. Specifically. Over the next five years we will invest half a billion dollars into broadband. so that our most promising business people are given the support needed to become the best. we will be able to move more freight off our roads and onto rail. Labour will support the creation of an electrified rail network for Auckland. Annual funding for roading has more than doubled to over $1. we can make the strategic decisions and investments necessary for rail to play its full part in building a more sustainable New Zealand. We expect to invest $5.9 billion this year. Infrastructure Labour is committed to strong investment in essential infrastructure. Over time. Labour will: • • Set a 90% renewable electricity generation target. In terms of expanding our tools for future growth Labour is committed to improving New Zealand broadband. • Labour will keep New Zealand’s rail in public hands.

but is committed. Strong Proven Leadership 145 . be paid for out of baselines. Labour recognises that in the current circumstances the government will be running a significant deficit in the short term. to a level of Crown debt that will allow us to manage known future fiscal demands (such as those arising out of population ageing). universities. Macroeconomic Environment A sustainable economy requires a supportive macroeconomic environment. over the longer term. Labour changed the law to allow for public/private partnerships and will continue to explore opportunities in this regard on a case by case basis. It will also be used to extend broadband into under-served regions. in the first instance. Labour will broaden the funding options for infrastructure development in two main ways: Labour will issue long-term infrastructure bonds which have a tax-free inflation-indexed element. Labour’s much-increased level of spending on infrastructure needs to be maintained until the nation has fully undone the damage caused to its productive capacity through under-investment during the wasted decade of the 1990s. New initiatives which Labour will announce prior to the election will be funded within currently projected fiscal allowances.this funding to accelerate broadband investment and high speed rollouts to businesses. particularly in rural New Zealand. schools and hospitals in urban centres. Infrastructure Bonds are specifically linked to long-term investment in infrastructure. Labour will work in conjunction with the Treasury and the Reserve Bank to promote best international practice coordination between fiscal and monetary policy implementation in order to best protect the tradeable sector from undue volatility in interest and exchange rates. Labour will lift the New Zealand telecommunications system into the top ten in the world. local authorities. Issuing Infrastructure Bonds allows us to accelerate our efforts to make vital transport improvements for the long-term benefit of New Zealand Labour will support the rational use of public/private partnerships for large scale infrastructure developments where these can deliver more effective solutions for communities at lower cost to ratepayers and taxpayers. to make the link clearer between revenue and investment. New departmental initiatives will.

as our opponents would do. Strong Proven Leadership 146 . the business tax package and the changes to the Portfolio Investment Entity regime. We remain committed to strong. and will ensure that. the international context.Labour will not respond to a more difficult fiscal environment by cutting back on public services to New Zealanders. Labour will deepen venture capital and equity markets through a “fund of funds” in venture capital a joint public/private sector foundation for independent research on equities. Labour will maintain the effectiveness of recent changes to the tax system in improving New Zealand’s savings and investment levels and is committed to progressing its international tax reform agenda to strength the competitiveness of New Zealand-based firms. however. To deliver wealth and jobs. Labour will consult with the Guardians of New Zealand Superannuation and KiwiSaver Providers on what changes to current settings would most facilitate increased investment in New Zealand by their funds. New Zealand's capital markets have improved over recent years. boosted by the over 800. We have already established an industry-led taskforce to producing a blueprint and action plan to develop New Zealand's capital markets. Labour will further develop financial markets to address issues of small capital markets and other problems. spending which contributes most to economic and social development is given the highest priority. International Connections Increasing New Zealand international connections is central to economic success. Improving the investment environment is a key part of Labour's economic transformation strategy. properly resourced and effective public services. New Zealand firms need ready access to affordable capital. But to strengthen this position we must continue to develop the breadth and depth of our capital markets. future risks and opportunities and key changes necessary to deliver the best possible financial system for New Zealand. It will report in mid-2009. For this reason we are setting out a formal target. We will. The Capital Market Development Taskforce is looking at the current state of our capital markets. strictly prioritise spending over the next three-tear term.000 people who have joined KiwiSaver.

International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention 26 recommends that minimum wages should be set according to the "general level of wages prevailing in the country". There are also formal international commitments that establish an explicit obligation on the New Zealand government to ensure an adequate minimum wage. India. Our record in trade is strong. and South Korea and regionally in the Asia-Pacific area. Labour will continue to support multilateral negotiations through the World Trade Organisation as its highest priority and we will continue to negotiate links with rapidly growing economies such as India. particularly the United States and Japan. The minimum wage is part of every government’s general responsibility to ensure socially acceptable employment standards that are prescribed and enforceable.Labour will work with exporters to lift exports to 40 per cent of GDP by 2020 and to 50 per cent by 2030. It provides a floor for wages paid to employees. South Korea and the ASEAN nations as well as with established developed country trading partners. A regional free trade agreement with Singapore. starting with China to take advantage of the Free Trade Agreement Extend the successful beach-heads programme Support New Zealand business groups. This is being transformed into a single economic market agreement with a number of steps already taken. However there is more to do. A free trade agreement with China has been signed: the first for a developed country. Brunei. Strong Proven Leadership 147 . Labour has breathed new life into the CER agreement with Australia. Free trade negotiations are underway or being prepared bilaterally with Japan. seeking collaborative approaches to offshore markets Strengthen New Zealand international telecommunications connections • • • Minimum Wage An effective Labour market policy can both underpin economic growth and ensure the fruits of growth can be shared fairly. and Chile has been signed and the United States has announced it is seeking comprehensive negotiations to become part of this. To support our ambitious target. such as the Wine Institute. Labour will: • Strengthen Trade and Enterprise’s offshore presence.

This was the largest increase in the adult minimum wage since the incoming Lange Labour government boosted the rate in 1985. The minimum wage increased every year since 1999. this is more than four times what they would have experienced in the decade before. On 1 April 2008. Last year's increase lifted the adult rate from $10.25 to $11. The scheme covers all retail deposits of participating New Zealand-registered banks and retail deposits by locals in non-bank deposit-taking entities. Especially during these times of turbulent economic conditions. Labour believes that we need ensure that all wages reach a socially acceptable minimum. We acknowledge that there have been calls from a number of quarters to lift the minimum wage to $15. Labour will guarantee annual adjustments to the minimum wage during the next term of government. whichever is the greater. and increases the incentives to work for people considering work. such as building societies.25 per hour. Over 120. but in the current economic circumstances we are not able to commit to doing so. combined with other assistance such as with Working for Families. Raising the minimum wage. Labour’s plan for responding to the international downturn The New Zealand economy is clearly facing short term challenges from the global financial turbulence.In this decade.25 per hour and the youth rate from $8. to $12 per hour. credit unions and deposit-taking finance companies Strong Proven Leadership 148 . the minimum wage was increased again from $11.00 an hour. it reduces the stress and tension some families face in trying to managing financial pressures while ensuring a happy and healthy family environment. so that the minimum wage at least keeps pace with increases in the average wage or the consumer price index. has a significant positive effect on the lives of working New Zealanders and their families. Labour would like to meet this target if possible.00 an hour. New Zealand’s lowest paid workers have experienced increases to their income of 71%. We have already announced a retail deposit guarantee scheme to reinforce confidence in our financial and banking systems. This also ensures that the earnings of people on low incomes do not deteriorate relative to those of other workers. That is why we are committed to offering wage protection to vulnerable workers so that they are paid wages that reflect their worth and productivity.20 to $9. Labour will ensure that the current international crisis does not lead to a prolonged recession in New Zealand.000 New Zealanders experienced increases in their income in 2008.

with particular attention to: • • • • • • Rail and roading improvements Local government sewerage and water projects Afforestation for conservation purposes Retrofitting and upgrading the State Housing stock The school and early childhood centre building programme Further details of this programme can be found in the appendix. Strong Proven Leadership 149 . Note: current use-of-money interest rates are 14. Labour has begun work on an economic stimulus package which will be implemented if the projected impacts on the New Zealand economy remain as they appear to be at the moment.24% for underpayments and 6.The deposit guarantee is designed to give assurance to New Zealand depositors that their deposits are safe in the current uncertain international financial market conditions. reduce the use of money interest rate for underpayments of provisional tax to the same level as that paid for the overpayment of provisional tax. Labour will.66% on overpayments. present to Parliament an additional economic stimulus package which will outline a plan to bring forward infrastructure spending. But the Commissioner of Inland Revenue will have the discretion to increase the use of money interest rate back to the normal level if he is satisfied that there has been a deliberate attempt to underpay tax. for the period from 15 January 2009 to May 2010. we will also be making temporary changes to the provisional tax regime. Labour will before Christmas 2008. In addition to bringing forward planned spending.

are capable of being accelerated. Of these. or what proportion of projects. These projects have already been subject to rigorous costbenefit analysis. (at present they are offloaded at Palmerston North and trucked). and urgent advice is being sought from the New Zealand Transport Agency on which individual projects. rising to $1.200 million per annum. Marsden Point Branch line to enable 12 mths import/export cargos to be transited. there will be some that could be accelerated. Strong Proven Leadership 150 .700 million per annum over the next 10 years. for example: Project Time to Time to % NZ NZ start complete Labour Material physical work content Content work Cost $M North South Junction which would enable the carriage of 9’6” containers between 6 -12 mths 30 months Palmerston North and Wellington port. covering 600-plus projects.Appendix – Labour’s Potential Economic Stimulus Package Bringing forward planned infrastructure spend Rail There are a number of rail upgrade projects which may be able to be advanced ahead of current planning. At present the line is still located at the old port of Whangarei 48 mths 100 85 $150 100 80 $100M Roading Planned expenditure on new roads and road renewals is currently around $1.

44 Strong Proven Leadership 151 . These might include: Community/Council Whangarei Heads (Whangarei DC) Huapai (Rodney DC) Brunswick/Rotokawa (Rotorua DC) Okareka (Rotorua DC) Muriwai (Rodney DC) Eltham (South Taranaki DC) Parua Bay (Whangarei DC) Dannevirke (Tararua DC) Oakura (New Plymouth DC) Potential Subsidy $M 8.22 5. Unlike some other infrastructure sectors.to medium-sized communities as a policy priority.53 1.0 4. A total of $133 million was initially allocated over 10 years and was targeted to those communities with deprivation index ratings of five and above. The origins of this Scheme date back to the 1999 Labour Party Manifesto. the water and sewerage infrastructure sector is largely unaffected by capacity constraints and. Indeed.to medium-sized communities to build or upgrade their reticulated sewerage facilities and treatment plants. An additional $40 million was provided in Budget 2008. which identified improved sanitation for small. with the help of this Scheme.18 4.95 7. and led to an increase in specialisation in wastewater engineering. the provision of funding for the Scheme in 2002 served as a catalyst for skills development in this area.33 6.09 3. has an established workforce of highly specialised wastewater engineers able to continue work on regional projects. should additional funding be made available. but there are still a number of worthy outstanding projects.Sewerage Infrastructure The Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme was established in 2002 to assist small. It is estimated that of the unfunded applications received to date. approximately 10 per cent to 20 per cent could be progressed immediately.09 1.

857 864 934 523 1. Strong Proven Leadership 152 .361 3.300 1.625 999 508 3. Schools funded 2008 Avondale College Kaitangata School Crownthorpe School Arthur Miller School Southbrook School Fairlie School Putere School Omokoroa School Linwood North School Naenae Intermediate Kilbirnie School Waitoki School St Albans School Lincoln Primary School Twyford School Kaipara College Napier Intermediate Westburn School Value ($000) 2. It is estimated that up to $185 million of work could be considered.072 million was set aside to address space deficiencies in 29 schools.848 3. There are many other schools around the country which would benefit from additional or upgraded space. In this years budget $20 million was made available to fund replacement buildings in 20 schools.280 463 Potential extra schools Cambridge High School Sommerfield School Pt Chevalier School Christchurch South School Lyttleton Main School Manurewa East School Karanui School Taupo-Nui-A-Tia College Epsom Girls Grammar Glen Eden Intermediate Green Bay Primary School Papatoetoe High School Value ($000) 856 289 1.199 2.553 2.433 2. There are still a number of schools in the queue for such buildings and if spare construction capacity is available work could be brought forward.984 Housing initiatives Details on additional measures which may be taken in the housing sector will be released with Labour’s Housing policy. This could provide replacement buildings for schools as below.453 2.680 3.539 2.200 205 479 449 467 465 563 456 1.Funding projects in the building and construction sector Bringing forward school property upgrades At the last budget $14.480 2.

Horizons Manawatu and the Taranaki Regional Council. The ability of land managers to accrue value in sequested carbon through planting or managing natural reversion on hill country land will influence investment decisions. by mass movement erosion especially in the lower North Island. The Northland Regional Council. The Sustainable Land Management (Hill Country Erosion) programme. Environment Waikato and Bay of Plenty Regional Councils also have significant areas of affected land. Greater Wellington Regional Council. The reintroduction of vegetation to these lands through afforestation or managing natural regeneration can provide much improved stability. The government has three programmes in place that already provide direct funding support as an incentive for afforestation activity targeting eroding and erosion prone land: • East Coast Forestry Project – this well established programme targets effected land within the boundaries of the Gisborne District Council. • • The Permanent Forest Sinks Initiative. provides $2 million a year to accelerate the activity of the Regional Councils. Strong Proven Leadership 153 . is also relevant. introduced in 2007. while not providing direct financial support. The Afforestation Grants Scheme introduced with the Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change Plan of Action is designed to include consideration of hill country erosion. these programmes can potentially be boosted by the provision of further funds. the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council. While there is then a strong programme framework in place that supports the objective of achieving slope stability and reducing erosion.Supporting local authorities to bring forward catchment management initiatives in hill country Addressing soil erosion There are many areas of lands significantly affected. Geographically the most acute land areas are concentrated within the boundaries of Gisborne District Council. or potentially affected. Auckland Regional Council.

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Enhancing Co-ordination and Capability Labour’s policy for Emergency Management 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 155 .

Strong Proven Leadership 156 .

Our focus is on building a New Zealand that is resilient in the face of emergencies. We will keep improving technologies that help us reduce the risk of major events to our families and communities. Labour will work to understand and learn from international experience. we will all get through emergencies better if we get ready in advance. We want our communities to be safe. Nothing is more important. and contribute to the international body of knowledge about effective disaster management.Introduction Labour wants a society where families and communities are safe and secure and know how best to protect each other. Labour wants you and your family to be prepared. The potential hazards facing us are constantly changing. It is essential those services are integrated into every aspect of emergency management planning. an exceptionally trained and skilled emergency management sector and an educated and well-prepared public. emergencies before they happen. Strong Proven Leadership 157 . Ambulance and other health services. It is of critical importance to continuously improve our readiness for emergency situations. regional and national level. play a critical role in our response to emergency situations. As New Zealand’s population grows and spreads across the landscape this can mean more development in hazard-prone areas. Emergency services. We will achieve resilience through strong leadership. we want our families to be safe. Fire. and plan for. Civil defence and emergency management is substantially about resource and information co-ordination and planning. We know climate change is a reality and as a consequence we will experience more extreme weather events. Labour will continue to develop civil defence and emergency management response capabilities at local. such as Police. We recognise that while response and recovery during and after an emergency are important. We need to think about.

For the first time New Zealand has both a comprehensive National Civil Defence Emergency Management Strategy and a National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan. Emergency Management preparedness needs to be further developed to meet both the challenges of increasing hazards and rising public expectations of an effective and co-ordinated response. There is an increasing overlap in agency responsibility. Ten years from now…we will have a more integrated and co-ordinated sector that works effectively before. and Recovery The new legislation also introduced new requirements for local authorities to form regional Civil Defence Emergency Management Groups and develop emergency plans based on the four R’s. principles. and recovery from. and the role of emergency services and their participation in a co-ordinated disaster response was unclear. Emergency services are required to participate in their development. The strategy outlines the vision. during and after an emergency. emergency events. There is now a new emphasis on four factors (the four R’s): • • • • Risk Reduction Readiness Response. Ten years ago… emergency management focused on a response to. But there is more to do. values and goals of our approach to emergency management. The Plan identifies key relationships. Our approach was fragmented. These plans are to be reviewed after five years. Today…we recognise the importance of reducing risk to our communities and being ready for events before they occur.Enhanced co-ordination through flexible legislation A decade ago civil defence in New Zealand focussed on response to and recovery from emergency events. arrangements and frameworks that assist with the management of civil defence. the Fire Service now has increased involvement in emergency responses to non-fire related incidents Strong Proven Leadership 158 . The new Act recognises that how we plan for major events has a significant influence on their impact. For example. New legislation in 2002 (the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act) established a more coherent and co-ordinated approach to emergency management.

International events like the Boxing Day Tsunami in 2004 heightened public awareness of the types of risks we might face. We want frameworks that are as integrated and effective as possible. This offers a unique opportunity for flexibility but also means effective co-ordination is critical. new hazards are likely to emerge that will shape the development of emergency co-ordination. We will examine the way in which the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act interacts with other legislation to ensure maximum synchronisation and flexibility into the future. so that resources can be deployed as efficiently and effectively as possible. Labour will review the civil defence legislation and plan to look for further opportunities for enhanced co-ordination of all organisations that have an interest in Civil Defence. Exercises have proved to be of enormous value in enhancing our understanding of the dynamics of an emergency event and identifying opportunities for improvement. Developing capability We have spent the last decade developing our understanding of major events and testing our procedures.and national emergency events. legislative and regulatory frameworks need to give us the flexibility to respond as the environment changes. Clarity of roles and responsibilities is essential for good emergency management. New Zealand responded by developing a Tsunami Risk Management work programme which includes a National Distant Strong Proven Leadership 159 . The Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management has organised and executed a number of large-scale training exercises including: • • • Capital Quake – a simulated earthquake in Wellington Exercise Ruamoko – a simulated volcanic eruption in Auckland Exercise Pacific Wave – testing of Pacific Tsunami warning systems Civil Defence Emergency Management Groups have also executed training exercises at a regional level. In an increasingly complex environment. We need co-ordination not just for the duration of the event but at all times. to ensure we are always ready to respond. As we look to the future.

Professional development and training Our ability to carry out effective emergency management will rely heavily on the leadership and expertise of staff.Source Tsunami Contingency Plan. This will ensure that not only are our people well equipped to do their jobs but the entire sector will develop a strong and co-ordinated understanding of what is required. Labour will establish a nationwide Emergency Management Development Programme and develop internationally recognised Emergency Management and emergency response co-ordination standards. developing and standardising Tsunami warning signage and developing a tsunami public awareness and information brochure. We have active fault lines and our relative isolation means we have to be pretty self-sufficient. New Zealand has a varied landscape and a variety of natural hazards. qualifications and professional development programmes. Strong Proven Leadership 160 . Labour will establish partnerships with civil defence and emergency management training providers and other tertiary education organisations to ensure excellent quality training and resources are available to Emergency Management professionals and volunteers. It is important that we ensure our people have the knowledge and training they need. Work is also continuing on options to better co-ordinate and improve alert systems. We now have a permanently-staffed 24/7 communication centre receiving and issuing initial emergency information. In the future our priorities must be to further develop our understanding of the risks we face and continue to build expertise and capability. We have volcanoes. International Linkages Each country faces different challenges when responding to a major event. Work is underway to develop a more effective data management system in the National Crisis Management Centre to enable the development of an alternative ‘virtual’ Emergency Operating Centre and ensure better resilience of infrastructure and improved information flow with Civil Defence Emergency Management Groups. flood plains and thousands of kilometres of coastline. The Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management will establish competency measures for key Emergency Management roles and co-ordinate the development of more effective standards.

the elderly and children will require education tailored specifically for them. and continue to invest in the translation of emergency management documents into other languages. Labour will support and encourage New Zealand’s participation in international events on emergency management. Strong Proven Leadership 161 . People with special needs. Labour will continue to build the awareness of our young people to emergency response through further distribution and development of school resources. We want to learn from others too. The needs of our population are diverse. Successful public awareness programmes include the Get Ready Get Thru public education programme. a dedicated website resource translated into eight different languages. launched in 2006 and which includes television.We are well placed to be able to contribute to the global body of knowledge on disaster management. Labour will ensure public education is targeted to Maori. new migrants and other non-English speaking groups. Similarly. radio and print advertising. Having real. By helping others we also help ourselves. Pacific peoples. considerations for those in rural areas will be different to those in urban areas. The resource was recently upgraded and a Te Reo version launched in July 2008. Labour will continue to build on the success of current public education campaigns. the educational resource What’s the Plan Stan was distributed to 3000 primary and intermediate schools. Labour will ensure campaigns are appropriately targeted to build awareness and increase preparedness. An informed and prepared public Surveys show New Zealanders are becoming more prepared for major events. first-hand experience is of immense value in developing the emergency management sector. Also in 2006.

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Security in times of Change Labour’s Policy for Employment 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 163 .

Strong Proven Leadership 164 .

Ten years ago… Unemployment was high and the Employment Contracts Act gave very little support in times of rapid economic and social change.7% unemployment for Employment in New Zealand developed countries including the United States. consistency and stability in their relationships with clearly understood entitlements and responsibilities. the United Kingdom. Even when there are record low levels of unemployment and equally high levels of employment. We have seen an unemployment rate of below 4 per cent over the past four years. employers and agencies to work together to help smooth transitions throughout these cycles of change. Employers and workers will enjoy security. We have established mechanisms for government. they and their families can maintain at least minimum entitlements to assist them in their transition to a new job. an achievement right-wing politicians of the 1990s told New Zealanders simply couldn't be done. Today… The Employment Relations Act has begun to address the balance of power between employers and workers and the unemployment rate has remained below 4% for 4 years (June 2008). Creating partnerships with industry has been an effective way for industry and government to work together to minimise skill and labour shortages. Labour can be trusted to give impetus to our economy.Introduction New Zealand has enjoyed a decade of good news in the economy and in employment. restructuring. Labour recognises that firms opening. well below the average of 5. Australia. 1500 1250 1000 Jun-90 Jun-91 Jun-92 Jun-93 Jun-94 Jun-95 Jun-96 Jun-97 Jun-98 Jun-99 Jun-00 Jun-01 Jun-02 Quarter Jun-03 Jun-04 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 With the New Zealand economy now facing challenges from the global financial turbulence and economic slowdown. New Zealand workers must be secure in the knowledge that if there is change. Strong Proven Leadership 165 . and closing is a necessary feature of today’s fast-moving and adaptive economy. New Zealand has the only record in the developed world of an unemployment rate that has remained below 4% for four years. and maximise job opportunities for individuals. and protect workers’ interests where change is unavoidable. (000s) 2250 2000 Houshold Labour Force 1750 A lot of progress has been made this decade getting people into work and improving the position of disadvantaged groups. ensure that New Zealand jobs are kept safe wherever possible. Assistance to jobseekers through Work and Income is now better connected to the needs of employers to identify their workforce needs. Ten years from now…. unions. France and Germany.

social security assistance is already available. This can be particularly the case for families who had been well-established in the workforce with an expectation of ongoing income and with expenditure patterns determined by children. Labour will encourage notification to government agencies of potential or upcoming redundancy situations. This will include working closely with employers to prepare and offer support to their workers at the earliest opportunity. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. Labour will implement more active labour market policies and programmes which provide security and support for workers in a changing economy. Labour has already made changes to the social security system so that it can help people more quickly and effectively. Job Search Allowance In many cases when a worker becomes redundant. this removes the family’s only source of income. Working with Affected Firms We will continue to focus on improving the working lives of the most vulnerable members of the labour force and to strengthen protections available to workers. the implications of sudden job loss can be hugely stressful and disruptive. In situations like this. Strong Proven Leadership 166 . housing costs. last year we changed the law to reduce the maximum period a person has to wait before receiving a benefit (the ‘initial stand-down period’) from 10 weeks to 2 weeks. there is another earner in the family.We believe the positive changes that we intend to put in place will bring about greater security for workers as they move to new jobs while at the same time give employers certainty about their obligations. Support for Affected Workers In the near term. Even so. credit repayments etc. In other cases. We will ensure that agencies work closely with Industry Training Organisations to provide retraining support for people who have been made redundant. We will look at whether there is a gap in terms of the level and intensity of support available in relation to particularly large-scale redundancies. In particular. We will refine the co-ordinated rapid response by government agencies to collective redundancies and raise awareness about the support available.

providing for up to fifteen months of assistance where necessary. but with no spousal income test. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. Strong Proven Leadership 167 . for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. The Job Search Allowance will not be available for people who are unemployed for reasons other than losing their job through a lay-off or redundancy. That will often require a period of retraining. on the same basis as a student allowance.In such circumstances. It will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. Retraining In the modern world. identify an appropriate retraining course. the retraining allowance might be taken up following a period on the Job Search Allowance. The Job Search Allowance will provide families affected by a redundancy in the family with some much-needed additional income to make ends meet in the initial period while they find their feet. skills are increasingly important. The rate of payment will be the same as the appropriate rate of unemployment benefit. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. Labour will introduce a Job Search Allowance for up to thirteen weeks for people who have been made redundant after at least five years in the workforce. or adjust their circumstances. where workers are made redundant Labour will provide additional transitional assistance while they get back into paid employment. In some cases. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. The job search obligations and eligibility requirements will be the same as for the unemployment benefit. Eligibility will not be back-dated to cover redundancies prior to the introduction of the Job Search Allowance. with the exception that the income of the person’s spouse or partner will not affect their entitlement. including for people who have not been made redundant. The standard one to two week stand down period will also apply. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. Learning is now lifelong.

if necessary. when employers Strong Proven Leadership 168 . We believe there must be provision in law to ensure that when redundancies occur. We will work with business and unions to establish how much notice is appropriate. in circumstances when an employer. who is a partner to a collective agreement with workers. This group has recommended that the government should consider the introduction of a statutory requirement for redundancy compensation and other entitlements. Labour intends to act on this recommendation. we believe workers should have rights to be involved in the process. how compensation will be calculated and how the issue of tax should be addressed. Redundancy law in New Zealand currently offers no statutory entitlements to workers for a notice period or for compensation in the event of a redundancy. payment for a certain number of weeks following dismissal) and the minimum amount of notice employees can expect. This allowance will also be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. Labour in government set up an public advisory group on restructuring and redundancy to advise on the adequacy of New Zealand’s redundancy laws and provisions. Labour will enhance employment law to provide for statutory minimum standards for redundancy. intends to restructure their business or outsource part or all of the functions of that business. It included representatives from Business New Zealand and the Council of Trade Unions.This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. Courses will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. Labour will ensure that the Employment Relations Act does not prevent workers from being able to take strike action. These standards will cover minimum levels of redundancy compensation (e. In addition. workers are properly supported. Redundancy Provisions Labour will put in further changes to provide greater security for workers in the face of restructuring or redundancy. This means that workers who are made redundant and do not have these protections negotiated into their employment agreements are vulnerable.g.

Employers will need an increasingly well-trained workforce to deal with the ever-changing environment in which they operate. there were no trades training pathways for our young people. the majority of our tradespeople will have benefited from training and there will be ongoing and structured support for these people to progress in their careers. improves New Zealand’s global competitiveness and helps our industries. recognises and capitalises on our unique qualities and strengths. with government-supported pathways and structures to help them reach their goals through a better trained workforce. A Skilled Workforce A skilled workforce is a major driver of economic growth and innovation. Strong Proven Leadership 169 . . Nearly 40.initiate restructuring/outsourcing which undermines a collective agreement. we have established a training culture for our younger people and the wider workforce. During 2008 an estimated 190. It has trebled to an estimated 190. during the term of that agreement. If New Zealand is to actively participate in the knowledge economy and society. Participation in industry training has increased dramatically during this decade. high-wage economy. Skills. then our people must be able to enhance their skills throughout their lifetime. knowledge. Industry training is structured workplace learning and skill development arranged through one of 40 industry training organisations (ITOs). It involves formal training provided for people who are employed in a particular industry so skills are linked to the needs of workers and workplaces in that industry.000 employers are now involved in industry training.000 people are industry trainees. information and creativity are becoming the main drivers of our country's competitive advantage. . New Zealand must become a nation that values and encourages innovation. and competes confidently and successfully in the global marketplace. . A skilled workforce lifts productivity.000 during 2008. . . with funding increasing by a similar amount. Workers and trainees are better supported than ever before to improve their skills and gain a sense of purpose and opportunity. Industry Training Improving the skills of the current workforce is crucial for New Zealand to achieve economic transformation and to move towards a high-skill. Today . Ten years from now . . Ten years ago .

and this made sense while there was a need to substantially increase the number of trainees. Labour will increase the number of modern apprentices in training by 1.Labour has a strong belief in the benefits of skills training for New Zealand and has invested heavily in it. more than 17. so has investment from industry – up from $24 million in 2000 to $65. Modern Apprenticeships Labour brought back apprenticeships in a new form that meets the needs of today’s workplace. the annual investment by 2010 will be more than three times what it was in 2000. Labour’s Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has been important in attracting young people back to traditional trade occupations. Labour intends to build on the investment we have made in the last nine years. We have previously set targets for industry training numbers.000 a year so that 17.000 people are in modern apprenticeship training by December 2011. We also provided funding to support development of the strategic leadership role of industry training organisations. The scheme involves young people in workplace learning from the start of their careers and will make an important contribution to Labour’s new Schools Plus plan for every young person to continue in education and training through to the age of 18. We have already put funding in place so that 14.000 modern apprentices will be in training by the end of 2008. By the middle of this year.5 million last year. We still need to keep increasing but there is no longer the same training deficit as at the start of the decade. Reaching and maintaining a target of ten percent of the workforce will signal the ongoing importance of industry training while also providing some certainty to ITOs. This year’s Budget introduced a provision for annual increases to the Industry Training Fund in line with the Consumer Price Index. ten per cent of New Zealand’s workforce is participating in recognised industry training over the course of a calendar year. And just as government’s investment in skills training has risen sharply. Labour will continue to increase industry training so that by 2011. In the last decade the Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has exceeded targets for growth. With the commitments we have made in government. Strong Proven Leadership 170 . up to and including this year’s Budget.000 young New Zealanders had either completed a modern apprenticeship or were actively engaged in one.

global competitiveness and economic transformation rely on the skills of its employees and the way that industry supports workers to reach their full career potential. Labour believes that New Zealand's future wealth. This will ensure that firms can better harness the skills young people learn through industry training and modern apprenticeships. improved management and leadership capability and skills planning. the Skills Strategy provides the boost needed if we are to move to a high-wage economy. Labour has been working with business and unions to improve the productivity of our workplaces and to ensure all workers have the skills they need for a better standard of living. Labour values and encourages co-ordination between government. Industry training and modern apprenticeships provide the base for our workforce. The Skills Strategy will not only lift skills levels across the workforce but will equip our workers with better management and leadership skills. The Skills Strategy is the next step in the evolution of industry training. eighty per cent of those working now will still be in the workforce in 2020. and streamlining government programmes aimed at supporting firm capability and improving their links with private sector initiatives.we need to increase our capacity to harness those skills in order to drive productivity and competitiveness. Lifting the numbers involved in skills training is not enough on its own . That is why we need a Skills Strategy that encourages: • • • • The use and development of our workforce skills A focus on skills development that meets the needs of industry Formal qualifications that reflect industry requirements Support from employers to employees to ensure workers reach their potential. This includes improved language.Skills Strategy Labour believes that New Zealand must take a more strategic approach to skills development. To this end. both in terms of enabling more of our young people to be in a position to access it and through improving the skills of people already in the workforce. Labour will fully implement all components of the New Zealand skills strategy. It explicitly links skills development with productivity. After all. unions and industry training organisations in the establishment of the Skills Strategy and the Strong Proven Leadership 171 . literacy and numeracy in the workforce. business.

our young people will secure a better future for themselves and their families. Productive Workplaces Labour believes that there is a need to ensure that all firms are able to access the wide range of support available for their businesses at an early stage. We are committed to maintaining these relationships into the future. changing business practices. Strong Proven Leadership 172 . Increasingly. all young people are in education. Labour will ensure alignment of the skills strategy as it relates to the existing workforce and with the major ‘Schools Plus’ initiative as it relates to the emerging workforce. Labour will ensure that government agencies work constructively and collaboratively to help meet specific productivity and performance challenges facing individual firms. This will include building and disseminating knowledge. This might include skills development. Labour will work with firms to help them access the services they need to improve their productivity. Labour’s labour market policies will continue the focus on choice and flexibility. the work/life balance is a key consideration in any well-functioning workplace. It is aimed at ensuring that by 2014.achievement of its goals. business development and productivity improvement. expertise and capability on how best to use and manage the resources available to achieve good business and good work outcomes. Productivity improves when employees and employers work together to achieve a shared vision – it is not about working longer. Schools Plus is Labour’s initiative to significantly reform our secondary school system by offering all young New Zealanders a stronger educational foundation. We will place a particular focus on firms in rural areas or small towns who may find it difficult to access existing programmes and support. it is about working smarter. before they face the risk of failure. Things like flexible working arrangements and good parental provisions can help achieve that balance for working families. By staying in education or training longer. training or some form of structured learning until the age of 18.

within specific sectors of the economy. supported and valued for the work that they do. Labour will make further changes to improve opportunities for New Zealanders in low paid in work. and achieve improved wages and conditions for workers in these sectors. Strong Proven Leadership 173 . fairness and transparency in the employment relationship. Particular improvements have been achieved for workers in New Zealand’s health sector. A focus on skills and productivity. Nevertheless. consistency and better skills in the workplace for the employer. after taking into account inflation and household decade have also helped to composition. there are workers in New Zealand. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Ten years ago… Household incomes were in decline for low to modest income households. Ten years from now…. partly due to Labour’s Working for Families policy. drive pay rises for workers in low paid work. 30% 25% 1998-2007 1990-1998 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% -5% -10% Decile. Today… Modest income households have had greater income growth this decade than wealthier households. Both workers and employers have been assisted to develop career paths that give greater reward to workers and more certainty.Low Paid Work Changes this decade have assisted low paid workers to feel more recognised. which replaced the Employment Contracts Act from the last decade. with limited opportunity for advancement in pay and responsibility and with low levels of job security. restored balance. especially for moderate earners Employers have been encouraged to support workers to become more highly skilled. combined with increases to the minimum wage and to Working for Families. Labour will review low-paid sectors of the economy and examine whether additional changes to legislation are necessary to improve access to collective bargaining and collective agreements. from poorer (1) to richer (9) Consistent increases in the minimum wage every year this * Percentage change. This has helped to give greater security and certainty to all types of workers in New Zealand. mean New Zealand will have continued to become a more equal society. The Employment Relations Act. These sectors tend to have a high level of staff turnover. Household incomes* have fared much better this decade than last.

Strong Proven Leadership 174 . more opportunities for training. For employers. leading to an overall positive impact on New Zealand’s economic growth. workers will have more job security and consistency. Ten years ago… The Employment Contracts Act had marginalised workers at the fringes. Today… There are more jobs. without access to reasonable entitlements and protections. Labour will continue to engage in strategies that seek to have direct positive impacts on the workforce to drive up wage rates. and put in place programmes and initiatives to support and develop low-wage sectors of the economy. who are not currently in fixed-term or full-time employment or who work irregular hours in order to support busy family lives. casual employment and contracting) are given similar rights to those in more traditional forms of employment. and increase opportunities for workers to develop skills that can be used to achieve higher-paid work opportunities. Ten years from now…. there will be benefits from positive changes in workplace practice that will improve productivity. and both employers and employees will enjoy an enhanced employment relationship. entitlements for workers have been enhanced and collective bargaining means workers are better off. This includes workers who are hired in seasonal employment. We believe that workers should have security in their employment and should have some assurance they cannot suddenly be removed from regular work arrangements. reduce staff turnover. for whatever reason. Labour will ensure that workers employed in precarious forms of employment (such as labour hire.Alongside this. We expect this to result in increased profits for firms and increased wages. All workers will have knowledge of and access to their entitlements in the workplace. the right to bargain collectively. Labour has ensured that workers have access to rights and entitlements including meal and rest breaks. We intend to increase worker satisfaction. infant feeding breaks. Workers in Precarious Employment Labour believes that all workers should be assured of fundamental rights and conditions no matter whether they are involved in casual employment or in situations where their employer hires their skills out on contract to another employer. We are now intending further changes to protect the interests of workers in precarious employment. four weeks’ annual leave. improved health and safety rules and more.

we will amend employment law to provide greater clarity around the definition of permanent work. Strong Proven Leadership 175 . This will include consideration of how regular an employees’ work has become. Labour believes that workers should be treated on the basis of their skills and there are instances where these arrangements force workers to accept conditions less than those enjoyed by their co-workers. This may be because they are unaware of their entitlements or because the law currently does not provide sufficient clarity around what rights a worker has when they are employed on a casual basis. but also for employers and the economy. It will also encourage investment in skills training that has a positive impact on the productivity of a workplace and brings about positive change for the firm in which the employee works. consideration of how dependent the employer is upon casual workers and whether the worker is genuinely in a position to accept or reject offers of employment. Casual employment We know that many casual workers do not have access to statutory entitlements such as holidays. This is unfair. fixed term or full time worker. It is also important for security of employment that workers can be protected from ‘disguised’ dismissals or sudden changes in their working conditions. Casual employment has no statutory definition and all workers are legally either permanent or fixed term with appropriate entitlements. sick or bereavement leave and the right to take a personal grievance claim if they are unjustifiably dismissed. We know that developing higher levels of security in employment is not only positive for workers. We will also consider the implementation of a Code of Employment Practice that spells out what entitlements workers can expect when it is agreed that their role is as a casual worker. We will amend legislation to provide for enhanced powers for labour inspectors to provide guidance and advice to employers when determining whether a worker is a casual. We believe these measures will improve the level of certainty for casual workers.Labour hire and contracting This could involve amendments to employment law that would ensure workers employed by temporary work agencies and labour hire companies have the right to be covered by the collective agreement in force at that workplace. We will launch an awarenessraising campaign to improve casual and temporary workers’ knowledge of their rights and entitlements. In tandem with changes to the powers of labour inspectors.

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Protecting the Rights of Workers Labour’s Policy for Employment Relations 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 177 .

Strong Proven Leadership 178 .

These core beliefs have continued to be reflected in the work Labour has done and continues to do on behalf of all workers. freedom from unreasonable and unfair treatment in the workplace and the right of all workers to bargain collectively. an achievement right-wing politicians of the 1990s told New Zealanders simply couldn't be done. Labour believes that employment relations legislation should recognise that the balance of power and influence between workers and employers is not equal. Labour can be trusted to give impetus to our economy. Labour has had the protection of workers’ rights as a founding value. Assistance to jobseekers through Work and Income is now better connected to the needs of employers to identify their workforce needs. 1000 Jun-90 Jun-91 Jun-92 Jun-93 Jun-94 Jun-95 Jun-96 Jun-97 Jun-98 Jun-99 Jun-00 Jun-01 Jun-02 Jun-03 Quarter New Zealand has the only record in the developed world of an unemployment rate that has remained below 4% for four years. promotes and sustains economic growth and assists in achieving a fair distribution of resources. Strong Proven Leadership 179 Jun-04 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 . We will ensure that each partner has the ability to participate effectively and equitably in Employment in New Zealand industry and skills development and other social and economic public policy areas. We have seen an unemployment rate of below 4 per cent over the past four years. With the New Zealand economy now facing challenges from the global financial turbulence and economic slowdown. well below the average of 5. unions and employers as social partners. (000s) 2250 2000 Houshold Labour Force 1750 1500 Security in Times of Change 1250 New Zealand has enjoyed a decade of good news in the economy and in employment. Creating partnerships with industry has been an effective way for industry and government to work together to minimise skill and labour shortages. and maximise job opportunities for individuals. A lot of progress has been made this decade getting people into work and improving the position of disadvantaged groups. Labour recognises that the best way to address this imbalance is to promote collective bargaining as the preferred means of establishing the rights and obligations of workers.7% unemployment for developed countries including the United States. and continues to work with. the United Kingdom. Labour supports an employment relations framework that recognises the interdependence of workers and employers. Labour has worked with. France and Germany. and protect workers’ interests where change is unavoidable. ensure that New Zealand jobs are kept safe wherever possible. Australia.Introduction Since its earliest days. Labour believes in the right of workers to a liveable wage.

Labour recognises that firms opening. restructuring. and closing is a necessary feature of today’s fast-moving and adaptive economy. Ten years from now…. consistency and stability in their relationships with clearly understood entitlements and responsibilities. Labour in government set up an public advisory group on restructuring and redundancy to advise on the adequacy of New Zealand’s redundancy laws and provisions. Even when there are record low levels of unemployment and equally high levels of employment. unions. New Zealand workers must be secure in the knowledge that if there is change. We have established mechanisms for government. employers and agencies to work together to help smooth transitions throughout these cycles of change. This group has recommended that the government should consider the introduction of a statutory requirement for redundancy compensation and other entitlements. Employers and workers will enjoy security. It included representatives from Business New Zealand and the Council of Trade Unions. Redundancy law in New Zealand currently offers no statutory entitlements to workers for a notice period or for compensation in the event of a redundancy. they and their families can maintain at least minimum entitlements to assist them in their transition to a new job. Labour intends to act on this recommendation. Labour will enhance employment law to provide for statutory minimum standards for redundancy. payment for a certain number of weeks following dismissal) and the minimum amount of notice employees can expect.Ten years ago… Unemployment was high and the Employment Contracts Act gave very little support in times of rapid economic and social change. how compensation will be calculated and how the issue of tax should be addressed. These standards will cover minimum levels of redundancy compensation (e. We will work with business and unions to establish how much notice is appropriate. Labour will put in further changes to provide greater security for workers in the face of restructuring or redundancy. workers are properly supported. Strong Proven Leadership 180 . We believe there must be provision in law to ensure that when redundancies occur.g. This means that workers who are made redundant and do not have these protections negotiated into their employment agreements are vulnerable. Today… The Employment Relations Act has begun to address the balance of power between employers and workers and the unemployment rate has remained below 4% for 4 years (June 2008).

We will refine the co-ordinated rapid response by government agencies to collective redundancies and raise awareness about the support available. on the same basis as a student allowance. In other words. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. That will often require a period of retraining. This will include working closely with employers to prepare and offer support to their workers at the earliest opportunity. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. Labour will implement more active labour market policies and programmes which provide security and support for workers in a changing economy. These allowances will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. learning is now lifelong. In the near term. but with no spousal income test. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole.We will continue to focus on improving the working lives of the most vulnerable members of the labour force and to strengthen protections available to workers. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. Labour will encourage notification to government agencies of potential or upcoming redundancy situations. We will ensure that agencies work closely with Industry Training Organisations to provide retraining support for people who have been made redundant. skills are increasingly important. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. Strong Proven Leadership 181 . In the modern world. This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. We will look at whether there is a gap in terms of the level and intensity of support available in relation to particularly large-scale redundancies.

in circumstances when an employer. we believe workers should have rights to be involved in the process. if necessary. with the repeal of the oppressive Employment Contracts Act. We will place a particular focus on firms in rural areas or small towns who may find it difficult to access existing programmes and support. Increasingly. when employers initiate restructuring/outsourcing which undermines a collective agreement. enacted the decade before. Labour will work with firms to help them access the services they need to improve their productivity.We believe these positive changes will bring about greater security for workers as they move to new jobs while at the same time give employers certainty about their obligations. This might include skills development. before they face the risk of failure. business development and productivity improvement. during the term of that agreement. Productivity improves when employees and employers work together to achieve a shared vision – it is not about working longer. who is a partner to a collective agreement with workers. intends to restructure their business or outsource part or all of the functions of that business. expertise and capability on how best to use and manage the resources available to achieve good business and good work outcomes. Labour believes that there is also a need to ensure that all firms are able to access the wide range of support available for their businesses at an early stage. Labour will ensure that the Employment Relations Act does not prevent workers from being able to take strike action. This will include building and disseminating knowledge. Strong Proven Leadership 182 . Things like flexible working arrangements and good parental provisions can help achieve that balance for working families. the work/life balance is a key consideration in any well-functioning workplace. Labour’s labour market policies will continue the focus on choice and flexibility. it is about working smarter. Labour will ensure that government agencies work constructively and collaboratively to help meet specific productivity and performance challenges facing individual firms. In addition. changing business practices. Collective Negotiations This decade has seen sweeping changes to the way employment relations are regulated.

Labour believes that MECAs are valuable to both sides of the employment relationship. Under the old Employment Contracts Act. It has brought about improvements to the conditions of working New Zealanders during this decade by restoring the rights of workers to use their collective strength in their bargaining position. The number of work stoppages in New Zealand has reduced by around 23 per cent. now have greater certainty around their conditions of work no matter which District Health Board they work for. Nurses. and greater job satisfaction and therefore staff retention. The benefit of shared conditions is that workers within sectors have greater certainty when they move to another position within that sector. The Employment Relations Act 2000 was enacted to re-balance the employment relationship. As a result. Collective bargaining enables workers to negotiate their terms and conditions as a group so they are treated fairly and in good faith. Strong Proven Leadership 183 . Multi Employer Collective Agreements. to protect the rights of working New Zealanders in law and to allow for collective bargaining for the benefit of workers. MECAs mean greater consistency in the quality of skills being demonstrated by workers. greater security in the negotiation process and common standards across the sector. with power being held largely by the employer. union membership more than halved because the law at the time was focused on individuals having to bargain directly with their employer. For employers. with a reduction of around 40 per cent in dollars lost because of strike action. The Employment Relations Act provides a fairer employment environment that supports collective bargaining.The Employment Contracts Act failed to accept there was a fundamental imbalance in the employment relationship. or MECAs as they have become known. Collective bargaining is about ensuring consistency and transparency in the employment relationship and about maintaining a balance between the needs of the employer and the needs of workers. enable a group of employees working in a similar field but with different employers to join together to negotiate their conditions in their respective work places. it lacked protections for working people. for example. We believe this will encourage sector-wide improvements in skills and services. We believe there is more to be done to strengthen the position of workers when they negotiate pay and conditions and we will continue to make enhancements to employment law to achieve this. The introduction of the Employment Relations Act has seen greater satisfaction in the workplace and it shows.

25 to $11. We want to continue to see effective representation for those who choose it and want to continue to see the involvement of unions in the development of strategies for growth and development in partnership with business and government. the minimum wage was increased again from 12 11 10 8 7 6 5 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Strong Proven Leadership (Dollars $) 9 184 . This has been possible because of strong management of the New Zealand economy and investment in areas that create jobs such as skills development. It provides a floor for wages paid to employees. But unions are. and always will be.Labour will amend the Employment Relations Act to provide greater statutory support for multi-employer collective bargaining. New Zealand’s lowest-paid workers have experienced increases to their income of 71% .000 people had increases in their income in 2008.25 per hour and the youth rate from $8. unions have taken on a wider role. have expertise in negotiation and a financial membership that gives them a mandate to act on behalf of workers.20 to $9. In this decade. Labour will ensure that only union members can obtain the benefits of union-negotiated agreements. strong advocates for the workers they represent.more than four times the level in the preceding decade. Over 120. On 1 April 2008. The Minimum Wage The minimum wage is part of every government’s general responsibility to ensure socially-acceptable employment standards are prescribed and enforceable. 2008 The minimum wage has increased every year since 1999. productivity and workplace practices.00 an hour. 1990services. It is an offence to pay less than the minimum wage unless an individual exemption due to disability applies. new infrastructure and strong social Minimum Wage Movements. This was the largest increase in the adult minimum wage since the Lange Labour government boosted the rate in 1985. with many of our early settlers coming here to escape oppressive working conditions in their home countries. The place of unions in New Zealand is a long-standing tradition. Last year's increase lifted the adult rate from $10. now working as partners with government and business to enhance workplace health and safety. They are experienced in this role. In more recent times.

combined with other assistance such as Working for Families.$11. but in the current economic circumstances we are not able to commit to doing so.00 last year. Today… The minimum wage is $12. has had a significant positive effect on the lives of working New Zealanders and their families.00 an hour and had been barely adjusted for a decade. both in comparison to Australia and other OECD countries and relative to the economic transformation we need to make if we are to move to a high-skill. highwage. Strong Proven Leadership 185 .00 an hour. Labour is committed to investing in infrastructure and skills. But Labour believes increases in the minimum wage are only one part of a bigger picture. or 80 per cent of the adult minimum wage. In general.60. We want to improve the living standards of all working New Zealanders by seeing wages increase over the whole economy. with the second-largest increase ever of $1.25 per hour. and supporting increased management capability in order to ensure that New Zealand has more productive workplaces. Ten years ago… The minimum wage was $7. Labour would like to meet this target if possible. This can be paid to 16 and 17 year olds for their first 200 hours or three months of employment. increasing by only 87 cents since 1990. it reduces the stress and tension some families face in trying to managing financial pressures. Especially during these times of turbulent economic conditions. We acknowledge there have been calls from a number of quarters to lift the minimum wage to $15. Until this year there was a separate youth minimum wage for employees aged 16 and 17 years. This has been replaced by a new entrants minimum wage. This is the route to higher wages that also benefits employers. Labour will guarantee annual adjustments to the minimum wage during the next term of government. to $12 per hour. wages in New Zealand are low. whichever is the greater. increasing every year this decade. high-value economy. Raising the minimum wage. The current new entrants minimum hourly rate is $9. after which the adult minimum wage applies. Ten years from now… The minimum wage will have continued to keep pace with changes in average incomes so that low-paid workers don’t fall behind.00 an hour. so that the minimum wage at least keeps pace with increases in the average wage or the consumer price index.

Low Paid Work Changes this decade have assisted low paid workers to feel more recognised. These sectors tend to have a high level of staff turnover. with limited opportunity for advancement in pay and responsibility and with low levels of job security. especially for moderate earners 30% 25% 1998-2007 1990-1998 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% -5% -10% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Decile. Ten years from now…. Strong Proven Leadership 186 . Labour will continue to engage in strategies that seek to have direct positive impacts on the workforce to drive up wage rates. and put in place programmes and initiatives to support and develop low-wage sectors of the economy. which replaced the Employment Contracts Act from the last decade. Nevertheless. within specific sectors of the economy. restored balance. A focus on skills and productivity. combined with increases to the minimum wage and to Working for Families. from poorer (1) to richer (9) * Percentage change. and achieve improved wages and conditions for workers in these sectors. Alongside this. Both workers and employers have been assisted to develop career paths that give greater reward to workers and more certainty. Employers have been encouraged to support workers to become more highly skilled. partly due to Labour’s Working for Families policy. mean New Zealand will have continued to become a more equal society. consistency and better skills in the workplace for the employer. Labour will review low-paid sectors of the economy and examine whether additional changes to legislation are necessary to improve access to collective bargaining and collective agreements. Labour will make further changes to improve opportunities for New Zealanders in low paid in work. This has helped to give greater security and certainty to all types of workers in New Zealand. supported and valued for the work that they do. fairness and transparency in the employment relationship. after taking into account inflation and household composition. Ten years ago… Household incomes were in decline for low to modest income households. Particular improvements have been achieved for workers in New Zealand’s health sector. there are workers in New Zealand. Consistent increases in the minimum wage every year this decade have also helped to drive pay rises for workers in low paid work. Today… Modest income households have had greater income growth this decade than wealthier households. The Employment Relations Act. Household incomes* have fared much better this decade than last.

entitlements for workers have been enhanced and collective bargaining means workers are better off. without access to reasonable entitlements and protections. Ten years from now…. reduce staff turnover. four weeks’ annual leave. All workers will have knowledge of and access to their entitlements in the workplace. workers will have more job security and consistency. Labour hire and contracting This could involve amendments to employment law that would ensure workers employed by temporary work agencies and labour hire companies have the right to be covered by the collective agreement in force at that workplace. improved health and safety rules and more. We expect this to result in increased profits for firms and increased wages. Labour has ensured that workers have access to rights and entitlements including meal and rest breaks. We believe that workers should have security in their employment and should have some assurance they cannot suddenly be removed from regular work arrangements. infant feeding breaks. more opportunities for training. the right to bargain collectively. leading to an overall positive impact on New Zealand’s economic growth. Workers in Precarious Employment Labour believes that all workers should be assured of fundamental rights and conditions no matter whether they are involved in casual employment or in situations where their employer hires their skills out on contract to another employer. there will be benefits from positive changes in workplace practice that will improve productivity. We are now intending further changes to protect the interests of workers in precarious employment. and both employers and employees will enjoy an enhanced employment relationship. for whatever reason. This includes workers who are hired in seasonal employment. Today… There are more jobs. who are not currently in fixed-term or full-time employment or who work irregular hours in order to support busy family lives. Labour will ensure that workers employed in precarious forms of employment (such as labour hire. casual employment and contracting) are given similar rights to those in more traditional forms of employment. For employers.We intend to increase worker satisfaction. and increase opportunities for workers to develop skills that can be used to achieve higher-paid work opportunities. Strong Proven Leadership 187 . Ten years ago… The Employment Contracts Act had marginalised workers at the fringes.

We will amend legislation to provide for enhanced powers for labour inspectors to provide guidance and advice to employers when determining whether a worker is a casual. Strong Proven Leadership 188 . but also for employers and the economy. This will include consideration of how regular an employees’ work has become. We know that developing higher levels of security in employment is not only positive for workers. It is also important for security of employment that workers can be protected from ‘disguised’ dismissals or sudden changes in their working conditions. In tandem with changes to the powers of labour inspectors. It will also encourage investment in skills training that has a positive impact on the productivity of a workplace and brings about positive change for the firm in which the employee works. This may be because they are unaware of their entitlements or because the law currently does not provide sufficient clarity around what rights a worker has when they are employed on a casual basis. We will launch an awarenessraising campaign to improve casual and temporary workers’ knowledge of their rights and entitlements. we will amend employment law to provide greater clarity around the definition of permanent work. We will also consider the implementation of a Code of Employment Practice that spells out what entitlements workers can expect when it is agreed that their role is as a casual worker. Casual employment We know that many casual workers do not have access to statutory entitlements such as holidays.Labour believes that workers should be treated on the basis of their skills and there are instances where these arrangements force workers to accept conditions less than those enjoyed by their co-workers. We believe these measures will improve the level of certainty for casual workers. Casual employment has no statutory definition and all workers are legally either permanent or fixed term with appropriate entitlements. This is unfair. fixed term or full time worker. sick or bereavement leave and the right to take a personal grievance claim if they are unjustifiably dismissed. consideration of how dependent the employer is upon casual workers and whether the worker is genuinely in a position to accept or reject offers of employment.

Powering to a Renewable Future Labour’s Policy for Energy 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 189 .

Strong Proven Leadership 190 .

Labour has set these goals: • • • 90% of our electricity to be generated from renewable sources by 2025 carbon neutrality in electricity by 2025 carbon neutrality in the whole energy sector by 2040. while the 15-fold increase in public transport spending. and geothermal resources mean we are ideally placed to build an energy system that is affordable. Petroleum exploration has increased. Strong Proven Leadership 191 . the Kyoto Protocol. and reliable. These goals are achievable if we build on foundations laid in the past decade. Two energy efficiency strategies and the New Zealand Energy Strategy provide direction and certainty for the sector and have assisted the rapid establishment and growth of wind energy.Introduction New Zealand has renewable energy resources that are the envy of the world. New Zealand does have extensive petroleum resources and these cannot be ignored in a world still heavily dependent on oil. a massive household energy efficiency fund will be rolled out from 2009. Energy use in our homes and commercial buildings will be cut substantially by applying minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) to a wide range of electrical appliances and through new and more rigorous building code insulation standards. As part of the phasing in of the Emissions Trading Scheme. electrifying Auckland rail. New Zealand has ratified the international agreement on climate change. and buying back KiwiRail have created the basis of a truly sustainable transport network. and new oil and gas fields developed with potential for more. Our hydro. An Emissions Trading Scheme and an obligation to sell biofuels will spur sustainable activity in every corner of the economy. sustainable. wind. New Zealand is on the brink of its biggest-ever investment in household energy efficiency. one year before electricity enters the Emissions Trading Scheme. so we are committed to renewable energy in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The challenge is to transition toward a fully sustainable energy system that weans us off greenhouse-gas emitting energy sources such as imported oil. To that end.

The Electricity Commission is currently reviewing both retail and wholesale electricity markets. energy is becoming more expensive. public transport. despite some record dry years.Current challenges Globally. Setting up the Electricity Commission has ensured we don’t have a repeat of the failings of the deregulated market of the 1990’s. yet better information and good industry co-ordination saw a tight situation well managed. We are increasing sustainable electricity generation. any of these predictions gives us little time. Nevertheless. Rainfall in 2008 in the southern hydro lakes region was the lowest since 1947. It is also essential that New Zealand’s homes and businesses have a secure supply of electricity. or is being exercised. Labour will work with relevant agencies to make any changes necessary to ensure more competition in the electricity market prior to winter 2009. Affordability and Security of Supply Labour will put in place measures to maintain security of electricity supply and affordable electricity and transport for New Zealanders. Demand for oil is increasing and the price of oil has increased along with it. as countries strive to reduce the carbon emissions that cause climate change. Given our dependence on oil. investing heavily in energy efficiency. The time of ‘peak oil’ – when oil supplies have reached a peak and are expected to dwindle thereafter – is uncertain but predictions range from being imminent to the next decade or two. The Kyoto Protocol puts a price on those emissions. The use of traditional fossil fuel energy will need to be limited anyway. The Commerce Commission is also investigating the wholesale and retail electricity markets. Labour will work to ensure a secure energy supply that provides for the country’s energy needs now and into the future while balancing the impact on the environment through increased use of renewable sources of energy. Strong Proven Leadership 192 . shipping. and cars is another priority. to determine whether market power exists. major energy shortages have been avoided. and introducing biofuels. Efficiency across transport modes including rail. A large part of our existing electricity generation has come from renewable hydro stations – but the limitations of lake storage mean that sometimes supply is put under strain during dry years.

it is sometimes not economic for a distributor to do so. distributors have a responsibility to ensure that those people currently on the grid have their supply maintained.we need about 130 megawatts to keep up with projected demand and there is 400 MW under construction right now. The building of new fossil-fuelled power stations to provide baseload electricity has been restricted until 2018. with around 1400 MW on the drawing board for the next four years. reliable electricity is always available. Because of the high cost in maintaining supply to the most isolated areas. Labour will ensure that the obligation for suppliers and distributors to continue supply to customers under section 62 of the Electricity Act. Moving to renewable sources of energy may require new infrastructure that can manage the variability of solar and wind power. In our view. This closes off the option of burning fossil fuels to generate electricity. wind and geothermal electricity generation capacity with new technologies – including utilising New Zealand’s abundant and renewable marine and biomass resources. Small Scale Renewable Electricity Generation Electricity is vital to the functioning of any house. But there is currently no system in place to allow smaller energy producers to sell this electricity back to the national grid. Strong Proven Leadership 193 . Labour will investigate and develop new electricity system structures that can deal with higher proportions of variable renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. homeowners might one day generate more electricity through their own wind turbines or solar panels than they can use. For example. Currently plenty of renewable electricity generation is being built . We will also need to create a better system for longer term storage of renewable energy such as wind and solar. This assists our electricity system in matching supply with demand. Labour understands that rural communities face specific difficulties in terms of electricity prices due to their isolation and distributors’ cost at maintaining infrastructure. New structures to incorporate renewable energy The volumes of electricity produced by hydro and fossil fuel thermal power stations are highly controllable. in the future.Diversity of supply is an important means of ensuring cheap. does not end on its original expiry date of 2013. workplace or community. This means complementing our existing hydro. and gives further impetus to the development of renewable resources.

Labour will work in partnership with rural communities. The bill that would ensure security of supply after 2013 also allows those remote communities to agree with lines companies to build local generation instead. and we have introduced an Electricity (Continuance of Supply) Amendment Bill to ensure this. is to invest in improved energy efficiency where this is cheaper than the cost of producing extra energy or extra energy infrastructure. We will also investigate other opportunities to support investment in renewable generation that is not connected to the main distribution network. however.We will ensure that the obligation will be an enduring one with no end date. Energy Efficiency Labour is committed to energy efficiency and conservation so that less electricity is wasted. and the Electricity (Continuance of Supply) Amendment Bill promotes this. In the past. Labour will further entrench the energy efficiency principle in all sectors. distributors and generators to identify and promote opportunities for localised alternative sources of generation. Investments in household energy efficiency. In some situations. and that local sources of generation are more appropriate. This cannot be forced on the local community. A cornerstone of our New Zealand Energy Strategy. Labour will promote small scale renewable electricity generation for rural and isolated locations. An assessment of these costs should include environmental costs. Strong Proven Leadership 194 . For instance. the automatic response to our growing demand for energy has been to build more generation. are an example of this approach at work. it is cheaper to build these sources than to maintain existing electricity lines. so that households consume less energy. We recognise that for some customers and communities it may make little sense to remain on the grid. our vehicle fuel efficiency measures are designed to reduce fuel consumption so that less fossilfuelled energy is required for New Zealand’s vehicle fleet. The Energy Strategy also goes beyond electricity generation. and will happen only where the community (normally with a subsidy from the lines company) agrees to the new alternative arrangement.

if any houses built before 1978 had adequate insulation. healthier. through the insulation retrofit programme. A retrofit includes insulation of floors and ceilings. healthy and warm. Almost 12 homes a day will be insulated. where it is colder. and more energy efficient homes. where there are significant concentrations of state housing. Ten years ago… insulation standards were weak and few. The new timeframe will see 21.Energy efficiency at home Labour now intends a major extension to the home insulation programme. 42. Today… insulation standards have been strengthened and. Efficient heaters will also be installed where appropriate. Many homes in the South Island.000 New Zealand families now live in warmer. Labour is prioritising the insulation of state houses so that the remaining homes without insulation are retrofitted within 5 years. upgrading the State Housing stock. and planned Strong Proven Leadership 195 . hot water cylinder wraps and “lagging” around hot water pipes. improving tenant health and reducing power bills. That is why the 2008 Budget provided for the state house insulation programme to be significantly accelerated. such as insulating existing homes known as ‘retrofitting’. will be targeted next. have already been insulated. we have begun work on an economic stimulus package which will be implemented if the projected impacts on the New Zealand economy remain as they appear to be at the moment. We have brought in energy efficiency measures. Labour recognises it is important the government sets an example for other landlords to follow. Houses in Auckland. Wellington and Manawatu. Labour is prepared to bring forward the current spending programme on home retrofitting. We are scaling up this programme to ensure New Zealanders have warm. Ten years from now… hundreds of thousands more houses in New Zealand will be insulated to the recommended standard to help households stay dry. These measures are timed with introduction of the Emissions Trading Scheme in mind. The state housing insulation programme could have a role to play in this economic stimulus package. With the New Zealand economy clearly facing challenges from the global financial turbulence and economic slowdown.000 state houses insulated within five years. doubling the pace of Housing New Zealand’s previous Energy Efficiency Retrofit campaign which began in 2001. dry homes.

but also it improves health outcomes. For sufferers of respiratory diseases such as asthma. that means fewer visits to the doctor. The financial assistance will be broadly equivalent to the total amount of the increased electricity costs faced by the household sector in 2010. Labour plans to compensate for any price rises that may result from that. as part of the economic stimulus package to be presented to Parliament in December. More New Zealanders than ever before can enjoy the benefits of a wellinsulated home and efficient heating while at the same time lessening their impact on the environment. The fund will start in 2009. This programme is relatively labour-intensive and people can be trained for the work in a relatively short time period. This is a great example of how actions to tackle climate change can benefit us in other ways. It not only reduces demand for energy. it will also reduce dampness in homes and the health problems that causes. Spread over 15 years.development on Housing New Zealand land. It will not only save energy. a year ahead of the electricity sector entering the Emissions Trading Scheme. It is not just a one-off cut to a household’s power bills but a longterm plan to reduce the amount of electricity every household uses. Labour will deliver to all households in 2010 a one-off electricity rebate to assist with power bills. superannuation and Working for Families tax credits also receiving a targeted one-off cash payment. Labour will bring forward access to the $1 billion home energy efficiency fund so that schemes for retrofitting older houses can be expanded in those areas where unemployment is emerging. bearing in mind that boosting energy efficiency reduces electricity use forever. it will take private household energy efficiency to a whole new level. with those receiving benefits. We have also announced a one billion-dollar fund over 15 years to assist families to insulate their homes and improve the efficiency of their heating. Strong Proven Leadership 196 . Electricity enters the Emissions Trading Scheme in 2010. The one-billion dollar fund to help New Zealanders make the most efficient use of energy will be targeted according to energy needs and income. This makes the work ideal for generating work around the country. This fund is the largest-ever investment in household energy efficiency in New Zealand’s history. Improving the energy efficiency of our housing stock also contributes to the sustainability of our nation overall. fewer hospital admissions and fewer days off school or work.

New Zealand has abundant solar energy resources. Energy and climate change policies overlap in the dual need to reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions.20.000 additional solar water heating systems by 2010. Labour has increased the grant for installing a solar water heating system to $1000. Introducing sustainable biofuel blends of petrol and diesel will both reduce our dependence on oil and cut our greenhouse gas emissions. A Drive towards Sustainable Transport Forty four percent of all the energy consumed in New Zealand is used to transport people and products. for example. Labour will continue to helping businesses to save energy. Heating water can account for up to 40 percent of a household’s electricity bill and three-quarters of that can be saved by installing a solar water heating system. The foundations for a sustainable transport network have been laid this decade with a 15-fold increase in public transport spending. It will not only reduce the cost of transport but decrease our dependence on imported fuel which in turn reduces our international trade deficit.000 . locally produced biofuels. and buying back KiwiRail. Energy efficiency in businesses We believe that businesses can be competitive and more productive by adopting energy efficiency and conservation measures and increasing their uptake of renewable energy. and money. Strong Proven Leadership 197 . Lifting the use of indigenous energy resources for transport through. will have positive spin-offs throughout the economy.Labour will install 15. This will help to make transport more affordable. Labour will continue to increase funding for public transport and energyefficient freight transport modes such as rail. In doing so they can better manage energy and emissions prices and become more profitable. reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce oil imports. electrifying Auckland rail. through information and incentives to increase the uptake of cost effective energy management practices and technologies. An obligation to sell biofuels at the pump took effect from 1 October 2008.

Vehicles used for longer distances. Questions about how these facilities will be funded. The cost of the technology is likely to be expensive. Labour will also build on our clean green electricity generation to develop partnerships with electric vehicle manufacturers. which is the main driver of cost.Electric Cars and Other Vehicles An exciting initiative in transport is the development of electric cars. however. can be expected to reduce markedly. Labour will plan for the introduction of a nationwide infrastructure to recharge electric vehicles. While it will be up to industry to develop electric vehicle technology. Strong Proven Leadership 198 . where they will be located and relevant health and safety issues will also need to be addressed. be in a position to be the first country to set up a nationwide infrastructure for charging electric vehicles. The numbers will grow slowly at the start. Our ambition to be among the leading countries to widely deploy electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids marks the beginnings of a new era of energy independence and low emissions in transport. As production of electric vehicles ramps up internationally. Major centres with an interest in electric vehicles such as California. Labour intends to prepare the way for a large-scale roll-out of electric vehicles. there is a role for government in establishing an environment that facilitates its uptake. Electric vehicles used for local travel can be re-charged from the owner’s home. and prices will come down. New Zealand could. We will need to work through a variety of issues about the public infrastructure required for people to charge their vehicles during a journey. London and Tokyo are likely to confront many of these challenges first and we will be able to learn from their experience. but volumes will increase as supply increases and costs decrease. however. will need a supporting infrastructure of ‘charging stations’ to enable recharging. especially for the sort of high voltage facilities that would allow shorter charging times. Electric vehicles have significant potential because electric motors convert electricity to energy much more efficiently than the combustion engine converts petrol or diesel. We expect to see electric cars starting to arrive and being used in New Zealand between 2010 and 2015. the cost of the electric battery. We have already established a vehicle emissions reduction group focussing on electric vehicles.

Oil Resources: exploration and sale during transition The measures set out in this policy will lessen our dependence on petroleum imports and make New Zealand more resilient to international oil price shocks. The world is in transition to a post-oil future. Kiwi consumers will enjoy lower transport costs. Developing our resources should not slow our internal transition but oil will continue to have an important role for some time to come. New Zealand has valuable resources which ought to be developed to our economic advantage. oil remains the overwhelmingly dominant source of energy in the transport sector. Labour will continue to develop contingency plans for short. Labour will encourage exploration and ensure New Zealand benefits from our oil resources.to medium-term management of Peak Conventional Oil. Today. Strong Proven Leadership 199 . however.

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Protecting and Enhancing our Environment Labour’s Policy for the Environment 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 201 .

Strong Proven Leadership 202 .

Introduction Labour knows that New Zealand’s prosperity depends on long-term sustainability. Labour is committed to continuing to drive change to achieve and sustain standards of environmental quality that are among the best in the world. it's what tourists love about this country and it offers us a competitive advantage in international markets which are increasingly clamouring for eco-friendly products and services. It is a significant challenge to manage these pressures in a sustainable way without negatively impacting on our economy. we value clean air. As Kiwis. to implement bold and innovative ideas and to take responsibility and action to protect our environment. Strong Proven Leadership 203 . Being good caretakers of our environment requires well-considered and robust initiatives developed in consultation with all those who have a stake in our ‘clean. This policy reflects a real understanding of the many demands on our natural environment and takes into account other key policy areas. Accordingly. As New Zealand’s economy grows. Forestry and Fisheries. so too does the pressure on our environment. High environmental standards are integral to New Zealand’s identity. Labour’s plan for the environment reflects an approach to the management of the most significant challenges of our time. Labour’s approach is based on partnership with all New Zealanders to find solutions to the challenges we face. clean water. not just for the benefit of our environment but also for our economy. Our ability to grow and sell primary produce is heavily reliant on a dependable supply of good quality water. society. Energy. but enhanced. We trade on our ‘clean green’ image. Water Water is crucial for New Zealand’s economic development and its quality is fundamental to our recreational lifestyle and health. culture and way of life. Agriculture. And we’re committed to working alongside all New Zealanders to ensure that our environment is not just protected for the future. open spaces and an environment in which we are able to make the most of our remarkable natural landscapes. Labour has developed major strategies in Climate Change. green’ reputation. It’s a challenge we in Labour take very seriously. social development and international competitiveness. an approach that reflects our successful experience in managing change for positive outcomes.

Failing wastewater systems – such as septic tanks – pollute our environment and impact on people's health. including issues such as water allocation and quality. ground water. through National Policy Statements and National Environmental Standards. Levels of non-compliance with resource consent conditions and regional plan rules for dairy effluent management have marginally improved but a percentage of farmers are still letting us and their fellow farmers down. While National Policy Statements under the Resource Management Act (RMA) help raise the standard of our freshwater management. A discussion document on a proposed new national environmental standard for wastewater systems is now out for consultation. regional councils. We also consulted on a standard for setting ecological flows and water levels and those submissions will be considered before final policy decisions are made. The quality of water in both rural and urban Strong Proven Leadership 204 . We’re also looking at how to improve our wastewater management. This ecological standard is important to help manage the levels of water in rivers. and other stakeholders Labour will help local government implement a National Policy statement that aims to ensure our freshwater is of a swimmable standard by 2035.We need to ensure water is used sustainably if coming generations are to enjoy the same quality of lifestyle we do. we believe there is a need for clear central government policy that directs local government to implement measures to: • • • • • • address constraints on availability of freshwater address the effects of contaminant discharges address the issue of competing demands on freshwater resources ensure our freshwater meets the recreational expectations of New Zealanders ensure sustainable management of our freshwater is addressed at both a national and local level improve the integrated management of freshwater by territorial authorities. Given the central importance of freshwater resources to New Zealand and New Zealanders. we have developed effective and workable approaches to freshwater management. A new drinking water standard came into effect in June 2008. A National Environmental Standard for Measurement of Water Takes has been drafted into regulation to help provide accurate information about water use so it can be better managed. And it’s not just farmers that need to take care of New Zealand’s freshwater. lakes and wetlands to protect the unique habitats of our native animals and plants. Through the Sustainable Water Programme of Action. there is more work to be done.

air. If local rules and conditions are imposed but not properly monitored and enforced. Last year. Labour believes that with national guidance and assistance to local areas experiencing pressure. water. We will develop these indicators in consultation with local authorities. and with enhanced and more comprehensive information about the challenges we face in managing water. It measured the impact of everyday human activity and identified trends and pressures on our natural resources. Strong Proven Leadership 205 . It looked at the physical wellbeing of New Zealand’s land. only a third is measured. plants and animals.areas is declining. Labour will retain local level decision-making on freshwater management while ensuring central government plays a national leadership role through: • • • Investigating and implementing ‘Hot-Spot’ National Policy Statements that provide guidance at a regional level on specific freshwater issues Investigating National Environmental Standards relating to the treatment of water affected by dairy farming Investigating better enforcement powers for non-compliance with RMA consent conditions and regional plan rules in regard to freshwater. the public and all water users. Of all the water allocated in this country. Labour will develop and implement specific environmental indicators for freshwater as part of the work to develop national indicators. We believe that compliance. Labour delivered a report on the state of New Zealand’s environment. we can achieve significant improvements to New Zealand’s freshwater resources. monitoring and enforcement should be an integral part of resource consent decisions when significant developments are being considered. we need to do better. Only a proportion of our 74 local authorities use water meters. Māori. they will have little effect. We will report on the indicators to provide benchmarks for local government in their implementation of locally-focused policy on water quality issues. Labour recognises that part of managing our water resources is about managing water quality. There is under-investment in infrastructure that would improve water monitoring. This report showed that while we have made significant improvements in some areas.

It allows for local solutions to local issues and concerns and for all environmental impacts to be considered together.Oceans Labour recognises the important physical relationship New Zealanders have with the marine environment. Labour’s vision is for healthy oceans that are wisely managed. Strong Proven Leadership 206 . we must ensure there is balance between exercising the opportunity those resources provide and the need to ensure they are protected for generations to come. The legislation will set out new rules and a new consents regime for the EEZ. including the interface between the land and sea. We believe it is necessary to ensure that a comprehensive framework exists to guide our use of the marine environment to ensure we manage it in a sustainable way. It is the cornerstone of New Zealand’s environmental management. It is world-leading in providing integrated management of resources. New controls are proposed to manage the currently unregulated environmental effects of existing activities (such as disturbance of the sea floor through mining and petroleum activities) and the effects of future new activities in the EEZ (such as marine farming. both natural and man-made. Labour has implemented reforms to the RMA to reduce delays and costs and we are supporting local government and RMA practitioners to develop best practice to improve implementation. Resource Management Act The Resource Management Act plays a significant role in addressing our environmental challenges. carbon capture and storage). As with all our resources. energy generation. This is central to our work to improve the sustainable management of the natural resources that play such a critical role in New Zealand’s economy. An important strength of the RMA is that it provides a robust process for managing the environmental impacts of activities to ensure resources are managed in a sustainable way. We believe it is necessary to implement an integrated and comprehensive framework for managing the marine environment. Labour will legislate to help safeguard New Zealand’s ocean ecosystems by managing the environmental effects of currently unregulated activities in our Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

Labour will investigate opportunities for improving processes between the RMA and other legislation that will help reduce the time and cost of consent applications.7 percent of consents are declined. We believe there is an opportunity to improve the way the RMA and other legislation interacts and we believe that enhancements could be made to improve aspects of cross-over between different pieces of legislation. Labour is committed to a consultative approach to decision-making that gives all members of the community a voice. Although 73 percent of consents are processed within required timeframes. We will keep this as a cornerstone of the RMA process. Labour’s 2005 changes to the RMA were significant. This provides an important tool for reducing the costs and processing time of these significant applications. Labour will provide further guidance tools to local authorities on the RMA. They widened the opportunity for intervention on major development proposals of national significance. The call-in combines local councils’ consideration and a potential Environment Court appeal into a single process while retaining public consultation. and not by government.approximately 94 percent of consents are processed on a non-notified basis and 73 percent within required timeframes. there is still room for improvement. Any changes to the RMA should be to ensure that significant projects that benefit communities and the economy can be approved within acceptable timeframes while ensuring the public’s views are fully considered. Changes were made to the ‘call-in’ process whereby the Minister for the Environment makes a decision to call -in proposals of national significance so they can be referred either to a Board of Inquiry or directly to the Environment Court. We believe there is further opportunity to investigate whether local authorities could speed the process further in some specific instances. Only 0. Strong Proven Leadership 207 . The RMA continues to deliver positive outcomes for environmental management around New Zealand.Labour is committed to helping local government. report on and implement clear criteria to enable local authorities to fast-track Resource Management Act applications where appropriate. practitioners. In both cases the final decision is made by either the court or the board. Labour will investigate. and stakeholders strike the right balance between sustainably using our environment and protecting it for future generations. Most resource consents are processed quickly and at reasonable cost . building on the successful RMA FreeInfo line and RMA Everyday Guide CD Rom.

Firstly. The passage of this new legislation will help change the way we deal with waste. more coordinated way so that we are using our resources sustainably. Along with this. In government. adopted and passed the Waste Minimisation Act. we believe that work must be done to drive innovation in the development of new technologies and processes to help reduce waste in the development of products. A key part of the waste minimisation programme Labour will deliver this term will be to make producers. Strong Proven Leadership 208 . The focus of our work on reducing waste goes beyond reducing the amount of rubbish we throw away. councils and the public will find that reducing waste has a number of potential benefits. consumers and other parties take responsibility for the environmental effects of their products in a ‘cradle-to-grave’ approach. Labour recognises that central government needs to provide clearer direction on how to minimise waste and on the balance to be struck between waste and recyclables. Part of this is about how we as a country deal with waste – right from the beginning of the life of a product through to its eventual disposal. We need to encourage the most effective use of materials so there is less waste generated from the production process rather than just managing the waste that comes from it. Labour will implement enhancements to product stewardship schemes to reduce waste and encourage ways to commercialise waste where there is a potential market. We believe that we must offer economic incentives and rewards so that businesses. This work represents a major step forward in our thinking about waste and is both realistic and far-reaching. by implementing enhancements to product stewardship schemes. The work will be two-fold. This has the potential to greatly improve how we deal with some of the more difficult wastes such as electronic goods. Reducing waste can help save money because less material is used in the production of goods in the first place. It can also help New Zealand reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and provide new business opportunities.Waste Labour has a vision for New Zealand as a sustainable nation. We believe more emphasis could be applied to ‘front-of-pipe’ solutions by focusing on how we can reduce the potential for waste at the very beginning of production and design. This legislation is a valuable first step. Labour supported. retailers. particularly around electronic waste. Labour wants to encourage New Zealanders to deal with waste in a smarter. importers.

We must also address everyday waste because although we will deliver strategies to deal with waste in general. it is the small actions of all New Zealanders that result in the best outcomes. Labour will continue to assist regional councils to implement the National Environmental Standards for Air Quality by: • Enhancing the Warm Homes Strategy to encourage homeowners to install alternative energy-efficiency measures and cleaner sources of home heating Strong Proven Leadership 209 . close proximity to the sea. may be threatened. Labour believes a broad approach is necessary when addressing waste issues. standard of living and urban areas increase. As our population. However. Labour introduced National Environmental Standards for Air Quality in 2004. along with the quality of our whole environment. New Zealand has relatively good air quality due to our low population density.Labour will investigate new technologies and processes to assist with the management and disposal of e-waste. where appropriate. not only through product stewardship and new technologies and processes but also to ensure New Zealand has an effective system of management for the disposal of hazardous waste. Air Quality Air quality. especially during low wind conditions where there is high traffic density and where home heating is mainly by open fires or wood burners. is important to the health of kiwis. 625 deaths will have been prevented because of improved air quality. air pollution could get worse if we don’t take action. and remoteness from other continents and sources of pollution. These must be in place by 2013 in all parts of New Zealand and we estimate that by 2020. The quality of the air we breathe. Labour will ensure that policy and practice for the management and disposal of hazardous waste is monitored and reported on and. We believe this approach will deliver sustainable waste management that can be both maximised for commercial opportunity and help reduce our impact on the environment. there are areas (mostly urban) around New Zealand where concentrations of air pollution are quite high. enhancements implemented. which we often take for granted.

our agricultural industry must also take responsibility for its carbon emissions. Sustainability Labour recognises New Zealand’s future prosperity depends on long-term sustainability. Emissions reduction programmes with a local focus are one step towards reducing our total impact on the environment. Strong Proven Leadership 210 . Agriculture is undoubtedly one of New Zealand’s key economic drivers. culture and our way of life. It is Labour’s aspiration for New Zealand to become a carbon neutral nation that takes full responsibility for its greenhouse gas emissions. We have been working hard to modernise our fleet and set higher standards regarding the amount and toxicity of vehicle emissions but we also need to investigate how to reduce emissions in other key sectors of the economy. New Zealand is contributing to global climate change. New Zealand has one of the highest rates of car ownership in the world and a relatively aged vehicle fleet.• Continuing to further reduce the amount and toxicity of vehicle emissions. particularly on the air we breathe. We believe there is potential to tap into new technology for the agricultural sector. society. deal more effectively and efficiently with our waste and ensure New Zealanders are breathing clean air. We believe there is opportunity for local authorities to take leadership in reducing emissions in their local area. We need to address issues around water supply and quality. Labour will investigate new technologies and systems for reducing the toxicity produced through agricultural manufacturing processes. Like all economically developed nations. We need to be bold in our commitment to sustainability to protect New Zealand’s reputation as a country with a clean environment that has smart and innovative people and inclusive communities and that is also attractive to investors and visitors. Labour will develop tools for local authorities that will assist in the development and implementation of emissions reduction programmes. not only in the environment but also the economy. We believe more can be done in government and in business so that New Zealand becomes more sustainable. to be innovative in our production processes so we can reduce the impact of farming on the environment while also maximising the agricultural potential. However.

Using the development of sustainable business practice across the public sector. We believe that by working across government. Centres also provide valuable assistance to local authorities implementing local and regional plans. encouraging businesses to innovate and become more sustainable and by supporting Environment Centres to provide guidance and assistance within communities. we will enhance New Zealand’s level of sustainable practice. Labour will establish measurable standards and will encourage leadership of sustainable practice across the public sector. Labour will investigate further assistance for Environment Centres to help deliver guidance and leadership on sustainable business practice within their communities.Labour believes government must set the standard and take a leadership role on sustainability. We will focus on the development of better business practice with clear criteria around how businesses can operate sustainably. Labour will retain zero tolerance of unapproved GM organisms. Labour will implement a programme within government that: • • Establishes benchmarks and standards for what sustainable businesses look like Modifies the government contract tendering system to identify green businesses that comply with those benchmarks and standards and which want to tender for government contracts Labour recognises and values the role Environment Centres play in providing advice and guidance to their local communities and in bringing people together to take action in their local area to protect and enhance the environment. The commission recommended a precautionary approach whereby New Zealand’s unique environment would be protected but future options to take advantage of this new science would not be closed off. Labour endorsed that approach. Genetic Modification In July 2001. we believe it will be possible to establish benchmarks and standards for businesses wishing to work with government agencies to provide goods and services. Strong Proven Leadership 211 . the Royal Commission on genetic modification (GM) reported to the government on the issues surrounding genetic modification in New Zealand.

Strong Proven Leadership 212 . We believe it is necessary to enhance accountability and traceability relating to genetically modified organisms to protect New Zealand’s unique environment. We have moved to implement an open register of GM crops and location controls for GM crops and organisms. Work has been undertaken to increase certainty around the ability of non-GM producers to maintain GM-free production and to enable identification of their products as such.Labour in government has moved to strengthen New Zealand’s management of GM organisms. GM-free products in a world that is increasingly demanding such products. Our management and legislation in this area is recognised as being some of the most robust and stringent in the world. We believe these enhancements will add to our credibility as a market supplier of high quality. Labour believes enhancing accountability and transparency allows New Zealand to take a precautionary approach while preserving our ability to take advantage of future opportunities. Labour will implement: • • • A new segregation and traceability regime for genetically modified crops An enhanced public register of non-compliance with genetic modification controls A mandatory labelling of genetically modified propagation material at the point of sale.

Growing through Diversity Labour’s Policy for Ethnic Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 213 .

Strong Proven Leadership 214 .

Since appointing the first Minister for Ethnic Affairs in 1999. energy. alongside other traditional holidays. and society as a whole. ethnic New Zealanders are found in all occupations. Today. New Zealand competes internationally for skilled and talented migrants. and collaboration across all sectors of society including government. Strong Proven Leadership 215 . These include ensuring that ethnic communities have a sense of belonging in New Zealand and can play a part in the decisions that affect their lives. Ethnic diversity can benefit all spheres of our lives. Meeting the challenges of diversity requires vision. That contributes to a climate of understanding and helps break down barriers between communities. Increased ethnic diversity also brings challenges. Through the Office of Ethnic Affairs. regions. Labour has worked to promote a strong and self-directed ethnic sector. Labour is committed to building on its achievements over the last decade to ensure that New Zealand maximises the strengths and benefits of ethnic diversity. experience and connections that are vital for driving and sustaining our economic growth. Similarly. We have brought the festivals of Diwali and Chinese New Year to Parliament.Introduction Labour recognises there are significant advantages in New Zealand being an inclusive. leadership. it has ensured the interests of ethnic communities in decision-making and enhanced access to essential public services through the introduction of Language Line. the private sector. and walks of life. These people have the knowledge. and maintaining our reputation as a peaceful and cohesive country. Migrants also help to build strong and cohesive communities and enrich New Zealand’s cultural and social landscape with new perspectives. migrants need to be equipped for the changes that they and their families will experience as they settle and integrate into New Zealand society. colour and vitality. tolerant and multicultural nation. We will continue to enhance the settlement of new migrants and help all New Zealanders to seize the opportunities a more diverse population brings. It is important that host societies are prepared for the changes that ethnic diversity brings. and remains a country of understanding and respect for all of its people. We have to draw on international best practice as well as the views and experiences of ethnic New Zealanders to ensure that we have one of the best settlement programmes in the world.

adapting to life in a new country is always a challenge. Supporting Ethnic Communities Ethnic festivals are now a colourful part of our national life and provide a much appreciated opportunity for all New Zealanders to learn about other cultures. Enhancing these partnerships in other centres would enable more New Zealanders to experience Diwali (the Indian festival of lights). guards against discrimination and prejudice and enables the benefits of an ethnically diverse society to be available to everyone. Strong Proven Leadership 216 . Knowledge of the history. In some cities local authorities also partner with ethnic organisations to stage major festivals. International experience has shown that it is particularly important to help the children of migrants to successfully integrate as they can often feel a greater sense of alienation than their parents who have connections in the workforce and with other migrants. Most festivals rely on the volunteer effort and the fundraising skills of committed community members. Labour will continue to strengthen New Zealand’s settlement policies to ensure they cater to the diverse needs of the range of new New Zealanders settling here. Eid (the end of Ramadan). customs and practices of ethnic communities more widely available. Diversity is embodied as a core value in our new school curriculum and it is important that schools are better supported to adapt to the wider range of cultural backgrounds that pupils now come from. Schools are often the first place that newly settled migrants and other New Zealanders come into contact with each other. Labour will make information about the experiences. Chinese New Year and other festivals. Labour will develop a school liaison function within the Office of Ethnic Affairs. However.Settlement Settlement programmes generally do a good job introducing new migrants to the reality of life in New Zealand. A stronger emphasis on programmes that support non-working family members to adapt to life in this country and the inevitable adaptation of their cultural practices will assist new migrants to settle more quickly into life in New Zealand. Labour will establish a Community Festivals Fund which will assist communities to stage events showcasing their cultures to the wider community. culture and traditions of ethnic communities resident in New Zealand assists in positive settlement.

For example. police have appointed ethnic liaison officers. with Asian Kiwis in particular growing in numbers and as a proportion of overall population. Labour will expand the Office of Ethnic Affairs advisory services to regional communities with growing ethnic populations. Labour will formalise regular consultation involving the Office of Ethnic Affairs. Labour will work to use the knowledge and connections members of ethnic communities have with their countries of origin to help enhance New Zealand’s relationships with those countries in trade and cultural matters. the Ministry of Social Development and the Police with emerging migrant communities in major urban and provincial centres. Government services are now more responsive to New Zealand’s growing ethnic diversity.Almost a quarter of New Zealand’s population (23 per cent in 2006) were born overseas and the composition of our ethnic communities is changing. Many new migrants have well established networks in their home countries which New Zealand could better utilise as we seek to develop new international relationships and market opportunities. and the Office of Ethnic Affairs ensures the interests of ethnic communities are taken into account when policy decisions are taken across government. more than 100. Department of Labour. Language Line. Changes to seasonal employment policies and skill and labour shortages are also seeing growth in ethnic communities in regional New Zealand. Strong Proven Leadership 217 .000 calls have been handled by the free-to-user telephone interpreting service. Formalising the somewhat ad hoc contact that now exists between ethnic communities and core government agencies will better ensure connections between citizens and the public service.

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Conserving Restoring and Harvesting Labour’s Policy for Fisheries 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 219 .

Strong Proven Leadership 220 .

Labour has sought to minimise and eliminate expensive conflict in fisheries by facilitating dialogue both between and among competing interests.Introduction Labour understands fisheries are important to New Zealanders economically. Learning from the success of the Ministerial Recreational Advisory panel. not only for sustainable management of stocks but for the marine environment as a whole. culturally and environmentally. New Zealand has the fourth-largest Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the world and fishing is a major activity within it. Strong Proven Leadership 221 . Labour will also continue to encourage growth and innovation within our fishing industry. Labour believes the voices of all sectors within fisheries must be heard if we are to achieve a collaborative approach to the protection of our fisheries so they are available for future generations. Culturally and socially. Differing views over allocation and conservation have been a part of fisheries since fisheries law was first developed in New Zealand. means recreational and customary fishing has been highly valued by generations of New Zealanders. We need to understand the marine environment and the impact human activity has on it. Managing the fisheries resource for all Kiwis is at the heart of Labour’s fisheries policy. Our traditional love of the outdoors. socially. including aquaculture. The policy aims to balance the competing priorities of commercial. recreational. Labour will provide leadership for fisheries management including in the key areas of enforcement and fisheries research. Labour believes the system protects the rights of all New Zealanders to fish and take shellfish to feed their families while at the same time protecting valued fisheries. combined with relatively easy access to the sea and foreshore. Fisheries Management and Enforcement Labour substantially completed introduction of commercially-important aquatic species to the Quota Management System (QMS) and extended coverage of the system to highly-migratory species beyond New Zealand waters. Labour will maintain and increase investment in marine research. Science and research play a vital role in management of our fish stocks. we intend to extend this co-operative approach to other sectors. and customary fishers with ensuring that stocks are sustainable and our marine environment protected. fishing plays a central role in New Zealand’s way of life. such as tuna. The commercial seafood industry. is New Zealand’s fifth-largest export earner.

Sustainable Fisheries We will continue to champion sustainable fisheries and a precautionary approach when setting catch limits. Land development around the coast and pastoral farming can contribute to sedimentation of the marine area which suffocates shellfish beds and reduces water quality for other species. Labour will continue to ensure a comprehensive and pro-active approach to managing the environmental effects of fishing. and do so on an ecosystem basis.Labour will develop a more co-operative relationship with commercial and recreational fishers. support the honorary fisheries officer network. Land run-off and land use has the potential to adversely affect our fisheries. assist hapu and iwi to undertake fisheries management roles and increase monitoring of. Labour has focused on stopping the illegal harvest and trade (especially export) of high-value species such as paua and rock lobster. We will also develop electronic monitoring for smaller vessels. for example. Labour will improve coverage of independent fisheries ‘observers’ on fishing vessels where there is a need for better compliance or where there are information gaps on the environmental effects of fishing. Strong Proven Leadership 222 . Labour will continue to ensure the environmental principles of the Fisheries Act are applied throughout fisheries management. tangata whenua and other stakeholders. fishing vessels. Labour will continue to support Ministry of Fisheries to advocate through Resource Management Act processes to protect inshore fisheries threatened by sedimentation and pollution from the land. Labour will improve fisheries enforcement. Labour wants to continue efforts to reduce the effect of land use on the marine environment. and observers on. unregulated or unreported (IUU) fishing on the high seas and in shared fisheries. including the creation of a covert special tactics team within fisheries compliance. Labour will continue to improve the enforcement effort by. providing the capacity to investigate more complex offending. streamlining co-operation between different agencies and increasing maritime and aerial patrolling of fisheries. and facilitate self-management where appropriate. We have also stepped up initiatives to combat destructive fishing practices and illegal.

and input into. Labour established a recreational fishing ministerial advisory panel to advise on strategic issues affecting recreational fishers and to set up a network of regional recreational fishing forums to provide recreational fishers with knowledge of. total allowable catches could be set at lower levels than might otherwise be the case. or significantly above. including fisheries research and stock assessment. and invested in innovation to develop value-added seafood and marine products through ‘New Zealand Fast Forward’ and other initiatives. Maximum Sustainable Yield (the level of fish stock which allows maximum catch without compromising sustainability) to ensure better catch rates and larger fish. The $700 million Fast Forward Fund. Labour will work to enhance the quality of recreational fishing. where appropriate. Labour will improve information on the nature and extent of recreational fishers’ fishing activities in significant recreational fisheries. including. Labour recognises the desire of recreational fishers to have ready access to resources. to be matched by private funding. Labour will build on and strengthen the regional recreational fishing forums. Labour also recognises the desire of recreational fishers to have some hope of catching the ‘trophy fish’. This means that in some fisheries. We have facilitated the development of the aquaculture industry strategy ‘Our Blue Horizons’. was introduced by Labour to substantially boost research in the food and pastoral sectors to help grow internationally-competitive firms. managing some recreational species above. cost recovery rules. The heart of any fisheries management system is information. Information on the recreational catch has historically been sparse and there has been a need for more accurate and extensive data both to determine the nature and extent of recreational fishing.Recreational Use of Fisheries Labour will ensure that recreational use of fisheries is fully protected. the setting and use of deemed values and the operation of the annual catch entitlement market. Commercial Fisheries Labour will continue to work with stakeholders to make fisheries management processes more efficient and effective. and ensure that this information is made available to recreational fishing organisations. Labour will work with industry to ensure continued growth and innovation in the seafood sector and to improve the sustainable Strong Proven Leadership 223 . fisheries management processes.

It also includes iwi. These include commercial fishers filling orders for export markets. Labour recognises the need to permit foreign vessels and foreign labour to assist in the industry where New Zealand does not have the skills and capital. By their nature.economic performance of the sector with emphasis on value-added processing for the benefit of New Zealanders. Labour remains committed to development of Aquaculture Management Areas around New Zealand and will continue to facilitate development of the industry. local recreational fishers and conservationists and scientists investigating marine species. Labour also believes that granting this privilege to the industry should not undermine the position of domestic vessels and labour. processes and requirements for the establishment of aquaculture management areas to remove any unnecessary barriers to their establishment. The New Zealand aquaculture industry has huge potential to contribute to our economy and to ensure we produce seafood that is sustainable and environmentallyfriendly. Labour will encourage maximum participation by New Zealanders in our fisheries and seafood processing at New Zealand rates of pay and conditions of work. Strong Proven Leadership 224 . Labour will review. Labour recognises the marine environment is harsh on fishing gear and equipment and that innovation and investment in technology is crucial in the processing sector. With so many groups. local government and other stakeholders to implement the aquaculture reforms and help the aquaculture industry reach its potential in an environmentally-sustainable way consistent with ecosystem-based management. Labour will review investment and depreciation provisions for fishing and aquaculture activities to ensure that they are appropriate. forging agreement on which areas should be protected remains a challenge. Labour will continue to work with industry. and put in place enhancements to. reforms and developments in aquaculture are relatively complex and Labour recognises that Territorial Authorities and Stakeholders will need some assistance and leadership in making them work. Protecting our Ocean Resources Many different groups have a high level of interest in our marine areas.

We will be vigilant over species that are under threat and act as necessary. In the past. including sea-lions. and this extends to the sea. Labour values our status as a world leader in protecting threatened species. Communities deserve a say in where and what marine protection is proposed. Labour will implement a network of marine reserves and other protected areas for the protection of marine biodiversity with the aim of having 10 percent of our marine environment in some form of protection. using a range of options such as trawling and dredging bans as well as marine reserves and other protective measures. the world’s rarest marine dolphins. Now we are moving forward with a more collaborative approach. International Initiatives We will promote the development of effective Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs) under UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea). to achieve sustainable ecosystem-based management of oceans and fisheries and protection of the marine environment. some populations are only just beginning to recover. Labour will monitor the effectiveness of existing marine mammal sanctuaries and support the development of further protective measures or sanctuaries as necessary. Labour will work through international organisations to achieve stronger protection for whales. protection has been fragmented and ad hoc. A plan to halt the decline of the Maui and Hector’s Dolphins. and other sea birds remain at risk from commercial fishing-related threats. Strong Proven Leadership 225 . Labour will work to achieve further reductions in fisheries by-catch of marine mammals and seabirds. albatross. Labour has strongly backed international efforts to ensure the world’s whale populations continue to be protected from commercial fishing. including through the use of mandatory targets and mitigation measures. to end ‘scientific’ whaling and to advance the South Pacific Whale Sanctuary. After a century of exploitation. However other species. is now underway. including RFMOs for the Tasman Sea and South Pacific. While we implement change to protect our marine environment.But our approach is changing.

providing the platform for allocation to iwi of fisheries and aquaculture assets. While these commercial asset claims and distributions are largely settled. This must also be recognised and provided for within the network of protected areas. Labour recognises the ability to manage valued inshore fisheries and traditional shellfish-gathering areas is important to Māori.We will work to reduce environmental pressures caused by subsidies that promote over-capacity and over-exploitation. Labour will continue to implement the Māori customary fishing regulations. Māori Customary Rights Labour enacted the Māori Fisheries Act 2004 and settled Māori commercial aquaculture interests. The development of taiapure and mātaitai reserves also contributes to the overall management of important local fisheries. especially in the Ross Sea. Strong Proven Leadership 226 . Labour will facilitate the development of taiapure and mātaitai reserves to enhance the sustainability of kai moana and to complement marine reserves. Iwi have a special stake in the protection and sustainable use of our marine life. and remove trade barriers to sustainablyproduced seafood products. progress on the implementation of customary claims for iwi and hapu has not been as fast. We will advocate the development of a network of marine reserves and other marine protected areas around Antarctica. and the restriction of fishing activity to levels appropriate for the sensitive nature of the Antarctic environment and its important scientific and wilderness values.

Enhancing and Protecting our Food Sector Labour’s policy for Food Safety 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 227 .

Strong Proven Leadership 228 .

We are committed to reducing compliance costs for business and will ensure traditional kiwi activities. We want to ensure that any regulation is appropriate for the risk it addresses so that compliance costs are kept as low as possible. pot luck events. risk-based approach to food safety. maintaining our reputation for quality and protecting consumers from unsafe food. the food sector represents more than 50 percent of total merchandise exports from New Zealand. Labour believes regulation needs to be appropriate for the risk it addresses. Labour is committed to having a world-class. it is essential to apply precaution when faced with scientific uncertainty. Labour will maintain a world-class. like sausage sizzles. New Zealand’s food sector accounts for at least 10 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). New Zealand consumers expect their food to be safe. risk-based regulatory framework to ensure our food is safe for consumption and meets the requirements of our domestic and overseas markets. Labour is committed to a responsive and responsible approach to food safety issues. Labour will protect and foster our food sector as a vital part of New Zealand’s economy: • food product and food ingredient export revenue earns New Zealand over $15 billion per annum. In adopting a responsive and responsible evidence-based approach to food safety. risk-based framework to tackle food safety issues.Introduction A trusted reputation for safe and suitable food is integral to New Zealand’s social and economic development. Food exports comprise almost 50 percent of our export income so New Zealand's economic growth depends on our reputation as a producer and exporter of safe food. Likewise. Labour’s food safety vision is for an effective. • • Safe and Suitable Food Food production is of central importance to the New Zealand economy. school or sports club fundraisers and community fairs will be free from unnecessary regulation. Strong Proven Leadership 229 .

To do this we must be able to provide genuine and reliable assurance to our export markets of the safety and suitability of our premium and innovative food products. standards are essential. Labour will assist the food industry to reach its full potential with a smart. Labour is committed to reducing our high rates of foodborne illness.Labour will set ambitious targets to reduce foodborne illness. For consumers to have confidence in the quality and safety of these products. Labour will support our Pacific neighbours to put in place internationally benchmarked food safety systems. We are encouraging research through tax credits for research and development undertaken by business. Labour will support New Zealand's reputation as a trustworthy food producer. Labour recognises the importance of our international reputation as a trustworthy food producer. We will support business innovation by developing standards for new foods and technologies. niche products. Food is a key research area. We will partner with our Pacific neighbours to help them build capacity and expertise in food safety management and support them to have a voice in international standard setting forums. A challenge we face is reducing the high rates of campylobacter in New Zealand. Labour will build on this. Strong Proven Leadership 230 . enabling and cost-effective regulatory system. highquality. Labour is committed to minimising compliance costs wherever possible. New Zealand has innovative businesses that want to develop and sell new. and for the products to have access to world markets. We aim to reduce the costs to the health system and to employers through time off work for illness caused by food. Work already undertaken shows promising results.

Trade and Official Development Assistance 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 231 .Securing New Zealand’s Independent Voice in the World Labour’s Policy for Foreign Affairs.

Strong Proven Leadership 232 .

And we will give priority to reaching out to. makes a significant contribution to the world community as a good international citizen. Our first priority is our immediate neighbourhood. and to involve civil society through the work of organisations such as the Pacific Cooperation Foundation and the Pacific/NZ Business Council. Our aim is to create an international system which is rules-based rather than one where countries impose their will on others by virtue of their size and power. notwithstanding our small size. New Zealand has: • • successfully concluded peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Bougainville deployed effective peacekeeping operations in 13 countries involving over 400 men and women currently played a key role in peacekeeping operations in Timor Leste. stable and secure. has strong values and. countries in the wider region of the Asia-Pacific which is increasingly important to us economically and politically. We are committed to working with the New Zealand Pacific community to develop our policies in the region. the South Pacific. the Solomons and Bamyan. Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution Under a Labour-led government. stability and 233 • Strong Proven Leadership . values and objectives including Australia. It is our priority area for development assistance. and working together with. We believe the path to achieve this must first and foremost be a multilateral one. Our vision is of a world which is peaceful. democratic and socially just. the European Union and the United States. We are committed to acting collectively to deal with problems which increasingly transcend national boundaries. Afghanistan where we have helped ensure security. working through and seeking to improve organisations such as the United Nations and World Trade Organisation. We will continue to work closely with traditional friends with whom we share common institutions. prosperous.Introduction Under Labour New Zealand has strengthened its reputation internationally as a country which thinks independently.

We will back Defence Force participation that is necessary for security and stabilisation. New Zealand has: • put our principles into practice and maintained New Zealand’s status as a proudly nuclear free country Strong Proven Leadership 234 . • made a tangible contribution as a good international citizen winning a reputation for effective and competent peacekeeping Labour will ensure New Zealand plays a leading role in peacemaking and conflict resolution. particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. with a particular focus on our responsibilities in the Pacific. Police and NZAID. including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. We want to build on New Zealand’s reputation as a fair and independent voice in world affairs to be a country that can help prevent conflict and build a sustainable base for enduring peace. and in New Zealand civil society to play a proactive role in conflict resolution and international mediation. We will work actively with Pacific nations to support conflict resolution training for leaders and emerging leaders in the Pacific. work actively with host countries to assist with development and address the causes of conflict. We also played a significant role in restoring order after the civil unrest in Tonga.progress in development. Labour will continue to contribute peacekeepers to United Nationsendorsed peacekeeping missions. Labour will work in cooperation with universities and non-government organisations to support the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies to provide analysis. New Zealand Defence Force. We will also support and further develop the role already being played effectively by New Zealand in inter-faith dialogue and the alliance of civilizations. We will also develop New Zealand’s capacity both within government agencies. Disarmament Under a Labour-led government. support and training for increasing New Zealand’s role in conflict resolution and international mediation.

while using the most effective tactical means to secure that objective by focusing on step by step progress towards it completing the implementation of nuclear weapons free zones achieving universal compliance with Chemical and Biological Weapons Conventions 235 • • • • • • • • • Strong Proven Leadership . strengthening the Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty.• played an important role as part of the New Agenda Coalition at the forefront of pushing for nuclear disarmament. This includes: • ensuring the success of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Review Conference in 2010 in taking the steps agreed in 2000 towards nuclear disarmament taking nuclear weapons off high alert status pushing for deep reductions in the stockpile of current nuclear weapons prohibiting the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons working with the G8 Global partnership to secure all Weapons of Mass Destruction–related material and equipment from theft and acquisition by terrorists taking effective steps to prevent further proliferation of nuclear weapons by countries such as North Korea and Iran preventing the expansion of the arms race into space working towards the ultimate outlawing of all nuclear weapons. bringing into force the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and introducing a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty led an initiative with the UN First Committee to de-alert / lower the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems worked as a leading member of the Oslo group to conclude a legally binding instrument to ban cluster munitions which will be signed by over 100 countries this December • • Labour will increase its engagement with like-minded countries to press for ending the failure of current multilateral discussions in Geneva to progress nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.

We have also: Strong Proven Leadership 236 . We will continue to support the United Nations as the pre-eminent global forum for resolving international disputes and finding solutions to global problems Climate Change and Sustainability Under a Labour-led government. recklessness and greed which have contributed to the crisis and creating a system which demonstrates greater transparency. We will work multilaterally to promote sustainable resource use and conservation of global natural resources.Multilateralism Labour will work with other countries to reform international financial institutions and systems to tackle the causes of the world’s current financial crisis. chairing the Agriculture Negotiating Committee and participating in the core Ministerial Green Room negotiating group. at the request of the UN. integrity and responsibility. New Zealand has played a leadership role in the WTO. preventing the extravagance. New Zealand hosted World Environment Day played an active role in last year’s Bali climate change conference became one of the first countries to introduce an Emissions Trading Scheme which covers all sectors of the economy led research on livestock methane emissions and abatement • • • • Labour will actively engage in efforts to achieve a comprehensive post2012 agreement on climate change with New Zealand playing a leadership role at home and internationally. New Zealand has: • committed New Zealand as a leader in promoting a sustainable economy and environment and to working for an effective international and national response to climate change this year. Trade Under a Labour-led government.

World Trade Organisation-consistent. Chile. Singapore. This agreement will be expanded to cover other countries and has the potential to become the world’s most important pluri-lateral free trade agreement. fair and transparent. We will also develop further the Closer Economic Relationship between Australia and New Zealand into a Single Economic Market Labour will bring into effect as soon as possible the Free Trade Agreement between Australia. Malaysia and India or to achieve similar high quality outcomes through the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement Labour will develop the Pacific Area Closer Economic Relationship with Pacific Forum countries mindful of the need for PACER to be consistent with development assistance objectives of both the Forum countries and New Zealand. bilateral trade agreements with priority given to the Republic of Korea. collectively our third largest export market • • • We initiated negotiations with the United States to join our high quality P4 free trade agreement which will become the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement. and build upon the resulting Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement giving other countries the ability to join an agreement which is high quality. seeking a liberalised and fair trading environment for agricultural goods in particular and outcomes to enhance development prospects in the developing world Labour will complete free trade negotiations between the P4 (New Zealand. comprehensive and inclusive. Brunei) nations and the United States. China concluded a free trade agreement with Asean and Australia which covers all items of trade interest with Asean. We will maintain as our priority a conclusion to the Doha Round of the World Trade Organisation. Japan. Labour will press for a rules-based. Strong Proven Leadership 237 . multilateral global trading system which is free. New Zealand and the Asean Countries.• allowed duty free / quota free entry to New Zealand from least developed countries continued to develop the Closer Economic Relationship with Australia towards a single economic market become the first OECD country to negotiate a high quality and comprehensive free trade agreement with the world’s fastest growing economy. We will continue to seek high quality.

Labour created New Zealand Trade and Enterprise as a trade promotion and capacitybuilding organisation which this year won the award for the World’s best trade promotion organisation at the World Trade Promotion Organisation Labour will work through New Zealand Trade and Enterprise to strengthen programmes for export promotion and capacity building which are WTO consistent. aligning our assistance with their needs and priorities.35% of GNI. • • • Labour will work towards the achievement of 0. ensuring that the assistance has tangible and positive impacts and working with recipient countries to ensure shared accountability and responsibilities for the effectiveness of the aid.2% to 0. Strong Proven Leadership 238 . Official Development Assistance Under a Labour-led government. New Zealand has: • doubled the level of Official Development Assistance (ODA) from under $250 million to $520 million. reaching the mid-point of 0. established NZAID as semi-autonomous development assistance organization with a clear goal of poverty elimination directed that NZAID should have a core focus on the Pacific and the agency has been steadily increasing the proportion of ODA to the region to over 50% of total ODA and 80% of all bilateral aid taken measures to ensure the increasing effectiveness of aid such as harmonisation with other donors and improving accountability and alignment with local needs and priorities. increasing it as a percentage of Gross National Income (GNI) from 0. through ensuring ownership by developing countries of their development process. improving education and health and improving capabilities to manage conflict. harmonising New Zealand development assistance with that of other donors.7% of Gross National Income in development assistance. strengthening governance.3%. Aid will reach over $622 million by 2010 or . respect human rights and sustainably manage natural resources Labour will take further measures to increase the effectiveness of our ODA. We will continue to focus on the Pacific as a priority area for New Zealand’s development assistance with priority given to achieving economic growth and improved livelihoods.35% by 2010.

We will promote the rights of women internationally. New Zealand has: • worked closely with the countries of the Pacific Forum to promote progress. We will also maintain our intake of refugees and ensure that they are given the support necessary to make a successful transition to life in New Zealand.Labour will work with the international community towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. including sexual and reproductive health. promote respect for human rights and strive to implement universally the ideals of the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. the Asean Regional Forum and the East Asia Summit to promote a more integrated. Furthering New Zealand’s Relationships Under a Labour-led government. terrorism and security concerns • • Strong Proven Leadership 239 . Human Rights Under a Labour-led government. New Zealand has: • consistently promoted human rights both in bilateral relationships and in multilateral forums spoken out against human rights abuses in countries like Myanmar and Zimbabwe chaired and helped pass the Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities • • Labour will work bilaterally and in multilateral forums to condemn human rights abuses. including access to education and health services. stable and secure region worked with traditional friends and allies to deal with trans-boundary issues such as people and drug smuggling. stability and sustainability in the Pacific worked bilaterally across Asia-Pacific and through organisations such as APEC.

including through the Pacific Island Forum and the Pacific Plan with the objective of promoting social and economic development. We will increase our links and involvement in the Asia Pacific area to promote a more integrated. Norway and the European Union. film cooperation agreements. We will strengthen our political. where appropriate. economic and environmental cooperation with traditional and like-minded friends such as Australia. Central Europe and Russia. Labour will explore and develop new relationships with regions such as Latin America. working holiday schemes. through arrangements such as trade cooperation. and Africa including. Canada. Strong Proven Leadership 240 .Labour will give priority to strengthening cooperative relationships with our Pacific Island neighbours. and people to people relationships. stability and good governance. the UK and US. stable and secure region. sustainability.

A forestry sector for the benefit of New Zealand’s economy and environment Labour’s policy for Forestry 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 241 .

Strong Proven Leadership 242 .

City investors may become involved. regional councils and tertiary educational institutions. It is a diverse sector and includes large corporate plantations along with smaller. many other species. are being grown. privately and publicly owned forests. forests must cover at least one hectare. Labour is committed to achieving fairer rules based on sound science as the basis for New Zealand’s domestic policies. Labour will continue to develop the sustainable wood campaign as well as develop new measures to both strengthen the economics of forestry and recognise the many non-commercial benefits of forests including carbon sequestration. Forestry is New Zealand’s fourth-largest export earner. Government agencies and regional councils will then work closely with landowners to identify land suitable for growing trees while at the same time ensuring we use our productive land for agriculture. Labour will use a range of incentive schemes. flood and erosion mitigation and protection of water quality and biodiversity. Our forests are found on farms and lifestyle blocks as well as large plantations. to persuade landowners to plant suitable land in appropriate tree species. The initial Kyoto Protocol negotiating round recognised the relevance of forests to climate change but the rules it imposed in 1997 were unsatisfactory. Labour will continue existing policies which assist the industry by ensuring training for industry personnel and adequate infrastructure of road and rail for harvesting the future wood volumes New Zealand forests will produce over the next few years. building on the current Afforestation Grant Scheme and the Hill Country Erosion Scheme. A Labour Government will consult with relevant tertiary institutions over the development of the land use strategy to provide the necessary knowledge and an Strong Proven Leadership 243 . While radiata pine and Douglas Fir dominate current plantations. Using our Land to Achieve Economic Growth while Protecting the Environment Integrated land use Labour will encourage integrated land use approaches involving farmers and foresters.Introduction New Zealand needs a strong. By definition. knowledge-based economy. either for harvest or as permanent forest sinks. including indigenous varieties. viable and expanding forest estate and associated processing sector that contributes to the continued growth of a sustainable. providing useful capital.

sector support for the strategy and public understanding of it. Labour will prepare an integrated land use strategy to ensure both cross.awareness of the advantages of such an integrated approach for skills development and expansion among future farmers and foresters. Maori and local bodies to encourage steady rates of sustainable planting. Exploring alternative tree species Labour will reinforce and expand existing initiatives of Scion and Future Forests Research Ltd to develop alternative plantation tree species. The focus on indigenous species to identify those that might be economically viable could include kauri. a stable workforce and steady sequestration of carbon dioxide. A sustainable and renewable resource Strong Proven Leadership 244 . totara. There are at least six exotic species which could be researched: blackwoods. The expansion of the existing programme will cover both exotic and indigenous species. the beeches. Labour will ensure that forestry plays its part in New Zealand’s economic development by moving from a commodity-type primary industry to one producing higher value and specialised products. tawa. Changing planting patterns Labour recognises the need to move beyond the ‘stop go’ planting patterns of the last twenty years and promote steady rates of sustainable planting. and rimu. farming interests. Government agencies will be asked to monitor planting rates and make this information available. The three current Afforestation grants schemes. poplars and redwoods. However. Labour will strengthen the Climate Change Plan of Action and work with forestry interests. the forestry provisions of the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and the Permanent Forest Sink Initiative (PFSI) will separately or in combination provide incentives for this planting approach. Regional Councils will have a key role in assisting sustainable planting at the local level. cypresses. This will help ensure a continuous log supply. Douglas fir. some eucalypts. The detail of the Afforestation schemes and who may access them will be reviewed in 2010 and modified if necessary. the position of those using the various schemes will be safeguarded by ensuring that those entering a scheme in the expectation of receiving a grant for a specific period have their rights preserved even if the rules change.

As new research findings emerge they will need to be made widely available. Wood can replace fossil fuels through finding efficient ways to use it as fuel. We also need to address the technical and non-technical barriers to trade and to fasttrack consideration of fumigation issues with Australia which are a cost to the industry and a health hazard to workers. particularly the use of wood waste. Information already exists. Information on creating permanent sink forests grown primarily for carbon storage is also needed. Labour will promote the use of wood as a renewable and environmentally friendly resource. the role of tree planting in good land management and the economics of different tree species. but it needs to be gathered together from official sources and private agencies. A number of initiatives will increase New Zealanders’ awareness of the role wood can play on climate change including educating the public on its desirable qualities from a climate change point of view. promoting the greater use of wood as a sustainable. Labour wants to ensure that good financial and technical information is available to all those involved with the forestry sector including investors and those responsible for the Department of Conservation’s indigenous planting programmes. management and harvesting of forests.Forests will play an increasingly important role in our efforts to tackle the issue of climate change. concrete and aluminium. good investment Good investment decisions are based on sound and timely information. planting and planting sites and managing and harvesting different species. The information will cover the Emissions Trading Scheme and current Afforestation schemes. Strong Proven Leadership 245 . Using different varieties of wood in the construction industry could involve a focus on the use of untreated Douglas fir in appropriate circumstances. It will also cover species selection. climate-friendly building material and reducing the use of energy-intensive materials such as steel. Good information. Labour will direct government agencies to assemble and disseminate up-to-date information on issues relevant to the planting.

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Healthier Kiwis Labour’s policy for Health 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 247 .

Strong Proven Leadership 248 .

Introduction Labour is committed to providing a safe. Our Priorities The health system has undergone massive change in the last 9 years but there is still much to be done. Communities also have a greater say in how their health services are run through democratically elected District Health Boards. We have five major priorities for the next three years: • continue to promote and fund preventive health strategies to target public health issues and further boost primary care. cancer and orthopaedics. A million Kiwis pay just $16 for a consultation. with the average cost of seeing a GP just $26 nationwide. In the last nine years there has been a major hospital building programme from Kaitaia to Invercargill. Labour will continue to invest in preventative and primary health care because we recognise that prevention and early intervention are more cost effective. and ensure we have the health workforce we need through improved recruitment and retention initiatives and workforce planning. Primary health care is now much cheaper. fund a range of programmes targeting obesity. upgrading health facilities. We will continue to work to make our health system stronger and safer by building strong regional clinical networks. ensure that older people have access to high quality aged care facilities. New Zealanders now have a health system that is more affordable. Ten new specialist units have been either built or upgraded throughout the country. with seven new hospitals being built and another eight receiving major upgrades. affordable and accessible public health system you can trust – a world class system of healthcare for every New Zealander regardless of their ability to pay. and reducing waiting times for elective surgery in priority areas such as cardiac. • • • • Strong Proven Leadership 249 . Most prescription medicines now cost just $3. Labour will decisively tackle remaining workforce issues facing the sector and ensure that older people have access to high quality aged care facilities. accessible and responsive to their needs. continue to target reduced waiting times for hospital outpatient appointments and planned admissions. Another five major upgrades are underway.

The latest data. We need to ensure the clinical safety of residents and patients in aged care facilities and the sustainability of the workforce. We also want more transparent processes so individuals and families have access to good quality information about rest home services. such as Healthy Eating Healthy Action. the average waiting time has increased. They can also be the most effective because they help prevent people from getting sick. treatment can be not only more effective but come at least cost to the health system. By the end of last year. Labour is committed to workforce planning and recruitment and retention that Strong Proven Leadership 250 . It is. increase activity levels and improve overall health. The health workforce A strong and well-resourced health workforce is necessary for a strong public health system. By recognising symptoms and identifying illness at the earliest opportunity. We will ensure that overall waiting times do not increase. In primary care. Labour has put in place a number of programmes. however. our objective will be to maintain affordability with a priority on reducing the cost of going to the doctor for under-18s and over-64s. from the New Zealand Health Survey 2006/07. Reduced waiting times There has been significant growth in elective surgery in the last three years. 92 percent of people received treatment within this period. More people than ever who need treatment are getting it. from boosting immunisations and diabetes checks to reducing the stigma associated with mental illness.Preventive health strategies and primary care Preventative health care and primary health care are the earliest interventions in the health system. We have undertaken a number of preventative health campaigns. and when put on a waiting list they are assured of surgery within six months. As more people join waiting lists. suggests the rate of growth in obesity is beginning to slow. cancer and orthopaedic services. It is our goal to turn this slowdown into a reduction in the obesity rate. Targeting obesity Obesity is a major health problem in New Zealand and without further action is likely to continue to be so. High quality aged care The health and wellbeing of our old people is of the utmost importance. and focus on reducing them in priority areas such as cardiac. Fruit in Schools and Mission On to improve nutrition. Labour will continue to fund and roll out innovative public health strategies. still less than half the maximum six month period.

Accessible and Affordable Labour believes that good public health care improves the overall level of public wellbeing. We now have Primary Health Organisations (non-profit community-based organisations that distribute funds for primary health care) and District Health Boards (democratic and community-orientated boards that organise and govern delivery of health services). cancer. These strategies are working.800 young people used dental services The smoking rate fell below 20% for the first time There was an increase of 8% in annual diabetes checks. diabetes. Labour will continue to set nationwide health targets in priority public health areas such as immunisation. elective services. cardiovascular disease. effective. tobacco. They cover topics such as quitting smoking. prevent illness. We will ensure there are incentives for people to enter or return to the health workforce and will centralise workforce planning in the Ministry of Health so that it is better able to identify workforce pressures and demands across the whole sector. mental health. A greater focus should be placed on preventing illness and supporting wellness by providing New Zealanders with the information and support they need to make healthy decisions about their own lives. Parents now also have wider and more affordable access to immunisations for their children. and treat illness when it does occur. getting children immunised. play on radio and appear in newspapers and magazines to assist New Zealanders to make good decisions about their health and lives. and limiting alcohol.900 more children were immunised than the previous year There were 1. healthy eating and exercise. Secure. mental health and addictions.is robust. avoidable hospital admissions. A wide range of information campaigns screen on television. During this time there has been a massive shift in the structure of the health system. Public Health Services – Safe. diabetes. These have replaced the profit-driven model of the 1990s. cancer waiting list times. Labour in Government has set ambitious strategies for primary health. In the last year alone: • • • • • 4. oral health.120 fewer avoidable hospital admissions An additional 1. Over the last nine years Labour has invested heavily in public health services to promote wellbeing. elective surgery and smoking cessation. We will continue to work hard to ensure that New Zealanders have the best possible access to public health resources as well as accurate information so they can make important health-related decisions. and systematic. Strong Proven Leadership 251 . oral health.

It is our goal to turn this slowdown into a reduction in the obesity rate. but more needs to be done to bring it under control. That’s why. We will continue to set national targets in these priority areas. monitor progress. smoking cessation and efficiency in all services across the health sector.5 years longer and women an average of 2.healthier lifestyles. Labour will continue its investment in education and preventative strategies to ensure that people have access to the best possible information about health issues and can make informed decisions about their lifestyle. We have initiated a number of public health campaigns which are making important contributions to New Zealand’s wellbeing – such as Healthy Eating Healthy Action / Mission On to target obesity and diabetes. Fruit in Schools and Mission On to improve nutrition. Cardiovascular disease has been reduced from the number one to number two killer because of increased access to healthy heart drugs like statins. in 2007. This is why diseases like obesity are a major focus for us. including “P” • chronic and non-communicable diseases such as diabetes. We have put in place a number of programmes. we established the Health Targets and a system for annual reporting. education. increase activity levels and improve overall health. It is essential that primary healthcare services also contribute to public health campaigns in our communities. We believe that Health Targets are an important way to increase performance in the health system and to focus our attention on areas of need. and preventive health strategies at a nationwide and community level to target: • obesity • the incidence of health conditions related to smoking • the impact of poor housing on health • problem gambling and drug and alcohol addiction. The rate of smoking has dropped to the lowest rate in over three decades. But the gap between Pakeha and Maori or Pacific Islanders is still too great. Strong Proven Leadership 252 . respiratory and heart disease. The bottom line is that New Zealanders are living longer since Labour became the Government. Good progress is being made in key areas. and make adjustments to funding and services where necessary.2 years. smoking cessation programmes. The obesity growth rate is slowing. Labour will continue to promote and fund primary health care. alcohol and binge-drinking awareness. such as Healthy Eating Healthy Action. The Like Minds Like Mine mental health awareness campaign has been very successful. They also give the public important information on how the health system is performing. and problem gambling. Men are now living an average of 3.

Labour will ensure integrated service delivery for preventive and primary health care. Labour will develop a co-ordinated approach to promoting hearing health education. It is not good for Kiwis or the health system to wait and get seriously ill before treatment. More people are now getting screened for breast cancer. It is important that New Zealanders use health services to stay well. and that linkages between preventative. Over the last nine years we have worked hard to ensure that preventative health programmes and primary health care play important roles in keeping people healthy and away from hospitals. the health system was market-driven and hospitalcentric. Labour will ensure that this focus on preventative and primary health is maintained and strengthened. Ten years ago. They are important parts of our Primary Health Care Strategy. Labour will continue to support long-term research on public health so we can continue to roll out innovative programmes that prevent people becoming sick. This is an important commitment but we also realise that preventative education is equally important if people are to prevent their hearing from deteriorating. Strong Proven Leadership 253 . increasing the subsidy from $198 to $500. wellness support. Primary Health Care – More Affordable and Accessible Primary healthcare is the support Kiwis receive from frontline health workers in their community. we committed $18 million over four years for Super Gold Card holders for hearing aids. In turn this results in less pressure on our hospitals. accessing early intervention diabetes services through the diabetes Get Checked programme and getting childhood immunisations and influenza immunisations through outreach services. diagnosis and intervention lead to healthier people and families. In this year’s Budget. Early and effective access. primary and hospital care are as strong as possible. It is the family doctor (general practitioner) or practice nurse that people see at their local clinic. not just when they are sick. Accurate information about the drivers of disease is vital if we are to respond effectively and implement preventative strategies. Labour will support long-term public health research to deal with the underlying causes of illness.

The strategy is about much more than price – it is a long-term investment in the health of all New Zealanders. we will prioritise reducing the cost of going to the doctor for those aged six to 17 years and for people over 64. Rather than let the market decide who gets health care. In so doing. we have halved the cost of seeing a doctor. Doctors. That was happening in the 1990s. the structures through which GPs provide integrated services to their patients. work and play in the 21st century. As part of our primary healthcare strategy. Our health plans are ambitious and will evolve to meet the needs of all New Zealanders. drawing together GP services and other allied health professionals. ‘One stop shop’ facilities are an innovation in primary health care that we want to encourage. Labour will encourage development of more ‘one stop shop’ facilities for primary health care. they become the key players in primary health delivery within District Health Board areas. Most New Zealanders know that in the last few years it has become significantly cheaper to visit a GP while the cost of prescriptions has dropped significantly. Central to the delivery of enhanced primary care are Primary Health Organisations (PHOs). nurses and other professionals are now working more closely to deliver services that reflect how we live. PHOs at their best bring together a range of effective primary care services. Labour will further improve access to primary health care services by addressing barriers and improving models of care. a diagnostic laboratory. Early treatment and advice prevents many illnesses from becoming more serious and enables more Kiwis to take control of their health and wellbeing. Having X-ray services.Labour has always believed that families should never have to choose between going to the doctor and putting food on the table. We want PHOs and general practices to ensure a more consistent focus on services that are integrated with other health professionals. we are working to expand and strengthen services and to ensure strong links between the people who already deliver health or community services to Kiwi communities. based on the needs of the patients they serve. healthy lives. Labour has worked to rebuild our primary care sector and support the staff who work in it. The most effective PHOs tend to have a clear focus on a geographic area or a specific population. a pharmacy and other allied health services like physiotherapy under the same roof is more convenient for Strong Proven Leadership 254 . Labour will continue to work towards reducing the cost of GP visits for younger and older New Zealanders so that young people get medical advice early and so that older people can lead active. Over the coming years.

This model enables health professionals to work in closer collaboration. irrespective of whether they work in a ‘one stop shop’ environment. high quality and comprehensive primary healthcare services. It means a greater role for practice nurses in triaging consultations. A pilot screening programme will start next year and a full-scale programme is expected to be rolled out by the end of 2011. Labour will link DHBs and PHOs through district-wide primary healthcare development plans. Labour believes there is an opportunity to better integrate primary care with the public health system by encouraging DHBs to start employing GPs directly. where DHBs contract and fund them for their services through Primary Health Organisations. Labour will implement. Strong Proven Leadership 255 . These plans will help ensure that patients have access to seamless. We announced earlier this year that we would fast-track this programme. This system has been trialled by West Coast DHB.patients and means they are more likely to get their tests and pick up their prescriptions. further improving outcomes for their patients. and sets out how they intend to reduce and remove these. Labour will prevent unnecessary hospitalisation through collaborative teamwork in local primary care. well before the original date of 2014. We have one of the highest death rates in the world from this disease. a comprehensive nationwide bowel cancer screening programme. Labour will promote a DHB-salaried General Practitioner option as one way of better integrating primary health care. We also want primary care teams to work more collaboratively. significant parts of the West Coast would be without GP care. Each DHB will work closely with their PHOs to compile a development plan that identifies gaps in primary health services and barriers to access. Without this model. Most General Practitioners work in an independent small business environment. Another way we will ensure there are no gaps in services for communities is to develop primary healthcare development plans in each District Health Board area. A national screening programme could save up to 100 lives every year. This will include strengthening links between general practices and allied health professionals like psychologists and physiotherapists. Bowel cancer is the most common cancer in New Zealand. as soon as possible. Labour will work with DHBs to increase the number of ‘one stop shop’ facilities throughout New Zealand.

That would be a disaster. exploring opportunities for collective purchasing to maximise public investment. We will continue to encourage DHBs to work together to lift the overall health of New Zealanders. along with one-stop community health centres and their staff. serving very different local communities. an integrated network of efficient District Health Boards. These new hospitals. There are also more staff in our hospitals and theatres now than ever before . Today… District Health Boards have brought democratic governance to the provision of health services in communities. Labour has filled the gaps which opened up in our public health system during the 1990s. and public hospitals. Elected and appointed board deliver the highest level of service for their Ten years ago… hospitals were run as profit-making enterprises under Crown Health Enterprises. and run by. and clear leadership from government. with a central coordinating role for the Ministry of Health. For have one of the youngest populations in New to reflect that. Our vision is for an integrated and mutually supported DHB network. unlike right-wing politicians who want to set up regional purchasing agencies to promote competition. Over the last nine years we have rebuilt our ‘bricks and mortar’ with a major hospital building programme from Kaitaia to Invercargill.over 1. in Counties Manukau we Zealand. Labour is committed to a strong. safe health system delivered through. Our regional clinical networks will be built by building collaboration between DHBs. The proportion of non-clinical staff in the public health system has remained static. Strong Proven Leadership 256 . Services therefore need members need to be supported to community.000 more nurses. We have 21 District Health Boards example. We will strengthen collaboration amongst DHBs by: promoting alliances between relevant DHBs. Ten years from now… the public health system will have seamless links between primary and preventative care.DHBs and Hospital Services – A Strong and Safe Public Health System You Can Trust Communities have a right to expect good access to public health services throughout New Zealand. We will continue to invest in our public health sector and assist it to become more connected with a greater focus on consistency of service and health outcomes. were an urgent priority for Labour to reverse the lack of investment in health during the 1990s.000 more doctors and over 3. and strengthening the role of the Ministry of Health to provide central leadership on key system-wide resources (like workforce planning and information communications technology).

Labour has invested heavily in elective services: in 2006 we committed an additional $200 million over four years so that more Kiwis would get their treatment. Labour will ensure that this investment continues so that New Zealanders have the best possible health facilities. One way we can do this is to use technology to provide fast and accurate information between our various health staff. and 12. Under Labour New Zealand has seen unprecedented investment in health infrastructure. seven new hospitals have been built and another eight have received major upgrades. cancer and orthopaedic services. diagnostic tests and community-based procedures. Strong Proven Leadership 257 .Labour will ensure a coordinated hospital and specialist health care system of consistent quality across the country.000 more Kiwis would get treatment each year. We will continue to strengthen collaboration and coordination between DHBs and ensure that the Quality Improvement Committee has the resources to monitor and identify avenues for increasing the quality of services.000 additional New Zealanders had elective treatment. such as cardiac. More people than ever are getting elective treatment. Labour will continue to build and upgrade health facilities to ensure we have top quality infrastructure. Another five major upgrades are underway. The practice of health and medicine is constantly advancing and specialising. 12. and more people are assured of surgery. Labour will target reduced waiting times for elective surgery in priority areas. In the last two years. It is still less than half the maximum waiting time of six months. Our strategy is paying off. With greater numbers of people assured of surgery within six months. Labour is responding to this challenge by supporting specialist staff to form strong links with professionals in their speciality to maintain the highest international standards. Labour will invest in information technology so that the flow of health information between primary. Since 2000. A major challenge in health is to make sure that excellence flows between all areas in our public health system. secondary and tertiary health sectors is achieved in a timely and seamless manner that also safeguards patients’ privacy. but we want to reduce it even further. This year we injected another $160 million over five years so that 5. Ten new specialist units have been either built or upgraded throughout the country. Labour will continue to commit resources to reduce waiting times in priority areas. the average waiting time is increasing.000 more people would get assessments.

Labour will ensure that New Zealanders get the best clinical services. Strong Proven Leadership 258 .One example of this is to enable a GP who orders a test for a patient to see the results at the same time as the specialist so a patient’s records are updated quickly. In our hospitals. crewing. In it we detail the key steps we will take to move towards a more sustainable and safer provision of emergency ambulance services. so it is critical that we get workforce planning right. hospices or inhome care. It is a fact that some New Zealanders will have to travel for specialist treatment but we aim to minimise this disruption as much as possible. A Stronger and More Sustainable Health Workforce A strong and well equipped workforce is essential to the sustainability of New Zealand’s health system. DHB funding for palliative services increased from $30 million per annum in 2003/04 to $45 million in 2006/07. We recently released our Ambulance Strategy for consultation. removing the need for some patients to travel to hospital. Labour will focus on developing sustainable and high quality palliative care services. whether delivered by DHBs. Currently about two thirds of health investment goes into the workforce. barcode technology can increase the safer use of medicines to ensure patients only get the medicines intended for them. with shared integrated services that efficiently use resources and avoid duplication. through a joint Ministry of Health and ACC venture. Labour will ensure that the health sector has the investments it needs to provide high technology solutions where required. Labour has significantly increased investment in palliative care services in recent years. Labour will continue to strengthen palliative care so that all New Zealanders who require it have access to these services. no matter where they live. We will also extend the role of paramedics to be able to assess and treat more patients at home and in the community. We will explore options for simplifying funding. and training issues. Labour will strengthen the provision of ambulance services by instituting a staged plan to deal with funding. Another $12 million a year is funded under the Cancer Control Action Plan. Labour will build stronger regional clinical and administrative networks. workforce. New Zealand is a small nation and because of this not every area can provide all specialist medical services. by building stronger regional clinical services that are nationally integrated.

There are now over 1. We will continue to invest in the workforce at all levels – training. an additional 80 places have been added at medical schools – the first increases in over 25 years – bringing the total to 365 New Zealanders in their first year of medical training. set up in 2007.000 more nurses working in our hospitals and GP practices than there were in 2000. Labour will progressively increase the number of training places at New Zealand medical schools. and professional development. with an extra 50 places in 2010 and a further 50 places in 2011. In 2006. we will increase the number of medical placements by 50 extra places in both 2010 and 2011. and this year 104 graduates are in their first year of General Practice training. The number of midwives in training has increased .In recent years there has been significant effort to strengthen the workforce. Retaining medical students in New Zealand after they graduate is vital. the number of postgraduate GP training places was increased from 54 to 69. and our policy to abolish parental means testing for student allowances will help reduce debt while studying. Our interestfree student loan policy provides incentives for graduates to remain here. Clinical and medical education experts now have a greater role in advising on the direction of the workforce through the Medical Training Board. Labour is committed to workforce planning and development that is sustainable. systematic. The Medical Training Board has recommended that the number of medical students be further increased by 100 places. Labour will coordinate workforce planning at all levels and tackle key areas of workforce shortage. Strong Proven Leadership 259 .000 more doctors and over 3. psychologists and social workers – has also grown. Labour in government has worked with health experts to identify the future needs of the medical workforce. and not ad hoc. There are now more students than ever before training to be doctors.by the end of next year there will be a 50% increase in the number of graduates (about 180 graduates in total). More medical graduates are now training to become General Practitioners too. The number of allied health staff professionals such as physiotherapists. recruitment. In line with these recommendations. In the past four years. Labour will work with DHBs to ensure a coordinated programme of measures to encourage medical professionals to stay in the country or return to New Zealand and tackle the shortage of medical professionals in rural and other key areas.

are no longer working in the sector. We have supported the creation of Otago University’s Rural Medical Immersion Programme so medical students can work and study in rural areas and we have made rural practice more sustainable and attractive to practitioners through the Rural Bonus and Rural Premiums for rural GPs scheme. Labour will extend professional development programmes to include health professionals in all areas of the primary and secondary care workforce. Labour will promote increased labour market participation in the health sector for older workers by increasing the provision of re-entry education and promoting greater flexibility in working conditions and hours. it is important that opportunities for professional development are not limited just to doctors.Measures to encourage medical professionals to stay in the country or return to New Zealand may include offering student-loan write offs. A smart way to boost the health workforce is to encourage the re-entry of qualified people who. and offering relocation grants for New Zealand medical graduates returning home after a stint overseas. including nursing and midwifery. Labour will work to ensure that the burden of administrative duties is reduced as much as possible for frontline health professionals. we can reduce both the demand and cost of locums. It is important that health workers have access to professional development programmes so they can increase their clinical skills and keep up to date with advances in their discipline. Given the integrated nature of 21st Century healthcare. Labour will streamline and co-ordinate health administration requirements at all levels so that medical personnel are freed up to deliver frontline services. We believe that health professionals should spend their time doing what they do best: providing care and support for patients. There is also a $2 million rural bonus fund for midwives. Labour has worked hard to encourage medical professionals to work in rural and hard-to-staff areas. including investigating the possibility of re-introducing a travelling locum scheme. This will help ensure that Strong Proven Leadership 260 . for whatever reason. Labour will work to ensure that students have incentives to undertake training and education in rural and key areas. Through national co-ordination and collaboration of workforce needs. One way we plan to do this is by boosting re-entry/refresher training. Labour will reduce locum costs and co-ordinate provision of locums. National collaboration will reduce competition between DHBs for staff and instead develop co-operation between providers. We will encourage health provider employers to promote flexible working hours.

Our vision is that older people will be able to fully participate in decisions about their health and wellbeing and in family. We have introduced primary healthcare subsidies so that everyone is able to get cheaper doctors visits and cheaper prescription medicines. older people are less able to enjoy their lives to the fullest extent. A million Kiwis now pay no more than $16 to see a GP and the cost of most prescription medicines has been cut to no more than $3. Clinical Training Agency. clinically and culturally competent. Without good health. Labour will establish a comprehensive central system for national workforce supply and demand planning within the Ministry of Health. the Doctors Workforce Commissions and the Midwife and Maternity Strategic Advisory Committee – so that the Ministry of Health. Labour will ensure the availability of appropriate bridging programmes and mentoring for overseas-trained medical professionals. Technological and Strong Proven Leadership 261 . We want to ensure they are supported by coordinated and responsive health and disability support programmes. with input from clinical experts. their options are limited and their general levels of contentment and happiness are likely to be reduced. we need to ensure that all medical professionals are high quality. supervision and registration needed. We will work with professional bodies to ensure international recruits have the support. Labour has worked hard to improve the affordability. It is important there is a strong and co-ordinated approach to planning New Zealand’s health workforce. accessibility and quality of health services for older New Zealanders. Labour will further integrate the current system of workforce planning – which includes agencies such as the Medical Training Board. whanau and community life.people with commitments outside of work. and given appropriate support. Although older New Zealanders are on average enjoying better health for longer. has a system-wide approach to workforce planning. Labour values the backgrounds and experiences of our health workers and will strive to ensure they are given the necessary support to thrive in the New Zealand health sector. Labour’s goals for the health and wellbeing of older New Zealanders are set out in the Health of Older People Strategy published in 2002. it remains important to appropriately support those with disabilities. Regardless of where people are trained. can participate in the workforce even when a nine-to-five working week doesn’t work for them. Health and Wellbeing of Older New Zealanders Good health is critical to the wellbeing of older people.

Strong Proven Leadership 262 . Labour will implement a comprehensive workforce development programme for all those working in the aged care sector including carers. Labour will continue the progressive removal of asset testing for older people in long-stay residential care by increasing the asset thresholds by $10. We also want to see wages rise in the sector.000 for couples to $180. Labour will ensure that the results of audits of aged care facilities are made publicly available. We want more transparent processes so individuals and families have access to good quality information about rest home services. Labour has committed to the progressive removal of asset testing for older people in long-stay residential care. We will investigate the introduction of aged care qualifications so that workers in the sector have greater career progression possibilities and can offer more effective services. The suitability of housing and the ability of people with disabilities to remain living successfully in the community will be dependent on the availability of formal and informal care. in much the same way that the Education Review Office’s school audits are. Labour is committed to ensuring that older people have access to high quality aged care facilities and the highest possible standard of health care. This means that older people retain more of their assets and still qualify for a government subsidy to help meet the cost of their care.medical advances have enabled many people with disabilities to live longer. We recognise the need to support and develop workers who provide valuable support to our senior citizens and we know that low pay and high staff turnover are a major workforce issue in aged care. We have increased the asset threshold (the level at which the value of assets need to be equal or below) from $15.000 on 1 July of each year. We will develop regulations to underpin new staffing requirements. which is why we recently announced an immediate $5 million injection to work with the sector to increase pay rates. home support workers and nurses at all levels.000 for singles and $30. We will establish a Ministerial Aged Care Residential Working Group to staircase workforce development through a five year plan. Labour will strengthen aged care workforce development and regulation by reviewing staffing and funding guidelines including consideration of specified minimum staffing levels.000.

Labour will ensure that prevention of elder abuse and neglect guidelines are included in all District Health Board contract specifications for elder care providers Older people in care are some of the most vulnerable New Zealanders. A Green Prescription is a health professional's written advice on physical activity. administered by nurses. and older New Zealanders in rest homes or other forms of care are no different. Labour will ensure the availability of robust and effective complaints processes. With our aim of progressively reducing fees for older people to visit their doctor. older people will visit their GPs more frequently. Labour will enhance the awareness of green prescriptions for older people. Strong Proven Leadership 263 . as part of the patient's overall health management.We recently announced a $4 million investment to upskill staff in the sector to level 2 and 3 qualifications. All health consumers have the right to make a complaint about the services they receive. We realise that some older people feel isolated and disconnected from their communities. to provide more information on how to make a complaint. We will investigate ways to strengthen complaints processes for these people. and can play important roles in their community. We will strengthen providers’ accountability by ensuring that there are robust abuse and neglect guidelines in all DHB contract specifications for eldercare providers. and another $4 million investment by DHBs for workforce development. to complement older people’s visits to their GP. Labour believes that older people should be encouraged and given the support to get involved in the community in ways that are suitable and comfortable for them. and it is an unfortunate fact that abuse and neglect do occur sometimes. Labour will investigate the introduction of nurse-led wellness checks in primary care for older people. We also realise they have a wealth of information and experience. It's a smart and cost-effective way to help and support older people to stay healthy and improve their quality of life. and make the complaints process more accessible. Labour believes there is a place for regular wellness checks.

Labour believes it is important that older New Zealanders have the choice of remaining in their own home. we have launched a new major programme to tackle this disease. and a million Kiwis pay less than $16. Labour announced the country’s first cervical cancer screening program. Affordability has increased dramatically. Almost twenty years later. especially if they have a chronic health condition. The average cost of seeing a GP is now just $26 for a consultation. It is our goal that older New Zealanders who remain in their own homes are able to contact emergency services as soon as possible should they suffer an accident or medical emergency. Labour will implement a nationwide HPV vaccination programme that protects young women against the most common cause of cervical cancer. Access to nationwide screening programmes for women. Strong Proven Leadership 264 . which kills about 60 women a year. preventative healthcare will continue to be a priority. Doctors’ visits and prescription costs have dropped significantly. much has changed to improve access to healthcare for all New Zealand women. We realise that independence is important for older people who remain in their own homes but we also realise this can sometimes make them vulnerable. This belief in a strong public health system goes to the core of Labour’s values. Home-based support plays a vital role in helping older people maintain their independence. We have committed $164 million over 5 years to vaccinate women against HPV. Labour will investigate ways to increase the availability of fully subsidised personal alarms for those who are able to remain in their own homes. quality healthcare is available to all women throughout their lives. In 1989.Labour will encourage and support older people contributing to the voluntary sector as a means of combating social isolation and building stronger and healthier communities. have been widened and given new impetus. Labour will recognise the importance of allowing older people to remain in their own homes by continuing to expand the provision of home-based support. Under Labour. Over the past decade. the virus responsible for around 70% of cervical cancer. Over this period the vaccine will be free for more than 300. such as breast and cervical cancer.000 young women. Women’s Health and Maternity It is essential that affordable.

Labour will work to address work force issues in maternity care and continue to ensure local access to reliable. and that mothers receive stronger maternity unit care when needed. including longer stays in maternity units where this is required. Labour will continue to promote satisfactory outcomes for pregnancy. We are committed to providing timely and uniform provision of support to women under stress during pregnancy across the country. All mothers and mothers-to-be have the right to the very best clinical care possible. Sometimes communication and co-ordination between caregivers falls down. This included expanding the midwife workforce in training by a third. information and provision in partnership with qualified health professionals Women have the right to access quality information and support to make informed decisions about sex and contraception. and that women’s choice to use the maternity services they want and need is facilitated. safe midwifery and obstetric services across the country. Labour will ensure nationwide equality of access to contraceptive education. We will work to ensure that barriers to communication between these health professionals are identified and reduced to the greatest extent possible. Labour will work to ensure that qualified Strong Proven Leadership 265 . Labour will work to ensure that all clinical professionals provide the highest standard of care. GPs and obstetricians so that all mothers are provided with the postnatal care they need. We will work to ensure a more timely and uniform provision of support across the country. retaining more midwives with post-graduate study and providing financial support to overseas-trained midwives.Too often women dealing with a stressful pregnancy find their experiences vary depending on where they live. childbirth and aftercare through provision of nationwide quality care by qualified health professionals. Labour recently announced a package of initiatives to address workforce pressures in the midwifery sector. It is important to us that access to maternity services is as convenient as possible. resulting in a poorer standard of care. Communication between maternity carers is crucial to effective and safe clinical services. and that mothers receive the highest level of professional care. Labour is committed to full implementation of this package. that they are accountable for their standard of care. Labour will ensure there is a high level of communication and coordination between midwives.

and will continue to ensure that DHBs and PHOs work closely with other agencies to deliver important health promoting initiatives. Labour will work towards more specialised adolescent services and support with a greater focus on the provision of health services at school. However. where appropriate. should receive primary care funding where they demonstrate success in reaching high-needs or heard-to-reach young people with health and disability needs. and that women do not face barriers in accessing them. Schools and early childhood education centres provide excellent opportunities to reach children and young people and promote healthy lifestyles.health professionals have the resources to provide this information and support. We are already doing this with healthier food options in New Zealand’s schools. our priority is to see more innovation in the delivery of primary health care to ensure that all children get the best possible start in life. DHBs are finding effective new ways to reach out to families with children with high needs. It means ensuring a strong public health system that has health professionals and clinics in place to deliver the necessary services. Youth Services may well operate differently to the standard primary care model of practise. Increasingly. This means detecting and acting on any health problems early on. Looking forward.has been upgraded and expanded. This innovation must extend to re-thinking where we target the delivery of services to young people. The Well Child service –a programme that ensures young kids receive regular health checks . Strong Proven Leadership 266 . In addition. a universal B4 School check is now being implemented that diagnoses any learning or health disabilities that might hinder children from learning at school. the support available to parents and new children has expanded and developed. these alternative organisations. Over the past decade. Child and Youth Health Every single young New Zealander deserves the best possible start in life. to ensure that no child falls through the cracks. Labour will ensure District Health Boards and Primary Health Organisations work with other agencies such as schools and early childhood centres on health promotion activities in their regions. Labour will fund Youth Services offering first contact GP / Nurse Services through an alternative funding mechanism where necessary. Labour is committed to ensuring that young people have access to the health services they need.

Disabled people often face difficulties in accessing health care without support.Better health support for disabled New Zealanders The New Zealand Disability Strategy sets out the goal of easy access to long-term support systems centred on the individual. This report was based on direct dialogue with adults with an intellectual disability. In particular there has been a continuous effort to improve equity between ACC and non-ACC disability support services. There is anecdotal evidence that disabled people face discrimination in access to secondary and tertiary Strong Proven Leadership 267 . In particular. the need to move away from the custodial model of service delivery. and often need to rely on others to help them access health services. they need support to minimise the barriers created by their impairment. Labour will implement the recommendations of the National Advisory Committee on Health and Disability research document “To Have an Ordinary Life” and address barriers New Zealand adults with an intellectual disability face in trying to participate in society. Firstly the coordination of services and purchasing and assessment of people’s needs should be better. we will continue to ensure that health services assist disabled people to lead an ordinary life. Labour will identify and resolve barriers to health service delivery for disabled people. Labour will continue to place more emphasis on helping disabled people and their families plan for a better life. with a wide range of skills and abilities and ‘ordinary’ goals and aspirations. In line with these recommendations. and thirdly. addressing the neglect of basic health needs. Labour has invested in primary healthcare throughout New Zealand and we want to ensure that all adults have full access to services such as primary healthcare and dental care. Increasing the level and flexibility of support services for disabled people has been a major focus over the last decade. Access to support services has been increased for people with chronic health conditions. In order to achieve those goals. We are aware that disabled people can be disadvantaged in navigating the system and knowing how to access services and support. The report identified three priorities for action. Labour will ensure that a wide range of health services are accessible to those with physical disabilities and accommodate the communication needs of people with a disability or sensory loss. These New Zealanders are a diverse group. secondly. They will now receive long-term support services as part of an integrated package of health services from their District Health Board.

Then. including investigating changes to funding of close relatives as respite carers. but do not receive appropriate treatment because of the barriers they face in accessing care. the sector has grown in confidence and is implementing a second decade of mental health reforms. such as where they live and who they live with. and that even when health care is sought. Labour will ensure quality care for disabled people through appropriate education and training for those caring for people with disabilities. Labour will provide free annual health checks for intellectually disabled people with high support needs. We will work to expand education and training to caregivers to ensure the highest standard of care. Labour will work to remove these barriers by improving health professionals’ understanding of disabled people and helping ensure that disabled people with intellectual disabilities visit their primary carer more often. New Zealanders with intellectual disabilities often have medical conditions that are easily treatable or curable. Most New Zealanders grow up and move out of their parents’ home. Labour wants everyone to have the same choices and opportunities and around their living arrangements. communication problems can make diagnosis and treatment difficult. Mental Health: the Journey towards Recovery There can be no doubt that New Zealand has become a more socially inclusive society for people with experience of mental illness. Under Labour. It is important that the people providing care for disabled New Zealanders have the appropriate knowledge and training. Strong Proven Leadership 268 . Labour believes that disabled adults should also have the choice to move out of the parental home and be supported in the accommodation of their choice.care. When the 1996 Mason Report was released it revealed huge gaps in the treatment and the rights of New Zealanders who experience mental health issues. Labour will provide free annual checks for people with intellectual disabilities to ensure that medical conditions are diagnosed early and treated as soon as possible. we were struggling as a society to move beyond the stigma often attached to people who were mentally ill. Labour will review the funding mechanisms for disability services to ensure that barriers to adequate provision of carer support and respite care are removed.

Strong Proven Leadership 269 . whanau and service users in supporting a vision of ‘recovery’ for countless individuals and families. Mental health services have become more responsive to the needs of consumers and there has been increased quality in services.This has strengthened the role of the mental health workforce. What this means is that we continuously measure and seek improvement. Labour will work to ensure that patients’ plans for recovery are of a consistently high quality and that their journey through the care system produces the best recovery outcomes. Labour will review implementation of the Mental Health Blueprint and address gaps where they remain. families. There have been significant changes in the delivery of mental health services in New Zealand in the last ten years. Labour will review the Mental Health Blueprint. Mental Health non-government organisations provide a critical service. Labour will ensure that all non-government organisations who deliver mental health services have the necessary resources to provide the highest standard of care. We are committed to ensuring that there is a strong workforce that has the necessary resources and is adequately funded to provide the critical services they deliver. and address them. Labour will ensure full implementation of the Mental Health Blueprint and ensure consistent standards of care nationwide and at all levels. Through greater collaboration between DHBs and strong regional networks. Labour will ensure DHBs have consistent standards of mental health plans nationwide and at all levels of the patient care journey. regardless of which town or city they live in. It is important that any New Zealander with a mental illness receives the highest possible standard of care. identify where any service and quality gaps lie. Labour values the skills and dedication of New Zealand’s mental health workers. Labour will ensure the mental health workforce is adequately developed and funded. It means that the one-size-fits-all concept of those experiencing mental health issues has been thrown off as we emerge as a sector that treats people as individuals and seeks input from the users of services. support and significant investment by Labour. and it is now an appropriate time to ensure that we continue on the right path. and it is important that they are adequately resourced and funded. This major transformation for the mental health sector would not have happened without the vision. Labour will review funding provided to mental health non-government organisations to ensure there is access to a consistently high standard of mental health care throughout the country.

People within the criminal justice system are much more likely than the general population to suffer from a mental illness. We will work with DHBs and PHOs to enhance early identification of eating disorders and strengthen the provision of services throughout the country. One of the greatest developments in mental health care has been the re-integration of people with mental illness back into the community. The rural health workforce is now getting more support than ever. Rural New Zealanders can have minor surgical procedures close to their home on the innovative Mobile Surgical Bus so don’t have to go into hospital. There are now rural immersion programmes at both New Zealand medical schools. Upgraded drinking water supplies and sewerage schemes will benefit 210. Over $100 million now goes to support rural health services each year. Those who are re-integrated need a high level of support so that they recover well. There is currently much inconsistency in the delivery of services to treat eating disorders in New Zealand. Patients receive support through the National Travel Assistance Programme if they have to travel to receive treatment. Another $11 million goes towards ensuring rural health workers are retained and provide good after hours care. Labour will work to increase access and efficacy of clinical mental health services at all stages of the criminal justice system. Labour will develop treatment services for people with eating disorders. Labour will continue to improve mental health services within the criminal justice system. regardless of the distance they live from the nearest city or hospital. Labour is committed to ensuring that this support is available to New Zealanders who require it. Rural Health – A New Model of Healthcare for Rural New Zealand Rural New Zealanders are entitled to have access to the very best health care. Labour will support appropriate re-integration into the community of mental health patients including through community-based services and supported accommodation. A $2 million fund is distributed to rural midwives annually to help them with the costs of Strong Proven Leadership 270 .Labour will work to ensure that the workforce is developed to meet New Zealand’s mental health challenges.000 New Zealanders. Rural GPs are paid a bonus through a $4 million annual fund. Healthcare in rural New Zealand has taken big steps forward in the last nine years.

The National Travel Assistance programme helps Kiwis who have to travel for treatment.000 patients seeing a GP there in its first year. that people in rural communities still visit their GPs less frequently than people living in urban areas. rehabilitation and maternity services. Because of this. and that after hours services in rural areas are comprehensive and well-resourced. it is important that rural health services are integrated with secondary and tertiary specialist services in urban centres. The Rural Innovations Fund is an annual contestable fund that provides one off support for innovative practices in rural medicine. Labour will work closely with DHBs to extend these services into more rural to ensure that rural New Zealanders have more convenient and integrated primary health care services. creating strong linkages between GPs and secondary treatment. At this ‘one stop shop’. Each year $300. It is a fact that the most complicated health procedures and specialist care cannot be provided in rural communities. It is our goal that these one-stop-shops be extended into more rural areas across New Zealand.practicing in rural areas. Innovation in rural health is being encouraged through the Rural Innovations Fund. or have recently opened such facilities. The centre has been very successful.all in one visit. A few District Health Boards are either working on these concepts. with more than 26. The Horowhenua Health Centre is an example of the type of response to a community’s health needs that we believe is the future of rural health care. Given that access to primary health care is very important for people to stay healthy. This is something we want to promote and expand. Labour will review the operation of the National Travel Assistance programme and ensure it is delivering maximum benefit to rural New Zealanders. by providing financial support for mileage and accommodation. We want to ensure that New Zealanders are given the support they need when they have to travel away from home to see a specialist.000 is made Strong Proven Leadership 271 . have an X-ray or blood test. it is vital for rural New Zealanders to have the easiest and most convenient access to primary healthcare possible. The idea of a one-stop-shop primary health care centre is not an entirely new concept. however. Labour will establish ‘one stop shop’ primary health care centres in rural areas. The facility is located on the same site as a secondary care hospital. Labour will work with DHBs to develop rural primary health centres which incorporate the needs of rural communities and bring services together where possible into one facility. We understand. and get their prescriptions filled . patients can see their GP.

for example. but gender disparities still exist. We will continue to support innovations in rural health to ensure that rural communities have access to the best possible health services. especially in after hours care. We will continue to work closely with providers and DHBs to ensure that communities receive after hours care that is reliable. Rural hospitals need to be closely integrated with secondary and tertiary units to ensure that rural New Zealanders receive seamless care and the best possible access to specialist services. Men’s Health Many gains have been made in New Zealand’s health system in the last ten years. Men have worse overall health outcomes than women. They are significantly more likely to drink alcohol hazardously. self-harm and road accidents. and significantly less likely to eat the recommended daily amount of fruit and vegetables. We currently require all DHBs to have after hours plans to ensure that all people can access emergency care outside working hours. Strong Proven Leadership 272 . Labour will ensure that the Rural Ranking Scale has continued relevance by reviewing its function. Labour will investigate better cooperation and coordination through. and live on average four years less than women. men have higher mortality rates for cancer. heart disease.available in grants. and takes into account the needs of practitioners. Labour will review the Rural Ranking Scale to ensure its continued relevance. and in turn how much extra support a rural medical practice becomes entitled to. This year Labour committed an extra $5 million per annum for rural after hours care. Labour will continue to support innovative rural health solutions through the Rural Innovations Fund. The Rural Ranking Scale is a method used to define how rural a practice is. Labour will investigate ways for rural hospitals to better co-ordinate with specialist secondary and tertiary units. Labour will work closely with DHBs and PHOs to strengthen after hours care in rural communities. Labour understands that some rural practitioners have heavy workloads. safe. increased use of technology such as telemedicine. utilise health services less than women but also have more risk factors. They are also significantly less likely to visit their GP regularly. We are committed to rural after hours services that are sustainable and provide the best possible clinical care. Compared to women.

Later this year we will be launching a social marketing campaign aimed at getting men to see their doctor regularly. Labour wants to encourage these local community-based initiatives. Labour will continue to monitor international evidence of the efficacy of PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood tests. These include an information pamphlet for men and their families. We will do this by making it more convenient for men to get checked: by extending primary health care hours and promoting community clinics targeted at men and expanding workplace-based health checks. Labour will continue to closely monitor developments in PSA testing and will consider implementation of a national screening programme when we are satisfied the test is accurate enough to be used in such a way. Labour will continue to provide information for GPs and men about prostate cancer. with a comprehensive plan of action to reduce gender disparities. Labour will promote innovation in men’s health through the Men’s Health Innovation Fund. and resource cards for doctors. We will also be providing health information in more easily accessible formats and locations. Labour will improve men’s access to health information through resources and a social marketing campaign. Our plan focuses on improving access to a range of health and disability services – especially primary health care – so that men go to their primary carer more often. We will continue to update information Strong Proven Leadership 273 . PSA tests monitor markers in the blood that can suggest prostate cancer is present. This year Labour has targeted men’s health.Labour is committed to improving access to healthcare for men. They will allow men and their doctors to make more informed choices on testing and treatment. Labour will increase access to men’s health and wellness checks through extended hours in primary care. We recently released new information resources and guidelines to GPs on prostate cancer. Unfortunately these tests are not yet accurate enough to be used in a nationwide screening programme. outreach services and workplace and occupational health initiatives for men. We know through the success of the Like Minds Like Mine campaign that men do respond to information about health. There are currently a number of innovative men’s health schemes around the country. That’s why this year we established the first Men’s Health Innovation Fund – an annual contestable pool to help promote new initiatives or new ways of doing things in men’s health.

and provide training to GPs on use of the new guidelines. Labour will increase men’s access to targeted sexual health and vasectomy services. The availability of some vasectomy services are restricted due to the way DHBs prioritise their elective services and because of the expense of these operations in private care or general practice. Labour is committed to increasing access to these services. Strong Proven Leadership 274 . We know that men visit primary carers less often than women and that they have worse health outcomes. Labour will work with PHOs to develop health targets by gender. Part of our focus on men’s health involves increasing access to sexual health and vasectomy services. This year we increased funding so that DHBs will offer more and better services to men. One way we can address this is by working with PHOs to develop gender-based targets for issues that inordinately affect men (such as cardiovascular disease) and for throughput of men in general practice.when significant clinical developments occur. This will greatly help to monitor progress in men’s health and identify avenues for further work.

Affordable Accommodation for the Nation Labour’s policy for Affordable Housing 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 275 .

Strong Proven Leadership 276 .

Introduction New Zealand has always been a nation of home owners – it is part of the Kiwi Dream. It means eligible Kiwis can borrow up to $200. Few New Zealanders would disagree that everyone needs a sound roof over their head. Labour has a strong record in this area and we are firmly committed to helping as many Kiwis as possible live this dream. In response to this. Home Ownership – Attaining the Kiwi Dream Home ownership must continue to be part of the Kiwi Dream and one all New Zealanders have the opportunity to realise. Strong stable communities that care about each other can help reduce crime and other social problems. but the previous National Government routinely took steps which effectively deprived too many New Zealanders of this basic right. We know that strong communities are built from stable home ownership . moderate-income families can now qualify for publicly-funded mortgage insurance with a Welcome Home loan. The last decade has seen a change in patterns of home ownership which presents real challenges. We believe the government and public agencies have a responsibility to help those who need it into secure housing and ensure that those homes are healthy and affordable. They have failed to ensure every child enjoys this most fundamental of protections. Home ownership rates have been declining since the 1980s 100% 80% 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 60% 40% 20% 0% Welcome Home Loans For example. dry and affordable. it shows no sign of going back to 2002 levels. a crucial component of equality of opportunity.when people own their own house they have a stake in the future of their community. Average real house prices increased by 80 per cent since 2002. a number of initiatives have been put in place over the last nine years to help New Zealanders into their first home. While the market has softened recently. This reduces the deposit a firsthome buyer needs.000 without Strong Proven Leadership 277 . Labour believes housing is fundamental to the health and wellbeing of communities and every New Zealander has the right to a home that is warm. it has had the effect of making first-home ownership less affordable for many others who would previously have expected to be able to afford their own home. While this was of benefit to homeowners. This is unacceptable to Labour.

This can make a huge difference for people who have saved a deposit but can’t afford large mortgage repayments. effectively reducing the size of the mortgage. up to a maximum of $5. After three years of saving. Today… aspiring home owners receive help through KiwiSaver and may qualify for a mortgage guarantee or a shared equity arrangement. Welcome Home loans have already helped over 3. Building on the success of initiatives like these. Strong Proven Leadership 278 .currently a two-year pilot study . Labour will implement a comprehensive and wide-ranging plan to help Kiwis into their first home. and rates of home ownership will start to increase again.000 if they do have one. first-home buyers may be entitled to a first-home deposit subsidy of $1. Nelson.500 sites available for such affordable homes over the next four years. There are also provisions for KiwiSaver first-home buyers to withdraw their savings for use as a deposit or divert up to half of their KiwiSaver contributions towards mortgage repayments. We intend to evaluate and expand this scheme . Ten years from now… a major programme of urban development and measures to increase housing supply will have boosted the number of affordable homes on the market. Shared equity works by the government purchasing a share in the house. Christchurch and Queenstown.into a full and comprehensive programme. Where necessary. Shared equity schemes have proved very successful in other countries and we expect the same for our own Kiwi version. Increasing government support for first home buyers through Shared Equity From July this year Labour has made financial assistance available to first home buyers through a shared equity approach. We intend to make 1.000 for a couple). we will work with developers and local government to build ‘starter homes’ on Crown owned sites. The KiwiSaver scheme is also making home ownership more achievable. We are currently offering shared equity assistance for a limited period of two years to eligible first-home buyers in the five regions where house prices are highest: Auckland. Wellington. Up to 700 New Zealand households are set to benefit from this programme over the next two years. Ten years ago… there was virtually no public assistance available to help people get into their first home. liveable ‘starter homes’ that will meet their needs as they seek to move into home ownership.600 families into their first home.000 for each year they have saved. HOPE – Home Ownership on Public Estate Labour will make sections of Crown land available for modest income families to build straight-forward.000 (or $10.needing a deposit and up to $280.

and that this land continues to support affordable homeownership on an ongoing basis. There are 3.Labour will support home ownership of new houses built on Crownowned land by introducing the HOPE (Home Ownership on the Public Estate) programme. A recent land audit identified a range of other Crown land that may be deemed suitable for affordable housing. including provision for people buying their first home. This redevelopment is aimed at providing affordable housing but also seeks to renew economic activity in the area. We want to ensure economic opportunity and sustainability are considered when this land is developed. homes for state rental and others be sold on the open market.000 houses planned for the area. Unfortunately. Labour will make Crown-owned land available for new housing developments where appropriate to expand the supply of affordable homes for first-home buyers. while allowing a family to own and reside in the home built on it. Through a partnership with Housing New Zealand and a land developer. of which will be a mix of affordable homes for first-home buyers. That means Strong Proven Leadership 279 . where the government holds the equity in the land and the family owns the home built on it. Good urban re-development is about ensuring the right infrastructure is in place. we are re-developing and re-vitalising this area. In partnership with Auckland Regional and Auckland City Councils. This initiative will make home ownership a reality for thousands of families who might otherwise not achieve it. The government owns multiple sections of land and can potentially provide land to be developed or re-developed for housing. Using Crown land to increase the supply of affordable homes An important step in ensuring the supply of quality. The government also owns a large amount of land in the Tamaki area of Auckland because of the large concentration of state houses there. land prices particularly in Auckland have risen to the extent that this may not occur without additional assistance. This will include smaller parcels of land to be redeveloped as well as larger projects such as the housing development at the old Hobsonville airbase. Consideration will be given to bringing this land into the HOPE programme to further increase the number of families that can be assisted. affordable homes is increasing the numbers built. will considerably reduce the cost of owning a first home. This will help to ensure that the houses are within the reach of modest income families. Retaining the land in Crown hands. the government is developing land at Hobsonville to increase the supply of housing. The benefit of developing Crown land to increase the supply of affordable housing includes the ability to ensure that the elements needed to grow a healthy community can be incorporated.

providing not just roads and pipes but also employment opportunities. A fresh approach to urban development is required to ensure we provide enough affordable housing now and into the future in safe. public transport. it should be possible to provide New Zealanders with more housing choices. There can also be problems deciding who should pay for urban development. viable public transport options and thriving town centres. there are a number of challenges local authorities and developers face when trying to develop urban areas in a sustainable and effective way. It can be difficult to assemble useful parcels of land from fragmented groups of properties. More broadly. regional and local planning when it comes to large-scale urban development. infrastructure and assets more effectively when we undertake new developments or re-develop existing suburbs and town centres. Environmental sustainability is also vital when planning new developments. They often require large amounts of funding in the early stages before revenue from development or land sales starts coming through. There is also a need to focus on using land. Strong Proven Leadership 280 . Labour will ensure that environmental sustainability is a central consideration in all new urban development undertaken by or with the government. The funding of urban development projects can also present problems. By intensifying land use in some strategic areas. Sustainability requires a development planned around accessible public transport and efficient use of water as well as incorporating environmentally-friendly features into new homes. particularly when it comes to re-developing existing neighbourhoods and town centres. well designed transport options and other public services. affordable homes. social services and parks. New Zealand currently has limited co-ordination of national. Urban Development – a sustainable approach Traditionally the construction of housing in New Zealand has not occurred in a coordinated or systematic way. sustainable communities that are connected to public transport and other infrastructure and which offer and stimulate economic and employment opportunities. including the costs of infrastructure and services. schools. which means new developments have often been ad hoc and have led in turn to an inadequate supply of new. Labour will work to ensure that the supply of new housing is developed alongside commercial districts.

An urban development organisation could be a council-controlled organisation. We will use this to develop a new approach to achieving better urban development by working together. Over the past 15 years. boundaries and would be in place for the duration of a particular project. the actual size of new homes being built has increased significantly. or a joint venture company with public sector involvement. Although developers are building a large number of new homes each year. In the recently-released discussion document Building Sustainable Urban Communities.Labour will develop a new approach to sustainable urban development to improve the ways that the community. it will allow local authorities to require a certain number of affordable homes to be built within new housing developments. We are currently consulting on a way forward that is flexible rather than prescriptive. taking into account the unique features of each location rather than trying to apply the same formula to different urban areas around the country. iwi. or targeted at. It would have carefully prescribed objectives. not-for-profit providers and the private sector. local and central government. Recognising the potential of the local authorities. delivers those tools. The legislation could be supported by improvements in the use of existing urban development processes. first-time buyers or modest-income families. There is rising demand among local authorities for tools to tackle this issue and ensure an adequate supply of houses for workers crucial to a local economy. developers and the public provide. not-for-profit sector and iwi to deliver affordable housing Labour will also advance housing provision partnerships with local government. a Crown entity. based on tried-and-tested schemes in the United Kingdom and the United States. This legislation. These tools or powers could be used by an urban development organisation to implement sustainable development according to a “master development plan” that has been drawn up with the community. Strong Proven Leadership 281 . very few have been designed for. Essentially. Labour has passed legislation to enable local authorities to address imbalances in the supply of new homes through a combination of requirements and incentives for developers. this proposed new approach would create legislation to allow the government to declare that special tools or powers could be applied in particular areas. as well as a range of non-regulatory or legislative tools. Labour will consider the feedback on this proposal that local authorities. service and utility providers and the development sector work together.

Labour will further encourage development of Papakainga and Kaumatua housing by increasing the funding allocated for these programmes. if their region or city needs more affordable homes for workers. Labour will grow and invest in effective. Alongside this. not-for-profit providers and housing associations already deliver large numbers of houses in partnership with government. Many iwi now hold numerous land assets.Local authorities have an important role to play in promoting affordable home ownership. a range of groups could significantly increase the amount of affordable homes available for rent or purchase. Labour will encourage the growth of a significant not-for-profit sector to provide affordable rental homes and opportunities for first home buyers. Unlike private developers. the government will assist in helping them develop affordable housing plans. iwi and local government to provide social housing for low and modest income households. Strong Proven Leadership 282 . This fund has helped about 40 families achieve home ownership. Labour set up a Housing Innovation Fund in 2003 to support communities. This land is not usually accepted as security for a mortgage in the private sector. New Zealand has a small but ambitious not-for-profit sector and Labour wants to give them the help they need to become significant providers of affordable housing. large-scale not-for-profit housing providers through an expanded Housing Innovation Fund. these housing associations do not seek to return a profit. affordable housing to Māori communities as well as providing a secure investment for local iwi. as well as providing over a thousand new or modernised units for rent. The not-for-profit sector has huge potential to deliver more affordable housing to New Zealanders. Labour believes they must have the ability to meet that need. In countries such as the United Kingdom. the Rural Housing Programme improves substandard housing. Labour believes that with more support and policy certainty. Papakainga lending is currently available for first-home buyers who want to build on multiple-owned Māori land. meaning extra costs are not passed on to the home buyer. If local authorities identify a demand for affordable homes in their area. They are responsible for approving new housing developments and. making homes safer and healthier. The fund is particularly important in helping meet the housing needs of people who may be better served by communityrun initiatives such as the elderly or people with a mental illness or disability. Utilising Māori land to provide housing for whanau is a great way to provide quality. Labour will assist Local Authorities to implement the Affordable Housing Act by providing guidance and tools for the design of affordable housing policies through a National Policy Statement on Affordable Housing.

iwi and other groups to promote and support quality housing ventures on Māori land. Barriers to financing development on Māori land remain however. They protect public safety and the investment New Zealanders have made in their home. This might include setting up shared equity schemes between iwi and the government. and Labour will work with whanau. iwi housing projects and reviewing opportunities available for building on land with multiple owners. Much of this work was done by setting benchmark standards across the building and construction sector and through local government. Since then there have been further refinements of the rules and efforts have been made to create more flexibility in the Building Act while at the same time protecting owners of homes and buildings. A Weathertight Homes Resolution Service was put in place to assist leaky homes victims to seek redress and help resolve disputes. Standards have changed significantly during this decade to protect home owners from the lax regime put in place in the 1990s and to assist those who have been affected by leaky homes. Labour will develop housing partnerships with iwi to work together to extend housing options for Māori. Building and Construction Standards – Bringing Down the Cost Labour wants to ensure that New Zealanders have access to safe. Strong Proven Leadership 283 . There was immediate action to make sure the leaky buildings problem was not allowed to continue. comfortable and healthy homes and buildings that reflect our natural environment. hapu. Construction standards for houses and buildings are fundamental to the health and safety of the community. This will support people who want to remain on ancestral land but who also want to benefit from utilising that land. As an increasing number of historical Treaty Settlements are signed. including land with multiple owners. Labour will look at ways to guarantee bank loans through the Welcome Home Loan Scheme for sustainable housing projects on Māori land.These initiatives have paved the way for projects such as the relocation of state rentals onto Māori land but there is scope for more to be done. Young families and couples getting into their first homes need to be secure in the knowledge their home is built by qualified professionals. the potential for joint housing ventures with iwi and other agencies will increase.

Labour will put in place further changes to building and construction standards to obtain good. We have already commissioned designs and an architectural competition.10 years ago.. We intend to consult closely to ensure these changes work as effectively as possible. But there is more to do. The industry is better off with Labour because we are headed in the right direction with a common-sense approach to regulations. leading directly to the leaky buildings problem. We will work with competent. Labour will simplify the Building Code requirements for the design and construction of all buildings while protecting health. Labour will work on developing and extending the successful starter homes portfolio of designs. organise appropriate training of practitioners throughout the industry. safe buildings at reasonable cost. They agreed to create a forum which will recommend changes Strong Proven Leadership 284 . These changes will assist in making home ownership more affordable by accelerating the approval process. experienced practitioners involved in building design and construction. Substantial savings for starter homes have already been identified. and safeguard quality. thereby reducing costs. 10 years from now… streamlined regulation and strong self-policing will mean lower construction costs while keeping homes and buildings safe. Today… stronger standards are in place to protect the interests of home owners and prevent something like the leaky buildings crisis from happening again. and health. This could involve looking at the effectiveness of current liability provisions in the building sector and investigating the possibility of self-certification by appropriately qualified and indemnified builders. Simplifying the rules for simple building work makes it easier for DIY-builders to continue a Kiwi tradition without unnecessary red tape. The building and construction industry is healthier and stronger now than it was at the beginning of the decade. healthy and comfortable. safety. The inaugural building summit in Auckland in mid-2008 drew widespread agreement from industry leaders. Labour will work with the industry to simplify legislation. safety and investment. deregulation of the industry resulted in catastrophic failures across the building sector. We are also looking at ways to streamline approvals for ‘starter’ homes that meet the needs of families trying to get into home ownership for the first time. and with those involved in administering building and construction standards both within the industry and in territorial authorities..

Labour is committed to safeguarding and protecting the rights of all of these groups. where reasonably possible. Lifestyle choices mean an increasing number will choose to rent. the design and construction of residences to ensure that a higher proportion of the housing Strong Proven Leadership 285 . for many elderly people. Consistency in the sector is crucial to providing peace-of-mind and security for New Zealanders wanting to build new homes. We have already reviewed the code of practice for retirement homes to protect the interests of older people and their families Labour will put in place changes protecting property rights and titles within multi-units and high-rise apartments by modernising the out-of-date laws governing this area.to the consents process for large-scale construction. Labour will proceed with amendments to the Unit Titles Act to provide security and fairness for stakeholders in medium and high density accommodation. As New Zealand renews and expands its housing stock. including the high number of people living in apartments and other high-density accommodation. Many New Zealanders today and in the future may not choose to own a home. with more people living longer into an active retirement. We need to ‘future-proof’ our houses so that residences remain liveable and accessible for people throughout their lives. Labour will encourage. comfortable and happy retirement village environment. we also need to take account of our ageing population. This will further assist with bringing down construction costs. The law covering the rights and responsibilities of both unit title owners and bodies corporate needs to be brought up to date because of changes in the way many New Zealanders are choosing to live. opt for the safe. live in apartments and other multi-unit properties or. One way we intend to achieve this is through encouraging greater uniformity across all local government and building consents authorities to ensure timely and cost-efficient processes and avoid duplication. This would mean only a single consent would be required when developers want to undertake the large-scale construction of standard homes using the same general design. Labour will work with Territorial Authorities to develop centralised data bases to assist in consent processes and provide information on designs and building products. Labour will develop a nationwide set of guidelines on standardssetting to help improve consistency in the administration of different Building Consent Authority jurisdictions and in the rule-making of different Territorial Authorities.

that first recognised the state had a vital role to play in providing New Zealanders with secure and healthy housing. Labour will work with and support the Building Research Association of New Zealand to ensure New Zealand stays abreast of innovation and effective future industry development. we also recognise that for some people.stock is suitable to meet the needs of people of all abilities including the elderly.800 homes to the state housing stock. The state house waiting list is reducing but there are still priority applicants who need to be housed more quickly. The number of state houses has largely been restored this decade Since then the Labour Party has remained 75. secure and healthy rental accommodation. built by the Labour Government in 1937 Rental Affordability – Secure and Healthy While Labour wants as many Kiwis as possible to own their own home. that takes time while for others it may never be an option. led by Michael Joseph Savage in 1937.000 committed to providing state housing for those who need it. While not everyone needs a state house. they do need affordable and secure rental housing. 65. 93 96 99 02 05 19 19 19 20 20 Labour will continue to expand the provision of quality Housing New Zealand accommodation. In the past nine years we have 70. It was the first Labour government.000 50. Labour is therefore committed to providing more state houses and to revitalising existing state house communities. Currently there are some councils and small not-for-profit housing Strong Proven Leadership 286 20 08 . taking advantage of the most innovative and effective design and construction ideas.000 added over 7.000 60.000 55. Research is a vital component to ensuring the New Zealand building industry is among the best in the world. The first state house today.000 Labour will increase the supply of affordable. The Labour Party has a very proud tradition of providing state housing for those who need it. That is why Labour supports the provision of affordable and secure rental accommodation.

and bring forward redevelopments already planned on Housing New Zealand property. Labour will fast-track the insulation of state houses so that the remaining homes without insulation are retrofitted within 5 years. particularly for those applicants with a high housing need. Houses in Auckland. Role of State Housing in an Economic Stimulus package The New Zealand economy is clearly facing short term challenges from the global financial turbulence. where it is colder.000 state houses insulated within five years. A retrofit includes insulation of floors and ceilings. Labour recognises it is important the government sets an example for other landlords to follow. Labour will ensure that the current international crisis does not lead to a prolonged recession in New Zealand. The new timeframe will see 21. have already been insulated. While the building industry is experiencing a slowdown. Labour will work with local government and not-for-profit agencies to support the expansion and provision of affordable rental accommodation. there is potential to boost the number of state houses planned for construction. doubling the pace of Housing New Zealand’s existing Energy Efficiency Retrofit campaign which began in 2001. Housing New Zealand is also working to insulate all state houses. Labour has worked hard to acquire state housing during its time in government. That is why the current state house insulation programme is being dramatically accelerated. will be targeted next. improving tenant health and reducing power bills.organisations providing affordable rental housing. hot water cylinder wraps and ‘lagging’ around hot water pipes. There is also a significant modernisation and maintenance programme involved in ensuring that all state house tenants are living in Strong Proven Leadership 287 . but we want to see the waiting list reduced even further. Efficient heaters will also be installed where appropriate. We have begun work on an economic stimulus package which will be implemented if the projected impacts on the New Zealand economy remain as they appear to be at the moment. Many homes in the South Island. currently within a five year timeframe. The state housing portfolio could have a role to play in this economic stimulus package. Labour wants to help these groups grow so they can expand their provision of affordable rental accommodation. Almost 12 homes a day will be insulated. Wellington and Manawatu with significant concentrations of state housing. As noted above.

decent accommodation. These are job-rich areas of work, with the potential to pick up ‘slack’ in demand experienced by the building and construction sector. Labour is prepared to bring forward the current spending programme on home retrofitting, upgrading the State Housing stock, and planned development on Housing New Zealand land.

Emergency Housing – Helping those in need
Sometimes people have urgent housing needs that cannot be met by the market. They may have experienced a sudden life shock such as a family violence incident or a marriage break-up. Alternately they may struggle to pay the rent as a result of mental illness, drug or alcohol abuse. The government supports emergency housing and is currently providing about 400 community groups with over 1,500 houses – some of which are used as emergency housing. This year we significantly increased the amount of funding for non-governmental organisations helping provide these services. And earlier this year we successfully intervened to reduce the number of families with children living in inappropriate situations in some South Auckland boarding houses. But we need to do more. Vulnerable people need to be supported and provided with pathways toward stable tenancies. We need more emergency housing to ensure there is a bed for everybody who needs one, as well as the necessary support to eventually help them back into more permanent accommodation. Labour will expand the provision of emergency housing to accommodate people in difficult circumstances such as rehabilitating prisoners, families escaping domestic violence and people using mental health services. We need agencies to share information and knowledge about families and how they can best be helped. We need to make sure children living in emergency housing are placed in accommodation that is appropriate. Labour will develop a central inter-agency protocol to ensure families with children are not housed in inappropriate accommodation such as boarding houses. We need to improve our knowledge of homeless people and the distinct and often complex range of problems they face. We also need an accurate assessment of how many homeless there are.

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Labour will define homelessness and assess the numbers of homeless people so that appropriate policy responses can be implemented.

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Celebrating diversity, eliminating discrimination

Labour’s policy for Human Rights

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An effective human rights framework is essential to the wellbeing of every New Zealander, for our security as a nation and for New Zealand’s long term social and economic development. Labour will continue to embed human rights and responsibilities in domestic law. We will also promote greater global respect for international human rights. Labour has a proud history of challenging poverty and inequality. In both domestic and international law we will promote policies and institutions that have delivered civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. In the past 10 years many positive things have occurred in the area of human rights in New Zealand, including the development and implementation of the Youth Development Strategy, the New Zealand Disability Strategy, the New Zealand Positive Ageing Strategy and the Action Plan for Women. We have adopted a new national school curriculum that emphasises the importance of respecting human rights and the value of diversity. New migrant settlement and refugee re-settlement programmes have been established. The Pay and Employment Equity taskforce has led to the implementation of a 5-year plan to address the gender pay gap in the public service , public health and education sectors The role of the Human Rights Commission and the development of the Action Plan for Human Rights has been updated and extended. Labour will continue to build a strong inclusive New Zealand identity that values diversity and inclusion and is based on strong human rights. We will continue to support programmes on diversity, inclusion and human rights and responsibilities, consistent with the new national curriculum. Labour will improve access to knowledge about human rights and responsibilities. In particular, we will develop initiatives around particular practices that breach human rights such as dowry abuse and forced marriage. We will also ensure appropriate crime data is recorded so that hate crime can be better identified. Labour will comprehensively tackle the barriers that prevent disabled people from fully participating in society. We will continue to strengthen special education provision so that children with special learning needs can have those needs met. Labour wants all New Zealanders to achieve their full potential.

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Labour will continue to ensure that disabled people’s views are incorporated in policy-making by central government. We consider it vital that all voices are heard at all levels of government to create an inclusive and cohesive society that values the contribution of all our people.

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Connected Communities

Labour’s policy for Information and Communications Technology

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Introduction
Labour is committed to New Zealand being a world leader in using information and communications technology (ICT) for economic, social and cultural gain. We believe that a modern ICT infrastructure is core to New Zealand becoming a truly sustainable nation, and that improvements in ICT availability will deliver real and sustainable social, economic and environmental benefits. It is our aim that access to modern ICT infrastructure be available and affordable to all New Zealanders. Central to this is fibre-equivalent speed broadband. Labour believes there is an important role for government in helping to develop and promote the infrastructure, content and applications for ultra-high-speed broadband. Much has already been achieved in this area. New Zealand’s ICT regulatory framework is world class after the passing of the Telecommunications Act 2001 and its extensive revision in 2006. We have unbundled the local loop and operationally separated Telecom so that telecommunications users have access to greater choice in providers and better services. Our Digital Strategy is a world-leading whole-ofgovernment approach to the future prospects and challenges of the digital world and expands on our earlier investments in the area. Through the Broadband Investment Fund, we will ensure New Zealand’s telecommunications infrastructure is well prepared for the future, and we will not have to re-live the chronic under-investment and monopoly environment of previous decades. Labour will continue its record of successful and innovative approaches to information communications technology.

Investing in Further Broadband Roll out
In the last nine years we have created an environment to promote better broadband. We recognise there is further work to do to roll out broadband to all parts of New Zealand. Broadband can be a key driver of productivity and innovation in knowledge-based economies. With high-speed broadband, Kiwi companies will be better able to compete internationally; they will use new technologies that allow them to operate more effectively through smarter processes, new products and services. Labour will commit $500 million in our first 5 years of a 10 year plan to bring fibre or equivalent ultra fast bandwidth to 80 percent of New Zealand homes and business premises by 2018. Labour is committed to building and investing in fast broadband in our cities and rural areas, and important work is currently underway. Strong Proven Leadership 297

Labour will ensure that by 2012, 80 percent of New Zealanders will have broadband access of at least 20MBps and 90 percent have access of at least 10MBps. While availability of basic broadband in New Zealand is high and take-up has almost doubled over the past two years, there is no question that achieving our goals will require substantial further investment in broadband from all sectors. We have committed $500 million over the next five years to digital initiatives. This is a 5-year down payment on a 10-year plan to bring fibre or equivalent fast bandwidth to all New Zealand homes. The core part of this package is the Broadband Investment Fund. Labour will ensure an integrated broadband investment architecture so that there is overall interoperability across network components, appropriate assurance around service management, system security and investment efficiency. Labour’s broadband plan is technology neutral, open access and credibly supports the long-awaited pro-competitive environment that is bringing significant benefits to users. Through superior design, Labour’s broadband plan will leverage more private sector co-investment than other parties’ plans. Labour will also ensure that implementation of broadband development supports a coherent approach to higher level interoperability between service providers, and an efficient allocation of investment to support priority needs through rigorous analysis of competing proposals. Labour’s broadband plan prioritises investments that are open access at both duct and dark fibre level and include support, where appropriate, from local and regional government. Labour considers it essential that central government maintains an appropriate overview of nationwide digital architecture, without stifling investment and innovation by commercial or local players. Labour will ensure the rapid roll out of the Broadband Investment Fund, including its rural investment component. The core part of our investment package is the Broadband Investment Fund. In 2008 we set up the BIF to promote industry investment in New Zealand’s broadband infrastructure. It provides a pool of contestable funding for a major plan that will increase New Zealanders’ access to high-speed internet. Labour will ensure the BIF is implemented in a timely fashion so that Kiwis get access to the highest-quality broadband services, no matter where they live. We are making available $250m for urban projects, $75m for rural, and $15m for international connections, as well as $160m-plus for connectivity in health and education with another $10m or so for other new Digital Strategy initiatives. Strong Proven Leadership 298

Labour will investigate funding levels and options for the second five year period of a similar sized investment. Five years down the track. Strong Proven Leadership 299 . and provide new economic opportunities by breaking down the barrier of distance.There has been a very positive response to the initial round of applications for the broadband funding announced in Budget 2008. technology will have evolved further. We will ensure that competition exists to provide a wide range of options for Kiwis. Because of this. If regions in need of some additional economic stimulus have acceptable proposals. It is important we continue to build on the gains made in recent years. Labour is committed to strengthening our communications sector. A More Competitive Telecommunications Environment Information technology and broadband are essential to New Zealand’s economic and social wellbeing. and the best possible services. At that time. Labour will complete the reform of the Telecommunications Service Obligations to ensure contestable provision of basic broadband services to all areas. We have passed pro-competitive telecommunications legislation to create a dynamic. We will continue to ensure there is competition in the provision of broadband services so that Kiwis have a wide range of providers from which to choose. Labour has revolutionised a poorly-performing telecommunications sector and made a commitment to improve services and affordability. whether at home or at work. the ability to strengthen communities. Labour will continue to work closely with regulators to ensure full and timely implementation of policy. Labour will bring forward more of the funding into the first year. we advised that no more than 40 percent of the appropriated funds would be available for use in the first year. and it is possible that investment may need to take a different form or be directed in a different direction. competitive environment that means more choice and better value. The telecommunications world is continuing to change and grow at an ever-increasing pace. In the last nine years. however. Improved broadband will offer Kiwi families new ways of connecting with people.

They will be our future innovators and leaders in the digital space. This commitment is being met through initiatives like Digital Strategy 2. Investment by entrants to the market has also increased markedly. New Zealand had the sixth fastest broadband growth in the OECD last year. Labour is committed to ensuring that all New Zealanders. regardless of income. Labour will fully implement the Digital Strategy 2. reduced environmental footprints and communities that are locally networked and globally connected. including new digital productivity.0 which provides a bold vision and real actions to help New Zealanders become leaders in the digital world. Ensuring All New Zealanders Benefit from ICT The pace of change in ICT continues to accelerate. We will continue our comprehensive plan to ensure competition in the telecommunications market.0 DS 2. and better broadband. get the best use from ICT. Telecom’s Operational Separation undertakings provides $1. The internet generation is entering the workforce. We will do this through full implementation of the Telecommunications Stocktake – a comprehensive package introduced in 2006 to address New Zealand’s relatively poor broadband performance.4 billion of investment over four years with aggressive binding roll-out targets that requires rollout of an open next generation network to 84 percent of the population at 10MB and 89 percent at 5MB or better. Kiwis are reaping the rewards of more competition. We will ensure that local loop unbundling and roll out of naked DSL continues in full and on schedule so that Kiwis have a wider variety of service providers from which to choose.0 challenges us to go further to secure outcomes from technology.Labour will ensure there is a competitive telecommunications environment with wide consumer choice and cheaper prices. It is our aim that New Zealand has technologies that enable us to communicate with each other. Strong Proven Leadership 300 . bringing new ideas and different values. We have regulated the ICT market so that competition can flourish and Kiwis can access high-speed digital technologies. This work has already delivered results. and better services for New Zealand consumers. do business nationally and in the global market and gives people the capability they need to live and do business in 2008 and beyond. and a higher standard of services. cheaper services.

such as video-conferencing and teleworking. The benefits of teleworking are widely recognised as business productivity and cost savings. We will continue the Kiwi Advanced Research and Education Network (KAREN) which provides ultra-highspeed connections between research institutions. and KAREN. Labour will improve internet security through enhanced user education. the other part will be co-ordinated with the Connected New Zealand initiative (which supports small and medium-sized businesses to invest and use digital technology to increase productivity). Labour is committed to ensuring that Kiwis are safe when using the internet. reduced environmental impacts.Labour will expand free or low-cost internet access through programmes such as Aotearoa People’s Network. Strong Proven Leadership 301 . Labour will boost the contribution of ICT to our environmental sustainability by encouraging telecommuting through the use of more video-conferencing and online work. technical solutions (such as filtering).0 such as teleworking. Initiatives in Digital Strategy 2. libraries. Part of this initiative is tied to Labour’s programme to roll out broadband or other high bandwidth technologies across New Zealand. wananga and the rest of the world. Computers in Homes. improved flexibility and work-life balance. We’re also expanding successful initiatives. will help us to reduce our environmental footprint. or working from home or on location. and government and business continuity. schools. and will investigate legislative and regulatory changes where necessary. Achieving sustainability through ICT ICT has many potential benefits for the New Zealand economy. We are identifying benefits and opportunities for teleworking and taking action to increase awareness and facilitate up-take. increased workforce participation. the Aotearoa People’s Network and the Community Partnership Fund. We will improve internet security through both technological and human interventions. our society and Labour’s commitment to being more sustainable. School-based ICT. To do this we are introducing a number of exciting new projects such as Connected New Zealand and the Digital Content Innovation Cluster. and appropriate legislation and regulation.

we will see a 5 percent reduction in the number of total car trips by New Zealanders between home and work. Using digital technologies to drive productivity and growth is a key focus of Digital Strategy 2. efficiency and environmental sustainability. New Zealand is already a world-leader in these industries. firms will be better able to compete internationally through the use of new technologies that allow them to operate more effectively through smarter processes. Labour is committed to working with businesses and providing them with the resources needed to get them connected so they employ and train technology-savvy staff. Broadband is a key driver of productivity and innovation in a knowledgebased economy. Labour will improve ICT training and mentoring resources for small and medium enterprises (SMEs).The outcome will be that by 2012. affordable and rapid communications technology is an essential path to that objective. new products and services. Labour will use ICT to foster entrepreneurship. We know that widespread use of ICT in the wider economy will bring us the biggest productivity gains. Labour will promote business productivity by lowering the cost of international broadband connections. creativity and innovation. We will also seek out ideas and solutions from the best of what the rest of the world has to offer and use them to increase productivity across our economy. Upskilling our businesses is fundamental to driving productivity growth. The digital world means a fundamental change to how we do business. Labour believes the priority for improving our international connections is by facilitating the deployment of a trans-Tasman cable which will help drive down the Strong Proven Leadership 302 . Labour believes there is huge potential for New Zealand to create innovative digital solutions to increase productivity. particularly in our largest exporting sectors . Labour will promote business productivity through ICT by continuing to develop major digital content industry clusters.0. Under Labour’s ICT plans. Effective.the pastoral and food industries. and the kind of business we do. Its goal is to ensure a high standard of living for all New Zealanders by building the country’s underlying capacity to respond to rapidly changing national and international circumstances. Promoting Productivity through ICT Economic transformation remains one of the government’s major priorities for the next decade.

It is important therefore that we ensure the regulatory environment keeps pace with technological changes to ensure New Zealanders receive safe. Realising the Benefits of Convergence of ICT and Broadcasting We are seeing convergence in every aspect of our lives. Labour will future-proof ICT policy so that all New Zealanders benefit from the convergence of the ICT and broadcasting industries. The convergence of ICT and broadcasting is resulting in new ways of delivering and receiving traditional media and information. Labour will review options for converging regulation of broadcasting and communications technology. Labour wants New Zealanders to have the best possible access to digital content. Strong Proven Leadership 303 . competitive and high-quality services regardless of the medium through which they are accessing them. In the last decade the internet and other forms of communication (such as cell phones) have increasingly become vehicles for broadcasting. Labour would like to see further investment in our international links. The pro-competitive policy Labour introduced through the Telecommunications Stocktake is driving the convergence of many technologies.cost of connecting to the rest of the world. a New Zealand On Air project that is making much of our rich cultural heritage available online and free of charge. digital media and content now impact on the lives of all New Zealanders in some way. We will work to ensure that New Zealanders have better access to important local content. We will ensure that government policy makers are fully aware of all aspects of the post-convergence world. Increased competition in the market will drive prices down further and provide more choice for consumers. especially that produced locally. and traditional broadcasting receivers (such as television) have become more interactive. This will be achieved through a competitive tender process run by Research and Education Advanced Network New Zealand (REANZ). and for which we have invested $15 million in a co-investment project. This will continue to be the case in the future. Labour will review opportunities for public access to high priority content. We will encourage more innovative ventures such as the New Zealand On Screen.

more customised information delivery and know-how. we need to build a strong skills base. It is important New Zealand gets the best out of its ICT businesses and skilled workers. environmental and cultural goals. social. education sector and government need to work together to ensure our skills are up-to-date and world-leading.bringing content to people through new media such as the internet. archives. The ICT industry. Labour will ensure we have high-technology companies with highly skilled staff. One way we can do this is by digitising public collections . and film collections. When content is relevant and of high quality. our cultural heritage and business development. Labour will create a contestable fund for digital content creation through Digital New Zealand. The Digital Strategy 2. environmental and cultural goals to the benefit of all its people”. Labour will fully implement the Digital Content Strategy. Building a Strong ICT Skills Base Labour knows that ICT is vital to realising our economic.Creating Unique Digital Content Labour recognises the importance of digital content to New Zealand. The Content Strategy shares the same vision as the Digital Strategy . wider business community.for “New Zealand to be a world leader in using information and technology to realise its economic. social.0 includes a number of actions designed to address the current skills shortage in the ICT sector and wider community by promoting digital careers and Strong Proven Leadership 304 . Our Digital Content Strategy seeks to recognise and leverage content to our advantage. We want a New Zealand where Kiwis can easily access their culture and heritage. We understand that to achieve our vision for ICT and to get all the benefits of a highperforming ICT sector. Labour will digitise priority public content stocks such as library. We will do this by promoting the creation of innovative and high quality digital content through an annual contestable fund. It raises new challenges for social equity. it builds our appetite for better. Labour will continue to accelerate the development of unique Kiwi digital content.

naked DSL.000 industry trainees in 2000 to around 190. We believe it is important to accelerate skills development in every sector. Labour will therefore investigate incorporating ICT training programmes into the Modern Apprenticeships Scheme. But ICT skills training could be better incorporated into Modern Apprenticeships.287 young New Zealanders were either currently doing or had completed Modern Apprenticeships. matching tertiary courses to industry needs and attracting more skilled ICT practitioners to New Zealand. But there is currently no specialist ICT Industry Training Organisation. Labour will continue to make improvements to the ICT market by reviewing the regulatory environment by 2011 and investigating options for improvement. Labour will pilot an ICT apprenticeship scheme.skills. from around 81. and ICT is central to a transition to a highly-skilled country. Labour will pilot an ICT apprenticeship scheme to train New Zealanders in ICT skills and prepare them for work in the industry. Participation in Industry Training has increased dramatically in the last decade. By the end of June 2008. Labour will ensure the telecommunications market continues to deliver quality and affordable services. We will also investigate the formation of a specialist ICT Industry Training Organisation to increase excellence in training. kept prices down and accelerated broadband roll out.000 trainees this year working with 40 Industry Training Organisations. Labour’s Modern Apprenticeships scheme has been very successful. Unbundled local loop and bitstream. Labour will investigate the formation of an ICT Industry Training Organisation and inclusion of ICT training in the Modern Apprenticeships Scheme. Ensuring the Market Continues to Deliver Quality and Affordable Services The regulatory reforms Labour has made in ICT over the last nine years made our telecommunications market more competitive. Strong Proven Leadership 305 . a combined total of 17. number portability and the operational separation of Telecom New Zealand are proof that we have got our regulatory systems in order. the 2006 Telecommunications Amendment Act. We are committed to building the progress we have already made to achieve our overall vision for the ICT sector. We think this is an opportunity to fill a gap in the training needs of New Zealanders. as the scope of ICT training is currently quite limited.

Strong Proven Leadership 306 . A significant action in recent years has been the operational separation of Telecom. Labour wants all New Zealanders to have access to broadband and the types of new technologies that will help our communities and our economy prosper and help us to keep up with the rest of the world. Labour will review Telecom’s performance under operation separation and investigate options for improvement. Through the independent oversight process. which is why we acted to increase competition in the market. with greatly increased investment in New Zealand telecommunications infrastructure from a number of companies. It is important we build on this new foundation to ensure that a competitive telecommunications market continues to deliver for New Zealanders. This has been successful.Our measures to regulate the market so far have meant more New Zealanders have access to high-speed internet via their home computers. laptops and on their mobile phones and can choose their provider. we will continue to monitor Telecom’s operational separation to ensure that New Zealanders have access to a world class and competitive market for their telecommunications needs. A monopoly in business services is never the healthiest option for consumers.

Immigration to Help Our Economy Grow Labour’s policy for Immigration 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 307 .

not taking jobs for which New Zealanders are available.000 0 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 308 . and that has had an overall positive impact on our economy. In order to maintain public confidence in our immigration policies. Enhancing our Economy through Immigration Like the rest of the world. That is largely due to New Zealand becoming better at attracting the migrants it wants and needs. and which contributes to our economic transformation. We are among the best in the world at matching immigrants to jobs. and this contribution has been steadily growing over the past decade. knowledge-based society that values fairness.Introduction Labour is committed to creating a world-class immigration system that is built around firm but fair policies.000 50. We recognise the important part that immigration has to play in transforming our economy to a dynamic. We also recognise the importance of our immigration policies continuing to be built on a foundation of ‘kiwis first’.000 25. society and families. 75. Migrants broaden and enrich our cultural diversity and understanding. Labour also acknowledges the social benefits immigration can bring. Immigration also helps enable us to meet our international humanitarian obligations. New Zealand’s population has become increasingly multicultural during the last decade. 100. They drive innovation. We will continue to promote a multicultural society where refugees and other migrants are able to make a full contribution and have good settlement outcomes.000 Our migrant population contributes billions of dollars to our economy each year. give our businesses international connections and provide a range of Immigration arrivals tend to increase and skills to transform our economic decline in time with the economic cycle landscape. We need to balance the need for security and compliance with reasonable access for genuine migrants and their families. Migrants enhance our economy by reminding us to think and act globally. That is why we will continue to focus on migrants who are best placed to contribute to the New Zealand economy. so that the migrants we are attracting to New Zealand are filling labour market gaps. opportunity and security. Family migration can strengthen families and assist with good settlement outcomes. we need to show that we are encouraging the people we need to come to New Zealand while also minimising and managing risks.

Once we have attracted a migrant here because we believe they have something to contribute to our economy or society. During this decade we have improved settlement support. particularly in the main areas where migrants choose to settle. The role of the Immigration Service does not end at the point a migrant arrives. non-government agencies and community groups. international connections and financial capital. Research shows that the net fiscal contribution migrants make increases the longer they stay in New Zealand. So the settlement support strategies that Labour has put in place benefit both migrants and our economy. In the past there have been investor policies that have been more about quantity than quality. Labour will continue to offer an investor migrant policy that is focused on active investment and that allows flexibility in the requirements for different levels of investor migrant. Some of the most sought-after migrants internationally are those that are willing to invest money in the country they choose to live in. Lower investment and English language criteria saw a large influx of investor migrants. settlement services. Strong Proven Leadership 309 . we need to have appropriate support structures in place to ensure they are equipped to make that contribution. Active investment involves investing directly or indirectly in New Zealand firms. There is better planning for. We must change with it so that we maintain our international competitive advantages and continue to attract the migrants with the skills New Zealand needs for our economic growth. but the true value of many of these migrants was questionable because many did not actually have the skills to settle properly and much of the investment was passive and not used for the benefit of New Zealand. Labour will continue to extend the New Zealand settlement strategy into regions throughout the country in partnership with local authorities. We also recognise that there is more to immigration than just bringing people here. and more consistent delivery of. Investor migrants can make a vital contribution to our economy through their commercial experience.New Zealand has benefited from consistently positive net migration over the past seven years. However the global immigration environment is changing and becoming increasingly competitive in terms of skilled migrants. Our settlement work will continue to focus on working collaboratively with central and local government agencies. Labour has brought in an active investor migrant policy that is more focused on economic development than previous policies.

Over the past five years. without compromising local jobs or border security. the Essential Skills Policy and the Recognised Seasonal Employer scheme. Much of that growth has occurred in skill shortage areas — areas that are vital to the basic functioning and future growth of our economy. We have adopted a flexible approach to meeting labour shortages in key sectors in consultation with our Pacific neighbours. these policies have been developed with the flexibility to allow us to respond quickly to any change in the labour market situation. Temporary workers enable our employers to fill job vacancies when there are no New Zealanders available to take up the positions. Importantly though. migrants have accounted for 60 percent of the growth in the national workforce. to fill labour gaps.Addressing Labour Shortages New Zealand has been experiencing record low unemployment rates in recent years. We also know that in Vanuatu a number of villagers are using their earnings from the scheme to progress a range of community projects. for example. with regular employer-led reviews to decide whether occupations should be added or removed. Labour will build on existing policies. to ensure we are continuing to attract the skills and talent we need and helping to fill labour gaps. buy village vehicles and contribute to their children’s education. The skill shortages list is also responsive to the labour market. In particular. New Zealand’s immigration system is now envied internationally for its flexibility and ability to adapt quickly to emerging opportunities and risks. while maintaining a firm focus on protecting jobs for New Zealanders first. A Hawke’s Bay employer reports that up to 80 percent of workers’ net earnings have been sent home and used to construct buildings. The Recognised Seasonal Employment Scheme has meant that. can be easily changed to reflect labour-market conditions and New Zealand's requirements. A one-year audit of the Recognised Seasonal Employment scheme has found that pastoral care and work practice issues have been reasonably well managed. for the first time in many years there were no public concerns about labour shortages during the busy apple harvests in Nelson and Hawke’s Bay. our Recognised Seasonal Employment Scheme enables the horticulture and viticulture industries to recruit workers. But there Strong Proven Leadership 310 . Likewise. including the Skilled Migrant Category. the scheme is providing our Pacific neighbours with new opportunities and income for their people. primarily from Pacific countries. Our skilled migrant policy. for example. so we have adapted our immigration policies to help meet labour shortages and ensure New Zealand has people with the skills we might otherwise be lacking.

are some lessons we can take out of the first year of this scheme and improvements can be made. The movement of skilled migrants between countries is now a global norm. We will introduce a new provision for workers to change between employers in the scheme. It is important that health care is accessible for workers so that any medical conditions can be treated early. because these people generally return to New Zealand with valuable work and life experience. However during the first year of the scheme most employers did organise health insurance for their staff. We will also continue to run labour market checks to ensure that workers are not being brought in unless there are no New Zealanders available to do the work. or overseas work experience. Expatriate New Zealanders can be viewed as part of a larger pool of talent that New Zealand can draw on to fill labour market gaps. We will continue to monitor terms and conditions of employment through the Recognised Seasonal Employment Scheme to ensure that both workers’ and employers’ needs are protected. Workers for Recognised Seasonal Employers are not eligible for publicly funded health care. and • more flexible working arrangements. While New Strong Proven Leadership 311 . We do not want to discourage young New Zealanders from doing their traditional ‘OE’. with comparable countries such as Australia experiencing similar trends to us. This will mean that employers have more flexibility and employees have more work opportunities. These improvements will be implemented in time for next season. Labour will enhance the Recognised Seasonal Employment scheme through: • improved pre-departure information being provided to workers so they are better prepared upon arrival in New Zealand. however it is also important that New Zealanders are not disadvantaged by the health issues of these temporary workers. • further improvements to pastoral care so that workers are looked after while they are here. Labour will ensure our immigration policies continue to recognise the special relationship between New Zealand and the Pacific. However it is important that we have avenues to contact skilled New Zealanders overseas so that we can continue to promote their eventual return home. Labour will maintain close relationships with the Pacific region in terms of immigration policy.

One of the most effective ways of protecting our borders is by stopping those who may pose a risk to New Zealand before they even reach our border. There is no doubt that immigration is essential for our economic growth. the number of people refused entry at the border and the number of undocumented passengers detained in New Zealand has decreased. for example. It is important that we strike the right balance between stringent security measures and reasonable access for genuine migrants and their families. Labour in government introduced a system of Advanced Passenger Processing in 2003 to help identify these people before they even board the plane. Labour will increase border security at international airports with direct flights to New Zealand by establishing an airport liaison officer at each of these ports who will pre-screen travellers at their point of departure. work and raise a family. This message will apply to potential migrants and expatriate New Zealanders and be conveyed through. Strong Proven Leadership 312 . global society. This shows that we have been successful in extending the border offshore and managing risks before they arrive. Labour will ensure that the Immigration Service continues to market New Zealand overseas as a great place to live. international career expos and its existing New Zealand Now website. we also need to have policies and processes in place to ensure that our borders are well controlled and protected. But New Zealanders need to continue to have confidence that. we are also minimising and managing risks. while we are encouraging the people that we need in New Zealand to come here. there is a role that Immigration New Zealand can play through its international presence and contacts. targeting people with the skills needed to grow our economy. As the number of people being declined when boarding has increased.Zealand citizens are obviously excluded from all requirements in the Immigration Act. Managing Immigration Risks Immigration is an essential part of a modern. While we need to have policies that help facilitate the arrival of people who can contribute positively to New Zealand. detention and deportation powers and human rights. This means striking a balance between increased detection. Labour believes this approach is the most effective way of protecting New Zealanders and we will invest in further security measures outside of our own borders.

We will then implement a number of new measures allowed for in the Bill. permits and exemptions will all be rolled into a universal visa system. Labour will ensure that the Immigration Bill is passed into law at the earliest opportunity. This will allow appeals to be streamlined without reducing peoples’ appeal rights. For example. better incentives for third parties such as employers and education providers to comply with their immigration obligations. a single independent appeals tribunal rather than the current four separate appeals bodies. such as: • • • A simpler visa system: which will mean visas. There are already many changes in the pipeline through an Immigration Bill that the Labour-led government has before Parliament. and without denying refugees and migrants access to natural justice. Labour believes that the Immigration Bill will deliver a system that will better serve New Zealanders and migrants into the future. we will implement systems that enable biometric border management which is consistent with New Zealand's privacy and human rights legislation. The Immigration Bill will replace the current Immigration Act and provide a framework that balances the rights of the individual against the national interest. meaning that all grounds for appeal must be presented on lodgement rather than the current situation where people may make multiple appeals to separate tribunals. • • Strong Proven Leadership 313 . There is also room for improvement within our immigration processes. The Bill modernises and simplifies appeal and review processes without removing essential oversight and review mechanism safeguards. a streamlined.Technology is continuing to develop at a rapid pace and we must ensure that our immigration systems are also continuing to evolve and improve. more efficient but appropriate deportation process. a single appeal to the tribunal. Labour will continue to improve information technology capability at Immigration New Zealand to help protect our borders. and we will improve risk profiling systems so that immigration decisions are made with the best information possible.

Labour’s vision for New Zealand is a country that is committed to ensuring that refugees and their families settle well. Immigration Advocacy A ‘firm but fair’ approach underpins the immigration policies that Labour promotes. Licensing will help make that happen. Labour believes New Zealand should be proud of that reputation and should be working hard to maintain it. Gone are the days when we accepted refugees into New Zealand but gave them little help once they had completed the basic induction into the Kiwi way of life at the Mangere centre. On a bipartisan basis.Refugees – Meeting our International Obligations New Zealand has a reputation as a nation that is willing to make a stand on the international stage on matters of humanitarian concern. Underscoring our vision for an inclusive nation that meets our humanitarian obligations are our settlement support operations. New Zealand also supports family reunification of refugees already in this country and offers international protection to successful asylum seekers claiming refugee status on our shores. a country that is strong and inclusive. especially for those who have experienced difficult times in their own countries. and that their best interests will be served. integrate well into our society and make New Zealand their permanent home. including through the expansion of our settlement support programme. Our contribution to alleviating world refugee crises is not limited to offering resettlement places. This means having adequate protections for migrants as well as for New Zealanders. Strong Proven Leadership 314 . People who choose to live and work in New Zealand deserve certainty about the immigration advice they receive. Settlement support helps to ensure the migrants we have attracted here and the refugees who make New Zealand their new home. Labour will ensure that refugees continue to receive the support they need through government agencies and by working closely with relevant community groups. We recognise that many refugees and their families have high needs when they arrive here and may take more time to settle than other migrants. feel welcome. a country which welcomes newcomers and provides a safe and peaceful place to live. Labour has introduced compulsory licensing of immigration advisors to provide more protection for new and potential migrants. We have stepped up to the mark in fully supporting refugee resettlement in New Zealand. They need to know that they will get correct and relevant information.

• • The service will be administered independently of Immigration New Zealand but will encourage lawful compliance and work constructively with the Immigration Service. Strong Proven Leadership 315 . Such a service may also perform the following functions: • Assistance for persons in immigration detention but who are ineligible for legal aid. and Assistance in making complaints of immigration fraud to the Registrar and in seeking recovery from unethical immigration consultants.However not all migrants can afford to access assistance and representation through an immigration advisor or a lawyer. Assistance where appropriate with appeals for those unable to self advocate or to afford representatives. Labour will see that a community based immigration advocacy service is set up to provide advice and advocacy for at-risk migrants unable to afford representation. and in 1999 legal aid for immigration appeals was removed for all but refugee cases. Ombudsman and Registrar of Immigration advisors.

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Skills for our Current and Future Workforce Labour’s policy for Industry Training 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 317 .

Strong Proven Leadership 318 .

Strong Proven Leadership 319 . . . then our people must be able to enhance their skills throughout their lifetime. information and creativity are becoming the main drivers of our country's competitive advantage. knowledge. It involves formal training provided for people who are employed in a particular industry so skills are linked to the needs of workers and workplaces in that industry. Skills. Ten years ago . . up to and including this year’s Budget. Ten years from now . Industry training is structured workplace learning and skill development arranged through one of 40 industry training organisations (ITOs). with government-supported pathways and structures to help them reach their goals through a better trained workforce. A skilled workforce lifts productivity. . there were no trades training pathways for our young people. . . New Zealand must become a nation that values and encourages innovation. high-wage economy. Workers and trainees are better supported than ever before to improve their skills and gain a sense of purpose and opportunity.000 employers are now involved in industry training. Today . Participation in industry training has increased dramatically during this decade. we have established a training culture for our younger people and the wider workforce. Nearly 40. During 2008 an estimated 190.Introduction A skilled workforce is a major driver of economic growth and innovation. improves New Zealand’s global competitiveness and helps our industries. and competes confidently and successfully in the global marketplace.000 people are industry trainees. Training in the Workplace Improving the skills of the current workforce is crucial for New Zealand to achieve economic transformation and to move towards a high-skill. If New Zealand is to actively participate in the knowledge economy and society. Labour has a strong belief in the benefits of skills training for New Zealand and has invested heavily in it. with funding increasing by a similar amount. the majority of our tradespeople will have benefited from training and there will be ongoing and structured support for these people to progress in their careers. With the commitments we have made in government. recognises and capitalises on our unique qualities and strengths. Employers will need an increasingly well-trained workforce to deal with the ever-changing environment in which they operate. It has trebled to an estimated 190.000 during 2008. the annual investment by 2010 will be more than three times what it was in 2000.

In the last decade the Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has exceeded targets for growth. We have previously set targets for industry training numbers. The scheme involves young people in workplace learning from the start of their careers and will make an important contribution to Labour’s new Schools Plus plan for every young person to continue in education and training through to the age of 18. Labour intends to build on the investment we have made in the last nine years. Labour will continue to increase industry training so that by 2011. And just as government’s investment in skills training has risen sharply. We still need to keep increasing but there is no longer the same training deficit as at the start of the decade. Skills Strategy Labour believes that New Zealand must take a more strategic approach to skills development.000 modern apprentices will be in training by the end of 2008. Modern Apprenticeships Labour brought back apprenticeships in a new form that meets the needs of today’s workplace. We have already put funding in place so that 14. and this made sense while there was a need to substantially increase the number of trainees. both in terms of enabling more of our young people to be in a position Strong Proven Leadership 320 . Labour’s Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has been important in attracting young people back to traditional trade occupations. ten per cent of New Zealand’s workforce is participating in recognised industry training over the course of a calendar year. By the middle of this year.5 million last year.This year’s Budget introduced a provision for annual increases to the Industry Training Fund in line with the Consumer Price Index. Labour will increase the number of modern apprentices in training by 1. Reaching and maintaining a target of ten percent of the workforce will signal the ongoing importance of industry training while also providing some certainty to ITOs. more than 17. so has investment from industry – up from $24 million in 2000 to $65. We also provided funding to support development of the strategic leadership role of industry training organisations.000 a year so that 17.000 young New Zealanders had either completed a modern apprenticeship or were actively engaged in one.000 people are in modern apprenticeship training by December 2011.

This includes improved language. eighty per cent of those working now will still be in the workforce in 2020. We are committed to maintaining these relationships into the future. Labour will fully implement all components of the New Zealand Skills Strategy. Labour believes that New Zealand's future wealth. That is why we need a Skills Strategy that encourages: • • • • The use and development of our workforce skills A focus on skills development that meets the needs of industry Formal qualifications that reflect industry requirements Support from employers to employees to ensure workers reach their potential. business. The Skills Strategy is the next step in the evolution of industry training. Labour has been working with business and unions to improve the productivity of our workplaces and to ensure all workers have the skills they need for a better standard of living. and streamlining government programmes aimed at supporting firm capability and improving their links with private sector initiatives. To this end. literacy and numeracy in the workforce. Industry training and modern apprenticeships provide the base for our workforce. Lifting the numbers involved in skills training is not enough on its own . Labour values and encourages co-ordination between government.to access it and through improving the skills of people already in the workforce. global competitiveness and economic transformation rely on the skills of its employees and the way that industry supports workers to reach their full career potential. The Skills Strategy will not only lift skills levels across the workforce but will equip our workers with better management and leadership skills. improved management and leadership capability and skills planning. the Skills Strategy provides the boost needed if we are to move to a high-wage economy.we need to increase our capacity to harness those skills in order to drive productivity and competitiveness. This will ensure that firms can better harness the skills young people learn through industry training and modern apprenticeships. After all. It explicitly links skills development with productivity. Strong Proven Leadership 321 . unions and industry training organisations in the establishment of the Skills Strategy and the achievement of its goals.

Labour encourages the input of ITOs into how government investment in vocational education and training is distributed. training or some form of structured learning until the age of 18. all young people are in education. This includes what is often referred to as ‘overlapping provision’. This is consistent with the tertiary education reforms and with Labour’s support for developing the strategic leadership role of ITOs.Labour will ensure alignment of the Skills Strategy as it relates to the existing workforce and with the major ‘Schools Plus’ initiative as it relates to the emerging workforce. We will carry out the commitment made in the Skills Strategy to further explore flexible skills solutions. our young people will secure a better future for themselves and their families. By staying in education or training longer. The Skills Strategy action plan acknowledges this and a targeted review of the qualifications system. Industry training organisations. Labour believes the industry training system provides flexible training responses for industry. The Evolving Role of Industry Training Organisations Industry training has grown and changed during this decade in a number of important ways. encouraging more joint curriculum development. is now underway. This is a longstanding issue and one that will require commitment and compromise from all parties. This provides an opportunity to examine current qualification design processes in terms of the extent to which they allow input from industry. Schools Plus is Labour’s initiative to significantly reform our secondary school system by offering all young New Zealanders a stronger educational foundation. Strong Proven Leadership 322 . Labour will work to ensure there is the momentum needed to deliver sensible outcomes. As representatives of their industries. clearer qualifications for students and more flexible learning pathways. polytechnics and other tertiary stakeholders have also identified that the qualifications system would benefit from undergoing a review. The tertiary education reforms and the establishment of the Tertiary Education Commission have given industry training the same status as other education and training pathways in the tertiary system. It is aimed at ensuring that by 2014. focusing on diploma and certificate levels. Labour will improve the way that institutes of technology and polytechnics (ITPs) and industry training organisations work together. We announced in this year’s Budget that the government would provide funding over four years to further support ITOs’ strategic leadership role. particularly for frontline managers and small-tomedium enterprises.

Labour will continue to fund support for the Strategic Leadership role of industry training organisations and the Industry Training Federation. Strong Proven Leadership 323 . ITOs are required to periodically demonstrate that they can satisfactorily provide for the collective representation of employees in the governance of the ITO. Labour recognises that industry training is a partnership between employers. Labour will continue to recognise the role of unions in the governance of industry training organisations. employees. and employee representatives.

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Flexible and Fair Justice System for All Labour’s policy for Justice 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 325 .A Modern.

Strong Proven Leadership 326 .

or a member of a victim’s family with welfare. Strong Proven Leadership 327 . and importantly. effective. the Evidence Act 2006 has provided for the needs of vulnerable witnesses and victims by making provision for witnesses to give evidence in alternative ways. Labour is committed to fighting crime on all levels. the justice system needs people to have confidence in it and be supported through the process. Every New Zealander is entitled to feel safe in their homes and in their community. health. seen to be achieved. counselling. More recently.Introduction Labour is committed to a modern. medical or legal needs arising from an offence. the Parole Act 2002 and The Prisoners’ and Victims’ Claims Act 2005. via CCTV and pre-recorded video. and in turn. supports the victims of crime. should have access to services that are responsive to those needs. The Government can facilitate and fund solutions in the battle against crime but no government can provide all the solutions. strengthens our communities. with community organisations and with individuals to make our neighbourhoods as safe as we possibly can because we all need to take responsibility in the battle against crime. reduces offending. such as giving evidence from behind a screen. and other legislation including the Sentencing Act 2002. fair and accessible justice system which makes offenders accountable. We have put in place a strong legislative framework for victims of crime through the Victims Rights Act 2002. Labour believes in working with local authorities. where justice is achieved. The Needs of Victims Labour is the only party to have passed legislation that enhances the rights of victims in the justice system. Labour will act on the recommendations from the investigation being undertaken by the Law Commission into a comprehensive compensation scheme for victims of crime. by the public. We want a country where the justice system is fair to both the accused and the victim. The Victims Rights Act makes it clear that a victim. To be effective. Victims do not choose to be part of the criminal justice system but enter it because of the crimes committed against them. Labour will continue to focus on the needs of victims.

The Charter sets out in plain language the principles and rights contained in the Victims Rights Act in an accessible and concise format. Labour has asked the Law Commission to undertake that investigation and will act upon the Commission’s recommendations. Labour will pass the Legal Services Amendment Bill to ensure that victims do not face any additional stress during the processing legal aid grants. but might be mandated to also report on particular matters outside of this. They also have a right to information about the criminal justice system. a more comprehensive compensation scheme needs to be investigated.While New Zealand has the Accident Compensation Scheme which covers some aspects of compensation for victims.govt nz The Victims’ Charter is a statement of the standard of service “people affected by crime” can expect from government agencies. Labour has already launched three important Victims Information Resources: • The Victims’ Charter • The Victims of Crime Information Line (0800 650 654) • The Victims Information Website www. The Bill provides that victims of crime (those affected by an alleged or committed offence) involved in Coronial Inquests and Parole Board hearings will not be subject Strong Proven Leadership 328 . It is a significant step in ensuring that victims of crime are aware of their rights under the Victims Rights Act. its processes. The purpose of the advocate would be to ensure there is accountability against the expectations contained within the Victims’ Charter. Labour will investigate establishing a Victims Commissioner to oversee all matters relating to victims’ issues. The Charter is also a reminder to those who deal with victims of the standard of service victims should receive. and what they can expect when they become part of it. We have also initiated a Review of Services for Victims of Crime focussing on making improvements to existing services. Such an office might have powers of inquiry in response to complaints. A Legal Services Amendment Bill was introduced in August 2008. This includes work to develop the role of an independent Victim Advocate in the Family Violence Courts. The Victims of Crime Information Line and the Information Website are new contact points for people affected by crime that will provide information about their rights and the justice system and assist them to access support services.victimsinfo. The changes proposed in the Bill will ensure victims do not face any additional stress during the processing of legal aid grants. Victims of crime have a right to information about the services that can help them.

Victim Support will be able to provide emotional support leading up to. This will include establishing national practice standards for restorative justice providers and a single funding framework for the delivery of restorative justice services. during and following. We will aim to provide for the same referral. In the past nine years. services and information and are therefore able to participate fully in Family Group Conferences. Labour will also increase the availability of restorative justice services at District Courts. Even though victim input is integral to restorative justice. including domestic violence matters. it is often the case that victims do not attend Family Group Conferences. restitution and prompt resolution outside of an adversarial court process by better incorporating restorative justice into our criminal justice system. rather than waiting until the end of the proceedings. or need to repay legal aid grants when they need to be represented by a lawyer. since Labour began Strong Proven Leadership 329 . Labour will also ensure a fair and equitable travel policy for victims requiring legal aid. advocacy and emotional support for victims of young offenders. We will continue to develop quality assurance processes for restorative justice. funding. This will ensure that all victims can access support. apologies. Labour will support victims of youth offending to participate fully in Family Group Conferences. This will be addressed in part by providing travel costs. The Bill will also enable the Legal Services Agency to write off legal aid debt for victims at the time legal aid is granted. Restorative Justice Restorative justice programmes are working in a number of centres around New Zealand Labour will balance accountability and rehabilitation for the offender against victim’s needs for answers.to financial eligibility tests. the Family Group Conference. quality assurance and case management arrangements across all providers and all District Courts Family Violence and Sexual Violence Family violence is still minimised by many who fail to recognise its impact across all areas of our violence statistics.

Labour will fund an available and appropriate forensic evidential support service for victims of rape (for example the Sexual Assault Referral Centre model in the United Kingdom or Australia). The successful It’s not Ok campaign is also starting to impact on the figures. Strong Proven Leadership 330 . Police action has had a major role in terms of the reporting of family violence. improve the response of the Criminal Court and the Family Court to victims of family violence. improved support for victims. there has been a sharp increase in the number of offences reported. family violence accounted for all the increase in violent offences. introduced in September. The Bill. Labour will also introduce legislation to address the recommendations of the Taskforce for Action on Sexual Violence that was set up in July last year. Addressing sexual violence requires a multi-faceted approach covering prevention. and to provide better protection for children in Family Court matters. and increased accountability for offenders both within and alongside the criminal justice system. the defence of reasonable belief in consent (Crimes Act) and the admissibility of evidence relating to the sexual history of the complainant. Labour will pass the Domestic Violence Reform Bill. Having Sexual Assault Referral Centres in place would ensure all victims of violence could easily access a service that can document any injuries and gather forensic evidence to support a prosecution in the future should the victim choose to make a complaint.campaigning to raise awareness of family violence. is designed to enable Police to issue interim protection orders. also known as the Rape Shield. Changes will be made to legislation after this feedback is considered. This allows the evidence to be gathered outside of a police investigation but preserves the integrity of the evidence should it be required later. Not all victims of violence wish to make a complaint to the police immediately. in the past year’s crime stats. In fact. with all frontline police now having training in the area. The aim of this initiative is to ensure that any evidence gathered by the support service can be stored and the evidence and reports from the service be admissible as evidence in any subsequent criminal or civil proceedings. Community feedback has now been received into the taskforce document – Improvements to Sexual Violence Legislation in New Zealand – which sought views on possible law changes to the area of consent.

Labour wants to further develop community policing through closer involvement of the whole community in the safety of their neighbourhoods.500 police since 1999. Labour moved quickly to address this issue by setting up the Commission of Inquiry into Police Conduct which made 60 recommendations. police buildings and equipment were run-down and staff were demoralised. the role of police has continued to develop. Community policing gives local residents a sense of security and allows Police to better understand their community’s needs and concerns. Our police organisation is one of the best in the world and Labour will ensure it has the powers. Police have set up new problem solving teams who listen to and engage with local residents and business owners to assess their needs and prioritise their concerns. Labour is currently working on legislation to enhance the powers of the IPCA. Trials and Sentencing Major legislation was passed last year to make the criminal justice system more effective. Good progress is being made on implementing all of these including the introduction of a Code of Conduct. Today…We have recruited an extra 2. Over the past twenty years. Although in recent times high-profile court cases have dented some people’s confidence in police. particularly in providing alternatives to prison for low-risk offenders. New Zealanders are proud of their police. Proposals include allowing the Authority to undertake its own investigations of complaints about police misconduct in defined circumstances and amending current secrecy provisions so that information gathered during the Authority’s investigations can be used in any subsequent proceedings.Strong and Valued Police New Zealanders want our police to be visible. the Independent Police Conduct Authority (IPCA) was restructured. Local agencies and community representatives will be encouraged to help identify and solve problems in their local area. Following the Commission’s report.More police will be on the beat than ever before with the equipment and new powers they need to protect our families and communities. Ten years ago… Police were threatened by job cuts of 500 officers. responsive to the community and has the resources needed to do its job. new vehicles. Strong Proven Leadership 331 . stab resistant armour and developing digital radio communication. with clarified powers and procedures when police conduct is under investigation. Labour has invested in police buildings. and have built or refurbished 35 Police stations. equipment and staff to keep our families and communities safe. Ten years from now….

There is considerable variation in sentencing for like crimes across the country. The Council's role is to draft sentencing guidelines to help judges determine the appropriate sentences for the range of crimes. and community based sentences do have more effective outcomes. Absconding rates remain low and the rates of serious re-offending after non-custodial sentences are a little over a third of those of offenders doing a short prison sentence. leading to a welcome reduction in prison numbers. are now being used more frequently by judges when the offender is deemed by them not to constitute a significant risk to the safety of society. including those at the lower end of offending. England and most European countries. which took a tougher line against those who offended seriously and posed a risk to the safety of the community and now serve much longer prison sentences. Strong Proven Leadership 332 . Australia. The rate of imprisonment in New Zealand has doubled over the last 20 years and is much higher than Canada. That does not deliver justice or fairness. reversing the onus of proof so that hard core recidivist offenders had to prove to the Court why they should get bail. The new Bail Act in 2000 also took a tougher line.The new community-based sentences have been embraced by the judiciary. Earlier this decade Labour passed the Sentencing and Parole Acts of 2002. The rate of recidivism of former prisoners is high. That is why Labour adopted a recommendation by the Law Commission and established a Sentencing Council. Non-custodial sentences have many advantages. Offenders on non-custodial sentences are less exposed to the negative peer pressure and gang recruitment that can occur in the prison environment. Labour believes that as long as public safety isn't jeopardised. Consistent Sentencing We need to establish sentencing guidelines to ensure consistency of sentencing across New Zealand. however. we should work to keep lesser offenders out of jail. Non-custodial sentences such as home and community detention. Labour is working to counterbalance this by reducing the numbers serving short term sentences in prison. This new legislation imposed much longer sentences on the worst offenders and required the safety of the public to be the paramount consideration in parole decisions. Under the Effective Interventions policy. There is. a limit on the extent to which ongoing sharp increases in the prison population can solve the problem of criminal offending in New Zealand. enforced by electronic monitoring. The result of Effective Interventions is that we have been able to stabilise the soaring prison population. We need to aim for best practice and greater consistency in sentencing.

PDS cases are generally shorter and have less likelihood of jury trials. where appropriate. Public Defenders Office Labour will expand the Public Defender Office as an alternative to Legal Aid. An inquisitorial approach where appropriate Labour will consider a change to the judicial system method of dealing with cases from an adversarial approach to an inquisitorial approach. The PDS is headed by the Public Defender and has an office located near each court. The PDS was piloted for four years and was made permanent in 2008 following a positive final evaluation. thus speeding the delivery of justice for victims and reducing pressure on the Courts. Labour will establish a Commission of Inquiry into Organised Criminal Gangs as a means of establishing the extent of gang involvement in organised crime and ways to stamp it out. Gangs and Organised Crime Organised crime is a serious and growing problem. We will send a strong message to gang leaders that their behaviour will not be tolerated and will ensure they cannot profit from the proceeds of organised crime or gang activity. The Public Defence Service (PDS) employs salaried criminal lawyers to take on criminal legal aid cases in the Auckland and Manukau courts. The New Zealand legal system is founded on an adversarial approach. whereby the two sides (defence and prosecution) are pitted against each other in order to prove their respective sides of the case. depositions hearings and defended hearings. Labour is committed to effective measures that provide police and the courts with the tools necessary to hold these offenders to account. Labour will ensure that the appointments to the Sentencing Council are a matter of urgency.The establishment of the Sentencing Council will make the system more transparent and will result in best practice through more consistent sentencing. Strong Proven Leadership 333 . This approach means that in some instances (such as sexual violence cases) victims are put under considerable stress as they are crossexamined.

Police can also issue public safety orders banning gangs from public places or events. making it illegal for them to associate or communicate with other members and from being in certain places. Labour will extend the Counties Manukau initiative to respond to youth gangs to other centres. Passing this legislation will remedy the problem by introducing a new civil forfeiture regime under which assets and profit gained from crime can be confiscated without a conviction. The results have been positive. the South Australian gang legislation to see if it is appropriate in the New Zealand. which was the second largest reduction in the country. an integrated case management model and reception centres. Counties Manukau has put in place a youth gang initiative involving youth workers. Labour will pass the Criminal Proceeds (Recovery) Bill. Recently Counties Manukau experienced a 4. Increasing the maximum penalty from five to 10 years imprisonment sends a strong message that gang and other organised criminal activity will not be tolerated and ensures that crime bosses receive the level of penalty their actions deserve. It will also be charged with determining appropriate measures that need to be taken to curb and control gangs. Labour will extend this initiative to other regions around New Zealand who have requested that a similar response. With help from government. In addition. This Bill significantly increases the maximum penalty for participation in an organised criminal group and makes such participation an aggravating factor at sentencing. It will be sufficient to prove on the balance of probabilities that a person has benefited from significant criminal activity. Control orders can then be made against individual members. Strong Proven Leadership 334 . Labour will pass the Organised Crime (Penalties and Sentencing) Bill.The Commission will draw not only from the experiences of police here in New Zealand but also from overseas jurisdictions facing similar issues and problems.9 percent drop in total reported crime. but also recruitment and anti-social behaviour. this increase in penalty will ensure that interception warrants will be available to police in a wider range of circumstances to assist with investigating offending by crime bosses and helping police obtain a conviction. The Commission will be expected to study not only the involvement of gangs in organised crime. Under the new South Australian law a gang is outlawed by being declared a criminal organisation on advice from the police. Too many criminals are able to retain property and income acquired through criminal offending by distancing themselves from those committing the crimes. Labour will investigate. police in Counties Manukau report less criminal activity and fewer serious offences by youth gangs. Since 2006. Breaches of the law are punishable by up to five years in jail. and follow the progress of. This enables gangs and career criminals to amass more money to fund more crime.

This new organisation offers a new mechanism to increase the attention given to serious and complex fraud. This disestablishes the current small and stand-alone Serious Fraud Office and transfers its important functions. powers and commercial fraud investigative capabilities into the larger police infrastructure. We know that patterns of burglary show that the risk of burglary in an area increases the more often it has been burgled in the past. Police Working for Communities Burglary involves a large number of offences – it accounts for 15 percent of the prison population. As part of its fight against serious and organised crime. For example. Labour will continue with its establishment of an Organised and Financial Crime Agency within police by passing the Serious Fraud Office (Abolition and Transitional Provisions) Bill.Labour will pass the Serious Fraud Office (Abolition and Transitional Provisions) Bill. Labour will tackle burglary by targeting high-burglary areas. It is estimated that this initiative would achieve a reduction in burglary rates of 5 percent. It is silent with respect to the use of visual surveillance devices. In this area. It also has a real impact on victims. and investing to put proven burglary reduction initiatives in place there. We can therefore make a difference by targeting the ten police areas identified as most affected by this offence. Labour will pass the Search and Surveillance Powers Bill. Often. The Law Commission took five years to produce the recommendations that form the core of this Bill and Labour has also supplemented the Commission's work by adding a compulsory examination power to assist with the investigation of serious and organised crime. Labour will expand the Priority Offenders Initiative. Labour has introduced a comprehensive package of reforms relating to the exercise of search and surveillance powers by law enforcement agencies. Amalgamating SFO and police skills and experience will bring a new capability to tackle corporate fraud and sophisticated organised crime. while significantly challenging those engaged in both domestic and international organised crime. existing legislation sanctioning the law enforcement use of interception and tracking devices is cumbersome and outdated. the Law has failed to keep pace with technology. an attack on someone’s home and personal property feels like an attack on the person themselves. Strong Proven Leadership 335 .

educational failure and lack of employment skills. Labour will ensure that programmes are designed specifically for Pacific Island and Maori young offenders aimed at strengthening their cultural identity. Youth and Family. alcohol and drug issues. Labour is asking for more work to be done on the United Kingdom model of fixed penalty notices. A bottom line is encouraging government agencies and community groups to continue work in partnership to respond effectively to young offenders’ psychological problems. drug and alcohol dependency community based programmes for young offenders. Rotorua. Labour will investigate fixed penalty notices where offences are sufficiently minor not to warrant a full prosecution process. Government agencies need to continue helping non-government or community organisations in delivering effective rehabilitation and reintegration plans for young offenders and their families. As an extension of that. heritage and values in order for them to be successfully reintegrated back into the community. Labour will continue to fund Maori Wardens and will introduce permanent funding for Pacific Wardens to develop and expand the Pacific Warden Programme. Flaxmere. Assistance is also offered to the families of the participants. The initiative brings together a multi-agency group comprising police. Any such system of fixed penalty notices would build on the current infringement notice system. and needs to be nationally consistent if it is to work properly. education. Work and Income). Porirua and Christchurch. Ministry of Social Development (Child. Strong Proven Leadership 336 . Reducing Re-offending We need integrated community plans using local people to achieve lasting success. and that’s why Labour will address the need for more mental health. Papakura. The Priority Offenders Initiative aims to identify these offenders and reduce their offending through co-ordinated case management. The Neighbourhood Support and Community Patrols will continue to receive funding to coordinate their activities. Corrections and Housing to deal with the issues. Labour will expand the initiative which is currently operating in Kaikohe.It is well recognised that a small group of offenders commit a disproportionate amount of crime and damage in communities.

as it is now. Drug and Alcohol Teams will refer individuals to alcohol and other drug treatment at their first point of contact with the criminal justice system. among other things: Make it an offence for an adult. if that treatment is required. Police will be able to test first time offenders and refer them for appropriate treatment. • Ensure minors are referred to an alcohol programme in place of paying an infringement fine. This will draw on the Drug and Alcohol Team initiative in the United Kingdom. which is aimed at making it more difficult for minors to obtain alcohol. As well. the Law Commission is undertaking a comprehensive. instead of such treatment being largely restricted. Local Alcohol Plans will be prepared through consultation under the Local Government Act 2002. to prisoners or those on parole. and minimum proximity to other outlets and types of community premises. to supply alcohol to a minor.Actions cannot work in isolation. Labour also believes it is important to improve community input into the licensing process. other than the minor’s parent or guardian. • Amend the Land Transport Act to introduce a zero blood alcohol limit for drivers under 20 who do not hold a full licence. • Make it an offence to use fake ID. Services need to be coordinated at a local level. first principles review of the Sale of Liquor Act. The Bill will. and will be designed to control the hours during which liquor may be sold. Labour will pass the Sale and Supply of Liquor and Liquor Enforcement Bill. • Strong Proven Leadership 337 . Misuse of Alcohol The availability and misuse of alcohol clearly remains a significant problem for communities around New Zealand and for policing. maximum outlet density. Labour will over time establish Drug and Alcohol Teams at a local level to coordinate a range of services to provide tailored solutions for those who commit crime to fund their drug use. which is now 20 years old and which has had about as many amendments to it as the old Police Act.

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Strong Local Communities through Strong Local Government Labour’s Policy for Local Government 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 339 .

Strong Proven Leadership 340 .

We believe in local democracy and the right of communities to have a say on major decisions affecting them. For those on fixed incomes. We believe local decisions are best made locally and that local government should be empowered to meet the social. energy efficiency and climate change. Our vision is to ensure local government is responsive and accountable to local communities. We have also resourced local government through significant injections of funds for roading and public transport. We will continue active partnership with local government. From 1 July 2006. public transport. and they have little ability to increase earnings while dealing with rising rates demands. Labour increased the maximum rebate from $200 to $500. We have empowered local government and communities. environmental and cultural needs of its communities. public health.Introduction Labour is committed to a close and collaborative working relationship with local government. economic. housing and environmental protection. Fair and Affordable Rates The Rates Rebate Scheme fills an important gap in providing residential ratepayers on low incomes with financial assistance to help meet their rates bills. and their only or primary source of income is New Zealand superannuation. given councils wider decision-making powers and made them more accountable to their communities through legislation. and increased the additional income allowance from $156 to $500 per dependant. It meets a real need. affordable housing. Labour has progressively increased the benefits of the scheme. These people are typically retired. affordable for its residents and ratepayers and effective in dealing with local issues. Over the next three years. Assistance towards meeting rates costs can help elderly couples to remain in their family home.400 to $20. and provided the option of a regional fuel tax. especially in greater Auckland. especially through the regular meetings of the Prime Minister and other Ministers with Local Government New Zealand. Labour will build on existing successful policies and programmes on matters such as rates affordability. This will assist us to achieve major common goals in areas such as infrastructure. rates bills take up a significant proportion of their income. Strong Proven Leadership 341 . increased the income threshold where the rebate starts to reduce (‘abate’) from $7. We will also implement creative ways to enhance participation and effective decisionmaking in local government.000.

We also increased the income abatement threshold from $20. Labour is committed to maintaining the value of the rebates scheme into the future. The Royal Commission is a unique opportunity for a broad and independent investigation into the best possible local government arrangements for Auckland to achieve its potential as a world class city that remains internationally competitive with a vital role to play in New Zealand’s long-term success. We agreed to establish a Royal Commission to look at what local and regional governance arrangements are required in the Auckland region over the foreseeable future. at a maximum value of $530. This year we have further increased the maximum rebate from $500 to $530 in recognition of the effects of inflation since 2006. We believe in encouraging transparent and fair democratic structures at a local level. more of our seniors and kaumatua will find themselves on fixed incomes. Ten years from now… many more of our seniors and kaumatua will be able to live with dignity in their own homes through rates assistance. and undertook to index both the maximum rebate and the income abatement threshold in future years to reflect increases in inflation (measured through the All Groups index of the Consumers Price Index). Labour will consider and respond to the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Auckland Governance with a view to facilitating effective local government across the Auckland region. local government. without the means to increase earnings to match increases in rates demands.180. Strong Proven Leadership 342 . including ward systems for councils and District Health Boards in larger population centres. Responsive Local Democracy Labour is committed to enhancing the responsiveness of. and participation in. Labour will promote the scheme through council and community group information services to potential applicants. with the maximum rebate set at $200.000 households benefit from a rates rebate. As the population ages.000 households had the benefit of a rates rebate.Ten years ago… only about 3. Today… more than 110.000 to $21. to maximise the current and future well-being of the region and its communities and its contribution to wider national objectives and outcomes.

Essentially. While Labour wants as many Kiwis as possible to own their own home. We need to involve young people more in building sustainable communities.In terms of participation in both local and central government. political and community issues as older age groups. There is rising demand among local authorities for tools to tackle this issue and ensure an adequate supply of houses for workers crucial to a local economy. delivers those tools. that takes time while for others it may never be an option. very few have been designed for. Labour will involve young people more in building sustainable communities through the encouragement of involvement in youth councils. we also recognise that for some people. Labour supports the Growing Active Citizens project co-ordinated by Local Government New Zealand which has young people as its focus. Labour will assist Local Authorities to implement the Affordable Housing Act by providing guidance and tools for the design of affordable housing policies through a National Policy Statement on Affordable Housing. They are responsible for approving new housing developments and. or be as active in. We also support the Kids Voting programme that ran during the 2007 local body elections. throughout much of the world the trend is that more young people tend not to vote. based on tried-and-tested schemes in the United Kingdom and the United States. Partnerships for Affordable Housing Labour has passed legislation to enable local authorities to address imbalances in the supply of new homes through a combination of requirements and incentives for developers. if their region or city needs more affordable homes for workers. Over the past 15 years. Strong Proven Leadership 343 . the actual size of new homes being built has increased significantly. That is why Labour supports the provision of affordable and secure rental accommodation. Local authorities have an important role to play in promoting affordable home ownership. Labour believes they must have the ability to meet that need. the government will assist in helping them develop affordable housing plans. If local authorities identify a demand for affordable homes in their area. Although developers are building a large number of new homes each year. and the involvement of young people in Youth Councils. it will allow local authorities to require a certain number of affordable homes to be built within new housing developments. or targeted at. This legislation. first-time buyers or modest-income families.

There are a number of challenges local authorities and developers face when trying to develop urban areas in a sustainable and effective way. By intensifying land use in some strategic areas. service and utility providers and the development sector work together. Labour wants to help these groups grow to expand their provision of affordable rental accommodation. It would have carefully prescribed objectives. as well as a range of non-regulatory or legislative tools. or a joint venture company with public sector involvement. The legislation could be supported by improvements in the use of existing urban development processes. An urban development organisation could be a council-controlled organisation. We are currently consulting on a way forward that is flexible rather than prescriptive.Currently there are some councils and small not-for-profit housing organisations providing affordable rental housing. New Zealand currently has limited co-ordination of national. Labour will develop a new approach to sustainable urban development to improve the ways that the community. local and central government. These tools or powers could be used by an urban development organisation to implement sustainable development according to a “master development plan” that has been drawn up with the community. taking into account the unique features of each location rather than trying to apply the same formula to different urban areas around the country. In the recently-released discussion document Building Sustainable Urban Communities. infrastructure and assets more effectively when we undertake new developments or re-develop existing suburbs and town centres. Labour will work with local government and not-for-profit agencies to support the expansion and provision of affordable rental accommodation. boundaries and would be in place for the duration of a particular project. viable public transport options and thriving town centres. Strong Proven Leadership 344 . a Crown entity. this proposed new approach would create legislation to allow the government to declare that special tools or powers could be applied in particular areas. regional and local planning when it comes to largescale urban development. Urban Development – a sustainable approach There is also a need to focus on using land. it should be possible to provide New Zealanders with more housing choices.

and allowing them to require that any or all public transport services be provided under contract. We need to ensure water is used sustainably if coming generations are to enjoy the same quality of lifestyle we do. so that passengers can expect travel on public transport to become much simpler and more efficient. businesses and the broader community to achieve an optimal and sustainable public transport network. safe. Labour will continue work in partnership with regional government. integrated and accessible. Effective Public Transport Labour believes that if New Zealanders are to move towards more sustainable transport. We will use this to develop a new approach to achieving better urban development by working together. Strong Proven Leadership 345 .Labour will consider the feedback on this proposal that local authorities. This gives regional councils the tools to run public transport services as effectively as possible. responsive to change and – above all – economically. Protection of water resources Water is crucial for New Zealand’s economic development and its quality is fundamental to our recreational lifestyle and health. developers and the public provide. We trade on our ‘clean green’ image. we must create a public transport system that is a realistic alternative to private car use. Through the Sustainable Water Programme of Action. Our ability to grow and sell primary produce is heavily reliant on a dependable supply of good quality water. it's what tourists love about this country and it offers us a competitive advantage in international markets which are increasingly clamouring for eco-friendly products and services. socially and environmentally sustainable. and Protection of water resources. The new Public Transport Management Act 2008 will enable Regional Councils to improve New Zealand’s public transport system by imposing greater controls over commercial public transport services. Environmental Protection Labour is committed to a close and collaborative working relationship with local government in the priority areas of: • • Effective public transport. It is therefore essential that New Zealand’s public transport services are affordable.

And it’s not just farmers that need to take care of New Zealand’s freshwater. Levels of non-compliance with resource consent conditions and regional plan rules for dairy effluent management have marginally improved but a percentage of farmers are still letting us and their fellow farmers down. there is more work to be done. There is under-investment in infrastructure that would improve water monitoring.we have developed effective and workable approaches to freshwater management. Labour will retain local level decision-making on freshwater management while ensuring central government plays a national leadership role through: • • • Investigating and implementing ‘Hot-Spot’ National Policy Statements that provide guidance at a regional level on specific freshwater issues Investigating National Environmental Standards relating to the treatment of water affected by dairy farming Investigating better enforcement powers for non-compliance with RMA consent conditions and regional plan rules in regard to freshwater. and other stakeholders. We believe that compliance. If Strong Proven Leadership 346 . Of all the water allocated in this country. regional councils. While National Policy Statements under the Resource Management Act (RMA) help raise the standard of our freshwater management. through National Policy Statements and National Environmental Standards. Only a proportion of our 74 local authorities use water meters. including issues such as water allocation and quality. only a third is measured. Labour will help local government implement a National Policy Statement that aims to ensure our freshwater is of a swimmable standard by 2035. The quality of water in both rural and urban areas is declining. we believe there is a need for clear central government policy that directs local government to implement measures to: • • • • • • address constraints on availability of freshwater address the effects of contaminant discharges address the issue of competing demands on freshwater resources ensure our freshwater meets the recreational expectations of New Zealanders ensure sustainable management of our freshwater is addressed at both a national and local level improve the integrated management of freshwater by territorial authorities. monitoring and enforcement should be an integral part of resource consent decisions when significant developments are being considered. Given the central importance of freshwater resources to New Zealand and New Zealanders.

offering funding that would have otherwise have had to come from rates or water charges. tourists and the tourism industry. including those in rural areas. Good quality water benefits rural and small town residents and ratepayers.000 rural New Zealanders are set to benefit from our Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme. This fund assists councils and other water suppliers with technical advice and direct capital assistance for upgrading water systems. We also established funding for the period 2005-2016 through the Drinking Water Subsidy Fund to help improve drinking water in New Zealand communities. Councils serving small or rural communities are expected to comply by 1 July 2013 with higher quality standards for the water they supply. they will have little effect. Over 170. Since 1999 we have implemented a number of innovative schemes to support communities who need to upgrade their water or wastewater treatment systems. to meet the costs of providing quality water supplies. Labour has invested in essential services. and over 40.000 will have safer drinking water through the Capital Assistance Programme. Māori kainga. as are efficient sewerage systems in all built-up areas. It is Labour’s goal to continue this partnership with communities to improve access to a safe and sustainable water supply. Quality Water Supply for Rural Areas High quality water supplies are essential to public health. Labour will provide targeted assistance to smaller and poorer communities. Strong Proven Leadership 347 . holidaymakers and travellers. Some councils may fail to meet the target without assistance from central government. It is costly to provide quality water supply in rural areas because schemes lack economies of scale.local rules and conditions are imposed but not properly monitored and enforced.

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Me Ara Ake The next step Labour’s policy for investing in the future of Māori Te Tāpui Rawa Atu Ki Ngā Wā Kei Mua O Te Māori 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 349 .

Strong Proven Leadership 350 .

Strong Proven Leadership 351 . With Māori unemployment cut by half over the past eight years. Labour is committed to investing in the future of Māori by supporting Māori economic development and the utilisation of their resources. forestry. Māori do not face the same challenges that were evident in 1999. tourism and agriculture sectors. so that fair and inclusive representation is guaranteed. Labour is committed to honouring the Treaty of Waitangi and the spirit of partnership it embodies. Māori culture defines many aspects of our national identity. and having made significant progress on some of the longest running Treaty claims. We are committed to ensuring that any discussions that might take place in the future on the development of a written constitution for this country recognise the central role of the Treaty of Waitangi. Labour recognises the importance of achieving durable Treaty settlements as soon as possible. Ensuring Māori culture remains strong and that Te Reo Māori remains a living language is of the utmost importance to Labour. An integral part of honouring the Treaty is acknowledging the wrongs of the past. Māori are now major players in the future of our country’s fisheries. as has their role in the economic and social future of Aotearoa. The provision of quality. overseeing a major surge in the number of Māori in tertiary education. Labour aims to harness and grow this economic potential to help secure the present and the future for Māori. We will continue to support the will of Māori to retain the Māori seats in Parliament. the full potential of Māori seems much broader than it did just a few years ago. Māoridom has been reshaped and revitalised over the last 10 years. And so it should – Māori must continue to raise their sights and aspirations. leads to a widening of ambition for what the next generation of Māori is capable of achieving. The collective Māori asset base is now worth an estimated $16.Introduction The landscape of Māoridom has transformed. Each accomplishment gained. Māori ambition has grown. each expectation exceeded.5 billion – an 83 percent increase since 2001. As we look to secure the future of Māori development we remain committed to the belief that the Treaty of Waitangi underpins a shared history and vision for all New Zealanders. We also remain committed to supporting the historical ties Māori have to the Māori seats in Parliament.

Our positive record of change around Māori Development is testament to what can happen when the government supports the aspirations of Māori and when Māori themselves step up to the challenge. Labour recognises that Māori have high aspirations for their future.5 billion. With this shift from benefits to jobs. the Māori unemployment rate peaked at over 18 per cent.personalised education to tamariki and rangatahi. Ten years from now… Māori will have taken advantage of new opportunities in education and training and opportunities provided within the Māori economy. it is not surprising that the real median weekly income for Maori households has increased by 39% from 1999 to 2008. forestry. Investing In the Economic Future of Māori A vital part of ensuring the Māori economy continues to thrive is investing in improving the opportunities of Māori. Today… More Māori are enjoying the financial and social benefits of employment and the weekly income of Māori households has increased by more than a third. And so they should. not just the government. the Māori asset base has grown to be worth an estimated $16. Ten years ago… Over 44. By working together with Māori to achieve their economic aspirations. Over the last 10 years. tourism and agriculture sectors. Māori are now major players in the future of our country’s fisheries. we will secure the Māori economy now and into the future. One of the most significant changes we have seen within Māori communities over the past 10 years is the number of Māori who have moved from dependency to independency. The Māori unemployment rate has fallen by 53 per cent and the number of Māori relying on benefits has fallen by 22 per cent. Māori have come a long way over the last 10 years and it is important to note that real progress has been made. That progress is a credit to Māori themselves. Strong Proven Leadership 352 . operate entities under good governance and ensure those entities contribute to the economic benefit of Māori.000 Māori were receiving an unemployment benefit. We are committed to working with Māori to ensure that these aspirations are realised. Labour wants to ensure Māori have the tools to utilise their own assets. strong public services including affordable and accessible healthcare for whanau. and financial support to working Māori families will secure the future for the next generation of Māori.

We will work to grow the potential of entrepreneurs and Māori business by supporting initiatives that assist Māori in using their entrepreneurial talents for the benefit of themselves and the wider New Zealand economy. This will improve the quality of decision-making and the quality of decision makers so that Māori business is a vital part of the New Zealand economy. We are committed to ensuring the Māori workforce continues to grow to become highly-skilled and highly-valued within Aotearoa. Developing the potential of entrepreneurs and Māori business We already know that Māori are one of the world’s most entrepreneurial people. Encourage the expansion of Māori tourism ventures locally and globally It is also important that Māori business and especially Māori Tourism ventures have Strong Proven Leadership 353 . especially women. This talent is one that should be supported and grown to provide further opportunities in the Māori economy. Labour will continue to increase industry training volumes in order to reach a point where by 2011 ten per cent of New Zealand’s workforce is participating in some recognised industry training over the course of the calendar year. These will help to improve productivity. Labour will work to ensure that Māori business leaders and decisionmakers can access appropriate training courses and support in order to enhance their skills and knowledge base. We will also support the active involvement of workers and unions in industry strategies. We know we need to provide opportunities for Māori to upskill in the workplace and opportunities for many Māori.Labour intends to build on the positive record of change Māori economic development has undergone over the past 10 years. Growing the skills and capabilities of the Māori workforce Labour will help to provide professional development through Industry Training to Māori who wish to gain better qualifications and improve their skills within their chosen career. We must raise our sights and aim to upskill the Māori workforce. to re-train after time out of the workforce. raise the skill levels of the Māori workforce and engage workers and unions in the broader issues of social and economic development.

Tuna (eel). Realising the economic potential of Māori Land To grow the economic potential of Māori land we need to look at what barriers many Māori face when looking to develop their lands. Labour will also continue to support the implementation of Māori customary fishing regulations. We believe that a review of the Act is needed. and support the utilisation of Māori Fisheries and aquaculture As well as Māori land. Labour will encourage the expansion of Māori tourism ventures locally and globally by developing strong strategic relationships with the public sector to advance Māori tourism. we need to look at ways of helping Māori realise the full economic potential of natural resources and fisheries and aquaculture assets. In particular. Harakeke (flax) and Totara. such as Kereru (pigeon). sustainability of natural resources will be a key factor in ensuring the stability of the Māori economy. The purpose of the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act was to enable the retention of Māori land but the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act is seen by many to be a barrier to allowing Māori to gain economic benefit from their land. and Section 150B. processes and requirements for the establishment of aquaculture management areas to remove any unnecessary barriers to their establishment. Protect Māori interests in the preservation of natural resources. We will aim to identify and address any barriers to land development and home ownership. Looking to the future. That’s why it is important Māori are able to protect and promote natural resources. We will continue to support the process established by the Māori Fisheries Act to transfer assets and quota to Māori. Labour will work with local government authorities to develop best practice models for engagement with iwi and other Māori groups in a range of areas including allocation of marine farming space. Labour will ensure Māori are able to access this support and develop partnerships that will promote Māori tourism. and put in place enhancements to. Labour will promote the conservation and restoration of valued species of significance to Māori. we will look at the purpose of the Act. Labour will review. Labour will look to help Māori realise the economic potential of Māori land by reviewing the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act. Strong Proven Leadership 354 . which requires land use decisions to be agreed by 75 per cent of shareholders.the support they need to grow both locally and globally.

Labour recognises the importance of achieving durable Treaty settlements as soon as possible. Strong Proven Leadership 355 . The retention of this traditional knowledge and traditional practice to protect the land is important to Māori. Labour will promote conservation on Māori land and the retention of traditional Māori biodiversity management through the Nga Whenua Rāhui and Mātauranga Kura Taiao Funds. Founding future: Treaty settlements Labour is committed to honouring the Treaty of Waitangi and the spirit of partnership it embodies. Labour will support a Māori Conservation Cadetship/Tauira Māori Wananga Kaitiaki Taiao to assist iwi and hapu with their conservation responsibilities. Labour will support Māori entities to establish good governance and leadership practices by continuing to fund governance and leadership courses. An integral part of honouring the Treaty is acknowledging the wrongs of the past. Labour will facilitate the development of taiapure and mātaitai reserves to enhance the sustainability of kai moana and to complement marine reserves. Labour will also ensure thorough consultation with Māori in identifying potential marine reserves and other marine protected areas. As well as continuing to support the establishment of Māori customary fishing areas (taiapure and mātaitai reserves).Māori conservation is not a new concept and Māori have practised their own forms of conservation for centuries. Labour will support cadetships in the conservation area to train Māori from iwi and hapu who have received conservation accountabilities in their Treaty Settlements and Māori groups with significant areas under Nga Whenua Rāhui protection. Support for Māori entities to establish good governance and leadership practices Māori need the tools and support to establish good governance and leadership practices around the management and utilisation of the many resources now in Māori ownership.

000 people. Strong Proven Leadership 356 . At the signing of Central North Island settlement Labour honoured its promise to require all historical claims to be lodged by 1 September 2008. More Treaty claims have been progressed than ever before. the Crown and the nation.The acknowledgement and settlement of grievances provides benefits to Māori. Labour understands the need to commit to ensuring that the Treaty process is continually reviewed and assessed to make sure it continues to meet the needs of both parties. In turn. The first landmark Foreshore and Seabed settlements with ngā hapū o Ngāti Porou and Te Whanau a Apanui strike a balance between preserving the public foreshore and seabed for all New Zealanders while recognising and protecting long-standing Māori customary interests. Ten deeds of settlement have been signed between the Crown and iwi since Labour came into office along with 12 Agreements in Principle. involving 18 iwi representing over 100. Settlements provide iwi with an economic and cultural platform to move forward into the next phase of their development and provide the opportunity for a new relationship with the Crown to be forged. broad. Labour will aim to enhance the settlements process for establishing mandates and managing overlapping claims. The culmination of twenty years of Māori aspiration.000 hectares of forest land will be returned to iwi under this settlement. Waikato-Tainui and the Crown were joined by other Waikato River iwi and representatives of the wider Waikato communities to establish a vision and strategy for this new integrated approach to managing the river. The Central North Island Forestry Settlement settles a large range of historical claims involving overlapping groups for the first time. this is the largest-ever treaty settlement. Over 100. this allows for a stronger and more confident New Zealand. The improved process will build upon a thorough understanding of local circumstances and the cultural dynamics that drive local communities. inclusive and timely engagement. It will reduce the likelihood of litigation and focus on early. The Waikato River Settlement between the Crown and Waikato Tainui reflects a shared commitment by the Crown and Waikato-Tainui to enter a new era of comanagement over the Waikato River.

cheaper doctor’s visits and prescriptions. Māori whanau are benefiting from free health care for children under six. Strong Proven Leadership 357 . so too will be the future of our country. is not only possible but necessary for the future of Māori and New Zealand. and a difficult employment relations environment were problems that fell disproportionately onto Māoridom. We are making progress when it comes to settling Treaty of Waitangi claims. ageing hospitals. Strong Future If whanau across the country are strong. not just the government. inadequate social housing. overcrowded classrooms. and we know that it is in the interest of Māori and Aotearoa that we reach fair and final settlements. Providing whanau with strong public services across all areas will ensure that whanau have adequate housing. We also continue to engage in the foreshore and seabed claims process and hope to continue to reach agreement with iwi around the country enabling them to secure their customary rights to the foreshore and seabed through law. Labour will continue to implement and support initiatives that will grow and strengthen whanau across Aotearoa Over the last 10 years we have worked hard to reverse the damage some of the policies of the 1990’s had on Māori whanau. There are still issues to address and challenges to overcome but it is important to note that real progress has been made. Strong Whanau. cuts to superannuation. And it is important to note that this progress is a credit to Māori themselves. Problems like high poverty and unemployment rates. Aiming for a final date by which all historical grievances will be settled. Labour will continue to negotiate and settle claims with mandated groups and aim to settle all historical claims by 2020.Labour will keep the Treaty settlement processes under review to ensure it meets the needs of both parties and will ensure that the long term impact of land price changes is incorporated into policies for modelling treaty settlements. affordable healthcare and that our most vulnerable families can access services to address problems such as domestic violence and gang associations. Over half a million Māori have signed up to Primary Healthcare Organisations that receive the funding that provides cheaper doctor’s visits.

dream of owning their own home. This land is not usually accepted as security for a mortgage in the private sector. We know that our Māori communities still face challenges in regards to diabetes and obesity. Labour will continue to support and strengthen the Māori Health Strategy He Korowai Oranga and fund Primary Healthcare Organisations and Māori Health Providers to ensure Māori receive accessible and affordable healthcare for all ages. By continuing to provide affordable healthcare for all New Zealanders. It is also important to ensure that Māori Health providers continue to deliver health services to Māori. seize the opportunity for a better future. We know that too many Māori children are affected by these problems. like all New Zealanders. Strong Proven Leadership 358 . Māori will step up to the challenge. domestic violence and gang violence. affordable housing to Māori communities as well as providing a secure investment for local iwi. What we have shown since 1999 is that when the government invests in public services and lays down solid foundations for Māori to build upon. Papakainga lending is currently available for first-home buyers who want to build on multiple-owned Māori land. Many iwi now hold numerous land assets. Improving the health and wellbeing of Māori Prevention of problems such as health problems is essential to improving the health and wellbeing of whanau across the country.Māori smoking rates are dropping and Māori life expectancy is also improving every year. Labour will ensure that diseases disproportionately affecting Māori are detected as early as possible. Labour will further encourage development of Papakainga and Kaumatua housing by increasing the funding allocated for these programmes. Alongside this. making homes safer and healthier. Utilising Māori land to provide housing for whanau is a great way to provide quality. And we know that it is Māori champions in Māori communities that can be the most effective at working with our most vulnerable whanau to help them solve the problems they may face. the Rural Housing Programme improves substandard housing. That’s why it is important that we continue to support initiatives such as Kiwisaver and Welcome Home loans to remove some of the financial barriers Māori face when purchasing their first home. Innovative housing We understand that Māori.

Barriers to financing development on Māori land remain however. and Labour will work with whanau. Youth and Gangs Strong whanau with a strong future are unlikely to associate with gangs. Labour will continue to encourage agencies to work together in targeted communities to help address the issue of gangs. This will support people who want to remain on ancestral land but who also want to benefit from utilising that land. Labour will develop housing partnerships with iwi to work together to extend housing options for Māori. Labour will look at ways to guarantee bank loans through the Welcome Home Loan Scheme for sustainable housing projects on Māori land. Whanau led Communities Communities that are strong also have strong families. That includes encouraging an integrated case management approach where a range of government agencies work with young Māori to re-engage them with education and training or gaining employment. hapu. We need to take these successful programmes and replicate their success in other communities with a high percentage of youth at risk. Addressing the issue of gangs takes a whole-of-government approach. As an increasing number of historical Treaty Settlements are signed. This might include setting up shared equity schemes between iwi and the government.These initiatives have paved the way for projects such as the relocation of state rentals onto Māori land but there is scope for more to be done. iwi housing projects and reviewing opportunities available for building on land with multiple owners. Making sure that our most vulnerable families get the help they need from their communities is an important part of making sure whanau. This government has already put a lot of effort into preventing youth from associating with gangs. including land with multiple owners. and tamariki. Programmes such as the “Improving Outcomes for Young People in Counties Manukau – four year action plan” have been proven to work with rangatahi. are not only strong but safe. iwi and other groups to promote and support quality housing ventures on Māori land. the potential for joint housing ventures with iwi and other agencies will increase. Strong Proven Leadership 359 .

We will expand the provision of support for families who have complex and multiple needs so they are safe and secure and their children get a good start in life. Alongside tamariki support through tamaiti whangai programmes. health problems. Tamaiti whangai programmes Labour will support the development of tamaiti whangai (‘nurturing children’) programmes across our communities. We will further invest in early intervention family support. Making sure tamariki in vulnerable whanau have the support they need outside the home is important. Strong Proven Leadership 360 . housing and education are inter-linked. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all contracts for essential services for children. drug and alcohol abuse.Labour will expand the integrated service response for vulnerable families to offer a family-focused case management approach in more communities across New Zealand. criminal activity. attract and retain qualified staff. young people and families will be fully funded. and providing a more intensive level of support. These programmes provide after-school and holiday programme schemes to keep tamariki engaged in social and educational activity. Tamaiti whangai programmes are designed to provide communities with this support. debt. Organisations will be provided funding to ensure their children are given the best opportunity to grow and develop. unemployment. we hope to be able to assist these families before they reach crisis point. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. Labour will also look at working with whanau to focus on positive parenting Māori Organisations Our Māori organisations provide our communities with the support they need at a grass roots level. with integrated departmental and non-government agencies collaboration. By working proactively with these families earlier. This can be done by recognising that issues such as family violence. These whanau-led community services will assist our most vulnerable Māori whanau with complex needs. Labour will support whanau-led services alongside the expanding Integrated Service Response initiative to assist Māori families where significant concerns to child wellbeing exist. It will improve the ability to plan ahead. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes.

inter-agency and outcome-driven. It is imperative we provide Māori of all ages with educational opportunities across all sectors of learning: early childhood education. Social services for children and families will be community-driven. Strong Proven Leadership 361 . a strategy that aims to improve teacher. student relationships. as well as enhance the participation and achievement rates of rangatahi at school.The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation. and ensuring the system fitted the rangatahi and not the other way around. The curriculum will allow Māori medium schools to operate and run programmes that are more suited for Māori students Ten years ago we knew education was the key to making a real difference for Māori. as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. right though to trades training. We have seen an overwhelming improvement in the educational achievement of Māori. The next generation Education is the key to unlocking Māori success. industry training and modern apprenticeships than ever before. Labour will continue to provide support for the work of the Māori Women’s Welfare League and we will work to expand and support the work of Māori Wardens within our communities. collaborative. This year we launched Ka Hikitia-Managing for Success. We also launched the first indigenous education curriculum in the world: Te Marautanga Aotearoa Māori Curriculum. More Māori are enrolled in tertiary education. This is a result of Māori realising their own economic potential as well as the government investing in initiatives and programmes aimed at ensuring Māori children are taught in the most effective way to be able to fulfil their potential. Māori who enjoy the benefits of good quality education are able to better provide for their whanau now and into the future. we are making progress. kura and tertiary. After years of investment. Māori achievement at secondary schools has been a priority and progress is being made.

With the growing demand for places in Te Kohanga. Strong Proven Leadership 362 . This will ensure that we are able to better tailor our children’s learning paths to their goals. This will includes expansion of buildings and increasing staff numbers where needed. Education is an area the whole community can get involved in. Labour will continue to ensure the successful implementation of Ka Hikitia (the Māori education strategy). By providing quality education that is affordable and accessible. Labour will support the Schools Plus programme inside Kura Kaupapa Māori nationwide including a focus on ensuring that all Māori students remain in some form of quality education until the age of 18. and support professional development programmes such as Te Kotahitanga and other educational programmes that support a more personalised. Ensuring our tamariki remain in education is extremely important to their success in later life. We know that good teachers are vital for educational success. Kura Within our kura we need to make sure that students are provided with more personalised education with a learning path that matches their skills set and strengths. we will also work towards providing Te Kohanga with appropriate support so they are equipped to meet the demands of a growing population. we will achieve that.Early Childhood Education Education is a lifelong journey and it’s important that we ensure our tamariki get the best possible start in life. The curriculum is also important to ensuring success in the classroom. Labour will continue to support the 20 Hours Free ECE for 3-4 year olds. Labour will support more Kohanga Reo to offer 20 Free Hours by encouraging the professional development of Te Kohanga Reo teachers. That is why Labour is committed to looking at iwi and kura partnerships in broadening curriculum development aligned with iwi development. community-orientated approach to the education of our tamariki. Our kohanga are our language nests and we need to make sure that our Te Kohanga kaiako/teachers have the opportunity to grow and develop in their profession. Labour will ensure the implementation and successful delivery of Te Marautanga in Māori medium schools.

Kura for the future It is important that our kura are equipped with the technology to keep pace with the rest of the world. business management. Labour will work with iwi and education institutions to develop an iwi leadership programme to grow and develop young Māori leaders. we will enable kura to use their five-year property agreements to invest in computer and interactive learning technology. polytechnic or wananga as well as Modern Apprenticeships or trades training. perspectives. Labour will look at ways we can encourage more Māori to develop skills in areas such as science. they will be in a better position to provide for their whanau later in life. horticulture and agriculture. We know that if our young people continue learning after they leave school. Nurturing our future leaders In a fast-changing world. especially middle-aged Māori women who may be looking to re-enter the workforce or change their career. Māori creativity and heritage help in defining us to the world as a unique nation with our own distinctive images. culture and heritage. to ensure the next generation has the skills to manage the ever-growing Māori asset base. environmental management. As part of this. We will continue to encourage Māori to enrol at university. Promoting and protecting the future of our taonga: Te Reo and Tikanga Māori Labour believes Māori arts. Māori leaders face very different challenges than the leaders of the past. aquaculture. Labour will look at expanding the Māori Trades Training programme to include a greater involvement of iwi and Māori organisations We will also focus on retraining and upskilling for second-time-round learners. Labour believes exceptional Māori leaders must be supported and nurtured for the future success of Māori. Strong Proven Leadership 363 . Labour will look at providing sustainable options for Wharekura (Māori medium secondary schools) such as the establishment of virtual learning. Tertiary Continuing education after secondary schooling is of the utmost importance for future career development. culture and heritage make a vital contribution to our national identity.

As technology advances. and also continue to resource iwi radio. He Pataka Kupu. Parekura Horomia at the launch of Māori language Week Labour will continue to support and fund the Māori Television Service and Māori participation in the television industry.Over the last 10 years we have seen a huge renaissance in the promotion and protection of Te Reo and Tikanga Māori. We also established I-Papakupu. We have launched a new Māori dictionary. Labour remains committed to supporting and nurturing Māori culture. We know that Māori culture is a key part of being a New Zealander and that by supporting our performers and artists both domestically and internationally. On a local level. Labour will advance the Māori Language Strategy and encourage the learning and use of the language in New Zealand’s society. Strong Proven Leadership 364 . On screen or on stage. Māori culture and Māori artists capture the attention of the world. Labour will continue to support Māori artists including through the high quality Toi Iho branding and will work to develop further opportunities for young artists to promote their talent and product through New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. We now have two channels – the ‘Te Reo’ channel was launched just this year and is broadcast purely in Te Reo Māori. Māori language and culture is now accessible to every household in Aotearoa through Māori Television which Labour launched in 2004. Labour will provide continued support for Māori performing arts through Te Matatini and consider further opportunities to support national competitions in schools to actively uphold the cultural expression of Māori. so do the ways in which Māori and Labour can promote and protect Te Reo and Tikanga Māori.000 entries. New Zealand’s culture and arts can be showcased globally. a free resource on the internet that explains Māori words and terms through Māori eyes. Many other aspects of Māori culture have also developed in the past decade. both here and abroad. containing over 24.

Promoting our Pacific Identity Labour’s policy for Pacific Island Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 365 .

Strong Proven Leadership 366 .

This also benefits the Pacific region as a whole. Labour recognises the importance of these close ties. finance and goods and services within it.Introduction As a Pacific nation. Strong Proven Leadership 367 . as well as the movement of people. ensuring they are equipped to fully contribute to. We are committed to strengthening and supporting social. New Zealand has a special relationship with its neighbours in the Pacific. Pacific peoples have been encouraged and supported to improve their job choices and earnings through the promotion of opportunities available in education and training. Labour will support and encourage a highly educated and skilled Pacific population because it is important to the economic and social wellbeing of New Zealand. New Zealand’s Pacific population is young. and share in. are matters of considerable common interest. urbanised and comprised of people born in the Pacific Islands and in New Zealand. The quality of the region's economic growth and social development. We will continue to invest in the enormous potential of Pacific peoples. economic prosperity and social wellbeing. and four weeks annual leave means Pacific parents have more time to spend with their kids. the future success of New Zealand and the Pacific region. in business. and hourly rates for Pacific people are increasing strongly. Labour is committed to supporting and enhancing the diverse cultures of Pacific peoples in New Zealand through a sustainable environment. and trade development. Social and Economic Development New Zealand's Pacific population is young. economic. Relationships in the Pacific region are a priority for Labour. Labour is committed to maintaining the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs and supporting its advocacy for Pacific peoples by working across different agencies within government. Working for Families has improved the lives of low to middle-income families with children. and the enormous value and contribution our Pacific communities make to the New Zealand economy and New Zealand’s national well-being and sense of identity. and in leadership roles in the public and private sector. The Pacific population is growing faster than the average population and will become a larger proportion of the workforce in the future. fast-growing and diverse. Labour is committed to Pacific peoples participating fully in New Zealand's economy and enhancing the social wellbeing of Pacific communities. More Pacific people are working. Over the last decade we have seen the number of Pacific people receiving the unemployment benefit dramatically decrease.

on the same basis as a student allowance. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. more attention needs to be paid to the skills of those already in work. Training in the workplace is a great opportunity to improve worker’s skills to meet the needs of the modern workplace. This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. In the modern world. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. We will assist Strong Proven Leadership 368 . for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. but with no spousal income test. These allowances will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. Labour will continue to encourage workplace training to support Pacific peoples (particularly women) in the development of their skills and career pathways. learning is now lifelong. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration.Labour will continue to develop pathways and opportunities for Pacific peoples and to develop a highly-skilled and versatile Pacific workforce. skills are increasingly important. That will often require a period of retraining. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. In other words. and supported to build their skills and knowledge in this area. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. In the near term. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. While the skills level of working people in New Zealand has risen significantly over recent years. Labour will promote the development of financial literacy initiatives for Pacific peoples to increase their awareness and understanding of pathways in business. We will ensure that Pacific peoples are aware of the opportunities available in business. employers and training and education providers to deliver development programmes that better meet the needs of Pacific workers. Labour will work with employees. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks.

We want to see more Pacific people in managerial and leadership roles so they can influence and contribute to decisions and policies affecting Pacific communities. Through business training. and increased access to primary health care. Improvements in these areas. Free health care for Pacific children under six years old. become more physically active and maintain a healthy weight. they still have a shorter-than-average life expectancy and relatively high rates of mortality from avoidable and treatable causes. Health Health and wellbeing are essential to Pacific peoples being able to reach their potential. advice and business development. occupation and housing affect and influence health. will lead to better health outcomes for Pacific peoples. smoking and obesity. Labour will promote business mentoring and other programmes for Pacific businesses. mean children get the best possible chance to succeed at school. Improving the health status of Pacific peoples is therefore a priority for Labour. coaching. management of chronic diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular disease and cancer. we will ensure the knowledge gained by others is shared and utilised for the benefit of Pacific business people. and B4 School Checks. Over the last ten years we have seen healthcare become more affordable and accessible for our Pacific families. The cost of seeing the doctor is no longer a barrier for Pacific people who are now receiving cheaper health care and prescriptions. develop and sustain successful businesses. networking. and that this includes Pacific businesswomen. Labour will continue to focus on health programmes that reduce inequalities and improve health outcomes for Pacific peoples. Factors such as income. We will focus on areas that will make the greatest difference to the health of Pacific peoples with specific focus on child health.Pacific peoples to start. While Pacific people are increasingly accessing primary healthcare. Those requiring hospital-based health care are benefiting from increases in surgery to treat conditions that affect quality of life and investment in new hospitals and modern facilities. Strong Proven Leadership 369 . We will also ensure that our Pacific youth are supported through leadership programmes. Pacific people are being encouraged to eat healthy food. Labour will continue to encourage and support a greater proportion of Pacific peoples into senior management and leadership positions within the public sector.

A smoking cessation service in Auckland will be established. While the Pacific smoking rate has fallen over the last decade. Education is a key factor in achieving improved economic and social outcomes for our Pacific communities. Labour will encourage District Health Boards with smaller Pacific populations to develop initiatives and projects relevant to the health of local Pacific communities. health promoters. We will pilot two Pacific youth health services in Auckland and Wellington. modelled on existing Pacific services in Wellington. understand our Pacific communities and their needs.Labour will strengthen the development of the Pacific health workforce. Education Education and training underpins all the goals we have for New Zealand's future and the aspirations we have for all New Zealanders. District Health Boards with significant Pacific populations will focus on preventing uptake among Pacific youth and smoking cessation for pregnant women and Pacific adults. care workers and youth workers. Labour will run pilot health programmes specifically focused on Pacific youth. particularly those with children. Pacific people still have the second-highest rate of smoking of any population group. Labour will invest in the training and development needs of Pacific nonregulated health workers. Building a skilled Pacific health workforce will maximise the health system’s responsiveness to our diverse Pacific communities while also ensuring New Zealand has the health workforce it needs now and into the future. Christchurch and Hamilton. We will focus on working with Pacific communities. such as community health workers. Strong Proven Leadership 370 . These providers. Investment in their training and development will better utilise this workforce to improve Pacific people’s health while also ensuring they are advancing in their careers. Labour will establish a smoking cessation service in Auckland and ensure that District Health Board anti-smoking initiatives focus on reducing Pacific smoking.

While educational achievement for Pacific people is progressing in the right direction. and they are eligible for interest-free student loans. language. more students are leaving school with a qualification. The new funding system for tertiary education means Pacific students are taking part in quality tertiary education. We need to ensure that these gains not only continue but are accelerated. Strong Proven Leadership 371 . Initiatives like the Gateway Programme and Young Enterprise Scheme are being utilised by our Pacific young people who are learning in the workplace while still engaged with school. culture and values. we have seen improved levels of education for Pacific people across the education system. and participation in tertiary education is growing faster for Pacific people than any other group. Cook Islands Māori. Tongan and Niuean. Labour will continue to focus on increasing Pacific participation in quality Early Childhood Education services to build strong learning foundations for Pacific children. retention and achievement at all levels of the education system. Labour will encourage greater Pacific participation. fees are capped. Labour is committed to making sure that Pacific students achieve and succeed at all levels of the education system. early childhood education is more accessible and affordable for all Pacific families. A highly educated and skilled Pacific workforce is critical to improved economic and social status for Pacific people and the future of New Zealand. Opportunities in trades training and the Modern Apprenticeship scheme have been promoted to Pacific young people and their families. More children are participating in quality early childhood education. Labour will focus on achieving strong learning foundations in literary and numeracy at school. Pacific languages have been promoted in the classroom with the teaching of Samoan. This will involve ensuring the sustainability of services. With the introduction of 20 hours free early childhood education for all three and four-year-olds. sufficient numbers of qualified teachers and providing the type of services parents want and need in terms of location. We are committed to lifting the availability of Early Childhood Education services for Pacific children.Over the last decade. The introduction of the Diploma of Teaching (ECE Pasifika) has ensured that teachers in this important field are qualified. The last decade has seen the growth of Pacific early childhood services using Pacific languages. disparities between Pacific young people and others are not closing fast enough.

318 (already announced) From 1 January 2010. the parental income threshold will increase from its 2009 level (approximately $45. Labour will increase student allowance eligibility as follows: • From 1 January 2009. Overcrowding has decreased as a result of families being assisted into more appropriate housing. • • • Housing Housing is an important factor in health and wellbeing. the threshold will increase again to $100. and in the past nine years we have added over 7. Insulation and other energy-efficiency measures have also been Strong Proven Leadership 372 . Labour will support all Pacific young people to be in school or some form of education or training until the age of eighteen through Schools Plus by 2014.800 homes to the state housing stock. From the beginning of 2009 Labour will make it easier for more students to receive a student allowance.000 From 1 January 2012.We will work with Pacific families and communities to support each other to raise overall academic achievement. Over the last decade housing outcomes for Pacific peoples have improved. the threshold will increase to $70. while also focusing on improving the capability of non-Pacific teachers to work effectively with Pacific students in the classroom. Labour will promote and encourage awareness of the opportunities in Modern Apprenticeships and Industry Training. We will link industry training providers and Pacific trades people with our Pacific young people and their families to ensure our Pacific peoples are aware of the opportunities available in trades training. State house tenants are benefiting from income-related rents.743) to approximately $50. the parental income test will be abolished altogether. We will continue to extend the eligibility of student allowances in 2010 and 2011 and abolish the parental income test altogether in 2012. particularly to Pacific women. We will encourage more Pacific peoples into teaching.000 From 1 January 2011. by reducing the age at which parental income is considered and by further increasing the parental income threshold for student allowances.

making houses warmer. We will ensure appropriate and effective engagement with Pacific peoples at a community level with particular focus on home ownership issues. we will work with developers and local government to build ‘starter homes’ on Crown owned sites. We are committed to improving tenant health and delivering energy cost savings for state house tenants through “retrofitting” state homes so they are warmer and drier and therefore healthier. Labour will accelerate the state house insulation programme. Insulation also helps significantly reduce the cost of electricity. Working with Pacific communities. Unfortunately. Labour will make Crown land available for modest income families to build ‘starter homes’ that will meet their needs as they seek to move into home ownership.500 sites available for such affordable homes over the next four years. Labour will support home ownership of new houses built on Crownowned land by introducing the HOPE (Home Ownership on the Public Estate) programme. housing supply and healthy homes. drier and healthier while also reducing power bills. and that this land continues to support affordable homeownership on an ongoing basis. The Kiwi dream of owning a home is more accessible to Pacific families thanks to the Welcome Home Loan scheme for first-time buyers. Where necessary. Housing New Zealand waiting lists. KiwiSaver. land prices particularly in Auckland have risen to the extent that this would not occur without additional assistance. Retaining the land in Crown hands.subsidised for older New Zealand homes occupied by those on low incomes. overcrowding. can also help savers with up to $5000 to purchase their first home. Strong Proven Leadership 373 . This will help to ensure that the houses are within the reach of modest income families. while allowing a family to own and reside in the home built on that land. where the government holds the equity in the land and the family owns the home built on it. We are committed to an increased supply of housing for lower to middle income families. We intend to make 1. will considerably reduce the cost of owning a first home. to identify initiatives to significantly improve Pacific peoples housing outcomes. we want to ensure these improvements continue so our Pacific families are adequately housed and that the dream of owning their own home can become a reality. in addition to helping Pacific people save for their retirement. in consultation with Pacific communities and stakeholders. Labour will develop a Pacific Peoples Housing Strategy.

Labour will prioritise the establishment of a free-to-air Pacific Islands channel. not only as a reflection of our cultural identity but also as a platform for the economic and social development of Pacific peoples. for example through Radio New Zealand International. The establishment of the National Pacific Radio Trust. Over the last decade. Labour will promote Pacific broadcasting and encourage more Pacific peoples to get involved in the production of Pacific programmes. such as Tagata Pasifika and bro'Town and movies like Sione's Wedding. stories. music. language and broadcasting. Communications to the Pacific play a vital role in our relationships in the region. New Zealand On Air funding has seen increased investment in television programmes that reflect New Zealand's Pacific diversity. Language and Broadcasting Labour is committed to preserving and promoting our Pacific languages. Labour supports strengthening resources and continuing New Zealand’s broadcasting in the Pacific.Culture. and languages on television. The development of a Pacific Islands channel will require more Pacific programmes and support increased opportunities for Pacific peoples in the television industry as a career option. we have seen increased investment in Radio New Zealand International's broadcasting to listeners across the Pacific and New Zealand's television broadcasting service to the Pacific region has been extended. leading to the development of resources for encouraging the learning and use of Pacific languages. Labour will continue to support the development and operation of the National Pacific Radio Network. Labour is dedicated to promoting Pacific identity. We believe that New Zealand's Pacific communities should be able to hear and see their own voices. art and music. Cook Island and Tokelauan communities to addresses concerns about low rates of language retention. culture. and radio stations such as 531 PI and Niu FM has enabled Pacific people’s culture and languages to be more widely accessible. We will enhance and strengthen our commitment to Pacific culture. These are part of New Zealand's national identity and reflect our close links with the Pacific region. traditions. Strong Proven Leadership 374 . Labour has also worked with the Niuean. We are committed to ensuring that Pacific voices and cultures are well represented on the airwaves.

We are committed to promoting the richness and diversity of our Pacific cultures through the arts. The Pacific region will continue to be a priority for Labour. New Zealand Trade and Enterprise and the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs around outcomes and targets for economic and social development in the Pacific region. focusing on strengthening governance. New Zealand has taken an active role in bringing and maintaining peace in the region. Our Pacific communities have strong links with their respective island communities. Labour is committed to working with Pacific nations on matters of common interest. which New Zealand should utilise to extend and strengthen relationships in the Pacific. We will also promote career pathways available in the creative sector. New Zealand has a special relationship with our Pacific neighbours and kin. Labour will promote a whole-of-government relationship approach to working in the Pacific.Labour will strengthen and continue New Zealand's broadcasting in the Pacific. Over the last decade. and will promote the career pathways available in the creative sector. achieving growth and improved livelihoods and improving education and health. to preserve and promote the use of Pacific languages in all aspects of life. Labour supports continued investment in the arts within Pacific communities. Strong Proven Leadership 375 . NZAID. and support our Pacific peoples in their artistic and economic development. Pacific Region As a Pacific nation. The Pacific is New Zealand's top priority for aid. Labour is committed to working with Pacific communities to develop a whole-of-government strategy. led by the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs. led by the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs. We are committed to increased collaboration amongst the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Pacific languages are key to the sense of identity and cultural development of our Pacific communities. Labour will promote the preservation of Pacific languages within New Zealand through a whole-of-government Pacific Languages Strategy.

This helps employers in New Zealand while also contributing to the economies of the Pacific nations. Labour will continue Employment Scheme. Labour will support Pacific nations to deal with emerging issues such as climate change. HIV/AIDS and diabetes. Under the Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) scheme. We will continue to work with Pacific nations to promote good governance and develop governance arrangements that are appropriate and stable. We are committed to working with Pacific countries to build two-way trade. We will also continue to provide support from the Civil Defence and Emergency Management sector for the provision of advice and training to the Pacific. to implement the Recognised Seasonal We will ensure that Immigration New Zealand and the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs work together to facilitate involvement and support with New Zealand-based Pacific families and communities for the pastoral care of RSE workers. including the possibility of more formal regional cooperation arrangements. Labour will continue to take an active role in maintaining peace in the Pacific region. We will continue to support workforce development strategies to improve education and skills in the Pacific region. Pacific workers have come to New Zealand on a temporary basis to fill seasonal labour shortages. We support increased co-ordination around economic and social outcomes for the Pacific region with agencies like the New Zealand Pacific Business Council. Volunteer Service Aboard and the Pacific Cooperation Foundation. and to supporting Pacific nations to develop trade policy so they can access markets and Strong Proven Leadership 376 . Labour will ensure our immigration policies continue to recognise the special relationship between New Zealand and the Pacific. Labour will continue NZAID support in the Pacific region. the Pacific Trade and Investment Commission. For example changes have been made to ensure the Samoan Quota and Pacific Access Category can be filled. local governments.Labour will strengthen partnerships and development with civil society and businesses working in the Pacific with increased co-ordination around economic and social outcomes for the Pacific region. with priority given to Pacific Forum countries.

improve economic growth. For example, New Zealand has signed a market access agreement with Samoa as part of its bid to join the World Trade Organisation. Labour will work with Pacific nations to develop models of economic development that are sustainable in a globalising world, including building capacity to deal with other countries and in negotiating trade deals.

Consumer Affairs
Labour is committed to promoting consumer confidence in Pacific communities to ensure our Pacific peoples are aware of their rights, can access a fair deal and have effective avenues for redress. Pacific people are often targeted by fringe lending organisations because there is often a limited choice of credit providers, particularly if there are factors such as existing debts, poor credit history, lack of security, and urgency. There are a number of services available to provide financial and budgeting advice to Pacific people such as Family Budgeting Services, Citizens Advice Bureau, Budget Advisory Service and many other community groups. Assistance available for accommodation costs, the costs of raising children, disability costs, and Working for Families have assisted many Pacific families. Studies show that an additional cost for Pacific households is sending money home to family members, which about 75 per cent of Pacific people in New Zealand do. The cost of sending money to the Pacific can cost from 15 per cent to 25 per cent of the transaction. Labour has and will continue to focus on providing Pacific peoples with access to good financial education, so consumers are better-informed. We also want to see a more competitive remittances market between New Zealand and the Pacific region with a wider use of formal channels. We are committed to seeing the cost of remitting money from New Zealand to the Pacific reduce to between five and seven per cent by 2009 and will encourage a system based on transparency, efficiency, security, fairness and better informed consumers. Labour will promote a competitive remittance market between New Zealand and the Pacific region. Pacific communities have raised concerns about the exploitative practices of “mobile shops”. These are businesses that operate out of mobile trucks which frequently sell over-priced goods (particularly clothing) and which target low income neighbourhoods. Strong Proven Leadership 377

Under the new financial service provider laws, mobile shops that provide credit will have to be registered and be subject to a dispute resolution scheme. Labour will ensure that this requirement is enforced. We will also investigate whether regulation should be extended to those who do not provide credit. Labour will investigate further regulation of the mobile shops industry to ensure that vulnerable consumers, particularly people from Pacific and Māori communities and those with English as a second language, are not exploited by unethical mobile shop practices. An important way that consumer information and advice is given to families is through government working in partnership with budget advisers and Citizens Advice Bureau staff. Successful consumer advice training workshops run by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs have been held around the country, and we will build on these. Labour will increase training for budget advisers and Citizens Advice Bureau volunteers on consumer protection laws and policy. We are committed to delivering consumer awareness and financial literacy programmes that better meet the needs of Pacific peoples. Labour will support financial education programmes to increase financial capability amongst Pacific communities, particularly about money transfer methods and associated costs.

Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs
Labour is committed to investing in the future success of all Pacific New Zealanders, with the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs having a vital role in providing leadership and improvements in the lives of Pacific peoples. Improving outcomes for Pacific peoples contributes to the wellbeing of all New Zealanders. Over the last decade, Pacific peoples have made great advances. We've seen a huge reduction in unemployment while education and income levels are improving. To continue reducing disparities and ensure that Pacific people have the same benefits as the general population, Labour is committed to ensuring they have the same access to, and awareness of, opportunities. The role of the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs, particularly with their recently strengthened communications function, is vital in achieving this. Labour is committed to ensuring we are all working together to develop and build a prosperous future so all Pacific New Zealanders can realise their true potential.

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A strong Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs will have a positive affect not just on their initiatives but across government and throughout our communities. Improved social and economic outcomes for New Zealand's Pacific communities will in turn benefit Pacific people in the Pacific region. Labour will support the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs in providing leadership and improved outcomes for the continued promotion of economic participation, social wellbeing and cultural development of Pacific peoples in New Zealand. The Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs has an important role in promoting the economic, social, and cultural wellbeing of Pacific peoples. This is achieved through assisting and guiding the work of other agencies, organisations, and community groups as well as providing advice and evidence on how to achieve the wellbeing of Pacific communities. Labour will encourage a whole-of-government approach in promoting the wellbeing of Pacific peoples with efforts focused on areas where we can make the greatest difference. We are committed to strengthening and developing relationships with Pacific communities to ensure effective consultation, engagement and communication. We want to ensure that our Pacific communities are aware of government services, and that government can make informed decisions to improve the lives of Pacific peoples. Labour will support a strong communications function for the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs, linking Pacific peoples with the government and its agencies. We are committed to ensuring that appropriate reporting and monitoring of government initiatives is in place to measure outcomes for Pacific peoples. Labour will develop a knowledge-based Ministry with a strong research function.

Pacific communities
Labour has a strong history of working with, and advocating for, Pacific people and our Pacific communities. We embrace the Pacific values of hard work, education, and the importance of families, both close and extended. For New Zealand’s economic and social wellbeing, we need Pacific communities that are strong and healthy. Labour is committed to strengthening and nurturing relationships between Pacific communities and government. We want to ensure that Strong Proven Leadership 379

strong Pacific community organisations are in place to deliver quality social services to our families, children and young people, particularly those who are vulnerable. Non-government organisations play an extremely valuable role in our communities. These groups are the lifeblood of our Pacific communities, playing a key role in supporting families, particularly those at risk. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership to provide full funding by 2012 for contracted essential social services delivered by Pacific providers who understand our communities and their needs. We are committed to reducing the prevalence of problem gambling in Pacific communities. Labour will strengthen Pacific-dedicated services for preventing and minimising gambling harm. We want to see more of our Pacific people in positions that enable them to influence the design and delivery of policies and services for Pacific communities. Labour will encourage increased civic participation of Pacific peoples in advisory and decision-making positions.

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Strong, Visible and Supported Police

Labour’s policy for Policing

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Introduction
Government has a fundamental responsibility to protect the rights of its citizens by safeguarding their security and punishing those who break the law. Labour believes every New Zealander has the right to feel safe in their home and community. Labour is committed to a strong and effective police organisation that has the support and resources needed to do its job. A police organisation that reflects New Zealanders’ belief in a safe and fair society where families and children can go about their daily lives free from the threat of violence. In the 1990s, a demoralised police organisation was being threatened with substantial job cuts and government investment in police buildings and equipment was lagging behind. Political parties that talked tough on crime had failed to address issues of new police equipment and new technology. Over the past decade, recorded crime has dropped by more than 6 percent. The resolution rate has increased at the same time, from 38 percent to 47 percent. In the past year (2007/08) alone, 10,000 more cases were resolved. Labour’s Policing Act 2008 is the most far-reaching legislative change for our Police organisation in 50 years and brings policing in New Zealand into the 21st century. Police give New Zealand outstanding service, and they deserve the best legislative framework to work in. Labour will increase the maximum penalty for participation in organised criminal groups and ensure offenders do not profit from their crimes. We will place a focus on youth crime so that young people who are at risk are identified early and intervention is happens before they end up in the youth justice system. Labour will also continue to make sure our police, agencies and the community at large recognise and work to reduce family violence. Public awareness campaigns have resulted in increased reporting of family violence but there is more to do if we are to protect our families.

Strong and Valued Police
New Zealanders want our police to be visible, responsive to the community and has the resources needed to do its job. Our police organisation is one of the best in the world and Labour will ensure it has the powers, equipment and staff to keep our families and communities safe.

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Ten years ago… Police were threatened by job cuts of 500 officers, police buildings and equipment were run-down and staff were demoralised. Today…We have recruited an extra 2,500 police since 1999, and have built or refurbished 35 Police stations. Ten years from now….More police will be on the beat than ever before with the equipment and new powers they need to protect our families and communities. Labour has invested in police buildings, new vehicles, stab resistant armour and developing digital radio communication. Over the past twenty years, the role of police has continued to develop. Community policing gives local residents a sense of security and allows Police to better understand their community’s needs and concerns. Labour wants to further develop community policing through closer involvement of the whole community in the safety of their neighbourhoods. Police have set up new problem solving teams who listen to and engage with local residents and business owners to assess their needs and prioritise their concerns. Local agencies and community representatives will be encouraged to help identify and solve problems in their local area. New Zealanders are proud of their police. Although in recent times high-profile court cases have dented some people’s confidence in police, Labour moved quickly to address this issue by setting up the Commission of Inquiry into Police Conduct which made 60 recommendations. Good progress is being made on implementing all of these including the introduction of a Code of Conduct. Following the Commission’s report, the Independent Police Conduct Authority (IPCA) was restructured, with clarified powers and procedures when police conduct is under investigation. Labour is currently working on legislation to enhance the powers of the IPCA. Proposals include allowing the Authority to undertake its own investigations of complains about police misconduct in defined circumstances and amending current secrecy provisions so that information gathered during the Authority’s investigations can be used in any subsequent proceedings.

Gangs and Organised Crime
Organised crime is a serious and growing problem. Labour is committed to effective measures that provide police and the courts with the tools necessary to hold these offenders to account. We will send a strong message to gang leaders that their behaviour will not be tolerated and will ensure they cannot profit from the proceeds of organised crime or gang activity. Labour will establish a Commission of Inquiry into Organised Criminal Gangs as a means of establishing the extent of gang involvement in organised crime and ways to stamp it out.

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The Commission will draw not only from the experiences of police here in New Zealand but also from overseas jurisdictions facing similar issues and problems. The Commission will be expected to study not only the involvement of gangs in organised crime, but also recruitment and anti-social behaviour. It will also be charged with determining appropriate measures that need to be taken to curb and control gangs. Labour will investigate, and follow the progress of, the South Australian gang legislation to see if it is appropriate in the New Zealand. Under the new South Australian law a gang is outlawed by being declared a criminal organisation on advice from the police. Control orders can then be made against individual members, making it illegal for them to associate or communicate with other members and from being in certain places. Police can also issue public safety orders banning gangs from public places or events. Breaches of the law are punishable by up to five years in jail. Labour will pass the Criminal Proceeds (Recovery) Bill. Too many criminals are able to retain property and income acquired through criminal offending by distancing themselves from those committing the crimes. This enables gangs and career criminals to amass more money to fund more crime. Passing this legislation will remedy the problem by introducing a new civil forfeiture regime under which assets and profit gained from crime can be confiscated without a conviction. It will be sufficient to prove on the balance of probabilities that a person has benefited from significant criminal activity. Labour will extend the Counties Manukau initiative to respond to youth gangs to other centres. With help from government, Counties Manukau has put in place a youth gang initiative involving youth workers, an integrated case management model and reception centres. The results have been positive. Since 2006, police in Counties Manukau report less criminal activity and fewer serious offences by youth gangs. Recently Counties Manukau experienced a 4.9 percent drop in total reported crime, which was the second largest reduction in the country. Labour will extend this initiative to other regions around New Zealand who have requested that a similar response. Labour will pass the Organised Crime (Penalties and Sentencing) Bill. This Bill significantly increases the maximum penalty for participation in an organised criminal group and makes such participation an aggravating factor at sentencing. Increasing the maximum penalty from five to 10 years imprisonment sends a strong message that gang and other organised criminal activity will not be tolerated and ensures that crime bosses receive the level of penalty their actions deserve. In addition, this increase in penalty will ensure that interception warrants will be available to police in a wider range of circumstances to assist with investigating offending by crime bosses and helping police obtain a conviction. Strong Proven Leadership 385

Labour will pass the Serious Fraud Office (Abolition and Transitional Provisions) Bill. Labour will continue with its establishment of an Organised and Financial Crime Agency within police by passing the Serious Fraud Office (Abolition and Transitional Provisions) Bill. This disestablishes the current small and stand-alone Serious Fraud Office and transfers its important functions, powers and commercial fraud investigative capabilities into the larger police infrastructure. Amalgamating SFO and police skills and experience will bring a new capability to tackle corporate fraud and sophisticated organised crime. This new organisation offers a new mechanism to increase the attention given to serious and complex fraud, while significantly challenging those engaged in both domestic and international organised crime. Labour will pass the Search and Surveillance Powers Bill. As part of its fight against serious and organised crime, Labour has introduced a comprehensive package of reforms relating to the exercise of search and surveillance powers by law enforcement agencies. The Law Commission took five years to produce the recommendations that form the core of this Bill and Labour has also supplemented the Commission's work by adding a compulsory examination power to assist with the investigation of serious and organised crime. In this area, the Law has failed to keep pace with technology. For example, existing legislation sanctioning the law enforcement use of interception and tracking devices is cumbersome and outdated. It is silent with respect to the use of visual surveillance devices.

Police Working for Communities
Burglary involves a large number of offences – it accounts for 15 percent of the prison population. It also has a real impact on victims. Often, an attack on someone’s home and personal property feels like an attack on the person themselves. Labour will tackle burglary by targeting high-burglary areas We know that patterns of burglary show that the risk of burglary in an area increases the more often it has been burgled in the past. We can therefore make a difference by targeting the ten police areas identified as most affected by this offence, and investing to put proven burglary reduction initiatives in place there. It is estimated that this initiative would achieve a reduction in burglary rates of 5 percent.

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Labour will expand the Priority Offenders Initiative. It is well recognised that a small group of offenders commit a disproportionate amount of crime and damage in communities. The Priority Offenders Initiative aims to identify these offenders and reduce their offending through co-ordinated case management. The initiative brings together a multi-agency group comprising police, Ministry of Social Development (Child, Youth and Family, Work and Income), Corrections and Housing to deal with the issues. Assistance is also offered to the families of the participants. Labour will expand the initiative which is currently operating in Kaikohe, Papakura, Rotorua, Flaxmere, Porirua and Christchurch. Labour will continue to fund Maori Wardens and will introduce permanent funding for Pacific Wardens to develop and expand the Pacific Warden Programme. The Neighbourhood Support and Community Patrols will continue to receive funding to coordinate their activities.

Reducing Reoffending
We need integrated community plans using local people to achieve lasting success, and that’s why Labour will address the need for more mental health, education, drug and alcohol dependency community based programmes for young offenders. Government agencies need to continue helping non-government or community organisations in delivering effective rehabilitation and reintegration plans for young offenders and their families. Labour will ensure that programmes are designed specifically for Pacific Island and Maori young offenders aimed at strengthening their cultural identity, heritage and values in order for them to be successfully reintegrated back into the community. A bottom line is encouraging government agencies and community groups to continue work in partnership to respond effectively to young offenders’ psychological problems, alcohol and drug issues, educational failure and lack of employment skills. As an extension of that, Labour is asking for more work to be done on the United Kingdom model of fixed penalty notices. Labour will investigate fixed penalty notices where offences are sufficiently minor not to warrant a full prosecution process. Strong Proven Leadership 387

to supply alcohol to a minor. Local Alcohol Plans will be prepared through consultation under the Local Government Act 2002. • Ensure minors are referred to an alcohol programme in place of paying an infringement fine. maximum outlet density. • Make it an offence to use fake ID. Police will be able to test first time offenders and refer them for appropriate treatment. • Strong Proven Leadership 388 . This will draw on the Drug and Alcohol Team initiative in the United Kingdom. other than the minor’s parent or guardian. Labour also believes it is important to improve community input into the licensing process. Services need to be coordinated at a local level. among other things: Make it an offence for an adult. As well. Labour will over time establish Drug and Alcohol Teams at a local level to coordinate a range of services to provide tailored solutions for those who commit crime to fund their drug use. the Law Commission is undertaking a comprehensive. if that treatment is required. which is now 20 years old and which has had about as many amendments to it as the old Police Act. Actions cannot work in isolation. The Bill will. to prisoners or those on parole. which is aimed at making it more difficult for minors to obtain alcohol.Any such system of fixed penalty notices would build on the current infringement notice system. and minimum proximity to other outlets and types of community premises. • Amend the Land Transport Act to introduce a zero blood alcohol limit for drivers under 20 who do not hold a full licence. first principles review of the Sale of Liquor Act. Misuse of Alcohol The availability and misuse of alcohol clearly remains a significant problem for communities around New Zealand and for policing. and will be designed to control the hours during which liquor may be sold. and needs to be nationally consistent if it is to work properly. Drug and Alcohol Teams will refer individuals to alcohol and other drug treatment at their first point of contact with the criminal justice system. Labour will pass the Sale and Supply of Liquor and Liquor Enforcement Bill. as it is now. instead of such treatment being largely restricted.

Addressing sexual violence requires a multi-faceted approach covering prevention. and increased accountability for offenders both within and alongside the criminal justice system. there has been a sharp increase in the number of offences reported. The successful It’s not Okay campaign is also starting to impact on the figures. introduced in September. The Bill. is designed to enable Police to issue interim protection orders. Police action has had a major role in terms of the reporting of family violence. the defence of reasonable belief in consent (Crimes Act) and the admissibility of evidence relating to the sexual history of the complainant. Changes will be made to legislation after this feedback is considered. Labour will pass the Domestic Violence Reform Bill. since Labour began campaigning to raise awareness of family violence. and to provide better protection for children in Family Court matters.Family violence and sexual violence Family violence is still minimised by many who fail to recognise its impact across all areas of our violence statistics. improved support for victims. Community feedback has now been received into the taskforce document – Improvements to Sexual Violence Legislation in New Zealand – which sought views on possible law changes to the area of consent. In fact. Strong Proven Leadership 389 . with all frontline police now having training in the area. improve the response of the Criminal Court and the Family Court to victims of family violence. In the past nine years. family violence accounted for all the increase in violent offences. Labour will also introduce legislation to address the recommendations of the Taskforce for Action on Sexual Violence that was set up in July last year. also known as the Rape Shield. in the past year’s crime stats.

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An Active Programme to Promote and Protect Jobs Labour’s Policy Response to the Global Downturn 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 391 .

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that the extent of the international financial crisis has dramatically changed the external factors impacting on the New Zealand economy. if no new initiatives are taken. and even since the PREFU was finalised. As a consequence of responsible economic management over the past nine years. At a time when domestic and international demand is falling. After a sustained period of growth there comes a slowdown. Labour’s plan has always been about managing the upswings so that they are maintained as long as possible. That change has been so great since the May budget. Projections in the Pre-Election Fiscal Update (PREFU) suggest that. There is no doubt.Introduction Labour’s plan for achieving sustainable growth is built around six key elements: • • • • • • Infrastructure Innovation International connections Savings Skills Sustainability Our planning has always recognised that the economy operates in cycles. and ensuring that there is stability in the economy to help reduce both the depth and the length of a downturn. While this is still below the levels of unemployment we inherited from National in 1999. Unemployment has been below 4 per cent for four years. we have entered this part of the economic cycle in a relatively strong position. Labour believes that the highest priority at this stage of the economic cycle should be sustaining and creating jobs. that it would not be responsible to wait until our 2009 budget to detail changed investment priorities. some reallocation of resources and adjustments to pricing structures before growth is re-established. the government has the ability to bring forward spending plans which can give a boost to employment and can better prepare the economy to take advantage of the upswing when it arrives. it is higher than Labour is comfortable with. For an economic stimulus package to be effective it must: Strong Proven Leadership 393 . over the next two years unemployment may increase to over 5 per cent.

Labour will ensure that the current international crisis does not lead to prolonged recession in New Zealand. Strong Proven Leadership 394 . That is because the pressure on employment will vary markedly around the country. Where regionallyfocused initiatives are being considered. Financial Measures On 12 October Labour announced a retail deposit guarantee scheme to reinforce confidence in New Zealand’s financial system. the decisions about which areas to invest in will be determined by the extent to which: • • the region is suffering from job lay-offs the investment can add to ongoing growth potential for the region In summary. in terms of: o geographical focus and o employment and capacity constraints • The size of the package will be finalised in December when the government has the most up-to-date information available on the economic outlook. The initiatives in our package can be regionally-focussed. credit unions and deposittaking finance companies The deposit guarantee is designed to give assurance to New Zealand depositors that their deposits are safe in the current uncertain international financial market conditions. along with projects specifically designed to boost employment in the construction sector. while our economy clearly faces short term challenges from the fallout of global financial turbulence. such as building societies. But it will contain elements relevant to a number of the key elements of our overall economic plan.• • be part of a long term strategy to build sustainable economic growth be timed to reduce the worst impacts of the recessionary cycle without putting additional inflationary pressure on during the following upswing be targeted well. The scheme covers all retail deposits of participating New Zealand-registered banks. and in retail deposits by locals in nonbank deposit-taking entities.

present to Parliament an economic stimulus package which will: • • • • bring forward infrastructure spending and job rich sustainability initiatives provide additional assistance to the building sector legislate for new allowances to support the transition of displaced workers legislate for changes to provisional tax to ease pressures on businesses. may combine to put a number of New Zealanders with mortgages in a difficult financial position. Banks have responded with assurances that they have well established procedures in place to respond positively and pro-actively to customers facing difficulty.Working with the banking sector The slowing economy and the weakening housing market.or better). together with the prospect of rising unemployment. The Government has taken action to write to each of the country’s largest mortgage lending banks to seek their response to this situation. These include approaches such as: • • • • proactive contact with customers identified as having difficulty temporarily reducing servicing obligations capitalisation of interest payments restructuring total debt obligations Wholesale Funding Guarantee facility The government has also introduced a wholesale funding guarantee facility which will be available to financial institutions which have an investment grade credit rating (BBB. This will give confidence to New Zealand’s financial sector and will facilitate its access to international financial markets. and have substantial New Zealand borrowing and lending operations (but not to institutions that are simply financing a parent or related company). Economic Stimulus Package Labour will before Christmas 2008. 395 Strong Proven Leadership .

so thereby reducing the number of trucking movements in the central city. working with the Ports of Auckland to connect the Wiri inland port complex to the rail network. are capable of being accelerated. to facilitate a more efficient operation for both the coal and the raw milk coming into the factory and the export product going out. An enhancement of the existing Financial Assistance Rate for funding local roading would be available for those regions in need of additional economic stimulus to enable them to bring forward projects such as: • • • • • providing dedicated road space for public transport or other extended passenger transport services additional walking and cycling facilities street lighting upgrades to improve both energy efficiency and safety footpath renewals local road maintenance Strong Proven Leadership 396 . or what proportion of projects.Bringing Forward Planned Infrastructure Spend Rail There are a number of rail upgrade projects which will be considered for investment ahead of current planning. (at present they are off-loaded at Palmerston North and trucked).700 million per annum over the next 10 years. Advice is being obtained from the New Zealand Transport Agency on which individual projects. working with Fonterra to effect a better connection of the rail network with the dairy factory at Clandeboye. rising to $1. the Marsden Point Branch line to enable import/export cargos to be transited.200 million per annum. speeding up the processing of containers and reduce the need for storage. covering 600-plus projects. At present the line is still located at the old port of Whangarei. which would enable the carriage of 9’6” containers between Palmerston North and Wellington port. They include: • the North South Junction. • • • Roading Planned expenditure on new roads and road renewals is currently around $1.

We have made available $250m for urban projects.Sewerage Infrastructure The Labour-led Government’s Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme assists small. There has been a very positive response to the initial round of applications for the broadband funding announced in Budget 2008. $75m for rural. Indeed. with the help of this Scheme.to medium-sized communities to build or upgrade their reticulated sewerage facilities and treatment plants. should additional funding be made available. and led to an increase in specialisation in wastewater engineering. Now more must be done to roll that out across New Zealand. It is estimated that of the unfunded applications received to date.33 6. approximately 10 to 20 per cent could be progressed immediately.0 4. the water and sewerage infrastructure sector is largely unaffected by capacity constraints and.09 1. These could include: Community/Council Whangarei Heads (Whangarei DC) Huapai (Rodney DC) Brunswick/Rotokawa (Rotorua DC) Okareka (Rotorua DC) Muriwai (Rodney DC) Eltham (South Taranaki DC) Parua Bay (Whangarei DC) Dannevirke (Tararua DC) Oakura (New Plymouth DC) Potential Subsidy $M 8. has an established workforce of highly specialised wastewater engineers able to continue work on regional projects. we advised that no more than 40 per cent of the appropriated funds would be available for use in the first year.09 3.44 Broadband Labour has a regulatory environment highly conducive to the roll out of super fast broadband.95 7. Strong Proven Leadership 397 .22 5. as well as $160m+ for connectivity in health and education and around $10m for other new Digital Strategy initiatives. and $15m for international connections.53 1. the establishment and provision of funding for the Scheme in 2002 served as a catalyst for skills development in this area. Unlike some other infrastructure sectors. The core part of our investment package is the Broadband Investment Fund. At that time.18 4.

the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council. Environment Waikato. introduced in 2007. Auckland Regional Council. or potentially affected. Greater Wellington Regional Council.If regions in need of some additional economic stimulus have acceptable proposals. however. • • This framework supports the objective of achieving slope stability and reducing erosion. Horizons Manawatu. the Afforestation Grants Scheme. and the Taranaki Regional Council. the Sustainable Land Management (Hill Country Erosion) programme. This programme would also provide employment opportunities. Improving the energy efficiency of our housing stock also Strong Proven Leadership 398 . provides $2 million a year to accelerate activity by regional councils. The reintroduction of vegetation to these lands through afforestation or managing natural regeneration can provide much improved stability. and Environment Bay Councils also have significant areas of affected land. Insulating houses and improving energy efficiency in our homes This programme is relatively labour-intensive and people can be trained for the work in a relatively short time period. Sustainability Initiatives Addressing soil erosion There are many areas of land significantly affected. Labour will bring forward more of the funding into the first year. introduced with the Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change Plan of Action. Geographically the most acute land areas are concentrated within the boundaries of Gisborne District Council. The Northland Regional Council. Programmes consistent with it can be boosted by the provision of further funds. by mass movement erosion especially in the lower North Island. This makes the work ideal for generating work around the country. is designed to ensure that avoiding further hill country erosion is a consideration. The government has three programmes in place which already provide direct funding support as an incentive for afforestation activity which targets eroding and erosion prone land: • the East Coast Forestry Project – this well established programme targets affected land within the boundaries of the Gisborne District Council.

680 3. one of the first sectors to feel the effects of an economic downturn is the building industry. Already we are seeing the signs of decreased activity in the sector. work could be brought forward. It not only reduces demand for energy.200 205 479 449 467 465 563 456 1. Labour will bring forward access to the $1 billion home energy efficiency fund so that schemes for retrofitting older houses can be expanded in those areas where unemployment is emerging.453 2.857 864 934 523 1. if spare construction capacity is available. There are other schools around the country which would benefit from additional or upgraded space.300 1. Bringing forward school property upgrades At the last budget $14.848 3. This could provide replacement buildings for schools as below. and.625 999 399 Potential extra schools Cambridge High School Sommerfield School Pt Chevalier School Christchurch South School Lyttleton Main School Manurewa East School Karanui School Taupo-Nui-A-Tia College Epsom Girls Grammar Glen Eden Intermediate Green Bay Primary School Papatoetoe High School Value ($000) 856 289 1.199 2. but also it improves health outcomes. It is estimated that up to $185 million of work could be considered.433 2.contributes to the sustainability of our nation overall. Schools funded 2008 Avondale College Kaitangata School Crownthorpe School Arthur Miller School Southbrook School Fairlie School Putere School Omokoroa School Linwood North School Naenae Intermediate Kilbirnie School Waitoki School St Albans School Lincoln Primary School Value ($000) 2.553 2. There is still a number of schools in the queue for such buildings. In this years budget $20 million was made available to fund replacement buildings in twenty schools.984 Strong Proven Leadership .480 2.539 2.072 million was set aside to address space deficiencies in 29 schools. Stimulating the Building Sector Traditionally.

280 463 Creating demand for affordable housing Labours Home Ownership on the Public Estate (HOPE) initiative will allow families to build homes designed to be affordable. Legislating for New Allowances A skilled workforce is a major driver of economic growth and innovation. there is potential to boost the number of state houses planned for construction.Twyford School Kaipara College Napier Intermediate Westburn School 508 3.361 3. improves New Zealand’s global competitiveness and helps our industries. Bringing forward state house construction and retrofitting While the building industry is experiencing a slowdown. Labour will support home ownership of new houses built on Crownowned land by introducing the HOPE (Home Ownership on the Public Estate) programme. Housing New Zealand is also working to insulate all state houses. There is also a significant modernisation and maintenance programme involved in ensuring that all state house tenants are living in decent accommodation. innovation. In times of economic adjustment. These are job-rich areas of work. with the potential to pick up ‘slack’ in demand experienced by the building and construction sector. Strong Proven Leadership 400 . but can also spread to other high cost housing areas. upgrading the State Housing stock. HOPE will be rolled out in Auckland in the first instance. where the government holds the equity in the land and the family owns the home built on it. Skills. Labour is prepared to bring forward the current spending programme on home retrofitting. A skilled workforce lifts productivity. it is essential that workers are supported to gain new skills which will enhance their job opportunities. knowledge. currently within a five year timeframe. and bring forward redevelopments already planned on Housing New Zealand property. and creativity are becoming the main drivers of our country's competitive advantage. and planned development on Housing New Zealand land. It will create demand for housing which might not occur otherwise.

there is another earner in the family. or adjust their circumstances. credit repayments or other factors. Even so. on the same basis as a student allowance. skills are increasingly important. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. social security assistance is already available.Job Search Allowance In many cases when a worker becomes redundant. Under existing social security provision this family would have received no support Retraining Allowance In the modern world. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations several times over the course of their working life. Strong Proven Leadership 401 . In situations like this. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. These changes will often require a period of retraining. This allowance is available to workers in two earner families where one is made redundant from work. This can be particularly the case for families who had been well-established in the workforce with an expectation of ongoing income and with expenditure patterns determined by children. Labour will therefore introduce temporary measures to provide more flexibility. Labour will also introduce legislation to implement a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. Labour will introduce legislation to implement a new retraining allowance. Labour will introduce legislation to implement a Job Search Allowance for up to thirteen weeks for people who have been made redundant after at least five years in the workforce. this removes the family’s only source of income. housing costs. identify an appropriate retraining course. Labour’s new policy provides additional transitional assistance to support workers get back into paid employment. the implications of sudden job loss can be hugely stressful and disruptive. Legislating for Changes to Provisional Tax Small and medium sized firms can potentially suffer cash flow problems during a downturn which may be exacerbated by the rules governing provisional tax. In other cases. but with no spousal income test.

Note: current use-of-money interest rates are 14. The Commissioner of Inland Revenue will have the discretion to increase the use of money interest rate back to the normal level if he is satisfied that there has been a deliberate attempt to underpay tax. for the period from 15 January 2009 to May 2010. reduce the use of money interest rate for underpayments of provisional tax to the same level as that paid for the overpayment of provisional tax.66% on overpayments. Strong Proven Leadership 402 .Labour will.24% for underpayments and 6.

A Dynamic Racing Industry Labour’s policy for Racing 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 403 .

Strong Proven Leadership 404 .

We will continue to work closely with industry to strengthen racing’s contribution to economic growth. assets and other activities. We have worked hard over the last nine years to build a good environment for the racing industry. it has commissioned ground-breaking research for the New Zealand Racing industry. Labour recognises the need for the industry to achieve sustainable growth through maximising strengths and opportunities. Labour will ensure that all additional funding to racing contributes to real economic growth to be enjoyed by all stakeholders. enabling the industry to have increased funds for stakes. and the GST liability due on horses sold for export has been addressed. The New Zealand Racing Board has been in place since the commencement of the Racing Act 2003. A Prosperous and Dynamic Sector Labour is committed to building on the good partnership we have developed with the racing industry over the last nine years. It has an extremely high return on exports and has created a product capable of earning income abroad. Labour is committed to working in partnership with the industry to achieve better outcomes in all areas. It contributes significantly to the economy in primary production. Labour will work with the New Zealand Racing Board on its various initiatives as it develops a strategic approach to growing the New Zealand racing industry. gaming sport and entertainment. Under the Racing Act 2003. Strong Proven Leadership 405 .Introduction Racing is a skilled vibrant industry with a high profile in New Zealand. through appropriate industry strategies. $9 million funding subsidy for prize monies. We passed the Racing Act. it has identified a way forward for the industry and now faces the challenge of implementing those plans. The income tax liability has been removed on offshore stake money. In that short time. In this year’s Budget we introduced a three-year. the industry is better equipped to address various challenges than it was previously. Racing offers employment directly and indirectly to many people across a wide spectrum of society and helps create a recreational asset across the country. and will continue to work closely with the sector to facilitate this. and today we have one body with overall responsibility for setting a single policy direction. On the basis of the research findings. Labour has delivered a reduction in taxation to align with other forms of gambling.

We want to see the industry continue to move towards being a hightechnology. the risks can be managed and mitigated. As a consequence. the racing code bodies. But the recent scare in Australia shows the need for vigilance in biosecurity measures to protect the industry. fewer injuries and safer practices will result in a reduction in ACC levies. Labour will support appropriate biosecurity measures to protect the racing industry in all its activities. and in New Zealand we are lucky our industry is free from diseases such as Equine influenza. promote safe practices and provide safe amenities.Labour will work with the New Zealand Racing Board. and for the net proceeds to be returned to sustain New Zealand racing. Skills development and training is as important in the racing sector as any other sector. governments and international racing bodies to ensure that New Zealand is wellplaced to respond to any threats to racing’s revenue and integrity. Labour will ensure the racing sector and the government have the necessary measures and tools in place to identify and manage biosecurity risks to protect the industry. It is important that the racing industry continues to be a contributor to New Zealand’s economy. Our thoroughbred stock is a precious resource. Labour will work with the racing sector to further its industry training and education goals. Labour is committed to working with the sector to reduce injuries. Labour will work with the industry to reduce injuries. We will uphold the position of the New Zealand Racing Board to hold the exclusive rights to racing and sports betting in New Zealand. Strong Proven Leadership 406 . But with the right tools. high-skilled driver of growth. Labour will continue to work with the sector to identify areas for improvement in industry training and education. Racing is inherently a dangerous occupation.

The same rights for all New Zealanders Labour’s Rainbow policy 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 407 .

Strong Proven Leadership 408 .

challenges remain.000 civil unions have been between a man and a woman. To ensure that married and civil unionised couples would be treated the same under virtually the entire range of New Zealand laws.000 marriages were registered in the same period. including bringing it into line with human rights principles and removing barriers discriminating against samesex parents.Introduction Labour believes that the same basic rights apply to all New Zealanders regardless of their sexual orientation. This includes convictions pre-1986 for consensual sexual contact between men aged over 16 years. For younger members of Rainbow communities.000 couples had registered in civil unions as at 30 September 2007. Equality before the Law for All All couples of any sexual orientation were able to register their relationships from April 2005 thanks to the Civil Union law. The Sentencing Act 2002 allows where crimes are motivated by hate . and those living in rural areas. The Care of Children Act 2004 reformed guardianship law. Strong Proven Leadership 409 . We have made great progress in bringing about formal legal equality for non-heterosexual New Zealanders. There is also a strong feeling in some quarters that civil unions are second-class arrangements when compared to the status of marriage. Prior to the Civil Union law. and a court challenge to the current legal incapacity for same-sex marriage is being considered. Around 45. there continues to be a risk to safety for many. and public policy. Changing behaviour and attitudes is of course a much longer-term process than changing legislation. In terms of legislation. It also gave limited rights for known sperm donors and codified rights for those who used assisted reproduction technology to conceive. This provides a sound basis for dealing with outstanding legal issues and for creating a supportive environment for all Rainbow communities. the Property (Relationships) Act 2001 introduced relationship law to ensure equal division of property in the event of relationship break-up for married. de facto and same-sex couples. The Criminal Records (Clean Slate) Act 2004 enables people convicted for offences which are no longer offences to apply to a judge to have those offences expunged from their personal criminal records.such as a crime against someone because of their sexual orientation – this may be considered an aggravating factor in sentencing. Some matters were not addressed after the relationship law reform carried out in 2005 because they were already in the process of separate reform. 180 laws were amended through the Relationships (Statutory References) Act. and more lesbian than gay couples have had a civil union. Over 1. One in five of the 1.

Labour will ensure that as new laws are made and old laws reviewed they are consistent with human rights. Bisexual. 1 female-male) and the second cycle of this programme has begun. The New Zealand Police have established a comprehensive network of Diversity Liaison Officers (DLOs) whose specific role is to liaise with local Gay. Police and Customs on homophobia awareness. Such operations were funded by government until 1991. New Zealand now operates a non-discriminatory immigration policy in respect of same-sex couples. civilly-unioned and opposite-sex de facto couples when it comes to receiving income assistance. Significant progress has been made in terms of legislative equality but there are some outstanding issues such as provocation (as discussed in a recent Law Commission report) and adoption. There is now ongoing staff training in the Defence Force. Transgendered and Intersex (GLBTI) communities. Strong Proven Leadership 410 .Labour will continue to support achieving equality before the law for all New Zealanders through legislation and policy. Funding is being provided for four gender reassignment operations every two years (3 male-female. Lesbian. New Zealand is a strong advocate internationally for the equal treatment of nonheterosexual people. Labour will address the recommendations of the Law Commission and Human Rights Commission reports. Gender reassignment operations have the potential to transform people's lives. Public Services and Policies that Support Rainbow Communities Since 1 April 2007. Labour will actively support efforts to remove discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation through relevant international human rights frameworks. couples in same-sex de facto relationships have had the same status as married. then discontinued. The report of the Human Rights Commission indicates that on-going discrimination against Transgendered New Zealanders remains a significant issue and gives some clear recommendations.

in particular the New Zealand AIDS Foundation. But further support is needed to deal with issues in areas such as health. Labour will ensure the effective implementation of the sexual and reproductive health strategy. As well. Labour will develop a blood donation policy with the goal of making it as non-discriminatory as possible while retaining public safety and confidence. resources and best-practice examples for schools on how to combat bullying.Policy advice on sexual orientation issues is now co-ordinated through a unit in the Ministry of Social Development (MSD). Schools serve more diverse students these days and Labour accepts that schools need better guidance on how to keep all students safe. Homophobic bullying of GLBTI students (and teachers) are major issues in schools. including the HIV/AIDS action plan. teachers and educationalists (Safe Schools for Queers-SS4Q) has been working with the government on these issues. The review of blood donation policy represents a difficult issue for rainbow communities. Schools are now receiving more support to promote safe schools. but is undoubtedly discriminatory against men who identify as gay. Labour encourages these developments in schools for the benefit of students. teachers and the wider community. Safe School Environments Young people need to feel safe and secure at school if they are to achieve their potential. HIV positive people in New Zealand now have access to the same range of treatments as those living in Australia. Strong Proven Leadership 411 . Labour will provide guidelines. Current policy is in line with international regulations. Labour will further develop the rainbow policy function of the Ministry of Social Development to ensure that concerns of rainbow communities are taken into account when policy is made. We will also continue to resource organisations responsible for promoting the prevention of HIV/AIDS and the care of those living with HIV. the Education Review Office now pays closer attention to the strategies schools employ to combat bullying and harassment. A stakeholder group combining young people. The policy function of MSD has been a great success in ensuring that government agencies are sensitive to the issues facing Rainbow communities.

and convey positive messages about.Students at many schools have set up peer support groups as a way of promoting respect and offering support. Strong Proven Leadership 412 . We will also fund research with the purpose of publishing best-practice examples of schools and early childhood centres that are supportive contexts for GLBTI students. teachers and families/whanau. Labour will encourage schools to support the establishment of diversity groups or gay/straight alliances in secondary schools. teachers and families/whanau. GLBTI people. Labour will support the development of school-based peer support groups. We will also ensure that all Ministry of Education documentation that includes a definition of diversity is inclusive of sexuality and gender diversity. Labour will ensure that all schools' sexuality education programmes are inclusive of. including students.

Sustainable and vibrant rural communities Labour’s policy for Rural Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 413 .

Strong Proven Leadership 414 .

000 people) who live in rural areas. and to the health of New Zealand’s economy and cultural heritage. continuing support for safe drinking water systems. Over the last nine years we have increased the number of rural police stations. We believe that further investment in world-class infrastructure and sustainable solutions will enable the rural economy to grow. and funding for increased staffing in rural schools. Healthcare in rural New Zealand has taken big steps forward in the last nine years. Some services are too important to simply be left up to the market. We want to consolidate and expand essential rural services so that rural areas are sustainable and good places to live for future generations. Rural Health – A New Model of Healthcare for Rural New Zealand Rural New Zealanders are entitled to have access to the very best health care. We believe government must ensure that such services are delivered to hard-to-reach areas. more convenient government services. Over $100 million now goes to support rural health services each year. innovation. and entrepreneurship and supporting innovative local and community-focused infrastructure solutions. Labour has ensured rural schools have broadband access.Introduction Sustainable and vibrant rural communities are at the heart of New Zealand’s wellbeing. regardless of the distance they live from the nearest city or hospital. an assurance of at least two teachers at every rural school. We believe that all New Zealanders are entitled to the best possible social services rural New Zealanders should not be disadvantaged because they live outside a town or city. set up the Sustainable Farming Fund and passed landmark legislation that balances private property rights and public walking access. Labour wants to see New Zealand’s rural communities and businesses continue to prosper and make their contribution to our economy. Labour has an excellent record in responding to the needs of rural communities. These communities are vital for the 14 percent of New Zealanders (about 550. Our priorities for rural New Zealand over the next three years are centred on a new model of healthcare for rural communities. Rural New Zealanders can have minor surgical procedures close to their home on the innovative Strong Proven Leadership 415 . We have increased funding for rural health through the Rural Innovations Fund. Labour will continue to support a sustainable rural economy and environment by promoting research. We will also continue to strengthen the rural economy through our commitment to economic transformation. and the promotion of small scale renewable electricity generation for rural and isolated locations.

patients can see their GP. Rural GPs are paid a bonus through a $4 million annual fund. We want Strong Proven Leadership 416 . The facility is located on the same site as a secondary care hospital. Another $11 million goes towards ensuring rural health workers are retained and provide good after hours care. and get their prescriptions filled . that people in rural communities still visit their GPs less frequently than people living in urban areas. The National Travel Assistance programme helps Kiwis who have to travel for treatment. Innovation in rural health is being encouraged through the Rural Innovations Fund. The centre has been very successful. The Horowhenua Health Centre is an example of the type of response to a community’s health needs that we believe is the future of rural health care. with more than 26.all in one visit. Labour will establish ‘one stop shop’ primary health care centres in rural areas. it is important that rural health services are integrated with secondary and tertiary specialist services in urban centres and that after hours services in rural areas are comprehensive and well-resourced. This is something we want to promote and expand. There are now rural immersion programmes at both New Zealand medical schools. or have recently opened such facilities. however. It is our goal that these one-stop-shops be extended into more rural areas across New Zealand. Labour will work closely with DHBs to extend these services into more rural to ensure that rural New Zealanders have more convenient and integrated primary health care services. At this ‘one stop shop’.Mobile Surgical Bus so don’t have to go into hospital. Because of this. Upgraded drinking water supplies and sewerage schemes will benefit 210. Labour will work with DHBs to develop rural primary health centres which incorporate the needs of rural communities and bring services together where possible into one facility. The rural health workforce is now getting more support than ever. it is vital for rural New Zealanders to have the easiest and most convenient access to primary healthcare possible. Patients receive support through the National Travel Assistance Programme if they have to travel to receive treatment. have an X-ray or blood test. Given that access to primary health care is very important for people to stay healthy. A few District Health Boards are either working on these concepts. rehabilitation and maternity services. by providing financial support for mileage and accommodation. It is a fact that the most complicated health procedures and specialist care cannot be provided in rural communities. The idea of a one-stop-shop primary health care centre is not an entirely new concept.000 New Zealanders. A $2 million fund is distributed to rural midwives annually to help them with the costs of practicing in rural areas. We understand. creating strong linkages between GPs and secondary treatment.000 patients seeing a GP there in its first year.

Labour will review the operation of the National Travel Assistance programme and ensure it is delivering maximum benefit to rural New Zealanders. Each year $300. We will continue to support innovations in rural health to ensure that rural communities have access to the best possible health services.to ensure that New Zealanders are given the support they need when they have to travel away from home to see a specialist. Rural hospitals need to be closely integrated with secondary and tertiary units to ensure that rural New Zealanders receive seamless care and the best possible access to specialist services. The Rural Innovations Fund is an annual contestable fund that provides one off support for innovative practices in rural medicine. Labour will investigate ways for rural hospitals to better co-ordinate with specialist secondary and tertiary units. Strong Proven Leadership 417 . We currently require all DHBs to have after hours plans to ensure that all people can access emergency care outside working hours. The Rural Ranking Scale is a method used to define how rural a practice is.000 is made available in grants. We are committed to rural after hours services that are sustainable and provide the best possible clinical care. and takes into account the needs of practitioners. and in turn how much extra support a rural medical practice becomes entitled to. especially in after hours care. Labour will work closely with DHBs and PHOs to strengthen after hours care in rural communities. Labour will ensure that the Rural Ranking Scale has continued relevance by reviewing its function. Labour will investigate better cooperation and coordination through. Labour understands that some rural practitioners have heavy workloads. increased use of technology such as telemedicine. This year Labour committed an extra $5 million per annum for rural after hours care. Labour will continue to support innovative rural health solutions through the Rural Innovations Fund. safe. Labour will review the Rural Ranking Scale to ensure its continued relevance. for example. We will continue to work closely with providers and DHBs to ensure that communities receive after hours care that is reliable.

mail or internet.Effective and Convenient Social Services By their very nature. Labour in Government has opened 36 Heartland 15 Service Centres throughout New 40000 10 Zealand. many rural communities are isolated. Strong Proven Leadership Number of centres 418 . Our Heartland Service Centres and Outreach Services have been very popular in rural communities. deaths and marriages services. government agencies had largely withdrawn from providing service centres in rural communities. Child Youth and Family and Accident Compensation Corporation. Rural New Zealanders had diminished access to Government support services. 80000 60000 25 20 Usage Centres O ti We have ensured that in some areas. community trusts or health centres. Prior to 1999. Labour is committed to continuing and strengthening this successful model of service provision for rural communities. Studylink and Work and Income support) are available to rural New Zealanders through these one-stop-shops. to Career Services. Ten years ago …there were no Heartland Service Centres or Outreach Services. These Heartland Outreach Services are now operating in 15 areas. Over 100. Last year over 100.000 people visited a Service Centre. Labour believes that rural communities should not be disadvantaged in terms of their access to social services. 35 100000 Number of clients 30 In the last six years. and that the government has a responsibility to ensure access. A large range of services (from the Department of Internal Affairs’ births. this means that Government support services are less accessible to rural New Zealanders than those who live in urban areas. They expected rural New Zealanders to Heartland Service Centres and Usage Figures engage with them by telephone. Today …there are 36 Heartland Centres and 15 Outreach Services. fax or email) or travel some distance. We don’t think that this is 40 120000 right. and either had to interact from distance (via phone. mail. For some. Government agencies working in collaboration visit isolated communities together and utilise existing community premises of local authorities. These centres ensure that 20000 rural New Zealanders are better 5 connected to Government services by 0 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 bringing the services to them.000 people visited a Heartland Services Centre in 2007. Ten years from now…Provision of services to rural communities will have continued to improve and gaps in services will have been identified and filled.

we will address: • Health and safety issues where a sole charge teacher is involved with a particular incident or required task (meaning all children are not supervised). Labour will adjust the staffing rules to ensure that all schools have a minimum of two teaching staff. Currently additional 0. Labour recognises there are educational benefits for teachers not to be working without peer support and will therefore adjust the staffing rules to ensure that schools have a minimum of two teaching staff. But there are anecdotal reports of gaps in service provision. 419 • • Strong Proven Leadership . Difficulties rural teachers face in securing time for professional development. By boosting the minimum number of teaching staff for these rural schools. Social services in rural areas will also benefit from our investment in rural broadband and infrastructure. There are currently 98 rural schools in New Zealand with less than 2 full time equivalent teaching positions. Being able to use the full potential of broadband should assist those in farming and other rural businesses in ways such as allowing them to use internet banking and file IRD returns electronically – saving both time and money.3 FTE staffing assistance is provided to these schools to assist with the administrative and supervisory roles.Labour believes that Heartland Service Centres and Outreach Services have become the backbone of Government service provision in many rural areas and this must continue. Two Teachers at Every Rural School Under current staffing rules a small number of rural schools are only entitled to a single teacher. Labour will review existing Heartland Service Centres and Heartland Outreach Services in rural communities and strengthen services where gaps are identified. This may involve the establishment of further Service Centres. A lack of collegial support for rural teachers. We will continue to make access to social services easier and more convenient for people in rural areas. increased provision by mobile Outreach Services and greater use of information communications technology. Recently Labour announced our commitment of $75 million for rural projects aimed at extending the reach of broadband.

We have established the Technical Assistance Programme and Capital Assistance Programme to provide small communities with technical support and funding for water treatment and storage plants and the installation or upgrade of reticulation schemes. It is Labour’s goal to continue this partnership with communities to improve access to a safe and sustainable water supply. and over 40. Labour has set up a variety of water support and subsidy schemes in the last nine years.3 FTE position in some rural areas. Strong Proven Leadership 420 . Labour believes they should be given the support to move to safer and more sustainable drinking water supplies and sewerage treatment systems. Labour will continue to work in partnership with communities to protect our water resources and ensure they are safe and sustainable. Further use of on-farm water storage. this can be difficult. and better utilisation of water resources.000 will have safer drinking water through the Capital Assistance Programme.000 rural New Zealanders are set to benefit from our Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme. We realise that for many small rural communities. and Working with rural industries to improve water management practices. Difficulties in sourcing a 0. We will continue our record of working with rural communities to ensure that they have access to safe drinking water and sewerage treatment. Since 1999 we have implemented a number of innovative schemes to support communities who need to upgrade their water or wastewater treatment systems. We also established the Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme to help small and medium sized communities to upgrade or build new sewerage treatment systems. Labour has worked hard in Government to ensure all New Zealanders have access to a safe and sustainable water supply.• • The burden sole charge teachers face with school administrative duties. Safe and sustainable water supplies Safe water supplies are a basic necessity for communities. Targeted assistance to smaller and poorer communities. We will achieve this in four ways: • • • • Continuation of subsidy schemes. Over 170. Where communities only have access to sub-standard supplies or treatment systems.

Labour will look at bringing forward current spending on the Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme as part of the economic stimulus package to be presented to Parliament in December. with the help of this Scheme. the water and sewerage infrastructure sector is largely unaffected by capacity constraints and. but there are still a number of worthy outstanding projects. for small communities to fund water and wastewater infrastructure needed to maximise benefits from New Zealand’s tourism sector. and led to an increase in specialisation in wastewater engineering. Labour will continue subsidy schemes for rural and community waste water treatment facilities and drinking water supplies. It is estimated that of the unfunded applications received to date. the provision of funding for the Scheme in 2002 served as a catalyst for skills development in this area. Unlike some other infrastructure sectors.44 421 . We also established funding for the period 2005-2016 through the Drinking Water Subsidy Fund to help improve drinking water in New Zealand communities.95 7. has an established workforce of highly specialised wastewater engineers able to continue work on regional projects. as part of our December economic package.22 5. Indeed.0 4. we will look at binging forward investment through the Sanitary Works Subsidy Scheme. This fund assists councils and other water suppliers with technical advice and direct capital assistance for upgrading water systems.09 1.18 4. which ran through to 2007. A total of $133 million was initially allocated to this programme over 10 years and was targeted to those communities with deprivation index ratings of five and above. should additional funding be made available.09 3. approximately 10 per cent to 20 per cent could be progressed immediately.53 1. In particular. An additional $40 million was provided in Budget 2008.We implemented the Tourism Demand Subsidy Scheme.33 6. These might include: Community/Council Whangarei Heads (Whangarei DC) Huapai (Rodney DC) Brunswick/Rotokawa (Rotorua DC) Okareka (Rotorua DC) Muriwai (Rodney DC) Eltham (South Taranaki DC) Parua Bay (Whangarei DC) Dannevirke (Tararua DC) Oakura (New Plymouth DC) Strong Proven Leadership Potential Subsidy $M 8.

through the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministers of Rural Affairs and Agriculture. Strong Proven Leadership 422 . where appropriate. New Zealand’s ability to grow and sell produce is heavily reliant on a safe and sustainable supply of water. Councils serving small or rural communities are expected to comply by 1 July 2013 with higher quality standards for the water they supply. Labour will work with rural industries to improve water management practices. Some councils may fail to meet the target without assistance from central government. Labour will promote and encourage further use of on-farm water storage such as dams and gravity springs. and the future pressures on water supplies from economic growth and climate change. Labour recognises that agricultural production places pressure on this supply. In some areas. Labour will provide targeted assistance to smaller and poorer communities. can offer more sustainable and efficient water resources to many farmers. it is our goal that on-farm dams and gravity springs be utilised to a greater degree. offering little incentive to move to onfarm storage or invest in infrastructure to utilise water resources. where freshwater supplies are not adversely affected by agricultural production. Given the impact of droughts and water shortages in recent years. We will work closely with communities. We will continue the Community Irrigation Fund to enable the promoters of community storage and irrigation schemes to generate investor and community support. We will continue to work closely with rural and agricultural industries to ensure that our freshwater supplies are in the best possible health. to meet the costs of providing quality water supplies. Further development and more appropriate use of on-farm water storage is integral to the success of New Zealand’s primary production and rural communities. including those in rural areas. this issue is of particular importance given the recent boom in dairy production. We will investigate avenues to assist farmers and communities to invest in the necessary infrastructure. publicly-sourced water (from district councils) has historically been a relatively cheap commodity for many farmers. Labour believes that on-farm and community storage dams and gravity springs. Labour’s vision is for a ‘clean and green’ New Zealand. to encourage and educate farmers and rural communities about on-farm and community water storage.It is costly to provide quality water supply in rural areas because schemes lack economies of scale.

distributors and generators to identify and promote opportunities for localised alternative sources of generation. Strong Proven Leadership 423 . and the Electricity (Continuance of Supply) Amendment Bill promotes this. it is sometimes not economic for a distributor to do so. does not end on its original expiry date of 2013. In our view. Because of the high cost in maintaining supply to the most isolated areas. We will ensure that the obligation will be an enduring one with no end date. workplace or community. Labour will work in partnership with rural communities. it is cheaper to build these sources than to maintain existing electricity lines. Labour will promote small scale renewable electricity generation for rural and isolated locations. and will happen only where the community (normally with a subsidy from the lines company) agrees to the new alternative arrangement. Labour understands that rural communities face specific difficulties in terms of electricity prices due to their isolation and distributors’ cost at maintaining infrastructure. The bill that would ensure security of supply after 2013 also allows those remote communities to agree with lines companies to build local generation instead. and that local sources of generation are more appropriate. distributors have a responsibility to ensure that those people currently on the grid have their supply maintained. and we have introduced a Electricity (Continuance of Supply) Amendment Bill to ensure this. Labour will ensure that the obligation for suppliers and distributors to continue supply to customers under section 62 of the Electricity Act. In some situations. Small Scale Renewable Electricity Generation Electricity is vital to the functioning of any house. This cannot be forced on the local community. We will also investigate other opportunities to support investment in renewable generation that is not connected to the main distribution network. We recognise that for some customers and communities it may make little sense to remain on the grid.We will continue to closely monitor the Clean Streams Accord and will investigate other regulatory and enforcement options if it is shown that the Accord is not meeting its goals.

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Ensuring Success for Every Child Labour’s policy for Schools 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 425 .

Strong Proven Leadership 426 .

Inspiring young minds to learn. Teachers’ pay has risen nearly 40 per cent over the last decade and better opportunities for professional development are helping attract bright graduates to a career in teaching while also helping retain experienced teachers. Labour has prioritised improving teacher pay and professional development. A Quality Teaching Profession International studies show what parents already know – that quality teachers in the classroom are our most important education resource. public education is a fundamental Labour value. Our schools are amongst the best in the world. The enlightened values of the very first Labour government. Today… funding allows for the more than 6. upgrading school buildings. effective teachers.000 additional teachers in classrooms. Today. The days of learning by rote are long gone. Ten years from now… all schools will be sufficiently staffed by excellent teachers to deliver a personalised learning plan to students that develops their interests and aptitude. and tailoring teaching to the individual needs of each pupil. The key to further improvement in educational attainment is to increase the number of teachers in the classroom and make sure those teachers employ the modern teaching methods research tells us have the greatest impact. quality. are the cornerstones of the New Zealand education system. teachers bring classrooms to life through a new school curriculum that links learning to everyday concepts. The most important resources we can provide to schools are highly trained.000 additional teachers. Ten years ago… teachers were demoralised by industrial strife and the battle over bulk funding. Funding now allows schools to employ around 6. rich or poor. that every person. still drive our education policies today. relevant and personalised learning that provides the tools they will need to succeed in the 21st century. updating school assessment and curricula and other learning tools. Universal access to free.Introduction Labour has always believed in the power of education to transform lives. and teachers are paid fairly for the vital work they do in preparing our young people to succeed in the 21st century. has the right to an education that enables them to fulfil their potential and that it is the role of the government to ensure sufficient focus and investment to make this possible. reducing class sizes. The challenge for our compulsory school system now is to build on these successes so that students at all levels are provided with modern. Strong Proven Leadership 427 . The success of New Zealand’s public education system is reflected in the achievements of our students.

Investment in curriculum resources will be vital for the success of this major education initiative. Personalising learning fits well with our strategies to lift the overall educational achievement of Maori and Pasifika students. we need to ensure entry standards into teacher training are robust and we need to provide better support in schools for beginning teachers. The New Zealand Teachers Council also has an important leadership role in setting professional standards for teachers. In order to ensure schools are able to employ suitably qualified teaching staff. our challenge is to support more teachers to use these programmes to refresh their teaching practice. as well as enhance the participation and achievement rates of rangatahi at school. The full implementation of the New Zealand Curriculum in 2010. This year we launched Ka Hikitia-Managing for Success. A large number of teachers will begin to retire shortly. schools and kura kaupapa Maori to successfully introduce the New Zealand curriculum and Te Marautanga. as will ensuring that unit standards assessed under the National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) fit with the new curricula and ongoing professional development. Labour will support the New Zealand Teachers Council to take a leadership role in setting professional standards for teachers.Labour can be trusted to address the challenges ahead for the teaching profession. and the implementation of Te Marautanga (the curriculum for Maori medium education) in 2011. which help teachers to better respond to the needs of Maori students. a strategy that aims to improve teacher. student relationships. Labour will expand professional development and paid sabbatical opportunities for teachers. Ensuring teacher pay and conditions remain competitive is an important way to not only encourage graduates to begin a teaching career but to also retain experienced staff in the profession. and the Kiwi Leadership for Principals framework have demonstrated their effectiveness. Labour will support teachers. Strong Proven Leadership 428 . teachers will need to more regularly draw on professional support and the latest research on what motivates children to learn. Now that programmes such as Te Kotahitanga. Labour will ensure schools are properly supported to take on beginning teachers. As learning becomes increasingly personalised to the individual needs of each student. is an exciting development in our schools.

and support professional development programmes such as Te Kotahitanga and other educational programmes that support a more personalised. We intend to move the existing funding for organisations that deliver classroom and teacher development programmes for groups like gifted and talented students and pupils with dyslexia onto a more sustainable basis. Labour will develop a more sustainable funding approach for organisations working to assist teachers to effectively support pupils with specific learning needs. We will also encourage more Pacific peoples into teaching. just as our schools attract staff trained in other countries. Kiwi-trained teachers who have worked overseas bring valuable educational experience when they return home. student-focused teaching practices. need the support of teachers trained to recognise and teach to their strengths. retention and achievement at all levels of the education system. This will help to spread best practice and develop centres of expertise for schools to draw on. Labour will ensure schools can get help with administration tasks so that principals can focus more on students and on providing educational leadership in schools. To enable principals to focus more on their role as educational leaders within schools. We also need to work with Pacific families and communities as part of our plan to raise overall educational achievement. Better recognition of overseas experience and opportunities to keep up-to-date with developments in teaching and learning practice in New Zealand will help to attract more quality Kiwi teachers back home. In some cases. Labour will encourage greater Pacific participation.Labour will continue to ensure the successful implementation of Ka Hikitia (the Māori education strategy). At present funding for this is provided on an application basis and for a fixed period of time. Personalising learning also means actively supporting children and young people who do not fit within the stereotypical ‘norm’. backed by quality professional development with curriculum support based on research about what works. while focusing on improving the capability of non-Pacific teachers to work effectively with Pacific students in the classroom. there is a need for additional support for administrative tasks. Gifted and talented students and pupils with dyslexia. Our curriculum supports individualised. New Zealand-trained teachers are prize recruits in many parts of the English-speaking world. schools may not be employing foreign-trained teachers now living in New Strong Proven Leadership 429 . Teaching has always been a valued profession worldwide. for example. community-orientated approach to the education of our tamariki.

Labour will implement Schools Plus. To ensure all young people are engaged and supported to achieve their potential through education. International studies such as the Programme for International Student Assessment show our students are performing near the top of OECD countries. students and their families will develop a personalised learning plan to guide their learning. At the same time. Labour will develop a bonded bridging development programme to assist foreign-trained teachers to gain registration and employment in New Zealand. however. and move into further education and training have the best chance of accessing the full range of opportunities life has to offer. We know that young people who stay in school. Schools Plus New Zealand’s school system continues to perform at the highest level. new study options such as Gateway and Modern Apprenticeships are providing more choices for young people to continue learning while gaining valuable workplace experience that will lay the foundation for a career in the trades. Strong Proven Leadership 430 . For example. and two-thirds of school leavers achieved at least NCEA Level 2 (a 36 per cent increase from 2002). Our new school curriculum will enable teachers to enliven their teaching practice. complete their qualifications.Zealand because of concerns they have would difficulty teaching in this country. Many of them. drawing on real-world examples to better engage students to learn about the values and core skills needed to be successful in the 21st century. only students from Finland and Hong Kong were performing at a higher level than New Zealand students. eight out of ten school leavers achieved at least NCEA Level 1 (a 22 per cent increase from 2002 when NCEA was introduced). in the 2006 science literacy results. ahead of countries such as Australia. could take up positions in our schools after some professional development. Labour will require a personalised education plan to be developed for every high school student to guide their learning. Canada and the United States. Student achievement has been steadily improving. In 2007. They are more likely to be able to care for themselves and their families. and achieve future economic independence and security. our initiative to significantly reform our secondary school system by offering all young New Zealanders a stronger educational foundation.

While the school leaving age will stay at sixteen. Labour will make Youth Apprenticeships available to all secondary schools and increase the range of other education and training pathways available to students. enabling them to provide relevant. But we must also set goals and timelines. are the key to engaging young people who currently leave school too early. By 2010 all schools will be using the new New Zealand Curriculum. already available in twenty schools. we have begun the process of removing the early leaving exemption for the under 16s. training providers and social agencies. Strong Proven Leadership 431 . Labour will provide more secondary teachers and other staff to improve careers guidance and increase the support available for young people in school and out in the community to remain engaged in learning. innovative programmes which meet their students’ needs. Ensuring that out-of-school education providers. We anticipate at least $170 million per year in additional investment will be required to fully implement Schools Plus. Labour will introduce an education and training leaving age of 17 years in 2011 and 18 years in 2014. Closer links will need to be built with local businesses. Matching investments will be needed as new course options. Phasing in the education and training leaving age in this way will give schools time to develop the variety of programmes and options needed to engage the whole range of young people. such as the alternative education network. Innovative programmes like Youth Apprenticeships. Enabling more students to experience tertiary-level courses while still at school will also broaden the range of study options available to them. more teachers and support staff and improved careers guidance services will be needed in schools. prioritise students’ learning and achievement will keep the focus on learning irrespective of the setting in which it takes place. Making the changes needed to successfully implement Schools Plus will take time and a careful focus on building support within the secondary schooling system.To support a personalised approach to learning. Labour will strengthen alternative education and other out-of-school learning options to ensure young people are supported to improve their educational achievement. staff and closer links outside of school are phased in.

Under current staffing rules a small number of rural schools are only entitled to a single teacher. Funding for school property has been a major focus. Labour has substantially increased school operational funding over the last decade. Computeraided learning has significant potential to revolutionise education and Labour wants to see computer and interactive learning technology in every classroom. The environment in which learning takes place is also crucial. Targeted funding has also been made available for schools electing to undertake school improvement programmes and other projects such as specialised professional development (for example. Labour is committed to helping schools meet the demands that parents and the community place on them to deliver a quality education to every child.School Funding Schools want to be able to deliver the very best education they can. In addition to the significant funding that Labour will provide to successfully implement Schools Plus in secondary schools.3 FTE staffing assistance is provided to these schools to assist with the administrative and supervisory roles. Twenty-four new schools. Labour will continue to increase operational grants for all state and state-integrated schools. Labour will adjust the staffing rules to ensure that all schools have a minimum of two teaching staff. and over 1. Currently additional 0. We know school funding is an investment for the benefit of our children and for the long term benefit of New Zealand’s society and economy. and large capital works projects have be undertaken at many existing schools. even after accounting for inflation. Labour will enable schools to use their five-year property agreements to invest in computer and interactive learning technology.500 new classrooms have been built. We have recently reviewed the funding allocated to schools. we know there are other pressing issues that it is important for the government to prioritise. The small army of staff that work alongside teachers in the classroom are essential in making our schools function effectively: people such as school secretaries. making the best use of computers in the classroom). upgrading and maintaining information and communications technology as a particular pressure point for schools. Labour recognises there are educational benefits for teachers not to be working without peer support and will therefore adjust the staffing rules to ensure that schools have a minimum of two teaching staff. Work with schools has identified the cost of buying. But the focus on improving educational outcomes means schools will require new resources. teacher Strong Proven Leadership 432 . 22 new Kura Kaupapa Maori schools.

with hearing screening for newborns and B4 School Checks for children aged over 4 years old to help identify and address any impairment to learning as early as possible. Support for specific groups of students has also been introduced. Funding to support these students has increased over the last decade. Labour has already shown it is prepared to take a lead in addressing low pay where the government is the major employer. Special Education Services was merged with the Ministry of Education to reduce fragmentation of services and better support students with special needs to achieve their potential. irrespective of the educational setting in which they enrolled. Staffing resources have been improved for students who are vision impaired and blind. It is time to do this for school support staff as well. A special education grant is also paid to all schools as part of the annual operations grant. we have made significant progress but there is still more to do. the current system is struggling to adequately support all those who need assistance. We believe improvements can be delivered by investing more in specific-purpose funds which support students with moderate needs who at present are not deemed eligible for Ongoing and Renewable Resourcing Schemes (ORRS) support but whose needs are not being adequately addressed by supplementary assistance.aides. for example for those on the autistic spectrum. cleaners. Labour will address low pay issues for the non-teaching workforce in schools. Focus has also shifted to early intervention. Around 10 per cent of school-aged children face barriers to full participation in education. The goal of Special Education 2000 was to develop a world class inclusive education system for New Zealand. making it difficult for schools to recruit and retain these staff as they seek higher pay in other sectors. our investment of increased funding to enable early intervention in a child’s life will significantly improve educational outcomes. In particular. librarians and caretakers. Parents therefore have the right to expect all schools to provide a core Strong Proven Leadership 433 . with more children with special needs enrolling at their local school. Labour will address this with a series of connected changes. In addition. The range of targeted support for particular special education needs has been expanded and the number of young people able to be assisted has been increased. In the health sector. Special Education Early childhood education services and schools work to support children and young people with special education needs. Nearly a decade on. This recognises that many students with moderate needs benefit from learning assistance and enables schools to invest in services they believe will impact positively on learning. Yet many are paid the minimum wage.

Labour intends to embed these developments in schools for the benefit of students. They are often paid the minimum wage despite their important work contributing to students’ learning success. Labour has already shown it is prepared to take a lead in addressing low pay in other sectors where the government is the major employer.special education service. available funding and the availability of specialist expertise. Labour will strengthen special education support by investing resources in special education funds for children with moderate to high needs. Schools are reporting that disruptive behaviour in the classroom and in the playground is on the rise. teachers and the wider community. Some schools successfully pool their resources enabling them to deliver a more comprehensive package of support. We have already provided schools with support to deal with this through programmes like Student Engagement Initiative. Safe Learning Environments Young people need to feel safe and secure at school if they are to achieve their potential. supplemented by centrally-funded and targeted support for those children with moderate to high special needs. the Education Review Office now pays closer attention to the strategies schools employ to combat bullying and harassment. Schools do however face difficulties supporting students with moderate special needs because of issues such as teacher expertise and experience. Teacher aides are an important part of the overall team assisting students with special needs. As part of its commitment to address low pay issues for the non-teaching workforce. Just as schools working together is one of the principles of our Schools Plus initiative. working with schools to ensure effective and accountable use of the special education grant. and supporting the development of special education clusters to improve services to students with moderate needs. Labour believes greater clustering of schools could significantly improve special education services and help spread effective teaching practice more widely. resources and best-practice examples for schools on combating bullying. Labour will provide guidelines. Schools serve more diverse students these days and Labour accepts that schools need better guidance on how to keep all students safe. Funding and access to specialist expertise would then be available for all schools in the cluster to improve support services provided to students. Schools are receiving more support to manage difficult students and to promote safe schools. It is time to fairly reward teacher aides as well. Labour will address low pay issues for the teaching support workforce in schools. which helps schools to Strong Proven Leadership 434 . As well.

and early leaving exemptions. Strong Proven Leadership 435 .address truancy rates. Labour will support the development of school-based peer support groups. We intend to build on this. and the 'Interim Response Fund'. which gives principals access to emergency funding to manage critical behaviour cases. exclusions. Labour will provide schools with additional resources to effectively manage disruptive behaviour. Students at many schools have set up peer support groups as a way of promoting respect and offering support. suspensions.

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Building Innovation Labour’s policy for Science and Innovation 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 437 .

Strong Proven Leadership 438 .

Introduction Labour believes that good science lies at the heart of a modern society and a modern economy. public sector investment is at about 75 percent of the western world average. and private sector investment is at about 33 percent of the western world average (up from 25 percent nine years ago). Specifically. a greater understanding of our environment and society and the advancement of scholarship and human knowledge. Science and Technology funding has increased by 90 percent. Labour has funded strong growth in basic sciences through the Marsden Fund (which has increased by 86 percent). Recent policy changes and new policies to be implemented postelection will combine to produce a further step-change in this area. Science and Innovation Funding In the last decade Research. science and technology will quicken markedly. the profile of research. it is valued more and it has delivered more. Health Research. all designed to accelerate the commercial development of the fruits of research. It is debated more. Over the past nine years. Good science and innovative technology contribute to increased economic productivity. and new Transformational R&D (including new materials) Strong Proven Leadership 439 . Over the next three years the pace of change in research. Labour believes we must ensure New Zealand science is not only world class in terms of the excellence of our researchers. Labour established the Pre Seed Accelerator Fund. science and technology in New Zealand has risen significantly. Labour will in the next 3 budgets increase funding for the Marsden Fund. the Seed Capital Investment Fund and the Venture Investment Fund. science and technology is still well below the western world average. the Equity Investment Fund. In addition. Health Research (which increased by 130 percent) and the New Economy Research Fund. Labour will seek to improve that figure. better health. Business incubators were established for the same reason. but world class in terms of stability of funding. policies we have already announced are likely to raise private sector R&D investment to about 69 percent of the western world average by 2011/12. In the public sector. New Zealand’s investment in research. In the private sector. Although improving. funding we have already announced is likely to raise public investment to around 83 percent of the western world average by 2011/12.

500 to 16. and particularly in the past three years. • • • A growing research and development workforce. and significantly expanded others including doubling the number of Fulbright Scholarships. In addition. The total research and development workforce increased from 9. nutriceuticals and the like. Three factors will drive this increase in R&D over the next three years. functional foods. Labour has established the Centres of Research Excellence and the Performance Based Research Fund ($236 million a year) for University-based research. ranging from basic environmental research to precommercial development over the next 10-15 years. New Zealand: Fast Forward Labour has created the New Zealand: Fast Forward Fund of $700m.as well as renewable energy research. Labour will commit to retaining the New Zealand: Fast Forward fund.500 in the 10 years to 2006. Labour has introduced a range of new fellowships and scholarships. This is easily the largest single investment in R&D in New Zealand’s history. and The 15 percent R&D tax credit A growing research and development workforce In the last decade. food ingredients. the number of students undertaking doctoral study has almost doubled. to be matched by private funding from the food and pastoral sectors to create a substantial step forward in research and development. New Zealand: Fast Forward. Advanced food research and development to create new food products. • Strong Proven Leadership 440 . New Zealand: Fast Forward is likely to deliver major change over the 10-15 years during which programmes will run in the following areas: • Basic Environmental research into the pastoral sector to reduce the environmental effects of climate change gases (50 percent of which come from our pastoral sector) including improvements in water quality and reduced chemical use. social research and funding to address the needs of researchers early in their careers.

Their contract research activity will therefore rise significantly. In the last decade. The Inland Revenue Department (IRD) has calculated the “forgone revenue” from the tax credit at $330 million per annum in 2011/2012. It has a relatively simple design. Growing globally-competitive firms in New Zealand that enjoy a degree of influence in many markets comparable to the likes of Fonterra. • The 15 percent R&D tax credit Private sector investment in R&D is. Labour will commit to retaining the 15 percent R&D tax credit. The former allows a researcher’s proposal to be peer-reviewed so that new researchers succeed and new areas of research gain funding.Getting the Balance Right Contestability and Stability are both valuable. New Zealand has historically overvalued contestability and undervalued stability. Economic modelling confirms it will result in a large increase in private sector investment in R&D. low. that some of that reported increase will reflect underreporting of R&D activity by some firms in past). for strategically important research to be reliably undertaken and the time needed to prepare funding bids reduced. This means that reported R&D activity in the private sector will double over the next three years (It needs to acknowledged. PGG Wrightson or Sealords. is applicable to all qualifying R&D expended by the private sector and is available even to loss-making start-up companies which are not yet paying tax. The latter allows for long-term research certainty. by international standards. Labour introduced a more stable funding environment to better Strong Proven Leadership 441 . however. Earlier this year the 15 percent tax credit was introduced. for science capability to be maintained. some of which will be undertaken by public sector institutions. Zespri.• Attention to various workforce and skills gaps that exist or are emerging in our economy throughout the value chain. perhaps with early concentration on food technologists and food engineers. A relatively high proportion of privately-funded R&D is carried out in our Crown Research Institutes and in our universities. Contestability and Stability .

will be paid as of right. Negotiated funding will be available to all-comers. capability funding and backbone funding.balance the benefits of stability and the benefits of contestability. This is likely to shift towards basic research to balance the expected increases in private sector investment at the other end of the spectrum. Labour will ensure about one third of Vote: RS&T will be noncontestable three years from now. Strong Proven Leadership 442 . 40 percent strategic research and 20 percent pre-commercial development. or. in the case of the backbone funding or capability funding. including negotiated funding. The current split in public sector research. science and technology investment is approximately 40 percent basic research. Non-contestable funding will either be negotiated. but is likely to be predominantly secured by the Crown Research Institutes and by universities.

Valuing and Supporting the Contribution of Older New Zealanders Labour’s policy for Senior Citizens 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 443 .

Strong Proven Leadership 444 .

The Positive Ageing Strategy provides a framework within which all Labour policy that affects older people can be commonly understood and developed. Average Wage Growth Under Labour Average Wage In 1998 under the last National government. In the last decade. publicly-provided pension at the age of 65. Financial security for older New Zealanders Every New Zealander has the right to a decent. 40% 35% 30% 25% Growth since 1999 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 1999 -5% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Community Services Card and Disability levels have also been adjusted every year so that no-one loses this entitlement because of an increase in Super. increasing from 282. the proportion of older people in the population will increase and Labour believes they will have an increasingly important role to play in our society. and will reach over a million by 2028.000 in 1977. Over the last nine years. this has been restored back to 65 percent and then increased to 66 percent. This is being achieved by identifying barriers to the involvement of older people in as wide a range of activities as possible and working to address these.6 percent.Introduction Labour recognises the contribution older New Zealanders make to our country. New Zealand Superannuation has been adjusted annually for inflation and against the average ordinary wage. By running government surpluses in good times and continuing to build the New Zealand Superannuation Fund. In the coming decades. Grandparents who have taken on full-time care of grandchildren in cases of Strong Proven Leadership 445 . Older New Zealanders play a crucial role in supporting the development of our families. Statistics New Zealand’s projections indicate that the older population will continue to grow. Over this 30 year period. NZ Super Growth Under Labour vs. older people as a proportion of New Zealand’s total population increased from 9 percent to 12. The aim was to improve opportunities for older people to participate in ways that they choose. we have been committed to providing security and certainty for our older citizens. we can ensure the continued provision of universal Superannuation and prepared New Zealand for an increasingly ageing population. New Zealand Superannuation was cut back to 60 percent of the average wage. The population aged 65 years and over in New Zealand is currently around half a million. We value the skills. In 2001 we launched the New Zealand Positive Ageing Strategy to reinforce our commitment to promoting the value of participation by older people in communities. knowledge and experience older people contribute to their families and communities.

We have introduced primary healthcare subsidies so that everyone is able to get cheaper doctors visits and cheaper prescription medicines. A million Kiwis now pay no more than $16 to see a GP and the cost of most prescription medicines has been cut to no more than $3. Labour’s goals for the health and wellbeing of older New Zealanders are set out in the Health of Older People Strategy published in 2002. We are also absolutely committed to maintaining the age of eligibility at 65 years.48 percent of the average wage. Today …Superannuation for a married couple is 66. Ten years ago …Superannuation was frozen in real terms.66 percent of the average wage. older people are less able to enjoy their lives to the fullest. In April 1999. We will continue to ensure older New Zealanders have financial security and their rights are protected. whanau and community life. Without good health. Although on average older New Zealanders are enjoying better health for longer. Labour has worked hard to improve the affordability.family breakdown now receive increased support. Health and Wellbeing of Older New Zealanders Good health is critical to the wellbeing of older people. Technological and medical advances have enabled many people with disabilities to live longer. In October 1998 the National government set out a plan to let Super fall as a proportion of the average wage until it hit just 60 percent. Our vision is that older people will be able to fully participate in decisions about their health and wellbeing and in family. We want to ensure they are supported by coordinated and responsive health and disability support programmes. We will continue to support older New Zealanders who care for their grandchildren and ensure they receive similar support to other carers. the rate payable to a married couple fell to 62. Ten years from now …Superannuitants will continue to receive financial security through the annual adjustment of NZ Superannuation. The suitability of housing and the ability of people with disabilities to remain living Strong Proven Leadership 446 . with the alignment of the Unsupported Child’s Benefit and Orphan’s Benefit with the Foster Care Allowance weekly board rates. Labour will continue to adjust NZ Superannuation to ensure that the rate for a married couple is equivalent to at least 66 percent of net average ordinary time weekly earnings. accessibility and quality of health services for older New Zealanders. it remains important to appropriately support those with disabilities. their options are limited and their general levels of contentment and happiness are likely to be reduced.

We will investigate the introduction of aged care qualifications so that workers in the sector have greater career progression possibilities and can offer more effective services. This means older people retain more of their assets and still qualify for a government subsidy to help meet the cost of their care. Labour will strengthen aged care workforce development and regulation by reviewing staffing and funding guidelines including consideration of specified minimum staffing levels. Labour will continue the progressive removal of asset testing for older people in long-stay residential care by increasing the asset thresholds by $10.000 on 1 July of each year. We will develop regulations to underpin new staffing requirements.000 for couples to $180.000 for singles and $30. We have increased the asset threshold (the level at which the value of assets needs to be equal to or below) from $15. We also want to see wages rise in the sector. Labour will implement a comprehensive workforce development programme for all those working in the aged care sector including carers. We recently announced a $4 million investment to upskill staff in the sector to level 2 and 3 qualifications. in much the same way that the Education Review Office’s school audits are. which is why we recently announced an immediate $5 million injection into the sector to increase pay rates. Labour will ensure that the results of audits of aged care facilities are made publicly available. We will establish a Ministerial Aged Care Residential Working Group to look at workforce development through a five year plan. and another $4 million investment by District Health Boards for workforce development. home support workers and nurses at all levels.000.successfully in the community will be dependent on the availability of formal and informal care. We know that low pay and high staff turnover are a major workforce issue in aged care. We want more transparent processes so individuals and families have access to good quality information about rest home services. Strong Proven Leadership 447 . Labour is committed to ensuring that older people have access to high quality aged care facilities and the highest possible standard of health care. Labour has committed to the progressive removal of asset testing for older people in long-stay residential care.

With our aim of progressively reducing fees for older people to visit their doctor. Independent living in a secure. and older New Zealanders in rest homes or other forms of care are no different. most older New Zealanders live in their own homes. Older people in care are some of the most vulnerable New Zealanders. Labour will ensure that prevention of elder abuse and neglect guidelines are included in all District Health Board contract specifications for elder care providers. older people will visit their GPs more frequently.All health consumers have the right to make a complaint about the services they receive. to complement older people’s visits to their GP. whether it is home ownership. Labour will investigate the introduction of nurse-led wellness checks in primary care for older people. rental housing for people on fixed incomes. We have restored income-related rents for state housing so that qualifying lowincome tenants pay no more than 25 per cent of their income in rent. as part of the patient's overall health management. On introducing Strong Proven Leadership 448 . to provide more information on how to make a complaint and make the complaints process more accessible. Labour will ensure the availability of robust and effective complaints processes. and it is an unfortunate fact that abuse and neglect do sometimes occur. safe and warm home Even later in life. A Green Prescription is a health professional's written advice on physical activity. or community-based housing. We will investigate ways to strengthen complaints processes. Labour believes there is a place for regular wellness checks. It's a smart and cost-effective way to help and support older people to stay healthy and improve their quality of life. We will strengthen providers’ accountability by ensuring there are robust abuse and neglect guidelines in all District Health Board contract specifications for eldercare providers. Labour is committed to helping them to remain there for as long as possible. Labour will continue to offer solutions that ensure older New Zealanders have homes that meet their needs. administered by nurses. Labour will enhance the awareness of green prescriptions for older people.

Labour is committed to protecting the rights of older New Zealanders. Most older New Zealanders own their own home. the vast majority without a mortgage. Labour increased the rates rebate thresholds.income-related rents in 2000. draught proofing of doors. while ensuring the Code is consistent with other Financial Advisors’ legislation. The adjustment to allow for the CPI will occur annually and have the effect of inflation-proofing the Rates Rebate Scheme. making more people than ever before eligible. We will ensure better protection and information is available to prevent exploitation and inequities. 85 percent of state housing tenants saved between $20 and $80 a week. Called Retrofitting.000 to $21. their home is the only major asset they have accumulated over their lifetime. We recently launched a Code of Practice to enable older people to access these schemes with the confidence that there are appropriate checks and balances in place. These changes reflect the movement in the Consumers Price Index (CPI). We realise that independence is important for older people who remain in their own homes but we also realise this can sometimes make them vulnerable. this service is free to Community Service Card holders. The release of several new ‘home equity release’ products into the New Zealand market has raised issues about standards and practices associated with reverse mortgages and the like. the maximum rebate has increased to $530 and the income abatement threshold from $20. especially if Strong Proven Leadership 449 . and 70 percent those aged 85 years and over. These home makeovers are available to the whole community. Labour will enshrine the Code of Practice for Home Equity Release Schemes into law. Seventy-five percent of older New Zealanders aged 65 years and over.180. We have also protected the interests of residents and intending residents of retirement villages through the Retirement Villages Act 2003. For many. hot water cylinder wrapping. We have offered funding to organisations providing community-based housing to assist with installing floor and ceiling insulation and efficient shower heads. The Rates Rebate Scheme provides a subsidy to low income home owners for rates. Labour will recognise the importance of allowing older people to remain in their own homes by continuing to expand the provision of home-based support. As of 1 July 2008. with priority given to older people and people with health problems such as asthma and other chronic respiratory conditions. own their own home. Home-based support plays a vital role in helping older people maintain their independence. Labour believes it is important that older New Zealanders have the choice of remaining in their own home.

and continue to make. Mobility is an important factor in enabling older people to remain healthy. services and concessions. socially connected and active. We need to ‘future-proof’ our houses so that residences remain liveable and accessible for people throughout their lives. We know the ability to carry on driving enables older people to remain independent. Labour will prioritise retrofitting of home insulation. as well as easy access to central and local government entitlements. This includes increasing opportunities for personal growth. That is why we removed mandatory on-road driving tests for older drivers as long as their doctor remains confident in their ability to drive safely. Labour will continue to make free off-peak travel on public transport available to older New Zealanders nationwide through the SuperGold Card. where reasonably possible.they have a chronic health condition. damp-proofing and adequate affordable heating for older New Zealanders. We will promote this type of housing through state housing. double-glazing.making our New Zealand Positive Ageing Strategy mean more than just words. Strong Proven Leadership 450 . The SuperGold Card recognises the contribution senior citizens and veterans have made. Labour will encourage. Positive ageing .community participation and support Labour is committed to ensuring that older New Zealanders are able to maintain active fulfilling lives and participate fully in our communities . with more people living longer into an active retirement. the design and construction of residences to ensure that a higher proportion of the housing stock is suitable to meet the needs of people of all abilities including the elderly. to their communities and New Zealand as a whole. Labour will investigate ways to increase the availability of fully subsidised personal alarms for older people living in their own homes. It is our goal that older New Zealanders who remain in their own homes are able to contact emergency services as soon as possible should they suffer an accident or medical emergency. central government partnerships with local authorities and private/community housing providers. friendship and community participation. The Card gives seniors access to discounts on a wide range of goods and services from SuperGold Card “business partners”. As New Zealand renews and expands its housing stock. We will promote the design of homes suitable for people of different abilities so that older people can remain in their own home for longer. we also need to take account of our ageing population.

The review showed that because there are significant regional variations in the way the Scheme is being operated. Thanks to the new sustainable funding initiative for community groups. and to those aged under 65 who receive New Zealand Superannuation or a Veteran’s Pension. free off-peak travel on public transport is now available to SuperGold cardholders across the country.It is available to all New Zealand residents aged 65 years or older. Friends and family are important to making older people’s lives active and fulfilling. Labour will continue to support and strengthen elder abuse and prevention programmes including physical. inequalities have arisen regarding eligibility and entitlement. Many victims are reluctant to lay criminal charges against family members and caregivers. our investment in services to prevent elder abuse will increase until these services are fully funded in 2012. Labour will identify options to improve the adequacy. consistency. emotional and financial abuse. That’s 69. Keeping older people safe from abuse and neglect requires ongoing action. Labour recognises that elder abuse and neglect is a destructive and all too often hidden problem. Labour will continue to promote and seek to expand the range of concessions available through the SuperGold Card. A recent funding boost has allowed 60 percent more people to make use of the scheme. Other concerns raised relate to the Scheme being restricted to areas with access to buses. trains and ferries.949 outlets nationwide. In some cases they are also essential to helping older people cope with everyday living. portability.000 SuperGold Card holders. We have also worked to get older people more mobile with the Total Mobility Scheme that provides a subsidised taxi service to people with serious mobility constraints by way of taxi vouchers that provide a discount of (usually) 50 percent off the normal taxi fare. Labour has published the New Zealand Carers’ Strategy and Action Plan to Strong Proven Leadership 451 . and coverage of the Scheme. along with issues relating to administration and transport providers. There are currently about 530. Labour will continue to implement the recommendations from the review of the Total Mobility Scheme which provides subsidies taxi services to people with serious mobility constraints and funding assistance for the purchase and installation of wheelchair hoists in taxi vans. The scheme also provides funding assistance for the purchase and installation of wheelchair hoists in taxi vans. And since October 2008. As at 30 September 2008 there were 953 business partners representing 4.000 people over three years. sexual. Only half of the elder abuse cases Age Concern deals with are referred to the police. Since the launch of the Card the number and range of participating companies and discounts available to cardholders continues to grow significantly. sustainability.

and older people themselves benefit from the opportunity volunteering offers them to keep connected with their communities. Labour will continue to challenge the notion of older age as a time of retirement and withdrawal from society. nutritious cooking. Labour believes that older people should be encouraged and given the support they need to get involved in the community in ways that are suitable and comfortable for them. We realise that some older people feel isolated and disconnected from their communities but we also know they have a wealth of information and experience and can play important roles in their community. Communities benefit from the knowledge and experience of older people. The Action Plan will help to deliver our vision for carers over the next five years so that their roles are better recognised and valued. positive parenting and networking. Strong Proven Leadership 452 . encouragement. Labour will support and further expand the SAGES programme to cover the costs of more older volunteers. Labour will encourage and support older people contributing to the voluntary sector as a means of combating social isolation and building stronger and healthier communities.address some of the issues that impact on the nearly 420. practical advice and support to families in areas such as budgeting. SAGES is a programme where older people are trained as home and life skills mentors for families and individuals in their community. disability or old age. Mentors provide information.000 New Zealanders who assist friends and family members who need help with everyday living because of ill health.

Supporting and investing in New Zealanders Labour’s policy for Social Development 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 453 .

Strong Proven Leadership 454 .

Our older people can also need additional help to ensure they are able to live with dignity and security. either in the short or in the long term. grow strong and resourceful families. our country. and to providing a foundation for the success of current and future generations. and participate in. We know there are some New Zealanders who are unable to work. Free Early Childhood Education. afford a decent place to live. We know that this can only be achieved by giving New Zealand families the support and resources they need to give their children the best start in life. training or other activities. We want to build families and whanau that are strong and connected with their communities. sense of identity.Introduction Labour believes social and economic development go hand in hand in building a successful New Zealand. More people receiving sickness benefits and invalid’s benefits are saying they would like the opportunity to participate in paid work. We value the skills. hapu Strong Proven Leadership 455 . knowledge and experience older New Zealanders contribute to their families and communities. Labour is committed to understanding and responding to people’s individual circumstances. For a small number of vulnerable families with high needs there is a need to offer further intensive co-ordinated support. Our policies include Working for Families. young and old. to achieving a good standard of living for the whole family. and participate positively in society now and in the future. build a better life for their children and participate in their communities. We remain committed to offering those who are sick or disabled. We know that a good government has to invest in people so they can secure a job. or who have caring responsibilities. the support and services they need to live active and fulfilling lives. and able to support their members’ wellbeing. to develop as individuals. The Labour Party was built on the philosophy that the best route out of poverty is paid work. We want all of our children to have the opportunity to reach their full potential. The old “social welfare” was primarily about the passive payment of benefits. and be part of a vibrant and cohesive community. We are engaging with these individuals to help them plan for the future. Labour is committed to ensuring that high-quality services are available to enable all New Zealanders to contribute to. reducing the cost of GP visits and increases to the minimum wage.reliant. Sustainable employment is crucial to self-esteem. We know that our communities. Our social development policy is about supporting New Zealanders. “Social development” is about giving people the support they need to become self. Labour in government has transformed the way we think about social policy. We have been driven by the belief that work should provide an adequate income and that our social assistance system should support people into work. participation and interdependence.

The in-work tax credit. means that now. those moving off benefits can be confident they will continue to receive support for essential costs such as accommodation. Working for Families was a major step forward in ensuring that families had an adequate income and clear incentives for paid employment. those on benefits faced limited incentives and limited support to help them into work. together with increases to the minimum wage. their families. we’ve also worked to avoid trapping families in welfare dependency. Strong Proven Leadership 456 . Labour believes that the community as a whole needs to care for its members. Ten years ago over 15% of the working age population was on a benefit. a higher minimum wage and increased child care support. with low unemployment. Our families will continue to have more choice in balancing their paid work with family responsibilities through investment in paid parental leave. Ten years from now we will see even more people supported to participate and contribute to their community. At the same time.and iwi are crucial sources for identifying those who are vulnerable and providing the necessary support. While Labour is steadfastly committed to providing the safety net of welfare assistance for the nation’s most vulnerable. doctors’ visits and childcare. Today that figure has dropped to around 10%. incentives and services they need to care for themselves. Those who are starting work will benefit from the in-work tax credit. fewer children in families whose main source of income is a benefit and more families with the ability to support themselves. flexible working arrangements and more out-of-school services. Labour will continue to ensure that being in work pays for those moving off benefits. Those who are on benefits are supported to plan a pathway into work or training that is tailored to their individual circumstances. Supporting New Zealanders into paid work During this decade New Zealand has experienced a strong economy. and communities. resources. neighbours. We want to build capacity in the community to do this job well. We’ve done this by making work pay. work really does pay. Our social development policy is designed to ensure all New Zealanders have the skills.

This will ensure that those with second incomes do not have too much tax deducted from their pay packet. Providing a threshold of income that may be earned before abatement begins is important in providing incentives for beneficiaries to stay connected to the labour market and also recognises that people can face additional costs (e. within five years. the earnings threshold will continue to increase in line with minimum wage changes. Strong Proven Leadership 457 . there is now an opportunity for strengthening incentives for part-time work. rather than directly deducted from the benefit. lift the weekly earnings threshold so that beneficiaries can earn the equivalent of ten hours on the minimum wage before their benefit income starts to reduce. the abatement threshold will be lifted to $140 We also recently announced a new secondary tax rate of 12. After the five years. transport costs) when they enter a job. Labour is also committed to ongoing increases in the minimum wage to at least keep pace with changes in the average wage.g. With these full-time work incentives in place. The purpose of benefit abatement is to withdraw the benefit from people as their income increases and their ability to make ends meet by their own means improves.5% which will apply to those earning income as well as receiving a benefit. the weekly earnings threshold at which benefit abatement begins will be lifted to $100 from the current $80 By 1 April 2011. the abatement threshold will be lifted to $120 By 1 April 2012. This helps ensure there is an incentive to move off a benefit altogether. A stronger and clearer regime is to tie the level of abatement to the minimum wage.The benefit abatement system Working for Families has helped create full-time work incentives for families with children. Any fixed level of abatement-free income runs the risk of becoming outdated and reducing work incentives. This will create a long-term and robust system that sends a clear message about the connection between hours worked and the abatement of benefits. Labour will change the treatment of ACC payments for those receiving benefits so that they are treated as income. Labour’s path for increases to the weekly earnings threshold is as follows: • • • By 1 April 2010. Labour will.

We don’t believe that people should have to start receiving a benefit before they can get help. Current work assistance training has been successful in preventing many people from ever needing the unemployment benefit. We will not force someone into work when a doctor has certified they are sick. Using the same approach for ACC payments as applies to other forms of income is a fairer way to treat people in this situation. Vocational support and training Labour will continue to support people into paid work. Periods as a full-time caregiver to a child or a sick or infirm relative will also count towards the ten years total. and we want to extend that support to other groups. This retraining allowance will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. We will continue our investment in wage subsidies. We will make sure support is available for women with a partner in work who have been full-time caregivers but who now wish to go back into paid work. even those who are unable to work in the short term are encouraged to plan for the future. Strong Proven Leadership 458 . We want to encourage and support all New Zealanders into work. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration.This affects people whose level of weekly ACC compensation is sufficiently low that they are also entitled to some benefit. intensive case management. This will include expanding and accelerating the roll-out of Providing Access to Health Solutions (PATHS) and the Health Innovation Fund that offers health services for those seeking to move into work. Labour will introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. and increased availability of training and supported employment (where people with disabilities are hired in jobs and provided with ongoing support). We will also continue to offer support for personal development and participation in voluntary work for those who cannot access paid work. The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. but we will not prevent them from having a go. Under this approach. Labour will also expand access to training and vocational support for people who aren’t on benefit but want to return to the workforce. This allowance will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course.

changes to employment and training programmes to make them more widely available and the alignment of benefit rules to make the system easier to understand. The Social Security system will be focused on delivering a tailored set of services to individuals based on their circumstances and those of their family. which can provide a range of emergency assistance and support. Labour will continue to put a strong emphasis on ensuring that all beneficiaries receive their full and correct entitlement. whether it is about work or participation in their community. to move them towards achieving the goals of participation in work and community life. This is the first phase in the move towards a Core Benefit. The idea behind the Core Benefit is that the type of income support a person is receiving will not be relevant to the service and support that they receive. completing the implementation of the Core Benefit. health and disability co-ordinators support health practitioners and there are more staff working directly with employers in their workplace. greater efforts will be made to ensure new migrants are enabled to secure employment appropriate for their interests and their qualifications and skills. In order to ensure that all New Zealanders have access to government and community services.In addition. We will encourage anyone who is struggling to make ends meet to talk to Work and Income. Further service enhancements will focus on a simplified approach that continues the focus on the client first. This includes the Job Search Service. Specialist health and disability advisors work alongside case managers and clients. the service delivery model will have evolved to remove unnecessary compliance around benefit types. Labour will continue to shift the social security system towards a focus on individual circumstances rather than benefit category. reducing compliance and focusing on providing the appropriate support services to enable clients to achieve positive outcomes in their lives. Rather. legislation and service delivery changes to significantly move the focus of support and services from main benefit types to individual circumstances. There is now one medical certificate for people applying for Sickness and Invalid’s Benefits and people receiving an Invalid’s Benefit don’t have to re-affirm their condition at regular intervals if it is unlikely to change. we will continue to bring those Strong Proven Leadership 459 . Reforming the benefit system The ‘Working New Zealand’ programme has delivered a range of policy. All clients receive a service that helps them plan for their future.We will also ensure that young people continue to get supported when making the transition into paid work as part of our broader Schools Plus policy.

and significant increases in the minimum wage are boosting incomes for those at the bottom of the labour market. As New Zealand continues its process of transformation into a high value. we have boosted the incomes of low and middle income families and made sure that work pays. 1250 1000 Jun-90 Jun-91 Jun-92 Jun-93 Jun-94 Jun-95 Jun-96 Jun-97 Jun-98 Jun-99 Jun-00 Jun-01 Jun-02 Quarter Jun-03 Jun-04 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 Work and Income are better connected to the needs of employers to identify their workforce needs. 7. The priority of employment policies was to try and find people work. Firms opening. Ten years ago 144. and also for the economic transformation of New Zealand. unions. Creating industry partnerships is an effective way for industry and government to work together to minimise skill and labour shortages. to one where people are equipped with the right skills for the job. high wage economy. Today the unemployment rate has remained below 4% for 4 years (June 2008). and maximise job opportunities. and closing are a necessary feature of today’s fastmoving and adaptive economy. there will be increasing need to support workers to move between jobs. Through Working for Families. We have seen a shift in emphasis from finding any job. prosper and in turn assist more workers to develop greater skills. This is critical for the benefit of the individual. restructuring. Strong Proven Leadership 460 . It also helps industries and businesses to grow. and enabling workers to move between jobs. jobs in the labour market. high skill. Employment in New Zealand 2000 Houshold Labour Force 1750 1500 In the last decade. employers and agencies to work together to help smooth transitions throughout these cycles of change. This includes investment in training to ensure that workers can move into equivalent. There will be more focus on developing skills and productivity.6% of the labour force (June 1998). There are now established mechanisms for government.services together for people who live in rural areas and small towns through Heartland Services. Ten years from now families will have more choice around paid work and caring responsibilities. or better.000 New Zealanders were unemployed. unemployment has fallen dramatically. Supporting workers and employers to prosper in a changing economy (000s) 2250 Sustainable employment is the best way for individuals to achieve social and economic independence.

Strong Proven Leadership 461 . We will look at whether there is a gap in terms of the level of support available in relation to large-scale redundancies. We will ensure that agencies work closely with Industry Training Organisations to provide re-training support. Labour will ensure that government agencies work constructively and collaboratively to help meet specific productivity and performance challenges facing individual firms. We will refine the co-ordinated rapid response by government agencies to redundancies and raise awareness about the support available. We will place a particular focus on firms in rural areas or small towns who may find it difficult to access existing programmes and support. before they face the risk of failure. This will include working closely with employers to prepare and offer support to their workers at the earliest opportunity.Labour will encourage notification to government agencies of potential or upcoming redundancy situations. We will continue to focus on improving the working lives of the most vulnerable members of the labour force and to strengthen protections available to workers. This might include skills development. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. business development and productivity improvement. In the near term. This will include building and disseminating knowledge. on the same basis as a student allowance but with no spousal income test. the prospect of fall-out from the international crisis also requires us to have new plans for workers whose jobs might be affected. Periods as a full-time caregiver to a child or a sick or infirm relative will also count towards the ten years total. Labour will implement more active labour market policies and programmes which provide security and support for workers in a changing economy. Labour will introduce a new re-training allowance. Labour will work with firms to help them access the services they need to improve their productivity. Labour believes that there is also a need to ensure that all firms are able to access the wide range of support available for their businesses at an early stage. expertise and capability on how to best use and manage the resources available to achieve good business and good work outcomes. changing business practices.

flexible working arrangements and good parental provisions will make work-life balance a key consideration in any well-functioning workplace. with Enterprising Enterprising Communities assistance is focused on achieving labour market outcomes for communities and groups who are disadvantaged in the labour market. Labour’s labour market policies will continue the focus on choice and flexibility. The aim is to help these groups develop initiatives leading to sustainable opportunities for employment and financial independence. Enterprising Communities Grants help community organisations design and implement projects that create skills and job opportunities for people who are finding it hard to get work. Increasingly. Supporting families to give every child the best start in life We all know that the opportunity for individuals to reach their full potential is strongly influenced by experiences during the early years of life. Labour will expand community partnerships Communities Grants over the next term. If you grow up in a safe. This decade has seen a lot of changes for families bringing up young children. nurturing environment where you are kept healthy and supported to learn. and the spectre of unemployment never seemed far away. it is about working smarter. In the past. and we’ve raised the minimum wage to ensure all working people have benefited. Working for Families has put tax dollars back in the pockets of more than half of 2002 2004 2006 2008 Proportion of population below threshold (%) 0 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 Strong Proven Leadership 462 . Much of that has been through wage increases. there have been record increases in employment – more people have jobs than ever before – and the number of families needing benefit assistance has fallen substantially. Proportion of children in poverty 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 Family incomes have also risen. then you are much more likely to grow up to be a successful and happy adult who is able to make a positive contribution to the community. But Labour is also proud to have helped increase family incomes through Working for Families. many families suffered falling wages.Productivity improves when employees and employers work together to achieve a shared vision – it is not about working longer. Today.

But thing aren’t perfect. Today one in six children are living in families with income below the same poverty line. There are still too many children living in poverty even though numbers have declined. They know where the gaps are. education and housing services that will enable them to develop to their full potential. children and young people are taken care of. This includes help with housing. and participate positively in society now and into the future. More often than not. and are expected to show further reductions in child poverty. Families have also had help in meeting the costs for essential needs. The last decade has seen an expansion of existing initiatives and the development of new initiatives to help support families and give children the best start in life. and intensive services such as one-on-one support and home visiting. and what can be done to make sure families. Ten years ago nearly one in three New Zealand children were living in poverty based on the measure used in the Social Report.New Zealand families with children. The results are scheduled for release in mid 2009. Strong Proven Leadership 463 . are respected and valued. Ten years from now all children will have access to the health. The full impact of the Working for Families package will be reflected in the next Household Economic Survey. while also ensuring that people are better off if they take a job. targeted services that bring different agencies together to offer support to vulnerable communities such as social workers in schools. These include universal services that help all families and whānau raise their children. It has helped people raising children while on a benefit. and the gaps in health and other outcomes between the best and worst-off remain stubbornly wide. Investing early in children's lives is the most effective strategy for reducing the risk of poor economic and social outcomes. Tax cuts from 1 October are giving more money back to families. But achieving change for our most vulnerable families and communities means more than just improved government services. have the opportunity to reach their full potential. It is often community-based services that play an important role in supporting families and making sure children get the best start in life. they are the people in the community that vulnerable families go to first for help. such as parenting information through Strategies with Kids – Information for Parents (SKiP). early childhood education and health care costs. Labour wants to ensure that all children thrive in childhood. The groups providing these services know what their communities need. Children under six years old are also able to get free visits to their doctor.

The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes. and providing a more intensive level of support. Labour will continue the implementation of Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all essential services for children. We will expand the provision of support for families who have complex and multiple needs so they are safe and secure and their children get a good start in life. Labour has recognised the need to continue to research and measure poverty and other social outcomes.Labour endorses the Every Child Counts campaign and remains committed to putting children and families at the centre of policy development and implementation. We will further invest in early intervention family support. the New Zealand Family Violence Prevention Strategy and Family Safety Teams. It will improve the ability to plan ahead. Labour will continue to publish the Social Report every year. and the Household Incomes report monitors income poverty and inequality. We will review family tax credit rates regularly to ensure that children in beneficiary families obtain a decent standard of living and fair educational and recreational opportunities. The Social Report has been produced every year since 2001 to monitor the wellbeing of New Zealanders. offering support and resources to assist them in good parenting. Services will build on our existing commitment to increase access to high-quality early childhood education. We will also maintain the implementation of Te Rito. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. We will continue to invest in SKIP – Strategies with Kids. By working proactively with these families earlier. Information for Parents – providing resources and training to assist in positive parenting. Strong Proven Leadership 464 . Labour will continue to promote strong families. Labour will continue to place a firm focus on the value of positive parenting strategies. young people and families will be fully funded. We will continue to invest in families through the Working for Families package. Labour will expand the integrated service response for vulnerable families to offer a family-focused case management approach in more communities across New Zealand. attract and retain qualified staff. we hope to be able to assist these families before they reach crisis point. Labour will continue to support a transparent approach to the publication of information regarding the social outcomes achieved for New Zealanders. with integrated departmental and non-government agencies collaboration.

it is at the hands of somebody who is entrusted with their care.The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation. and older people benefit from the opportunity that volunteering brings in remaining connected to their communities. To prevent other children from experiencing this fate. There is more support for providers in the family violence sector and more Strong Proven Leadership 465 . Many Kiwis living abroad. practical advice and support to families in areas such as budgeting. they are often the professionals in the community that vulnerable families go to first for help. inter-agency and outcome-driven. The Taskforce for Action on Violence within Families is helping address this seemingly intractable and complex problem. Labour will support and further expand the SAGES programme to cover the costs of older volunteers. There is general agreement that to deliver responsive services to meet the needs of individual families. with well-trained professionals working together. Social services for children and families will be community-driven. Communities benefit from the knowledge and experience of older people. And we know that in the overwhelming majority of cases. we need public agencies that are strong and effective. But some New Zealand children are not safe in their own homes. nutritious cooking. there has been positive change during this decade. as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. know that New Zealand is a safe and healthy place in which to raise children. one agency can’t do it alone. collaborative. positive parenting and networking. Although every tragedy is one too many. we know that our country does not do well when it comes to children being injured or even killed. Social workers in community-based services also play an important role. There is now an effective whole-ofgovernment response that works in partnership with the community and voluntary sector. This is why strong partnerships have been developed between the community sector and government agencies. encouragement. While international comparisons can be difficult to make. Supporting children and young people who are at risk of harm Most New Zealanders grow up in a caring and secure environment. and even people who have never lived here. SAGES provides information.

Labour will build the capacity and capability of community organisations delivering services to children and families through sustainable funding arrangements. they had nowhere to go. Ten years ago if someone had a complaint about the work of an individual social worker. That gives organisations a better ability to plan ahead. It means there are more options for responding when a report is received. local responses that lead to permanent and stable care for children and young people. In 2003. Labour will complete legislative changes to ensure the Children. families and communities.information and services available for families experiencing violence. In the last decade. Initiatives such as Social Workers in Schools have demonstrated the value of having trained professionals placed where they are accessible and approachable for children and families. grow and develop. attract and retain qualified staff. the care and protection system has been strengthened to ensure that there are effective. Labour will ensure high-quality statutory intervention services when children require care and protection from harm. The Differential Response Model enables Child. As a result. Ten years from now children and families will be assisted to access the package of professional supports and services that suit their individual circumstances. Young People and their Families Act continues to provide an up-to-date. We now have a much stronger statutory agency to work closely with non-government agencies to support vulnerable children and young people. and better opportunity to connect families to services as early as possible to prevent more serious problems. Today over 2000 social workers are registered across New Zealand and the Social Workers Registration Board provides public assurance that there is a basic standard of practice expected from every social worker. while also ensuring young children in care continue to receive the range of services they need to learn. Social workers had no professional framework. Youth and Family to work more closely with non-government organisations also supporting families and young people. improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand families. the Social Worker Registration Act was passed to ensure high standards of practice and professional conduct among Social Workers. we’re seeing a shift in the way people think about family violence. Quality social work can make a huge difference to the lives of individuals. effective legal framework both for safeguarding New Zealand’s most Strong Proven Leadership 466 . Labour will roll out the Differential Response Model across New Zealand by 30 June 2009 to ensure delivery of the right services to the right people at the right time.

children and young people pose a challenge to the safety. whanau and family groups. including the introduction of two new orders for persistent or serious offending by young people improving the criteria for information sharing establishing complaints and review procedures improving the participation of children and young persons in the decisions that affect them recognising the support needs of those moving from care to independence In a very small number of cases. young people and staff. young people and their families.vulnerable children and young people and for responding effectively to offending by children and young people. We will build further support around children and young people in residential care to deliver a service that is tailored to young people’s needs and focused on outcomes. The Children. addressing welfare. Labour will continue to implement the Residential Services Strategy. promoting their wellbeing and that of their families. enhancing Youth Court orders. Young People and their Families Act provides a highly relevant framework for delivering effective services to children. Residential staff will work closely with young people to develop individualised care plans that focus on improving wellbeing. education and health needs and preparing young people for transition back to their families and community. Labour will ensure that residential services provide a safe environment for children. security and wellbeing of themselves and others. it is now 18 years since the Act was passed and we owe it to New Zealanders to ensure it continues to provide the most effective legal framework for safeguarding our vulnerable children and young people. Strong Proven Leadership 467 . This includes: raising the age to include 17-year-olds in the same care and protection and youth justice processes as younger children. However. Labour will continue to implement the Care and Protection Blueprint. while creating opportunities to effect lasting change for individuals.

Strong Proven Leadership 468 . Providing a safe and supportive home for disabled children may require additional resources. which outlined our strategy for enhancing the services provided to children and young people who were at risk of. Youth and Family clients with Autism Spectrum Disorder improving support for parents with mental health problems or disabilities who have children involved with Child. We are committed to clarifying the funding responsibilities of agencies. Youth and Family clients workforce development to support Child. Labour will implement the recommendations of the “Best of Care?” review. Youth and Family including: improving information on the health and education needs of Child.In 2003. Labour wants to provide all children with a safe and supportive home environment. Labour released the Care and Protection Blueprint. Youth and Family Substantial progress has been made on these initiatives and many have now been implemented. abuse and neglect. Labour will maintain a focus on the broader needs of children and young people involved with the care and protection system. It looked at the issues surrounding out-of-home placement of disabled children and highlighted some critical issues limiting effective support for disabled children and their families. Child. or who had suffered from. Youth and Family and District Health Boards implementing joint action plans to improve access to mental health services for Child. legislation and operational practice related to children and young people with disabilities and their families involved with Child. In particular we placed a focus on improving health and education outcomes for children involved with Child. Youth and Family clients improving services for children and young people with disabilities improving access for. Youth and Family and the Ministry of Health. Youth and Family clients in mainstream education and the Correspondence School an inter-agency strategy for children and young people with severe antisocial behaviour Child. and the engagement of. The ‘Best of Care?” review examined policy.

We will continue to support older New Zealanders who care for their grandchildren and ensure they receive similar support to other carers. Ten years from now Superannuitants will continue to receive financial security through the annual adjustment of NZ Superannuation. We will continue to ensure that older New Zealanders have financial security and their rights are protected. so that no-one loses this entitlement because of an increase in Super. New Zealand Superannuation has been adjusted annually for inflation and against the average ordinary wage. Strong Proven Leadership 469 .66% of the average wage. Average Wage Growth Under Labour 40% Average Wage 35% 30% 25% Older New Zealanders play a crucial role in supporting the development of our families. Grandparents who have taken on full-time care of their grandchildren in cases of family breakdown now receive increased support. Growth since 1999 NZ Super Growth Under Labour vs. In October 1998 the National government set out a plan to let Super fall as a proportion of the average wage until it hit just 60%.strengthening processes within and between agencies. publicly-provided pension at the age of 65. Labour will continue to adjust NZ Superannuation to ensure that the rate for a married couple is equivalent to at least 66% of the average wage. The Disability Allowance and Community Services Card levels have also been adjusted every year. and improving access to services. we have ensured the continued provision of universal Superannuation and prepared New Zealand for an increasingly aging population. In April 1999. By running government surpluses in good times and carefully investing in the Superfund. In the last decade this has been restored to 65%. 15% 10% 5% 0% 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 -5% 20% 2007 2008 Ten years ago Superannuation was frozen in real terms. the rate payable to a married couple fell to 62. with the alignment of the Unsupported Child’s Benefit and Orphan’s Benefit with the Foster Care Allowance weekly board rates. Financial security for older New Zealanders Every New Zealander has the right to a decent.48% of the average wage. In 1998 the floor of New Zealand Superannuation was cut back to 60% of the average wage. Today Superannuation for a married couple is 66.

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Sporting Nation Labour’s policy for Sport and Recreation 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 471 .Supporting an Active.

Strong Proven Leadership 472 .

sporting people. We see ourselves as an active. our regions. In the past decade government funding for the sector has increased 16-fold and this investment is paying off. independent research also shows New Zealand is bucking the world trend of declining participation in sport and recreation. government funding of the sport and recreation sector was a little over $4 million dollars a year. . Strong Proven Leadership 473 . and our country. Yet only under Labour has sport and recreation received the recognition it deserves. Not only is sport and recreation a source of great enjoyment and excitement. Getting New Zealanders participating in sport and recreation activities has huge benefits for our health and wellbeing. over and above the contribution from Lotteries. Not only are our elite athletes performing well on the world stage. . Sport and recreation binds our communities. ongoing government investment in the sector will see high participation in grassroots sport and recreation among New Zealanders of all ages. New Zealand started the new Millennium with one of the lowest medal counts in our Olympic history. and world class performances from our elite athletes across a range of disciplines. . . a solid volunteer base.Introduction Sport and Recreation is an important part of the cultural fabric of our nation and an important part of our national identity. Ten years ago . . Ten years from now . at the Sydney Games in 2000. . one silver and five bronze medals. and to set new benchmarks in sporting excellence across a range of disciplines. strong vibrant sports and recreation clubs. with participation levels now constant. That is in stark contrast to the recent Beijing Olympics where our Olympic team produced the best overall result in 20 years by bringing home three golds. and achieving in sport and recreation strengthens our national pride. competitive clubs and organisations that can offer solid career pathways to attract the top-notch managers they need to thrive.the government invests more than $75 million dollars in sport and recreation. development of our young talented athletes as well as strong support for our existing elite. and world class sports leaders and administrators. as well as 26 top-eight placings cross nine different sports. In the 1990s there was little focus or funding into the sector. We are determined to see New Zealand build upon its proud sporting history as a nation that punches above its weight internationally. it can encourage a healthy competitive spirit and unify a country or community. so that towards the end of the decade we were seeing participation rates falling and the number of our topranked athletes dropping to disturbingly low levels. Labour has a vision of a sport and recreation sector that has high participation levels among all New Zealanders at the grassroots level. Today .

management and financial administration. Sports. Labour in government has introduced a Business and Sport Partnership initiative to help foster those relationships. The financial difficulties experienced by local sport and recreation groups are sometimes due to a fragmented governance structure that sees national sporting organisations pitted against their own local clubs rather than supporting each other and working together for the good of the sport. Strong Proven Leadership 474 . rather than debating the virtues of grassroots sport versus high performance sport. we need to recognise that one complements the other. Labour will continue to increase our funding of community sport and recreation so that our local clubs thrive. We will work with local authorities to increase opportunities for physical activities in our communities through access to parks.000 ‘local’ clubs and gyms and half a million volunteers supporting grassroots sport and recreation in New Zealand. There are further challenges to be met in this sector and we will ensure that the right level of investment is going into the right areas so that all New Zealanders can benefit from all that the sport and recreation sector has to offer. The health. Labour recognises this. help better connect businesses with their communities and help develop teamwork principles within the business environment. We believe there is untapped potential in both sectors in building a variety of partnerships. Labour will ensure that taxpayer funding of sports is used in such a way that both community and national organisations are benefiting. social and economic benefits of a high level of participation in sport and recreation activities have widespread flow-on effects in our communities. Business can use its expertise to mentor sports organisations in governance. Supporting Sport at the Grassroots Level There are an estimated 15. can offer valuable databases and customer profiles through their membership systems. Labour is also committed to improving the linkages between the business and sport and recreation sectors. Labour believes that. cycleways. An investment in community sport is also an investment in our elite athletes of the future.Labour believes that we must keep this momentum going. beyond straightforward sponsorship. walkways and sports facilities. and is committed to ensuring an ongoing investment into local sport and recreation to ensure New Zealanders can reap the benefits from sport and recreational participation. for instance.

This could include working towards a career in the sector. In 2008. The purpose of the scholarships is to enable emerging and talented New Zealanders to pursue tertiary study at the same time as their elite level sport development by assisting with their academic fees. Strong Proven Leadership 475 .Labour will ensure many more successful sports and business relationships are developed through the Business and Sport Partnership Initiative by promoting the benefits for both sectors and providing facilitation assistance between sectors. Labour recognises we need to support our top athletes beyond the sports field and one way we have been doing that is through the Prime Minister’s Athlete Scholarships. New Zealand has just enjoyed its most successful Olympics in 20 years in Beijing but we can’t let up on that momentum. As well as the excitement and pride we feel as a nation. Labour will review our Olympic performance and look at how our High Performance Strategy can be honed even further. Labour will continue to support volunteers in the sport and recreation sector by providing resources to assist them in their roles and give them the opportunity to upskill. has been very successful. our athletes’ international successes help to promote New Zealand and to enhance our image overseas. but Labour would like to see even more potential worldclass athletes and coaches gaining access to such specialised training and facilities. The government’s High Performance Strategy needs to be taken to the next level as New Zealand looks to London 2012. the New Zealand Academy of Sport. These people are at the very heart of our grassroots sport and recreation sector and we want to thank them for the important work they do. We recognise the massive contribution made by volunteers in this sector. approximately 300 athletes across 23 national sport organisations were awarded Prime Minister’s scholarships. The government's high performance network. High Performance Sport When New Zealand performs and wins on the world stage our national pride soars. Labour will assist the New Zealand Academy of Sport to develop a preelite athlete identification programme so that we ensure we are finding and developing New Zealand’s next generation of high-performance athletes and so that our pool of elite athletes grows.

there is a lack of coordination between the various outdoor recreation providers. Crucial to ensuring a flourishing outdoor recreation sector is ensuring easy access to outdoor recreation opportunities for all New Zealanders.Labour will continue to support our top athletes and coaches to pursue tertiary study or training through the Prime Minister’s Athlete Scholarships. Labour will establish the Sir Edmund Hillary Outdoor Recreation Council to carry out the recommendations coming out of that review to transform and revitalise the outdoor recreation sector. but also for the sheer fun. Labour will work closely with territorial authorities to ensure that outdoor recreation opportunities are available to all New Zealanders and visitors to New Zealand at a low cost but of first-rate quality. Labour is committed to actions that will help to foster recreation in New Zealand. While New Zealand’s outdoor recreation sector is world class. Maximising our Outdoor Recreation Opportunities New Zealand is an outdoor recreation lovers’ paradise. communities and the country as a whole. Strong Proven Leadership 476 . That is why Labour in government has initiated an inter-agency review of outdoor recreation in New Zealand. We are fortunate to have the remarkable and diverse landscape that we do. Drug Free Sport New Zealand. Labour will initiate a public awareness campaign to reignite Kiwis’ love of the great outdoors and promote the outdoor recreation activities that we are so fortunate to have access to. but we must ensure we are making the most of the opportunities available while still protecting our natural environment for future generations. New Zealand is a world leader in anti-doping issues and Labour will ensure we stay that way by continuing to support the Crown Entity. including those who face natural barriers such as the disabled and low income earners. not just in terms of health and wellbeing or in a commercial sense. We want New Zealanders to continue to value what the outdoor experience has to offer. to give effect to the World Anti-Doping Code and keep our sports clean. adventure and challenge inherent in outdoor recreation activities. Because outdoor recreation can create a wide range of benefits to participants. The great outdoors and the adventurous Kiwi spirit are key elements of our national identity.

Many of our most famous New Zealanders are associated with the outdoor recreation and sport sectors – the most iconic being the late Sir Edmund Hillary. In addition to establishing the Sir Edmund Hillary Outdoor Recreation Council through the government’s sport and recreation agency. It is therefore appropriate that Sir Edmund Hillary’s legacy lives on through initiatives which related to his charitable work and to outdoor recreation. which provides for a citizen of India or Nepal which leadership potential to visit New Zealand each year. and A $60. Modern sports and recreation clubs have to compete with these new activities for young peoples’ leisure time. His outstanding achievements . programmes and campaigns to reduce obesity. to be played between the All Blacks and England's rugby team. Sir Edmund Hillary’s name being incorporates into the Young New Zealanders' Challenge of the Duke of Edinburgh's Award.have provided inspiration to generations of Kiwi adventure-seekers and outdoor-lovers. increasing the annual grant from the government to $350.000 funding boost to the Himalayan Trust. improve nutrition and increase physical activity will remain a top government priority because improvements in these areas means an improvement in the overall health of New Zealanders. Labour will re-examine the physical education programmes in our schools to ensure there is an adequate focus on physical education for schoolage children and that junior sports and recreation activities are being actively promoted through our schools. SPARC.especially the conquering of Mt Everest in 1953 . sport and fitness. Our recreational choices are changing. • • • Developing a Healthy Nation Sport and recreation is a vital ingredient in developing a healthy nation but there are still large parts of our communities that are not sufficiently active to maintain basic good health.000. Parents face a greater-than-ever challenge in persuading their children to play outdoors or in sports teams because of competing influences such as television and computers. a number of projects have been initiated to commemorate his extraordinary life: • The ‘Hillary Shield’. Under a Labour government. Strong Proven Leadership 477 . The Sir Edmund Hillary Fellowship.

Rugby New Zealand 2011 is a joint venture company with the government and the New Zealand Rugby Union being 50:50 shareholders. for instance by establishing the Minister for the Rugby World Cup.500 international media and up to 2. Rugby New Zealand 2011 Limited has also been established to plan and deliver the tournament in 2011. Labour will ensure that all relevant government agencies are fully engaged to make the most of every opportunity that the 2011 Rugby World Cup will create.000 international supporters. Labour in government was instrumental in winning the bid to host the 2011 Rugby World Cup and we are committed to making this event the very best it can be.A multi-pronged. cross-agency approach is needed to achieve the health and activity gains that Labour wants to see. Strong Proven Leadership 478 . 2. Maximising the Benefit of the 2011 Rugby World Cup In 2011 New Zealand will host the third-largest sporting event in the world and the largest event ever to be held in this country – the Rugby World Cup. It is estimated Rugby World Cup 2011 will add $507 million to New Zealand’s gross domestic product. the Rugby World Cup Government Steering Group and the Rugby World Cup 2011 Government Co-ordination Office. We will create a festival that involves and engages the entire country and that showcases New Zealand to the rest of the world. education and sports agencies to implement programmes that encourage healthy lifestyles.500 corporate and VIP guests. We will continue to promote healthy lifestyles through proven successful programmes such as “Push Play” and we will continue to use a range of technologies to get these important messages across. Labour in government has set up the government framework needed to support this event. The Rugby World Cup is expected to attract as many as 66. particularly to the younger generation. Labour will continue to facilitate a co-ordinated effort by health. To ignore these technologies would be to ignore the fact that young people in particular are gaining much of their information from these communication channels. Labour will work to ensure that the 2011 Rugby World Cup is a worldclass event that is uniquely New Zealand. But the benefits of hosting the Rugby World Cup go well beyond the direct financial gains.

Labour believes the 2011 Rugby World Cup must be an environmentally sustainable event. are ready to make the most of this event. Labour believes that a volunteers’ programme that contributes to the success of the 2011 Rugby World Cup and also has ongoing benefits for New Zealand should be a priority for the government in the lead-up to the tournament. Labour will develop a programme to assist business so that maximum leverage can be gained from the World Cup build-up. not just rugby fans. Labour will work to ensure that all New Zealanders.The 2011 Rugby World Cup is much more than a rugby tournament. Labour will develop an environmental sustainability strategy that is ambitious but achievable and that enhances the tournament and New Zealand’s global reputation. tournament and aftermath. One of the key lessons from the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France was the importance of a well-organised volunteers programme. Labour will develop a volunteers’ programme for the Rugby World Cup that will raise the profile and importance of volunteering and that will leave a legacy of experienced. The potential spin-offs will be felt for a long time after 2011. Strong Proven Leadership 479 . New Zealand businesses have much to gain from the Rugby World Cup and we want to ensure they are aware of those opportunities and ready to take advantage of them. skilled and willing volunteers who can continue to benefit a range of sectors.

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Working for the Public Good Labour’s policy for the State Sector 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 481 .

Strong Proven Leadership 482 .

its integrity and its cost-effective innovation. Coordinated and Connected Over this decade the state sector has evolved in new directions. Labour will set a positive direction for the state sector. New Zealand's growing economy relies on strong social foundations. ensuring that it continues to play a leading role in achieving sustainability objectives. workers and employers. justice and social services. in supporting businesses. putting the needs of communities. in serving communities. Public services have been strengthened with better funding. There is now greater co-ordination between government agencies than ever before. healthy educated society support one another. and in developing a first-rate workforce and employment environment. families and individuals at the core of their work. New guiding principles for the management and organisation of public services emphasise co-operation and co-ordination. We will continue to ensure that New Zealanders enjoy confidence in their public services. avoiding the slash-and-burn restructurings of the 1990s. The government has a Development Goals programme with six set goals to transform the state services in a way that aligns with government priorities and delivers better results for New Zealanders. as citizens. seeing them as a force for greater democracy. A 21st century society must include world-class education. It has been a gradual and pragmatic process. We have done this because we believe that a successful economy and a vibrant. and better results. New Zealand’s public sector is and will continue to be the envy of the world for its excellence in service quality. • Strong Proven Leadership 483 . social wellbeing and business success. Labour has re-built public services in New Zealand over the last nine years. for the great results and the opportunities that they produce for us and for our children. health-care. increased numbers of professional staff.Introduction Labour is committed to ensuring that our state-sector organisations and public services are highly valued by all New Zealanders. Two of these goals include: • Networked State Services: using technology to transform the provisions of services and to reduce barriers to sharing information with other agencies Co-ordinated State Agencies: to ensure the total contribution of government agencies is greater than the sum of its parts. public infrastructure.

a review panel will include representatives from business. hard-working people who care about our children and families. We believe in our public sector managers and professionals as people who are committed to continuous improvement and who want to make a difference. They are already committed to the best social. We intend to work with all state sector agencies to seek new models of organisational development and employment practice that will mirror the need for comprehensive. integrated services New Zealanders can trust. appropriate and effective way. Services need to be closer to communities. unions. It requires unique organisational arrangements and leadership skills that co-ordinate and reach across many different sectors of society and many different agencies. We believe that New Zealanders value our public servants as highly professional. and about the success of our economy. and are now ready for the next generation of challenges in global competitiveness. reducing duplication and overheads and developing the state sector workforce to achieve to the highest possible standards of professionalism and ethical conduct.We need to be internationally competitive in the excellence of our public services and administration. This includes clarifying lines of accountability. It will undertake consultation across New Zealand and will make recommendations to government by the end of 2009. Strong Proven Leadership 484 . the community and voluntary sector and iwi. There will be no radical or rapid restructurings however. climate change and social development. The work of the public service is complex and challenging. There will be a renewed focus on increasing the efficiency and service quality between business and government. Many issues needing government involvement are complex and inter-related. about our health. The Public Service Career Our country’s public servants are trusted. Led by the State Services Commission. organised around solving problems and finding solutions with communities. responsive and experienced. Labour will ensure the organisational structures within the state sector are kept under review to ensure improved integration and effectiveness. Labour intends to lead the state sector to the next level of world-class achievement. Taxpayers will receive value for money and the public sector will use its resources and powers in an efficient. environmental and economic outcomes for New Zealanders. not by government acting alone.

aim for better public health. They deal daily with problems and risks on behalf of the community. The so-called ‘New Zealand model’ of the 1990s has had its day. We will continue to work with state sector employers. This will provide greater consistency across the public service. This will ensure that government has a clear and robust set of principles for the structures and employment practices of the state sector. Labour will encourage collective bargaining and implement pay equity and work-life balance programmes in the state sector. offer independent advice. One of the Development Goals is for the state services to be attractive to high performers who are committed to service and achieving results. or how to provide access to services for an increasingly diverse community. protect the safety of our communities and provide many other essential services. career development and professional leadership. and are constantly seeking creative ways forward. KiwiSaver offers new and existing employees the opportunity to build retirement savings that are substantially enhanced by Government contributions. Labour will continue its commitment to the partnership process. including through negotiating further Partnerships for Quality with the Public Service Association. help to form and support our companies. Graduates will not see the state sector as a ‘second-best choice’ for their career aspirations but as an employer of choice. They grapple daily with complex issues such as how to balance sustainability objectives with business needs. The State Sector Retirement Savings Scheme continues as a viable savings option for existing members (in the core public service). The whole public sector and those who rely on the services it provides will benefit from this. and unions in the sector will need to be engaged in the process. Strong Proven Leadership 485 .These are the people who protect our borders. State sector employers are expected to set an example of good employment practice to the rest of the economy. Labour is now leading the way with a clear set of principles for organisational and employment relations practices in the public sector. and means that departments won’t waste time and effort re-negotiating these provisions. An important practical first step towards a more integrated public service is to have common leave provisions in public service employment agreements. From 1 April 2008 with the closure of the State Sector Retirement Savings Scheme to new members KiwiSaver became the core form of retirement savings in the state sector. Labour will ensure the state sector attracts and retains the best and brightest. employees and unions to collaboratively build the best possible environment for service delivery.

and the State Services Commissioner. Demonstrated leadership from public service chief executives and senior managers will ensure that all departments and agencies have a good understanding of the values. and due to report shortly. A sector-led review of the implementation of the Statement of Government Intentions is currently underway. Strong Proven Leadership 486 . effectiveness and innovation. New Zealand’s public service is second to none in this regard. The provisions. or by variation. New Zealand has a world-leading reputation for public-service integrity. professional and trusted will deliver the conditions for business so they can invest with confidence. Labour will require that the Statement of Government Intentions for an Improved Community . Working with Business The international experience is that a public service that is transparent. governance arrangements and working realities of community. private enterprise and trade unions to improve the wealth. which will apply to the 35 public service departments.Government Relationship is reflected in the accountability documents of all government departments and agencies.Labour will continue to introduce common leave provisions across the public service as part of regular departmental negotiations. Constructive relationships will be built on mutually-understood goals and flexible agreements that allow communities to determine their own futures. opportunities and well-being of New Zealanders. voluntary and iwi/Maori organisations with whom they interact. Working with the Community and Voluntary Sector The state sector will work in partnership with community organisations. Government departments and the sector will work together to develop and improve consultation processes through sharing best practice. have been agreed as part of the Partnership for Quality Agreement between the government. guidelines and training. the Public Service Association. Labour will continue to value the contribution of community. with the aim of having all employees covered by 1 July 2009. voluntary and iwi/Maori organisations to good policy making and the delivery of effective services. We will give due consideration to any recommendations for improvement that it puts forward.

improve their current partnership practices. unions and staff to help them develop constructive partnerships. We will ensure that such a system. timeliness of service. Accessibility. and consistent. Delays and costs need to be minimised. To make life easier for small and medium-sized enterprises. equitable. we will achieve greater co-ordination of services between departments such as IRD. our public service was rated first-equal in the world for the third year in a row for its lack of corruption. including by New Zealanders with sight-impairment. integrated services. will be fully accessible. Labour will ensure that businesses and self-employed people will have access to a ‘one-stop shop’ liaison with government. We have the best record on earth. in the interests of the whole community. This principle will extend to local government and resource consents. The growth of ‘e-government’ online will rapidly make such efficiency and integration an everyday reality. which works alongside employers. which has been a barrier to efficient communication between government and small business.In 2008. Labour will make further changes to lead and enhance that record. when implemented. helpful. Labour will develop and implement tools that reduce the repetition of form completion. Such standards need to be clearly stated. These tools will be developed in consultation with business. Business should be able to expect prompt. There will be ‘no wrong door’ for anyone seeking go-ahead solutions to practical business problems. The World Bank’s “Doing Business Index” ranked New Zealand number two in its global survey on how much “the regulatory environment is conducive to the operation of business”. or work through particular problems. ACC and the Department of Labour. courtesy and helpful problem-solving are the standards that enterprising New Zealanders can expect from their dealings with government administration. while at the same time preserving regulatory standards. Labour will also continue to provide support for the Partnership Resource Centre. Strong Proven Leadership 487 . The ranking came in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index which assesses 180 countries.

• • The programme will use New Zealand-based projects to offset the greenhouse gas emissions where this needs to occur. The Treasury. develop an emissions reduction plan and implement the actions in their plans. All 35 agencies will complete an annual emissions inventory. Strong Proven Leadership 488 . Reductions achieved by the state sector count in our national inventory and so reduce the cost for New Zealand under the international climate change treaty. and the Ministry of Economic Development. Offsetting remaining emissions by undertaking projects to remove an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or prevent it being released. Inland Revenue. This programme involves a three-step process: • Measuring the greenhouse gas emissions from the agency’s activities. In a world-leading move. They will report on this process to the Ministry for the Environment each year.The Public Service Leading Sustainability New Zealand needs to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. the Ministry of Health. Change has to begin at the local level. The six lead agencies are Ministry for the Environment. Our goal to achieve carbon neutrality from 2012 across the core public service will demonstrate nationally and internationally New Zealand's commitment to pulling its weight on climate change and creating a sustainable nation. environmental sustainability and carbon emissions reduction. Labour is committed to achieving carbon neutrality for six lead agencies by 2012. with the other 29 agencies being on the path to carbon neutrality by 2012. Labour will maintain the drive toward sustainability by showing what this means in practice for business and households. and Labour and the agencies of government are leading by example. The state sector will set the example for the rest of the economy in energy efficiency. These mostly come from burning fossil fuels to generate electricity or for transport. the Department of Conservation. Reducing those emissions. the Kyoto Protocol. the 35 core public service departments have begun work to achieve carbon neutrality as part of the government's push towards sustainability.

Better Access For A Better Future Labour’s policy for Tertiary Education 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 489 .

Strong Proven Leadership 490 .

and aims at improving tertiary education quality. For the first time. regulation and provision of tertiary education. By 2006 the number of New Zealanders of working age holding a tertiary qualification had risen to 36 per cent compared with 26 per cent a decade earlier. The number of New Zealanders taking part in all forms of tertiary education has significantly increased. The last two years. regardless of who they are or where they come from. This approach is fundamentally different from previous arrangements. and fund tertiary education as a whole. Quality education ensures that every Kiwi. in particular. This has involved important changes in terms of the way we think about. meeting stakeholders’ needs and developing a culture of continuous improvement rather than raw enrolment statistics. Strong Proven Leadership 491 . A major step forward was the establishment of the Tertiary Education Commission to bring together the responsibility for all post-school education and training within one agency. The number with higher-level tertiary qualifications has also increased. New Zealand has witnessed a serious and on-going re-assessment of the tertiary education sector’s role. our country has also started to set out specific strategic aims and objectives for what we want the tertiary education system to achieve. and to develop a more active approach to funding. We want to ensure that our tertiary education system is focused on quality and relevance. It has involved a greater focus on student achievement. which has created an exciting new framework. We want to ensure that an integrated approach is taken to tertiary education and that barriers to participation are eliminated. Ensuring Quality and Relevance During this decade. Labour is committed to a quality tertiary education and training system that will support New Zealand’s economic and social development. have seen major changes in the approach to funding. plan. with around half a million students enrolled in formal study.Introduction Labour believes every New Zealander should be entitled to access quality public education of the highest standard throughout their lives. can achieve to their full potential and contribute to New Zealand’s society and economy.

Labour intends to further embed and build on these changes to ensure that tertiary education is well-placed to meet the needs of our wider society and economy. Today… arrangements are in place so that tertiary education providers focus more on meeting the needs of the communities they serve. Labour is building a network of provision with each individual tertiary education organisation making a distinctive contribution to the network. Networks of provision will reflect the particular mix of education and training that tertiary education organisations offer in each region to meet the needs of that region and of New Zealand as a whole. In 2005 we also introduced and funded a ‘quality re-investment programme’ to assist polytechnics and wananga to shift their education provision to a higher level of quality. we do not wish to see our tertiary institutions become mere factories. These changes to the way tertiary education operates have been accompanied by increased resources and a wider range of ways to meet tertiary education providers’ funding needs.Ten years ago… tertiary education was run on a purely market basis. Our re-shaping of the tertiary education system started with a lift in the number of science students and a very large increase in doctoral students across all disciplines. Although Labour places a very high value on university and polytechnic education and recognises the benefits that a skilled workforce brings to this country. still need more attention. through the Tertiary Education Commission. This means that under the new reforms we have put in place. Total tertiary education funding has increased by around 80% this decade. Labour will ensure. However. tertiary organisations no longer receive funding based solely on the number of students they are able to enrol – a policy which was leading to a ‘bums-on-seats’ mentality. Ten years from now… the tertiary education system will be adept at anticipating and meeting the skills and knowledge needs of employers and communities. some other obvious gaps. Labour will continue to maintain the real value of funding rates (through the Student Achievement Component) for tertiary education providers. We have also started a ‘Partnership for Excellence’ programme to match the funding that institutions raise from philanthropy. Instead. such as engineering and information technologies. with volume the sole indicator of value. where tertiary education is driven by institutions’ ability to attract students into the most profitable courses. that the tertiary education system fosters the skills that our economy and society needs. Strong Proven Leadership 492 .

Education is a life-long investment. Strong Proven Leadership 493 . Ako Aotearoa now also runs the annual Tertiary Teaching Excellence Awards. The selection process for the awards has identified a magnificent resource of excellent teachers since they began in 2001. We will also provide funding incentives that ensure tertiary education organisations deliver the appropriate support to encourage students to continue with and complete their programmes of study. world-class institutions. Through initiatives like the establishment of Ako Aotearoa – the National Centre for Tertiary Teaching Excellence – we are supporting ways to continually enhance teaching excellence. although it will require an institution to look first to its own balance sheet or surplus assets. The process will be managed by a panel. There are two crucial factors that make a difference to whether students do well in their studies: the quality of teaching they receive and how their learning is managed and supported. Ako Aotearoa is looking at ways to use these people to the best advantage of the whole tertiary sector. and to promote the spread of good teaching practices including in specific areas such as emerging technologies. This is the first centre of its kind in New Zealand and a great initiative for tertiary education. Labour will continue to support initiatives that are focused on fostering a culture of continuous quality improvement in all parts of the tertiary education sector. which will ensure that capital investments needing some central funding component are managed according to need and according to contribution that can be made to the network of provision. Labour will continue initiatives to further lift teaching quality. and those who are ready to put in the time and capital required to complete a qualification at the tertiary level deserve the best education possible.The latest development in this area is a new capital investment fund of $95 million to be allocated over the next four years. It is open to all tertiary education institutions to apply with long term capital asset investment proposals. recognise outstanding teachers. This will enable the sector to change from a somewhat ad hoc approach to addressing building and other capital plans towards a more orderly way of prioritising need. and will honour this investment by providing them with high-quality teachers and innovative. Labour will continue to recognise the investment that students are making.

encouraging more joint curriculum development. with a focus on cooperation rather than competition. We need an ongoing benchmarking capability in New Zealand and it should become a core part of what we do. We will work with the sector to achieve greater cost effectiveness through collaboration. Another way that collaboration can improve effectiveness is through benchmarking. Each tertiary education organisation is expected to deliver according to its particular strengths. This might involve joint procurement. We will foster greater collaboration amongst tertiary education providers. Labour will embed benchmarking capability in the sector. best practice will be more easily shared. Labour is building a network of provision to meet the needs of each region and of New Zealand as a whole. or possibly a part of the sector achieving savings by amalgamating back-office functions such as payroll. Labour will improve the way that institutes of technology and polytechnics (ITPs) and industry training organisation work together. so that unnecessary duplication is avoided and efficiency and quality are maximised. the Tripartite Forum has been a commitment by staff union representatives. The progress from the first round of investment in our new planned approach has been impressive but it is time to lift the momentum even further. Labour will work to ensure there is the momentum needed to deliver sensible outcomes. With robust data collected over time. Benchmarking has been put to good use in the health system and it will be of considerable value for institutes of technology and polytechnics. initially in institutes of technology and polytechnics. In parallel with this in the university sector. Strong Proven Leadership 494 . It will be most valuable if it is used as a management tool and not as an accountability measure. and ensure that polytechnics and industry training organisations are working together effectively. clearer qualifications for students and more flexible learning pathways. This includes what is often referred to as ‘overlapping provision’. the government and the Vice Chancellors’ Committee to finding ways of addressing issues affecting the sustainability and effectiveness of the university sector.A more collaborative future Through the development of a more strategic approach to tertiary education. This is a longstanding issue and one that will require commitment and compromise from all parties. Each individual tertiary education organisation will make a distinctive contribution to this network.

To keep us competitive in the global market place. Part of this will involve ensuring that pathways for students between study in one subsector and further study in another are more obvious and better aligned. such as that between university scientists and research institutions. We will also extend that tripartite process to better define the future relationship between universities on the one hand and polytechnics and wananga on the other. Labour will support these endeavours. Prior to this. is crucial if we are to increase productivity. Labour will fund collaborative endeavours where appropriate. Significant changes have been made during this decade to the ways in which research undertaken by tertiary education providers is funding and supported. Science and Technology funding has increased more than two-and-a-half times. The performance-based approach instead rewards research excellence with additional investment and early signs are that it is succeeding in its goal of increasing the quality of research. It also plays a vital role in this country’s research and innovation activities. In addition. Research. and often include other tertiary education providers or Crown research institutes as well. Instead. Alongside this. most university research received no direct funding. we need new and more innovative production methods and ways of working. Collaboration is essential to innovation. Strong Proven Leadership 495 . and in particular the university sector. university success in Foundation of Research.Labour will work with vice-chancellors and sector unions through the tripartite process to strengthen the distinctive contribution of the universities. Supporting Research and Scholarship Tertiary education. both health research funding and the Marsden Fund for blue-skies research have almost doubled. and research extension into industry. At the same time. Each of these innovative hubs of teaching and research involve more than one university. Where government has a constructive role to play in fostering collaboration. is at the forefront of knowledge development and critical thinking. eight centres of research excellence were identified and funded to support world class research. Most significant has been the introduction of the Performance Based Research Fund. universities and other providers with research programmes had to rely on money earned from student enrolments.

Public sector investment is at about 75% of the western world average.Ten years ago… tertiary research was funding almost entirely as a by-product of student enrolments. Although improving. social research. whether it is in the university sector or with Crown research institutes. Labour will therefore target government investment to encouraging our bright young scientists. Student Support This decade has seen a focus on affordable and accessible tertiary education for all New Zealanders. Funding levels beyond that will be informed by the results of the latest review of the fund. Today… a new funding system ensures that research is funded on the basis of excellence and the contribution it makes. Labour will continue to invest in the Performance Based Research Fund. and new Transformational Research and Development (including new materials) as well as renewable energy research. although that is likely to rise to around 83% by 2011/12 due to already-announced funding. and funding to address the needs of researchers early in their careers. An even more significant change came in with the introduction of universal. We will also ensure we are making the best use of investments we make in research. Health Research. Ten years from now… New Zealand will have developed an acknowledged international reputation in areas of strength and importance to our nation. lifting it to $250 million by 2010. Labour will increase funding for the Marsden Fund. interest-free loans for all students living in New Zealand from 1 April 2006. We do have a lot of collaboration but we need more. while maintaining a broad research base to support the full range of degree-level teaching. For the future of science in New Zealand it is important people studying science are able to quickly begin undertaking research in their chosen field. New Zealand’s investment in research and development is still well below the western world average. and several changes have been made to accomplish this. Labour intends to increase the support available to tertiary research. Strong Proven Leadership 496 . This began with the introduction of the ‘no interest while studying’ policy to end the unfair practice of students being charged interest on their student loans while they studied.

In 2005 the parental income threshold was raised by 20 percent for student allowance recipients – the first time since the current system of parental income testing was established in 1992. and continue to set limits on fee increases through fee maxima.318 (already announced) From 1 January 2010. fees increases will continue to be regulated and no interest will be paid on student loans. even while still studying. the parental income threshold will increase from its 2009 level (approximately $45. Labour will increase student allowance eligibility as follows: • From 1 January 2009. We have already reduced the median time it takes to pay back a loan (for a student who stays in New Zealand) from eight years in 1999 to four years in 2005. We will continue to extend the eligibility of student allowances in 2010 and 2011 and abolish the parental income test altogether in 2012. Today… there is no interest paid on student loans while students are living in New Zealand. We will keep student loans interest-free. and we intend to see it come down even further.000 497 • Strong Proven Leadership . by reducing the age at which parental income is considered and by further increasing the parental income threshold for student allowances. In 2007 the number of student allowance recipients increased by a further 5 percent. fee increases are regulated and allowance eligibility has been widened. Ten years ago… tertiary fees were increasing by over ten percent a year. In 2006 the number of recipients increased by 4. We will also continue to make scholarships available for students. while allowance eligibility declined and students paid interest on their borrowing. The effect of these changes has been an increase in student allowance recipients for the first time since 2001.743) to approximately $50. the threshold will increase to $70.The affordability of tertiary study was also tackled by introducing the fee maxima policy. widening access to student allowances and increasing the availability of scholarships.6 percent. Ten years from now… there will be no parental income testing of student allowances. From the beginning of 2009 Labour will make it easier for more students to receive a student allowance. and levels are expected to continue increasing in the future. Labour will continue to make tertiary education more affordable for students and their families. Last year the threshold was raised by a further 10 percent and this year it was again increased by 10 percent. Our efforts have been unashamedly centred on students and on making improvements to the student support system.

The Unemployment Benefit (in training) is already available for courses of up to twelve weeks. Labour will also introduce a retraining allowance available to those who have been in the workforce for ten years and wish to upgrade their skills or retrain in a new area. the threshold will increase again to $100. Labour recognises this and is putting in place measures to support workers to gain new skills throughout their working lives. We also support the recognition of excellence whilst studying. That will often require a period of retraining. scientists. Labour will introduce a new retraining allowance. both for individuals and for the economy as a whole. learning is now lifelong. The scholarships assist students in paying compulsory tuition fees and are especially targeted at raising participation levels by people from low-income backgrounds and those who might. funding for the scholarships has been increased and the scholarships have been redesigned to be more accessible to a wider range of students.500 from January 2009. feel otherwise unable to enrol at a tertiary institution. In 2004.000 per annum for course fees for up to four years. In the modern world. the prospect of fall out from the international crisis also requires us to have new methods of financial support for workers needing to retrain. It is not something that stops when we leave school or finish an apprenticeship. The introduction of our Bonded Merit Scholarships in 2006 is representative of the government’s support for tomorrow’s leaders. the parental income test will be abolished altogether. In other words. academics and businesspeople. This will provide an alternative to the Student Allowance for people who have used their 200 weeks Student Allowance entitlement. but with no spousal income test.000 From 1 January 2012. the success of this programme saw us doubling the number of awards from 500 to 1. skills are increasingly important. Bonded Merit Scholarships reward outstanding students with up to $3. These allowances will be available for up to a year for enrolment in a recognised full time course. From 1 January 2008.• • From 1 January 2011. In 2007. Strong Proven Leadership 498 . on the same basis as a student allowance. and in 2005 these scholarships were extended to science and technology subjects. Labour introduced Step Up Scholarships for students studying human and animal health bachelor degrees. In the near term. due to financial pressures. The course will generally need to be of at least twelve full-time weeks duration. for workers who have been in the workforce for at least five years and have been made redundant. Careers are also becoming more complex with people more likely to change jobs and even occupations over the course of their working life.000 last year and increasing to 1.

international education is an export earning industry that works because people or businesses choose to come here rather than somewhere else.3 billion dollars a year to the economy. Labour recognises that it is a sector that continues to seek more maturation and self determination. Opportunities range from widening young people’s cultural horizons. educational and social benefits to New Zealand. and an appropriate emphasis on good pastoral care. a high quality educational experience for overseas students. international students are enriched by their education and living experiences in New Zealand. and by continuing to lend for fees only where there is evidence fees have been paid. Research institutions are enriched by smart doctoral students. Some of these students will want to stay and will be able to stay. We will also continue to provide ongoing support for generic promotion. Labour will continue to support Education New Zealand’s development of the sector. with emphasis on new market development. This has been assisted by the recent introduction of domestic fees for international doctoral students. and has significant spill-over benefits for tourism and investment. It contributes $2. At the same time. Labour will continue to support generic promotion of New Zealand education internationally in order to ensure the best value for money. through to the formation of lifetime research collaborations and international business partnerships forged by people who spent time at school or university together. International education helps equip New Zealand students to thrive in an interconnected world. many of whom continue on to post-doctoral study here. Our education providers are also strengthened academically and financially through international linkages. the policy settings continue to improve. The quality assurance is better than before.500 in 2007. International education has become a more mature sector over the course of this decade. International Education International education provides a range of economic.Labour will also protect the integrity of the student support system by continuing to provide loans only to those studying in approved courses. Strong Proven Leadership 499 . Like tourism or filmmaking. the market development is deepening and the sector has a growing resilience and a determination to expand. resulting in a lift from 700 students in 2005 to 1.

its likely mix and so on. But aside from still maturing markets. domestically we have not yet resolved the roles of the many agencies involved in order to develop a shared view of the size of the sector. including devolving further functions as the opportunity arises. Labour will ensure high levels of co-ordination between various government agencies and Education New Zealand. Perhaps that should not be surprising given that the level of offshore demand is itself rapidly changing.Export education is a still maturing sector. Strong Proven Leadership 500 .

A Prosperous and Sustainable Tourism Sector Labour’s policy for Tourism 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 501 .

Strong Proven Leadership 502 .

In a challenging international economic environment. supported sustainability in the sector by establishing the Sustainable Tourism Advisors in Regions (STAR) programme.1 billion. We have worked closely with industry to plan a sustainable future for the sector through the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015. The tourism industry contributes more than 9 percent of our country’s Gross Domestic Product and directly employs more than 108. and marketed New Zealand overseas through our innovative 100% Pure New Zealand campaign and the travelling Rugby Ball roadshow. We will strengthen our focus on sustainable eco-tourism and mitigation of the effect of tourism on the environment. industry to ensure we deliver a world class tourism experience. the industry faces uncertainty. protect the environment. Labour will continue to support. International tourism is New Zealand’s single biggest export earner. and work in partnership with. Labour has tackled skills shortages in the industry by working closely with the Tourism Industry Association to launch the Tourism and Hospitality and Workforce Strategy. International tourism expenditure 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Labour has achieved much for tourism. but not commercially viable. Total tourism expenditure last year was $20. bed nights and yield. We have supported tourism communities through the Tourism Demand Subsidy Scheme. contributing $8. and worked with industry to establish and expand the Qualmark Green criteria. projects through the Tourism Facilities Development Grant programme. Labour’s vision is of a tourism sector that is prosperous and sustainable. Labour will work to ensure sustainable and continued growth in international visitor numbers.8 billion to our economy.000 full time equivalent employees. Strong Proven Leadership $(billion) 503 . and create prosperity and investment within the sector. where commodity prices such as aviation fuel are high and concerns over the environmental impact of long haul flights will increase.Introduction A thriving tourism industry is vital to New Zealand’s economic wellbeing. and supported the development of valuable. In response to this. We will continue our record of rolling out innovative schemes that are supportive of the tourism industry and communities that are dependent on tourism.

We have launched a number of innovative marketing campaigns in key markets. This is attributed to the current international economic climate. Labour will actively promote marketing campaigns in key overseas markets. We showcased New Zealand at the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France with an innovative inflatable rugby ball-shaped cinema (which is now moving to London) and launched the ‘What’s On’ campaign to highlight key events and experiences around the country. with significant success. and a high New Zealand dollar. Earlier this year. Concerns about climate change and the environmental impact of long haul flights to New Zealand are likely to affect the number of international tourists visiting here in the near future. especially high commodity prices (specifically oil). Our 100% Pure New Zealand campaign has been remarkably successful overseas. The Strategy is an important framework to secure and strengthen the future of our tourism industry. Increased investment to draw more overseas visitors to New Zealand will temper this slowed growth in visitors. Implementation of the Strategy will see the continuation of many current schemes such as the Sustainable Tourism Advisors in Regions (STAR) programme and Strong Proven Leadership 504 . Labour in Government has worked closely with the sector to develop the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015. Full Implementation of the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015 In response to a number of challenges facing the tourism industry. Now is an important time to further invest in marketing New Zealand as a tourist destination. we released a detailed plan of 92 actions for the Strategy’s implementation. Growth in international visitor numbers is slowing. and we have leveraged the success of the Lord of the Rings film trilogy. We will continue to market New Zealand as a 100% eco-tourism destination through innovative overseas campaigns. For every dollar spent in key markets. the New Zealand economy benefits by a factor of between 11 and 26. Labour will continue to work closely with the tourism industry to implement the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015. The NZTS has the goal that “In 2015. Funding overseas marketing campaigns to attract international visitors is a vital investment in our economy.Increased funding for marketing campaigns Labour has invested heavily in marketing New Zealand overseas. tourism is valued as the leading contributor to a sustainable New Zealand economy”.

attracts investment. However. bed nights and yield. Labour will create a contestable Tourism Innovation Fund to provide seed funding for innovative tourism ideas. and is a sustainable driver of the New Zealand economy. The Strategy will ensure that: • • • • New Zealand continues to deliver a world-class visitor experience Our natural environment is protected and enhanced for all to use and enjoy The tourism workforce is further developed and upskilled Communities reliant on. (The Tourism Facilities Development Grant Programme is only available for non-commercial tourism facilities. It strengthens our focus on sustainability and environmentally friendly tourism. Labour will set up an annual contestable fund to provide seed funding for tourism ventures.Qualmark. Labour has a very good record in providing development assistance to small and medium enterprises. there is currently no seed funding specifically for commercial tourism ventures.) Labour is committed to aiding the development of tourism businesses that might find it difficult to attract initial private capital or who need a one-off capital injection to bring an entrepreneurial idea closer to fruition. Given the tourism industry’s crucial Strong Proven Leadership 505 . The strategy lays out a whole-of-government approach to the needs of the tourism industry and communities. Encouraging and fostering entrepreneurial ideas in the sector is critical in maintaining our reputation in an increasingly competitive international tourism environment and in growing visitor numbers. tourism are supported and have an excellent standard of infrastructure and amenities The tourism industry is profitable. and whole-of-industry approaches to pricing and campaigns to increase occupancy rates and profitability. or affected by. Maori/cultural tourism. To encourage business ideas that may have difficulty attracting commercial investment. • Establishment of a Tourism Innovation Fund New Zealanders are entrepreneurial people. New Zealand businesses are currently eligible to apply for a variety of small business development and assistance programmes.

this will be an important investment in New Zealand’s economic future. Strong Proven Leadership 506 . The Innovation Fund will run in tandem with the Tourism Facilities Development Grant Programme.role in the New Zealand economy. It will also complement the work programme laid out in the New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2015 to assist tourism businesses.

A sustainable and efficient transport system for New Zealand Labour’s Policy for Transport 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 507 .

Strong Proven Leadership 508 .

Our achievements include: • promoting the use of alternative fuels and encouraging the development of electric vehicles. starting to re-build the rail network and developing and funding a strategy for domestic sea freight. accessible and sustainable transport system. is accessible to all New Zealanders. Labour has taken a strategic approach to integrated transport planning across all modes through the 2002 NZ Transport Strategy which was updated in 2008. Specific initiatives include taking the majority shareholding in Air New Zealand. and in enabling rail and coastal shipping to play a more significant role in moving freight around New Zealand. fuel shortages. returning the railways to public ownership. increasing funding for research into sustainable and environmentallyresponsible energy resources such as biofuels that do not compete with food production. We will address the challenges of climate change. with an affordable.Introduction We all use transport in our daily lives. At the same time we need a transport system that assists economic development. integrated. The challenge we face is to improve the ways in which we travel so that we cause as little damage as possible to the environment and minimise harmful effects on others. Working Across All Modes of Transport All modes of transport must play their part in a world class transport system. Labour will continue to ensure people and goods can move around New Zealand safely. 509 • Strong Proven Leadership . and price fluctuations through a range of initiatives including more efficient public transport. Since 1999 we have increased annual spending on roading from $850 million in 1999/2000 to over $1. We will keep investing heavily in roading infrastructure. In the past decade Labour has invested substantially in improving our roads. in building the capacity of public transport. We have also increased public transport funding so that it is more than 15 times higher than the $41 million spent in 1999/2000 (not including the rail buy back). and enabled regional authorities to play a greater part in co-ordinating public transport services. new technologies and new fuels.9 billion in 2008/09. and remains affordable.

integrated and accessible. Labour will continue to increase funding for public transport and energyefficient freight transport modes such as rail. public transport spending is forecast to be around $640 million in 2008/09 (these figures do not include the buy back of rail). Sea Change Domestic Shipping Strategy and the Government Policy Statement on Land Transport Funding. road.• • strengthening transport regulatory and safety agencies and services. and need for. Total central government public transport investment in 2008/09 is more than 15 times higher than in 1999/00. and legislating to ensure all money collected from road users is spent only on transport. Labour will continue to encourage the increased use and supply of public transport. Labour will ensure there is clarity in all our funding decisions. During this decade there has been a significant increase in investment in public transport. safe. that transport infrastructure. we must create a public transport system that is a realistic alternative to private car use. We will work to make public transport accessible for everyone. The New Zealand Transport Strategy 2008 sets a number of specific targets in sustainability. compared with investment of $41 million in 1999/00. socially and environmentally sustainable. shipping and ports. including rail. We will build on these to deliver comprehensive transport solutions to the increasingly complex problems resulting from global oil and climate pressures. Public Transport Labour believes that if New Zealanders are to move towards more sustainable transport. including those with disabilities and older travellers. responsive to change and – above all – economically. is used to best effect. We will ensure that planning for future land use developments considers the impact on. New Zealanders are already seeing the benefit. transport services and facilities. Strong Proven Leadership 510 . It is therefore essential that New Zealand’s public transport services are affordable. Labour has made a substantial start to these goals with the 2008 New Zealand Transport Strategy. and that there is sufficient passenger and freight carrying capacity to meet the needs of communities and businesses both now and into the future. road safety and freight that Labour is committed to achieving. Including capital investment in rail infrastructure.

During this decade total Government investment in transport has increased by more than 180 percent. will run frequently and on time. coastal shipping and public transport networks. This gives regional councils the tools to run public transport services as effectively as possible. modern. We will also continue to provide free off-peak public transport for SuperGold Card holders. Central government spending on roading has more than doubled from $850 million to a forecast allocation of over $1. Strong Proven Leadership 511 . We have recently announced another major project: the electrification of Auckland’s rail network. and businesses now and in the future. road. Labour will ensure the Kapiti line out of Wellington is double-tracked and electrified to enable services every 15 minutes to destinations as far north as Waikanae. so that passengers can expect travel on public transport to become much simpler and more efficient. and allowing them to require that any or all public transport services be provided under contract. Auckland’s rail network will be electrified. Labour will support integrated ticketing so that it becomes a reality in Auckland by 2010. provides sufficient capacity to meet the needs of communities. from just over a billion to over three billion. Labour will provide around $500 million as its share to help Auckland Regional Council ensure that by 2013 at the latest. This will mean that public transport users can move easily and conveniently between different forms of transport and transport operators. This will require comprehensive co-ordination of infrastructure planning and funding.9 billion in the current year. This includes both capital and maintenance expenditure on State Highways and central government funding for local roads. businesses and the broader community to achieve an optimal and sustainable public transport network. The new Public Transport Management Act 2008 will enable Regional Councils to improve New Zealand’s public transport system by imposing greater controls over commercial public transport services.Major initiatives in the past nine years have included the $340 million Northern Busway project and the buy back of rail. Labour will continue work in partnership with regional government. including rail. Transport Infrastructure Labour will ensure that transport infrastructure.

and will be able to implement Regional Fuel Taxes to fund local initiatives. $170 million is forecast to be spent on local roads. road user charges and motor vehicle registration fees to land transport. The current preferred option to complete the route is by tunnel. Labour will dedicate all revenue from petrol tax. public-private partnerships (PPPs) that provide value for money. In Wellington. with priority given to sections of the Expressway where specific safety issues need to be addressed. We will employ a range of funding approaches including a regional fuel tax and. where possible. $490 million on State highways.5 million in funding over the next four years (2008 -2012) to invest in transport infrastructure. Labour will proceed with this project by means of a public-private partnership provided that further advice from officials supports the findings of private/public sector working party investigation Labour commissioned this year. Labour will continue with the approach it introduced in 2008 of producing Government Policy Statements on Land Transport Funding every three years to set out the levels of funding allocated to different areas of the transport system. Labour will release $405 million earmarked for the Transmission Gully project once the region reconfirms its preferred option. and $350 million on public transport. Labour is investing more than $1 billion in Auckland’s transport network this year alone. rail and other public transport infrastructure outside Auckland. is $1. Labour is committed to first-class road. the Waterview Connection. public transport and walking and cycling infrastructure in Auckland.Transport investment as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product has gone from just under 1 percent in 1999/2000 to around 2. Of that.1 percent in 2008/2009 (including KiwiRail). This section will effectively complete the Western Ring Route and realise the full transport and economic benefits to be gained. Labour aims to complete the Western Ring Route around Auckland by 2015.89 billion. The Canterbury region will receive $33. Labour will also consult with key stakeholders on long-term transport planning priorities. Regional and local authorities will consult with their communities on transport proposals and priorities. The current estimate for the largest-remaining section. We will also continue to fund progressive development of the Waikato Expressway. Strong Proven Leadership 512 . Labour is committed to world-class roading. Budget 2007 provided major investment in urban rail development in Wellington as well Auckland.

can be expected to reduce markedly. The buy-back of our railway system and the establishment of KiwiRail present a real opportunity to build a sustainable nationwide transport network. Labour intends to prepare the way for a large-scale roll-out of electric vehicles. We have commissioned a comprehensive independent review of the road user charges model. the cost of the electric battery. there is a role for government in establishing an environment that facilitates its uptake. and how these charges are collected. Strong Proven Leadership 513 .Labour has introduced a new system that ensures that all revenue from petrol tax. and prices will come down. The numbers will grow slowly at the start. our ambition to be among the leading countries to widely deploy electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids marks the beginnings of a new era of energy independence and low emissions in transport. Sustainable Transport Labour has already taken big steps towards the goal of halving New Zealand’s per capita transport emissions by 2040. Investment in public transport has surged 15-fold in this decade. but volumes will increase as supply increases and costs decrease. We expect to see electric cars starting to arrive and being used in New Zealand between 2010 and 2015. to look at the way the costs of maintaining and building the land transport network are allocated. We have already established a vehicle emissions reduction group focussing on electric vehicles. which is the main driver of cost. then Labour will make changes to address this. If this review shows that the system is unfair on the heavy vehicle industry. Electric Cars and Other Vehicles Similarly. As production of electric vehicles ramps up internationally. Implementing legislation passed this year to introduce sustainable biofuels is a first step away from fuels such as petrol that come from unsustainable fossil fuel sources. road user charges and motor vehicle licensing fees goes towards the cost of maintaining and building new roads Labour is committed to ensuring that funding mechanisms for land transport infrastructure are fair to all road users including truckies. Labour will also build on our clean green electricity generation to develop partnerships with electric vehicle manufacturers. While it will be up to industry to develop electric vehicle technology.

Labour will introduce a range of road safety measures aimed at reducing road deaths to no more than 200 a year. We will need to work through a variety of issues about the public infrastructure required for people to charge their vehicles during a journey. and serious injuries to no more than 1. A cross-agency Driver Fatigue Strategy has been launched to help address the road safety risks of driver fatigue.500 a year. however. especially for the sort of high voltage facilities that would allow shorter charging times. Our advertising will also continue to focus on the issue of fatigue. Labour is consulting on the possibility of introducing a compulsory third party vehicle insurance regime. where they will be located and relevant health and safety issues will also need to be addressed. drink driving. The cost of the technology is likely to be expensive. We have consistently invested in road safety advertising campaigns to support the police by focusing on the highest areas of enforceable risk which include speeding. Associated with fatigue. Questions about how these facilities will be funded. intersection behaviour and safety belts. This will address issues of equity and road safety. “rumble strips” (used to alert fatigued drivers and stop them from running off the road) are being progressively retrofitted to roads. Electric vehicles used for local travel can be re-charged from the owner’s home. Major centres with an interest in electric vehicles such as California. be in position to be the first country to set up a nationwide infrastructure for charging electric vehicles. by 2040. The emphasis on enforcement for many road safety rules has moved from the issuing of fines to the issuing of increased demerit points for law breakers. however. Vehicles used for longer distances. There have been television advertisements aimed at showing drivers the potentially deadly consequences of driving while tired.Labour will plan for the introduction of a nationwide infrastructure to recharge electric vehicles. will need a supporting infrastructure of ‘charging stations’ to enable recharging. Road Safety Labour has set an ambitious target for reducing the number of road deaths and injuries. New Zealand could. At-fault insured motorists would be protected against potentially hefty costs in the event of a crash and Strong Proven Leadership 514 . London and Tokyo are likely to confront many of these challenges first and we will be able to learn from their experience.

owners of vehicles with a modified noisy exhaust have had to repair it or pay for a metered noise test to ensure it is less than 95 decibels. financial and infrastructure barriers that have prevented an increase in the movement of domestic freight by rail and sea. such as putting a cap on the time riders spend on a learner licence. especially younger drivers. creating extra pressure on existing infrastructure.3 percent. The vehicle must meet this test in order to pass its Warrant of Fitness. Labour will aim to increase the proportion of freight movement by coastal shipping and rail to 30 percent and 25 percent respectively by Strong Proven Leadership 515 . Freight Freight demand around New Zealand is estimated to double by 2040. need to be transported safely and efficiently. Changes are being made to the Graduated Driver Licensing System for motorcyclists. We have also moved progressively to reduce the number of excessively noisy vehicles on the roads. Expansion of coastal shipping infrastructure. Currently roads carry around 70 percent of tonne/kilometres in New Zealand. Our recently-released freight study has provided a clear picture of the current state-ofplay in terms of domestic freight. with rail and shipping sharing around 15 percent each. We are also currently consulting on banning the use of hand-held cellphones while driving a vehicle. Labour will enable effective use of different methods of transport to achieve a sustainable and effective supply chain for goods and produce. It will be a major incentive in getting people to take greater responsibility for their driving behaviour.responsible drivers wouldn’t be left out of pocket. with the aim of encouraging learner and restricted motorcycle licence holders to drive less powerful motorcycles. We also want to ensure there are training incentives so novice riders can progress through their licence. Products for export. air carries 0. including development of ports will help to meet increased demand for the movement of freight. New Zealand’s roads are increasingly under pressure but alternative transport modes such as coastal shipping and rail transport will help meet the need for more environmentally-sustainable freight transport. From June 2008. including produce from agriculture and other goods. Labour will remove institutional.

2040 to provide greater efficiency for exporters and to strengthen our domestic economy. Labour will work with the land transport freight sector. We are also carrying out the heavy truck trial. including producers and retailers. which will breathe new life into domestic coastal shipping. other significant elements of Labour’s approach include the buyback of rail and the Sea Freight Strategy. to promote supply-chain efficiencies that reduce direct and environmental costs. We will work with key stakeholders to explore measures such as the additional back-loading of freight vehicles. Apart from the freight study. Strong Proven Leadership 516 . a pilot designed to test heavier vehicles on specified routes where rail is not available. and shared warehousing to ensure that freight trucks don’t travel empty. Labour has a considered and carefully-researched approach to shifting freight around New Zealand through multiple modes of transport. As well as this.

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Introduction
Labour is committed to the ongoing care and wellbeing of veterans who have served our country around the world. Labour recognises the contribution that families of veterans make in the service of New Zealand and is committed to supporting their important role. Labour is focused on developing a comprehensive understanding of the changing face of our military deployment and the challenges this presents in the care of the veteran community. Labour will continue to build a broad and meaningful body of knowledge to support effective decision-making on veterans’ issues. Increasingly, the long-term support and care of the veterans of conflict will become a key factor in the recruitment of citizens into a military career. Those that willingly put themselves in harm’s way in the service of our country need to know they will be supported when they return from conflict. They need to know they will get the help they need to re-integrate into civilian life at the conclusion of their career and that their families will also be able to access meaningful advice and support for the role they play in the service of New Zealand. The nature of conflict around the world continues to change. Also, new technologies influence the way we organise our defence force and how our forces are utilised. Our armed forces are becoming increasingly diverse, and this presents new challenges for service delivery. Labour wants services for veterans in this country to be holistic, comprehensive and flexible. Labour wants government to be well-equipped to identify and understand emerging issues for veterans so that services can be tailored to meet the needs of each deployment. Our veterans deserve nothing less.

A record of continued improvement
Access to entitlements for all veterans is easier than it has ever been. Today, Veterans’ Affairs New Zealand has a case management system, with the integration of Veterans’ Affairs New Zealand into the New Zealand Defence Force providing a single point of contact for all enquires about entitlements and services.

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The introduction of presumptive lists in 2007 also made access to support easier for hundreds of veterans. Any veteran with a disability that appears on the list corresponding to his or her theatre of service is now automatically accepted for a War Disablement Pension. Today, 18,000 veterans benefit from a range of business discounts, government entitlements and local authority services and concessions through the Veterans’ Super Gold Card. Ten years ago… Access to government services for veterans was fragmented and veterans had to engage with multiple government departments. Today… Veterans’ Affairs has an integrated case management system that provides a single point of contact for veterans. Case managers broker the services of other government agencies. Ten years from now…Services will be increasingly tailored to meet the specific needs of the changing veterans community.

Honouring the commitments of the past
Over the last decade, Labour has worked to gain a better understanding of the issues facing our veterans. Labour has worked to develop a constructive relationship with veterans in New Zealand, to learn from experience and prevent a repeat of past mistakes. Since signing the Memorandum of Understanding with Vietnam Veterans in 2006, government has made strong progress supporting its implementation. On 28 May 2008, the Prime Minister delivered an apology in the House of Representatives to Vietnam veterans for the manner in which their loyal service in the name of New Zealand was not recognised as it should have been and for the inadequate support extended to them and their families after their return home. This historic event marked the beginning of a new partnership between government and veterans of the conflict in Vietnam. Since 2006, government has fulfilled many of its promises to Vietnam veterans. Tribute 08, a period of commemoration and celebration for Vietnam veterans, was held from 30 May to 1 June 2008 in Wellington. Organised by a committee of veteran representatives, Government contributed significant resources to facilitate the event that finally gave Vietnam veterans the welcome home they deserved.

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About 2.5 million dollars worth of ex gratia payments have been made to veterans and their families. A sum of $800,000 has been distributed to about a hundred veterans and families from the Vietnam Veterans and their Families Trust. In 2008, government rolled out free, one-off medical checks for all Vietnam veterans. Labour is committed to the on-going monitoring of the health of Vietnam veterans. Labour will continue to strengthen partnerships with veterans from all deployments. Labour is committed to finishing the implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding. Labour will appoint a panel of medical and other experts to review available scientific research on veterans’ issues on an on-going basis and make recommendations to government about the list of prescribed conditions. This expert panel will examine the rates for the War Disablement Pension. The panel will have responsibility for accessing and monitoring research and make recommendations to government. Labour will use this resource for a broad range of veterans’ issues, not just the issues facing Vietnam veterans. Labour will work to establish centres of excellence for providing information and support for treatment of conditions prevalent amongst veterans. This service will have the flexibility to meet the needs of veterans into the future.

Improving the legislative framework
The existing War Pensions Act does not reflect the changing nature of the military environment. It also does not adequately address the unique and important contribution that families of veterans make. The current legislation is focused on the physical effects of service. As we become more aware of the psychological effects of service, this will increasingly influence our decision-making. New legislation will need to reflect this. We want legislation that recognises the contribution of families and spouses. We want legislation that defines a simple and streamlined system of care for our veterans where entitlements are clear, fair and appropriate. Labour will complete the review of the War Pensions Act and ensure that it is replaced with modern, flexible and forward-looking legislation. Strong Proven Leadership 521

Ensuring effective service delivery
World War II veterans continue to be our largest group of veterans. An ageing population means this group has an increasing level of disability and therefore an increasing demand for War Disablement Pensions. Increased awareness of entitlements within the veteran community also contributes to demand. Service delivery must continue to become more efficient and effective. On 1 July 2008, Veterans Affairs New Zealand became responsible for the end-to-end delivery of the War Disablement Pension. It ceased to be a semi-autonomous body and became an integrated part of the New Zealand Defence Force. This reflects the lifelong duty of care that the Chief of the Defence Force has to those who serve, and have served, under his command. It is critical that the re-engineering of delivery of services results in tangible benefits for veterans. Labour will monitor the progress of the integration of Veterans’ Affairs New Zealand into the New Zealand Defence Force and ensure long term improvements in efficiency, quality of case management and assistance to veterans.

Understanding the Changing Veterans Community
Increasingly, deployments are for shorter periods. An individual can be deployed to many different environments over the duration of their military career. Women have assumed a much more varied role within the military in recent decades, including combat roles. The ethnic composition of the forces is also becoming increasingly diverse. All these things mean the needs of veterans are becoming more and more variable and complex. Labour will ensure systems are in place to maintain on-going relationships with veterans so that emerging issues are able to be identified early. To develop our understanding of the challenges an increasingly diverse military presents, effective information collection and research is essential. It is also important to maintain good contact with veterans after they return from deployments. Labour will support the policy capability of Veterans’ Affairs New Zealand to ensure comprehensive and well-informed advice is available for decisions makers.

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Real Opportunity and Real Choice for All Women

Labour’s policy for Women’s Issues

2008
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Introduction
Our country was founded on a deep desire to see genuine equality among its people. We proved our commitment to this ideal early, becoming the world’s first democracy to extend the vote to women some 115 years ago. But this was only a first step. Today, after a century of progressive change, New Zealand women have full equality before the law. But we know the agenda does not end there. We know that barriers to seeing all women thrive and succeed remain. Supporting women of all ages and backgrounds to reach their full potential by providing them with genuine choices and opportunities is a core Labour value. Over the past ten years, social and economic changes have made a real difference in the lives of women. Access to education and affordable healthcare and has dramatically increased. Steps have been taken to help women and their families find a better balance between work and home life. Progress has been made on pay and employment equity. When former Labour Prime Minister David Lange opened the Ministry of Women's Affairs 20 years ago, he said its mission was to demolish the structure of inequality. We still have some way to go before we reach that goal. Women on average still earn less than men and continue to be under-represented in leadership roles. There is still much we can change to improve the economic stability of women. Too many women still feel forced to return to work after childbirth earlier than they wish. That is why work-life balance will remain a focus for Labour. Overwhelmingly, women are the victims of domestic and sexual violence that occurs all too often. We must support the health and wellbeing of women so they have the security and confidence to reach their full potential and help grow strong communities for tomorrow.

Economic Stability
Equality does not stop at ending legal discrimination. Any vision for full participation in society must include a commitment to improving the economic wellbeing of all women, and seeing them succeed at every level of business and enterprise. As the last decade drew to an end, women were confronted with numerous barriers to economic success, from benefit cuts and market-based rents for state housing to workplace laws that discouraged and devalued the contribution of women to our collective economic life. Strong Proven Leadership 525

As this decade has unfolded, these barriers have been progressively lowered or removed. Increases in the minimum wage, more annual leave and financial support for families through Working for Families have provided new opportunities. The abolition of interest off student loans took a giant step towards removing the burden of debt from a whole generation of young women. These changes have delivered results. Working for Families has now helped make it easier for 370,000 families to work and raise a family. Over the last decade, women’s participation in the labour force has increased from 57.6 percent in 1997 to an all-time record of 61.5 percent last year. However, with the pay gap between men and women still around 12 percent, we know there is more to do. Ten years ago …women disproportionately bore the burden of benefit cuts, marketbased rents for state housing, and unfair workplace laws. Today …more women than ever before are taking advantage of new opportunities. Ten years from now …the pay gap between women and men will have all but disappeared and women will be taking their place in leadership positions throughout our economy as often as men. In government, Labour has been committed to improving the economic wellbeing of all women and seeing them succeed at every level. The pay gap is being tackled through a Pay and Employment Equity Plan of Action. The plan aims to ensure remuneration, job choice and job opportunities in the public service, health and education sectors are not affected by gender. We will continue to develop policies that ensure that overtime, pay and employment equity are addressed. This includes support for Low Pay campaigns, protecting legislation that provides for and encourages increased unionisation and continued research and public education and other legislative change as required. We also remain committed to increasing the minimum wage. Labour will guarantee annual adjustments to the minimum wage during the next term of government, so that the minimum wage at least keeps pace with increases in the average wage or the consumer price index, whichever is the greater. As workforce participation rises, several new challenges arise. One is supporting women to take up roles beyond more ‘traditional’ occupations. Labour will work towards eliminating barriers that prevent women from entering male-dominated apprenticeships and industries. Finding women in leadership roles within our economy is still an exception, rather than the norm. Labour recognises we still need to encourage greater participation by women on public and private sector boards as well as in positions of leadership in the public sector.

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Labour will continue to increase the percentage of women on public sector boards and encourage greater representation of women on private sector boards. We need to provide help for women in business where needed. Support is available through Industry NZ, Venture Capital and enterprise agencies, and we will continue to encourage women to take advantage of these opportunities. But reaching the top also involves role models and sharing a sense of what can be achieved. Labour will encourage mentoring schemes for women interested in greater leadership participation and develop policies that support women in the public sector to attain senior management positions. Some New Zealand women face more challenges when aiming for success than others. That is why Labour will continue to increase support for disabled women in employment through vocational services and community participation. Ensuring women have a secure future into retirement is also a priority for Labour. Labour will continue to encourage and support women’s retirement investment through KiwiSaver.

Work-Life Balance
On average, New Zealanders already spend more hours working in paid employment each year than many other OECD countries including the United Kingdom and Australia. If all we are doing is adding hours of paid work without addressing other issues, then we are simply sacrificing quality of life for greater economic output. Labour believes in building opportunities for women to work if they choose. We know there are many other expectations on women to fulfil roles as mothers and caregivers, as partners and workers. That is why Labour is committed to supporting the work-life balance for all women. Over the past decade, the idea of work-life balance has moved from rhetoric towards reality. Not only does the introduction of 20 hours quality free early childhood education help give children the best possible start in life, it also provides new choices for mothers. Workplace laws have also been modernised to ensure women have the time and facilities in the workplace for breastfeeding. Since its introduction, paid parental leave has given 130,000 families the opportunity to spend more time with their newborn babies. Labour believes that a longer period of paid parental leave would be ideal and will work to extend this provision as resources allow. Labour will ensure that all workers with caring responsibilities have the right to request flexible working hours. Strong Proven Leadership 527

Labour passed amendments to the Employment Relations Act 2000 to create minimum standards in the workplace in respect of the protection and promotion of infant feeding and the provision of rest and meal breaks. These amendments also support government policy concerning the choices of employees, particularly when it comes to their work/life balance and parenting responsibilities. Minimum entitlements to rest and meal breaks during a working period are already in the vast majority of collective agreements. However, anecdotal evidence suggests some sectors – the service and manufacturing sectors in particular and sectors where there are many vulnerable workers - may be providing less than optimal breaks. Labour will ensure that women in the workplace have rest and meal breaks and space to breastfeed where practicable.

Women’s Health and Wellbeing
Labour recognises that better health for women leads to better outcomes for themselves and their families. It ensures they are able to take advantage of more opportunities in order to reach their full potential.

Strong families have strong futures
Over the past decade, we have experienced a major shift in attitude towards family violence. Where it was once difficult to get people to even acknowledge family violence, today more and more Kiwis are aware of the problem. The success of public awareness campaigns such as the ‘It’s Not OK’ has confirmed just how much progress in changing attitudes has been made. Recent statistics have seen an increase in reported levels of domestic violence due to these types of campaigns. Nevertheless, every single incidence of domestic violence is one too many. Our priority is to improve protections for women against violence and improve access to health and parenting support services. Labour will pass the Domestic Violence Reform Bill. The Bill, introduced in September, is designed to enable Police to issue ‘on the spot’ protection orders; strengthen penalties for protection order breaches; improve the response of the Criminal Court and the Family Court to victims of family violence; and to provide better protection for children in Family Court matters. Breaking away from volatile living arrangements requires legal assistance in order to ensure that children are made safe, or to safeguard finances and property. Labour believes women who need to leave a violent relationship must have the legal support necessary to build a safe and secure new life for themselves and their families.

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Labour will undertake periodic reviews of the threshold for legal aid for women needing to access support for family court and other domestic proceedings. Ensuring vulnerable women get the help they need is essential, as is supporting the non-government sector and non-profit sector to provide this help to women in their time of need. Labour will implement Pathway to Partnership so that by 2012 all contracts with non-governmental organisations for essential services for children, young people and families will be fully funded. The sustainable funding model will give community providers more certainty so they can spend less time worrying about paying the bills and more time focusing on outcomes. It will improve the ability to plan ahead, attract and retain qualified staff, improve service effectiveness and achieve good outcomes for New Zealand women and their families. The new model will mean there will be annual adjustments for inflation, as well as ongoing assessment and adjustments in relation to the volume of services required. Social services for children and families will be community-driven, collaborative, inter-agency and outcome-driven. Parents who need help or guidance with parenthood should be able to get the help they need when they need it. Labour invests in a range of programmes to support parenting. These range from general parenting courses to more targeted high-need courses for specific families at risk. Labour will continue to place a firm focus on the value of positive parenting strategies. We will continue to invest in SKIP – Strategies with Kids, Information for Parents – providing resources and training to assist in positive parenting. Community-based child and family service providers involved in the Pathway to Partnership play an important role in this area. Labour will support the development of parenting courses and long-term targeted programmes to improve the lives of families.

Addressing women’s health
Women cannot take new opportunities to succeed if they are not well. It is essential that affordable, quality healthcare is available to all women throughout their lives. Over the past decade, access to affordable healthcare for all New Zealand women has dramatically increased. Doctor visits and prescription costs have dropped significantly. The average cost of seeing a GP is now just $26 for a consultation, and a million Kiwis pay less than $16. Prescription charges have dropped to around $3. In addition, women have far greater access than ever before to screening programmes for health conditions such as breast and cervical cancer. We can also empower women to Strong Proven Leadership 529

Strong Proven Leadership 530 . and initiatives to improve retention and overseas recruitment are underway. safe midwifery and obstetric services in all areas. Labour recognises the specific health needs of refugee and immigrant women and will dedicate adequate resources to address these. in particular new migrants. either through language barriers or simply because they are not aware services exist. We must also work to address workforce pressures in maternity care and to provide local access to reliable. Labour will develop ‘one-stop-shop’ family centres so that information. new research has highlighted inequalities between groups of women. Focusing on primary care . it is important we continue to provide free maternity services.continues to be the best approach in improving the health of all New Zealand women. We can also address some of the other causes of poor health among young women. Migrant women can have difficulty accessing support services. As more equity between genders is achieved. Services might range from lactation consultants and post-natal counselling.recognise the symptoms and consequences of Endometriosis and Osteoporosis and improve access to services. Labour will improve the quality and quantity of post-natal support services for women and their families. to care seat hire. Labour will implement a nation-wide HPV vaccination programme that protects young women against the most common cause of cervical cancer. Labour will develop nationwide networks of services for women with eating and associated disorders and develop programmes to address binge drinking by young women. Additional midwife training placements begin next year. Too often women dealing with a stressful pregnancy find their experiences vary depending on where they live. But there is more to do. advice and services to new parents and families with young children are accessible in one place. We will work to ensure a more timely and uniform provision of support across the country. Cultural barriers mean migrant women can be less likely to seek help when they need it. For expectant parents. Young women in particular need nationally consistent services.before we become ill .

Labour will work to address work force issues in maternity care and continue to ensure local access to reliable. Labour will ensure there is a high level of communication and coordination between midwives. Labour will ensure nationwide equality of access to contraceptive education. childbirth and aftercare through provision of nationwide quality care by qualified health professionals. Labour recently announced a package of initiatives to address workforce pressures in the midwifery sector. We are committed to providing timely and uniform provision of support to women under stress during pregnancy across the country. that they are accountable for their standard of care. and that mothers receive stronger maternity unit care when needed. Women have the right to access quality information and support to make informed decisions about sex and contraception. and that mothers receive the highest level of professional care. Labour is committed to full implementation of this package. and women’s choice of maternity services they want and need is facilitated. including longer stays in maternity units where this is required. information and provision in partnership with qualified health professionals. We will work to ensure that barriers to communication between these health professionals are identified and reduced to the greatest extent possible. Strong Proven Leadership 531 . resulting in a poorer standard of care. Labour will continue to promote satisfactory outcomes for pregnancy. safe midwifery and obstetric services across the country. GPs and obstetricians so that all mothers are provided with the postnatal care they need. Labour will work to ensure that qualified health professionals have the resources to provide this information and support. All mothers and mothers-to-be have the right to the very best clinical care possible. It is important to us that access to maternity services is as convenient as possible. Labour will work to ensure that all clinical professionals provide the highest standard of care. retaining more midwives with post-graduate study and providing financial support to overseas-trained midwives. Communication between maternity carers is crucial to effective and safe clinical services. This included expanding the midwife workforce in training by a third. Sometimes communication and co-ordination between caregivers falls down. and that women do not face barriers in accessing them.

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Supporting and Celebrating the Next Generation Labour’s Policy for Youth Affairs 2008 Strong Proven Leadership 533 .

Strong Proven Leadership 534 .

ethnicity. This offers great potential for the future of our country and our communities. Early intervention and focusing on recognising and developing the full potential of our youth is the way forward. This means detecting and acting on any health problems early on. as well as their age. enthusiasm. There are huge opportunities to bring about positive change for young people by: • • fostering young people’s innovation and talent listening to young people and creating policies. which may reflect their culture. It is important that as a community we work to support and help them overcome those challenges. It means ensuring a strong Strong Proven Leadership 535 . suicide. Labour is also aware that young people today face many challenges. Society should validate and affirm their identity. employment and social opportunities is one of the best investments we can make to secure a strong future as a nation. We believe youth must have a voice in decision-making that affects them.Introduction We have a dynamic youth population that has greater access to information and is more mobile. Labour believes that decision makers should not be locked into continually reacting to problems. nurtured and have a sense of belonging to their community where their ideas are valued and they have a real ability to create solutions. and truancy. Youth Health Every single young New Zealander deserves the best possible start in life. programmes and services that work for them supporting young people with quality information to make good lifestyle choices harnessing the energy. and technologically aware than ever before. depression. Our vision is to ensure that young people growing up in New Zealand are supported. teen pregnancy. While these problems must be addressed. and freshness young people bring • • Our young people today are tomorrow’s innovators. gender and religion. parents and leaders. Labour believes that investing in future growth by improving educational. including drug and alcohol abuse. culturally diverse. obesity.

should receive primary care funding where they demonstrate success in reaching high-needs or hard-to-reach young people with health and disability needs. They are more likely to be able to care for themselves and their families. Schools provide excellent opportunities to reach children and young people and promote healthy lifestyles. We are already doing this with healthier food options in New Zealand’s schools. To ensure all young people are engaged and supported to achieve their potential through education. more teachers and support staff and improved careers guidance services will be needed in schools. training providers and social agencies. complete their qualifications. Labour will implement Schools Plus.public health system that has health professionals and clinics in place to deliver the necessary services. offering first-contact GP/Nurse Services through an alternative funding mechanism where necessary. and achieve future economic independence and security. students and their families will develop a personalised learning plan. Labour will fund Youth Services. and will continue to ensure that District Health Boards and Primary Health Organisations work closely with other agencies to deliver important health promotion initiatives. Strong Proven Leadership 536 . Youth Services may well operate differently to the standard primary care model. Labour will work towards more specialised adolescent services and support with a greater focus on the provision of health services at school. where appropriate. our initiative to significantly reform the secondary school system by offering all young New Zealanders a stronger educational foundation. Closer links will need to be built with local businesses. Schools Plus We know that young people who stay in school. To support a personalised approach to learning. and move into further education and training have the best chance of accessing the full range of opportunities life has to offer. Labour will require a personalised education plan to be developed for every high school student to guide their learning. these alternative organisations. However.

already available in 20 schools. all schools will be using the new New Zealand Curriculum. Matching investments will be needed as new course options. enabling them to provide relevant. While the school leaving age will stay at sixteen. Labour will make Youth Apprenticeships available to all secondary schools and increase the range of other education and training pathways available. Strong Proven Leadership 537 . prioritise student learning and achievement will help keep the focus on learning irrespective of the setting in which it takes place. Enabling more students to experience tertiary-level courses while still at school will also broaden the range of study options available to them. innovative programmes that meet their students’ needs. we have begun the process of removing the early-leaving exemption for under 16s. new study options such as Gateway and Modern Apprenticeships are providing more choices for young people to continue learning while gaining valuable workplace experience to lay the foundation for a career in the trades. are the key to engaging young people who currently leave school too early. At the same time. But we must also set goals and timelines. Ensuring that out-of-school education providers. drawing on real-world examples to better engage students to learn about the values and core skills needed to be successful in the 21st century. Labour will strengthen alternative education and other out-of-school learning options to ensure young people are supported to improve their educational achievement. Phasing in the education and training leaving age in this way will give schools time to develop the variety of programmes and options needed to engage the whole range of young people. Making the changes needed to successfully implement Schools Plus will take time and a careful focus on building support within the secondary schooling system. We anticipate at least $170 million per year in additional investment will be required to fully implement Schools Plus. By 2010. Our new school curriculum will enable teachers to enliven their teaching practice.Labour will provide more secondary teachers and other staff to improve careers guidance and increase the support available for young people in school and in the community to remain engaged in learning. such as the alternative education network. Labour will introduce an education and training leaving age of 17 years in 2011 and 18 years in 2014. Innovative programmes like Youth Apprenticeships. staff and closer links outside of school are phased in.

Strong Proven Leadership 538 . We will also continue to make scholarships available for students.Student Support This decade has seen a focus on affordable and accessible tertiary education for all New Zealanders. and we intend to see it come down even further. fee increases are regulated and allowance eligibility has been widened. Ten years from now… there will be no parental income testing of student allowances. Our efforts have been unashamedly centred on students and on making improvements to the student support system. even while studying. An even more significant change came in with the introduction of universal. and continue to set limits on fee increases through fee maxima. In 2005 the parental income threshold was raised by 20 percent for student allowance recipients – the first time since the current system of parental income testing was established in 1992. The affordability of tertiary study was also tackled by introducing the fee maxima policy. From the beginning of 2009. The effect of these changes has been an increase in student allowance recipients for the first time since 2001. We will keep student loans interest-free. Ten years ago… tertiary fees were increasing by over 10 percent a year. while allowance eligibility declined and students paid interest on their borrowing. This began with the introduction of the ‘no interest while studying’ policy to end the unfair practice of students being charged interest on their student loans while they studied. In 2007 the number of student allowance recipients increased by a further 5 percent. widening access to student allowances and increasing the availability of scholarships. interest-free loans for all students living in New Zealand from 1 April 2006. and levels are expected to continue increasing in the future. fees increases will continue to be regulated and no interest will be paid on student loans. Labour will continue to make tertiary education more affordable for students and their families. We have already reduced the average time it takes to pay back a loan (for a student who stays in New Zealand) from eight years in 1999 to four years in 2005.6 percent. and several changes have been made to accomplish this. Last year the threshold was raised by a further 10 percent and this year it was again increased by 10 percent. Today… there is no interest paid on student loans while students are living in New Zealand. Labour will make it easier for more students to receive a student allowance by reducing the age at which parental income is considered and by further increasing the parental income threshold for student allowances. In 2006 the number of recipients increased by 4.

scientists.743) to approximately $50. In the last decade.318 (already announced) From 1 January 2010. Labour will increase student allowance eligibility as follows: • From 1 January 2009. Labour introduced Step Up Scholarships for students studying human and animal health bachelor degrees. increasing to 1. the success of this programme saw us doubling the number of awards from 500 to 1. more than 17. The introduction of our Bonded Merit Scholarships in 2006 reflects the government’s support for tomorrow’s leaders.We will continue to extend the eligibility of student allowances in 2010 and 2011 and abolish the parental income test altogether in 2012. academics and business people.000 From 1 January 2011. Modern Apprenticeships Labour brought back apprenticeships in a new form that meets the needs of today’s workplace. feel otherwise unable to enrol at a tertiary institution. the parental income test will be abolished altogether. By the middle of this year.000 modern apprentices will be in training by the end of 2008. the Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has exceeded targets for growth. the threshold will increase again to $100. funding for the scholarships has been increased and the scholarships have been re-designed to be more accessible to a wider range of students. Labour’s Modern Apprenticeship Scheme has been important in attracting young people back to traditional trade occupations.000 per annum for course fees for up to four years. due to financial pressures. Bonded Merit Scholarships reward outstanding students with up to $3. and in 2005 these scholarships were extended to science and technology subjects.000.000 young New Zealanders had either completed a modern apprenticeship or were actively engaged in one.500 from January 2009. The scheme involves young people in workplace learning from the start of their careers and will make an important contribution to Labour’s new Schools Plus plan for every young person to continue in education and training through to the age of 18. From 1 January 2008. We also support recognition of excellence while studying. Strong Proven Leadership 539 . the threshold will increase to $70.000 From 1 January 2012. We have already put funding in place so that 14. The scholarships assist students in paying compulsory tuition fees and are targeted at raising participation by people from lowincome backgrounds and those who might. In 2007. the parental income threshold will increase from its 2009 level (approximately $45. • • • In 2004.

and the involvement of young people in Youth Councils. throughout much of the world the trend is that more young people tend not to vote. The programme will involve recognised organisations which agree to provide appropriate supervision and training. We need to involve young people more in building sustainable communities.000 a year so that 17. The Artists in Schools Programme was implemented in 2007 to give Kiwi primary and secondary school students the opportunity to learn from professional New Zealand artists in the fields of dance. or be as active in. Labour has continued to develop and resource the arts.000 people are in modern apprenticeship training by December 2011. Labour will develop a volunteering programme which will integrate with Schools Plus and allow young people to contribute positively to public service organisations while continuing to gain skills and experience. Labour will involve young people more in building sustainable communities through the encouragement of involvement in youth councils. music. Young people have a vital role in the development of our cultural sector. We also support the Kids Voting programme that ran during the 2007 local body elections. not just for their own wellbeing and sense of identity but because they are the emerging artists and cultural practitioners of tomorrow. Strong Proven Leadership 540 . Labour supports the Growing Active Citizens project co-ordinated by Local Government New Zealand which has young people as its focus. music and creative curriculum in New Zealand schools so that young people have the opportunity to participate in the arts and establish creative skills at an early stage. Promoting Young People’s Participation Labour believes that young New Zealanders should have opportunities to make meaningful contributions to their communities.Labour will increase the number of modern apprentices in training by 1. We support the development of clear pathways into careers in the sector. political and community issues as older age groups. and visual arts. drama. In terms of participation in both local and central government.

Our young people will be the skill base for frontline conservation work in the decades to come. Its aim will be to provide a strong grounding in practical conservation management. Strong Proven Leadership 541 . planners and biodiversity specialists by developing a conservation apprenticeship programme. Enviro-Schools not only focuses on environmental education but teaches students about sustainability. This programme will be targeted at school-leavers who are contemplating working in the conservation sector.We can encourage young New Zealanders to value conservation by rolling out initiatives such as the Enviro-Schools programme. Labour will build the available pool of conservation rangers. some graduates may seek work through the Department of Conservation while others may go on to employment in local government or community-led conservation work. On successfully completing the programme.

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25. 266. 258. 433 Beach-heads. 364. 23. Commission on. 12. 539 Border control. 157. 498. 388 Ambulance services. 397 Strong Proven Leadership 543 . 540 PACE. 363 Auckland Governance. 351. 233 Aged care. 25. 493 Alcohol and Other Drug treatment. 10. 82. 210. 69. 299. 226 ANZAC. 354. 226. 32. 363. 25 B4 School checks. 15. 25. 297. 21. 487 Afforestation Grant Scheme. culture and heritage. 1. 68.Index Abatement. 305. 363. 191. 415. 258 Antarctica. 457. 411 Bonded Merit Scholarships. 18. 19. 29. 249. 9. 418. 67. 82 Biofuels. 267. 447. 236. 406. 95. 197. 17. 13. 26. 26. 31. 19. 224. 23. 342 Royal Artists in Schools. 301. 422. 7. 397. 363 Arts. 119. 5. 375. 298. 301 Aquaculture. 52. 112 Anzac Day. 11. 243. 221. 10. 203. 458. 70. 448 Agriculture. 302. benefit. 3. 540 Arts. 369. 406 Biotechnology. 147 Biodiversity Strategy. 298. 300. 63. 263. 18. 9. 297. 103. 250. 22. 17. 22. 306. 33. 4. 515 Air quality. 32 Broadband. 509. 32. 25. 61. 262. 209 Ako Aotearoa – the National Centre for Tertiary Teaching Excellence. 140 Blood donation. 352. 6. 113. 337. 223. 419 Broadband Investment Fund. 24. 513 Biosecurity. 27 Aotearoa People’s Network. 243 Afghanistan. 457 Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC). 192. 144.

93. 41. 383. Youth and Family (CYF). 75. 244. 284. 427. 95. 377. 79. 191. 230. 387. 81. 301 Conservation. 56. 285. 76. 191. 544 . 95. 437 Building Act. 467. 69. 78. 94. 63. 236. 43. 59. 144. 192 Commerce Commission. 378 Civil Defence. 82. 468 Differential Response Model. 94. 62. 55. 245. 423 Climate Change. 216 Community Partnership Fund. 278. 5. 486 Statement of Intentions. 153. 69. 180 Carbon neutrality. 466. 64. 158. 140. 35. 191. 45. 466 Childcare. 203. 488 Care and Protection Blueprint. 168. 210. 229. 152. 55. 149. 355. 44. 93. 474. 376 Strong Proven Leadership Civil unions. 495 Child poverty. 11. 83. 54. 147.Broadcasting. 133 Centres of Research Excellence. 62. 91. 86. 456 Citizens Advice Bureau. 120. 61. 138. 183 Commerce. 159. 192 Community and voluntary sector. 76. 11 Computers in Homes. 243. 137. 463 Child. 236. 39. 541 Consumers. 468 Centres of Innovation. 122. 384. 344. 488. 57. 230 Quality Regulation Review. 303. 18. 73. 199. 484. 160. 77. 208. 94. 126. 283 Building Code. 78. 192. 85. 43. 440. 185. 301 Compliance costs. 310. 541 Conservation apprenticeship programme. 88. 370. 170. 362. 304. 93. 486 Government Community Festivals Fund. 399. 56. 286. 148. 237 Collective bargaining. 194. 229. 122. 221. 488 Closer Economic Relationship. 475 Business incubators. 283. 398 Kyoto Protocol. 197. 85. 281. 354. 375 Building. 132. 50. 284 Business and Sport Partnership. 87. 465. 336. 89. 38. 374. 43. 84. 439 Business New Zealand. 409 Clean Streams Accord. 122. 331. 37.

342. 157. 388 Early Childhood Education. 267 Disability Strategy. 99. 112. 260. 342. 51. 52. 371. 464. 377. 377. 330. 519. 129. 328. 132 Early intervention. 269. 110. 468. 455. 138. 301. 25 Crimes Act 1961. 120. 362 Long Term Development Plan. 17. 527. 234. 293 Disarmament. 447. 396. 422 Defence. 50. 120 Service Pathways to Inclusion. 271. 536 Needs Assessment Coordination. 48. 52. 522 Digital age. 11. 125. Disabilities. 57. 269. 294. 127. 346. 459. 528 Drug and Alcohol Teams. 334. 266. 119. 103. 370. 104. 255. 410. 112. 464. 328. 333. 118. 361. 304 Strong Proven Leadership Early Start. 263. 131. 259. 306. 288. 468. 51. 18. 56. 52. 25 Creative New Zealand. 119. 18. 416. 126. 459 Corrections. 300. 131. 357. 330. 385 Dairy. 535 Early Intervention. 536 Domestic/family violence. 329. 113. 54. 282. 302. 112 Initiative. 160. 234. 452. 520. 410. 389 Criminal Proceeds (Recovery) Bill. 320. 510. 105. 300. 476. 465. 100. 110 White Paper on Defence. 329. 333. 249. 449. 383. 105 545 . 122. 448. 360. 469. 111. 24. 446. 274. 360. 57. 261. 258. 253. 270. 389. 117. 268. 17. 5. 97. 20. 104. 526 Core Benefit. 458. 266. 124. 109. 127. 336. 127. 267. 118. 107. 266. 128. 358. 100 Digital Strategy 2. 384 Creative industries. 115. 304 Discretionary Grants Scheme. 105. 125 To Have an Ordinary Life. 362. 293. 389. 522 Defence Sustainability 110. 267. 522. 9. 53. 249. 126. 113. 256. 122.263. 120. 433. 205. 257. 110. 132. 251. 159. 124. 433. 519. 168. 234. 121. 387 Council of Trade Unions. 330. 235 District Health Boards. 272. 337. 455.0. 117. 102. 105. 445. 110 Defence Force. 527 20 Hours Free. 273. 184. 417. 378. 464. 463. 17 Digital Content Strategy. 158. 132. 303. 180 Courts. 109. 123. 204. 133. 138. 124.

67. 376 Emissions trading. 180. 468. 125. 500 Effective Interventions. 192. 462 Environment. 195. 357. 209. 100. 195. 65. 173. 68. 85. 224. 509. 432. 393. 64. 66. 48. 236. 285. 61. 287. 64. 44. 319. 462. 191. 43. 216. 127. 367. 467. 423. 222. 174. 255. 474. 464 Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). 236. 195. 487 Elder abuse. 213. 65. 465. 399. 64. 177. 84. 485. 341. 488. 206. 191. 212. 192. 150. 287. 397. 149. 509. 68. 169. 168. 203. 49. 191. 104. 88. 319. 13. 236. 61. 61. 439. 183. 211. 391. 93. 195. 245 Emissions Trading Scheme. 61. 488 New Zealand Energy Strategy. 143. 396. 287 Energy Efficiency. 196. 194. 67. 243. 514 Electricity Commission. 513. 31. 528 Energy. 476. 409. 221. 158. 217 Every Child Counts campaign. 421 Economy. 182. 140. 62. 499. 186. 171. 64. 66. 194 Enterprising Communities Grants. 513 Electrified rail network. 146. 57. 196. 13. 398. 210. 245 Employment Relations. 101. 451 Electric cars/ electric vehicles. 165. 145. 81. 186. 196. 197. 139. 393. 483. 180. 405. 35. 184. 66. 69. 194. 307. 182. 159.Economic Stimulus Package. 137. 146. 165. 153. 140. 395. 168. 201. 195. 401 Economic Transformation. 237. 140. 211 Environment Court. 187. 194. 64. 244. 69. 196. 441. 65. 487. 67. 398. 244. 263. 521 Environment Centres. 191. 144. 62. 66. 48. 460 Education New Zealand. 298. 541 Ethnic Affairs. 137. 93. 185. 140. 332 e-Government. 305. 415. 332. 196. 197. 396. 226. 13. 207. 225. 155. 183. 198. 198. 64. 37. 206. 513. 300. 299. 62. 505. 63. 415. 203. 169. 357. 207 Enviro-Schools. 189. 191. 135. 299. 62. 215. 56. 179. 398. 160. 184. 61. 204. 197. 29. 191. 54. 148. 373. 192. 68. 297. 32. 65. 144 Emergency housing. 283. 159. 288 Emergency Management. 415. 148. 303. 65. 198. 309. 196. 308. 221 546 Strong Proven Leadership . 485. 205. 448. 488. 241. 302. 66. 528 Employment Relations Act. 308. 439 Economic Downturn. 173. 193. 87. 399. 183. 503. 321.

464 Family Support. 529. 459. 51. 138. 5 547 Fisheries. 18. 530. 529. 474. 422. 257. 357 Freight. 198. 478. 370. 222 Flexible working hours. 209.Expatriates. 70. 373. 485. 358. 78. 24. 43. 223. 274. 204. 293. 496. 221. 157. 21. 357. 20 Financial sector. 66. 355 Fisheries Act. 86. 360. 484. 270. 396. 249. 219. 330. 187. 416. 266. 263. 430. 531. 334. 87. 500. 270. 12. 416. 238. 498. 249. 448 Health. 309 Pre-Election Fiscal (PREFU). 224. 273. 221. 528. 287. 53. 203. 223. 68. 261. 140. 186. 245. 140. 197. 64. 385 Gateway programme. 494. 5. 257. 312 Exports. 259. 65. 395 Fiscal Policy. 359. 510. 271. 347. 101. 187. 283. 274 National Travel Assistance Programme. 121. 439. 146. 311. 22. 9. 393 Update 'Fringe lenders’. 488. 528. 146. 268. 203. 284. 240. 258. 536. 250. 13. 277. 120. 531. 514 New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy. 265. 446. 212 Green Prescriptions. 477. 311. 476. 341. 269. 525. 251. 9. 384. 127. 352. 127. 71. 20. 521. 267. 415. 230. 239. 411. 272. 256. 515. 249. 255. 104. 433. 128. 447. 184. 440 Film. 467. 44. 13. 419. 230 Foreshore and seabed. 226. 56. 88. 64. 10. 254. 450. 261. 145. 266. 57. 503. 265. 405. 536 Genetic modification. 150. 264. 375. 48. 333. 354. 227. 452. 272. 43. 399. 329 Family Safety Teams. 87. 304. 356. 418. 535. 94 Gangs. 109. 260. 53. 54. 243. 6. 237. 222. 529 Family Group Conferences. 68. 229. 119. 468. 51. 222. 539 Elective Surgery. 369. 259. 143. 255. 260. 416 Health and safety. 111. 254. 499. 371. 327. 298. 463. 449. 446. 250. 271. 195. 11. 458. 260. 183. 253. 514. 389. 448. 225. 264. 31. 229. 3. 147. 345. 28. 224. 473. 18. 516 Strong Proven Leadership . 273. 50. 251. 372. 527 Food Safety. 270. 238. 360. 10. 448. 252. 455. 515 Family Court. 52. 273. 247. 196. 38. 174. 417. 230. 174. 509. 144. 81. 52. 504 Film Commission. 526. 262. 184. 419. 18. 397. 198. 211. 537 General Practitioners. 283. 483. 173. 263. 263. 464 Fast Forward (New Zealand Fast Forward Fund). 141. 394. 351. 495. 258.

313. 387. 286. 397. 85. 25. 142. 300. 194. 344. 137. 279. 309. 301. 322. 509. 386. 250. 145 Institutes of technology and polytechnics. 143. 285. 297. 123. 138. 188. 514. 314. 376. 361. 142. 307. 313. 152. 510. 353. 475 Hill Country Erosion Scheme. 341. 319. 288. 191. 205. 252 Heartland Service Centres. 279. 303. 216. 122. 89 Settlement strategy. 448. 449. 494 Industry Training Organisations. 279. 144. 357. 118. 336. 140. 395. 117. 309. 449 HOPE (Home Ownership on Public Estate). 305. 323. 169. 217. 124. 305. 10. 280. 373. 319. 395. 298. 450. 308. 515 Infrastructure bonds. 313. 26. 310. 257. 421. 123. 277. 315 Income-related rents. 450 548 . 323. 149. 373. 279 HPV vaccination. 184. 304. 243. 198. 169. 346. 238. 335. 495 Insulation. 463. 166. 11. 185. 372. 313. 459. 422. 280. 511. 262. 170. 78. 170. 181. 195. 530 Human Rights. 150. 125. 88. 372. 308. 423. 321. 193. 311. 372. 312. 315. 449. 282. 50. 369. 530 Refugees. 151. 20. 446. 401. 513. 293. 243 Historic Places Trust. 419. 78. 166. 297. 344. 398. 143. 305.Healthy Eating Healthy Action. 64. 45. 275. 196. 410 Strong Proven Leadership Skilled Migrant Category. 264. 310. 396. 415. 281. 322. 11. 341. 24. 239. 17. 143. 109. 257. 321. 406. 302. 166. 141. 308. 418. 419 Migrants. 322. 86. 171. 310. 195. 313. 309 High Performance Strategy. 160. 215. 343. 149. 65. 461. 287. 147 Immigration. 409. 65. 400 Housing. 505. 315. 494 Information and Communications Technology. 448 Industry Training. 373. 526 Hobsonville. 239. 512. 410 ILO. 494. 306. 282 Tamaki. 287. 161. 215 Home Equity Release Schemes. 252. 145. 279 Housing Innovation Fund. 314. 492. 360. 309. 372. 483. 278. 295. 312. 27 Holidays Act. 314 High country. 311 Immigration advocacy service. 320. 181. 175. 359. 400. 278. 320. 70. 312. 432 Infrastructure. 171. 317. 291. 66. 283. 461. 525. 358. 393.

416 549 . 75. 27. 283. 344. 358. 355. 358 Māori Language Strategy. 362 Kura Kaupapa Māori.Integrated Service Response. 226. 360. 280. 363. 144. 450. 373. 354. 271. 226. 70. 309. 207. 343. 485. 499 Interoperability. 373. 416. 439. 387 Taiapure and mataitai reserves. 388 Local government. 161. 282. 429 Kiwi Advanced Research and Education Network (KAREN). 88. 167. 359. 401 Ka Hikitia. 337. 486. 204. 83. 85. 505 Strong Proven Leadership customary rights. 362. 278. 361. 319 Kohanga Reo. 205. 53. 487. 138. 496 Maternity. 361. 94. 70. 354. 364 Māori Television Service. 23. 355. 345. 131. 153. 336. 363 Maori Wardens. 428. 361 Marine Protected Areas Policy. 173. 541 Local Government Act. 244. 341. 387. 259. 205. 281. 282. 363. 224. 527 Knowledge economy. 225. 530. 186 Māori. 87 Tamaiti whangai programmes. 429. 432 Land Transport Act. 158. 511. 77. 19 International education. 352. 337. 357. 346. 226. 355 Māori Fisheries Act. 146. 87. 244. 355 Market Development Scheme. 474. 225 Medical schools. 104. 364. 298 Job Search Allowance. 342. 327. 376. 264. 216. 169. 84. 358. 166. 363. 252. 210. 531 Maui and Hector’s Dolphins. 261. 351. 355 Marine reserves. 354 Māori Health Strategy. 285. 211. 351. 388 Low paid work. 270. 428. 161. 265. 17. 149. 24. 371. 38. 418. 44. 360 Te Reo and Tikanga Māori. 87. 185. 347. 206. 353. 145. 378. 432. 87. 357 Māori Conservation Cadetship/Tauira Māori Wananga Kaitiaki Taiao. 11 Assistance Marsden Fund. 364 Māori Women’s Welfare League. 278. 362. 356. 364 Māori Trades Training. 18. 226. 43. 362. 19. 81. 287. 349. 95. 283. 495. 301 KiwiSaver. 360 Intellectual property. 336. 512.

456. 199 Assistance Ongoing and Renewable Resourcing Schemes (ORRS). 21. 540 Monetary policy. 139. 369. 375 Mission On. 376 Obesity. 375 New Zealand Transport Strategy 2008. 428. 430. 82. 184. 104. 103 New Zealand Superannuation Fund. 269. 249. 11. 147.Mental health. 205. 250. 468 Minimum wage. 387. 433 Oral health. 361. 225 National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA). 445 New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. 252. 475 New Zealand music. 140. 455. 416 Modern Apprenticeships. 23. 386 550 . 433. 358. 237. 460. 462. 125. 204. 343. 535 Oceans Policy. 270. 20. 375. 252 Mobile Surgical Bus. 173. 434. 305. 270. Official Development (ODA). 335. 206. 346 Nature Heritage Fund. 268. 28 National Policy Statements. 539. 21 Outward Sound. 22. 321. 124. 320. 184 Multilateralism. 374 New Zealand Qualifications Authority. 236 Museums. 251 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). 371. 364. 28 NZAID. 303. 363. 21 New Zealand on Air. 333. 24. 109. 509 Nuclear weapons. 430. 430 National Environmental 204. 142. 346 National Library. 186. 209. 250. 251. 238 Oil Resources. 372. 238. 234. 300. 205. 282. 148. 39 Strong Proven Leadership Standards. 83 New Zealand Academy of Sport. 27. 234. 238. 171. 138. 537. 288. 11. 235 Multi Employer Collective Agreements (MECAs). 3. 252. 185. 384. 185. 334. 57. 49. 231. 527 Organised crime. 183. 18. 526 Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 145 New Zealand Music Commission. 336. 170. 385. 138. 477. 457.

157. 12. 114. 375. 381. 492 Pathway to Partnership.P4 free trade agreement. 445. 388 Partnerships for Excellence. 251. 77. 217. 388. 527 Papakainga hoising. 374. 384. 31. 379 Pacific Wardens. 99. 187 Preventative health care. 369. 99. 536 Primary sector. 237 Pacific channel. 389. 373 Pacific region. 371. 233. 367. 311. 113. 379 Pacific Languages Strategy. 234. 131 Police. 415. 132 Pay and Employment Equity Plan of Action. 377. 13. 255. 10. 69. 334. 253. 387 551 Conduct . 266. 365. 335. 495. 234 Strong Proven Leadership Performance Based Research Fund. 51. 336. 331. 528 Independent Police Authority. 293. 360. 330. 475 Priority Offenders Initiative. 475. 188 Labour hire. 440. 387. 109. 526 Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution. 328. 333. 380. 331. 337. 410. 428 Pacific peoples National Pacific Radio Network. 386. 332. 367. 456. 387 Paid Parental Leave. 450 Precarious Employment Casual employment. 175. 336. 273. 254. 383. 271. 103. 255. 529 Pathways to the Future. 383 Positive Ageing Strategy. 496 Permanent Forest Sink Initiative. 140 Prime Minister’s Athlete Scholarships. 254. 109. 250. 244 Playcentre. 101. 327. 384 Policing Act. 374 Pacific Access Category. 336. 252. 37 Pacific Island peoples. 234. 250 Primary Health Care. 249. 52. 282. 416 Primary Health Organisations. 175. 476 Prime Minister’s Scholarship. 375. 110. 251. 376. 101. 378. 337. 358 Parole. 71. 335. 514. 385. 76. 376. 464. 174. 451. 11. 375 Pacific Peoples Housing Strategy. 374. 266. 376 Pacific Island Affairs.

345. 174. 407. 166. 461 Redundancy 180 compensation. 450. 461 Notification. 344. 99. 458 Provisional tax. 144. 63. 406 141. 191. 145 Quota Management System (QMS). 103. 342. 181. 496 Strong Proven Leadership 552 . 39. 280. 175. 149. 297. 138. 387. 10. 515. 99. 105 Providing Access to Health Solutions (PATHS). 19 Public transport. 512. 184. 197. 137. 172. 319. 71. 461. 376 Reducing Reoffending. 102. 396. 400. 187. 440. 310. 221 R&D tax credit. 405. 516 KiwiRail. 144. 192. 441 Racing. 409. 103. 460. 511. 509. Statutory minimum standards. 102. 510. 395. 387 Redundancy. 140. 335. 331. 148. 512. 416 Renewable energy. 173. 144. 197. 182. 3. 512 Rehabilitation. 333 Public Lending Right for New Zealand Authors Act. 193. 440. 192. 191. 171. 140. 396. 302. 336. 4. 439. 341. 405. 12. 511 Public/private partnerships. 271. 300. 123. 403. 101. 168. 512. 105 Privatisation. 100. 137 Regional Fuel Taxes. 386 Private prisons. 191. 166. 341. 70. 345. 104. 188. 180. 141. 243. 168. 197. 461 Rapid response. 301. 169. 102. 149. 374 Rail. 99. 449 Recognised Seasonal Employment Scheme. 139. 353. 61. 142. 411. 406 New Zealand Racing Board. 191. 311. 124. 150. 63. 412 Rates Rebate Scheme. 513 Rainbow Issues. 509. 166. 181. 5. 451. 332. 181. Radio New Zealand. 510. 105 Productivity. 511. 100. 186. 3. 495 Project Early. 180 Regional development. 513 Public Transport Management Act 2008. 402 Public Defence Service. 423. 138. 329. 104.Prisons. 321. 401. 168. 167. 462. 140. 410. 197.

85. 419. 206. 362. 67. 141. 138. 330. 65. 138. 287. 293. 429. 439. 262. 170. 61. 20 Search and Surveillance Powers Bill. 205. 432 Schools Plus. 388 Sanitary Works Subsidy. 372. 399. 537. 397 Sexual assault/violence. 167. 459. 372. 322. 335. 280. 477. 330 Shared Equity. 327. 142. 27. 56. 443. 539. 434. 537. 70. 23. 151. 394 Retraining allowance. 361. 450 Sentencing. 170. 148. 362. 400. 196. 266. 181. 540. 172. 399. 461. 145 Residential care. 347. 151. 430. 334. 332. 52. 346 Restorative Justice. 504 Rural Affairs. 421 Schools. 141. 320. 22. 329 Retail Deposit Guarantee scheme. 431. 540 operational grants. 68. 431. 465 Sale of Liquor Act. 337. 262. 373. 498 Retrofitting. 537. 363. 479. 397. 432. 132. 145. 430. 368. 332. 144. 409 Sentencing Act. 525 Sexual Assault Referral Centres. 333 Serious Fraud Office. 71. 440. 412. 278 553 . 425. 496 Research. Strong Proven Leadership 216. 442 Screen Production Incentive Fund. 536. 539. 442. 495 Reserve Bank. 140. 413. 82. 447. 494. 433. 435. 161. 458. Science and Technology. 459. 389. 50. 140. New Zealand curriculum. 401. 428. 152. 11. 322. 437. 172. 541 250. 25. 25. 149. 439. 362. 415. 11. 252. 56. 409 Sentencing Council. 450 Roading Financial Assistance Rate. 429. 301. 66. 427. 216. 386 Senior Citizens. 361. 420. 396 Rugby World Cup. 386 Sewerage. 195. 9. 364. 99. 137. 333. 230. 428. 335. 385. 207. 411. 478. 222. 449. 467 Resource Management Act. 430. 288. 322. 422 SAGES. 329. 540 Science and Innovation. 427. 452. 467 Residential Services Strategy. 320. 536. 333. 434. 432. 463. 204.Research and development.

466 Soil erosion. 320. 415. 405. 347. 204. 463. 363. 139. 336. 110. 287. 434 Special Education. 464. 302. 539 Student Loans. 475. 484. 355. 243. 484. 513. 442. 68. 286.Sir Edmund Hillary Outdoor Recreation Council. 259. 195. 145. 367. 172. 153. 11. 234. 417. 377. 429. 464 Social Worker Registration. 344. 520 Sustainability. 10. 474. 455. 85. 463. 138. 505. 209. 485 Savings State Services Commission. 479. 124. 497. 197. 24. 462. 258. 469 Guardians of New Superannuation. 55. 371. 76. 451. 301. 253. 153. 504. 354. 77. 393. 468 Sport and Recreation. 279. 507. 511. 25. 398. 433. 483. 142. 211. 498. 477 State Houses. 494. 359. 141. 434 Spectrum. 144. 105. 260. 399. 208. 192. 9. 446. 55. 138. 293. 255. 526. 171. 245. 375. 66. 140. 61. 236. 223. 501. 321. 141. 10. 509. 197 SPARC. 464. 445. 146. 57. 225. 485. 485 Partnership for Quality. 487 State Sector Retirement Scheme. 450. 541 Sustainable Development. 529 Student Allowances. 395. 224. 54. 483. 400 State Sector. 476. 481. 486. 12. 281. 473. 372. 322 Small Business. 387. 360. 293. 283. 51. 259. 67. 222. 50. 497. 477 Special education. 109. 279. 67. 138. 483. 86. 488. 477 Skills Strategy. 487. 51. 221. 455. 539 Social Development. 451. 484. 196. 433. 411 Social Report. 65. 345. 66. 203. 540. 503. 398 Solar water heating. 24. 371. 538. 240. 413. 5. 250. 515. 50. 466 Social Workers in Schools. 422. 466. 491 Ministry of Social Development. 239. 529. 203. 226. 394. 302. 511. 244. 89. 453. 272. 485. 456. 485. 87. 344 554 . 471. 70. 346. 343. 488 Development Goals. 7. 505 Partnership Resource Centre. 460. 510. 280. 420. 281. 196. 191. 62. 486 Step Up Scholarships. 210. 538 Superannuation. 297. 217. New Zealand. 341. 496. 374. 433. 451. 486 Strong Proven Leadership Strategies with Kids – Information for Parents (SKIP). 63. 367. 51. 405. 357. 146 Zealand SuperGold Card. 206.

376. 245. 503 Tourism Innovation Fund. 428 Telecom. 63. 199. 94. 503. 430. 538 Tertiary Education 322. 451 Tourism. 20. 38 Transport. 493 Timor Leste. 322. 421. Commission. 511. 133. 503. 124. 125. 26. 124. 20. 150. 170. 21. 354 Teachers. 411. 372. 507. 353. 71. 32. 127. 71. Excellence Te Rito (New Zealand Family Violence Prevention Strategy). 464 Te Ture Whenua Māori Act. 18. 352. 11 Taskforce for Action on Violence within Families. 222. 226. 514 Digital television. 491. 515. 251. 12. 25. 506 100% Pure New Zealand. 347. 37. 54. 371. 138. 145. 67. 38 Television New Zealand (TVNZ). 488. 377. 501. 38. 191. 37. 493. 503. 198. 305. 537 New Zealand Teachers Council. 240. 111. 75. 504 Tourism Demand Subsidy Scheme. 26. 505. 497. 85. 237. 499. 197. 51. 160. 415. 432. 465 Tax cuts. 23. 513. 351. 504 New Zealand Tourism Strategy 2016. 492. 364 Tomb of the Unknown Warrior. 374. 320. 419. 192. 431. 161. 415 Tariffs. 421. 20 Te Marautanga Aotearoa Curriculum. 139 Te Kotahitanga. 345. 420. 138. 539 62. 510. 22. 354. 138. 364. 503. 297. 243. 27 Total Mobility. 203. 345. 493. 300. 236.Sustainable Farming Fund. 367. 231. 492 Tertiary Teaching Awards. 31. 427. 495. 451. 477. 351. 505 Trade. 303. 496. 362. 303. 506 Sustainable Tourism Advisors in Regions (STAR). 233 Toi Iho. 512. 300. 22. 489. 300. 428 Māori Tertiary Education. 147. 429. 494. 297. 197. 82. 509. 70. 137. 396. 306 Telecommunications Stocktake. 93. 238. 371. 428. 142. 147. 123. 504. 362. 516 555 Strong Proven Leadership . 145. 217. 11. 504. 280. 361. 486. 428. 457. 113. 361. 299. 362. 361. 305. 306 Telecommunications. 140. 536. 303 Television. 429 Te Māngai Pāho. 131. 412. 145. 434. 491.

82 Victims Commissioner. 205. 457. 520. 180. 462. 499 Tripartite Forum. 487. 526 556 . 234. 460 Working For Families. 355. 81. 460. 179. 327. 484. 103. 510 Treasury. 345 Weathertight Homes Service. 442. 494. 266 Whaling. 168. 142. 378. 225. 67. 464. 494 Welcome Home loans. 323. 278. 345 Victims of crime. 352. 171. 495 Unit Titles Act. 148. 31. 113. 49. 367. 196. 521 Volunteering programme. 145. 67. 522 War Disablement Pensions. 283. 186. 88. 281. 521 Waste Waste reduction. 66. 143. 117. 137. 360 Urban Development. 488 Treaty of Waitangi. 140 Water Freshwater. 394. 180. 321. 351. 124. 50. 357. 145. 235. 377. 185. 148. 277. 368. 522 War Pensions Act. 418. 75. 456. 521. 351. 179. 239 Universities. 520. 357. 409. 458. 49. 351. 485. 225 Whanau-led services. 540 Strong Proven Leadership Work and Income. 355. 236. 111. 360. 395 Wildlife Act 1953. 455. 27. 51.New Zealand Transport Strategy. 280. 492. 359 Unemployment. 184. 5. 492. 43. 486. 204. 45. 459. 165. 109. 310. 495 War Disablement Pension. 283 Resolution Unions. 173. 387. 357 Treaty settlements. 509. 126. 168. 167. 285 United Nations. 367. 234. 196. 441. 462. 395. 344. 359. 460. 496. 463. 181. 327. 101. 119. 363. 336. 204. 346. 179. 301. 498 165. 456. 27. 328 Vietnam. 495. 399. Wananga. 328 Wholesale Funding Guarantee facility. 233. 373 Well Child. 422 Sustainable Water Programme of Action. 460. 114. 363. 353. 393. 283. 358. 52. 118. 127. 165. 328 Victims Rights Act.

540 Youth Court. 236. 147. 533 Youth Councils. 233. 293 Youth Offending Strategy.Working New Zealand. 343. 238. 105. 377 Youth Affairs. 56. 459 World Trade Organisation (WTO). 329 Strong Proven Leadership 557 . 237. 467 Youth Development Strategy.