# 2007 Anna University B.E Mechanical ME- 1251 Thermal Engineering Question paper Course: B.

E Mechanical University: Anna University Fourth Semester (Regulation 2004) Mechanical Engineering ME 1251- Thermal engineering Part- A (10X2=20 marks) 1. Sketch the Diesel cycle on P-V and T-S planes . 2. List out any two assumptions for the analysis of thermodynamic air cycles . 3. what is the function of camshaft and crankshaft. 4. List out the effects of detonation. 5. Define nozzle efficiency. 6. Give the working principle of an impulse turbine. 7. Define the volumetric efficiency of air compressor. 8. What is free air delivered. 9. A Carnot refrigerator requires 1.3 kW per tonne of refrigeration to maintain a region at low temperature of -380 C. Determine the COP of the refrigerator and the higher temperature of the cycle. 10. Define dew point temperature. PART-B (5X16=80 marks) 11. (a) An engine working on otto cycle has a volume of 0.45 m3,pressure 1 bar and temperature 300C at the beginning of compression stroke.At the end of compression stroke, the pressure is 11 bar and 210 kj of heat is added at constant volume.determine (i) pressures,temperatures and volumes at salient points in the cycle (ii) efficiency (or) (b) (i) Derive an expression for the air-standard efficiency of a brayton cycle in terms of pressure ratio. (ii) Prove that the pressure ratio for maximum work is a function of the limiting temperature ratio. 12. (a) (i) Explain any four types of classification of internal Combustion engines. (ii) With a neat sketch explain any one type of ignition system. (or) (b)Following data relates to 4 cylinder,A stroke petrol engine.Air/Fuel ratio by weight 16:1.Calorific value of the fuel = 45200 kj/kg, mechanical efficiency = 82%. Air standard efficiency = 52%,relative efficiency = 70% volumetric efficiency = 78%,stroke/bone ratio = 1.25 suction conditions = 1 bar,250C.Speed=2400rpm power at brakes = 72KW.Calculate (i) Compression ratio (ii) Indicated thermal efficiency (iii) Brake specific fuel consumption and (iv) Bore and stroke.

(a) A refrigeration system of 10. calculate for this stage.35 = constant and the inter cooling is perfect.33 kg/s and at particular stage the specific volume is1. the refrigerant ammonia is sub cooled by 60C before entering the expansion valve. (or) (b) A sling psychrometer in alaboratory test recorded the following readings Dry bulb temperature = 350 C Wet bulb temperature = 250 C Calculate the following : (i) specific humidity (ii) relative humidity (iii) vapour density in air (iv) dew point temperature (v) enthalpy of mixture per kg of dry air Take atmospheric pressure = 1.If 10% of heat drop is lost in Friction. The steam flow rate is 8. (or) (b) A 50% reaction turbine funning at 400 rpm has the exit angle of the blades as 200 and the velocity of the steam relative to the blades at the exit is 1. Neglect initial velocity of steam. Neglect valce throttling and clearance effect. assuming the rotor mean diameter 12 times the blade height .13.00bar. The compression in the compressor is of adiabatic type . . what will be the fi9nal velocity of steam.0132 bar.5 tonnes capacity at an evaporator temperature of -120C and an condenser temperature of 270C is needed in food storage locker . The vapour is 0. (i) a suitable blade height . find the percentage reduction in the final velocity.5 times the bore dia. Find (i) Condition of vapour at the outlet of the compressor (ii) Condition of the vapour at the entrance of the evaporator (iii) COP (iv) The power required. if the temperature rise of the cooling water is 250C.35= and clearance is 5% of the swept volume. Find per kg of air (1) the work done in compression (2) the mass of cooling water necessary for abstracting the heat in the inter cooler. if the law of compression is pv1.95 dry as it leaves the evaporator coil. (a) (i) Derive an expression for the critical pressure ratio in terms of the index of expansion. (or) (b) (i) With a neat sketch describe any one type of rotary compressor.96. (ii) Dry saturated steam enters a steam nozzle at a pressure of 15 bar and is discharged at a pressure of 2.381 m3/kg. 14 (a) (i) Derive an expression for maximum work required for a two stage reciprocating air compressor with perfect inter cooling and neglecting clearance. find the diameter and stroke of thecompressor . 15.If the dryness fraction of discharge steam is 0.35times the mean speed of the blade.Assuming that compression and expansion follws the law pv1. and (ii) the digram work. take stroke length is 1. The speed of the compressor is 310 rpm . (ii) A two stage air compressor compresses air from 1bar and 200C to 42 bar . (ii) A single stage single acting reciprocating air compressor deliovers 14 m3 of free air per minute from 1bar to7bar.

MODEL PAPER CALSS TEST .I .

00 Hour Marks: 20 PART-A Instructions : Answer all questions 1) 2) 3) Define Thermodynamic System. Find the heat and change in internal energy during the process. Calculate the initial and final temperature of air. Each question carries 07 marks. Assume Cv = 0.72 KJ/ kg K.5 m3 while at a temperatureof Represent the following processes on P-V diagram ( ii ) Isobaric Process (3x2=06 marks) 270 C and a pressure of 200 KN/m2.508METO2 Thermal Engineering .01 transfer. . The work of 200 KJ is done on the air. An ideal gas has a mass of 1. 6 ) Describe with a neat diagram.718KJ/kgK for air and ratio of specific heats 1.05 kg. 5 ) One kilogram of air is compressed adiabatically so that its pressure increases from 1 bar to 10 bar.5 kg and occupies 2. Determine the gas constant. Assume Cp = 1.4. the working of a Bomb Calorimeter. work transfer KJ/kg K and Cv = 0. ( i ) Isothermal Process PART. 14 ) (2x7= 4 ) A piston – cylinder containing air expands at a constant pressure of 150 KPa from a temperature of 285 K to a temperature of 550 K.B Instructions : Answer any TWO questions. The mass of air is 0.I Time:1.

MODEL PAPER 508MET02 CLASS TEST – II Thermal Engineering .

Assume KJ/kgK and the latent heat of solidfication of water at 00C as 335KJ/kg. What are the products of combustion? 2) Define a) Latent Heat b ) Sensible Heat 3) Define Refrigeration.1 KJ/kgK. Determine using steam tables. Each question carries 07 marks.00 Hour PART-A Instructions : Answer all questions 1) Define Combustion.COP of the plant is given as 3. a) the heat added b ) change in internal energy Assume Cp for superheated steam as 2.5. Determine its efficiency and the heat supply per minute when the output is 36KW. Calculate the capacity of the compressor if the specific heat of water as 4. 5) 2 kg of steam at a pressure of 800 KPa and 0.19 overall efficiency of the plant is 80%. . Marks: 20 ( 3 x 2 = 6 marks) PART-B Instructions : Answer any TWO questions.Time:1.8 dry is heated at constant pressure until the final temperature is 2500C. 6) An ice plant produces 10 tons of ice per day of 24 hours from water at 25 0C. ( 2 x 7 = 14 Marks ) 4) An engine working on Carnot cycle has maximum and minimum temperature of 9270C and 1270C.

6) No.14) Steam Boilers Steam Nozzles Steam Turbines No.THERMAL ENGINEERING-II Subject Code : M-405 Subject Title : Periods/Week: 05 Thermal Engineering -II Periods per Semester : 75 UNIT TEST –I Chapter No 1 2 3 4 Major Topics Internal Combustion Engines Air Compressors Gas Turbines & Jet Propulsion Elements of Automobile Engineering (up to 4. of Periods 15 08 8 05 Short answer Questions 2 Essay type Questions 1 1 1 1 UNIT TEST –II Chapter No 4 5 6 7 Major Topics Elements of Automobile Engineering (From 4.7 to 4. of Periods 05 12 08 14 Short answer Questions 1 1 1 Essay type Questions 1 1 1 .

THERMAL ENGINEERING-II UNIT TEST –I MODEL QUESTION PAPER Marks : 20 .E - IV SEMESTER . PART-A Answer all questions 1. 6 Represent cycle of operation of a closed cycle type gas turbine on P-V and T-s diagrams . Write any four differences of C I and S I Engines. List different methods of cooling I C Engines. List various components of an automobile PART – B Answer any two questions 4 2 X 7 = 14 Explain with line diagram the working of a single Stage reciprocating air compressor. 3. 3x2=6 2.M. 5 Compare the battery ignition system with magneto ignition system.C-09 D.

487bar gauge dry and saturated 350c 12kg/kg of coal Calorific value of fuel 37. PART-A Answer all questions 3x2=6 1 .E .C-09 D. During a test on a boiler the following data were collected Steam pressure Steam condition Feed water temperature Rate of evaporation 9. Write the functions of propeller shaft and how it is perform its function 2 What are differences between fire tube boilers and water tube boilers ? 3.M.IV SEMESTER M-405.5X103kJ/kg Determine the a)thermal efficiency a) Factor of evaporation . THERMAL ENGINEERING-II UNIT TEST –II MODEL QUESTION PAPER Marks : 20 . State the necessity of governing a turbine PART – B Answer any two questions 2 X 7 = 14 4.

Derive formula for work done of a Turbine . a). the exit pressure is 5 bar and steam leaves the nozzle at a velocity of 435m/s.Equivalent evaporation 5. The friction loss is 10kJ/kg of steam flow. Dry saturated steam enters a convergent nozzle at a pressure of 10 bar and with a velocity of 90m/s. Determine a) Final condition b) Area at exit if the inlet area is 1260mm2 6. Classify of Turbines with examples? b).

3285 Фs 5. . 6) Explain the working principle of an air cooled condenser. Each question carries 07 marks. Find C.BOARD DIPLOMA EXAMINATION(C-09) MODEL PAPER UNIT TEST .755 5.I M-501 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Time:1. temperature range is from -100C to 200C.374 5) Explain the principle of operation of an Electrolux refrigerator.8296 1.O. PART-B Instructions : Answer any TWO questions.8 Hs 1450 1479. 6) What are desirable properties of refrigerants. t0C -100C 200C hf 154 293. 4) In an ammonia plant.P if vapour after compression is (a) 0.8 Фf 0.95 dry (b) dry and (c) super heated to 350C at same pressure.00 Hour PART-A Marks: 20 (3x2=06 marks) Instructions : Answer all questions 4) Define the term Refrigeration 5) What are the basic components of a vapour compression Refrigeration system.

(b) Explain working principle of an air cooler .II M-501 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Time:1.BOARD DIPLOMA EXAMINATION(C-09) MODEL PAPER UNIT TEST . 4) (a) How do you classify the condensers. Each question carries 07 marks.00 Hour PART-A Marks: 20 (3x2=06 marks) Instructions : Answer all questions 1) What are ducts? How do you classify the ducts? 2) Define psychrometry? 3) What are the components of air conditioning system PART-B Instructions : Answer any TWO questions.

6) How many tons of refrigeration are required to cool 120 m3 of air per minute at 300 DBT and 60% RH to 200 DBT and 80% RH.5) (a) Define the terms i) Dry Bulb Temperature ii) Wet Bulb Temperature (b) Explain the principles of winter air conditioning system.. .