Breaking Out of the Box Oracle Developer/Forms for Experienced Rdb Developers

Cheryl P. Jalbert
Thomas H. Musson • Jeffrey S. Haidet Keith W. Hare • Jeffrey S. Jalbert

JCC Consulting, Inc. Granville OH 43023

Abstract
Users of Oracle Rdb have sometimes expressed frustration with whatever forms products they were using with Rdb. Consequently, when someone suggests huge advantages from using the Oracle toolset, many Rdb experts are dubious. This session will address some of your questions and go well beyond those questions into the hints and kinks of successfully combining Oracle Rdb and Oracle Forms to empower users, significantly enhance developer throughput and improve your flexibility relative to hardware platforms. The attendee will understand the management tasks associated with using Oracle Developer with Oracle Rdb.

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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Schedule
q

EOUG: Hints and Kinks
– 8:30 - 9:15 – Designed for those who know Developer or who know Rdb – Collection of topics

q

Rdb Forum: Breaking Out of the Box
– – – – – – 13:00 - 15:15 Designed for people with Rdb experience Quick introduction to Developer/Forms Specifics of using Developer with Rdb Additional advanced topics Discussion of the value that you can expect from using Developer/Forms with Rdb

q q

Rdb Forum: Discussion / Q & A
– 15:15 - 16:00

Rdb Forum: Demos ?
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. You need a quick success. Your existing UI took time to create and takes time to enhance. You need to provide either a data warehouse / decision support system or you need to add some of those capabilities to your existing TP applications. JCC Consulting.. Does this sound familiar? Copyright 1998. Inc.Assumptions q q q q q You have one or more existing Rdb databases. Time is an important factor. You lack a satisfactory GUI (Graphical User Interface). All rights reserved. Inc. 4 .

5 . JCC Consulting. Inc.. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Configurations and Choices q Configurations – – – – – – – Traditional Classic Client/Server Multi-dimensional Client/Server New Ways with Terminals Windows Terminals Thin Clients on the Web Other q q Software Pieces and Parts Design Choices Copyright 1998. All rights reserved.

Inc. 6 . Inc. JCC Consulting.. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Traditional Remember “main frames” and terminals? Copyright 1998.

The server provides the database. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.. All rights reserved. Inc. Copyright 1998.Classic Client/Server The client provides the user interface. 7 .

Inc.Multi-dimensional Client/Server A client relies on a server to provide a resource. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Production DB Server Training DB Server File & Print Server for Remote Office Mapping Application Server for Remote Office Clients Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc. 8 ..

Copyright 1998. Inc. Inc. 9 . JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting..New Ways with Terminals How well do you “remember” terminals? You can produce forms for terminals & PCs from the same development project.

Inc. 10 .Windows Terminals New wrinkle on an old scheme that centralizes management Copyright 1998. Inc.. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.Thin Clients on the Web Copyright 1998. Inc. JCC Consulting. 11 .. All rights reserved.

JCC Consulting..Configuration for Some Sessions DB Server Map Server Client Copyright 1998. 12 . All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

All rights reserved.. 13 . JCC Consulting. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.Background for Your Choices q q What are your requirements? What are your resources? Copyright 1998.

– You can develop forms that use the same code for windows or dumb terminals on VAXes.“Dumb Terminals” as Your Choice q Advantages – You can use Oracle Developer with terminals. Inc. – Terminals provide centralized management.. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. – You may have a set of terminals in place. 14 . – Oracle Developer compares well with other forms packages for dumb terminals. Copyright 1998. Inc.

“Dumb Terminals” as Your Choice q Disadvantages – Oracle has shown no interest in keeping terminal support current. Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Inc. You will be stuck with Version 1.3.” – Dumb terminals do not support q q q q q q q icon buttons pull-down menus color changes for subtle clues graphics integration with newer technologies navigation with a mouse pop-up alerts Copyright 1998. – Dumb terminals lack “real estate. 15 .2 for your work with terminals. – Developing for dumb terminals is much more tedious. All rights reserved.

– Fewer and fewer people need to be taught the basics of how to use the application that you develop.. All rights reserved. 16 . – Use of your application is supported by q q q q q q q icon buttons pull-down menus color changes for subtle clues graphics integration with newer technologies navigation with a mouse pop-up alerts Copyright 1998. Inc.Windowing Devices q Advantages – Newer technology q q Oracle development is ongoing. Inc. – Prototyping a form for user review is quick and easy. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Components that can be integrated are “hot” items.

All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.Windowing Devices q Disadvantages – Costs may be higher q q because you have terminals in place because you have PC’s in place and can’t control the maintenance costs You may need to disable mouse navigation for heads down data entry.. JCC Consulting. 17 . – Your application may be better suited to terminal styles q Copyright 1998. Inc.

All rights reserved. Inc.. Logic Data Logic Data Thin Client Thick Client Copyright 1998. Inc. 18 . Logic Applicatn.Client/Server Choices — Five Tier Model Client Server User Interface Interfc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.

All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. – Can reduce systems work (by ignoring the systems work for the client). Can reduce systems work. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Can minimize network traffic. Can enhance standardization. Use the database to ensure consistent results. Use the database to audit. 19 . JCC Consulting. q Thick Clients – – – – – – – Use the database to address access issues. Can maximize reusable components.. Inc. Inc.Your Choices q Thin Clients – WEB – Can minimize network traffic.

0 – Graphics V3.0 q q Now. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.0 Copyright 1998. – Forms V6.0 – Graphics V6.0 is out. Inc. Inc.x – Forms V5.0 – Reports V3.. it’s Oracle Developer (without the 2000). 20 . Oracle Developer V6. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Translating Oracle’s New Names q Oracle Developer 2000 V2.0 – Reports V6.

) q Operating Systems – VMS – NT – W95 Copyright 1998.5. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.) q User Interface – Developer Forms (Version 5.) – For VMS terminals (Developer V1.Software Pieces and Parts q Database – Oracle 7 or 8 – Rdb (Use Version 7.10.0 is out.1. Inc.6. JCC Consulting. 21 .3.0 or higher to use SQL*net. Inc. All rights reserved. Forms V4.2..6) q Data Transport Mechanism – SQLNet (Preferred) – ODBC (Required for earlier versions or non-Oracle db.7.0.

Inc.g. W ‘95 or W/NT] On Server − Network Software. UCX/DECnet − Native Connect (Part of SQL Services) − SQL*net. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.) − Rdb V7. (This is installed with SQL Services if not already present on system.g. All rights reserved. − q 22 .q Production Systems Prerequisite Software On Client Developer − SQL*net − SQL*net network adapter [e. e..0 Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. TCP/IP] − Operating System Network [e. Inc.g.

Other Software Pieces and Parts q q q q q q q q Other data stores Other clients Other operating systems ActiveX controls Batch processing eXcel and such Icon editors Documentation support Copyright 1998. Inc. Inc.. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. 23 .

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. q Styles of presentation – – – – – – 24 . Inc. Inc..Design Choices q Style(s) of use – – – – – unanticipated queries heads down data entry query only access limited audited toolbar menus buttons hot keys graphics exceptions Copyright 1998.

Inc.. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.An Example Copyright 1998. 25 .

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. Inc.. JCC Consulting.Example Form Notice the Menus & the Toolbar & the special buttons at the bottom for audit or notes or other things. 26 . Inc.

Inc. Inc.. . The dark blue background is a clue to the user that this isn’t part of the query area.Another Example Form Data is erased here for non-disclosure reasons. All rights reserved. 27 Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc. Several things are obscured here to avoid revealing company confidential data. Copyright 1998... Inc. but the thing of interest to you is this button. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. 28 .… and Another Form .. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Integrated from Another Technology Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting.. Inc. 29 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Developing Forms -The Basics & Default Functionality Getting Started Developing Forms .

Inc. 31 . Inc.Introduction q q q q q q q Parts that you will produce Tools that you will use First steps Special requirements for Rdb The user view and default functionality Standards and how to make things easy Pointers to intermediate topics Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting..

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Inc. All rights reserved. Inc.Open the Forms Builder Copyright 1998. 32 . JCC Consulting.

Inc. JCC Consulting. 33 . Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Open the Form Builder Copyright 1998..

) Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. at some of the tools that you will use. 34 . – Use the wizards.. – Use the Help provided. – – – – Use the Data Block Wizard OR Open an existing form OR Build a form based on a template OR Build a new form manually. All rights reserved. q Choose a starting point. Inc. q Click OK. (We will choose “Build a new form manually” in order to look.Getting Started q Examine the new front piece provided by Oracle. JCC Consulting. first.

All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. 35 .. Inc.What You See First (if you choose Build a new form manually) Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.

Block. All rights reserved. Window We’ll discuss these topics in this section. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Inc. Copyright 1998. 36 . Inc.Module. Canvas. JCC Consulting.

Components: Modules and Blocks q Module – Forms file – FMB extension – Generates an FMX extension. JCC Consulting.. Inc. (if you have the compile before running option checked. All rights reserved.) q Block – – – – – – Blocks for tables Blocks for buttons Blocks for a toolbar Blocks for other types of things One or many blocks per module Displayed in “frames” Copyright 1998. 37 . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. when generated or run.

– User’s view of what you’ve created. A canvas can include many blocks. 38 . programmatically. – Windows can be re-sized and moved by the user and. Each block must be assigned to a canvas.. Inc. All rights reserved. One or more canvases per module.Components: Canvases and Windows q Canvas – – – – Display surface for blocks (in frames) and text. Inc. JCC Consulting. q Window – View of a canvas or many canvases. also. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

. 39 . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Your Tools: Tools Menu Copyright 1998.

Inc. JCC Consulting.. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 40 . All rights reserved.Your Tools: Object Navigator Copyright 1998.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Your Tools: Properties Palette Copyright 1998.. Inc. Inc. 41 . All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.

. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc. 42 . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Your Tools: Layout Editor Copyright 1998.

All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. – Main work space – Details can be expanded or contracted on the display q Property Palette – Easy way to change the characteristics of objects. – Where graphics and text is added. Inc. – Not all characteristics will be of interest for all objects. – Easy place to add buttons and extra fields. JCC Consulting.. 43 . Inc.Developer’s Primary Tools q Object Navigator – Lists each different type of object and the objects in that type for each module that is open for development work. Copyright 1998. q Layout Editor – Editor for the form presentation.

Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting.The Developer’s Tools in an Example Copyright 1998. 44 .. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

45 . JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Examining the Object Navigator The boxes on the left enable you to see more or less detail in the navigator. All rights reserved.. These have the following meaning: q Expanded q Unexpanded (but something to expand q Nothing to expand Copyright 1998.

we see q three data blocks q two canvases q two windows There are also some q triggers q attached libraries q LoVs q property classes q record groups Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.Closeup of the Object Navigator In this module. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. 46 . Inc. Inc.

. 47 . All rights reserved.Close-up of the Property Palette We see that the payment canvas q is displayed q is displayed in the payment_window q is 505 X 149 Some characteristics are not set at all. Inc. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998.

JCC Consulting. q This layout shows some of the styles chosen for the application used as an example q q the title decorative frame (blue rectangle) q q buttons colors q q alignment fonts q q The tools for changing things are on the left side. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. 48 . All rights reserved..Close-up of the Layout Editor The layout editor supports arrangement of the canvas. Inc. The canvas is shown selected. Copyright 1998.

Your Tools

The tools work together. In the example, the payment canvas is selected for q Object Navigator q Property Palette q Layout Editor
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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Using the Object Navigator to Add a Block

To add one of the objects q select that object type q press the green “+”

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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Using the Wizards
This form will pop-up, when you add a block.

Recommendation: Use the Data Block Wizard.
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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Inc. All rights reserved.Creating a Block Based on a Table Copyright 1998. Inc. 52 .. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

. Inc. Copyright 1998. 53 . Inc.Form for Choosing the Table q Press Browse… to see the list of tables and views q Or type in the name. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.

Copyright 1998. you will need to connect to the database. All rights reserved.Connecting to the Database The first time that you try to read from the database (whether you are reading data or metadata). Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. 54 . Inc. The Connect form will pop up automatically.. Fill it in appropriately. Inc.

. Copyright 1998. Inc. you will next see this form.Browsing the Metadata If you’ve asked to browse for a table. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. 55 . All rights reserved.

56 . In the Rdb context. All rights reserved. you need to make certain that you get everyone’s tables. – Heads up: If any of your tables use a table or column name of over 30 characters (or. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. if you need those. too. The “Current user” default assumes that you only want to see the sub-schema built for you.Rdb Specifics for Browsing the Metadata q Select “Other users”. over 29 characters) you will want to create a view that uses shorter names and use the view with Developer 2000. in some cases. Inc. Copyright 1998. – Oracle’s “other database” includes a concept of subschemas. as well as “Current user”.. q Select “Views”. therefore. Inc.

.Selecting Your Table or View q q q Use the Find window to search for your table. Or Scroll to the table that you want. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Use the % as a wild card in the Find window. 57 . Inc.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Include the key. JCC Consulting.. 58 . All rights reserved. Inc. Inc.Selecting Your Columns Select columns by q Selecting them in the available list and dragging them to the Database Items list q Or Selecting each and pressing > q Or Pressing >> to move them all.) Copyright 1998. (You will not have to display it.

JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. 59 .Choosing the Layout Wizard Copyright 1998.

. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. 60 .Beginning the Layout Wizard Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.

61 . Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Choosing the Canvas q q Create a new canvas Or use any canvas in this module.. All rights reserved. Inc.

62 . Inc.Setting Up the Block q Display all of the columns that you included in the block. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998. Inc. q Or leave some of them out. JCC Consulting..

Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. JCC Consulting. 63 .More Wizardly Choices Default choices work well. here. All rights reserved.. Inc.

JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Tabular layout style arranges columns horizontally and works well with multiple rows.. 64 . Inc. Copyright 1998.Choosing Your Layout Style q q Form layout style arranges columns vertically. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.

Inc. the other two fields should be left as the defaults. Copyright 1998.Other Choices q q The Frame Title (block title) is displayed above the display of the fields. JCC Consulting. (You can leave it blank.. Inc. All rights reserved. 65 .) If you use 1 as the number of Records Displayed. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc. JCC Consulting.Finishing the Layout Wizard Copyright 1998.. 66 . Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Copyright 1998. – If your fields “spontaneously” rearrange themselves!. 67 . you may need to adjust the dimensions of the frame after you receive exception messages from the Wizard.The Layout Wizard and Frames q Frames – Display container for a block – Displayed on a canvas – Find it as an item under block in the Object Navigator q Issues – With the V2. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. A large number of fields or any fields with a large number of characters may cause difficulties.0 Layout Wizard.. Inc. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. it is because the frame property Update_layout is set to automatically (instead of manually) in the Property Palette.

Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 68 .Examining the Results Copyright 1998.

.Changing the Defaults There are several ways to change the default result. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc. q q q q q With a free-hand approach to the Layout Editor Using the Pull-down Menus for the Layout Editor Changing properties in the Property Palette Using a combination of the Layout Editor Toolbar and free-hand Changing navigation order in the Object Navigator Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 69 .

. All rights reserved.Free-Hand in the Layout Editor You can select and change things directly in the layout editor. q Add text. Inc. q Select all of the fields and labels and move them. q Add a rectangular frame. For example. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. q Line up individual items. 70 . Inc. q Click on the canvas and drag it to re-size it. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. q Add a button or other feature.

All rights reserved. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Menus for the Layout Editor The Menus for your development screen are context sensitive. q Arrange – Align – Group q Format – Font Copyright 1998.. For example. 71 . Investigate which menu items are available with the Layout Editor. Inc. JCC Consulting.

For Example: Alignment

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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Alignment
Choose how you want the selected fields aligned q horizontally q vertically You can then group the items.
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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For Example: Fonts
If you q select all of the name fields q choose Format, Font

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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. Inc. 75 . All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.Fonts You can make all the usual font changes. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998.

. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 76 .Changing the Form with the Properties Palette Changes that you can make in the layout with the properties palette include: q q q q Rearranging the column layouts Changing labels Changing fonts Changing query criteria Copyright 1998. Inc. JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc. 77 . JCC Consulting. Inc.Examining the Properties for a Column Copyright 1998..

. 78 . Arrange other fields relative to this one. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Using the Property Palette to Change the Layout q q Check on the position and size of a field that you would like to use as a starting point. All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.

you will want to change multiple fields at once. All rights reserved. Inc.. the several lines of the address are selected. 79 . Inc. The “****” for prompt shows that the fields selected have different values for this property. Copyright 1998. Here. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Changing Multiple Things at Once Sometimes. JCC Consulting.

Copyright 1998.. Inc. You can then edit further. 80 . JCC Consulting.Editing Prompts When you edit a prompt and then press return. you will get this pop-up. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.

. one of the things that you may want to change is the NO default for Case Insensitive Query. JCC Consulting. 81 .Changing Other Defaults For text fields. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

.The Layout Editor Toolbar The Layout Editor Toolbar offers shortcuts to change the defaults. 82 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. Inc. JCC Consulting. Inc.

Adding Other Text Use the Text button to add text. Inc.) Copyright 1998. several text items.. (Double click to add. 83 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. or edit. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.

All rights reserved.. Inc. Inc. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Adding Color Color for q Fill q Line q Text Copyright 1998. 84 .

Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Rearranged Form View of the form in the layout editor. There are visible and invisible changes to make yet. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.. 85 . Copyright 1998.

. JCC Consulting. 86 .Follow Naming Standards Type here and press enter to rename here and here. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.

Other Naming Issues Notice window name. Copyright 1998. 87 . Developer 2000 does not lose the association between the window and the canvases displayed in the window. Inc. Inc.. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Expect this same flexibility in other name changes. q q When you change the window name.

Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Window Size Changing the window size to fit the canvas is optional.. Inc. JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998. 88 .

q Etc. All rights reserved.Determining Navigation Order Use the Object Navigator to determine the order in which the fields are visited. q Drag and drop so that first_name is the first field. JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998. 89 . Inc. Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Special Considerations for Rdb
q

q

q

q

The special tuning that was required to use Developer 2000/Forms with Rdb is less necessary starting with Version 7.0 of Rdb and Version 5.0 of Forms. With some versions, you will still need to understand the special requirements. Satisfying the special requirements makes good examples of how to manipulate Forms. Examining these issues is an interesting look at how Relational Database Management Systems differ.

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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Changes to Accommodate Rdb
The property palette defaults are not correct for Rdb for: q Pre-Version 7 of Rdb
– Pre-Version 5 of Forms – When using ODBC
q

In some additional cases for best performance

We will discuss q Each issue q Reason for each issue q Current status of each issue
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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Required Changes for Rdb with Some Product Versions
q

Module
– Savepoint Mode = False (Default is True in earlier versions. Property is not shown in Forms 5.)

q

Block
– Enforce Primary Key = Yes (Default is No.) – Key Mode = Nonupdatable (Default is Unique for pre V5 or Automatic for post V5.) – Locking Mode = Delayed (Default is Immediate for pre V5 or Automatic for post V5.)

q

Items
– Primary Key = Yes, for one or more items (Default is No.) – Maximum Length and Query Length must be one character longer than in the database, if using ODBC in some versions.
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

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JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Module Level Changes for Rdb q q q Oracle7 supports savepoints for sub-transactions. Inc. Inc.0.0 Copyright 1998. Oracle Rdb does not. 93 .. which is also – Oracle Forms prior to Release 5. if you are using – Developer/2000 prior to Release 2. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Set the module’s Savepoint = FALSE.

“Primary Key”) – Oracle 7 uses internally generated synthetic keys. – Oracle Rdb relies on DBA defined primary keys. – Oracle Rdb requires key mode updatable or non-updatable. Inc.. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. set the block property Enforce primary key = Yes. Inc. (Continued) Copyright 1998. – JCC uses non-updatable for Rdb. q Key Mode – Oracle 7 uses key mode unique for the system generated keys. 94 . – For Rdb.Block Level Changes These still apply: q Enforce Primary Key (formerly. All rights reserved.

Block Level Changes This one only applies if you are using products pre-V7 of Rdb: q Locking Mode – By default. All rights reserved. Inc. use locking mode = delayed. which takes an exclusive lock as soon as the user starts typing. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Both locking modes re-read and compare. – For concurrency. 95 . Copyright 1998. which takes the lock when the user saves.. D2000 uses locking mode immediate. JCC Consulting. Inc.

JCC Consulting. q If using ODBC: for all items – Set Maximum length to usual length plus one. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Item Level Changes q This still applies: For attributes that are part of the key – Set Primary key = Yes – To enforce the primary key.. Developer 2000 must “know” what the key is. All rights reserved. 96 .” Copyright 1998. – ODBC needs a character for the “null terminators. Inc. Inc. – Set Query length to usual length plus one.

Module Level Changes in the Property Palette q Savepoint Mode = False Notice that there is NO illustration of this for Forms 5 & Developer 2000 V2. JCC Consulting. Inc.. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 97 . Copyright 1998. Inc.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Inc.) Key Mode = Nonupdatable (Default is Automatic.Block Level Changes in the Property Palette q q q Enforce Primary Key = Yes (Default is No. Values of “Automatic” work without changes.) Locking Mode = Delayed (Default is Automatic. All rights reserved. 98 . Inc.) Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.

Item Level Changes in the Property Palette q q Primary Key = Yes. Inc. 99 . if using ODBC.. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.) Maximum Length and Query Length must be one character longer than in the database. JCC Consulting. for one or more items (Default is No. Copyright 1998.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. JCC Consulting. & Rdb q q q Improvements in the software have made the Rdb connection more transparent. Developer 2000/Forms. 100 . There is still value in understanding the issues. All rights reserved. Inc. Copyright 1998. There is still value in defining table keys..You.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998.. Inc.A User View To understand how to use Developer 2000. you must understand what your application user will see from the choices that you make. … Provides a form for connecting to the database. All rights reserved. Inc.. More . Developer 2000 provides significant functionality by default. 101 . JCC Consulting.. q Pulls in metadata q Establishes defaults for – – – – – q q labels item characteristics spacing canvases windows.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc..Default Menus and Toolbar q q Pull-down menus Toolbar q More . Inc.. 102 .. Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.

> Query retrieval by groups of rows Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.Querying q q q q Enter Query Execute Query Count Hits Cancel Specifying the query criteria: q Any subset of the fields available q Exact matches q Wildcarding q <. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. 103 ..

Inc. All rights reserved. Inc..Help Choosing Help on the default Help menu displays the property palette information on the item selected. JCC Consulting. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 104 .

All rights reserved.“Hot Keys” Choosing Keys on the Help menu displays this form. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. Notice q F1 is Help q F7 is Enter Query q F8 is Execute Query q You can scroll for more. JCC Consulting. 105 . Inc.. Copyright 1998.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. Copyright 1998. it seems like a “free” report. Inc. D2000 defaults to portrait. printing in landscape mode is usually best. Inc.Printing q q Since many forms are wider than tall. JCC Consulting. If you use this feature well. 106 . All rights reserved.

Pull-down menus. Forms does some things by default. Connecting to the database.Summary q q Forms is a powerful multiplier of your work.. Hot Keys. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Help. Inc. Toolbar. More … q Forms is an excellent tool for prototyping or JAD (Joint Application Development). Copyright 1998. – – – – – – – – – Help for you with the metadata. Inc. All rights reserved. 107 . Querying. Printing.

JCC Consulting. 108 . q q q q q q Property classes (domains) Visual Attributes Program Units Object Libraries Property Classes vs. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. Object Libraries Templates Copyright 1998.. Inc. All rights reserved.Standards and Inheritance This section introduces how an application developer can use modern software engineer techniques from within an Oracle Developer application.

JCC Consulting.. All rights reserved. Inc.Component Software q Baby Steps – Create generic functionality – Gradually refine functionality as needed for applications – Maintenance made easier Application Refine Level 2 Level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 1 Refine Copyright 1998. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 109 .

Inc. All rights reserved. Maintainable Application Copyright 1998.Building Blocks for Software Development Standards (Property Classes) Interface (Visual Attributes) Logic (Program Units) Easy to Use. JCC Consulting. Inc. 110 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting..

.Standards: Property Classes Defined q A property class is a first generation Developer 2000 building block for application development. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. – Property classes allow for some level of standardization of a Forms application – A property class is an entity that allows common items to have properties set automatically as well as custom event triggers automatically associated with the appropriate item – Property classes are very similar to Oracle Rdb domains – – – – – ID code name date money – – – – – date/time code text summary money comment and others .. . Inc. 111 Examples: Copyright 1998..

. All rights reserved.Example of a Property Class (Dates) q Format Masking – – – – MM/DD/YYYY MM/DD/YYYY HH:MI:SS DD-MON-YYYY etc q q Handling the NULL date (17-NOV-1858) Date Range Searches Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 112 . Inc. JCC Consulting. Inc.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 113 . Copyright 1998.Visual Attributes q q q Color. Inc.. All rights reserved. and other visual properties that could be assigned to various objects Allows the interface to have a standard look and feel Examples: – – – – Current record highlighting in a multi-record block Highlight the current item in a form Company Logo Etc. JCC Consulting. font. Inc.

Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 114 . Inc.Program Units q q q Program units are PL/SQL procedures and functions that are encompassed in a form Used for tasks that could potentially occur multiple times in a single form Example: – – – – JCC’s GET_ID functionality Override Developer’s default assembly of the query Population of default values when creating a new record Etc.. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc.

. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. – Statement will fire the “KEY” trigger which triggers the Query events Copyright 1998. Inc.Menus and Toolbars Oracle Developer supports the creation of MDI menus and toolbars – Menus and Toolbars once created can be referenced and included by every form – Dynamically enable and disable functionality during runtime – Reference form specific code via Developer built-in DO_KEY q The DO_KEY statement causes the corresponding form events to fire – This ensures that the event code path can be called and executed the same way each time – Requires less code maintenance by creating/developing/debugging once – Example: DO_KEY ( ‘EXECUTE_QUERY’ ). All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. 115 . Inc.

as a subclass q Ensure all form modules reference the same property class module Enforces a single point of code maintenance (software building block) Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.x release JCC recommends: q Create a separate module for property classes q Copy the property classes from this module to other form modules. Inc.. Inc. JCC Consulting.Property Class Module If using a pre-Developer 2. 116 . All rights reserved.

117 ..Object Library Definition q q The Object Library is a Developer 2000 second generation mechanism used to store objects that can be referenced by forms Objects can include: – – – – – Blocks and Items Property Classes Visual Attributes Program Units Etc. JCC Consulting. q q The Object Library is a means to allow for the reuse of commonly used components Places development standards in a single location Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

118 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.Benefits of Object Libraries q Object Libraries are opened automatically when you start the Forms Designer – Makes objects immediately accessible q Multiple Object libraries may be associated with a form – – – – One for company standards One for work group standards One for personal standards A single object can reference only one entry in a particular Object Library so Object Libraries cannot be in conflict with one another. q Do not need to drag and drop all objects into your active form to make objects available Copyright 1998. All rights reserved.. Inc. Inc.

– The Object Library opens automatically when the Forms Designer is opened making objects immediately available. Program Units. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. Visual Attributes. Items. 119 . etc. Canvases. Toolbars. All rights reserved..0 that truly implements inheritance (linked during compilation) Copyright 1998.x could be subclassed (Program units) – Must have Property Class module open in order to drag in and drop property classes to make them available to a form – Only way to implement inheritance pre-Developer 2000 Release 2. Windows. JCC Consulting. Inc. but not all items in pre-Developer 2.Property Class Module vs. Object Libraries q Property Classes – Can contain property classes.0 q Object Libraries – Can contain ALL types of objects that do not have to be copied (subclassed) into forms in ordered to be referenced q This includes Property Classes. – New feature in Developer 2000 Release 2.

120 . It is not a true inheritance structure but can utilize inheritance structures like items from the Object Library.. Inc. Inc. JCC Consulting. Templates may include (either referenced or nonreferenced): – – – – – Toolbars Program Units Canvases Attached Libraries Etc. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. q Templates are a great way of getting through the “muck”.Developer Templates q q A template is a starting form that you use to build other forms.

q JCC recommends using a template that references an object library since templates themselves are not a true inheritance structure Use Object Libraries to store items such as Property Classes. Inc. etc.When to Use Inheritance Structures q Property Classes – These structures store property settings for forms. 121 . blocks and items q q Templates – This structure provides a starting point for form creation q Use Property Classes whenever possible for similar items q Object Libraries – This structure is a common storage location for all generic items. Copyright 1998.. All rights reserved. menus. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. toolbars. JCC Consulting.

Referenced Prop..Graphical View of Inheritance Structures Appication Form Object Library Property Classes Toolbars Menus Attached Libraries Etc. Form Specific Items Form Specific Functions Etc. Inc. All rights reserved. References 122 . Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. Classes Referenced Toolbars Referenced Menus Referenced Attached Lib.

Inc. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. maintain and implement.Summary q q q This section provided an overview of the concepts of application development and mapped software engineering terminology into Developer functionality Developer has the hooks to allow for flexible and maintainable applications By using the inheritance structures. JCC has found standards and functionality easier to develop. Inc.. All rights reserved. 123 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

. All rights reserved. Inc. 124 . Inc.Developer Intermediate Topics Developer features that you will want to explore include: q Master-detail relationships q List of Values (LoV) q Special item types – Flags – Icon buttons q q q q q q Radio buttons Stacked canvases Alert boxes PL/SQL Triggers (forms triggers) Creating your own toolbar or menus Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Advanced Topics Teaching the Application to Sing .

Additional Topics q q q Exception Handling Stored Procedures Elaboration of morning topics – Transaction control & locking – Others Copyright 1998. Inc. 126 . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.. All rights reserved.

. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved. 127 . Inc.Exceptions q Unexpected or abnormal result of an operation – – – – – Divide by zero Invalid data type conversion Data entered does not match format mask No rows returned by a query “No changes to save” q Exceptions can be raised by: – SQL – PL/SQL – Calls to user-named subprograms Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.

15. JCC Consulting. 25 – 0 is least severe – 25 is most severe Copyright 1998. 128 . 5. named exceptions – – – – – CURSOR_ALREADY_OPEN DUP_VAL_ON_INDEX INVALID_CURSOR PROGRAM_ERROR etc .. 10. Inc.Developer Exceptions q Oracle has several pre-defined. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. 20. Inc.see the PL/SQL User’s Guide and Reference for a complete list q Each exception has a severity level associated with it – Valid levels are 0.

g. 1 end. Inc. then “higher-level” begin-end block. etc. All rights reserved.How Does Developer/Forms Let You Know An Exception Has Occurred? q Default exception handling in Forms is to display a message – Validation exceptions also disallow forward progress – More severe exceptions can cause a “rollback” q Exceptions are first raised in the begin-end block where the exception occurs. Begin begin begin <exception occurs> end. 129 . 2 end. 3 Copyright 1998. Inc. – E.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.

Inc.How Can You Handle Expected Exceptions? q Exception clause – begin <executable statement> exception when <named exception> then <executable statements> when <named exception> then <executable statements> o o o when other then <executable statement> end. Inc. All rights reserved.. Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting. 130 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

. 131 . Inc.Message_level – This system variable represents what severity level of messages should be suppressed by the default exception reporting Copyright 1998.How Can You Filter “Noise” Exceptions? q What is a “noise” exception? – Any exception that D2K raises that you do not care about . JCC Consulting. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.in our case: q q “n records saved” “No records to save” q On-Message trigger – Create a trigger at the form level that filters messages you do not care about q :System. All rights reserved.

Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. ELSIF errnum = 40405 and errtyp = ’FRM’ THEN -.ERROR_TYPE ** Trigger: On-Message */ DECLARE errnum NUMBER := ERROR_CODE. errtyp VARCHAR2(3) := ERROR_TYPE.This is that stupid "Transaction complete: XXX records applied and saved" message. All rights reserved. Null. END IF.trigger_item). Null. 132 . end.This is that stupid non-message ("-0:") message. Copyright 1998.This is that stupid "No changes to apply" message. Inc. Null. ELSE /* ** Print the Normal Message that would have appeared */ Message(errtyp||’-’||TO_CHAR(errnum)||’: ’||errtxt||’ on ’||:system. errtxt VARCHAR2(80) := ERROR_TEXT.. JCC Consulting. ELSIF errnum = 0 THEN -.ERROR_TEXT. BEGIN IF errnum = 40400 and errtyp = ’FRM’ THEN -.On-Message Trigger q On-Message /* Built-in: ERROR_CODE.

5.message_level. 10 select x into :block.Message_level q declare save_message_level char(2). q q 133 . JCC Consulting. -.. :system.message_level := ‘10’. Note: Exceptions are still raised.Ignore 0. All rights reserved.message_level := save_message_level. begin save_message_level := :system. You should use this one carefully! Copyright 1998. Inc.item from y where z = 2.:System. only reporting to the user is suppressed. end. :system. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

” o o o – Any questions? Copyright 1998. 134 . JCC Consulting.” IS: “What was the error?” User: “It said something about converting…” IS: “What? What screen are you on?” User: “Screen X” IS “What were you doing?’ User “Trying to open a new account.Recording Client Exceptions q Why record exceptions? – User: “I just got an error.. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Recording Client Exceptions q q q q Problem: Need to record client exceptions Problem: Need to be able to access the exception data without having access to the machine Problem: Need to capture exceptions even when developers forget to implement exception handling Solution: A procedure that logs client exceptions on the server and use a default exception handler – Records client exceptions – Output is on server – Catches all exceptions Copyright 1998. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 135 .

136 ..record_exception – This is a library (COMC) procedure which calls a database stored procedure. – The database stored procedure writes information to a log file. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. aptly named “Stored Procedures” q On-Error trigger – Create a trigger at the form level that logs exceptions Copyright 1998. Inc. q This will be described in more detail in the next section. Inc.Recording Client Exceptions q Comc.

*/ comc.On-Error Trigger q On-Error /* ** Built-in: ERROR_CODE. All rights reserved. 137 .ERROR_TEXT.form_event. ** ** Print the Normal Message that would have appeared. BEGIN /* ** Log the message are where it occurred.ERROR_TYPE ** Example: Reword certain FRM error messages by checking ** the Error_Code in an ON-ERROR trigger ** Trigger: On-Error */ DECLARE errnum NUMBER := ERROR_CODE. Message(errtyp||'-'||TO_CHAR(errnum)||': '||errtxt||' on '||:system.trigger_item).. Copyright 1998.record_exception(comc.trigger_item). Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. end. errtxt VARCHAR2(80) := ERROR_TEXT. JCC Consulting.’Property class ’||errtyp||’-’||TO_CHAR(errnum)||': ’ ||errtxt||' on '||:system. errtyp VARCHAR2(3) := ERROR_TYPE.

All rights reserved. Inc. however. Inc. meet the SQL standards) – Configuration management !?!? Copyright 1998..Stored Procedures q Procedures stored within the database are valuable for many reasons – – – – – Single source of complex update code Security Revision control Reduction of network traffic (client/server) Accessed from multiple divergent clients q They also have a down side – No return values (no native interface for D2K to return values) – Rdb stored procedures have poor exception handling/reporting (it does. 138 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.

Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.What We Will Discuss q q q q How D2K calls a stored procedure Calling an Rdb Stored Procedure Example We will not discuss configuration management of stored procedures… Copyright 1998. Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. 139 .

in-line call: begin procedure_to_call(). 140 . end. All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting. Inc. q Works for Oracle 7/8 procedure/data sources Copyright 1998..How D2K Calls A Stored Procedure q The traditional method for calling a stored procedure from D2K is a simple. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved.Calling An Rdb Stored Procedure q q q The first implementation of SQL*Net for Rdb did not include stored procedure support We needed to use stored procedure calls to allow multiple platforms access to the same code Necessity is the mother of invention – Benjamin Franklin q Use Forms_DDL calls – Forms_DDL(‘procedure_to_call()’). 141 . JCC Consulting. – DDL means Data Definition Language Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.

Inc. Inc.Forms_DDL q Upside – Allows us to make stored procedure calls today – Interface is not TOO hokey q Downside – Dynamically compiled and executed on server – Numeric and Date parameters must be converted to text. 142 . then back to native data types – A work-around for this could be to use temporary tables to pass data between client and server – Exception handling becomes more complex Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting.. All rights reserved.

. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Exception Reporting Routine q q q Problem: Capture client messages on the server Problem: Must be able to record events outside of the context of a transaction Answer: Use a stored procedure that does no database work – Short compilation and execution time – Outside of transaction contexts – Messages are logged on the server and can be culled on a frequent basis Copyright 1998. Inc. 143 . JCC Consulting.Example . Inc. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Inc.current_datetime’) || ’’’)’). 144 .current_form’) || ’~’ || event_text || ’~’ || name_in(’system.. Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.Exception Reporting q Client side Forms_DDL(’call comc_record_event(’’’ || name_in(’system. JCC Consulting.

Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998..Exception Reporting q Server Side trace trim(:text_string) || ’~’ || trim(session_user) || ’~’ || cast(cast(current_timestamp as timestamp(2)) as char(22)). JCC Consulting. 145 .

146 . All rights reserved. We are able to write stored procedures that provide a single source for – VMS – Developer – anything else Copyright 1998. We now have 10.000 lines of stored procedure code. JCC Consulting. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Results q q q We began using this approach in the fall..15.000 . Inc.

147 .Now The Good News q SQL*Net for Rdb version (next) is due out “soon” and reportedly supports the same native interface for stored procedures as Oracle 7/8 Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.. Inc. JCC Consulting.

q Additional levels of control are possible and may be required for your application..Transaction Control & Locking q Developer uses Read Write transactions – Implication « lock conflict q SQL services for Rdb can be configured for Read Committed – Index locks remain until the scan has completed. Things to consider include – – – – – timeouts nulls commits rollbacks cursors Copyright 1998. 148 . Inc. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.

Inc. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc.JCC’s Latest Move on Transaction Control q For each new instance of a form – rollback the existing R/O transaction – start a new R/O transaction – use the WHEN_NEW_FORM_INSTANCE forms trigger q For a database write – rollback the existing R/O transaction – start a R/W transaction – use the PRE_COMMIT forms trigger q For the commit – commit the R/W transaction with the POST_DATABASE_COMMIT forms trigger – start a R/O transaction with the POST_FORMS_COMMIT forms trigger Copyright 1998.. 149 .

Copyright 1998. Inc.Aside on How the Transaction Model Changed q q Standardization is the key. All rights reserved. Action to change the entire model – – – – one developer well over 200 forms modules 5 minutes by adding the forms triggers to the property class in the object library. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 150 . JCC Consulting..

Additional Brief Topics Slides from the morning presentation .

152 . Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved.Some of the Topics to Consider q q q q q Prototyping Standards Multiform Applications Configuration Management Automated Builds Copyright 1998. JCC Consulting.

All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. or other ways of involving users. 153 . is robust – prototyping of individual forms can be the basis of what you will use in production q Beyond prototyping – requires defining standards – developing ways to handle the particular challenges of your application Copyright 1998. Inc..Prototyping q With windows and Developer – – – – prototyping is easy most of the default decisions that are built-in are useful your own standards are also quickly added with domains support for JAD (Joint Application Development) projects.

– Relying on industry standards minimizes training.. q Readily implemented – Use Developer features: property classes.. – Standards increase usability. All rights reserved. Inc.. etc. object libraries. Inc. 154 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Standards q Important – Ease of generating forms can cause chaos. JCC Consulting. unless . q Goal of the prototyping explorations – Sloppy prototyping leads to chaos – Lack of early user involvement leads to chaos – Good prototyping leads to coherent standards q Apply to everything Copyright 1998. – Use Developer defaults.

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting. 155 ..Multiform Applications q Applications with one form module – Frequently used for examples – Frequently used for small applications – Some shops use multiple single form applications q Advantages of multiform applications – – – – – Partition development Support logical application flow Enhance flexibility Can share information across forms Amortize database “connect” Copyright 1998. Inc.

Inc. JCC Consulting..Configuration Management q q You need to take the same care that you do with main frame applications. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 156 . All rights reserved. Our project consists of – 5 or more developers working with Developer/Forms – almost 300 modules q We use MicroSoft’s Visual Source Safe – to provide a library of all the modules q q q q forms icons DLL’s common libraries – to ensure that we aren’t all working at cross purposes Copyright 1998.

157 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved.Automated Builds q Batch-mode builds require – Oracle command line method – No programmatic alterations of the forms – For each form q q q attach to the database compile the form unattach q Automated builds with the Forms API – – – – Single program control Mass changes without opening each form by hand One database attach Requires less than 20% of the time that batch mode requires in the best of circumstances Copyright 1998.. Inc. JCC Consulting.

. JCC Consulting. 158 . Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved.Other Issues and Answers q q q q Data Models at Variance with User Views Access Control Auditing Transaction Control & Locking Copyright 1998.

– Interfacing with legacy applications may require views. 159 . If you are fond of long names. – All of the fields that you need are pulled in easily. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. you will need views. JCC Consulting. – Sophisticated query options are automatically included.. – Your users may think of a subset of the data that is inconsistent with database tables or normalization. ODBC doesn’t tolerate 30 character names. q q Worse yet. q Pulling in data from several tables can be done more efficiently with views. Inc. All rights reserved.New Appreciation for Views q Requirements may suggest views. Inc. Copyright 1998. – Developer doesn’t tolerate 31 character names. q Developer is very easy to use when working with a single table or view.

The form is based on a view and response is very fast. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. site. All rights reserved. Inc. JCC Consulting. Updates are not allowed on this form. and meter tables. Inc. 160 .This form lets the user query on fields from the account. consumer. but the buttons at the bottom lead to forms that do support updates to the underlying tables. Copyright 1998..

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. 161 . Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.Access Control q q q Views “Roles” 3 SQL Services levels Process started under some VMS account SQL Service Rdb Database Client VMS Requests Access Authenticates as a VMS user (Session User) Authorized to use this service (System User) DBA grants access via ACLs Copyright 1998. Inc..

.Auditing q q q q q q q Database triggers Audit table Form on table Changes highlighted Reference information. Inc. as required User acceptance Example Copyright 1998. Inc. JCC Consulting. 162 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.

Audit Form Example Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. Inc.. 163 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Inc.

Inc. All rights reserved.Where Do YOU Start? q q q Legacy application Developer defaults Other? Copyright 1998. 164 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. JCC Consulting..

Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. Prototyping with a good tool frees you to – try a different approach – present it to the user quickly – throw it away.. Inc.Legacy Applications q q q Copying a legacy application can produce torturous results. Most legacy applications do not include Developer’s event driven nature. if you need to try something else q q Adopting an utterly different style can free you and your users to think about what needs to be done. Inc. 165 . Stepping back and thinking simplistically can produce simply obvious results. All rights reserved. Copyright 1998.

JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc.. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. All rights reserved.Developer Defaults q Advantages of built-in defaults – Provides a starting point – Many are well chosen q Disadvantages of built-in defaults – Have changed between releases – May not meet your needs q Building your own defaults – Use the standardization tools – Avoid unnecessary changes from q q Oracle Developer standards Industry standards Copyright 1998. 166 .

Additional Remarks What? We don’t have four more days! .

Inc.. 168 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.Deployment q Developers – – – – Paradigm shift Group efforts Intoxicating speed Testing an event driven application q Users – Change is threatening – User involvement q q Can help Requires a training period – Side-step competition with legacy applications – Include humor Copyright 1998. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting. Inc.

Rdb Specific Issues
q

The original set
– The differences are dwindling. – You can use Developer features to apply certain characteristics uniformly and meet the needs.

q

Stored procedures
– Fake it.

q

Legacy applications
– Can you write a COBOL application in Developer? – Do you want to?!

q

Do we — those of us with Rdb — demand more?
– Big – Fast – Mission critical – Accurate
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

– Manageable – Predictable
169

Possible Additional Advantages to YOU, the Experienced Rdb User
q

You can learn how to embrace PC technology.
– Disadvantage: You aren’t “in Kansas” any more and the Wicked Witch is unpredictable.

q

The vendor is the same as your database vendor.
– This has meant on-going improvements in the way the two work together.

q

Developer can be a significant step toward flexibility and independence.

Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

170

Questions?
Cheryl P. Jalbert Jeffrey S. Jalbert Keith W. Hare Thomas H. Musson Jeffrey S. Haidet Phone (740)587-0157 Web: www.jcc.com List Server: RdbD2K
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• Send mail to majordomo@JCC.com. • Include “subscribe RdbD2K” in the body of your message.
Copyright 1998, JCC Consulting, Inc., All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting, Inc.

cheryl@jcc.com jeff@jcc.com keith@jcc.com tom@jcc.com jeffh@jcc.com

171

172 . Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. JCC Consulting. All rights reserved. Inc.Questions? Copyright 1998. Inc..

Questions? Copyright 1998. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting.. JCC Consulting. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. 173 .

174 .Copyright 1998.. Inc. Confidential and proprietary to JCC Consulting. Inc. All rights reserved. JCC Consulting.