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• Know your rights • Stay in school • Say No to sex Sex Education for primary schools
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Vol 14 No 6 Sept-Oct- 2011
Be a star, join
avid Awas,14, goes to school at Child Jesus, PS, Moroto. He is an orphan who lives with his uncle. David loves playing football and shares his story. “I lost my parents when I was a baby. Football has made me attend school. Who would pay my school fees if I was not a footballer? I never knew, I would ever travel in a plane. In 2009 I went to Denmark to play
football. I felt like I was in heaven. I made friends who write to me. They also call me on my uncle’s phone.” Sports are physical activities done for exercise, pleasure and competitions. Sports is good for everyone, including you. Join sports, enjoy the benefits like; • A healthy body and mind • Friendship • Happiness • Travel to other places • Wining trophies, prizes and certificates • Fame
• Get school fees • Get school fees • Learn to deal with good and bad moments. • Learn to work with others to win. At our school, sports day is fun. Pupils compete in high jump, athletics, swimming, volleyball and chess. Supporters cheer their teams. Winners are given trophies, certificates and prizes.” Ampurira Vanisha, 13, P7, Railways PS, Kampala Just like David and Vanisha, many children are doing sports. Read their stories on page 2.
You don’t have to be the best in any sport to take part in it. Try athletics, volleyball, netball, football, cricket, basketball, or swimming. You can also do mental games like: chess, scrabble, omweeso, playing cards, ludo and draft. Use sports to discuss how to prevent HIV.
You may be the best goal keeper, fastest runner, great swimmer, top scorer and feel on top of the world. That is a good feeling. But don’t abuse your stardom. Stay safe.
• Concentrate on your studies. Education will be useful even after stardom is no more.
Avoid • Avoid drugs and alcohol to stay healthy. • Choose good role models to guide you. • Do not tease your classmates. • Respect yourself, your parents, teachers and fellow pupils. • Choose your friends carefully. • Say no to early sex. Do not force girls/boys into sex.
Adiru Agnes,15,P7,Nakatunya PS, Soroti, say.“I play number eleven in the girls’ football team. Before joining football, I was shy. When I met different players, I became confident. I want to be a professional player like Wayne Rooney of Manchester United.”
2 .Young Talk, Sept-Oct 2011
Sports girls and boys
tell their stories
Young talkers from Mpigi, Moroto, Gulu, Soroti, Lira, Serere and Kampala shared with us what they have gained from sports:
, P6, Kigombo Aaron,13 : “I Muto PS, Mpigi says ing got a scholarship for be der the top scorer in the un 14 Bbika Cup.” for “I got a scholarship ,” being the top scorer , Bagambe Joseph, 12 P5, Muto PS, Mpigi
Jingo Chavan,13, P7, Muto PS, Mpigi says:“I like playing draft, it is a game for brain workers. I relax my mind, concentrate and calculate to win my opponents.” Olong Dicken, 12, P6, Lira PS, says: “During my free time, I play omweeso. I calculate very fast to beat my opponents. This makes me sharp and good at mathematics.”
A Pupil of Pioneer PS, Soroti playing netball.
Akello Harriet,14, P7, Ogangai Kidetok PS, ll Serere, says: “I play netba ys at school. Sports girls and bo feed on special meals, which makes us healthy.”
4, Losike Kizito,1 en PS, Nakapelim otball Moroto, says:“Fo people ith the united me w ate with. I I feared to associ from Iriiri le used to fear peop s say they steal village. Friend e respect peoples’ cattle. W them now.”
c , c5le odt i JaseBi,14yPi,, G o o o ph
PS, 11, P6, Unifat Layado Denise, congratulated me le Gulu says:“Peop hy in the swimming trop d upon winning a excited and starte competition. I was at Seeta ened in 2009 crying. This happ no.” High in Muko
rot Am ya PS, So Nakatun . says: velin is fun rowing Ja a bicycle, ”Th won In 2009 I d a basin.This an wi. I mattress i PS, Katak s at Akobo fter throwing wa ce a won the ra . Many schools rs 31.6 mete but I was the d participate to play javelin in ant best. I w future.”
PREVENT INJURIES Accidents, poor training practices, improper
sportswear can cause injuries. The common ones are:dislocations, fractures, knee injuries and muscle pulls. Dr James Sekajugo, from the ministry of Health says:”Most sports injuries can be avoided by making body exercises, playing safe and wearing the right sports protections. If you are hurt, stop playing. Continuing to play, can harm you more. When you have wounds, don’t play until they have healed. The wounds can be covered with a water proof dressing. Use gloves when treating the wounds to avoid other infections.”
ensive You don’t need to have exp rts. Get equipment to join spo of simple tools to start. Pupils i are already Nakatunya PS, Sorot cricket. using local material to play sports Achom Suzan, a , teacher at Nakatunya PS local says: “Our pupils use y wooden bats and balls to pla ket boots, cricket. They lack cric lls. gloves, jackets and cricket ba teams from They compete with other schools in cricket.” , Alwayo Christine, 16, P7 roti says: Nakatunya PS, So “Playing cricket is fun. I have y travelled to Kampala to pla pils. I want to cricket with other pu National represent our school in the pionship.” School Cricket Cham
Given a Goat
Eyau Thomas, 15, P7, Nakatunya PS, Soroti “I was given a goat after winning a hundred metres race in 2.2 minutes. We slaughtered the goat and had a party. Teachers, friends and my parents are proud of me.”
Got a trophy
Angela Stephen,16, P7, Nakatunya PS, Soroti says:“High jump has made me travel country wide. I won the 2010 year’s trophy for our school.”
3 Young Talk, Sept-Oct 2011
aking part in sports is good, but remember to pay attention to your studies. Both are important. Learn to balance sports and studies.
Balance studies with sports
We talked to Pupils of Nakatunya PS in Soroti.This is what they say: I use a time table Alwayo Christine,16, P6, Nakatunya PS, Soroti says:“There is time for studying, sports, dance and drama. We wake up in the morning, have breakfast and attend classes. Evening is set for sports and games.” I read after practicing cricket Edonyu Arron,15, P7, Nakatunya PS, Soroti says:“There are no special exams for sports pupils, We sit for the same exams. After practicing cricket, I read my books.”
Pupils of Namalu PS, Nakapiripirit: “Football makes us cool. We work as a team.”
Know your body
oys sometimes get a discharge from the penis. Girls also get a discharge from the vagina. That is natural and normal, your body is growing.
normal. Remember, having wet dreams does not mean you should have sex. If you see blood or a pus like discharge from your penis, that is a sign of an infection. Tell your parents/ guardian about it and ask them to take you to a health centre for treatment.
ts. “Encourage girls and boys to participate in spor Sports helps them to build their esteem. They learn to handle sad and happy moments. For example, when one team loses in a game, they don’t fight, but work hard to win in the next competition. Teachers, encourage pupils to take part in sports, to improve their talents” By Paschal Loogo, Sports for Life coordinator, Moroto
Whether you are living with HIV or not, when you use alcohol, it weakens your body. If you are on Anti Retrivirals (ARVs) and drink alcohol, the medicine will not work well. Alcohol damages the liver. When the liver is damaged, it will not do its work well. Alcohol reduces the cells which fight against HIV, leading to low body immunity. When this happens, the body cannot fight against infections. Also, alcohol over works the kidneys. When the liver and kidneys fail to work, you may die. Alcohol makes you not to think well. This may lead you to have sex with different sexual partners. This puts you at risk of getting sexually transmitted diseases. If you are already on ARVs, you may forget to take your the medicine in time, which may cause serious problems. Alcohol does not weaken the HIV virus. The virus is always awake and active in the body of a person living with HIV in the body fluids like blood, vaginal fluids, semen and breastmilk. Dr Stephen Watiti and Dr Agolor Curthbert, Mildmay Center, Kampala
Only urine and semen should come out of your penis. One of the ways semen is released from the body is through wet dreams. Most boys have wet dreams, when they are asleep. Wet dreams happen during adolescent stage. When boys wake up, they find a milky substance on their underwear or bed sheets. A wet dream may be confusing for the first time. You may think you have urinated on your bed, this is
A vaginal discharge may be normal or abnormal.
•Is clear or whitish in colour. •Has a mild smell. •It is sticky. •It may flow out on some days and fail on other days.
Your vagina has micro-organisms like bacteria and yeast that naturally live there. They protect you from infection. When you notice; extra discharge, yellowish, greenish, grayish, a bad smell, a rash or vaginal burning during urination. Talk to a health worker for treatment immediately.
Dear Young Talk
P.O.Box 22366 Kampala
Talk, Sept-Oct 2011
My mother got married to another man. I stay with my grandparents. They can’t pay my fees. How can I find her? Achiru Kevina, 11, P5, Kyanjuki PS, Kasese Sorry Kevina. Talk to your grandparents, aunties or uncles. They may know where she is or at least they will try to find her. Talk to your teacher, trusted elder, religious leaders or the LC in your village or Probation officer from your District. These people are responsible for protecting and helping children. They might find someone to help you pay your fees. Do not give up, try until you get helped. If a girl is raped and immediately washes her vagina, can she get HIV? Nakitende Winfred, 13, Kikondo PS, Mpigi Yes, a girld can get HIV and if she is already infected she can pass on the virus to the boy. This happens immediately. HIV is found in body fluids like blood, semen and vaginal fluids. Sex is the biggest way in which HIV spreads. Winfred, do you know anyone who was raped? If anyone
Focusing on studies makes our lives safe. We advise young people to report any bad behaviour. - Troas, PS, Jinja is raped, tell them to immediately go to the nearest health center and ask for PEP. PEP is medicine given to people who are raped. PEP stops the virus from multiplying in the body. PEP must be given within three days, from the time of rape. If someone already has HIV, PEP cannot work, because the virus will have already entered your body and multiplied. My friend said if I apply shoe polish on pimples, they get cured. Is that
okay? N. Atim Madera Girls PS, Soroti No Atim, never put shoe polish on your skin. Shoe polish does not have medicine to cure pimples. The polish is made of strong chemicals that may affect your skin. Shoe polish is for cleaning shoes. Do not squeeze, scrub or rub pimples. Wash your face twice a day using soap and clean water every day to control pimples. If this fails, see a doctor. Pimples come during teenage. They are caused by hormones in the body. Hormones are body messengers, they tell your body when and how to grow. Don’t worry, pimples go away after sometime. I have repeated P4 four times. My parents want to send me away from home if I repeat the same class. Amoko Natal, Logoba PS, Moyo Dear Natal, it is painful to keep repeating while your freinds are promoted to other classes. Do you have enough time to do homework? Do you get enough sleep? Are you overworked? Do you attend all the lessons? Do you revise your books? If any of these problems is affecting your studies, share them with your teachers and parents. What else do you enjoy doing besides studying. Are you good at sports? Talk to your teachers and parents to find out how you can be helped in areas where you have interest and can do well. Counsellors: Dr Alex Kakoraki, Murchsion Bay Hospital, Kampala
We are happy to be at school. We advise young people to work hard for their future. Pupils of Kitwe Mother care PS, Ntungamo
The long holiday is coming. Tell us how you will stay safe during the holiday?
Can Gonorrhea be cured? Musaasizi Cornelious, 14, P7 Trevor, St zoe Day $ Boarding PS, Mubende Yes Cornelious, gonorrhea can be cured if a person infected takes the drugs as directed by the doctor. Gonorrhea is one of the diseases got through sex. It is caused by bacteria. Do you know anyone with Gonorrhea? Ask them to go to the nearest health center or hospital for treatment. In a boy, the symptoms start two days after sex. Boys feel a burning pain while urinating, and pus may come out. There may be pain in the testes, and one may feel high temperatures. It can infect the urethra, rectum and the throat. It is possible to have gorrnohea without symptoms. Boys are more likely to show symptoms than girls. In a girl, gorrnohea makes the fallopian tubes to swell and she feels pain in the cervix, stomach and backache. If not treated in time, it can cause infertility in both boys and girls. To stay safe, say No to early sex. Sex will expose you to STDs/ HIV. Dr Paul Semugoma, International Hospital, Kampala.
Write to Young Talk, PO Box 22366, Kampala
My teacher demands for sex from me. When I reported the case to the headteacher and my guardian, they did not help me. AC, 16, Abongu PS, Nebbi
Win Young Talk exercise books
Advice to KS
We received over 80 letters advising KS. Thank you for the good advise. Bambu John, 13, P5, Bunyangule PS, Bundibugyo said, “ Report him to the human Rights Commission.” “Tell him when you are educated, you will get a good job and support the family,” Kisakye Winnie, P6 Waluwere PS, Bugiri. “Tell him it is your right to study, but not to marry,” Isenged George, Mukongoro PS, Kumi “Report him to a trusted elder, to advise him,” Bedogwa Ozala, 14, P7, St John Bosco, Katende Mpigi “Tell him the dangers of early marriages,” Ewagu James, 13, P6, Madera Boys Boarding PS, Soroti
In May -June 2011, KS from Rubuguri PS Kisoro said, “My father forces me to get married, I still want to study, what can I do?”
Funded by Civil Society Fund
Talk Foundation 4 Acacia Avenue, Kololo, PO Box 22366, Kampala, Tel: 031-262030/1, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, President: C Watson Executive Director: S Ajok Print Director: T Agutu, Editorial Manager: M Akello, Editors: P Kiwuuwa, F Ouma, J Nafula, J Abongowath Chief Designer: M Kalanzi Designers: GB Mukasa, G Turibamwe
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