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# DESIGN / ADEQUACY CHECK FOR TOWER BRACING MEMBERS: BASIC DATA : Design basic wind speed : 45 m/sec Design

codes : AISC , TIA/EIA 222F, ASCE-10-90. Steel grade: 36 Ksi = 248.2 Mpa E = 29000 Ksi Bracing member properties : Single L-3.5"x2.5"x 1/4th In. STAAD-III member ID: 313 The member is found to be compact Worst load combination considered. 1

INPUT :

rMIN
2.517 Cm

A 22.050 Cm2 kN M

## DESIGN : From ASCE: 10-90

Radii of Gyration: w (In) = Cm t (In) = w/t = ( w / t )lim = ( w / t )max = OK

rMIN =

2.517

END CONDITIONS AS PER TIA/EIA-222F CURVES : KL/R=46.2+0.615xL/R Curve... 84.068 Slenderness is< 200 Cc = 6

2p 2 ... xE fy

F = a

[
2

Cc= 126.116 < Cc- Eqn. 1 is valid See Equations 1 and 2 for "Fa" below.

10 . 5 C c

5 3 x 3 8.C c

1 8 C c
2

fy= E=
. F ...... En ..1 y q

Due to the compactness of bracing, Qs is not applicabe. Fa= #MACRO? From equation ..2 Say Qs= 1 N/mm2 Since kl/r> 120-Fas is calculated as below Fas'= FasxQs Fas= Fa/(1.6-(KL/200R) = #MACRO? N/mm2 Fas'= #MACRO? Fac=Fas' x A = #MACRO? kN .Allowable compressive load capacity of the bracing member ( Fac Allowable compressive load capacity of the bracing member can be increased by 33 % to acountfor wind loaded members, ( Refer Item 3.1.1.1 of TIA/EIA-222F) #MACRO? kN
. . . . . . Eqn . . 2

12 Fa =

pE 23 Kl / r vv

Cc=

kN

## rom ASCE: 10-90

1.8860 0.2500 7.544 <25..OK 15.83 25 OK

r)

kN

## PROPERTIES OF UNEQUAL ANGLES Angle : axis of moment is through center of gravity.

Input:
b (mm) = 127 d (mm) = 127 t (mm) = 9

Output:
c (mm) = 118 a (mm) = 118 Area (mm2)= 2205 x (mm) = 35.084 y (mm) = 35.084 Product of inertia about X-X and Y-Y axes : K * = 2062471.19 * mm4 MI about X-X axis (Ix)= Ix= 3459767.56 mm4 MI about Y-Y axis (Iy)= Iy = 3459767.56 mm4 MI about Z-Z axis (Iz)= Iz= 5522238.75 mm4 MI about W-W axis (Iw)= Iw = 1397296.37 mm4 Radius of Gyration rx= (Ix / A)0.5= 39.61 Radius of Gyration ry= (Iy / A)0.5= 39.61 Radius of Gyration rz= Radius of Gyration rw= Min Rad. of gyrations rmin= (Iz / A)0.5= (Iw / A) =
0.5

...A

tan 2f =
f=

2k Iy Ix

mm mm mm mm

1 2K atan 2 Iy Ix
*

50.04 25.17

45.000

25.17 mm * = K is negative when heel of angle, with respect to C.g is in the 1st or 3rd quadrant, Positive when in 2nd or 4th quadrant.

A=t bc
x= b 2c t 2 bc

d 2at 2 bc abcdt K= 4 b c y=

## 1 [ t d y 3 by 3a yt 3 ] 3 1 I y = [ t b x 3d 3 c x t 3 ] x 3 I z =Ix . sin 2f Iy . sin K . sin2 f f I x=

I
w = Ix

. co Iy . sin 2f K . sin f s 2f 2

TIA-EIA Curves

Curve No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Condition L/rvv < 120 Equation Curve No. as / code KL/R=60+0.5XL/R 3 KL/R=60+0.5XL/R 3 KL/R=60+0.5XL/R 3 KL/R=60+0.5XL/R 3 KL/R=60+0.5XL/R 3 KL/R=30+0.75XL/R 2 KL/R=30+0.75XL/R 2

Curve No. 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Condition L/rvv > 120 Equation Curve No. as / code K=1 4 KL/R=46.2+0.615xL/R 6 KL/R=60+0.5xL/R 4 KL/R=28.6+0.762xL/R 5 KL/R=46.2+0.615xL/R 6 KL/R=30+0.75xL/R 4 KL/R=28.6+0.762xL/R 5

F = a

10 . 5

5 3 x 3 8.C c

C c 1 8 C c

. F ...... En ..1 y q

12 Fa =

pE 23 Kl / r vv

. . . . . . Eqn . . 2

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TIA-EIA Curves

/ r vv

. . . . . . Eqn . . 2

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