LAT001: INTRODUCTION TO LATIN LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

FALL 2005

Vox latina — Partes corporis (parts of the body)
caput, capitis n., “head” frōns, frontis m., “forehead” manus, -ūs m. “hand” palma, -ae f., “palm” digitus, -ī m., “finger” pollex, pollicis m., “thumb” condylus, -ī m., “knuckle” cubitum, -ī n. “elbow” umerus, -ī m., “upper arm” oculus, -ī m., “eye” palpebra, -ae f., “eyelid” supercilium, -īi n., “eyebrow” coma, -ae f., “hair” crinis, -is m., “hair” auris, -īs f., “ear” lanna, -ae f., “ear-lobe” nāsus, -ī m., “nose” nāris, -īs, f. “nostril” ōs, ōris n., “mouth” labium, -ī n., “lip” dēns, dentis m., “tooth” lingua, -ae f., “tongue” maxilla, -ae f., “jaw” collum, -ī n., “neck” braccium, -ī n. “forearm” ulna, -ae f., “forearm” ala, -ae f., “armpit” thōrāx, -ācis m. “chest” latus, lateris n. “side” costa, -ae f., “rib” pectus, pectoris n., “breast” (of man) mamma, -ae f., “breast” (of woman) coxa, -ae f., “hip” inguen, inguinis n., “groin” ilia, -um n., “groin” ile, ilis n., “groin, loins” tergum, -ī n. “back” spīna, -ae f., “spine” postīcum, -ī n. “backside” cūlus, -ī m., “backside” crūs, crūris n., “leg” femur, femoris n., “thigh” genū, genūs n., “knee” patella, -ae f., “kneecap” tībia, -ae f., “shin” sūra, -ae f., “calf” tālus, -ī m., “ankle” calx, calcis m./f., “heel” pēs, pedis m., “foot” digitus, -ī m., “finger” allus, -ī m. “big toe” mentum, -ī n., “chin” lacertus, -ī m. “shoulder” venter, -tris m. “stomach, womb” alvus, -ī m., “belly, bowel”

About the statuE
The Augustus of Prima Porta dates from 15 CE. The statue is based on the Doryphorus, a famous antique statue by Polykleitos portraying the ideal human proportions of an Athenian athlete. The depiction of Augustus portrays him as a victorious general making a speech. Although the figure is identifiably Augustus, his features are idealized and his face depicted in the manner of Apollo was meant to associate Augustus’ abilities with those of the powerful god.